Model Profit and Loss Statement for a Publishing Company by qut16746

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									Instructions




  Please email the final file to dale.gruis@ed.state.ia.us

  Thank you for your dedication to this project!
Instructions
  Sheets within this file.
  Instructor Survey Example- Example survey that you may use to acquire instructor
  input.


  Final Outline Database - Blank worksheet used to build your specific outline database.
  Example Outline Database - The final outline will be compiled in a format similar to
  this worksheet. The final database will include: the level of understanding, suggested
  resources; crosswalk of National Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Standards;
  crosswalk of National Science Standards; crosswalk of National Math Standards; and
  a crosswalk of Iowa agricultural competencies.
  20 National Science Standards
  40 National Math Standards
  7 Natl Ag Bus Stds. - Agribusiness Knowledge and Skills from National Agricultural,
  Food and Natural Resources Standards. (Note: Similar standards exist for: plant
  science, natural resources, etc.

  What is left to do?
  When you have compiled instructor comments, and revised your model outline please
  complete these final steps.
   On the "Final Outline Database" worksheet…
  1. Type your final outline into the "Final Outline Database".

  2. Code the level and quarter for each concept.
  3. Add "Suggested or Potential Resources"
  4. Refer to the National Science Standards (20 Natl. Sci. Std) and code each
  topic/subtopic with the appropriate code number.
  5. Refer to the National Math Standards (40 Math Std) and code each topic/subtopic
  with the appropriate code number.
  6. Refer to the National Animal Science Standards (3 Natl. An. Sci. Stds) and code
  each topic/subtopic with the appropriate code number.

  Please email the final file to dale.gruis@ed.state.ia.us

  Thank you for your dedication to this project!
Standards: Use
the BLUE codes.
(6 decimal level)
Ag Business                                  Curriculum Outline & Crosswalk
    Level     Priority               Topic                    Subtopic                      Suggested or Potential           Natl Ag    Natl Sci.   Natl.       IA
 Awareness, 1, 2, 3,                                                                             Resources                    Std         Std       Math     Competen
Introductory,    4                                                                                                                                  Std.        cy
   Mastery
                                                                                         http://faeis.ahnrit.vt.edu/supply
                         Careers             Career Opportunities
                                                                                               demand/2005-2010/

                                                                                         John Deere Farm Business
                 2       Agricultural Law    List and define types of contracts                                              7.010304
                                                                                         Mgmt. Chapter 11


                                             List and explain the different types of     John Deere Farm Business
                 2       Agricultural Law                                                                                    7.010304
                                             leases used in agriculture                  Mgmt. Chapter 11

                                             Conduct a research of laws specifically     John Deere Farm Business
                 3       Agricultural Law                                                                                    7.010305
                                             written for agricultural producers          Mgmt. Chapter 11
                                             Explain the different types of insurance    John Deere Farm Business
                 3       Agricultural Law                                                                                    7.010302
                                             used by a farm operator                     Mgmt. Chapter 11
                                             Identify the different variables involved   John Deere Farm Business
                 4       Agricultural Law                                                                                    7.010305
                                             with estates and estate planning            Mgmt. Chapter 11

                                             List and explain the different types of     John Deere Farm Business
                 1       Budget Analysis                                                                                     7.030101                45.00
                                             budgets                                     Mgmt. Chapter 4


                                             List and explain the principles of the      John Deere Farm Business
                 1       Budget Analysis                                                                                     7.030101                45.00
                                             budgeting process                           Mgmt. Chapter 4


                                                                                         John Deere Farm Business
                 2       Budget Analysis     Complete an enterprise budget                                                   7.030101                45.00
                                                                                         Mgmt. Chapter 4


                                             Complete and interpret a breakeven          John Deere Farm Business
                 2       Budget Analysis                                                                                     7.020104                45.00
                                             analysis for an enterprise budget           Mgmt. Chapter 4

                 3       Budget Analysis     Complete a partial budget                   John Deere Farm Business                                    45.00
                                                                                         Mgmt. Chapter 4
                                             Complete and interpret a breakeven          John Deere Farm Business
                 3       Budget Analysis                                                                                     7.020104                45.00
                                             analysis for a partial budget               Mgmt. Chapter 4
                               List and explain the four types of business John Deere Farm Business
2   Business Organizations                                                                                7.010302
                               organizations                               Mgmt. Chapter 11


                               List factors to consider when organizing a John Deere Farm Business
2   Business Organizations                                                                                7.010302
                               business                                   Mgmt. Chapter 11

                               Compare and contrast corporations and         John Deere Farm Business
3   Business Organizations                                                                                7.010302
                               cooperatives                                  Mgmt. Chapter 10

                               Identify the different parts of a cash flow   John Deere Farm Business
1   Cash Flow Analysis                                                                                    7.030101   45.00
                               projection                                    Mgmt. Chapter 6


                               List and explain the purposes of a cash       John Deere Farm Business
1   Cash Flow Analysis                                                                                    7.030101   47.00
                               flow projection                               Mgmt. Chapter 6


                               Complete a cash flow statement for a          John Deere Farm Business
2   Cash Flow Analysis                                                                                    7.030101   45.00
                               farm business                                 Mgmt. Chapter 6


                               Describe three stages of the production       John Deere Farm Business
1   Cost and Return Analysis                                                                              7.030102   47.00
                               function (input-output relationship)          Mgmt. Chapter 5


                               Identify and explain diminishing returns      John Deere Farm Business
2   Cost and Return Analysis                                                                              7.030102   47.00
                               and the profit maximizing rule                Mgmt. Chapter 5

                               Complete the financial analysis for a cash John Deere Farm Business
3   Cost and Return Analysis                                                                              7.020104   49.00
                               flow statement                             Mgmt. Chapter 5
                               Complete a cost and revenue analysis for
4   Cost and Return Analysis                                                                                         49.00
                               a farm enterprise
                                                                             Other 1st Semester
                               Explain the Law of Diminishing Return
1   Economic Principles                                                      Agribusiness Concepts (NOT   7.060102   47.00
                               from a retail agribusiness perspective
                                                                             in the John Deere Text)
                                                                        Other 1st Semester
                               Provide information of cost concepts and
1   Economic Principles                                                 Agribusiness Concepts (NOT        7.060102   49.00
                               opportunity cost interpretation
                                                                        in the John Deere Text)
                          Recognize that agribusinesses of all kinds
                                                                     Other 1st Semester
                          produce, process, transport, market and
1   Economic Principles                                              Agribusiness Concepts (NOT      7.060102   49.00
                          sell food, fiber, and natural resources to
                                                                     in the John Deere Text)
                          make a profit

                          Summarize the correlation between an
                          agribusiness manager and a farm           Other 1st Semester
1   Economic Principles   manager with respect to: decision making, Agribusiness Concepts (NOT       7.010301   49.00
                          technology usage, accounting and record in the John Deere Text)
                          keeping, personnel management

                          Assist students in applying economic
?   Economic Principles   principles to a variety of situations in farm                              7.060102   49.00
                          management and retail agribusiness
                          Discuss the impact that climate,
?   Economic Principles   governmental actions, and world events                                     7.010305   49.00
                          have on agribusiness.
                          Examine the principles of marginal
?   Economic Principles   physical product and marginal value                                        7.060102   49.00
                          product
                          Explain the Law of Diminishing Marginal
?   Economic Principles                                                                              7.060102   45.00
                          Utility

                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
1   Financial Analysis    Complete a net worth statement                                             7.030105   47.00
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 3


                          List and explain the components of a net        John Deere Farm Business
1   Financial Analysis                                                                               7.030105   47.00
                          worth statement                                 Mgmt. Chapter 3


                          Be familiar with the various parts of a         John Deere Farm Business
2   Financial Analysis                                                                               7.030105   49.00
                          Farm Income Statement                           Mgmt. Chapter 3


                          Complete the financial analysis for a           John Deere Farm Business
2   Financial Analysis                                                                               7.030105   45.00
                          business (16 financial ratios)                  Mgmt. Chapter 3


                          Explain the relationship between a net          John Deere Farm Business
2   Financial Analysis                                                                               7.030105   47.00
                          worth and income statement                      Mgmt. Chapter 3
                          Complete a written financial appraisal and John Deere Farm Business
4   Financial Analysis                                                                               7.030102   47.00
                          recommendation for a farm business         Mgmt. Chapter 3


                          Be familiar with the systematic decision        John Deere Farm Business
1   Introduction                                                                                     7.010202   47.00
                          making process                                  Mgmt. Chapter 1


                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
1   Introduction          Describe farm efficiency measures                                          7.020104   44.05
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 1


                          Compare and contrast goals and                  John Deere Farm Business
2   Introduction                                                                                     7.010103
                          objectives                                      Mgmt. Chapter 1


                          Complete a goal and objective writing           John Deere Farm Business
2   Introduction                                                                                     7.010103
                          exercise for a business                         Mgmt. Chapter 1


                          Compare and contrast compounding and John Deere Farm Business
1   Investment Analysis                                                                              7.030109   45.00
                          discounting                          Mgmt. Chapter 8


                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
1   Investment Analysis   List the rules for the index of profitability                              7.030109   47.00
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 8

                          Explain the variables involved with the net
                                                                      John Deere Farm Business
2   Investment Analysis   present value method of analyzing an                                       7.030109   47.00
                                                                      Mgmt. Chapter 8
                          investment

                          Identify the principles of the payback          John Deere Farm Business
2   Investment Analysis                                                                              7.030109   45.00
                          period for an investment                        Mgmt. Chapter 8

                          Complete a financial analysis for an
                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
3   Investment Analysis   investment: compounding, discounting                                       7.010305   44.05
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 8
                          and net present value
                          Calculate an amortization schedule for an John Deere Farm Business
4   Investment Analysis                                                                              7.010305   45.00
                          agricultural loan                         Mgmt. Chapter 8

                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
1   Marketing             Explain the concept of utility                                             7.060102   47.00
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 7
                              Identify the different stages in a complete John Deere Farm Business
1   Marketing                                                                                        7.060101
                              production - markeing system                Mgmt. Chapter 7


                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
2   Marketing                 Identify the parts of the demand curve                                 7.060102   49.00
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 7


                                                                          John Deere Farm Business
2   Marketing                 Identify the parts of the supply curve                                 7.060102   49.00
                                                                          Mgmt. Chapter 7

                              Explain the laws of supply and demand       John Deere Farm Business
3   Marketing                                                                                        7.060102   49.00
                              and how they differentiate                  Mgmt. Chapter 7
                              Identify farm support programs for          John Deere Farm Business
4   Marketing                                                                                        7.010305
                              farmers                                     Mgmt. Chapter 7
                              List and explain the different methods of   John Deere Farm Business
4   Marketing                                                                                        7.060101
                              marketing agricultural commodities          Mgmt. Chapter 7

                              Compare and contrast single entry versus John Deere Farm Business
1   Record Keeping                                                                                   7.030108   49.00
                              double entry accounting systems          Mgmt. Chapter 2


                              Explain the different types of record       John Deere Farm Business
1   Record Keeping                                                                                   7.020101   49.00
                              keeping systems                             Mgmt. Chapter 2


                              List and explain the different kinds of     John Deere Farm Business
1   Record Keeping                                                                                   7.020101
                              records for business                        Mgmt. Chapter 2


                              List and explain the different methods of   John Deere Farm Business
2   Record Keeping                                                                                   7.040101
                              determining inventory value                 Mgmt. Chapter 2

                              Classify the different kinds of income and John Deere Farm Business
3   Record Keeping                                                                                   7.020102
                              expenses                                   Mgmt. Chapter 2
                              Complete posting of income and              John Deere Farm Business
4   Record Keeping                                                                                   7.020102
                              expenses in a ledger                        Mgmt. Chapter 2

                              Develop a career or job description for a
1   Sales - Human Resources                                                                          7.010306
                              retail agribusiness professional
                                  Develop a list of attributes that portray a
1   Sales - Human Resources       positive image when looking at and            7.010201
                                  speaking to an agribusiness professional


                                  Develop advanced leadership skills
1   Sales - Human Resources                                                     7.010201
                                  through participation in FFA



1   Sales - Human Resources       Interpret Maslow's Needs Hierarchy            7.010306


?   Sales - Human Resources       Compete in the FFA Ag Sales CDE               7.060403

                                  Complete a sales ticket, and make correct
?   Sales - Human Resources                                                     7.060403
                                  change.
                                  Develop an understanding of how to close
                                  a sale, reasons potential customers resist
?   Sales - Human Resources                                                     7.060403
                                  buying, and means to overcome these
                                  obstacles
                                  Develop proficiency in determining the
?   Sales - Human Resources       selling price of an item using various        7.060401
                                  markup systems.
                                  Interview a manager or department
?   Sales - Human Resources       manager of a retail agribusiness about        7.010301
                                  their career

    Size, Function and Scope of   Determine the economic impact of retail
1                                                                               7.010301
    American Agribusiness         agribusinesses within your community

                                  Develop a list of ag oriented or
    Size, Function and Scope of
1                                 "agribusiness" companies within the           7.010301
    American Agribusiness
                                  Fortune 500.

    Size, Function and Scope of   Establish a list of career titles within
1                                                                               7.010306
    American Agribusiness         agribusiness
                                  Outline the changes that occur when raw
    Size, Function and Scope of   commodities move from production to
1                                                                                                           7.060201
    American Agribusiness         consumption with emphasis on how retail
                                  or corporate agribusiness gets involved

                                  Participate in a job-shadowing program
    Size, Function and Scope of
1                                 program to learn about careers in                                         7.010306
    American Agribusiness
                                  agribusiness

    Size, Function and Scope of   Provide an overview of the magnitude of
1                                                                                                           7.010301
    American Agribusiness         the retail agribusiness system


                                  Compare and contrast the following types
    Size, Function and Scope of   of retail agribusiness ownership: sole
?                                                                                                           7.010302
    American Agribusiness         proprietorship, corporation, and
                                  cooperative.

                                  Study an anuual report from any
                                  corporate, cooperative or retail
    Size, Function and Scope of
?                                 agribusiness and observe the similarities                                 7.010105
    American Agribusiness
                                  and difference compared to a set of farm
                                  financial statements.

                                  Visit the Agribusiness Association of Iowa
    Size, Function and Scope of   website @ www.agribiz.org to gain an
?
    American Agribusiness         appreciation of who the members are and
                                  the membership benefits.


                                  Visit the Agricultural Retailers Association
    Size, Function and Scope of   website @ www.aradc.org to gain an
?
    American Agribusiness         appreciation of who the members are and
                                  the membership benefits

                                  Compare and contrast cash and accrual
                                                                                 John Deere Farm Business
1   Taxes                         methods of reporting income and                                           7.030106   47.00
                                                                                 Mgmt. Chapter 9
                                  expenses
                            Identify advantages and disadvantages of John Deere Farm Business
1   Taxes                                                                                        7.030108   47.00
                            cash and accrual methods of tax reporting Mgmt. Chapter 10


                            Complete a Schedule F for a farm          John Deere Farm Business
2   Taxes                                                                                        7.030106   45.00
                            business                                  Mgmt. Chapter 10

                            Complete a depreciation schedule for a    John Deere Farm Business
3   Taxes                                                                                        7.030103   45.00
                            farm asset using IRS publication 225      Mgmt. Chapter 9
                            List the three criteria for calculating   John Deere Farm Business
3   Taxes                                                                                        7.030103   47.00
                            depreciation                              Mgmt. Chapter 9
                            List and explain self employment and      John Deere Farm Business
4   Taxes                                                                                        7.010302   45.00
                            social security taxes                     Mgmt. Chapter 9
                            Complete an entire case study for a farm
                            business employing the various           John Deere Farm Business
4   Whole Farm Case Study                                                                        7.010302   49.00
                            competencies developed during the        Mgmt. Chapter 12
                            course of study.
Agronomy                                    Curriculum Outline & Crosswalk
    Level     Priority              Topic                    Subtopic                        Suggested or Potential           Natl Ag     Natl Sci.   Natl.       IA
 Awareness, 1, 2, 3,                                                                              Resources                    Std          Std       Math     Competen
Introductory,    4                                                                                                                                    Std.        cy
   Mastery
                                                                                          http://faeis.ahnrit.vt.edu/supply
                         Careers            Career Opportunities
                                                                                                demand/2005-2010/
Awareness        1       Cropping Systems   Describe careers in the area of agronomy                                               2.01    25.0601     44.01
                                            Name products derived from agronomic
Awareness        1       Cropping Systems                                                                                     2.030207     25.0303     44.01
                                            plants and their uses
                                            Identify alternative agronomic crops, their
Awareness        3       Cropping Systems                                                                                     2.030101     24.0102     45.03
                                            uses and production
                                                                                          Organic Agriculture (ISU Ext.       2.030102,
Introductory     3       Cropping Systems   Explain organic crop practices                                                                 25.0401     45.03
                                                                                          Pm1880)                              2.030104
                                                                                          Estimated Costs of Crop
                                            Develop enterprise budgets for various
Mastery          3       Cropping Systems                                                 Production in Iowa (ISU Ext.        2.030101     24.0104     44.11
                                            agronomic crops
                                                                                          Pm1712)
                                            Identify characteristics of high quality      Crop Science:Principles and
Mastery          3       Cropping Systems                                                                                     2.030206     25.0105     44.01
                                            harvested agronomic crops                     Practices (ISBN#0536721009)
Mastery          4       Cropping Systems   Determine harvest losses for crops                                                2.030204     24.0105     44.11
                                            Outline a cropping system for a farm that
                                                                                                                              2.010405,
Mastery          4       Cropping Systems   incorporates the concepts of sustainable                                                       25.0605     45.03
                                                                                                                               2.030102
                                            agriculture
                                            Identify common weed, insect, and             Crop Science:Principles and
Introductory     1       Pest Management                                                                                      2.010401     24.0101     44.01
                                            disease problems in crops                     Practices (ISBN#0536721009)
                                                                                          Private Pesticide Applicator
Awareness        2       Pest Management    Describe weed and insect life cycles                                              2.010404     22.0601     44.01
                                                                                          Guide (ISU Ext. PAT1)
                                            Explain how to safely handle pesticides       Private Pesticide Applicator
Mastery          2       Pest Management                                                                                      2.010402     24.0104     44.01
                                            and related regulations                       Guide (ISU Ext. PAT1)
                                                                                          Private Pesticide Applicator
                                                                                          Guide (ISU Ext. PAT1),
                                                                                          Herbicide Manual for Ag
Mastery          2       Pest Management    Select pesticides for maximum profit          Professionals (ISU Ext.             2.010405     24.0102     45.03
                                                                                          WC92), current commercial
                                                                                          agronomic pest control
                                                                                          company materials
                                            Calibrate a sprayer and determine             Private Pesticide Applicator
Mastery          4       Pest Management                                                                                      2.010405     24.0103     45.03
                                            pesticide formulations                        Guide (ISU Ext. PAT1)
                                            Formulate and integrated pest                 Private Pesticide Applicator        2.010404,
Mastery          4       Pest Management                                                                                                   24.0102     45.03
                                            management plan                               Guide (ISU Ext. PAT1)                2.010405
                                                 Identify common agronomic plants and       Crop Science:Principles and 2.020104,
Awareness      1   Plant Growth and Physiology                                                                                          22.0305   44.01
                                                 their uses                                 Practices (ISBN#0536721009) 2.020109
                                                 Describe the plant processes that affect
                                                                                            Crop Science:Principles and 2.020102,
Introductory   3   Plant Growth and Physiology   crop growth and development including                                                  22.0504   45.03
                                                                                            Practices (ISBN#0536721009) 2.020103
                                                 the concept of photosynthesis.
                                                                                            Crop Science:Principles and
Introductory   3   Plant Growth and Physiology   Identify parts of seeds and seedlings                                       2.020101   22.0504   44.01
                                                                                            Practices (ISBN#0536721009)

                                                 Understand the concept of growing          Crop Science:Principles and 2.020102,
Introductory   3   Plant Growth and Physiology                                                                                          22.0504   45.03
                                                 degree days/heat units on plant growth     Practices (ISBN#0536721009) 2.030102

                                                 Explain the function of various leaf, stem, Crop Science:Principles and
Mastery        3   Plant Growth and Physiology                                                                               2.020102   22.0504   44.01
                                                 modified stem, and root systems             Practices (ISBN#0536721009)
Awareness      1   Precision Agriculture         Operate basic GPS Equipment                                                 2.030202 24.02302    44.01
                                                                                            The Precision Farming Guide
Awareness      2   Precision Agriculture         Be familiar with maps generated by GPS for Agriculturists (John Deere       2.030202   24.0202   44.01
                                                                                            Publ.)
                                                                                            The Precision Farming Guide
                                                 Explain the concepts of grid and zone soil
Introductory   4   Precision Agriculture                                                    for Agriculturists (John Deere   2.010201   24.0202   45.03
                                                 sampling
                                                                                            Publ.)
                                                                                            Iowa Crop Performance Tests
                                                                                            (ISU Ext. Pm660, AG84,
Mastery        1   Seed Science                  Select crop seed for maximum profit                                         2.030101   24.0101   45.03
                                                                                            AG18), current commercial
                                                                                            seed company sales materials

                                                 Describe general methods of plant          Crop Science:Principles and
Introductory   2   Seed Science                                                                                              2.010303   24.0201   44.01
                                                 breeding                                   Practices (ISBN#0536721009)

                                                                                            Crop Science:Principles and
Introductory   2   Seed Science                  Discuss pros and cons of GMO seed use                                       2.010305   24.0205   45.03
                                                                                            Practices (ISBN#0536721009)

                                                 Explain the processes of biotechnology     Crop Science:Principles and
Mastery        3   Seed Science                                                                                              2.010305   24.0202   44.01
                                                 and the development of GMO products        Practices (ISBN#0536721009)

                                                                                            Crop Science:Principles and
Introductory   4   Seed Science                  Describe crop seed production                                               2.010303   24.0103   44.01
                                                                                            Practices (ISBN#0536721009)

                                                 Determine seed needs for an agronomic      Crop Science:Principles and
Mastery        4   Seed Science                                                                                              2.030101   24.0101   45.03
                                                 crop operation                             Practices (ISBN#0536721009)
                                                                                 Crop Science:Principles and
                                                                                 Practices
                                    Be familiar with the secondary and           (ISBN#0536721009), Soil          2.010102,
Awareness      1   Soil Fertility                                                                                             22.0502   44.01
                                    micronutrients                               Fertility Manual (Potash and      2.010103
                                                                                 Phosphate Institute, www.ppi-
                                                                                 ppic.org)
                                                                                 Crop Science:Principles and
                                                                                 Practices
                                    Identify the three primary nutrients and     (ISBN#0536721009), Soil          2.010102,
Introductory   1   Soil Fertility                                                                                             22.0502   44.01
                                    describe their function                      Fertility Manual (Potash and      2.010103
                                                                                 Phosphate Institute, www.ppi-
                                                                                 ppic.org)
                                                                                 Crop Science:Principles and
                                                                                 Practices
                                    Explain how soil pH affects crop             (ISBN#0536721009), Soil
Mastery        1   Soil Fertility                                                                                 2.010205    24.0104   44.01
                                    productivity                                 Fertility Manual (Potash and
                                                                                 Phosphate Institute, www.ppi-
                                                                                 ppic.org)
                                                                                 Taking a good Sample (ISU
                                    Take a soil sample and interpret a soil test Ext. Pm 287), General Guide      2.010201,
Mastery        1   Soil Fertility                                                                                             24.0103   45.03
                                    report                                       for Crop Nutrient (ISU Ext.       2.010202
                                                                                 Pm1688)
                                                                                 Soil Fertility Manual (Potash
Introductory   2   Soil Fertility   Compare and contrast forms of fertilizer     and Phosphate Institute,         2.010101    24.0102   44.01
                                                                                 www.ppi-ppic.org)
                                                                                 Interpeting a Soil Test Report
                                                                                 (ISU Ext. Pm1310), Soil
                                    Make a lime and fertilizer
Mastery        4   Soil Fertility                                                Fertility Manual (Potash and     2.010202    24.0103   45.03
                                    recommendation for a farm
                                                                                 Phosphate Institute, www.ppi-
                                                                                 ppic.org)
                                    Describe common soil Conservation
Awareness      1   Soils                                                         Various NRCS Publications        2.010206    25.0302   44.01
                                    practices
                                                                                 Soil Judging in Iowa (ISU Ext.
                                                                                 Pm-1106), Crop
                                                                                 Science:Principles and
Awareness      1   Soils            Identify horizons of a soil profile          Practices                        2.010203    25.0401   45.03
                                                                                 (ISBN#0536721009),Soil
                                                                                 Science and Management
                                                                                 (Edward J. Plaster-Delmar
                                                                                 Publishers Inc.)
                                                                                          Soil Judging in Iowa (ISU Ext.
                                                                                          Pm-1106), Crop
                                                                                          Science:Principles and
                                           Evaluate soil for texture, structure, and      Practices
Introductory   1   Soils                                                                                                   2.010203   25.0401   45.03
                                           color                                          (ISBN#0536721009), Soil
                                                                                          Science and Management
                                                                                          (Edward J. Plaster-Delmar
                                                                                          Publishers Inc.)
                                                                                          County Soil Survey (NRCS),
                                           Determine land productivity form a Soil
Introductory   2   Soils                                                                  Soil Judging in Iowa (ISU Ext.   2.010206   25.0301   44.01
                                           Survey map
                                                                                          Pm-1106)
                                                                                          County Soil Survey (NRCS),
                                           Determine use of land based on the soil
Introductory   2   Soils                                                                  Soil Judging in Iowa (ISU Ext.   2.040101   25.0301   45.03
                                           survey
                                                                                          Pm-1106)
                                           Use the universal soil loss equation for
Introductory   2   Soils                                                                  NRCS Publications                2.010101   25.0302   44.01
                                           decision making

                                                                                          Soil Science and Management
                                           Describe characteristics of a healthy soil,    (Edward J. Plaster-Delmar
                                                                                                                      2.010104,
Awareness      3   Soils                   including the role of organic matter and       Publishers Inc.), Crop                      22.0505   45.03
                                                                                                                       2.010207
                                           earthworms.                                    Science:Principles and
                                                                                          Practices (ISBN#0536721009)

                                           Be familiar with legislation related to soil   Local NRCS Personel, FSA
Introductory   3   Soils                                                                                                   2.040101   25.0302   44.01
                                           conservation                                   and NRCS publications
                                           Determine a soil conservation plan for a       County Soil Survey (NRCS),
Mastery        4   Soils                                                                                                   2.040101   25.0302   45.03
                                           farm                                           Local NRCS Personel
                                                                                          current periodical publication
                   Sustainable Agronomic   Identify sustainable agriculture practices
Awareness      1                                                                          articles, Leopold Center         2.030102 25.00302    44.01
                   Practices               in agronomy
                                                                                          newsletters
                   Sustainable Agronomic   List types of tillage and harvesting           Crop Science:Principles and 2.030202,
Awareness      1                                                                                                                      25.0502   44.01
                   Practices               equipment and their purposes                   Practices (ISBN#0536721009) 2.030103

                   Sustainable Agronomic   Contrast conventional and conservation         Crop Science:Principles and
Introductory   2                                                                                                           2.030102   25.0502   45.03
                   Practices               tillage systems                                Practices (ISBN#0536721009)
Animal Science                                        Curriculum Outline & Crosswalk
    Level     Quarter Topic                           Subtopic                                 Suggested or Potential           Natl Ag    Natl Sci.    Natl.      IA
 Awareness, 1, 2, 3,                                                                                Resources                    Std         Std        Math    Competen
Introductory,   4                                                                                                                                       Std.       cy
   Mastery
                                                                                            http://faeis.ahnrit.vt.edu/supply
                     Careers                          Career Opportunities
                                                                                                  demand/2005-2010/
                                                                                                                                                       47.00,
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Awareness       5    Animal Enthusiast's /Activists   Animal Welfare                                                                3.02    25.01      48.00,
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       49.00
                                                                                                                                                       47.00,
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Awareness       5    Animal Enthusiast's /Activists   Animal Rights                                                                 3.02    25.01      48.00,
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       49.00
                                                                                                                                                       47.00,
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Awareness       5    Animal Enthusiast's /Activists   Legislation                                                                   3.05    25.01      48.00,
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       49.00
                                                                                                                                                       47.00,
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Awareness       5    Animal Enthusiast's /Activists   Societal Influence                                                            3.02    25.03      48.00,
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       49.00
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    2    Beef                             Management for Phases of Production                                         3.0504    22.06      44.03
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    2    Beef                             Merchandising                                                             3.050403    25.01      44.00
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry                                 43.00,
Introductory    2    Beef                             Housing and Equipment                                                         3.02    24.01
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)                                   42.00
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    2    Beef                             Evaluation and Selection                                                      3.05    25.04      40.02
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery         2    Beef                             Breeds                                                                        3.01    26.03      46.04
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry                                 40.05,
Mastery         2    Beef                             Diseases and Parasites                                                    3.010302    22.04
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)                                   40.06
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery         2    Beef                             Nutrition Management                                                          3.03    22.04      40.02
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    2    Dairy                            Management for Phases of Production                                         3.0504    22.06      44.03
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    2    Dairy                            Merchandising                                                             3.050403    25.01      44.00
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry                                 43.00,
Introductory    2    Dairy                            Housing and Equipment                                                         3.02    24.01
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)                                   42.00
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    2    Dairy                            Evaluation and Selection                                                      3.05    25.04      40.02
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery         2    Dairy                            Breeds                                                                        3.01    26.03      46.04
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry                                 40.05,
Mastery         2    Dairy                            Diseases and Parasites                                                    3.010302    22.04
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)                                   40.06
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery         2    Dairy                            Nutrition Management                                                          3.03    22.04      40.02
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       47.00,
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    5    Food Safety                      Government Role in Food Production                                            3.05    25.06      48.00,
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       49.00
                                                                                                                                                       47.00,
                                                                                            Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory    5    Food Safety                      HACCP                                                                         3.05    25.06      48.00,
                                                                                            (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                                                       49.00
                                                                                                                              47.00,
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   5   Food Safety   Sources of Concern                                                            3.05   25.06   48.00,
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                              49.00
                                                                                                                              47.00,
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        5   Food Safety   History of Food Systems                                                     3.0502   25.01   48.00,
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                                                                              49.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      44.00,
Awareness      4   Genetics      History of Biotech                                                        3.040204   24.01
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        48.00
                                 Biotechnology Applications (i.e.., genetic   Modern Livestock & Poultry                      44.00,
Introductory   4   Genetics                                                                                3.040204   24.01
                                 engineering, cloning)                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        48.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      44.00,
Introductory   4   Genetics      Nucleotides (A-C-G-T)                                                     3.040202   22.01
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        48.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   4   Genetics      Sex-Related Inheritance                                                   3.040202   23.03   44.05
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      44.00,
Mastery        4   Genetics      Mitosis/Meiosis                                                           3.040202   22.01
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        48.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      44.01,
Mastery        4   Genetics      Population Genetics                                                       3.040202   25.03
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        44.02
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        2   Health        Disease Identification and Diagnosis                                        3.0103   22.01   44.10
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        2   Health        Body's Defense Systems                                                    3.010305   22.01   44.10
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Horse         Management for Phases of Production                                         3.0504   22.06   44.03
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Horse         Merchandising                                                             3.050403   25.01   44.00
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      43.00,
Introductory   3   Horse         Housing and Equipment                                                         3.02   24.01
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        42.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Horse         Evaluation and Selection                                                      3.05   25.04   40.02
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        3   Horse         Breeds                                                                        3.01   26.03   46.04
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      40.05,
Mastery        3   Horse         Diseases and Parasites                                                    3.010302   22.04
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        40.06
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        3   Horse         Nutrition Management                                                          3.03   22.04   40.02
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Awareness      1   Industry      Animal Contributions to Society                                             3.0504   25.02   41.15
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Awareness      1   Industry      Animal Distribution/US/Worldwide                                            3.0504   25.06   41.15
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   1   Industry      Agriculture Structure                                                       3.0504   25.02   41.15
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   1   Industry      Sustainable Agriculture                                                     3.0504   25.02   41.15
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   1   Industry      Careers in Animal Science                                                     3.01   25.02   48.00
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Introductory   1   Nutrition     Nutrients and Body Functions                                              3.030201 21.0301
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Introductory   1   Nutrition     Monogastric Digestion                                                       3.0301   25.02
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Introductory   1   Nutrition     Ruminant Digestion                                                          3.0301   25.02
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                              Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Introductory   1   Nutrition     Digestive Enzymes and Hormones                                                3.03   22.01
                                                                              (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   1   Nutrition      Digestive System Structures/Anatomy                                  3.0301   22.01   41.06
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                  Feedstuff Classification and Ration   Modern Livestock & Poultry                      41.06,
Introductory   1   Nutrition                                                                             3.03   22.01
                                  Formulations                          (from Delmar Publishing)                        43.02
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Poultry        Management for Phases of Production                                  3.0504   22.06   44.03
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Poultry        Merchandising                                                      3.050403   25.01   44.00
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      43.00,
Introductory   3   Poultry        Housing and Equipment                                                  3.02   24.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        42.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Poultry        Evaluation and Selection                                               3.05   25.04   40.02
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        3   Poultry        Breeds                                                                 3.01   26.03   46.04
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      40.05,
Mastery        3   Poultry        Diseases and Parasites                                             3.010302   22.04
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        40.06
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        3   Poultry        Nutrition Management                                                   3.03   22.04   40.02
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Introductory   1   Reproduction   Reproductive Technology                                              3.0402   22.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Mastery        1   Reproduction   Anatomy and Physiology                                             3.040101   22.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Mastery        1   Reproduction   Male Anatomy                                                       3.040101   22.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Mastery        1   Reproduction   Female Anatomy                                                     3.040101   22.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      45.00,
Mastery        1   Reproduction   Pregnancy                                                          3.030101   22.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        46.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        1   Reproduction   Parturition                                                        3.040302   22.01   43.04
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   2   Sheep/Goats    Management for Phases of Production                                  3.0504   22.06   44.03
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   2   Sheep/Goats    Merchandising                                                      3.050403   25.01   44.00
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      43.00,
Introductory   2   Sheep/Goats    Housing and Equipment                                                  3.02   24.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        42.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   2   Sheep/Goats    Evaluation and Selection                                               3.05   25.04   40.02
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        2   Sheep/Goats    Breeds                                                                 3.01   26.03   46.04
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      40.05,
Mastery        2   Sheep/Goats    Diseases and Parasites                                             3.010302   22.04
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        40.06
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery        2   Sheep/Goats    Nutrition Management                                                   3.03   22.04   40.02
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Swine          Management for Phases of Production                                  3.0504   22.06   44.03
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Swine          Merchandising                                                      3.050403   25.01   44.00
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry                      43.00,
Introductory   3   Swine          Housing and Equipment                                                  3.02   24.01
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)                        42.00
                                                                        Modern Livestock & Poultry
Introductory   3   Swine          Evaluation and Selection                                               3.05   25.04   40.02
                                                                        (from Delmar Publishing)
                                               Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery   3   Swine   Breeds                                                    3.01   26.03   46.04
                                               (from Delmar Publishing)
                                               Modern Livestock & Poultry                      40.05,
Mastery   3   Swine   Diseases and Parasites                                3.010302   22.04
                                               (from Delmar Publishing)                        40.06
                                               Modern Livestock & Poultry
Mastery   3   Swine   Nutrition Management                                      3.03   22.04   40.02
                                               (from Delmar Publishing)
Horticulture                                  Curriculum Outline & Crosswalk
    Level     Priority               Topic                     Subtopic                        Suggested or Potential           Natl Ag    Natl Sci.   Natl.      IA
 Awareness, 1, 2, 3,                                                                                Resources                    Std         Std       Math    Competen
Introductory,    4                                                                                                                                     Std.       cy
   Mastery
                                                                                            http://faeis.ahnrit.vt.edu/supply
                         Careers              Career Opportunities
                                                                                                  demand/2005-2010/
                                              Explain role of primary and secondary         Introductory Horticulture,
Awareness        2       Chemicals                                                                                              2.010101   A 20.02     44.01   AB-12 34
                                              nutrients                                     Delmar Publishing
                                              Calculate amount of fertilizer/chemicals      Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Introductory     2       Chemicals                                                                                              2.010105               45.03    AB-10 6
                                              needed for a task                             Delmar Publishing                              24.0103
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Introductory     2       Chemicals            Fertilize media or soil                                                           2.010105               45.03    H-12 1
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing                              24.0103
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,
Introductory     2       Chemicals            Interpret data of soil sample analysis                                            2.010202   B 21.03     44.01     H-1 3
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Mastery          3       Chemicals            Take soil samples                                                                 2.010201               43.02    H-12 2
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing                              24.0101
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,
Awareness        4       Chemicals            Explain growth regulating chemicals                                               2.020102   B 21.03     45.03     H-5 3
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing
                                              Calibrate fertilizer and chemical             Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Introductory     4       Chemicals                                                                                              2.010105               43.02    AB-10 6
                                              equipment                                     Delmar Publishing                              24.0103
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,
Introductory     4       Chemicals            Understand state pesticide regulations                                            2.010403   B 21.03     44.01    NR-5 1
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing
                                              Explain the basic principles of floral        Introductory Horticulture,
Awareness        4       Floral                                                                                                 2.040103   A 20.02     45.03    H-12 48
                                              design                                        Delmar Publishing
                                              Identify floral crops and houseplants by      Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Introductory     4       Floral                                                                                                 2.030101               45.03    H-12 17
                                              common name                                   Delmar Publishing                              24.0103
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Introductory     4       Fruit                Properly prune fruit trees and small fruits                                       2.030106               45.03    H12-33
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing                              24.0103
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,
Introductory     1       General Plant Info   Describe the germination process                                                  2.020103   A 20.02     45.03    H-12 52
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,                        C
Mastery          1       General Plant Info   Explain photosynthesis                                                            2.010102               45.03    H-12 51
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing                              22.0105
                                              Identify and define the uses of plant         Introductory Horticulture,                        E
Awareness        2       General Plant Info                                                                                     2.030205               45.03    H-12 9
                                              structures                                    Delmar Publishing                              24.0101
                                                                                            Introductory Horticulture,
Introductory     3       General Plant Info   Explain scientific naming of plants                                               2.020102   A 20.02     44.01    H-12 55
                                                                                            Delmar Publishing
                                Propagate plants using sexual, asexual,       Introductory Horticulture,                  E              H-12 7, H-
Introductory   1   Greenhouse                                                                              2.010303              45.03
                                and grafting techniques                       Delmar Publishing                        24.0103             12 20
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   1   Greenhouse   Produce greenhouse crops                                                   2.030207              45.03    H-12 3
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Mastery        1   Greenhouse   Identify healthy plants                                                    2.010401              44.01     H-1 2
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0101
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,   2.030103,      E
Mastery        1   Greenhouse   Pot and Transplant plants correctly                                                              45.03    H-12 3
                                                                              Delmar Publishing            2.030104    24.0103
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Mastery        2   Greenhouse   Identify growing media                                                     2.030105              44.01    H-12 1
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0101
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   3   Greenhouse   Develop a marketing plan                                                   2.030107              45.03    AB-4 4
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                Adjust or control environmental factors in Introductory Horticulture,                     E
Introductory   4   Greenhouse                                                                              2.030102              45.03     H-1 8
                                a greenhouse                               Delmar Publishing                           24.0103
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   1   Landscape    Install landscape material                                                 2.030103              45.03    H-12 22
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                Explain the basic principles of landscape     Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   1   Landscape                                                                               2.040103              45.03    H-12 64
                                design                                        Delmar Publishing                        24.0101
                                Choose an appropriate plant for a given       Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   1   Landscape                                                                               2.040106              44.01     H-1 5
                                location                                      Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   2   Landscape    Correctly prune shrubs and trees                                           2.030106              45.03    H-12 33
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                Calculate a bill of materials for a           Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   2   Landscape                                                                               2.040105              45.03    H-12 22
                                landscape job                                 Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                Identify trees and shrubs by common           Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   3   Landscape                                                                               2.030101              45.03    H-12 27
                                name                                          Delmar Publishing                        24.0101
                                Use drafting techniques to draw a basic       Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   3   Landscape                                                                               2.040104              43.02     H-1 7
                                design plan to scale                          Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                Interpret landscape plans using an            Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Mastery        3   Landscape                                                                               2.040104              43.02     H-1 7
                                engineer's scale                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Mastery        1   Nursery      Properly plant shrubs and trees                                            2.030103              45.03    H-12 31
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                                                              Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Awareness      2   Nursery      Properly maintain plants after installation                                2.030106              45.03    H-12 33
                                                                              Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                Identify distiguishing characteristics of     Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Awareness      4   Nursery                                                                                 2.030101              45.03    H-12 26
                                nursery plants                                Delmar Publishing                        24.0101
                                Formulate a pest management plan for          Introductory Horticulture,                  E
Introductory   4   Nursery                                                                                 2.010403              45.03     H-1 1
                                insects, diseases, and weeds                  Delmar Publishing                        24.0103
                                                                               Introductory Horticulture,                 E
Introductory   4   Nursery        Establish a care program for a given plant                                2.030102             45.03   H-12 50
                                                                               Delmar Publishing                       24.0101
                                                                               Introductory Horticulture,
Awareness      2   Plant Health   Explain factors affecting plant growth                                    2.020102   A 20.02   45.03   H-12 52
                                                                               Delmar Publishing
                                  Identify and distinguish between
                                                                           Introductory Horticulture,                     E
Introductory   3   Plant Health   disease/pest/insect/chemical/environment                                  2.010403             44.01    H-1 1
                                                                           Delmar Publishing                           24.0101
                                  al damage
                                                                               Introductory Horticulture,                 E
Introductory   3   Turfgrass      Identify common weeds                                                     2.010401             45.03   H-12 15
                                                                               Delmar Publishing                       24.0101
                                                                               Introductory Horticulture,                 E
Introductory   3   Turfgrass      Prepare site and install sod/seed                                         2.030103             45.03   H-12 24
                                                                               Delmar Publishing                       24.0103
                                  Identify midwestern turfgrasses by           Introductory Horticulture,                 E
Introductory   4   Turfgrass                                                                                2.030101             45.03   H-12 34
                                  common name                                  Delmar Publishing                       24.0101
                                                                               Introductory Horticulture,                 E
Mastery        3   Vegetable      Interpret plant hardiness zones                                           2.020107             44.01   H-12 54
                                                                               Delmar Publishing                       24.0101
                                                                               Introductory Horticulture,                 E
Introductory   4   Vegetable      Develop a vegetable garden plan                                           2.040106             45.03    H-7 7
                                                                               Delmar Publishing                       24.0103
Natural Resources                                      Curriculum Outline & Crosswalk
    Level     Priority                   Topic                          Subtopic                   Suggested or Potential           Natl Ag    Natl Sci.   Natl.      IA
 Awareness, 1, 2, 3,                                                                                    Resources                    Std         Std       Math    Competen
Introductory,    4                                                                                                                                         Std.       cy
   Mastery
                                                                                                http://faeis.ahnrit.vt.edu/supply
                         Careers                       Career Opportunities                                                         5.030104
                                                                                                      demand/2005-2010/
                                                                                                Environmental
Introductory     1       Air Pollution                 Sources of air pollution                 Science,Introduction to             5.030309   25.0605
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                                Environmental
Mastery          2       Air Pollution                 Preventative measures                    Science,Introduction to             5.050603   24.0101
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                                Environmental
Mastery          3       Air pollution                 Global warming                           Science,Introduction to             5.010103   21.0303
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                                Environmental
Mastery          3       Air Pollution                 Greenhouse effect                        Science,Introduction to             5.010103   21.0303
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                         Careers in Natural resource                                            Guidance Services, InterNet,
Awareness        2                                     Career requirements                                                          5.030104
                         Conservation                                                           Personal Interviews
                                                       Identify agencies involved in resource   Introduction to Natural
Introductory     1       Concervation Agenecies                                                                                     5.050605
                                                       conservation                             Resources
                         Conflicts in Resource
Awareness        2                                     Concept of "Greatest Good"               Environmental Science               5.010103   25.0603
                         Management
                         Conflicts in Resource
Introductory     3                                     National Parks vs. Oil                   Environmental Science               5.010103   25.0302
                         Management
                         Conflicts in Resource
Introductory     3                                     Wilderness Areas vs. lumber              Environmenatl Science               5.010103   25.0302
                         Management
                         Conflicts in Resource         Woodland Management vs. livestock        Environmental Science,
Introductory     3                                                                                                                  5.010103   25.0601     48.03
                         Management                    grazing                                  Extension Publications
                                                                                                Enviromental
Introductory     2       Energy Resources              Solar                                    Science,Introduction to             5.010307   21.0501     40.08
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                                Environmental Science,
Introductory     3       Energy Resources              Wind                                     Introduction to Natural             5.010304   21.0501     40.08
                                                                                                Resources
                                                                                                Environmental
Introductory     3       Energy Resources              Geothermal                               Science,Introduction to             5.010307   21.0501     40.08
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                                Environmental
Introductory     3       Energy Resources              Energy Conservation                      Science,Introduction to             5.010308   21.0503     41.01
                                                                                                Natural Resources
                   Environmental Quality Incentive
Introductory   3                                   Conservation cost sharing    FSA Office, DNR Publications    5.0506               45.02
                   Program
                                                                                Environmental
Introductory   4   Fertlity                       Nutrient management           Science,Extension              5.030304    21.0302   47.01
                                                                                Publications
                                                                                Stocking Iowa Farm
Introductory   2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Stocking                                                     5.030306    25.0202   41.01
                                                                                Ponds(DNR)
                                                                                Environmental
Introductory   2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Catch and release             Science,Introduction to        5.040102    25.0202
                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                                               5.030203,
Introductory   2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Species identification        DNR Publications
                                                                                                               5.030204
                                                                                Living on the Edge -
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Endangered species            Endangered Species in          5.010103    25.0301   47.03
                                                                                Iowa(DNR)
                                                                                Environmental
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Carrying capacity             Science,Introduction to        5.010301    25.0203   44.12
                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                Environmental
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Harvesting the surplus        Science,Introduction to        5.030306    25.0303   44.12
                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                Environmental
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Management concepts           Science,Introduction to        5.030306    25.0403
                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                Iowa Food Webs(Iowa
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Food chains/webs                                             5.030308    25.0201
                                                                                Association of Naturalists)
                                                                                Environmental
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Predator/prey relationships   Science,Introduction to        5.030308    25.0203   44.15
                                                                                Natural Resources
                                                                                A Guide to Conservation
Mastery        2   Fish/Wildlife Management       Funding                                                      5.040107
                                                                                Programs, FSA County Office

                                                                                Environmental Science and
Introductory   3   Forestry                       Forest growth                                                5.030201    22.0105
                                                                                Extension Publications

                                                                                Environmental Science,DNR
Mastery        3   Forestry                       Forest Harvesting                                            5.040101    25.0301   49.02
                                                                                Publications,State Forestry

                                                                                Environmental Science,DNR      5.050101,5
Mastery        3   Forestry                       Forest management                                                       25.0301    48.01
                                                                                Publications,State Forestry      .010402

                                                                                Environmental Science,DNR
Mastery        4   Forestry                       Forest pests                                                 5.050401
                                                                                Publications,State Forestry
                                                                            Environmental Science,
Introductory   1   History of resouce use   Impact of human use             Introduction to Natural         5.010103   25.0302   41.15
                                                                            Resources
                                                                            Environmental
Awareness      2   History of resouce use   Increased popluation demands    Science,Ecological Prinicples   5.010103   25.0301   44.11
                                                                            of Agriculture
                                                                            Environmental
Awareness      2   History of resouce use   Industrial progress influence   Science,Ecological Prinicples   5.010103   25.0302   44.11
                                                                            of Agriculture
Mastery        3   History of resouce use   Management needs                Environmental Science           5.010104   25.0303

Mastery        1   Land Management          Use of soil survey              County Soil Survey Reports      5.010201

                                                                            Environmental
Mastery        1   Land Management          Crop production systems         Science,Ecological Prinicples   5.020207   25.0605
                                                                            of Agriculture

                                                                            Extension Publications,
Mastery        1   Land Management          Causes of soil erosion                                          5.030103   21.0401
                                                                            Environmental Science
                                                                            Extension Publications,
Mastery        1   Land Management          Soil conservation practices                                     5.030104   25.0605
                                                                            Environmental Science
                                                                            Extension Publications,
Mastery        1   Land Management          Soil loss equation                                              5.050603             41.13
                                                                            RUSLE2 - DNR
Introductory   2   Land Management          Conservation plan               Extension Publications          5.010207   25.0605   44.01
                                                                            Environmental
Introductory   2   Land Management          Effects of soil erosion         Science,Introduction to         5.020207
                                                                            Natural Resources
Introductory   4   Land Management          Weathering                      Environmental Science           5.010104   21.0401
                                                                            Environmental Science,
Introductory   4   Land Management          Land Use                                                        5.010501             49.01
                                                                            Extension Publications
Mastery        4   Land Management          Soil formation                  Environmental Science           5.010104   21.0402
                                                                            Environmental
Awareness      1   Natural Resources        Nonrenewable resources          Science,Introduction to         5.010101   20.0201   48.03
                                                                            Natural Resources
                                                                            Environmental
Awareness      1   Natural Resources        Renewable resources             Science,Introduction to         5.010101   20.0201   48.03
                                                                            Natural Resources
                                                                            Environmental
Introductory   2   Natural Resources        Ecology                         Science,Ecological Prinicples   5.010104   22.0402
                                                                            of Agriculture
                                                                             Environmental
Introductory   2   Natural Resources         Balance of Nature               Science,Ecological Prinicples   5.030103    22.0403   41.03
                                                                             of Agriculture

Mastery        3   Natural Resources         Multiple Use                    Environmental Science           5.030103    25.0301   41.12

                                                                             Environmental Science,
Mastery        4   Natural Resources         Preservation vs. Conservation   Introduction to Natural         5.010103    25.0301   48.03
                                                                             Resources
                                                                             Environmental
                   New Resource Management
Awareness      3                             Abandon Wells                   Science,Extension               5.010301
                   Devlopments
                                                                             Publications
                                                                             Environmental
                   New Resource Management
Awareness      3                             Biofuels                        Science,Introduction to         5.010304    21.0301   45.03
                   Devlopments
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                                             Environmental
                   New Resource Management
Awareness      3                             Composting                      Science,Introduction to          5.0201     21.0302
                   Devlopments
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                                             Environmental
                   New Resource Management
Awareness      3                             Ag. Drainage Wells              Science,Extension               5.050603
                   Devlopments
                                                                             Publications
Mastery        2   Nutrient management       Manure management               Extension Publications          5.030309    25.0605

Mastery        2   Nutrient management       Laws and regulations            DNR                             5.050605
                                                                                                             5.030301,
                                                                             Texts and Extension             5.030303,
Introductory   3   Nutrient management       Nutrient cycles                                                             25.0402
                                                                             Publications                    5.030303,
                                                                                                             5.030304
                                                                             Environmental
Awareness      1   Pollution                 Types of pollution              Science,Introduction to         5.010103    25.0605
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                                             Environmental
Awareness      1   Recreational Resources    National Park System            Science,Introduction to         5.010405    25.0302
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                                             Environmental
Awareness      1   Recreational Resources    Wilderness Areas                Science,Introduction to         5.010405    25.0302
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                                             Environmental
Introductory   4   Toxic waste               Waste mangement                 Science,Introduction to          5.0506     25.0402
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                                             Environmental
Introductory   1   Water pollution           Sources of water pollution      Science,Introduction to         5.030309    25.0605
                                                                             Natural Resources
                                                             Environmental
Mastery        2   Water pollution   Preventative measures   Science,Introduction to    5.050603   24.0101
                                                             Natural Resources
                                                             Environmental
Introductory   1   Water Resources   Uses of water           Science,Introduction to    5.010303   25.0303   49.01
                                                             Natural Resources
                                                             Environmental Science,
Introductory   1   Water Resources   Hydrologic cycle        Introduction to Natural    5.030301   23.0201
                                                             Resources
                                                             Soil Erosion and Water
Introductory   1   Water Resources   Surface water           Quality, Environmental     5.030312
                                                             Science
                                                             Environmental Science,
Introductory   2   Water Resources   Water distribution      Ecological Principles of   5.010303   25.0303   49.03
                                                             Agriculture

                                                             Environmental Science,
Introductory   2   Water Resources   Groundwater                                        5.030312
                                                             Extension Publications
National Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills

Code           KS PE                     Food Systems Knowledge and Skills - Measurement Criteria
1.01           Apply principles of food processing to the food industry.
  1.0101          Develop management plans to maintain equipment and facilities
    1.010101          Develop and maintain a Standard Sanitation Operating Procedure (SSOP).
    1.010102          Explain and demonstrate Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), including employee safety.
  1.0102          Interpret and follow, develop and implement Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) procedures to establish operating parameters.
    1.010201          Conduct a hazard analysis.
    1.010202          Identify Critical Control Points (CCP).
    1.010203          Establish critical limits for each Critical Control Point (CCP).
    1.010204          Establish monitoring procedures.
    1.010205          Establish corrective actions.
    1.010206          Establish verification procedures.
1.02           Apply principles of food science to the food industry.
  1.0201          Apply food science principles to enhance product development
    1.020101          Conduct research.
    1.020102          Apply the use of chemistry.
    1.020103          Comply and apply USDA/FDA standards.
    1.020104          Use product development (e.g., consumer opinion, taste testing).
    1.020105          Conduct nutritional analysis (e.g., biochemistry).
    1.020106          Compare and contrast the nutritive value of food groups.
    1.020107          Identify and compare various food constituents.
1.03           Plan, implement, manage, and/or provide services for the preservation and packaging of food and food products.
  1.0301          Analyze product preparation options to prepare products for distribution.
    1.030101          Conduct micro-test.
    1.030102          Interpret and perform quality assurance tests (e.g., fat, moisture, protein).
    1.030103          Demonstrate approved product handling techniques.
    1.030104          Use weights and measures (e.g., US , metric) to formulate product.
    1.030105          Demonstrate documentation techniques.
    1.030106          Package products.
    1.030107          Store products.
  1.0302          Compare and select food preservation methods to develop food preservation programs.
    1.030201          Calculate and inventory parts per million (ppm) of restricted ingredients (e.g., milk).
    1.030202          Explain methods of chemical preservation (e.g., pH, salt, water activity [aw], additives).
    1.030203          Explain the impact of temperature in food preservation.
    1.030204          Compare and contrast packaging preservation (e.g., film, plastic, can).
    1.030205          Compare and contrast process preservation (e.g., irradiation, pasteurization, sterilization).
1.04           Identify processing, handling, and storage factors to show how they impact product quality and safety.
1.0401       Develop a “quality factors program” to comply with local, national, governmental, and international standards.
  1.040101     Perform and interpret quality check of food products per industry standards.
  1.040102     Explain methods of food storage to assure product quality.
  1.040103     Interpret and follow industry/government standards.
1.0402       Develop slaughter/inspection techniques to process food products and analyze food product options.
  1.040201     Demonstrate approved techniques for preparing ready-to-eat food products.
  1.040202     Compare and contrast slaughter techniques (e.g., zero tolerance).
  1.040203     Conduct pre-mortem and post-mortem inspections.
  1.040204     Process meat and poultry products.
  1.040205     Process dairy products.
  1.040206     Process fruits and vegetables.
  1.040207     Process grains.
  1.040208     Process bio-engineered foods.
  1.040209     Select raw materials for processing.
Code           KS PE                                Plant Systems Knowledge and Skills - Measurement Criteria
2.01           Apply principles of anatomy and physiology to produce and manage plants in both a domesticated and a natural environment.
   2.0101         Analyze and evaluate nutritional requirements and environmental conditions to develop and implement a fertilization plan.
############          Describe nutrient sources.
############          Determine plant nutrient requirements for optimum growth.
############          Identify function of plant nutrients in plants.
############          Determine the environmental factors that influence and optimize plant growth.
############          Apply nutrients to plants for economic growth.
############          Describe nutrient application methods and appropriate practices.
   2.0102         Test appropriate materials or examine data to evaluate and manage soil/media nutrients.
############          Collect and test soil/media and/or plant tissue.
############          Interpret tests of soil/media and/or plant tissue.
############          Identify soil slope, structure and type.
############          Evaluate soil/media permeability and water-holding capacity.
############          Determine the chemical properties of soil/media.
############          Determine land use capability.
############          Determine the biological functions of microorganisms of soil/media.
   2.0103         Explain and use basic methods for reproducing and propagating plants.
############          Determine the role of genetics in plants.
############          Describe the components and functions of plant reproductive parts.
############          Identify and practice methods of asexual/sexual plant propagation.
############          Describe the principles of plant micro-propagation.
############          Apply principles and practices of biotechnology to plant propagation.
   2.0104         Develop and use a plan for integrated pest management.
############          Identify plant pests (e.g., insects, diseases, weeds, rodents).
############          Determine pest management safety practices.
############          Determine pest management methods.
############          Develop pest management plans based on pest life cycles.
############          Implement pest control plan with appropriate treatments.
############          Evaluate pest control plan.
############          Prevent, identify and manage pest resistance.
2.02           Address taxonomic or other classifications to explain basic plant anatomy and physiology.
   2.0201         Examine unique plant properties to identify/describe functional differences in plant structures including roots, stems, flowers, leaves and fruit.
############          Identify plant structures (e.g., seeds).
############          Describe physiological functions of plants.
############          Describe germination process and conditions.
2.0202                Classify plants based on physiology for taxonomic or other classifications.
############          Classify plants as monocots or dicots.
############          Classify plants as annuals, biennials or perennials.
############          Classify plants according to growth habit.
############          Classify plants by type.
############          Classify plants by economic value.
2.03           Apply fundamentals of production and harvesting to produce plants.
   2.0301         Apply fundamentals of plant management to develop a production plan.
############          Identify and select seeds and plants.
############          Manipulate and evaluate environmental conditions (e.g., irrigation, mulch, shading) to foster plant germination, growth and development).
############          Evaluate and demonstrate planting practices (e.g., population rate, germination/seed vigor, inoculation, seed and plant treatments).
############          Evaluate and demonstrate transplanting practices.
############          Prepare soil/media for planting.
############          Control plant growth (e.g., pruning, pinching, disbudding, topping, detasseling, staking, cabling, shearing, shaping).
############          Prepare plants and plant products for distribution.
   2.0302         Apply fundamentals of plant management to harvest, handle and store crops.
############          Determine crop maturity.
############          Identify harvesting practices and equipment.
############          Demonstrate common harvesting techniques.
############          Calculate yield and loss.
############          Identify options for crop storage.
############          Maintain quality of plant products in storage.
############        Prepare plants and plant products for distribution.
2.04         Exercise elements of design to enhance an environment (e.g., floral, forest, landscape, farm).
   2.0401       Apply basic design elements and principles to create a design using plants.
############        Conduct a site evaluation for physical condition and design implications.
############        Apply elements of design (e.g., line, form, texture, color).
############        Incorporate principles of design (e.g., space, scale, proportion, order).
############        Use landscape design drawing tools including Computer Aided Design (CAD) and industry-specific software.
############        Select hard goods, supplies and tools used in design.
############        Select plant(s) for design.
Level   Pathway
KS      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
KS      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
KS      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
KS      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
PE      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC      Plant
MC   Plant
KS   Plant
PE   Plant
MC   Plant
MC   Plant
MC   Plant
MC   Plant
MC   Plant
MC   Plant
National Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills
Code           KS PE                             Animal Systems Knowledge and Skills - Measurement Criteria
3.01           Apply knowledge of anatomy and physiology to produce and/or manage animals in a domesticated or natural environment.
  3.0101          Use classification systems to explain basic functions of animal anatomy and physiology.
    3.010101         Describe functional differences in animal structures and body systems.
    3.010102         Classify animals according to anatomy and physiology.
  3.010200        Recognize the anatomy of animal species to understand how the body structures interact and affect animal health.
    3.010201         Identify selected animal parts from a diagram or on a real animal.
    3.010202         Identify ways that an animal’s health can be affected by anatomy/physiology problems.
  3.0103          Analyze a subject animal to determine the nature of its health status.
    3.010301         Perform simple procedures in evaluating an animal’s health status.
    3.010302         Identify symptoms of diseases, illnesses, parasites, and other health related problems.
    3.010303         Diagnose animal ailments.
    3.010304         Implement disease prevention and health improvement program.
    3.010305         Identify and implement (i.e., treat) treatment options.
3.02           Recognize animal behaviors to facilitate working with animals safely.
  3.0201          Develop a safety plan for working with a specific animal.
    3.020101         Explain factors which serve to stimulate or discourage given types of animal behavior.
    3.020102         Recognize the normality curve of animal behavior.
    3.020103         Perform safe handling procedures when working with animals.
    3.020104         Identify strengths and weaknesses of an animal safety handling plan.
    3.020105         Operate animal facilities to insure safety of animals.
3.03           Provide proper nutrition to maintain animal performance.
  3.0301          Examine animal developmental stages to comprehend why nutrient requirements are different throughout an animal’s life cycle.
    3.030101         Recognize the different phases of an animal’s life cycle.
    3.030102         Select diets which provide the appropriate quantity of nutrients for each animal development stage.
  3.0302          Analyze a feed ration to determine whether or not it fulfills a given animal’s nutrient requirements.
    3.030201         Identify the differences between good and poor quality feedstuffs.
    3.030202         Create a balanced ration for a given animal.
  3.0304          Record and compare feed variations to assess whether the nutritional requirements of a given animal are being met.
    3.030401         Use different types of feedstuffs (e.g., roughage, concentrates) to create a feed ration containing the appropriate amounts of required nutrients.
    3.030402         Use different forms of feedstuffs (e.g., pellets, cracked, rolled, ground) to create a diet that meets the needs of a specific animal.
3.04           Know the factors that influence an animal’s reproductive cycle to explain species response.
  3.0401          Analyze elements in the reproductive cycle to explain differences between male and female reproductive systems.
    3.040101         Identify the parts of male and female reproductive tracts on example animals.
    3.040102         Analyze the reproductive cycle of a given animal.
    3.040103         Evaluate animal readiness for breeding.
  3.0402          Discuss reproductive cycles to show how they differ from species to species.
    3.040201         Discuss the pros and cons of breeding through natural cover and artificial insemination.
    3.040202         Discuss the implications of genetic variation.
   3.040203           Describe techniques of artificial insemination.
                      Identify reproduction management practices (e.g., male to female ratios, age and weight for breeding, fertility and soundness for breeding, heat synchronization,
    3.040204          flushing).
  3.0403          Evaluate an animal to determine its breeding soundness.
    3.040301          Describe the procedure for determining an animal’s breeding readiness.
    3.040302          Identify and prevent problems associated with reproduction.
    3.040303          Select animals based on breeding soundness.
3.05           Identify environmental factors that affect an animal’s performance.
  3.0501          Recognize optimum performance for a given animal species.
    3.050101          Identify good performance for a given animal species.
    3.050102          Identify reasons why some animals perform better than others.
  3.0502          Create a program to develop an animal to its highest potential performance.
    3.050201          Identify factors that can be manipulated to control a given animal's performance.
    3.050202          Generate ways to increase an animal’s performance.
  3.0503          Assess an animal to determine if it has reached its optimum performance level.
    3.050301          Make appropriate changes in an animal’s environment in order to achieve optimum performance.
    3.050302          Use appropriate tools in manipulating animal performance.
  3.0504          Develop efficient procedures to produce consistently high quality animals, well-suited for their intended purpose.
    3.050401          Identify a given species’ desirable production numbers (e.g., birth weight, rate of gain, age of maturity, age of sexual maturity.
    3.050402          Evaluate desired traits (e.g., production) of animals.
    3.050403          Evaluate the role that economics plays in animal production.
    3.050404          Design facilities appropriate for the production of a given species of animal.
    3.050405          Make decisions on using new techniques and methods in the production facility so that both profit and animal safety are maximized.
National Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills

Code           KSPE
                               Power, Structural and Technical Systems Knowledge and Skills - Measurement Criteria
               Science: Apply physical science principles to engineering applications with mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land treatment,
4.01           power utilization, and technology.
  4.0101           Relate power generation to energy sources.
    4.010101         Identify petroleum sources (e.g., gasoline, diesel).
    4.010102         Identify alternative sources (e.g., ethanol, biodiesel, air, wood, geothermal, solar).
    4.010103         Compare environmental impact of energy sources.
    4.010104         Compare efficiency of energy source.
    4.010105         Compare characteristics of energy sources.
    4.010106         Discuss efficiency of systems (e.g., fuel cells, chemical, wind, hydro, nuclear, electric, mechanical, solar, biological).
  4.0102           Apply principles of lubricants to sort and classify lubricants.
    4.010201         Classify lubricants and determine applications.
    4.010202         Identify viscosity and strengths of lubricants.
    4.010203         Describe properties of lubricants.
               Power: Apply principles of operation and maintenance to mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land treatment, power utilization,
4.02           and technology.
  4.0201           Perform scheduled service routines to maintain machinery and equipment.
    4.020101         Lubricate machinery and equipment.
    4.020102         Ensure presence and function of safety systems and hardware.
    4.020103         Service electrical systems.
    4.020104         Perform machine adjustments (e.g., belts, drive chains).
    4.020105         Service filtration systems.
    4.020106         Maintain fluid levels.
    4.020107         Maintain vehicle, machinery and equipment cleanliness and appearance.
    4.020108         Maintain fluid conveyance components, (e.g., hoses and lines, valves, nozzles).
    4.020109         Design a preventive maintenance schedule.
    4.020110         Identify causes of malfunctions and failures.
    4.020111         Calibrate metering, monitoring, and sensing equipment.
  4.0202           Observe rules of the road to operate machinery and equipment.
    4.020201         Describe function of machine controls and instrumentation.
    4.020202         Perform appropriate start-up procedures.
    4.020203         Select proper machine(s) for specific task(s).
    4.020204         Safely operate equipment.
    4.020205         Perform pre-operation inspection.
    4.020206         List applicable laws for on- and off-highway operation.
               Power: Apply principles of service and repair to mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land treatment, power utilization, and
4.03           technology.
  4.0301           Troubleshoot problems and evaluate performance to service and repair the components of internal combustion engines.
    4.030101         Describe principles of operation.
    4.030102         Identify engine systems and components.
    4.030103         Analyze and troubleshoot engine.
    4.030104         Perform overhaul procedures.
    4.030105         Evaluate engine performance through post-rebuild testing.
  4.0302           Follow manufacturers’ guidelines to service and repair power transmission systems.
   4.030201         Describe features, benefits, and applications of various power transmission systems.
   4.030202         Describe principles of operation of various power transmission systems.
   4.030203         Perform calculations involving speed, torque and power relationships.
   4.030204         Describe features, benefits, and applications of mechanical transmission components (e.g., belts, chains, gears, bearings, seals, universals).
   4.030205         Inspect, analyze, and repair hydrostatic transmissions.
   4.030206         Inspect, analyze, and repair differentials and final drives.
   4.030207         Inspect, analyze, and repair clutches and brakes.
   4.030208         Inspect, analyze, and repair gear-type transmissions including power shift.
   4.030209         Inspect, analyze, and repair auxiliary drives.
   4.0303         Evaluate performance and check maintenance manuals to
   4.030301         service and repair hydraulic systems.
   4.030302         Describe features, benefits, and applications of types of
   4.030303         hydraulic systems.
   4.030304         Describe physical principles of operation.
   4.030305         Interpret symbols and schematic drawings.
   4.030306         Describe the application and operation of major components.
   4.030307         Inspect, analyze, and repair hydraulic components (e.g., pumps, valves).
   4.030308         Inspect, analyze, and repair fluid conveyance components (e.g., hoses, lines).
   4.030309         Evaluate system cleanliness.
   4.030310         Identify hydraulic fittings and ports.
 4.0304           Troubleshoot from schematics to service vehicle electrical systems.
   4.030401         Describe features and applications of electrical systems.
   4.030402         Interpret symbols and wiring diagrams.
   4.030403         Test and troubleshoot electrical systems and components (e.g., battery, charging, starting, lighting, instrumentation, accessories).

    4.030404         Troubleshoot and install instrumentation and data acquisition system (e.g., Global Positioning System (GPS), spraying, planting, harvesting monitors).
    4.030405         Diagnose and repair control systems and sensors (e.g., engine, transmission, implement).
  4.0305           Use company diagrams and schematics to service vehicle heating and air conditioning systems.
    4.030501         Describe physical principles of operation.
    4.030502         Interpret symbols and diagrams.
    4.030503         Test, troubleshoot, and replace heating and air-conditioning components (e.g., compressor, expansion valve, receiver dryer, pump, hoses).
    4.030504         Evacuate and charge air conditioning systems.
  4.0306           Check performance parameters to service and repair steering, suspension, traction, and vehicle performance systems.
    4.030601         Evaluate traction, ballasting, and weight transfer.
    4.030602         Evaluate vehicle stability.
    4.030603         Determine optimum vehicle performance, e.g., horsepower management, fuel efficiency.
    4.030604         Troubleshoot, adjust, and repair suspension systems.
    4.030605         Inspect and repair steering systems.
  4.0307           Use tools in the workplace to demonstrate safe use and proper skills with construction/fabrication hand tools.
    4.030701         Demonstrate proper use of measurement and layout tools.
    4.030702         Apply proper use of measurement and layout tools in construction/fabrication of an actual project.
    4.030703         Demonstrate safe and proper techniques in using hand and power tools in construction/fabrication.
    4.030704         Demonstrate hand and power tool use to construct/fabricate an actual project according to blueprints or plans.
    4.030705         Identify and demonstrate proper hand and power tool maintenance procedures.
4.04           Structural Systems: Exercise basic skills in blueprint and design development to create sketches, drawings and plans.
  4.0401           Use computer skills to develop simple sketches and plans.
    4.040101         Use current technology to develop simple plans and sketches.
    4.040102          Identify symbols and drawing techniques used to develop simple plans and sketches.
    4.040103          Use scale measurement and dimension to develop simple plans and sketches.
4.05           Structural Systems: Read and relate structural plans to specifications and building codes.
  4.0501           Examine blueprints and local codes to develop a logical construction plan.
    4.050101          Identify parts of a plan or blueprint.
    4.050102          Identify criteria for different views of a plan or blueprint.
    4.050103          Locate elements of a construction plan and develop a construction plan.
    4.050104          Identify local code enforcement agencies and procedures.
    4.050105          Read and interpret local code information.
    4.050106          Complete permit applications.
4.06           Structural Systems: Examine structural requirements to estimate project costs.
  4.0601           Use bids and billing information to develop a complete materials list and project cost estimate.
    4.060101          Identify materials used in agricultural construction/fabrication.
    4.060102          Explain proper criteria for material use.
    4.060103          Identify elements of project cost estimate (materials, labor, administrative, etc.).
    4.060104          Explain selection process of all construction materials.
    4.060105          Estimate and select type and quantities of material and other costs associated with a specified project plan.
    4.060106          Prepare a bid package for a planned project.
4.07           Structural Systems: Develop skills required to use construction/fabrication equipment and tools.
  4.0701           Use tools in the workplace to demonstrate safe use and proper skills with construction/fabrication hand tools.
    4.070101          Demonstrate proper use of measurement and layout tools.
    4.070102          Apply proper use of measurement and layout tools in construction/fabrication of an actual project.
    4.070103          Demonstrate safe and proper techniques in using hand and power tools in construction/fabrication.
    4.070104          Demonstrate hand and power tool use to construct/fabricate an actual project according to blueprints or plans.
    4.070105          Identify and demonstrate proper hand and power tool maintenance procedures.
               Structural Systems: Plan, implement, manage, and/or provide support services to facility design and construction; equipment design, manufacture,
4.08           repair, and service; and agricultural technology.
  4.0801           Design machinery and equipment including vehicles, implements, building, and facilities (e.g., feeding, feed storage).
    4.080101          Analyze site/equipment/permit requirements.
    4.080102          Develop drawings.
    4.080103          Estimate material needs and costs.
    4.080104          Operate Computer Aided Drafting Design (CADD) Software.
  4.0802           Follow architectural and mechanical plans to construct buildings and facilities.
    4.080201          Identify and select appropriate building materials.
    4.080202          Install plumbing equipment and fixtures.
    4.080203          Construct with wood and metal.
    4.080204          Install electrical wiring components and fixtures.
    4.080205          Paint or protect with coatings.
    4.080206          Insulate facility.
    4.080207          Install fencing.
    4.080208          Install glass, ridged plastic panels and/or film plastic.
    4.080209          Construct with concrete, stone, and brick.
4.09           Technical Systems: Use the variety of tools available in computer systems to accomplish fast, accurate production in the workplace.
  4.0901           Identify and explain various types of hardware systems to show their applications potential.
    4.090101          Identify and describe individual components of each system.
    4.090102          Discuss various types of diagnostic equipment.
    4.090103          Be able to show aptitude in use of various equipment.
    4.090104        Demonstrate competency on cable through put and set up.
4.1            Technical Systems: Use available power sources to plan and apply control systems.
  4.1001          Measure with selected instruments to demonstrate knowledge of basic electricity.
    4.100101        Show proficiency in use of various meters.
    4.100102        Discuss importance of and techniques for grounding.
    4.100103        Show understanding of codes and regulations.
    4.100104        Discuss various energy sources.
  4.1002          Reference electrical drawings to design, install, and troubleshoot control systems.
    4.100201        Develop and read schematic drawings for a control system.
    4.100202        Identify and describe uses of various components of control systems; i.e., transistors, relays, HVAC, logic controllers.
    4.100203        Discuss the importance of maintenance schedules.
    4.100204        Identify system performance problems and apply troubleshooting techniques.
4.11           Technical Systems: Explain geospatial technology to demonstrate its applications.
  4.1101          Employ appropriate techniques to demonstrate application of GIS/GPS systems principles.
    4.110101        Explain the concept and principles.
    4.110102        Describe equipment.
    4.110103        List techniques used.
    4.110104        Explain the application of GIS/GPS systems with map development output.
  4.1102          Use computer applications to produce maps that reflect surveying and mapping principles.
    4.110201        Understand and use various equipment.
    4.110202        Perform survey and produce map using computer techniques.
  4.1103          Select an area of personal expertise to demonstrate knowledge of end applications.

   4.110301          Apply knowledge and experience to a specific application or project to show competency; i.e., calibration, volumetric controlling, electrical design.
National Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills

Code           KS PE               Natural Resources Systems Knowledge and Skills - Measurement Criteria
5.01           Recognize importance of resource and human interrelations to conduct management activities in natural habitats.
  5.0101          Identify resource management components to establish relationships in natural resource systems.
    5.010101         Identify natural resources.
    5.010102         Identify organizations and agencies involved in resource management.
    5.010103         Identify impacts by humans on natural resources.
    5.010104         Describe ecosystem relationships.
    5.010105         Create habitat management plan.
  5.0102          Apply cartographic skills to natural resource activities.
    5.010201         Describe different types of maps.
    5.010202         Interpret map features and legend.
    5.010203         Determine map scale and actual distance.
    5.010204         Determine direction from map.
    5.010205         Determine elevation and terrain features from topographic maps.
    5.010206         Use directional tools with map to locate position.
    5.010207         Use land survey and coordinate system.
    5.010208         Use Geographic Information System to interface geospatial data.
    5.010209         Interpret photos and images.
  5.0103          Monitor natural resource status to obtain planning data.
    5.010301         Conduct resource inventory and population studies.
    5.010302         Establish sample plots and points.
    5.010303         Locate and identify resources.
    5.010304         Collect data concerning resource availability and health.
    5.010305         Maintain databases of resource data.
    5.010306         Use a Geographic Information System to analyze resource data.
    5.010307         Prepare a technical report.
    5.010308         Describe the relationship of harvest levels to long-term availability of resources.
  5.0104          Employ environmental and wildlife knowledge to demonstrate natural resource enhancement techniques.
    5.010401         Demonstrate stream enhancement techniques.
    5.010402         Demonstrate forest stand improvement techniques.
    5.010403         Demonstrate wildlife habitat enhancement techniques.
    5.010404         Demonstrate range enhancement techniques.
    5.010405         Demonstrate recreation area enhancement techniques.
  5.0105           Examine weather and other criteria to recognize dangers related to work in an outdoor environment.
    5.010501         Recognize weather-related dangers.
    5.010502         Recognize hazards as they relate to terrain.
    5.010503         Recognize poisonous plants and animals.
    5.010504         Recognize hazardous situations at the work location.
  5.0106           Learn applicable rules or laws to demonstrate natural resource mitigation techniques.
    5.010601        Demonstrate mitigation techniques.
5.02           Use effective venues to communicate natural phenomena to the public.
  5.0201         Communicate natural resource information to the general public.
    5.020101        Set up and staff a display booth that communicates a natural resource topic during a community event.
    5.020102        Develop a public use area to explain natural resources.
    5.020103        Participate as a facilitator during a public meeting concerning natural resource management.
    5.020104        Lead a group habitat conservation project.
    5.020105        Volunteer in a natural resource area.
  5.0202         Personally interpret natural resource phenomena to natural resource users.
    5.020201        Lead a group hike to interpret a natural area.
    5.020202        Conduct a workshop, activity or program to interpret an example of natural resource conservation.
    5.020203        Develop an interpretive trail to describe a natural resource area.
    5.020204        Produce printed material that interprets a natural resource area or phenomenom.
    5.020205        Produce natural resource curriculum materials.
    5.020206        Develop a sign to communicate a natural resource area or phenomenom
    5.020207        Create a multi-media/video presentation that interprets a natural resource topic, area or phenomenon.
    5.020208        Create a web page to present and interpret a natural resource topic, area or phenomenon.
5.03           Apply scientific principles to natural resource management activities.
  5.0301         Use science concepts, processes, and research techniques to examine natural resource topics.
    5.030101        Develop a research/monitoring plan to inquire about a natural resource topic.
    5.030102        Conduct a research/monitoring activity for a natural resource topic.
    5.030103        Evaluate the results of a natural resource-related inquiry.
    5.030104        Produce a technical report of results/findings.
  5.0302         Examine biological and physical characteristics to identify and classify natural resources.
    5.030201        Identify tree species and other woody vegetation.
    5.030202        Identify grass and forb species.
    5.030203        Identify wildlife species.
    5.030204        Identify fish species.
    5.030205        Identify rocks, minerals and soil types.
  5.0303         Examine natural cycles and related phenomena to describe ecologic concepts and principles.
    5.030301        Describe the hydrologic cycle.
    5.030302        Describe the nitrogen cycle.
    5.030303        Describe the carbon cycle.
    5.030304        Describe nutrient cycles.
    5.030305        Describe succession.
    5.030306        Describe population dynamics.
    5.030307        Describe primary and secondary producers.
    5.030308        Describe predator-prey relationships.
    5.030309        Identify potential pollution sources.
    5.030310        Define watershed boundaries.
    5.030311        Use stream classification system.
    5.030312        Describe the influence of weather and climatic factors.
5.04           Employ knowledge of natural resource industries to describe production practices and processing procedures.
  5.0401          Prepare presentations to describe how natural resource products are produced, harvested, processed and used.
    5.040101         Describe forest harvest techniques and procedures.
    5.040102         Describe wildlife harvest techniques and procedures.
    5.040103         Describe fish harvest techniques and procedures.
    5.040104         Describe how minerals and ores are extracted and processed.
    5.040105         Describe how oil is extracted and processed.
    5.040106         Describe hydroelectric generation techniques and procedures.
    5.040107         Describe how public recreation use is a product.
5.05           Practice responsible conduct to protect natural resources.
  5.0501          Employ techniques and equipment needed to prevent wildfire.
    5.050101         Demonstrate personal fire prevention precautions while working in natural environments.
    5.050102         Participate in wildfire prevention community service project.
  5.0502          Use wildfire suppression techniques to demonstrate abilities in firefighting and control.
    5.050201         Meet industry standards for fire suppression training (e.g., National Wildfire Coordinating Group Firefighter Certification Standards).
  5.0503          Recognize symptoms of animal and plant diseases and use appropriate techniques to prevent their spread.
    5.050301         Identify observable diseases impacting plants and animals.
    5.050302         Describe how to report observance of disease infestations.
    5.050303         Use appropriate techniques and equipment when working with bio-hazards.
  5.0504          Recognize insect types and available controls to prevent insect infestation.
    5.050401         Identify and classify insects.
    5.050402         Identify insect damage signs.
    5.050403         Describe how to report observance of insect infestation.
  5.0505          Use acceptable pesticides to treat insect infestation.
    5.050501         Obtain appropriate pesticide applicators’ license.
    5.050502         Apply materials to treat for insect infestation.
  5.0506          Know law enforcement procedures to manage public gatherings and to gain entry into secure, closed or restricted areas.
    5.050601         Demonstrate precautions to use when interfacing with the public concerning regulations and law enforcement.
    5.050602         Describe security issues for closed and restricted areas.
    5.050603         Describe solutions to issues concerning public protection.
    5.050604         Recognize potential threat situations for the public and other resource users.
    5.050605         Identify the appropriate law enforcement authority.
National Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills

Code
                                    Environmental Services Systems Knowledge and Skills - Measurement Criteria
                KSPerform common microbiology procedures to examine cell types and conduct tests.
6.01            Use analysis procedures to plan and evaluate environmental service impacts.
  6.0101          Use instrumentation to monitor samples.
                     Operate basic laboratory equipment and environment monitoring instruments (e.g., pH meter/ISE meter, compound microscope/dissecting
    6.010101         microscope, sound level measuring devices, turbidimeter, conductivity meter, chlorine meter OVA, HNMU).
    6.010102         Perform chemical laboratory sample preparation.
    6.010103         Perform analytical separation techniques.
                       Perform spectroscopic analysis using instruments such as: spectrophotometer/auto spectrophotometer, AA/graphite furnace, ICP, GC/MS, oxygen
    6.010104           meter, IC, IR, FTIR X-ray diffraction nitrogen analyzer, mercury analyzer, FID/PID analyzer, and RAD meter.
                       Operate advanced laboratory and field equipment and instruments (e.g., HPLC, GC, bomb calorimeter, geiger mueller counter, explosimeters
    6.010105           specific gas meters, carbon analyzer, microwave).
    6.010106           Use computers to interface with chemical analytical instruments.
    6.010107           Perform instrumental analysis (e.g., mass spectrometers, chromatographs, electron microscopes).
  6.0102           Calibrate and service instruments on a timely schedule to maintain environmental instrumentation.
    6.010201           Maintain instruments using gas systems.
    6.010202           Calibrate chemical analytical instruments.
    6.010203           Operate and maintain flow instrument systems.
    6.010204           Operate and maintain pressure test instruments (e.g., manometers, vacuum pumps, pressure and vacuum gages).
    6.010205           Service thermal measuring instruments.
    6.010206           Service physical property (e.g., sample control) measuring instruments.
                       Service chemical property measuring instruments (e.g., O2 meter, spectrophotometer, atomic absorption spectrophotometer, inductively coupled
     6.010207          plasma, ion chromatography, infrared).
  6.0103           Apply statistics, charts, and scattergrams to measure and monitor operations.
     6.010301          Apply basic statistics concepts.
     6.010302          Interpret scattergrams.
     6.010303          Analyze probability theories.
     6.010304          Determine control limits.
     6.010305          Determine process capability.
     6.010306          Prepare and evaluate charts.
     6.010307          Conduct process improvement studies.
     6.010308          Interpret quantitative and graphic output from chemical analysis instruments.
6.02            Identify public policies and regulations impacting environmental services to determine their effect on facility operation.
  6.0201           Consult reliable resources or training to identify the major laws impacting environmental services.
     6.020101          Identify key components of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA).
     6.020102          Identify requirements of Superfund Amendment Reauthorization Act (SARA).
     6.020103          Identify requirements of waste and material transportation.
     6.020104          Describe job-related activities subject to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
     6.020105          Describe requirements of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).
     6.020106          Explain requirements of Clean Water Act.
     6.020107          Explain requirements of Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA).
     6.020108          Explain requirements of Clean Air Act.
     6.020109          Identify requirements of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act.
     6.02011          Identify key components of (______)ISO 14000.
6.03            Apply scientific principles to environmental services.
  6.0301          Apply meteorological knowledge to recognize weather systems and weather patterns.
     6.030101         Identify the components of the earth’s atmosphere.
     6.030102         Explain basic meteorology principles.
  6.0302          Describe soil compositions and properties to demonstrate knowledge of soil science.
     6.030201         Describe soil geology.
     6.030202         Describe composition of soil.
     6.030203         Describe the biological properties of soil.
     6.030204         Identify the physical properties of soil.
     6.030205         Describe the chemical properties of soil.
     6.030206         Test soil samples to determine characteristics.
     6.030207         Explain classification of soil water.
     6.030208         Explain the relationship between soil classifications and land use.
  6.0303          Explain well design and groundwater supplies to demonstrate knowledge of hydrology.
     6.030301         Explain hydrology.
     6.030302         Explain geological and meteorological principles affecting groundwater supply.
     6.030303         Conduct channel flow analysis.
     6.030304         Identify basic criteria for water well design.
     6.030305         Identify differences in groundwater potential.
     6.030306         Identify environmental hazards associated with groundwater supplies.
  6.0304          Discuss properties, classifications and functions in order to understand wetland principles.
     6.030401         Explain wetlands classification.
     6.030402         Explain the function of wetlands.
     6.030403         Describe the living components of wetland habitats.
     6.030404         Delineate wetlands.
     6.030405         Identify techniques used in wetland management, enhancement and restoration programs.
     6.030406         Identify principles used in wetland mitigation and restoration.
  6.0305          Discuss properties, classifications and functions in order to
     6.030501         understand watershed principles.
     6.030502         Identify properties of watersheds.
     6.030503         Explain watershed management.
     6.030504         Delineate watersheds.
     6.030505         Assess source water.
  6.0306          Use chemical analysis to conduct tests.
     6.030601         Explain basic chemistry principles (e.g., elements, compounds).
     6.030602         Apply chemical laboratory skills.
  6.0307          Perform common microbiology procedures to examine cell types and conduct tests.
     6.030701         Conduct bioassay tests.
     6.030702         Identify groups of microorganisms.
     6.030703         Analyze factors affecting microbial growth.
  6.0308          Apply sampling techniques and other assessments to demonstrate background knowledge of microbiology.
     6.030801         Apply microbiological principles and procedures.
     6.030802         Explain immunological procedures.
     6.030803         Describe roles of microorganisms in the environment.
    6.030804         Explain microbial growth.
    6.030805         Describe influence of environmental factors on microbes.
    6.030806         Demonstrate the use of fundamental statistics in sampling practices.
                Operate environmental service systems (e.g., pollution control, water treatment, wastewater treatment, solid waste management, and energy)
6.04            to manage a facility environment.
  6.0401           Use pollution control measures to maintain a safe facility environment.
     6.040101        Identify types of pollution (e.g., ground, surface water, air, noise, radioactive contamination).
     6.040102        Identify presence of pollution.
     6.040103        Describe environmental impact from industrial and nonindustrial processes.
     6.040104        Quantify extent of pollution.
     6.040105        Locate and monitor sources of pollution.
     6.040106        Conduct remediation activities.
     6.040107        Monitor remediation activities.
     6.040108        Establish pollution management and prevention program.
  6.0402           Apply principles of solid waste management (landfill) to manage safe disposal of all categories of waste.
     6.040201        Collect solid waste materials.
     6.040202        Treat solid waste materials.
     6.040203        Manage solid waste systems.
     6.040204        Identify characteristics of solid waste treatment.
     6.040205        Identify the risks associated with solid waste accumulation and disposal.
     6.040206        Describe methods of site identification and acceptance.
     6.040207        Explain sanitary landfill operating procedures.
     6.040208        Monitor sanitary landfill procedures.
     6.040209        Describe methods to operate a composting facility.
     6.040210        Describe methods to incinerate solid waste.
     6.040211        Describe recycling methods.
  6.0403           Apply drinking water treatment operations principles to assure safe water at a facility.
     6.040301        Identify characteristics of drinking water treatment.
     6.040302        Explain the aeration process in water treatment.
     6.040303        Monitor the mixing, coagulation and flocculation processes in water treatment.
     6.040304        Monitor the filtration and sedimentation process in water treatment.
     6.040305        Monitor the water-softening process in water treatment.
     6.040306        Monitor the stabilization process in water treatment.
     6.040307        Monitor the corrosion-control process in water treatment.
     6.040308        Monitor the disinfection process in water treatment.
     6.040309        Monitor the iron and manganese removal processes in water treatment.
     6.040310        Describe taste and odor control in water treatment.
     6.040311        Describe the demineralization processes in water treatment.
     6.040312        Monitor the fluoridation process in water treatment.
     6.040313        Identify facility operational problems in water treatment.
     6.040314        Identify methods for backflow prevention.
  6.0404           Apply wastewater treatment operations principles to manage wastewater disposal in keeping with rules and regulations.
     6.040401        Identify characteristics of wastewater treatment.
     6.040402        Sample wastewater.
     6.040403        Describe wastewater collection systems.
     6.040404         Analyze the constituents of wastewater entering wastewater treatment facility.
     6.040405         Describe the mixing, coagulation and flocculation processes in wastewater treatment.
     6.040406         Describe the disinfection process in wastewater treatment.
     6.040407         Describe the treatment train, effluent disposal, and biosolids management in wastewater.
     6.040408         Analyze process optimization for the treatment train, effluent disposal, and biosolids management in wastewater treatment.
     6.040409         Analyze treatment process control for the treatment train, effluent disposal, and biosolids management in wastewater.
     6.040410         Inspect and maintain equipment for the treatment train, effluent disposal, and biosolids management in wastewater.
     6.040411         Describe common facility operational problems.
     6.040412         Identify methods for cross-connection and backflow prevention.
  6.0405          Apply hazardous materials management principles to assure a safe facility and to comply with applicable regulations.
     6.040501         Describe risks related to hazardous materials.
     6.040502         Describe health and safety practices to reduce risks from hazardous materials.
     6.040503         Demonstrate appropriate responses for major types of hazardous materials disasters (e.g., chemical, fire and explosion, general safety hazards) (FRA, FRO, HMT, HMS).
     6.040504         Describe appropriate use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
     6.040505         Explain hazardous substance regulations.
     6.040506         Demonstrate ability to obtain and use information addressing hazardous substance release.
     6.040507         Demonstrate safe handling procedures for hazardous materials and hazardous waste.
     6.040508         Evaluate laboratory results.
     6.040509         Demonstrate methods for identifying hazardous material.
     6.040510         Detect hazardous materials.
     6.040511         Perform site evaluation for hazardous material risk.
     6.040512         Retrieve and evaluate hazardous materials and hazardous waste sample data.
     6.040513         Respond to mock hazardous materials emergency situations.
     6.040514         Describe use of equipment related to hazardous materials and hazardous-waste operations.
     6.040515         Prepare hazardous materials for transportation and storage in accordance with regulations.
     6.040516         Demonstrate ability to operate treatment and disposal systems for hazardous materials and hazardous waste.
     6.040517         Maintain required documents for hazardous-materials and hazardous-waste management activities.
     6.040518         Audit regulatory compliance.
  6.0406          Explore conventional and alternative supplies to define energy sources.
     6.040601         Identify conventional energy sources and their environmental impact.
     6.040602         Identify alternate energy sources and their environmental impact.
6.05            Use tools, equipment, machinery and technology to accomplish tasks in environmental services.
  6.0501          Use technological tools to map land, facilities, and infrastructure.
     6.050101         Apply surveying and mapping principles to make site measurements and map facility accesses and infrastructure.
     6.050102         Apply basic drafting skills to create working drawings.
     6.050103         Use CADD fundamentals to create specialized documents.
     6.050104         Apply cartographic skills.
     6.050105         Apply surveying skills.
     6.050106         Use geo-spatial analysis processes for an environmental services application.
National Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills
Code           KS PE
7.01           Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives in an AFNR business environment.
  7.0101          Develop a mission statement to guide business activities effectively.
    7.010101
    7.010102
    7.010103
    7.010104
    7.010105
  7.0102          Apply leadership skills to accomplish general business activities from production to public relations.
    7.010201
    7.010202
    7.010203
    7.010204
  7.0103          Apply management skills to accomplish general business activities from production to public relations.
    7.010301
    7.010302
    7.010303
    7.010304
    7.010305
    7.010306
    7.010307
7.02           Practice good record keeping to accomplish AFNR business objectives.
  7.0201          Prepare and maintain all files as needed to accomplish effective record keeping.
    7.020101
    7.020102
    7.020103
    7.020104
7.03           Apply generally accepted accounting principles and skills to manage budget, credit, and optimal application of AFNR business assets.
  7.0301          Use key accounting fundamentals to accomplish dependable bookkeeping and associated files.
    7.030101
    7.030102
    7.030103
    7.030104
    7.030105
    7.030106
    7.030107
    7.030108
    7.030109
7.04         Employ AFNR industry concepts and practices to manage inventory.
  7.0401         Monitor inventory levels to accomplish practical inventory control.
    7.040101
    7.040102
    7.040103
    7.040104
7.05         Utilize technology to accomplish AFNR business objectives.
  7.0501         Use technology and information technology strategies for business improvement.
    7.050101
    7.050102
    7.050103
    7.050104
    7.050105
7.06         Use sales and marketing principles to accomplish an AFNR business objective.
  7.0601         Conduct market research.
    7.060101
    7.060102
    7.060103
  7.0602         Develop a marketing plan.
    7.060201
    7.060202
    7.060203
  7.0603         Implement a marketing plan.
    7.060301
    7.060302
  7.0604         Merchandise products and services.
    7.060401
    7.060402
    7.060403
    7.060404
    7.060405
    7.060406
    7.060407
nal Ag Ed Standards: Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Career Cluster Knowledge and Skills
                                          Agribusiness Systems - Measurement Criteria
     Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives in an AFNR business environment.
        Develop a mission statement to guide business activities effectively.
           Identify planning approaches for preparing mission statement.
           Write a mission statement.
           Establish short- and long-term goals.
           Ask for feedback from stakeholders to test the impact of the mission statement.
           Disseminate mission statement to inform fellow employees and gain in-house support.
        Apply leadership skills to accomplish general business activities from production to public relations.
           Identify leadership styles.
           Conduct a business meeting using proper parliamentary procedures/consensus techniques.
           Work in teams to access a variety of expertise.
           Extend a pat on the back for jobs well done.
        Apply management skills to accomplish general business activities from production to public relations.
           Identify management types.
           Identify organizational structures.
           Identify time management techniques.
           Make business agreements.
           Follow local, state, and federal regulations and appreciate the consequences of not following them.
           Recruit, train and evaluate human resources.
           Make business presentations.
     Practice good record keeping to accomplish AFNR business objectives.
        Prepare and maintain all files as needed to accomplish effective record keeping.
           Identify information management systems.
           Develop record keeping techniques and practices.
           Keep production and agribusiness records.
           Make records analysis.
     Apply generally accepted accounting principles and skills to manage budget, credit, and optimal application of AFNR business assets.
        Use key accounting fundamentals to accomplish dependable bookkeeping and associated files.
           Budget resources (e.g., capital, human, financial, time).
           Manage assets for optimum utilization.
           Manage risk of liabilities.
           Evaluate credit uses and options.
           Prepare and interpret financial statements (e.g., balance sheet, profit/loss statement, cash flow statement).
           Prepare tax forms (e.g., W-4, I9, Depreciation, 1099, Workers Compensation).
           Determine cost of doing business.
           Compare and examine advantages and disadvantages of banking procedures (e.g., bank reconciliation).
           Analyze investment options (e.g., buy, lease, finance, risk).
Employ AFNR industry concepts and practices to manage inventory.
    Monitor inventory levels to accomplish practical inventory control.
       Maintain optimum inventory levels.
       Apply just-in-time concepts.
       Calculate costs of carrying inventory.
       Perform logistics management.
Utilize technology to accomplish AFNR business objectives.
    Use technology and information technology strategies for business improvement.
       Utilize leading technology; e.g., Global Positioning System (GPS), Geographical Information System (GIS), Personal
       Data Application (PDA), cellular.
       Create and use documents using word processors, spreadsheets, databases and electronic mail.
       Conduct research using the Internet.
       Conduct oral/visual presentation using presentation software.
Use sales and marketing principles to accomplish an AFNR business objective.
    Conduct market research.
       Evaluate methods of marketing products and services.
       Apply economic principles to marketing (e.g., supply and demand).
       Research products and service design(s).
    Develop a marketing plan.
       Identify and develop value-added products.
       Develop public relations campaigns.
       Develop sales goals and incentive programs.
    Implement a marketing plan.
       Promote products and services.
       Advertise products and services.
    Merchandise products and services.
       Identify key components to organize a sale.
       Build and develop customer relationships.
       Conduct sales presentation.
       Provide post-sale service.
       Handle customer complaints.
       Locate prospective new customers.
       Locate prospective new customers.
Std. Code      CS                                                                    Guides to the Content Standards
 A 20.01       Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry (Science as Inquiry: Content Standard A)
 A 20.02       Understandings about scientific inquiry (Science as Inquiry: Content Standard A)
                    Scientists usually inquire about how physical, living, or designed systems function. Conceptual principles and knowledge guide scientific inquiries. Historical and current
                    scientific knowledge influence the design and interpretation of investigations and the evaluation of proposed explanations made by other scientists. [See Unifying Concepts and
 A   20.0201        Processes]
                    Scientists conduct investigations for a wide variety of reasons. For example, they may wish to discover new aspects of the natural world, explain recently observed
 A   20.0202        phenomena, or test the conclusions of prior investigations or the predictions of current theories.
                    Scientists rely on technology to enhance the gathering and manipulation of data. New techniques and tools provide new evidence to guide inquiry and new methods to gather
                    data, thereby contributing to the advance of science. The accuracy and precision of the data, and therefore the quality of the exploration, depends on the technology used. [
 A   20.0203        Content Standard E (grades 9-12) ]
                    Mathematics is essential in scientific inquiry. Mathematical tools and models guide and improve the posing of questions, gathering data, constructing explanations and
 A   20.0204        communicating results. [See Program Standard C]
                    Scientific explanations must adhere to criteria such as: a proposed explanation must be logically consistent; it must abide by the rules of evidence; it must be open to questions
 A   20.0205        and possible modification; and it must be based on historical and current scientific knowledge.
                    Results of scientific inquiry--new knowledge and methods--emerge from different types of investigations and public communication among scientists. In communicating and
                    defending the results of scientific inquiry, arguments must be logical and demonstrate connections between natural phenomena, investigations, and the historical body of
                    scientific knowledge. In addition, the methods and procedures that scientists used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported to enhance opportunities for further
 A   20.0206        investigation.
B 21.01        Structure of atoms (Physical Science : Content Standard B)
                    Matter is made of minute particles called atoms, and atoms are composed of even smaller components. These components have measurable properties, such as mass and
                    electrical charge. Each atom has a positively charged nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons. The electric force between the nucleus and electrons holds the
 B   21.0101        atom together.
                    The atom's nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons, which are much more massive than electrons. When an element has atoms that differ in the number of neutrons,
 B   21.0102        these atoms are called different isotopes of the element.
                    The nuclear forces that hold the nucleus of an atom together, at nuclear distances, are usually stronger than the electric forces that would make it fly apart. Nuclear reactions
                    convert a fraction of the mass of interacting particles into energy, and they can release much greater amounts of energy than atomic interactions. Fission is the splitting of a
                    large nucleus into smaller pieces. Fusion is the joining of two nuclei at extremely high temperature and pressure, and is the process responsible for the energy of the sun and
 B   21.0103        other stars.

                    Radioactive isotopes are unstable and undergo spontaneous nuclear reactions, emitting particles and/or wavelike radiation. The decay of any one nucleus cannot be predicted,
 B   21.0104        but a large group of identical nuclei decay at a predictable rate. This predictability can be used to estimate the age of materials that contain radioactive isotopes.
B 21.02        Structure and properties of matter (Physical Science : Content Standard B)

 B   21.0201        Atoms interact with one another by transferring or sharing electrons that are furthest from the nucleus. These outer electrons govern the chemical properties of the element.
                    An element is composed of a single type of atom. When elements are listed in order according to the number of protons (called the atomic number), repeating patterns of
                    physical and chemical properties identify families of elements with similar properties. This "Periodic Table" is a consequence of the repeating pattern of outermost electrons
 B   21.0202        and their permitted energies.

                    Bonds between atoms are created when electrons are paired up by being transferred or shared. A substance composed of a single kind of atom is called an element. The
 B   21.0203        atoms may be bonded together into molecules or crystalline solids. A compound is formed when two or more kinds of atoms bind together chemically.
                    The physical properties of compounds reflect the nature of the interactions among its molecules. These interactions are determined by the structure of the molecule, including
 B   21.0204        the constituent atoms and the distances and angles between them.
                    Solids, liquids, and gases differ in the distances and angles between molecules or atoms and therefore the energy that binds them together. In solids the structure is nearly
                    rigid; in liquids molecules or atoms move around each other but do not move apart; and in gases molecules or atoms move almost independently of each other and are mostly
 B   21.0205        far apart.
                    Carbon atoms can bond to one another in chains, rings, and branching networks to form a variety of structures, including synthetic polymers, oils, and the large molecules
 B   21.0206        essential to life.
B 21.03        Chemical reactions (Physical Science : Content Standard B)
                    Chemical reactions occur all around us, for example in health care, cooking, cosmetics, and automobiles. Complex chemical reactions involving carbon-based molecules take
 B   21.0301        place constantly in every cell in our bodies. [ See Content Standard C (grades 9-12) ]
                    Chemical reactions may release or consume energy. Some reactions such as the burning of fossil fuels release large amounts of energy by losing heat and by emitting light.
 B   21.0302        Light can initiate many chemical reactions such as photosynthesis and the evolution of urban smog.
                    A large number of important reactions involve the transfer of either electrons (oxidation/reduction reactions) or hydrogen ions (acid/base reactions) between reacting ions,
                    molecules, or atoms. In other reactions, chemical bonds are broken by heat or light to form very reactive radicals with electrons ready to form new bonds. Radical reactions
                    control many processes such as the presence of ozone and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, burning and processing of fossil fuels, the formation of polymers, and
 B   21.0303        explosions.
                    Chemical reactions can take place in time periods ranging from the few femtoseconds (10-15 seconds) required for an atom to move a fraction of a chemical bond distance to
                    geologic time scales of billions of years. Reaction rates depend on how often the reacting atoms and molecules encounter one another, on the temperature, and on the
 B   21.0304        properties--including shape--of the reacting species.

 B   21.0305        Catalysts, such as metal surfaces, accelerate chemical reactions. Chemical reactions in living systems are catalyzed by protein molecules called enzymes.
B 21.04        Motions and forces (Physical Science : Content Standard B)
                    Objects change their motion only when a net force is applied. Laws of motion are used to calculate precisely the effects of forces on the motion of objects. The magnitude of
                    the change in motion can be calculated using the relationship F = ma, which is independent of the nature of the force. Whenever one object exerts force on another, a force
 B   21.0401        equal in magnitude and opposite in direction is exerted on the first object.
                    Gravitation is a universal force that each mass exerts on any other mass. The strength of the gravitational attractive force between two masses is proportional to the masses
 B   21.0402        and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
                    The electric force is a universal force that exists between any two charged objects. Opposite charges attract while like charges repel. The strength of the force is proportional
 B   21.0403        to the charges, and, as with gravitation, inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
                    Between any two charged particles, electric force is vastly greater than the gravitational force. Most observable forces such as those exerted by a coiled spring or friction may
 B   21.0404        be traced to electric forces acting between atoms and molecules.
                    Electricity and magnetism are two aspects of a single electromagnetic force. Moving electric charges produce magnetic forces, and moving magnets produce electric forces.
 B   21.0405        These effects help students to understand electric motors and generators.
B 21.05        Conservation of energy and increase in disorder (Physical Science : Content Standard B)

                    The total energy of the universe is constant. Energy can be transferred by collisions in chemical and nuclear reactions, by light waves and other radiations, and in many other
 B   21.0501        ways. However, it can never be destroyed. As these transfers occur, the matter involved becomes steadily less ordered. [See Content Standard C (grades 9-12)]
                    All energy can be considered to be either kinetic energy, which is the energy of motion; potential energy, which depends on relative position; or energy contained by a field,
 B   21.0502        such as electromagnetic waves.

 B   21.0503        Heat consists of random motion and the vibrations of atoms, molecules, and ions. The higher the temperature, the greater the atomic or molecular motion.
                  Everything tends to become less organized and less orderly over time. Thus, in all energy transfers, the overall effect is that the energy is spread out uniformly. Examples are
B   21.0504       the transfer of energy from hotter to cooler objects by conduction, radiation, or convection and the warming of our surroundings when we burn fuels.
B 21.06       Interactions of energy and matter (Physical Science : Content Standard B)
                  o      Waves, including sound and seismic waves, waves on water, and light waves, have energy and can transfer energy when they interact with matter. [See Content
B   21.0601       Standard D (grades 9-12) ]
                  Electromagnetic waves result when a charged object is accelerated or decelerated. Electromagnetic waves include radio waves (the longest wavelength), microwaves,
                  infrared radiation (radiant heat), visible light, ultraviolet radiation, x-rays, and gamma rays. The energy of electromagnetic waves is carried in packets whose magnitude is
B   21.0602       inversely proportional to the wavelength.
                  Each kind of atom or molecule can gain or lose energy only in particular discrete amounts and thus can absorb and emit light only at wavelengths corresponding to these
B   21.0603       amounts. These wavelengths can be used to identify the substance.
                  In some materials, such as metals, electrons flow easily, whereas in insulating materials such as glass they can hardly flow at all. Semiconducting materials have intermediate
B   21.0604       behavior. At low temperatures some materials become superconductors and offer no resistance to the flow of electrons.
C 22.01       The cell (Life Science: Content Standard C)
                  Cells have particular structures that underlie their functions. Every cell is surrounded by a membrane that separates it from the outside world. Inside the cell is a concentrated
                  mixture of thousands of different molecules which form a variety of specialized structures that carry out such cell functions as energy production, transport of molecules, waste
C   22.0101       disposal, synthesis of new molecules, and the storage of genetic material. [See Unifying Concepts and Processes]
                  Most cell functions involve chemical reactions. Food molecules taken into cells react to provide the chemical constituents needed to synthesize other molecules. Both
                  breakdown and synthesis are made possible by a large set of protein catalysts, called enzymes. The breakdown of some of the food molecules enables the cell to store
C   22.0102       energy in specific chemicals that are used to carry out the many functions of the cell.
                  Cells store and use information to guide their functions. The genetic information stored in DNA is used to direct the synthesis of the thousands of proteins that each cell
C   22.0103       requires.
                  Cell functions are regulated. Regulation occurs both through changes in the activity of the functions performed by proteins and through the selective expression of individual
C   22.0104       genes. This regulation allows cells to respond to their environment and to control and coordinate cell growth and division.
                  Plant cells contain chloroplasts, the site of photosynthesis. Plants and many microorganisms use solar energy to combine molecules of carbon dioxide and water into complex,
                  energy rich organic compounds and release oxygen to the environment. This process of photosynthesis provides a vital connection between the sun and the energy needs of
C   22.0105       living systems.
                  Cells can differentiate, and complex multicellular organisms are formed as a highly organized arrangement of differentiated cells. In the development of these multicellular
                  organisms, the progeny from a single cell form an embryo in which the cells multiply and differentiate to form the many specialized cells, tissues and organs that comprise the
C   22.0106       final organism. This differentiation is regulated through the expression of different genes.
C 22.02       Molecular basis of heredity (Life Science: Content Standard C)
                  In all organisms, the instructions for specifying the characteristics of the organism are carried in DNA, a large polymer formed from subunits of four kinds (A, G, C, and T). The
                  chemical and structural properties of DNA explain how the genetic information that underlies heredity is both encoded in genes (as a string of molecular "letters") and
C   22.0201       replicated (by a templating mechanism). Each DNA molecule in a cell forms a single chromosome. [See Content Standard B (grades 9-12)]
                  Most of the cells in a human contain two copies of each of 22 different chromosomes. In addition, there is a pair of chromosomes that determines sex: a female contains two X
                  chromosomes and a male contains one X and one Y chromosome. Transmission of genetic information to offspring occurs through egg and sperm cells that contain only one
                  representative from each chromosome pair. An egg and a sperm unite to form a new individual. The fact that the human body is formed from cells that contain two copies of
                  each chromosome--and therefore two copies of each gene--explains many features of human heredity, such as how variations that are hidden in one generation can be
C   22.0202       expressed in the next.
                  Changes in DNA (mutations) occur spontaneously at low rates. Some of these changes make no difference to the organism, whereas others can change cells and organisms.
C   22.0203       Only mutations in germ cells can create the variation that changes an organism's offspring.
C 22.03       Biological evolution (Life Science: Content Standard C)
                  Species evolve over time. Evolution is the consequence of the interactions of (1) the potential for a species to increase its numbers, (2) the genetic variability of offspring due
                  to mutation and recombination of genes, (3) a finite supply of the resources required for life, and (4) the ensuing selection by the environment of those offspring better able to
C   22.0301       survive and leave offspring. [See Unifying Concepts and Processes]
C   22.0302       The great diversity of organisms is the result of more than 3.5 billion years of evolution that has filled every available niche with life forms.
                  Natural selection and its evolutionary consequences provide a scientific explanation for the fossil record of ancient life forms, as well as for the striking molecular similarities
C   22.0303       observed among the diverse species of living organisms.
C   22.0304       The millions of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms that live on earth today are related by descent from common ancestors.
                  Biological classifications are based on how organisms are related. Organisms are classified into a hierarchy of groups and subgroups based on similarities which reflect their
C   22.0305       evolutionary relationships. Species is the most fundamental unit of classification.
C 22.04       Interdependence of organisms (Life Science: Content Standard C)
C   22.0401       The atoms and molecules on the earth cycle among the living and nonliving components of the biosphere.
C   22.0402       Energy flows through ecosystems in one direction, from photosynthetic organisms to herbivores to carnivores and decomposers.
                  Organisms both cooperate and compete in ecosystems. The interrelationships and interdependencies of these organisms may generate ecosystems that are stable for
C   22.0403       hundreds or thousands of years.
                  Living organisms have the capacity to produce populations of infinite size, but environments and resources are finite. This fundamental tension has profound effects on the
C   22.0404       interactions between organisms.
                  Human beings live within the world's ecosystems. Increasingly, humans modify ecosystems as a result of population growth, technology, and consumption. Human destruction
                  of habitats through direct harvesting, pollution, atmospheric changes, and other factors is threatening current global stability, and if not addressed, ecosystems will be
C   22.0405       irreversibly affected.
C 22.05       Matter, energy, and organization in living systems (Life Science: Content Standard C)
                  All matter tends toward more disorganized states. Living systems require a continuous input of energy to maintain their chemical and physical organizations. With death, and
C   22.0501       the cessation of energy input, living systems rapidly disintegrate. [See Unifying Concepts and Processes]
                  The energy for life primarily derives from the sun. Plants capture energy by absorbing light and using it to form strong (covalent) chemical bonds between the atoms of carbon-
                  containing (organic) molecules. These molecules can be used to assemble larger molecules with biological activity (including proteins, DNA, sugars, and fats). In addition, the
C   22.0502       energy stored in bonds between the atoms (chemical energy) can be used as sources of energy for life processes.
                  The chemical bonds of food molecules contain energy. Energy is released when the bonds of food molecules are broken and new compounds with lower energy bonds are
C   22.0503       formed. Cells usually store this energy temporarily in phosphate bonds of a small high-energy compound called ATP.
                  The complexity and organization of organisms accommodates the need for obtaining, transforming, transporting, releasing, and eliminating the matter and energy used to
C   22.0504       sustain the organism.
                  The distribution and abundance of organisms and populations in ecosystems are limited by the availability of matter and energy and the ability of the ecosystem to recycle
C   22.0505       materials.
                  As matter and energy flows through different levels of organization of living systems--cells, organs, organisms, communities--and between living systems and the physical
                  environment, chemical elements are recombined in different ways. Each recombination results in storage and dissipation of energy into the environment as heat. Matter and
C   22.0506       energy are conserved in each change.
C 22.06       Behavior of organisms (Life Science: Content Standard C)
                  Multicellular animals have nervous systems that generate behavior. Nervous systems are formed from specialized cells that conduct signals rapidly through the long cell
                  extensions that make up nerves. The nerve cells communicate with each other by secreting specific excitatory and inhibitory molecules. In sense organs, specialized cells
C   22.0601       detect light, sound, and specific chemicals and enable animals to monitor what is going on in the world around them.
                  Organisms have behavioral responses to internal changes and to external stimuli. Responses to external stimuli can result from interactions with the organism's own species
                  and others, as well as environmental changes; these responses either can be innate or learned. The broad patterns of behavior exhibited by animals have evolved to ensure
                  reproductive success. Animals often live in unpredictable environments, and so their behavior must be flexible enough to deal with uncertainty and change. Plants also respond
C   22.0602       to stimuli.
                  Like other aspects of an organism's biology, behaviors have evolved through natural selection. Behaviors often have an adaptive logic when viewed in terms of evolutionary
C   22.0603       principles.
C   22.0604       Behavioral biology has implications for humans, as it provides links to psychology, sociology, and anthropology.
D 23.01       Energy in the earth system (Earth and Space Science: Content Standard D)
                  Earth systems have internal and external sources of energy, both of which create heat. The sun is the major external source of energy. Two primary sources of internal energy
D   23.0101       are the decay of radioactive isotopes and the gravitational energy from the earth's original formation.
                  The outward transfer of earth's internal heat drives convection circulation in the mantle that propels the plates comprising earth's surface across the face of the globe. [ See
D   23.0102       content Standard B (grades 9-12) ]
D   23.0103       Heating of earth's surface and atmosphere by the sun drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing winds and ocean currents.
                  Global climate is determined by energy transfer from the sun at and near the earth's surface. This energy transfer is influenced by dynamic processes such as cloud cover and
D   23.0104       the earth's rotation, and static conditions such as the position of mountain ranges and oceans.
D 23.02       Geochemical cycles (Earth and Space Science: Content Standard D)
                  The earth is a system containing essentially a fixed amount of each stable chemical atom or element. Each element can exist in several different chemical reservoirs. Each
D   23.0201       element on earth moves among reservoirs in the solid earth, oceans, atmosphere, and organisms as part of geochemical cycles.
                  Movement of matter between reservoirs is driven by the earth's internal and external sources of energy. These movements are often accompanied by a change in the physical
                  and chemical properties of the matter. Carbon, for example, occurs in carbonate rocks such as limestone, in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide gas, in water as dissolved
D   23.0202       carbon dioxide, and in all organisms as complex molecules that control the chemistry of life.
D 23.03       Origin and evolution of the earth system (Earth and Space Science: Content Standard D)
                  The sun, the earth, and the rest of the solar system formed from a nebular cloud of dust and gas 4.6 billion years ago. The early earth was very different from the planet we
D   23.0301       live on today.
                  Geologic time can be estimated by observing rock sequences and using fossils to correlate the sequences at various locations. Current methods include using the known
D   23.0302       decay rates of radioactive isotopes present in rocks to measure the time since the rock was formed.
                  Interactions among the solid earth, the oceans, the atmosphere, and organisms have resulted in the ongoing evolution of the earth system. We can observe some changes
                  such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on a human time scale, but many processes such as mountain building and plate movements take place over hundreds of millions
D   23.0303       of years.
                  Evidence for one-celled forms of life--the bacteria--extends back more than 3.5 billion years. The evolution of life caused dramatic changes in the composition of the earth's
D   23.0304       atmosphere, which did not originally contain oxygen.
D 23.04       Origin and evolution of the universe (Earth and Space Science: Content Standard D)
                  The origin of the universe remains one of the greatest questions in science. The "big bang" theory places the origin between 10 and 20 billion years ago, when the universe
D   23.0401       began in a hot dense state; according to this theory, the universe has been expanding ever since. [ See Content Standard A (grades 9-12)]
                  Early in the history of the universe, matter, primarily the light atoms hydrogen and helium, clumped together by gravitational attraction to form countless trillions of stars. Billions
D   23.0402       of galaxies, each of which is a gravitationally bound cluster of billions of stars, now form most of the visible mass in the universe.
                  Stars produce energy from nuclear reactions, primarily the fusion of hydrogen to form helium. These and other processes in stars have led to the formation of all the other
D   23.0403       elements.
E 24.01       Abilities of technological design (Science and Technology: Content Standard E)
                  IDENTIFY A PROBLEM OR DESIGN AN OPPORTUNITY. Students should be able to identify new problems or needs and to change and improve current technological
E   24.0101       designs. [ See Content Standard A (grades 9-12)]
                  PROPOSE DESIGNS AND CHOOSE BETWEEN ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS. Students should demonstrate thoughtful planning for a piece of technology or technique.
E   24.0102       Students should be introduced to the roles of models and simulations in these processes.
                  IMPLEMENT A PROPOSED SOLUTION. A variety of skills can be needed in proposing a solution depending on the type of technology that is involved. The construction of
                  artifacts can require the skills of cutting, shaping, treating, and joining common materials--such as wood, metal, plastics, and textiles. Solutions can also be implemented using
E   24.0103       computer software.
                  EVALUATE THE SOLUTION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES. Students should test any solution against the needs and criteria it was designed to meet. At this stage, new criteria
E   24.0104       not originally considered may be reviewed.
                  COMMUNICATE THE PROBLEM, PROCESS, AND SOLUTION. Students should present their results to students, teachers, and others in a variety of ways, such as orally, in
E   24.0105       writing, and in other forms--including models, diagrams, and demonstrations. [See Teaching Standard B]
E 24.02       Understandings about science and technology (Science and Technology: Content Standard E)
E   24.0201       Scientists in different disciplines ask different questions, use different methods of investigation, and accept different types of evidence to support their explanations. Many scientific investigations require the contributions of individuals from different disciplines, including engineering. New disciplines of science, such as geophysics and biochemistry often emerge at the interface of two ol
E   24.0202       Science often advances with the introduction of new technologies. Solving technological problems often results in new scientific knowledge. New technologies often extend the current levels of scientific understanding and introduce new areas of research.
E   24.0203       Creativity, imagination, and a good knowledge base are all required in the work of science and engineering.
E   24.0204       Science and technology are pursued for different purposes. Scientific inquiry is driven by the desire to understand the natural world, and technological design is driven by the need to meet human needs and solve human problems. Technology, by its nature, has a more direct effect on society than science because its purpose is to solve human problems, help humans adapt, and fulfi
E   24.0205       Technological knowledge is often not made public because of patents and the financial potential of the idea or invention. Scientific knowledge is made public through presentations at professional meetings and publications in scientific journals.
F 25.01       Personal and community health (Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Content Standard F)
                  Hazards and the potential for accidents exist. Regardless of the environment, the possibility of injury, illness, disability, or death may be present. Humans have a variety of
F   25.0101       mechanisms--sensory, motor, emotional, social, and technological--that can reduce and modify hazards. [See Content Standard C (grades 9-12) ]
                  The severity of disease symptoms is dependent on many factors, such as human resistance and the virulence of the disease-producing organism. Many diseases can be
F   25.0102       prevented, controlled, or cured. Some diseases, such as cancer, result from specific body dysfunctions and cannot be transmitted.
                  Personal choice concerning fitness and health involves multiple factors. Personal goals, peer and social pressures, ethnic and religious beliefs, and understanding of biological
F   25.0103       consequences can all influence decisions about health practices.
                  An individual's mood and behavior may be modified by substances. The modification may be beneficial or detrimental depending on the motives, type of substance, duration of
                  use, pattern of use, level of influence, and short- and long-term effects. Students should understand that drugs can result in physical dependence and can increase the risk of
F   25.0104       injury, accidents, and death.
                  Selection of foods and eating patterns determine nutritional balance. Nutritional balance has a direct effect on growth and development and personal well-being. Personal and
F   25.0105       social factors--such as habits, family income, ethnic heritage, body size, advertising, and peer pressure--influence nutritional choices.
                  Families serve basic health needs, especially for young children. Regardless of the family structure, individuals have families that involve a variety of physical, mental, and
F   25.0106       social relationships that influence the maintenance and improvement of health.
                  Sexuality is basic to the physical, mental, and social development of humans. Students should understand that human sexuality involves biological functions, psychological
                  motives, and cultural, ethnic, religious, and technological influences. Sex is a basic and powerful force that has consequences to individuals' health and to society. Students
                  should understand various methods of controlling the reproduction process and that each method has a different type of effectiveness and different health and social
F   25.0107       consequences.
F 25.02       Population growth (Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Content Standard F)
                  Populations grow or decline through the combined effects of births and deaths, and through emigration and immigration. Populations can increase through linear or exponential
F   25.0201       growth, with effects on resource use and environmental pollution.
                  Various factors influence birth rates and fertility rates, such as average levels of affluence and education, importance of children in the labor force, education and employment
                  of women, infant mortality rates, costs of raising children, availability and reliability of birth control methods, and religious beliefs and cultural norms that influence personal
F   25.0202       decisions about family size.
                  Populations can reach limits to growth. Carrying capacity is the maximum number of individuals that can be supported in a given environment. The limitation is not the
                  availability of space, but the number of people in relation to resources and the capacity of earth systems to support human beings. Changes in technology can cause
F   25.0203       significant changes, either positive or negative, in carrying capacity.
F 25.03       Natural resources (Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Content Standard F)
                  Human populations use resources in the environment in order to maintain and improve their existence. Natural resources have been and will continue to be used to maintain
F   25.0301       human populations.
                  The earth does not have infinite resources; increasing human consumption places severe stress on the natural processes that renew some resources, and it depletes those
F   25.0302       resources that cannot be renewed.
                  Humans use many natural systems as resources. Natural systems have the capacity to reuse waste, but that capacity is limited. Natural systems can change to an extent that
F   25.0303       exceeds the limits of organisms to adapt naturally or humans to adapt technologically.
F 25.04       Environmental quality (Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Content Standard F)
                  Natural ecosystems provide an array of basic processes that affect humans. Those processes include maintenance of the quality of the atmosphere, generation of soils,
                  control of the hydrologic cycle, disposal of wastes, and recycling of nutrients. Humans are changing many of these basic processes, and the changes may be detrimental to
F   25.0401       humans. [See Content Standard C (grades 9-12) ]
F   25.0402       Materials from human societies affect both physical and chemical cycles of the earth.

                  Many factors influence environmental quality. Factors that students might investigate include population growth, resource use, population distribution, overconsumption, the
F   25.0403       capacity of technology to solve problems, poverty, the role of economic, political, and religious views, and different ways humans view the earth.
F 25.05       Natural and human-induced hazards (Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Content Standard F)
                  Normal adjustments of earth may be hazardous for humans. Humans live at the interface between the atmosphere driven by solar energy and the upper mantle where
                  convection creates changes in the earth's solid crust. As societies have grown, become stable, and come to value aspects of the environment, vulnerability to natural
F   25.0501       processes of change has increased. [ See Content Standard D (grades 9-12)]
F   25.0502       Human activities can enhance potential for hazards. Acquisition of resources, urban growth, and waste disposal can accelerate rates of natural change.
                  Some hazards, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and severe weather, are rapid and spectacular. But there are slow and progressive changes that also result in
                  problems for individuals and societies. For example, change in stream channel position, erosion of bridge foundations, sedimentation in lakes and harbors, coastal erosions,
F   25.0503       and continuing erosion and wasting of soil and landscapes can all negatively affect society.
                  Natural and human-induced hazards present the need for humans to assess potential danger and risk. Many changes in the environment designed by humans bring benefits
                  to society, as well as cause risks. Students should understand the costs and trade-offs of various hazards--ranging from those with minor risk to a few people to major
                  catastrophes with major risk to many people. The scale of events and the accuracy with which scientists and engineers can (and cannot) predict events are important
F   25.0504       considerations.
F 25.06       Science and technology in local, national, and global challenges (Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Content Standard F)
                  Science and technology are essential social enterprises, but alone they can only indicate what can happen, not what should happen. The latter involves human decisions about
F   25.0601       the use of knowledge. [See Content Standard E (grades 9-12) ]
                  Understanding basic concepts and principles of science and technology should precede active debate about the economics, policies, politics, and ethics of various science-
F   25.0602       and technology-related challenges. However, understanding science alone will not resolve local, national, or global challenges.
                  Progress in science and technology can be affected by social issues and challenges. Funding priorities for specific health problems serve as examples of ways that social
F   25.0603       issues influence science and technology.

                  Individuals and society must decide on proposals involving new research and the introduction of new technologies into society. Decisions involve assessment of alternatives,
                  risks, costs, and benefits and consideration of who benefits and who suffers, who pays and gains, and what the risks are and who bears them. Students should understand the
F   25.0604       appropriateness and value of basic questions--"What can happen?"--"What are the odds?"--and "How do scientists and engineers know what will happen?"
                  Humans have a major effect on other species. For example, the influence of humans on other organisms occurs through land use--which decreases space available to other
F   25.0605       species--and pollution--which changes the chemical composition of air, soil, and water.
G 26.01       Science as a human endeavor (History and Nature of Science: Content Standard G )
G 26.02       Nature of scientific knowledge (History and Nature of Science: Content Standard G )
                  Science distinguishes itself from other ways of knowing and from other bodies of knowledge through the use of empirical standards, logical arguments, and skepticism, as
G 26.0201         scientists strive for the best possible explanations about the natural world.
                  Scientific explanations must meet certain criteria. First and foremost, they must be consistent with experimental and observational evidence about nature, and must make
                  accurate predictions, when appropriate, about systems being studied. They should also be logical, respect the rules of evidence, be open to criticism, report methods and
                  procedures, and make knowledge public. Explanations on how the natural world changes based on myths, personal beliefs, religious values, mystical inspiration, superstition,
G 26.0202         or authority may be personally useful and socially relevant, but they are not scientific.
                  Because all scientific ideas depend on experimental and observational confirmation, all scientific knowledge is, in principle, subject to change as new evidence becomes
                  available. The core ideas of science such as the conservation of energy or the laws of motion have been subjected to a wide variety of confirmations and are therefore unlikely
                  to change in the areas in which they have been tested. In areas where data or understanding are incomplete, such as the details of human evolution or questions surrounding
                  global warming, new data may well lead to changes in current ideas or resolve current conflicts. In situations where information is still fragmentary, it is normal for scientific
G 26.0203         ideas to be incomplete, but this is also where the opportunity for making advances may be greatest.
G 26.03       Historical perspectives (History and Nature of Science: Content Standard G )
Code    CS Guide to the Content Standards

40.00   Number and Operations Standard for Grades 9–12
            Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among      develop a deeper understanding of very large and very small numbers and of various
                                                                                  1
40.01       numbers, and number systems                                                representations of them;
                                                                                       compare and contrast the properties of numbers and number systems, including the
            Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among
                                                                                  2    rational and real numbers, and understand complex numbers as solutions to
            numbers, and number systems
40.02                                                                                  quadratic equations that do not have real solutions;
            Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among      understand vectors and matrices as systems that have some of the properties of the
                                                                                  3
40.03       numbers, and number systems                                                real-number system;

            Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among
                                                                                  4    use number-theory arguments to justify relationships involving whole numbers.
40.04       numbers, and number systems
                                                                                       judge the effects of such operations as multiplication, division, and computing powers
            Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another   1
40.05                                                                                  and roots on the magnitudes of quantities;
                                                                                       develop an understanding of properties of, and representations for, the addition and
            Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another   2
40.06                                                                                  multiplication of vectors and matrices;

            Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another   3   develop an understanding of permutations and combinations as counting techniques.
40.07
                                                                                       develop fluency in operations with real numbers, vectors, and matrices, using mental
            Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates                         1   computation or paper-and-pencil calculations for simple cases and technology for
40.08                                                                                  more-complicated cases.

            Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates                         2   judge the reasonableness of numerical computations and their results.
40.09
41.00   Algebra Standard for Grades 9–12

            Understand patterns, relations, and functions                          1   generalize patterns using explicitly defined and recursively defined functions;
41.01
                                                                                       understand relations and functions and select, convert flexibly among, and use
            Understand patterns, relations, and functions                          2
41.02                                                                                  various representations for them;

                                                                                       analyze functions of one variable by investigating rates of change, intercepts, zeros,
            Understand patterns, relations, and functions                          3
41.03                                                                                  asymptotes, and local and global behavior;
                                                                                       understand and perform transformations such as arithmetically combining,
            Understand patterns, relations, and functions                          4   composing, and inverting commonly used functions, using technology to perform such
41.04                                                                                  operations on more-complicated symbolic expressions;
                                                                                       understand and compare the properties of classes of functions, including exponential,
            Understand patterns, relations, and functions                          5
41.05                                                                                  polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and periodic functions;

            Understand patterns, relations, and functions                          6   interpret representations of functions of two variables
41.06
            Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using          understand the meaning of equivalent forms of expressions, equations, inequalities,
                                                                                    1
41.07       algebraic symbols                                                           and relations;

            Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using          write equivalent forms of equations, inequalities, and systems of equations and solve
                                                                                    2   them with fluency—mentally or with paper and pencil in simple cases and using
41.08       algebraic symbols
                                                                                        technology in all cases;
            Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using
                                                                                    3   use symbolic algebra to represent and explain mathematical relationships;
41.09       algebraic symbols

            Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using          use a variety of symbolic representations, including recursive and parametric
                                                                                    4
41.1        algebraic symbols                                                           equations, for functions and relations;

            Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using          judge the meaning, utility, and reasonableness of the results of symbol manipulations,
                                                                                    5
41.11       algebraic symbols                                                           including those carried out by technology.
            Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative            identify essential quantitative relationships in a situation and determine the class or
                                                                                    1
41.12       relationships                                                               classes of functions that might model the relationships;
            Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative            use symbolic expressions, including iterative and recursive forms, to represent
                                                                                    2
41.13       relationships                                                               relationships arising from various contexts;

            Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative
                                                                                    3   draw reasonable conclusions about a situation being modeled.
41.14       relationships

            Analyze change in various contexts                                      1   approximate and interpret rates of change from graphical and numerical data.
41.15
42.00   Geometry Standard for Grades 9–12
            Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional
            geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric     1   analyze properties and determine attributes of two- and three-dimensional objects;
42.01       relationships
            Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional        explore relationships (including congruence and similarity) among classes of two- and
            geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric     2   three-dimensional geometric objects, make and test conjectures about them, and
42.02       relationships                                                               solve problems involving them;
            Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional
                                                                                        establish the validity of geometric conjectures using deduction, prove theorems, and
            geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric     3
                                                                                        critique arguments made by others;
42.03       relationships
            Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional
            geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric     4   use trigonometric relationships to determine lengths and angle measures.
42.04       relationships
            Specify locations and describe spatial relationships using coordinate       use Cartesian coordinates and other coordinate systems, such as navigational, polar,
                                                                                    1
            geometry and other representational systems                                 or spherical systems, to analyze geometric situations;
42.05
            Specify locations and describe spatial relationships using coordinate       investigate conjectures and solve problems involving two- and three-dimensional
                                                                                    2
            geometry and other representational systems                                 objects represented with Cartesian coordinates.
42.06
            Apply transformations and use symmetry to analyze mathematical              understand and represent translations, reflections, rotations, and dilations of objects
                                                                                    1
            situations                                                                  in the plane by using sketches, coordinates, vectors, function notation, and matrices;
42.07
            Apply transformations and use symmetry to analyze mathematical              use various representations to help understand the effects of simple transformations
                                                                                    2
            situations                                                                  and their compositions.
42.08
            Use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve         draw and construct representations of two- and three-dimensional geometric objects
                                                                                      1
            problems                                                                      using a variety of tools;
42.09
            Use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve         visualize three-dimensional objects and spaces from different perspectives and
                                                                                      2
            problems                                                                      analyze their cross sections;
42.1
            Use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve
                                                                                      3   use vertex-edge graphs to model and solve problems;
            problems
42.11
            Use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve         use geometric models to gain insights into, and answer questions in, other areas of
                                                                                      4
            problems                                                                      mathematics;
42.12
            Use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve         use geometric ideas to solve problems in, and gain insights into, other disciplines and
                                                                                      5
            problems                                                                      other areas of interest such as art and architecture.
42.13
43.00   Measurement Standard for Grades 9–12

            Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and       make decisions about units and scales that are appropriate for problem situations
                                                                                      1
            processes of measurement                                                      involving measurement.
43.01
            Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine
                                                                                      1   analyze precision, accuracy, and approximate error in measurement situations;
            measurements
43.02
            Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine                understand and use formulas for the area, surface area, and volume of geometric
                                                                                      2
            measurements                                                                  figures, including cones, spheres, and cylinders;
43.03
            Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine                apply informal concepts of successive approximation, upper and lower bounds, and
                                                                                      3
            measurements                                                                  limit in measurement situations;
43.04
            Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine
                                                                                      4   use unit analysis to check measurement computations.
            measurements
43.05
44.00   Data Analysis and Probability Standard for Grades 9–12

            Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect,              understand the differences among various kinds of studies and which types of
                                                                                      1
            organize, and display relevant data to answer them                            inferences can legitimately be drawn from each;
44.01
            Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect,              know the characteristics of well-designed studies, including the role of randomization
                                                                                      2
            organize, and display relevant data to answer them                            in surveys and experiments;
44.02
            Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect,              understand the meaning of measurement data and categorical data, of univariate and
                                                                                      3
            organize, and display relevant data to answer them                            bivariate data, and of the term variable;
44.03
            Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect,              understand histograms, parallel box plots, and scatterplots and use them to display
                                                                                      4
            organize, and display relevant data to answer them                            data;
44.04
            Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect,              compute basic statistics and understand the distinction between a statistic and a
                                                                                      5
            organize, and display relevant data to answer them                            parameter.
44.05
                                                                                         for univariate measurement data, be able to display the distribution, describe its
            Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data           1
                                                                                         shape, and select and calculate summary statistics;
44.06
                                                                                         for bivariate measurement data, be able to display a scatterplot, describe its shape,
            Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data           2   and determine regression coefficients, regression equations, and correlation
44.07                                                                                    coefficients using technological tools;

            Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data           3   display and discuss bivariate data where at least one variable is categorical;
44.08
                                                                                         recognize how linear transformations of univariate data affect shape, center, and
            Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data           4
                                                                                         spread;
44.09
                                                                                         identify trends in bivariate data and find functions that model the data or transform the
            Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data           5
                                                                                         data so that they can be modeled.
44.10
                                                                                         use simulations to explore the variability of sample statistics from a known population
            Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data   1
                                                                                         and to construct sampling distributions;
44.11
                                                                                         understand how sample statistics reflect the values of population parameters and use
            Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data   2
                                                                                         sampling distributions as the basis for informal inference;
44.12
                                                                                         evaluate published reports that are based on data by examining the design of the
            Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data   3
                                                                                         study, the appropriateness of the data analysis, and the validity of conclusions;
44.13
                                                                                         understand how basic statistical techniques are used to monitor process
            Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data   4
                                                                                         characteristics in the workplace.
44.14
                                                                                         understand the concepts of sample space and probability distribution and construct
            Understand and apply basic concepts of probability                       1
                                                                                         sample spaces and distributions in simple cases;
44.15

            Understand and apply basic concepts of probability                       2   use simulations to construct empirical probability distributions;
44.16

            Understand and apply basic concepts of probability                       3   compute and interpret the expected value of random variables in simple cases;
44.17

            Understand and apply basic concepts of probability                       4   understand the concepts of conditional probability and independent events;
44.18

            Understand and apply basic concepts of probability                       5   understand how to compute the probability of a compound event.
44.19
45.00   Problem Solving Standard for Grades 9–12

            build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving;
45.01

            solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts;
45.02
            apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems;
45.03

            monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.
45.04
46.00   Reasoning and Proof Standard for Grades 9–12

            recognize reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics;
46.01

            make and investigate mathematical conjectures;
46.02

            develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs;
46.03

            select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.
46.04
47.00   Communication Standard for Grades 9–12

            organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through
            communication;
47.01
            communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers,
            teachers, and others;
47.02

            analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others;
47.03

            use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.
47.04
48.00   Connections Standard for Grades 9–12

            recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas;
48.01
            understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another
            to produce a coherent whole;
48.02

            recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
48.03
49.00   Representation Standard for Grades 9–12

            create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate
            mathematical ideas;
49.01
        select, apply, and translate among mathematical representations to solve
        problems;
49.02
        use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and
        mathematical phenomena.
49.03
Knowledge and Skills Statements - Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources
Pathway: Food Products and Processing Systems
     AGPA01.01 Apply principles of food processing to the food industry.
     AGPA01.02 Apply principles of food science to the food industry.
     AGPA01.03 Plan, implement, manage, and/or provide services for the preservation and packaging of food and
               food products.
     AGPA01.04 Identify processing, handling, and storage factors to show how they impact product quality.
Pathway: Plant Systems
     AGPB01.01 Apply principles of anatomy and physiology to produce and manage plants in both a domesticated
               and a natural environment.
     AGPB01.02 Address taxonomic or other classifications to explain basic plant anatomy and physiology.
     AGPB01.03 Apply fundamentals of production and harvesting to produce plants.
     AGPB01.04 Exercise elements of design to enhance an environment (e.g., floral, forest, landscape, farm).
Pathway: Animal Systems
     AGPC01.01 Apply knowledge of anatomy and physiology to produce and/or manage animals in a domesticated
               or natural environment.
     AGPC01.02 Recognize animal behaviors to facilitate working with animals safely.
     AGPC01.03 Provide proper nutrition to maintain animal performance.
     AGPC01.04 Know the factors that influence an animal’s reproductive cycle to explain species response.
     AGPC01.05 Identify environmental factors that affect an animal’s performance.
Pathway: Power Structural & Technical Systems
     AGPD01.01 Apply physical science principles to engineering applications with mechanical equipment, structures,
               biological systems, land treatment, power utilization, and technology.
     AGPD02.01 Apply principles of operation and maintenance to mechanical equipment, structures, biological
               systems, land treatment, power utilization, and technology.
     AGPD02.02 Apply principles of service and repair to mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land
               treatment, power utilization, and technology.
     AGPD03.01
               Exercise basic skills in blueprint and design development to create sketches, drawings and plans.
     AGPD03.02 Read and relate structural plans to specifications and building codes.
     AGPD03.03 Examine structural requirements to estimate project costs.
     AGPD03.04 Develop skills required to use construction/fabrication equipment and tools.
     AGPD03.05 Plan, implement, manage, and/or provide support services to facility design and construction;
               equipment design, manufacture, repair, and service; and agricultural technology.
     AGPD04.01 Use the variety of tools available in computer systems to accomplish fast, accurate production in the
               workplace.
     AGPD04.02 Use available power sources to plan and apply control systems.
     AGPD04.03 Explain geospatial technology to demonstrate its applications.
Pathway: Natural Resources Systems
     AGPE01.01 Recognize importance of resource and human interrelations to conduct management activities in
               natural habitats.
     AGPE01.02 Use effective venues to communicate natural phenomena to the public.
     AGPE01.03 Apply scientific principles to natural resource management activities.
     AGPE01.04 Employ knowledge of natural resource industries to describe production practices and processing
               procedures.
     AGPE01.05 Practice responsible conduct to protect natural resources.
Pathway: Environmental Service Systems
     AGPF01.01 Use analysis procedures to plan and evaluate environmental service impacts.
     AGPF01.02 Identify public policies and regulations impacting environmental services to determine their effect on
               facility operation.
     AGPF01.03 Apply scientific principles to environmental services.
     AGPF01.04 Operate environmental service systems (e.g., pollution control, water treatment, wastewater
               treatment, solid waste treatment and energy) to manage a facility environment.
     AGPF01.05 Use hand tools, equipment, machinery and technology to accomplish tasks in environmental
               services.
Pathway: Agribusiness Systems
     AGPG01.01 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives in an AFNR business environment.
     AGPG01.02 Practice good record keeping to accomplish AFNR business objectives.
     AGPG01.03 Apply generally accepted accounting principles and skills to manage budget, credit, and optimal
               application of AFNR business assets.
     AGPG01.04 Employ AFNR industry concepts and practices to manage inventory.
     AGPG01.05 Utilize technology to accomplish AFNR business objectives.
     AGPG01.06 Use sales and marketing principles to accomplish an AFNR business objective.

								
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