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									                                                          dpdinfo
                            The latest news from Seattle’s Department of Planning and Development
January 2009                                       (formerly the Department of Design, Construction and Land Use)



                                                                                                        Vol. 7
                                                                                                        No. 1

Comprehensive Plan Amendments in 2008
Seattle’s Comprehensive Plan guides decisions about growth over a 20-year
horizon by articulating goals and policies that accommodate growth while pre-
                                                                                                       Monthly Highlights
serving residents’ values. The Comprehensive Plan annual amendments cycle
provides an opportunity to propose amendments to the City’s Comprehen-
sive Plan to address changing conditions or to address emerging issues.                                     Revising Side Sewer Code,
   The City Council is currently considering a change to the Comprehensive                                  pg. 2
Plan annual amendment schedule that will shift the process from a calendar                                  DPD Permit Turnaround
year to one that commences on April 1 of each year. This will allow prepara-                                Times, pg. 2
tion of proposed amendments to occur after the holidays and the Council’s                                   Street Improvement Permit-
deliberation over changes will not occur during the annual budget process.                                  ting Gets Easier, pg. 4
Under the state Growth Management Act, Council can change the process for                                   Council Discusses New Tree
consideration of annual amendments via resolution. If the new schedule is ad-                               Rules, pg. 5
opted, DPD would consider for amendment in 2009 only the 2008 proposals                                     Reap Ecological Benefits
that were deferred by Council in Resolution 31049. New amendment propos-                                    from Green Shorelines, pg. 6
als (for the cycle concluding in 2010) would be due in early May 2009.
                                                                                                            Solar Energy Workshop, pg. 8
                                                                                                            Studio 24 Green Home
                                                          see amendments on page 7
                                                                                                            Study, pg. 9
                                                                                                            Lecture: Resilient Cities, pg. 11
                                Development Permit Fee
                                Changes for 2009
                                Below are highlights from the 2009 Fee Ordi-
                                nance, adopted by City Council in November.
                                There are a range of changes, with some fees
                                being increased, some reduced, and some remain-
Tear Down                       ing the same.                                                                                     inside       info
   That Wall!                   Land Use Fees
 Interested in deconstruct-        The base fee and hourly rate for land use appli-                     Customer Alerts ................................... 2-4
 ing an existing building to    cation review, such as SEPA, Shoreline, Conditional
                                                                                                        Publication Updates ............................... 3
 salvage the materials for      Use and Variances, are not changed for 2009.
 a new structure? DPD is        However, the intake appointment fee has changed                         City Planning .......................................5-11
 developing new rules that      from $155 to the DPD base fee ($166). Addition-
                                                                                                        Sustainable Building ........................8-11
 will make the permitting
                                                                         see fees on page 3
 process for this procedure                                                                             How to Reach Us at DPD......................12
 much easier.
      See page 5 for details.




                                 www.seattle.gov/dpd
            Visit us online anytime.
                     CUSTOMER ALERT



                                                               Side Sewer Code Revisions
                                                               DPD and Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) have jointly revised the City’s
                                                               Side Sewer Code, Seattle Municipal Code 21.16, and its accompanying
                                                               Director’s Rule. An overview of this work, explanation of objectives,
               A                                               summary of changes, and links to the final draft of the revised code,
                                                               Director’s Rule, and other related documents or resources can

               S ERVICE
                  ALERTS
                                                               be found at this web address: www.seattle.gov/dpd/Planning/
                                                               Side_Sewer_Revisions/Overview/.
                                                                  DPD and SPU have worked on this revision cycle since 2007.

               C        Helping applicants navigate
                        the permit process
                                                               The revision process included several meetings and workshops
                                                               with internal and external stakeholders to receive comments and
                                                               discuss proposed changes. The current version is the final draft,
               Seattle Electrical Code                         based on City revision requirements and comments from internal
                                                               and external stakeholders. Any comments or questions can be
               Update                                          directed to City representatives via information on the website.
               Seattle will adopt the 2008 National            The City will be receiving comments through approximately mid-
               Electrical Code (NEC) with Seattle              January 2009.
               amendments in the first quarter of                  For more information, contact:
               2009. The amendments consist of some                                             Jeff Smith, PE
               state amendments (WAC 296-46B) to                                          Seattle Public Utilities
               the 2008 NEC and existing and new                                       Engineering Services Division
               Seattle amendments.                                                             (206) 684-4615
                                                                                          jeff.smith@seattle.gov
                  On January 15, 2009, the draft Seattle
               Electrical Code will be presented to the
               Construction Codes Advisory Board for
               discussion. The meeting is open to the
               public and will be held from noon to 2:00
               p.m. in room 2240 of the Seattle Munici-
               pal Tower (700 5th Avenue, 22nd floor).
                  Some of the amendments to be
               reviewed include new requirements
               or changes to weatherhead service-             DPD Permit Turnaround Times
               entrance conductor length, outdoor             DPD is committed to providing good customer service to its appli-
               installation of oil-insulated transformers,    cants. The permit turnaround data is updated monthly online and
               sign clearances from high voltage power        can be viewed at www.seattle.gov/dpd/resourcecenter (go to
               lines, and selective coordination, arc-fault   “Turnaround/Approval Times 2008”).
               and ground-fault protection systems.
                  If you have questions, please contact:       Type of Permit                 Goal              Nov. 2008 Performance
                              Vicki Baucom                     Simple Building IP*            80% in 48 Hours   92.6%
                             (206) 233-2757
                       vicki.baucom@seattle.gov                Medium Construction IP         80% in 2 Weeks    86.2%
January 2009




                                                               Complex Construction IP        70% in 6 Weeks    86.7%
                                                               Construction Issuance          90% in 120 Days   87.2%
                                                               Master Use Permit Decisions    80% in 120 Days   66.7%

                                                              *IP: Initial Plan Review by DPD staff
2
dpdINFO
                                                                                                          C U S TO M E R A L E R T

   fees, cont. from page 1

   ally the notice and exemption fees associated with
   Land Use Applications have increased.

   Building Permits
       The building permit fee, based upon project value,
   will generally go up one to two percent, with minor
   reductions for some offices and bank buildings. The
   increases are tied to the annual adoption of the
   updated Building Valuation Data Table, which estab-
   lishes value of construction by occupancy group-
   ing and type of construction, such as Type V-1Hour
   apartment. The BVD table reflects regional changes in                      Site Inspections
   cost of construction. The hourly base rate for building
   permit review that is not tied directly to the BVD table                      Fees for site inspections will change from an hourly
   will increase from $155 to $166. The DPD base fee                         deposit-based minimum fee to a flat fixed rate that
   will also increase to $166. This is the first hourly rate                  is based upon project and site conditions. This is not
   change in two years.                                                      anticipated to change fees significantly, but will provide
                                                                             predictability up front and will avoid additional hourly
                                                                             billings after permit issuance.
   Electrical Permits
      For electrical permits requiring plan review, fees                     Sign Permits
   are reduced 22 percent or more, depending on the
   value of the project. The new fee scale for electri-                         The base fee has gone down from $132 to $110, and
   cal plan review is based upon a decreasing fee rate by                    the fee per square foot has increased (from $11 to $18)
   increment of value; larger projects will pay less fees                    for each square foot over 100 square feet. Starting in
   than previously. For over-the-counter and online-                         2009, separate permits will be required for each sign
   electrical permits not requiring plan review, the fees                    face. Previously, multiple signs (totaling less than 100
   are increased approximately 25 percent for the small-                     square feet) were covered under the permit’s base fee.
   est projects, with lesser increases for larger non-plan                      For more information about the 2009 fees, go to:
   review projects.                                                          www.seattle.gov/dpd/About/Fees/. Questions
                                                                             about the 2009 fees can be directed to:
                                                                                                 Applicant Services Center
                                                                                                      (206) 684-8850


    PUBLICATION UPDATES
Client Assistance Memos
UPDATED
  CAM 339, Emergency and Standby Power Systems, was recently updated to meet the 2006 Seattle Building Code.

Director’s Rules
                                                                                                                                                         January 2009



FINAL
   DR 23-2008, Criteria for Allowing 6’-4” Ceiling Height in Dwelling Unit, went into effect December 1, 2008. This rule
explains DPD’s application of the 6-foot 4-inch minimum ceiling height requirement for the addition of new dwelling units
or the expansion of existing dwelling units in buildings that were in existence prior to the adoption of the 1979 SBC.
   DR 24-2008, Determining Level of Repair for Damaged Buildings, went into effect on December 1, 2008. This rule clarifies
the method DPD uses for determining the cost of work and replacement value used to determine the repair level required
when a building or structure is damaged due to fire, earthquake or other means.
                                                                                                                                                         3




IMPORTANT: Notice of Draft Director’s Rules comment periods is provided in dpdINFO as a courtesy to readers. Official legal notice regarding Director’s
                                                                                                                                                         dpdINFO




Rules is published in the Daily Journal of Commerce. Land use rules are also published in DPD’s Land Use Information Bulletin (formerly known as the
General Mail Release or GMR). To view the bulletin online or to receive an email alert when it is posted online, visit www.seattle.gov/dpd/notices.
                 C U S TO M E R A L E R T



               Process Streamlined for Street Improvement Permitting
               Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) Street            Workshops will be held 8:30 – 10:30 a.m.:
               Use is redesigning the Street Improvement Permitting             Thursday, January 8, 2009
               (SIP) process with the goals of reducing the cost of
               Street Improvement Permits, reducing permit issuance             Wednesday, January 14, 2009
               time frames, increasing the predictability of the pro-           Tuesday, January 20, 2009
               cess, and improving customer satisfaction.
                                                                              To RSVP for one of the workshops, call (206) 233-3844
                  Effective December 2008, SDOT Street Improve-
                                                                           or email lynn.saiyadeth@seattle.gov.
               ment Permit reviewers began participating in certain
                                                                              Milestones in the SIP process redesign are posted
               DPD pre-submittal conferences. If the project scope
                                                                           online on the SDOT Street Use Street Improvement
               identified in the pre-submittal conference request
                                                                           Permit web site. Visit www.seattle.gov/transpor-
               might trigger an SDOT Street Improvement Permit,
                                                                           tation/stuse_sip.htm to stay informed about the
               an SDOT plan analyst will attend the scheduled DPD
                                                                           redesign efforts and changes to Street Improvement
               pre-submittal conference and/or issue a comment let-
                                                                           Permitting processes and requirements.
               ter. The goals of this initiative are to improve project
                                                                              For more information, contact:
               coordination between DPD and SDOT and to provide
               better information about the SDOT permit process in                           Mary Rutherford, P.E.
                                                                                       Street Use Operations Manager
               the preliminary project stage.                                       Seattle Department of Transportation
                  On January 26, 2009, SIP design guidance meetings                            (206) 615-0774
               will replace multiple six-week review cycles for design                  mary.rutherford@seattle.gov
               guidance. Workshops will be conducted to help Street
               Improvement Permit applicants and stakeholders
               prepare for the new SIP design guidance process and
               application requirements.




               Planning Commission Hosts “Seattle’s Transit Communities” Roundtable
               Background                                                  Roundtable
               In its newest initiative, “Seattle’s Transit Communi-       On November 20, 2008, the commission convened and
               ties: Integrating Land Use and Public Amenities with        facilitated a roundtable discussion with approximately
               Transit,” the Seattle Planning Commission will take         35 people including elected officials and staff from vari-
               a comprehensive look at how the City’s land use             ous City departments and Sound Transit.
               policies and practices can help maximize our transit           The goals for the roundtable were to:
               investment. The central link light rail will begin opera-        Better understand the fundamental questions
               tion on July 4, 2009 with additional stations that will          the City faces related to directing neighborhood
               be designed and built in the coming years. New                   development around transit
               investments are also planned for bus rapid transit,
               streetcars, and other bus services.                              Learn how the commission could help City staff
January 2009




                  The Seattle’s Transit Communities report, expected to         and elected officials
               be released in early spring 2009, will include recom-         The Seattle Planning Commission will release a
               mendations about how to enhance neighborhoods               report on the results of the roundtable in the coming
               around transit and identify best practices that could       month. For more information, please contact:
               apply in Seattle. Commission staff are coordinating                                Katie Sheehy
               with the Updating Neighborhood Plans/Station Area                                (206) 684-8694
               Planning team on this effort.                                               katie.sheehy@seattle.gov
4
dpdINFO
                                                                                     CITY PLANNING



Seattle’s Tree Regulations Update: Keeping the Emerald City Green
—Interim Tree Protection Ordinance at Council

The City Council is currently discussing interim tree          As part of interim tree protection measures, the
protection legislation that would limit tree removal        Mayor is also proposing changes to DPD’s Director’s
on sites not undergoing development. This ordinance         Rule 6-2001 that defines trees that are considered
is somewhat different from legislation proposed by          exceptional and would thus be subject to existing
Mayor Nickels in October 2008. The Council’s version        exceptional tree protections and proposed regula-
of the proposed legislation applies to single family lots   tions for sites not undergoing development. Proposed
5,000 square feet or greater in size, all lots in lowrise   changes to DPD Director’s Rule 6-2001 would rede-
and midrise multifamily zones, and all lots in com-         fine the term “exceptional tree” to expand the number
mercial zones. The proposed legislation imposes the         of trees considered exceptional and include protec-
following requirements:                                     tions for groves of trees. The expanded definition of
     Prohibits the removal of exceptional trees             exceptional trees, including groves, is estimated to
     (defined by Director’s Rule 6-2001)                     increase the number of trees regulated both through
                                                            proposed and existing regulations from about one
     Limits the number of non-exceptional trees, 6          percent to five percent of trees in Seattle.
     inches in diameter or greater, that may be removed        Information on the Council’s proposed interim tree
     on a site to no more than three per year               protection legislation can be found at: www.seattle.
   Tree removal during development would continue           gov/council/conlin/.
to be governed by existing regulations. Hazardous              Information on the Mayor’s proposed interim tree
trees could be removed with proper documentation.           protection ordinance and proposed DPD Director’s
   A public hearing on the proposed legislation was         Rule, and an opportunity to sign up for the project mail-
held on December 15. Discussion and possible vote           ing list, can be found at: www.seattle.gov/dpd/plan-
by the Environment, Emergency Management, and               ning/Trees.
Utilities committee is expected in January 2009. If ap-        For further questions, contact:
proved, the legislation could become effective as early                   Brennon Staley, DPD Planner
as February 2008.                                                               (206) 684-4625
                                                                          brennon.staley@seattle.gov




Public Hearing Related to Deconstruction of Residential Structures
DPD is proposing to amend the Land Use Code (Title               23.40.007, which would authorize definition by
23) to allow reuse and recycling of building materials           DPD Director’s Rule of the specific requirements
as an exception to the existing regulations restricting          of an acceptable waste diversion plan. The plan
demolition of a structure or structures containing a             must set minimum levels of building materials to
dwelling unit or units.                                          be diverted from landfills.
   The proposed amendments would accomplish the                  Provide greater flexibility to relocate a structure
following:                                                       containing dwelling units from one site to anoth-
      Allow a demolition permit to be issued if a com-           er, including to sites outside the City limits.
                                                                                                                        January 2009



      plete building permit application for construction         Require applicants to demonstrate compliance
      of a new principal structure has been submitted,           with an approved waste diversion plan within 90
      as opposed to the current requirement that the             days of issuance of their demolition permit or be
      permit for a new structure or use be issued.               subject to a penalty.
      Require approval of a waste diversion plan under
      a new Seattle Municipal Code (SMC) Section
                                                                                                                        5




                                                                                       see deconstruction on page 8
                                                                                                                        dpdINFO
                   CITY PLANNING



               Green Shorelines Guidebook Now Available
               DPD has collaborated with Seattle Public Utilities, WRIA 8, and the
               King Conservation District to develop Green Shorelines, a guidebook
               for homeowners on Lake Washington. The publication uses photos,
               text, and illustrations to inform readers about alternatives to conven-
               tional shoreline armoring, emphasizing the aesthetic and ecological
               benefits of plantings and beaches.
                  Throughout the process, DPD worked with a technical advisory
               committee of designers, contractors, and permitting agencies to com-
               pile the most current information on shoreline restoration. As part
               of the Shoreline Master Program update, DPD planners are consider-
               ing using principles from Green Shorelines as part of new incentives
               and requirements for shoreline stabilization.
                  Distribution of Green Shorelines began in late December. For more
               information, or to download a copy of the guidebook, please visit
               www.seattle.gov/dpd/GreenShorelines. You can also contact:
                                           Dave LaClergue
                                             DPD Planner
                                           (206) 733-9668
                                     dave.laclergue@seattle.gov
                                                                                          Photo: Darwin Webb Landscape Architects



               Commercial Code Clean-Up
               In 2006, City Council approved comprehensive changes        identified during implementation; permit applicants
               to regulations for commercial zones. This legisla-          and City staff have identified a variety of changes that
               tion helped enhance Seattle’s commercial districts by       would make the code clearer and more effective. To
               encouraging attractive and safe pedestrian areas, simpli-   better realize the intent of the 2006 legislation, DPD
               fying standards for businesses and residential develop-     has developed a new series of amendments, including
               ment, and requiring high-quality landscaping.               provisions that would:
                  As is commonplace with major Land Use Code                     Clarify use provisions and development standards
               amendments, improvements or clarifications are                     Promote green buildings with height limit excep-
                                                                                 tions for energy-efficient elevators and rooftop
                                                                                 wind-power generators
               Save                                                              Update the Green Factor landscaping require-
                                                                                 ment, including increased credit for preservation
               trees.                                                            of existing trees as well as new bonus credits for
                                                                                 native plants and food cultivation
               Read                                                              Reduce parking requirements for residential use
                                                                                 when located near transit stops with frequent service
               dpdINFO online.
January 2009




                                                                              City Council is planning to consider the proposed
                                                                           clean-up amendments in early 2009. To learn more,
                                                                           please visit www.seattle.gov/dpd/Planning/Neigh-
                  It’s easy. Simply visit www.seattle.gov/dpd/             borhood_Business_District_Strategy or contact:
                     publications/info and sign up to receive a                                 Dave LaClergue
                newsletter posting alert by email with a direct                                   DPD Planner
                                                                                                (206) 733-9668
                                  link to the month’s headlines.
6




                                                                                          dave.laclergue@seattle.gov
dpdINFO




               If you’d like to be removed from our printed
                             mailing list, call (206) 615-1486.
                                                                                         CITY PLANNING

  amendments, cont. from page 1

  2008 Amendments                                              ing infrastructure and amenities in areas where density
     On October 27, 2008, the City Council approved            is likely to increase, for example, near light rail sta-
  Ordinance 122832, amending the Comprehensive Plan            tions. A new goal calls for implementing strategies and
  as follows:                                                  programs to help ensure a range of housing opportu-
     Links Across I-5: New policies in the Transporta-         nities affordable to those who work in Seattle. Exist-
  tion and Neighborhood Planning Elements direct the           ing land-use policies are amended to support seeking
  City to look for ways to reconnect neighborhoods             opportunities to provide affordable housing when land
  with crossings over or under I-5, and for ways to cre-       is rezoned.
  ate open space by constructing lids.                             Additional Priority Uses for Surplus City Prop-
     Livable South Downtown: The Future Land Use               erties: Existing open-space policies are amended to
  Map designation of land within the Little Saigon neigh-      include parks, forested areas, and viewpoints among the
  borhood and along the northern portion of Rainier            priority uses for surplus City properties, and a new policy
  Avenue was changed from Industrial to Commercial/            is added identifying parks, viewpoints and P-patches to be
  Mixed Use. Policies in the Downtown Neighborhood             included among the priority uses for surplus City property.
  Plan now allow establishment of a transfer of develop-          Anticipating the Effects of Climate Change:
  ment rights (TDR) program that will encourage pres-          The Environment Element is amended to recognize that,
  ervation of historic properties in South Downtown.           in addition to striving to prevent future climate change,
     South Lake Union: To allow certain rezones in             Seattle must plan for the effects of climate change
  accordance with the South Lake Union Urban Center            that will occur. A complementary goal and policy have
  Neighborhood Plan, the Future Land Use Map desig-            been added directing the City to prepare and plan for
  nation of land within the neighborhood was changed           addressing the likely impacts of climate change.
  from Industrial to Commercial/Mixed Use.                        Trees and Tree Canopy: Certain existing policies
     Pedestrian Access to Transit Stops: A new pol-            have been consolidated within the Environment Ele-
  icy in the Transportation Element encourages transit         ment of the Comprehensive Plan, and a guide to other
  agencies to site transit stops and stations in locations     goals and policies related to trees has been added within
  that facilitate pedestrian access, and directs the City to   the discussion portion of the Environment Element.
  seek ways to develop safer street crossings at transit          The City Council held public hearings on these pro-
  stops, particularly on streets with more than one lane       posed amendments before the Planning Land Use and
  of traffic in either direction.                               Neighborhoods Committee on Monday, September
     Reducing Trips and Vehicle Miles Traveled in              22, 2008, and on October 8, 2008, in the Seattle City
  the City: An existing policy related to reducing vehicle     Council Chamber.
  miles traveled is amended to note the beneficial impact          For more information on the Mayor’s proposed
  of that policy on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.         2008 Comprehensive Plan amendments, contact Mark
                                                               Troxel, Urban Planner, (206) 615-1739, mark.troxel@
     Affordable Housing Action Agenda: New poli-               seattle.gov or Ketil Freeman, Council Central Staff,
  cies support sufficient density and incentives address-       (206) 684-8178, ketil.freeman@seattle.gov.


Major Comprehensive Plan Review and Update to Occur Every Seven Years
                                                                                                                              January 2009



The City will update the Comprehensive Plan in 2011, initiating a new seven-year major update cycle in order to be
more responsive to regional growth trends. Beginning in 2009, DPD will lead the interdepartmental staff work on
this review, working closely with the Seattle Planning Commission identifying key issues and engaging the public in
discussions about potential amendments for 2011.
   Seattle’s Comprehensive Plan, Toward a Sustainable Seattle, provides guidance for regulations and future investments
that will accommodate Seattle’s share of new growth while preserving the environment and our unique quality of life.
The plan guides decisions about growth over a 20-year horizon by articulating goals and policies that accommodate
                                                                                                                              7




growth while preserving residents’ values. The goals and policies appear in ten “elements” or chapters, each dealing
with a growth-related topic: land use, transportation, housing, capital facilities, utilities, economic development, neigh-
                                                                                                                              dpdINFO




borhood planning, human development, cultural resources, and environment.
               SUSTAINABLE BUILDING


               Solar Energy Workshop Offered                                   New Green Building Case Studies
                                                                               Available
               Thursday, January 29, 2009
               7:00 – 8:00 p.m.                                                City Green Building is publishing three additional
               Ecohaus, 4121 1st Avenue South, Seattle                         residential case studies as part of the Green Home
               FREE (Registration required.)                                   Case Study series. Projects include Perkins Lane
                                                                               Remodel in Seattle’s Magnolia neighborhood,
               Presented by Seattle City Light and Northwest Sustainable       Pantages Apartments on Capitol Hill and Studio 24
               Energy for Economic Development                                 in Seattle’s Judkins Park neighborhood. Visit the
                                                                               Applicant Service Center to pick up a hard copy or
               DESCRIPTION: What solar options are there for Seattle           visit www.seattle.gov/dpd/greenbuilding; case
               residents? Are there any financial incentives? What is           studies are posted under Green Building Tools on
               the process I should go through to figure out if I have          the right-hand navigation bar.
               a good location for solar? Participants will learn about
               the design, installation, costs and benefits of both solar
               electric (photovoltaic) and solar hot water systems
               in order to help them decide which options best suit
               their particular goals and resources.                          Get Your Green Building News
               TARGET AUDIENCE: Individuals, with little or no solar          the Sustainable Way!
               background, who are interested in an overview of               Sign up for our listserv at www.seattle.gov/dpd/
               solar energy application for their home or business.           GreenBuilding/default.asp. News updates
                                                                              include green building events, sustainable building
               Register at: http://solarprimer.eventbrite.com/                articles, and tips for green development.

               Additional Seattle-area solar workshops and events
               will be listed at www.seattle.gov/light/solar. Fur-                                             city green
               ther information is available from:
                       Seattle City Light, Conservation Help Line
                        (206) 679-0996, rescons.scl@seattle.gov
                                                                                                                  building

               deconstruction, cont. from page 5

               Public Hearing                                                 access is provided on prior request. Please contact
                  The City Council’s Planning, Land Use and Neighbor-         David Yeaworth at (206) 684-8802 as soon as possible
               hoods Committee will hold a public hearing to take com-        to request accommodations for a disability.
               ments on the proposal on Wednesday, January 14, 2009 at
               9:30 a.m. in the City Council Chambers, 2nd floor, Seattle      Written Comments
               City Hall, 600 Fourth Avenue. The entrances to City Hall          For those unable to attend the public hearing, writ-
January 2009




               are located on the west side of Fifth Avenue, and the          ten comments may be sent to:
               east side of Fourth Avenue, between James and Cherry                          Councilmember Sally Clark
               Streets. For those who wish to testify, a sign-up sheet will                    Legislative Department
               be available outside the Council Chamber one-half hour                        600 Fourth Avenue, Floor 2
               before the public hearing.                                                           P.O. Box 34025
                  Questions concerning the public hearing may be                              Seattle, WA 98124-4025
               directed to David Yeaworth in the offices of Coun-                               sally.clark@seattle.gov
8




               cilmember Sally Clark, at (206) 684-8802, or via e-mail           Written comments should be received by Tuesday,
               at david.yeaworth@seattle.gov. The City Council                January 13, 2009 at 5 p.m.
dpdINFO




               Chamber is accessible. Print and communications
                                                                                      SUSTAINABLE BUILDING

Green Home Case Study
—Healthy homes for a healthy environment


Studio 24
Starting with a small, skinny lot in central Seattle and
piles of building materials that others had discarded,
the builder of this house created a bright, modern resi-
dence that fits well within this neighborhood of older
homes. The house is well placed on the lot, creating an           Ratings and Awards: Built Green™ 3-Star Certified Home
inviting entry and a yard that feels more spacious than           (212 points)
its actual size.                                                      Salvaged materials: Greenleaf specializes in using
    This project illustrates it’s possible to build a spacious,   salvaged materials and this house incorporates them
modern house nicely connected to useable outdoor                  inside and out. Several siding materials enliven the
space on a small, skinny, middle-of-the city lot. Building        front because there wasn’t enough of any one material
on “urban infill” lots within the city allows people to live       to use throughout, including salvaged T&G cedar which
closer to where they work and shop—thereby reducing               is interspersed with new fiber-cement siding. The inte-
transportation-related environmental impacts. Adding a            rior stairs dip slightly because the treads were once
few new houses can also help improve older neighbor-              church pew seats shaped for comfort. Roughly 60 per-
hoods—if the new houses respect the existing scale of             cent of the framing lumber came from a house being
homes. This house looks just right.                               demolished in the Magnolia neighborhood. Purchased
    The 40-foot-wide lot was vacant when Jim Barger               leftover limestone, otherwise slated for disposal by the
of Greenleaf Construction bought it and began work-               supplier, was used along one of the dining room walls
ing on a design with architect Kim Lavacot. A double              (as seen to the left of the kitchen in the photo above).
lot to the rear of the property provides views out                Panels that create a half wall along the stairway were
the back across the neighbor’s yard, instead of into an           once part of Metro bus stops. Scrap metal was used
adjacent house. The architect took advantage of this              for the fireplace surround. And the list goes on.
opening in the urban environment and oriented the
primary spaces in that direction using the living room               Double-use materials: To minimize material use,
on the first floor and main bedroom on the second.                  Greenleaf structural materials doubled as finish materials
But views from the rest of the house were not forgot-             whenever possible. The main level’s concrete floor was
ten. No walls separate the living room and its view               polished and sealed but was otherwise left unadorned.
from the kitchen and dining rooms at the front of the             In the living room, dining room and above-garage studio,
house. Even from the front door, you can glimpse what             salvaged eight- by ten-inch beams are exposed under-
lies temptingly beyond through the open stair risers.             neath, resembling rustic beams that a decorator might
The garage, with an art studio poised above, is attached          order at added cost. On the second floor, Baltic birch
to the front of the house, set off to the side and has a          plywood, a high-grade, hardwood material, doubles as
roll-up glass door so it integrates more seamlessly with          both the subfloor and the finish floor.
the house than a typical garage.                                     Weigh the waste: With its emphasis on salvaging
                                                                  building materials, Greenleaf certainly doesn’t want to
Goals and Challenges                                              generate much waste of its own. Recyclable materi-
   Site planning: The architect was able to create an             als were source separated and brought to appropriate
open-feeling entry and a usable south-facing private              recyclers—for example metals to Bloch Steel, wood
                                                                                                                               January 2009



side yard by locating the house as close as possible              to Pacific Topsoils, and cardboard to Recycling Depot.
to the north side setback and the garage at the south             A crew member was assigned to calculate the quanti-
side setback. The owners can barbecue and entertain               ties of recycled materials, as well as the non-recyclable
in the side yard on a patio paved with sections of old            waste to ensure the latter was kept to a minimum.
concrete sidewalks. Joints between the concrete pav-                  Natural light: One striking feature of this house
ers are filled with crushed gravel, permitting rain to             is its abundant natural light, partially generated by a
percolate into the soil, reducing the home’s burden on            row of high windows along the stairway. Natural light
                                                                                                                               9




the local stormwater system.                                      floods the walkway that connects rooms on the sec-
                                                                                                                               dpdINFO




                                                                                                        see study on page 10
                SUSTAINABLE BUILDING
               The Team
               Builder
                                                              study, cont. from page 9
               Greenleaf Construction
               Jim Barger                                     ond floor and passes into bedrooms through doors with opaque glass
               (206) 786-3521                                 center panels. The textured reed glass obscures views but does not
               jim@greenleafconst.net                         block light. Clerestory windows are placed over the doors, a throw-
               Architect                                      back to a time preceding our dependence on artificial light.
               Kim Lavacot                                       Dare to be different: In a structure primarily composed of right
               Bennett Lavacot Architecture                   angles, a few tilting surfaces can be a delightful surprise. At one end of the
               (206) 328-4389                                 kitchen island, a post of salvaged wood spirals to the ceiling at an angle,
               bla@seanet.com                                 covering a gas line. The angled effect is all about fun and the unexpected.
               Designer                                       The upstairs art studio has a sloping ceiling because it’s the underside of
               Keith Miller                                   the roof, so the builders added a slanted wall. These details might seem
               Miller & Associates Interior Consultants       irrelevant to green building, but durability is an important green issue, and
               (206) 226-7541                                 is more than just installing hard-wearing materials. Durability is also about
               keith@millerinteriordesign.com                 creating enduring design features that owners will maintain over time.

               Resources and Products                         Lessons Learned
               Used Building Materials and Stores
                                                                 Who does what?: Greenleaf uses a three-stage design process.
               The ReStore
                                                              The architect takes the lead in developing the building design but does
               (206) 297-9119
                                                              not specify materials or trim. Once the plan is established, the builder
               www.re-store.org
                                                              fills in the details by figuring out how much can be accomplished with
               Second Use Building Materials                  previously collected recycled materials. An interior designer is then
               (206) 763-6929                                 hired to review choices and identify places where old materials hinder
               www.seconduse.com                              pleasing design. “I want to know of any huge faux pas,” Barger says.
               Earthwise Building Salvage                         Buy when you see it: The main complication with using recycled
               (206) 624-4510                                 material is adequate supply. If you run out of siding salvaged from a
               www.earthwise-salvage.com                      specific house, for example, you can’t just order more. And if you want a
               Recycled Metal                                 specific item, you can’t necessarily find it for sale. Greenleaf solves these
               Pacific Industrial Supply                       problems by buying what looks good when it’s available and placing it
               (206) 682-2100                                 in inventory. “Then I ask, ‘How can I use it?’” Barger says. “That’s better
               www.pacificindustrial.com                       than, ‘I need this—now find it.’” The downside of this approach is that
                                                              it requires dry, safe space for material storage and not all builders are
               For More Information                           willing to invest in space for salvaged materials. The company has several
               Built Green™ is a residential green building   storage areas and recently purchased a lot so it can expand its inventory.
               program/rating system developed by the            Depth versus breadth: This house qualified as a three-star Built
               Master Builders Association of King Sno-       Green™ project, not as high as Barger would have liked, and it didn’t
               homish Counties in partnership with the        earn an Energy Star™ rating. The Built Green points were modest
               City of Seattle:www.builtgreen.net.            because he focused on depth rather than breadth—maximizing use of
                                                              salvaged material, for example, rather than using smaller amounts of a
               King County GreenTools provides technical      broad array of new materials, each adding points. The Energy Star deal-
               assistance, grants and hands-on training to    breaker was the decision to use aluminum-framed windows which the
               help users create green projects efficiently    architect and the buyer considered crucial to the design. Even with a
               and effectively:www.greentools.us.             hermal break, aluminum-framed windows
January 2009




                                                              don’t insulate as well as wood or vinyl. The
               Seattle City Green Building provides           U-Values for the low-e, argon filled win-
               guidelines, incentives, and assistance to      dows in this house ranged from .38 to .33
               increase environmental performance             for fixed windows and .43 for casement
               buildings in Seattle: www.seattle.gov/         and awning. In contrast, Energy Star win-
               dpd/greenbuilding.                             dows need to have a maximum U-Value of
10




                                                              .35 for a gas heated home; lower U-Values
                                                              are more efficient.
dpdINFO
                                                                                 SUSTAINABLE BUILDING



Resilient Cities: Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change
A Lecture by Peter Newman
—Free; Open to the public

Half of the world’s inhabitants now live in cities. In
the next 20 years, the number of urban dwellers                             Meeting Details
will swell to an estimated five billion people. With
their inefficient transportation systems and poorly             When:           Monday, January 12, 2009
designed buildings, many cities—especially in the              Time:           5:00 p.m. (sign-in)
United States—consume enormous quantities of fos-                              5:30-7:30 p.m. (lecture)
sil fuels and emit high levels of greenhouse gases. But
our planet is rapidly running out of the carbon-based          Where:          Bertha Knight Landes Room
fuels that have powered urban growth for centuries;                            Seattle City Hall
and we seem to be unable to curb our greenhouse gas                            600 4th Avenue
emissions. Are the world’s cities headed for inevitable
collapse? The authors of the spirited book, Resilient             What are the ten “strategic steps” that any city can
Cities: Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change, don’t          take toward greater sustainability and resilience?
believe that oblivion is necessarily the destiny of urban
                                                                Come learn about the practical ideas already work-
areas. Instead, they believe that intelligent planning and
                                                             ing in some cities that will improve Seattle’s ability to
visionary leadership can help cities meet the impending
                                                             respond to the dynamics of a post peak oil world. Our
crises, and look to existing initiatives in cities around
                                                             cities have problems that will worsen if they are not
the world. Rather than responding with fear (as a
                                                             addressed, but these problems are solvable. The time
legion of doomsaying prognosticators have done), they
                                                             to begin solving them is now.
choose hope.

     Where do we stand today in our use of oil and
     our contribution to climate change?                     About the Presenter
                                                                Peter Newman is Professor of Sustainability at
     How can we address the four possible outcomes
                                                             Curtin University in Western Australia and Director
     for cities: “collapse,” “ruralized,” “divided,” and
                                                             of the CUSP Institute. Professor Newman is inter-
     “resilient?”
                                                             nationally recognized as one of the world’s leaders
     How could a “sustainable urbanism” replace              in sustainability. He has written eight books on the
     today’s “carbon-consuming urbanism?”                    subject of sustainability, transport planning and cities,
     How can we feasibly develop new transportation          including Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile
     systems and buildings to replace our present low-       Dependence (Island Press, 1999), Cities as Sustainable
     efficiency systems?                                      Ecosystems and Resilient Cities (Island Press, 2008) and
                                                             the new book Resilient Cities: Responding to Peak Oil and
                                                             Climate Change (Island Press 2008), and well over 200
                                                             refereed journal articles. He is a member of the Board
                                                             of Infrastructure Australia, which is delivering $20 bil-
                                                             lion of infrastructure to Australian cities and regions
                                                                                                                          January 2009



                                                             using a new sustainability-based approach.
                                                                For more information about this event, please contact:
                                                                                Katherine Cornwell
                                                                               Green Building Team
                                                                                  206-684-0806
                                                                          katherine.cornwell@seattle.gov
                                                                                                                          11
                                                                                                                          dpdINFO
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