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									 Overview of Public Act 231
  as a Tool for Community
Economic Development and to
    Promote Healthy and
 Affordable Food Options in
          Michigan



      Robert G. Craig, Director
  Agriculture Development Division
       Michigan Department of
              Agriculture
          Lansing, Michigan
                 2009
Michigan Has a Variety of
Retail Supermarkets and
     Grocery Stores

“A city without chain grocery stores”
National retailers are steering clear of Detroit, leaving
independent grocers to serve the city's hard-hit
residents.


                                   “Hunger hits
                                     Detroit's
                                     middle
                                     class”
                                      Food has long
                                      been an issue in
                                      this city without
                                      a major
                                      supermarket.
                                      Now demand for
                                      assistance is
                                      rising, affecting
                                      a whole new set
                                      of people.
     Food retailers also
    needed in rural areas
    “Corunna hopes grocery store
    will fill vacant Brady's building”
By NICOLE RAYMOND Argus-Press
Intern Wednesday, June 3, 2009




Newly Remodeled Alden Store
   PA 231 amends
Commercial Rehabilitation
         Act
 Michigan Dept. of Treasury
  administers the property tax
  exemptions included in Commercial
  Rehabilitation Act that provides
  commercial property tax
  incentive for up to 10 years.
  More information, forms and
  instructions are provided by them at
  their Website:
  www.michigan.gov/propertytax
  exemptions
 Additional information program is
  also available from Michigan Dept.
  of Agriculture Website at:
  www.michigan.gov/mda .
 Economic Impact of New
  Retail Food Stores in
 Michigan’s Food Deserts
 MDA estimates 20 new grocery
  stores statewide over next 2-3
  years yielding $852 million in
  sales and total employment
  increased by 3,020 jobs. Initial
  capital investment and short-term
  construction jobs not included, but
  should be considered by state and
  local leaders with a providing
  commercial property tax
  abatement.
 MSU Product Center April 2009
  Paper, Economic Impact of a
  Supermarket: Total economic
  impact estimated to $42.6 million
  and total employment increased by
  151 for a single supermarket.
  PA 231 Definition of
  “Underserved Area”
 Means   an area determined by
  the Michigan Dept. of
  Agriculture that contains a low
  or moderate income census
  tract and a below average
  supermarket density,
 An area that has a
  supermarket customer base
  with more than 50% living in a
  low income census tract, or
 An area that has demonstrated
  significant access limitations
  due to travel distance.
What if Our Site is Not Qualified
 Underserved Area on the List
 and Map of Census Tracts?
 The qualified retail food
  establishment developer must
  show to MDA that they’re in “an
  area that has a supermarket
  customer base with more than 50%
  living in a low income census tract”
 MDA requests MSU Product Center
  to review confidential supermarket
  customer base study and advise.
 MDA based on its internal analysis
  of supermarket customer base
  study and MSU recommendation,
  MDA may decide that it is in an:
  Underserved Area.
 If so, then the developer meets a
  key requirement for tax incentive.
    Qualified Retail Food
      Establishment
   The definition of a “qualified retail food
    establishment” requires, among other
    things, that the “…property will be used
    primarily as a retail supermarket,
    grocery store, produce market, or
    delicatessen that offers fresh and frozen
    USDA-inspected meat and poultry
    products, fresh fruits and vegetables, and
    dairy products for sale to the public…”
   It is the policy of the State Tax
    Commission that at least 75% of the
    property (based on sales floor square
    footage) must be used as a supermarket,
    grocery store, produce market, or
    delicatessen, as those types of retail
    establishments are normally utilized, to
    be considered “used primarily” as a
    retail supermarket, grocery store,
    produce market, or delicatessen.
Qualified Retail Food Establishments
           - Requirements
       Qualified Retail Food
       Establishments under
    Commercial Rehabilitation Act
         (PA 210 of 2005)

 Qualified Retail Food
  Establishments under
  Commercial Rehabilitation Act
  may qualify for the tax incentive
  for the “rehabilitation of” or
  “expansion” to existing stores.
 Constructing completely new
  stores also qualify.
 Stores that simply “remodel”
  would not qualify as that tends to
  be more cosmetic in nature, and
  not a necessary structural upgrade.
Questions?

								
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