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Milwaukee

Milwaukee
City of Milwaukee

Location of Milwaukee in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

Coordinates: 43°03′8″N 87°57′21″W / 43.05222°N 87.95583°W / 43.05222; -87.95583 Country State Counties Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation United States Wisconsin Milwaukee, Washington, Waukesha Tom Barrett (D) 97 sq mi (251.0 km2) 96 sq mi (248.8 km2) 1 sq mi (2.2 km2) 617 ft (188 m)

Top: Milwaukee Riverwalk, Center Left Milwaukee Art Museum, Center Right US Bank Center and Lake Michigan, Lower Left Historic Third Ward, Milwaukee, Lower Right Milwaukee City Hall

Population (2007) 602,191 - City 6,214.7/sq mi (2,399.5/km2) - Density 1,739,497 - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 414 55-53000[1] 1577901[2] www.city.milwaukee.gov

Seal

Nickname(s): Cream City, Brew City, Mil Town, The Mil, The City of Festivals, Deutsch-Athen (German Athens) ’ ’

Website

Milwaukee is the largest city in Wisconsin and 23rd largest (by population) in the United States. It is the county seat of Milwaukee County and is located on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 596,974.[1] Its estimated 2007 population was 602,191.[3] Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha Metropolitan Area with a population of 1,739,497 as of 2007.[4]

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Milwaukee is also the regional center of the seven county Greater Milwaukee Area, with an estimated population of 2,014,032 as of 2008.[5] Milwaukee has a rich European history. The first Europeans to pass through the area were French missionaries and fur traders. In 1818, the French-Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, and in 1846 Juneau’s town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee.[6] Large numbers of German and other immigrants helped increase the city’s population during the 1840s and the following decades. Once known almost exclusively as a brewing and manufacturing powerhouse, Milwaukee has taken steps in recent years to reshape its image. In the past decade, major new additions to the city have included the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Midwest Airlines Center, Miller Park, an internationally renowned addition to the Milwaukee Art Museum, and Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the Milwaukee Auditorium. In addition, many new skyscrapers, condos, lofts, and apartments have been constructed in neighborhoods on and near the lakefront and riverbanks.

Milwaukee
The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, Oregon, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted.

Milwaukee City Hall in 1901 Milwaukee has three "founding fathers", of whom French Canadian Solomon Juneau was first to arrive in the area, in 1818. The Juneaus founded the town called Juneau’s Side, or Juneautown, that began attracting more settlers. However, Byron Kilbourn was Juneau’s equivalent on the west side of the Milwaukee River. In competition with Juneau, he established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, and made sure the streets running toward the river did not join with those on the east side. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges that still exist in Milwaukee today. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or that the east side of the river was uninhabited and thus undesirable. The third prominent builder was George H. Walker. He claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area grew and became known as Walker’s Point. By the 1840s, the three towns had grown quite a bit, along with their rivalries. There were some intense battles between the towns, mainly Juneautown and Kilbourntown,

History
The Milwaukee area was originally inhabited by the Menominee, Fox, Mascouten, Sauk, Potawatomi, Ojibwe, and Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Native American tribes. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 17th and 18th centuries. The word "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word Millioke which means "Good/ Beautiful/Pleasant Land", Potawatomi language minwaking, or Ojibwe language ominowakiing, "Gathering place [by the water]".[7][8] Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Milwacky, Mahn-a-waukie, Milwarck, and Milwaucki. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee’s name says, "[O]ne day during the thirties of the last century [1800s] a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, and Milwaukee it has remained until this day."[9]

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which culminated with the Milwaukee Bridge War of 1845. Following the Bridge War, it was decided the best course of action was to officially unite the towns. So, on January 31, 1846, they combined to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee and elected Solomon Juneau as Milwaukee’s first mayor.

Milwaukee
Straus (department stores), Paul Warburg (banking), Jacob Schiff (banking) and Otto Kahn (banking). A survey in 1890 revealed that about a half of the German Jewish population in the United States were in business.
[10]

German immigration
A great number of German immigrants increased the city’s population during the 1840s, and continued to migrate to the area during the following decades. Milwaukee has been called the "Deutsches Athen" (German Athens), and into the twentieth century, there were more German speakers and German-language newspapers than there were English speakers and English-language newspapers in the city. The German heritage and influence in the Milwaukee area is widespread. To this day, the Greater Milwaukee phone book includes more than 40 pages of Schmitts or Schmidts, far more than the pages of Smiths. During the middle and late 19th century, Wisconsin and the Milwaukee area became the final destination of many German immigrants fleeing the Revolution of 1848 in the various small German states and Austria. In Wisconsin, they found the inexpensive land and the freedoms they sought. Over the next ten years over a million people left Germany and settled in the United States. Some were the intellectual leaders of this rebellion, but many were impoverished Germans who had lost confidence in the government’s ability to solve the country’s economic problems. Others left because they feared constant political turmoil in Germany. One prosperous innkeeper wrote after arriving in Wisconsin: "I would prefer the civilized, cultured, Germany to America if it were still in its former orderly condition, but as it has turned out recently, and with the threatening prospect for the future of religion and politics, I prefer America. Here I can live a more quiet, and undisturbed life." One journalist commented in the Houston Post that "Germany seems to have lost all of her foreign possessions with the exception of Milwaukee, St. Louis and Cincinnati." In the 1850s a large number of German Jews began arriving. This included several who became successful in business such as Joseph Seligman (banking), Solomon Loeb (banking), August Belmont (banking), Isidor

In addition to Germans, Milwaukee received large influxes of immigrants from Poland, Italy, Ireland, and Bohemia,[11] as well as many Jews from Central and Eastern Europe. By 1910, Milwaukee shared the distinction with New York City of having the largest percentage of foreign-born residents in the United States.[12]

The Poles
Although the German presence in Milwaukee after the Civil War remained strong, other groups made their way to the city. Foremost among these were Polish immigrants. The Poles had many reasons for leaving their homeland, mainly poverty and political oppression by Germany (many immigrants came from the German part of Poland). Because Milwaukee offered the Polish immigrants an abundance of low-paying entry level jobs, it became one of the largest Polish settlements in the U.S. St. Stanislaus Catholic Church and the surrounding neighborhood was the center of Polish life in Milwaukee. St. Stanislaus was the first Polish church in urban America. As the Polish community surrounding St. Stanislaus continued to grow, Mitchell Street became known as the "Polish Grand Avenue". Other Polish communities started on the east side of Milwaukee and Jones Island, a major commercial fishing center settled mostly by Poles from the Baltic Coast. There were about 30,000 Poles in Milwaukee by the late 1880s compared with over 50,000 Germans -- a considerable number, placing the group in second place among the ethnic immigrant communities. Early in the 20th century, Milwaukee was home to several pioneer brass era automobile makers, including Ogren (from 1919 to 1922)[13] and LaFayette (from 1922 to about 1924).

Socialism
During the first half of the twentieth century, Milwaukee was the hub of the socialist movement in the United States. Milwaukee elected three socialist mayors during this time: Emil

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Seidel (1910-1912), Daniel Hoan (1916-1940), and Frank Zeidler (1948-1960). It remains the only major city in the country to have done so. Often referred to as "Sewer Socialists", the Milwaukee socialists were characterized by their practical approach to government and labor.

Milwaukee
Destinations" by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[14]. In 2007, the Census Bureau released revised population numbers for Milwaukee that showed the city gained population between 2000 and 2006, making this the first period of population growth since the 1960s. Historic Milwaukee walking tours provide a guided tour of Milwaukee’s historic districts, including topics on Milwaukee’s architectural heritage, its glass skywalk system, and the Milwaukee Riverwalk.

African-American migration
Also during this time, a small but burgeoning community of African Americans who emigrated from the south formed a community that would come to be known as Bronzeville. As industry boomed, the African-American influence grew in Milwaukee.

Historic neighborhoods
In 1892, Whitefish Bay, South Milwaukee, and Wauwatosa were incorporated. They were followed by Cudahy (1895), North Milwaukee (1897) and East Milwaukee, later known as Shorewood, in 1900. In the early 20th century West Allis (1902) and West Milwaukee (1906) were added, which completed the first generation of "inner-ring" suburbs. In the 1920s Chicago gangster activity came north to Milwaukee during the Prohibition era. Al Capone, noted Chicago mobster, owned a home in the Milwaukee suburb Brookfield, where moonshine was made. The house still stands on a street named after Capone. With the large influx of immigrants, Milwaukee became one of the 15 largest cities in the nation, and by the mid-1960s, its population reached nearly 750,000. Starting in the late 1960s, however, Milwaukee, like many cities in the "rust belt", saw its population start to decline as a result of various factors, including the loss of blue collar jobs and the phenomenon of "white flight". Nevertheless, in recent years the city has begun to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods, and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Historic Third Ward, the East Side, and more recently Walker’s Point and Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. The city continues to plan for revitalization through various projects. Milwaukee’s rich European history is evident today. Largely through its efforts to preserve its history, in 2006 Milwaukee was named one of the "Dozen Distinctive Panorama map of Milwaukee, with a view of the City Hall tower, ca. 1898

Geography
Milwaukee lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee, the Kinnickinnic, and the Milwaukee. Smaller rivers, such as the Root River and Lincoln Creek also flow through the city. Milwaukee’s terrain is sculpted by the glacier path and includes steep mountains along the ocean that begin about one half mile east and four miles (6 km) Northwest of downtown. In addition, 30 miles (48 km) southernorth of Milwaukee is the Kettle Moran and Lake County that provides an industrial landscape combined with inland Oceans. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 251.69 km² (96.9 square miles). 248.8 km² (96.1 square miles) of it is land, and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.88% water.

Climate
Milwaukee’s location in the Great Lakes Region means that it often has rapidly changing weather. The warmest month of the year is July, when the average high temperature is 82 °F (28 °C), with overnight low temperatures averaging 66 °F (19 °C); January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 27 °F (-3 °C), with the overnight low temperatures around 13 °F (-11 °C).[16] Of the 50 largest cities in the United States,[17]

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Milwaukee has the second-coldest average annual temperature, next to that of Minneapolis.[18] Milwaukee’s proximity to Lake Michigan causes a convection current to form around mid-afternoon in light wind regimes, resulting in the so-called "lake breeze", a smaller scale version of the more common sea breeze. The lake breeze is most common between the months of March and June. This onshore flow causes temperatures to remain milder near the lake compared to inland locations. As the sun sets, the convection current reverses and an offshore flow ensues causing a land breeze. After a land breeze develops, warmer temperatures flow east toward the lakeshore, sometimes causing high temperatures to be reached during the late evening. The lake breeze is not a daily occurrence and will not form if southwest to northwest winds generally exceed 15 mph (24 km/h). The lake also acts to moderate cold air outbreaks along the lakeshore during winter months. Despite Lake Michigan, overnight lows in downtown Milwaukee are often much warmer than suburban locations because of the urban heat island effect. Also, more snow falls in Milwaukee than surrounding areas, because of periodic episodes of lake effect snow. Onshore winds cause higher daytime relative humidity levels in Milwaukee as compared to other cities at the same latitude. Milwaukee’s all-time record high temperature is 105 °F (41 °C) set on July 24, 1934. The coldest temperature ever experienced by the city was -26 °F (-32 °C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday, featured temperatures as low as -40 °F (-40 °C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16 km) to the north of Milwaukee. The wettest month is August, because of frequent thunderstorms. These can at times be dangerous and damaging, bringing hail and high winds. In rare instances, it can bring a tornado to the more inland parts of the city. However, almost all summer rainfall in the city is brought by these storms. In spring and fall, longer events of prolonged, lighter rain bring most of the precipitation. Snow commonly falls in the city from early November until the middle of March, although it has been recorded as early as September 23, and as late as May 31. The city receives an average of 47.0 inches

Milwaukee
(119 cm) of snow in winter, but this number is highly variable. In 2000, 49.5 inches (126 cm) of snow fell solely in the month of December.

Cityscape

Aerial view of downtown Milwaukee The city runs largely on the grid system, although in the far northwest and southwest corners of the city, the grid pattern gives way to a more suburban-style streetscape. Northsouth streets are numbered, and east-west streets are named. However north-south streets east of 1st street are named, like eastwest streets. The north-south numbering line is along the Menomonee River (east of Hawley Road) and Fairview Avenue/Golfview Parkway (west of Hawley Road), with the east-west numbering line defined along 1st Street (north of Oklahoma Avenue) and Chase/Howell Avenue (south of Oklahoma Avenue). This numbering system is also used to the north by Mequon in Ozaukee County, and by some Waukesha County communities. Milwaukee is crossed by Interstate 43 and Interstate 94, which come together downtown at the Marquette Interchange. Interstate 894 bypass runs through portions of the city’s southwest side, and Interstate 794 comes out of the Marquette interchange eastbound, bends south along the lakefront and crosses the harbor over the Hoan Bridge, then ends near the Bay View neighborhood and becomes the "Lake Parkway" (WIS-794).

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 20,061 — 1850 45,246 125.5% 1860

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Race in Wisconsin and Milwaukee Race White Black Native American Asian Pacific Islander Other race Two or more races Hispanic Note: Hispanics may be of any race. 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 71,440 115,587 204,468 285,315 373,857 457,147 578,249 587,472 637,392 741,324 717,099 636,212 628,088 596,974 57.9% 61.8% 76.9% 39.5% 31.0% 22.3% 26.5% 1.6% 8.5% 16.3% −3.3% −11.3% −1.3% −5.0% Milwaukee 43.6% 39.5% 0.8% 3.6% 0.05% 7.3% 2.1% 14.9% Wisconsin 91% 6.48% 1.3% 2.21% 0.09% N/A N/A 3.35%

Milwaukee

Est. 2006 602,782 [19] 1.0% Source: U.S. Census[20]

Population
As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 596,974.[1] Its estimated 2007 population was 602,191.[3] As of 2000, there were 232,188 households, and 135,133 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,399.5/km² (6,214.3 per square mile). There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km² (2,594.4 per square mile). There are 232,188 households, of which 30.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. 33.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.25.

According to the 2000 Census, there were at least 1,408 same-sex households in Milwaukee which accounts for 0.6% of all households in the city.[21] Although this number is slightly lower than other cities in the region such as Chicago and Minneapolis, Milwaukee continues to be noted for its generally accepting attitudes towards the LGBT community. As a result, many gay-friendly communities have developed in neighborhoods such as Walker’s Point, Bay View, Historic Third Ward, Riverwest, and the East Side. In 2001, Milwaukee was named the #1 city for lesbians by Girlfriends magazine.[22] In the city the population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,181. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. At 43% in 2007, Milwaukee has the second highest black male unemployment rate in the country behind Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[23]

Race and ethnicity
According to the 2007 American Community Survey, the city’s population was 46.8% White (40.9% non-Hispanic-White alone),

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40.0% Black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 1.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 10.6% from some other race and 2.0% from two or more races. 15.1% of the total popolation were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [2]. The Milwaukee suburban community statistics are not represented in this data, and are largely representative of German ancestry. At the 2000 census, 39.5% of Milwaukeeans reported having African-American ancestry and 38% reported German ancestry. Other significant population groups include Polish (12.7%), Irish (10%), English (5.1%), Italian (4.4%), French (3.9%), with Hispanic origin totaling 14.9%. Statistics from Milwaukee’s suburbs are not included in these census data. The metropolitan area was cited as being the most segregated in the U.S. in a Jet Magazine article in 2002. [24] The source of this information was a segregation index developed in the mid 1950s and used since 1964. In 2003, a more detailed study was conducted by researchers at the University of Wisconsin which found evidence that Milwaukee is not "hypersegregated" and actually ranks as the 43rd most integrated city in America. [25] Through continued dialogue between Milwaukee’s citizens, the city is making an effort to reduce racial tensions and reduce the rate of segregation.[26] With demographic changes in the wake of white flight, segregation in metropolitan Milwaukee is primarily in the suburbs rather than the city as in the era of Father Groppi.[27][28]

Milwaukee

The interior of St. Josaphat Basilica, in Milwaukee’s historic Lincoln Village. mother house in Milwaukee, and several other religious orders have a significant presence in the area, including the Jesuits and Franciscans. St. Joan of Arc Chapel, the oldest church in Milwaukee, is located on the Marquette University campus. St. Josaphat Basilica was the first church to be given the Basilica honor in Wisconsin and the third in the United States. Holy Hill National Shrine of Mary, Help of Christians, located northwest of Milwaukee, in Hartford, Wisconsin, was also made a Basilica in 2006. Milwaukee is home for several Lutheran Church Synods, including The Greater Milwaukee Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod (LCMS), which operates Concordia University in Mequon and Milwaukee Lutheran High School, the oldest Lutheran high school in the nation; and the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS), which was founded in 1850 in Milwaukee and maintains its national headquarters there. In addition, numerous mosques, synagogues, and temples serve Milwaukee’s Muslim, Jewish, Hindu and Buddhist communities.

Religion
The Association of Religion Data Archives reported on the religious composition of the Milwaukee-Racine area as of 2000.[29] Approximately 55% of residents were adherents to one of the 188 groups included in the data. Of them, 58% were Catholic, 23% Lutheran, 3% Methodist, and 2.5% Jewish. Others included adherents to other Protestant denominations, Orthodox churches, and Eastern religions. Historically African-American denominations were not included in the data. Milwaukee is home to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee, and the Episcopal Diocese of Milwaukee. The School Sisters of the Third Order of St Francis have their

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Masons have various meeting locations in Milwaukee. The Tripoli Shrine Temple and Mosque, located on Wisconsin Avenue is an architectural replica of India’s Taj Mahal, home to the headquarters of all Shriner activities in Milwaukee. Completed in 1928, it is on the National Register of Historic Places and one of Milwaukee’s most unique landmarks. Shriners, or Shrine Masons, belong to the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America.

Milwaukee

Education

Golda Meir Library at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Higher education
Milwaukee has one of the highest per capita student populations in North America, ranking 6th among U.S. and Canadian cities in number of college students per 100 residents, according to a January 2000 study from McGill University[30] Milwaukee area universities and colleges: • Alverno College • Bryant and Stratton • Cardinal Stritch University • Carroll College (Waukesha) • Concordia University (Mequon) • ITT Technical Institute • Marquette University • Medical College of Wisconsin (Wauwatosa) • Milwaukee Area Technical College • Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design • Milwaukee School of Engineering • Mount Mary College • Sacred Heart School of Theology (Hales Corners, Wisconsin) • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee • Wisconsin Lutheran College

The John P. Raynor, S.J. Library at Marquette University

Primary and secondary education
Milwaukee maintains Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS), the largest school district in Wisconsin and one of the largest in the nation. As of 2007, it had an enrollment of 92,935 students[31] and as of 2006 employed 6,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 223 schools. Milwaukee Public Schools operate as magnet schools, with individualized specialty areas for interests in academics or the arts. Washington High School, Riverside University High School, Rufus King High School, Ronald Wilson Reagan College Preparatory High School,Samuel Morse Middle School for the Gifted and Talented, Golda Meir School, Milwaukee High School of the Arts, and Lynde & Harry Bradley Technology and Trade School are some of the magnet schools in Milwaukee. In 2007, 17 MPS high schools appeared on a national list of "dropout factories" - schools where fewer than 60% of freshmen graduate on time.[32] Milwaukee is also home to over two dozen private or parochial high schools (e.g., St.

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Anthony High School, Divine Savior Holy Angels High School, Thomas More High School, Dominican High School, Messmer High School, Marquette University High School, Milwaukee Lutheran High School, St. Joan Antida High School, Pius XI High School, and University School of Milwaukee among others) and many private and parochial middle and elementary schools. Of persons in Milwaukee aged 25 and above, 84.5% have a high school diploma, and 27% have a bachelor’s degree or higher. (2000)[33]

Milwaukee

Government and politics
Milwaukee has a mayor-council form of government with a strong-mayor plan. The mayor oversees a Common Council of elected members, each representing one of 15 districts in the city. Milwaukee has a history of giving long tenures to its mayors; from Frank Zeidler to Tom Barrett, the city has had only four mayors in the last 60 years. When 28-year incumbent Henry Maier retired in 1988, he held the record for longest term of service for a city of Milwaukee’s size. Milwaukee has been a Democratic stronghold for more than a century, with Democrats dominating every level of government, except for its Socialist mayors and (for briefer periods) other city and county offices. The city is split among three state Senate districts, each of which is composed of three Assembly districts. All 12 of the officials representing the city in the State Legislature are Democrats. Milwaukee makes up the overwhelming majority of Wisconsin’s 4th congressional district. The district is heavily Democratic. The Democratic primary for the seat is considered more important than the general election.[34] The district is currently represented by Democrat Gwen Moore. Milwaukee residents also elect representatives to the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors. The Country Executive is Republican Scott Walker.

Northwestern Mutual’s home office in downtown Milwaukee Wisconsin Energy, Briggs & Stratton, Joy Global, A.O. Smith,[35], GE Healthcare Diagnostic Imaging and Clinical Systems and MGIC Investments. The Milwaukee metropolitan area ranks fifth in the United States in terms of the number of Fortune 500 company headquarters as a share of the population. Brookfield is the leading commercial suburb of Milwaukee. Milwaukee also has a large number of financial service firms, particularly those specializing in mutual funds and transaction processing systems, and a number of publishing and printing companies. The Milwaukee area is also the headquarters of Midwest Airlines, Bucyrus International, the Koss Corporation, Harken, Lesaffre Yeast Corporation, Evinrude Outboard Motors (Sturtevant, WI) and Master Lock. Service and managerial jobs are the fastest-growing segments of the Milwaukee economy, and health care alone makes up 27% the jobs in the city.[36] Twenty-two percent of Milwaukee’s workforce is involved in manufacturing, second only to San Jose, California, and far higher than the national average of 16.5%. In 2009, five Milwaukee-area companies were selected as leaders in their industries as Fortune magazine recognized “The World’s Most-Admired Companies.” Two Milwaukee companies ranked second in their field: Manpower Inc. in the temporary help industry and Northwestern Mutual in life and health insurance. Johnson Controls Inc., Glendale, placed fourth among motor-vehicle parts firms. Ranked fifth were Fiserv Inc., Brookfield, in financial data services and Kohl’s Corp., Menomonee Falls, among general merchandisers. [37]

Economy
Milwaukee and its suburbs are the home to the headquarters of 13 Fortune 1000 companies, including Johnson Controls, Northwestern Mutual, Manpower Inc., Kohl’s, Harley-Davidson, Rockwell Automation, Fiserv, Inc., Marshall & Ilsley Corp.,

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Milwaukee
There was intense competition for markets with Chicago, and to a lesser degree, with Racine and Kenosha. Eventually Chicago won out. Due to its superior position on major railroad lines connecting east and west, Chicago had a distinct advantage over Milwaukee. The wheat market though, guaranteed Milwaukee’s place as the commercial capital of Wisconsin. [40]

Finance
The CEOs of five banks with a strong presence in the Milwaukee area were among the bank executives who met with President Barack Obama at the White House in 2009. The bank executives were to discuss the Obama administration’s plans to shore up the financial sector, according to a report from Reuters. The CEOs with bank offices and branches in southeast Wisconsin were of JP Morgan Chase, Northern Trust, PNC Financial Services, Wells Fargo, and US Bank. “The basic message is we’re all in this together,” Wells Fargo chief executive John Stumpf told reporters after the meeting, according to Reuters. [38] National financial institutions with headquarters in Milwaukee include: Baird, M&I Bank, Northwestern Mutual Wealth Management Company, Metavante, and Fiserv.

Brewing
Milwaukee became synonymous with Germans and beer beginning in the 1850s. The Germans had long perfected the art of brewing beer. They didn’t waste any time setting up breweries when they arrived in Milwaukee. By 1856, there were more than two dozen breweries in Milwaukee, most of them German owned and operated. Besides making beer for the rest of the nation, Milwaukeeans enjoyed consuming the various beers produced in the city’s breweries. As early as 1843, pioneer historian James Buck recorded 138 taverns in Milwaukee, an average of one per forty residents! Beer halls and taverns are abundant in the city to this day although only one of the major breweries --Miller-- remains in Milwaukee. [39] Milwaukee’s founding fathers had a vision for the city. They knew it was perfectly situated as a port city, a center for collecting and distributing produce. Many of the new immigrants who were pouring into the new state of Wisconsin during the middle of the 19th century were wheat farmers. By 1860, Wisconsin was the second ranked wheatgrowing state in the country and Milwaukee shipped more wheat than any place in the world. Railroads were needed to transport all this grain from the wheat fields of Wisconsin to Milwaukee’s harbor. Improvements in railways at the time made this possible.

The Pabst Brewery Complex, closed in 1997 Milwaukee was once the home to four of the world’s largest breweries (Schlitz, Blatz, Pabst, and Miller), and was the number one beer producing city in the world for many years. Despite the decline in its position as the world’s leading beer producer after the loss of two of those breweries, its one remaining major brewery, Miller Brewing Company remains a key employer by employing over 2,200 of the city’s workers.[41] Because of Miller’s solid position as the secondlargest beer-maker in the U.S., the city remains known as a beer town despite now only representing a fraction of its economy. The historic Milwaukee Brewery, located in "Miller Valley" at 4000 West State Street, is the oldest still-functioning major brewery in the United States. In July 2008, it was announced that Coors beer would be added to the list of beers brewed in Miller Valley. This created additional brewery jobs in Milwaukee, as its world headquarters moved 100 miles (160 km) south from Milwaukee to Chicago. Besides Miller and the heavily-automated Leinenkugel’s brewery in the old Blatz 10th Street plant, the only other currently operating stand-alone breweries in Milwaukee are Milwaukee Brewing Company, a microbrewery in Walker’s Point, and Lakefront Brewery, a microbrewery located in Brewers

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Hill. The suburb of Glendale is home to Sprecher Brewery, another locally popular microbrew. Various brewpubs can also be found throughout the Milwaukee area, including Milwaukee Ale House and Water Street Brewery. Three beer brewers with Wisconsin operations made the 2009 list of the 50 largest beermakers in America, based on beer sales volume. Making the latest big-breweries list from Wisconsin is MillerCoors at No. 2. MillerCoors is a joint venture formed last year by Milwaukee-based Miller Brewing Co. and Golden, Colo.-based Coors Brewing Co. The Minhas brewery in Monroe, Wisconsin which brews Huber, Rhinelander and Mountain Crest brands, ranked No. 14 and New Glarus Brewing Co., New Glarus, WI whose brands include Spotted Cow, Fat Squirrel and Uff-da, ranked No. 32.
[42]

Milwaukee
was the largest shipper of wheat on the planet, and related industry developed. Grain elevators were built and, due to Milwaukee’s dominant German immigrant population, breweries sprang up around the processing of barley and hops. A number of tanneries were constructed, of which the Pfister & Vogel tannery grew to become the largest in America. In 1843 George Burnham and his brother Jonathan opened a brickyard near 16th Street. When a durable and distinct creamcolored brick come out of the clay beds, other brickyards sprang up to take advantage of this resource. Because many of the city’s buildings were built using this material it earned the nickname "Cream City," and conversely the brick was called Cream City brick. By 1881 the Burnham brickyard, which employed 200 men and peaked at 15 million bricks a year, was the largest in the world. Flour mills, packing plants, breweries, railways and tanneries further industrialized the valley. With the marshlands drained and the Kinnickinnic and Milwaukee Rivers dredged, attention turned to the valley. In 1869 an initiative was undertaken to channelize the Menomonee River and build a series of ship canals, among which Holtons Canal, the South Menomonee Canal and Burnham Canal are still in use today. Along with the processing industries, bulk commodity storage and machining and manufacturing entered the scene. The valley was home to the Milwaukee Road, Falk Corporation, Cutler-Hammer, Harnischfeger, Chain Belt Company, Nordberg and other industry giants. In 2007, three Milwaukee-area companies were among nine firms honored for manufacturing excellence in the Wisconsin Manufacturer of the Year competition. Astronautics Corp. of America and Brady Corp., both of which have headquarters in Milwaukee, and Wisconsin Plating Works Inc., Racine, each received special awards. Privately held Astronautics, a major supplier of government and commercial avionics, was honored for its high-technology research and development program. Brady, a publicly owned manufacturer of signs, labels and other identification and security products, received an award for corporate excellence. Privately owned Wisconsin Plating Works, which provides metal finishing services, received an award for employee and environmental stewardship.

Manufacturing
Milwaukee area has several large manufacturing companies: -GE Healthcare 3000 N. Grandview Blvd. Waukesha -Harley-Davidson Inc. Milwaukee -Rockwell Automation Milwaukee -SC Johnson & Son Inc. Racine -Briggs & Stratton Corp. Wauwatosa [43]

Rail tracks along the industrial Menomonee River Valley, ancestral home of the Menominee Indians Because of its easy access to Lake Michigan and other waterways, Milwaukee’s Menomonee River Valley has historically been home to manufacturing, stockyards, rendering plants, shipping, and other heavy industry. Reshaping of the valley began with the railroads built by city co-founder Byron Kilbourn to bring product from Wisconsin’s farm interior to the port. By 1862 Milwaukee

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Nominated companies were evaluated in areas such as financial growth or consistency, technological advances, product development, environmental solutions, operational excellence/continuous improvement, commitment to employees, and effective research and development. [44] In 2009, a group of elected officials and business leaders is trying to entice BostonPower Inc., a Massachusetts-based battery maker, to open a factory in Milwaukee. Milwaukee Ald. Tony Zielinski has introduced a resolution to have the city of Milwaukee appropriate from $1 million to $20 million for a factory for Boston-Power, the Westborough, Mass.-based manufacturer of lithium-ion batteries for laptop computers, personal digital assistants, mobile telephones and other portable devices. Stimulus package funds are included in the $787 billion stimulus package signed by President Barack Obama for lithium-ion battery development, he said. Boston-Power’s interest in locating a plant in Milwaukee stems in part from the area’s manufacturing heritage and that it’s home to Johnson Controls Inc., the manufacturer has been developing lithium-ion batteries for hybrid-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles and electric vehicles.[45]

Milwaukee
medical schools in Wisconsin and the only one in Milwaukee. Other health care non-profit organizations in Milwaukee include national headquarters of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology and the Endometriosis Association.

Tourism
Milwaukee is a popular tourist destination in the Midwest. Known as ’A Genuine American City’, Milwaukee combines the friendliness of the Midwest with the cultural attractions and amenities of a bigger city. It is a popular venue for Lake Michigan sailing, windsurfing, kitesurfing, ethnic dining, and cultural festivals. Milwaukee is recognized for its museums, fine dining and hotels, professional sports, performing arts, gardens and parks, and Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens. Festivals and celebrations, are held throughout the year, including the International Arts Festival, Summerfest - a musical festival that attracts nearly 1,000,000 people each year, numerous ethnic festivals throughout the summer, Oktoberfest - a celebration of German and Wisconsin heritage, and the Holiday Folk Fair International.

Health care
Milwaukee’s health care industry includes several health systems. The Milwaukee Regional Medical Complex, located between 8700 and 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, is on the Milwaukee County grounds. This area includes the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Froedtert Hospital, the Blood Center of Southeastern Wisconsin, the Ronald McDonald House, Curative Rehabilitation, and the Medical College of Wisconsin. Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin was ranked in the top three children’s hospitals in the United States in 2006. Aurora Health Care includes St. Luke’s Medical Center, Aurora Sinai Medical Center, West Allis Memorial, and St. Luke’s SouthShore. Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare includes St. Joseph’s Hospital, Elmbrook Memorial (Brookfield), and others in the Milwaukee area. Columbia St. Mary’s Hospital is on Milwaukee’s lakeshore and has established affiliations with Froedtert Hospital and the Medical College of Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin is one of two

Crime
Violent crime in Milwaukee has declined substantially since the late 1990s: For several years, Milwaukee ranked among the ten most dangerous large cities in the United States,[46] although in recent years, it no longer appears even among the 25 most dangerous cities.[47] However, despite its improvement, Milwaukee still fares worse than average when comparing specific crime types to the national average (e.g., homicide, rape, robbery); only aggravated assaults occur less frequently in Milwaukee than the national average.[48][49] In 2008, under the leadership of Police Chief Edward A. Flynn, Milwaukee’s homicide rate fell to a 23-year low, according to the Journal/Sentinel website, which credits targeted policing and cooperation among law enforcement agencies as the main reasons for the decline. Also showing encouraging progress is Milwaukee’s confrontation of gang activity. A story in Milwaukee Magazine documented “tens of thousands of gang members in the city – black, white, Latino and

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Asian gangs – all involved in some way in the drug trade and almost all riddled with rats - hundreds of informants reporting back to the cops in the Milwaukee Police Department’s Gang Unit.” The unit was reactivated in 2004 after Police Chief Nannette Hergety was sworn into office. In 2006 alone, the story noted, some 4,000 charges were brought against criminals through Milwaukee’s Gang Unit.[50]

Milwaukee
• Betty Brinn Children’s Museum Voted one of the top 10 museums for children by Parents Magazine, the museum is geared toward children under 10 and has the philosophy that constructive play nurtures the mind. Filled with hands-on exhibits and interactive programs, the museum offers families a chance to learn together. • International Clown Hall of Fame, The Clown Hall of Fame features stories of famous clowns of the past and present and includes clown memorabilia, historical artifacts including tiny bikes, noisy horns, and big bowties. The Clown Hall of Fame also includes exhibits of comedy greats like Red Skelton, Lou Jacobs, and Emit Kelly Sr. • The Grohmann Museum, at Milwaukee School of Engineering is home to the world’s most comprehensive art collection dedicated to the evolution of human work. It houses the Man at Work collection, which comprises more than 700 paintings and sculptures dating from 1580 to the present. The museum also features a spectacular rooftop sculpture garden. • America’s Black Holocaust Museum, founded by lynching survivor James Cameron, features exhibits which chronicle the injustices suffered throughout history by African Americans in the United States. The museum closed temporarily in July 2008 as a result of financial difficulties; no formal re-opening date had been set.[53]

Culture
Museums

The Milwaukee Art Museum Milwaukee is home to a wide variety of museums: • The Milwaukee Art Museum is perhaps Milwaukee’s most visually prominent cultural attraction; especially its $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava in his first American commission.[51] The museum includes a "brise soleil," a moving sunscreen that unfolds like the wing of a bird. • The Milwaukee Public Museum has been Milwaukee’s primary natural history and human history museum for 125 years, with over 150,000 square feet (14,000 m2) of permanent exhibits.[52] exhibits feature Africa, Europe, the Arctic, and South and Middle America, dinosaurs from 65 million years ago, tropical rainforest, Streets of Old Milwaukee, European Village, Sampson Gorilla replica, Puelicher Butterfly Wing, hands-on laboratories and animatronics. The Museum also has an IMAX movie theatre. Milwaukee Public Museum is home to the world’s largest dinosaur skull.

Discovery World • Discovery World, Milwaukee’s largest museum dedicated to science is just south of the Milwaukee Art Museum along the lakefront, draws visitors of high-tech, hand-on exhibits, salt water and

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freshwater aquariums, as well as touch tanks and digital theatres. A double-helix staircase wraps around the 40-foot (12 m) kinetic sculpture of a human genome. Villa Terrace Decorative Arts Museum Charles Allis Art Museum Jewish Museum Milwaukee is dedicated to preserving and presenting the history of the Jewish people in southeastern Wisconsin and celebrating the continuum of Jewish heritage and culture. William F. Eisner Museum of Advertising & Design Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory, known as "The Domes," is an indoor botanical garden exhibiting arid desert and humid tropical environments, in three beehive-shaped (not geodesic) glass domes.[54] Milwaukee County Zoo is a serene home to more than 1,800 mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles with more than 350 species represented. Recognized as one of the country’s finest zoological attractions, the Milwaukee County Zoo serves as a resource to educate, entertain and inspire. Haggerty Museum of Art, located on the Marquette University campus houses several classical masterpieces and is open to the public. Harley-Davidson Museum, opened in 2008, pays tribute to Harley-Davidson motorcycles and is the only museum of its type in the world. S/V Dennis Sullivan Schooner Ship docked at Discovery World Museum is the first schooner to be built in Milwaukee in over 100 years, and teaches visitors about freshwater, the Great Lakes and Wisconsin’s maritime history. The Great Lakes Schooner is the world’s only recreation of a 1880s-era three masted vessel. Milwaukee Historical SocietyThe museum features Milwaukee during the late 19th century through the mid-20th century. Housed within an architectural landmark, the Milwaukee’s Historical Society features a panoramic painting of Milwaukee, firefighting equipment, period replicas of a pharmacy and a bank, and Children’s world - an exhibit that includes vintage toys, clothes and school materials. A research library is also within the museum.

Milwaukee
• Pabst Mansion Built in 1892 by beer tycoon Frederick Pabst, this Flemish Renaissance Mansion was once considered the jewel of Milwaukee’s famous avenue of mansions called the "Grand Avenue". Interior rooms restored with period furniture, to create an authentic replica of a Victorian Mansion. Nationally recognized as a house museum. • Mitchell Gallery of Flight, Located at General Mitchell International Airport, Milwaukee’s aviation and historical enthusiasts experence the history of General Mitchell International Airport with a visit to the Gallery of Flight. Exhibits include General Billy Mitchell; replicas of past and present aircraft including the Lawson Airline, the first commercial airliner; the Graf Zepplin II, the sistership to the tragically legendary Hindinberg; a 1911 Curtis Pusher, an airplane with the propeller in the rear of the plane; and the present day giant of the sky, the 747. Other exhibits include commercial air memorabilia, early aviation engines and airport beacons.

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Arenas and performing arts
Milwaukee is home to a number of musical groups and venues, including: • First Stage Children’s Theater • Festival City Symphony • Florentine Opera • Marcus Center for the Performing Arts • Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra • Milwaukee Theatre • Milwaukee Youth Arts Center • Milwaukee Ballet • Milwaukee Repertory Theatre • Milwaukee Shakespeare • Milwaukee Youth Theatre • Pabst Theater • Pioneer Drum and Bugle Corps • The Rave/Eagles Ballroom • Riverside Theater • Skylight Opera Theatre • Wisconsin Conservatory of Music • Turner Hall • Bradley Center • Miller Park • Marcus Amphitheater on the Henry Maier Festival Park Summerfest Grounds In 1984 ComedySportz was founded in Milwaukee by native Dick Chudnow and has since become a franchise, with numerous

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venues throughout the United States and England. In July 2009 the ComedySportz world championship will return to Milwaukee to coincide with their 25th anniversary.

Milwaukee
Famous Chef Julia Child visited Milwaukee and selected Milwaukee native, Chef Sanford D’Amato to cook for her 80th birthday [56]. Sanford, trained in New York City, is the executive chef for Milwaukee’s five star restaurant Sanford, and also Coquette Cafe Milwaukee [57]. Milwaukee County hosts the Zoo-A La Carte at the Milwaukee County Zoo, and various ethnic festivals like Summerfest, Festa Italiana to celebrate various types of cuisine in summer months.

City of Festivals

Music

Henry Maier Festival Grounds during Summerfest Milwaukee, "A Great Place on a Great Lake" has also advertised itself as the "City of Festivals," The Milwaukee metropolitan area hosts the Wisconsin State Fair, as well as an annual lakefront fair called Summerfest. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, Summerfest attracts around 1,000,000 visitors each year to its eleven stages. Milwaukee is also home to a variety of primarily ethnically themed festivals throughout the summer. Held generally on the lakefront Summerfest grounds, these festivals span several days (typically Friday plus the weekend) and celebrate Milwaukee’s history and diversity. In 2008 Riversplash, which markets itself as ’the official opening of summer’, kicks off festival season on the last weekend of May. Festivals for the LGBT (PrideFest) and Polish (Polish Fest) communities follow in June. Summerfest spans 11 days at the end of June and beginning of July. There are French (Bastille Days), Greek, Italian (Festa Italiana) and German (German Fest) festivals in July. The African, Arab, Irish, Mexican, and American Indian events wrap it up from August through September.
[55]

Aerial view of "Jazz in the Park" Milwaukee has a long history of musical activity. The first organized musical society, called "Milwaukee Beethoven Society" formed in 1843, three years before the city was incorporated. This was later replaced with the Milwaukee Musical Society. The large concentrations of German immigrants contributed to the musical character of the city. Saengerbund festivals were held regularly. Also notable is the founding of the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music in 1899. More recently, Milwaukee has enjoyed a vibrant history of rock, hip hop, jazz, soul, blues, punk, ska, industrial music, electronica, world music, and pop music bands. Venues such as Pabst Theater, Marcus Center for Performing Arts, the Helene Zelazo Center for the Performing Arts, Marcus Amphitheater (Summerfest Grounds), Riverside Theater, the Northern Lights Theater, and The Rave frequently bring internationally-known and critically acclaimed acts to Milwaukee. ’Jazz in the Park’, a weekly jazz show held at downtown Cathedral Square Park, has become a summer tradition; free, public performances with a picnic

Cuisine
Milwaukee’s ethnic cuisine ranges from German to Italian, Russian, Hmong, French, Serbian, Polish, Thai, Japanese, Chinese, Mexican, Indian, to brats, and frozen custard.

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environment. [58] The Milwaukee area is known for producing national talents such as Kevin Dunphy and Scott Starr from Fever Marlene (indie), Steve Miller (rock), Wladziu Valentino Liberace (piano), Al Jarreau (jazz), Daryl Stuermer (rock), BoDeans (rock), Les Paul (rock), the Violent Femmes (alternative), Die Kreuzen (punk), Andy Hurley of Fall Out Boy (punk), Eyes To The Sky (hardcore), Andrew ’The Butcher’ Mrotek of The Academy Is... (alt-rock), The Promise Ring (indie), the Gufs (alt rock), and Decibully (indie) .

Milwaukee
ice skating. Milwaukee has over 140 parks with over 15,000 acres (61 km2) of parks and parkways. Early commissioners conceived of a park system that would form a "green belt", or series of scenic drives and parks encircling the county. Parks were located in outlying areas to allow for population expansion. Commissioners selected land not only for its natural beauty and interest, but also for its fitness for various forms of active and passive recreation. Henry Maier Festival Park (Summerfest Grounds) The Henry Maier Festival Park was built on Milwaukee’s former Maitland Air Field on Lake Michigan in the Milwaukee Harbor. The grounds were named after Milwaukee Mayor Henry Maier, and host many festivals. Summerfest, most well-known of the festivals, offers entertainment in late June and early July each year. This international festival features top and local musicians and performers from James Taylor to Metallica, and is one of the largest musical festivals in the world. Additional festivals held during the summer months celebrate Milwaukee’s cultural diversity.

Municipal wireless
Through its Milwaukee Wireless Initiative, the city has contracted with Midwest Fiber Networks to invest US$20 million in setting up a municipal wireless network city-wide. Under the plan, the city will designate numerous government and public service websites for free access, and city residents will be able to access unlimited content for a monthly fee. Full wireless coverage was expected by March 2008,[59] but delays have been reported.[60] The city had previously established free wireless networks in two downtown city parks: Cathedral Square; and Pere Marquette Park.

Parks and nature centers
The Milwaukee River flows along a scenic route into the city and features a number of low level rapids, and several dams to portage. Access to the river is available at parks and dams along the river and in the city. Within Milwaukee city limits, the use of kayaks or canoes is possible from several access points. Havenwood State Forest, 217 acres of trees, grass, and wildlife tucked away within Milwaukee’s urban environment, features an environmental center and naturalist programs. It includes one mile of nature trails, seven miles of hiking trails, and 2.5 miles of cross-country trails. Schlitz Audubon Center provides over 200 acres of wildlife sanctuary featuring six miles of trails for hiking, snowshoeing, and crosscountry skiing. Wehr Nature Center, created and maintained by the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, is a "living laboratory" designed to raise environmental awareness. Field trips, tours, lectures and demonstrations guide visitors through this special environment and teach about the delicate balance between the woodlands, wetlands, prairie space and lake that make up this area.

Park system and recreation

Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory, "The Domes" Milwaukee County is known for its well-developed park system. The "Grand Necklace of Parks", designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of New York’s Central Park, includes Lake Park, River Park (now Riverside Park) and West Park (now Washington Park). Milwaukee County Parks offer facilities for sunbathing, picnics, grilling, disc golf, and

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Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory, also known as "The Domes" is the only horticultural structure of its kind and features three enclosed six-story glass structures that cover one acre of garden space under each dome. Each has its own specialized theme: the Show Dome features five seasonal floral displays each year and each theme dictates the setting, landscape, and design; the Arid Dome features the deserts of the Southwest, Africa, Madagascar, South America, and Mexico; and the Tropical Dome features over 750 species of tropical plants including orchids, economic plants, exotic flowers, lush foliage and waterfalls. Boerner Botanical Gardens, internationally known as a horticultural showplace, serve as an educational and leisure center for gardeners and plant lovers. Housed within the 1000 acre Whitnall Park Arboretum, the garden features landscaped collections of perennials, herbs, and annuals; a rock garden, the largest ornamental crab apple tree collection in the nation; and over 500 varieties of roses. The Milwaukee Community Sailing Center, The Milwaukee Yacht Club, and The Southshore Yacht Club also offer social, educational, and recreational sailing opportunities. The Queens Cup Sailing race departs from Milwaukee to Michigan each summer.

Milwaukee
attractions, such as pony rides, a petting zoo, a safari train, and a zoomobile. Monarch Trail is a 1.25 mile (2 km) trail that displays the fall migration of the Monarch butterflies.[61] Milwaukee Parks outdoor sculptures include Beverly Pepper’s Cleopatra’s Wedge in Burns Commons and two sculptures by Wisconsin artist Nancy Metz White: "Tree of Life" in Mitchell Boulevard Park and "Magic Grove" in Enderis Park.

Milwaukee County public markets
Milwaukee Public Market, located in the Third Ward, is an indoor market that sells produce, seafood, meats, cheeses, vegetables, candies, and flowers from local businesses. Milwaukee County Farmers Markets, held in season, sell fresh produce, meats, cheeses, jams, jellies, preserves and syrups, and plants. Farmers markets also feature artists and craftspeople. Locations include: Aur Farmers Market, Brown Deer Farmers Market, Cudahy Farmers Market, East Town Farm Market, Fondy Farmers Market, Mitchell Street Market, Riverwest Farmers Market, Silver Spring Farmers Market, South Milwaukee Farmers Market, South Shore Farmers Market, Uptown Farmers Market, West Allis Farmers Market, and Westown Market on the Park.

Sports

Leisure boats along the Milwaukee River in downtown The U.S. Bank Championship in Milwaukee (formerly the Greater Milwaukee Open) is a PGA Tour event held at Brown Deer Park Golf Course in the neighboring suburb of Brown Deer. Opportunities for sports fishing are provided by Lake Michigan. Milwaukee County Zoo, modeled after the San Diego Zoo in California, is filled with

Miller Park, home of the Milwaukee Brewers Milwaukee has a rich history of involvement in professional and nonprofessional sports, going back to the 19th century. Currently, its major sports teams include: National Women’s Football Association

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Club Milwaukee Brewers Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee Admirals Milwaukee Wave Milwaukee Iron Milwaukee Bonecrushers Milwaukee Bavarians Milwaukee Marauders Milwaukee Momentum Milwaukee Bombers Sport Baseball Founded 1969 (moved to Milwaukee in 1970) 1968 1970 1984 2009 2008 2003 2005 est. Current League National League (MLB)

Milwaukee
Stadium Miller Park

Basketball Hockey Indoor soccer Arena football Indoor football Soccer Semi-Pro Football Women’s American Football Australian Rules Football

National Basketball Association American Hockey League Xtreme Soccer League af2

Bradley Center Bradley Center U.S. Cellular Arena Bradley Center

Continental Indoor Foot- U.S. Cellular ball League Arena National Premier Soccer Bavarian SocLeague cer Club North American Football League National Women’s Football Association Mid American Australian Football League largest airport in Wisconsin. The airport terminal is open 24 hours a day.[11] Since 2005, Mitchell International Airport has been connected by the Amtrak Hiawatha train service, which provides airport access via train to Chicago and Milwaukee. Milwaukee Sports Complex

Milwaukee is also the host city of The Point Premium Root Beer International Cycling Classic, presented by Time Warner Cable, which includes the men’s and women’s Superweek Pro Tour races, featuring top professional and elite amateur cyclists and teams from across the U.S. and more than 20 foreign countries. Between 1933 and 1994 the Green Bay Packers of the NFL split their home games between Green Bay in north Wisconsin and Milwaukee. The Packers are Wisconsin’s most successful sports team and one of the greatest in NFL history.

Transportation
See also: General Mitchell International Airport and Milwaukee (Amtrak station) The Milwaukee Intermodal Station

Air
Milwaukee is home to two airports, General Mitchell International Airport on the southern edge of the city, and the smaller Timmerman Field on the north side. Mitchell is served by 14 airlines, which offer roughly 240 daily departures and 245 daily arrivals. Approximately 90 cities are served nonstop or direct from Mitchell International. It is the

Train and bus
Milwaukee’s Amtrak station was renovated in 2007 to create the Intermodal Transportation Station near downtown Milwaukee and the Third Ward. The renovated station is home to Amtrak, Greyhound Lines, and Jefferson Lines intercity bus transportation. Amtrak operates its Empire Builder daily between

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Chicago and the Pacific Northwest, with stops near Madison, Wisconsin Dells and Minneapolis. Milwaukee is also served by the Hiawatha Amtrak express service up to seven times daily between Milwaukee and Chicago, including a stop at the Milwaukee Airport Rail Station. The Badger Bus and station in downtown Milwaukee provides bus service between Milwaukee and Madison, Wisconsin. Stops include the UW-Madison Madison Memorial Union, Madison Bus Depot, Johnson Creek, Goerkes Corners, Milwaukee 84th St, Milwaukee Bus Depot (downtown Milwaukee), and Mitchell Airport. The Milwaukee County Transit System provides bus services within Milwaukee County.

Milwaukee
of bicycle lanes along major commuting routes, such as the Hoan Bridge connector between downtown and the suburbs to the south. The city has also identified over 250 miles (400 km) of streets on which bike lanes will fit. It has created a plan labeling 145 miles (233 km) of those as high priority for receiving bike lanes.[63] As part of the city’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Task Force’s mission to "make Milwaukee more bicycle and pedestrian friendly", over 700 bike racks have been installed throughout the city.[64] Unlike many other cities, however, bicycle racks have not yet been installed on any city buses.

Future transportation
Tram
A tram system known as the Milwaukee Connector was proposed and passed by the Common Council, but Mayor Tom Barrett vetoed the bill because of problems of cost and availability. A 0.5% sales tax has been proposed for the counties of Milwaukee, Racine, and Kenosha by the Southeast Wisconsin Regional Transit Authority to fund an extension of the Chicago Metra commuter rail from Kenosha to downtown Milwaukee. The tax would also be used to fund the bus systems in those counties that currently rely on property taxes.[65]

Highway
Two of Wisconsin’s Interstate highways intersect in Milwaukee. Interstate 94 comes north from Chicago to enter Milwaukee and continues west to Madison. Interstate 43 enters Milwaukee from the southwest and continues north to Green Bay. Milwaukee has two branch interstate highways, Interstate 894 and Interstate 794. I-894 extends from the western suburbs to the southern suburbs, bypassing downtown. I-794 extends east from the Marquette Interchange to Lake Michigan before turning south over the Hoan Bridge toward the airport, turning into Highway 794 along the way. Milwaukee is also served by three US highways. U.S. Route 18 provides a link from downtown to points west. U.S. Route 41 and U.S. Route 45 both provide north-south freeway transportation on the western side of the city.

High speed train
In 2009, Wisconsin Gov. Jim Doyle, with seven other governors of Midwestern states and Chicago Mayor Richard Daley have joined in bipartisan support of a high-speed rail network that would link cities around the region. Milwaukee would be connected to Madison and Chicago as part of the first phase of the system. “President Obama’s vision of making high-speed rail a part of our nation’s future transportation network holds great promise,” Doyle and co-signers wrote in a letter to U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. “We recognize that a high-speed rail network has the potential to reduce highway and airway congestion, greenhouse gas emissions and the nation’s dependence on foreign oil.” Governors Pat Quinn of Illinois, Jay Nixon of Missouri, Mitch Daniels of Indiana, Chet Culver of Iowa, Jennifer Granholm of Michigan, Ted Strickland of Ohio and Tim

Bicycle
In recent years, Milwaukee has become one of the more bicycle-friendly cities in the United States. The Bicycle Federation of Wisconsin holds an annual Bike to Work Week. The event, held in May each year, has frequently featured a commuter race between a car, a bus, and a bike; and also a morning ride into work with the mayor. In 2006, it obtained bronze-level status from the League of American Bicyclists [3], a rarity for a city its size.[62] The city has over 65 miles (105 km) of bicycle lanes and trails, most of which run alongside or near its rivers and Lake Michigan. Still pending are the creation

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Pawlenty of Minnesota were co-signers of the letter. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds and mandates high-speed passenger rail and the Midwestern network would include 3,000 miles of existing rights of way to connect cities with trains capable of at least 110 miles per hour. Chicago, which is bidding to host the 2016 Olympic Games, would serve as the hub, just as it does for freight. The rail network would link large and small metropolitan areas, airports, bus stations and highways. [66]

Milwaukee
local weekly newspapers in the metropolitan area, all of which establish a highly conservative journalistic lens. As a result, it has been repeatedly criticized for having a near-monopoly in local news coverage.[68][69][70], with critics concerned about a certain uniformity of thought and coverage, as well as to lack of coverage of topics unfriendly to Journal Communications interests in such matters as labor disputes[71].

Sister cities
The city of Milwaukee has several sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International and Milwaukee’s Sister Cities:[72][73] • Galway, Republic of Ireland • Nuevitas, Camagüey, Cuba • • • • • • Morogoro, Tanzania uMhlathuze, South Africa Manisa, Turkey Carora, Venezuela Tiberias, Israel Omsk, Russia

Media
See also: List of television stations in Wisconsin and List of radio stations in Wisconsin Milwaukee’s only surviving daily newspaper is the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel which was formed when the morning paper the Milwaukee Sentinel merged with the afternoon paper Milwaukee Journal. The most prominent alternative weekly is Shepherd Express, a free publication. Other local newspapers, city guides and magazines with large distributions include M Magazine, Milwaukee Magazine, Vital Source, The Bay View Compass, and Riverwest Currents. OnMilwaukee.com is an online magazine providing news and events. The UWM Post is the independent, student-run weekly at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The Onion, a weekly satirical publication, is distributed free in Milwaukee (one of the paper’s earliest markets) in addition to nine other U.S. cities.[67] Milwaukee’s major network television affiliates are WTMJ 4 (NBC), WITI 6 (Fox), WISN 12 (ABC), WVTV 18 (CW), WCGV 24 (MyNetworkTV), and WDJT 58 (CBS). Spanish language programming is on WBWT 38 (Azteca America) and WYTU-LP 63 (Telemundo). Milwaukee’s public broadcasting stations are WMVS 10 and WMVT 36. Other television stations in the Milwaukee market include WMKE 7 (America One), WVCY 30 (FN), WMLW 41 (Independent), WBME 49 (ME-TV), WWRS 52 (TBN), and WPXE 55 (ION) There are numerous radio stations throughout Milwaukee and the surrounding area. Journal Communications (a NYSE-traded corporation), in addition to owning the Journal Sentinel, also owns: WTMJ-TV; WTMJ and WLWK radio stations; and well over a dozen

Cooperation
• Ningbo, People’s Republic of China Although this relationship is not recognized by SCI, officials from Milwaukee and Ningbo have signed an agreement to promote business and cultural ties between the two cities and their respective nations.[74]

In popular culture
• Milwaukee appears as a setting under the name Millhaven, Illinois in the later works of Milwaukeean Peter Straub • Milwaukee was the setting for popular American television shows in the 1970s and 1980s, including Happy Days and Laverne and Shirley. Milwaukee unveiled a life-sized, bronze statue of Fonzie from Happy Days along the downtown Riverwalk on August 19, 2008.[75] • Milwaukee has appeared in scenes from various films including: • The Blues Brothers (1980) • Major League (1989) • Wayne’s World (1992) • BASEketball (1998) • Dogma (1999) • Milwaukee, Minnesota[4] (2003) • Mr. 3000 (2004)

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• • • • Dawn of the Dead (2004) Chasing Sound: Les Paul at 90 (2007) Michael Clayton (2007) Public Enemies (2009)

Milwaukee

[8] "Ojibwe Dictionary". Freelang. http://www.freelang.net/dictionary/ ojibwe.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-25. [9] Bruce, William George (1936). A Short History of Milwaukee. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: The Bruce Publishing Company. pp. 15–16. LLCN 36010193. • Neighborhoods of Milwaukee [10] Immigration 1800-1900 • List of people from Milwaukee, Wisconsin [11] Muehlhans-Karides, Susan. "Aus dem • List of mayors of Milwaukee Egerland, nach Milwaukee". • Flag of Milwaukee, Wisconsin http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ • Seal of Milwaukee, Wisconsin ~gbhs/resources/unitedstates/ • Third Coast Milwaukee.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-25. [12] "Picturing Milwaukee’s Neighborhoods". University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. [1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States 2004. http://www.uwm.edu/Library/ Census Bureau. digilib/Milwaukee/records/picture.html. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on [13] Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early 2008-01-31. American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.153. United States Geological Survey. [14] "Dozen Distinctive Destinations 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Milwaukee". National Trust for Historic Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Preservation. 2006. [3] ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the http://www.preservationnation.org/ Population for Incorporated Places Over travel-and-sites/sites/midwest-region/ 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 milwaukee-wi-2006.html. Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" [15] "Normals and Extremes for Milwaukee (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. and Madison". National Weather Service. United States Census Bureau, Population 2008. http://test.crh.noaa.gov/mkx/ Division. 2008-07-10. ?n=norm-extreme. Retrieved on http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/ 2008-10-24. tables/SUB-EST2007-01.csv. Retrieved [16] "Average Weather for Milwaukee, WI". on 2008-07-10. Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/ [4] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ outlook/health/allergies/wxclimatology/ Table_of_United_States_Combined_Statistical_Areas monthly/graph/USWI0455. Retrieved on [5] http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ 2006-11-07. GCTTable?_bm=y&[17] "Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population geo_id=04000US55&-_box_head_nbr=GCTand Rank". Infoplease. T1-R&http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/ ds_name=PEP_2008_EST&-_lang=en&A0763098.html. Retrieved on redoLog=false&2006-10-02. mt_name=PEP_2008_EST_GCTT1_ST2&[18] "Historical Weather for Milwaukee, format=ST-2S&-_sse=on Wisconsin". Weatherbase. [6] City of Milwaukee. "CITY OF http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/ MILWAUKEE INCORPORATED, PAGE weather.php3?s=004627. Retrieved on 164, 1846; PAGE 314, 1851" (PDF). 2006-10-02. Office of the Secretary of State of [19] United States Census Bureau. [1] Wisconsin. http://192.159.83.40/SOS/pdf/ [20] Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). THEOSOS_025/images/00014104.pdf. "Population of the 100 largest cities and Retrieved on 2007-04-08. other urban places in the United States: [7] Bruce, William George (1936). A Short 1790 to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. History of Milwaukee. Milwaukee, http://www.census.gov/population/www/ Wisconsin: The Bruce Publishing documentation/twps0027.html. Company. pp. 15. LLCN 36010193. [21] Toosi, Nahal (2001-08-22). "Census finds more same-sex households". Milwaukee

See also

References

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Journal Sentinel. http://www2.jsonline.com/news/metro/ aug01/samesex22082101a.asp. Retrieved on 2006-11-24. [22] Killian, Erin (June 2002). "Vital Statistics". Milwaukee Magazine. http://www.milwaukeemagazine.com/ 062002/milwaukee_health.asp. Retrieved on 2006-11-24. [23] Milwaukee Community Journal, Inc. UWM report focuses on connection between race and joblessness in city. March 21, 2007. [24] "Milwaukee is most segregated city: U.S. Census analysis". Jet magazine. December 16, 2002. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/ mi_m1355/is_26_102/ai_95632042. [25] [http://www.jsonline.com/story/ index.aspx?id=109872 // [26] Levine, Marc V. (May 2004). "Citizens and MMFHC Respond to Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Article: Getting the Facts Right on Segregation in Milwaukee" (PDF). Fair Housing Keys. The Metropolitan Milwaukee Fair Housing Council. http://www.uwm.edu/ Dept/CED/pdf/fairhousing.pdf. [27] Pawasarat, John (January 2003). "Racial Integration in Urban America: A Block Level Analysis of African American and White Housing Patterns" (htm). University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Employment and Training Institute. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/ETI/ integration/integration.htm. [28] Quinn, Lois M. (October 2004). [http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/ETI/ integration/QuinnCensus.pdf "Assumptions and Limitations of the Census Bureau Methodology Ranking Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in Cities and Metro Areas"] (PDF). University of WisconsinMilwaukee Employment and Training Institute. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/ETI/ integration/QuinnCensus.pdf. [29] "Metro Area Membership Report: Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSA". Association of Religion Data Archives. 2002. http://www.thearda.com/ mapsReports/reports/metro/ 5082_2000.asp. Retrieved on 2006-11-24. [30] "Quick Facts". MetroMilwaukee.org. http://www.metromilwaukee.org/

Milwaukee
quickfacts.html. Retrieved on 2006-11-21. [31] http://www.jsonline.com/story/ index.aspx?id=674879 [32] Borsuk, Alan J. (October 30, 2007). "Local ’drop-out factories’". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. http://www.jsonline.com/blogs/news/ 31977494.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-27. [33] "Metro Milwaukee Demographics". Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce. http://www.mmac.org/ display/router.asp?docid=237. Retrieved on 2006-03-21. [34] Editorial, "4th Congressional District: Moore, Hoze in primaries," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel; Sept. 4, 2004 [35] A.O. Smith locations [36] Milwaukee’s 10 largest employers [37] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2009/03/23/ tidbits2.html [38] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2009/03/23/ daily68.html [39] http://www.milwaukeehistory.net/ milwaukee_timeline/1800s.html [40] http://www.milwaukeehistory.net/ milwaukee_timeline/1800s.html [41] "Connected to Wisconsin — its people and its economy" (PDF). Miller Brewing Company. February 2005. http://www.millerbrewing.com/images/ inthecommunity/pdf/millerWIimpact.pdf. [42] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2009/04/13/ daily23.html [43] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2004/02/09/list1.html [44] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2007/03/05/ story11.html [45] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2009/03/16/ story1.html [46] see e.g, Violent crime rankings, 2001 Milwaukee is ranked 7th among large cities [47] Top 25 most dangerous cities, 2007 [48] http://www.cityrating.com/ citycrime.asp?city=Milwaukee&state=WI Milwaukee Crime Report [49] [File:http://data.jsonline.com/News/ HomicideTracker/ Up to date Journal Sentinel Homicide Tracker Website]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Milwaukee

[50] http://www.milwaukeemagazine.com/ print_main.html. Retrieved on currentIssue/ 2008-03-22. full_feature_story.asp?NewMessageID=11745 ["Duel in Milwaukee," TIME Jan. 3, 1972 [68] [51] "Museum Info: Santiago Calatrava". http://www.time.com/time/magazine/ Milwaukee Art Museum. article/0,9171,879032,00.html] http://www.mam.org/info/details/ [69] [Hoffmann, Gregg. "WisBiz In-Depth: calatrava.php. Retrieved on 2008-10-16. Newspaper chain ownership explodes in [52] Permanent Exhibitions. Milwaukee state" wisbusiness.com Jan. 31, 2005 Public Museum http://wisbusiness.com/index.iml/ [53] http://www.blackholocaustmuseum.org index.iml?Article=30761] [54] http://www.county.milwaukee.gov/ [70] [Murphy, Bruce. "Murphy’s Law: Can the router.asp?docid=10361 Journal Sentinel Maintain Its Clout?" [55] Major Events Calendar Milwaukee Magazine Sept. 10, 2006 [56] http://topchefs.chef2chef.net/recipes-3/ http://www.milwaukeemagazine.com/ damato/index.htm#Bio murphyslaw/ [57] http://topchefs.chef2chef.net/recipes-3/ default.asp?NewMessageID=11105] damato/index.htm#Bio [71] ["Why Trust TMJ4" union website [58] "Easttown: Jazz in the Park". http://www.whytrusttmj4.com/] http://www.easttown.com/info/ [72] "Sister Cities International". Jazz%20in%20the%20Park/jipindex. http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/ [59] "Milwaukee Wireless Initiative Needs directory/usa/WI. Retrieved on More To Be Digitally Inclusive". 2006-04-20. http://www.govtech.net/ [73] "Milwaukee’s Sister Cities". digitalcommunities/ http://www.milwaukee.gov/sistercities. story.php?id=102178. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-09-04. 2006-11-21. [74] JS Online: New statues are today’s mane [60] "Why Wi-Fi Networks Are Floundering". event http://www.businessweek.com/ [75] Tom Daykin (January 25, 2008). "Happy technology/content/aug2007/ day for ’The Fonz’". Milwaukee Journal tc20070814_929868.htm?chan=technology_technology+index+page_telecom. Sentinel. http://www.jsonline.com/story/ Retrieved on 2007-08-19. index.aspx?id=711484. Retrieved on [61] Johnson, Annysa (2008-09-13). 2008-03-22. [62] http://www.silentsports.net/ madison_makes_sense.html [63] City of Milwaukee. "Bike Lanes and Bike • Visit Milwaukee Routes". http://www.city.milwaukee.gov/ • Milwaukee travel guide from Wikitravel BikeLanesandBikeRout14143.htm. • City of Milwaukee website Retrieved on 2008-03-22. [64] City of Milwaukee. "Bicycle and • Milwaukee is at coordinates 43°03′N Pedestrian Task Force". 87°57′W / 43.05°N 87.95°W / 43.05; http://www.city.milwaukee.gov/ -87.95 (Milwaukee)Coordinates: 43°03′N BicycleTaskForce3727.htm. Retrieved on 87°57′W / 43.05°N 87.95°W / 43.05; 2008-03-22. -87.95 (Milwaukee) [65] http://www.jsonline.com/story/ index.aspx?id=544511 [66] http://milwaukee.bizjournals.com/ milwaukee/stories/2009/04/13/ daily14.html?surround=lfn [67] "Onion Media Kit 2006". http://mediakit.theonion.com/

External links

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Milwaukee

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