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Bismarck, North Dakota

Bismarck, North Dakota
City of Bismarck

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Location of Bismarck in Burleigh County, North Dakota

Coordinates: 46°48′48″N 100°46′44″W / 46.81333°N 100.77889°W / 46.81333; -100.77889 Country State County Founded Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation Population (2007) - City - Density - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website United States North Dakota Burleigh 1872 John Warford 27.4 sq mi (71.0 km2) 26.9 sq mi (69.7 km2) 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2) 1,686 ft (514 m) 62,840 2,065.2/sq mi (797.4/km2) 107,719 CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 58501-58507 701 38-07200[1] 1035849[2] http://www.bismarck.org

County,[3] and the second most populous city in North Dakota after Fargo. Its population was 55,532 at the 2000 census. Its metropolitan population was 94,719 in 2000, but was estimated in 2007 to have grown to 107,719.[4] Bismarck was founded in 1872. Bismarck has been North Dakota’s capital since it gained statehood in 1889. Bismarck is situated on the east bank of the Missouri River, and on several river ledges north and east of the River. Directly across the River is Mandan. [5]The two cities make up the core urban area of the Bismarck-Mandan Metropolitan Statistical Area The North Dakota State Capitol, the tallest building in the state, towers over the central part of Bismarck. The state government employs many people within the city. As a hub of manufacturing, retail trade, and health care, Bismarck is the economic center of a large portion of south-central North Dakota.

History
At a place once known as Missouri Crossing, the city that would become present day Bismarck was founded in 1872 and given the name Edwinton, in honor of Edwin Ferry Johnson, 1803-1872, a distinguished civil engineer who was engineer-in-chief for the Northern Pacific Railway from June 1866 to November 1870. The city’s name was changed in 1873 to Bismarck in honor of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The new name was introduced by the Northern Pacific Railway company in an effort to attract German immigrants to settle in the city. However, the discovery of gold in the nearby Black Hills in 1874 was the first real impetus for growth. In 1883, Bismarck became the capital of the Dakota Territory and, in 1889, of the state of North Dakota.

Geography
Bismarck is located at 46°48′48″N 100°46′44″W / 46.81333°N 100.77889°W /

Bismarck is the capital of the U.S. state of North Dakota, the county seat of Burleigh

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46.81333; -100.77889 (46.813343, -100.779004)[6]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 71.0 km² (27.4 mi²). 69.6 km² (26.9 mi²) of it is land and 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²) of it (1.90%) is water.

Bismarck, North Dakota
1930. The Capitol grounds house the North Dakota Heritage Center, the North Dakota State Library, the North Dakota Governor’s Residence, the State Office Building, and the Liberty Memorial Building. The North Dakota State Penitentiary is in eastern Bismarck. The Cathedral District is a historic neighborhood near downtown Bismarck. The neighborhood gets its name from the art deco Cathedral of the Holy Spirit which stands in the district. Some homes in this neighborhood date back to the 1880s, although many were built in the first decades of the 20th century. For years, the city has put forth controversial proposals to widen the streets in the neighborhood, but any such project would require the removal of many of the towering American elms which line the streets. The Ruth Meiers Hospitality House, a 66-bed shelter for the homeless, east of downtown Bismarck, on Broadway Avenue.

Cityscape

Climate
North Dakota State Capitol Downtown Bismarck is near the center of the city. The area is rather distinctive because the city’s major shopping center, Kirkwood Mall, is there instead of in a suburban setting. Several other major retail stores are in the vicinity of Kirkwood Mall, as is the Bismarck Civic Center. The two Bismarck hospitals, St. Alexius Medical Center and Medcenter One Health Systems are both downtown, and the streets are lined with small stores and restaurants. Much of recent commercial and residential growth has happened in the northern section of the city, in large part because of expanding retail centers. Among those shopping centers in northern Bismarck are Gateway Mall, Northbrook Mall, Arrowhead Plaza, and the new Pinehurst Square "power center" mall. The North Dakota State Capitol complex is just north of downtown Bismarck. The 19-story Art Deco Capitol building is the tallest building in the city at 241.75 feet (74 m) above ground. The Capitol building towers over the central part of the city and is easily seen from 20 miles (30 km) away on a clear day. Completed during the Great Depression in 1934, it replaced an earlier capitol building which burned to the ground in Climate chart for Bismarck, North Dakota J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.5 0.5 0.9 1.5 2.2 2.6 2.6 2.2 1.6 1.3 0.7 0.4 21 29 40 56 69 78 85 83 72 58 38 26 -1 8 19 31 43 52 56 55 44 32 18 5 average temperatures in °F precipitation totals in inches Metric conversion J F M A M J J A S O N D

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22 37 56 66 66 55 41 33 18 11

-6 -2 5 13 21 25 29 28 22 15 3 -4 -18 -13 -7 -1 6 11 14 13 7 0 -8 -15 average temperatures in °C • precipitation totals in mm Because it is situated in the Great Plains between the Rocky Mountains and the Great Lakes, Bismarck possesses a climate similar to both locations. The climate is characterized by long, cold winters with average snowfall. Summers are warm, and frequently hot and humid. Thunderstorms occur in spring and summer, but in general, the Bismarck climate is quite dry.

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Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures Month Jan Rec High °F (°C) Norm High °F (°C) Norm Low °F (°C) Rec Low °F (°C) Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug

Bismarck, North Dakota

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

63 69 81 93 98 111 109 109 105 95 (17.2) (20.5) (27.2) (33.8) (36.6) (43.8) (42.7) (42.7) (40.5) (35)

79 65 (26.1) (18.3)

21.1 (-6.1)

28.5 (-1.9)

40.2 (4.6)

55.9 69.1 77.8 84.5 83.3 71.6 58.2 38.2 (13.3) (20.6) (25.4) (29.2) (28.5) (22.0) (14.6) (3.4)

25.7 (-3.5)

-0.6 7.8 19.1 30.6 (-18.1) (-13.4) (-7.2) (-0.8)

42.8 (6.0)

51.6 56.4 54.7 43.7 (10.9) (13.6) (12.6) (6.5)

32.1 (0.1)

17.8 (-7.9)

4.8 (-15.1)

-44 -43 -31 (-42.2) (-41.6) (-35)

-12 15 30 35 (-24.4) (-9.4) (-1.1) (1.6)

33 (0.5)

11 -10 -30 -43 (-11.6) (-23.3) (-34.4) (-41.6)

0.51 0.85 1.46 2.22 2.59 2.58 2.15 1.61 1.28 0.7 0.44 Precip 0.45 (11.4) (12.9) (21.6) (37.1) (56.4) (65.8) (65.5) (54.6) (40.9) (32.5) (17.8) (11.2) in. (mm) Source: USTravelWeather.com [2] The warmest month in Bismarck is July, where high and low temperatures average 85°F (29 °C) and 56 °F (14 °C) respectively. The coldest month is January, at 21 °F (-6 °C) and -1 °F (-18 °C). The wettest month is June, with 65.8 mm (2.59 in) of precipitation, and the driest month is December, averaging just 11 mm (0.44 in). The city receives an average of around 17 inches (430 mm) of rain per year, and 41 inches (1,000 mm) of snow per season. As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 55,532 people, 23,185 households, and 14,444 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,065.2/mi² (797.4/km²). There were 24,217 housing units at an average density of 900.6/mi² (347.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.78% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 3.39% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The top six ancestries in the city are: German (57.9%), Norwegian (18.2%), Russian (7.7%), Irish (7.2%), English (5.0%), Swedish (4.3%). There were 23,185 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 4,913 — 1910 7,122 45.0% 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 11,090 15,496 18,541 27,670 34,703 44,485 49,256 55,532 55.7% 39.7% 19.7% 49.2% 25.4% 28.2% 10.7% 12.7% 13.2%

Est. 2007 62,840

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to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males. The median income per household in the city was $39,422, and the median income per family was $51,477. Males had a median income of $33,804 versus $22,647 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,789. About 5.7% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Bismarck, North Dakota
Central High School). The system educates 10,400 students and employs 1,500 people. Three Bismarck Catholic parishes operate primary schools (kindergarten through eighth grade): St. Mary’s Grade School, St. Anne’s Grade School and Cathedral Grade School. St. Mary’s Grade School, founded in 1878, is the oldest continuously operating elementary school in North Dakota The city has two private high schools: (St. Mary’s Central High School and Shiloh Christian School).

Higher education
There are five colleges and a university in Bismarck. The University of Mary is the largest degree-granting institution in the city. It is a four-year university operated by the Sisters of Saint Benedict. Bismarck State College is a two-year public college and a member of the North Dakota University System. United Tribes Technical College is a two-year tribal college. Rasmussen College (a two-year private college) is the North Dakota satellite campus of the Rasmussen College system.

Law and government
Bismarck operates under the city commission style of municipal government. Citizens elect five at-large city commissioners. The president of the city commission fills the office of mayor of the city. The current mayor of Bismarck is John Warford. The city commission meets every second and fourth Tuesday of each month.

Economy
With over 4,300 employees, the state government of North Dakota is the largest employer in Bismarck. Bismarck’s two major health care providers, St. Alexius Medical Center and Medcenter One Health Systems, together employ about 4,100 people. Other major employers in Bismarck include Bobcat, now a subsidiary of the Korean Company, Doosan Infracore, Basin Electric Power Cooperative, Bismarck Public Schools, Midwest Motor Express, and the United States Federal Government.[7] Bismarck is the home of MDU Resources Group. In 2009, the company was ranked number 473 on the Fortune Magazine’s 500 list.

Culture
The Belle Mehus Auditorium, a historic building in downtown Bismarck dating back to 1914, is a center for the arts in the metropolitan area. Northern Plains Dance and Bismarck-Mandan Symphony Orchestra hold their performances there. Theatre companies in Bismarck include Sleepy Hollow Summer Theatre[8], the Shade Tree Players[9] children’s theater group, Dakota Stage Ltd[10], University of Mary, and Bismarck State College, along with the various high school groups. The Gannon and Elsa Forde Art Galleries are at Bismarck State College. The Missouri Valley Chamber Orchestra, founded in 2000, is the community’s newest orchestra and performs a variety of musical genres.

Education
Elementary, Middle and High Schools
The Bismarck Public Schools system has 15 elementary schools, three middle schools (Simle, Wachter, Horizon), two public high schools (Century High and Bismarck High), and one alternative high school (South

Recreation
Bismarck has a large park system and an extensive network of exercise trails. The Bismarck Parks and Recreation District, established in 1927, operates many parks, swimming pools, and several golf courses within the city. Sertoma Park is one of the best known parks in Bismarck, spanning more than three miles (5 km) along the banks of

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the Missouri River. Along with four miles (6 km) of biking trails, in Sertoma Park. Dakota Zoo and Super Slide Amusement Park are found in Sertoma Park. In total, the Parks and Recreation District operates roughly 2,300 acres (9 km²) of public parkland.[11] There are five golf courses in Bismarck: four 18-hole courses (Apple Creek Country Club, Hawktree Golf Club, Riverwood Golf Course, and Tom O’Leary Golf Course) and one 9-hole course (Pebble Creek Golf Course). Hunting and fishing are popular with hunting seasons for deer, pheasant, and waterfowl. Fishing is a year-round sport on the Missouri River bordering Bismarck. There are public docks on the River. From north to south, there is a dock at the Port of Bismarck, from which the the Lewis and Clark passenger riverboat plies the Missouri; Fox Island Landing, about a half mile southwest of Riverwood Golf Course; and the Bismarck Dock at General Sibley Park, where there is a boat ramp and picnic facilities. Near Bismarck are several dammed lakes: McDowell Dam Lake, six miles (10 km) east of the city, two dammed lakes a few miles west of the city and convenient to the Interstate Highway, and Lake Sakakawea, 70 miles (110 km) north of Bismarck, behind Garrison Dam. The popularity of the Poker card game has seen the Bis-Man Poker Club http://www.bismanpokerclub.com] grow significantly. • In February 2007, Bismarck broke the U.S. world record for most snow angels made in one place. A total of 8,962 participants came to the capitol grounds for the event.

Bismarck, North Dakota

Print
The only daily newspaper in Bismarck is the Bismarck Tribune. The paper was established in 1873 and is the oldest continuously operating business in the city. The Tribune is the official newspaper of the city of Bismarck, Burleigh County, and the state of North Dakota.[13] The daily newspapers of other major cities in North Dakota are also available at area newsstands.

Television
There are six television stations based in Bismarck, and all of them have rebroadcasters in Minot, Williston, and Dickinson. The stations are: • KBME channel 3/ATSC channel 22 (PBS) • KFYR channel 5/ATSC ch. 31 (NBC) • KXMB channel 12/ATSC ch. 23 (CBS) • KBMY channel 17/ATSC ch. 16 (ABC) • KNDX channel 26 (Fox) • K46DY channel 46 (TBN) Bismarck also carries KWMK, an affiliate of The CW, on cable channel 14, as well as a public access channel, Community Access Television, on cable channel 12.

Radio
Bismarck supports some twenty-seven radio stations. All of the commercial stations are owned by either Clear Channel Communications or Cumulus Media. Many of the lower frequency stations are broadcasters of national Christian radio networks. The local stations are: FM Radio • KBMK 88.3 FM (Contemporary Christian music) K-Love network affiliate • K204FG 88.7 FM (Christian) BBN translator • KGCD 89.1 FM (Contemporary Christian music) K-Love affiliate for nearby Lincoln • KNRI 89.7 FM (Christian rock) Air 1 affiliate • K211EG 90.1 FM (Christian) Rejoice Radio translator • KCND 90.5 FM (Public Radio) Prairie Public • K216FK 91.1 FM (Spanish language Christian) La Nueva Radio Cristiana Translator • KBFR 91.7 FM (Christian) American Family Radio affiliate • KYYY 92.9 FM (Adult Contemporary) "Y93"

Health care
Bismarck is a regional center for health care. The city has two hospitals: St. Alexius Medical Center (285-bed) and Medcenter One Health Systems (238-bed). When it was opened in 1885, St. Alexius was the first hospital in Dakota Territory and is the oldest health care provider in the state of North Dakota. St. Alexius and Medcenter One have joined forces to form the Bismarck Cancer Center.[12]

Media
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• KBEP-LP 93.7 FM (Christian) 3ABN affiliate • KQDY 94.5 FM (Country) "KQ 94.5" • KBYZ 96.5 FM (Classic rock) "The Fox" • KKCT 97.5 FM (Top 40) "Hot 97-5" • KACL 98.7 FM (Oldies) "Cool 98.7" • K259AF 99.7 FM (Country) KQDY translator "KQ 94.5" • KLBE-LP 100.7 FM (Christian rock) "Club Radio" • KSSS 101.5 FM (Classic rock) "Rock 101" • KUSB 103.3 FM (Country) "US 103.3" • KNDR 104.7 FM (Contemporary Christian music) • KKBO 105.9 FM "Bob FM" • KJIT-LP 106.7 FM (Contemporary Christian music) Radio 74 affiliate AM Radio • KFYR 550 AM (News/Talk/Sports) "K-Fire" • KXMR 710 AM (Sports) "ESPN 710" • KBMR 1130 AM (Classic country) • KLXX 1270 AM (Talk) • KDKT 1410 AM (Sports) "Fox Sports Radio 1410" • WQDL503 1610 AM (Traveler’s Information Station), North Dakota Department of Transportation

Bismarck, North Dakota
Mandan. The north-south U.S. Route 83 merges in north Bismarck with Interstate 94 to run east for roughly 25 miles (40 km) when it again runs north-south. May 2004 was the launching date for Capital Area Transit System (or CAT).[14] This public bus system is operated by the Bis-Man Transit Board and has eleven routes throughout Bismarck and its neighboring City of Mandan. Bis-Man Transit offers a taxi service for senior citizens and people with disabilities. The spread of the city away from the center has meant that hospital and other downtown workers and even high school students are very likely to drive from their homes to their places of employment and back home again, day after day. Most drive alone, and the result has been a blighting of the city with parked cars during weekdays. Acres of cars park in downtown Bismarck. There are three multilevel parking garages, but it is actually possible to walk completely across downtown Bismarck from east to west without leaving a parking lot except to cross a city street. Hospital and clinic workers park on the streets of the surrounding residential neighborhoods, effectively making those streets one-way. It may be that this driving to and from work (perhaps coupled with a genetic disposition to overweight) has contributed to the overweight condition that has unfortunately become a characteristic of many Bismarck residents, prompting the creation of a satirical business plan for Bismarck: "Eat, drink and check-in to the hospital."

Transportation
Because is nearly in the center of North Dakota, Bismarck has become a major transportation hub. Bismarck Municipal Airport is south of the city and has the largest passenger volume in western North Dakota and the second highest within the state. The airport is served by United Express, Allegiant Air and Northwest. A new $15 million dollar terminal opened in May 2005. The previous terminal was built in the mid-1960s, and expanded in the mid-1970s. A wind storm collapsed part of the roof connecting the expanded terminal to the original building, and eventually it was decided to demolish the entire complex and build the spectacular new terminal. The Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway runs east-west through the city. There has not been Amtrak service in Bismarck since the North Coast Hiawatha service ended in 1979. The closest Amtrak station is in Minot, north of Bismarck, where the Empire Builder line runs. Two federal highways pass through Bismarck. Interstate 94 runs east and west through the city and connects Bismarck and

Sports
Professional and amateur sports are popular in Bismarck.

Amateur
High school and college sports are the main feature of the local athletics landscape. The athletic teams at the two public Bismarck high schools, Bismarck High School and Century High School, are known as The Demons and The Patriots, respectively. The athletic teams at St. Mary’s Central High School, Bismarck’s Catholic high school, are known as The Saints. The teams at Bismarck State College are known as The Mystics and compete in the National Junior College Athletic Association. The teams at the University of Mary

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are The Marauders and compete in the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference. Bismarck has an American Legion baseball team called the Governors. In the Fall, the accent is on high school and college football and there are spirited rivalries among the several high schools in the area. The University of Mary added the sport in 1988. Most University of Mary football games are played in the Community Bowl. Popular sports during the winter months include ice hockey, wrestling and basketball. In Spring, baseball is one of the top amateur sports in the city with each high school, Bismarck State College, and The University of Mary providing teams. The University of Mary also has a softball team. Another popular high school and college sport during the Spring months is track and field. Summer months see no high school or college athletics, but in the Summer Bismarck has American Legion baseball and auto racing. The Fourth of July holiday is the height of rodeo time with rodeos being held in Mandan and Bismarck. The Summer months also see another popular sport in Bismarck, slow-pitch softball. Bismarck is the host city of the world’s largest charity softball tournament, the Sam McQuade Charity Softball tournament in which compete more than four hundred teams from all over the United States and Canada.

Bismarck, North Dakota

Notable residents
• Neil Churchill - car dealer, former Bismarck mayor, and early supporter of integrated baseball • Kent Conrad - United States Senator • Jack Dunham - animator and television commercial producer • John Hoeven - Governor of North Dakota • Thomas S. Kleppe - former Bismarck mayor, Secretary of the Interior • Bill Mitzel - North Dakota Hall of Fame Angler; Publisher, Dakota Country Magazine • Art Link - former Governor of North Dakota • Ed Schafer - former Governor of North Dakota, former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture • John Warford - Mayor of Bismarck • Clay Jenkinson - newspaper columnist, author, stage and broadcast recreator of historic figures

Notes
[1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [3] "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/ Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [4] Population Estimates for All Places: 2000 to 2006 [5] [1] [6] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [7] Information about Bismarck economy [8] Sleepy Hollow Summer Theatre website [9] Shade Tree Players website [10] Dakota Stage Ltd website [11] Information about Bismarck Parks and Recreation District [12] Bismarck Cancer Center website [13] Bismarck Tribune information [14] Capital Area Transit information

Professional
One professional team is based in Bismarck, the Dakota Wizards of the National Basketball Association Development League. Professional sports are a recent development in the area. The Wizards took root in the mid- to late-1990s. The Wizards won titles during their International Basketball Association and Continental Basketball Association days and are the current champions of the National Basketball Association Development League. Bismarck has also been the home of two indoor professional football teams, but both teams left the city soon after they were formed. Bismarck once had a professional baseball team, the Dakota Rattlers, but the team relocated to Minot after several seasons in Bismarck. The Bismarck Bobcats of the North American Hockey League hockey team is made up of Junior players (age 20 and under, sometimes age 21 if waivered).

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Bismarck, North Dakota
• Bismarck, North Dakota at the Open Directory Project • Bismarck, North Dakota is at coordinates 46°48′48″N 100°46′44″W / 46.813343°N 100.779004°W / 46.813343; -100.779004 (Bismarck, North Dakota)Coordinates: 46°48′48″N 100°46′44″W / 46.813343°N 100.779004°W / 46.813343; -100.779004 (Bismarck, North Dakota)

External links
• Wikitravel has a travel guide about Bismarck, North Dakota • City of Bismarck official website • Bismarck-Mandan Convention and Visitors Bureau website • Bismarck Municipal Airport website

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismarck,_North_Dakota" Categories: Bismarck-Mandan, Burleigh County, North Dakota, Cities in North Dakota, County seats in North Dakota, Settlements established in 1872 This page was last modified on 13 May 2009, at 10:54 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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