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Ethnic Germans

Ethnic Germans
This article is about the German diaspora. See Germans for the German ethnicity in general. Ethnic Germans (German: Deutschstämmige, historically also Volksdeutsche), also collectively referred to as the German diaspora, are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be of German origin ethnically, not necessarily born or living within the present-day Federal Republic of Germany, holding its citizenship or speaking the German language. Ethnic Germans have a rich history and folklore. In English usage, but less often in German, the term may be used for assimilated descendants of German emigrants. The traditional American English language practice has been to refer to the ethnic Germans of a given country by combining the country or region name (or its adjective) with "Germans"; for example, "Brazilian Germans" was at least traditionally used (see below) to refer to ethnic Germans living in Brazil. In the past, this practice broke down when referring to countries that no longer existed ("Kingdom of Hungary" Germans) or regions that transcended national boundaries (thus "Black Sea Germans"), "Alsatian Germans" and "Baltic Germans". However, the modern trend is to emphasize the status as citizens of the new country and to invert the order of the compound expression. According to this system, one uses the word "German" as an adjective, not a noun. For example, German Americans are called German Americans but never "U.S. Germans" or "American Germans". For several decades, many ethnic German groups preferred to call themselves in a way that emphasized that they were assimilated members of the society of their new country. German ethnicity is historically equivalent to the German language Sprachraum. Thus, Swiss Germans still held strong ties with and sympathies towards Germany during World War I, although separating from the Holy Roman Empire between the 13th and 17th century. The first attempts to create a consciousness of the "Austrian nation" took place during the Napoleonic Wars (at which time "Austrian" identity included non-Germanspeaking subjects of the Austrian Empire) and in the 1930s during Dollfuss’ Austro-Fascist period, but without much success. Many German-speaking Austrians considered themselves ethnic Germans until after World War I (see German Austria). Since the end of World War II, Austrians have increasingly come to see themselves as a nation distinct from the German nation.[1] . In 1987 only 6 percent of the Austrians still identified themselves as "Germans".[2]

Terminology
Further information: deutsche and Bundesdeutsche Reichs-

Ethnic Germans in Hungary and parts of adjacent Austrian territories, census 1890 Volksdeutsche "ethnic Germans" is a historical term which arose in the early 20th century to describe ethnic Germans living outside of the German Empire. This is in contrast to Imperial Germans (Reichsdeutsche), German citizens living within Germany. This is the loosest meaning of the term, which was used mainly during the Weimar Republic. In a stricter sense, Volksdeutsch came to mean ethnic Germans living abroad but without German citizenship, i.e., the juxtaposition with Reichsdeutsch was sharpened to denote difference in citizenship as well as residence.

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Auslandsdeutsche (adj. auslandsdeutsch) is a concept that connotes German citizens living abroad, or alternatively ethnic Germans entering Germany from abroad. Today, this means citizen of Germany living more or less permanently in another country (including long-term academic exchange lecturers and the like), who are allowed to vote in the Republic’s elections, but who usually do not pay taxes to Germany. In a looser but still valid sense, and in general discourse, the word is frequently used in lieu of the ideologically tainted term Volksdeutsche, denoting persons living abroad without German citizenship but defining themselves as Germans (culturally or ethnically speaking).

Ethnic Germans
23 million are of German ancestry alone ("single ancestry"), and another 40 million are of partial German ancestry. Of those who claim partial ancestry, 22 million identify their primary ancestry ("first ancestry") as German. German (Americans) has been the largest ethnicorigin group in the United States for almost its entire history including before independence.Germans form just under half the population in the Upper Midwest.[3][4] • Canada (2.7 million, 9% of the population)

South America
They are a considerable part of the population in: • Brazil: Mainly in Southern Brazil; over 3% of the population has at least one German ancestor - about 5 million people.[5] Hunsrückisch and Pomeranian are some of the more prominent such groups. Famous German-Brazilians are former military dictator Ernesto Geisel, politician Jorge Bornhausen, actress Vera Fischer, Cacilda Becker, top models as Gisele Bündchen, Ana Hickmann, Letícia Birkheuer and Rodrigo Hilbert, musicians like Andreas Kisser and Astrud Gilberto, architect Oscar Niemeyer, landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx, physicist and astronomer Marcelo Gleiser, physician Adolfo Lutz, basketball player Oscar Schmidt, tennis player Gustavo Kuerten, swimmer Fernando Scherer, tv host Xuxa Meneghel, the Catholic prelates Cláudio Cardinal Hummes and Paulo Evaristo Cardinal Arns and the renowned sailor Robert Scheidt among many others. • Argentina: Those of German ancestry constitute about 6-7% of the Argentine population, with well over 2,000,000 Volga Germans alone[6]. There are more than 400,000 of other German ancestries including Mennonites and German Swiss (these two groups are more common in Southern Argentina, and also in Santa Fe and Cordoba provinces). A notable example is the town of Villa General Belgrano, founded by Germans in the 1930s. In the 1960s it became the site of the Fiesta Nacional de la Cerveza, or Oktoberfest - which has become a major attraction in Argentina[7]

Distribution
Ethnic Germans are an important minority group in many countries. (See Germans, German language, and German as a minority language for more extensive numbers and a better sense of where Germans maintain German culture and have official recognition.) The following sections briefly detail the historical and present distribution of ethnic Germans by region, but generally exclude modern expatriates, who have a presence in the United States, Scandinavia and major urban areas worldwide. See Groups at bottom for a list of all ethnic German groups, or continue for a summary by region.

Ancestry according to the U.S. 2000 census: Counties with plurality of German ancestry in light blue

North America
• There are over 60 million Americans of at least partial German ancestry in the United States including various groups such as the Pennsylvania Dutch. Of these,

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An example of German Argentines is former president Néstor Kirchner. Other notable examples of Argentine ethnic Germans are top model Nicole Neumann, basketball player Wálter Herrmann, football player Gabriel Heinze among many others. Notable communities of ethnic Germans exist in: • Chile: 850,000-900,000 and 45,000 counting standard German-speakers only. Some notable German descendants in Chile are: Air Force General Commander Fernando Matthei Aubel, architect Mathias Klotz, tennis player Hans Gildemeister, female athlete Marlene Ahrens, Police General Commander Rodolfo Stange Ölckers, Musician Patricio Manns, Army Commanders in Chief Lieutenant General René Schneider and Division Generals Emil Körner, Economist Rolf Lüders, politicians Carlos Kuschel, Rolf Lüders Schwarzenberg, Miguel Kast and Evelyn Matthei, businessmen Horst Paulmann, Jürgen Paulmann, Werner Grob, Carlos Heller; TV presenters Karen Doggenweiler, Margot Kahl, Pamela Hodar, Michael Müller, writer César Müller (aka Oreste Plath), actresses Gloria Münchmeyer, Aline Küppenheim, actor Bastián Bodenhöfer, painter Rossy Ölckers. There are also many German speaking Swiss, generally assumed as Germans, of whom some notable descendants are: Presidents Eduardo Frei (father and son) and Economist Hernán Büchi. • Peru: The communities of Oxapampa, Pozuzo, and Villa Rica in the high jungles of the Peruvian Amazon basin were settled in the middle of the 19th century by Austrian and Prussian immigrants. Many of its present day inhabitants speak German[8]In the 18th century, German immigrants settled the areas of Tingo Maria, Tarapoto, Moyobamba, and the Amazonas Department.[9] German immigrants largely settled in Lima, and to a lesser extent Arequipa.[10] . • Colombia: 20,000 Germans are believed to live in Colombia, the majority are descendants other than recent immigrants. • Dominican Republic: There is a colony of around 25,000 Germans who have settled

Ethnic Germans
in the country, mostly on the northern coast’s Puerto Plata, as well as a colony of the descendants of German and Austrian Jewish refugees in Sosua. Ecuador: 32,000, counting standard German-speakers only, but an estimated 150,000 are of German ancestry.. Mexico,[11] Bolivia,[12] and Belize[13]: 80,000, 40,000, and 5,763 Mennonite German speakers respectively, as well as notable (but more assimilated) public figures from various German groups. Paraguay : 100,000 speakers. An estimated 300,000 of German ancestry, including former dictator Alfredo Stroessner. Puerto Rico: 1,453 speakers and the island experienced a large migration of Germans in the 19th century during Spanish rule. (Spanish) Pozuzo Information Uruguay: 28,000 standard German, 1,200 Plattdietsch. Venezuela : Around 1,300 Alemán Coloniero speakers in Colonia Tovar, Aragua. The country has 50,000 of German ancestry.

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Western Europe and the Alpine nations
Italy

Map of Austria-Hungary in 1911, showing areas inhabited by ethnic Germans in pink In Italy there are two main groups, the main one being at least 300,000[14] ethnic Germans in Bolzano-Bozen, formerly part of the County of Tyrol (before the 1919 dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire). Their dialect is Austro-Bavarian German.

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There also exist smaller, unique populations of Germans who arrived so long ago that their dialect retains many archaic features heard nowhere else: • the Cimbrians (Zimbern), though celebrated since their discovery, are relatively few in number and concentrated in various communities in the Carnic Alps, north of Verona, and especially in the Sugana valley (it:Valsugana or Suganertal) on the high plateau northwest of Vicenza in the Veneto Region • the Walser, who originated in the Swiss Wallis, live in the provinces of Aostatal, Vercelli, and Verbano-Cusio-Ossola • the Mócheno live in the Fersina Valley (it:Valle dei Mocheni) Smaller German-speaking communities exist also in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region: the Carinthians in the Canale Valley (municipalities of Tarvisio, Malborghetto Valbruna and Pontebba) and the Zahren and Timau Germans in Carnia.

Ethnic Germans
but because of territorial transfers resulting from various wars, and given the French stance on language and ethnicity within the Republic, assimilation has decimated the Alsatian dialect. The German-speaking population is estimated at 1,500,000, plus another 40,000 for ethnic Luxembourgers.

Alpine Nations
Further information: Austrians and Swiss (people) Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein all have a German-speaking majority, though their populations do not necessarily identify themslves as "German" per se. In Austria, this identification has increasingly become sensitive. In addition, an estimated 112,000 German nationals (i.e., citizens of Germany) live in Switzerland, another 110,000 in Austria. German-speaking areas of Belgium.

Benelux
Belgium In Belgium, there is also a German minority, which forms the majority in its region of 71,000 inhabitants (though Ethnologue puts the national total at 150,000, not including Limburgisch and Luxembourgish). Luxembourg Though their language (Luxembourgish) is very closely related to the German language, Luxembourgers do not consider themselves ethnic Germans. In a 1941 referendum held in Luxembourg by the German occupants, more than 90% proclaimed themselves Luxembourgish by nationality, mother tongue and ethnicity.[15] The Netherlands In the Netherlands, there are 380,000 Germans[16] and a similar number of Dutch people are estimated to live in Germany.[17]

France

Denmark
Bilingual street sign in Mulhouse In France, Alsace and the Moselle département were originally German-speaking, In Denmark, the part of Schleswig that is now South Jutland County (or Northern Schleswig) is inhabited by about 12,000–20,000 Germans [18]

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They speak mainly Standard German and the South Jutlandic. A few speak the Schleswigsch dialect of Low Saxon.

Ethnic Germans
similar, with only about 220,000.[22] There are up to 1 million Germans in the former Soviet Union, mostly in a band from southwestern Russia and the Volga valley, through Omsk and Altai Krai (597,212 Germans in Russia, 2002 Russian census) to Kazakhstan (353,441 Germans in Kazakhstan, 1999 Kazakhstan census). Germany admitted approximately 1.63 million ethnic Germans from the former Soviet Union between 1990 and 1999.[23] These Auslandsdeutsche, as they are now generally known, have been streaming out of the former Eastern Bloc since the early 1990s. For example, many ethnic Germans from the former Soviet Union have taken advantage of the German Law of return, a policy which grants citizenship to all those who can prove to be a refugee or expellee of German ethnic origin or the spouse or descendant of such a person. This exodus has occurred despite the fact that many of the ethnic Germans from the former Soviet Union speak little or no German.

United Kingdom
In the United Kingdom, there exists a German-Briton/British Germans ethnic group of around 300,000. Some are descended from nineteenth century immigrants, some from Jews who fled Germany in the 1930s, some from World War II prisoners of war, while some arrived as the result of post-war intermarriage between Germans and British occupying forces. Many have settled in the London & South East part of the United Kingdom, in particular, Richmond (South West London). Famously, the British Royal Family are partially descended from German Monarchs.

Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union
See also: German eastward expansion, History of German settlement in Eastern Europe, Organised persecution of ethnic Germans, and German exodus from Eastern Europe From medieval Ostsiedlung until the Expulsion of Germans after World War II, many areas in Central and Eastern Europe had a German population (during the Nazi era termed Volksdeutsche, now Auslandsdeutsche). Due to the ongoing German exodus from Eastern Europe, numbers of ethnic Germans severely decreased in the countries that are now Germany and Austria’s neighbors to the east—Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, and Slovenia. In addition, there are or have been significant populations in such areas as Romania, Yugoslavia, Moldova, Ukraine, and Russia. As recently as 1990, there were 1 million standard German speakers and 100,000 Plautdietsch speakers in Kazakhstan alone, and 38,000, 40,000 and 101,057 standard German speakers in Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan, respectively. There were reportedly 500,000 ethnic Germans in Poland in 1998.[19] Recent official figures show 147,000 (as of 2002)[3]. But, because the census registers only declared nationalities, the actual figure is probably higher. Of the 745,421 Germans in Romania in 1930,[20] only about 60,000 remained.[21] In Hungary the situation is quite

Baltic states
Further information: Nazi-Soviet population transfers

Bulgaria Czech Republic and Slovakia
Before World War II, some 30% of the population in the Czech lands was ethnic German.[24] There are about 40,000 Germans in the Czech Republic (number of Czechs who have at least partly German ancestry probably runs into hundreds of thousands).[25] Their number has been consistently decreasing since World War II. According to the 2001 census there remain 13 municipalities and settlements in the Czech Republic with more than 10% Germans. The situation in Slovakia was different from that in the Czech lands, in that the number of Germans was considerably lower and that the Germans from Slovakia were almost completely evacuated to German states as the Soviet army was moving west through Slovakia, and only the fraction of them that returned to Slovakia after the end of the war was deported together with the Germans from the Czech lands. Many representatives of expelees organizations support the erection of bilingual signs in all formerly German speaking territory as

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a visible sign of the bilingual linguistic and cultural heritage of the region. While the erection of bilingual signs is technically permitted if a minority constitutes 10% of the population, the minority is also forced to sign a petition in favour of the signs in which 40% of the adult minority population must participate. Further information: Sudeten Germans, Carpathian Germans, and Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia

Ethnic Germans

Former Yugoslavia
According to the 1921 census, the German community was the largest minority group in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (505,790 inhabitants or 4.22%).[27]

Hungary
Prior to World War II, approximately 1.5 million Danube Swabians lived in Hungary, Romania and Yugoslavia.[26] Today the German minority in Hungary have minority rights, organisations, schools and local councils but spontaneous assimilation is well under way. Many of the deportees visited their old homes after the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1990. Further information: Danube Swabians

Examples of German language in Namibia’s everyday life.

Africa, Oceania, and East Asia
Germany was not as involved in colonizing Africa as were other major European powers of the 20th century (principally because Germany was not a unified country prior to 1871), and lost its overseas colonies, including German East Africa and German SouthWest Africa after World War I. Similarly to those in Latin America, the Germans in Africa tended to isolate themselves and be more self-sufficient than other Europeans. In Namibia there are 30,000 ethnic Germans,[28] though it is estimated that only a third of those retain the language. Most Germanspeakers live in the capital, Windhoek, and in smaller towns such as Swakopmund and Lüderitz, where German architecture is highly visible. In South Africa, a number of Afrikaners and Boers are of partial German ancestry, being the descendants of German immigrants who intermarried with Dutch settlers and adopted Afrikaans as their mother tongue. Professor JA Heese in his book Die Herkoms van die Afrikaner (The Origins of Afrikaners) claims the modern Afrikaners (who total around 3.5 million) have 34.4% German heritage.[29] Like North America, Australia has received a significant number of ethnic German immigrants from Germany and elsewhere. Numbers vary depending on who is counted, but moderate criteria give an estimate of 750,000 (4% of the population). The first wave of German immigration to Australia

Poland
The remaining German minority in Poland (152,897 people, who were registered in the 2002 census) enjoys minority rights according to Polish minority law. There are German speakers throughout Poland, and most of the Germans live in the Opole Voivodship in Silesia. Bilingual signs are posted in some towns of the region. In addition, there are bilingual schools and German can be used instead of Polish in dealings with officials in several towns. Further information: Bilingual communes in Poland, Former eastern territories of Germany, Olędrzy, Vistula Germans, and Flight and expulsion of Germans from Poland during and after World War II

Romania
Further information: Transylvanian Saxons, Banat Swabians, Transylvanian Landler, and Expulsion of Germans from Romania after World War II

Former Soviet Union
Further information: Black Sea Germans, Bessarabia Germans, Bukovina Germans, Crimea Germans, Germans of Kazakhstan, Caucasus Germans, Russian Mennonite, and Volga Germans

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
began in 1838, with the arrival of Prussian Lutheran settlers in South Australia (see German settlement in Australia). After the Second World War, Australia received a large influx of displaced ethnic Germans. In the 1950s and 1960s, German immigration continued as part of a large post-war wave of European immigration to Australia. New Zealand has received modest, but steady, ethnic German immigration from the mid-19th century. Today the number of New Zealanders with German ancestry is estimated to be approximately 200,000 (5% of the population). Many German New Zealanders anglicized their names during the 20th century due to the negative perception of Germans fostered by World War I and World War II. New Zealanders of German descent include the late former Prime Minister David Lange, whose family name was pronounced /ˈlɒŋi/ long-ee). During the Meiji era (1868–1912), many Germans came to work in Japan as advisors to the new government. Despite Japan’s isolationism and geographic distance, there have been a few Germans in Japan, since Germany’s and Japan’s fairly parallel modernization made Germans ideal O-yatoi gaikokujin. In China, the German trading colony of Jiaozhou Bay in what is now Qingdao existed until 1914, and did not leave much more than breweries, including Tsingtao Brewery. Communist East Germany had relations with Uganda and Vietnam, but in these cases population movement went mostly to, not from, Germany. After the German reunification, a large percentage of "guest workers" from Communist nations sent to East Germany returned to their home countries. See also: German colonial empire and List of former German colonies

Ethnic Germans
In general, it also omits some collective terms in common use defined by political border changes where this is antithetical to the current structure. Such terms include: • Ungarndeutsche / Germans of Hungary • Serbiendeutsche / Germans of Serbia • Rumäniendeutsche / Germans of Romania Roughly grouped: • Germans in the Czech Republic, notably: • Sudeten Germans in the Sudetenland • Germans of East Prussia (the largest group), including • Germans of Poland; see also: • the Polonized Bambrzy (notice, that Bambrzy are not part of German minority) • those from Lithuania, PrussianLithuanians • Baltic Germans of Latvia and Estonia, Prussian-Latvians, Prussian Latvians • The German-Briton group of the United Kingdom (sometimes called British Germans) • Schleswigsch Germans in South Jutland County, Denmark • German-speaking citizens of the Netherlands (386,200 - 2.37% of the population) • German-speaking Belgians, mostly in the German-speaking Community of Belgium (DGB - Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens) • Lorrainians and Alsatians in AlsaceLorraine, France • Bolzano-Bozen, a majority in this province of Italy • Walser originally from Wallis in Switzerland, now in Italy • Cimbrians in Italy • Móchenos in Italy • Germans in Slovenia: in the Gottschee County, in the Lower Styrian towns of Maribor, Celje and Ptuj, and in the Apače area • the Bruderhof Communities • the original Hutterites • Russian Mennonite in the Ukraine, including the Mennonite Brethren • Transylvanian Saxons in Romania • Transylvanian Landler Protestants in Romania • Carpathian Germans • Zipser, from Spiš (Carpathian German heartland) to northern Romania • Regat Germans in southern and eastern Romania

Groupings
Note that many of these groups have since migrated elsewhere. This list simply gives the region with which they are associated, and does not include the Germans from countries with German as an official national language, which are: • Austria • Belgium • Germany • Liechtenstein • Luxembourg • Switzerland

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• Danube Swabians, including: • those in the Bačka • Banat Swabians in the Serbian and Romanian Banat, as well as a handful in Bulgaria • Satu Mare Swabians in Romania • most Germans of Hungary (especially Swabian Turkey) • and a handful in Croatia (where it is a recognized minority language) and Bosnia • Black Sea Germans in southern Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria including: • Germans of the Crimea • Dobrujan Germans • Bukovina Germans from Bukovina • Bessarabia Germans roughly from what is now Moldova • Germans of Volhynia (German Volhynians) • Galiziendeutsche in Galicia • Caucasus Germans (also Swabians) in the northern Caucasus, Georgia, and Azerbaijan • the rest of the Germans in the former USSR, including: • Volga Germans • Russian Mennonites • Germans of Kazakhstan • Bosporus Germans, originally craftsmen in and around Istanbul, Turkey In the Americas, one can divide the groups by current nation of residence: • German Canadians and GermanAmericans • Texas Germans (see also the List of German Texans) • Hutterites who speak Hutterite German • German Mexicans, including Mennonites in Mexico as well as many notable figures, see German-, Austrian-, Hungarian-, and Polish- subcategories of European Mexicans • Deutschbrasilianer in Brazil, whose various languages comprise Brazilian German • German Argentines with prominent personalities and a notable German impact on Argentine culture • German-Chilean with prominent personalities and a notable impact in Southern Chile • Germans of Paraguay • Germans, mostly from outside the borders of Germany, in the rest of Latin America, especially: • German-Puerto Ricans • • • •

Ethnic Germans
Paraguay Peru, not German speakers Uruguay Venezuela, for example Colonia Tovar, where Alemán Coloniero is spoken …or by ethnic or religious criteria: • Pennsylvania Dutch • Amish • Volga Germans and Plautdietsch-speaking Russian Mennonites • in Canada, (e.g. Chortitzer Mennonite Conference) • in the United States, for instance in Kansas • throughout Latin America • Hutterites who speak Hutterite German • the Bruderhof Communities, the USA and Paraguay In Africa, Oceania, and East Asia • Germans of Namibia, Togo, Cameroon, and South Africa • German Australians • Germans in the colony of Jiaozhou Bay, China, who founded among others the Tsingtao Brewery in today’s Qingdao

Notes
Most numbers are from the www.ethnologue.com (see See also), apart from a few from German language and Germans, as well as the following in-line citations: [1] Austria. Library of Congress Country Studies, 2004.. Accessed 1 Oct 2006. [2] [1]. [3] Who’s Counting? The 1990 Census of German-Americans. On the site of The Tricentennial Foundation German American Community Service. Accessed 12 Feb 2006. [4] Contents of ANCESTRY Table on the site of the United States Census Bureau. Accessed 12 Feb 2006. [5] "Brasil alemão" comemora 180 anos | Brasil | Deutsche Welle | 25.07.2004 [6] Centro Argentino Cultural Wolgadeutsche [7] Fiesta de La Cerveza - Oktoberfest Argentina - Villa General Belgrano [8] Peruano-alemán [9] POZUZO. Historia - caractersiticas generales - Antecedentes Caminos y vias :: antecedentes historicos clima flora y fauna posuso pozuso posuzo [10] [2]

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[11] "The Mennonite Old Colony Vision: Under siege in Mexico and the Canadian Connection" (PDF). http://www.hshs.mb.ca/ mennonite_old_colony_vision.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-05-30. [12] Bolivian Reforms Raise Anxiety on Mennonite Frontier, New York Times [13] Belize the Cultural Diversity of Belizean Society [14] http://www.provincia.bz.it/downloads/ Siz_2006-eng.pdf [15] cf. the article on the Luxemburgish language on the German Wikipedia [16] See Demographics of the Netherlands [17] See Demographics of Germany. [18] http://www.uoc.es/euromosaic/web/ document/alemany/an/i2/i2.html [19] Ethnologue report for Poland [20] German Population of Romania, 1930-1948 [21] German minority [22] German in Hungary [23] German and Jewish migration from the former Soviet Union to Germany [24] Liberation - Post War Changes [25] Ethnic German Minorities in the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia [26] "History of German Settlements in Southern Hungary" by Sue Clarkson [27] UNDP Human Development Report for Serbia 2005 [28] Deutschnamibier, economy-point.org [29] How ’Pure’ was the Average Afrikaner?

Ethnic Germans

See also
Three similar terms: • Imperial Germans • Volksdeutsch • Auslandsdeutsch Other articles detailing the distribution of German language or people: • German as a minority language • German dialects • German language • Germans • List of German Britons • German exodus from Eastern Europe • Expulsion of Germans after World War II • Goralenvolk • D-A-CH • German dialects • Swiss diaspora • Diaspora • Human migration

External links
Ethnologue entries: • Standard German • Plautdietsch • German-American Heritage Foundation of the USA in Washington, DC • http://germanfast.blogspot.com • Reassessing what we collect website – German London History of German London with objects and images

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_Germans" Categories: Ethnic groups in Europe, West Germanic peoples, Germans, German diaspora This page was last modified on 8 May 2009, at 22:53 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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