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									                       Charter Schools
                               CCSESA CBO Conference
                                 February 21, 2007

              Presented by:

             Wendy Benkert, Ed.D.
      Assistant Superintendent, Business
    Orange County Department of Education

                   Marta Reyes
            Director, Charter Schools
       California Department of Education

              Gary Thomas, Ed.D.
       Deputy Superintendent, Business
San Bernardino County Superintendent of Schools
Great Practices
Charter Schools

          High Tech High

High Tech High began as a single charter high
   school launched by a coalition of business
 leaders and educators and has evolved into a
    school development organization with a
     growing portfolio of innovative charter
       schools spanning grades K-12.

High Tech High schools show how education
can be redesigned to ensure that all students
   graduate well prepared for college, work,
              and citizenship.

 High Tech High

 Utilizes personalized project-based
  learning environments where all
  students are known well and
  challenged to meet high expectations.
 100 percent of graduates accepted to
 First charter school authorized to
  credential its own teachers.
 Granted first statewide charter in
               High Tech High
 Seven schools (four high schools, two
    middle schools, one elementary school)
   Approximately 2500 students.
   Approximately 200 employees.
   $45 million in real estate holdings
   Annual operating budget: approximately
    $18 million.
        Year   API   State   Rank Similar School   Enroll
        2005   792    9              8              371
        2004   828    10             10             327
        2003   802    10             10             320

 Orange County High School
         of the Arts

  As one of the premier arts schools in the
  nation, the Orange County High School of
 the Arts embraces and encourages artistic
   creativity and academic excellence. This
innovative public charter school provides a
      uniquely challenging and nurturing
environment focused on individual growth,
          opportunity, and diversity.

Orange County High School
        of the Arts
      Recognized by the U.S. Department
       of Education and the National
       Endowment for the arts as a model
       arts education.
      WASC accredited.
      Provides a rigorous college
       preparatory. academic program and
       11 arts conservatories.
      Serves a culturally diverse student
       body of more than 1,250 students
       from 92 cities in Southern California in
       grades 7-12.
    Orange County High School
            of the Arts
   Ranked in the top ten percent of high
    schools in Southern California.
   Ranked one of the top five in high school
    academic programs in Orange County.
   100% of its students passed the California
    High School Exit Exam in 2005.
   98% of its students accepted into institutions
    of higher education.
         Year   API   State   Rank Similar School   Enroll
         2005   863    10             8             1,029
         2004   856    10             9             1,007
         2003   841    10             9             1,015
     The Accelerated School

   The Accelerated School is built on the
     belief that good schools transform
communities; that community is created by
 shared values and common goals; that all
  children can learn and achieve; and that
   education is essential to a prosperous,
      fulfilling life and is the key to the
      regeneration of our communities.

The Accelerated School
 Founded by teachers in 1994 as K-4
 Is a national public/private partnership
 Now serves pre-kindergarten to grade 12
 Main institutional goal is to graduate
  students who are prepared to succeed at
  the University of their choice; who will
  enter the workforce as informed and
  productive employees, entrepreneurs, and
  community leaders; and who will act as
  socially aware and responsible citizens.
        The Accelerated School

   1998-1999 - Ranks number one for charter
    school attendance in LAUSD.
   2001 – Named “Elementary School of the
    Year” by TIME magazine.
   2002 – Ranked 10 on the Academic
    Performance Index
                     Rank    Rank Similar
        Year   API   State     School       Enroll

        2005   702    4           9          551

        2004   663    3           5          446

        2003   703    5           9          258

      Gateway High School

 Gateway High School is a model, college
  preparatory charter school committed to
academic excellence through personalized,
 student-centered learning. Gateway seeks
and supports students who have ambition,
  who are committed to working hard, and
  who are eager to share responsibility for
            their own learning.

         Gateway High School
 Founded by parents and educators in 1998.
 Serves a diverse student body of 440 including
  25% diagnosed with learning disabilities.
 Model college preparatory charter school for
  grades 9-12.
 All students are in enrolled in rigorous course
  load that exceeds University of California A-G

               Gateway High School

   96% of class of 2006 matriculated to college.
   100% of students passed the California High
    School Exit Exam in 2006.
   Is one of 8 exemplary charter schools in the U.S.

        Year   API   State   Rank Similar School   Enroll

        2005   744    8              9              330

        2004   734    8              6              336

        2003   740    8              7              320

 Summit Leadership Academy

Dedicated to Training our Future Fire,
         Police and Military

Summit Leadership Academy

  Summit Leadership Academy
About the program:
● Summit Leadership Academy - High Desert,
  offers high school subjects and trains students
  in specific criminal justice, fire technology
  skills, and military history and customs.
● California credentialed teachers teach
  approved high school subjects from curriculum
  selected from the California State Educational
● Vocationally, the program utilizes criminal
  justice, fire and military professionals through
  class time studies, guest speakers, field trips
  and hands-on training.
 Summit Leadership Academy

About the program:
●Classes range from topics such as:
  Introduction to Law Enforcement
  Introduction/Advanced Report Writing
  Introduction to Fire Protection
  Fundamentals of Fire Prevention
  Defensive Tactics/Arrest Methods
  Interpersonal Communication
  Military History
  Military Leadership and Customs
  Sheriff's Department Ride-A-Longs
  Background/Academy Expectations

     Summit Leadership Academy
About the program:
● Both behavioral and academic standards are an
  important requirement for students. Students are
  required to wear a uniform, adhere to grooming
  standards, and accomplish certain academic
  benchmarks. Students are encouraged to get involved
  in extracurricular and community activities. Summit
  Leadership Academy - High Desert, located in
  Hesperia, California, is a public school funded by the
  State of California, and therefore does not charge
  tuition for attendance.
● As a College Preparatory school, students have the
  opportunity to complete coursework at Summit
  Leadership Academy High Desert that meets all of the
  current University of California and California State
  University requirements for admission immediately
  following graduation, under the A through G guidelines 19
  Summit Leadership Academy
155 Students 9-12 grade
12 employees
One school site
94 point gain in API in one year
78.7% passed the CHSEE in Math
88.5% passed the CHSEE in English/Language Arts

                       Rank    Rank Similar
      Year     API     State     School       Enroll
      2004     N/A     N/A         N/A         112

      2005     578     N/A         N/A         106

      2006     672     N/A         N/A         109

Sixth Street Prep School

Relationships, Rigor, Relevance

         Sixth Street Prep School
The Mission of Sixth Street Prep School, a parent
choice charter school, is to ensure that all students will
be at or above grade level in Reading, Writing and
This will be accomplished by meeting the individual
 needs of every child through:
    A small school setting
    Supplementary basic skills programs
    Enrichment programs
    100% Parent involvement
    Accelerated educational programs
    Class-size reduction K-3
    Extended day 1st through 6th
    School uniforms K-6
    High standards for student accountability
         Sixth Street Prep School
 Sixth Street Prep Tops 800 on API. The staff and
  students of Sixth Street Prep School are proud to
  announce that they have reached 813 on the state API.
  In just five short years the school API has grown 214
  points. School principal, Linda Mikels, attributes this
  success to the three "R's" that are the cornerstone of the
  school, Relationships, Rigor and Relevance.
 Sixth Street Prep School Receives Title I Academic
  Achievement Award. Sixth Street Prep School is proud
  to announce that the school is the recipient of the 2006
  Title I Academic Achievement Award presented by the
  state of California to high achieving Title I schools. The
  coveted award was presented to Principal, Linda Mikels,
  by State Superintendent of Schools, Jack O'Connell, at
  an awards banquet in Costa Mesa. Sixth Street Prep
  School has also been nominated for the 2007 Title I
  Academic Achievement Award.
 Sixth Street Prep School

 One school site: K-6
 225 students enrolled
 18 employees
 API for 2006: 813
                      Rank    Rank Similar     2nd-6th
Year      API         State     School       Enrollment
2006      813          NA         NA            129

2005      754          6          10            122

2004      736          6          10            119

2003      691          4           9            127

Sixth Street Prep School

           School Ethnicity

     11%           9%

                             African American
                             Hispanic or Latino
                             Pacific Islander
                             White (not Hispanic)


Sixth Street Prep School

School Socioeconomic Status

                   Free/Reduced Price
                   Full Price Lunch

The Lewis Center for Educational Research

The Lewis Center for Educational Research

 The Lewis Center for Educational Research
  was conceptualized by Rick Piercy, a former
  kindergarten teacher.

 Since opening in 1990, the center has hosted
  more than 100,000 students, teachers and
  parents participating in outreach programs,
  clubs and other educational activities. The
  Lewis Center continues to provide hands-on
  instructional programs to students and the
The Lewis Center for Educational Research
 Among the Lewis Center's most significant programs is
    the Academy for Academic Excellence (AAE), a K-12
    charter school in which new teaching techniques and
    strategies are tested and refined in a standards-based
    educational program.
   Global Programs include the Goldstone Apple Valley
    Radio Telescope (GAVRT) project with NASA,
    JPL/Caltech in which teachers nationwide access a
    34-meter radio antenna via the Internet.
   The Lewis Center is governed by the Board of
    Directors of the High Desert "Partnership in Academic
    Excellence" Foundation, Inc., a non-profit corporation.
Academy for Academic Excellence

Two school sites
Approximately 956 students
Approximately 135 employees
Annual operating budget: $10 million
API for 2006: 810
                     Rank    Similar
      Year    API    State   School    Enroll
     2005     789     9        10       768

     2004     752     9        10       772

     2003     726     8        8        728


     Some of the Unique Program Offerings

   Archaeology               Trails West
   Astronomy, Optical        Devils Hole Pupfish
   Aviation / Aeronautics    Groundwater
   California Gold Rush       Educational Mini-Grant
   Solar System              Tortoise Terrace
   Tornadoes, Rainbows       Tui Chub Home
    & Wind                    Wildlands Water Walk

    Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope

   Cassini-Huygens              Reference Materials
   Images                       Schools
   Join The GAVRT Team          Team Members
   Jupiter Quest Lessons        Video Cam
   Links                        Global Science Commons
   Newsletters                  GSC Tutorial
   Operation Control Video      R.O.V.E.R.
   Publications

2002 - Hart Vision Award for Outstanding California
       Charter School Administrator
2001 - Finalist Tech Museum of Innovation Award
       Technology Benefiting Humanity
2001 - NASA Group Achievement Award
1998 - NASA Group Achievement Award
1998 - NASA Public Service Award
1997 - Donald J. Quigg National
       Excellence in Education Award
1997 - Distinguished Community Service Award,
       Victor Valley College District Foundation
1997 - San Bernardino County Education Medal of Honor
1995 - Golden Bell Award                                33
KIPP Heartwood Academy

                  2006 API    2005-06   Met 2006 API
2005 API Base      Growth     Growth      Criteria
    900             921         21          Yes

   African American                       10
   American Indian or Alaska Native        0
   Asian                                  25
   Filipino                                3
   Hispanic or Latino                    113
   Pacific Islander                        1
   White (not Hispanic)                    2
   Socioeconomically Disadvantaged       122
   English Learners                      114
   Students with Disabilities              8
American Indian Public School
                               Academic Performance Index Scores

  Academic Performance Index

         (API) Score            800




                                      2001   2002    2003   2004   2005   2006

                                        Asian                      31%
                                        Hispanic                   22%
                                        Native American            18%
                                        African American           14%
                                        Caucasian                  13%           35
Hot Topics

           The Right to Organize
Description required to be included in charter petition

 A declaration whether or not the charter school
  shall be deemed the exclusive public school
  employer of the employees of the charter school
  for the purpose of Educational Employment
  Relations Act is required. If the charter school is
  not the exclusive employer, then the charter
  authorizer is.

             The Right to Organize

   An approved charter states whether the charter school is
    the exclusive employer for the purposes of collective
   This change in law provided at least two points of clarity
    to charter school statute
      Charter school staff have the right to be represented
        for purposes of salary and benefits likened to
        traditional public schools, and
      Charter school representation could be limited to the
        charter school, regardless of other aspects of the
        charter, e.g., the school is locally funded.
   Governance and representation
      Green Dot Public Schools
      Other: All staff vs. “teachers”                           38
    Why Should Authorizers Care?
   Charter schools that are not financially viable may
    impact the financial health of the school district.
   Collective bargaining may constrain charter schools in a
    manner that limits student achievement and endangers
    fiscal conditions.
   When charter schools negotiate in collective bargaining,
    they should endeavor to retain flexibility to address
    changing needs quickly. Flexibility to make thoughtful,
    efficient, programmatic changes that immediately
    address changing student needs may be constrained by
    negotiated work rules on subjects such as work hours,
    limitations on student supervision by teachers, pay
    premiums for minutes worked outside established work
    day, assignment based on seniority, “just cause” for
    discipline and class size limits.
    If a charter school elects to participate
           in collective bargaining …
Recommendations per Maggie Chidester
   A charter school’s 1st collective bargaining agreement
    will be its most important one for a long time.
   Approach charter school bargaining as a high stakes
    and serious endeavor.
 Don’t move off of status quo charter governance
    documents (charter handbooks, individual contracts)
    unless you have a very good reason to do so.
   Consult with counsel regarding “good faith” and “hard
    bargaining” case law, and live it!
   Hunker down for the long haul if it becomes necessary
    (mediation, fact-finding, strike).
    Credentialing and Core Academics

 Charter Schools continue to have some
  flexibility in credentialing requirements.

 Charter schools should identify the core
  academic courses in their petition.
    Core academic courses require HQT
    Non-core courses retain flexibility
      Examples


   Flexibility
      Although charter facilities must meet local building
       codes, they are not required to be Field Act
       compliant, unless they are built with Bond funds.

   Available funding sources for charter school facilities
      SB 740 Facilities Reimbursement Program
         Lease or rent costs for previous year
      Facilities Incentive Program
         Lease or rent costs for current year
      Proposition 1D – Bond $500 million for new charter
       school construction

Opportunities for County
 Offices and Districts to
 Partner with and Assist
     Charter Schools

Payroll and Retirement System Reporting

    Offer payroll services on a reasonable cost

    Facilitate the submission of retirement
     contributions to CalSTRS and CalPERS.

Instructional Design

Site Based Charter Schools

 Site based charter schools must
  provide 80% of the annual instructional
  minutes on a school site under
  immediate supervision of an employee
  of the charter school

 Instructional Design

Independent Study/
Non Classroom Based
 Recommend that the chartering entity
  encourage charters to submit funding
  determinations earlier rather than waiting
  until funding determinations have expired.
  Forward funding determinations are now
  allowable under SB 740 regulations.
 Must meet all Title V independent study


 If a county office has a website, include links to
    charter schools if requested by chartering
    agency and charter school.
   Consider including charter schools on listserves
    for district financial advisories.
   Communicate with districts throughout the
    charter school appeal process.


   Consult with chartering entities on the
    appropriateness of inviting charter school
    representatives to participate in county-wide
    symposia and other events, e.g. staff
    development and training

   Communicate with charter schools and
    chartering entities regarding availability of
    county office resources such as learning
    resources display center.

       Charter School Oversight

 Work with districts regarding requirements for
  charter school oversight and the pitfalls of a very
  small district undertaking this responsibility.

           County Superintendent’s
            Authority to Investigate

   Based upon written parent
    complaints or other information,
    the county superintendent may
    conduct an investigation.

     Earlier involvement can
    sometimes prevent revocation or
    lead to a more orderly closure

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