State and Local
• Referendum • Home Rule
• Ordinance • Reynolds vs. Sims
• County Commissioners
• Extradition • McCulloch vs. Maryland
• Full Faith and Credit • Reapportion
• Republican form of • Suburb
Government • Metropolitan
1. Referendum allows citizens to vote on
state laws or new state amendment.
2. Ordinance Local law
3. County Commissioners Group of
elected officials that make county laws
4. Federalism Where federal and state
government work together to rule citizens.
5. Extradition Returning a suspect back
to state where crime was committed.
6. Full Faith and Credit States agree
to respect the decisions and contracts of
7. Republican form of Government
All states are required to create a
8. Charter Plan for local government (constitution
issued by state legislature, general assembly)
9. Home Rule Allows large cities to make their own
decisions without state interference.
10. Reynolds vs. Sims Representative districts are
redrawn by population not land size.
11. Council Group of elected officials that run city
and town government.
12. Manager Hired official to handle city and
13. McCulloch vs. Maryland Supported
article 6 supremacy clause (federal gov.
stronger than state).
14. Reapportion Redrawing representative
15. Suburb area surrounding large cities.
16. Metropolitan Large city and its
• A federal system allows federal and state
governments to work together.
• If state and national laws have a conflict,
• The constitution protects the states by not
letting anybody taking property and requires
the federal government to always protect them.
• 5 things that Article 1 forbids states from
1. Printing Money
2. Make treaties with foreign countries
3. Declare War
4. Keep an army at peace time
5. Impose taxes on imports from other countries or
• The 14th Amendment requires all states to
give equal protection of laws.
• 4 Reserved powers for state government:
1. Divorce laws
2. Marriage laws
3. Regulate education
4. Have elections
• 2 powers shared by both state and federal
1. Impose taxes
2. Borrow money
• The McCulloch vs. Maryland case made
clear that if there is a conflict between state
and federal government then federal wins.
• Supporters of the nationalist position like the
necessary and proper clause because it allows
congress to create laws. (This may not be
mentioned in the constitution).
• Three programs that the federal government helps
states with are:
• All states must create a republican form of
government, also known as representative
• This is how Article IV insures that the states
cooperate with each other.
• State constitutions are amended by a 2 step
1. Must be proposed
2. Ratified by the voters
U.S. Constitution vs.
1. Identify the principles found in the U.S.
Constitution and compare them to the
principles found in the NC Constitution.
2. Identify Article One in the state Constitution.
Identify six (6) rights that can be found in
3. Identify the make up of both houses of the
General Assembly: # of seats, distribution of
seats, qualifications, and terms.
U.S. Constitution vs.
4. A.) Show the comparisons and differences
between the role of the president and that
of the Governor.
B.) Identify the Governor’s qualifications,
terms, and the election process.
C.) What departments make up the state
5. A.) Identify the four (4) levels of courts in
NC and explain their duties.