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Leeds — City and Metropolitan Borough — City of Leeds

Leeds Town Hall

Leeds shown within England

Coat of arms

Nickname(s): ’Capital of the North’[1][2][3], ’Knightsbridge of the North’[4][5][6][7] Motto: "Pro Rege et Lege" "For King and the law"
The Headrow

Coordinates: 53°47′59″N 1°32′57″W / 53.79972°N 1.54917°W / 53.79972; -1.54917 Sovereign state Constituent country Region Ceremonial county Admin HQ Borough Charter Town Charter City status City of Leeds Met. District created Government - Type - Governing body United Kingdom England Yorkshire and the Humber West Yorkshire Leeds City Centre 1207 1626 1893 1974

Metropolitan borough, City Leeds City Council


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- Lord Mayor - Leader of Council - Chief Executive - MPs: Cllr Frank Robinson (C) Cllr Andrew Carter (C) Paul Rogerson John Battle (L) Hilary Benn (L) Colin Burgon (L) Colin Challen (L) Fabian Hamilton (L) George Mudie (L) Greg Mulholland (LD) Paul Truswell (L) 213 sq mi (551.72 km2) 1,115 ft (340 m) 33 ft (10 m) 761,100 (Ranked 2nd) 3,574/sq mi (1,380/ km2) 89.1% White 5.4% Asian or Asian British 2.0% Black or Black British 1.7% Mixed Race 1.8% Chinese and other Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0) LS and part of WF 0113 (urban core) 01924 (Wakefield nos) 01937 (Wetherby/ Boston Spa) 01943 (Guiseley/ Otley) 01977 (Pontefract nos) GB-LDS 00DA UKE42 SE296338 Yorkshire & the Humber www.leeds.gov.uk

wool,[12] before emerging as a centre for commerce and higher education, being the location of the internationally acclaimed University of Leeds, Leeds Metropolitan University and Leeds Trinity and All Saints. Today Leeds is the UK’s largest centre for business and financial services outside London,[13][14][15] Leeds is the largest legal centre outside London,[16][17][18] and according to the most recent Office for National Statistics estimates, Leeds is the fastest growing city in the UK.[19][20][21][22] Leeds has a population of 761,100 (2007 est.),[23] and forms the cultural, financial and commercial heart of the wider West Yorkshire Urban Area,[24][25][26] which at the 2001 census was shown to have a population of 1.5 million.[27] Leeds is part of the LeedsBradford Larger Urban Zone (LUZ), the third largest in the UK after London and Manchester, with an estimated population in the 2004 Urban Audit of 2.4 million,[28] and along with 10 other local government districts is a component of the Leeds city region, which has a population of 2.9 million.[29] Leeds has the second highest population of any local authority district in the UK (after Birmingham), and the second greatest area of any English metropolitan district (after Doncaster), extending 15 miles from east to west, and 13 miles from north to south. Over 65% of the Leeds district is covered with green belt land and the city centre is less than twenty miles from the Yorkshire Dales National Park,[30] offering some of the most spectacular scenery and countryside in the UK.[31] The historic urban core and administrative centre that lies at the heart of Leeds has a subdivision population of 443,247[32] (2001 UK census), and sometimes Leeds is used to refer to just this historic core, which excludes the wider city and contiguous urban and suburban areas that became a part of the city in 1974, such as Horsforth and Pudsey, as well as the outlying element of the city that contains towns such as Otley and Wetherby.

Area - Total Highest elevation [8] Lowest elevation [9] Population (2007 est.) - Total - Density - Ethnicity
(2001 census)[10]

Time zone Postcode Area code(s)

ISO 3166-2 ONS code NUTS 3 OS grid reference Euro. Parlt. Const. Website

Coordinates: 53°47′59″N 1°32′57″W / 53.79972°N 1.54917°W / 53.79972; -1.54917 Leeds (pronounced /ˈliːdz/, listen ) is a city and metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England.[11] Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the recorded history of Leeds can be traced to the 5th century when the Kingdom of Elmet was covered by the forest of "Loidis", the origin of the name Leeds.[12] During the Industrial Revolution, Leeds developed into a major industrial centre for the production and trade of

The name "Leeds" is thought to be derived from "Loidis", a word of Celtic origin.[33] Bede wrote: "...regione quae vocatur Loidis" — region known as Loidis. This root also survives in the nearby place names of Ledston and Ledsham. Leeds was mentioned as


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"Ledes" in the Domesday Book of 1086, after which the name evolved into "Leedes" and finally "Leeds". [34]


The 1866 map of Leeds. Leeds was an agricultural market town in the Middle Ages, and received its first charter in 1207. In the Tudor period Leeds was mainly a merchant town, manufacturing woollen cloths and trading with Europe via the Humber estuary. The population grew from 10,000 at the end of the 17th century to 30,000 at the end of the 18th. At one point nearly half of England’s total exports passed through Leeds. At the time of the Industrial Revolution Leeds grew rapidly and the population rose to over 150,000 by 1840. The city’s industrial growth was helped by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in 1699, Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816 and the railway in 1848. In 1893 Leeds was granted city status. The industries that developed in the Industrial Revolution included making machinery for spinning, machine tools, steam engines and gears as well as other industries based on textiles, chemicals, leather and pottery. Coal was extracted on a large scale and the Middleton Railway, the first successful commercial steam locomotive railway in the world, transported coal from Middleton colliery into the centre of Leeds. By the 20th century this social and economic base started to change as Leeds saw the creation of the academic institutions that are known today as the University of Leeds, Leeds Metropolitan University and Leeds Trinity & All Saints. This period also witnessed expansion in medical institutions, particularly the Leeds General Infirmary and St James’s Hospital. Following World War II there was a decline in the secondary industries that had thrived in the 19th century. In

The old Post Office, City Square, constructed 1896, representative of the scale of many commercial buildings of the late nineteenth century found in Leeds. 1951, half the workforce was still occupied in manufacturing; by 1971 the figure was a third. Leeds lost a third of its manufacturing jobs during 1971–1981.[35] In 1991, 64,000 were employed in manufacturing. In 2003, 2,103 firms employed 44,500 (10% of workforce).[36] However there are still some large engineering firms, the largest of which make turbine blades, components, alloys, valves and pipelines for the oil industry, switchgear, printers’ supplies, copper alloys, surgical and hospital equipment, pumps, motors and radiators. In the 1980s, the Conservative government designated Urban Development Corporation status on a number of areas of UK cities: some declining areas were taken out of local authority control and government funding was provided with the aim of speeding up and concentrating private sector investment in the most run-down areas. Leeds Development Corporation ran from 1988–1995 and helped to focus attention on two decayed industrial areas, the lower Kirkstall Valley and the riverside area to the south east of the city centre. Achievements of LDC included


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refurbishment of many riverside properties, the opening up of Granary Wharf and the Royal Armouries development. Leeds is generally regarded as the dominant city of the ceremonial county of West Yorkshire, although the presence of other large cities and towns (such as Bradford and Huddersfield) means that this dominance is less pronounced than in most other English metropolitan areas.

"all out" elections in 2004 after boundary changes, when all 99 councillors were elected. As of 2009 it is controlled by a coalition of Conservative, Liberal Democrat and Independent members. The Conservative and Liberal Democrat group leaders take the rôle of Leader of the Council for six months alternately. Leeds is represented by eight MPs, for the constituencies of Elmet (Colin Burgon, Labour); Leeds Central (Hilary Benn, Labour); Leeds East (George Mudie, Labour); Leeds North East (Fabian Hamilton, Labour); Leeds North West (Greg Mulholland, Lib Dem); Leeds West (John Battle, Labour); Morley and Rothwell (Colin Challen, Labour); and Pudsey (Paul Truswell, Labour). Various boundary changes will be implemented for the next General Election, when Leeds will be represented by members for seven constituencies and three-fifths of one: Elmet will be replaced by Elmet and Rothwell and Morley by Morley and Outwood (three Leeds wards and two Wakefield wards), and the boundaries of the other constituencies will be altered. Leeds is within the Yorkshire and the Humber European constituency, which is represented by two Conservative, two Labour, one Liberal Democrat and one UKIP MEPs.


Lord Mayor of Leeds
The first mayor of Leeds, in 1662, was Thomas Danby after whom Leeds Thomas Danby college is named. A popular Victorian mayor was Henry Rowland Marsden whose statue can be seen near the university. There were 240 mayors until, in 1897, Queen Victoria gave the city the privilege of having a Lord Mayor. The Lord Mayor is elected in May each year from and by the members of Leeds City Council and is the Chair of the Council.[38] The Lord Mayor fulfils many ceremonial duties during the year, and chooses a "Lord Mayor’s charity" to support. The full title of the Lord Mayor is "The Right Worshipful the Lord Mayor of the City of Leeds". Although the Lord Mayor’s remit covers the whole of the City of Leeds metropolitan district, there are also town mayors in some of the other towns in this district. A full list of Aldermen (1626–1661), Mayors (1662–1896) and Lord Mayors (from 1897) is available on the council’s website.[39]

One of four golden owl sculptures outside Leeds Civic Hall Leeds is a metropolitan district in the ceremonial county of West Yorkshire. It was a county borough in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1889 to 1974.[37] The metropolitan borough covers a much wider area than the historical County Borough and includes once separate towns such as Morley, Otley and Wetherby. See history and geography of the City of Leeds. Leeds City Council which is based in Leeds Civic Hall in the city centre, governs the whole metropolitan district. It has 99 elected members, three for each of 33 wards; councillors are elected for a four year term, and one third are elected at local elections held in three years out of four. There were


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NW: Ilkley, Skipton West: Bradford SW: Halifax, Huddersfield North: Harrogate Leeds South: Dewsbury, Wakefield NE: York East: Hull, Selby


SE: Castleford, Doncaster


Central Leeds, 2005. Additional high rise developments have been constructed since this photo was taken. Leeds is situated in the eastern foothills of the Pennines astride the River Aire whose valley, the Aire Gap, provides a road and rail corridor that facilitates communications with cities to the west of the Pennines. The highest point in the city, at 1,115 feet (340 m), is at its north western extremity on the eastern slopes of Rombalds Moor, better known as Ilkley Moor, on the boundary with the City of Bradford. The lowest points are at around 33 feet (10 m), in the east of the city: where River Wharfe crosses the boundary with North Yorkshire south of Thorp Arch Trading Estate and where the River Aire (at this point forming the City of Wakefield boundary) meets the North Yorkshire boundary near Fairburn Ings. To the north and east Leeds is bordered by North Yorkshire: Harrogate district to the north and Selby district to the east. The remaining borders are with other districts of West Yorkshire: Wakefield to the south, Kirklees to the south west, and Bradford to the west.[40]

Seacroft, Temple Newsam (covering the areas of Austhorpe, Colton, Halton, Halton Moor and Whitkirk) and Wortley.[42] The post-1974 Metropolitan Borough of Leeds also includes part or all of the former Municipal Boroughs of Morley and Pudsey, the Rural Districts of Tadcaster, Wetherby and Wharfedale, and the Urban Districts of Aireborough, Garforth, Horsforth, Otley and Rothwell.

Demography and demonyms
Entire Metropolitan Borough
As of the 2001 UK census, the Metropolitan Borough of Leeds had a total population of 715,402.[43] Of the 301,614 households in Leeds, 33.3% were married couples living together, 31.6% were one-person households, 9.0% were co-habiting couples and 9.8% were lone parents, following a similar trend to the rest of England.[44] The population density was 1,967 inhabitants per square kilometre (5,094.5/sq mi)[45] and for every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. Of those aged 16–74, 30.9% had no academic qualifications, higher than the 28.9% in all of England.[46] Of the residents, 6.6% were born outside the United Kingdom, lower than the England average of 9.2%.[47] Like many other English major cities, the crime rate in Leeds is well above the national average.[48][49] In July 2006, the think tank Reform calculated rates of crime for different offences and has related this to populations of major urban areas (defined as towns over 100,000 population). Leeds was 11th in this rating (excluding London Boroughs, 23rd including London Boroughs).[50] 16.8% of Leeds residents in the 2001 census declared themselves as having "no religion", which is broadly in line with the figure for the whole of the UK (also 8.1% "Religion not stated").

Temperature and rainfall Location grid Areas of the city
The city’s current boundaries came into being on 1 April 1974, set by the Local Government Act 1972. Before this, there existed a smaller County Borough of Leeds, and parts of today’s city were in various other administrative areas. The County Borough of Leeds included the former parishes of Armley, Beeston, Bramley, Chapel Allerton, Farnley, Headingley / Burley, Holbeck, Hunslet, Leeds, Osmondthorpe, Potter Newton,

Population change
The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage


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Population growth in Leeds (current metropolitan district area) since 1801 Year Population % change Year Population % change Year Population % change
Source: Vision of


1801 94,421 – 1871 372,402 +19.67 1939 668,667 +3.49

1811 108,459 +14.87 1881 433,607 +16.44 1951 692,003 +3.49

1821 137,476 +26.75 1891 503,493 +16.12 1961 715,260 +3.36

1831 183,015 +33.13 1901 552,479 +9.73 1971 739,401 +3.38

1841 222,189 +21.40 1911 606,250 +9.73 1981 696,732 −5.77

1851 249,992 +12.51 1921 625,854 +3.23 1991 716,760 +2.87

1861 311,197 +24.48 1931 646,119 +3.24 2001 715,404 −0.19

Population growth in the urban core of Leeds since 1901 Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991


Population 428,968 445,550 458,232 482,809 457,411 505,219 510,676 496,036 451,841 424,194 44
County Borough 1901-1971 [58] • Urban Subdivision 1981-2001[59][60][61]

change since the last available census data. Although Leeds has had its current boundaries only since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that are now constituent parts of the city.

Human geography
There is a concentrated student population in Burley and Headingley, to the north west of Central Leeds. Adel, Alwoodley and Moortown, in North Leeds, have a large Jewish community.[62] The city has three recognised red-light districts — Spencer Place[63] in Chapeltown, Water Lane in Holbeck[64] and the areas surrounding the City of Mabgate public house in Mabgate, taking in Roseville Road, Telephone Street and Mushroom Street. Leeds has also had riots in Hunslet, Holbeck, Quarry Hill and more recently Chapeltown and Harehills.

Urban Core
According to the Office for National Statistics, at the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, The Leeds Urban Subdivision had a population of 443,247, making it the fourth most populous urban subdivision within England, and the fifth largest within the United Kingdom. It is the largest component of the West Yorkshire Urban Area conurbation. The population had a 100 to 93.1 female–male ratio.[54] Of those over 16 years old, 39.4% were single (never married) and 35.4% married for the first time.[55] The Urban Subdivision’s 188,890 households included 35.0% one-person, 27.9% married couples living together, 8.8% were co-habiting couples, and 5.7% single parents with their children.[56] Of those aged 16–74, 32.6% had no academic qualifications, higher than average of England (28.9%).[57]

An inhabitant of Leeds is locally known as a Loiner, a word of uncertain origin,[65] possibly from Loidis, an early name for the region mentioned around 700 AD by Bede. The term is rarely used or understood. The mockclassical adjectives Leodensian and Leodiensian are sometimes used by some local sports clubs, and the word Leodensian also features in the lyrics of "I Predict a Riot" by Kaiser Chiefs, although in that context it was referring to John Smeaton, a famous 18th century resident of the city (who resided in Austhorpe Lodge, now the site of Austhorpe Primary School) as a founder of Leeds Grammar School, as a Leeds Grammar School alumnus is called an Old Leodensian.

Population change


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have benefited from the economic growth such as Chapeltown and Kirkstall. Shopping


Central Business District Leeds was voted ’Britain’s Best City for Business’ by Omis Research in 2003 but dropped to 3rd place behind Manchester and Glasgow in 2005 ("Relative under-performance over the past two years in transport improvements and cost competitiveness were the major contributing factors"). It is also regarded by some as one of the fastest growing cities in the UK[66][67][68] and has a diverse economy with the service sector now dominating over the city’s manufacturing industries. Leeds’ growth has helped to change the economic geography of the United Kingdom, as Leeds is now one of the largest financial centres in England outside the capital[69]. New tertiary industries such as retail, call centres, offices and media have contributed to a high rate of economic growth since the early 1990s. Leeds was successful in becoming the first British city to have full broadband and digital coverage during the dot-com bubble, enabling it to become one of the key hubs in the emerging new media sector. Companies such as Freeserve, Energis, Sportal, TEAMtalk, Contactmusic.com and Ananova emerged from Leeds to dominate the UK internet industry. Now, over 33% of the UK’s internet traffic passes through Leeds,[70][71] making it one of the most important regional internet centres in the UK. Over 124,000 people work in financial and business services in Leeds, the largest number of any UK city outside London.[72][73] The strength of the economy is also indicated by the low unemployment rate. Although Leeds’ economy has boomed in recent years, the prosperity has not spread to all parts of the city. Many areas south and east of central Leeds remain deprived, although are slowly starting to benefit from inward investment. Previously deprived areas

Victoria Quarter

King Edward Street, Leeds Leeds has an extensive and diverse range of shops and department stores, and has been described by the Lonely Planet guides as the ’Knightsbridge of the North’.[74] The diverse range of shopping facilities, from individual one-off boutiques to large department stores such as Harvey Nichols and Louis Vuitton outlets, has greatly expanded the Leeds retail base. The Victoria Quarter, several existing arcades connected together by roofing the entirety of Queen Victoria Street with stained glass, is located off Briggate, Leeds’ main


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Tourism in Leeds is estimated to support over 20 full time equivalent jobs, and on average Leeds attracts around 1.5 million people annually who stay overnight, plus a further 10 million who visit on day trips.[78] Visitors to the city bring nearly £735 million into the local economy each year. Major national and regional attractions include the Royal Armouries, Leeds Art Gallery, the Henry Moore Institute and the West Yorkshire Playhouse. Leeds is also the only city outside London to have both its own opera and ballet companies – the internationally acclaimed Opera North and Northern Ballet Theatre. Development Further information: List of tallest buildings in Leeds and Architecture of Leeds

Briggate, one of Leeds’ main shopping streets shopping street. Other popular shopping attractions include Leeds Kirkgate Market, Granary Wharf, Leeds Shopping Plaza, Headrow Shopping Centre, The Light, The St John’s Centre, The Merrion Centre Leeds, Birstall Retail Park and the White Rose Centre. In addition, the proposed Eastgate Quarters will enlarge the shopping area significantly, and is due to be anchored by John Lewis and a second Marks and Spencer store for the city. The Trinity Quarter is a large shopping development under construction that is expected to open in 2010. It is a part redevelopment of a run-down part of the city centre, and part re-modelling of the existing Leeds Shopping Plaza. Tourism Leeds has received several accolades in the field of tourism; including being voted by Condé Nast Traveler magazine Readers’ Awards as the "UK’s favourite city" in 2004, "Best English city to visit outside London" in 2005, and also "Visitor city of the year" by The Good Britain Guide in 2005. Situated close to the UK’s geographical centre, the city benefits from good transport connections with the M1 running from Leeds to London, the M62 connecting Leeds with Manchester and the seaport cities of Hull and Liverpool, and the A1(M) for linking to the north. Leeds Bradford International Airport is a rapidly growing regional UK airport, with an 87 per cent growth in terminal passenger numbers in the last five years.[75][76] Over 450 weekly flights connect the city to over 70 major European business and holiday destinations.[77]

Bridgewater Place also known as ’The Dalek’ taken in September 2007 In recent times Leeds has seen many new developments, with high rise schemes making a much larger mark on Leeds’ skyline. Sixteen skyscrapers are currently under construction or proposed, all of them taller than West


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Riding House (262 ft/80 m) — Leeds’ tallest building from 1972–2005.[79] Bridgewater Place, known locally as ’The Dalek’,[80] recently became the tallest building in Leeds. A taller building, the 561-foot (171 m) Lumiere building was planned to be finished by 2012 but building work has been put on hold as of 9 July 2008 owing to the state of the world economy.[81] The plan for even taller ’Kissing Towers’ of Criterion Place has been scrapped for similar reasons.[82] Since postponing any further work on Lumiere, the developers have applied to Leeds City Council for the development to be revised, making it taller than the current proposals.

gardens and a rare breeds farm. The house was sold to Leeds City Council for a nominal sum in 1922, and is notable for its Jacobean architecture. Lotherton Hall, with art collections and a bird garden, lies to the east of the city, Bramham Park to the north-east near Bramham, and Harewood House to the north. Kirkstall Abbey, Temple Newsam, and Lotherton Hall are owned and administered by Leeds City Council. To the north lies Roundhay Park, the largest park in the city (in excess of 700 acres/280 hectares), with its Tropical World hothouse. The park hosts numerous concerts, as do Bramham Park and Temple Newsam Park. Other parks in the city include Golden Acre Park which lies between Adel and Bramhope, Hall Park in Horsforth, Woodhouse Moor in Hyde Park, Potternewton Park between Chapeltown and Harehills, Temple Newsam Park stretching from Halton Moor to Colton, East End Park in the location of the same name, Cross Flatts Park in Beeston and Middleton Park in Middleton. As well as suburban parks there is also the Georgian Park Square in Leeds City Centre.

See also: Architecture of Leeds

Kirkstall Abbey

A Leeds FTR Bus Bus and train travel in the Leeds area is coordinated and developed by West Yorkshire Metro,[83] with service information provided by Leeds City Council[84] and West Yorkshire Metro. The primary method of public transport around Leeds is by bus. The main provider is First Leeds, with Arriva Yorkshire serving routes to the south of the city. The bus network is highly developed with several guided busways operating on radial routes, as well as an extensive network of bus lanes and bus priority systems. A zero-fare bus service, the FreeCityBus, connects Leeds City Bus

Corn Exchange The ruins of Kirkstall Abbey, a Cistercian abbey dating from the 12th century, are in an open park alongside the River Aire in Kirkstall, to the west of the city centre. The abbey gatehouse houses the Abbey House Museum. To the east of the city centre, Temple Newsam house dates from the early 16th century and has an extensive estate including


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Station, Leeds City Station, the Universities, and Leeds General Infirmary via the public transport box every 6 minutes from Monday to Saturday. All cross-city services use bus stops on and around the Public Transport Box (a box surrounding the core shopping area limited to public transport) and interchanges at Leeds City Station, Boar Lane and Infirmary Street. Leeds City Bus Station is used by many routes serving destinations outside the city and a minority of First Leeds buses. From Leeds City station at New Station Street, MetroTrains operated by Northern Rail run to many of Leeds’ suburbs and onwards to all parts of Leeds City Region. The MetroTrain network has been expanding since the 1980s, although overcrowding has resulted in expansion slowing in recent years with the last station opening at Glasshoughton in 2005. All of Leeds’ suburbs sit within Metrocard Zones 1 and 2. Leeds’s former tram system was closed down in 1959, at around the same time that most other cities in the UK also abandoned tramways. [85] The central tram sheds were converted into Queens Hall, a concert hall, which was later demolished in 1989. The Bramley tram sheds were demolished in 1969.[86] Former tram buildings still exist on Abbey Road in Kirkstall, while tram poles still stand in Roundhay. The city had plans in the 1990s and 2000s for a tram network known as Supertram[87]. However the government axed the scheme due to an unwillingness to pay for any costs over budget, and the Department for Transport’s apparent preference for a bus-based rapid transport scheme rather than a trambased scheme.[88][89] A sub-surface tramway system which could double as a public airraid shelter facility was proposed in the 1930s by Leeds City Council, with Central Government funding. The plans were axed as the Second World War commenced and funds were diverted to the war effort. Leeds remains the largest city in Europe without a mass transit system. [90] A business case for a new Leeds Trolleybus[91] system in the region was submitted to the Department for Transport towards the end of 2007.If all goes smoothly, construction work could start on the first phase of the scheme by 2011.[92] This system would broadly follow the route of the axed Supertram project.

Roads There is an Inner Ring Road with part motorway status and an Outer Ring Road. Part of the city centre[93] is pedestrianised, and is encircled by the clockwise-only ’Loop Road’. Recent developments to east Leeds have seen phase 7 of the M621 which involves completion of the Inner Ring Road scheme originally started in 1971, and construction of a bridge running from the A64 near South Accommodation Road, straight to the M621. This new road link will help in taking a percentage of traffic away from the city centre and roads exiting to south Leeds and the motorways. Another project which will begin construction in late 2008 is the long awaited link to (and the opening of) Junction 45 on the M1. Slip roads, markings and roundabouts were all included during the construction of the motorway, in anticipation of a possible link road, but for many years, the un-signposted slip-roads have remained blocked off. Now, a dual carriageway (the East Leeds Link Road) is being constructed from Junction 45 directly to Leeds via Cross Green and Hunslet. This is part of Leeds City Council’s aim to redevelop and encourage investment into the east Leeds area, which has huge areas of unused and derelict land. Leeds City Council is supporting the "carsharing club" WhizzGo, a car-hire organisation which requires a £50 per annum membership fee, in a battle to reduce congestion and carbon emissions in the city centre and surroundings. The scheme offers local residents and businesses to save money by not having to own cars yet having access to a fleet of low-emission vehicles whenever they need. As a result, car club members tend to drive less and swap car journeys for walking, cycling or public transport. Over 30 cars are sited across the city and available to members for hire by the hour (approximately £6 per hour in August 2008). Access to cars is by using a smart card and PIN.

National and regional
Leeds City Station is one of the busiest in England outside London, with over 900 trains and 50,000 passengers passing through every day.[94] It provides connections to London and the south, Birmingham and the Midlands, Manchester and the north west, the East Coast, Bristol and the West Country,


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A1(M) passing just to its east, it is one of the principal hubs of the northern motorway network. Air

Leeds City Station after the 2002 rebuild Newcastle and Scotland as well as to local and regional destinations. The station itself has 17 platforms, making it the largest in England outside London.[95] Two railway lines offer direct services to London. The principal route is along the East Coast Main Line, with trains departing for London King’s Cross half hourly for most of the day. East Midlands Trains offers an infrequent and much slower alternative route via Sheffield, Derby and Leicester along the Midland Main Line to London St Pancras International with connections to the Eurostar international services. The East Midlands services are restricted to three or four early morning services from Leeds and three or four evening services from London. Buses Leeds has a large, modern bus and coach station at Dyer Street. One area is for National Express coach services; the rest is used by bus services to many towns and cities in Yorkshire, plus a small number of local services. Buses out of the city are mainly provided by FirstBus and Arriva Yorkshire. Harrogate & District provides a service to Harrogate and Ripon. Keighley & District provides a service to Shipley, Bingley and Keighley. The Yorkshire Coastliner service runs from Leeds to Bridlington, Filey, Pickering, Scarborough, Thornton-le-Dale, and Whitby via Tadcaster, York and Malton. Stagecoach provides a service to Hull via Goole. Road Network Leeds is the focus of the A58, A61, A62, A63, A64, A65 and A660 roads, and was promoted as Motorway City of the Seventies by Leeds City Council. Nowadays, with the M1 and M62 intersecting just to its south and the

Leeds Bradford Airport, entrance to departure hall A Leeds Bradford International Airport is located in Yeadon, about 10 miles (16 km) to the north-west of the city, and has both charter and scheduled flights to destinations within Europe plus Egypt, Pakistan, Turkey and (for a trial run, in December 2008) to the USA. There are connections to the rest of the world via London Heathrow Airport, Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport. In 2007 Bridgepoint Capital acquired the airport from the consortium of local councils which had previously owned it, for £145.5 million.[96] The new owners have said they are to implement a £70 million capital expenditure plan, to focus on improving passenger and retail infrastructure. They also aim to more than double passenger numbers to 7 million per annum and to add up to 20 new scheduled destinations, both by 2015.[97] Bridgepoint Capital have released plans of their intended expansion of the airport terminal, which is estimated to cost £28 million.[98] There is a direct rail service from Leeds to Manchester Airport, with trains running hourly during the day and every 2–3 hours through the night. The journey time is just under 1½ hours. Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield is 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Leeds. Sea Leeds has connections by road, rail and coach to Hull, only an hour away, from where it is possible to travel to Rotterdam and


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Zeebrugge by ferry services run by P&O Ferries.

reports are available for all schools and further education colleges in Leeds.[101] Leeds successfully bid to be one of 14 local authorities to be included in Wave 1 of Building Schools for the Future (BSF ). This secured £260m, to transform 13 secondary schools into high achieving, e-confident, inclusive schools. In September 2008, the first three state-of-the-art new learning environments built through BSF at Allerton High School, Pudsey Grangefield School and Rodillian School, were opened. Significant facilities have also been handed over at two schools set to receive a wholesale rebuild and refurbishment through the programme, Cockburn College of Arts and Temple Moor High School Science College. Two more completely new facilities at Allerton Grange School and the new Swallow Hill Community College for Inner West Leeds open in September 2009, and a further six schools are set to receive a wholesale refurbishment under the first wave of the programme. These schools are Crawshaw, Farnley Park, Priesthorpe, Corpus Christi Catholic College, Mount St Mary’s Catholic High and Parklands Girls.[102]

Leeds has a large number education establishments, with Education Leeds having responsibility for statutory education for young people in the city. Education Leeds, a nonprofit company owned by Leeds City Council, has provided educational services in the borough since 2001.[99] In January 2009, it was announced that of the 38 secondary schools in the borough, 8 were to have a police officer stationed there full-time, and the remaining 30 schools were to have 16 officers between them. The initiative, which allows the officers to arrest and search pupils, was prompted by over 250 offences committed in schools in the borough in 2008. Police Constable Bob Bowman of West Yorkshire Police stated that "we don’t have a particular problem in Leeds compared to other cities, but we’re not resting on our laurels".[100]

BSF, Academies, Federations, closures and mergers
The city’s state schools trace their history to the Elementary Education Act 1870 and the formation of the Leeds School Board in 1871. Under the Government’s targets for better schools for children, many schools are being rebuilt or undergoing refurbishment. There is a partial list of state and independent schools, colleges and universities in Leeds. However, because like most UK cities, Leeds has a falling birth rate, the council have come under pressure in recent years to reduce the number of schools. To date the council has federated Primrose High School and the City of Leeds School, to form the Central Leeds Learning Federation, merging West Leeds High School and Wortley High School to form Swallow Hill Community College, Matthew Murray School and Merlyn Rees School, to form South Leeds Academy, Intake High School became Leeds West Academy as well as closing Braim Wood School and Agnes Stuart School to form David Young Community Academy. Primary schools have also been hit. In 2006, Headingley Primary School was closed and a religious primary school ’secularised’ to take over from Headingley.OFSTED

Independent sector
The city’s oldest and largest private school is The Grammar School at Leeds, which was legally created in 2005 following the merger of Leeds Grammar School and Leeds Girls’ High School. Both schools had long histories, dating back to 1552 and 1857 respectively. Other independent schools in Leeds include Fulneck School and Gateways School

The city is home to several further education colleges, such as Leeds City College (the largest further education college in Leeds ), Leeds College of Building, Joseph Priestley College and Notre Dame Catholic Sixth Form College.

College Merger
On 1 April 2009 Park Lane College Leeds (also based at Keighley), Leeds Thomas Danby and Leeds College of Technology merged to form Leeds City College. This marks the first stage of the merger process; the actual re-organisation in terms of merging departments, re-organising the courses, and construction of new buildings and


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facilities (and any closures of existing buildings) etc. is not expected to be completed for several years to come.

applying to become an independent University, under the name ’Leeds Trinity’.


See also: Football in Leeds

Parkinson Building, University of Leeds Elland Road Stadium.

Leeds Metropolitan University Leeds has two universities, the University of Leeds with a total of about 31,000 students, of which 21,500 are full-time or sandwich undergraduate degree students,[103] and Leeds Metropolitan University with a total of 52,000 students of which 12,000 are full time or sandwich undergraduate degree students and 2,100 full time or sandwich HND students.[104] It also has several higher education colleges: Leeds College of Art and Design (formerly Jacob Kramer College), Leeds Trinity & All Saints, Leeds College of Music (the largest music college in the UK), Northern School of Contemporary Dance and Leeds City College, which offers both further and higher education. This gives Leeds one of the largest student populations in the country. The city was voted the Best UK University Destination by a survey in The Independent newspaper.[105] Leeds Trinity & All Saints is The new Carnegie Stand at Headingley Stadium (rugby)

The Grandstand at the John Charles Centre for Sport The city has a long sporting heritage, with teams representing all the major national


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Morley R.F.C., located in Morley currently play in National Division Three North. Leeds City AC compete in the British Athletics League and UK Women’s League as well as the Northern Athletics League. Many athletic clubs serve the youth of the city and enter teams in the country’s major running events. Leeds hosts many athletics events itself, most notably the Help the Aged Abbey Dash 10K, the Jane Tomlinson 10K and the Leeds Half Marathon. In 1929 the first Ryder Cup of Golf to be held on British soil was competed for at the Moortown Golf club in Leeds The "LeedsLeedsLeeds" Ultimate (frisbee) team competes nationally and internationally.[106] In the period 1928 to 1939 speedway racing was staged in Leeds on a track at the greyhound stadium in Elland Road. The track entered a team in the 1931 Northern league. The city has a wealth of sports facilities including the Elland Road football stadium, a host stadium during the 1996 European Football Championship; the Headingley Carnegie Stadiums, adjacent stadia world famous for both cricket and rugby league and the John Charles Centre for Sport with an Olympic sized pool in its Aquatics Centre and a multiuse stadium. Other facilities include the Leeds Wall (climbing) and Yeadon Tarn sailing centre.

Headingley Stadium, (cricket) - West Stand sports. Leeds United A.F.C. are the city’s main football club. Leeds Rhinos (Rugby League), Leeds Carnegie (Rugby Union) and Yorkshire County Cricket Club are also based in the city, amongst numerous other teams playing at both a national and regional level. Leeds United were formed in 1919 and play at the 40,000 capacity Elland Road in Beeston. Under the management of Don Revie in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the club won the league championship three times, the FA Cup once, the League Cup once and the Fairs Cup twice. In 1992, Howard Wilkinson guided the team to the last-ever First Division championship before the creation of the Premier League, where they remained for 12 years before a financial crisis contributed towards their relegation in 2004. A further relegation led to the team playing in the third tier of the English league for the first time in their history. Leeds Carnegie L.F.C. are the best-placed women’s football team in Leeds. They currently compete at the highest level in England, the FA Women’s Premier League National Division. Leeds Rhinos are presently the most successful rugby league team in Leeds. They play their home games at the Headingley Carnegie Stadium and compete in the Super League. Hunslet Hawks, based at the John Charles Centre for Sport play in Co-Operative Championship One and have won the League Championship and the Challenge Cup twice each, though these honours were achieved before the Second World War. Bramley Buffaloes and Leeds Akkies are members of the Rugby League Conference. Leeds Carnegie, formerly known as Leeds Tykes, are the foremost rugby union team in Leeds and also play at Headingley Carnegie Stadium. They play in National Division One, the second level of domestic rugby union in England. The club won their first trophy in 2005, defeating favourites Bath in the Powergen Cup final. Otley R.U.F.C. are a rugby union club based to the north of the city and also compete in National Division One, whilst

Culture and recreation
See also: Category:Television shows set in Leeds and Category:Films set in Leeds

Yorkshire Television studios


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travel, clubbing, film and rock & pop in the city. The magazine reflects the diversity of cultural life in Leeds and West Yorkshire, with areas such as art, literature, cinema, comedy, dance, classical music, opera, jazz and theatre all regularly represented. Regional television and radio stations also have bases in the city; BBC Television and ITV both have regional studios and broadcasting centres in Leeds. ITV Yorkshire, formerly Yorkshire Television, broadcasts from The Leeds Studios on Kirkstall Road, which were built in 1968 following a slum clearance, which included the demolition of St Simon’s church.[108] In March 2009 ITV announced that the main studio complex at Kirkstall Road is to be closed down.[109] There are a number of independent film production companies, including the not-forprofit cooperative Leeds Animation Workshop, founded in 1978; community video producers Vera Media and several small commercial production companies. BBC Radio Leeds, Radio Aire, Magic 828, Galaxy Yorkshire, Real Radio and Yorkshire Radio all broadcast from the city. In the 1980s, pirate radio stations including Rapid City Radio (RCR), amongst other shorter-lived stations broadcasting a mainly reggae playlist from Chapeltown, later diversifying into hip hop and house. Later, Dream FM (Leeds) was one of the biggest pirate radio stations in the country, but folded soon after getting a licence to operate legally. Leeds also has one of the largest student radio stations in the country, serving all the students of Leeds and open to participation from all of the universities and colleges within Leeds. The station, LSRfm.com, is based in Leeds University Union, and regularly hosts outside broadcasts around the city. Many communities within Leeds now have their own local radio stations, such as East Leeds FM and Tempo FM (Wetherby and the surrounding areas).

BBC Yorkshire studios Yorkshire Post Newspapers Ltd, owned by Johnston Press plc, is based in the city, and produces a daily morning broadsheet, the Yorkshire Post, and an evening paper, the Yorkshire Evening Post(YEP). The (YEP), as well as other publications such as Leeds Express and the weekly freesheets of the Leeds Weekly News, Wharfe Valley Times and Pudsey Times has a website which includes a series of "community websites" focused on specific areas of Leeds and called "[placename] today".[107] The Wetherby News covers mainly areas within the City of Leeds, but also areas within Leeds itself, including Shadwell and Whinmoor. Between 1974 and 1994, "Leeds’ Other Paper" (latterly the Northern Star) provided a left-wing take on news, politics and social events in the city. Based at Leeds University Union is one of the largest student newspapers in the country, the Leeds Student. Leeds Metropolitan University student union has also established a free newspaper, titled The Met. There is also a number of regular dedicated lifestyle magazines based in Leeds, most notably the The Leeds Guide magazine which features regular nightlife listings and pages on food & drink, shopping, fashion, property,

Museums and the arts
A new Leeds City Museum opened on 13 September 2008[110] in the building of the former Mechanics Institute, more recently used as the Civic Theatre, in Millennium Square. The previous city museum was in the Central Library building, and closed some years ago. Abbey House Museum is housed in the former gatehouse of Kirkstall Abbey, and


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Armouries Museum opened in 1996 in a dramatic modern building when this part of the collection was transferred from the Tower of London. Leeds Art Gallery reopened in June 2007 after a major renovation project, and houses important collections of traditional and contemporary British art. Contemporary Art venues include Gallery 42, Leeds Met Gallery, PS:L and theartmarket. Leeds has the Grand Theatre (where Opera North is based), the City Varieties Music Hall (which hosted performances by Charlie Chaplin and Harry Houdini and was also the venue of the BBC television programme The Good Old Days) and the West Yorkshire Playhouse. Leeds also has a very important dance community; it is currently the home of the Northern Ballet Theatre and Phoenix Dance. The Leeds Festival takes place every year in Bramham Park, having moved from Temple Newsam after pressure from some local residents. It features some of the biggest names in rock and indie music. The city is home to the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition, held every three years since 1963, which has launched the careers of many major concert pianists. There is also the Leeds International Concert Season, the largest local authority music programme in the UK.[112] The city also has an internationally recognised film festival: the Leeds International Film Festival is the largest film festival in England outside London[113]and shows films from around the world. It incorporates the highly successful Leeds Young People’s Film Festival, which features exciting and innovative films made both for and by children and young people.[114] Yorkshire hosted the International Indian Film Academy Awards in 2007. Leeds and Sheffield played core parts in the awards, being the two key cities involved in hosting the ceremony. The IIFA Awards are Bollywood’s (the Hindi film industry) equivalent to the Oscars in Hollywood. The four-day event generated millions of pounds in inward investment to the economy of Yorkshire. The first known moving pictures in the world were taken in the city, by Louis Le Prince, of a Roundhay Garden Scene and of Leeds Bridge in 1888.

Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds: Looking up the main stairwell

Thackray Museum

Leeds City Museum includes walk-through Victorian streets and galleries describing the history of the abbey, childhood, and Victorian Leeds. Armley Mills Industrial Museum is housed in what was once the world’s largest woollen mill,[111] and includes industrial machinery and railway locomotives. Thwaite Mill Museum is a fully-restored water-powered mill on the river Aire to the east of the city centre. A fulling mill was built on the site in 1641, and it was extensively rebuilt in 1823–25. The Thackray Museum is a museum of the history of medicine, featuring topics such as Victorian public health, pre-anaesthesia surgery, and safety in childbirth. It is housed in a former workhouse next to St James’s hospital. The Royal


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There is a large procession that finishes at Potternewton Park, where there are stalls, entertainment and refreshments. The event is covered by BBC Radio 1Xtra. Leeds Mela also attracts around 100,000 people to Roundhay Park annually. It is one of the UK’s largest Asian festivals, and the largest in Yorkshire. It fell victim to the credit crunch in 2008 and was unable to go ahead, but there are no plans to cancel the 2009 event. Festivals


Part of Canal Gardens at Roundhay Park Artists Many musical acts have originated in Leeds, including Soft Cell, Kaiser Chiefs, The Music, The Rhythm Sisters, the Pigeon Detectives, Your Vegas ,Chumbawamba, The Sisters of Mercy and Melanie B, of the Spice Girls. The post-punk band Gang of Four and Grindie band Hadouken! both formed after meeting at Leeds University. Dance music and the clubbing scene House Music had a big impact on Leeds when it arrived in the late 1980s. Early house nights included Downbeat at the Warehouse, Meltdown at the Astoria in Harehills, and Joy and Kaos at various temporary venues, along with a thriving Shebeen or "Blues" scene in Chapeltown. Along with Sheffield and Bradford, Leeds was a centre for the Yorkshire Bleeps and Bass scene in 1989–1990, with influential local bands such as LFO, Nightmares on Wax, Ital Rockers, Unit 93 and Juno on Sheffield’s Warp Records and Leeds’ Bassic Records. The earlier underground house scene developed into the Leeds club scene of the 1990s, when for a while Leeds held the title of Britain’s clubbing capital. Both Back to Basics and mixed gay night Vague enjoyed the title of best club in Britain at different points in the decade, whilst The Orbit in Morley was, before its closure in the late 1990s an internationally recognised techno mecca. Carnivals Leeds Carnival is Western Europe’s oldest West Indian Carnival, and the UK’s second largest after Notting Hill Carnival[115][116]. It attracts around 100,000 people over 3 days to the streets of Chapeltown and Harehills.

Leeds Main Stage on 25 August 2007 between sets by Kings of Leon and Razorlight The annual Leeds Festival sees around 70,000 people camping in fields along with thousands of non-camping festival goers with day tickets. The event lasts for three days with most people camping from Thursday and staying until Monday morning. The event happens over the Bank Holiday weekend in August and attracts famous bands from all over the world. Leeds hosts the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition, established in 1963 by Fanny Waterman and Marion Stein with the 15th competition in September 2006. The two-day O2 Wireless Festival took place at Harewood House between 2006 and 2007 and Leeds initially played host to the northern leg of the V Festival between 1996 and 1998 before the event moved to Weston Park, Staffordshire. In 2000, Leeds hosted the first and only BBC Radio 1 Love Parade at Roundhay Park. Venues The O2 Academy Leeds, on the site of the former Creation night-club (and the Town & Country Club before that), is the largest capacity venue in the city. Other venues include Leeds University refectory (where The Who


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and the arena has a planned capacity of 12,500 people. It will be situated on a fiveacre site at Claypit Lane near the Merrion Centre.[118]


Millennium Square recorded their 1970 live album Live at Leeds and Motörhead partially recorded their most successful album No Sleep ’til Hammersmith), The Cockpit, Brudenell Social Club, The Faversham, The Hi-Fi Club, The Wardrobe, The Irish Centre, Joseph’s Well, The New Roscoe and Trash (formally The Mixing Tin) among others. Occasional music events are held in Millennium Square in the city centre (including the Kaiser Chiefs and Fall Out Boy in 2006), Roundhay Park (which was home to Love Parade in 2000 and has hosted gigs by the likes of Robbie Williams, U2, Michael Jackson and The Rolling Stones), Harewood House (including performances by James Blunt and The Who, as well as popular classical concerts), Leeds Town Hall (the main venue for the Leeds International Concert Season), The Venue at Leeds College of Music, and Leeds Parish Church (which has a full programme of musical events, many associated with its Choral Foundation). On 25 May 2008, the local band Kaiser Chiefs played a sell-out 30,000 capacity gig at Elland Road, following in the footsteps of Queen, U2 and Happy Mondays who have also played there. In June 2008, Leeds City Council gave approval for the new Leeds Arena. Larger touring acts currently tend to play either Manchester or Sheffield owing to the relatively small capacity of venues in Leeds. SMG, whose current venues include the Manchester Evening News Arena, have been appointed as the operators of the arena. Work is expected to commence in 2010[117] , Clarence Dock has many new restaurants and bars and is becoming an alternative to more established parts of the city centre Leeds has a very large student population, resulting in a large number of pubs, bars, nightclubs and restaurants, as well as a multitude of venues for live music such as The Cockpit, New Roscoe, Joseph’s Well, The Brudenell Social Club, The Faversham and The Wardrobe. Leeds includes the original home of the club nights Back 2 Basics and [119] Also, until a few years ago, Speedqueen. nearby Morley, was home to Orbit, which for 13 years was known internationally as one of the original and best techno clubs in the country. Leeds is home to a number of large ’super-clubs’ including Oceana (Leeds), Discothèque by Gatecrasher, and Club Mission, but also a selection of independent clubs such as Hi-Fi, Space, Mint and The West Indian Centre, which hosts the ’Sub Dub’ nights. The full range of music tastes is catered for throughout the city. Leeds also has a well established gay nightlife scene. The Bridge Inn and The New Penny, both on Call Lane, have long been gay night spots. Queen’s Court offers a similar experience to its London counterpart Rupert Street. Other more recent additions such as Bar Fibre, on Lower Briggate and Mission offer more contemporary ’straight friendly’ environments, along with The Viaduct and Blaydes just across the road. During the summer months the secluded courtyard that lies between Bar Fibre and Queens Court


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Briggate and North Street North Bar, Sandinista, Mojo, The Reliance (Reli), Reform, etc., Baby Jupiter on York Place and Milo on Call Lane.


Leeds Country Way waymark The Leeds Country Way is a waymarked circular walk of 62 miles (100 km) through the rural outskirts of the city, never more than 7 miles (11 km) from City Square. The Meanwood Valley Trail leads from Woodhouse Moor along Meanwood Beck to Golden Acre Park. The Leeds extension of the Dales Way follows the Meanwood Valley Trail before it branches off to head towards Ilkley and Windermere. Leeds is on the northern section of the Trans Pennine Trail for walkers and cyclists, and the towpath of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal is another popular walking route. In addition, there are many parks and public footpaths in both the urban and rural parts of Leeds, and the Ramblers’ Association, YHA and other walking organisations offer sociable walks. The Ramblers’ Association publish various booklets of walks in and around Leeds.[120]

Leeds’ well established gay quarter transforms into a beer garden. The refurbished Warehouse venue is now also home of the alternate Saturday club nights Technique/Asylum. Towards Millennium Square and the Civic or Northern Quarter, is a growing entertainment district thriving on both students and weekend visitors. Millennium Square has many bars (including amongst others chains such as Jongleurs, Tiger Tiger, Revolution and Ha!Ha!), various upmarket restaurants and a large outdoor screen mounted on the side of the Civic Theatre. Millennium Square also plays host to many large seasonal events such as Earth From The Air, IceCube (the UK’s largest outdoor ice rink), Christmas markets, Gigs and Concerts, citywide parties and the Rhythms of the City Festival. Millennium Square is adjacent to the Mandela Gardens, which were opened by Nelson Mandela in 2001. A number of public art features, fountains, a canal and greenery can be found here as an oasis amongst the city centre excitement. Leeds is also home to some Bohemian bars that are not aimed at the ’usual’ weekend crowd — especially the bars in and around

The majority of people in Leeds identify themselves as Christian.[121] Fairly unusually for a settlement of its size, Leeds does not have a Church of England Cathedral, this is because Leeds is part of the Anglican Diocese of Ripon and Leeds with the Cathedral for this Diocese being in Ripon; the Bishop’s residence has been in Leeds since 2008. The most important Anglican church is the Leeds Parish Church. However, Leeds does have a


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Gurudwaras (Temples) spread across the city, the largest being in Chapeltown. There is also a colourful religious annual procession, called the Nagar Kirtan, into Millennium Square in the city centre around 13–14 April to celebrate Baisakhi — the Sikh New Year and the birth of the religion. It is estimated around 3,000 Sikhs in Leeds take part in this annual event. Leeds has the third-largest Jewish community in the United Kingdom, after those of London and Manchester. The areas of Alwoodley and Moortown contain sizeable Jewish populations.[124] There are eight active synagogues in Leeds.[125] The small Hindu community in Leeds has a temple (mandir) at Hyde Park.[126] The temple has all the major Hindu deities and is dedicated to the Lord Mahavira of the Jains.[127] Various Buddhist traditions are represented in Leeds,[128] including: FWBO, Soka Gakkai, Theravada, Tibetan and Zen. The Buddhist community (sangha) comes together to celebrate the major festival of Wesak in May.

St Anne’s Cathedral (Roman Catholic), Cookridge Street, Leeds

Public services
Water supply and sewerage in Leeds is provided by Yorkshire Water, part of the Kelda Group. Prior to 1973 it had been provided by the Leeds Corporation. The area is policed by the West Yorkshire Police. The force has eight divisions, three of which cover Leeds: AA "North West Leeds Division" covering north and west Leeds with a station at Weetwood; BA "North East Leeds Division", covering north east Leeds with stations at Stainbeck near Chapel Allerton and Killingbeck; CA "City and Holbeck Division" covering central and south Leeds with stations at Millgarth (City Centre) and Holbeck. Fire and rescue services are provided by the West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service. The fire stations in Leeds are: Cookridge, Gipton, Hunslet, "Leeds" (near city centre, on Kirkstall Road) and Moortown. Health services are provided by the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds Primary Care Trust[129] and Leeds Partnerships NHS Foundation Trust[130] which provides mental health services. Leeds General Infirmary is a listed building with more recent additions and is in the city centre. St James’s University Hospital, Leeds, known as "Jimmy’s", is to the north east of the city centre and is one of the largest teaching

Sikh Temple, Chapeltown Road Roman Catholic Cathedral, being the Episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Leeds. Many other Christian denominations are established in Leeds, including Assembly of God, Baptist, Christian Scientist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ("Mormons"), Community of Christ, Greek Orthodox, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jesus Army, Lutheran, Methodist, Nazarene, Newfrontiers network, Pentecostal, Salvation Army, Seventh-Day Adventist, Society of Friends ("Quakers"), Unitarian, United Reformed, Vineyard, Wesleyan Church, an ecumenical Chinese church, and several independent churches.[122][123] The proportion of Muslims in Leeds is average for the country.[121] Mosques can be found throughout the city, serving Muslim communities in Chapeltown, Harehills, Hyde Park and parts of Beeston. The largest mosque is Leeds Grand Mosque in Hyde Park. The Sikh community is represented by


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hospitals in Europe. Other hospitals are Chapel Allerton Hospital, Seacroft Hospital, and Leeds Dental Institute. The "Pan Leeds Health Portal" provides information on all NHS services in Leeds.[131] West Yorkshire Joint Services provides analytical, archaeological, archives, ecology, materials testing and trading standards services in Leeds and the other four districts of West Yorkshire. It was created following the abolition of the county council in 1986 and expanded in 1997, and is funded by the five district councils, pro rata to their population. The Leeds site of the archives service is in the former public library at Sheepscar, Leeds.[132]

of the Harry Potter films), Angela Griffin, Frances Burnett and John Simm. • entertainers: One half of The Mighty Boosh Julian Barratt, BBC Radio 1 DJ Chris Moyles, former DJ and TV presenter Sir Jimmy Savile, singer Corinne Bailey Rae, Spice Girl Mel B, bands The Pigeon Detectives and Kaiser Chiefs, comedians Ernie Wise, Vic Reeves, Barry Cryer, Leigh Francis (aka Avid Merrion) and XFM DJ and presenter Alex Zane. • writers: playwright Alan Bennett, novelist Barbara Taylor Bradford, children’s author Arthur Ransome, poet Tony Harrison, and poet, novelist and translator, Barry Tebb. • others: American Gangster Owney Madden, former Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith, furniture designer Thomas Chippendale, Newsnight presenter Jeremy Paxman, TV sports presenter Gabby Logan, Newsround presenter John Craven, model Nell McAndrew, celebrity chef Marco Pierre White, snooker player Paul Hunter, rugby league legend Ellery Hanley, dual code rugby star Jason Robinson, Rugby Union World Cup winner Mike Tindall, Mike Noble.

Notable people

Twin towns
The City has several twinning or partnership arrangements: • Brno, Czech Republic[133] • Colombo, Sri Lanka[134] • Dortmund, Germany[135] • John Smeaton Notable people born in and around the Leeds area include: • academics: poet laureate Alfred Austin, cultural historian Richard Hoggart, mechanical engineer and physicist John Smeaton, and local historian Richard Vickerman Taylor. • actors: Peter O’Toole, Malcolm McDowell, Elizabeth Dawn (aka Vera Duckworth), Tom Wilkinson, Steven Waddington, Matthew Lewis (aka Neville Longbottom Durban, South Africa[136] • • Hangzhou, China[137]

Lille, France[138] • Louisville, United States[139] • Siegen, Germany[140]

The city also has "strong contacts" with the following cities "for the purposes of ongoing projects":[134] • Braşov, Romania • St Mary, Jamaica • Stockholm, Sweden

[1] http://www.bbc.co.uk/leeds/content/ articles/2005/02/08/ living_stars_leeds_chart_capital_feature.shtml


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[2] http://www.yorksandhumberdeanery.nhs.uk/ ltbgtyorkshire-gritltbgt. Retrieved on the_deanery/ 2009-01-25. living_and_working_in_yorkshire/ [18] "Live the Leeds Lifestyle". Legal Week leeds.aspx Magazine. http://www.legalweek.com/ [3] http://www.nationalexpresseastcoast.com/ Articles/1146376/ Our-Destinations/City-Highlights/Leeds/ Live+the+Leeds+lifestyle.html. [4] http://www.leeds.ac.uk/regions/ Retrieved on 2009-01-25. index.htm [19] "Table 10: Mid 2007 population change [5] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/ estimates". Office for National Statistics. west_yorkshire/4575275.stm http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/ [6] http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2007/ theme_population/ jan/01/comment.gdnsport3 Mid_2007_UK_England_&_Wales_Scotland_and_Nort [7] http://www.visitbritain.co.uk/ Retrieved on 2008-10-14. destinations/england/englands-north[20] "Usatoday.Com". Usatoday.com. country/Leeds.aspx http://www.usatoday.com/marketplace/ [8] Max at SE140445 Hawksworth Moor in ibi/leeds.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. extreme west of city [21] "Leeds and Yorkshire | University of [9] Min at points where city boundary Leeds". Leeds.ac.uk. crosses Rivers Aire and Wharfe in http://www.leeds.ac.uk/regions/ extreme east. index.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. [10] National Statistics: Neighbourhood [22] "Leeds Data". LeedsLegal.co.uk. Statistics. "Leeds (Local Authority): Key http://www.leedslegal.co.uk/ Figures for People and Society: contentPage.aspx?id=1/. Retrieved on Population and Migration". 2008-10-14. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/ [23] The mid-2007 est. population estimate dissemination/ for Leeds was 761,100 according to the LeadKeyFigures.do?a=3&b=276810&c=leeds&d=13&e=13&g=382985&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0& Office for National Statistics. It should Retrieved on 2008-03-25. be noted that this figure includes the [11] "About Leeds". Leeds City Council. whole area included in the city. Some http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ population figures, for example those About_Leeds.aspx. given at List of English cities by [12] ^ Fletcher, J. S.. The Story of English population use just the urban core of the Towns: Leeds. London: Society for city and therefore are lower. Promoting Christian Knowledge. OCLC [24] "Leeds Tourism". Planet Ware Travel 221589888. http://www.archive.org/ Guide. http://www.planetware.com/ details/storyoftheenglis027638mbp. england/leeds-eng-wy-lee.htm. Retrieved [13] "Leeds leading the way". Yorkshire on 2009-02-01. Evening Post. [25] "Leeds stakes it claim to financial hub". http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/ www.yorkshirepost.co.uk. news/We39re-leading-the-wayhttp://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/ in.2034867.jp. Retrieved on 2009-01-25. businessnews/Leeds-stakes-its-claim[14] "Leeds Financial Facts and Figures". to.1864465.jp. Retrieved on 2009-02-01. http://www.leedsfinancialservices.org.uk/. [26] "About Leeds". www.bookinghime.com. http://www.leedsfinancialservices.org.uk/. http://www.bookinghome.com/en/ Retrieved on 2009-01-25. United_Kingdom/England/Leeds[15] "Northern Star". FDI Magazine. Hotels.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-01. http://www.fdimagazine.com/news/ [27] National Statistics (2005). "Focus on fullstory.php/aid/2512/ people and migration: chapter 3 The Northern_star.html. Retrieved on UK’s major urban areas". 47. 2009-01-25. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/ [16] "Leeds Services". Financial Times. theme_compendia/fom2005/ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/ 03_FOPM_UrbanAreas.pdf. Retrieved on 77eaffe6-ef2a-11dc-8a17-0000779fd2ac.html. 2007-10-20. Retrieved on 2009-01-25. [28] "Urban Audit - City Profiles: Leeds". [17] "Leeds Legal Review". Law Gazette. Urban Audit. http://www.urbanaudit.org/ http://www.lawgazette.co.uk/features/


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[77] "LBIA - Leeds Bradford International [91] "Leeds Trolleybus - the Tbus: modern Airport". Lbia.co.uk. electric transport for Leeds". http://www.lbia.co.uk/flightsandholidayswww.insideyorks.co.uk. allflights.php. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. http://www.insideyorks.co.uk/tbus/. [78] Leeds Live It Love It website Retrieved on 2008-10-15. [79] "Search results : United Kingdom > [92] "Transport Leeds - Trolley-bus for Yorkshire and Humber > Leeds". Leeds". www.leedsinitiative.org. Skyscrapernews.com. http://www.leedsinitiative.org/transport/ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/ page.aspx?id=5494. Retrieved on bdbsearch.php?city=Leeds&so=roofheight. 2008-10-15. [80] "Building - 734 - Bridgewater Place [93] http://www.leedsliveitloveit.com/ Leeds". http://www.skyscrapernews.com/ downloads/maps/ buildings.php?id=734. Retrieved on leeds_city_centre_map.pdf 2008-08-02. [94] "Station usage - : Office of Rail [81] "Lumiere is shelved". Yorkshire Evening Regulation". Rail-reg.gov.uk. Post. 10 July 2008. http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/ http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/ nav.1529. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. 11616/Lumiere-is-shelved.4272754.jp. [95] "A guide to Leeds. Leeds facilities, Retrieved on 2008-10-14. schools, general information, West [82] "Skyscrapers axed as market slides". Yorkshire". Information-britain.co.uk. BBC News Online. BBC. 18 July 2008. http://www.information-britain.co.uk/ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/ county97/townguideLeeds/. Retrieved on west_yorkshire/7513752.stm. Retrieved 2008-10-14. on 2008-10-14. [96] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/ [83] "What is Metro". Wymetro.com. west_yorkshire/6921189.stm| title=LBIA http://www.wymetro.com/AboutMetro/ airport sale WhatisMetro.htm. Retrieved on [97] "LBIA - Leeds Bradford International 2009-02-10. Airport". Lbia.co.uk. [84] "Leeds Travel Info". http://www.lbia.co.uk/newsandupdateshttp://www.leedstravel.info. Retrieved on newsstory.php?storyid=20070503. 2009-02-10. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. [85] "Tramways in England". [98] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/ http://www.antonwilhelmstolzing.de/ west_yorkshire/7707322.stm| title=LBIA British%20trams.htm. airport terminal expansion [86] http://www.leodis.net/ [99] Education Leeds – the organisation, display.aspx?resourceIdentifier=2004426_66726321&DISPLAY=FULL EducationLeeds.co.uk, [87] http://www.railway-technology.com/ http://www.educationleeds.co.uk/ projects/leeds/ DisplayText.aspx?section=17&pageno=195 [88] "Leeds Tram Scheme - statement by Retrieved on 7 January 2009. Alistair Darling, Transport Secretary". [100] olice placed in all city schools, BBC P Government Office for Yorkshire and The Online, 7 January 2009, Humber. 2005-11-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/ http://www.gos.gov.uk/goyh/news/ west_yorkshire/7815281.stm Retrieved newsarchive/337532/. Retrieved on on 7 January 2009. 2007-02-14. [101]Leeds LEA OFSTED reports". " [89] "Leeds Supertram - Closing down http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/ arrangements" (PDF). West Yorkshire oxcare_providers/list/ Passenger Transport Authority. index.cfm?fuseaction=lea&id=383. 2005-12-01. http://www.wypta.gov.uk/ [102]Building Schools for the Future - BSF in " NR/rdonlyres/ Leeds". www.educationleeds.co.uk. A339D59D-9486-4DDD-881Chttp://www.educationleeds.co.uk/bsf/ F88080AD1496/0/SWG11205ITEM4.pdf. bsfinleeds.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-02-14. 2009-04-21. [90] "Leeds Supertram News, Light Rail [103]University of Leeds". UCAS. " Transit Association website". http://www.ucas.ac.uk/instit/i/l23.html. http://www.lrta.org/leedsnews.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-05.


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[104]LeedsMetropolitan University". UCAS. " uk100006150-s-26042.html. Retrieved on http://www.ucas.ac.uk/instit/i/l27.html. 2007-12-07. Retrieved on 2009-03-05. [124] . Freedman (1988) "The Leeds Jewish M [105] he Complete University Guide T Community" pp. 161–174 in L. S. Tate [106] K Ultimate Association. U (ed) Aspects of Leeds ISBN "LeedsLeedsLeeds". 1-871647-38-X http://www.ukultimate.com/team/ [125]JCR-UK - Leeds Jewish Community and " leedsleedsleeds. Retrieved on Synagogues". Jewishgen.org. 2008-05-07. http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/ [107] orkshire Evening Post. "Local pages". Y Leeds.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk/ [126] ttp://www.leedsmandir.org.uk h custompages/ [127]Home". Yjf.org.uk. " CustomPage.aspx?pageID=71724. http://www.yjf.org.uk. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-04-28. 2008-10-14. [108] ttp://www.leodis.net/ h [128]Buddhist organisations in: Leeds/ " display.aspx?resourceIdentifier=20021017_66540164 Bradford areas P2". Communigate.co.uk. [109]ITV could shut Leeds and Manchester " http://www.communigate.co.uk/brad/ bases and create new northern HQ", The leedsbuddhistgroup/page2.phtml. Guardian, 4 March 2009 Retrieved on 2008-10-14. [110]Leeds City Museum website". " [129]The Leeds PCT - Welcome to the Leeds " http://www.leeds.gov.uk/cityMuseum/. PCT". Leedspct.nhs.uk. [111]Museum homepage, hosted on Leeds " http://www.leedspct.nhs.uk/. Retrieved City Council website". on 2008-10-14. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/armleymills/. [130]Leeds Mental Health - Teaching NHS " [112] eeds International Concert Season L Trust". Leedsmentalhealth.nhs.uk. website http://www.leedsmentalhealth.nhs.uk/. [113]Lights, camera, action". BBC. " Retrieved on 2008-10-14. September 2003. http://www.bbc.co.uk/ [131]Welcome to the Pan Leeds Health " leeds/films/2003/09/film_fest.shtml. Portal". Leeds.nhs.uk. [114]Leeds Film". " http://www.leeds.nhs.uk/. Retrieved on http://www.leedsfilm.com/. 2008-10-14. [115] ttp://www.bbc.co.uk/leeds/features/ h [132]West Yorkshire Joint Services". " get_together/carnival/2003_review.shtml http://www.wyjs.org.uk/. Retrieved on [116] ttp://www.leedscarnival.co.uk/ h 2009-03-28. [117]Call to make Leeds arena dreams come " [133]Leeds - Brno partnership". " true", Yorkshire Evening Post, 16 March Leeds.gov.uk. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ 2009 page.aspx?pageidentifier=74bb3508-0d14-45f3-b7d7 [118]City centre site chosen for arena", BBC " Retrieved on 2008-10-14. News, 5 November 2008 [134] "International relations". Leeds.gov.uk. ^ [119]Leeds City Guide: Clubbing & Nightlife " http://www.leeds.gov.uk/About_Leeds/ in Leeds". http://www.leeds-cityinternational_relations.aspx. Retrieved guide.com/clubs. on 2008-10-14. [120]RA website with walking booklets". " [135]Leeds - Dortmund partnership". " http://www.ramblersyorkshire.org/ Leeds.gov.uk. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ publications.html. Advice_and_benefits/Tourism_and_travel/ [121] "Leeds Census 2001". ^ Town_twinning/ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/ Leeds__Dortmund_partnership.aspx. profiles/00DA-A.asp. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. [122] niversities chaplaincy in Leeds. U [136]Leeds - Durban partnership". " "Student Guide to Churches in Leeds". Leeds.gov.uk. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ http://www.leeds.ac.uk/chaplaincy/ page.aspx?pageidentifier=6555f52e-1de9-499b-8eda events/worship/churches1.php. Retrieved Retrieved on 2008-10-14. on 2007-12-06. [137]Leeds - Hangzhou partnership". " [123] ahoo. "Churches in Leeds". Y Leeds.gov.uk. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ http://uk.local.yahoo.com/ page.aspx?pageidentifier=32283a2b-11e6-4257-b018 West_Yorkshire/Leeds/Churches/ Retrieved on 2008-10-14.


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[138]Leeds - Lille partnership". Leeds.gov.uk. " • Unsworth R. and Stillwell J. (eds.) (2004) http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ Twenty-First Century Leeds: Geographies page.aspx?pageidentifier=ac0a4504-f720-4eff-9376-5bff2a4576a0. of a Regional City, Leeds University Press, Retrieved on 2008-10-14. Leeds; Sixteen Chapters about the [139]Leeds - Louisville partnership". " Contemporary City; 160 maps, many Leeds.gov.uk. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ photos ISBN 0853162425 page.aspx?pageidentifier=f665edae• Wrathmell S. (2005), Leeds, Pevsner e44d-495b-b4e3-0385a941082f. Architectural Guides, Yale University Retrieved on 2008-10-14. Press, London ISBN 978-0300107364 [140]Leeds - Siegen partnership". " Leeds.gov.uk. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/ Advice_and_benefits/Tourism_and_travel/ • Leeds travel guide from Wikitravel Town_twinning/ • ’Leeds Initiative’ Leeds Initiative city Leeds__Siegen_partnership.aspx. partnership. Retrieved on 2008-10-14. • Leeds City Council Leeds City Council. • ’Leeds, Live it, Love it’ Official city website, for visitors, business, students • Burt S. and Grady K. (2002 – 2nd edition) and residents. The Illustrated History of Leeds, Breedon • Leodis Leeds Library & Information Books, Derby ISBN 978-1859833162 Service photograph archive. • Fraser D. (ed.) (1980) A History of Modern • VR Leeds Leeds 360º Virtual Tour. Leeds, Manchester University Press, Manchester ISBN 071900747X

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