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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire County Council; Borough of Milton Keynes http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/ ; http://www.miltonkeynes.gov.uk/ Executive Members of Parliament Conservative • • • • • • • John Bercow (C) Cheryl Gillan (C) Paul Goodman (C) Dominic Grieve (C) Mark Lancaster (C) David Lidington (C) Phyllis Starkey (L)


Geography Status Origin Region Area - Total - Admin. council - Admin. area Admin HQ ISO 3166-2 ONS code NUTS 3 Demography Population - Total (2007 est.) - Density - Admin. council - Admin. pop. Ethnicity Ranked 30th 719,000 384/km² (995/sq mi) Ranked 26th 490,600 91.7% White 4.3% S.Asian 1.6% Black British 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. South Bucks Chiltern Wycombe Aylesbury Vale Milton Keynes (Unitary) Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county Historic South East England Ranked 32nd 1,874 km² (724 sq mi) Ranked 33rd 1,565 km² (604 sq mi) Aylesbury; Milton Keynes GB-BKM 11 UKJ13


Buckinghamshire (pronounced /ˈbʌkɪŋəmʃə/ or /ˈbʌkɪŋəmʃɪə/; abbreviated Bucks) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan home county in South East England. The county town is


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aylesbury and the largest town in ceremonial Buckinghamshire is Milton Keynes. The area under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council, or shire county, is divided into four districts - Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks and Wycombe. The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority and forms part of the county for various functions such as Lord Lieutenant but does not come under county council control. The ceremonial county, the area including Milton Keynes borough, borders Greater London, Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire.

existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia (585–919). The history of the area, though, predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons perhaps had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is largely as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later the English Civil War was reputedly started by John Hampden in mid-Bucks.[1] Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work. Not only did this alter the local economical picture, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; however some pockets of relative deprivation remain.[2]


The county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the River Thames up the gentle slopes of the Chiltern Hills to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the Vale of Aylesbury, a large flat expanse of land, which includes the path of the River Great Ouse.

The county includes two of the three longest rivers in England. The River Thames forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough meaning the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties. The River Great Ouse begins just outside the county in Northamptonshire and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes and Olney.

Map of Bucks (1904) The name Buckinghamshire is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means The district (scire) of Bucca’s home. Bucca’s home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, and is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner. The county has been so named since about the 12th century; however, the county itself has

The main branch of the grand Union Canal flows through the county as do its arms to


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buckinghamshire Districts District Main Towns Population Population Area (2006 (2007 estimate) estimate) Aylesbury, 172,000 Buckingham High Wycombe, Marlow Amersham, Chesham 161,300 174,100 161,400


Population Population Density Estimate (2007) 2026[3][4] 213,000 165,000

Aylesbury Vale Wycombe

902.75 km² 193/km² 324.57 km² 497/km²



90,800 64,300 490,600 228,400

196.35 km² 462/km² 141.28 km² 455/km² 1565 km² 313/km² 308.63 km² 740/km²

89,000 63,800 530,800 323,146

South Bucks Beaconsfield, 63,700 Burnham TOTAL Non- N/A Metropolitan Milton Keynes (borough) TOTAL Ceremonial Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell N/A 487,300 224,800



1874 km² 384/km²


Slough, Aylesbury, Wendover (disused) and Buckingham (disused). The canal has been incorporated into Milton Keynes.

The two highest points in Buckinghamshire, both 267 m (876 ft) above sea level, are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods (a stone marks its summit) and Coombe Hill near Wendover.

As can be seen from the table, the Vale of Aylesbury and borough of Milton Keynes have been identified as growth areas, with a population surge of almost 50,000 people in Aylesbury Vale between 2006 and 2026 and 100,000 people in Milton Keynes within twenty years. The population of Milton Keynes is expected to reach almost 350,000 by 2031.

Ceremonial county
The ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire consists of the area administered by Milton Keynes Borough Council as well as that administered by Buckinhamshire County Council. The ceremonial county has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff. Currently the Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire is Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher and the High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire is Amanda Nicholson. The Custos rotulorum has been combined with the duties of Lord Lieutenant since 1702. Population figures for 2006 from the Office for National Statistics[5] as are figures for 2007 estimates[6] See List of English districts by population for a full list of every English district.

At present, the county has two top-level administrations: Buckinghamshire County Council, which administers about four fifths of the county (see map above) and the Borough of Milton Keynes, a unitary authority, which administers the remaining fifth. There are four district councils that are subsidiary to the county council: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks and Wycombe.

Buckinghamshire County Council
The county council was founded in 1889 with its base in new municipal buildings in Walton Street, Aylesbury (which are still there). In Buckinghamshire, local administration is run on a two-tier system where public services


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

swans were bred in Buckinghamshire for the king’s pleasure. That the swan is in chains illustrates that the swan is bound to the monarch, an ancient law that still applies to wild swans in the UK today. The arms were first borne at the Battle of Agincourt by the Duke of Buckingham. Above the swan is a gold band, in the centre of which is Whiteleaf Cross, representing the many ancient landmarks of the county. The shield is surmounted by a beech tree, representing the Chiltern Forest that once covered almost half the county. Either side of the shield are a buck, for Buckingham, and a swan, the county symbol. The motto of the shield says Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum. This is Latin and means ’no stepping back’. The flag of Buckinghamshire, which flies outside County Hall in Aylesbury, comprises red and black halves with a white swan. The flag takes the county emblem which is on the county shield.

Bucks County Council’s County Hall are split between the county council and a series of district councils. In the 1960s the council moved into new premises: a 15-storey tower block in the centre of Aylesbury (pictured) designed by architect Thomas Pooley. Said to be one of the most unpopular and disliked buildings in Buckinghamshire, it is now a Grade II listed building. In 1997 the northernmost part of Buckinghamshire in Milton Keynes Borough separated to form a unitary authority; however for ceremonial and some other purposes Milton Keynes is still considered to be part of Buckinghamshire. Buckinghamshire County Council is a large employer within the County and provides a great variety of services, including education (schools, adult education and youth services), social services, highways, libraries, County Archives and Record Office, County Museum and Roald Dahl Children’s Gallery in Aylesbury, consumer services and some aspects of waste disposal and planning.

Today Buckinghamshire is ethnically diverse, particularly in the larger towns. At the end of the 19th century some Welsh drover families settled in north Bucks and, in the last quarter of the 20th century, a large number of Londoners in Milton Keynes. Aylesbury has a sizeable Italian population, and Amersham has a large Polish community dating from World War II . Amersham is twinned with Krynica in Poland. High Wycombe is the most ethnically diverse town in the county, with large Asian and Afro-Caribbean populations. There is also a Polish and Eastern European community.

Buckinghamshire has a modern servicebased economy and is part of the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire NUTS-2 region, which was the seventh richest subregion in the European Union in 2002[7] The southern part of the county is a prosperous section of the London commuter belt. The county has fertile agricultural lands, with many landed estates, especially those of the Rothschild banking family of England in the 19th century (see Rothschild properties in Buckinghamshire). Manufacturing industries include furniture-making (traditionally

Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Buckinghamshire County Council features a white swan in chains. This dates back to the Anglo-Saxon period, when


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Year Regional Gross Value Added[9] 1995 6,008 2000 8,389 2003 9,171


Agriculture[10] Industry[11] Services[12] GVA index per person[13] 60 45 50 1,746 1,863 1,793 4,201 6,481 7,328 118 125 118 • • Pitstone Windmill Princes Risborough Manor House Roald Dahl Children’s Gallery Roald Dahl Museum and Story Centre Shardeloes Stowe Park Waddesdon Manor The Water Tower West Wycombe Caves West Wycombe Park West Wycombe Village Whiteleaf Cross Winslow Hall Wycombe Abbey

centred at High Wycombe), pharmaceuticals and agricultural processing. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Buckinghamshire at current basic prices published by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling (except GVA index).[8] In a recent nationwide survey, Buckinghamshire had the highest quality of life in the country, having the highest life expectancy and best education results. [14]

• • • •

Places of interest
Key Abbey/Priory/Cathedral Accessible open space Amusement/Theme Park Castle Country Park English Heritage Forestry Commission Heritage railway Historic House Museum (free/not free) National Trust Zoo Ascott Ashridge Estate Bletchley Park Boarstall Tower Bradenham Village • Brill Windmill • Buckingham Chantry Chapel • Buckinghamshire County Museum • Buckinghamshire • • • • • • • • • Hospital of St John the Baptist Hughenden Manor Kederminster Library The King’s Head Inn, Aylesbury Long Crendon Courthouse Mentmore Towers

• • • • • • •

Railway Centre in Quainton Chequers Court Chicheley Hall Chiltern Open Air Museum Chinnor & Princes Risborough Railway Claydon House Cliveden Coombe Hill Dorneywood Halton House Hampden House Hartwell House



• • • • • • •

• • •

The county is also home to the world famous Pinewood Studios.

Buckinghamshire (including Milton Keynes) is served by four motorways, although two are on its borders: • M40 motorway - cuts through the south of the county serving towns such as High Wycombe and Beaconsfield • M1 motorway - serves Milton Keynes in the north • M25 motorway - passes into Bucks but has only one junction (J16-interchange for the M40)




From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• M4 motorway - passes through the very south of the county with only J7 in Bucks Four important A roads also enter the county (from north to south): • A5 - serves Milton Keynes • A41 - cuts through the centre of the county, serving Aylesbury • A40 - parallels M40 through south Bucks and continues to central London • A4 - serves Taplow in the very south Road travel east–west is good in the county because of the commuter routes leaving London for the rest of the country. There are no major roads that run directly between the south and north of the county (e.g. between High Wycombe and Milton Keynes).


For the full list of towns, villages and hamlets in Buckinghamshire, see List of places in Buckinghamshire. In the 1960s and 1970s, some towns were taken by other counties:

Education in Buckinghamshire is governed by two Local Authorities. Buckinghamshire County Council has a completely selective education system with either grammar schools or secondary modern schools. There are 9 independent schools and 34 state schools, not including sixth form colleges. The unitary authority of Milton Keynes operates a comprehensive education system.

Buckinghamshire has four main lines running through it: • West Coast Main Line - in the north, with stations serving Milton Keynes • Great Central Main Line - now the London to Aylesbury Line, it serves Aylesbury and other settlements along the A413 towards London • Chiltern Main Line - serves the towns along the M40 motorway including High Wycombe and Beaconsfield • Great Western Main Line - runs through Slough. Slough is now in Berkshire, but the line enters Bucks twice, on either side of Slough, with Taplow and Iver both having stations in Buckinghamshire. There are the following additional lines: • Princes Risborough to Aylesbury Line - a single track branch, it connects the Chiltern Main Line to the Aylesbury Line. • Marston Vale Line - between Bletchley and Bedford • Marlow Branch Line - between Marlow, Bourne End and Maidenhead. The county once had a whole network of Metropolitan Railway services, from the current Amersham terminus right into central Bucks at Verney Junction. That station is now closed but may one day re-open as part of the Varsity Line scheme for trains between Oxford and Bedford. The main train operating companies are Chiltern Railways, Virgin Trains and London Midland, First Great Western and London Underground. From 2017, Iver will have Crossrail services.

Notable people
Anciently Buckinghamshire was the birth place and/or final resting place of several notable individuals. Saint Osyth was born in Quarrendon and was buried in Aylesbury in the 7th century[17] while at about the same time Saint Rumwold was buried in Buckingham.[18] From the medieval period Roger of Wendover was, as the name suggests, from Wendover[19] and Anne Boleyn also owned property in the same town.[20] It is said that King Henry VIII made Aylesbury the county town over Buckingham because Boleyn’s father owned property there and was a regular visitor himself.[21] Other medieval residents included Edward the Confessor who had a palace at Brill[22] and John Wycliffe who lived in Ludgershall.[23] From a slightly later period Buckinghamshire became home to some notable literary characters. Edmund Waller was brought up in Beaconsfield and served as Member of Parliament for both Amersham and Wycombe.[24] Percy Bysshe Shelley and his wife Mary spent some time living in Marlow, attracted to the town by their friend Thomas Love Peacock who also lived there.[25] John Milton lived in Chalfont St Giles and his cottage can still be visited there[26] and John Wilkes served as Member of Parliament for Aylesbury.[27] Much later literary characters include Jerome K. Jerome who lived at Marlow,[28] T. S. Eliot who also lived at Marlow,[29] Roald Dahl who lived in Great Missenden,[30] Enid Blyton who lived in


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Largest Towns in Ceremonial Buckinghamshire (2001 census) Town Milton Keynes High Wycombe Aylesbury Population[15] District 184,506 Notes Milton Unitary Authority since 1997. Population includes Keynes Newport Pagnell (borough) Wycombe Includes suburbs of Downley and Hazlemere.[16] The High Wycombe Urban Area population is 118,229 Aylesbury County town of Buckinghamshire. Population of Vale Aylesbury Urban Area (including Stoke Mandeville and Bierton) is 69,021 Chiltern Chiltern Wycombe Aylesbury Historically the county town of Buckinghamshire Vale South Bucks Wycombe Aylesbury Vale Milton Keynes Aylesbury Vale Lost to Berkshire Berkshire Bedfordshire Albania lived at Frieth.[39] Bucks is also notable for another exile, although this one much earlier: King Louis XVIII of France lived in exile at Hartwell House from 1809 to 1814.[40] Also on the local political stage Buckinghamshire has been home to Nancy Astor who lived in Cliveden,[41] Frederick, Prince of Wales who also lived in Cliveden,[42] Baron Carrington who lives in Bledlow,[43] Benjamin Disraeli who lived at Hughenden Manor and was made Earl of Beaconsfield,[44] John Hampden who was from Great Hampden and is revered in Aylesbury to this day[1] and Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery who lived at Mentmore.[45] Also worthy of note are William Penn who believed he was descended from the Penn Governed by Milton Keynes, not Bucks County Council



Amersham Chesham Marlow

21,470 20,357 17,522

Buckingham 12,512 Beaconsfield 12,292 Princes Risborough Wendover Olney Winslow 8,121 7,385 6,032 4,519

Town Eton Slough Linslade

Beaconsfield[31] and Edgar Wallace who lived in Bourne End[32] and is buried in Little Marlow.[33] Modern-day writers from Bucks include Terry Pratchett who was born in Beaconsfield,[34] Tim Rice who is from Amersham[35] and Andy Riley who is from Aylesbury.[36] During the Second World War a number of politicians and world leaders from Europe came to England to seek exile. Due to its proximity to London various locations in Buckinghamshire were selected to house dignitaries. President Edvard Beneš of Czechoslovakia lived at Aston Abbotts with his family while some of his officials were stationed at nearby Addington and Wingrave.[37] Meanwhile Władysław Sikorski, military leader of Poland, lived at Iver[38] and King Zog of


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
family of Penn and so is buried nearby[46] and the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, who has an official residence at Chequers. Finally John Archdale colonial governor of North Carolina and South Carolina, although more notably American, was born in Buckinghamshire[47] Other natives of Buckinghamshire who have become notable in their own right include: • Errol Barnett, news reporter, was born in Milton Keynes • Nick Beggs, musician, is from Winslow • Lynda Bellingham, actress, is from Aylesbury • Emily Bergl, actress, born in Buckinghamshire, though her family moved to suburban Chicago a few years after her birth • Emmerson Boyce, Wigan Athletic footballer, was born in Aylesbury • Nick Bracegirdle aka Chicane, was born in Chalfont St Giles • Den Brotheridge, British Army Officer who died taking Pegasus Bridge in France was from Aylesbury • James Corden, actor, grew up in Hazlemere • Lucinda Dryzek, actress, born in High Wycombe in South Bucks • Martin Grech, musician, is from Aylesbury • Howard Jones, musician, is from High Wycombe • Arthur Lasenby Liberty, merchant, was from Chesham • Richard Lee, footballer, attended Aylesbury Grammar School • Jonathon Lewis, England test cricketer, was born in Aylesbury • Al Murray, television / radio presenter also known as The Pub Landlord originates from Stewkley • John Otway, musician, is from Aylesbury • Steve Redgrave, five-time Olympic gold medallist rower is from Marlow Bottom • Simon Standage, baroque violinist, is from High Wycombe • Michael York, actor, born in Fulmer in South Bucks Today Buckinghamshire is a very picturesque landscape and is home to numerous celebrities and has attracted its fair share in the past. These include: • Cilla Black, television presenter, lives in Denham

• Fern Britton, television presenter, lives in Holmer Green • Melanie Brown, musician, lived in Little Marlow • John Craven, television presenter, lives in Princes Risborough • Tess Daly has a house in Fulmer • Iain Duncan Smith, politician, lives in Swanbourne • Ian Dury, musician, lived in Wingrave • Noel Edmonds, television presenter, once lived in Weston Turville • Andrew Fletcher, musician with Depeche Mode, has a home in Marlow • Noel Gallagher, musician with Oasis, lives in Little Chalfont • Barry Gibb, musician from Bee Gees, lives in Beaconsfield • Sir John Gielgud, actor, was living in Wotton Underwood when he died • Sir David Jason, actor, lives in Ellesborough • Angelina Jolie, actress, lives in Fulmer • Peter Jones (entrepreneur), businessman, lives in Marlow • Jason "Jay" Kay, musician and frontman of Jamiroquai, lives in Horsenden • Vernon Kay has a house in Fulmer • John Laurie, Actor, lived in Chalfont St Peter • Hayley Mills and Roy Boulting lived in Ibstone • John Mills, actor, lived in Denham • Mike Oldfield, musician, once lived in Little Chalfont • Nduka Onwuegbute, playwright, lives in Aylesbury • Ozzy Osbourne, musician, had a home in Jordans • Pauline Quirke, actress, lives in Beaconsfield • Steve Rothery, musician with Marillion, lives in Whitchurch • Rothschild family, bankers, had houses in Ascott, Aston Clinton, Eythrope, Halton, Mentmore and Waddesdon • Veruca Salt during the 2005 movie Charlie and the Chocolate Factory • Tiny Rowland, businessman, lived in Hedsor • Jackie Stewart, racing driver, lives in Ellesborough • Terry Wogan, radio and television broadcaster, lives in Taplow


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


See also

Community%20and%20living/ FactFile39HighWycombe.pdf. • Architecture of Aylesbury [17] Tendring District Council Conservation • Bucks County, Pennsylvania Area Review (pdf) • Wendover Woods [18] Biography of St Rumwold, University of • Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies Buckingham Archives, Record Office, Local History and [19] Medieval Sourcebook: Roger of Family History Wendover [20] Picture Tour at Chiltern Web [21] Aylesbury Tourist Information [22] Genuki guide to Brill [1] ^ Biography of John Hampden [23] Biography of John Wycliffe [2] Report on deprivation from Wycombe [24] Biography of Edmund Waller District Council, showing some areas [25] Biography of Thomas Love Peacock among top 20% of national deprivation [26] Milton’s Cottage website figures [27] Review of a biography of John Wilkes [3] "Population Projections". [28] Literary guide to Marlow http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/bcc/content/ [29] Tourist guide to Marlow index.jsp?contentid=491076174. [30] About Britain.com [4] "Milton Keynes intelligence [31] Guide to Beaconsfield Observatory". [32] Bourne End online http://analysis.mkiobservatory.org.uk/ [33] Biography of Edgar Wallace webview/ [34] Biography of Terry Pratchett index.jsp?v=2&mode=cube&cube=http%3A%2F%2Fanalysis.mkiobservatory.org.uk%3A80%2Fobj%2 [35] Tim Rice profile at IMDb [5] http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/ [36] Aylesbury Grammar School Old Boys ssdataset.asp?vlnk=9666&More=Y data [6] http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/ [37] Czechs in Exile at Aston Abbotts theme_population/ [38] Czechs in Exile - Polish government Mid_2007_UK_England_&_Wales_Scotland_and_Northern_Ireland%20_21_08_08.zip comparison [7] Regional GDP per capita in the EU25 [39] Bucks Free Press GDP per capita in 2002 ranged from 32% [40] Biography of Louis XVIII of France of the EU25 average in Lubelskie to [41] Guide to Cliveden 315% in Inner London [42] New York Times Travel Supplement [8] Office of National Statistics (pp.240-253) [43] Visit Buckinghamshire - Bledlow [9] Components may not sum to totals due [44] Biography of Disraeli to rounding [45] Genuki guide to Mentmore [10] includes hunting and forestry [46] Biography of William Penn [11] includes energy and construction [47] Who Was Who in America, Historical [12] includes financial intermediation Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis services indirectly measured Who’s Who. 1963. [13] UK average index base = 100 [14] "Buckinghamshire is best county". http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/ home-news/buckinghamshire-is-best• Buckinghamshire County Council county-802353.html. Retrieved on 15 • Buckinghamshire New University formerly January 2009. known as Buckinghamshire Chilterns [15] "KS01 Usual resident population: Census University College 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". • Buckinghamshire County Museum and Office for National Statistics. Roald Dahl Children’s Gallery http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/ • Buckinghamshire Family History Society ssdataset.asp?vlnk=8271&Pos=2&ColRank=1&Rank=224. • Buckinghamshire Libraries Retrieved on 2008-06-18. • Buckinghamshire Adult Learning [16] "High Wycombe Fact File" (PDF). • Buckinghamshire Tourist Guide Wycombe District Council. • Bucks County and District Councils Portal http://www.wycombe.gov.uk/uploads/ • Bucks Free Press Local Newspaper documents/ • Bucks Travel Information


External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Country Parks of Buckinghamshire • Country Walks and Rights of Way of Buckinghamshire • Information about Buckinghamshire schools entrance exams • Local Theatre in Buckinghamshire • Photographic Archive of Buckinghamshire

• Sharing Wycombe’s Old Photos - A Photographic Archive of part of Buckinghamshire mostly High Wycombe and surrounding area • Walks by bus and rail in Buckinghamshire

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckinghamshire" Categories: Buckinghamshire, Non-metropolitan counties This page was last modified on 13 May 2009, at 12:20 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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