WHAT CAN i DO TO PROTECT MYSELF AND WASH YOuR HANDS!
MY FAMiLY FROM H1N1 iNFLuENzA viRuS? Next to immunization, the single most important way to
Hand washing with soap and warm water is one of the prevent influenza is frequent hand washing.
most effective ways to stop the spread of infection. Or, Wash your haNds before:
use a hand sanitizer. Wash hands before touching your
• Handling or eating food or feeding others.
eyes, nose or mouth.
• Brushing or flossing teeth.
iF i AM SiCk HOW CAN i HELP STOP THE • Putting in or taking out contact lenses.
SPREAD OF iNFECTiON? • Treating wounds or cuts.
Cover your coughs and sneezes with your arm, not your Wash your haNds after:
hand; • Having any contact with a person who is sick or their
Stay home and call your health provider or Health Link immediate environment.
Alberta for advice toll-free 1 866 408 LINK (5465) or go • Going to the toilet, helping someone else use the toilet
online to healthlinkalberta.ca or changing a diaper.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS? • Blowing your nose or wiping someone else’s nose.
• Coughing or sneezing.
Symptoms of influenza include:
• Treating wounds or cuts.
• Sudden fever of 38 C (100.4 F) or higher.
• Handling garbage.
• Returning home from school, work or shopping.
• Dry cough. Muscle aches especially in the lower
• Looking after someone at home with H1N1 flu virus
back and legs.
WHAT YOU CAN DO
• Extreme weakness and exhaustion.
TO PROTECT YOURSELF
Other symptoms can include:
• Loss of appetite.
• Sore throat.
• Runny or stuffy nose.
DEPARMENT OF HEALTH, SAFETY AND WELLNESS
Note: ROOM J407 - SENATOR BuRNS BuiLDiNg
• Individuals younger than five years of age or those PHONE (403) 284 8761
FAx (403) 284 7340
65 years of age and older may not have a fever.
13O1 16 AvENuE NW
• Some nausea, vomiting and diarrhea have been CALgARY, ALBERTA, CANADA T2M OL4
reported in some people with H1N1 influenza.
• Fever usually goes down and the person starts
to feel better in three to five days. However,
exhaustion and cough can continue for several sait.ca
weeks. Influenza symptoms are different from those
of a cold or a stomach upset.
H1N1 INFORMATION: WHAT YOU CAN DO TO PROTECT YOURSELF
WHAT SHOuLD i DO iF i HAvE THE 3. treat the fever aNd cough
SYMPTOMS OF H1N1 iNFLuENzA viRuS? “Coughs and sneezes spread diseases” – as the spray has
Before going to a doctor’s office, anyone with a fever or the virus in it. The ill person should cover the cough with
cough is encouraged to stay home and call Health Link a tissue or his/her arm. Tissues should be carefully placed
Alberta at: 1-866-408-5465 for advice. in a waste basket and then the hands cleaned with soap
and water or a hand sanitizer. If needed, give a mild cough
LiMiT CONTACT WiTH OTHERS TO PREvENT suppressant, especially at night to help them sleep. It is
THE SPREAD OF THE H1N1 FLu viRuS not recommended to give children under 6 years old cough
suppressant. Fever often comes with chills or aches and
H1N1 Influenza Virus is:
pains. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen every 4-6 hours may
• A new respiratory virus affecting people.
help to bring down the fever and take away the aches.
• The virus can spread from person-to-person when
an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. 4. give lots of fluids, Nutritious
Six STEPS TO RECOvERY food aNd eNsure a smoke-free
• People can also become infected by touching
1. Protect yourself aNd others eNviroNmeNt With No oNe smokiNg iN
contaminated surfaces and then touching either
their own mouth or nose before washing their hands
If possible, have the sick person wear a simple surgical
mask if you or someone else is in the same room within 6 This all helps the body recover.
THE iNFLuENzA SEASON
feet of him/her. If the sick person cannot tolerate a mask, 5. keeP the sick PersoN’s thiNgs
In Canada, influenza usually affects people between encourage the use of a tissue when coughing or sneezing. seParate from others aNd haNdle
November and April. If someone develops symptoms If you are going to be within 6 feet, you can wear a simple aNythiNg he/she touches With care.
they should manage the illness at home as they normally surgical mask and safety glasses.
would during the influenza season. Each sick person should have his/her own towel, face cloth,
Clean your hands often, either soap and water or a hand toothbrush, etc. that are kept away from those who are
HOW SERiOuS iS iNFLuENzA? sanitizer after touching anything that a sick person has well. Wash dishes, dirty laundry and towels with hot water
Certain people are at risk of developing serious touched, before you eat and before touching your eyes, and soap as soon as you take them out of the room. Always
complications, such as pneumonia, which may even nose or mouth. clean your hands afterwards and avoid touching your eyes.
result in death. These include: 2. alloW the ill PersoN to rest aWay Line their garbage with a plastic bag, so you don’t need to
• Children younger than two years of age from others. touch the contents. You can disinfect door knobs and light
• Adults 65 years of age and older. switches with a bleach-based cleaner or by cleaning them
Anyone sick with H1N1 flu virus is estimated to be with a mixture that is 1 part bleach and 10 parts water.
• People with weakened immune systems.
contagious for 7 days from the onset of the illness and Clean the bathroom daily.
• People with certain chronic illnesses, such should stay at home. They should generally stay at least 6
as heart, lung or kidney disease, diabetes and 6. be oN alert for comPlicatioNs
feet away from others, preferably in a well-ventilated room
cancer. of their own. Ill people need lots of rest. Clean surfaces Following these instructions, most people will begin to
Every year, influenza and its complications have a with a bleach-based cleaner after use by the ill person as feel better after a few days. However, be on the lookout.
significant effect on the healthcare system. It also the virus can survive on a hard surface for up to 2 days. Sometimes complications, such as asthma or pneumonia
affects school or work absenteeism.
arise and the ill person may need to have a health
Take his/her temperature daily.