Steven_Spielberg by zzzmarcus

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Steven Spielberg

Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg

twentieth century, Life named him the most influential person of his generation.[3] In a career of over four decades, Spielberg’s films have touched on many themes and genres. Spielberg’s early sci-fi and adventure films, sometimes centering on children, were seen as an archetype of modern Hollywood blockbuster filmmaking. In later years his films began addressing such issues as the Holocaust, slavery, war and terrorism. Spielberg won the Academy Award for Best Director for 1993’s Schindler’s List and 1998’s Saving Private Ryan. Three of Spielberg’s films, Jaws (1975), E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), and Jurassic Park (1993), broke box office records, each becoming the highest-grossing film made at the time. To date, unadjusted gross of all Spielberg directed films exceeds $8.5 billion worldwide.

Early life
Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Jewish parents Leah Adler, a restaurateur and concert pianist, and Arnold Spielberg, a computer engineer.[4] Throughout his early teens, Spielberg made amateur 8 mm "adventure" films with his friends, the first of which he shot at a restaurant (Pinnacle Peak Patio) in Scottsdale, Arizona. He charged admission (25 cents) to Spielberg speaking at the Pentagon on August 11, 1999. his home films (which involved the wrecks he staged Born Steven Allan Spielberg with his Lionel train set) while his sister sold popcorn. December 18, 1946 (1946-12-18) He became a Boy Scout and in 1958, he fulfilled a reCincinnati, Ohio, quirement for the photography merit badge by making a United States nine-minute 8 mm film entitled The Last Gunfight.[5] Occupation film director, producer, screenwriter Spielberg recalled years later to a magazine interviewer, "My dad’s still camera was broken, so I asked the scoutYears 1964 – present active master if I could tell a story with my father’s movie camera. He said yes, and I got an idea to do a Western. I Spouse(s) Amy Irving (m. 1985–1989) «start: (1985)–end+1: (1990)»"Marriage: Amy Irving made it and got my merit badge. That was how it all to Steven Spielberg" Location: started."[6] At age 13, Spielberg won a prize for a (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ 40-minute war film he titled "Escape to Nowhere". In Steven_Spielberg) 1963, at age 16, Spielberg wrote and directed his first inKate Capshaw (m. 1991–present) «start: (1991)»"Marriage: Kate Capshaw to Steven dependent film, a 140-minute science fiction adventure called Firelight (which would later inspire Close EncounSpielberg" Location: (linkback:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ ters). The film, which had a budget of US$500, was shown Steven_Spielberg) in his local cinema and generated a profit of $1. He also made several WWII films inspired by his father’s war Steven Allan Spielberg, KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] stories. is an American film director, screenwriter and film proAfter his parents divorced, he moved to California ducer. Forbes magazine places Spielberg’s net worth at with his father. His three sisters and mother remained in $3.1 billion.[2] In 2006, the magazine Premiere listed him Arizona, where he attended Passover seders at the home as the most powerful and influential figure in the moof Zalman and Pearl Segal on an annual basis. Although tion picture industry. Time listed him as one of the 100 he attended Arcadia High School in Phoenix, Arizona for Most Important People of the Century. At the end of the three years, Spielberg ended up graduating from

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Saratoga High School in Saratoga, California, in 1965, which he called the "worst experience" of his life and "hell on Earth".[7] It was during this time Spielberg attained the rank of Eagle Scout. After moving to California, he applied to attend film school at the University of Southern California School of Theater, Film and Television three separate times but was unsuccessful due to his C grade average. He attended California State University, Long Beach. While attending Long Beach State in the 1960s, Spielberg became member of Theta Chi Fraternity. His actual career began when he returned to Universal studios as an unpaid, seven-day-a-week intern and guest of the editing department. After Spielberg became famous, USC awarded him an honorary degree in 1994, and in 1996 he became a trustee of the university.[8] [9] In 2002, thirty-five years after starting college, Spielberg finished his degree via independent projects at CSULB, and was awarded a B.A. in Film Production and Electronic Arts with an option in Film/Video Production.[9] As an intern and guest of Universal Studios, Spielberg made his first short film for theatrical release, the 24 minute film Amblin’ in 1968.[4] After Sidney Sheinberg, then the vice-president of production for Universal’s TV arm, saw the film, Spielberg became the youngest director ever to be signed to a long-term deal with a major Hollywood studio (Universal). He dropped out of Long Beach State in 1969 to take the television director contract at Universal Studios and began his career as a professional director.

Steven Spielberg
to capitalize on the popularity of The Exorcist, then a major best-selling book which had not yet been released as a film. He fulfilled his contract by directing the TV film length pilot of a show called Savage, starring Martin Landau. Spielberg’s debut theatrical feature film was The Sugarland Express, about a married couple who are chased by police as the couple tries to regain custody of their baby. Spielberg’s cinematography for the police chase was praised by reviewers, and The Hollywood Reporter stated that "a major new director is on the horizon".[10] However, the film fared poorly at the box office and received a limited release. Studio producers Richard Zanuck and David Brown offered Spielberg the director’s chair for Jaws, a horror film based on the Peter Benchley novel about an enormous killer-shark. Spielberg has often referred to the grueling shoot as his professional crucible. Despite the film’s ultimate, enormous success, it was nearly shut down due to delays and budget over-runs. But Spielberg persevered and finished the film. It was an enormous hit, winning three Academy Awards (for editing, original score and sound) and grossing $470,653,000 worldwide at the box office. It also set the domestic record for box office gross, leading to what the press described as "Jawsmania".[11] Jaws made him a household name, as well as one of America’s youngest multi-millionaires, and allowed Spielberg a great deal of autonomy for his future projects.[12] It was nominated for Best Picture and featured Spielberg’s first of three collaborations with actor Richard Dreyfuss.

Early career (1968–1975)
His first professional TV job came when he was hired to do one of the segments for the 1969 pilot episode of Night Gallery. The segment, "Eyes", starred Joan Crawford , and she and Spielberg were reportedly close friends until her death. The episode is unusual in his body of work, in that the camerawork is more highly stylized than his later, more "mature" films. After this, and an episode of Marcus Welby, M.D., Spielberg got his first feature-length assignment: an episode of The Name of the Game called "L.A. 2017." This futuristic science fiction episode impressed Universal Studios and they signed him to a short contract. He did another segment on Night Gallery and did some work for shows such as Owen Marshall: Counselor at Law and The Psychiatrist before landing the first series episode of Columbo (previous episodes were actually TV films). Based on the strength of his work, Universal signed Spielberg to do three TV films. The first was a Richard Matheson adaptation called Duel about a monstrous tanker truck which tries to run a small car off the road. Special praise of this film by the influential British critic Dilys Powell was highly significant to Spielberg’s career. Another TV film (Something Evil) was made and released

Mainstream breakthrough (1975–1994)
Rejecting offers to direct Jaws 2,[13] King Kong and Superman, Spielberg and actor Richard Dreyfuss re-convened to work on a film about UFOs, which became Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). One of the rare films both written and directed by Spielberg, Close Encounters was a critical and box office hit, giving Spielberg his first Best Director nomination from the Academy as well as earning six other Academy Awards nominations. It won Oscars in two categories (Cinematography, Vilmos Zsigmond, and a Special Achievement Award for Sound Effects Editing, Frank E. Warner). This second blockbuster helped to secure Spielberg’s rise. His next film, 1941, a big-budgeted World War II farce wasn’t nearly as successful and though it grossed over $92.4 million dollars worldwide (and did make a small profit for co-producing studios Columbia and Universal) it was seen as a disappointment, mainly with the critics. It has since become a cult classic thanks to television showings and home video releases. Spielberg then revisited his Close Encounters project and, with financial backing from Columbia Pictures,

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released Close Encounters: The Special Edition in 1980. For this, Spielberg fixed some of the flaws he thought impeded the original 1977 version of the film and also, at the behest of Columbia, and as a condition of Spielberg revising the film, shot additional footage showing the audience the interior of the mothership seen at the end of the film (a decision Spielberg would later regret as he felt the interior of the mothership should have remained a mystery). Nevertheless. the re-release was a moderate success. Next, Spielberg teamed with Star Wars creator and friend George Lucas on an action adventure film, Raiders of the Lost Ark, the first of the Indiana Jones films, was an homage to the cliffhanger serials of the Golden Age of Hollywood, with Harrison Ford (whom Lucas had previously cast in his Star Wars films) as the archaeologist and adventurer hero Indiana Jones. It became the biggest film at the box office in 1981, and the recipient of numerous Oscar nominations including Best Director (Spielberg’s second nomination) and Best Picture (the second Spielberg film to be nominated for Best Picture). Raiders is still considered a landmark example of the action genre.

Steven Spielberg

Spielberg in The Goonies ’R’ Good Enough music video by Cyndi Lauper. again with Lucas and Ford, the film was plagued with uncertainty for the material and script. Reviews were generally less positive than they were for its predecessor (although critic Roger Ebert gave the film four stars and Pauline Kael praised the film after criticizing the original), and it was criticized for lacking the energy of the original, its questionable depiction of East Indian culture, and for the level of violence in a film with a large audience of young viewers. This film and the Spielberg-produced Gremlins led to the creation of the PG-13 rating due to the high level of violence in films targeted at younger audiences. In spite of this, Temple of Doom is rated PG by the MPAA, even though it is the darkest and, possibly, most violent "Indy" film yet. Nonetheless, the film was still a huge blockbuster hit in 1984. It was on this project that Spielberg also met his future wife, actress Kate Capshaw. In 1985, Spielberg released The Color Purple, an adaptation of Alice Walker’s Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name, about a generation of empowered African-American women during depression-era America. Starring Whoopi Goldberg and future talk-show superstar Oprah Winfrey, the film was a box office smash and critics hailed Spielberg’s successful foray into the dramatic genre. Roger Ebert proclaimed it the best film of the year and later entered it into his Great Films archive. The film received eleven Academy Award nominations, including two for Whoopi Goldberg and Oprah Winfrey. However, much to the surprise of many, Spielberg did not get a Best Director nomination. The Color Purple is the second of two Spielberg films not to be scored by John Williams, the first being Duel. In 1987, as China began opening to the world, Spielberg shot the first American film in Shanghai since the 1930s, an adaptation of J.G. Ballard’s autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun, starring John Malkovich and a young Christian Bale. The film garnered much praise from critics and was nominated for several Oscars, but did not yield substantial box office revenues. Reviewer Andrew Sarris called it the best film of the year and later included it among the best films of the decade.[16]

Steven Spielberg with President Ronald Reagan and Nancy Reagan after a showing of E.T. at the White House A year later, Spielberg returned to the science fiction genre with E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. It was the story of a young boy and the alien whom he befriends, who was accidentally left behind by his people and is trying to get back home to outer space. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial went on to become the top-grossing film of all time. E.T. was also nominated for nine Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Director. Between 1982 and 1985, Spielberg produced three high-grossing films: Poltergeist (for which he also cowrote the screenplay), a big-screen adaptation of The Twilight Zone (for which he directed the segment "Kick The Can"),[14] and The Goonies (Spielberg, executive producer, also wrote the story on which the screenplay was based).[15] His next directorial feature was the Raiders prequel Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. Teaming up once

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After two forays into more serious dramatic films, Spielberg then directed the third Indiana Jones film, 1989’s Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Once again teaming up with Lucas and Ford, Spielberg also cast actor Sean Connery in a supporting role as Indy’s father. The film earned generally positive reviews and was another box office success, becoming the highest grossing film worldwide that year; its total box office receipts even topped those of Tim Burton’s much-anticipated film Batman, which had been the bigger hit domestically. Also in 1989, he re-united with actor Richard Dreyfuss for the romantic comedy-drama Always, about a daredevil pilot who extinguishes forest fires. Spielberg’s first romantic film, Always was only a moderate success and had mixed reviews. In 1991, Spielberg directed Hook, about a middle-aged Peter Pan, played by Robin Williams, who returns to Neverland. Despite innumerable rewrites and creative changes coupled with mixed reviews, the film made over $300 million worldwide (from a $70 million budget). In 1993, Spielberg returned to the adventure genre with the film version of Michael Crichton’s novel Jurassic Park, about a theme park with genetically engineered dinosaurs. With revolutionary special effects provided by friend George Lucas’s Industrial Light and Magic company, the film would eventually become the highest grossing film of all time (at the worldwide box office) with $914 million. This would be the third time that one of Spielberg’s films became the highest grossing film ever. Spielberg’s next film, Schindler’s List, was based on the true story of Oskar Schindler, a man who risked his life to save 1,100 people from the Holocaust.[17] Schindler’s List earned Spielberg his first Academy Award for Best Director (it also won Best Picture). With the film a huge success at the box office, Spielberg used the profits to set up the Shoah Foundation, a non-profit organization that archives filmed testimony of the Holocaust survivors. In 1997 the American Film Institute listed it among the 10 Greatest American Films ever Made (#9).

Steven Spielberg

Spielberg in 1990 DreamWorks Pictures,[19] which has issued all of his films since Amistad, a streak that ended in May 2008 (see below). In 1998, Spielberg re-visited Close Encounters yet again, this time for a more definitive 137-minute "Collector’s Edition" that puts more emphasis on the original 1977 release, while adding some elements of the previous 1980 "Special Edition", but deleting the latter version’s "Mothership Finale", which Spielberg regretted shooting in the first place, feeling it should have remained ambiguous in the minds of viewers. His next theatrical release in that same year was the World War II film Saving Private Ryan, about a group of U.S. soldiers led by Capt. Miller (Tom Hanks) who try to find a soldier missing in France. The film was a huge box office success, grossing over $481 million worldwide and was the biggest film of the year at the U.S./domestic box office. Spielberg won his second Academy Award for his direction. The film’s graphic, realistic depiction of combat violence influenced later war films such as Black Hawk Down and Enemy at the Gates. The film was also the first major hit for DreamWorks, which co-produced the film with Paramount Pictures (as such, it was Spielberg’s first release from the latter that was not part of the Indiana Jones series). Later, Spielberg and Hanks presented a TV mini-series based on Stephen Ambrose’s book Band of Brothers. The ten-part HBO mini-series follows Easy Company of the 101st Airborne Division’s 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment. The series won a number of awards at the Golden Globes and the Emmys.

Since 1997
In 1994, Spielberg took a hiatus from directing to spend more time with his family and build his new studio, DreamWorks.[18] In 1997, he helmed the sequel to 1993’s Jurassic Park with The Lost World: Jurassic Park, which generated over $618 million worldwide despite mixed reviews, and was the second biggest hit of 1997 behind James Cameron’s Titanic (which topped the original Jurassic Park to become the new recordholder for box office receipts). His next film, Amistad, was based on a true story (like Schindler’s List), specifically about an African slave rebellion. Despite decent reviews from critics, it did not do well at the box office. Spielberg released Amistad under

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In 2001, Spielberg filmed fellow director and friend Stanley Kubrick’s final project, A.I.: Artificial Intelligence which Kubrick was unable to begin during his lifetime. A futuristic film about a humanoid android longing for love, A.I. featured groundbreaking visual effects and a multi-layered, allegorical storyline, adapted by Spielberg himself. Spielberg and actor Tom Cruise collaborated for the first time for the futuristic neo-noir Minority Report, based upon the sci-fi short story written by Philip K. Dick about a Washington, D.C., police captain who has been foreseen to murder a man he has not yet met. The film received strong reviews with the review tallying website rottentomatoes.com reporting that 199 out of the 217 reviews they tallied were positive.[20] The film was praised as a futuristic homage to film noir, with its intelligent premise and "whodunit" structure. The film earned over $358 million worldwide. Roger Ebert, who named it the best film of 2002, praised its breathtaking vision of the future as well as for the way Spielberg blended CGI with live-action.[21] Spielberg’s 2002 film Catch Me If You Can is about the daring adventures of a youthful con artist (played by Leonardo DiCaprio). It earned Christopher Walken an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. The film is known for John Williams’ score and its unique title sequence. It was a hit both commercially and critically. Spielberg collaborated again with Tom Hanks along with Catherine Zeta-Jones and Stanley Tucci in 2004’s The Terminal, a warm-hearted comedy about a man of Eastern European descent who is stranded in an airport. It received mixed reviews but performed relatively well at the box office. In 2005, Empire magazine ranked Spielberg number one on a list of the greatest film directors of all time. Also in 2005, Spielberg directed a modern adaptation of War of the Worlds (a co-production of Paramount and DreamWorks), based on the H. G. Wells book of the same name (Spielberg had been a huge fan of the book and the original 1953 film). It starred Tom Cruise and Dakota Fanning, and, as with past Spielberg films, Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) provided the visual effects. Unlike E.T. and Close Encounters of the Third Kind, which depicted friendly alien visitors, War of the Worlds featured violent invaders. The film was another huge box office smash, grossing over $591 million worldwide. Spielberg’s film Munich, about the events following the 1972 Munich Massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games, was his second film essaying Jewish relations in the world (the first being Schindler’s List). The film is based on Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team, a book by Canadian journalist George Jonas – a book whose veracity has been largely questioned by journalists.[22] The film received strong critical praise, but underperformed at the U.S. and world

Steven Spielberg
box-office; it remains one of Spielberg’s most controversial films to date.[23] Munich received five Academy Awards nominations, including Best Picture, Film Editing, Original Music Score (by John Williams), Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Director for Spielberg. It was Spielberg’s sixth Best Director nomination and fifth Best Picture nomination. Spielberg directed Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, which wrapped filming in October 2007 and was released on May 22, 2008.[24][25] This was his first film not to be released by DreamWorks since 1997. The film received generally positive reviews from critics, and has performed very well in theaters. As of June 30 2008, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull has grossed $315 million domestically, and over $785 million worldwide.

Production credits
Since the mid-1980s Spielberg has increased his role as a film producer. He headed up the production team for several cartoons, including the Warner Brothers hits Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, Pinky and the Brain, Toonsylvania, and Freakazoid!, for which he collaborated with Jean MacCurdy and Tom Ruegger. Due to his work on these series, in the offical titles, most of them say, "Steven Spielberg presents" as well as making numerous cameos on the shows. Spielberg also produced the Don Bluth animated features, An American Tail and The Land Before Time. He was furthermore, for a short time, the executive producer of the long-running medical drama ER. In 1989, he brought the concept of The Dig to LucasArts. He contributed with the project from that time to 1995 when the game was released. He also collaborated with software publishers Knowledge Adventure on the multimedia game Steven Spielberg’s Director’s Chair, which was released in 1996. Spielberg appears, as himself, in the game to direct the player. Spielberg was branded for a Lego Moviemaker kit, the proceeds of which went to the Starbright Foundation. In 1993, Spielberg acted as executive producer for the highly anticipated television series seaQuest DSV; a science fiction series set "in the near future" starring Roy Scheider (who Spielberg had directed in Jaws) and Jonathan Brandis akin to Star Trek: The Next Generation that aired on Sundays at 8:00 p.m. on NBC. While the first season was moderately successful, the second season did less well. Spielberg’s name no longer appeared in the third season and the show was cancelled mid way through the third season. Spielberg served as an uncredited executive producer on The Haunting, The Prince of Egypt, Shrek, and Evolution. In 2005, he served as a producer of Memoirs of a Geisha, an adaptation of the best-selling novel by Arthur Golden, a film he was previously attached to as director. In 2006 Spielberg co-executive produced with famed

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filmmaker Robert Zemeckis a CGI children’s film called Monster House, marking their first collaboration together since 1990’s Back to the Future Part III. He also teamed with Clint Eastwood for the first time in their careers, co-producing Eastwood’s Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima with Robert Lorenz and Eastwood himself. He earned his twelfth Academy Award nomination for the latter film as it was nominated for Best Picture. Spielberg served as executive producer for Disturbia and the Transformers live action film with Brian Goldner, an employee of Hasbro. The film was directed by Michael Bay and written by Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman, and Spielberg will continue to collaborate on the sequels, including Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. Other major television series Spielberg produced were Band of Brothers and Taken. He was an executive producer on the critically acclaimed 2005 TV miniseries Into the West which won two Emmy awards, including one for Geoff Zanelli’s score. In 2007, Steven Spielberg and Mark Burnett co-produced On the Lot an ill-fated TV reality show about filmmaking.

Steven Spielberg
Another upcoming project is a miniseries which he will produce with Tom Hanks and Gary Goetzman, titled The Pacific. The miniseries will cost $250 million and will be a 10-part war miniseries in conjunction with the Australian Seven Network. The project is centered on the battles in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Writer Bruce McKenna, who penned several installments of the first miniseries (Band of Brothers), is the head writer. Filming is expected to begin in August 2008 and will continue for a year, with locations mostly in Australia, to include Far North Queensland, Melbourne, and the Northern Territory. Producers have chosen to base the series at Melbourne’s Central City Studios.[30] He is also producing two untitled Fox TV series, one focusing on fashion, another on time-travellers from World War II.[31]

Themes
Spielberg’s films often deal with several recurring themes. Most of his films deal with ordinary characters searching for or coming in contact with extraordinary beings or finding themselves in extraordinary circumstances. This is especially evident in the Indiana Jones series. In an AFI interview in August 2000 Spielberg commented on his interest in the possibility of extra terrestrial life and how it has influenced some of his films. Spielberg described himself as feeling like an alien during childhood,[32] and his interest came from his father, a science fiction fan, and his opinion that aliens would not travel light years for conquest, but instead curiosity and sharing of knowledge.[33] A strong consistent theme in his family-friendly work is a childlike, even naïve, sense of wonder and faith, as attested by works such as Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Hook, and A.I.. According to Warren Buckland,[34] these themes are portrayed through the use of low height camera tracking shots, which have become one of Spielberg’s directing trademarks. In the cases when his films include children (E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Empire of the Sun, Jurassic Park, etc.), this type of shot is more apparent, but it is also used in films like Munich, Saving Private Ryan, The Terminal, Minority Report, and Amistad. If one views each of his films, one will see this shot utilized by the director, notably the water scenes in Jaws are filmed from the low-angle perspective of someone swimming. Another child oriented theme in Spielberg’s films is that of loss of innocence and coming-of-age. In Empire of the Sun, Jim, a wellgroomed and spoiled English youth, loses his innocence as he suffers through World War II China. Similarly, in Catch Me If You Can Frank naively and foolishly believes that he can reclaim his shattered family if he accumulates enough money to support them. The most persistent theme throughout his films is tension in parent-child relationships. Parents (often

Acting credits
Steven Spielberg had cameo roles in The Blues Brothers, Gremlins, Vanilla Sky, and Austin Powers in Goldmember, as well as small uncredited cameos in a handful of other films. He also made numerous cameo rolls in the Warner Brothers cartoons he produced, such as Animaniacs, and even made reference to some of his films.

Involvement in video games
Other than films, Spielberg has also revealed an interest in video games, revealing himself to be a gamer.[26] In 2005 the director signed with Electronic Arts to collaborate on three games including a currently unnamed action game and a puzzle game for the Wii called Boom Blox.[27] Previously, he was involved in creating the scenario for the adventure game The Dig.[28] He is also the creator of the Medal of Honor series by Electronic Arts.[29]

Upcoming projects
Spielberg is planning a motion capture film trilogy based on The Adventures of Tintin, with Peter Jackson. He will direct the first film The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn, which will be released by 2011 due to the necessary computer animation, while Jackson will direct the second which Spielberg will produce. The two will codirect a third. Afterwards, Spielberg is expected to film an Abraham Lincoln biopic, titled Lincoln, starring Liam Neeson, with a script by Tony Kushner. He is also directing and producing the film Interstellar, and adapting Oldboy – with Will Smith Ghost in the Shell and Chocky.

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fathers) are reluctant, absent or ignorant. Peter Banning in Hook starts off in the beginning of the film as a reluctant married-to-his-work parent who through the course of his film regains the respect of his children. The notable absence of Elliott’s father in E.T., is the most famous example of this theme. In Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, it is revealed that Indy has always had a very strained relationship with his father, who is a professor of medieval literature, as his father always seemed more interested in his work, specifically in his studies of the Holy Grail, than in his own son, although his father does not seem to realize or understand the negative effect that his aloof nature had on Indy (he even believes he was a good father in the sense that he taught his son "self reliance", which is not how Indy saw it). Even Oskar Schindler, from Schindler’s List, is reluctant to have a child with his wife. Munich depicts Avner as man away from his wife and newborn daughter. There are of course exceptions; Brody in Jaws is a committed family man, while John Anderton in Minority Report is a shattered man after the disappearance of his son. This theme is arguably the most autobiographical aspect of Spielberg’s films, since Spielberg himself was affected by his parents’ divorce as a child and by the absence of his father. Furthermore to this theme, protagonists in his films often come from families with divorced parents, most notably E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (protagonist Elliot’s mother is divorced) and Catch Me If You Can (Frank Abagnale’s mother and father split early on in the film). Little known also is Tim in Jurassic Park (early in the film another, secondary character mentions Tim and Lex’s parents’ divorce). The family often shown divided is often resolved in the ending as well. Following this theme of reluctant fathers and father figures, Tim looks to Dr. Alan Grant as a father figure. Initially, Dr. Grant is reluctant to return those paternal feelings to Tim . However, by the end of the film, he has changed, and the kids even fall asleep with their heads on his shoulders. Most of his films are generally optimistic in nature. Critics frequently accuse his films of being overly sentimental, though Spielberg feels it’s fine as long as it is disguised. The influence comes from directors Frank Capra and John Ford.[35]

Steven Spielberg
many of the animals), veteran voice actor Frank Welker has lent his voice in quite a lot of productions Spielberg has executively produced from Gremlins to its sequel Gremlins 2: The New Batch as well as The Land Before Time (and lending his voice to its sequels which Spielberg had no involvement in), as well as Who Framed Roger Rabbit and television shows such as Tiny Toons, Animaniacs, Seaquest DSV. Recently Spielberg has used the actor Tom Hanks on several occasions and has cast him in Saving Private Ryan, Catch Me if You Can, and The Terminal. Spielberg also has collaborated with Tom Cruise twice on Minority Report and War of the Worlds. Spielberg prefers working with production members with whom he has developed an existing working relationship. An example of this is his production relationship with Kathleen Kennedy who has served as producer on all his major films from E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial to the recent Munich. Other working relationships include Allen Daviau, a childhood friend and cinematographer who shot the early Spielberg film Amblin’ and most of his films up to Empire Of The Sun; Janusz Kaminski who has shot every Spielberg film since Schindler’s List (see List of noted film director and cinematographer collaborations); and the film editor Michael Kahn who has edited every single film directed by Spielberg from Close Encounters to Munich (except E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial). Most of the DVDs of Spielberg’s films have documentaries by Laurent Bouzereau. A famous example of Spielberg working with the same professionals is his long time collaboration with John Williams and the use of his musical scores in all of his films since The Sugarland Express (except The Color Purple and Twilight Zone: The Movie). One of Spielberg’s trademarks is his use of music by John Williams to add to the visual impact of his scenes and to try and create a lasting picture and sound of the film in the memories of the film audience. These visual scenes often uses images of the sun (e.g. Empire of the Sun, Saving Private Ryan, the final scene of Jurassic Park, and the end credits of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (where they ride into the sunset)), of which the last two feature a Williams score at that end scene. Spielberg is a contemporary of filmmakers George Lucas, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, John Milius, and Brian De Palma, collectively known as the "Movie Brats". Aside from his principal role as a director, Spielberg has acted as a producer for a considerable number of films, including early hits for Joe Dante and Robert Zemeckis.

Contemporaries
In terms of casting and production itself, Spielberg has a known penchant for working with actors and production members from his previous films. For instance he has cast Richard Dreyfuss in several films: Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, and Always. Spielberg has also cast Harrison Ford for several of his films from small roles, as the headteacher in a cut scene from E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial as well as in leading role in the Indiana Jones films. Although while only directing him for only the one time (in Raiders of the Lost Ark, as he voiced

Personal life
Marriages and children
From 1985 to 1989 Spielberg was married to actress Amy Irving. In their 1989 divorce settlement, she received $100 million from Spielberg after a judge controversially

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Steven Spielberg

vacated a prenuptial agreement written on a napkin. Democratic party and its nominees. He has been a Their divorce was recorded as the third most costly close friend of former President Bill Clinton and [36]. Following the divorce, celebrity divorce in history worked with the President for the USA Millennium Spielberg and Irving shared custody of their son, Max celebrations. He directed an 18-minute film for the Samuel. project, scored by John Williams and entitled The Spielberg subsequently developed a relationship American Journey. It was shown at America’s with actress Kate Capshaw, whom he met when he cast Millennium Gala on December 31, 1999, in the her in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. They married National Mall at the Reflecting Pool at the base of the on October 12, 1991. Capshaw is a convert to Judaism.[37] Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C..[43] They currently move among their four homes in Pacific • Spielberg resigned as an advisory board member of Palisades, California; New York City; East Hampton, NY; his local boy scout council in 2001 because of his and Naples, Florida. disapproval of the BSA’s anti-homosexuality There are seven children in the Spielberg-Capshaw stance.[44][45] family: • Spielberg joined Jeffrey Katzenberg and Haim Saban • Jessica Capshaw (August 9, 1976) - daughter from in endorsing the re-election of Hollywood friend Capshaw’s previous marriage to Robert Capshaw Arnold Schwarzenegger, the Republican Governor of • Max Samuel Spielberg (June 13, 1985) - son from California, on August 7, 2006. Spielberg’s previous marriage to Amy Irving • On February 20, 2007, Spielberg, Katzenberg, and • Theo Spielberg (1988) - son adopted by Capshaw David Geffen invited Democrats to a fundraiser for before her marriage to Steven; Steven later adopted Barack Obama,[46]. But on June 14, 2007, Spielberg Theo [38]. endorsed Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY) for • Sasha Rebecca (May 14, 1990 in Los Angeles)[39][40] President. While Geffen and Katzenberg supported [41] • Sawyer Avery (March 10, 1992 in Los Angeles) Obama, Spielberg was always a supporter of Hillary • Mikaela George (February 28, 1996) - adopted with Clinton. However Spielberg directed a video for Capshaw Obama at the DNC in August 2008 and attended • Destry Allyn (December 1, 1996). Obama’s inauguration. Spielberg has several pets including a dog. His previous • In February 2008, Spielberg pulled out of his role as dog, Mikhaila, starred in several of his films in various advisor to the 2008 Beijing Olympics in response to guises including Jaws, Close Encounters, and 1941.[42] the Chinese government’s inaction over the War in Genealogy (adoptions in Italics) Darfur.[47] Spielberg said in a statement that "I find me to Bernice that my conscience will not allowLeah continue business Arnold Bernie Colner as usual".[48] It also said that "Sudan’s government Spielberg Posner Adler bears the bulk of the responsibility for these on-going crimes, but the international community, and particularly China, should be doing more.".[49] The IOC respected Amy Steven Spielberg Kate Spielberg’s decision, but IOCAnne Robert Danny president Jacques Rogge Irving Capshaw Capshaw Spielberg Opatoshu admitted in an interview that "[Spielberg] certainly would have brought a lot to the opening ceremony in terms of creativity."[50] Spielberg’s statement drew criticism from Chinese officials and state-run media calling his Max Theo CapMikaela GeDestry Jessica [51] Samuel Allyncriticism "unfair." Capshaw Academy Award-nominated shaw(adopted) orge(adopted) Chinese director Zhang Yimou ultimately directed Spielberg Spielberg the ceremonies, to wide international acclaim. • In September 2008, Spielberg and his wife offered Starbright their support to same-sex marriage, by issuing a In 1991 Steven Spielberg co-founded Starbright with statement following their donation of $100,000 to the Randy Aduana– a foundation dedicated to improving "No on Proposition 8" campaign fund, a figure equal sick children’s lives through technology-based programs to the amount of money Brad Pitt donated to the focusing on entertainment and education. In 2002 Starsame campaign less than a week prior.[52] bright merged with the Starlight Foundation forming what is now today – Starlight Starbright Children’s Hobbies Foundation. Spielberg is an avid film buff and when not shooting a picture, he will indulge in "movie orgies", watching Politics many over a single weekend.[53] He sees almost every • Spielberg generally supports U.S. Democratic Party major summer blockbuster in theaters if not candidates. He has donated over $800,000 for the

Sue Spielberg

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
preoccupied and enjoys most of them; "If I get pleasure from anything, I can’t think of it as dumb or myself as shallow [...] I’ll probably go late to that movie and go, ’What the dickens was everybody complaining about, that wasn’t so bad!’"[54] Since playing Pong while filming Jaws in 1974, Spielberg has been an avid video gamer. He owns a Wii, a PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360, and enjoys playing first-person shooters such as the Medal of Honor series and Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare. He has also criticized the use of cut scenes in games, calling them intrusive, and feels making story flow naturally into the gameplay is a challenge for future game developers.[55]

Steven Spielberg
That same year, 1989, was the release of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. The opening scene shows a teenage Indiana Jones in scout uniform bearing the rank of a Life Scout. Spielberg stated he made Indiana Jones a Boy Scout in honor of his experience in Scouting. For his career accomplishments and service to others, Spielberg was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award.[60] In 1998 he was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit with Ribbon of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Award was presented to him by President Roman Herzog in recognition of his film "Schindlers List" and his ShoaFoundation. [61] In 1999, Spielberg received an honorary degree from Brown University. Spielberg was also awarded the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service by Secretary of Defense William Cohen at the Pentagon on August 11, 1999. Cohen presented Spielberg the award in recognition of his film Saving Private Ryan. In 2001, he was honored as an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II.[62][63][64] In 2004 he was admitted as knight of the Légion d’honneur from president Jacques Chirac.[65] On July 15, 2006, Spielberg was also awarded the Gold Hugo Lifetime Achievement Award at the Summer Gala of the Chicago International Film Festival,[66] and also was awarded a Kennedy Center honour on December 3.[67] The tribute to Spielberg featured a short filmed biography narrated by Tom Hanks and included thank-yous from World War II veterans for Saving Private Ryan, as well as a performance of the finale to Leonard Bernstein’s Candide, conducted by John Williams (Spielberg’s frequent composer). In November 2007, he was chosen for Lifetime Achievement Award to be presented at the sixth annual Visual Effects Society Awards in February 2009. He was set to be honored with the Cecil B. DeMille Award at the January 2008 Golden Globes; however, the new, watereddown format of the ceremony result from conflicts from the 2007-08 writers strike, the HFPA postponed his honor to the 2009 ceremony.[68][69] In 2008, Spielberg was awarded the Légion d’honneur.[70] In June 2008, Spielberg was the recipient of Arizona State University’s Hugh Downs Award for Communication Excellence.[71] Spielberg received an honorary degree at Boston University’s 136th Annual Commencement on May 17, 2009.

Stalking
In 2001, Spielberg was stalked by conspiracy theorist and former social worker Diana Napolis, who accused him along with actress Jennifer Love Hewitt of controlling her thoughts through "cybertronic" technology and being part of a satanic conspiracy against her. Napolis was committed for a year in a state hospital before pleading guilty to stalking and released on probation with a condition that she have no contact with either Spielberg or Hewitt.[56][57][58][59]

Achievements

Spielberg with a public service award from US Secretary of Defense William Cohen, 1999 Spielberg is a winner of three Academy Awards. He has been nominated for six Academy Awards for the category of Best Director, winning two of them (Schindler’s List and Saving Private Ryan), and seven of the films he directed were up for the Best Picture Oscar (Schindler’s List won). In 1987 he was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for his work as a creative producer. Drawing from his own experiences in Scouting, Spielberg helped the Boy Scouts of America develop a merit badge in cinematography. The badge was launched at the 1989 National Scout Jamboree which Spielberg attended, personally counseling many boys in their work on requirements.

Criticism
Spielberg, as a then co-owner of DreamWorks, was involved in a heated debate in which the studio proposed building on the remaining wetlands in Southern California, though development was later dropped.[72]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Spielberg’s films are often accused of leaning towards sentimentalism at the expense of other aspects of the film.[73][74][75] French New Wave giant Jean-Luc Godard famously and publicly criticised Spielberg at the premiere of his film In Praise of Love. Godard, who has continuously complained about the commercial nature of modern cinema, holds Spielberg partly responsible for the lack of artistic merit in mainstream cinema. Godard accused Spielberg of using his film Schindler’s List to make a profit of tragedy while Schindler’s wife lived in poverty in Argentina.[76] In Spielberg’s defense, critic Roger Ebert argues that Spielberg is very talented and has also said, "Has Godard or any other director living or dead done more than Spielberg, with his Holocaust Project, to honor and preserve the memories of the survivors?"[77] American artist and actor Crispin Glover (who starred in the Spielberg-produced Back to the Future) also criticised Spielberg in his 2005 essay What Is It?.[78] Critics such as anti-mainstream film theorist Ray Carney also complain that Spielberg’s films lack depth and do not take risks.[79] Some of Spielberg’s most famous fans include film legends Ingmar Bergman[80] and Terry Gilliam (although he has criticised some of Spielberg’s more recent work).[81] The late French filmmaker François Truffaut admired his work and took a role in Spielberg’s film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. [2]

Steven Spielberg
"Steven Spielberg ranks 287 on The World’s Billionaires 2007". Forbes. 2007-05-01. http://www.forbes.com/lists/ 2007/10/07billionaires_Steven-Spielberg_4XKR.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-01. "The 50 most influential baby boomers: Top 10". Life.com. http://www.life.com/Life/boomers/ 50boomers01.html#05. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. ^ "Steven Spielberg Biography (1946?–)". filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/film/ 85/Steven-Spielberg.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-15. "Steven Spielberg Sighted in Arizona". http://doney.net/ aroundaz/celebrity/spielberg_stephen.htm. Retrieved on 2007-11-19. "Nickelodeon Magazine Interviews Steven Spielberg". Nickelodeon Magazine. http://www.nick.com/shows/ nick_mag/lookInside/index.jhtml?pagenum=8. Retrieved on 2008-07-29. "Uneven Steven". Metro, May 29 - June 4, 1957. Board of Trustees, University of Southern California ^ CSU Newsline - Steven Spielberg To Graduate from California State University, Long Beach With Bachelor’s Degree in Film and Electronic Arts Steven Spielberg by Joseph McBride, page 223 Steven Spielberg by Joseph McBride, page 248 Steven Spielberg by Joseph McBride, page 250 Baxter, John (1997). Steven Spielberg: The Unauthorised Biography. London: Harper Collins. p. 145. ISBN 0006384447. Heitmueller, Karl (2007-04-03). "Rewind: Major-Studio flicks that belong in the Grind House". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/movies/news/articles/1556111/ story.jhtml. Retrieved on 2009-01-02. "Ultimate A-lister Steven Spielberg co-produced this big-budget adaptation of Rod Serling’s classic ’60s TV show...." Corliss, Richard (1985-01-07). "This way to the children’s crusade". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/ article/0,9171,959559,00.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-02. "he wrote the story and served as an executive producer of The Goonies....". "Andrew Sarris’ Top 10 lists 1958–2005". http://alumnus.caltech.edu/~ejohnson/critics/ sarris.html#y1977. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. The screenplay, adapted from Thomas Keneally’s novel, was originally in the hands of fellow director Martin Scorsese, but Spielberg negotiated with Scorsese to trade scripts. (At the time, Spielberg held the script for a remake of Cape Fear.) Army Archered (1993-06-17). "Spielberg to take break after completing ’List’". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/ VR1117862199.html?categoryid=2&cs=1&query=dark+AND+angel. Retrieved on 2007-02-11. (formed with former Disney animation exec Jeffrey Katzenberg and media mogul David Geffen, providing the other letters in the company name)

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7] [8] [9]

[10] [11] [12] [13]

Filmography Awards and nominations
Academy Award for Best Director
• • • • • • 1977 - Close Encounters of the Third Kind 1981 - Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 - E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial

[14]

[15]

2005 - Munich[82]

[16]

Academy Award for Best Picture
• • • • • • • • 1975 - Jaws 1981 - Raiders of the Lost Ark 1982 - E.T: The Extra-Terrestrial 1985 - The Color Purple 1998 - Saving Private Ryan 2005 - Munich 2006 - Letters from Iwo Jima (producer)[83] [17]

[18]

References
[1] McBride, Joseph (1997). Steven Spielberg. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19177-0. , page 37

[19]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[20] rottentomatoes.com. "Minority Report". http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/minority_report/. Retrieved on 2007-03-11. [21] Ebert, Roger (2002-06-21). "Minority Report". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/ pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20020621/REVIEWS/206210304/ 1023. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. [22] It was previously adapted into the 1986 made-forTV film Sword of Gideon [23] Yossi Melman and Steven Hartov (2006-01-17). Munich: Fact and Fantasy. The Guardian Unlimited. http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/ 0,3604,1687815,00.html. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. [24] "New Indy Adventure Begins Shooting". IndianaJones.com. 2007-06-18. http://www.indianajones.com/community/news/ news20070618.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-18. [25] "Spielberg, Ford and Lucas on Indy IV". Empire. 2006-08-21. http://www.empireonline.com/news/ story.asp?NID=19382. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. [26] "Making games with Steven Spielberg". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/7260228.stm. [27] "Spielberg’s Boom Blox Revealed". http://kotaku.com/ 353191/spielbergs-boom-blox-revealed. [28] "The Dig: in the deep of space, a curse is alive...". http://www.adventureclassicgaming.com/index.php/ site/features/265/. [29] "Medal of Honor credits". http://www.mobygames.com/ game/windows/medal-of-honor-allied-assault/credits. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. [30] Browne, MRachel (2007-04-08). "Australia set to score $150m deal for war epic". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/film/australia-mayscore-150m-deal-for-war-series/2007/04/07/ 1175366530195.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-08. [31] Schneider, Michael (2006-12-11). "Spielberg takes development role in Fox TV projects". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/ VR1117955420.html?categoryid=14&cs=1. Retrieved on 2006-12-11. [32] McBride, Joseph (1997). Steven Spielberg. Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19177-0. [33] E.T. DVD Production Notes Booklet. Universal. 2002. [34] Directed by Steven Spielberg: Poetics of the Contemporary Hollywood Blockbuster [35] The Culture Show [TV]. BBC. [36] "’Most costly’ celebrity divorces". BBC NEWS. April 13, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/ 6552597.stm. [37] Pogrebin, Abigail (2005). Stars of David: Prominent Jews Talk about Being Jewish. Bantam Dell Pub Group. ISBN 0767916123. [38] [1] [39] "Biography for Sasha Spielberg". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0818587/bio. Retrieved on 2008-01-15. [40] [41] [42] [43]

Steven Spielberg

[44]

[45]

[46] [47]

[48] [49]

[50]

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California Birth Index California Birth Index Empire: Features "The Clinton’s Showbiz Celebration". BBC News. 2000-01-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/ 586684.stm. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. "Spielberg quits scouts ’over gay ban’". BBC. 2001-04-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/film/ 1281309.stm. Retrieved on 2006-10-30. "Spielberg resigns from Boy Scouts board". Hollywood.com. http://www.hollywood.com/news/ detail/id/386418. Retrieved on 2006-03-10. Obama excites entertainment community By JOCELYN NOVECK, AP National Writer Rachel Abramowitz (2008). "Spielberg drops out as Beijing Olympics advisor". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/movies/ la-etspielberg13feb13,1,7027646.story?ctrack=2&cset=true. Retrieved on 2007-02-13. Statement from Steven Spielberg, Regarding Beijing 2008 Olympic Games "Spielberg in Darfur snub to China". BBC. 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7242016.stm. Retrieved on 2008-05-16. "Rogge respect for Spielberg move". BBC. 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/olympics/7247590.stm. Retrieved on 2008-05-16. "China hits back over Olympics row". BBC. 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7254479.stm. Retrieved on 2008-05-16. http://uk.eonline.com/uberblog/ b30446_Spielberg_Makes_Like_Pitt__Supports_Same_Sex_Marria (1994-01-31). Face to Face. BBC Two. Ian Freer (August 2005). "Death from Above". Empire: pp. 99. Tom Chick (2008-12-08). "A Close Encounter with Steven Spielberg". Yahoo!. http://videogames.yahoo.com/ celebrity-byte/steven-spielberg/1271249. Retrieved on 2008-12-11. "Spielberg wins order banning cult stalker". The Australian. 2002-10-23. pp. 12. MacKenzie, D (2002-10-20). "Spielberg Stalker in MindBug Game". Sunday Mirror. p. 16. Sauer, M (2002-12-31). "Stalking suspect to undergo more psychological tests". The San Diego Union-Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/ 20021231-9999_1m31stalker.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-30. De Young, Mary (2004). The day care ritual abuse moral panic. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland. pp. 234-5. ISBN 0-7864-1830-3. "Distinguished Eagle Scout Award". National Capital Area Council — Boy Scouts of America. http://www.boyscouts-ncac.org/pages/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
6207_distinguished_eagle_scout_award.cfm. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. "Steven Spielberg erhält das Bundesverdienstkreuz". Berlin Online. 1998-09-11. http://www.berlinonline.de/ berliner-zeitung/archiv/.bin/dump.fcgi/1998/0911/ seite1/0064/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-19. "Spielberg receives Royal honour". BBC NEWS. 2001-01-30. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/ 1142446.stm. American usage of title Sir Article One of the United States Constitution clause 9 "Le Président de la République remet les insignes de chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur à M. Steven Spielberg" (in French). Palais de l’Élysée. 2004-09-05. http://www.elysee.fr/elysee/elysee.fr/francais_archives/ actualites/a_l_elysee/2004/septembre/popup/ steven_spielberg_legion_d_honneurphoto_1-5.22276.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-29. "Spielberg receives Lifetime Achievement Award". Chicago Film Festival. 2006-07-17. http://www.chicagofilmfestival.org/cgi-bin/ WebObjects/CIFFSite.woa/wa/pages/SummerGala06. Retrieved on 2006-10-21. "Kennedy Center Honors Spielberg, Parton and Robinson". IMDb — Movie and TV news. 2006-12-04. http://www.imdb.com/news/wenn/2006-12-04/#3. Retrieved on 2006-12-04. "Spielberg to Receive Cecil B. DeMillle Award". ComingSoon.net. 2007-11-14. http://www.comingsoon.net/news/ movienews.php?id=39311. Retrieved on 2007-11-14. "Spielberg Globe honour ’deferred’". BBC NEWS. January 9, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/ 7179401.stm. "French honour for Steven Spielberg". The Press Association. 2008-05-21. http://ukpress.google.com/ article/ALeqM5jS1sYgmE95AtZeoVHxjt38GsqF1A. Retrieved on 2008-05-22. Spielberg Receives Arizona State University Communication Award Newswise, Retrieved on June 22, 2008. "Entertainment Spielberg Studio Plan axed". BBC. 1999-07-22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/ 384010.stm. Retrieved on 2006-10-30. Thorsen, Tor. "A.I.: Artificial Intelligence". Archived from the original on 2008-03-05. http://www.webcitation.org/ 5W5lgqisj. "Saving Private Ryan (amazon.co.uk review)". http://www.amazon.co.uk/Saving-Private-Ryan-TomHanks/dp/B00004D36D. Retrieved on 2007-03-16. Rowley, Stephen. "Steven Spielberg on Senses of Cinema". Archived from the original on 2008-03-05. http://www.webcitation.org/5W5l7d4OV. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.

Steven Spielberg
[76] Bill Gibron (2007-04-21). "Short Cuts — Forgotten Gems: In Praise of Love". Pop Matters. http://www.popmatters.com/pm/blogs/shortends_post/ 33421/short-cuts-forgotten-gems-in-praise-of-love-2001. Retrieved on 2007-04-28. [77] Roger Ebert (2002-10-18). "In Praise Of Love". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/ pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20021018/REVIEWS/210180306/ 1023. Retrieved on 2007-04-28. [78] Glover, Crispin. "What Is It?". http://web.archive.org/ web/20060503191918/http://thecrispincorner.com/ essay.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-01. [79] Carney, Ray. "There’s no Business like Show Business". http://people.bu.edu/rcarney/carncult/showbiz.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-03-16. [80] "När Bergman går på bio". Archived from the original on 2002-05-12. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/vine/ showpost.php?p=384322&postcount=1. Retrieved on 2007-08-27. [81] "Terry Gilliam bitter about Potter". http://www.wizardnews.com/story.20050829.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-21. [82] Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Academy Awards Database; "Steven Spielberg, Directing nominations"; Retrieved on January 13, 2009; link. [83] Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Academy Awards Database; "Steven Spielberg, Best Picture nominations"; Retrieved on January 13, 2009; link.

[61]

[62]

[63] [64] [65]

[66]

[67]

[68]

[69]

External links
• • • • • • • • • • • • Steven Spielberg at the Internet Movie Database Steven Spielberg at the TCM Movie Database Steven Spielberg at Senses of Cinema Steven Spielberg at Allmovie Steven Spielberg at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Steven Spielberg Bibliography (via UC Berkeley) Official website of Dreamworks Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation (founded by Spielberg) Time 100: Steven Spielberg They Shoot Pictures, Don’t They? Spielberg at 60 - Empire Fansite and forum "Playmountain", the successor of "Spielbergfilms" Spielberg, Steven

[70]

[71]

[72]

[73]

[74]

Persondata NAME ALTERNATIVE Steven Allan Spielberg, Stephen NAMES Spielberg SHORT DESCRIPTION Academy Award-winning American film director and producer

[75]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Awards and achievements Preceded by Clint Eastwood for Unforgiven Preceded by James Cameron for Titanic Preceded by Clint Eastwood for Unforgiven Preceded by Robert Altman for The Player Academy Award for Best Director 1993 for Schindler’s List Academy Award for Best Director 1998 for Saving Private Ryan Academy Award for Best Picture 1993 for Schindler’s List BAFTA Award for Best Direction 1993 for Schindler’s List Succeeded by Robert Zemeckis for Forrest Gump

Steven Spielberg

Succeeded by Sam Mendes for American Beauty Succeeded by Wendy Finerman and Steve Tisch for Forrest Gump Succeeded by Mike Newell and Steve Tisch for Four Weddings and a Funeral Succeeded by Mike Newell and Duncan Kenworthy for Four Weddings and a Funeral Succeeded by Robert Zemeckis for Forrest Gump Succeeded by Sam Mendes for American Beauty Succeeded by TBA

Preceded by BAFTA Award for Best Film Ismail Merchant and James Ivory 1993 for Howards End for Schindler’s List Preceded by Clint Eastwood for Unforgiven Preceded by James Cameron for Titanic Preceded by Warren Beatty DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1993 for Schindler’s List Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1998 for Saving Private Ryan Cecil B. DeMille Award 2009 December 18, 1946 Cincinnati, Ohio, USA DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Spielberg" Categories: Akira Kurosawa Award winners, American art collectors, American billionaires, American film directors, American film producers, American humanitarians, American Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, BAFTA winners (people), Best Director Academy Award winners, Best Director Golden Globe winners, California State University, Long Beach alumni, Daytime Emmy Award winners, Distinguished Eagle Scouts, English-language film directors, Film studio executives, Recipients of Honorary British Knighthoods, Jewish American film directors, Jews and Judaism in Cincinnati, Ohio, Kidney cancer survivors, Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Kennedy Center honorees, Légion d'honneur recipients, People from Cincinnati, Ohio, People from Scottsdale, Arizona, Science fiction fans, Science Fiction Hall of Fame, Indiana Jones, People from East Hampton (town), New York, Jewish film and theatre, People who have received honorary degrees from Yale University, Producers who won the Best Picture Academy Award, 1946 births, Living people This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 02:58 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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