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Kid A

Kid A
Kid A

Limited edition promo cover

Studio album by Radiohead Released Recorded Genre Length Label Producer 2 October 2000 (2000-10-02) January 1999 – April 2000 Alternative rock, electronic 50:01 Parlophone, Capitol Records Nigel Godrich, Radiohead

Professional reviews • • • • • • • • Allmusic link The Guardian 2000 NME (7/10) 2000 Pitchfork Media (10.0/10) 2000 Q Nov. 2000, p. 96 Robert Christgau (A−) link Rolling Stone 2000 The Wire (favourable) #201, p. 59

Radiohead chronology OK Computer (1997) Alternate cover Kid A (2000) Amnesiac (2001)

Kid A is the fourth album by the English alternative rock band Radiohead, released on 2 October 2000 (2000-10-02) in the United Kingdom and on 3 October 2000 (2000-10-03) in the United States and Canada. A commercial success worldwide,[1] Kid A went platinum in its first week of release in the UK.[2] Despite the lack of an official single or video as publicity, Kid A became the first Radiohead release to debut at #1 in the US.[3] This success was credited variously to a unique marketing campaign, the early Internet leak of the album,[4] or anticipation after the band’s 1997 album, OK Computer.[5] Kid A was recorded in Paris, Copenhagen, Gloucestershire and Oxford with producer Nigel Godrich. The album’s songwriting and recording were experimental for Radiohead,[6] as the band replaced their earlier "anthemic" rock style with a more electronic sound.[7] Influenced by Krautrock,[8] jazz,[9] and 20th century classical music,[10] Radiohead abandoned their three-guitar lineup for a wider range of instruments on Kid A, using keyboards, the Ondes martenot, and, on certain compositions, strings and brass.[8] Kid A also contains more minimal and abstract lyrics than the band’s previous work.[11] Singer Thom Yorke has said the album was not intended as "art", but reflects the music they listened to at the time.[12] Original artwork by Stanley Donwood and Yorke, and a series of short animated films called "blips", accompanied the album. Kid A has been considered one of the more challenging pop records to have commercial success,[13] and it polarised opinion among both fans and critics.[6] The album won a Grammy for Best Alternative Album and was


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nominated for Album of the Year. It also received praise for introducing listeners to diverse forms of underground music.[6]

Kid A
his voice being used as an instrument rather than having a leading role in the album.[6] Work began on Kid A with OK Computer producer Nigel Godrich, without a deadline from the label.[4] Yorke, who had the greatest control within the band, was still facing writer’s block.[8] His new songs were incomplete, and some consisted of little more than a drum machine rhythm[8] and lyric fragments he had drawn from a hat. The band rehearsed briefly and began recording at a studio in Paris, but rejected their work after a month and moved to Medley Studios in Copenhagen for two weeks. Some music from early 1999 was incorporated into the album, often unrecognisable from its original form ("In Limbo", originally known as "Lost at Sea", dates from this time). According to band members, the period was largely unproductive.[8] O’Brien began to keep an online studio diary of the band’s progress.[18] He later described Radiohead’s change in style during this period: "If you’re going to make a different-sounding record, you have to change the methodology. And it’s scary—everyone feels insecure. I’m a guitarist and suddenly it’s like, well, there are no guitars on this track, or no drums".[8] Drummer Phil Selway also found it hard to adjust to the recording sessions.[8]

Recording and production
By 1998, the attention Radiohead had received from OK Computer had become a strain, particularly for singer Thom Yorke.[10] His feeling of disconnection with the "speed" of the modern world, which inspired songs on OK Computer,[14] had intensified on the 1997–1998 "Running from Demons" world tour.[15] As documented in Grant Gee’s 1999 film Meeting People Is Easy,[4] Radiohead unveiled new songs on the tour, including what was then known as "How to Disappear Completely and Never Be Found",[16] but the band had difficulty recording them.[15] While Yorke was receiving praise for his music, he became openly hostile to the media.[4][5] He believed his songs had become part of a constant background noise he described as "fridge buzz".[15] Yorke felt that "all the sounds you made, that made you happy, have been sucked of everything they meant",[4] and he suffered depression as he struggled to write new music.[8] Yorke said that in late 1998, "Every time I picked up a guitar I just got the horrors. I would start writing a song, stop after 16 bars, hide it away in a drawer, look at it again, tear it up, destroy it".[8] Radiohead members decided to continue; bassist Colin Greenwood adding, "we felt we had to change everything".[17]

Gloucestershire and Oxford
In April 1999 recording resumed in a Gloucestershire mansion before moving to the band’s long-planned studio in Oxford, which was completed in September 1999. In line with Yorke’s new musical direction, the band members began to experiment with different instruments, and to learn "how to be a participant in a song without playing a note".[8] The rest of the band gradually grew to share Yorke’s passion for synthesised sounds.[19] They also used digital tools like Pro Tools and Cubase to manipulate their recordings. O’Brien said, "everything is wide open with the technology now. The permutations are endless".[8] By the end of the year, six songs were complete, including the title track.[8] Early in 2000 Jonny Greenwood, the only Radiohead member trained in music theory, composed a string arrangement for "How to Disappear Completely", which he recorded with the Orchestra of St. John’s in Dorchester

Paris and Copenhagen
When Radiohead began work on the album early in 1999, the members had differing ideas as to the musical direction they should take. Ed O’Brien wanted to strip the band’s style down to direct, three-minute guitar pop songs,[8] while Yorke felt their past efforts with rock music had "missed the point". Yorke said he had "completely had it with melody. I just wanted rhythm".[8] Yorke had been a DJ and part of a techno band at Exeter University,[10] and began to listen almost exclusively to electronic music, saying, "I felt just as emotional about it as I’d ever felt about guitar music".[8] He liked the idea of


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Abbey.[20] He played Ondes Martenot on the track,[16] as well as on "Optimistic" and "The National Anthem". Yorke played bass on "The National Anthem" (known during the sessions as "Everyone"[18]), a track Radiohead had once attempted to record as a B-side for OK Computer. Trying it again for Kid A, Yorke wanted it to feature a Charles Mingus-inspired horn section, and he and Jonny Greenwood "conducted" the jazz musicians to sound like a "traffic jam".[21] Jonny Greenwood and his brother Colin also began experimenting with sampling their own and other artists’ music.[22] One such sample yielded the basic track for "Idioteque", which Yorke sang over. Despite their change in direction, Colin Greenwood still described Radiohead as being a rock band.[17] Jonny Greenwood summarised their recording sessions for Kid A:[23] I don’t remember much time playing keyboards. It was more an obsession with sound, speakers, the whole artifice of recording. I see it like this: a voice into a microphone onto a tape, onto your CD, through your speakers is all as illusory and fake as any synthesizer - it doesn’t put Thom in your front room - but one is perceived as ’real’ the other, somehow ’unreal’... It was just freeing to discard the notion of acoustic sounds being truer.

Kid A

Marketing and release
After finishing the record, the band, with their label, drew up a marketing plan. One EMI executive praised the music but described "the business challenge of making everyone believe" in it.[26] However, there was considerable media interest; Kid A was described as "the most highly anticipated rock record since Nirvana’s In Utero."[27] Thom Yorke found the situation [12] and according to Ed O’Brien, "terrifying", the marketing campaign aimed to dispel hype about the new album.[5] In a departure from music industry practice, the band decided not to release any official singles from Kid A, although "Optimistic" and promotional copies of several other tracks received some radio play.[4] Radiohead and their fans had a large Internet presence by the late 1990s.[4][28] As a result, Parlophone (UK) and Capitol Records (USA) marketed the album in an unconventional way, promoting it partly through the Internet.[26] Short films called "blips", set to the band’s music, were distributed freely online and were shown between programmes on music channels. Capitol created the "iBlip", a Java applet which could be embedded into fan sites, allowing users to pre-order the album and listen to streaming audio before its release.[26] No advance copies were circulated,[29] but the album was played under carefully controlled conditions for critics and at listening parties for fans,[30] and it was previewed in its entirety on MTV2.[31] The band made a brief tour of Mediterranean countries in early summer 2000, playing their new songs live for the first time.[32] By the time the album’s title was announced in mid-2000, concert bootlegs were being shared on the peer-to-peer service Napster. Colin Greenwood said, "We played in Barcelona and the next day the entire performance was up on Napster. Three weeks later when we got to play in Israel the audience knew the words to all the new songs and it was wonderful."[33] A month before its release, the finished album appeared on Napster. In response, Yorke said "it encourages enthusiasm for music in a way that the music industry has long forgotten to do."[34] Estimates suggested Kid A was downloaded without payment millions of times before its worldwide release, and some expected weaker sales.[35]

Ending the sessions
Radiohead finished recording during the spring of 2000, having completed almost 30 new songs.[18] Preferring to avoid a double album,[6] the band saved many of the songs for their next release, 2001’s Amnesiac. Yorke obsessed over potential running orders[24] and the band argued over the track list,[18] reportedly bringing them close to a breakup.[10] It was eventually decided that Kid A would begin with "Everything in Its Right Place". Yorke felt the song, which was written on a piano and computer, was most representative of the new record, and initially wanted to release it as a single.[25] Final mixing was completed by Godrich, and mastering of Kid A took place at London’s Abbey Road Studios under Chris Blair.


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European sales slowed on 2 October 2000, the day of official release, when 150,000 faulty CDs were recalled by EMI.[36] However, Kid A debuted at #1 in the album charts in the UK,[36] US,[37] France, Ireland, New Zealand and Canada.[1] It was the first US #1 in three years for any British act, the first #1 in two years for Capitol, and Radiohead’s first US top 20 album.[38][26] Some have suggested peer-to-peer distribution may have helped sales by generating word-ofmouth.[35] Others credited the label for creating hype.[39] However, the band believed measures against early leaks may not have allowed critics (who were supposed to rely on the CD copies) time to make up their minds.[5] In late 2000, the band toured Europe in a custom-built tent without corporate logos, playing mostly new songs.[4] Radiohead also performed three concerts in North American theatres, their first in nearly three years. The small venues sold out rapidly, attracting celebrities, and fans who camped all night.[5] In October the band appeared on Saturday Night Live. The footage shocked some viewers who expected rock songs, with Jonny Greenwood playing electronic instruments, the in-house brass band improvising over "The National Anthem", and Yorke dancing spasmodically and stuttering in "Idioteque."[40] Radiohead went to America just after the album’s #1 debut and according to O’Brien, "Americans love success, so if you’ve got a Number One record they really, really like you."[5] Yorke said "We were The Beatles, for a week."[41]

Kid A
label, including Blackalicious and DJ Krush.[45] "How to Disappear Completely" was inspired by singer Scott Walker, a previous inspiration on the band’s hit "Creep". The string orchestration for "How to Disappear" was influenced by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki.[4] Jonny Greenwood’s use of the Ondes Martenot on this and several other Kid A songs was inspired by Olivier Messiaen, who popularised the early electronic instrument and was one of Greenwood’s teenage heroes.[46] "Idioteque" sampled the work of Paul Lansky and Arthur Kreiger, classical composers involved in computer music. Thom Yorke also referenced electronic dance music, saying the song was "an attempt to capture that exploding beat sound where you’re at the club and the PA’s so loud, you know it’s doing damage".[6] "Motion Picture Soundtrack" (a song written before "Creep"[47]) was an attempt to emulate the soundtrack of 1950s Disney films. Yorke recorded it alone on a pedal organ and other band members added sampled harp and double bass sounds.[48] Jonny Greenwood described his interest in mixing old and new music technology,[46] and during the recording sessions Yorke read Ian MacDonald’s Revolution in the Head, which chronicles The Beatles’ recordings with George Martin during the late 1960s.[6] The band also sought to combine electronic manipulations with jam sessions in the studio, stating their model was the German group Can. The album’s title track was written by computer and improvised over by the band.[8] Radiohead have stated their lack of identification with "progressive rock".[43] As such, Kid A includes no songs longer than six minutes[nb 1] and has been sometimes characterised as "post-rock," due to a minimalist style and focus on texture.[49] Jonny Greenwood’s guitar solos are less prominent on Kid A than on previous Radiohead albums, however, guitars were still used on most tracks.[6] The instrumental "Treefingers" was at first a guitar solo by Ed O’Brien that was subsequently digitally processed to create an ambient sound.[50] In addition, some of Yorke’s vocals on Kid A are heavily modified by digital effects; Yorke’s vocal effect on the title song was created with the ondes martenot, giving an effect comparable to vocoder.[6] The band’s shift in style has been

Musical style
Sound and influences
Kid A is influenced by 1990s glitch and ambient electronic music (or IDM) artists Autechre, Aphex Twin, Squarepusher and Boards of Canada,[4] along with others on Warp Records;[8] by 1970s Krautrock bands such as Can,[8] Faust and Neu!;[42] and by the jazz of Charles Mingus,[9] Alice Coltrane and Miles Davis.[6] During the recording period Radiohead drew inspiration from Remain in Light (1980) by their early influence Talking Heads,[43] they attended an Underworld concert which helped renew their enthusiasm in a difficult moment[44] and band members listened to abstract hip hop from the Mo’Wax


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compared with U2’s Zooropa (1993) and Passengers (1995) projects,[51][52] and Talk Talk’s Laughing Stock (1991).[53]

Kid A
when we’ve wiped evrything [sic] out".[59] However, he has refused to explain his songwriting in political terms.[60] Some songs were personal, inspired by dreams.[61] Other lyrics were inspired by advice Yorke received from friends. The lyrics, "I’m not here, this isn’t happening" in "How to Disappear Completely," were taken from Michael Stipe’s advice to Yorke about coping with the pressures of touring.[16] The chorus of "Optimistic", "If you try the best you can, the best you can is good enough", was inspired by Yorke’s partner, Rachel Owen.[8] "Everything in its Right Place" was a result of Yorke’s inability to speak during his breakdown on the OK Computer tour.[62]

Kid A was the first Radiohead album since the band’s debut, Pablo Honey (1993), whose lyrics were not officially released or published in its liner notes. Thom Yorke, who wrote all the lyrics, explained this by saying the words could not be considered separately from the music.[24] He said he used a vocal manipulation to distance himself from the title track’s "brutal and horrible" subject matter, which he could not have sung otherwise.[6] For at least some of the lyrics, Yorke cut up words and phrases and drew them from a hat.[11] Tristan Tzara’s similar technique for writing "dada poetry" was posted on Radiohead’s official web site during the recording.[54] Post-punk bands who influenced Radiohead, such as Talking Heads in their work with Brian Eno, were also known to employ the technique.[6] According to Yorke, the album’s title was not a reference to Kid A in Alphabet Land, a trading card set dealing with the work of psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.[10] Yorke suggested that the title could refer to the first human clone,[55] but denied he had a concept or story in mind. On another occasion, Yorke said "Kid A" was the nickname of a sequencer.[56] Yorke said, "If you call it something specific, it drives the record in a certain way. I like the non-meaning".[10] Band members read Naomi Klein’s antiglobalization book No Logo while recording the album, recommended it to fans on their website, and considered calling the album "No Logo" for a time.[8] Yorke also cited George Monbiot’s Captive State: The Corporate Takeover of Britain as an influence.[6] Yorke and other band members were involved in the movement to cancel third world debt during this period,[4] and they also spoke out on other issues. Some feel Kid A conveys an anti-consumerist viewpoint, expressing the band’s perception of global capitalism.[57] In 2005, music journalist Chuck Klosterman wrote that Kid A was in fact an "unintentional but spooky foreshadowing of the events of the September 11, 2001 attacks" and the world’s situation beyond that.[58] Yorke said the album was partly about "the generation that will inherit the earth

Videos and blips
No conventional music videos were initially released from Kid A, but short films called "blips" were set to its music. They were usually around 30 seconds in length. The blips were shown between segments on MTV, occasionally as TV commercials for the album, and were distributed free from Radiohead’s website. As of July 2008, they are still available on the Internet. Each blip was made by one of two collectives: The Vapour Brothers or Shynola. Most blips were animated, often inspired by Stanley Donwood’s album artwork. The blips have been seen as stories of nature reclaiming civilization from uncontrollable biotechnology and consumerism. Characters in the blips included "sperm monsters" and blinking, genetically modified killer teddy bears, the latter of which became a self-conscious logo for the album’s advertising campaign.[63] A more traditional video was released in late 2000: the band performing an alternate version of "Idioteque" in the studio. Several months later a video was released for "Motion Picture Soundtrack", which entirely consisted of material from the blips. Yorke described it as "the most beautiful piece of film that was ever made for our music".[43]

The cover art, by Donwood and Tchock (an alias for Thom Yorke), is a computer rendering of a mountain range, with pixelated distortion near the bottom. It was a reflection of


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Kid A
number of 50-gallon swimming pools filled with human blood. This image haunted Donwood throughout the Kid A project.[67] Early pressings of Kid A came with an extra booklet of artwork hidden under the CD tray. The booklet contained political references, including a demonic portrait of then-British Prime Minister Tony Blair surrounded by warnings of demagoguery.[68] A special edition of Kid A was also released, in a thick cardboard package in the style of a children’s book with a new cover and different oil paintings of apocalyptic landscapes and bear images. Although in the same style as the album art, these paintings were without digital distortion. The book included a page with statistics on world glacier melt rates, paralleling the art’s themes of environmental degradation.[66] In 2006, Donwood and Tchock exhibited Radiohead album artwork in Barcelona, with a focus on Kid A. An art book documenting the work and Donwood’s inspirations, called Dead Children Playing, was also issued.[65]

A portion of Stanley Donwood and Tchock’s album art with the "red swimming pool" depicted in its centre. the war in Kosovo in winter 1999. Donwood was affected by a photograph in The Guardian, saying the war felt like it was happening in his own street.[64] Influenced by Victorian era military art depicting British colonial subjects,[65] Donwood also produced colourful oil paintings, creating a sharp texture with knives and putty.[66] The back cover is a digitally modified depiction of another snowscape with fires raging through fields. Kid A came with a booklet of Donwood and Tchock artwork, printed on both glossy paper and thick tracing paper. Near the back there is a large triptych-style fold-out drawing.

Kid A received considerable attention, but it initially divided listeners.[69] Novelist Nick Hornby compared Kid A to Lou Reed’s Metal Machine Music, implying that it was an attempt at "commercial suicide" in order to escape from a label contract. He summarized a common source of opposition to the album in a review for The New Yorker, lamenting the change in musical style from The Bends (1995) and OK Computer.[70] In 2001, by contrast, Radiohead appeared on the cover of The Wire, an avant-garde music magazine that usually ignores trends in alternative rock. The band earned a feature interview by Simon Reynolds, championing Kid A and its follow-up, Amnesiac, and dismissing accusations that they lacked originality.[6] Several American critics gave the album positive reviews,[5] with Spin naming Radiohead "Band of the Year" and USA Today calling Kid A "the most eccentric album ever to debut at No. 1, setting Radiohead apart from an army of lock-stepping pop and rock acts."[71] Robert Christgau gave the album an A-; he wrote, "this [Kid A] is an imaginative, imitative variation on a pop staple: sadness made pretty. Alienated masterpiece nothing- it’s dinner music." [72]French publications Les Inrockuptibles[73] and Magic gave

A "hidden booklet" was included in early pressings. Some of the artwork was seen to take a more explicitly political stance than the album’s lyrics.[66] The red swimming pool on the spine of the CD case and on the disc represents what Donwood termed "a symbol of looming danger and shattered expectations". It came from the graphic novel Brought to Light by Alan Moore and Bill Sienkiewicz, in which the CIA measures its killings through state-sponsored terrorism by the equivalent


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Chart (2000) UK Album Chart[36] US Billboard 200[37] Australia[79] Austria[1] Canada[1] France[80] German Long-play Chart[81] Ireland[82] Italy[83] Netherlands[84] New Zealand[85] Sweden[86] Switzerland[87] Peak position 1 1 2 5 1 1 4 1 3 4 1 3 8

Kid A

Kid A highly favourable reviews.[74] Readers 4. "How to Disappear Completely" – 5:56 of Les Inrocks also voted it album of the 5. "Treefingers" – 3:42 year.[1] However, in the UK, Kid A disappoin- 6. "Optimistic" – 5:16 ted and infuriated some critics who expected 7. "In Limbo" – 3:31 the band to be "rock saviours".[6] Melody 8. "Idioteque" (Radiohead, Paul Lansky) – Maker had said months in advance of the al5:09 bum, "If there’s one band that promises to re- 9. "Morning Bell" – 4:35 turn rock to us, it’s Radiohead".[20] The al- 10. "Motion Picture Soundtrack" – 7:01 bum was later given a negative review in the "Motion Picture Soundtrack" contains several magazine.[75] NME called it "a lengthy and minutes of silence and a "hidden track" in its over-analysed mistake" and "scared to comrunning time. The song proper ends at about mit itself emotionally", though giving it a 3:20 and an untitled instrumental hidden [5] 7/10. track starts at about 4:17 and ends at 5:09. Despite the lack of consensus, by the end The remaining 1:50 of the track are silent. of 2000 the album was appearing frequently The vinyl version is the same length, in critics’ top ten lists[76] as praise for Radiohowever, the hidden track starts at about head’s experimentation appeared to out6:05. In the iTunes version, however, "Motion weigh reservations.[13] In 2001, Kid A rePicture Soundtrack" and the hidden track ceived a Grammy nomination for Album of (identified as "Untitled") have their own the Year and for Best Engineered Album, and tracks, not sharing the same track number it won Best Alternative Album. In 2003, the like the CD version. album was ranked number 428 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. In 2005, two popular indie music publications, Pitchfork Media and Stylus magazine, each separately named Kid A the best album of the past five years.[77][78]



Track listing
All tracks written by Radiohead except where noted. 1. "Everything in Its Right Place" – 4:11 2. "Kid A" – 4:44 3. "The National Anthem" – 5:51

• Thom Yorke – vocals, programming, keyboard, guitar, bass guitar • Colin Greenwood – bass guitar, sampler • Jonny Greenwood – Ondes Martenot, guitar, string arrangements, sampler, synthesiser


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Publication Stylus Spin Mojo NME Time Hot Press Rate Your Music Country Japan United Kingdom Country Accolade US US UK UK US Ireland N/A The 50 Best Albums of 2000-2004[89] Top 100 Albums of the Last 20 Years[90] The 100 Greatest Albums of Our Lifetime 1993-2006[91] The 100 Greatest British Albums Ever[92] The All-Time 100 Albums[93] The 100 Best Albums Ever[94] The Top Albums of All Time

Kid A
Year Rank 2005 1 2005 48 2006 7 2006 65 2006 * 2006 47 2009 36

Date 27 September 2000 2 October 2000

Label Toshiba-EMI Parlophone

Format Catalogue number CD 2x10" CD MD 00529220 10KIDA 1 CDKIDA 1 MDKIDA 1 27753 CDKIDA 1

United States Canada

3 October 2000 3 October 2000

Capitol Records Parlophone


• Ed O’Brien – guitar, programming • Phil Selway – drums, percussion, programming

Additional musicians


• Nigel Godrich – production, • Andy Bush – trumpet engineering, • Andy Hamilton – mixing tenor saxophone • Henry Binns – (credited as "tenor sampling horn") • Chris Blair – • Steve Hamilton – mastering alto saxophone • Graeme Stewart (credited as "alto – engineering horn") • Gerard Navarro • Stan Harrison – – engineering baritone saxophone (etc.) • Martin Hathaway – alto saxophone • Mike Kearsey – bass trombone • Liam Kerkman – trombone • Mark Lockheart – tenor saxophone • The Orchestra of St. Johns – strings • John Lubbock – conductor

• Paul Lansky – sample of "Mild und Leise" on "Idioteque" • Arthur Kreiger – sample of "Short Piece" on "Idioteque"

The following information regarding list placements attributed to Kid A is taken from[88]
(*) designates unordered lists.

Release history Footnotes
[1] While "Motion Picture Soundtrack" has a track length of over six minutes, the song itself is less than three and a half minutes long.

[1] ^ "Radiohead, new album 2000".


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Kid A

newalbum.htm. Retrieved on thomquotes.htm. Retrieved on 2007-03-17. 2007-03-17. [2] "BPI Certified Awards". BPI. [13] ^ "Kid A by Radiohead". Metacritic. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. [3] Evangelista, Benny (2000-10-12). "CD radiohead/kida. Retrieved on Soars After Net Release: Radiohead’s 2007-05-20. ’Kid A’ premieres in No. 1 slot". San [14] "Making OK Computer". Francisco Chronicle. article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2000/ okcomputersessions.html. Retrieved on 10/12/ 2007-03-18. BU108599.DTL&type=tech_article. [15] ^ Radiohead (interviews). (1998, 11-30). Retrieved on 2007-03-17. Meeting People Is Easy. Seventh art [4] ^ Zoric, Lauren (2000-09-22). "I think releasing. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. I’m meant to be dead ...". The Guardian. [16] ^ "How to disappear completely". Ne Pas Avaler. 2000. story/0,,371289,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. howtodisappearcompletely.htm. [5] ^ "NME Christmas Double Issue". NME. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. 2000-12-23. [17] ^ Kot, Greg (2000). "Radiohead sends out new signals with ’Kid A’". presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=104. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. [6] ^ Reynolds, Simon (2001-07). "Walking press5.htm. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. on Thin Ice". The Wire. [18] ^ O’Brien, Ed (1999-07-22 to 2000-06-26). "Ed’s Diary". presscuttings.php?year=2001&cutting=131. Retrieved on 2007-03-17. coldstorage/articles/edsdiary/index.php. [7] Gilbert, Ben (2000-09-29). "Radiohead Retrieved on 2007-05-19. "Kid A"". Dotmusic. [19] Ross, Alex (2001-08-21). "The Searchers: Radiohead’s unquiet revolution". The 15624.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-15. New Yorker. [8] ^ Eccleston, Danny (October 2000). "(Radiohead article)". Q Magazine. mahler_1.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-26. presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=89&PHPSESSID=c033bc19e81ba698894f33e264541fc4. [20] ^ "Radiohead Revealed: The Inside Story Retrieved on 2007-03-18. of the Year’s Most Important Album". [9] ^ Zoric, Lauren (2000-10-01). "Fitter, Melody Maker. 2000-03-29. Happier, More Productive". Juice Magazine. presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=66. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=91. [21] "The National Anthem". Retrieved on 2007-05-19. [10] ^ Smith, Andrew (2000-10-01). "Sound and fury". The Observer. thenationalanthemquotes.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-15. 0,6903,375564,00.html. Retrieved on [22] "discography". 2007-05-19. [11] ^ "’Kid A’ Quotes". kida/index.php. Retrieved on 2007-03-18. kidaquotes.htm. Retrieved on [23] Greenwood, Jonny (2000). "Questions 2007-05-19. and Answers". Spin With a Grin. [12] ^ "Radiohead - Thom Yorke Quotes". Radiohead,


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Kid A

answer.asp?show=all. Retrieved on [35] ^ Menta, Richard (2000-10-28). "Did 2007-05-14. Napster Take Radiohead’s New Album to [24] ^ Radiohead. Interview with NY Rock. Number 1?". December 2000. (Interview). Retrieved on 2007-04-01. 2000/radiohead.html. Retrieved on [25] "news". 2002-05-12. 2007-03-22. [36] ^ "’Difficult’ Radiohead album is a hit". archive/2002/05/index.php. Retrieved on BBC News. 2000-10-04. 2007-03-18. [26] ^ Cohen, Warren (2000-10-11). "With 955767.stm. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. Radiohead’s Kid A, Capitol Busts Out of a [37] ^ "US adopts Kid A". BBC News. Big-Time Slump. (Thanks, Napster.)". 2000-10-12. entertainment/968437.stm. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. insideclips/radiohead.htm. Retrieved on [38] "US Success for Radiohead". BBC News. 2007-03-20. 2001-06-14. [27] Borow, Zev (November 2000). "The entertainment/1389135.stm. Retrieved difference engine". Spin Magazine. on 2007-03-22. [39] Biswas, Tania (2000-09-13). "Perfect ~kakaletr/articles/spin.htm. Retrieved on Child Facsimile: Radiohead’s Kid A in 2007-03-20. New York City". Columbia Spectator. [28] Mr. P. "Music Reviews". Tiny Mix Tapes. [40] Marianne Tatom Letts (PDF). "How to Disappear Completely": Radiohead and spip.php?article1000. Retrieved on the Resistant Concept Album. pp. 158. 2007-03-20. [29] "New Radiohead Album Floods The Marianne_Tatom_Letts_dissertation.pdf. Internet". 2003-03-31. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. [41] Yorke, Thom. Interview with Steve article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1852617. Lamacq. BBC Radio 1. 2000-12-20. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. (Interview). Retrieved on 2007-03-22. [30] Gold, Kerry (2000-09-16). "Control [42] "Radiohead’s playlists for DJ sets/ Freaks". The Vancouver Sun. webcasts two and three". AtEase News. March 2000. presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=84. archive/2000/2000-03.php. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-03-22. 2007-05-19. [31] Goldsmith, Charles (2000-09-18). [43] ^ "Questions and Answers". "Radiohead’s New Marketing". The Wall Street Journal. answer.asp?show=all. Retrieved on presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=86. 2007-04-01. Retrieved on 2007-03-22. [44] "Radiohead: The Escape Artists, Part [32] Oldham, James (2000-06-24). "Radiohead Two". The Word. 2008-05-07. - Their Stupendous Return". NME. radiohead-escape-artists-part-two. presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=75. Retrieved on 2008-11-06. Retrieved on 2007-05-15. [45] Greenwood, Jonny. Interview. [33] "Radiohead take Aimster". BBC News. (Interview). Retrieved on 2007-04-01. 2000-10-02. [46] ^ Gill, Andy (2003-10-31). ""So long to entertainment/953151.stm. Retrieved on Jonny guitar"". The Independent. 2007-03-17. [34] Farley, Christopher John (2000-10-23). mi_qn4158/is_20031031/ai_n12721317. "Radioactive". Time Europe. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. [47] Kennedy, Jake (November 2000). "Kid A magazine/2000/1023/radiohead.html. Rock". Record Collector. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=101.[59] Yorke, Thom (2000). "Kid A Retrieved on 2007-03-17. Interpretation (Thom Yorke quoted, [48] ""Motion Picture Soundtrack"". likely from one of his RHMB postings)". album/motionpic.htm. Retrieved on Kid_A_interpretation.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. 2007-05-19. [49] Reynolds, Simon (October 2000). "Radio [60] Burton, Sarah (2003). "Duty of Chaos". Spin. Expression: Thom Yorke and Howard Zinn debate the artist’s role...". presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=88. Resonance Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. [50] "Treefingers song information". Green feature_01.html. Retrieved on Plastic Radiohead. 2000. 2007-05-19. [61] "’How to Disappear Completely’ Quotes". treefingers.php. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. [51] Kot, Greg (2005-05-22). "Bono: ’We need htdcquotes.htm. Retrieved on to talk’". Chicago Tribune. 2007-05-19. [62] Tate, Joseph (2005). The Music and Art music/ of Radiohead. chi-0505220011may22,0,1114781.story. [63] Tate, Joseph (May 2002). "Radiohead’s Retrieved on 2007-04-23. Anti-videos: Works of Art in the Age of [52] Robbins, Ira; Reno, Brad. "U2". Trouser Electronic Reproduction.". Postmodern Press. Culture 12 (3). doi:10.1353/ entry.php?a=u2. Retrieved on pmc.2002.0019. 2007-04-24. [53] Wolk, Douglas (2000-10-04). "Like Our issue.502/12.3tate.html. Retrieved on New Direction?". Village Voice. 2007-04-25. [64] "Arts Diary". The Guardian. 2006-11-22. 0040,wolk,18661,22.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-24. 0,,1954021,00.html. Retrieved on [54] "The Dadaists and Radiohead". 1999. 2007-04-24. [65] ^ Donwood, Stanley. "TXT1". Slowly archive/courses/liu/english165/studentDownward. papers/jensen.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-19. txt1.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. [55] Yorke, Thom (2000-07-30). "RHMB [66] ^ Leblanc, Lisa (2005-04-28). "Ice Age posting". Coming: The Apocalyptic Sublime in the newalbum.htm. Retrieved on Paintings of Stanley Donwood". in Tate, 2007-05-19. Joseph. The Music and Art of Radiohead. [56] "Discography". At Ease. Ashgate. ISBN 0754639797. [67] Donwood, Stanley. "Bear over a kida/index.php. Retrieved on swimming pool". Slowly Downward. 2007-04-24. [57] Rivera, Adam (2003). "Radiohead DisplayIndividualItem/1/575.html. Unpackt (web archive)". Retrieved on 2007-04-25. [68] "Booklet Hidden Behind a Compact 20050216080819/ Disc". At Ease. ~adrivera/tsp1.html. Retrieved on booklet. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. [58] Lewis, Georgie (2005-06-25). "Review of [69] Powers, Devon (October 2000). "Kid A". Chuck Klosterman’s ’Killing Yourself to Popmatters. Live’". Powell’s Books. music/reviews/r/radiohead-kida.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. 2005_06_25.html. Retrieved on [70] White, Curtis. "Kid Adorno". Context. 2007-05-19.


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context/no6/white.html. Retrieved on index.jsp?c=p%2Fmusicvideo%2Fmusic%2Farchive% 2007-03-31. (This article is highly Retrieved on 29 October 2008. critical of Hornby’s opinion of Kid A and [83] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)". the mentality his review is seen to reflect, with White seeing it as a justification for the album’s existence.) showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&ca [71] Gundersen, Edna (2000-12-28). Retrieved on 29 October 2008. "Radiohead: A band apart". USA Today. [84] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)" (in Dutch). people11.htm. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&ca [72] [1] Robert Christgau: Radiohead reviews. Retrieved on 29 October 2008. [73] "Kid A review" (in French). Les [85] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)". Inrockuptibles. 2000. showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&ca Retrieved on 2007-05-18. Retrieved on 29 October 2008. [74] "Kid A review" (in French). Magic!. [86] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)". September 2000. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&ca [75] Beaumont, Mark (2000-09-20). Retrieved on 29 October 2008. "Radiohead Kid A". Melody Maker. [87] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)". presscuttings.php?year=2000&cutting=85. showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&ca Retrieved on 2007-04-25. Retrieved on 29 October 2008. [76] "Kid A". Acclaimed music. [88] "Kid A". Acclaimed Music. A1081.htm. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. A1081.htm. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. [77] "Top 100 albums of 2000-2004". [89] "The 50 Best Albums of 2000-2004". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on Stylus Magazine. 2005. 2006-03-06. 20060306033536/ feature.php?ID=1430. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. 2000-04/index10.shtml. Retrieved on [90] "100 Greatest Albums, 1985-2005". Spin 2007-04-01. Magazine. 2005. [78] Stylus "The Top 50 albums, 2000-2005". features/magazine/covers/2005/06/ Stylus magazine. 2005-01-18. 0507_cover_greatest_albums/. Retrieved on 2007-05-14. weekly_article/the[91] "The 100 Greatest Albums of Our top-50-albums-2000-2005.htm Stylus. Lifetime 1993-2006". 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-01. [79] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)". Australian3172289350/show/606163. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&cat=a. Greatest British Albums Ever". [92] "The 100 Retrieved on 29 October 2008. NME. 2006. [80] "Radiohead - Kid A (Album)" (in French). nmes_100_best_albums.htm#Greatest%20British%20 Retrieved on 2007-04-25. showitem.asp?interpret=Radiohead&titel=Kid+A&cat=a. Josh (2006-11-13). "The All[93] Tyrangiel, Retrieved on 29 October 2008. Time 100 albums". Time. [81] "Charts-Surfer". http://www.charts Retrieved on 100albums/index.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-27. 2007-05-05. [82] "Top 75 Artist Album, Week Ending 5 [94] "The 100 Best Albums Ever". Hot Press. October 2000". Chart Track. 2006. 3172289350/show/610386. Retrieved on 2007-05-14.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by Let’s Get Ready by Mystikal Preceded by Music by Madonna

Kid A

Billboard 200 number-one album Succeeded by 21-27 October 2000 Rule 3:36 by Ja Rule UK number one album 14 October 2000 – 27 October 2000 Succeeded by Saints & Sinners by All Saints

External links
• Ed’s Diary: Ed O’Brien’s studio diary from Kid A/Amnesiac recording sessions, 1999-2000 (archived at Green Plastic)

• New York Times feature/interview: "The Post-Rock Band". October 1, 2000. by Gerald Marzorati.

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