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					                   Heritage Foundation
                   July 14, 2009




                   Janice Kephart
                   Director of National Security Policy,
                   Center for Immigration Studies


REAL ID V. PASS ID:
SECURING IDENTIFICATION CARDS
ORIGIN OF REAL ID ACT OF 2005
   REAL ID Driver License provisions derive from:
     9/11    Commission recommendations (2004)
        Federal  standards to be set for secure driver license and
         birth record issuance
        Travel documents are as important as weapons to a
         terrorist– essential to assure people are who they say
         they are
     AAMVA    Security Framework (2004)
        Toassure people are who they say they are requires
        identity verification and document authentication
        including date of birth, passport info, legal status
REAL ID                                           PASS ID
   Identity Verification / Document                 Identity Verification /
    Authentication.                                   Document Authentication.

        Verify Identity by requiring                    Validate identity by checking
         States to digitize birth                         paper provided by applicant.
         records and provide                              Eliminates birth record
         connectivity so any vital                        digitization and connectivity.
         record can be checked by
         any State
        Authenticate information                        Authenticate information
         provided to obtain a license,                    provided to obtain a license,
         including:                                       including:
             Social Security information                     Social Security information, but State can
             Immigration or lawful presence                   resolve mismatches as like
             Passport numbers and photos                     Immigration or lawful presence
             Multiple proof of principal place               Eliminates passport numbers and photos
              of residence.                                   Eliminates mulitple proof of identity, such
                                                               as principal place of residence.


REAL ID V. PASS ID
REAL ID                                   PASS ID

   "Official Purposes"                      "Official Purposes"
    Requirement:                              Requirement:

    REAL IDs will be required to board        Eliminated.
    a commercial aircraft or enter a
    federal building and for other uses
    for "official purposes.”




REAL ID V. PASS ID
REAL ID                               PASS ID

   Security Plans.                      Security Plans.

    To ensure states meet security        Eliminated.
       and privacy standards and to
       hold them accountable, REAL
       ID requires states to submit
       detailed security plans.




REAL ID V. PASS ID
REAL ID                               PASS ID

   One Driver, One License.             One Driver, One License.

    REAL ID requires creation of a        Eliminated.
    network of state databases to
    enable states to verify that
    applicants do not hold multiple
    licenses in multiple states.




REAL ID V. PASS ID
PASS ID ADD-ONS TO REAL ID

   Enhanced Driver Licenses. PASS ID does
    enable the Secretary of Homeland Security to
    certify EDL as REAL ID compliant.
     WithEDLs in PASS ID, EDL states would have
      access to REAL ID monies.
     Encourages other border States to produce them.

     Welcome amendment to current REAL ID.
PASS ID ADD-ONS TO REAL ID

   New Grants and No Fees.
       New Grant program created by PASS ID to replace the
        current REAL ID grant program. Eliminates requirement that
        States account for monies received.

       No fees. PASS ID assures free access to any federally
        maintained database such as
           the legal presence database SAVE or
          those used to verify Social Security numbers.

          (Current practice charges a fee… best result: at cost.)
BIRTH RECORD DIGITIZATION
   REAL ID requires birth record digitization and passport verification.

   PASS ID eliminates both, even though both are in process of being
    integrated into State systems today.

   Proponents claim PASS ID adheres to
        9/11 Commission recommendations and
        Will promote secure driver license issuance
        Yet elimination of birth record verification negates PASS ID proponents’ claims.

   Why is this so important?
        No matter what other documents or information an applicant for a driver license
         submits, everyone submits a birth date. Verifying date of birth is thus absolutely
         VITAL to a secure driver license issuance process.
BIRTH RECORD DIGITIZATION

   Current Status of States’ birth record digitization
    effort:
     3 years ago, only 3 States had digitized and created
      connectivity to access vital records in other States.
     Today,15 States and New York City have digitized and or
      “cleaned up” their birth records.
     Five more to be completed by end of 2009.

     All States will be compliant by the last REAL ID deadline
      of May 2011, according to the non-profit implementing
      this program.
BIRTH RECORD DIGITIZATION
    Total cost of connecting all States and territories vital
     records:
       $3.8 million, already provided for in prior fiscal years and
        being used now.
    Total cost of digitizing and cleaning up e-records in all
     States:
       less than $102.5 million (probably about $75 million)
        estimated by the National Association for Public Health
        Statistics and Information Systems (NAPHSIS) upon
        completion of a survey of the States three years ago.
    Senator Kyl offered an amendment last week for $30
     million towards funding digitization in the FY 2010
     Homeland Security budget.
BIRTH RECORD DIGITIZATION
   Kentucky: Example of Time/Cost Constraints of Clean-up
       Kentucky had a poor electronic database of birth records.
       In 2008, the cleanup took about three months for three to four
        staff to clean up errors and physically pull the original copy of the
        Certificate of Live Birth to determine if a keying error was made
        and subsequently manually update these files.
       In the end a massive data migration and clean up took place to
        migrate over six million birth records dating back to 1911.
       After arrival of the new dedicated server from NAPHSIS, Kentucky
        Registrar of Vital Events noted that to get the program, called
        EVVE, up and running took about two days.
       Experiencing about an 85 percent match rate.
       No matches are resolved in about 30 minutes.
REAL ID V. PASS ID
 PASS ID is unnecessary; REAL ID is a better,
  stronger law that at least 16 states openly
  support.
 PASS ID eliminates key elements of security called
  on by AAMVA’s Security Framework and does not
  live up to 9/11 Commission recommendations.
 Eliminating birth record digitization and interstate
  connectivity is perhaps the single most negative
  aspect of PASS ID.
JANICE KEPHART


   202.466.8185 (w)

   jlk@cis.org

				
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