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FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup

The current FIFA World Cup Trophy, awarded to the World Cup champions since 1974 Founded Region Number of teams Current champions Most successful team Website 1930 International (FIFA) 32 (Finals) 204 (Qualifiers for 2010) Italy (4th title) Brazil (5 titles) http://www.fifa.com/ worldcup/

venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about a month – this phase is often called the World Cup Finals. A qualification phase, which currently takes place over the preceding three years, is used to determine which teams qualify for the tournament together with the host nation(s). The World Cup is the most widely-viewed sporting event in the world, with an estimated 715.1 million people watching the 2006 final.[1] Of the 18 tournaments held, seven nations have won the title. Brazil are the only team that have played in every tournament and have won the World Cup a record five times. Italy are the current champions and have won four titles, and Germany are next with three. The other former champions are Uruguay, winner of the inaugural tournament, and Argentina, with two titles each, and England and France, with one title each. The most recent World Cup was held in Germany in 2006, and was won by Italy, who defeated France in the final. The next World Cup will be held in South Africa, between 11 June and 11 July 2010, and the 2014 World Cup will be held in Brazil.

History
Previous international competitions
The world’s first international football match was a challenge match played in Glasgow in 1872 between Scotland and England,[2] with the first international tournament, the inaugural edition of the British Home Championship, taking place in 1884.[3] At this stage the sport was rarely played outside the United Kingdom. As football began to increase in popularity in other parts of the world at the turn of the century, it was held as a demonstration sport with no medals awarded at the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics (however, the IOC has retroactively upgraded their status to official events), and at the 1906 Intercalated Games. After FIFA was founded in 1904, there was an attempt made by FIFA to arrange an

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification

The FIFA World Cup, occasionally called the Football World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international football competition contested by the men’s national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport’s global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, because of World War II. The current format of the tournament involves 32 teams competing for the title at

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international football tournament between nations outside of the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906. These were very early days for international football, and the official history of FIFA describes the competition as having been a failure.[4] At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an official competition. Planned by The Football Association (FA), England’s football governing body, the event was for amateur players only and was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition. Great Britain (represented by the England national amateur football team) won the gold medals. They repeated the feat in 1912 in Stockholm, where the tournament was organized by the Swedish Football Association. With the Olympic event continuing to be contested only between amateur teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organized the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy tournament in Turin in 1909. The Lipton tournament was a championship between individual clubs (not national teams) from different nations, each one of which represented an entire nation. The competition is sometimes described as The First World Cup,[5] and featured the most prestigious professional club sides from Italy, Germany and Switzerland, but the FA of England refused to be associated with the competition and declined the offer to send a professional team. Lipton invited West Auckland, an amateur side from County Durham, to represent England instead. West Auckland won the tournament and returned in 1911 to successfully defend their title, and were given the trophy to keep forever, as per the rules of the competition. In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took responsibility for managing the event.[6] This paved the way for the world’s first intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt and thirteen European teams, and won by Belgium.[7] Uruguay won the next two Olympic football tournaments in 1924 and 1928.

FIFA World Cup

Estadio Centenario, the location of the first World Cup final in 1930 in Montevideo, Uruguay outside of the Olympics. On 28 May 1928, the FIFA Congress in Amsterdam decided to stage a world championship organised by FIFA.[8] With Uruguay now two-time official football world champions (as 1924 was the start of FIFA’s professional era) and to celebrate their centenary of independence in 1930, FIFA named Uruguay as the host country of the inaugural World Cup tournament. The national associations of selected nations were invited to send a team, but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competition meant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic Ocean for European sides. Indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until two months before the start of the competition. Rimet eventually persuaded teams from Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to make the trip. In total thirteen nations took part: seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America. The first two World Cup matches took place simultaneously on 18 July 1930, and were won by France and USA, who beat Mexico 4–1 and Belgium 3–0 respectively. The first goal in World Cup history was scored by Lucien Laurent of France.[9] In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 in front of a crowd of 93,000 people in Montevideo, and became the first nation to win the World Cup.[10]

First World Cup
Due to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, with President Jules Rimet the driving force, again started looking at staging its own international tournament

Growth
After the creation of the World Cup, the 1932 Summer Olympics, held in Los Angeles, did not plan to include football as part of the

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schedule due to the low popularity of the sport in the United States, as American football had been growing in popularity. FIFA and the IOC also disagreed over the status of amateur players, and so football was dropped from the Games.[11] Olympic football returned at the 1936 Summer Olympics, but was now overshadowed by the more prestigious World Cup. The issues facing the early World Cup tournaments were the difficulties of intercontinental travel, and war. Few South American teams were willing to travel to Europe for the 1934 and 1938 tournaments, with Brazil the only South American team to compete in both. The 1942 and 1946 competitions were cancelled due to World War II and its aftermath. The 1950 World Cup, held in Brazil, was the first to include British participants. British teams withdrew from FIFA in 1920, partly out of unwillingness to play against the countries they had been at war with, and partly as a protest against foreign influence on football,[12] but rejoined in 1946 following FIFA’s invitation.[13] The tournament also saw the return of 1930 champions Uruguay, who had boycotted the previous two World Cups. Uruguay won the tournament again by defeating the host nation Brazil in one of the most famous matches in World Cup history, which was later called the "Maracanazo" (Portuguese: Maracanaço).

FIFA World Cup
In the tournaments between 1934 and 1978, 16 teams competed in each tournament, except in 1938, when Austria were absorbed into Germany after qualifying, leaving the tournament with 15 teams, and in 1950, when India, Scotland and Turkey withdrew, leaving the tournament with 13 teams.[14] Most of the participating nations were from Europe and South America, with a small minority from North America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. These teams were usually defeated easily by the European and South American teams. Until 1982, the only teams from outside Europe and South America to advance out of the first round were: USA, semi-finalists in 1930; Cuba, quarter-finalists in 1938; Korea DPR, quarter-finalists in 1966; and Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1970. The tournament was expanded to 24 teams in 1982,[15] and then to 32 in 1998,[16] allowing more teams from Africa, Asia and North America to take part. The one exception is Oceania, who have never had a guaranteed spot in the tournament. In recent years, teams from these regions have enjoyed more success, and those who have reached the quarter-finals include: Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1986; Cameroon, quarter-finalists in 1990; Korea Republic, finishing in fourth place in 2002; and Senegal and USA, both quarter-finalists in 2002. However, European and South American teams have remained the stronger forces. For example, the quarter-finalists in 2006 were all from Europe or South America. 198 nations attempted to qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and a record 204 will attempt to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[17]

Other FIFA tournaments
Map of countries’ best results An equivalent tournament for women’s football, the FIFA Women’s World Cup, was first held in 1991 in the People’s Republic of China.[18] The women’s tournament is smaller in scale and profile than the men’s, but is growing; the number of entrants for the 2007 tournament was 120, more than double that of 1991. Football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932. Unlike many other sports, the men’s football tournament at the Olympics is not a top-level tournament, and since 1992, an under-23 tournament with each team allowed three

Map of countries’ number of appearances

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over-age players.[19] Women’s football made its Olympic debut in 1996, and is contested between full national sides with no age restrictions. The FIFA Confederations Cup is a tournament held one year before the World Cup at the World Cup host nation(s) as a dress-rehearsal for the upcoming World Cup. It is contested by the winners of each of the six FIFA confederation championships, along with the FIFA World Cup champion and the host country.[20] FIFA also organizes international tournaments for youth football (FIFA U-20 World Cup, FIFA U-17 World Cup, FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup), club football (FIFA Club World Cup), and football variants such as futsal (FIFA Futsal World Cup) and beach soccer (FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup).

FIFA World Cup
36 cm (14.2 in) high, made of solid 18 carat (75%) gold and weighs 6.175 kg (13.6 lb). The base contains two layers of semi-precious malachite while the bottom side of the trophy bears the engraved year and name of each FIFA World Cup winner since 1974. The description of the trophy by Gazzaniga was: "The lines spring out from the base, rising in spirals, stretching out to receive the world. From the remarkable dynamic tensions of the compact body of the sculpture rise the figures of two athletes at the stirring moment of victory."[22] This new trophy is not awarded to the winning nation permanently. World Cup winners retain the trophy until the next tournament and are awarded a gold-plated replica rather than the solid gold original.[23]

Format
Qualification
Since the second World Cup in 1934, qualifying tournaments have been held to thin the field for the final tournament.[24] They are held within the six FIFA continental zones (Africa, Asia, North and Central America and Caribbean, South America, Oceania, Europe), overseen by their respective confederations. For each tournament, FIFA decides the number of places awarded to each of the continental zones beforehand, generally based on the relative strength of the confederations’ teams, but also subject to lobbying from the confederations. The qualification process can start as early as almost three years before the final tournament and last over a two-year period. The formats of the qualification tournaments differ between confederations. Usually, one or two places are awarded to winners of intercontinental play-offs. For example, the winner of the Oceanian zone and the fifthplaced team from the Asian zone will enter a play-off for a spot in the 2010 World Cup.[25] From the 1938 World Cup onwards,[26] host nations have received an automatic berth in the final tournament. This right was also granted to the defending champions between 1938 and 2002, but was withdrawn from the 2006 FIFA World Cup onward, requiring the champions to qualify. Brazil, winners in 2002, thus became the first defending champions to play in a qualifying match.

Trophy

The FIFA World Cup Trophy on a German stamp From 1930 to 1970, the Jules Rimet Trophy was awarded to the World Cup winner. It was originally simply known as the World Cup or Coupe du Monde, but in 1946 it was renamed after the FIFA president Jules Rimet who set up the first tournament. In 1970, Brazil’s third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the trophy permanently. However, the trophy was stolen in 1983, and has never been recovered, apparently melted down by the thieves.[21] After 1970, a new trophy, known as the FIFA World Cup Trophy, was designed. The experts of FIFA, coming from seven different countries, evaluated the 53 presented models, finally opting for the work of the Italian designer Silvio Gazzaniga. The new trophy is

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FIFA World Cup
centres of strength in football. The decision to hold the first World Cup in Uruguay, for example, led to only four European nations competing.[31] The next two World Cups were both held in Europe. The decision to hold the second of these, the 1938 FIFA World Cup, in France was controversial, as the American countries had been led to understand that the World Cup would rotate between the two continents. Both Argentina and Uruguay thus boycotted the tournament.[32] Since the 1958 FIFA World Cup, to avoid future boycotts or controversy, FIFA began a pattern of alternating the hosts between the Americas and Europe, which continued until the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The 2002 FIFA World Cup, hosted jointly by South Korea and Japan, was the first one held in Asia, and the only tournament with multiple hosts.[33] In 2010, South Africa will become the first African nation to host the World Cup. The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be hosted by Brazil, the first held in South America since 1978,[34] and will be the first occasion where consecutive World Cups are held outside Europe. The host country is now chosen in a vote by FIFA’s Executive Committee. This is done under a single transferable vote system. The national football association of a country desiring to host the event receives a "Hosting Agreement" from FIFA, which explains the steps and requirements that are expected from a strong bid. The bidding association also receives a form, the submission of which represents the official confirmation of the candidacy. After this, a FIFA designated group of inspectors visit the country to identify that the country meets the requirements needed to host the event and a report on the country is produced. The decision on who will host the World Cup is usually made six or seven years in advance of the tournament. However, there have been occasions where the hosts of multiple future tournaments were announced at the same time, as will be the case for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups. For the 2010 and 2014 World Cups, the final tournament is rotated between confederations, allowing only countries from the chosen confederation (Africa in 2010, South America in 2014) to bid to host the tournament. The rotation policy was introduced after the controversy surrounding Germany’s

Final tournament
The current final tournament features 32 national teams competing over a month in the host nation(s). There are two stages: a group stage followed by a knockout stage. In the group stage, teams compete within eight groups of four teams each. Eight teams are seeded (including the hosts, with the other teams selected using a formula based on both the FIFA World Rankings and performances in recent World Cups) and drawn to separate groups. The other teams are assigned to different "pots", usually based on geographical criteria, and teams in each pot are drawn at random to the eight groups. Since 1998, constraints have been applied to the draw to ensure that no group contains more than two European teams or more than one team from any other confederation.[27] Each group plays a round-robin tournament, guaranteeing that every team will play at least three matches. The last round of matches of each group is scheduled at the same time to preserve fairness among all four teams.[28] The top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage. Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Since 1994, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss (prior to this, winners received two points rather than three). If two or more teams end up with the same number of points, tiebreakers are used: first is goal difference, then total goals scored, then head-to-head results, and finally drawing of lots (i.e. determining team positions at random).[29] The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary. It begins with the "round of 16" (or the second round) in which the winner of each group plays against the runner-up of another group. This is followed by the quarterfinals, the semi-finals, the third-place match (contested by the losing semi-finalists), and the final.[30]

Selection of hosts
Early World Cups were given to countries at meetings of FIFA’s congress. The choice of location gave rise to controversies, a consequence of the three-week boat journey between South America and Europe, the two

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victory over South Africa in the vote to host the 2006 tournament. However, the policy of continental rotation will not continue beyond 2014, so any country, except those belonging to confederations that hosted the two preceding tournaments, can apply as hosts for World Cups starting from 2018.[35] This is partly to avoid a similar scenario to the bidding process for the 2014 tournament, where Brazil was the only official bidder.

FIFA World Cup
matches of the tournament) which put them ahead on points and ensured that they finished top of the group as world champions. Therefore, this match is often considered the "final" of the 1950 World Cup.[40] Likewise, Sweden’s 3–1 victory over Spain (played at the same time as Uruguay vs Brazil) ensured that they finished third.

Media coverage
See also: List of FIFA World Cup broadcasters The World Cup was first televised in 1954 and is now the most widely-viewed and followed sporting event in the world, exceeding even the Olympic Games. The cumulative audience of all matches of the 2006 World Cup is estimated to be 26.29 billion.[1] 715.1 million individuals watched the final match of this tournament (a ninth of the entire population of the planet). The 2006 World Cup draw, which decided the distribution of teams into groups, was watched by 300 million viewers.[36] Each FIFA World Cup since 1966 has its own mascot. World Cup Willie, the mascot for the 1966 competition, was the first World Cup mascot.[37]

Winners and finalists
See also: List of FIFA World Cup finals

Map of winning countries In all, 75 nations have played in at least one World Cup.[41] Of these, only 11 have made it to the final match, and only seven have won. The seven national teams that have won the World Cup have added stars to the crest, located on their shirt, with each star representing a World Cup victory. With five titles, Brazil are the most successful World Cup team and also the only nation to have played in every World Cup to date.[42] Brazil (1958 and 1962) and Italy (1934 and 1938) are the only nations to have won consecutive titles. Below is a list of the 11 teams that have played in a World Cup final. Brazil and Germany each finished as either winners or runners-up seven times. * = hosts ^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1954 and 1990
#

Results
World Cup summaries
Key • aet — after extra time • pen — penalty shootout Notes [1] There was no official World Cup Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. FIFA now recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team, using the overall records of the teams in the tournament.[38] [2] ^ There was no official World Cup final match in 1950.[39] The tournament winner was decided by a final roundrobin group contested by four teams (Uruguay, Brazil, Sweden, and Spain). However, Uruguay’s 2–1 victory over Brazil was the decisive match (and also coincidentally one of the last two

= states that have since split into two or more independent nations Further information: National team appearances in the FIFA World Cup#Teams that have finished in the top four

Performances by host nations
See also: National team appearances in the FIFA World Cup#Results of host nations

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Year 1930 Details 1934 Details 1938 Details 1950 Details Host Nation(s) Uruguay Uruguay Italy Italy France Italy Brazil Uruguay
[note 2]

FIFA World Cup
Third Place Match

Final Winner Score Runner-up 4–2 Argentina 2–1 aet 4–2 Hungary Brazil Hungary 5–2 Brazil Sweden 3–1 Brazil

3rd Place United States

Score 4th Place
[note 1]

Yugoslavia

3–2 Czechoslovakia Germany 4–2 Brazil
[note

Austria Sweden
2]

Sweden Austria

Spain Uruguay

1954 Details Switzerland West Germany 1958 Details 1962 Details 1966 Details 1970 Details Sweden

3–2

3–1

6–3 France 1–0 Czechoslovakia Chile Yugoslavia 2–1 West Germany Italy Portugal 1–0 West Germany 1–0 Netherlands Poland 2–1 Netherlands West Germany Brazil 3–2 Poland France Italy 4–0 Sweden Bulgaria 4–2 aet 2–1 Argentina England France Belgium Italy Brazil Uruguay USSR West Germany

Chile England England Mexico Brazil

4–2 aet 4–1

1974 West Details Germany 1978 Details Argentina 1982 Details 1986 Details 1990 Details Spain

2–1 West Germany Argentina Italy 3–1 aet 3–1 3–2 Argentina West Germany 1–0 West Germany Brazil

Mexico Italy

1994 United Details States

0–0 aet Italy (3–2) pen 3–0 Brazil 2–0 Germany 1–1 aet

1998 Details

France France Brazil

2–1 Croatia 3–2 Turkey 3–1 France Germany Portugal Korea Republic Netherlands

2002 South Details Korea & Japan 2006 Details Germany

Italy

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(5–3) pen Team Brazil Italy Germany^ Argentina Uruguay France England Netherlands Czechoslovakia# Hungary Sweden Titles 5 (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002) 4 (1934*, 1938, 1982, 2006) 3 (1954, 1974*, 1990) 2 (1978*, 1986) 2 (1930*, 1950) 1 (1998*) 1 (1966*) – – – – Runners-up

FIFA World Cup

2 (1950*, 1998) 2 (1970, 1994) 4 (1966, 1982, 1986, 2002) 2 (1930, 1990) – 1 (2006) – 2 (1974, 1978) 2 (1934, 1962) 2 (1938, 1954) 1 (1958*)

Six of the seven champions have won one of their titles while playing in their own homeland, the exception being Brazil, who finished as runners-up after losing the deciding match on home soil in 1950. England (1966) and France (1998) won their only titles while playing as host nations. Uruguay (1930), Italy (1934) and Argentina (1978) won their first titles as host nations but have gone on to win again, while Germany (1974) won their second title on home soil. Other nations have also been successful when hosting the tournament. Sweden (runners-up in 1958), Chile (third place in 1962), Korea Republic (fourth place in 2002), Mexico (quarter-finals in 1970 and 1986), and Japan (second round in 2002) all have their best results when serving as hosts. So far, all host nations have progressed beyond the first round.

the quarter-finals: Cameroon in 1990 and Senegal in 2002. Oceania has only been represented in the World Cup three times, and an Oceanian team has reached the second round on only one occasion, when Australia progressed beyond the group stage in 2006. All World Cups won by European teams have taken place in Europe and the only teams to have won outside Europe come from South America. The only non-European team to win a tournament in Europe is Brazil in 1958. Only twice have consecutive World Cups been won by teams from the same continent – when Italy and Brazil successfully defended their titles in 1938 and 1962 respectively.

Awards
At the end of each World Cup, awards are presented to the players and teams for accomplishments other than their final team positions in the tournament. There are currently six awards:[43] • The Golden Shoe (sometimes called the Golden Boot) for the top goalscorer (first awarded in 1982, but retrospectively applied to all tournaments from 1930); most recently, the Silver Shoe and the Bronze Shoe have been awarded to the second and third top goalscorers respectively;[44] • The Golden Ball for the best player, determined by a vote of media members (first awarded in 1982); the Silver Ball and

Best performances by continental zones
See also: National team appearances in the FIFA World Cup#Results by confederation To date, the final of the World Cup has only been contested by European and South American teams. The two continents have won nine titles apiece. Only two teams from outside these two continents have ever reached the semi-finals of the competition: USA (North, Central America and Caribbean) in 1930 and Korea Republic (Asia) in 2002. The best result of an African team is reaching

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the Bronze Ball are awarded to the players finishing second and third in the voting respectively;[45] • The Yashin Award for the best goalkeeper, decided by the FIFA Technical Study Group (first awarded in 1994);[46] • The FIFA Fair Play Trophy for the team with the best record of fair play, according to the points system and criteria established by the FIFA Fair Play Committee (first awarded in 1978);[47] • The Most Entertaining Team for the team that has entertained the public the most during the World Cup, determined by a poll of the general public (first awarded in 1994);[47] • The Best Young Player Award for the best player aged 21 or younger at the start of the calendar year, decided by the FIFA Technical Study Group (first awarded in 2006).[47] An All-Star Team consisting of the best players of the tournament is also announced for each tournament since 1998.

FIFA World Cup

See also
• List of men’s national football teams • List of other competitions named World Cup • Official FIFA World Cup match balls • List of players who have won multiple FIFA World Cups • 1980 Mundialito, a tournament held in Uruguay to celebrate the 50-year anniversary of the World Cup • FIFA World Cup All-Time Team • FIFA Dream Team • Homeless World Cup

Notes and references
[1] ^ 2006 FIFA World Cup broadcast wider, longer and farther than ever before, FIFA.com. Retrieved on September 16, 2008. [2] England National Football Team Match No. 1, England Football Online. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [3] "British PM backs return of Home Nations championship". Agence FrancePresse. http://www.soccerway.com/news/ 2007/November/22/british-pm-backsreturn-of-home-nations-championship. Retrieved on December 16, 2007. [4] History of FIFA – FIFA takes shape, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [5] ’The First World Cup’. The Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy. Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council (October 10, 2003). Retrieved on April 11, 2006. [6] History of FIFA – More associations follow, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [7] Reyes, Macario (October 18, 1999). VII. Olympiad Antwerp 1920 Football Tournament rec.sport.soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved on June 10, 2006. [8] History of FIFA – The first FIFA World Cup, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [9] Molinaro, John F. "Lucien Laurent: The World Cup’s First Goal Scorer". CBC. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/worldcup2006/ history/events/laurent_lucien.html. Retrieved on May 6, 2007. [10] FIFA World Cup Origin (PDF), FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007.

Records and statistics
Two players share the record for playing in the most World Cups; Mexico’s Antonio Carbajal and Germany’s Lothar Matthäus both played in five tournaments.[48] Matthäus has played the most World Cup matches overall, with 25 appearances.[49] Brazil’s Pelé is the only player to hold three World Cup winners’ medals.[50] The overall leading goalscorer in World Cups is Brazil’s Ronaldo, scorer of 15 goals in three tournaments. West Germany’s Gerd Müller is second, with 14 goals in two tournaments.[51] The third placed goalscorer, France’s Just Fontaine, holds the record for the most goals scored in a single World Cup. All his 13 goals were scored in the 1958 tournament.[52] Brazil’s Mário Zagallo and West Germany’s Franz Beckenbauer are the only people to date to win the World Cup as both player and head coach. Zagallo won in 1958 and 1962 as a player and in 1970 as head coach.[53] Beckenbauer won in 1974 as captain and in 1990 as head coach.[54] Italy’s Vittorio Pozzo is the only head coach to ever win two World Cups.[55] All World Cup winning head coaches were natives of the country they coached to victory.

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[11] The Olympic Odyssey so far... (Part 1: 1908–1964), FIFA.com. Retrieved on January 8, 2008. [12] "Scotland and the 1950 World Cup". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/ sportscotland/asportingnation/article/ 0001/index.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-05-13. [13] Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. p. 44. ISBN 0-571-22944-1. [14] Glanville, p45 [15] Glanville, p238 [16] Glanville, p359 [17] Record number of 204 teams enter preliminary competition, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [18] FIFA Women’s World Cup, FIFA.com. Retrieved on December 22, 2007. [19] Regulations Men’s Olympic Football Tournament 2008 (PDF), FIFA.com. Retrieved on December 22, 2007. [20] FIFA Confederations Cup, FIFA.com. Retrieved on December 22, 2007. [21] Jules Rimet Trophy, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [22] FIFA World Cup Trophy, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [23] FIFA Assets – Trophy, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [24] "FIFA World Cup qualifying: Treasuretrove of the weird and wonderful". FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/ preliminarydraw/news/ newsid=576440.html. Retrieved on 23 December 2007. [25] "2010 World Cup Qualifying". ESPN. November 26, 2007. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/ print?id=468907&type=story&cc=. Retrieved on December 23, 2007. [26] "1938 FIFA World Cup France Preliminaries". FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/ edition=5/preliminaries/index.html. Retrieved on December 27, 2007. [27] "England seeded for 2006 World Cup". BBC. December 6, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/ internationals/4356050.stm. Retrieved on 2007-12-24. [28] This practice has been installed since the 1986 FIFA World Cup. In some cases during previous tournaments (Argentina 6–0 Peru in 1978; West Germany 1–0 Austria in 1982), teams that played the

FIFA World Cup
latter match were perceived to gain an unfair advantage by knowing the score of the earlier match, and subsequently obtaining a result that ensured advancement to the next stage. 1978 Argentina and 1982 Spain, CBC Sports. Retrieved on September 1, 2008. [29] Regulations of the 2010 FIFA World Cup (PDF), (page 40–41), FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [30] "Formats of the FIFA World Cup final competitions 1930–2010" (PDF). FIFA.com. http://www.fifa.com/mm/ document/fifafacts/mcwc/ ip-201_04e_fwc_formats_slots_8821.pdf. Retrieved on January 1, 2008. [31] "Uruguay 1930". BBC. April 11, 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/ worldcup2002/hi/history/ newsid_1632000/1632201.stm. Retrieved on May 13, 2006. [32] France 1938, BBC. (April 17, 2002). Retrieved on May 13, 2006. [33] "Asia takes World Cup center stage". CNN. June 3, 2002. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/ world/2002/world_cup/news/2002/06/03/ au_asia_rb/. Retrieved on January 1, 2008. [34] "Brazil will stage 2014 World Cup". BBC. October 10, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ sport1/hi/football/internationals/ 7068848.stm. Retrieved on January 1, 2008. [35] "Rotation ends in 2018". FIFA.com. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/federation/ administration/releases/ newsid=625122.html#rotation+ends+2018. Retrieved on October 10, 2007. [36] Socceroos face major challenge: Hiddink, ABC Sport, December 10, 2005. Retrieved on May 13, 2006. [37] FIFA Assets – Mascots, FIFA.com. Retrieved on November 19, 2007. [38] 1930 FIFA World Cup, FIFA.com. Retrieved on 5 March 2009. [39] 1950 FIFA World Cup, FIFA.com. Retrieved on 5 March 2009. [40] FIFA World Cup Finals since 1930 (PDF), FIFA.com. Retrieved on 5 March 2009. [41] This follows FIFA’s consideration that the national teams of Czechoslovakia/ Czech Republic, Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro/Serbia, and USSR/Russia are combined respectively for recordkeeping. "Planet World Cup – All time

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FIFA World Cup

table". Planet World Cup. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/ http://www.planetworldcup.com/ world/2002/world_cup/hof/matthaeus/. NATIONS/maraton.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-12-23. January 26, 2008. [50] Kirby, Gentry (July 5, 2006). "Pele, King [42] "Brazil". CNN. of Futbol". ESPN. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/ http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/classic/ world/2002/world_cup/teams/brazil/. bio/news/story?page=Pele. Retrieved on Retrieved on December 29, 2007. 2007-12-23. [43] "FIFA World Cup awards". FIFA.com. [51] Chowdhury, Saj (June 27, 2006). http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/ "Ronaldo’s riposte". BBC. fifafacts/mcwc/ip-301_03a_fwchttp://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/ awards_22643.pdf. Retrieved on March world_cup_2006/teams/brazil/ 5, 2009. 5112982.stm. Retrieved on 2007-12-23. [44] "adidas Golden Shoe – FIFA World Cup™ [52] "Goal machine was Just superb". BBC. Final". http://www.fifa.com/ April 4, 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/ classicfootball/awards/golden/ sport3/worldcup2002/hi/team_pages/ award=gsa/idcup=17/ france/newsid_1752000/1752740.stm. pastcupawards.html. Retrieved on March Retrieved on 2007-12-23. 4, 2009. [53] Hughes, Rob (March 11, 1998). "No [45] "Golden Ball for Zinedine Zidane". Alternative to Victory for National Soccerway. July 10, 2006. Coach : 150 Million Brazilians Keep Heat http://www.soccerway.com/news/2006/ on Zagalo". International Herald July/10/golden-ball-for-zinedine-zidane/. Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/ Retrieved on December 31, 2007. 1998/03/11/soccer.t_7.php. Retrieved on [46] "Kahn named top keeper". BBC. June 30, December 31, 2007. 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/ [54] Brewin, John (December 21, 2007). worldcup2002/hi/team_pages/germany/ "World Cup Legends – Franz newsid_2075000/2075695.stm. Retrieved Beckenbauer". ESPN. on December 31, 2007. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/archive/ [47] ^ "FIFA Awards". RSSSF. May 18, 2007. worldcup/editorial/ http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/fifalegends_beckenbauer.html. Retrieved on awards.html. Retrieved on January 8, December 31, 2007. 2008. [55] "1938 France". CBC. http://www.cbc.ca/ [48] Yannis, Alex (November 10, 1999). sports/worldcup2006/history/events/ "Matthaus Is the Latest MetroStars 1938.html. Retrieved on December 31, Savior". New York Times. 2007. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ fullpage.html?res=9C00EFD8103AF933A25752C1A96F958260. Retrieved on 2007-12-23. • FIFA World Cup official site [49] "World Cup Hall of Fame: Lothar • Previous FIFA World Cups Matthaeus". CNN.

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_World_Cup" Categories: FIFA World Cup, International national football (soccer) competitions, FIFA competitions This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 07:13 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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