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WORLD WAR II GPS _19

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					WORLD WAR II
GPS #19
   SSUSH19 The student will identify the origins,
    major developments, and the domestic impact of
    World War II, especially the growth of the federal
    government.
   a.      Explain A. Philip Randolph’s proposed march
    on Washington, D.C., and President Franklin D.
    Roosevelt’s response.
   b. Explain the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and
    the internment of Japanese-Americans, German-
    Americans, and Italian-Americans.
   c. Explain major events; include the lend-lease
    program, the Battle of Midway, D-Day, and the fall of
    Berlin.
WORLD WAR II
GPS #19, CONTINUED
   d. Describe war mobilization, as indicated by rationing,
    war-time conversion, and the role of women in war
    industries.
   e. Describe the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos,
    include the scientific, economic, and military implications
    of developing the atomic bomb.
   f. Compare the geographic locations of the
    European Theater and the Pacific Theater and the
    difficulties the U.S. faced in delivering weapons,
    food, and medical supplies to troops.
WORLD WAR II
1939-1945
   WORLD WAR II, 1939-1945
   The modern world is still living with the consequences of World War II, the
    most titanic conflict in history. Just under 69 years ago on September 1st 1939,
    Germany invaded Poland without warning sparking the start of World War Two.
    By the evening of September 3rd, Britain and France were at war with Germany
    and within a week, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa had also
    joined the war. The world had been plunged into its second world war in 25
    years. Six long and bloody years of total war, fought over many thousand of
    square miles, followed. From the Hedgerows of Normandy to the streets of
    Stalingrad, the icy mountains of Norway to the sweltering deserts of Libya, the
    insect infested jungles of Burma to the coral reefed islands of the pacific. On
    land, sea and in the air, Poles fought Germans, Italians fought Americans and
    Japanese fought Australians in a conflict which was finally settled with the use
    of nuclear weapons. World War II involved every major world power in a war for
    global domination, and at its end, more than 60 million people had lost their
    lives, and most of Europe and large parts of Asia lay in ruins.
WORLD WAR II
   World War II, or the Second World War,
    (often abbreviated WWII or WW2) was a global
    military conflict which involved a majority of the
    world's nations, including all of the great
    powers, organized into two opposing military
    alliances: the Allies and the Axis. The war
    involved the mobilization of over 100 million
    military personnel, making it the most
    widespread war in history.
CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II
 M I N T R A OR
MARTIN
 M    M              MILITARISM
 I    A              IMPERIALISM
 N    R              NATIONALISM
 T   T               TOTALITARIANISM
 R    I              RESENTMENT
 A    N              AGRESSION ACTS
WORLD WAR II, MILITARISM
   1.GROWTH OF MILITARIES, ESP. IN
    GERMANY, ITALY, AND JAPAN,
    1920S-1930S
WORLD WAR II, IMPERIALISM
   1.MAINTAINING AND COMPETITION
    FOR COLONIES IN AFRICA AND ASIA
WORLD WAR II, NATIONALISM
   1.LOYALTY TO ONE’S NATION ABOVE
    ALL ELSE, ESPECIALLY IN GERMANY,
    ITALY, AND JAPAN
   2.EXPANSIONISM
WORLD WAR II,
TOTALITARIANISM
   1. Totalitarianism (or totalitarian rule)
    is a concept used to describe political
    systems where a state regulates nearly
    every aspect of public and private life.
WORLD WAR II, FORMS OF
TOTALITARIANISM AND NATION
   FORM           NATION
   COMMUNISM      USSR (UNION OF
                    SOVIET SOCIALIST
                    REPUBLICS, AKA
                    SOVIET UNION)
                   ITALY
   FASCISM
                   GERMANY
   NAZISM
WORLD WAR II, RESENTMENT
   1.GER, IT, JAP, RESENTED AND
    EVENTUALLY DISREGARDED
    PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY OF
    VERSAILLES.
WORLD WAR II, AGGRESSION
ACTS
   GER, IT, AND JAP INVADED NATIONS
    AND COLONIES IN AFRICA, ASIA,
    AND EUROPE TO EXTEND
    TOTALITARIANISM.
ACTS OF AGGRESSION
   1.JAPAN INVADED NE CHINA, MANCHURIA, 1931.
   2.ITALY INVADES ETHIOPIA, 1935.
   3.GERMANY INVADES RHINELAND, 1936.
   4.JAPAN INVADES THE REST OF CHINA, 1937.
   5.GERMANY TAKES AUSTRIA, 1938.
   6.GERMANY INVADES SUDETENLAND, W.
    CZECHOSLOVAKIA, 1938.
   7.GERMANY INVADES REST OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA,
    1938.
   8.GERMAN-SOVIET NONAGGRESSION PACT, 1939
   9.GERMANY INVADES POLAND, SEPT. 1, 1939!!!
WORLD WAR II ALLIANCES
   ALLIED POWERS      AXIS POWERS
   CHINA              GERMANY
   FRANCE             ITALY
   UK                 JAPAN
   USA
   USSR
WORLD WAR II, ALLIED
LEADERS
   NATION       LEADER
   CHINA        CHIANG KAI-SHEK
   FRANCE       CHARLES DE GAULLE
   UK           WINSTON CHURCHILL
   USA          FRANKLIN
                  ROOSEVELT AND
                  HARRY TRUMAN
   USSR         JOSEF STALIN
WORLD WAR II, AXIS LEADERS
   NATION       LEADER
   GERMANY      ADOLF HITLER
   ITALY        BENITO
                  MUSSOLINI
   JAPAN        HIDEKI TOJO (FOR
                  EMPEROR
                  HIROHITO)
WORLD WAR II, PICTURES OF
ALLIED LEADERS
WORLD WAR II, PICTURES OF
AXIS LEADERS
BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR II
IN EUROPE
   GERMANY INVADED POLAND.
   SEPTEMBER 1, 1939
WORLD REACTION TO BEGINNING
OF WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE

   1.CONTINUATION OF ISOLATIONISM
    IN USA, 1920S-1941
   2.PASSAGE OF NEUTRALITY ACTS IN
    USA, 1930S
   3.PROTEST ABOUT DISCRIMINATION
    IN MILITARY AND INDUSTRY IN USA
WORLD REACTION, CONTINUED
   a.JULY 1, 1941, A. PHILIP RANDOLPH PROPOSED A
    MARCH ON WASHINGTON D.C.
   b.FOUNDER OF A UNION, BROTHERHOOD OF
    SLLEEPING CAR PORTERS
   c.CALLED FOR BLACKS TO PROTEST
    DISCRIMINATION
   d.FDR FEARED UREST BY WHITES
   e.FDR BACKED DOWN ISSUING EXECUTIVE ORDER
    FOR UNIONS/EMPLOYERS TO CEASE
    DISCRIMINATION IN HIRING PRACTICES
   f.MARCH CANCELLED.
   The Brotherhood of
    Sleeping Car Porters
    (BSCP) was a labor union in
    the United States organized
    by the predominantly
    African-American Pullman
    Porters.
    It was, in 1935, the first
    labor organization led by
    African-Americans to receive
    a charter in the American
    Federation of Labor.
EVENTS LEADING TO USA
ENTRY INTO WORLD WAR II
   1.JAPAN INVADED THE REST OF CHINA.
   2.JAPAN INVADED FRENCH COLONY OF INDOCHINA
    (VIETNAM, CAMBODIA, LAOS) AND DUTCH EAST
    INDIES (INDONESIA) IN SOUTHEAST ASIA.
   3.TO PROTEST, USA STOPPED TRADE AND OIL
    SHIPMENTS TO JAPAN
   4.RESULT: DEC. 7, 1941, JAPAN ATTACKED PEARL
    HARBOR, HAWAII, USA, IN THE PACIFIC.
   5.FDR, “A DATE WHICH WILL LIVE IN INFAMY”
INDOCHINA
EAST INDIES
RESULTS OF USA ENTRY INTO
WORLD WAR II
   1.INTERNMENT OF 120,000
    JAPANESE-AMERICANS INTO
    CAMPS, WHO LIVED MAINLY ON
    WEST COAST OF USA
   2.Internment is the imprisonment or
    confinement of people, commonly in
    large groups, without trial.
   WHY INTERNMENT?
JAPANESE INTERNMENT AND
OTHERS, WHY?
   a.FEARS OF SPIES, SABOTAGE LED TO
    VIOLENCE AND PREJUDICE
   b.FOR NATIONAL SECURITY, JAPANESE-
    AMERICANS FROM CA, WA, OR, AZ,
    PLACED INTO RURAL CAMPS
   c.SOME GERMAN, ITALIAN, AND NATIVE
    AMERICANS (IN ALASKA) WERE
    INTERRED.
JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMP
AND LOCATIONS
JAPANESE INTERNMENT
CAMPS
JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMP,
CALIFORNIA
PREPARATION FOR WORLD
WAR II BY THE USA
   MOBILIZATION
   Mobilization is the act of assembling
    and making both troops and supplies
    ready for war.
EXAMPLES OF MOBILIZATION
   1.RATIONING
   2.WARTIME CONSERVATION
   3.ROLE OF WOMEN IN WAR
    INDUSTRIES
   4.EXPANSION OF DRAFT
   5.OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
    AND DEVELOPMENT
   6.PROPAGANDA
1.RATIONING
   1. Rationing is the controlled distribution
    of resources and scarce goods or
    services.
   2. Example of wartime conservation
   1)Each household received a “C-Book”
    with coupons to be used when buying
    scarce items (meat, sugar, coffee)
   2)Gas rationing
2. WARTIME CONSERVATION
   1.Methods used by Americans to
    contribute and to conserve for the war
    effort
   1)Rationing
   2)Carpooling and riding bicycles
   3)Nationwide drives to collect scrap iron,
    tin cans, newspaper, cooking grease to
    recycle and use in war production
   During 1943, U. S. officials imposed a short-lived ban on
    sliced bread as a wartime conservation measure.

   “I should like to let you know how important sliced bread
    is to the morale and saneness of a household. My
    husband and four children are all in a rush during and
    after breakfast. Without ready-sliced bread I must do the
    slicing for toast—two pieces for each one—that's ten. For
    their lunches I must cut by hand at least twenty slices, for
    two sandwiches apiece. Afterward I make my own toast.
    Twenty-two slices of bread to be cut in a hurry!”
3.ROLE OF WOMEN IN WAR
INDUSTRIES
   1.FEARED WOMEN HAD LACK OF
    STAMINA
   2.6 MILLION WORKED IN FACTORIES
    AND SHIPYARDS
   3.WOMEN FILLED VOID OF MEN
    FIGHTING OVERSEAS
   4.WOMEN WERE PAID 60% OF MEN’S
    WAGES
WOMEN
4.EXPANSION OF THE DRAFT
   1.SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM
    EXPANDED DRAFT
   2.MILLIONS OF MEN VOLUTEERED
    AND WERE DRAFTED
   3.1943, WOMEN’S ARMY CORPS,
    WOMEN FILLED POSITION OF
    NONCOMBAT NATURE TO FREE UP
    MEN FOR FRONTLINE DUTY.
5.OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
   1.OSDR, 1941
   2. The Office of Scientific Research
    and Development (OSRD) was an
    agency of the United States federal
    government created to coordinate
    scientific research for military purposes
    during World War II.
   3.USA WAR PLANNING
   1)DEFEAT JAPAN’S NAVY ALSO MEANT
    DEFEAT OF JAPAN’S ARMY AT HOME
   2)RESULT: GREAT LOSS OF LIFE FOR
    JAPAN AND USA OVER TIME
   3)TO AVOID INVASION OF JAP, USA
    DEVELOPED ATOMIC (NUCLEAR) BOMB
   4.PROJECT CODE NAME: MANHATTAN
    PROJECT
MANHATTAN PROJECT
   1.COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, MAHATTAN, NYC
   2.RESEARCH LEADERS: GEN. LESLIE GROVES, J.
    ROBERT OPPENHEIMER
   3.USA DEVELOPED 2 BOMBS AT LOS ALAMOS
    NATIONAL LABORATORY, LOS ALAMOS, NM
   4.THE 2 BOMBS WERE USED ON JAPANESE CITIES
    OF HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI, RESPECTIVELY, IN
    EARLY AUGUST, 1945
   5.RESULT: JAPAN SURRENDERED, SEPT. 2, 1945
GROVES AND OPPENHEIMER
6.PROPAGANDA
   1.HOLLYWOOD MOTION PICTURES,
    WAR PROPAGANDA FILMS
   2.HITLER, BEAST OF BERLIN
   3.WHY WE FIGHT
IMPLICATIONS (RESULTS) OF
DEVELOPING ATOMIC BOMB
   1.MILITARY: USA HAD NUKES. USA WOULD
    USE.
   1)USSR BEGAN TO DEVELOP NUKES
   2)COLD WAR, 1945-1989-90, COMPETITION
    BETWEEN USA AND USSR TO INFLUENCE
    WORLD WITH NUKES
   3)POWER SOURCE FOR SHIPS AND SUBS
   2.SCIENTIFIC: MEDICAL USE TO
    STUDY HUMAN BODY, SUCH AS PET
    SCANS (POSITION EMISSION
    TOMOGRAPHY) TO STUDY BRAIN
   3.ECONOMIC: NUCLEAR POWER FOR
    ELECTRICITY FOR HOME AND
    BUSINESS
MAJOR EVENTS OF WW II,
LEND-LEASE PROGRAM
   1.LEND-LEASE ACT, 1941
   2.USA COULD LEND VITAL WAR
    MATERIALS TO ANY NATION FDR
    SAID WAS VITAL TO DEFENSE OF
    USA (TO UK, FR, USSR, CH)
MAJOR EVENTS OF WW II,
BATTLE OF MIDWAY
   1.JUNE 4-7, 1942, 6 MTHS AFTER
    PEARL HARBOR
   2.TURNING POINT, USA DEFEATED
    JAP AT MIDWAY ATOLL IN PACIFIC
   3.MORALE BOOST FOR USA, TAKE
    WAR TO HEART OF JAP
USA VS. JAPAN
MAJOR EVENTS OF WORLD
WAR II, BATTLE OF NORMANDY
   1.NAME: OPERATION OVERLORD, CODE NAME, D-
    DAY, JUNE 6, 1944
   2.ALLIED INVASION OF GERMAN-NAZI OCCUPIED
    NORTHERN FRANCE
   3.LARGEST SEA INVASION IN HISTORY, 156,000
    MEN, 6939 VESSELS
   4.SURPRISE FOR GERMANS WITH MANY ALLIED
    LOSSES
   5.US, US, CA PUSH GERMANS E. TO GERMANY
   6.RESULT: BEGINNING OF ALLIED VICTORY IN
    EUROPE
MAJOR EVENTS, WORLD WAR II,
BATTLE AND FALL OF BERLIN
   1. LAST OF BATTLES, BLOODIEST
   2. 3 USSR MIL GROUPS ATTACKED GERMANS
    DEFENDING BERLIN, CAPITAL OF GERMANY
   3. 81,116 USSR TROOPS DIED, 458,080 GERMANS
    DIED
   4. HITLER AND FOLLOWERS COMMITTED SUICIDE
   5.BERLIN SURRENDERED MAY 2, 1945
   6.FIGHTING CONTINUED TO MAY 8 AS GERMANS
    MOVED WEST TO SURRENDER TO US AND UK
    RATHER THAN USSR
MAJOR EVENTS OF WORLD WAR II,
BATTLE OF STALINGRAD

   1.TURNING POINT, 1942, 1943
   2.USSR LOST 1 MILLION SOLDIERS
   3.USSR PUSHED WEST INTO
    GERMANY.
   4.RUSSIAN-SOVIET WINTER AND
    COUNTERATTACKS
   5.GERMAN REFUSAL TO RELENT
PACIFIC AND EUROPEAN
THEATERS OF WORLD WAR II
   1.PACIFIC THEATER
   2.The Pacific Theater of Operations
    (PTO) was the World War II military
    activity in the Pacific Ocean and the
    countries bordering it, a geographic
    scope that reflected the operational and
    administrative command structures of
    the period's American forces.
   3.EUROPEAN THEATER
   4. The European Theatre of Operations
    (ETO) was an area of heavy fighting across
    Europe, during World War II, from Nazi
    Germany's invasion of Poland on September
    1, 1939 until the end of the war with the
    German unconditional surrender on May 8,
    1945 (V-E Day). The Allied forces fought the
    Axis powers in three sub-theatres: the Eastern
    Front, the Western Front, and the
    Mediterranean Theatre.
   1. IN BOTH THEATERS, DUE TO
    FIGHTING AND VAST EXPANSE, IT
    WAS DIFFICULT FOR THE USA TO
    DELIVER WEAPONS, FOOD AND
    MEDICINES TO TROOPS,
    ESPECIALLY IN THE VAST PACIFIC.
RESULTS OF WORLD WAR II
   1.AXIS DEFEAT
   2.DESTRUCTION, DEVASTATION, LOSS OF
    LIFE
   3.HOLOCAUST
   4.UNITED NATIONS
   5.RISE OF SUPERPOWERS, USA, USSR
   6.COLD WAR
   7.DIVIDED GERMANY
   8.NUCLEAR AGE

				
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