Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 1 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 A. AUTHORIZATION/REFERENCE THE NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, ACT 451 OF THE PUBLIC ACT OF 1994, BEING SECTIONS 324.101 TO 324.90106 OF THE MICHIGAN COMPILED LAWS ANNOTATED: PART 5, GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES - MCLA 324.501 TO 324.511 EXPLOSIVES ACT OF 1970, ACT NO. 202 OF 1970, AS AMENDED, BEING SECTIONS 29.41 TO 29.55 OF THE MICHIGAN COMPILED LAWS ANNOTATED. DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES COMMISSION POLICY NO. 2207 AND DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES PROCEDURE NO. 2207.7 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES COMMISSION POLICY NO. 4105 AND DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES PROCEDURE NO. 4105.5 RELATED FOREST MANAGEMENT DIVISION POLICY AND PROCEDURES NO. 121 THE BOCA BASIC FIRE PREVENTION CODE NO. 495 DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMERS AND INDUSTRY SERVICES (FORMER DEPARTMENT OF LABOR) CONSTRUCTION SAFETY STANDARDS, PART 27 “BLASTING AND USE OF EXPLOSIVES – JANUARY 11, 1988, AS AMENDED” DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMERS AND INDUSTRY SERVICES (FORMER DEPARTMENT OF LABOR) GENERAL SAFETY STANDARDS – PART 55 EXPLOSIVES (FEDERAL REVOCATIONS) FOR USE IN BEAVER CONTROL B. POLICY It is the policy of the Forest Management Division that employees are properly trained and certified, and use explosives in conformance with state and federal laws. Blasting operations must be timed so as to minimize impact on the public. When hunters and anglers are expected to be using the forests in high numbers, such as during rifle deer season or the opening of trout season, minimize or eliminate the use of explosives. The safety and consideration of the public must be a top priority when conducting blasting operations." This policy permits only the use of Class "C" explosives. Transported quantities may absolutely not exceed 1,000 pounds. Only zero delay detonator caps may be used. No more than 100 zero delay blasting caps may be stored or transported. No more than 100 lbs. of detonating cord may be stored or transported. The Forest Supervisor will designate individuals to be certified as blasters for the Forest Management Division. All individuals designated by the Forest Supervisor to use explosives must be certified to handle and use explosives by completing a Forest Management Division approved explosives training course. All of Forest Management Division's use of explosives and training of blasters will be in conformance with this operational policy, the most recent edition of the National Fire Code NFPA No. 495, and the Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services, Construction Safety Standards, Part 27, "Blasting and Use of Explosives." C. EXPLANATION To establish procedures, training and accountability for the safe and secure storage, distribution, transportation, and use of explosives for the Forest Management Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources. D. PROCEDURE 1. Definitions a. Binary Agent - A two-compartment (liquid and solid) high explosive system which can be transported and stored as chemicals until mixed on site, which then becomes a Class "A" explosive and should be treated as such. Binary agents are not considered an explosive until mixed. Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 2 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 b. Blaster's Permit - A permit issued by the Forest Management Division authorizing an employee to prepare, execute, and supervise blasting. c. Detonating Caps - A detonator, which is initiated by a safety fuse. d. Blasting Galvanometer - An electrical resistance instrument designed specifically for testing electric detonators and circuits containing them. It is used to measure resistance or to check electrical continuity. e. Blasting Machine (Generator Type) - A blasting machine in which capacitor stored electricity is discharged into a blasting circuit containing electric detonators. f. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Fire Arms (BATF) - A bureau of the U.S. Department of Treasury having responsibility for the information and enforcement of regulations related to the unlawful use of explosive materials under 18 U.S.C. Chapter 40, Section 847. g. Certified Blaster - Forest Management personnel in possession of a valid Blaster's Permit and a Permit to Purchase/Possess Explosives. h. Circuit - A complete path for conveying electrical current. i. Class "A" Explosives - Explosives, as defined by the U.S. Department of Transportation, which possess detonating or otherwise maximum hazard; such as, but not limited to, dynamite, nitroglycerine, lead azide, detonating caps with less than 16 feet leg wires, and detonating primers. j. Class "B" Explosives - Explosives, as defined by the U.S. Department of Transportation, which possess flammable hazard; such as, but not limited to, propellant explosives, photographic flash powers, and some special fireworks. k. Class "C" Explosives - Explosives, as defined by the U.S. Department of Transportation, which contain Class "A" or Class "B" explosives, or both, as components but in restricted quantities. Zero delay detonators and 100 lbs. or less of detonating cord are considered Class "C" explosives. i. Detonating Cord - A flexible cord containing a center core of high explosives used to initiate other explosives. m. Electric Detonating Caps - An electric detonating device containing any initiating or primary explosive that is used for initiating detonation. A detonator may not contain more than 10 grams of total explosives by weight, excluding ignition or delay charges. n. Leg Wires - The two single wires or one duplex wire extending out from an electric detonator. o. Magazine (Day Box) - Any building, structure, or container, other than an explosives manufacturing building, approved for the storage of explosive materials. p. Manufacturing Codes - Code markings stamped on explosive materials packages, indicating (among other information) the date of manufacture. q. Shunt - The shorting together of the free ends of (1) electric detonator leg wire, and (2) the wire ends of an electric blasting circuit or part thereof, or, the name of an electrical shorting device applied to the free ends of electric detonators by the manufacturer. r. Warning Signal - A visual or audible signal (bullhorn) which is used for warning personnel in the vicinity of the blast area of the impending explosion. Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 3 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 s. Zero delay detonators are defined as having 16 feet or more of wire leads and an electric blasting cap. 2. Permit to Purchase/Possess Explosives "Permit to Purchase/Possess Explosives" refers to a permit approved and issued by the Michigan Department of State Police, by the authority of Michigan Act 202, P.A. of 1970. a. Application An application for a Permit to Purchase/Possess Explosives, FM-58, Rev. 7-85, will be applied for by a Division employee through the Michigan Department of State Police and only after receiving authorization from the Forest Supervisor. b. Permit Renewal This permit is valid for one year and renewable at the discretion of the Forest Supervisor. Although this permit is valid throughout the state of Michigan, FMD policy will be that the Permit to Purchase/Possess Explosives is only valid in the area covered by the approving Forest Supervisor, unless approval is granted by the Forest Supervisor in the Eco-region where the project is located, and only when used on approved DNR projects. 3. Blaster's Permit -- Obtained from Michigan State Police, Fire Marshal's Division (local post) No Forest Management Division employee shall be in possession of explosive materials or conduct an operation or activity requiring the use of explosive materials or perform or supervise the loading and firing of explosive materials without first obtaining a Blaster's Permit and a Permit to Purchase/Possess Explosives. Employees approved for a Blaster's Permit and for renewal of Blaster's Permit must meet the qualifications as established by the Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services, Construction Safety Standard, Part 27, R-408.42731. At any time a certified blaster fails to meet the qualifying standards established by the Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services, the Blaster's Permit will be revoked. A Blaster's Permit is not valid unless the holder is in possession of a valid Permit of Purchase/Possess Explosives as issued by the Michigan State Police. The Blaster's Permit is only valid when working on approved Michigan Department of Natural Resources' projects. Division employees will be issued a Blaster's Permit and certified as a blaster by the Forest Supervisor, only when they meet the training qualifications as listed in Section 11 of this policy. Certified blasters will be required to renew their Blaster's Permit every three (3) years. 4. Equipment and Materials The following list of electrical blasting components is approved for use by Forest Management Division employees certified to do blasting on Michigan DNR projects. No unapproved components may be substituted. Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 4 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 a. Approved Blasting Components 1. Blasting Machine - discharge generator. 2. Galvanometer - to measure resistance or to check electrical continuity in blasting caps and wire. 3. Wire reel containing a minimum of 500 feet of No. 14 solid duplex copper wire. 4. Approved Day Box - One for storage and transportation of detonating caps. 5. Approved Day Box - One for storage and transportation of detonating cord. 6. Binary Two Component Explosives - Only state-purchased binary may be used by Forest Management Division personnel. 7. No. 8 electric detonating caps with minimum 16 ft. leg wire. 8. Detonating cord with a minimum rating of 50 grains per foot. 5. Purchasing of Binary, Electric Caps, Detonating Cord Binary agents, detonating caps, and detonating cord may be purchased only by those persons certified by the Division and licensed by the Michigan Department of State Police (Act 202, P.A. of 1970), and approved in advance by the Forest Supervisor. The Blaster's Permit number must be noted on the Field Requisition. - Binary agents will only be purchased in the #1 size. - For safety reasons, employees will only purchase electric detonating caps with a minimum of 16 feet electrical leads. - Date all purchases and when shelf life has expired, dispose of immediately by contacting the Michigan State Police, Bomb Squad Unit. 6. Transportation Binary explosive agents are not considered an explosive until mixed and are therefore exempt from any transportation restrictions. Detonating cord and electric detonating caps with a minimum of 16 ft. lead wires (legs) are considered Class "C" explosives. The weight of transported Class "C" explosives may not exceed 1,000 pounds. Except under emergency conditions, no vehicle transporting explosives shall be parked before reaching its destination, even though attended, on any public street adjacent to or in proximity to any place where people might congregate. a. The binary-blasting agents will not be mixed prior to arrival at the blasting site. Any excess explosives must be deactivated before leaving the site. b. Binary agents will be transported in separate containers to prevent mixing in case of an accident. c. Electric detonating caps must be transported in an approved "Day Box" separate from the detonating cord. d. Detonating cord must be transported in an approved "Day Box" separate from the detonating caps. Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 5 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 e. Forest Management Division employees will not transport more electric detonating caps, detonating cord, or blasting agent than is necessary to complete an approved project. f. While loading, unloading, transporting, and using electric detonating caps, the vehicle radio will be off at all times unless there is an emergency situation. g. An "eye" type bolt will be attached to the truck box bed, furthest point from radio antenna, so that the "day box" can be chained and padlocked in case vehicle has to be left unattended. h. All vehicles transporting explosives must have at least one fire extinguisher with a rating of 2-A:10-B:C. 7. Storage a. Forest Management Division will not store Class "A" explosives. Use all binary agents that are mixed or use proper disarming methods to dispose of them before leaving the blasting site. b. Class "C" caps and detonating cord (Class A) will be stored separate from each other and only in approved "Day Boxes". Caps must be shunted. c. Requirements at Storage Facility 1. No more than minimum purchase amounts or project requirements may be stored at the storage facility. Storage must be in a secured area and at least 50 feet from any combustible materials. (Locked with key in the sole possession of the facility manager.) 2. The blasting agent components shall be stored and secured in a clean, dry location separate from each other. 3. Electric detonating caps and detonating cord must be stored in a clean, dry location and kept in their original containers and separated from each other. 4. Leaking and deteriorating explosives shall be disposed of immediately by contacting the Michigan State Police and making arrangements with the Bomb Squad for disposal. d. User Location 1. Binary components shall be stored unmixed, separated from each other, and locked in a clean, dry location. 2. Electric detonating caps shall be stored in an approved "Indoor Magazine" (must have wheels and stored within 10 feet of a door, see Attachment A. The "Indoor Magazine" must be locked in a secure area, separate from detonating cord. 3. Detonating cord will be stored either in an "Indoor Magazine", see Attachment A or in its original container and locked in a secured area, separate from detonating caps. NOTE: Each location must have two each Day Boxes for transport and two each Indoor Magazines to store and transport detonating caps and detonating cords. They have to be transported and stored separately. 8. Handling and Use of Explosives The use of explosives for a specific land management project must be clearly described in writing and approved by the Forest Supervisor. The description of the project will include the type and quantity of explosives to be used. Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 6 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 One certified blaster will be in charge of the project and responsible for the whole operation. No more than two persons will be at the blasting site; a certified blaster and an assistant. The assistant must be a classified state employee. Specific instructions for the safe handling, mixing and use of binary explosives, as prepared by the manufacturer, shall be available to and strictly followed by all persons certified to use explosives by the Forest Supervisor. Two signs identifying the blasting area are to be placed on the roadway, in both directions, at a safe distance (1,000 feet) from the blasting site and must note that two-way radios are to be turned off. (See Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services, Part 27, R 408.42752.) All personnel, vehicles, and equipment are to be a safe distance from the explosion site. Blaster is to face blasting site to detect and avoid windblown debris. Wind direction is to be determined prior to blasting to avoid endangering others or other objects from wind/blast disbursed debris. All personnel involved must wear hardhats and eye protection. After the binary explosives have been mixed, according to manufacturer's instructions, it is a Class A explosive. Mix it at the site only. Use all of the mix. Do not transport mixed binary explosive. Blaster will keep blasting machine in his/her possession while wiring explosives. Always wrap detonating cord around explosives to insure detonation. Detonating caps will remain shunted until immediately before connection to the blasting machine. Before detonating, wire and detonating cap are connected; both are required to be checked for continuity before every detonation. Before detonation of charge, three loud yells will be sounded stating, "Fire In The Hole" using a powered loudspeaker (bullhorn). If there are conflicting procedures or information, the applicable federal and/or Michigan Department of Consumers and Industry Services Standards shall apply. 9. Misfires Do not go near an electrical misfire for thirty (30) minutes. Do not go near a non-electrical misfire for one (1) hour. Never try to dig out a misfire. Misfires cannot be left overnight. They must be dealt with immediately by blasting them in place with a second set of explosives. 10. Extraneous Currents; Radio Transmitters; Warning Signs A blaster shall take precautions to prevent the accidental discharge of an electric blasting cap from current induced by radar, a radio transmitter, an adjacent powerline, or other sources of extraneous electricity and shall comply with the standards set forth in the Institute of the Makers of Explosives, publication No. 20 (1978), entitled, "Radio Frequency Energy - A Potential Hazard in the Use of Electric Blasting Caps." Suspend all blasting operations during the approach of lightning, electrical, or dust storms. Baraga, Crystal Falls, Escanaba and Marquette Units must be especially cautious while blasting in the area of the U.S. Navy's Michigan ELF Transmitting Facility. Division personnel blasting in this area must have in their possession and be in compliance with the U.S. Navy publication, "Electric Blasting Guidelines in the Area Adjacent to the Navy's Michigan ELF Transmitting Facility", (revised February 1989). Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 7 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 11. Training in Explosives Use a. The FMD Training Officer shall develop and maintain a list of qualified explosive instructors to certify or re- certify explosive handlers in the Forest Management Division. 1) A minimum of 8 hours of classroom and hands-on training provided by a qualified instructor. 2) A complete understanding of the Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services, Construction Safety Standards, Part 27, "Blasting and Use of Explosives." 3) Upon completion of training, Blaster's Permit will be issued to the employee. 4) An attendance list shall be signed by the instructor and submitted to the Forest Supervisor, with a copy to the Field Coordinator. b. Refresher training to maintain certification shall be conducted every three years. 1) Employees will be re-certified only if they continue to meet standards established by the Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services. 2) Re-training shall be a minimum of four hours of instruction provided by a qualified instructor. 3) The employee's certification will be renewed upon completion of the refresher course. 4) An attendance list shall be signed by the instructor and submitted to the Forest Supervisor with a copy to the Training Officer. 12. Record Keeping a. Forest Supervisor shall maintain records of Blaster's Permits issued, including date issued and the expiration date. b. Training records of each blaster are to be maintained at the Forest Supervisors, and Division Offices. c. Explosives records shall be maintained at the job site and shall be available for inspection. A log sheet shall be kept on a calendar year schedule at all locations where explosive materials are stored and used. The records of explosives shall contain all of the following information: 1) Date of purchase 2) Place of purchase 3) Date of use 4) Quantity used 5) Balance on hand 6) Date, plant, and shift code These yearly log sheets must be retained until a formal audit has been held. This record is required by state and federal agencies. Number Page(s) POLICY AND PROCEDURES 124 8 of 8 Forest Title: Date Approved: Management EXPLOSIVES HANDLING Division February 1, 2000 13. In the Case of Theft, Loss, or Unauthorized Entry, Immediately Notify the Following Persons by Phone a. Michigan Department of State Police, Fire Marshall Division b. The immediate supervisor who will notify the Unit, and FMD Forest Supervisor offices. c. An Incident Report will be completed immediately and submitted through channels. HISTORICAL NOTES: 1. (DATE UNKNOWN) ORIGINAL POLICY AND PROCEDURES NO. 124-1 AND THROUGH 124-9 ADOPTED. 2. APRIL, 1994 POLICY AND PROCEDURES NUMBER CHANGED TO NO. 124. 3. FEBRUARY 1, 2000, POLICY AND PROCEDURES NO. 124 REVISED TO REFLECT CURRENT STATUTES, POLICIES AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE.