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Duke University

Duke University
Duke University Nickname: Athletics: Affiliations: Website: Blue Devils NCAA Division I FBS 26 varsity teams AAU, ACC, UMC www.duke.edu

Latin: Universitas Dukiana Motto: Motto in English: Established: Type: Endowment: President: Faculty: Students: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Location: Eruditio et Religio Knowledge and Faith 1838 Private $4 billion (2008)[1] Richard H. Brodhead 2,877 13,457 6,340 7,117 Durham, North Carolina, US 36°0′4″N 78°56′20″W / 36.00111°N 78.93889°W / 36.00111; -78.93889Coordinates: 36°0′4″N 78°56′20″W / 36.00111°N 78.93889°W / 36.00111; -78.93889 Urban 8,610 acres (34.8 km2) Brown School (1838–1841) Union Institute (1841–1851) Normal College (1851–1859) Trinity College (1859–1924) Duke blue and white[2]

Latin text from university archives.[3] Population data for fall 2007; financial data for FY07.[4] UMC ties historic and symbolic, but governance-independent.[5][6][7]

Campus: Former names:


Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, United States. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892.[8] In 1924, tobacco industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment, prompting the institution to change its name in honor of his deceased father, Washington Duke. The University is organized into two undergraduate and eight graduate schools. The undergraduate student body comes from all 50 U.S. states and 106 countries.[9][10] In its 2009 edition, U.S. News & World Report ranked the university’s undergraduate program eighth among national universities,[11] while ranking the medical, law, and business schools among the top 12 in the country.[12] Duke University was ranked as the thirteenth best university in the world in the 2008 THES - QS World University Rankings of universities worldwide.[13] Duke’s research expenditures are among the largest 20 in the U.S. and its athletic program is one of the nation’s elite.[14][15] Competing in the Atlantic Coast Conference, the athletic teams have won nine national championships, including three by the men’s basketball team. Besides academics, research, and athletics, Duke is also well known for its sizable campus and Gothic architecture, especially


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the Duke Chapel. The forests surrounding parts of the campus belie the University’s proximity to downtown Durham. Duke’s 8,610 acres (35 km²) contain three contiguous campuses in Durham as well as a marine lab in Beaufort. Construction projects have updated both the freshmen-populated Georgian-style East Campus and the main Gothic-style West Campus, as well as the adjacent Medical Center over the past five years.

Duke University
endowment in 1896, with the stipulation that the college "open its doors to women, placing them on an equal footing with men."[17] In 1924, Washington Duke’s son, James B. Duke, established The Duke Endowment with a $40 million ($434 million in 2005 dollars) trust fund. The annual income of the fund was to be distributed to hospitals, orphanages, the Methodist Church, three colleges, and Trinity College. William Preston Few, the president of Trinity College, insisted that the university be named Duke University, and James B. Duke agreed that it would be a memorial to his father.[8] Money from the endowment allowed the University to grow quickly. Duke’s original campus (East Campus) was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with Georgian-style buildings. By 1930, the majority of the Gothic style buildings on the campus one mile (1.6 km) west were completed, and construction on West Campus culminated with the completion of Duke Chapel in 1935.[8]


One of the first buildings on the original Durham campus (East Campus), the Washington Duke Building ("Old Main") was destroyed by a fire in 1911. Duke started as Brown’s Schoolhouse, a private subscription school founded in 1838 in Randolph County in the present-day town of Trinity.[16] Now, those grounds are occupied by Braxton Craven Middle School, named after the school’s second president of the same name. (Braxton Craven Middle School is the only all sixth-grade school in North Carolina.) Brown’s Schoolhouse was organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers, and in 1841 North Carolina issued a charter for Union Institute Academy. The academy was renamed Normal College in 1851 and then Trinity College in 1859 because of support from the Methodist Church. [16] In 1892, Trinity moved to Durham, largely due to generosity from Washington Duke and Julian S. Carr, powerful and respected Methodists who had grown wealthy through the tobacco industry.[8] Washington Duke gave what was then known as Trinity College a $100,000

James B. Duke established the Duke Endowment, which provides funds to numerous institutions including Duke University.

Expansion and growth
Engineering, which had been taught since 1903, became a separate school in 1939. In athletics, Duke hosted and competed in the only Rose Bowl ever played outside California in Wallace Wade Stadium in 1942.[16] Increased activism on campus during the 1960s prompted Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to speak at the University on the civil rights movement’s progress on November 14, 1964. The former governor of North Carolina, Terry Sanford, was elected president in 1969, propelling the Fuqua School of Business’s opening, the William R. Perkins library completion, and the founding of the Institute of


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Policy Sciences and Public Affairs. The separate Woman’s College merged back with Trinity as the liberal arts college for both men and women in 1972. Beginning in the 1970s, Duke administrators began a long-term effort to strengthen Duke’s reputation both nationally and internationally. Interdisciplinary work was emphasized, as was recruiting minority faculty and students.[18][19][20] Duke University Hospital was finished in 1980 and the student union was fully constructed two years later. In 1986, the men’s soccer team captured Duke’s first NCAA championship, and the men’s basketball team followed with championships in 1991, 1992, and 2001.[16]

Duke University
campuses, including a 50- to 75-year overhaul of Central Campus.[23][24] In 1998, Duke President Nan Keohane initiated a five-year $1.5 billion Campaign for Duke fundraising effort. Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. (’47) endowed the Pratt School of Engineering with a $35 million gift in 1999. The Campaign for Duke ended in 2003 with $2.36 billion raised, making it the fifth largest campaign in the history of American higher education.[25] In the 2004 fiscal year, research expenditures surpassed $490 million, leading to myriad important breakthroughs.[26] The first working demonstration of an invisibility cloak was unveiled by Duke researchers in October 2006.[27] In 2005, three students were named Rhodes Scholars, a number surpassed by only one university. Overall, Duke is fifth among private universities in the number of Rhodes Scholars it has produced.[28] Since 1990, 19 students have been honored with this scholarship.[29] In August 2005, Duke established a partnership with the National University of Singapore to develop a joint medical program, which had its first entering class in 2007.[30] In 2006, three lacrosse team members were falsely accused of rape. Charges against the players were later dropped, the initial prosecutor was disbarred for ethical improprieties, and the incident garnered significant media attention.[31]

Recent history

The Levine Science Research Center is the largest single-site interdisciplinary research facility of any American university.[21] Duke University’s growth and academic focus have contributed to the university’s reputation as an academic and research institution. The school has regularly sent three-member teams to the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition, earning the title of the best collegiate undergraduate math team in the United States and Canada in 1993, 1996 and 2000. In nine out of the past ten years, Duke’s team has finished in the top three, the only school besides Harvard to do so.[22] Construction continued on campus, with the 314,000-square-foot (29,200 m2) Levine Science Research Center (LSRC) opening in 1994 to house interdisciplinary research, and construction has continued. These projects have updated both the freshmen-housed Georgian-style East Campus and the main Gothic-style West Campus, as well as the adjacent Medical Center in the past five years. Other projects are underway on all three

Duke’s student body consists of 6,340 undergraduates and 7,117 graduate and professional students (as of Fall 2007).[4] The undergraduate student body, containing 40% ethnic minorities,[32][33][34] come from all 50 U.S. states and 106 countries (as of 2007-08).[10] For the undergraduate class of 2012, Duke received 20,400 applications, and accepted 20.5% of them.[35] For the class of 2012, 96% of admitted students ranked in the top 10% of their high school class. The middle 50% range of SAT scores for first-year students is 1340-1540 (old scale) or 2020-2320 (new scale), while the ACT range is 29-34.[36][37][38][39] In 2007 the School of Medicine received 5,076 applicants for 100 spots (2.0% of applicants), while the average GPA and MCAT scores for accepted


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Duke University
and high achieving students requiring financial aid.[47] Duke University’s endowment was valued at US $5.9 billion in 2007.[4] The University’s special academic facilities include an art museum, several language labs, the Duke Forest, the Duke Herbarium, a lemur center, a phytotron, a free electron laser, a nuclear magnetic resonance machine, a nuclear lab, and a marine lab. Duke also is a leading participant in the National Lambda Rail Network and runs a program for gifted children known as the Talent Identification Program, or TIP.[48][49]

Duke Chapel, a frequent icon for the university, can seat nearly 1,600 people and contains a 5,200-pipe organ. students were 3.88 and 36, respectively.[40] The School of Law accepted approximately 21% of its applicants for the class of 2010, while enrolling students had a median GPA of 3.74 and median LSAT of 169.[41] Duke University has two schools for undergraduates: Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and Pratt School of Engineering.[32] The University’s graduate and professional schools include the Graduate School, the Pratt School of Engineering, the Nicholas School of the Environment, the School of Medicine, the School of Nursing, the Fuqua School of Business, the School of Law, and the Divinity School.[42] In the past decade, Duke has had the sixth highest number of Fulbright, Rhodes, Truman, and Goldwater scholarships in the nation among private universities.[28][43][44][45] The University practices need-blind admissions and meets 100% of admitted students’ demonstrated need. More than 40% of students in 2007–08 received financial aid, with the average grant being $26,700.[46] Roughly 60 merit-based scholarships are also offered, many of which are geared toward students in North Carolina, African-American students, Entrance to Duke’s Bostock Library, which opened in the fall of 2005

Duke offers 36 arts and sciences majors, four engineering majors, and 46 additional majors that have been approved under Program II, which allows students to design their own interdisciplinary major. Sixteen certificate programs also are available. Students may pursue a combination of a total of up to three majors/minors/certificates. Eighty percent of undergraduates enroll in the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, while the rest are in the Pratt School of Engineering.[50] Trinity’s curriculum operates under the revised version of "Curriculum 2000."[51] It ensures that students are exposed to a variety of "areas of knowledge" and "modes of inquiry." The curriculum aims to help students develop critical faculties and judgment by learning how to access, synthesize, and communicate knowledge effectively, acquiring perspective on current and historical events, conducting research and solving problems, and developing tenacity and a capacity for hard and sustained work.[51] In addition,


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freshmen can elect to participate in the FOCUS Program, which allows students to engage in an interdisciplinary exploration of a specific topic in a small group setting.[52] Pratt’s curriculum, on the other hand, is narrower in scope, but still accommodates double majors in a variety of disciplines. The school emphasizes undergraduate research—opportunities for hands-on experiences arise through internships, fellowship programs, and the structured curriculum. Furthermore, for the class of 2007, more than 27% of Pratt undergraduates studied abroad,[53] small compared to the percentage for Trinity undergraduates (46%), but much larger than the national average for engineering students (1.5%).[54][55][56][57]

Duke University
and complex systems in physics. In May 2006, Duke researchers mapped the final human chromosome, which made world news as the Human Genome Project was finally complete.[60] Reports of Duke researchers’ involvement in new AIDS vaccine research surfaced in June 2006.[61] The biology department combines two historically strong programs in botany and zoology, while the divinity school’s leading theologian is Time’s 2001 "America’s Best Theologian," Stanley Hauerwas.[62] The graduate program in literature boasts several internationally renowned figures, including Fredric Jameson,[63] Michael Hardt,[64] and Alice Kaplan,[65] while philosophers Robert Brandon and Lakatos Awardwinner Alexander Rosenberg make Duke a leading center for research in philosophy of biology.[66]


The Allen Building, opened in 1954, is home to many of the university’s top-level administrative offices. Duke University’s research expenditures topped $490 million in 2004.[26] In the 2005 fiscal year, Duke University Medical Center received the fifth-largest amount of funding from the National Institute of Health, netting $349.8 million. Duke’s funding increased 14.8% from 2004, representing the largest growth of any top-20 recipient.[58] Throughout history, Duke researchers have made several important breakthroughs, including the biomedical engineering department’s development of the world’s first realtime, three-dimensional ultrasound diagnostic system and the first engineered blood vessels.[59] In the mechanical engineering department, Adrian Bejan developed the constructal theory, which explains the shapes that arise in nature. Duke has also pioneered studies involving nonlinear dynamics, chaos,

Built in 1932, Old Chemistry has scientific symbols carved above the main doorway.

In the 2009 U.S. News & World Report ranking of undergraduate programs at doctoral granting institutions, Duke ranked 8th (tied with the University of Chicago and Columbia University).[11] In the past decade, U.S. News & World Report has placed Duke as high as third and as low as eighth.[67] Duke was ranked the 13th-best university in the world


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in 2007 by the THES - QS World University Rankings.[68][69] Duke was ranked 32nd best globally and 25th nationally by Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2008, focusing on quality of scientific research and number of Nobel Prizes.[70]The Wall Street Journal ranked Duke sixth (fifth among universities) in its "feeder" rankings in 2006, analyzing the percentage of undergraduates that enroll in what it considers the top five medical, law, and business schools.[71] A survey by the Journal of Blacks in Higher Education in 2002 ranked Duke as the best university in the country in regard to the integration of African American students and faculty.[72] In U.S. News & World Report’s "America’s Best Graduate Schools 2009," Duke’s medical school ranked 6th for research and tied for 41st for primary care, while the law school ranked 10th.[73][74][75] Among business schools in the United States, the Fuqua School of Business was ranked 12th by U.S. News & World Report in 2009 and 8th by BusinessWeek in 2008.[76][77] The graduate program for the Pratt School of Engineering was ranked 30th by U.S. News & World Report and 2nd by The Princeton Review in 2006 among national engineering schools.[78][79] In the rankings of doctoral programs by U.S. News & World Report in its 2008 edition, Duke ranked 1st in literary criticism and theory,[80] 5th in ecology and evolutionary biology,[81] 5th in biomedical engineering,[82] tied for 12th for doctoral programs in the sciences, tied for 21st in mathematics,[83] tied for 25th in computer science,[84] tied for 29th in physics,[85] and ranked 38th in chemistry.[86] Political science,[87] sociology, history, economics, and cultural anthropology departments also frequently rank in the top 20 of their respective disciplines among U.S. universities.[88] The Philosophical Gourmet Report placed Duke’s philosophy program as the 27th best in the nation in 2006,[89] while ranking Duke as the best program in the U.S. in philosophy of biology.[90]

Duke University

Part of the Divinity School addition, Goodson Chapel free bus service that runs frequently throughout the week. On the Atlantic coast in Beaufort, Duke owns 15 acres (61,000 m2) as part of its Marine Lab. One of the major public attractions on the Duke Campus is the 55-acre (220,000 m2) Sarah P. Duke Gardens, established in the 1930s.[4] Duke students often refer to the campus as "the Gothic Wonderland," a nickname referring to the Gothic revival architecture of West Campus.[91] Much of the campus was designed by Julian Abele, one of the first prominent African American architects.[92] The residential quadrangles are of an early and somewhat unadorned design, while the buildings in the academic quadrangles show influences of the more elaborate late French and Italian styles. Its freshman campus (East Campus) is composed of buildings in the Georgian architecture style.[4] The stone used for the West Campus has seven primary colors and 17 shades of color. The university supervisor of planning and construction wrote that the stone has "an older, more attractive antique effect" and a "warmer and softer coloring than the Princeton stone" that gave the university an "artistic look".[93] James B. Duke initially suggested the use of stone from a quarry in Princeton, New Jersey, but later amended the plans to use stone from a local quarry which was purchased [5] in Hillsborough to reduce costs.[93] Duke Chapel stands at the heart of West Campus. Constructed from 1930 to 1935, the chapel seats 1,600 people; and, at 210 feet (64 m), is one of the tallest buildings in Durham County.[94] As of November 1, 2005, Duke had spent $835 million dollars on 34 major construction

Duke University owns 220 buildings on 8,610 acres (35 km²) of land, which includes the 7,200 acre (29 km²) Duke Forest.[4] The campus is divided into four main areas: West, East, and Central campuses, and the Medical Center. All the campuses are connected via a


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projects initiated since February 2001.[95] At that time, Duke initiated a five-year strategic plan, "Building on Excellence." Completed projects since 2002 include major additions to the business, law, nursing, and divinity schools, a new library, an art museum, a football training facility, two residential buildings, an engineering complex, a public policy building, an eye institute, two genetic research buildings, a student plaza, the French Family Science Center, and two new medicalresearch buildings.[96]

Duke University

Nasher Museum of Art cost $23 million to build. Bostock Library, named for Board of Trustee member Roy J. Bostock, opened in the fall of 2005 as part of the University’s strategic plan to supplement Duke’s libraries. It contains 87 study carrels, 517 seats, and 96 computer stations, as well as 72,996 feet (22,249 m) of shelving for overflow books from Perkins Library as well as for new collections.[100] Nasher Museum of Art opened in the fall of 2005, replacing the undersized Duke University Museum of Art (DUMA). The museum, designed by Rafael Viñoly and named for Duke alumnus and art collector Raymond Nasher, contains over 13,000 pieces of art, including works by Andy Warhol, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Pablo Picasso.[101]

The Gothic Reading Room of Perkins Library

Libraries and museums
With more than 5.5 million volumes, the Duke University Library System is one of the ten largest private university library systems in the U.S. and is the 30th largest of all libraries in the United States.[97] It contains 17.7 million manuscripts, 1.2 million public documents, and tens of thousands of films and videos. Besides the main William R. Perkins Library, the university also contains the separately administered Ford (business), Divinity School, Duke Law, and Medical Center Libraries.[98] The William R. Perkins Library system has 9 branches on campus. In addition to Perkins Library, the system contains the Biological & Environmental Science Library, Bostock Library, the Library Service Center, Lilly Library (which houses materials on fine arts, philosophy, film & video, and performing arts), the Music Library, Pearse Memorial Library (located at the Marine Lab). The University Archives and Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections are also considered part of the Perkins Library system.[99]

West, East, and Central Campuses
West Campus, the heart of Duke University, houses all the sophomores, along with some juniors and seniors.[102] In addition, most of the academic and administrative centers reside there. "Main" West Campus, with Duke Chapel at its center, contains the majority of residential quads to the south, while the main academic quad, library, and Medical Center are to the north. The campus, spanning 720 acres (2.9 km2), includes Science Drive, which consists of science and engineering buildings. Most of the campus eateries and sports facilities including the historic basketball stadium, Cameron Indoor Stadium, are on West.[4][103] East Campus, the original location of Duke University,[104] functions as a freshman campus as well as the home of several academic


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Duke University
for the Duke community. The first phase, costing $240 million, involves replacing the outdated apartments. Other additions in the first phase include dining, academic, recreational, and service facilities. A key goal of the Central renovations is to reintegrate the area with the rest of the Duke campus, as it is connected to the other campuses by a circuitous, inefficient bus route.[106]

The main West Campus is dominated by Gothic architecture. Shown here are typical residence halls.

Key places
East Campus, home to all Duke freshmen, features Georgian architecture. Baldwin Auditorium can be seen on the right side. departments. Since the 1995-96 academic year, all freshmen—and only freshmen except for upperclassmen serving as Resident Assistants—have lived on East Campus, to build class unity. The campus encompasses 97 acres (390,000 m2) and is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away from West Campus.[4] The Art History, History, Literature, Music, Philosophy, and Women’s Studies Departments are housed on East. Programs such as dance, drama, education, film, and the University Writing Program also reside on East. East Campus, a fully self-sufficient campus, contains the freshman dormitories, a dining hall, Lilly Library, Baldwin Auditorium, a theater, Brodie Gym, tennis courts, and several academic buildings. Separated from downtown by a short walk, the area was the site of the Women’s College from 1930 to 1972.[104] Central Campus, consisting of 122 acres (0.49 km2) between East and West campuses, houses around 850 juniors and seniors and 200 professional students in apartments.[105] It is home to the Nasher Museum of Art, the Freeman Center for Jewish Life, the Duke Police Department, the Duke Office of Disability Management, a Ronald McDonald House, and administrative departments such as Duke Residence Life and Housing Services. Central has several recreation and social facilities such as basketball courts, tennis courts, a sand volleyball court, a swimming pool, barbecue and picnic shelter as well as barbecue grills, a general gathering building called Devil’s Den, and a convenience store.[105] At present, there is a 20- to 50-year plan to restructure Central Campus. The idea is to develop an "academic village" as a key center

The Sarah P. Duke Gardens attract more than 300,000 visitors each year. Established in 1931, the Duke Forest today consists of 7,200 acres (29 km²) in six divisions just west of Duke University’s West Campus.[4] Duke Forest is one of the largest continually managed forests in the U.S. and demonstrates a variety of forest stand types and silvicultural treatments. The forest is used extensively for research and includes the Aquatic Research Facility, Forest Carbon Transfer and Storage (FACTS-I) research facility, two permanent towers suitable for micrometerological studies, and other areas designated for animal behavior and ecosystem study.[107] More than 30 miles (48 km) of trails are open to the public for hiking, cycling, and horseback riding.[108] Located inside the Duke Forest, the Duke Lemur Center (DLC) is the world’s largest sanctuary for rare and endangered prosimian primates. Founded in 1966, the Duke Lemur Center spans 85 acres (3.44 km²) and contains nearly 300 animals of 25 different species of lemurs, galagos and lorises.[109] Situated between West Campus and the apartments of Central Campus, the Sarah P. Duke Gardens, established in the early 1930s, occupy 55 acres (2.2 km²) divided into four major sections: the original Terraces and their surroundings, the H.L. Blomquist


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Duke University

Entrance to the Medical Center from West Campus Garden of Native Plants (devoted to flora of the Southeastern United States), the Culberson Asiatic Arboretum (housing plants of Eastern Asia), and the Doris Duke Center Gardens. There are five miles (8 km) of allées, walks, and pathways throughout the Doris Duke Visitor’s Center and the surrounding gardens.[110] Directly north of West Campus, Duke University Medical Center (DUMC) combines one of the top-rated hospitals and one of the top-ranked medical schools in the U.S. Founded in 1930, the Medical Center occupies 7.5 million square feet (700,000 m²) in 91 buildings on 210 acres (8.5 km²).[111] Although located in the town of Beaufort, North Carolina, Duke University Marine Lab on Pivers Island is part of Duke’s campus. The marine lab is situated on the Outer Banks of North Carolina, only 150 yards (140 m) across the channel from Beaufort. Duke’s interest in the area began in the early 1930s and the first buildings were erected in 1938. The resident faculty represent the disciplines of oceanography, marine biology, marine biomedicine, marine biotechnology, and coastal marine policy and management. The Marine Laboratory is a member of the National Association of Marine Laboratories (NAML).[112]

Duke Blue Devils logo garnered acolades and much global attention during World War I and its aftermath. The French fighters’ uniforms consisted of a flowing blue cape and blue beret. [114] Athletic teams at the school had no moniker until approximately 1924 when the school’s newspaper, The Trinity Chronicle, decided upon "Blue Devils" as the name after a much maligned democratic effort to select a name in the previous year. [115] Students initially feared that the Methodist school’s administration might frown upon the choice given the religious environment but were surprised when there was virtually zero opposition to the reference. Although hardly anyone today knows of the elite French fighting force, "les Diables Bleus," Duke’s mascot origin is considered to be military and patriotic rather than anti-religious. [116] Duke’s teams have won nine NCAA team national championships—the women’s golf team has won five (1999, 2002, 2005, 2006 and 2007), the men’s basketball team has won three (1991, 1992, and 2001), and the men’s soccer team has won one (1986).[117] Historically, Duke’s major rival has been the Tar Heels of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, especially in basketball. The rivalry has led people to identify the two differing shades of blue in relation to their respective university—calling the lighter powder blue "Carolina blue" and the darker blue "Duke blue."[118][119] In the past ten years, Duke has finished in the top 30 every year in the NACDA Director’s Cup, an overall measure of an institution’s athletic success. In the past three years, Duke has finished 11th (2007),[120]

See also: Carolina-Duke rivalry Duke’s 26 varsity sports teams, known as the Blue Devils, are members of the NCAA’s Division I Atlantic Coast Conference.[113] The Blue Devil Mascot’s origins are rooted in a elite French alpine fighting unit that


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eighth (2006),[121] and fifth (2005).[122] Duke teams that have been ranked in the top ten nationally in the 2000s include men’s and women’s basketball, men’s and women’s tennis, men’s and women’s soccer, men’s and women’s fencing, men’s and women’s cross country running, men’s and women’s lacrosse, women’s field hockey, and men’s and women’s golf. Eight of these teams were ranked either first or second in the country during 2004–05.[123] Women’s golf has been particularly dominating, compiling a record of 796-45-3 (.945) in the 2000–2005 seasons.[124] The men’s lacrosse program has been one of the most successful in the nation recently—it has ranked in the top 15 in the country in five of the last six last participating seasons[125][126][127][128][129] and reached the national championship game in 2005 and 2007, losing to The Johns Hopkins University by a single goal and accumulating season records of 17-3 both times.[130][131] According to a 2006 evaluation conducted by the NCAA, Duke’s student-athletes have the highest graduation rate of any institution in the nation.[132] In 2005, 2006, and 2007, Duke ranked first among Division I schools in the National Collegiate Scouting Association Power Rankings—a combination of the institution’s Director’s Cup standing, its athletic graduation rate, and its academic rank in U.S. News & World Report.[133][134][135]

Duke University

Duke’s famous Cameron Indoor Stadium Final Fours and nine Championship games.[139] Duke is tied for the most Atlantic Coast Conference championships with 17 and have had the most National Players of the Year in the nation with 11.[140] Seventy-one players have been selected in the NBA Draft, while 55 players have been honored as AllAmericans.[141] Duke’s program is one of only two to have been to at least one Final Four and one National Championship game in each of the past five decades.[142] The program’s home facility is historic Cameron Indoor Stadium, considered one of the top venues in the nation.[143] The team’s success has been particularly outstanding over the past 25 years under coach Mike Krzyzewski (often simply called "Coach K") who also coached the USA men’s national basketball team from 2006-2008. Their successes include becoming the only team to win three national championships since the NCAA Tournament field was expanded to 64 teams in 1985, ten Final Fours in the past 21 years, and eight of nine ACC tournament championships from 1999 to 2006.[144]

Cameron Indoor Stadium, constructed in 1940, was the largest gym south of the Palestra at Penn. The Blue Devils have won seven ACC Football Championships,[113] have had ten players honored as ACC Player of the Year (the most in the ACC),[113] and have had three Pro Football Hall of Famers come through the program (second in the ACC to only Miami’s four). In addition, the Blue Devils have produced 11 College Football Hall of Famers which is tied for the 2nd most in the ACC. Duke has also won 17 total conference championships (7 ACC, 9 Southern

Men’s basketball
Duke’s men’s basketball team,[136][137] is one the nation’s most successful basketball programs. [138] The team has captured three National Championships, while attending 14


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Duke University

Wallace Wade Stadium, home to Duke football and site of the 1942 Rose Bowl Conference, and 1 Big Five Conference). That total is the highest in the ACC.[145] The most famous Duke football season came in 1938,[146] when Wallace Wade coached the "Iron Dukes" that shut out all regular season opponents; only three teams in history can claim such a feat.[147] Duke reached their first Rose Bowl appearance, where they lost 7-3 when USC scored a touchdown in the final minute of the game.[148] Wade’s Blue Devils lost another Rose Bowl to Oregon State in 1942, this one held at Duke’s home stadium due to the attack on Pearl Harbor, which resulted in the fear that a large gathering on the West Coast might be in range of Japanese aircraft carriers.[149] The football program also proved successful in the 1950s and 1960s, winning six of the first ten ACC football championships from 1953 to 1962 under coach Bill Murray; the Blue Devils would not win the ACC championship again until 1989 under now revered coach Steve Spurrier.[150] However, the program has been one of the least successful in Division I-A over the past ten years. Duke has not had a winning season since 1994, and has only three such seasons in the past 20 years.[150] In the 2006 campaign, the Blue Devils failed to win any games. The recent struggles have led the program to have an overall record of 433-402-31 despite its early successes.[150] The graduation rate of Duke’s football players is consistently among the highest among Division I-A schools. Duke’s high graduation rates have earned it more American Football Coaches Association’s Academic Achievement Awards than any other institution.[151]

Built as a dorm and still standing on East Campus today, Epworth is only about onethird its original size after a fire.

Residential life
Duke requires its students to live on campus for the first three years of undergraduate life, except for a small percentage of second semester juniors who are exempted by a lottery system. This requirement is justified by the administration as an effort to help students connect more closely with one another and sustain a sense of belonging within the Duke community.[102][152] Thus, 85% of undergraduates live on campus.[153] All freshmen are housed in one of 14 residences on East Campus. These buildings range in occupancy size from 50 (Epworth—the oldest dorm, built in 1892 as "the Inn") to 190 residents (Gilbert-Addoms).[154][155] Most of these are in the Georgian style typical of the East Campus architecture. Although the newer residence halls differ in style, they still relate to East’s Georgian heritage. Two learning communities, the Performing Arts Community and East Campus Wellness, connect the residential component of East Campus with students of similar academic and social interests.[156] Similarly, students in the Focus program, a first-year program that features courses clustered around a specific theme, live together in the same residence halls. The vast majority of sophomores reside on West Campus, but they may also elect to live on Central Campus. Juniors and seniors can choose to live on West or Central. West Campus contains six quadrangles—the four along "Main" West were built in 1930’s, while two newer ones have since been added. West Campus is home to three learning communities including West Campus Wellness, a substance-free section, and the Baldwin Scholars program. These groups are allocated "sections" of the quadrangles, thereby

Student life

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living close to one another, but still within the context of a larger community. Also, 25 "selective living groups" are housed within sections on West, including 15 fraternities.[157] Nine of the 11 non-fraternity selective living groups are coeducational. Central Campus provides housing for approximately 1,050 students (of which about 850 are undergraduate juniors or seniors) in 45 apartment buildings. About half of Duke seniors, however, choose to live off campus.

Duke University
on West Campus, and unaffiliated with any national organizations.[159] Fraternity chapters frequently host social events in their residential sections, which are often open to non-members.[160]

Greek and social life

East Campus’ Union building, home to the freshman dining hall In the late-1990s, a new keg policy was put into effect that requires all student groups to purchase kegs through Duke Dining Services. According to administrators, the rule change was intended as a way to ensure compliance with alcohol consumption laws as well as to increase on-campus safety.[161] Some students saw the administration’s increasingly strict policies as an attempt to alter social life at Duke.[162] As a result, off-campus parties at rented houses became more frequent in subsequent years as a way to avoid Duke policies. Many of these houses were situated in the midst of family neighborhoods, prompting residents to complain about excessive noise and other violations. Police have responded by breaking up parties at several houses, handing out citations, and occasionally arresting party-goers.[163] The administration has been very active in the past few years with efforts to help students re-establish a robust, on-campus social life and has worked with numerous student groups, especially the Duke University Union, to feature a wide array of events and activities. In March, 2006, the university also purchased 15 houses in the Trinity Park area that Duke students had typically rented. These houses are now owned by individual families who live in them, including the Dean of Duke Chapel. [164] Duke athletics, particularly basketball, is a significant component of Duke’s student life. Duke’s students have been recognized as

Cameron Crazies gathering in K-ville About 30% of undergraduate men and about 40% of undergraduate women belong to fraternities and sororities.[153] While 14 Interfraternity Council (IFC) recognized fraternity chapters live in sections within West Campus quads, the nine Panhellenic Association Sorority Chapters choose not to feature residential communities.[157] Seven National Pan-Hellenic Council (historically African American) fraternities and sororities hold chapters at Duke.[158] Duke also has 11 Selective Living Groups, or SLGs, on campus for students wanting self-selecting living arrangements. Selective Living Groups at Duke are residential groups similar to fraternities or sororities but are generally co-ed, housed


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
some of the most creative and original fans in all of collegiate athletics.[165] Students, often referred to as Cameron Crazies, show their support of the men’s basketball team by "tenting" for home games against key ACC rivals, especially UNC. Because tickets to all varsity sports are free to students, they line up for hours before each game, often spending the night on the sidewalk. For a midFebruary game against UNC, some of the most eager students might even begin tenting before spring classes begin. The total number of participating tents is capped at 100 (each tent can have up to 12 occupants), though interest is such that it could exceed that number if space permitted. Tenting involves setting up and inhabiting a tent on the grass near Cameron Indoor Stadium, an area known as Krzyzewskiville, or K-ville for short. There are different categories of tenting based on the length of time and number of people who must be in the tent. At night, Kville often turns into the scene of a party or occasional concert. The men’s basketball coach, Mike Krzyzewski, is known to buy pizza on occasion for the inhabitants of the tent village.[166]

Duke University
Chartered by the Board of Trustees, the most prominent amongst these are the Duke Student Government and the Duke University Union. Duke Student Government (DSG) subsequently charters and provides most of the funding for other student groups, and represents students’ interests when dealing with the administration.[168] The Duke University Union (DUU) is the school’s primary programming organization, serving a center of social, cultural, intellectual and recreational life.[169] Cultural groups are also provided funding directly from the university via the Multicultural Center as well as other institutional funding sources. One of the most popular activities on campus is competing in sports. Duke has 35 sports clubs and 29 intramural teams that are officially recognized.[170] Performance groups such as Hoof ’n’ Horn, the South’s oldest student-run musical theater organization, student bands such as Alan Davis Band, and Duke University Improv are also prominent on campus.[171] Cultural groups on campus include: the Asian Students Association, Blue Devils United (the student lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender group), Black Student Alliance, Diya (South Asian Association), Jewish Life at Duke, Mi Gente (Latino Student Association), International Association/International Council, Muslim Student Association, Native American Student Coalition, Newman Catholic Student Center, and Students of the Caribbean.[172]

Student organizations

Civic engagement
According to The Princeton Review, Duke is one of 81 institutions in the country with outstanding community service programs.[173] In 2008, Duke received the Community Engagement Classification from Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.[174] In February 2007, Duke launched DukeEngage, a $30 million civic engagement program that allows undergraduates to participate in an in-depth service opportunity over the course of a summer or semester.[175] The program’s scope has been called "unprecedented in U.S. higher education."[176] In addition, Duke students have created more than 30 service organizations in Durham and the surrounding area. Examples include a weeklong camp for children of cancer patients (Camp Kesem) and a group that promotes awareness about sexual health, rape

Duke’s West Campus Union building has restaurants, offices, and some administrative departments. The Chronicle’s administrative office, the Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture, and the Center for LGBT Life are all located in the Union. Approximately 400 student clubs and organizations operate on Duke’s campus. These include numerous student government, special interest, and service organizations.[167]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Duke University

Student media
The Chronicle, Duke’s independent undergraduate daily newspaper, has been continually published since 1905 and has a readership of about 30,000.[179] Its editors are responsible for selecting the term "Blue Devil." The newspaper won Best in Show in the tabloid division at the 2005 Associated Collegiate Press National College Media Convention.[180] Cable 13, established in 1976, is Duke’s student-run television station. It stands as a popular activity for students interested in film production and media.[181] WXDU-FM, licensed in 1983, is the University’s nationally recognized, noncommercial FM radio station, operated by student and community volunteers.[182][183]


The von der Heyden Pavilion is a popular place among students for gathering and studying. prevention, alcohol and drug use, and eating disorders (Healthy Devils). The Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership, started by the Office of Community Affairs in 1996, attempts to address major concerns of local residents and schools by leveraging university resources. Another community project, "Scholarship with a Civic Mission," is a joint program between the Hart Leadership Program and the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Other programs include: Project CHILD, a tutoring program involving 80 first-year volunteers; an after-school program for at-risk students in Durham that was started with $2.25 million grant from the Kellogg Foundation in 2002; and Project BUILD, a freshman volunteering group that dedicates 3300 hours of service to a variety of projects such as schools, Habitat for Humanity, food banks, substance rehabilitation centers, and homeless shelters.[177] Some courses at Duke incorporate service as part of the curriculum to augment material learned in class such as in psychology or education courses (known as service learning courses).[178]

Richard Nixon, Law 1937 Duke alumni are active through organizations and events such as the annual Reunion Weekend and Homecoming. There are 75 Duke clubs in the U.S. and 38 international clubs.[184] For the 2005–06 fiscal year, Duke tied for third in alumni giving rate among U.S. colleges and universities.[185] A number of Duke alumni have made significant contributions in the fields of government, law,


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
science, academia, business, arts, journalism, and athletics, among others. Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States graduated with a law degree in 1937. Texas congressman and two-time presidential candidate Ron Paul graduated with a medical degree in 1961, Elizabeth Dole, former United States Senator from North Carolina and former President of the American Red Cross, and Ricardo Lagos, 33rd President of Chile from 2000 to 2006, as well as Jeffrey Zients who is the first United States Chief Performance Officer are among the most notable alumni with involvement in politics. In the research realm, Duke graduates who have won the Nobel Prize in Physics include Hans Dehmelt for his development of the ion trap technique, Robert Richardson for his discovery of superfluidity in helium-3, and Charles Townes for his work on quantum electronics. In the field of professional sports, John Angelos serves as the current Executive Vice President of the Baltimore Orioles. Several alumni hold top positions at large companies. Current or recent Chairman, President, Vice president, or CEO of each of the following Fortune 500 companies is a Duke alumnus: BB&T (John A. Allison IV), Bear Stearns (Alan Schwartz), Boston Scientific Corporation (Peter Nicholas), Cisco Systems (John Chambers), ExxonMobil (Rex Adams), General Motors Corporation (Rick Wagoner), Medtronic (Bill Hawkins), Morgan Stanley (John J. Mack), Norfolk Southern (David R. Goode), Northwest Airlines (Gary L. Wilson), PepsiCo, Inc. (Karl von der Heyden), Pfizer (Edmund T. Pratt, Jr.), and Wachovia (Robert K. Steel). Kevin Martin is Chairman of the FCC, and Rex Adams serves as the Chairman of PBS. Another alumna, Melinda Gates, is the co-founder of the $31.9 billion Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the nation’s wealthiest charitable foundation.[186][187] Prominent journalists include Sean McManus, who is president of both CBS Sports and CBS News. Dan Abrams is chief legal correspondent for NBC News. Charlie Rose hosts his own talk show. Judy Woodruff is a senior correspondent for The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer on PBS and was formerly NBC’s White House correspondent and an anchor for CNN. Jay Bilas is a basketball analyst for ESPN who co-hosts College GameDay, and also joins CBS as a game analyst for the NCAA Men’s Basketball

Duke University
Championship. Mike Gminski, Jim Spanarkel, and Jay Williams are among the former basketball players who have become color commentators on the sport. John Feinstein writes columns for The Washington Post and has written multiple sports-oriented books. Rik Kirkland serves as a Managing Editor for the magazine Fortune, while Clay Felker is a founding editor of New York. John Harwood is the Chief Washington Correspondent for CNBC, a Senior Contributing Writer for The Wall Street Journal, and frequent panelist on Washington Week. William C. Styron won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1968 for his novel The Confessions of Nat Turner and is also well-known for his 1979 novel Sophie’s Choice and his 1992 memoir Darkness Visible. The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction was also awarded to Anne Tyler for her 1988 novel Breathing Lessons. In the arts realm, Annabeth Gish (actress in the X-Files and The West Wing), Randall Wallace (screenwriter, producer, and director, Braveheart, Pearl Harbor, We Were Soldiers), and David Hudgins (television writer and producer, Everwood, Friday Night Lights) headline the list. Finally, several athletes have become stars at the professional level, especially in basketball’s NBA. Shane Battier, Corey Maggette, Elton Brand, Carlos Boozer, Chris Duhon, and Grant Hill are among the most famous.

[1] "Raleigh-Durham area hasn’t dodged this recession". Triangle Business Journal. May 1, 2008. http://triangle.bizjournals.com/triangle/ stories/2009/05/04/ story3.html?b=1241409600^1821873. Retrieved on May 5, 2009. [2] "The origin of Duke Blue". Duke University Archives. http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/faqs/ duke_blue.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-23. [3] King, William E. "Shield, Seal and Motto". Duke University Archives. http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/ histnotes/insignia.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-23. [4] ^ "Quick Facts about Duke". Duke Office of News & Communications. http://www.dukenews.duke.edu/


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Duke University

resources/quickfacts.html. Retrieved on [16] ^ "A Chronology of Significant Events in 2008-05-23. Duke University’s History". Duke [5] "Duke University". IAMSCU General University Archives. Board of Higher Education & Ministry. http://library.Duke.edu/uarchives/history/ http://public.gbhem.org/iamscu/ chronology.html. Retrieved on search_results.asp?act=search_gen&search_txt=DUKE+UNIVERSITY&type=schools&submit=GO. 2008-05-23. Retrieved on 2008-05-23. [17] Pyatt, Tim (November-December 2006). [6] King, William E. "Duke University’s Retrospective: Selections from Relation to the Methodist Church". Duke University Archives. 92. Duke Office of University Archives. Alumni Affairs. http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/ http://www.dukemagazine.duke.edu/ duke-umchh.html. Retrieved on dukemag/issues/111206/depret.html. 2008-05-23. Retrieved on 2008-05-23. [7] Gilbert, Kathy L (2004-08-31). "United [18] Duke Annual Report 2000/ Methodist schools score high in 2001-Interdisciplinary. Duke University rankings". United Methodist News Annual Report, 2001. Retrieved on Service. http://archives.umc.org/ January 12, 2007. interior.asp?ptid=2&mid=5585. [19] Rogalski, Jim. Breaking the Barrier: A Retrieved on 2008-05-23. History of African-Americans at Duke [8] ^ King, William E. "Duke University: A University School of Medicine. Inside Brief Narrative History". Duke University DUMC, February 20, 2006. Retrieved on Archives. http://library.duke.edu/ January 12, 2007. uarchives/history/narrativehistory.html. [20] Mock, Geoffrey. Duke’s Black Faculty Retrieved on 2008-05-23. Initiative Reaches Goal Early. Duke [9] Khan, Naureen (2007-09-19). "So far University Office of News and away from home: International students Communication, November 21, 2002. find rifts, freedom at Duke". The Retrieved on January 12, 2007. Chronicle. [21] research.asp Research Opportunities & http://media.www.dukechronicle.com/ Grants. Duke University Admissions. media/storage/paper884/news/2007/09/ Retrieved on January 12, 2007. 19/News/ [22] The Mathematical Association of so.Far.Away.From.Home.International.Students.Find.Rifts.Freedom.At.Duke-2977643.shtml. America’s William Lowell Putnam Retrieved on 2008-05-23. Competition. Mathematical Association [10] ^ Duke International House Statistics, of America. Retrieved on January 12, 2007-08. Duke International House, 2007. 2008. Retrieved on May 28, 2008. [23] Allison, Chelsea. Plans for new Central [11] ^ America’s Best Colleges 2008. U.S. shift to south. The Chronicle, March 5, News & World Report, 2007. Retrieved 2008. Retrieved on March 5, 2008. on September 3, 2007. [24] Central Campus Planning: History and [12] America’s Best Graduate Schools 2009. Timeline. Duke University: Central U.S. News & World Report, 2009. Campus Planning. Retrieved on March 5, Retrieved on April 23, 2009. 2008. [13] "THES - QS World University Rankings [25] The Campaign for Duke. Robertson 2008". The Times Higher Education Scholars Program. Retrieved on January Supplement. 12, 2007. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ [26] ^ University Reports. Duke University hybrid.asp?typeCode=243&pubCode=1. Office of Public Affairs. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-10-13. January 12, 2007. [14] Sponsored Research Expenditures. [27] Duke researchers unveil ’invisibility Association of University Technology cloak’ device. Chicago Tribune, October Managers, 2004. Retrieved on January 20, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. 12, 2007. [28] ^ Recently Elected U.S. Rhodes [15] Directors Cup. National Association of Scholars. Rhodes Trust. Retrieved on Collegiate Directors of Athletics, 2006. January 12, 2007. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [29] Willen, Liz. Harvard Rhodes Scholar Factory Spurs Imitation at U.S. Colleges.


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Bloomberg, December 29, 2004. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [30] [1] [31] Beard, Aaron (2007-04-11). "Prosecutors Drop Charges in Duke Case". Associated Press. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ article.cgi?file=/n/a/2007/04/11/national/ a113721D83.DTL. Retrieved on 2008-05-23. [32] ^ Class of 2010 Profile. Duke Admissions. Retrieved on March 4, 2007. [33] Class of 2009 Profile. Duke Admissions. Retrieved on March 4, 2007. [34] Duke’s Class of 2012 Will Be Its Most Selective, Diverse — And Larger Than Expected. Duke Office of News & Communication. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [35] Duke send 3,770 thick envelopes. The Chronicle, March 30, 2007. Retrieved on April 15, 2007. [36] College Search - Duke University. CollegeBoard. Retrieved on November 16, 2008. [37] Class of 2010 Profile. Duke Admissions. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [38] Duke Mails Admissions Decisions to More than 19,000 Applicants for the Class Of 2010. Duke News & Communications. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [39] Dagger, Jacob. Top of the Crop. Duke Magazine, February 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [40] Duke University School of Medicine. Admission Hub, 2007. Retrieved on December 9, 2007. [41] Class Profiles. Duke Law Admissions, 2007. Retrieved on December 9, 2007. [42] .edu/ Duke homepage - Schools tab. Duke University. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [43] "Duke Gates Scholar 2007". Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20070306071512/ http://trust.gatesscholar.org/ scholars2007/zou.asp. [44] Twenty-two Duke Graduates, Grad Students Receive Fulbright Scholarships. Duke News & Communications, September 26, 2005. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [45] Dunning, Denise (1996-03-22). "Trinity Juniors receive Truman scholarships". The Chronicle.

Duke University

http://media.www.dukechronicle.com/ media/storage/paper884/news/1996/03/ 22/UndefinedSection/ Trinity.Juniors.Receive.Truman.Scholarships-144205 Retrieved on 2008-05-23. [46] Duke Expands Financial Aid For LowerAnd Middle-Class Families. Duke News & Communications, December 7, 2007. Retrieved on December 9, 2007. [47] Financial Aid Statistics. Duke Financial Aid. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [48] UCAR joins National Lambda Rail. SCD News. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [49] Duke Tip - Summer Programs. Duke TIP. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [50] About Pratt. Pratt School of Engineering. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [51] ^ Curriculum 2000: Index of the Report. Duke University. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [52] Focus: Introduction: What is Focus?. Duke University. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [53] Degrees Offered at Pratt. Pratt School of Engineering. Retrieved on May 1, 2007. [54] "Duke Study Abroad Statistics". Archived from the original on 2007-06-28. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20070628080052/ http://www.aas.duke.edu/study_abroad/ statistics/statistics.html. . Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [55] Frequently Asked Questions. Pratt School of Engineering. Retrieved on March 18, 2009 [56] Loftus, Margaret. A Broader Perspective. American Society for Engineering Education, January 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [57] Undergraduate Science and Engineering Students and Degrees. National Science Foundation. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [58] McGowan, Jasten. Med Center nets $350M in NIH gifts. The Chronicle, September 8, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [59] Research Duke BME. Pratt School of Engineering. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [60] Final genome ’chapter’ published. BBC News. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [61] AIDS Vaccine Research Offers New Insights On Survival. Medical News


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Today, June 13, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [62] Elshtain, Jean Bethke. CNN/Time America’s Best. Time. Retrieved on May 30, 2007. [63] Fredric Jameson, William A. Lane Professor of Comparative Literature and Romance Studies. Duke University. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [64] Vulliamy, Ed. The Observer Profile: Michael Hardt. The Observer, July 15, 2001. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [65] Alice Kaplan, Professor of Romance Studies, Literature, and History; French. Duke University. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [66] Center for Philosophy of Biology. Duke University. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [67] Duke Places Eighth in U.S. News Ranking. Duke University News & Communications, August 18, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [68] Wang, Eugene. Duke stays 13th in THES rankings. The Chronicle, November 13, 2007. Retrieved on November 12, 2007. [69] THES - QS World University Rankings. QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited, 2007. Retrieved on November 13, 2007. [70] Top 500 World Universities (1-100). Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved on April 30, 2009. [71] SenGupta, Neal. Duke still step below top schools. The Chronicle, September 4, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [72] Ranking America’s Leading Universities on Their Success in Integrating African Americans. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2002. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [73] Top Medical Schools - Research. U.S. News & World Report, 2008. Retrieved on April 16, 2008. [74] Top Medical Schools - Primary. The Duke University Physician Assistant Program, the first of its kind when it began in 1965, also ranked first in the publication for physician assistant programs. U.S. News & World Report, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [75] Top Law Schools. U.S. News & World Report, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [76] [2]. U.S. News & World Report, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007.

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[77] 2006 Full-Time MBA Program Rankings. BusinessWeek. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [78] Top Engineering Schools. U.S. News & World Report, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [79] "The Princeton Review Releases Its FirstEver Ranking of the Nation’s Top Graduate Engineering Programs". Archived from the original on 2006-10-21. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20061021192438/ http://www.cpwire.com/artman/publish/ article_1405.asp. . The Princeton Review and Collegiate Presswire, September 25, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [80] America’s Best Graduate Schools 2008: English Specialties. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [81] Biological Sciences Specialties: Ecology/ Evolutionary Biology (subscription required). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [82] Engineering Specialties: Biomedical/ Bioengineering (subscription required). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [83] Mathematics (Ph.D.) (subscription required). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [84] Computer Science (Ph.D.) (subscription required). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [85] Physics (Ph.D.) (subscription required). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [86] Chemistry (Ph.D.) (subscription required). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [87] McCormick, James M. & Rice, Tom W. Graduate Training and Research Productivity in the 1990s: A Look at Who Publishes. PSOnline, 2001. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [88] Duke University Graduate, Professional Schools Rank High in Latest U.S. News Survey. Duke Office of News & Communication, February 28, 2005. Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [89] The Philosophical Gourmet Report 2006-2008 :: Overall Rankings. The Philosophical Gourmet Report Retrieved on June 12, 2007. [90] The Philosophical Gourmet Report 2006-2008 :: Breakdown :: Philosophy of


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[109] illard, Margaret. Duke lemur center has L new research focus. The Associated Press, June 4, 2006. Retrieved on June 21, 2007. [110] he Sarah P. Duke Gardens. Duke T Gardens. Retrieved on June 21, 2007. [111] ukeMedNews. DukeMed News, June 1, D 2006. Retrieved on June 21, 2007. [112] uke University Marine Lab. Duke D Marine Lab. Retrieved on June 21, 2007. [113] "ACC Champions" (PDF), 2007 Atlantic ^ Coast Conference Media Guide (PDF) (Atlantic Coast Conference): Page 93, 2007, http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/ schools/acc/sports/m-footbl/auto_pdf/ 07fbguide093096.pdf, retrieved on 2008-01-13 [114] ttp://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/ h histnotes/why_blue_devil.html [115] ttp://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/ h histnotes/why_blue_devil.html [116] ttp://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/ h histnotes/why_blue_devil.html [117] o. 1 vs. No. 2: Johns Hopkins & Duke N Meet For NCAA Championship. CSTV, May 29, 2005. Retrieved on May 24, 2008. [118] lue Devils recall Heels’ bell party. B Sporting News, November 14, 2005. Retrieved on May 24, 2008. [119] uke and UNC Students Expand Rivalry. D BattleofTheBlues.com. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [120] ports Academy Directors’ Cup (2007). S National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics, June 27, 2007. Retrieved on July 1, 2007. [121] ports Academy Directors’ Cup (2006). S National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics, June 29, 2006. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [122] ports Academy Directors’ Cup (2005). S National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics, 2005. Retrieved on January 12, 2007. [123] uke Athletics: Rankings. GoDuke.com. D Retrieved on June 6, 2005. [124]Golf-first ranking". Archived from the " original on 2006-08-15. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20060815113751/ http://www.golfdigest.com/features/ index.ssf?/features/ gd200509collegegolf9.html. . Golf Digest, September 2005. Retrieved on January 12, 2007.


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External links
• Duke.edu: Official website of Duke University • GoDuke.com: Official athletics website of Duke University • The Chronicle Online: Official student newspaper of Duke University • Duke Office of News and Communications • ‹The template Duke University is being considered for deletion.› • Duke University at WikiMapia

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Duke University

Categories: Association of American Universities, Universities and colleges affiliated with the United Methodist Church, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Duke University, Duke family, Durham, North Carolina, Educational institutions established in 1838, Universities and colleges in the Research Triangle (North Carolina), Universities and colleges in North Carolina, Education in Durham, North Carolina This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 13:32 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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