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Santa Cruz, California

Santa Cruz, California
City of Santa Cruz, California - Total - Density Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website
The "Town Clock" tower at the head of Pacific Avenue, looking south toward Monterey Bay, Downtown Santa Cruz, CA.

54,593 4,356.0/sq mi (1,682.2/km2) PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 95060-95067 831 06-69112 1659596 http://www.ci.santa-cruz.ca.us/

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Nickname(s): Surf City

Santa Cruz is the county seat and largest city of Santa Cruz County, California in the United States of America. As of the 2000 census, Santa Cruz had a total population of 54,593. It is located on the northern edge of the Monterey Bay, about 72 mi (115 km) south of San Francisco. The present-day site of Santa Cruz was the location of a Native American settlement since ancient times. It was also one of the earliest settlements of the Spanish during the exploration of Alta California in the later part of the 1700s. During the late 1800s, after California became part of the United States, Santa Cruz became widely popular for its idyllic beaches and Coastal Redwoods and became a popular resort community. Now known for its alternative community lifestyles and liberal political leanings,[1] Santa Cruz is a haven for many sub-cultures and counter-cultures.[2]

History
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of California

Coordinates: 36°58′19″N 122°1′35″W / 36.97194°N 122.02639°W / 36.97194; -122.02639 Country State County Government - Mayor - Senate - Assembly - U.S. Congress Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation Population (2000) United States California Santa Cruz Cynthia Mathews Joe Simitian (D) Bill Monning (D) Sam Farr (D) 15.6 sq mi (40.4 km2) 12.5 sq mi (32.5 km2) 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2) 36 ft (11 m)

The Ohlone & pre-contact period
Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the Eighteenth Century, the Awaswas people (a part of the Ohlone (Costanoan) Native Americans) maintained a settlement, Chatu-Mu, along the San Lorenzo River not far from the Monterey Bay.

Mission and Pueblo period
In 1769 the Spanish explorer Gaspar de Portolà arrived in the vicinity of Chatu-Mu. He named the river San Lorenzo in honor of Saint Lawrence. He called the rolling hills above the river the "Santa Cruz" which means "holy cross." Twenty-two years later, on August 28, 1791, Father Fermín Lasuén established La Misión de la Exaltación de la Santa Cruz (also known as Mission Santa Cruz) for the conversion of the Awaswas of Chatu-Mu and

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surrounding villages. Santa Cruz was the twelfth mission to be founded in California. On April 1796, by order of the Viceroy of New Spain Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca y Branciforte, marqués de Branciforte, Captain Pere d’Alberní, and his First Free Company of Volunteers of Catalonia, a 72-men irregular unit serving the Spanish Crown, were moved to California to take care of the Spanish military garrisons of Monterrey, Santa Bárbara, San Diego and San Francisco. Across the San Lorenzo River, in what is now known as the East Side of Santa Cruz, Alberní founded a town called Villa Branciforte (Spanish for Branciforte Village), in honor of the Viceroy of New Spain. Villa Branciforte later merged with the Mission Santa Cruz community across the river, and together they formed what is today known as Santa Cruz. By the 1820s Mexico had assumed control of the area and within the next twenty years, immigrants from the United States began to arrive in great numbers. California became a state in 1850, and Santa Cruz County was created in 1850 as one of the twenty-seven original counties.

Santa Cruz, California
Southern Pacific in the early 1900s and carried freight and passenger trains. Excursion trains operated until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, which caused major damage to tracks, tunnels, and bridges. The Southern Pacific repaired the line and resumed operations until March 1940, following more damage by a major winter storm. With the completion of State Route 17 that same year, there was less reason to continue the rail operations. In 1907, the citizens voted for a new charter designating a Mayor as chief executive and a City Council consisting of seven members. Subsequent charters gave a Mayor and four Commissioners both executive and administrative powers. At that time the city was divided into five departments: Public Affairs, Revenue and Finance, Public Health and Safety, Public Works, and Streets and Parks. In 1948, the City of Santa Cruz adopted a new City Charter. This charter established a Council-Manager form of government, with a Mayor and six Councilmembers setting policy for the city and a city manager serving as the chief administrator of those policies. The Charter, with amendments, is still in existence today. On October 17, 1989, the city suffered major damage from the Loma Prieta earthquake, which was centered on Loma Prieta, the highest point in the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains. Many of the historic buildings in the downtown business district were damaged or destroyed, especially along Pacific Avenue.[3] Reconstruction of the district has continued in recent years, and some of the original buildings can be seen in Clint Eastwood’s "Dirty Harry" movie Sudden Impact.

California statehood
By the turn of the century logging, lime processing, agriculture, and commercial fishing industries prospered in the area. Due to its mild climate and scenic beauty Santa Cruz also became a prominent resort community. Santa Cruz was incorporated in 1866 as a town under the laws of the State of California and received its first charter as a city in 1876. At that time the city was governed by a Mayor and Common Council consisting of four members. A walk down Walnut Avenue past the Sorbet Santa will show any passer-by the unique architecture from the Victorian period in Santa Cruz.

Historic social activism
As a center of liberal and progressive activism, Santa Cruz became one of the first cities to approve marijuana for medicinal uses. In 1992, residents overwhelmingly approved Measure A[4], which allowed for the medicinal uses of marijuana. Santa Cruz also became one of the first cities in California to test the state’s medical marijuana laws in court after the arrest of Valerie Corral and Mike Corral, founders of the Wo/Men’s Alliance for Medical Marijuana, by the DEA.[5] The case was ruled in favor of the growers. In 2005, the Santa Cruz City Council established a city government office to assist residents with obtaining medical marijuana.[6] In 2006, Measure K was passed by voters, making marijuana enforcement "lowest priority" for law enforcement. In 2003, the Santa Cruz City Council became the first City Council in the U.S. to denounce the Iraq War.[7] The City Council of Santa Cruz also issued a proclamation opposing the USA PATRIOT Act.[8] Notable feminists activists Nikki Craft and Ann Simonton resided in Santa Cruz where they formed the

View of Santa Cruz and the Monterey Bay from UCSC From 1880 to 1940, a narrow gauge railroad connected Santa Cruz with Los Gatos with standard gauge connections from Los Gatos to the other parts of the San Francisco Bay Area. The railroad was acquired by the

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"Praying Mantis Brigade". This collection of activists organized the "Myth California Pageant" in the 1980s protesting "the objectification of women and the glorification of the beauty myth."[9][10] Myth California was staged concurrently with the Miss California pageant held in Santa Cruz since the 1920s. The protests, including women dressed in meat and pouring the blood of raped women across a pageant entryway, ran for nine years eventually contributing to the Miss California pageant leaving Santa Cruz.[11] Simonton founded and coordinates the non-profit group "Media Watch" which monitors and critiques media images of women and ethnic minorities.[12][13][14] Beginning in 1983 Santa Cruz has hosted an annual Take Back the Night candlelight vigil, rally, march, and protest focusing on the issue of violence against women.[15] Santa Cruz has an active community of independent media makers as demonstrated by the Santa Cruz Independent Media Center and many other do-it-yourself media projects. A pirate radio station, Free Radio Santa Cruz (FRSC 101.1 FM), has been in operation in Santa Cruz for a decade, operating with active participation from a cross section of Santa Cruz residents. Incendio is a bi-lingual journal to connect English- and Spanish-speaking anarchists throughout the world to anarchist, indigenous, ecological, and social struggles occurring throughout Latin America. Santa Cruz also has an active independent media outlet. Founded in 1976, The Resource Center for Nonviolence is one of the oldest and most centrally located nonprofit organizations committed to political and social activism in Santa Cruz County.[16] The center is "dedicated to promoting the principles of nonviolent social change and enhancing the quality of life and human dignity".[17] Santa Cruz has an activist Veteran community.[18] The United Veterans Council sponsors a communitybased program for Veterans dealing with re-entry into society as an alternative to government remedies.[19] The Bill Motto VFW post #5888 sponsors anti-war and peace efforts in Santa Cruz and throughout the country. The Veterans Memorial Building is host to punk, reggae, and hip-Hop acts from Santa Cruz and around the world. It is also the home of the Bill Motto Post sponsored Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners. These dinners were started by post #5888 in the late seventies. In 2006, the Thanksgiving dinner served 1,400 people.[20] Other non-profit organizations have been developed to address various issues in the community, such as The Santa Cruz AIDS Project, Barrios Unidos, and The Homeless Garden Project.

Santa Cruz, California
winters and warm, mostly dry summers. Due to its proximity to Monterey Bay, fog and low overcast is a common feature during the night and morning hours, especially in the summer. January is the coolest month with an average maximum of 59.8 °F (15.4 °C) and an average minimum of 39.3 °F (4.1 °C). September is the warmest month with an average maximum of 75.7 °F (24.3 °C) and an average minimum of 51.0 °F (10.6 °C). There are an average of only 5.7 days with highs of 90°F (32°C) or higher and an average of 12.7 days with lows of 32°F (0°C) or lower. The highest temperature on record was 107 °F (42 °C) on September 14, 1971. The lowest temperature on record was 19 °F (−7 °C) on December 23, 1990. Average annual rainfall in Santa Cruz is 30.58 inches (777 mm), with most of the rain falling from November through April. There are an average of 65 days with measurable rain annually. The most rainfall in one year was 59.76 inches (1.518 m) in 1983 and the least rainfall in one year was 15.02 inches (382 mm) in 1989. In December 1955, 21.07 inches fell in Santa Cruz and the San Lorenzo River had one of its greatest floods in history. Heavy rains and high winds in the spring of 1958 caused extensive damage along the coastline of Santa Cruz County. The greatest 24 hour rainfall in Santa Cruz was 6.91 inches (176 mm) on January 5, 1982.[21]

Economy
The principal industries of Santa Cruz are agriculture, tourism, education (UCSC) and high technology. Santa Cruz is a center of the organic agriculture movement, and many specialty products as well as housing the headquarters of California Certified Organic Farmers. Tourist attractions include the classic Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk on the beach, the redwood forests, and Monterey Bay, which is protected as a marine sanctuary. The best known local high-tech companies are RF Micro Devices and Plantronics. The biotech company Santa Cruz Biotechnology, which is focusing on research antibody reagents production is also headquarterted in Santa Cruz. Other high-tech companies include Giro bicycle helmets, O’Neill Wetsuits founded by Jack O’Neill, O’Neill Surf Shops, Santa Cruz Skateboards, The Santa Cruz Guitar Company, Santa Cruz Mountain Bikes, Kestrel Bicycles, and Erik’s Deli Cafe are also based in Santa Cruz. Odwalla Juices and Good Earth Tea were founded in Santa Cruz as well. From 1970 to present, Santa Cruz has been the home to numerous boatbuilding companies, including Moore Brothers, Bill Lee Yachts, Wilderness Boats, Alsberg Bros. Boats, C&B Boats, and Pacific Yachts. A common theme amongst these builders was the influence of lightweight surfboard construction using foam and fiberglass, and the result was the creation of the ULDB (ultralight displacement boat). Classes such as the Santa Cruz 27 and

Climate
Santa Cruz has mild weather throughout the year, enjoying a Mediterranean climate characterized by cool, wet

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Santa Cruz Population by year [22] Year 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Pop. 950 2,561 3,898 5,596 5,659 11,146 10,917 14,395 16,896 21,970 25,596 32,076 41,483 49,040 54,593

Santa Cruz, California

52, Moore 24, Olson 30, Wilderness 21, Monterey Bay 30, and custom boats like Merlin showed that exciting, fast, and seaworthy boats could be made out of materials far lighter than was common in that time. While many of these builders have closed, Santa Cruz Yachts and Moore Bros. still exist.

Demographics
Recorded from the census of 2000,[23] there were 54,593 people total with 20,442 households and 10,404 families residing in the city. The population density includes 1,682.2/km² (4,356.0/sq mi). There were 21,504 housing units at an average density of 1,715.8/sq mi (662.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.74% White, 17.39% Hispanic or Latino, 1.73% African American, 0.86% Native American, 4.90% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 9.14% from other races, and 4.50% from two or more races. There were 20,442 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.1% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98. In the city the population was spread out with 17.3% under the age of 18, 20.5% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100

females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males age 18 and over. The median income for a household in the city was $50,605, and the median income for a family was $62,231 (these figures had risen to $59,172 and $80,496 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[24]). Males had a median income of $44,751 versus $32,699 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,758. About 6.6% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

City of Santa Cruz Logo In the state legislature Santa Cruz is located in the 11th Senate District, represented by Democrat Joe Simitian, and in the 27th Assembly District, represented by

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Democrat John Laird. Federally, Santa Cruz is located in California’s 17th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +17[25] and is represented by Democrat Sam Farr.

Santa Cruz, California
available from iridethebus.org. Greyhound Lines bus service is another option for visiting Santa Cruz. The nearest airports for commercial travel are San Jose International Airport, Monterey Peninsula Airport, San Francisco International Airport, and Oakland International Airport. Santa Cruz has an extensive network of bike lanes and bike paths. Most major roads have bike lanes, and wide, luxurious bike lanes were recently installed on Beach Street, near the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk. Additionally, there are levee bike paths along the San Lorenzo River. A Rail Trail -- a bicycle and pedestrian path beside an existing coastal train track -- is under consideration.[28] The Santa Cruz, Big Trees and Pacific Railway operates diesel-electric tourist trains between the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk and Roaring Camp in Felton, through Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park, with its famous Redwood Grove walking trail.

Sister cities
Santa Cruz has five sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc.[26] • • • Alushta, Ukraine Jinotepe, Nicaragua • Italy • • Shingū, Japan Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain Sestri Levante,

Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela A monument next to the downtown Santa Cruz post office has a small circular plaza surrounded by marble posts topped with bronze maps of each of the sister cities. The sister city relationship with Alushta was established in the waning days of the Soviet Union before the fall of Communism and was controversial at the time.

Education
K through 12
Elementary schools Santa Cruz City Schools Elementary District is made up of elementary schools where a complete K through 5th grade program is offered. • Bay View Elementary • Gateway School • DeLaveaga Elementary (private, K-8) • Gault Elementary • Holy Cross School • Westlake Elementary (private, K-8) • Monarch Elementary • Spring Hill Elementary (alternative) (private, K-6) Junior high and middle schools • Branciforte Middle • Georgiana Bruce Kirby School Preparatory School • Mission Hill Middle (private, 6-12) School • Empire Academy • Pacific Collegiate (private, 6-12) School (charter, 7-12) • Gateway School (private, K-8) • Holy Cross School (private, K-8) High schools • Santa Cruz High School • Georgiana Bruce Kirby • Harbor High School Preparatory School • Costanoa High School (private, 6-12) (alternative) • Empire Academy • The Ark (alternative) (private, 6-12) • Pacific Collegiate • Waldorf High School School (charter, 7-12) (private)

Transportation
State Routes 1 and 17 are the main roads in and out of Santa Cruz. Geographically constrained between the Santa Cruz Mountains and the Monterey Bay, the narrow transportation corridor served by SR 1 suffers mild congestion. A highway widening project is underway.[27] The ramp from SR 1 northbound to SR 17 southbound, onto Ocean Street, is commonly known as the "fish hook" due to its tightening curve.

No. 7 Sonora Class C Shay Big Trees Railroad The Santa Cruz Metropolitan Transit District provides bus service throughout Santa Cruz County. Metro also operates bus service between Santa Cruz (city) and San Jose by way of a partnership with the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and Amtrak California. Connections are possible in San Jose. A complete transit itineraries between Santa Cruz and San Francisco Bay Area cities and major airports are

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Santa Cruz, California

Colleges and universities
While there are several colleges and universities proximate to Santa Cruz, the city itself hosts the University of California, Santa Cruz. Cabrillo College, which is located in nearby Aptos, also holds classes within Santa Cruz city. There is also a small private Christian college, Bethany University.

Attractions
Points of interest
• University of California, Santa Cruz, Arboretum • Mission Santa Cruz • Natural Bridges State Beach • Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk • Santa Cruz Student Housing Co-ops • Santa Cruz Museum of Natural History • Santa Cruz Surfing Museum • Main Beach

Parks
State parks & beaches
• Lighthouse Field State Beach • Natural Bridges State Beach • Santa Cruz Mission State Historic Park • Twin Lakes State Beach • Seabright State Beach • Sand Hill Bluff The Umbrella Man on Pacific Avenue music played each day by Don McCaslin’s band "Warmth". The Cooper House had a restaurant and bar that went through several owners throughout the 1980s but consistently attracted the townspeople, their guests, and local characters such as "Rainbow Ginger" to the outdoor patio where cocktails, food, music, and people watching were always on the menu. Clint Eastwood’s 1983 "Dirty Harry" movie, Sudden Impact, includes a car chase filmed in the business district several years before the earthquake. Since the earthquake, the old "Pacific Garden Mall" theme was eliminated, and an updated downtown design plan was implemented. The few remaining empty lots on Pacific Avenue are currently in the process of being developed.

Pacific Avenue
Pacific Avenue is a street in the downtown area of Santa Cruz and is known for its shopping area (formerly known as the Pacific Garden Mall), and arguably the city’s cultural center with several book stores and independent movie theaters. The atmosphere is generally peaceful and relaxed; people play music and sing. On weekends, at the fork of Pacific Avenue and Front Street, near Jamba Juice cafe and the Town Clock, representatives of the local Brazilian and Portuguese-speaking populations have dance contests. Roy Rydell was engaged as the landscape architect for the former Pacific Garden Mall and other notable places in Santa Cruz including: Abbott Square beside the Octagon Museum, Plaza Branciforte on Soquel Avenue, the Town Clock Plaza, the Communication Building at UCSC, Deer Park Center, Santa Cruz City Hall Annex, and the Alfred Hitchcock estate. During the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, several buildings along what was known as the Pacific Garden Mall were destroyed, including the former beaux arts courthouse renamed and reopened in the 1960s as the Cooper House. The Cooper House was widely regarded as the heart of the downtown area and featured outdoor

Greenbelt districts
• Pogonip is a city-run park and open space located adjacent to the University of California, Santa Cruz. It includes second-growth redwoods and meadows as well as several streams, and is crossed by several hiking trails. The Pogonip also includes a former country club, with its golf courses and polo fields. The name for the park is derived from the Shoshone Native American word pogonip meaning "cloud". • Arana Gulch • Moore Creek • Lighthouse Field • Neary Lagoon

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Santa Cruz, California

Regional parks
• Harvey West Park • DeLaveaga Park • Depot Park

Neighborhood parks
• Beach Flats Park • Central Park • Cowells Beach • Derby Park • Frederick Street Park • Garfield Park • Grant Park • John Franks Park • Laurel Park • Lighthouse Neighborhood Park • Mike Fox Park • Mission Plaza • Moore Creek Overlook • Ocean View Park • Round Tree Park • San Lorenzo Park • Star of the Sea • Trescony • Tyrrell Park • University Terrace • Westlake Park

A surfer Boardwalk is California’s oldest amusement park and a designated State Historic Landmark. Home to a National Historic Landmark, a 1911 Charles I. D. Looff Carousel and 1924 Giant Dipper roller coaster, the Boardwalk has been owned and operated by the Santa Cruz Seaside Company since 1915. Santa Cruz is the reputed site of the first surfing in California in 1885, when three Hawaiian princes, Prince Edward, Prince David and Prince Jonah Kalaniana’ole, surfed on locally milled redwood boards at the mouth of the San Lorenzo River. Santa Cruz has 11 world-class surf breaks, including the point breaks over rock bottoms near Steamer Lane and Pleasure Point, which create some of the best surfing waves in the world. Home to the Santa Cruz Surfing Museum at Steamer Lane, which continues to be staffed by docents such as Harry Mayo and others from the Santa Cruz Surfing Club who have surfed Santa Cruz waves since the 1930s, Santa Cruz hosts several surf contests drawing international participants each year, including the O’Neill Cold Water Classic, the International Longboard Association contest, and many others. Santa Cruz was home to the Miss California Pageant, state finals to Miss America for six decades. The Santa Cruz Wharf is known for fishing, viewing marine mammals and other recreation. Many outdoor sports are popular in the area such as skateboarding, cycling, camping, hiking, and rock climbing. In addition to its reputation in surfing and skateboarding, which now has the first full pipe in Northern California, Santa Cruz is known for other alternative sports such as disc golf. The Santa Cruz Skatepark is open to the public 7 days a week and is free. The De Laveaga Disc Golf Course hosts PDGA tournaments, including the annual Masters Cup. De Laveaga was the disc golf and discathon venue for the WFDF-sanctioned World Disc Games overall event held in Santa Cruz in July 2005. Santa Cruz provides many opportunities for birding and butterfly watching.

Recreation

Roof of the Carousel building (the "Merry-Go-Round") at the Boardwalk Santa Cruz is well-known for watersports such as sailing, diving, swimming, paddling, and surfing. It is the home of O’Neill Wetsuits and Santa Cruz Surfboards, as well as Santa Cruz Skateboards and Santa Cruz Bicycles. Santa Cruz also houses Derby skate park, the first public skate park in the USA as well as the brand new Ken Wormhoudt skatepark at Mike Fox Park. The Santa Cruz Beach

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Santa Cruz, California
• Santa Cruz Pride — The annual parade is a celebration of sexual preference and diversity in Santa Cruz, held on the Pacific Avenue mall.[31] • Open Studios Art Tour — The art fair has been run for more than three decades and draws artists and patrons from around the area.[32] • O’Neill Cold Water Classic — An annual surfing event that draws crowds at the popular Steamer’s Lane.[33] The Santa Cruz Surfing Museum is housed in a lighthouse there. • Wharf to Wharf Race — An annual race which has been held for more than three decades.[34] • Woodies on the Wharf — An annual woodies show that takes place on the Santa Cruz Wharf.[35] • Santa Cruz Farmers Market - Year Round Outdoor Markets showcasing the agricultural diversity of the Central Coast region with emphasis on sustainable agriculture and organic food. Regional specialties include strawberry, apple, artichoke, artisan goat cheeses and brassica. The main market is held downtown on Wednesday’s. [36]

Sun sets on the wharf and the city skyline Many residents consider downtown Pacific Avenue to be the heart of Santa Cruz culture with its historic buildings, locally-owned businesses, and street performers. Representing an aspect of the "Keep Santa Cruz weird" contingent is Robert Steffen, a gentleman who walks slowly down Pacific Avenue dressed in pink women’s clothing and makeup, including a parasol, thereby attaining the moniker "Slow Robert" and "The Pink Umbrella Man".[29] The city also is often said to be a huge hot spot for Volkswagen Beetle enthusiasts, featuring many in local auto shows annually. One of the Volkswagen Beetle’s custom variations, the "So-Cal" Bug, has received nationwide attention as a true California surf car. Many of these are seen on the beaches in Santa Cruz, as well as the occasional Volkswagen Bus.

Historic places
• Landmarks on the National Register of Historic Places[37]: • A. J. Hinds • Elias H. • Mission Hill House (8/25/ Robinson Area Historic 1983) House (1/9/ District (5/17/ • Allan Brown 1998) 1976) Site (6/25/ • Garfield • Neary1981) Park Branch Rodriguez • Bank of Santa Library (3/ Adobe (2/24/ Cruz County 26/1992) 1975) (3/15/1982) • Glen Canyon • Octagon • Branciforte Covered Building (3/ Adobe (1/31/ Bridge (5/ 24/1971) 1979) 17/1984) • Santa Cruz • Carmelita • Golden Gate Downtown Court (3/20/ Villa (7/24/ Historic 1986) 1975) District (7/27/ • Cope Row • Hotel 1989) Houses (1/ Metropole • US Post 28/1982) (5/23/1979) Office-Santa • Cowell Lime • Live Oak Cruz Main (1/ Works Ranch (7/ 11/1985) Historic 10/1975) • Veterans District (11/ • Looff Memorial 21/2007) Carousel Building (4/ and Roller 27/1992) Coaster (2/ 27/1987) • Landmarks on the California Register of Historical Resources[38]: • Mission Santa Cruz • Center of Villa de Branciforte

Cultural attractions
• Santa Cruz County Symphony — Founded in 1958, the Santa Cruz County Symphony is a fully professional ensemble of 65 members which presents an annual concert series at the Santa Cruz Civic Auditorium and the Mello Center in Watsonville. Additional offerings include musician school visits, free concerts for area school children, family concerts, and pops concerts. • Shakespeare Santa Cruz — An annual summer festival at UC Santa Cruz, the event typically performs two Shakespeare plays and one other play every summer, many of which are performed in a unique outdoor space among the redwoods. • Santa Cruz Film Festival — An annual event for independent filmmakers to share their work with film enthusiasts [30] • Santa Cruz Fungus Fair — Sponsored by the Santa Cruz Museum of Natural History and the Fungus Federation of Santa Cruz. • Arts & Lectures Presents — Sponsored by UC Santa Cruz Arts & Lectures.

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• Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk

Santa Cruz, California

Media
Television
The Monterey-Salinas metropolitan statistical (or service) area (MSA) is served by a variety of local television stations, and is the 124th largest designated market area (DMA) in the U.S. with 222,900 homes: • KOTR - Channel 2: - Monterey/Salinas/Santa Cruz (Comcast Cable 11) • ABC 7 - Channel 7 (cable-only): - (ABC) - Del Rey Oaks • KSBW - channel 8: - (NBC) - Salinas • KMUV - channel 15: - (Telemundo) - Monterey/ Salinas/Santa Cruz (Simulcast of KSTS 48) • KQET - channel 25: - (PBS) - Watsonville (Simulcast of San Jose’s KTEH) • KDJT - channel 33: - (Telefutura) - Monterey • KCBA - channel 35: - (Fox Broadcasting Company) Salinas • KMCE - channel 43: - (Azteca América) - Monterey/ Salinas • KION - channel 46: - (CBS) - Salinas • KSMS-TV - channel 67: - (Univision) - Monterey

Notable Santa Cruzans and Santa Cruz-based organizations
Due to being the home of University of California, Santa Cruz as well as being bustling with local musicians, Santa Cruz has a number of notable residents.

Notable businesses headquartered in Santa Cruz
This is a list of businesses that are headquartered in Santa Cruz city. • Cruzio • Fullpower Technologies • O’Neill [39] • Plantronics • http://www.skateboards.com

Controversy
After Huntington Beach, California trademarked the Surf City USA name, Santa Cruz politicians tried to stop the mark from being registered by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office because of 10-year-old controversy over Santa Cruz’s nickname "Surf City."[40] Huntington Beach has obtained a total of seven registrations for the Surf City USA trademark.[41] Importantly, however, none of these registrations of the trademark are on the principal register, but on the secondary register, which means that Huntington Beach has no exclusive right to assert ownership over the "Surf City USA" trademark. Indeed, trademark scholar and law professor Tyler Ochoa has called Huntington Beach’s assertion of ownership over the "Surf City USA" mark "weak, dubious, and probably unenforceable."[42] Two Santa Cruz surf shops, Shoreline Surf Shop and Noland’s on the Wharf, sued the city of Huntington Beach in order to protect the public use of the term "Surf City."[43] The parties reached a confidential settlement in January 2008, in which neither side admitted liability and all claims and counterclaims were dismissed. The Santa Cruz surf shops continue to print t-shirts, and the Visitor’s Bureau retains the right to use the trademark.[44]

ABC affiliate
The Monterey-Salinas area lost its American Broadcasting Company broadcast affiliate in 2000, when KNTV was purchased, and then became the NBC station for the San Francisco Oakland San Jose metropolitan area. KNTV, now known as NBC11, later moved its tower from Loma Prieta Peak to San Bruno Mountain, ceasing its coverage in Monterey. At that time, ABC reached an agreement with Comcast Cable to provide a slightly-customized feed of San Francisco ABC O&O KGO-TV for the Monterey area, branded simply as ABC 7 and occasionally referred to by the mock call letters AABC.

Radio
• • • • • • • • KSCO, 1080 AM KUSP, 88.9 FM KZSC, 88.1 FM Free Radio Santa Cruz, FRSC 101.1 FM KHIP, 104.3 FM KAPU, 104.7 FM KPIG-FM, 107.5 FM KDON, 102.5

Pop culture references
• In the 1963 Beach Boys song "Surfin’ USA", one of the verses features the lyrics, "You’d catch ’em surfin’ at Del Mar, Ventura County Line, Santa Cruz and Trestle." • Irish indie/rock band, The Thrills, released a single called "Santa Cruz (You’re Not That Far)", from their 2003 album So Much for the City. • Several scenes from the 1987 film The Lost Boys were filmed at distinctive locations in Santa Cruz,

Newspapers
• • • • • City on a Hill Press Fish Rap Live! Good Times Metro Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Sentinel

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including the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, Pogonip clubhouse, and the Santa Cruz Wharf. • Fatboy Slim has a song named "Santa Cruz", from his 1996 album Better Living Through Chemistry. • Quentin Tarantino references the City of Santa Cruz in Reservoir Dogs and the University of California, Santa Cruz in Pulp Fiction. • Paddle Out by Sublime is about surfing in Santa Cruz. It mentions Natural Bridges, Steamer Lane, and Mitchell’s Cove[45]. JJ Cale sings a song about Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz, California
protest". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/archive/2005/May/ 22/local/stories/03local.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. Clarke, De. "MYTH CALIFORNIA: But Is It Art Or Is It Politics?". www.nostatusquo.com. http://www.nostatusquo.com/ACLU/Nikki/ BeautyClarke4.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-23. Dunn, Geoffrey (1987). "Miss... or Myth". New York Times. http://movies2.nytimes.com/gst/movies/ movie.html?v_id=176328. Retrieved on 2008-06-23. White, Dan (2003-09-07). "Santa Cruz makes its mark on the world". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/archive/2003/ September/07/local/stories/01local.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. Stoll, Michael (2004-01-21). "Getting results with lowbudget media activism". gradethenews.org. http://www.gradethenews.org/pages2/simonton.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. Manheim, Camryn. "Myth America". www.gradethenews.org. http://www.nostatusquo.com/ ACLU/PreyingMantis/manheim.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. Sonnenfeld, Josh (2006-05-27). "Take Back the Night 2006". Indybay. http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/ 2006/05/27/18257221.php. Retrieved on 2008-06-23. James Tracy (2005). The Military Draft Handbook. Manic D Press. pp. 118. ISBN 9781933149011. "History and Mission of the Resource Center for Nonviolence". rcnv.org. http://rcnv.org/about. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. "Letter to the Santa Cruz City Council". Veterans for Peace. http://www.veteransforpeace.org/files/pdf/ SantaCruzFlagDay.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-10-26. "Santa Cruz Community Veterans Program". http://www.vetstovets.org/about.php. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. "Thousands converge on Santa Cruz Veterans Hall for meals". http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/archive/ 2006/November/24/local/stories/04local.htm. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. "Climatography of the United States". National Climatic Data Center. http://ggweather.com/climate/ santa_cruz.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-11-17. "Population Statistics for Santa Cruz County and Cities, 1850–2000". santacruzpl.org. http://www.santacruzpl.org/history/weather/ popstats.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-11-22. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&qr_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_DP3YR3&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3307&redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&geo_id=16000US0669112&-format=&-_lang=en

[10]

[11]

[12]

See also
• List of birds of Santa Cruz County, California

References
[1] [2] Hadley Robinson; Jim Seaman (2005). Uc Santa Cruz College Prowler Off The Record. College Prowler, Inc. pp. 17. ISBN 9781596581470. Bill Ellis (2000). Raising the Devil: Satanism, New Religions, and the Media. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 178. ISBN 978-0813121703. Alan Gathright. "Santa Cruz capitalized on fate, working together to rebuild downtown after quake". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ article.cgi?f=/c/a/2004/10/16/BAGUI99K7K36.DTL. Retrieved on 2008-10-12. "Santa Cruz County Measure A Marijuana For Medical Use Initiative". http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/ hemp/medical/santcruz.htm. Retrieved on 18 December 2008. "Federal Suit Charges DEA’s Raids Of California Medi-Pot Patients Are Unconstitutional". National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. http://www.norml.org/ index.cfm?Group_ID=5431&wtm_format=print. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. "Nation’s First Government Office to Provide Medical Marijuana Directly to Patients Established by Santa Cruz, CA City Council". American Civil Liberties Union. http://www.aclu.org/drugpolicy/medmarijuana/ 21203prs20051108.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. "Support House Concurrent Resolution 35 – Withdrawal of U. S. Armed Force from Iraq". City of Santa Cruz. http://www.ci.santa-cruz.ca.us/cc/archives/05/ 4-12meeting/4-12rpt/cm162.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. "ACLU press release announcing that the City of Santa Cruz passed a resolution opposing the USA PATRIOT Act". American Civil Liberties Union. http://www.aclu.org/safefree/resources/ 17105res20021118.html. Retrieved on 2006-06-08. Bacon, Amity (2005-05-22). "Miss California Pageant united the community and served as a platform for

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[25] "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved on 2008-02-10. [26] "Online Directory: California, USA". sister-cities.org. http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/CA. Retrieved on 2008-09-08. [27] "Highway 1 and 17 Interchange Project". California Department of Transportation. http://www.hwy1-17.caltrans.ca.gov/. Retrieved on 2008-09-08. [28] Santa Cruz County Regional Transportation Commission, January, 2007, "Santa Cruz Coastal Trail Network Fact Sheet" [29] Sarah Phelan. "How to get Umbrella Man’s pink look for Halloween". Metro Santa Cruz. http://www.metroactive.com/papers/cruz/09.28.05/ fashion-0539.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-18. [30] Wallace Baine. "This year’s Santa Cruz Film Festival is as diverse as ever, but look closer and you can see the myriad local connections". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.scsextra.com/story.php?sid=47736. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. [31] "Santa Cruz Pride Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Pride Parade". diversitycenter.org. http://diversitycenter.org/programs/santa-cruz-glbtiqpride/parade/. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. [32] Jessica Lussenhop. "The Craft of The Cutback". Metro Santa Cruz. http://www.metrosantacruz.com/metrosanta-cruz/10.01.08/arts3-0840.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. [33] "O’NEILL COLD WATER CLASSIC PRESENTED BY JEEP". Surfing Magazine. http://www.surfingthemag.com/ events/cwc/07/news-10-08-07-ww.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. [34] Jacob May. "Collegians abound in Wharf to Wharf". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/ sports/ci_10019804. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. [35] Lisa Hirschmann. "Woodies line the wharf for 14th time". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.scsextra.com/ story.php?sid=77791. Retrieved on 2008-10-03. [36] http://www.santacruzfarmersmarket.org/ [37] "National Register of Historic Places". National Register of Historic Places listings in California.

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http://www.nr.nps.gov/iwisapi/ explorer.dll?IWS_SCHEMA=NRIS1&IWS_LOGIN=1&IWS_REPORT=1000000 Retrieved on 2008-10-04. "California Register of historic Resources: Santa Cruz". California Department of Parks and Recreation. http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21523. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. Willis, Clint (2003). Big Wave: Stories of Riding the World’s Wildest Water. Thunder’s Mouth Press. pp. 281. ISBN 9781560255017. "A Tale Of Two Surf Cities". Surfer (magazine). http://www.surfermag.com/features/onlineexclusives/ srfcitystndup/. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. "Surf City USA? Huntington Beach lands trademark". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.scsextra.com/ story.php?sid=38500. Retrieved on 2006-05-14. "Tyler Ochoa: Stop dubious claims to intellectual property made by trademark bullies". Santa Cruz Sentinel. http://www.scsextra.com/story.php?sid=42184. Retrieved on 2006-10-01. Lisa Leff. "Surf City Rivalry Gets Gnarly". Associated Press. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ content/article/2006/10/13/AR2006101300116.html. Retrieved on 2006-10-16. "It’s official: Santa Cruz is not Surf City USA". San Jose Mercury News. http://www.mercurynews.com/ localnewsheadlines/ci_8085355. Retrieved on 2008-01-26. Sublime - Paddle Out Lyrics

External links
• Santa Cruz City official site • Outside Magazine article profiling Santa Cruz as one of America’s Best Towns • Santa Cruz Wiki - The People’s Guide to Santa Cruz, California • Pogonip Open Space Preserve • Santa Cruz, California is at coordinates 36°58′19″N 122°01′35″W / 36.97205°N 122.026252°W / 36.97205; -122.026252 (Santa Cruz, California)Coordinates: 36°58′19″N 122°01′35″W / 36.97205°N 122.026252°W / 36.97205; -122.026252 (Santa Cruz, California)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Cruz,_California" Categories: Busking venues, Cities in California, Coastal towns in California, Communities in Santa Cruz County, California, County seats in California, Municipal parks in California, Santa Cruz, California, University towns in the United States This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 10:22 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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