Intro to Business Test Bank by lja61768

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									Intro to Business                 Chapter 2: Economic Systems                            UNIT TEST

Name:                                        Period:                             Date:

                                Vocabulary Identification
                                         Word Bank
1. BUSINESS                    2. MARKET ECONOMY   3. Scarcity

4. ECONOMIC SYSTEM             5. VOLUNTARY               6. COMPETITION
                                   EXCHANGE
7. DIRECTED OR                 8. CUSTOM-BASED            9. CAPITALISM OR FREE OR
    PLANNED ECONOMY                ECONOMY                    PRIVATE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM

10. MARKETPLACE                11. PROFIT MOTIVE          12.    PRIVATE PROPERTY

13. Human Resources            14. Natural                15.    Capital Resources
                                   Resources

Under each definition/statement write the Word Bank term that it defines—2 pts

1.    An establishment or enterprise that supplies us with goods and
      services in exchange for payment in some form.

Business 1

2.    The rivalry among businesses to sell their goods and services to
      buyers.

Competition 6

3.    An economy in which goods are produced the way they have always been
      produced.

Custom Based 9

4.    An economy in which the resources are owned and controlled by the
      government.

Directed or Planned 7

5.    A nation’s plan for answering the key economic questions.

Economic System 4
6. Any place where buyers and sellers exchange goods and services for
    some form of money.

Marketplace 10




OSI 2002-2003                                                                              PAGE: 1
Intro to Business             Chapter 2: Economic Systems             UNIT TEST

Name:                                   Period:               Date:


Vocabulary Identification Continued: 2 pts each
7. An economic system in which most economic resources are privately
    owned and decisions are largely made by free exchange in the
    marketplace.

Capitalism or Free or Private Enterprise System 9

8.    An economy in which individuals are free to engage in business
      transactions with buyers who are willing and able to buy and sellers
      who supply goods and services from which they earn a profit.

Market Economy 2

9.    The right to own, use, or dispose of things of value.

Private Property 12
10. The desire to work hard and be creative to earn a higher profit.

Profit Motive       11

11. Buyers and sellers make their own economic decisions to determine
    what the price will be for goods and services produced and sold.

Voluntary Exchange        5

12. Basic Economic Problem—how does an economic system meet unlimited
    wants and needs with its limited resources.

Scarcity 3

13. Materials (resources) that come from the earth, the water, or the
    air

Natural Resources 14
14. The labor force, people who work to provide goods and services

Human Resources      13

15. Tools, equipment, and machinery used to produce goods and services

Capital Resources 15




OSI 2002-2003                                                           PAGE: 2
Intro to Business                       Chapter 2: Economic Systems                                    UNIT TEST

Name:                                               Period:                                    Date:

True/False—2 pts each
Directions:
Mark a     in the corresponding True or False column to identify the statement as True or False:
True     False         Statement:
                   1. A place where buyers and sellers come together to trade goods, services, and resources
                       is called a marketplace.

                    2. Voluntary exchange is controlled by the government.

                    3. Determining which of its citizens should benefit from the production of goods and
                       services is something each nation must decide.

                    4. When the government or a business hires new employees, it is participating in the
                       marketplace.

                    5. The basic economic problem, meeting unlimited wants and needs with limited resources
                       is referred to as scarcity.

                    6. Scarcity is a problem that is faced by individuals, governments, and businesses.

                    7. In a system of capitalism, the government decides what will be produced with the
                       resources available.

                    8. In a private enterprise system, you may start or invest in any business as long as it is
                       legal to do so.

                    9. The profit motive is designed to allow lazy owners to become rich.

                    10. Freedom of choice is an important right included in a private enterprise system.

                    11. The economic system in the United States is primarily considered to be a Market
                        Economy.

                    12. Most economies are composed of a mixture of characteristics from the three economic
                        systems: Market, Planned or Directed, and Custom based. This concept is described as
                        a Mixed Economy.

                    13. The economic system in the United States is pure capitalism with not government
                        invention or regulation involved.

                    14. A place where buyers and sellers exchange goods and services for some form of money
                        is called the marketplace.

                    15. An establishment or enterprise that supplies goods and services in exchange for some
                        form of payment is called a business.
OSI 2002-2003                                                                                            PAGE: 3
Intro to Business                      Chapter 2: Economic Systems                                   UNIT TEST

Name:                                             Period:                                    Date:


Multiple Choice—2 pts each
Directions:
Write the letter of the answer that best completes each statement in the corresponding answer column

Answer              Statement:
Column
        B           1. A market economy is one in which:
                       a) Buyers and sellers operate according to government guidelines
                       b) Individuals are free to exchange in business transactions (voluntary exchange)
                       c) Stores stay open until late at night only when they are given permission
                       d) There is a central market committee that solves problems

        D           2. Which of the following are goods?
                       a) jackets
                       b) CD players
                       c) gasoline
                       d) all of the above

        A           3. The means through which goods and services are produced are called:
                       a) factors of production
                       b) natural resources
                       c) production materials
                       d) human resources

        A           4. Which of the following are considered to be natural resources?
                       a) fish
                       b) farmer
                       c) teacher
                       d) school building

        C           5. The person who checks out purchases at the supermarket is part of :
                       a) natural resources
                       b) capital resources
                       c) human resources
                       d) none of the above




OSI 2002-2003                                                                                          PAGE: 4
Intro to Business                      Chapter 2: Economic Systems                                 UNIT TEST

Name:                                             Period:                                  Date:


Multiple Choice—2 pts each
Directions:
Write the letter of the answer that best completes each statement in the corresponding answer column
Answer              Statement:
Column
        A           6. Members of a family might not be able to afford the things they want because an
                       economic factor called:
                       a) the basic economic problem—scarcity
                       b) the family economic problem
                       c) multiple greed
                       d) human desires

        B           7. What step is defining the problem in the decision making process?
                        a) second
                        b) first
                        c) last
                        d) third

        A           8. Which of the following describes a situation in which scarcity can be a problem?
                        a) a city wants to give fire fighters a large pay increase
                        b) a business wants to enlarge its plant
                        c) a family wants to extend its vacation
                        d) all of the above

        B           9. Things you can see and touch are called:
                        a) services
                        b) goods
                        c) scarcity
                        d) none of the above

        D           10. Examples of raw materials include:
                         a) oil
                         b) water
                         c) diamonds
                         d) all of the above




OSI 2002-2003                                                                                          PAGE: 5
Intro to Business           Chapter 2: Economic Systems                   UNIT TEST

Name:                                 Period:                     Date:

Identification: 5 pts
The three questions every economic system must answer in its efforts to solve the
basic economic problem (Scarcity) are: Write your answers below

???

1—WHAT TO PRODUCE


2—HOW TO PRODUCE


3—FOR WHOM TO PRODUCE



Identification: 5 pts
What are the FIVE CHARACTERISTICS of a market economy:

1—Private enterprise

2—Private property

3—Profit

4—Competition

5—Freedom of choice


10 point Bonus Question

LIST THE SIX STEPS IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS:
1. Identify the Problem


2. Identify the choices


3. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each choice


4. Choose


5. Act


6. Evaluate the outcome



OSI 2002-2003                                                               PAGE: 6

								
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