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Federal and State Laws Why Are They Seperate

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Federal and State Laws Why Are They Seperate Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                Teacher /
                                                                  union
Where do you work?                     Ineffective leadership   resistance
Kansas                                            8                  4
Iowa                                              1                  9
Connecticut                                       1                  8
                                                  5                  1
Illinois                                          8                  6
New Jersey                                        6                  7
                                                  1                  7
Utah                                              2                  6
Nevada                                            8                  1
Colorado                                          1                  5
New York                                          1                  3
                                                  1                  8
Michigan                                          8                  9
Indiana                                           3                  7
Massachusetts                                     8                  1
Iowa                                              8                  6
New York                                          4                  5
Pennsylvania                                      6                  8
North Carolina                                    1                  2
                                                  4                  3
                                                  2                  3
North Carolina                                    1                  2
Missouri                                          1                  2
Pennsylvania                                      2                  4
Nebraska                                          3                  5
Pennsylvania                                      4                  8
I do not reside in the United States              4                  3
I do not reside in the United States              5                  8
Maine                                             1                  2
California                                        1                  3
Texas                                             2                  9
California                                        9                  3
                                                  8                  1
New York                                          5                  4
New York                                          1                  8
Oklahoma                                          2                  5
Pennsylvania                                      1                  6
                                                  1                  4
Ohio                                              2                  1
Hawaii                                            4                  6
New York                                          1                  8
                                                  1                  5
Virginia         1   9
Maine            7   3
                 8   1
Pennsylvania     1   2
Michigan         3   5
                 1   2
New Jersey       1   2
Iowa             7   6
Virginia         1   3
Michigan         1   2
California       1   5
Connecticut      2   4
Wisconsin        3   8
West Virginia    1   2
Kansas           4   5
Kansas           5   1
Wisconsin        8   5
Minnesota        7   4
Georgia          1   8
Pennsylvania     2   6
                 1   5
Georgia          3   4
Massachusetts    2   1
Iowa             8   1
Virginia         1   9
Maryland         5   7
Massachusetts    1   8
Arkansas         1   8
Georgia          4   3
Iowa             7   2
Maine            5   1
Kansas           1   8
New York         1   2
Pennsylvania     7   8
North Carolina   4   9
Illinois         8   7
Texas            4   5
Oklahoma         1   2
                 5   6
Vermont          5   4
Nebraska         1   7
Connecticut      2   3
California       3   1
Kentucky         1   2
Minnesota        4   5
Nebraska         8   7
Connecticut      1   6
New Mexico                             4   6
Maine                                  1   4
Iowa                                   1   2
                                       1   3
Massachusetts                          1   8
Minnesota                              1   7
Iowa                                   2   8
I do not reside in the United States   3   2
Illinois                               5   3
Iowa                                   8   1
                                       1   2
I do not reside in the United States   1   8
Georgia                                4   9
South Carolina                         6   3
                                       8   3
North Carolina                         9   7
Nevada                                 1   9
                                       4   5
                                       6   8
                                       1   5
Ohio                                   8   7
New York                               3   4
Ohio                                   2   3
Maine                                  3   2
                                       1   4
Iowa                                   8   5
Indiana                                8   1
Colorado                               1   4
Idaho                                  3   6
                                       1   6
                                       1   3
Virginia                               2   3
                                       1   4
                                       3   2
Illinois                               2   3
California                             1   6
New York                               9   2
California                             5   6
Georgia                                8   6
Oregon                                 2   9
Tennessee                              5   8
Iowa                                   2   8
Pennsylvania                           5   6
Minnesota                              2   8
I do not reside in the United States   1   5
California                             3   1
Maine                                  1   2
Michigan                               1   3
New Jersey                             2   6
Massachusetts                          2   1
Iowa                                   1   2
                                       2   7
California                             2   3
Missouri                               6   1
Michigan                               2   1
I do not reside in the United States   1   3
Wisconsin                              1   4
Colorado                               2   9
                                       1   4
                                       1   4
North Carolina                         5   8
Colorado                               8   7
New York                               3   5
Pennsylvania                           1   6
I do not reside in the United States   2   7
South Carolina                         6   9
Virginia                               1   4
I do not reside in the United States   6   4
Ohio                                   3   1
North Carolina                         6   3
South Carolina                         1   4
Iowa                                   8   7
Texas                                  2   4
Iowa                                   4   5
                                       6   4
Pennsylvania                           7   3
Illinois                               1   5
California                             1   8
Iowa                                   5   1
                                       1   2
Iowa                                   6   5
Iowa                                   5   1
Oklahoma                               4   8
Minnesota                              4   2
New York                               1   2
Ohio                                   4   2
                                       2   7
                                       9   1
Ohio                                   8   1
North Dakota                           1   6
                                       3   6
Michigan                               7   1
Minnesota                              1   2
                                       3   9
Minnesota                              5   8
Washington                             1   5
Washington                             1   4
Wisconsin                              4   7
Iowa                                   7   1
Michigan                               2   8
I do not reside in the United States   2   1
Kentucky                               3   8
Maine                                  2   8
                                       5   2
New Hampshire                          3   4
                                       2   8
I do not reside in the United States   4   3
California                             1   4
                                       3   7
Washington                             6   5
                                       2   5
I do not reside in the United States   3   5
I do not reside in the United States   4   8
Iowa                                   6   3
Iowa                                   9   6
Texas                                  3   9
Minnesota                              5   6
I do not reside in the United States   1   6
Minnesota                              3   8
Arizona                                2   1
Minnesota                              7   6
                                       5   2
Iowa                                   2   5
                                       1   9
Arizona                                1   4
Colorado                               3   8
California                             2   9
New Jersey                             2   1
Maine                                  2   1
                                       6   5
                                       6   2
New Jersey                             8   2
Maine                                  3   8
                                       7   8
Indiana                                1   9
Illinois                               1   4
Minnesota                              8   4
Maine                                  1   8
Maine                                  7   6
Florida                                1   4
Pennsylvania                           1   4
I do not reside in the United States   8   2
New Jersey                             2   4
Colorado                               3   4
                                       8   6
I do not reside in the United States   1   5
                                       4   5
                                       1   5
                                       1   8
                                       4   9
                                       5   4
Texas                                  4   6
Oregon                                 4   2
Michigan                               3   6
California                             8   3
Maine                                  3   6
Texas                                  1   7
Virginia                               1   8
Pennsylvania                           1   8
Texas                                  1   8
Texas                                  3   5
Texas                                  9   4
Nebraska                               9   1
Florida                                2   6
                                       3   5
                                       1   7
Arizona                                8   5
Iowa                                   3   4
Minnesota                              2   8
Iowa                                   9   3
                                       2   6
                                       2   1
Texas                                  8   7
                                       6   2
Nebraska                               3   6
Pennsylvania                           2   4
Minnesota                              5   3
                                       7   1
New Mexico                             8   1
                                       3   8
Tennessee                              6   4
West Virginia                          1   6
                                       1   2
New Mexico                             7   2
California                             1   9
Iowa                                   8   7
Washington                             5   2
I do not reside in the United States   2   1
I do not reside in the United States   4   5
I do not reside in the United States   1   6
Florida                                1   4
New Hampshire                          4   8
Wisconsin                              8   2
South Carolina                         5   9
South Dakota                           7   6
I do not reside in the United States   1   9
Ohio                                   4   5
                                       6   7
Delaware                               4   8
Oregon                                 8   9
Tennessee                              1   7
                                       4   6
Wisconsin                              2   1
                                       1   4
Maryland                               5   4
Massachusetts                          2   4
                                       1   9
Iowa                                   8   2
                                       1   8
                                       2   7
I do not reside in the United States   5   9
South Dakota                           2   5
                                       1   3
Vermont                                4   7
                                       1   3
Virginia                               5   3
Arizona                                2   4
                                       2   1
I do not reside in the United States   8   1
Wisconsin                              1   8
California                             1   9
Indiana                                1   8
Ohio                                   3   4
Oregon                                 1   5
Pennsylvania                           1   7
I do not reside in the United States   9   2
Illinois                               4   3
Pennsylvania                           7   3
                                       1   8
New York                               5   1
Indiana                                1   4
Michigan                               1   3
Hawaii                                 1   3
I do not reside in the United States   1   4
I do not reside in the United States   2   9
New Hampshire                          1   3
Minnesota                              6   4
Florida                                2   9
Virginia                               1   8
Minnesota                              6   1
                                       4   3
                                       8   7
Louisiana                              8   7
California                             6   4
Iowa                                   4   6
                                       1   8
Indiana                                3   8
Pennsylvania                           1   8
Louisiana                              1   2
New York                               1   2
                                       1   4
New Jersey                             1   5
I do not reside in the United States   1   2
California                             5   8
I do not reside in the United States   8   1
New Jersey                             1   2
                                       6   5
                                       1   3
Pennsylvania                           6   1
                                       3   8
South Carolina                         2   3
Maine                                  1   3
Minnesota                              5   6
Missouri                               1   3
Vermont                                1   3
Minnesota                              4   6
Michigan                               1   8
California                             4   5
Iowa                                   7   5
Maryland                               1   7

                                       4   6
Arizona                                1   6
Virginia                               2   4
New York                               1   4
Virginia                               3   5
Iowa                                   3   7
Pennsylvania                           1   3
Alabama                                1   7
                                       2   4
Michigan                               6   2
                                       2   8
                                       2   8
                                       5   1
I do not reside in the United States   4   7
North Carolina                         5   8
                                       7   8
Iowa                                   1   8
Iowa                                   8   1
I do not reside in the United States   1   6
Washington                             1   5
                                       1   2
                                       1   2
Iowa                                   5   6
Massachusetts                          1   5
                                       6   2
                                       3   4
Arkansas                               2   6
                                       2   8
Colorado                               1   5
I do not reside in the United States   4   5
Georgia                                1   5
Pennsylvania                           1   2
New Jersey                             1   8
I do not reside in the United States   3   2
I do not reside in the United States   1   5
New York                               8   5
Pennsylvania                           1   7
Michigan                               5   7
Ohio                                   1   2
Massachusetts                          4   5
                                       2   8
Michigan                               1   5
North Dakota                           4   2
Iowa                                   1   6
New York                               7   5
California                             2   5
                                       7   4
Nebraska                               1   6
Texas                                  4   8
                                       3   2
Ohio                                   2   1
Ohio                                   2   3
Texas                                  1   8
Idaho                                  1   4
California                             2   9
Minnesota                              2   7
New Jersey                             3   4
                                       8   7
Colorado                               3   2
North Carolina                         6   5
I do not reside in the United States   1   4
I do not reside in the United States   7   3
Illinois                               2   8
                                       6   3
Texas                                  4   5
                                       8   3
Ohio                                   8   7
Nebraska                               4   7
                                       1   4
I do not reside in the United States   6   2
New York                               6   2
West Virginia                          8   9
Texas                                  2   3
                                       7   5
Texas                                  1   3
Ohio                                   8   6
Iowa                                   1   5
Florida                                4   1
Iowa                                   3   2
Iowa                                   4   3
                                       4   5
New Jersey                             6   3
Nebraska                               2   3
California                             2   5
Ohio                                   1   3
Wisconsin                              1   6
Iowa                                   3   7
Iowa                                   4   5
Iowa                                   4   2
Iowa                                   6   5
Iowa                                   7   8
Iowa                                   2   4
Iowa                                   7   8
Iowa                                   7   4
Iowa                                   6   7
Iowa                                   3   8
Iowa                                   3   8
Iowa                                   9   8
Iowa                                   9   6
Iowa                                   3   7
Iowa                                   7   8
Iowa                                   4   8
Iowa                                   7   8
Virginia                               1   5
I do not reside in the United States   1   7
Iowa                                   6   3
Minnesota                              2   8
                                       9   4
Iowa                                   1   3
Iowa                                   6   9
Iowa                                   2   1
I do not reside in the United States   1   8
                                       2   5
Oklahoma                               1   6
Wisconsin                              6   8
                                       3   9
Michigan                               1   8
                                       6   8
California                             4   7
I do not reside in the United States   3   1
I do not reside in the United States   1   7
                                       3   2
                                       5   1
Pennsylvania                           1   8
                                       3   4
Massachusetts                          8   6
Wisconsin                              5   9
                                       8   6
Pennsylvania                           1   6
                                       4   8
Wisconsin                              1   5
New Jersey                             4   7
Washington                             2   4
Wisconsin                              3   7
Wisconsin                              3   8
Minnesota                              1   6
New York                               1   6
                                       6   3
                                       4   8
                                       8   1
Illinois                               8   1
                                       2   3
                                       3   7
Ohio                                   3   4
Iowa                                   1   2
                                       1   4
Minnesota                              8   9
                                       2   3
Minnesota                              3   8
New York                               6   2
Iowa                                   3   8
Iowa                                   4   9
Michigan                               2   4
Pennsylvania                           2   8
Pennsylvania                           2   8
Michigan                               6   8
Michigan                               6   8
California                             1   7
                                       8   2
Iowa                                   1   8
Ohio                                   4   7
Iowa                                   6   4
                                       1   3
Minnesota                              2   1
Nebraska                               1   6
Virginia                               1   8
Iowa                                   1   3
Illinois                               1   8
                                       1   7
Iowa                                   8   6
                                       6   5
                                       6   5
Illinois                               7   6
Hawaii                                 4   9
Colorado                               1   2
Iowa                                   7   8
Nebraska                               1   2
Iowa                                   1   2
Iowa                                   9   8
Iowa                                   8   7
I do not reside in the United States   1   3
Arizona                                7   8
Iowa                                   7   9
Iowa                                   5   3
Illinois                               6   4
Ohio                                   4   6
                                       1   5
Iowa                                   9   8
                                       1   4
Iowa                                   6   5
Illinois                               7   4
Wisconsin                              4   7
Iowa                                   5   7
I do not reside in the United States   8   2
I do not reside in the United States   8   2
                                       9   1
California                             1   2
                                       6   5
Iowa                                   4   8
Georgia                                                1              4
                                                       3              1
Ohio                                                   1              2

Count                                                 561            561
Mean                                                  3.55           4.97
Median                                                  3              5
Mode                                                    1              8

1st                                                   183             52
2nd                                                    79             68
3rd                                                    58             62
SUBTOTAL                                              320            182
% in Top 3                                            57%            32%

Item                                          Appearances in Top 3   Total
Ineffective leadership                               320              561
Lack of adequate funding                             299              561
Lack of time / space within curriculum               291              561
Lack of professional development / training          286              561
Teacher / union resistance                           182              561
Accountability demands of NCLB                       166              561
Unsupportive state / federal legislators              84              561
Other                                                 37              561
Parent / community resistance                         18              561
                   Accounta                                    Lack of   Lack of time
                     bility     Parent /    Unsupportive professional       / space
Lack of adequate   demands    community     state / federal development     within
     funding        of NCLB    resistance     legislators     / training  curriculum    Other
        1              7            5              6               2           3          9
        3              7            6              4               5           2          8
        2              4            5              6               7           3          9
        4              8            7              6               2           3          9
        1              2            7              3               5           4          9
        3              5            8              4               1           2          9
        8              2            6              4               5           3          9
        1              5            8              3               7           4          9
        2              3            7              4               6           5          9
        7              3            8              4               2           6          9
        4              9            7              8               2           6          5
        5              6            7              4               2           3          9
        1              3            6              2               5           4          7
        2              8            1              4               5           6          9
        7              3            5              6               4           2          9
        1              4            7              2               3           5          9
        6              3            7              8               2           1          9
        2              1            7              4               5           3          9
        8              4            7              5               3           6          9
        6              5            8              7               1           2          9
        7              1            8              6               4           5          9
        3              6            4              5               7           8          9
        4              3            5              7               8           6          9
        3              7            8              6               1           5          9
        4              1            8              6               7           2          9
        5              1            7              3               2           6          9
        2              7            5              8               1           6          9
        3              2            7              1               4           6          9
        5              8            7              6               4           3          9
        2              8            6              7               4           5          9
        1              5            7              4               6           3          8
        4              5            8              6               7           1          2
        3              2            4              5               6           7          9
        7              2            8              6               3           1          9
        4              2            7              3               6           5          9
        3              7            6              8               1           4          9
        4              3            7              8               5           2          9
        5              6            7              8               3           2          9
        3              5            8              6               4           7          9
        8              7            2              5               3           1          9
        4              3            5              6               7           2          9
        4              3            8              6               2           7          9
2   4   8   6   7   5   3
8   1   6   2   5   4   9
5   3   4   2   6   7   9
3   6   8   7   4   5   9
4   6   7   8   1   2   9
4   8   7   5   3   6   9
4   8   6   7   3   5   9
3   5   8   9   1   2   4
5   8   6   7   2   4   9
5   8   7   6   3   4   9
2   8   9   7   3   6   4
5   6   8   7   1   3   9
6   4   9   7   1   2   5
3   7   8   4   5   6   9
1   6   7   2   3   8   9
4   2   8   3   7   6   9
1   6   4   3   7   2   9
2   5   8   1   6   3   9
5   6   4   7   3   2   9
1   3   8   7   4   5   9
3   6   8   7   4   2   9
7   1   9   8   6   2   5
5   3   8   7   6   4   9
3   7   5   6   4   2   9
2   4   7   5   8   3   6
1   4   8   6   3   2   9
4   5   9   7   2   6   3
3   6   7   4   2   5   9
2   8   6   7   1   5   9
4   8   9   5   3   6   1
6   4   7   3   8   2   9
3   4   7   5   2   6   9
5   8   6   7   4   3   9
3   1   9   5   4   2   6
3   7   5   6   1   2   8
1   5   6   2   4   3   9
1   9   7   6   2   3   8
4   3   7   5   6   8   9
3   4   7   8   1   2   9
3   6   7   8   1   2   9
3   5   8   6   2   4   9
1   4   5   6   7   8   9
4   8   5   7   2   6   9
4   8   7   6   3   5   9
3   8   6   7   2   1   9
2   5   4   3   1   6   9
2   4   7   3   5   8   9
1   3   8   5   7   2   9
6   2   7   8   5   3   9
6   7   8   3   5   4   9
5   7   6   8   4   2   9
2   4   7   6   3   5   9
5   4   8   6   3   2   9
3   4   7   6   1   5   9
5   7   6   8   4   1   9
7   8   4   6   2   1   9
2   5   7   6   3   4   9
8   7   6   4   3   5   9
3   9   5   7   4   6   2
2   8   6   7   3   5   1
5   2   7   8   4   1   9
5   2   7   1   6   4   9
1   2   6   5   3   4   8
5   4   6   7   2   3   8
3   7   8   6   2   1   9
1   2   7   5   4   3   9
4   2   7   6   3   8   9
2   6   5   1   4   3   9
6   1   8   7   5   2   9
5   6   7   8   1   4   9
5   6   7   8   4   1   9
8   5   6   7   2   3   9
1   4   7   6   3   2   9
3   2   7   5   4   6   9
5   6   7   8   3   2   9
2   4   7   8   1   5   9
5   8   3   7   4   2   9
6   7   5   8   4   2   9
4   8   5   6   1   7   9
5   6   7   8   3   2   9
8   9   4   7   5   6   1
5   1   8   4   6   7   9
3   5   7   8   2   4   9
6   3   5   4   7   8   1
1   3   8   2   7   4   9
1   5   7   4   2   3   9
4   5   6   7   3   8   1
3   4   6   7   2   1   9
1   6   4   5   3   7   9
8   1   2   7   4   3   9
1   6   4   7   3   5   9
3   2   7   6   8   9   4
7   5   8   6   2   4   9
7   3   4   8   6   5   9
8   5   6   7   2   4   9
1   4   7   5   3   8   9
3   5   7   8   4   6   9
4   8   7   5   3   6   9
4   1   8   5   3   6   9
5   8   6   7   1   4   9
3   4   8   5   7   2   9
4   8   5   7   6   3   9
4   8   5   9   2   6   7
6   7   8   9   2   5   3
4   6   7   5   1   3   8
5   2   8   6   3   7   9
3   9   8   7   2   5   6
1   2   6   7   4   3   9
5   1   6   3   4   2   9
7   1   8   6   4   2   9
5   4   8   7   2   3   9
4   5   6   8   3   1   9
5   4   8   7   3   2   1
2   5   7   6   8   3   9
5   7   8   9   2   1   3
5   4   6   7   8   2   9
5   1   8   2   7   4   9
3   6   7   8   2   5   9
1   3   2   5   6   4   9
5   7   8   6   3   1   9
3   6   7   8   1   2   9
8   1   5   2   7   3   9
8   1   5   4   6   2   9
6   4   8   7   3   2   9
2   4   6   5   7   3   9
8   4   6   7   2   3   9
4   3   7   5   9   6   8
1   4   8   3   2   7   9
8   4   6   7   2   3   9
5   2   6   7   3   1   9
6   7   8   9   3   5   1
6   4   7   8   5   3   9
5   7   3   8   6   1   9
5   4   6   8   1   3   9
2   8   3   6   5   4   7
4   2   6   3   7   5   9
3   5   7   8   2   4   9
1   5   8   7   2   4   9
2   5   9   6   4   3   8
4   5   8   6   3   7   9
6   4   8   7   2   1   5
3   2   6   1   7   4   9
2   7   8   6   4   3   9
5   7   8   6   3   2   9
3   1   8   9   5   2   6
4   6   8   2   5   3   9
3   4   6   7   5   1   9
9   5   6   7   3   4   8
1   5   6   4   2   7   9
1   3   5   6   7   4   9
6   7   4   8   1   3   9
1   5   6   7   8   2   9
3   1   7   6   4   5   9
2   9   7   5   6   1   8
9   2   8   7   6   5   3
1   4   8   6   2   5   9
1   3   7   8   2   4   9
1   6   7   8   3   4   9
4   8   7   6   2   1   9
3   9   5   6   1   2   7
5   7   8   9   1   2   4
4   1   5   2   3   7   8
1   4   8   5   6   7   2
4   1   7   8   3   2   9
2   5   8   7   3   4   9
4   5   7   6   1   2   9
8   3   6   4   5   7   9
4   3   8   9   5   2   1
1   6   8   4   3   7   9
4   6   9   7   3   8   1
2   4   8   5   7   6   3
3   2   5   6   7   8   9
1   6   5   7   4   2   9
4   3   8   7   1   5   6
3   8   6   7   5   4   9
4   7   6   9   3   5   8
1   2   7   4   8   3   9
3   7   5   8   1   4   9
4   3   6   7   1   5   9
5   1   7   2   6   4   9
3   6   4   2   5   1   9
5   3   8   7   2   4   6
6   3   7   8   2   5   9
5   6   3   2   1   7   9
4   5   6   7   3   2   9
4   3   9   8   1   2   5
6   7   8   2   5   3   9
6   2   7   8   5   3   9
1   3   6   5   4   7   9
1   6   3   5   7   8   9
2   5   8   7   1   6   9
3   5   7   4   1   2   9
6   7   4   8   3   2   9
6   1   7   3   8   2   9
3   6   7   8   2   4   9
3   5   6   7   2   4   9
5   3   8   6   7   1   2
1   6   7   8   2   3   9
1   2   9   7   8   3   5
5   7   8   9   3   6   1
1   7   8   4   2   5   9
4   6   9   5   7   2   1
7   4   5   8   2   1   9
2   5   8   6   3   4   9
5   4   6   7   2   3   9
2   5   9   7   3   4   6
6   2   7   3   5   4   9
6   1   4   7   8   2   9
5   1   8   3   6   2   7
4   5   7   6   3   2   8
3   7   8   5   1   4   9
4   1   8   6   7   2   9
5   3   6   8   2   4   9
1   3   6   2   7   4   9
1   6   7   8   2   5   9
4   5   6   7   1   3   9
4   5   6   7   1   2   8
7   1   8   4   5   3   9
4   7   9   8   5   6   3
4   1   6   5   3   2   9
5   1   8   7   4   3   9
7   1   8   5   4   2   9
1   8   6   7   3   5   9
4   2   6   7   8   1   9
4   5   6   8   3   2   9
7   5   2   6   4   3   9
4   5   6   7   2   1   9
1   5   8   7   3   2   9
7   4   5   3   2   8   9
3   8   9   5   4   7   6
4   5   8   3   1   6   9
2   5   7   6   4   3   8
6   3   4   5   2   1   9
1   4   6   7   8   3   9
4   9   5   8   6   3   7
1   8   6   7   3   2   9
8   5   4   9   7   2   3
5   9   6   7   2   3   8
1   3   5   6   7   2   9
4   3   5   7   6   1   9
3   2   6   4   7   1   8
1   2   8   5   4   3   9
2   8   3   7   4   5   6
3   6   7   8   2   1   9
1   2   8   4   5   3   9
1   2   6   7   3   5   9
2   5   6   7   3   1   4
2   4   8   6   5   3   9
1   5   8   7   2   3   9
4   6   7   8   3   5   9
3   8   7   6   2   5   9
1   6   8   2   3   7   9
1   3   8   5   6   7   9
3   6   7   5   2   4   8
3   5   4   6   7   1   9
2   7   6   3   4   5   9
1   3   8   6   5   4   9
1   3   7   8   6   2   4
6   4   7   1   8   3   9
4   5   6   7   8   2   9
1   5   8   3   6   2   9
7   4   9   2   8   6   5
6   2   8   7   4   1   9
5   6   8   7   1   3   9
8   4   3   5   6   7   9
2   9   3   6   4   5   7
2   3   6   7   4   5   9
7   3   8   5   4   2   6
6   4   7   5   2   3   9
1   5   6   7   2   8   9
4   2   6   7   8   3   9
5   4   8   6   3   2   9
3   4   5   1   6   7   8
1   7   6   8   5   2   9
4   1   8   2   6   5   9
3   5   7   6   2   4   9
3   4   8   6   2   7   9
5   6   8   7   2   3   9
2   5   8   4   6   7   9
5   7   9   8   4   2   6
5   8   6   7   2   3   9
7   6   4   8   3   5   1
8   7   2   6   4   5   9
2   3   7   5   8   1   9
5   1   6   7   4   3   8
5   4   6   7   3   2   9
2   3   8   5   4   7   9
5   7   6   8   1   2   9
3   5   6   4   2   1   9
3   5   6   4   2   1   9
1   3   8   7   5   2   9
1   8   7   2   5   3   9
4   5   6   7   2   3   9
1   7   5   2   4   6   9
4   5   7   3   2   6   9
5   6   8   3   4   7   9
3   4   8   5   6   7   9
6   5   9   7   3   2   8
2   6   7   8   3   4   9
3   8   6   7   5   4   9
2   4   7   6   3   1   9
3   2   7   5   4   6   9
7   4   8   9   3   5   6
3   4   7   8   2   1   9
2   7   6   8   4   5   9
7   8   4   5   2   3   9
4   1   7   6   5   2   9
6   5   8   7   1   4   9
5   6   7   8   2   4   9
2   8   9   1   3   4   7
5   4   8   6   2   7   9
2   7   6   8   4   5   9
5   2   7   3   8   1   9
3   2   7   5   6   4   9
1   3   8   7   2   6   9
2   1   6   4   8   3   9
4   2   8   5   6   3   9

5   7   8   9   2   3   1
3   5   8   7   2   4   9
3   5   8   6   7   1   9
2   7   9   5   3   6   8
4   6   8   7   2   1   9
2   6   8   1   4   5   9
4   6   7   8   5   2   9
5   4   8   6   2   3   9
5   1   7   6   8   3   9
1   8   7   3   5   4   9
3   4   7   6   1   5   9
3   4   7   6   1   5   9
6   8   4   7   2   3   9
3   5   8   6   1   2   9
1   4   6   7   3   2   9
1   3   4   2   6   5   9
4   5   6   7   2   3   9
3   2   6   7   5   4   9
4   8   7   9   5   3   2
2   7   8   6   4   3   9
5   6   7   8   4   3   9
5   6   7   8   4   3   9
3   4   8   7   1   2   9
4   7   6   8   3   2   9
1   8   4   7   5   3   9
5   6   7   8   2   1   9
7   3   8   5   4   1   9
3   9   7   4   1   5   6
4   6   8   7   2   3   9
3   9   7   8   2   6   1
7   3   9   6   2   4   8
3   4   5   6   8   7   9
5   3   7   6   4   2   9
4   9   6   8   5   1   7
4   7   6   8   3   2   9
2   3   4   6   7   1   9
3   5   8   2   4   6   9
1   9   8   4   2   6   3
5   6   7   4   9   3   8
1   3   9   7   6   2   8
5   4   7   9   6   1   3
2   6   7   8   4   3   9
6   5   7   8   1   3   9
3   7   9   5   2   4   8
8   2   9   3   6   4   1
1   4   7   3   6   8   9
2   1   6   8   5   3   9
2   3   7   8   5   4   9
2   5   6   7   3   1   9
4   5   7   6   8   1   9
4   5   8   6   3   7   9
1   5   9   6   8   7   4
5   6   3   7   4   2   9
7   5   6   8   2   3   9
1   6   8   5   4   3   7
1   5   3   6   4   8   9
6   1   8   7   5   2   9
2   3   5   4   6   1   9
5   6   7   8   4   1   9
1   3   8   4   7   2   9
5   8   6   7   2   3   9
1   8   6   4   2   5   9
1   3   6   5   7   4   9
4   7   8   9   1   2   5
2   6   8   7   1   3   9
1   4   6   2   7   5   9
1   3   4   2   5   6   9
3   5   8   6   2   1   9
6   7   5   8   3   2   9
3   8   7   4   5   1   9
4   5   7   8   3   1   9
5   2   6   7   4   1   3
4   9   7   8   5   1   6
1   3   8   2   6   4   9
6   2   7   5   8   4   9
5   1   7   2   4   3   9
3   2   8   6   4   7   9
7   5   8   3   2   6   9
1   5   8   4   7   6   9
1   6   7   8   2   5   9
1   6   7   8   3   2   9
4   2   7   8   5   1   9
6   8   4   7   1   5   9
3   7   8   6   4   1   9
4   5   6   7   2   8   9
2   4   8   3   5   7   9
4   5   8   6   2   1   9
2   3   6   1   7   8   9
3   5   8   7   6   1   9
1   3   7   2   4   8   9
3   4   5   6   2   1   9
3   6   8   7   1   9   5
2   5   6   3   4   1   9
2   5   8   6   1   3   9
1   3   8   9   5   4   2
2   7   5   6   4   1   9
4   5   6   7   2   1   9
3   5   6   7   1   2   4
2   4   8   7   3   5   1
2   4   6   5   8   1   9
2   4   5   6   3   1   9
3   5   6   7   1   2   9
1   2   5   4   6   3   9
6   7   8   9   3   2   4
3   9   8   4   5   2   6
1   4   7   5   2   8   9
1   6   7   5   3   4   9
1   5   6   7   2   3   8
7   6   8   2   4   5   9
4   5   7   8   2   1   3
4   7   8   5   3   6   9
5   3   2   4   6   7   9
4   8   7   6   1   3   9
2   7   8   3   4   5   9
2   5   4   1   7   3   9
1   7   6   2   4   5   8
4   5   6   7   2   3   9
4   2   7   1   5   3   9
3   1   8   2   5   6   9
6   4   7   8   5   2   9
2   6   8   3   4   5   9
5   6   7   8   4   1   9
4   6   7   8   2   3   9
4   3   7   6   2   5   9
1   7   8   6   2   5   9
1   4   5   7   3   2   9
2   6   7   8   1   3   4
1   3   7   2   5   4   9
4   5   7   8   2   3   9
2   3   7   5   1   6   9
2   6   7   8   3   4   9
2   1   8   5   6   3   9
3   7   8   5   1   6   9
2   6   8   5   1   4   9
1   5   6   7   2   4   9
2   5   7   8   3   4   9
3   5   8   7   2   4   9
5   2   8   7   4   1   9
5   1   6   7   3   2   9
3   2   4   5   6   7   9
7   3   6   4   5   2   9
1   4   8   5   6   7   9
2   1   8   5   4   6   9
5   8   6   7   1   2   9
3   4   5   6   7   8   9
5   8   7   3   2   6   9
1   2   5   6   4   3   7
5   4   8   7   6   1   9
1   4   6   5   2   7   9
3   4   1   8   5   7   9
4   5   6   7   2   1   9
3   8   6   7   2   5   1
3   5   6   7   1   8   9
3   5   6   7   1   4   9
3   5   6   7   1   4   9
1   3   4   2   7   5   9
1   3   4   2   7   5   9
2   8   9   5   3   4   6
5   3   4   6   1   7   9
4   6   7   5   2   3   9
2   5   8   1   3   6   9
1   5   8   7   3   2   9
2   7   4   5   6   8   9
5   4   8   6   7   3   9
2   4   8   3   7   5   9
2   6   4   7   5   3   9
4   6   8   7   5   2   9
4   2   7   5   3   6   9
3   6   8   4   2   5   9
1   3   7   2   4   5   9
1   2   8   4   7   3   9
1   2   8   4   7   3   9
1   2   8   4   5   3   9
1   7   5   6   2   3   8
6   5   8   7   4   3   9
1   5   6   3   2   4   9
3   7   8   6   4   5   9
3   4   5   6   9   7   8
1   5   6   4   3   2   7
2   4   6   5   1   3   9
5   4   6   7   2   8   9
5   1   6   4   3   2   9
4   5   6   1   2   3   8
1   6   7   4   2   8   9
5   9   7   8   3   2   1
1   8   5   7   3   2   9
3   6   7   8   2   4   9
3   6   4   5   1   2   7
2   6   5   8   3   7   9
1   7   8   4   2   3   9
8   3   5   6   1   2   9
3   8   6   5   1   2   9
1   6   8   4   2   3   9
1   3   6   5   4   7   9
1   3   6   5   4   7   9
2   8   7   6   5   4   3
3   4   5   6   7   8   9
3   1   7   2   8   4   9
1   5   7   6   3   2   9
       2            8      6      9      5      3      7
       4            7      6      8      2      5      9
       3            5      6      4      7      8      9

     561           561    561    561    561    561    561
     3.49          4.78   6.66   5.80   3.80   3.78   8.18
       3            5      7      6      3       3     9
       1            5      8      7      2       3     9

     113            43     2      14     67     69    18
      82            52     6      36    121    111     6
     104            71    10      34     98    111    13
     299           166    18      84    286    291    37
     53%           30%    3%     15%    51%    52%    7%

Percent in Top 3
     57%
     53%
     52%
     51%
     32%
     30%
     15%
      7%
      3%
Anything else you'd like to say about this issue?


Most administrators are clueless when it comes to the usefulness and opportunities with integrating technology. We only hav
I think teachers feel burdened by all of the requirements they currently have in place, without adding technology to the mix.


Ours is probably 80% ineffective leadership. The person in charge has no idea what is needed by teachers. We have so many

My school has 1 red cell, and is in year 4 of NCLB. Almost all of that red cell can be attributed to 2 teachers who say, "they can

At my school, our tech "coordinator" is unwilling to keep up, unhelpful for those that do want to, and generally squashes initi

Not enough access to computers and technology in our district. Everything is tied to standards of NCLB rather than authentic
While I don't think the parent/community resistance is the really that significant, rather perception of potential resistance is,
Faculty feels too overwhelmed to take on anything "new".




three minutes? try one!
All of the above in some capacity. It was difficult to prioritize.
I would not use the term ineffective for the leadership reason. I'd say more unaware leadership... The focus of the leadership

Accountability demands are the same here in Canada




There are two types of school leaders that I have encountered (though I have only ever worked for one type) which are those
We seem to need more professional development, but at the same time the teachers are not very willing participate in it. Th




Lack of time is the only real reason. Most of the others do not apply at all, to my school.
I believe that effective change starts at the top. Grass roots movements in education hit to many administrative walls to be e




I teach at an independent school.


There seems to be interest among teachers and some administrators to integrate technology in more powerful ways. Howev
I think it is being implemented only by teachers in our district who have a personal interest. As a result students may pass th


Until policymakers (both local, state and national) start trusting teachers to use their professional knowledge to make judgme

SUPPORT from the state feds for MONEY and TIME would get this job done! Why did it work for every school in Main? How m




The tech leaders in our district do not involve anyone in the teaching staff. They provide what they think is the appropriate so


Under Other: Lack of ability and understanding of making the technology work.




Some of these issues are connected. If there were more time, there would be better PD.




I am the new instr. tech. leader in the district, but it is working with all of the leadership that is the issue. / Community resista




The lack of training is very closely linked funding. There almost one in the same.
There is some un-named fear that gets injected into the conversation. Fear of change? Fear of professional impotence? Fear

Excuses, excuses, excuses. I like to look at the growth of megachurches. Often they start in a funeral home or gymnasium or w




Too many teachers and administrators blame the lack of funding, but, hey, Web 2.0 stuff is free!


It may not be ineffective leadership but uncommitted leadership. The "Other" has to do with our technology infrastructure, w
other is inadequate facility or classroom, outdated equipment, lack of resources

My district has hit on a good model but could use more funding. Every summer 2 teachers from each campus go to a week lo
Our teachers are clamoring to use the available flex labs and the computers in the media center. There just aren't enough to




I think part of our problem is fear of the CIPA< COPPA etc. laws regarding internet protection. We are a very conservative dis




Until teachers begin to use technology to make their own learning more efficient and/or effective, they won't even begin to i


Schools are set up in a hierarchy that assumes teachers need to obey administrative decisions without teachers actually getti


There's a big reverse bell curve here. Some teachers (who don't have leadership positions) are doing a great job. The problem
For me, only 1 and 2 really apply. The others are all equally low on the totem pole.

The problem with Public Education is the philosophy of Progressive Education, it is a false and failed concept. Other than the




we are a small rural district with dedicated, interested, web eager teachers. However, currently in the position of "IT speciali


Even if you do something effectively, authentic instruction is frowned upon because the content is not seen as easily (vs. mas

what a poorly defined question. My school is making progress as are my colleagues and our students the above are randomis
It's incredible in this day and age, and having computers around for 15+ years in schools - that our leadership is so inept at th
#5-8 don't really apply to my district. #1 and #2 should be tied for first place!! thanks!
"old school" teachers have no interest, and they are the "power brokers" at schools
Teachers will not spend time outside contract time to learn things, the union supports this, and the "technology" department




Other--not necessarily teacher resistance, just general issues with knowledge and use of what's out there. Yes, training is cer
TIME to provide professional development...TIME is takes staff to learn something new and add it to their already full plate o
1) Difficult to make change when you can't even get your Superintendent to use email. Doesn't know how, doesn't want to le




I think that some teachers do not see it as important. They have their curriculum that they've been doing for years and they

Other: District Technology run by non-educators who cannot and/or will not see the benefits of unblocking resources teacher

The key issues are time, priorities, the speend of change and a lack of confidence amongst staf (as oppossed to teacher resist

It's hard to delineate by issue because it all becomes a self-feeding system. NCLB certainly creates a climate where legislators




and mainly because what constitutes "progress" is ill-conceived and/or not well-defined. Tough to make progress when the ta
Ill-defined target (high-stakes, low-level assessments) make "progress" questionable. It is hard to make progress when the ta

Every student should have a laptop with wireless Internet connection, digital video recorder, microphone headset, and time t

Teachers don't understand how to incorporate technology into what they do; school leaders need to take time with teachers


Instead of ranking it would be nice to rank the importance of each one, since the last 4 aren't an issue.
If I knew what exactly the issue was, it would be easier to address. Right now, for me, it is hard to say exactly why it is so hard
The lack of focus is really holding us back. Our leadership has many answers for our needs and we try to address them all at o
The people in charge at the top do not think in the same way that the people running the technology think. This difference in
The lack of time/space is not necessarily in CURRICULUM as much as it may be "play time" for tchrs to become willing experim
Laws prohibiting charter schools, lack of leadership at the school and district level. School boards are cheerleaders not agents


Legislation continues to be a roadblock to the educational system - funding, regulations, "accountability", that distract good t




One reason why I think we've made very little progress is that teachers are not encouraged to play with technology. What do
My other is: IT dept lacks vision/doesn't prioritize education




My other is too much blocking of Web 2.0 sites.




My "other" number 1 selection is the almost total lack of awareness and resistance to learn and DO by admin and teachers.
My other would be the failure of teachers to recognize that technology is not an add on. It's not one more thing they have to
Our computers have been commandeered for very expensive English Language Learning programs. If the state is going to ma

My district has received a lot of technology, but the lack of training leads to misuse. When things break they are also not rep


Poor schools need more funding. We have been cut to the quick. Class size is going up and up. VERY few classroom paraprofe




It's really just off the radar in my District. We have one professional with three aids to run the network and provide support f

Our superintendent is close to being a techno phobe and thus it is not high on his list.
Other- unreliable technology (wireless that doesn't work, smartboards with glitches, classroom computers w/ problems, prin
Above all, fear is a prime motivator in the opposition to technology. The internet is still that big, bad, evil place where perver
The inequity of tech hardware in our district is appalling. New schools open with the IWB and latest/greatest in every classro




Ineffective leadership is key! Our school system is crippled by an abysmal Director of Technology that reports directly to a te




inertia? / / i don't think your responses cover all the possible reasons...

Inflexibility of teachers to change teaching style


Unless the people at the top embrace, support, and model tech integration themselves, it will not be deemed important enou




Institutional inflexibilty also impacts the speed of moving a larger urban district into the 21st Century.

No concensus on demands with which rapid change impacts learning processes. Field tests for standardized assessment take




I wish I could take some of these off the list, not just move them to the bottom.

Teacher unions not allowing school districts to remove teachers from their jobs when they are not effective. / / Teachers wh
Texas places toooo much on the TAKS and it takes center stage when it should not.


A choice that is not listed is teacher professional commitment. Even with all of the best supports in place for true effective in


hard to rank... most of these are major contributors..

I would say my union/ association is supportive- offering PD that the district does not offer. However, they have argued abou
Loss of teacher autonomy. Most of the initiatives are determined without teacher input and adequate discussion and/or trai


Just because someone says they are focused on data driven learning, doesn't mean they have any understanding of learning o


Need to quantify PD/Training too many take this as attending a 101 course in how to use software. Rather seperate training f
Sometimes, we are our own worst enemies! Sometimes we have to look at the big picture and do what is best for children. If
Really, the top 3 issues are the real issues in our district-the others are really non issues-adequate funding impacts the numbe
my top three are all interconnected: teachers don't want to take away from the rest of their curriculum to plan a techy-lesson
We don't have teacher unions in South Carolina.

Administrators seem to feel dumb when it comes to understanding tech plans. That makes them defensive which makes it dif




I have only been at my current school for short period of time. In that time we have invested in a software program that will
For digital integrations to occur, the leaders need to realize that the current curriculum is from the 1950's and needs to be up


Teacher resistance and union resistance are two separate issues. Teachers especially follow their leadership. None of the def

At our school there are still teachers who choose not to use technology. And that is tolerated by administration! As sad as tha

Another thing that I am having issues with is instilling in the students the proper and responsible use of the various technolog
Some of these are related. / / I don't see the legislature and lack of funding as two different items. Legislature is very interes

Leadership is about changing things. Without change you are a manager. It is noteworthy that organization hire leaders and t
Hard choices all... but generally, our state legislature and DoE (and the realities of teaching in a state without income tax) ma




It's so sad that we have the technology in our school and it just sits and collects dust because the classroom teachers are not




Educators need more time and freedom to make change.




The ineffective leadership has been with previous superintendents and building principals. This has changed at least at the dis


Mostly resistance from teachers who say they're too busy to learn something new.
I'd add that it's PERCEIVED demands of NCLB and and PERCEIVED lack of space in the curriculum. And I'd also replace the adje
teacher time is so limited and things are always being added to our plates, while nothing is taken away - also, although our su




Our issue with implementing more digitial technologies is definitely a lack of time wihtin the curriculum. Our teachers already


There seems to be a negatively based belief system that keeps teachers from considering the potential that exists. If they cou
Helping fellow administrators understand the changes taking place in our world beyond our traditional classrooms and schoo

Very complicated issue.
Our biggest blocker is support for teachers- meaning a tech support person in every building so that teachers feel they can ta




I'm both a teacher and a parent - two different districts. My experience is that "parent resistance" is a teacher-generated exc
Teachers resistant to change
I am actually very impressed with the progress our teachers have made integrating technologies given the challenges of redu


There are so many other mandates we must spend valuable time on it spreads our PD time for technology pretty thin. While

Inadequate training(, due to insufficient educational knowledge of the trainers)

I believe that ineffective leadership leads to the lack of PD/training, lack of adequate funding and on down the line.




Leadership needs to have a cooperative and collaborative vision therefore allocating the necessary resources and implement
Our teacher's lack of knowledge in technology and their fear of trying something new are our biggest challenges (plus they w
1. Other = Lack of time for teachers to learn to use these technologies - this is an issue at my school. / / 2.It simply isn't seen




While I did say "lack of adequate funding," I'm not sure that's true. I think it comes down to priorities. We have the funds, bu
Lack of understanding by those in power about importance of having solid, stable network, hardware to facilitate effective in
These flow into one another. Since there is limited leadership, there is not PD. Many believe digtech is an add-on and hinders

By far the biggest problem is administrators who have poor management skills, in place because of nepotism and cronyism. S
My school attempts to be rather innovative but only in the way that meets a specific vision and fails to support or encourage
The time to play and take risks plus leaders who expect innovative 21st century learning (rather than simply hoping for it) are
I'm counting "accountability demands of NCLB" to include the demands of all testing, mandated by NCLB, state, or local
You've got a pretty good list for us to work with here!
For us it all comes down to funding, funding, funding. As an Adult/Alternative ed school we have next to nothing.


Other would be the blocks placed from IT department. This has been a huge obstacle!




There is a general belief among administrators that using technology is somehow a replacement for "real" teaching. We are c

Coordinate implementation with all leadership is needed.
This is about more than technology. This is about the fundemental structure of public education. Are we an assembly line? T
I wonder if it's the same at all schools, e.g., effective implementation is easier at the middle school vs. high school level? / / I
funding, curriculum, and accountability are by far and away the top three. However, even if I had funding for a smart board (a




Other includes: Technology itself. Updates that make programs and hardware inadequate in a year. Public education that ca
If it is not an administrative priority it will not happen.

Only two of these apply because we have effective leadership, no resistance from the union, and the majority of teachers are




We are just beginning to move towards using technology. A large Grant ($112,00) bought lots of computers, projectors and i
We're a private school, so state/federal and NCLB do not apply. Some teachers resist, and administrators don't require it, so

While our district leadership is more supportive of technology implementation/integration, there seems to be little expectati




Teacher resistance and lack of technology learning on their own time is really a drag on tech usage. Leadership from supt., pr
Teacher resistance to change would be another option- not necessarily the teacher/union choice.They might be resistant for


We have strong leaders but they are ineffective models. They talk the talk, but will not walk the walk. If they resist adopting t

The Teacher's Union has negotiated with our District Admins into our Negotiated agreement that there is NO mandatory PD f




I feel lack of professional development/training and lack of knowledge in general of how to use what is out there is the most


Other = inability to monitor responsible use of technology by students. How do I let them use their phones/ipods/etc. and kn

It takes time and with the additional mandates needed by state and federal laws - we DON'T have the time. There are bigger

The technology that we try to use already is not very reliable so it becomes easier not to use it. Often if people want to use te


I think it's a huge matter of that we don't have enough time to use technology, plus I believe that of the professional develop

lack of understanding process management by executive administrators
As a Canadian admin/teacher in a school with a terrific relationship with its community, I don't have to worry about NCLB, tea
There is NO TIME to learn or design use of technology in the curriculum. It also is important to note that often, even if a teach




Administrators who know NOTHING about technology and do not take the time to educate themselves get to make the decis
This was tough to rate. If the feds weren't mandating so much via NCLB, the leaders wouldn't be so concerned about test sco




Teacher resistance in some cases. Not convinced it's necessary. If it ain't broke, don't fix it. Me, the kids and the book. / / TIM
I work at a private school, so issues like ineffective leadership and NCLB don't really come into play. The major issue at my sc




There are many days that behavioral issues eat up so much time, you feel like you can't do much teaching at all. New tech req




The staff in our building tend to fall into three categories. The first group is ready and willing to integrate new technologies, b

Too many teachers feel that this is optional, and if a large block of teachers is not using digital technology ti can make it harde
My teachers still see technology as another addition to the curriculum, and they argue that they do not have any more time i




For me, Other (lack of clear models for how instructional practices must change to incorporate technology as learning toos) a
Need the leadership to make things happen-- key component is missing


Why do you combine teacher and union resistance? Are these the same thing? I don't think so. I don't see what the union has




I think Ineffective Leadership is a good way to describe the problems at the top. Perhaps Ineffective Teachers would be bette

I am frustrated as my administration doesn't support cooperation among departments, so good ideas die with the creator an
I feel we already have a issue with cell phones in the school, kids should have to have them in lockers until school is over.




I think that we don't have a common vision for what tech integration looks like. We are currently educating the leadership on
I have no idea what NCLB is.

Complacency is our number 1 problem. Our private school is full, kids are getting into great colleges, seem happy, and people




We are making progress, at least this year. 1-1 computing begins its roll out in our district next year, and teachers are worried

Technology is so easily outdated and it's expensive.


Other: Tech department road blocks - not understanding needs of educators - control issues
tegrating technology. We only have 3 educational technology staff members for a district of over 12,000 students. There are NO full time
 ut adding technology to the mix. So instead of hearing "let's INTEGRATE technology," they are hearing, "here is ONE MORE THING for you


d by teachers. We have so many resources blocked simply because she doesn't think they are relevant. For example, "Music appreciation

d to 2 teachers who say, "they can't do it, why bother trying to get them up to that level." / / And we can not get rid of them.

nt to, and generally squashes initiative.

ds of NCLB rather than authentic learning
ception of potential resistance is, particularly with respect to the ridiculously stringent filtering policies in our district. This is a rather cons




ship... The focus of the leadership team is on the accountability demands and at times the awareness of how (and why) to make effective




ked for one type) which are those who fear their higher-ups and do as they're told without questioning validity, meaning, or reason, and t
ot very willing participate in it. They don't see a need to.
many administrative walls to be effective. When upper level administrators and principals see technology as a priority is when change will




y in more powerful ways. However, there is little time or support for those who are interested but don't know how to proceed. A few tea
 As a result students may pass through our system and due to scheduling will either receive great or limited exposure to digital technolog


sional knowledge to make judgments about curriculum and instruction, we are stuck in a micromanaged and difficult position. Why anyo

k for every school in Main? How many schools would not have participated if it was left up to local districts?




at they think is the appropriate solution without any input from teachers, aides or library/media staff. They provide no opportunity for dia




t is the issue. / Community resistance ties into the funding issue.
 of professional impotence? Fear of looking like a fool? / / Not sure what, but something impedes thoughtful discussion.

a funeral home or gymnasium or warehouse. Instead of letting lack of space and resources stifle them they make things happen. They will




h our technology infrastructure, which includes tech support.


rom each campus go to a week long intensive course about technology. They have to apply and I know 8 - 10 on my campus are chomping
nter. There just aren't enough to go around. A few need training, but most are on board.




n. We are a very conservative district and this is, at the least, the excuse I get when I ask about "loosening up" on the reigns a bit. It coul




ective, they won't even begin to introduce digital tools to their students. We're looking at a "belief barrier." Teachers aren't really convin


ns without teachers actually getting an opportunity to modify requirements to fit their classroom situation. / / Teachers themselves are v


are doing a great job. The problem isn't lack of professional development opportunities, but lack of some teachers' motivation to engage


nd failed concept. Other than the Union Resistance, none of your issues are a problem.




ently in the position of "IT specialist" is a person who has enjoyed a long and storied relationship with the district. While this person has s


ntent is not seen as easily (vs. massive worksheets,etc.) It is also viewed poorly because of the amount of time taken (we can't cover all th

 students the above are randomised. You need to set more specific parameters to gather what could be interesting data but please don't
at our leadership is so inept at their use for collaboration, communication, and egagement / / Since so many (majority?)school leaders st


and the "technology" department is more worried about the ramifications of new technology in conjunction with keeping it working, keep




at's out there. Yes, training is certainly needed, but there's just so many teachers that don't go looking on their own. They wait until som
 add it to their already full plate of things to teach in the classroom! #1
sn't know how, doesn't want to learn! 2) NCLB is the worst piece of educational legislature to come down the pike in the last 50 years, and




ve been doing for years and they don't need to add technology. It's seen as a fun add-on to what they do. / / Also, we have a school boar

s of unblocking resources teachers could/should use in their classrooms.

taf (as oppossed to teacher resistance per se)

reates a climate where legislators make poor decisions and some leadership on district and state levels are afraid to innovate. In today's




ugh to make progress when the target (achievement on poorly constructed, low-level assessments) might actually BE the problem.
rd to make progress when the target IS the biggest problem.

, microphone headset, and time to use these digital technologies.

s need to take time with teachers and dialogue about the role of technology; how it can be incorporated into instruction to improve learn




ard to say exactly why it is so hard. It seems like the barriers for me personally are different than school wide but maybe more cross over
 nd we try to address them all at once. We are doing many good things adequately, instead of doing a few things with excellence.
chnology think. This difference in thinking leads to communications that are misunderstood along with the administration not seeing the
or tchrs to become willing experimenters and learners themselves. I do not mean "play" in the entertainment sense, I mean "play to learn
oards are cheerleaders not agents of innovation and reform.


countability", that distract good teachers, administrators, and schools from the true focus of learning.




to play with technology. What do I mean? Well I believe that teachers should be given some technology to play with at home, by way of




 and DO by admin and teachers.
s not one more thing they have to do on top of everything else. It's simply a more efficient, creative, engaging way of doing everything el
ograms. If the state is going to mandate that kids from foreign countries learn English in one year and expect it to happen by using comput

things break they are also not repaired, so things that could quickly return to use in the classroom stay in closets.


 p. VERY few classroom paraprofessionals in our elementary schools. Mandates that make NO sense whatsoever in the grand scheme of t




he network and provide support for the entire district. It's not thought of as a solution for learning or made a priority in any way, i.e. teac


om computers w/ problems, printers with problems, etc.) / / 7,8, and 9 aren't really factors
t big, bad, evil place where perverts lurk in every corner waiting to accost our children.
nd latest/greatest in every classroom, while older schools have bake sales to just buy a few laptops. Sad.




ology that reports directly to a technologically-inept Superintendent.




ill not be deemed important enough to do except for the few who do it because they want to.




or standardized assessment take longer than entire refresh cycle of tech tool options. We are not preparing students to filter and funnel




are not effective. / / Teachers who become Principals for the wrong reason, money.




ports in place for true effective integration to take place, there needs to be commitment to implementation and integration on the part o




However, they have argued about new tech expectations being added to our workday on top of everything else, with nothing being taken
d adequate discussion and/or training.


ve any understanding of learning or data.


ftware. Rather seperate training from professional time to explore opportunities and develop school curriculum.
nd do what is best for children. If we keep them first--the rest is easy!
quate funding impacts the number of clasees/teachers at hs and elementary school as well as what we can provide for support, professio
 curriculum to plan a techy-lesson because they are to be accountable for "real learning" that has been "working" for years.


hem defensive which makes it difficult for them to learn. Also, with the huge number of responsibilities that they have, they truly can't de




d in a software program that will indvidualize training needs for teachers. Time is a huge issue as well as skill set of teachers. It may take a
om the 1950's and needs to be updated!! Then fund the resources that teachers need!


their leadership. None of the defined leaders in the union, district or state is providing anywhere near the adequate leadership necessary

d by administration! As sad as that is, it is almost understandable because teachers who work hard to integrate technology into meaningf

sible use of the various technology.Such as not using the privilege of having a school email account and then using it for personal use or g
 items. Legislature is very interested in a quality 20th (19th?) century schedule and curriculum and budget accordingly. / / The leadership

at organization hire leaders and turn them into mangers by restricting resoures such as money and time. The use of technology should be
n a state without income tax) make changes without understanding the consequences.




e the classroom teachers are not comfortable using it or they have no idea how to integrate technology in their teaching.




his has changed at least at the district level thanks to support from our Board of Education. The new leadership is exploring ways to get p
ulum. And I'd also replace the adjective "ineffective" leadership with simply "lack of forward-thinking leadership" in the curriculum, IT and
 aken away - also, although our superintendent is amazing and has a real vision, there is seemingly no accountability for individual principa




e curriculum. Our teachers already feel so bogged down and overwhelmed, that adding more to their plate pushes them toward frustratio


 e potential that exists. If they could let go of the need to defend and blame, they could realize such amazing things.
 traditional classrooms and school structures is the most important and complicated task I face in doing my work to further engaged learn


g so that teachers feel they can take risks with technology integration. (and get help with effective tech integration) I think it is 'ineffective




tance" is a teacher-generated excuse. I find that even parents in low SES families realize that technology and the surrounding instructiona

ogies given the challenges of reduction in educational funding over the last many years. At the elementary level, there is less para suppor


for technology pretty thin. While our Iowa Core Curriculum will be a very positive move for the state, there are so many hoops to jump th




g and on down the line.




cessary resources and implementing the changes. However, a leadership team that constantly encounters operation deficits cannot creat
ur biggest challenges (plus they will say it's lack of time for everything such as getting on the computer to go out and search for sites to us
y school. / / 2.It simply isn't seen as a priority by school management - the view seems to be that we now have a projector in every classr




 priorities. We have the funds, but they are often used for things like textbooks or other items that we could phase out if we spent the $
hardware to facilitate effective integration is a big problem at my school.
 digtech is an add-on and hinders AYP, so that makes it a lack of time/space. Since the leadership finds in unimportant, teachers resist im

ause of nepotism and cronyism. State curriculum has far too many objectives that are often inappropriate for their age.
and fails to support or encourage teachers struggling to implement technology or to provide more time for everyone interested in trying n
ther than simply hoping for it) are the key issues for me.
ated by NCLB, state, or local

 have next to nothing.




ment for "real" teaching. We are constantly having to fight battles to just be able to use basic computer resources, yet all of our high scho


ation. Are we an assembly line? That structure won't facilitate implementation of technologies and higher order thinking.
school vs. high school level? / / I also think that curricula are too regimented now to allow for spontaneity of ideas/projects to be incorp
I had funding for a smart board (after taking 10 hours of training over the summer and getting all keyed up for it), we would need additio




n a year. Public education that can never keep up with technology compared with the private sector. Technology breakdowns.


, and the majority of teachers are making efforts to change. We don't worry much about NCLB except for what is absolutely necessary, an




ots of computers, projectors and interactive boards. Teachers are not comfortable using these new technologies. They are gaining confid
 dministrators don't require it, so some teachers do what they did 20 or 30 or 40 years ago.

there seems to be little expectation that the building administrators (principals/associate principals) develop any understanding of techno




 usage. Leadership from supt., principals is vague and lacking due to their apathetic and poor tech knowledge.
hoice.They might be resistant for several reasons. But not wanting to do extra to implement change is something we face with some teac


 the walk. If they resist adopting technology/strategies then how do they expect their employees to adopt it? The time has come to force

t that there is NO mandatory PD for teachers and the report to work/student supervision Buffers are grossly inadequate for PD(10-15 min




use what is out there is the most important reason. I think my last 3 could really be in any order (Unsupportive state, Parent/comm, and


se their phones/ipods/etc. and know that they aren't cheating? / / I would LOVE to have all of my students on laptops. Who is going to b

T have the time. There are bigger issues facing education: funding - family structure and student achievement. / / Students still need the

e it. Often if people want to use technology they end up being frustrated because it will take forever to do something that shouldn't take t


e that of the professional development sessions, there is a lot of preaching, not a lot of teaching. Of course, we can watch videos about us


n't have to worry about NCLB, teacher or parent resistance. / / We assume that integrating tech is a good thing, even as we are not sure
 to note that often, even if a teacher has taken the time to design curriculum to use technology, THE TECHNOLOGY DOESN'T ALWAYS WO




themselves get to make the decisions about tech ... how it is used in the classroom, platform, networking, software, etc. FRUSTRATING w
n't be so concerned about test scores and funding would support more than just teaching to the tests. PD is lacking, but not because I don




Me, the kids and the book. / / TIME. Teachers who are interested/ could figure things out with or without without a lot of training do not
to play. The major issue at my school site is teachers who have dug their heels in and consider the use of technology as a "luxury,." They




much teaching at all. New tech requires new skills requires time to learn requires time to explore. There just isn't enough time most days.




g to integrate new technologies, but most complain that their schedules allow little time to explore these 21st century tools. The second

al technology ti can make it harder for those who want to..
they do not have any more time in their day for more technology. The teachers are feeling overwhelmed with all that is expected of them




ate technology as learning toos) along with a lack of funding would be weighted much higher than the next tier of barriers.
so. I don't see what the union has to do with implementation of technology.




ffective Teachers would be better than implying that the teachers are simply resistant to change. They are only resistant to the extent tha

ood ideas die with the creator and the program remains stagnant.
in lockers until school is over.




ently educating the leadership on what tech integration looks like and getting inter-rater reliability.


colleges, seem happy, and people are beating down the door to give us $20K per year tuition. Why change? No one but me, my IT staff, a




ext year, and teachers are worried about it and taking our tech courses and trying new things. We'll see if it is sustainable or if instruction
0 students. There are NO full time educational technology personnel in the school buildings. It makes things difficult. Then of course, is mo
 "here is ONE MORE THING for you to add on to your list."


For example, "Music appreciation" sites are blocked, even though our Middle School kids are ALL required to take a Music Appreciation c

 n not get rid of them.




n our district. This is a rather conservative, middle-upper middle class, suburban community and it seems that the teachers and the admi




 how (and why) to make effective implementation and integration of digital technologies fit into that area is a big problem.




validity, meaning, or reason, and those who do as they see best for the students in their school, placing the mandates of their higher-ups
 y as a priority is when change will happen. This is not to dismiss teachers' roles. The "I've been teaching 20+ years and what I do is fine" te




t know how to proceed. A few teachers have taken initiative to offer PD, but the sessions are poorly attended because there isn't much in
ited exposure to digital technologies. There is no system wide movement or implementation.


d and difficult position. Why anyone would think we can solve problems that plague society within a school day is beyond me? It is vital t




hey provide no opportunity for dialog/discussion/involvement. They pass edicts as to appropriate use/specifications etc. and then expect
ghtful discussion.

hey make things happen. They will turn around their "sanctuary" and turn it into their "Sunday School" space in 5-10 minutes. And yet we




8 - 10 on my campus are chomping at the event. / / The get hands on experience and lesson planning training with every piece of equipm




 ng up" on the reigns a bit. It could be the folks in charge are just "way 20th century" about the whole thing. Our teacher resistance is no




 ier." Teachers aren't really convinced that digital tools can enhance learning. That's got to change before any other factor. / / Bill Ferrite


 on. / / Teachers themselves are vulnerable to "group think." And innovation threatens the power structure among the teacher ranks: de


me teachers' motivation to engage in that development.




 e district. While this person has strong talents in many areas, technology is not one of them. This person is so entrenched and ingratiated


 f time taken (we can't cover all the curriculum because there is too much of it.) Students balk because the learning is different and they h

 interesting data but please don't equate digital integration and effective learning they do not necessarily correlate. Good luck on your qu
many (majority?)school leaders still cant figure out that we are living in a knowledge based economy, how do we ever expect to increase


 tion with keeping it working, keeping it inexpensive, and legal ramifications, than in how something might be made to work. Most educat




on their own. They wait until someone tells them about it and maybe they might try it out (maybe).

 n the pike in the last 50 years, and that's saying something. 5 and 6 are really the same thing. The best quote I've heard: "Our students ar




o. / / Also, we have a school board that is anti-technology. There are several members who do not feel that technology should be in scho




 are afraid to innovate. In today's economic climate, funding is spent on pet projects or more of the same instead of things that will actua




ht actually BE the problem.




d into instruction to improve learning. Problem is school leaders don't know how to do this either. Leadership is required to bring it all tog




 wide but maybe more cross over than I know.
ew things with excellence.
 the administration not seeing the bigger picture or impact that technology can have.
nment sense, I mean "play to learn" the way toddlers do.
 y to play with at home, by way of explaining I'll say that my eyes were not opened until I received an iPod touch as a gift. Once I had this




 gaging way of doing everything else. If they could use technology as just another tool then lack of time would not be an issue.
 pect it to happen by using computers, they are sadly mistaken.




 atsoever in the grand scheme of things. Lip service paid to 21st century skills, but no new technology due to lack of funding. Assessments




made a priority in any way, i.e. teachers are never required or asked how they use tech.
aring students to filter and funnel key info into organized process in order to create multisolution answers to a single prompt. Biggest fac




tion and integration on the part of the teacher.




hing else, with nothing being taken off our plates and no training. I see pockets of resistance from teachers who still don't recognize the v
can provide for support, professional development adn equipment. We do the best we can with what we have-the bottom 5, if you can ca
"working" for years.


 that they have, they truly can't devote much time to it. As a result, they are unable to be leaders in this area.




 skill set of teachers. It may take a while to accomplish our goals because teachers lack the prequisites.




 he adequate leadership necessary. You can add teacher/admministration colleges to the group that is not providing adequate leadership

 tegrate technology into meaningful, interactive lessons are consistently frustrated by a lack of support from admin and tech ed. The qual

then using it for personal use or going to website that they know that they are not suppose to be visiting as part of the class.
get accordingly. / / The leadership here is really good at planning; not good enough at finding ways to execute plans. / / I think if we quit

e. The use of technology should be part of curriculum design in such a way that outcomes cannot be meant unless technology is used. Unt




 in their teaching.




adership is exploring ways to get past all the other roadblocks.
dership" in the curriculum, IT and administrative departments. They are so focused on those little test numbers and scripting lesson plans
countability for individual principals under site-based mgmt. Our school has terrible morale and no real leadership.




ate pushes them toward frustration. Lack of professional development ties into this - we really need coaching/mentoring with new techno


azing things.
my work to further engaged learning and 21st Century Skills.


ntegration) I think it is 'ineffective leadership' that they don't see the need for building support. They also don't often rise expectations w




 and the surrounding instructional issues is important. Sometimes they realize the importance better than teachers.

ary level, there is less para support in the classroom and at the secondary level, class sizes have increased consistently over time, resulting


here are so many hoops to jump through in the implementation plan we lose focus on the components that are really important.




rs operation deficits cannot create vision. We have a five year plan of acquisition but not a financial plan to fund the five year plan. What
o go out and search for sites to use with their students!). We supply professional development in technology quite often, require it's use i
ow have a projector in every classroom (even though one room where I teach has never had one fitted and most don't work properly beca




could phase out if we spent the $ on technology. So, maybe I would rephrase "lack of adequate funding" to "misplaced priorities on fund

in unimportant, teachers resist implementation. Items 6-9 in my situation have little if any bearing. Politicians don't really care what is do

ate for their age.
 for everyone interested in trying new methods of teaching.




resources, yet all of our high schools are "one to one" campuses!


her order thinking.
eity of ideas/projects to be incorporated into the classroom. Teachers just can't seem to put aside a plan to make room for something new
 up for it), we would need additional funding for wiring LCDs to ceilings or front wall. There are so many students in my classroom that I a




chnology breakdowns.


or what is absolutely necessary, and our community is fairly supportive. Professional development is available for those who care to partic




 nologies. They are gaining confidence and improving everyday. Only the numbers 1-4 are factors in our lack of technology use. We have


velop any understanding of technology use. If a principal is personally interested in tech integration, it is more likely that it is more succes




omething we face with some teachers.


pt it? The time has come to force change on educators because they are unwilling to do it themselves.

ossly inadequate for PD(10-15 mins.) Let alone any Tech-related PD. We have significant financial obstacles as well but our situation is the




portive state, Parent/comm, and Lack of Time).


ents on laptops. Who is going to buy them? The govt? They just cut our funding by 10% - the parents? They are losing their jobs.

ement. / / Students still need the basics - what happens if technology fails?

do something that shouldn't take too long to do, so honestly people don't plan it into their curriculum because they feel they will have to


rse, we can watch videos about using technology and that we aren't implementing it, but if we are not shown how to use/implement tech


 od thing, even as we are not sure exactly what that looks like yet. Its successful integration will come as both a grassroots movement--th
CHNOLOGY DOESN'T ALWAYS WORK and the classtime is wasted. That even happens in our teacher inservices. A speaker comes in to tell u




 g, software, etc. FRUSTRATING when they do not listen to teachers & others who use tech to instruct, communicate, & innovate educatio
 D is lacking, but not because I don't try (I am a tech integration specialist), but because there is ONE of me for nearly 2700 students, 300 t




ut without a lot of training do not have time to mess around. Already had full time jobs planning and teaching and evaluating. Hard to lea
of technology as a "luxury,." They make statements about how the pencil and paper are "good technologies" and while that may be true i




 just isn't enough time most days.




 e 21st century tools. The second group would be willing to attempt meaningful integration, but only if it's forced upon them. The third g


ed with all that is expected of them, and for many, technology takes a back seat.




ext tier of barriers.
are only resistant to the extent that they are digitally illiterate.




nge? No one but me, my IT staff, and a handful of teachers seems to acknowledge that the world has changed outside our walls. / / The o




 if it is sustainable or if instruction actually changes significant in the next few years.
ngs difficult. Then of course, is money.




ed to take a Music Appreciation class. / We are told those sites are blocked by the state department, even though we all know kids in oth




ms that the teachers and the administrators are very fearful of "rocking the boat" too much around here.




ea is a big problem.




the mandates of their higher-ups on the back burner and prioritizing the needs of their learners. It is a rare breed, the principal who falls
20+ years and what I do is fine" teacher needs to get with the program and realize we're preparing kids for a future we don't know about




ended because there isn't much incentive for teachers to put in the extra time.




ool day is beyond me? It is vital that policymakers start recognizing this fact.




pecifications etc. and then expect everyone to be grateful.
pace in 5-10 minutes. And yet we let rooms sit empty during the school day and say we need more classrooms. They also build for the fut




aining with every piece of equipment our district supports. Then they get a $10,000 grant to purchase equipment for their classroom. The




hing. Our teacher resistance is not due to a union.




re any other factor. / / Bill Ferriter


ture among the teacher ranks: dept chairs, AP teachers, IB teachers, administrator wanna-bes who are studying to be administrators whil




n is so entrenched and ingratiated into the district fabric that it is a lack of leadership on the part of principals and superintendent to hav


he learning is different and they have figured out the system (most of this resistance is from students that have not had to work as hard.)

y correlate. Good luck on your quest
ow do we ever expect to increase the effectiveness of our schools? These 'leaders' still read PowerPoint decks to us in our staff meetings,


ght be made to work. Most educational leaders are not computer literate and know next to nothing about 2.0 production possibilities.




 quote I've heard: "Our students are better prepared for the industrial revolution than at any time in our history". Sad but true! Things will




  that technology should be in school.




me instead of things that will actually advance learning and teaching.




 rship is required to bring it all together so that technology isn't separate, but embedded in the solution. We never separate pencils and p
od touch as a gift. Once I had this in my hand 24 hours a day and began to explore its possibilities I began to wonder how I could use it in




would not be an issue.




e to lack of funding. Assessments take up such a huge chunk of our year we have no time for exploring our students' creativity.
ers to a single prompt. Biggest factor as roadblock is peripheral vision to see change and creatively adapt.




ers who still don't recognize the vailue in integating tech. I appreciate when the association offers pd or points out that the district is pilin
e have-the bottom 5, if you can call them that-are all impacted by #1




not providing adequate leadership, but it too should be reason by itself.

rom admin and tech ed. The quality of our hardware is steadily declining due to budgetary shortfalls and lack of staffing while the deman

g as part of the class.
xecute plans. / / I think if we quit worrying about NCLB and concentrated on teaching and learning, we would have better success. / / Te

ant unless technology is used. Until this happens and tech is left to those who don't give into the managerial role penetration will remian p
umbers and scripting lesson plans to be sure every teacher is on the same page on the same day (and that no child ever be exposed to or




ching/mentoring with new technologies so they'll really be used in the classroom, but time is a major issue with this as well.




so don't often rise expectations with our teachers and many veteran teachers are telling the union that this 'technology stuff' takes them




an teachers.

d consistently over time, resulting in more work and stress for teachers. This year, for the first time, I have noticed teachers pulling back


hat are really important.




n to fund the five year plan. What is that saying? It is demeaning and frustrating. We invest in what we treasure. The resistance to raise lo
ology quite often, require it's use in daily organization tasks, but in every "initiative" that we start in technology we get such a backlash of
 nd most don't work properly because the bulbs are almost dead) therefore we are integrating technology. I think the management view i




" to "misplaced priorities on funding."

ticians don't really care what is done. There is money available, but digtech not a priority, and parents believe their kid's school is doing f
n to make room for something new, better, more interesting.
 students in my classroom that I am constantly moving my LCD cart to move around the room.




 ilable for those who care to participate, and many of us are simply making time. We are blessed with a forward thinking administrators w




r lack of technology use. We have professional development ready to go but just don't have much time to implement yet.


 more likely that it is more successful in their building. There seems to be little expectation that those principals who have low interest/lo




 les as well but our situation is the result of a long term general neglect of technology beyond teacher productivity and "classic" student p




They are losing their jobs.




ecause they feel they will have to punt and compe up with something different anyway.


hown how to use/implement technology within our curriculum, no good comes out of this topic.


 both a grassroots movement--that is from teachers developing best practices--and from as a top-down movement led by leaders who se
rvices. A speaker comes in to tell us how great technology in the classroom is, and then the technology doesn't even work for this so-calle




ommunicate, & innovate education.
me for nearly 2700 students, 300 teachers and nine buildings 25 miles apart North to South and 15 miles apart East to West. Admins supp




aching and evaluating. Hard to learn how to change.
gies" and while that may be true in some cases, they refuse to accept that students today do not see technology as a luxury. They see it a




t's forced upon them. The third group still has trouble accessing their e-mail and would rather call tech support than spend 5 minutes fig
anged outside our walls. / / The other items on the list pale in comparison. I suppose you could call that ineffective leadership, but the ap
ven though we all know kids in other districts who are using those same sites at school for real learning experiences. I feel so sorry for our




are breed, the principal who falls into the latter category.
for a future we don't know about.
rooms. They also build for the future. For example, the Church of the Resurrection in Olathe, KS looked at the future developments aroun




quipment for their classroom. They only get to use part of the money up front. Then they conduct training on their own campuses to get a




tudying to be administrators while they teach. / / Administrators get distracted by initiatives and requirements and forget that teachers




ncipals and superintendent to have her function changed and a better prospect brought in. Furthermore, because of limited knowledge o


at have not had to work as hard.) In a school about to go one to one, the NCLB issue and the use of exit exams being planned by the state
 decks to us in our staff meetings, stuff our mailboxes with dead trees instead of use technology to enhance learning in our organizaions.


ut 2.0 production possibilities.




history". Sad but true! Things will not change until parents demand change, and then it will be a long slow process. Education, by it's very




 We never separate pencils and papers from deisgning our solutions; or driving our cars to the meeting as separate from attending the m
n to wonder how I could use it in my class. Some of this technology will simply take time to become imbedded. There is also little to no i




our students' creativity.
r points out that the district is piling on an awful lot. Teachers who won't use the resources tech provides annoy me, though.
d lack of staffing while the demands of NCLB (reporting, data collection, admin salaries) continue to deplete precious resources that could


would have better success. / / Teacher/union resistance (if there is any) will drop if they know they are going to get support and training

erial role penetration will remian pocketed. / / / (Matthew - typed on BB while watching daughter's hockey practice)
hat no child ever be exposed to or allowed to interact with the outside world) that NOTHING else enters their minds.




 ue with this as well.




this 'technology stuff' takes them too much time and changes their 'working conditions'.




ave noticed teachers pulling back from staff development opportunities presented in this area and although it disappoints me, I understan




 reasure. The resistance to raise local taxes while at the same time the legislature puts the onus of the burden on local control and financ
nology we get such a backlash of complaining, fear and "how am I ever going to do this?!?" that we have to cut our plans in half or more
gy. I think the management view is that technology = PowerPoint. / / 2. An arbitrary and unaccountable filtering system also makes onlin




believe their kid's school is doing fine...it's the other schools that are in trouble.
forward thinking administrators who are not only supportive but are ahead of us in most technological efforts. I would say that the only th




to implement yet.


rincipals who have low interest/low tech skills will learn to utilize or model tech use, despite numerous PD opportunities and millions havi




oductivity and "classic" student productivity Computer classes. Negotiating away requirements for PD and opportunities for elective pd w




movement led by leaders who see the goal and make space for that grassroots development. The one can't happen without the other.
doesn't even work for this so-called expert.




s apart East to West. Admins support using technology to track students and scores, but don't seem to "get it" about tech integration, so,




chnology as a luxury. They see it as commonplace and normal.




support than spend 5 minutes figuring out the problem for themselves.
ineffective leadership, but the apathy is systemic.
experiences. I feel so sorry for our kids - they are going to be competing for college application and for jobs against kids who use these res
at the future developments around them and said,"Let's build a great youth ministry for the demographics who will be filling up those de




ng on their own campuses to get access to the rest of the funds. Some of the equipment is for their rooms only (Promethean boards) but




rements and forget that teachers are the ones who are the bottom line in education. We don't need so many administrators--especially th




e, because of limited knowledge on the part of leadership I don't think they truly know how behind the curve this person is. Teachers are


exams being planned by the state, along with a massive curriculum, can be the death knell to any effective use of technology.
ance learning in our organizaions. / / It would be funny if it werent so sad.




ow process. Education, by it's very nature is resistant to change. Something drastic will need to happen soon.




as separate from attending the meeting to get at solutions. Technology is a given. Leaders and teachers need to see that the discussion is
bedded. There is also little to no incentive to build it into our classes as our standardized exams do not reflect anything to do with techno
s annoy me, though.
lete precious resources that could be used to positively impact classroom instruction.


going to get support and training and time to learn the tools and develop lessons with the tools.

ckey practice)
 their minds.




ugh it disappoints me, I understand the demands the teachers juggle.




burden on local control and financing is counterproductive. We need a new alignment of goals and resources. We have buildings with upg
e to cut our plans in half or more and take such baby steps that we're moving at a snail's pace.
e filtering system also makes online learning activities a challenge. On one occasion a site I was using was filtered mid-lesson! Very frustra
efforts. I would say that the only thing holding us back is lack of sufficient funding. Our administration spends every bit of funding they can




PD opportunities and millions having been spent on hardware. Building admin seems to be the missing link, in my experience.




nd opportunities for elective pd within the work day, lack of any significant, ongoing funding for just the upkeep of currently installed Tec




can't happen without the other.
"get it" about tech integration, so, therefore, don't support P.D. - always something "better" to do. They funded another tech support pe
obs against kids who use these resources daily. / It makes me so angry!
hics who will be filling up those developments." They were ready when they people came looking. Schools tend to be reactionary and we d




ms only (Promethean boards) but much of it can be loaned out to other teachers (Ipods/geo caching) / / On my campus this really works




many administrators--especially the ones who work in offices in a building across town.




curve this person is. Teachers are clamoring for leadership in this area and we are hamstrung by lack of bandwidth due to rural location a


ive use of technology.
need to see that the discussion is about learning; technology is in the solution but not THE Problem or THE solution.
reflect anything to do with technology.
urces. We have buildings with upgrades and minimal technology investments and now no money. How did we get here?
s filtered mid-lesson! Very frustrating.
ends every bit of funding they can on technology, but thanks to politicians, our state and federal funding keep getting cut and the cost of




nk, in my experience.




e upkeep of currently installed Tech and a lack of a plan for improving the above is the result of inadequate leadership.
y funded another tech support person but won't fund more Integration Specialists. That alone tells you something. Some teachers resist,
ls tend to be reactionary and we don't even do that well!




/ On my campus this really works because our principal is looking at what works with the kids and gives us the biggest bang for our buck. H




bandwidth due to rural location and server issues. What we actually do have is good grant writers yet innovation and leadership do not f
HE solution.
id we get here?
g keep getting cut and the cost of educating kids continues to rise.




ate leadership.
something. Some teachers resist, but mostly due to time constraints. Then there's funding. Again, some of our schools have funding, esp
us the biggest bang for our buck. He is then purchasing what the teacher are demonstrating they can use. / / I can also borrow some of th




nnovation and leadership do not follow.
me of our schools have funding, especially those "identified" schools, some of our K - 4 schools have nearly nothing and take the hand me d
e. / / I can also borrow some of this equipment from the district by e-mailing one person. I go pick it up because t
ly nothing and take the hand me downs from the middle and high schools. Some of our communities (
                                              Average   Standard Deviation
Lack of adequate funding                       3.49            1.94
Ineffective leadership                         3.55            2.55
Lack of time / space within curriculum         3.78            2.02
Lack of professional development / training    3.80            2.05
Accountability demands of NCLB                 4.78            2.14
Teacher / union resistance                     4.97            2.48
Unsupportive state / federal legislators       5.80            1.96
Parent / community resistance                  6.66            1.46
Other                                          8.18            1.97
             "Why my school organization isn't making more progress when it comes
               to effective implementation and integration of digital technologies"
                      (1 = most important reason; 9 = least important reason)

                      [n = 561; chart shows average rank and one standard deviation a
12


10


8
                                                                                                                 8.18

6                                                                                                  6.66
                                                                                     5.80
                                                          4.78          4.97
4
                  3.55          3.78         3.80
      3.49
2


0
      Lack of   Ineffective Lack of time /  Lack of   Accountability Teacher / Unsupportive Parent /             Other
     adequate   leadership space within professional demands of        union    state / federal community
      funding                curriculum development       NCLB       resistance   legislators    resistance
                                           / training
                                                                                                    dangerouslyirrelevant.org
Most administrators are clueless when it comes to the usefulness and opportunities with integrating technology. We only hav
"old school" teachers have no interest, and they are the "power brokers" at schools
#5-8 don't really apply to my district. #1 and #2 should be tied for first place!! thanks!
1) Difficult to make change when you can't even get your Superintendent to use email. Doesn't know how, doesn't want to le
1. Other = Lack of time for teachers to learn to use these technologies - this is an issue at my school. / / 2.It simply isn't seen
A choice that is not listed is teacher professional commitment. Even with all of the best supports in place for true effective in
Above all, fear is a prime motivator in the opposition to technology. The internet is still that big, bad, evil place where perver
Accountability demands are the same here in Canada
Administrators seem to feel dumb when it comes to understanding tech plans. That makes them defensive which makes it dif
Administrators who know NOTHING about technology and do not take the time to educate themselves get to make the decis
All of the above in some capacity. It was difficult to prioritize.
and mainly because what constitutes "progress" is ill-conceived and/or not well-defined. Tough to make progress when the ta
Another thing that I am having issues with is instilling in the students the proper and responsible use of the various technolog
As a Canadian admin/teacher in a school with a terrific relationship with its community, I don't have to worry about NCLB, tea
At my school, our tech "coordinator" is unwilling to keep up, unhelpful for those that do want to, and generally squashes initi
At our school there are still teachers who choose not to use technology. And that is tolerated by administration! As sad as tha
By far the biggest problem is administrators who have poor management skills, in place because of nepotism and cronyism. S
Complacency is our number 1 problem. Our private school is full, kids are getting into great colleges, seem happy, and people
Coordinate implementation with all leadership is needed.
Educators need more time and freedom to make change.
Even if you do something effectively, authentic instruction is frowned upon because the content is not seen as easily (vs. mas
Every student should have a laptop with wireless Internet connection, digital video recorder, microphone headset, and time t
Excuses, excuses, excuses. I like to look at the growth of megachurches. Often they start in a funeral home or gymnasium or w
Faculty feels too overwhelmed to take on anything "new".
For digital integrations to occur, the leaders need to realize that the current curriculum is from the 1950's and needs to be up
For me, only 1 and 2 really apply. The others are all equally low on the totem pole.
For me, Other (lack of clear models for how instructional practices must change to incorporate technology as learning toos) a
For us it all comes down to funding, funding, funding. As an Adult/Alternative ed school we have next to nothing.
funding, curriculum, and accountability are by far and away the top three. However, even if I had funding for a smart board (a
Hard choices all... but generally, our state legislature and DoE (and the realities of teaching in a state without income tax) ma
hard to rank... most of these are major contributors..
Helping fellow administrators understand the changes taking place in our world beyond our traditional classrooms and schoo
I am actually very impressed with the progress our teachers have made integrating technologies given the challenges of redu
I am frustrated as my administration doesn't support cooperation among departments, so good ideas die with the creator an
I am the new instr. tech. leader in the district, but it is working with all of the leadership that is the issue. / Community resista
I believe that effective change starts at the top. Grass roots movements in education hit to many administrative walls to be e
I believe that ineffective leadership leads to the lack of PD/training, lack of adequate funding and on down the line.
I feel lack of professional development/training and lack of knowledge in general of how to use what is out there is the most
I feel we already have a issue with cell phones in the school, kids should have to have them in lockers until school is over.
I have no idea what NCLB is.
I have only been at my current school for short period of time. In that time we have invested in a software program that will
I teach at an independent school.
I think Ineffective Leadership is a good way to describe the problems at the top. Perhaps Ineffective Teachers would be bette
I think it is being implemented only by teachers in our district who have a personal interest. As a result students may pass th
I think it's a huge matter of that we don't have enough time to use technology, plus I believe that of the professional develop
I think part of our problem is fear of the CIPA< COPPA etc. laws regarding internet protection. We are a very conservative dis
I think teachers feel burdened by all of the requirements they currently have in place, without adding technology to the mix.
I think that some teachers do not see it as important. They have their curriculum that they've been doing for years and they
I think that we don't have a common vision for what tech integration looks like. We are currently educating the leadership on
I wish I could take some of these off the list, not just move them to the bottom.
I wonder if it's the same at all schools, e.g., effective implementation is easier at the middle school vs. high school level? / / I
I work at a private school, so issues like ineffective leadership and NCLB don't really come into play. The major issue at my sc
I would not use the term ineffective for the leadership reason. I'd say more unaware leadership... The focus of the leadership
I would say my union/ association is supportive- offering PD that the district does not offer. However, they have argued abou
I'd add that it's PERCEIVED demands of NCLB and and PERCEIVED lack of space in the curriculum. And I'd also replace the adje
If I knew what exactly the issue was, it would be easier to address. Right now, for me, it is hard to say exactly why it is so hard
If it is not an administrative priority it will not happen.
Ill-defined target (high-stakes, low-level assessments) make "progress" questionable. It is hard to make progress when the ta
I'm both a teacher and a parent - two different districts. My experience is that "parent resistance" is a teacher-generated exc
I'm counting "accountability demands of NCLB" to include the demands of all testing, mandated by NCLB, state, or local
Inadequate training(, due to insufficient educational knowledge of the trainers)
Ineffective leadership is key! Our school system is crippled by an abysmal Director of Technology that reports directly to a te
inertia? / / i don't think your responses cover all the possible reasons...
Inflexibility of teachers to change teaching style
Instead of ranking it would be nice to rank the importance of each one, since the last 4 aren't an issue.
Institutional inflexibilty also impacts the speed of moving a larger urban district into the 21st Century.
It may not be ineffective leadership but uncommitted leadership. The "Other" has to do with our technology infrastructure, w
It takes time and with the additional mandates needed by state and federal laws - we DON'T have the time. There are bigger
It's hard to delineate by issue because it all becomes a self-feeding system. NCLB certainly creates a climate where legislators
It's incredible in this day and age, and having computers around for 15+ years in schools - that our leadership is so inept at th
It's really just off the radar in my District. We have one professional with three aids to run the network and provide support f
It's so sad that we have the technology in our school and it just sits and collects dust because the classroom teachers are not
Just because someone says they are focused on data driven learning, doesn't mean they have any understanding of learning o
Lack of time is the only real reason. Most of the others do not apply at all, to my school.
Lack of understanding by those in power about importance of having solid, stable network, hardware to facilitate effective in
lack of understanding process management by executive administrators
Laws prohibiting charter schools, lack of leadership at the school and district level. School boards are cheerleaders not agents
Leadership is about changing things. Without change you are a manager. It is noteworthy that organization hire leaders and t
Leadership needs to have a cooperative and collaborative vision therefore allocating the necessary resources and implement
Legislation continues to be a roadblock to the educational system - funding, regulations, "accountability", that distract good t
Loss of teacher autonomy. Most of the initiatives are determined without teacher input and adequate discussion and/or trai
Mostly resistance from teachers who say they're too busy to learn something new.
My "other" number 1 selection is the almost total lack of awareness and resistance to learn and DO by admin and teachers.
My district has hit on a good model but could use more funding. Every summer 2 teachers from each campus go to a week lo
My district has received a lot of technology, but the lack of training leads to misuse. When things break they are also not rep
My other is too much blocking of Web 2.0 sites.
My other is: IT dept lacks vision/doesn't prioritize education
My other would be the failure of teachers to recognize that technology is not an add on. It's not one more thing they have to
My school attempts to be rather innovative but only in the way that meets a specific vision and fails to support or encourage
My school has 1 red cell, and is in year 4 of NCLB. Almost all of that red cell can be attributed to 2 teachers who say, "they can
My teachers still see technology as another addition to the curriculum, and they argue that they do not have any more time i
my top three are all interconnected: teachers don't want to take away from the rest of their curriculum to plan a techy-lesson
Need the leadership to make things happen-- key component is missing
Need to quantify PD/Training too many take this as attending a 101 course in how to use software. Rather seperate training f
No concensus on demands with which rapid change impacts learning processes. Field tests for standardized assessment take
Not enough access to computers and technology in our district. Everything is tied to standards of NCLB rather than authentic
One reason why I think we've made very little progress is that teachers are not encouraged to play with technology. What do
Only two of these apply because we have effective leadership, no resistance from the union, and the majority of teachers are
Other = inability to monitor responsible use of technology by students. How do I let them use their phones/ipods/etc. and kn
Other includes: Technology itself. Updates that make programs and hardware inadequate in a year. Public education that ca
other is inadequate facility or classroom, outdated equipment, lack of resources
Other- unreliable technology (wireless that doesn't work, smartboards with glitches, classroom computers w/ problems, prin
Other would be the blocks placed from IT department. This has been a huge obstacle!
Other: District Technology run by non-educators who cannot and/or will not see the benefits of unblocking resources teacher
Other: Tech department road blocks - not understanding needs of educators - control issues
Other--not necessarily teacher resistance, just general issues with knowledge and use of what's out there. Yes, training is cer
Our biggest blocker is support for teachers- meaning a tech support person in every building so that teachers feel they can ta
Our computers have been commandeered for very expensive English Language Learning programs. If the state is going to ma
Our issue with implementing more digitial technologies is definitely a lack of time wihtin the curriculum. Our teachers already
Our superintendent is close to being a techno phobe and thus it is not high on his list.
Our teachers are clamoring to use the available flex labs and the computers in the media center. There just aren't enough to
Our teacher's lack of knowledge in technology and their fear of trying something new are our biggest challenges (plus they w
Ours is probably 80% ineffective leadership. The person in charge has no idea what is needed by teachers. We have so many
Poor schools need more funding. We have been cut to the quick. Class size is going up and up. VERY few classroom paraprofe
Really, the top 3 issues are the real issues in our district-the others are really non issues-adequate funding impacts the numbe
Schools are set up in a hierarchy that assumes teachers need to obey administrative decisions without teachers actually getti
Some of these are related. / / I don't see the legislature and lack of funding as two different items. Legislature is very interes
Some of these issues are connected. If there were more time, there would be better PD.
Sometimes, we are our own worst enemies! Sometimes we have to look at the big picture and do what is best for children. If
SUPPORT from the state feds for MONEY and TIME would get this job done! Why did it work for every school in Main? How m
Teacher resistance and lack of technology learning on their own time is really a drag on tech usage. Leadership from supt., pr
Teacher resistance and union resistance are two separate issues. Teachers especially follow their leadership. None of the def
Teacher resistance in some cases. Not convinced it's necessary. If it ain't broke, don't fix it. Me, the kids and the book. / / TIM
Teacher resistance to change would be another option- not necessarily the teacher/union choice.They might be resistant for
teacher time is so limited and things are always being added to our plates, while nothing is taken away - also, although our su
Teacher unions not allowing school districts to remove teachers from their jobs when they are not effective. / / Teachers wh
Teachers don't understand how to incorporate technology into what they do; school leaders need to take time with teachers
Teachers resistant to change
Teachers will not spend time outside contract time to learn things, the union supports this, and the "technology" department
Technology is so easily outdated and it's expensive.
Texas places toooo much on the TAKS and it takes center stage when it should not.
The ineffective leadership has been with previous superintendents and building principals. This has changed at least at the dis
The inequity of tech hardware in our district is appalling. New schools open with the IWB and latest/greatest in every classro
The key issues are time, priorities, the speend of change and a lack of confidence amongst staf (as oppossed to teacher resist
The lack of focus is really holding us back. Our leadership has many answers for our needs and we try to address them all at o
The lack of time/space is not necessarily in CURRICULUM as much as it may be "play time" for tchrs to become willing experim
The lack of training is very closely linked funding. There almost one in the same.
The people in charge at the top do not think in the same way that the people running the technology think. This difference in
The problem with Public Education is the philosophy of Progressive Education, it is a false and failed concept. Other than the
The staff in our building tend to fall into three categories. The first group is ready and willing to integrate new technologies, b
The Teacher's Union has negotiated with our District Admins into our Negotiated agreement that there is NO mandatory PD f
The tech leaders in our district do not involve anyone in the teaching staff. They provide what they think is the appropriate so
The technology that we try to use already is not very reliable so it becomes easier not to use it. Often if people want to use te
The time to play and take risks plus leaders who expect innovative 21st century learning (rather than simply hoping for it) are
There are many days that behavioral issues eat up so much time, you feel like you can't do much teaching at all. New tech req
There are so many other mandates we must spend valuable time on it spreads our PD time for technology pretty thin. While
There are two types of school leaders that I have encountered (though I have only ever worked for one type) which are those
There is a general belief among administrators that using technology is somehow a replacement for "real" teaching. We are c
There is NO TIME to learn or design use of technology in the curriculum. It also is important to note that often, even if a teach
There is some un-named fear that gets injected into the conversation. Fear of change? Fear of professional impotence? Fear
There seems to be a negatively based belief system that keeps teachers from considering the potential that exists. If they cou
There seems to be interest among teachers and some administrators to integrate technology in more powerful ways. Howev
There's a big reverse bell curve here. Some teachers (who don't have leadership positions) are doing a great job. The problem
These flow into one another. Since there is limited leadership, there is not PD. Many believe digtech is an add-on and hinders
This is about more than technology. This is about the fundemental structure of public education. Are we an assembly line? T
This was tough to rate. If the feds weren't mandating so much via NCLB, the leaders wouldn't be so concerned about test sco
three minutes? try one!
TIME to provide professional development...TIME is takes staff to learn something new and add it to their already full plate o
Too many teachers and administrators blame the lack of funding, but, hey, Web 2.0 stuff is free!
Too many teachers feel that this is optional, and if a large block of teachers is not using digital technology ti can make it harde
Under Other: Lack of ability and understanding of making the technology work.
Unless the people at the top embrace, support, and model tech integration themselves, it will not be deemed important enou
Until policymakers (both local, state and national) start trusting teachers to use their professional knowledge to make judgme
Until teachers begin to use technology to make their own learning more efficient and/or effective, they won't even begin to i
Very complicated issue.
we are a small rural district with dedicated, interested, web eager teachers. However, currently in the position of "IT speciali
We are just beginning to move towards using technology. A large Grant ($112,00) bought lots of computers, projectors and i
We are making progress, at least this year. 1-1 computing begins its roll out in our district next year, and teachers are worried
We don't have teacher unions in South Carolina.
We have strong leaders but they are ineffective models. They talk the talk, but will not walk the walk. If they resist adopting t
We seem to need more professional development, but at the same time the teachers are not very willing participate in it. Th
We're a private school, so state/federal and NCLB do not apply. Some teachers resist, and administrators don't require it, so
what a poorly defined question. My school is making progress as are my colleagues and our students the above are randomis
While I did say "lack of adequate funding," I'm not sure that's true. I think it comes down to priorities. We have the funds, bu
While I don't think the parent/community resistance is the really that significant, rather perception of potential resistance is,
While our district leadership is more supportive of technology implementation/integration, there seems to be little expectati
Why do you combine teacher and union resistance? Are these the same thing? I don't think so. I don't see what the union has
You've got a pretty good list for us to work with here!
tegrating technology. We only have 3 educational technology staff members for a district of over 12,000 students. There are NO full time


sn't know how, doesn't want to learn! 2) NCLB is the worst piece of educational legislature to come down the pike in the last 50 years, an
y school. / / 2.It simply isn't seen as a priority by school management - the view seems to be that we now have a projector in every class
ports in place for true effective integration to take place, there needs to be commitment to implementation and integration on the part o
t big, bad, evil place where perverts lurk in every corner waiting to accost our children.

them defensive which makes it difficult for them to learn. Also, with the huge number of responsibilities that they have, they truly can't d
themselves get to make the decisions about tech ... how it is used in the classroom, platform, networking, software, etc. FRUSTRATING w

 ugh to make progress when the target (achievement on poorly constructed, low-level assessments) might actually BE the problem.
 sible use of the various technology.Such as not using the privilege of having a school email account and then using it for personal use or g
on't have to worry about NCLB, teacher or parent resistance. / / We assume that integrating tech is a good thing, even as we are not sure
 nt to, and generally squashes initiative.
ed by administration! As sad as that is, it is almost understandable because teachers who work hard to integrate technology into meaning
 ause of nepotism and cronyism. State curriculum has far too many objectives that are often inappropriate for their age.
 colleges, seem happy, and people are beating down the door to give us $20K per year tuition. Why change? No one but me, my IT staff, a


ntent is not seen as easily (vs. massive worksheets,etc.) It is also viewed poorly because of the amount of time taken (we can't cover all th
r, microphone headset, and time to use these digital technologies.
a funeral home or gymnasium or warehouse. Instead of letting lack of space and resources stifle them they make things happen. They wil

om the 1950's and needs to be updated!! Then fund the resources that teachers need!

ate technology as learning toos) along with a lack of funding would be weighted much higher than the next tier of barriers.
 have next to nothing.
I had funding for a smart board (after taking 10 hours of training over the summer and getting all keyed up for it), we would need additio
n a state without income tax) make changes without understanding the consequences.

  traditional classrooms and school structures is the most important and complicated task I face in doing my work to further engaged learn
ogies given the challenges of reduction in educational funding over the last many years. At the elementary level, there is less para suppor
good ideas die with the creator and the program remains stagnant.
 t is the issue. / Community resistance ties into the funding issue.
many administrative walls to be effective. When upper level administrators and principals see technology as a priority is when change wil
 g and on down the line.
 use what is out there is the most important reason. I think my last 3 could really be in any order (Unsupportive state, Parent/comm, and
 in lockers until school is over.

d in a software program that will indvidualize training needs for teachers. Time is a huge issue as well as skill set of teachers. It may take a

effective Teachers would be better than implying that the teachers are simply resistant to change. They are only resistant to the extent th
  As a result students may pass through our system and due to scheduling will either receive great or limited exposure to digital technolog
e that of the professional development sessions, there is a lot of preaching, not a lot of teaching. Of course, we can watch videos about us
 n. We are a very conservative district and this is, at the least, the excuse I get when I ask about "loosening up" on the reigns a bit. It coul
 ut adding technology to the mix. So instead of hearing "let's INTEGRATE technology," they are hearing, "here is ONE MORE THING for yo
 ve been doing for years and they don't need to add technology. It's seen as a fun add-on to what they do. / / Also, we have a school boa
rently educating the leadership on what tech integration looks like and getting inter-rater reliability.

  school vs. high school level? / / I also think that curricula are too regimented now to allow for spontaneity of ideas/projects to be incorp
nto play. The major issue at my school site is teachers who have dug their heels in and consider the use of technology as a "luxury,." They
 ship... The focus of the leadership team is on the accountability demands and at times the awareness of how (and why) to make effective
  However, they have argued about new tech expectations being added to our workday on top of everything else, with nothing being take
ulum. And I'd also replace the adjective "ineffective" leadership with simply "lack of forward-thinking leadership" in the curriculum, IT and
 ard to say exactly why it is so hard. It seems like the barriers for me personally are different than school wide but maybe more cross over

ard to make progress when the target IS the biggest problem.
tance" is a teacher-generated excuse. I find that even parents in low SES families realize that technology and the surrounding instructiona
ated by NCLB, state, or local

 ology that reports directly to a technologically-inept Superintendent.




 h our technology infrastructure, which includes tech support.
T have the time. There are bigger issues facing education: funding - family structure and student achievement. / / Students still need the
creates a climate where legislators make poor decisions and some leadership on district and state levels are afraid to innovate. In today's
hat our leadership is so inept at their use for collaboration, communication, and egagement / / Since so many (majority?)school leaders st
 he network and provide support for the entire district. It's not thought of as a solution for learning or made a priority in any way, i.e. teac
 e the classroom teachers are not comfortable using it or they have no idea how to integrate technology in their teaching.
 ve any understanding of learning or data.

 hardware to facilitate effective integration is a big problem at my school.

 oards are cheerleaders not agents of innovation and reform.
hat organization hire leaders and turn them into mangers by restricting resoures such as money and time. The use of technology should be
 cessary resources and implementing the changes. However, a leadership team that constantly encounters operation deficits cannot creat
ccountability", that distract good teachers, administrators, and schools from the true focus of learning.
 d adequate discussion and/or training.

 and DO by admin and teachers.
rom each campus go to a week long intensive course about technology. They have to apply and I know 8 - 10 on my campus are chompin
things break they are also not repaired, so things that could quickly return to use in the classroom stay in closets.


s not one more thing they have to do on top of everything else. It's simply a more efficient, creative, engaging way of doing everything el
and fails to support or encourage teachers struggling to implement technology or to provide more time for everyone interested in trying
d to 2 teachers who say, "they can't do it, why bother trying to get them up to that level." / / And we can not get rid of them.
they do not have any more time in their day for more technology. The teachers are feeling overwhelmed with all that is expected of them
r curriculum to plan a techy-lesson because they are to be accountable for "real learning" that has been "working" for years.

 ftware. Rather seperate training from professional time to explore opportunities and develop school curriculum.
for standardized assessment take longer than entire refresh cycle of tech tool options. We are not preparing students to filter and funne
rds of NCLB rather than authentic learning
 to play with technology. What do I mean? Well I believe that teachers should be given some technology to play with at home, by way of
n, and the majority of teachers are making efforts to change. We don't worry much about NCLB except for what is absolutely necessary, an
 se their phones/ipods/etc. and know that they aren't cheating? / / I would LOVE to have all of my students on laptops. Who is going to b
 n a year. Public education that can never keep up with technology compared with the private sector. Technology breakdowns.

 om computers w/ problems, printers with problems, etc.) / / 7,8, and 9 aren't really factors

ts of unblocking resources teachers could/should use in their classrooms.

 at's out there. Yes, training is certainly needed, but there's just so many teachers that don't go looking on their own. They wait until som
g so that teachers feel they can take risks with technology integration. (and get help with effective tech integration) I think it is 'ineffective
ograms. If the state is going to mandate that kids from foreign countries learn English in one year and expect it to happen by using compu
e curriculum. Our teachers already feel so bogged down and overwhelmed, that adding more to their plate pushes them toward frustratio

 nter. There just aren't enough to go around. A few need training, but most are on board.
ur biggest challenges (plus they will say it's lack of time for everything such as getting on the computer to go out and search for sites to us
ed by teachers. We have so many resources blocked simply because she doesn't think they are relevant. For example, "Music appreciation
up. VERY few classroom paraprofessionals in our elementary schools. Mandates that make NO sense whatsoever in the grand scheme of t
equate funding impacts the number of clasees/teachers at hs and elementary school as well as what we can provide for support, professio
 ns without teachers actually getting an opportunity to modify requirements to fit their classroom situation. / / Teachers themselves are v
t items. Legislature is very interested in a quality 20th (19th?) century schedule and curriculum and budget accordingly. / / The leadershi

and do what is best for children. If we keep them first--the rest is easy!
k for every school in Main? How many schools would not have participated if it was left up to local districts?
h usage. Leadership from supt., principals is vague and lacking due to their apathetic and poor tech knowledge.
  their leadership. None of the defined leaders in the union, district or state is providing anywhere near the adequate leadership necessar
Me, the kids and the book. / / TIME. Teachers who are interested/ could figure things out with or without without a lot of training do not
 hoice.They might be resistant for several reasons. But not wanting to do extra to implement change is something we face with some teac
taken away - also, although our superintendent is amazing and has a real vision, there is seemingly no accountability for individual princip
are not effective. / / Teachers who become Principals for the wrong reason, money.
 s need to take time with teachers and dialogue about the role of technology; how it can be incorporated into instruction to improve learn

and the "technology" department is more worried about the ramifications of new technology in conjunction with keeping it working, kee


This has changed at least at the district level thanks to support from our Board of Education. The new leadership is exploring ways to get p
nd latest/greatest in every classroom, while older schools have bake sales to just buy a few laptops. Sad.
 taf (as oppossed to teacher resistance per se)
and we try to address them all at once. We are doing many good things adequately, instead of doing a few things with excellence.
 or tchrs to become willing experimenters and learners themselves. I do not mean "play" in the entertainment sense, I mean "play to learn

echnology think. This difference in thinking leads to communications that are misunderstood along with the administration not seeing the
nd failed concept. Other than the Union Resistance, none of your issues are a problem.
 g to integrate new technologies, but most complain that their schedules allow little time to explore these 21st century tools. The second
 t that there is NO mandatory PD for teachers and the report to work/student supervision Buffers are grossly inadequate for PD(10-15 min
 at they think is the appropriate solution without any input from teachers, aides or library/media staff. They provide no opportunity for di
e it. Often if people want to use technology they end up being frustrated because it will take forever to do something that shouldn't take
 ther than simply hoping for it) are the key issues for me.
much teaching at all. New tech requires new skills requires time to learn requires time to explore. There just isn't enough time most days.
 for technology pretty thin. While our Iowa Core Curriculum will be a very positive move for the state, there are so many hoops to jump t
 ked for one type) which are those who fear their higher-ups and do as they're told without questioning validity, meaning, or reason, and
ment for "real" teaching. We are constantly having to fight battles to just be able to use basic computer resources, yet all of our high scho
  to note that often, even if a teacher has taken the time to design curriculum to use technology, THE TECHNOLOGY DOESN'T ALWAYS WO
  of professional impotence? Fear of looking like a fool? / / Not sure what, but something impedes thoughtful discussion.
he potential that exists. If they could let go of the need to defend and blame, they could realize such amazing things.
gy in more powerful ways. However, there is little time or support for those who are interested but don't know how to proceed. A few tea
 are doing a great job. The problem isn't lack of professional development opportunities, but lack of some teachers' motivation to engage
e digtech is an add-on and hinders AYP, so that makes it a lack of time/space. Since the leadership finds in unimportant, teachers resist im
 ation. Are we an assembly line? That structure won't facilitate implementation of technologies and higher order thinking.
n't be so concerned about test scores and funding would support more than just teaching to the tests. PD is lacking, but not because I don

 add it to their already full plate of things to teach in the classroom! #1

tal technology ti can make it harder for those who want to..

will not be deemed important enough to do except for the few who do it because they want to.
 sional knowledge to make judgments about curriculum and instruction, we are stuck in a micromanaged and difficult position. Why anyo
 ective, they won't even begin to introduce digital tools to their students. We're looking at a "belief barrier." Teachers aren't really convin

ently in the position of "IT specialist" is a person who has enjoyed a long and storied relationship with the district. While this person has s
ots of computers, projectors and interactive boards. Teachers are not comfortable using these new technologies. They are gaining confid
ext year, and teachers are worried about it and taking our tech courses and trying new things. We'll see if it is sustainable or if instruction

  the walk. If they resist adopting technology/strategies then how do they expect their employees to adopt it? The time has come to force
ot very willing participate in it. They don't see a need to.
administrators don't require it, so some teachers do what they did 20 or 30 or 40 years ago.
  students the above are randomised. You need to set more specific parameters to gather what could be interesting data but please don't
o priorities. We have the funds, but they are often used for things like textbooks or other items that we could phase out if we spent the $
 ception of potential resistance is, particularly with respect to the ridiculously stringent filtering policies in our district. This is a rather con
 there seems to be little expectation that the building administrators (principals/associate principals) develop any understanding of techn
 so. I don't see what the union has to do with implementation of technology.
0 students. There are NO full time educational technology personnel in the school buildings. It makes things difficult. Then of course, is mo


wn the pike in the last 50 years, and that's saying something. 5 and 6 are really the same thing. The best quote I've heard: "Our students a
ow have a projector in every classroom (even though one room where I teach has never had one fitted and most don't work properly bec
 tion and integration on the part of the teacher.


 that they have, they truly can't devote much time to it. As a result, they are unable to be leaders in this area.
ng, software, etc. FRUSTRATING when they do not listen to teachers & others who use tech to instruct, communicate, & innovate educatio

 ht actually BE the problem.
 then using it for personal use or going to website that they know that they are not suppose to be visiting as part of the class.
ood thing, even as we are not sure exactly what that looks like yet. Its successful integration will come as both a grassroots movement--th

ntegrate technology into meaningful, interactive lessons are consistently frustrated by a lack of support from admin and tech ed. The qual
ate for their age.
nge? No one but me, my IT staff, and a handful of teachers seems to acknowledge that the world has changed outside our walls. / / The o


 f time taken (we can't cover all the curriculum because there is too much of it.) Students balk because the learning is different and they h

hey make things happen. They will turn around their "sanctuary" and turn it into their "Sunday School" space in 5-10 minutes. And yet we




 ext tier of barriers.

  up for it), we would need additional funding for wiring LCDs to ceilings or front wall. There are so many students in my classroom that I a


  my work to further engaged learning and 21st Century Skills.
 ary level, there is less para support in the classroom and at the secondary level, class sizes have increased consistently over time, resulting


gy as a priority is when change will happen. This is not to dismiss teachers' roles. The "I've been teaching 20+ years and what I do is fine" t

pportive state, Parent/comm, and Lack of Time).


  skill set of teachers. It may take a while to accomplish our goals because teachers lack the prequisites.

 are only resistant to the extent that they are digitally illiterate.
mited exposure to digital technologies. There is no system wide movement or implementation.
 rse, we can watch videos about using technology and that we aren't implementing it, but if we are not shown how to use/implement tech
 ing up" on the reigns a bit. It could be the folks in charge are just "way 20th century" about the whole thing. Our teacher resistance is no
  "here is ONE MORE THING for you to add on to your list."
do. / / Also, we have a school board that is anti-technology. There are several members who do not feel that technology should be in sch


eity of ideas/projects to be incorporated into the classroom. Teachers just can't seem to put aside a plan to make room for something new
of technology as a "luxury,." They make statements about how the pencil and paper are "good technologies" and while that may be true
 how (and why) to make effective implementation and integration of digital technologies fit into that area is a big problem.
hing else, with nothing being taken off our plates and no training. I see pockets of resistance from teachers who still don't recognize the v
 dership" in the curriculum, IT and administrative departments. They are so focused on those little test numbers and scripting lesson plans
 wide but maybe more cross over than I know.


  and the surrounding instructional issues is important. Sometimes they realize the importance better than teachers.




 ement. / / Students still need the basics - what happens if technology fails?
 are afraid to innovate. In today's economic climate, funding is spent on pet projects or more of the same instead of things that will actua
 many (majority?)school leaders still cant figure out that we are living in a knowledge based economy, how do we ever expect to increase
made a priority in any way, i.e. teachers are never required or asked how they use tech.
 in their teaching.




e. The use of technology should be part of curriculum design in such a way that outcomes cannot be meant unless technology is used. Unt
ers operation deficits cannot create vision. We have a five year plan of acquisition but not a financial plan to fund the five year plan. What




8 - 10 on my campus are chomping at the event. / / The get hands on experience and lesson planning training with every piece of equipm




 gaging way of doing everything else. If they could use technology as just another tool then lack of time would not be an issue.
 for everyone interested in trying new methods of teaching.
an not get rid of them.
ed with all that is expected of them, and for many, technology takes a back seat.
 "working" for years.
paring students to filter and funnel key info into organized process in order to create multisolution answers to a single prompt. Biggest fac

gy to play with at home, by way of explaining I'll say that my eyes were not opened until I received an iPod touch as a gift. Once I had this
or what is absolutely necessary, and our community is fairly supportive. Professional development is available for those who care to parti
ents on laptops. Who is going to buy them? The govt? They just cut our funding by 10% - the parents? They are losing their jobs.
echnology breakdowns.




on their own. They wait until someone tells them about it and maybe they might try it out (maybe).
 ntegration) I think it is 'ineffective leadership' that they don't see the need for building support. They also don't often rise expectations w
pect it to happen by using computers, they are sadly mistaken.
ate pushes them toward frustration. Lack of professional development ties into this - we really need coaching/mentoring with new techno


o go out and search for sites to use with their students!). We supply professional development in technology quite often, require it's use i
 For example, "Music appreciation" sites are blocked, even though our Middle School kids are ALL required to take a Music Appreciation c
atsoever in the grand scheme of things. Lip service paid to 21st century skills, but no new technology due to lack of funding. Assessments
can provide for support, professional development adn equipment. We do the best we can with what we have-the bottom 5, if you can c
ion. / / Teachers themselves are vulnerable to "group think." And innovation threatens the power structure among the teacher ranks: de
get accordingly. / / The leadership here is really good at planning; not good enough at finding ways to execute plans. / / I think if we quit




the adequate leadership necessary. You can add teacher/admministration colleges to the group that is not providing adequate leadership
 ut without a lot of training do not have time to mess around. Already had full time jobs planning and teaching and evaluating. Hard to lea
omething we face with some teachers.
ccountability for individual principals under site-based mgmt. Our school has terrible morale and no real leadership.

d into instruction to improve learning. Problem is school leaders don't know how to do this either. Leadership is required to bring it all tog

ction with keeping it working, keeping it inexpensive, and legal ramifications, than in how something might be made to work. Most educa


adership is exploring ways to get past all the other roadblocks.


ew things with excellence.
nment sense, I mean "play to learn" the way toddlers do.

 the administration not seeing the bigger picture or impact that technology can have.

se 21st century tools. The second group would be willing to attempt meaningful integration, but only if it's forced upon them. The third g
ossly inadequate for PD(10-15 mins.) Let alone any Tech-related PD. We have significant financial obstacles as well but our situation is the
hey provide no opportunity for dialog/discussion/involvement. They pass edicts as to appropriate use/specifications etc. and then expect
do something that shouldn't take too long to do, so honestly people don't plan it into their curriculum because they feel they will have to

  just isn't enough time most days.
here are so many hoops to jump through in the implementation plan we lose focus on the components that are really important.
 validity, meaning, or reason, and those who do as they see best for the students in their school, placing the mandates of their higher-ups
 resources, yet all of our high schools are "one to one" campuses!
CHNOLOGY DOESN'T ALWAYS WORK and the classtime is wasted. That even happens in our teacher inservices. A speaker comes in to tell
ghtful discussion.
 azing things.
 t know how to proceed. A few teachers have taken initiative to offer PD, but the sessions are poorly attended because there isn't much in
me teachers' motivation to engage in that development.
 in unimportant, teachers resist implementation. Items 6-9 in my situation have little if any bearing. Politicians don't really care what is do
 her order thinking.
PD is lacking, but not because I don't try (I am a tech integration specialist), but because there is ONE of me for nearly 2700 students, 300




d and difficult position. Why anyone would think we can solve problems that plague society within a school day is beyond me? It is vital t
 ier." Teachers aren't really convinced that digital tools can enhance learning. That's got to change before any other factor. / / Bill Ferrite

 e district. While this person has strong talents in many areas, technology is not one of them. This person is so entrenched and ingratiate
hnologies. They are gaining confidence and improving everyday. Only the numbers 1-4 are factors in our lack of technology use. We have
 if it is sustainable or if instruction actually changes significant in the next few years.

opt it? The time has come to force change on educators because they are unwilling to do it themselves.


  interesting data but please don't equate digital integration and effective learning they do not necessarily correlate. Good luck on your qu
 could phase out if we spent the $ on technology. So, maybe I would rephrase "lack of adequate funding" to "misplaced priorities on fund
 n our district. This is a rather conservative, middle-upper middle class, suburban community and it seems that the teachers and the admi
 velop any understanding of technology use. If a principal is personally interested in tech integration, it is more likely that it is more succes
ngs difficult. Then of course, is money.


 quote I've heard: "Our students are better prepared for the industrial revolution than at any time in our history". Sad but true! Things wil
and most don't work properly because the bulbs are almost dead) therefore we are integrating technology. I think the management view




ommunicate, & innovate education.


 g as part of the class.
s both a grassroots movement--that is from teachers developing best practices--and from as a top-down movement led by leaders who se

from admin and tech ed. The quality of our hardware is steadily declining due to budgetary shortfalls and lack of staffing while the deman

anged outside our walls. / / The other items on the list pale in comparison. I suppose you could call that ineffective leadership, but the ap


he learning is different and they have figured out the system (most of this resistance is from students that have not had to work as hard.)

pace in 5-10 minutes. And yet we let rooms sit empty during the school day and say we need more classrooms. They also build for the fut




 students in my classroom that I am constantly moving my LCD cart to move around the room.




d consistently over time, resulting in more work and stress for teachers. This year, for the first time, I have noticed teachers pulling back


 20+ years and what I do is fine" teacher needs to get with the program and realize we're preparing kids for a future we don't know abou




hown how to use/implement technology within our curriculum, no good comes out of this topic.
hing. Our teacher resistance is not due to a union.
 l that technology should be in school.


n to make room for something new, better, more interesting.
 gies" and while that may be true in some cases, they refuse to accept that students today do not see technology as a luxury. They see it a
ea is a big problem.
 ers who still don't recognize the vailue in integating tech. I appreciate when the association offers pd or points out that the district is pilin
numbers and scripting lesson plans to be sure every teacher is on the same page on the same day (and that no child ever be exposed to or




 an teachers.




me instead of things that will actually advance learning and teaching.
ow do we ever expect to increase the effectiveness of our schools? These 'leaders' still read PowerPoint decks to us in our staff meetings




ant unless technology is used. Until this happens and tech is left to those who don't give into the managerial role penetration will remian
n to fund the five year plan. What is that saying? It is demeaning and frustrating. We invest in what we treasure. The resistance to raise l




aining with every piece of equipment our district supports. Then they get a $10,000 grant to purchase equipment for their classroom. The




 would not be an issue.
ers to a single prompt. Biggest factor as roadblock is peripheral vision to see change and creatively adapt.

od touch as a gift. Once I had this in my hand 24 hours a day and began to explore its possibilities I began to wonder how I could use it in
ailable for those who care to participate, and many of us are simply making time. We are blessed with a forward thinking administrators w
They are losing their jobs.




so don't often rise expectations with our teachers and many veteran teachers are telling the union that this 'technology stuff' takes them

ching/mentoring with new technologies so they'll really be used in the classroom, but time is a major issue with this as well.


ology quite often, require it's use in daily organization tasks, but in every "initiative" that we start in technology we get such a backlash of
 ed to take a Music Appreciation class. / We are told those sites are blocked by the state department, even though we all know kids in oth
 e to lack of funding. Assessments take up such a huge chunk of our year we have no time for exploring our students' creativity.
 e have-the bottom 5, if you can call them that-are all impacted by #1
ture among the teacher ranks: dept chairs, AP teachers, IB teachers, administrator wanna-bes who are studying to be administrators whil
 xecute plans. / / I think if we quit worrying about NCLB and concentrated on teaching and learning, we would have better success. / / Te




not providing adequate leadership, but it too should be reason by itself.
aching and evaluating. Hard to learn how to change.

 leadership.

ership is required to bring it all together so that technology isn't separate, but embedded in the solution. We never separate pencils and p

ght be made to work. Most educational leaders are not computer literate and know next to nothing about 2.0 production possibilities.




it's forced upon them. The third group still has trouble accessing their e-mail and would rather call tech support than spend 5 minutes fig
cles as well but our situation is the result of a long term general neglect of technology beyond teacher productivity and "classic" student p
pecifications etc. and then expect everyone to be grateful.
ecause they feel they will have to punt and compe up with something different anyway.


that are really important.
 the mandates of their higher-ups on the back burner and prioritizing the needs of their learners. It is a rare breed, the principal who falls

 rvices. A speaker comes in to tell us how great technology in the classroom is, and then the technology doesn't even work for this so-calle


ended because there isn't much incentive for teachers to put in the extra time.

 ticians don't really care what is done. There is money available, but digtech not a priority, and parents believe their kid's school is doing f

me for nearly 2700 students, 300 teachers and nine buildings 25 miles apart North to South and 15 miles apart East to West. Admins supp




hool day is beyond me? It is vital that policymakers start recognizing this fact.
 re any other factor. / / Bill Ferriter

on is so entrenched and ingratiated into the district fabric that it is a lack of leadership on the part of principals and superintendent to hav
 r lack of technology use. We have professional development ready to go but just don't have much time to implement yet.




 y correlate. Good luck on your quest
g" to "misplaced priorities on funding."
ms that the teachers and the administrators are very fearful of "rocking the boat" too much around here.
 more likely that it is more successful in their building. There seems to be little expectation that those principals who have low interest/lo
 history". Sad but true! Things will not change until parents demand change, and then it will be a long slow process. Education, by it's very
gy. I think the management view is that technology = PowerPoint. / / 2. An arbitrary and unaccountable filtering system also makes onlin




 movement led by leaders who see the goal and make space for that grassroots development. The one can't happen without the other.

d lack of staffing while the demands of NCLB (reporting, data collection, admin salaries) continue to deplete precious resources that could

 ineffective leadership, but the apathy is systemic.


at have not had to work as hard.) In a school about to go one to one, the NCLB issue and the use of exit exams being planned by the state

srooms. They also build for the future. For example, the Church of the Resurrection in Olathe, KS looked at the future developments aroun




ave noticed teachers pulling back from staff development opportunities presented in this area and although it disappoints me, I understa


 for a future we don't know about.
chnology as a luxury. They see it as commonplace and normal.

r points out that the district is piling on an awful lot. Teachers who won't use the resources tech provides annoy me, though.
hat no child ever be exposed to or allowed to interact with the outside world) that NOTHING else enters their minds.




t decks to us in our staff meetings, stuff our mailboxes with dead trees instead of use technology to enhance learning in our organizaions.




erial role penetration will remian pocketed. / / / (Matthew - typed on BB while watching daughter's hockey practice)
treasure. The resistance to raise local taxes while at the same time the legislature puts the onus of the burden on local control and financ




quipment for their classroom. They only get to use part of the money up front. Then they conduct training on their own campuses to get
n to wonder how I could use it in my class. Some of this technology will simply take time to become imbedded. There is also little to no i
forward thinking administrators who are not only supportive but are ahead of us in most technological efforts. I would say that the only t




 this 'technology stuff' takes them too much time and changes their 'working conditions'.

sue with this as well.


hnology we get such a backlash of complaining, fear and "how am I ever going to do this?!?" that we have to cut our plans in half or more
ven though we all know kids in other districts who are using those same sites at school for real learning experiences. I feel so sorry for our
our students' creativity.

studying to be administrators while they teach. / / Administrators get distracted by initiatives and requirements and forget that teachers
 would have better success. / / Teacher/union resistance (if there is any) will drop if they know they are going to get support and training




. We never separate pencils and papers from deisgning our solutions; or driving our cars to the meeting as separate from attending the m

ut 2.0 production possibilities.




 support than spend 5 minutes figuring out the problem for themselves.
roductivity and "classic" student productivity Computer classes. Negotiating away requirements for PD and opportunities for elective pd w
rare breed, the principal who falls into the latter category.

doesn't even work for this so-called expert.




believe their kid's school is doing fine...it's the other schools that are in trouble.

s apart East to West. Admins support using technology to track students and scores, but don't seem to "get it" about tech integration, so




ncipals and superintendent to have her function changed and a better prospect brought in. Furthermore, because of limited knowledge o
 to implement yet.




rincipals who have low interest/low tech skills will learn to utilize or model tech use, despite numerous PD opportunities and millions hav
ow process. Education, by it's very nature is resistant to change. Something drastic will need to happen soon.
e filtering system also makes online learning activities a challenge. On one occasion a site I was using was filtered mid-lesson! Very frustra




can't happen without the other.

 lete precious resources that could be used to positively impact classroom instruction.




 exams being planned by the state, along with a massive curriculum, can be the death knell to any effective use of technology.

 at the future developments around them and said,"Let's build a great youth ministry for the demographics who will be filling up those de




ough it disappoints me, I understand the demands the teachers juggle.
s annoy me, though.
their minds.




ance learning in our organizaions. / / It would be funny if it werent so sad.




ockey practice)
burden on local control and financing is counterproductive. We need a new alignment of goals and resources. We have buildings with upg




ng on their own campuses to get access to the rest of the funds. Some of the equipment is for their rooms only (Promethean boards) but
bedded. There is also little to no incentive to build it into our classes as our standardized exams do not reflect anything to do with techno
efforts. I would say that the only thing holding us back is lack of sufficient funding. Our administration spends every bit of funding they can




e to cut our plans in half or more and take such baby steps that we're moving at a snail's pace.
experiences. I feel so sorry for our kids - they are going to be competing for college application and for jobs against kids who use these res


rements and forget that teachers are the ones who are the bottom line in education. We don't need so many administrators--especially t
 going to get support and training and time to learn the tools and develop lessons with the tools.




as separate from attending the meeting to get at solutions. Technology is a given. Leaders and teachers need to see that the discussion is




and opportunities for elective pd within the work day, lack of any significant, ongoing funding for just the upkeep of currently installed Tec
"get it" about tech integration, so, therefore, don't support P.D. - always something "better" to do. They funded another tech support pe




e, because of limited knowledge on the part of leadership I don't think they truly know how behind the curve this person is. Teachers are




PD opportunities and millions having been spent on hardware. Building admin seems to be the missing link, in my experience.
as filtered mid-lesson! Very frustrating.




ive use of technology.

hics who will be filling up those developments." They were ready when they people came looking. Schools tend to be reactionary and we
urces. We have buildings with upgrades and minimal technology investments and now no money. How did we get here?




ms only (Promethean boards) but much of it can be loaned out to other teachers (Ipods/geo caching) / / On my campus this really works
 reflect anything to do with technology.
pends every bit of funding they can on technology, but thanks to politicians, our state and federal funding keep getting cut and the cost of




obs against kids who use these resources daily. / It makes me so angry!


many administrators--especially the ones who work in offices in a building across town.




 need to see that the discussion is about learning; technology is in the solution but not THE Problem or THE solution.




e upkeep of currently installed Tech and a lack of a plan for improving the above is the result of inadequate leadership.
y funded another tech support person but won't fund more Integration Specialists. That alone tells you something. Some teachers resist




curve this person is. Teachers are clamoring for leadership in this area and we are hamstrung by lack of bandwidth due to rural location a




ink, in my experience.
ols tend to be reactionary and we don't even do that well!
did we get here?




/ On my campus this really works because our principal is looking at what works with the kids and gives us the biggest bang for our buck.
g keep getting cut and the cost of educating kids continues to rise.




THE solution.




ate leadership.
something. Some teachers resist, but mostly due to time constraints. Then there's funding. Again, some of our schools have funding, es




bandwidth due to rural location and server issues. What we actually do have is good grant writers yet innovation and leadership do not
us the biggest bang for our buck. He is then purchasing what the teacher are demonstrating they can use. / / I can also borrow some of t
me of our schools have funding, especially those "identified" schools, some of our K - 4 schools have nearly nothing and take the hand me




 nnovation and leadership do not follow.
e. / / I can also borrow some of this equipment from the district by e-mailing one person. I go pick it up because t
rly nothing and take the hand me downs from the middle and high schools. Some of our communities (

				
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