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1955 - PDF

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1955

1955
Millennium: Centuries: Decades: Years: 2nd millennium 19th century - 20th century 21st century
1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s

1952 1953 1954 - 1955 - 1956 1957 1958

Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar).

• January 18 – January 20 – Battle of Yijiangshan Islands: The Chinese Communist People’s Liberation Army seizes the islands from the Republic of China (Taiwan). • January 22 – The Pentagon announces a plan to develop ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles) armed with nuclear weapons. • January 23 – The Sutton Coldfield rail crash kills 17 near Birmingham, England. • January 25 – The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union announces the end of the war between the USSR and Germany, which began during World War II in 1941. • January 28 – The United States Congress authorizes President Dwight D. Eisenhower to use force to protect Formosa from the People’s Republic of China.

Jan. 7: Marian Anderson at the Met

Events of 1955
January
• January 2 – José Antonio Remón Cantera, president of Panama, is assassinated at a race track in Panama City. • January 7 – Marian Anderson is the first African American singer to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. January 22: ICBM

February
• February 1 – Ray Kroc opens a McDonald’s fast food restaurant (the

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1955
performed on stage). The program gains the largest viewership of a TV special up to that time, and becomes one of the first great television classics. • March 12 – Charlie Parker dies. • March 17 – The Richard Riot occurs in Montreal. • March 19 – KXTV signs on the air in the United States. • March 20 – Blackboard Jungle opens in movie theaters featuring the song Rock Around the Clock by Bill Haley and his Comets, thus propelling rock and roll as a musical genre. Teenagers jump from their seats to dance to the song.

February 1: McDonald’s company’s 9th since it was founded in 1940), but Kroc later takes over the company and oversees its worldwide expansion. February 10 – The Seventh Fleet of the United States Navy helps the Republic of China evacuate Chinese Nationalist army and residents from the Tachen Islands to Taiwan. February 12 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends the first U.S. advisors to South Vietnam. February 16 – Nearly 100 die in a fire at a home for the elderly in Yokohama, Japan. February 22 – In Chicago’s Democratic primary, Mayor Martin H. Kennelly loses to the head of the Cook County Democratic Party, Richard J. Daley, 364,839 to 264,77.

•

April
• April 5 – Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. • April 5 – Richard J. Daley defeats Robert Merrian to become mayor of Chicago by a vote of 708,222 to 581,555. • April 6 – Anthony Eden becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. • April 11 – The Taiwanese Kuomintang sabotages the "Kashmir Princess", killing 16 but failing to assassinate People’s Republic of China leader Zhou Enlai. • April 12 – The Salk polio vaccine is introduced. • April 16 – The Burma-Japanese peace treaty signed in Rangoon on November 5, 1954 comes into force, formally ending the state of war. • April 17 – Imre Nagy, Premier of Hungary, is ousted for being too moderate. • April 18–24 – Asian-African Conference.

•

• •

March

May
• May 5 – West Germany becomes a sovereign state. • May 9 – West Germany joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). • May 11 – The Japanese ferry Shiun Maru sinks off of Takamatsu, Shikoku; 168 are killed. • May 14 – Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defence treaty called the Warsaw Pact. • May 19 – The Austrian State Treaty, which restores Austria’s sovereignty, is concluded between the four occupying powers of World War II and Austria.

March 20: Bill Haley. • March 5 – WBBJ signs on the air in the Jackson, Tennessee as WDXI. • March 7 – The 1954 Broadway musical version of Peter Pan, starring Mary Martin, is presented on television for the first time by NBC (also the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV exactly as

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1955
aboard the Lockheed Constellation are killed. • July 28 – The first Interlingua Congress in Tours, France, leads to the founding of the Union Mundial pro Interlingua.

June
• June 7 – The $64,000 Question premieres on CBS television, with Hal March as the host. • June 11 – 1955 Le Mans disaster: Eightythree are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide. • June 13 – Mir Mine, the first diamond mine of the USSR, is discovered. • June 16 – Lady and the Tramp, Walt Disney’s 15th animated feature film, debuts in U.S. movie theaters.

August

July

Aug.19 Diane • August 19 – Hurricane Diane hits the northeast United States, killing 200 and causing over $1 billion in damage. • August 20 – Hundreds are killed in antiFrench rioting in Morocco and Algeria. • August 22 – Eleven schoolchildren are killed when their school bus is hit by a freight train in Spring City, Tennessee. • August 25 – The last Soviet forces leave Austria. • August 27 – The first copy of a Guinness World Records book is published. • August 28 – Emmett Till is killed in Money, Mississippi.

July 17: Disneyland opens. • July 7 – The New Zealand Special Air Service is formed. • July 13 – Ruth Ellis (b. 1926) is hanged for murder in London (the last woman ever to be executed in the United Kingdom). • July 17 – Disneyland opens in Anaheim, California. • July 18 – The first atomic-generated electrical power is sold commercially, powering Arco, Idaho. • July 18 – Illinois’s Governor William Stratton signs the Loyalty Oath Act, that mandates all public employees take a loyalty oath or lose their jobs. • July 18 – The Geneva Summit between the US, USSR, UK, and France begins. • July 19 – Estonian Television (ETV) begins broadcasting. • July 23 – The Geneva Summit between the US, USSR, UK, and France ends. • July 27 – El Al Flight 402 from Vienna to Tel Aviv-Yafo via Istanbul is shot down over Bulgaria. All passengers and crew

September

Sept.30: James Dean. • September 6 – Istanbul Pogrom: Istanbul’s Greek minority is the target of a government-sponsored pogrom.

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• September 10 – Gunsmoke debuts on the CBS television network. • September 15 – Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita is published in Paris by Olympia Press. • September 19 – President of Argentina Juan Peron is ousted in a military coup. • September 19 – Hurricane Hilda kills 200 in Mexico. • September 21 – Juan Perón loses power in a military coup. • September 22 – Independent Commercial Television (ITV) begins broadcasting in the UK. • September 24 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower suffers a coronary thrombosis while on vacation in Denver. • September 30 – Actor James Dean is killed when his Porsche 550 Spyder collides with another automobile at a highway junction near Cholame, California.

1955

Oct.26: Austria free. • November 3 – The five-and-a-half-mile Rimutaka Railway tunnel opens in New Zealand. • November 5 – Racial segregation is forbidden on trains and buses in U.S. interstate commerce. • November 5 – Dr. Emmett Brown envisions the Flux Capacitor which, 30 years later, will lead him to invent Time Travel. • November 12 – The Bugs Bunny cartoon Roman-Legion Hare debuts in the USA. • November 20 – Bo Diddley makes his television debut on Ed Sullivan’s Toast Of The Town show for the CBS network. • November 23 – The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia. • November 27 – Fred Phelps establishes the Westboro Baptist Church, an anti-gay church, in Topeka, Kansas.

October
• October 3 – The Mickey Mouse Club premieres on the ABC television network. • October 4 – The Reverend Sun Myung Moon is released from prison in Seoul, Korea. • October 4 – The Brooklyn Dodgers finally win the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees 2-0 in Game 7 of the 1955 Fall Classic. • October 11 – 70-mm film is introduced with the theatrical release of Oklahoma! • October 20 – The first film footage of Elvis Presley is shot as part of a film short about Cleveland disc jockey Bill Randle. • October 20 – Cardiff is proclaimed as the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom. • October 26 – After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares its permanent neutrality. • October 26 – Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as president.

December

Dec. 14: Tappan Zee Bridge opens. • December 1 – Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white person, and the national civil rights movement begins. • December 5 – The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge to become the AFLCIO.

November
• November 1 – A time bomb explodes in the cargo hold of United Airlines Flight 629, a Douglas DC-6B airliner flying above Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and 5 crew members on board the aircraft.

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• December 5 – The Montgomery Improvement Association is formed in Montgomery, Alabama by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and other Black ministers to coordinate a Black boycott of city buses. • December 14 – Tappan Zee Bridge in New York opens to traffic. • December 14 – Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, Spain and Sri Lanka join the United Nations. • December 22 – American cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio discovers the correct number of human chromosomes. • December 31 • General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make over USD $1 billion in a year. • Michigan J. Frog, a cartoon character, debuts in One Froggy Evening
Armenian calendar Bahá’í calendar Berber calendar Buddhist calendar Burmese calendar Byzantine calendar Chinese calendar 1404 ?? ??? 111 – 112 2905 2499 1317 7463 – 7464
?????????

1955

(4591/4651-12-8) — to —
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(4592/4652-11-18) Coptic calendar Ethiopian calendar Hebrew calendar Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat - Shaka Samvat - Kali Yuga Holocene calendar Iranian calendar Islamic calendar Japanese calendar Korean calendar Thai solar calendar 2010 – 2011 1877 – 1878 5056 – 5057 11955 1333 – 1334 1374 – 1375 Shōwa 30
(??30?)

1671 – 1672 1947 – 1948 5715 – 5716

Undated
• Düsseldorf-Mönchengladbach Airport (Flughafen Düsseldorf-Mönchengladbach) is founded.

Ongoing
• Malayan Emergency (1948-1960) • Marshall Plan • Mau Mau Uprising (1952-1960)

4288 2498

World population
• World population: 2,755,823,000 – Africa: 246,746,000 – Asia: 1,541,947,000 – Europe: 575,184,000 – South America: 190,797,000 – Northern America: 186,884,000 – Oceania: 14,265,000

January
• January 1 – Mario Andreacchio, Australian film director • January 1 – Stephen Mallinder, English musician (Cabaret Voltaire) • January 2 – Tex Brashear, American voice actor • January 2 – Vivien Savage, French singer • January 6 – Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor • January 12 – Rockne O’Bannon, American writer and television producer • January 13 – Paul Kelly, Australian musician • January 13 – Jay McInerney, American writer • January 15 – Nigel Benson, British author and illustrator • January 17 – Steve Earle, American musician

Births
1955 in other calendars Gregorian calendar Ab urbe condita 1955 MCMLV 2708

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• January 18 – Kevin Costner, American actor • January 19 – Simon Rattle, English conductor • January 20 – Joe Doherty, Provisional Irish Republican Army member • January 25 – Terry Chimes, British rock drummer (The Clash) • January 26 – Eddie Van Halen, Dutch-born rock musician (Van Halen) • January 27 – John Roberts, Chief Justice of the United States • January 27 – Alexander Stuart, British author • January 28 – Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France • January 28 – Vinod Khosla, Venture Capitalist

1955

March
• March 2 – Jay Osmond, American pop singer • March 4 – Dominique Pinon, French actor • March 5 – Penn Jillette, American magician and comedian • March 5 – Julien Dray, French politician • March 6 – Alberta Watson, Canadian actress • March 7 – Tommy Kramer, American football player • March 8 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981) • March 10 – Youssra, Egyptian actress and singer • March 11 – Nina Hagen, German pop star • March 15 – Dee Snider, American rock singer (Twisted Sister) • March 16 – Jiro Watanabe, Japanese boxer • March 16 – Bruno Barreto, Brazilian film director • March 17 – Gary Sinise, American actor • March 18 – Guillermo Dávila, Venezuelan actor and singer • March 19 – Bruce Willis, American actor • March 22 – Pete Sessions, American politician • March 22 – Valdis Zatlers, president of Latvia • March 22 – Lena Olin, Swedish actress • March 23 – Moses Malone, American basketball player • March 26 – Danny Arndt, Canadian ice hockey player • March 28 – John Alderdice, Irish politician • March 28 – Reba McEntire, American singer and actress • March 29 – Earl Campbell, American football player • March 29 – Brendan Gleeson, Irish actor • March 30 – Paul Reiser, American actor • March 31 – Angus Young, Australian rock guitarist (AC/DC)

February
• February 3 – Stephen Euin Cobb, American novelist • February 3 – Kirsty Wark, Scottish television presenter • February 6 – Michael Pollan, American journalist • February 7 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor • February 8 – John Grisham, American novelist • February 10 – Chris Adams, British professional wrestler and judoka (d. 2001) • February 10 – Greg Norman, Australian golfer • February 12 – Arsenio Hall, American actor and talk show host • February 15 – Christopher McDonald, American actor • February 16 – Hunt Block, American actor • February 17 – Mo Yan, Chinese writer • February 19 – Jeff Daniels, American actor • February 20 – Kelsey Grammer, American actor • February 23 – Tom Bodett, American voice actor, radio personality, and writer • February 23 – Howard Jones, English musician • February 23 – Flip Saunders, American basketball coach • February 24 – Alain Prost, French race car driver • February 24 – Steve Jobs, American computer pioneer

April
• April 1 – Gregg Jarrett, American lawyer turned journalist • April 3 – Mick Mars, American musician with Motley Crue • April 5 – Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist • April 5 – Janice Long, British radio disc jockey • April 6 – Michael Rooker, American actor

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• April 6 – Janet Ellis, British children’s TV presenter • April 7 – Werner Stocker, German actor (d. 1993) • April 7 – Akira Nishino, Japanese soccer player and manager • April 8 – Barbara Kingsolver, American fiction writer • April 8 – Kane Hodder, American actor • April 9 – Kate Heyhoe, American food writer • April 11 – Kevin Brady, American politician • April 13 – Steve Camp, American musician • April 15 – Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997) • April 16 – Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg • April 20 – Seema Mustafa, Indian politician and journalist • April 21 – Ebiet G Ade, Indonesian singer and songwriter • April 23 – Tony Miles, English chess player (d. 2001) • April 23 – Judy Davis, Australian actress • April 24 – John de Mol, Dutch media tycoon • April 25 – John Nunn, English chess player and mathematician • April 25 – Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor • April 29 – Kate Mulgrew, American actress • April 29 – Wendee Lee, American voice actress

1955
• May 10 – Mark David Chapman, American murderer of John Lennon • May 16 – Olga Korbut, Russian gymnast • May 16 – Jack Morris, American baseball player • May 16 – Hazel O’Connor, British singer • May 16 – Debra Winger, American actress • May 17 – Bill Paxton, American actor • May 18 – Chow Yun-Fat, Hong Kong actor • May 19 – James Gosling, Canadian software engineer • May 20 – Zbigniew Preisner, Polish film composer • May 21 – Paul Barber, British field hockey player • May 21 – Stan Lynch, American drummer, songwriter, and producer • May 22 – Chalmers "Spanky" Alford, American jazz guitarist (d. 2008) • May 22 – Jimmy Lyon, American guitarist • May 22 – Dale Winton, English radio DJ and television presenter • May 24 – Rosanne Cash, American entertainer • May 24 – Rumiko Ukai, Jpanese voice actress • May 26 – Doris Dörrie, German actress and screenplay writer • May 26 – Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef • May 28 – John McGeoch, Scottish rock musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees, Public Image Ltd.) (d. 2004) • May 29 – John Hinckley, Jr., American who attempted to assassinate U.S. President Ronald Reagan • May 30 – Topper Headon, British rock drummer (The Clash) • May 31 – Tommy Emmanuel, Australian guitarist (CGP)

May
• May 1 – Ray Buttigieg, Maltese composer and poet • May 1 – Nick Feldman, English musician • May 2 – Willie Miller, Scottish footballer • May 2 – Dave Winer, American software pioneer • May 3 – David Hookes, Australian cricketer (d. 2004) • May 4 – Robert Ellis Orrall, American singer • May 6 – Tom Bergeron, American television host • May 7 – Kevin Reed, American Presbyterian author, theologian and publisher • May 9 – Anne-Sofie von Otter, Swedish mezzo-soprano • May 10 – Chris Berman, American sports broadcaster (ABC Sports)

June
• June 1 – Ralph Morse (actor), British actor, singer, and writer of historical dramas • June 2 – Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian • June 2 – Michael Steele, American rock bassist (The Bangles) • June 5 – Fernando Borrego Linares, Cuban singer and songwriter (aka Polo Montañez) • June 6 – Sandra Bernhard, American comedian, actress, author and singer

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• June 7 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (d. 1989) • June 8 – Tim Berners-Lee, English inventor of the World Wide Web • June 10 – Andrew Stevens, American actor and film producer • June 13 – Larry Mike Garmon, American author • June 14 – Paul O’Grady, English talk show host and comedian • June 16 – Laurie Metcalf, American actress • June 18 – Sandy Allen, American, world’s tallest woman (d. 2008) • June 20 – Tor Norretranders, Danish author • June 21 – Jean-Pierre Mader, French singer-songwriter • June 21 – Michel Platini, French football player • June 21 – Aloysius Amwano, Nauruan politician • June 22 – Glenn Danzig, American rock singer (The Misfits, Samhain, Danzig) • June 22 – Green Gartside, Welsh singer, songwriter • June 23 – Alan J. Gow, British motorsport executive • June 21 – Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer • June 24 – Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Indian head of Siddha Yoga • June 26 – Mick Jones, British rock guitarist (The Clash, Big Audio Dynamite) • June 27 – Isabelle Adjani, French actress • June 30 – David Alan Grier, American actor and comedian

1955
• July 27 – Allan Border, Australian cricketer • July 31 – Jakie Quartz, French singer • August 2 – Caleb Carr, American writer • August 4 – Billy Bob Thornton, American actor • August 7 – Vladimir Sorokin, Russian writer • August 8 – Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter • August 9 – Doug Williams, American football quarterback • August 17 – Wesley Eure, American actor • August 19 – Peter Gallagher, American actor • August 22 – Chiranjeevi, Indian actor • August 24 – Mike Huckabee, American politician, former Governor and 2008 Presidential candidate • August 27 – Laura Fygi, Dutch singer • August 31 – Edwin Moses, American athlete

September
• September 1 – Bruce Foxton, English musician • September 2 – Robert Duncan, American astrophysicist • September 3 – Steve Jones, English rock guitarist (Sex Pistols) • September 7 – Efim Zelmanov, Russian mathematician • September 9 – John Kricfalusi, Canadian cartoonist • September 10 – Pat Mastelotto, American musician • September 12 – Peter Scolari, American actor • September 15 – Željka Antunović, Croatian politician • September 15 – Renzo Rosso, Italian clothing designer • September 16 – Robin Yount, American baseball player • September 17 – Charles Martinet, American voice-actor • September 19 – Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer, and musician (d. 2006) • September 21 – Richard Hieb, American astronaut • September 23 – Don Graham, American journalist • September 25 – Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German football player

July-August
• July 1 – Sanma Akashiya, Japanese comedian and actor • July 1 – Lisa Scottoline, American novelist • July 8 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress • July 9 – Fred Norris, American radio personality • July 9 – Jimmy Smits, American actor • July 18 – Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor • July 21 – Howie Epstein, American musician and producer (d. 2003) • July 22 – Willem Dafoe, American actor • July 22 – Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistani politician

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• September 28 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician

1955
• November 23 – Steven Brust, American author • November 24 – Ian Botham, British cricketer • November 27 – Bill Nye, American science presenter and public television host • November 29 – Howie Mandel, Canadian actor and game show host • November 30 – Kevin Conroy, American voice actor • November 30 – Billy Idol, British rock singer • November 30 – Gordon Liu, Chinese actor

October
• October 2 – Philip Oakey, English rock musician (The Human League) • October 5 – Jean-Jacques Lafon, French singer-songwriter • October 5 – Caroline Loeb, French singer and actress • October 7 – Yo-Yo Ma, French-born Chinese cellist • October 13 – Sergei Shepelev, Russian ice hockey player • October 15 – Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player • October 15 – James B. Aguayo-Martel, physician, surgeon, scientist, inventor • October 18 – Timmy Mallett, British television presenter • October 21 – Rich Mullins, American Christian musician (d. 1997) • October 28 – Bill Gates, American software entrepreneur • October 28 – Indra Nooyi, Indian CEO • October 29 – Kevin DuBrow, American musician (d. 2007)

December
• December 3 – Steven Culp, American actor • December 4 – Maurizio Bianchi, Italian musician • December 7 – Priscilla Barnes, American actress • December 8 – Ian Greig, English cricketer • December 12 – Gianna AngelopoulosDaskalaki, Greek politician and businesswoman • December 15 – Paul Simonon, British rock bassist (The Clash) • December 17 – Brad Davis, American basketball player • December 16 – Rob Levin, American founder of the freenode IRC network • December 18 – Ray Liotta, American actor • December 21 – Jane Kaczmarek, American actress • December 23 – Carol Ann Duffy, British poet • December 24 – Clarence Gilyard, American actor • December 27 – Barbara Olson, American television commentator (d. 2001)

November
• November 2 – Chris Burnett, American saxophone player, composer, veteran of US military jazz bands and band leader • November 3 – Phil Simms, American football player • November 4 – Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland • November 5 – Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst & commentator • November 6 – Maria Shriver, American journalist, First Lady of California • November 7 – Detlef Ultsch, German judo athlete • November 9 – Karen Dotrice, English actress • November 11 – Jigme Singye Wangchuk, King of Bhutan • November 13 – Whoopi Goldberg, American actress and comedienne • November 14 – Koichi Nakano, Japanese bicycle racer • November 20 – Ray Ozzie, American computer programmer • November 21 – Kyle Gann, American composer and music critic

Deaths
January–April
• January 1 – Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Indian scientist (b. 1894) • January 2 – Jose Antonio Remon, President of Panama (assassinated) (b. 1908) • January 6 – Yevgeny Tarle, Soviet historian (b. 1874) • January 11 – Rodolfo Graziani, Italian General (b. 1882) • January 15 – Yves Tanguy, French painter (b. 1900)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• January 18 – August Duesenberg, Germanborn American automobile manufacturer (b. 1879) • January 21 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880) • January 24 – Ira Hayes, U.S. Marine (b. 1923) • January 29 – Hans Hedtoft, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1903) • January 31 – John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865) • February 12 – Tom Moore, Irish-American film actor (b. 1883) • March 9 – Matthew Henson, American explorer (b. 1866) • March 11 – Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1881) • March 12 – Charlie Parker, American saxophonist (b. 1920) • March 23 – Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875) • April 7 – Theda Bara, American film actress (b. 1885) • April 18 – Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)

1955
• July 23 – Cordell Hull, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1871)

August–November
• August 2 – Wallace Stevens, American poet (b. 1879) • August 5 – Carmen Miranda, Portuguese singer and actress (b. 1909) • August 12 – Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1875) • August 12 – James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887) • August 13 – Florence Easton, English opera soprano (b. 1882) • August 28 – Emmett Till, American murder victim (b. 1941) • September 24 – Ib Schønberg, Danish actor (b. 1902) • September 30 – James Dean, American actor (b. 1931)

May–July
• May 4 – Georges Enescu, Romanian composer (b. 1881) • May 10 – Tommy Burns, American boxer (b. 1881) • May 10 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (b. 1865) • May 11 – Gilbert Jessop, English cricketer (b. 1874) • May 16 – James Agee, American writer (b. 1909) • May 18 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (b. 1875) • May 26 – Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver (b. 1918) • June 5 – Pattillo Higgins, American oil pioneer and businessman (b. 1863) • June 19 – Adrienne Monnier, French poet (b. 1892) • June 24 – Carlos Gardel, Argentine singer (b. 1890) • June 25 – Vito Corleone, Italian-American mob moss (b. 1891) • July 3 – Beatrice Chase, British writer (b. 1874) • July 13 – Stanley Price, American film and television actor (b. 1892) Sept.30: James Dean. • October 1 – Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880) • October 9 – Theodor Cardinal Innitzer, Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1875) • October 8 – Iry LeJeune, Cajun musician (b. 1928) • October 18 – José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher (b. 1883) • November 4 – Cy Young, American baseball player (b. 1867) • November 5 – Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1882) • November 12 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878) • November 22 – Shemp Howard, American actor and comedian (The Three Stooges) (b. 1895) • November 27 – Arthur Honegger, Frenchborn Swiss composer (b. 1892)

December
• December 6 – Honus Wagner, American baseball player (b. 1874)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• December 13 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1874) • December 21 – Garegin Njdeh, Armenian statesman (b. 1886) • December 25 – Elizabeth Harrison, daughter of President Benjamin Harrison and Mary Dimmick Harrison (b. 1897) • December 25 – Thomas J. Preston, Jr., professor of Archeology at Princeton University; he married Frances Cleveland, widow of President Grover Cleveland (b. 1862) • December 27 – Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (b. 1881)

1955

American Football
• The Cleveland Browns beat the Los Angeles Rams 38-14 for the NFL championship in Los Angeles.

Basketball
• The Syracuse Nationals beat the Fort Wayne Pistons 4 games to 3 to win the NBA title.

Hockey
• The Detroit Red Wings beat the Montreal Canadiens 4 games to 3 to win the Stanley Cup

Nobel Prizes
• Physics – Willis Eugene Lamb, Polykarp Kusch • Chemistry – Vincent du Vigneaud • Physiology or Medicine- Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell • Literature – Halldór Kiljan Laxness • Peace – not awarded

Notes
[1] Nite, Norm N. (1992). ROCK ON ALMANAC: The First Four Decades of Rock ‘n’ Roll: A Chronology; 2nd Edition. New York, New York: Harper Collins. pp. p26. ISBN 0-06-273157-2.

External links
• 1955 Coin Pictures

Sports[1]
Baseball
• The Brooklyn Dodgers beat the New York Yankees 4 games to 3 to win the World Series.

Table of contents

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