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National bank

National bank
Banking • especially in developing countries, a bank owned by the state • an ordinary private bank which operates nationally (as opposed to regionally or locally or even internationally) • in the United States, an ordinary private bank operating within a specific regulatory structure, which may or may not operate nationally. In the past, the term "national bank" has been used synonymously with "central bank", but it is no longer used in this sense today. Some central banks may have the words "National Bank" in their name; conversely if a bank is named in this way, it is not automatically considered a central bank. Example: National-Bank AG in Essen, Germany is a privately owned commercial bank, just like National Bank of Canada of Montreal, Canada. On the other side, National Bank of Ethiopia is the central bank of Ethiopia and National Bank of Cambodia is the central bank of Cambodia

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The Commonwealth Bank of Australia was founded by an Australian Act of Parliament in 1911. Bank Nationalisation was the policy of the Andrew Fisher Labor Government. In a rare move for the time, the bank was to have both savings and general bank business. The bank was also the first bank in Australia to receive a Federal Government guarantee. In 1958 and 1959, there was a controversy concerning the dual function of the bank as the central bank on the one hand and a general bank on the other. As a result of this, the bank was split, giving the reserve bank function to the Reserve Bank of Australia and the general bank function to the Commonwealth Banking Corporation. The Commonwealth bank was privatised in the 1990s by the Keating Labor government. At present it is the second largest bank in Australia, after the National Australia Bank which has always been privately owned.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

National bank
While the ultimate beneficiaries of investment credit can be individuals, partnership concerns, companies, State-owned corporations or co-operative societies, production credit is generally given to individuals. NABARD operates throughout the country through its 28 Regional Offices and one Suboffice, located in the capitals of all the states/ union territories. It has 336 District Offices across the country, one Sub-office at Port Blair and one special Cell at Srinagar. It also has 6 training establishments.

For Canada’s central bank see Bank of Canada. The National Bank of Canada is a privately owned bank unrelated to the central bank.

The national bank in Colombia is the Bank of the Republic. Its primary role is to control the flow of money inside and outside the country and to issue the Colombian currency, the peso.

New Zealand
State-owned banks
New Zealand currently has one state-owned bank, Kiwibank. The New Zealand government formerly owned two other banks in New Zealand: The Bank of New Zealand, from 1945 to 1992 when it was privatised and sold, and Post Office Savings Bank, which was created as a separate entity with the privatisation of New Zealand Post. PostBank was sold to ANZ New Zealand in 1989.

The National Bank for Rural and Agricultural Development (NABARD) was established on 12 July 1982 to implement the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act 1981. It replaced the Agricultural Credit Department (ACD) and Rural Planning and Credit Cell (RPCC) of the Reserve Bank of India, and the Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC).

• 1. serving as an apex financing agency for the institutions providing investment and production credit for promoting the various developmental activities in rural areas; • 2. taking measures towards institution building for improving absorptive capacity of the credit delivery system, including monitoring, formulation of rehabilitation schemes, restructuring of credit institutions, training of personnel, etc.; • 3. co-ordinating the rural financing activities of all institutions engaged in developmental work at the field level and maintains liaison with Government of India, State Governments, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and other national level institutions concerned with policy formulation; and • 4. undertaking monitoring and evaluation of projects refinanced by it. NABARD’s refinance is available to State Cooperative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks (SCARDBs), State Co-operative Banks (SCBs), Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Commercial Banks (CBs) and other financial institutions approved by RBI.

National Bank of New Zealand
The National Bank of New Zealand is a private bank corporation which has been purchased by ANZ 2003 from its former owner, Lloyds TSB.

National Bank of Pakistan is a major bank in Pakistan.

National Bank of Serbia is the state-owned central bank in Serbia which regulates the currency Serbian dinar.

United States
In the United States, the term "national bank" originally referred to the revolutionary era Bank of North America, later, First Bank of the United States, or its successor the Second Bank of the United States. All are now defunct. In the modern U.S. the term "national bank" has a precise meaning: a banking institution chartered by the Office of the


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Comptroller of the Currency ("OCC"), an agency in the U.S. Treasury Department, pursuant to the National Bank Act. The inclusion of the word "National" in the bank’s name or the designation "National Association" or its abbreviation "N.A." is a required part of the distinguishing legal title of a national bank, as in "Bank of America, N.A." Many "state banks", by contrast, are chartered by the applicable state government (usually the state’s department of banking). Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), insures all deposits may it be into a national bank or state bank. Notwithstanding the name, not all "national banks" have nationwide operations. Some "national banks" have operations in only one

National bank
city, or county or state. "National banks" should also be distinguished from federal savings associations (which include federal savings and loans, and federal savings banks), which are financial institutions chartered by the Office of Thrift Supervision, another agency in the U.S. Treasury Department. The Federal Reserve is the United States central bank.

External links
• Alexander Hamilton: FOR THE BANK (Feb 23 1791) • James Madison Debates the Constitutionality of a National Bank

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