Ithaca__New_York by zzzmarcus

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Ithaca, New York

Ithaca, New York
Ithaca, New York

Location in New York

Coordinates: 42°26′36″N 76°30′0″W / 42.44333°N 76.5°W / 42.44333; -76.5Coordinates: 42°26′36″N 76°30′0″W / 42.44333°N 76.5°W / 42.44333; -76.5 Country State County Founded Incorporated Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water United States New York Tompkins County 1790 1888 Carolyn K. Peterson (D) 6.1 sq mi (15.7 km2) 5.5 sq mi (14.1 km2) 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)

in the Town of Ithaca. The college is strongly linked to the city, further adding to Ithaca’s strong “college town” focus and atmosphere. The City of Ithaca is the center of the Ithaca-Tompkins County metropolitan area (which also contains the separate municipalities of Town of Ithaca, Village of Cayuga Heights, Village of Lansing and other towns and villages in Tompkins County). The city is the county seat of Tompkins County. In 2000, the city’s population was 29,287, and the metropolitan area had a population of 100,135. 2004 estimates puts the city population at 29,952, an increase of 2.3%. Namgyal Monastery in Ithaca is the North American seat of His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama.[4]

History
Early history
The inhabitants of the Ithaca area at the time Europeans began arriving were the Saponi and Tutelo Indians, dependent tribes of the Cayuga Indians who formed part of the Iroquois confederation. These tribes had been allowed to settle on Cayuga-controlled hunting lands at the south end of Cayuga Lake as well as in Pony (originally Sapony) Hollow of Newfield, New York, after being forced from North Carolina by European invasion. They were driven from the area by the Sullivan Expedition which destroyed the Tutelo village of Coregonal, located near the junction of state routes 13 and 13A just south of the Ithaca city limits. Indian presence in the current City of Ithaca was limited to a temporary hunting camp at the base of Cascadilla Gorge. The destruction of Iroquois confederation power opened the region to settlement by people of European origin, a process which began in 1789. In 1790, an official program began for distributing land in the area as a reward for service to the American soldiers of the Revolutionary War; most local land titles trace back to the Revolutionary war grants. Lots were drawn in 1791; informal settlement had already started.

Population (2000) 29,287 (city proper) - City 5,363.9/sq mi (2,071.0/ - Density km2) 100,018 - Metro Ithacan - Demonym Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) Website EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4) 607 www.cityofithaca.org

The City of Ithaca (named for the Greek island of Ithaca)[1] sits on the southern shore of Cayuga Lake, in Central New York State, USA. It is best known for being home to Cornell University — an Ivy League school with almost 20,000 students (most of them studying on Cornell’s Ithaca campus).[2][3] Ithaca College is also located just south of the city

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Ithaca, New York

Partition of the Military Tract
As part of this process, the Central New York Military Tract, which included northern Tompkins County, was surveyed by Simeon DeWitt. His clerk Robert Harpur had a fondness for ancient Greek and Roman history as well as English authors and philosophers (as evidenced by the nearby townships of Dryden and Locke). The Commissioners of Lands of New York State (chairman Gov. George Clinton) followed Harpur’s recommendations at a meeting in 1790. The Military Tract township in which proto-Ithaca was located he named the Town of Ulysses, the Latin form of the Greek Odysseus from Homer’s Odyssey. A few years later DeWitt moved to Ithaca, then called variously "The Flats," "The City," or "Sodom," and named it for the Greek island home of Ulysses (still the surrounding township at the time — nowadays Ulysses is just a town in Tompkins County). Contrary to popular myth, DeWitt did not name many of the classical references found in Upstate New York such as Syracuse and Troy; these were from the general classical fervor of the times. The Odyssey is routinely taught to elementary school students in the Ithaca area.

A view of the shops and businesses on the Ithaca Commons. of 1837 when the railroad was re-organized as the Cayuga & Susquehanna and re-engineered with switchbacks in the late 1840s; much of this route is now used by the South Hill Recreation Way. However, easier routes soon became available, such as the Syracuse, Binghamton & New York (1854). In the decade following the Civil War railroads were built from Ithaca to all surrounding points (Geneva, New York; Cayuga, New York; Cortland, New York; Elmira, New York; Athens, Pennsylvania) mainly with financing from Ezra Cornell; however, the geography of the city has always prevented it from lying on a major transportation artery. Nevertheless, the village of Ithaca became a chartered city in 1887. When the Lehigh Valley Railroad built its main line from Pennsylvania to Buffalo in 1890 it bypassed Ithaca (running via eastern Schuyler County on easier grades), as the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad had done in the 1850s. Ithaca became a city in 1888 and remained a small manufacturing and retail center until the recent education boom. In 1891, the Rev. John M. Scott and a local druggist, Chester Platt, invented the ice cream sundae in Ithaca,[5][6]

The growth of Ithaca, village and city

State Street in Ithaca, ca. 1901 In the 1820s and 1830, Ithaca held high hopes of becoming a major city when the primitive Ithaca and Owego Railway was completed in 1832 to connect the Erie Canal navigation with the Susquehanna River to the south. In 1821, the village set itself off by incorporation at the same time the Town of Ithaca parted with the parent town of Ulysses. These hopes survived the depression

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though other cities, such as Two Rivers, Wisconsin, make the same claim.[7]

Ithaca, New York

Local Industry
Ithaca was nationally known for the Ithaca Gun Company, makers of highly-valued shotguns, and Ithaca Calendar Clocks. The largest industry was the Morse Chain company, still active in Lansing, New York, as Borg Warner Automotive and on South Hill as Emerson Power Transmission. In the postWorld War II decades, National Cash Register and the Langmuir Research Labs of General Electric were also major employers.

Higher education
Cornell University was founded by Ezra Cornell in 1865. It was opened as a coeducational institution, which was extremely unusual at the time; women first enrolled in 1870. Ezra Cornell also established a public library for the city. Ithaca College was founded as the Ithaca Conservatory of Music in 1892.

The film industry
During the early 20th century, Ithaca was an important center in the silent film industry. The most common type of film produced was the cliffhanger serial. These films often featured the local natural scenery. Many of these films were the work of Leopold Wharton and his brother Theodore Wharton in their studio on the site of what is now Stewart Park. Eventually the film industry centralized in Hollywood, which offered the possibility of year-round filming, and film production in Ithaca effectively ceased. Few of the silent films made in Ithaca are preserved today.

Hemlock Gorge along Fall Creek before emptying into Beebe Lake on Cornell’s Campus. found in this area can be examined at the Museum of the Earth. Ithaca was founded on flat land just south of the lake — land that formed in fairly recent geological times when silt filled the southern end of the lake. The city ultimately spread to the adjacent hillsides, which rise several hundred feet above the central flats: East Hill, West Hill, and South Hill. Its sides are fairly steep, and a number of the streams that flow into the valley from east or west have cut deep gorges, usually with several waterfalls. Ithaca experiences a moderate continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and sometimes hot and humid summers. The valley flatland has slightly milder weather in winter, and occasionally Ithacans experience simultaneous snow on the hills and rain in the valley. The phenomenon of mixed precipitation (rain, wind, and snow), common in the late fall and early spring, is known tongue-incheek as ithacation to many of the local residents.[6] The natural vegetation of the Ithaca area, seen in areas unbuilt and unfarmed, is northern temperate broadleaf forest, dominated by deciduous trees. Due to the microclimates created by the impact of the lakes, the region surrounding

Geography and climate
The valley in which Cayuga Lake is located is long and narrow with a north-south orientation. Ithaca is at the southern end (the "head") of the lake, but the valley continues to the southwest behind the city. Originally a river valley, it was deepened and widened by the action of Pleistocene ice sheets over the last several hundred thousand years. The lake, which drains to the north, formed behind a dam of glacial moraine. The rock is predominantly Devonian and, north of Ithaca, is relatively fossil rich. Glacial erratics can be found in the area. The world renowned fossils

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Ithaca (Finger Lakes American Viticultural Area) experiences a short but adequate growing season for winemaking. As such the region is home to many wineries.

Ithaca, New York
considerably, many of whom would have previously shopped elsewhere, while increasing sales tax revenue for the city and county. Still others note that the stores, restaurants, and businesses that remain in downtown are not necessarily in direct competition with the larger chain stores. The tradeoff between sprawl and economic development continues to be debated throughout the city and the surrounding area. (Another commercial center, Collegetown, is located next to the Cornell campus. It features a number of restaurants, shops, and bars, and an increasing number of high rise apartments and is primarily frequented by Cornell University students.) Ithaca has many of the businesses characteristic of small American university towns: used bookstores, art house cinemas, craft stores, and vegetarian restaurants. The collective Moosewood Restaurant, founded in 1973, was the wellspring for a number of vegetarian cookbooks; Bon Appetit magazine ranked it among the thirteen most influential restaurants of the twentieth century.

Education
Ithaca is a major educational center in Central New York. The city is home to Ithaca College, situated on South Hill, and Cornell University which overlooks the town from East Hill. The student population is very high, as almost 20,000 students are enrolled at Cornell, with an additional 6,300 students at Ithaca College. Tompkins Cortland Community College is located in the neighboring town of Dryden, New York, and has an extension center in downtown Ithaca. The Ithaca City School District, which encompasses Ithaca and the surrounding area, enrolls about 5,500 K-12 students in eight elementary schools, two middle schools, Ithaca High School, and the Lehman Alternative Community School, which provides its students wide-ranging freedom to choose their own curriculum. There are also several private elementary and secondary schools in the Ithaca area, including Immaculate Conception School and the Cascadilla School.

Culture
Ithacans support the Ithaca Farmers Market, professional theaters (Kitchen Theatre, Hangar Theatre, Icarus Theatre), a civic orchestra, much parkland, the Sciencenter, a hands-on science museum for people of all ages, and the Museum of the Earth. Ithaca is noted for its annual artistic celebration of community: The Ithaca Festival (and its parade), the Circus Eccentrithaca. The Constance Saltonstall Foundation for the Arts provides grants and Summer Fellowships at the Saltonstall Arts Colony for New York State artists and writers. Ithaca also hosts what is described as the third-largest usedbook sale in the United States. Other festivals occur annually, with music and food. These include The Apple Festival in the fall, with many different varieties of apples and apple products; Chili Fest in February, a local contest involving many local restaurants who compete to make the best chili in several different categories. Ithaca has also pioneered the Ithaca Health Fund, a popular cooperative health insurance. Ithaca is also home to one of the United States’ first local currency systems, Ithaca Hours, developed by Paul Glover

Economy
The economy of Ithaca is based on education and manufacturing with high tech and tourism in strong supporting roles. As of 2006, Ithaca remains one of the few expanding economies in economically troubled New York State outside of New York City, and draws commuters from the neighboring rural counties of Cortland, Tioga, and Schuyler, as well as from the more urbanized Chemung County. With some level of success, Ithaca has tried to maintain a traditional downtown shopping area that includes the Ithaca Commons pedestrian mall and Center Ithaca, a small mixed-use complex built at the end of the urban renewal era. Some in the community regret that downtown has lost vitality to two expanding commercial zones to the northeast and southwest of the old city. These areas contain an increasing number of large retail stores and restaurants run by national chains. Others say the chain stores boost local shopping options for residents

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(building on the pioneering work of Ralph Borsodi and Robert Swann).

Ithaca, New York

Music and Musicians
Ithaca is known for its resident musicians and their performances. Traditional music, modern influences and experimental qualities combine to create a unique musical experience that has become known as "The Ithaca Sound". It can be heard at the root of any of the dozens of performers or groups that have emerged from Ithaca and the surrounding communities. These musicians have come from many backgrounds to pursue their careers in Ithaca. The School of Music at Ithaca College attracts talented musicians, some of whom retain their residence in Ithaca after graduating and take up work as performing musicians or in the sound engineering field. Several notable musicians have relocated from other countries to Ithaca in order to begin their careers, most notably Samite of Uganda, Mamadou Diabaté of Mali and Malang Jobateh of Senegal. In the nearby village of Trumansburg, the Finger Lakes Grassroots Festival of Music and Dance is held every third week in July. Initiated as a benefit for Aids research at the State Theater in Ithaca by the band Donna the Buffalo, it has successfully occurred every year for the past 18 years. The Grassroots Festival has brought thousands of bands through the region, further enriching the local musical palate with every new introduction of musical style and culture. Several local bands call it home as either a figurative birthplace or a nurturing environment within which to develop new forms of music. Other notable local music festivals include the Ithaca Festival, Musefest, the Summertime Block Party, the Juneteenth Celebration and Rock the Arts. Other regionally, nationally and internationally known performers and musical groups that call Ithaca home include: Johnny Dowd, John Brown’s Body, The Sim Redmond Band, Donna the Buffalo, Who You Are, The Burns Sisters, Willie B, and Kevin Kinsella.

The Clinton House, a 19th century building in downtown Ithaca the Times is distributed free of charge. Other area publications include Tompkins Weekly, the Ithaca Community News the Cornell Daily Sun, the Ithacan, and the Tattler. (The latter three are run by student staffs at Cornell University, Ithaca College, and Ithaca High School, respectively.) Ithaca is also home to several radio stations. WVBR is run by Cornell University students, but is an independent, commercial station in the rock format, playing a mix of modern and classic rock during the week and specialty shows on the weekend. WICB is a non-commercial student-run station, run by communications students at Ithaca College. The Cayuga Radio Group, a subsidiary of Saga Communications, Inc., owns Q-Country and Lite Rock 97.3, a country and soft rock station, as well as I-100, a classic rock station and located in Cortland, and The Wall, based in Auburn, has a transmitter in Ithaca.

Politics
Politically, the city’s population has a significant tilt towards liberalism and the Democratic Party. This contrasts with the more conservative leanings of the surrounding Upstate New York region, and is also somewhat more liberal than the rest of Tompkins County. In 1988 Jesse Jackson received the most votes in Ithaca in the Democratic Presidential primary. In 2000 Ralph Nader received more votes for President than George W. Bush in

Media
The dominant local newspaper in Ithaca is a morning daily, The Ithaca Journal, founded 1815. The paper is owned by Gannett, Inc., publishers of USA Today. The alternative weekly newspaper Ithaca Times has a larger circulation, though it should be noted that

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the City wide.[10] of Ithaca,[9] and 11% county-

Ithaca, New York
to the City’s borders and Town residents take advantage of City amenities. Mayor Walter Lynn of the Village of Cayuga Heights (a wealthy Ithaca suburb located in the Town) called consolidation discussion a "waste of time."[11]

Local government
The name Ithaca designates two governmental entities in the area, the Town of Ithaca and the City of Ithaca. The Town of Ithaca is one of the nine towns comprised by Tompkins County. (Towns in New York are something like townships in other states; every county outside New York City is subdivided into towns.) The City of Ithaca is surrounded by, but legally independent of, the Town. The Town of Ithaca contains the Village of Cayuga Heights, a small incorporated upper-middle class suburb located to the northeast of the City of Ithaca. The City of Ithaca has a mayor-council government. The charter of the City of Ithaca provides for a full-time mayor and city judge, each independent and elected at large. Since 1995, the mayor has been elected to a fouryear term, and since 1989, the city judge has been elected to a six-year term. Since 1983, the city has been divided into five wards, each electing two members to the city council, known as the Common Council, for staggered four-year terms. The Town government consists of an executive, the Town Supervisor, elected to a fouryear term, and a Town Council of three members also elected for terms of four years. The majority of local property taxes are actually assessed by an entirely independent agency with entirely different borders, the Ithaca City School District.

Greater Ithaca
The term "Greater Ithaca" encompasses both the City and Town of Ithaca, as well as several smaller settled places within or adjacent to the Town: Municipalities Census-desig• Village of Groton[7] nated places • Village of Lansing • East Ithaca • the southern part of • Northeast the Town of Lansing Ithaca • Village of Cayuga • Northwest Heights Ithaca • Hamlet of Forest Home • Hamlet of South Hill

The East Hill area of the city: Cornell University campus and Collegetown as seen from South Hill

Demographics

City-Town consolidation
In December 2005, the City and Town governments began discussing opportunities for increased government consolidation, including the possibility of joining the two into a single entity. This topic had been previously discussed in 1963 and 1969. The possibility of consolidation is controversial for Town residents who could be forced to pay higher taxes as they help shoulder the higher debt burden that the City has taken on. Some Town residents also worry that consolidation could lead to increased sprawl and traffic congestion. However, most of the Town’s population is already concentrated in hamlets in proximity

Location of the Ithaca-Cortland CSA and its components: Ithaca Metropolitan Statistical Area Cortland Micropolitan Statistical Area Ithaca is the larger principal city of the Ithaca-Cortland CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Ithaca metropolitan

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area (Tompkins County) and the Cortland micropolitan area (Cortland County),[12][13][14] which had a combined population of 145,100 at the 2000 census.[15] As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 29,287 people, 10,287 households, and 2,962 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,360.9 people per square mile (2,071.0/km²). There were 10,736 housing units at an average density of 1,965.2/sq mi (759.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.97% White, 6.71% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 13.65% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.86% from other races, and 3.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.31% of the population. There were 10,287 households out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 19.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 71.2% were non-families. 43.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.81. In the city the population was spread out with 9.2% under the age of 18, 53.8% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 10.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 102.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,441, and the median income for a family was $42,304. Males had a median income of $29,562 versus $27,828 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,408. About 13.2% of individuals and 4.2% of families were below the poverty line.

Ithaca, New York
the northeast of the city center. US Airways Express offers flights to New York LaGuardia and its hub at Philadelphia using a mixture of small jets and propeller craft. Delta/Northwest Airlink provides twice-daily jet service to its hub at [Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport|Detroit Metro]] airport. Many residents choose to travel to Syracuse Hancock International Airport, Greater Binghamton Airport, Elmira-Corning Regional Airport or Greater Rochester International Airport for more airline service options. Ithaca lies at over a half hour’s drive from any interstate highway, and all car trips to Ithaca involve at least some driving on twolane state rural highways. The city is at the convergence of many regional two-lane state highways: Routes 13, 13A, 34, 79, 89, 96, 96B, and 366. These are usually not congested except in Ithaca proper. There is frequent intercity bus service by Greyhound Lines, New York Trailways, and Shortline (Coach USA), particularly to Binghamton and New York City, with limited service to Rochester, Buffalo and Syracuse, and (via connections in Binghamton) to Utica and Albany. The bus station serving all these companies[16] is the former Delaware, Lackawanna & Western railway station on Meadow St. between W State and W Seneca streets, about a kilometer west of downtown Ithaca. Ithaca is the center of an extensive bus public transportation system — Tompkins Consolidated Area Transit (TCAT) — which carried 3.1 million passengers in 2005.[17] TCAT was reorganized as a non-profit corporation in 2004 and is primarily supported locally by Cornell University, the City of Ithaca and Tompkins County. TCAT operates 39 routes, many running seven days a week. It has frequent service to downtown, Cornell, Ithaca College, and the Pyramid Mall in the neighboring Town of Lansing, but less frequent service to many residential and rural areas, including Trumansburg and Newfield. Chemung County Transit runs weekday commuter routes into Schuyler and Chemung counties, and Tioga County Public Transit runs weekday routes into neighboring Tioga, primarily to serve Cornell employees who prefer to live in these rural counties, or are forced to because of the high house prices near Ithaca. GADABOUT Transportation Services, Inc. provides demand-response paratransit service for seniors over 60 and people with

Infrastructure
Transportation
Ithaca is in the rural Finger Lakes region about 250 miles to the northwest of New York City; the nearest larger cities, Binghamton and Syracuse, are an hour’s drive away by car, while Rochester is about two hours away. Ithaca is served by Ithaca Tompkins Regional Airport, located about three miles to

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disabilities. Ithaca Dispatch and Finger Lakes Taxi provide local and regional taxi service. In addition, Ithaca Airline Limousine connects to the airport. Norfolk Southern freight trains reach Ithaca from Sayre, Pennsylvania, mainly to deliver coal to the Milliken Power Station and haul out salt from the Cargill salt mine, both on the east shore of Cayuga Lake. There is no passenger rail service anymore, although from the 1870s through the 1930s there were trains to Buffalo via Geneva, New York; to New York City via Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (Lehigh Valley Railroad) and Scranton, Pennsylvania (DL&W); to Auburn, New York; and to the US northeast via Cortland, New York; service to Buffalo and New York City lasted until 1961. The Lehigh Valley’s top New York City-Ithaca-Buffalo passenger train, The Black Diamond, was one of railroad history’s classic expresses, and was often referred to as ’The Handsomest Train in the World’. It was named after the railroad’s largest commodity, anthracite coal. Ithaca also was one of the first communities in the nation to build a trolley system. As a growing urban area, Ithaca is facing steady increases in levels of vehicular traffic on the city grid and on the state highways. Outlying areas have limited bus service, and many people consider a car essential. However, Ithaca is a walkable and bikeable community for others. One positive trend for the health of downtown Ithaca is the new wave of increasing urban density in and around the Ithaca Commons. Because the downtown area is the region’s central business district, dense mixed-use development that includes housing may increase the proportion of people who can walk to work and recreation, and mitigate the likely increased pressure on already busy roads as Ithaca grows. The downtown area is also the area best served by frequent public transportation. Still, traffic congestion around the Commons is likely to progressively increase. Unlike most urbanized areas in the United States, Ithaca does not have direct access to the Interstate highway system. In 1968, it was proposed to convert Route 13 from Horseheads to Cortland through Ithaca into a limited access highway (it is currently such for three miles heading north from Ithaca), but the plan lost local and State support.

Ithaca, New York

Other recent changes and trends

Cascadilla Creek gorge, just south of the Cornell campus. For decades, the Ithaca Gun Company tested their shotguns behind the plant on Lake St.; the shot fell into Fall Creek (a tributary of Cayuga Lake) right at the base of Ithaca Falls. A major clean-up effort sponsored by the United States Superfund took place from 2002 to 2004.[18] The former Morse Chain company factory on South Hill, now owned by Emerson Power Transmission, was the site of extensive groundwater and soil contamination.[19] Emerson Power Transmission has been working with the state and South Hill residents to determine the extent and danger of the contamination and aid in cleanup. Last Accessed on December 6, 2008.

Reputation
Ithaca is commonly listed among the most culturally liberal of American small cities. The Utne Reader named Ithaca "America’s most enlightened town" in 1997.[20] According to ePodunk’s Gay Index, Ithaca has a

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score of 231, versus a national average score of 100.[21] Like many small college towns, Ithaca has also received accolades for having a high overall quality of life. In 2004, Cities Ranked and Rated named Ithaca the best "emerging city" to live in the United States. In 2006, the Internet realty website "Relocate America" named Ithaca the fourth best city in the country to relocate to.[22] In July 2006, Ithaca was listed as one of the "12 Hippest Hometowns for Vegetarians" by VegNews Magazine and chosen by Mother Earth News as one of the "12 Great Places You’ve Never Heard Of."[23] These designations have at times polarized some local residents: some note the recognition with pride, some see it as an indication of decadence, and others feel that it is a narrow view of the community. Some, particularly conservatives, note that the positive press often appears in left-leaning publications, or have more general questions about the methodologies used in determining the designations. In its earliest years during frontier days, what is now Ithaca was briefly known by the names "The Flats" and "Sodom,"[3][24] the name of the Biblical city of sin, due to its reputation as a town of "notorious immorality",[25] a place of horse racing, gambling, profanity, Sabbath breaking, and readily available liquor. These names did not last long; Simeon DeWitt renamed the town Ithaca in the early 1800s, though nearby Robert H. Treman State Park still contains Lucifer Falls. That early reputation for immorality, together with its more recent reputation as having a left-leaning population, has once again made Ithaca mildly infamous in some circles as the "City of Evil," due to a satirical campaign by members of a politically conservative online discussion board. Some Ithacans have embraced the label.[26] This idea is further buoyed by Cornell University’s early nickname, "the godless university" which came about due to their lack of affiliation with any organized religion.[27]

Ithaca, New York

The falls of Buttermilk Falls State Park • F.R. Newman Arboretum • Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology Ithaca College Ithaca Commons Moosewood Restaurant Sciencenter Paleontological Research Institution’s Museum of the Earth • Stewart Park • Buttermilk Falls State Park • Robert H. Treman State Park • Finger Lakes Trail For additional information about recreational trails see: Trails in Ithaca, New York. • • • • •

Books set (at least partially) in Ithaca
• Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov (schoolgirl dialog captured on Ithaca city buses) • Pnin by Vladimir Nabokov (’Waindell University’ a portrait of Cornell) • The War Between the Tates by Alison Lurie (’Corinth University’, a thinlydisguised portrait of Cornell) • Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up to Me by Richard Fariña (’Mentor University’, same as above) • The Widening Stain by Morris Bishop • The Names of the Dead by Stewart O’Nan • Enchantment by Orson Scott Card (partially set in Ithaca and fictional nearby towns) • Various Kurt Vonnegut books have Ithaca references, most notably Player Piano, Slaughterhouse-Five, and Cat’s Cradle • Fool on the Hill by Matt Ruff • The Emigrants by W.G. Sebald

Points of interest
• Collegetown • Cornell University • Cornell Plantations • Cornell Dairy Bar • Llenroc House

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• The Alex Bernier Mysteries by Beth Saulnier takes place in a fictionalized Ithaca known as Gabriel • We Were the Mulvaneys by Joyce Carol Oates • Triphammer by Dan McCall • Mailman by J. Robert Lennon takes place in a fictionalized Ithaca known as Nestor • Z For Zachariah by Robert C. O’Brien • Between Two Fires by Nicholas Nicastro describes scenes in and around the site of Ithaca during the Revolutionary War • Water for Elephants by Sara Gruen (the main character, Jacob, was a Cornell University veterinary student) • The second book in the Twilight series by Stephenie Meyer, called New Moon, has a mention of Ithaca and Cornell University. In the paragraph, Carlisle Cullen, a doctor in the novel, is working nights at a hospital in Ithaca and teaching part time at Cornell, and Jasper Hale is a student at the university.

Ithaca, New York
• Mary McDonnell, native, actor in Dances with Wolves, Independence Day, Battlestar Galactica, and others • Vladimir Nabokov, resident, Cornell Professor, author (most famously of Lolita) • Roy H. Park, resident, media executive, founder of Park Communications and the Park Foundation • Carl Sagan, resident, astronomer, Cornell Professor, popularizer of science, and author and host of Cosmos • Rod Serling, resident (of nearby Interlaken, NY), Ithaca College Professor, screenwriter, creator and host of The Twilight Zone • Steve Squyres, resident, astronomer, Cornell Professor, Principal Investigator of the Mars Exploration Rover Mission • E. B. White, resident, novelist, author of Charlotte’s Web and co-author of The Elements of Style • Paul Wolfowitz, native, academic, Deputy Secretary of Defense (2001-2005), former President of the World Bank (2005-2007) • Dustin Brown, NHL player for the Los Angeles Kings • Josh Bard. MLB baseball catcher for the Boston Red Sox • Greg Graffin, resident, lead singer of the seminal punk band Bad Religion and holds a Ph.D from Cornell University in Zoology. • David Foster Wallace, native, novelist • Johnny Dowd, resident, musician, poet, and co-founder of Zolar Trucking • Disashi Lumumba-Kasongo, guitarist for band Gym Class Heroes

Movies set or filmed (at least partially) in Ithaca
• Green Lights (2002) — dir. Robert H. Lieberman • The Manhattan Project — dir. Marshall Brickman • Road Trip (2000) — dir. Todd Phillips • The Sure Thing (1985) — dir. Rob Reiner • Waiting on Alphie (2005) — dir. Kevin Hicks • Love Story (1970) — dir. Arthur Hiller See also The Whartons Studio for films shot in Ithaca prior to 1920.

See also
• List of Registered Historic Places in New York

Notable residents and natives
This list is abridged from • Hans Bethe, resident, physicist, Nobel Prize winner, Cornell Professor, head of theoretical division of the Manhattan Project • Roald Hoffmann, Nobel Prize winner, American theoretical chemist • Alex Haley, native, author of Roots: The Saga of an American Family and the Autobiography of Malcolm X

References

[1] "History of Ithaca and Tompkins County". City of Ithaca. http://www.ci.ithaca.ny.us/ index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC=%7B480C93FC-88B BD7EE0E3F926%7D&DE=%7B0F21E16CE234-456D-8841-FF5C2F491300%7D. Retrieved on 2008-05-25. [2] "2007-08 facts" (PDF). Cornell University. http://www.cornell.edu/about/ facts/cornell_facts.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ithaca, New York

[3] ^ Carol Kammen. "History of Ithaca and Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Tompkins County". City of Ithaca. Accessed 2008-08-01. http://www.ci.ithaca.ny.us/ [15] ^ "American FactFinder". United States index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={480C93FC-88B9-4C3D-811DCensus Bureau. BD7EE0E3F926}&DE={0F21E16Chttp://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on E234-456D-8841-FF5C2F491300}. 2008-01-31. Retrieved on 2007-08-16. [16] Ithaca Greyhound Station [4] ""Welcome to Namgyal! Namgyal [17] "3 Million Bus Passengers and Counting Monastery in Ithaca, New York, is the as TCAT Sets Record in 2005", Tompkins North American Seat of His Holiness the Consolidated Area Transit (TCAT), 14th Dalai Lama. Open to all, Namgyal December 19, 2005. Last Accessed on offers authentic teachings of Tibetan March 24, 2006. Buddhism in a traditional monastic [18] "EPA Finishes $4.8 Million Cleanup at setting."". Namgyal Monastery. 2007. Ithaca Gun", United States http://www.namgyal.org/. Retrieved on Environmental Protection Agency, 2007-08-16. October 29, 2004. Last Accessed on [5] http://www.theithacajournal.com/apps/ March 25, 2006. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070626/ [19] "Public Meeting - Emerson Power NEWS01/706260304/1002 The Ithaca Transmission Environmental Journal "New intel in the sundae wars: Investigation", New York State IHS grads scoop up ice cream facts" June Department of Environmental 26, 2007, accessed June 26, 2007 Conservation. June 22, 2005. [6] The Official Website of the Ice Cream [20] Jay Walljasper, Jon Spayde, Ithaca, New Sundae York: A Gritty upstate City Where the [7] "Two Rivers - The REAL Birthplace of the Grassroots are Green, "America’s 10 Ice Cream Sundae". Two Rivers Most Enlightened Towns (and we don’t Economic Development. mean Santa Fe)", May/June 1997 Issue, http://www.tworiverseconomicdevelopment.org/ UTNE Reader relocation/history-sundae.htm. Retrieved [21] "Ithaca Community Profile" Gays & on 2007-06-26. Lesbians local index [8] "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for [22] Relocate-America.com, "RelocateIthaca, New York, United States of America.com’s 2006 list of America’s America" (in English). Weatherbase. TOP 100 Places to Live." Available online 2008. http://www.weatherbase.com/ [1]. Last accessed 4 April 2006. weather/ [23] Katherine Graham "Ithaca gets high weatherall.php3?s=56937&refer=&units=us. marks from two earthy publications", Retrieved on 2008-10-05. July 28, 2006, The Ithaca Journal [9] Harlin, Kevin (2000-11-09). "Tompkins [24] Dr. James Sullivan, "The History of New Greens express no regrets". Ithaca York State", Book VII: "The Finger Lakes Journal: p. 1A. Region", Chapter VII: Tompkins County. [10] 2000 presidential general election Lewis Historical Publishing Company, results, New York State Board of Inc. (1927) Last Accessed on March 25, Elections 2006. [11] Ithaca Times - A Greater Ithaca? [25] See, e.g., 1811 article in local paper, at [12] METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS [2] or Town of Ithaca History project, AND COMPONENTS, Office of available [3] (click on "History Project", Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. then "Historical maps..." and finally Accessed 2008-08-01. "famous for its notorious immorality"). [13] MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS [26] "Evil City Trio," and the label is AND COMPONENTS, Office of sometimes referenced in the local press, Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. including the Ithaca Journal [4] and Accessed 2008-08-01. Cornell Daily Sun [5]. Last Accessed 2 [14] COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND April 2006. COMPONENT CORE BASED [27] The Godless University by Kramnick, STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Isaac; Moore, R. Lawrence ERIC

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Department of Education accessed 01.10.2008 • • • • • •

Ithaca, New York
Ithaca Business and Website Directory Ithaca Wiki @ Wikispot Cornell Lab of Ornithology Cayuga Lake level History of Ithaca railways History and Remnants of the Ithaca trolley system

External links
• Official City Website • Ithaca (New York) travel guide from Wikitravel

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ithaca,_New_York" Categories: Settlements established in 1790, Ithaca, New York, Tompkins County, New York, County seats in New York, Cities in New York, University towns in the United States This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 13:49 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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