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Federal Government an State Government for Maryland - PowerPoint

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Federal Government an State Government for Maryland - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					State and Local
 Government
                     Terms
•   Referendum              •   Home Rule
•   Ordinance               •   Reynolds vs. Sims
                            •   Council
•   County Commissioners
                            •   Manager
•   Extradition             •   McCulloch vs. Maryland
•   Full Faith and Credit   •   Reapportion
•   Republican form of      •   Suburb
    Government              •   Metropolitan
                            •   Charter
                            •   Federalism
            Terms Defined
1. Referendum allows citizens to vote on
   state laws or new state amendment.
2. Ordinance Local law
3. County Commissioners Group of
   elected officials that make county laws
   and budget.
4. Federalism Where federal and state
   government work together to rule citizens.
           Terms Defined
5. Extradition Returning a suspect back
   to state where crime was committed.
6. Full Faith and Credit States agree
   to respect the decisions and contracts of
   other states.
7. Republican form of Government
   All states are required to create a
   representative democracy.
               Terms Defined
8. Charter Plan for local government (constitution
    issued by state legislature, general assembly)
9. Home Rule Allows large cities to make their own
    decisions without state interference.
10. Reynolds vs. Sims Representative districts are
    redrawn by population not land size.
11. Council Group of elected officials that run city
    and town government.
             Terms Defined
12. Manager Hired official to handle city and
    town business.
13. McCulloch vs. Maryland Supported
    article 6 supremacy clause (federal gov.
    stronger than state).
14. Reapportion Redrawing representative
    district.
15. Suburb area surrounding large cities.
             Terms Defined
16. Metropolitan Large city and its
    surrounding suburbs.
           State Information
• A federal system allows federal and state
  governments to work together.
• If state and national laws have a conflict,
  national wins.
• The constitution protects the states by not
  letting anybody taking property and requires
  the federal government to always protect them.
              State Information
•   5 things that Article 1 forbids states from
    doing:
     1.   Printing Money
     2.   Make treaties with foreign countries
     3.   Declare War
     4.   Keep an army at peace time
     5.   Impose taxes on imports from other countries or
          states.
•   The 14th Amendment requires all states to
    give equal protection of laws.
              State Information
•   4 Reserved powers for state government:
     1.   Divorce laws
     2.   Marriage laws
     3.   Regulate education
     4.   Have elections
•   2 powers shared by both state and federal
    government is:
     1. Impose taxes
     2. Borrow money
            State Information
•   The McCulloch vs. Maryland case made
    clear that if there is a conflict between state
    and federal government then federal wins.
•   Supporters of the nationalist position like the
    necessary and proper clause because it allows
    congress to create laws. (This may not be
    mentioned in the constitution).
                State Information
•   Three programs that the federal government helps
    states with are:
      1.   Highways
      2.   Education
      3.   Welfare
•   All states must create a republican form of
    government, also known as representative
    democracy.
•   This is how Article IV insures that the states
    cooperate with each other.
             State Information
•   State constitutions are amended by a 2 step
    process:
     1. Must be proposed
     2. Ratified by the voters
          U.S. Constitution vs.
           NC Constitution
1. Identify the principles found in the U.S.
   Constitution and compare them to the
   principles found in the NC Constitution.
2. Identify Article One in the state Constitution.
   Identify six (6) rights that can be found in
   both constitutions.
3. Identify the make up of both houses of the
   General Assembly: # of seats, distribution of
   seats, qualifications, and terms.
          U.S. Constitution vs.
           NC Constitution
4. A.) Show the comparisons and differences
       between the role of the president and that
       of the Governor.
   B.) Identify the Governor’s qualifications,
       terms, and the election process.
   C.) What departments make up the state
       cabinet?
5. A.) Identify the four (4) levels of courts in
       NC and explain their duties.

				
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