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Marathi Verb Morphology

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									            Marathi Verb Morphology
                      and
                  POS Tagger


                    Veena Dixit



18 / 10 /2005         Veena Dixit     1
                Marathi Verb Morphology
• Marathi verbs inflect for gender, number and
  person of the subject and the direct object in a
  sentence.
• They also inflect for tense and aspect of the
  action as well as mood of the speaker in an
  illocutionary act.
• Postpositions can be attached to verb stems
                                  े
  also. (करणे – karane – do & कल्यानंतर –
  kelyaanantara – after done)
18 / 10 /2005            Veena Dixit                 2
              Marathi Verb Morphology
• Inflectional Verb Morphology covers
  inflection of verb root for gender, number,
  person, tense, aspect and mood. (बसणे – basaNe –
  sit & बसतो – basato)
• Derivational Verb Morphology covers
  derivation of words of other parts of speech
  obtained either by an attachment of suffixes or
  postpositions to a verb stem.
(करणे – karaNe – do, करता करता – karataa karataa – while
  doing (adverb) कताा – kartaa – doer (adjective / noun))


18 / 10 /2005            Veena Dixit                        3
   Inflectional Morphology
        of Marathi Verbs
            Base: Aakhyaata Theory



18 / 10 /2005        Veena Dixit     4
                 Definitions
• Aakhyaata (आख्यात) refers to tense (काल),
  aspect, and mood (अथा).
• Aakhyaata is realized through aakhyaata
  pratyaya.
• Aakhyaata pratyaya (आख्यात प्रत्यय) is the
  closing suffix, which is attached to the verb
  root. (e.g., बसऱा (sat) )
• The phonemic shape of the Aakhyaata
  pratyaya is the basis of naming the
  Aakhyaatas.

18 / 10 /2005         Veena Dixit                 5
              Classification of
            Akhyaata Pratyayas

• On the basis of phonemic shape
• On the basis of Possibility of
  inflection for gender
18 / 10 /2005       Veena Dixit    6
  Classification of Aakhyaata Pratyayas
• On the basis of phonemic shape
  – Prathama taakhyaata प्रथमताख्यात
  – Dwitiya taakhyaata द्विततयताख्यात
  – Laakhyaata ऱाख्यात
  – Vaakhyaata ळाख्यात
  – ‘I:’ aakhyaata ईख्यात
  – ‘U:’ aakhyaata ऊख्यात
  – ‘I:laa’khyaata ईऱाख्यात
  – Chaakhyaata/Aayachaakhyaata चाख्यात
18 / 10 /2005     Veena Dixit             7
    Classification of Aakhyaata Pratyayas
                                    (continued)

• On the basis of Possibility of inflection for
  gender
        –Salinga aakhyaata agrees with
         gender.
        –Alinga aakhyaata does not agree with
         gender


18 / 10 /2005        Veena Dixit                  8
                     Prathama taakhyaata

subject         Masculine             Feminine              Neuter

person         Singular     Plural   Singular      Plural   Singular   Plural

First          तो           तो       ते            तो

Second         तोस          ता       तेस           ता

Third          तो           तात      ते            तात      ते         तात

    18 / 10 /2005                    Veena Dixit                          9
      Aakhyaataartha of Prathama
             Taakhyaata
• Present Tense: ळतामान काल
• Constant Truth: स्थथरसत्य (frequentive)
• Historical Truth: ऐततहातसक सत्य
• Citation / Quotation: अळतरण:
• Motive: उद्दे ऴ
• Near Past:संतनद्वहत भूतकाल
• Definite Future: तनसंऴय भवळष्यकाल
• Promise: आश्वासन
                              ळता
    Habitual Present : रीतत Dixit मानकाल
• / 10 /2005
18                      Veena               10

								
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