Citizens State Bank Somerville Texas - PowerPoint

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					Columbus inadvertently
   discovers America
  on his way to India
First permanent English
colony in Americas
at Jamestown, Virginia
Pilgrims covenant with
God in Mayflower Compact
off Plymouth, Massachusetts
Governor John Winthrop
establishes the Massachusetts Bay
Company Puritan settlement in
Boston, a "City Upon a Hill".
Roger Williams was about to be
deported to England for
disruptive behavior, when he fled
Massachusetts to found Rhode
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
base first constitution in the
American colonies on the Republican
form of government Richard Hooker's
Salem witch trials give
Puritans a theological black
Jonathan Edwards preaches
his famous "Sinners In the
Hands of An Angry God"
sermon to spark the first
Great Awakening
The French & Indian War,
a climactic conflict between
Britain and France via their
North American colonial
Stamp Act, requiring a tax stamp on all
official documents, provokes colonies to
protest "taxation without
Representation" and Quartering Act
required American families to House
British troops.
Provoked by a flurry of snow
balls British troops fired into a
crowd, killing five demonstrators
in the "Boston Massacre".
American colonists dressed as
Indians board 3 British ships
and toss tea overboard in the
Boston Tea Party to protest a
tax on tea
Battles of Lexington and
Concord open the American
Revolution against Britain with
"the shot heard round the world".
American colonists
declare independence
from Great Britain
Washington crosses the Delaware
secretly by night and within a single
week achieves successive victories at
Trenton and Princeton
American army survives winter of
testing at Valley Forge and France
subsequently joins American
Revolution against Britain
"I have not yet begun to fight"
declared John Paul Jones as his
Bonhomme Richard defeated the
British surrender to
Washington at Yorktown
ending the American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
enacted by Continental Congress
and become effective under
President John Hanson
Alien & Sedition Laws enacted under
Federalist President, John Adams are a
thinly veiled attempt to suppress free
speech and other activities of Thomas
Jefferson's opposition party (the
The Constitution was enacted with
the stipulation that a Bill of Rights
be added to protect specific civil
liberties. The first 10 Amendments
Eli Whitney invents the
cotton gin
Cumberland or Cane Ridge
revival in Logan County,
Kentucky initiates the 2nd Great
Louisiana Purchase by Thomas
Jefferson doubles size of United
States. Napoleon sells for bargain 2
cents an acre to finance his
European war of conquest
Marbury vs. Madison
establishes principle
of judicial review
Lewis & Clark expedition
to West coast surveys
Louisiana Purchase.
Robert Fulton develops first
commercially successful steam
boat, cutting the time from New
York to Albany by two-thirds
Francis Scott Key pens
American national
The Star Spangled Banner
Andrew Jackson wins decisive
victory in Battle of New
Orleans to end the War of
Spain agrees to cede Florida to the
United States (Feb. 22). McCulloch
v. Maryland: Landmark Supreme
Court decision upholds the right of
Congress to establish a national bank
Missouri Compromise: In an
effort to maintain the balance
between free and slave states
Monroe Doctrine: In his annual address
to Congress, President Monroe declares
that the American continents are
henceforth off-limits for further
colonization by European powers
Gibbons v. Ogden: Landmark
Supreme Court decision broadly
defines Congress's right to regulate
interstate commerce (March 2).
John Quincy Adams is inaugurated
as the sixth president (March 4).
Erie Canal linking the Hudson
River to Lake Erie, is opened for
traffic (Oct. 26).
Construction is begun on the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the
first public railroad in the
President Jackson signs the
Indian Removal Act, which
authorizes the forced removal of
Native Americans
Nat Turner, an enslaved African
American preacher, leads the
most significant slave uprising in
American history
Texas declares its independence
from Mexico Texan defenders of
the Alamo are all killed during
siege by the Mexican Army
Approximately 4,000 die
from starvation and disease
along the “Trail of Tears
William Henry Harrison is
inaugurated as the ninth
president .He dies one month
U.S. annexes Texas by
joint resolution of
Oregon Treaty fixes
U.S.-Canadian border at 49th
parallel; U.S. acquires
Oregon territory
Mexican War: U.S. declares war on
Mexico in effort to gain California
and other territory in Southwest
(May 13, 1846).
Gold is discovered at Sutter's
Mill in California
the Compromise of 1850: California is
admitted as a free state, Utah and New
Mexico territories are left to be decided by
popular sovereignty, and the slave trade in
Washington, DC, is prohibited
Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel,
Uncle Tom's Cabin is published
Gadsden Purchase treaty is
signed; U.S. acquires border
territory from Mexico for $10
Congress passes the
Kansas-Nebraska Act, establishin
 of Kansas and Nebraska
Dred Scott v. Sanford: Landmark
Supreme Court decision holds that
Congress does not have the right to ban
slavery in states and, furthermore, that
slaves are not citizens
Abolitionist John Brown and 21
followers capture federal arsenal
at Harpers Ferry, Va
Abraham Lincoln is elected
president (Nov. 6). South
Carolina secedes from the Union
(Dec. 20).
Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,
Georgia, and Louisiana secede (Jan.).
Confederate States of America is
established (Feb. 8). Jefferson Davis is
elected president of the Confederacy (
Lincoln is assassinated (April 14)
by John Wilkes Booth in
Washington, DC, and is
succeeded by his vice president,
Andrew Johnson
U.S. acquires Alaska from Russia
for the sum of $7.2 million
President Johnson is impeached
by the House of Representatives
(Feb. 24), but he is acquitted
The first transcontinental
railway is completed with the
driving of the "Golden Spike" at
Promontory Point,Utah.
Fifteenth Amendment to
the Constitution is ratified,
giving blacks the right to
Chicago fire kills 300 and leaves
90,000 people homeless
Crédit Mobilier scandal breaks,
involving several members of
Lt. Col. George A. Custer's
regiment is wiped out by Sioux
Indians under Sitting Bull at the
Little Big Horn River, Mont
The first telephone line is built from
Boston to Somerville, Mass.; the
following year, President Hayes has
the first telephone installed in the
White House.
James A. Garfield is inaugurated as
the 20th president (March 4). He is
shot (July 2) by Charles Guiteau in
Washington, DC, and later dies
from complications of his wounds in
Elberon, N.J.
Statue of Liberty is
dedicated (Oct. 28).
American Federation of
Labor is organized (Dec.).
Dawes Severalty Act provides for 160
acres to be given to each Indian family,
breaking up the system of communal land
National American Woman Suffrage
Association (NAWSA) is founded, with
Elizabeth Cady Stanton as president.
Sherman Antitrust Act is signed into
law, prohibiting commercial monopolies
Grover Cleveland is inaugurated
a second time, as the 24th
president (March 4). He is the
only president to serve two
nonconsecutive terms.
Plessy v. Ferguson: Landmark Supreme
Court decision holds that racial
segregation is constitutional, paving the
way for the repressive Jim Crow laws in
the South
Spanish-American War: USS
Maine is blown up in Havana
harbor prompting U.S. to declare
war on Spain U.S. annexes Hawaii
by an act of Congress
U.S. acquires American Samoa
by treaty with Great Britain and
Galveston hurricane
leaves an estimated 6,000
to 8,000 dead (Sept. 8).
McKinley's second inauguration
(March 4). He is shot (Sept. 6) by
anarchist Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo,
N.Y., and later dies from his wounds
U.S. acquires Panama Canal Zone
(treaty signed Nov. 17). Wright
brothers make the first controlled,
sustained flight in heavier-than-air
aircraft at Kitty Hawk, N.C.
San Francisco earthquake
leaves 500 dead or
missing and destroys
about 4 sq mi of the city
Seventeenth Amendment to the
Constitution is ratified, providing
for the direct election of U.S.
senators by popular vote rather than
by the state legislatures
American built Panama Canal
opens, eliminating the ocean
voyage around Cape Horn
America enters World War I
after the sinking of the Lusitania
with the loss of 128 American
lives provokes sentiment against
U.S. agrees to purchase Danish
West Indies (Virgin Islands) for $25
million Jeannette Rankin of
Montana is the first woman elected
to the U.S. House of Representatives
Worldwide influenza epidemic
strikes; by 1920, nearly 20
million are dead. In U.S.,
500,000 perish
Eighteenth Amendment prohibiting the
manufacture, sale, and transportation of
liquor. Nineteenth Amendment to the
Constitution is ratified, granting women
the right to vote
Warren G. Harding (29 th)

inaugurated as the president .
He signs resolution declaring
peace with Austria and Germany
Coolidge's second inauguration (March
4). Tennessee passes a law against the
teaching of evolution in public schools
(March 23), setting the stage for the
Scopes Monkey Trial
Charles Lindbergh makes the
first solo nonstop transatlantic
flight in his plane The Spirit of
St. Louis
Herbert Hoover is inaugurated as
the 31st president (March 4).
Stock market crash precipitates
the Great Depression
The Star-Spangled
Banner is adopted as the
national anthem
The Star-Spangled Banner is
adopted as the national anthem
Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas
is the first woman elected to the
U.S. Senate .Amelia Earhart
completes first solo nonstop
transatlantic flight by a woman
Twentieth Amendment to the
Constitution, sometimes called the “Lame
Duck Amendment,” is ratified, moving
the president's inauguration date from
March 4 to Jan. 20
Social Security Act is passed .Bureau
of Investigation (established 1908)
becomes the Federal Bureau of
Investigation under J. Edgar Hoover
Fair Labor Standards Act is
passed, setting the first minimum
wage in the U.S. at 25 cents per
America enters World War II
with the Japanese bombing of
Pearl Harbor.
Harry Truman orders two atomic
bombs dropped on non-combatant,
civilian populations (Hiroshima &
Nagasaki>to end WW II
U.S. enters Korean War to resist
Chinese Communist expansion
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are
executed for passing secret
information about U.S. atomic
weaponry to the Soviets
Brown v. Board of Education of
Topeka, Kans.: Landmark Supreme
Court decision declares that racial
segregation in schools is
Explorer I, first American
satellite, is launched
Alaska becomes the 49th state
(Jan. 3) and Hawaii becomes the
Lt. Col. John Glenn becomes
first U.S. astronaut to orbit
Earth Cuban Missile Crisis
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
delivers his “I Have a Dream” speech
before a crowd of 200,000 during the
civil rights march on Washington,
DC (Aug. 28). President Kennedy is
assassinated in Dallas, Tex
Miranda v. Arizona: Landmark
Supreme Court decision further
defines due process clause of
Fourteenth Amendment and
establishes Miranda rights
Twenty-Fifth Amendment to the
Constitution is ratified, outlining
the procedures for filling vacancies
in the presidency and vice presidency
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., is
assassinated in Memphis, Tenn.
(April 4). Sen. Robert F.
Kennedy is assassinated
Neil Armstrong becomes first
man to walk on the moon's
surface in the successful
The Twenty-Sixth Amendment to
the Constitution is ratified,
lowering the voting age from 21
to 18
Five men, are caught breaking
into rival Democratic
headquarters at the Watergate
complex in Washington, DC
Roe v. Wade: Landmark
Supreme Court decision legalizes
abortion in first trimester of
House Judiciary Committee
recommends to full House that
Nixon be impeached
Sadat and Begin sign Camp
David Accord, ending 30-year
conflict between Egypt and
The Supreme Court ruled that the 10
Commandments cannot be dis- played in
public schools on the grounds that it "may
induce school children to read, meditate
upon, and perhaps venerate or obey
President Reagan is shot in the
chest by John Hinckley, Jr.
(March 30). Sandra Day
O'Connor is sworn in as the first
woman Supreme Court justice
Space shuttle Challenger explodes
73 seconds after liftoff, killing
all seven crew members

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