Chart D4.1 by bradbutler

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									Chart D.4.1

Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), OECD countries, 20061 Mexico (2005)
Slovak Republic

Poland
Greece 55

Turkey
Portugal 55

Hungary
Italy

New Zealand (2005)
Spain

Ireland
Norway

Czech Republic
Netherlands

European Union (2005)
United Kingdom

Belgium
Canada

Australia
France

Total OECD 44
Austria

Denmark
Germany

United States 33
Iceland (2005)

Switzerland (2004)
Republic of Korea 22

Japan
Finland

Sweden 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50

percentage of GDP 1. 2006 or latest available year. 2. Excludes R&D in the social sciences and humanities. 3. Excludes most or all capital expenditures. 4. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretariat estimate or projection based on national sources. 5. National estimate or projection. Data source: Table D.4.1. Chart source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program . Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

Chart D.4.1 Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), OECD countries, 20061 Domestic R&D expenditures percentage Sweden Finland Japan Republic of Korea 2 Switzerland (2004) Iceland (2005) United States 3 Germany Denmark Austria Total OECD 4 France Australia Canada Belgium United Kingdom European Union (2005) Netherlands Czech Republic Norway Ireland Spain New Zealand (2005) Italy Hungary Portugal 5 Turkey Greece 5

4.00

Poland Slovak Republic Mexico (2005) 1. 2006 or latest available year. 2. Excludes R&D in the social sciences and humanities. 3. Excludes most or all capital expenditures. 4. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretariat estimate or projection based on natio 5. National estimate or projection. Data source: Table D.4.1. Chart source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education Indicators in Canad Updated April 27, 2009.

3.74 3.45 3.39 3.22 2.90 2.77 2.66 2.54 2.46 2.46 2.26 2.10 2.01 2.00 1.88 1.78 1.77 1.73 1.55 1.52 1.32 1.20 1.16 1.14 1.00 1.00 0.58 0.57 0.56 0.49 0.46

at estimate or projection based on national sources.

a. 2007. Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the

Chart D.4.2 Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (national or provincial), Canada, provinces and total for OECD countries, 2006 percentage of GDP 3.0 2.5
2.0

1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0
1 Que.1

Ont.11

Total OECD 2 2

Can.

N.S.

P.E.I.

B.C.

Man.

N.L.

Sask.

Alta.

N.B.

1. Quebec and Ontario figures exclude federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. Canada includes federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. 2. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretariat estimate or projection based on national sources. Data source: Table D.4.2. Chart source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program . Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

Chart D.4.2 Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (national or provincial), Canada, provinces and total for OECD countries, 2006 2006 Que.1 2.7 Ont. 1 2.3 Total OECD 2 2.3 Can. 2.0 N.S. 1.6 P.E.I. 1.6 1.4 B.C. Man. 1.2 N.L. 1.0 Sask. 1.0 Alta. 1.0 N.B. 1.0 1. Quebec and Ontario figures exclude federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. Canada includes federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. 2. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretariat estimate or projection based on national sources. Data source: Table D.4.2.

Chart source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program . Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

Table D.4.1 Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), OECD countries, 20061 Domestic R&D expenditures/GDP OECD countries percentage Sweden Finland Japan Republic of Korea2 Switzerland (2004) Iceland (2005) United States3 Germany Denmark Austria Total OECD4 France Australia Canada Belgium United Kingdom European Union (2005) Netherlands Czech Republic Norway Ireland Spain New Zealand (2005) Italy Hungary Portugal5 Turkey Greece5 Poland Slovak Republic Mexico (2005)
p

3.74 3.45 3.39 3.22 2.90 2.77 2.66 2.54 2.46 2.46 2.26 2.10 2.01 2.00 1.88 1.78 1.77 1.73 1.55 1.52 1.32 1.20 1.16 1.14 1.00 1.00 0.58 0.57 0.56 0.49 0.46

p

p

p

p

preliminary

1. 2006 or latest available year. 2. Excludes R&D in the social sciences and humanities. 3. Excludes most or all capital expenditures. 4. OECD Secretariat estimate or projection based on national sources. 5. National estimate or projection. Data sources: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), October 2008. Main Science and Technology Indicator s, Vol. 2008/2, Table 02; Statistics Canada, 2008. Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada (GERD), and the Provinces: National Estimates 1997 to 2008 and Provincial Estimates 2002 to 2006, Catalogue no. 88-221-X, vol. 1 no 2, Table 3 (for Canada). Table source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

Table D.4.2 Total domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Canada and jurisdictions, G-7, and leading OECD countries, 1991, 1995, 2000, and 2002 to 2006 1991 Canada Newfoundland and Labrador Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia New Brunswick 1 Quebec 1 Ontario Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta British Columbia 2 Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut Other G-7 countries France3 Germany Italy Japan4 United Kingdom United States5 Leading OECD countries6 Finland Sweden7 Republic of Korea8 Total OECD9
p

1995 1.6 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.9 1.8 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.0 2.3 2.5 1.2 3.0 2.1 2.7 2.0 2.7 .. 2.2 1.7 0.9 0.6 1.4 0.9 2.1 1.9 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.1 2.3 2.2 1.0 2.9 2.0 2.5 2.3 3.3 2.4 2.1

2000 1.9 1.0 1.1 1.5 0.8 2.5 2.2 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.2 2.2 2.5 1.1 3.0 1.9 2.7 3.3 .. 2.4 2.2

2002

2003 percentage of GDP 2.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.0 2.8 2.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.4 0.1 2.2 2.5 1.1 3.2 1.8 2.7 3.4 4.0 2.6 2.2

2004 2.1 0.9 1.0 1.5 1.0 2.7 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.5 0.1 2.2 2.5 1.1 3.2 1.7 2.6 3.5 3.7 2.9 2.2

2005 2.1 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.0 2.7 2.4 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.5 .. 2.1 2.5 1.1 3.3 1.8 2.6 3.5 3.8 3.0 2.2
r

2006 2.0 1.0 1.6 1.6 1.0 2.7 2.3 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.4 .. 2.1 2.5 1.1 3.4 1.8 2.7 3.5 3.7 3.2 2.3

2.0 0.9 0.8 1.5 1.0 2.8 2.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.4 0.1 2.2 2.5 1.1 3.2 1.8 2.7 3.4 .. 2.5 2.2

r

r

r r

r

r

r

r

r

.. not available for a specific reference period preliminary r revised 1. Quebec and Ontario figures exclude federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. Canada includes federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. 2. Data not available by individual territory. 3. Data for 2000 and 2004 represent a break in the series with the previous year for which data are available. 4. Data for 1991 and 1995 are overestimated or based on overestimated data. 5. Data exclude most or all capital expenditures. 6. Also includes Japan. 7. Data for 1995 and 2005 represent a break in the series with the previous year for which data is available. Data for 1991, 1995, 2003, and 2004 are underestimated or based on underestimated data. 8. Excludes R&D in the social sciences and humanities. 9. OECD Secretariat estimate or projection based on national sources. Data sources: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), October 2008. Main Science and Technology Indicators , Vol. 2008/2, Table 02. (for the G-7 and OECD countries, 1995, 2003 to 2006); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), June 2006. Main Science and Technology Indicators , Vol. 2006/1, Table 02. (for the G-7 and OECD countries, 2000, 2002); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), November 1998. Main Science and Technology Indicators , Vol. 1998/1, Table 05. (for the G-7 and OECD countries, 1991); and Statistics Canada, 2008. Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada (GERD), and the Provinces: National Estimates 1997 to 2008 and Provincial Estimates 2002 to 2006 , Catalogue no. 88-221-X, vol. 1 no 2, Table 3 (for Canada and the provinces). Table source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

, and

2006

p

stimated

able 02. and

e G-7

08 and

on

Table D.4.3 Percentage of total research and development (R&D) by performing sector, Canada and jurisdictions, G-7, and leading OECD countries, 2006 Private Business 1 2 Federal Provincial All sectors enterprise University non-profit Government Canada Newfoundland and Labrador Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia New Brunswick 3 Quebec 3 Ontario Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta British Columbia 4 Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut Other G-7 countries France 5 Germany Italy Japan United Kingdom United States6 Leading OECD countries7 Finland Sweden Republic of Korea8 Total OECD9 .. not available for a specific reference period ... not applicable p preliminary 1. OECD guidelines request that R&D in the entire postsecondary sector be reported; however, data for Canada are limited to R&D activities in universities and affiliated institutions, as data on R&D in colleges and similar institutions are not being collected as part of the current data program at Statistics Canada. 2. Expenditures on R&D by the private non-profit sector are no longer distributed provincially as of 2002. 3. Quebec and Ontario figures exclude federal government expenditures allocated in the National Capital Region. Canada includes federal government expenditures contributed in the National Capital Region. 4. Data not available by individual territory. 5. Government category includes other classes. Private non-profit included elsewhere. 6. Government category includes federal or central government only. Government, business enterprise, university and private non-profit categories exclude most or all capital expenditures. 7. Also includes Japan. 8. Excludes R&D in the social sciences and humanities. 9. OECD Secretariat estimate or projection based on national sources. Data sources: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), October 2008. Main Science and Technology Indicators, Vol. 2008/2, Tables 17-20. Statistics Canada. 2008. Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada (GERD), and the Provinces: National Estimates 1997 to 2008 and Provincial Estimates 2002 to 2006 . Catalogue No. 88-221-X vol. 1 no.2. (for Canada and the provinces). Table source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009. 9.9 11.8 37.1 15.7 12.6 6.0 4.5 15.6 17.8 10.7 4.1 17.9 16.5 13.9 17.2 8.3 10.0 11.3 9.3 4.5 11.6 11.4
p

8.7 10.3 37.1 14.5 11.1 4.9 3.9 14.5 14.4 5.5 3.4 17.9 … … … … … … … … … …

1.2 1.5 0.0 1.2 1.5 1.1 0.6 1.1 3.4 5.2 0.7 … … … … … … … … … … …

percentage 56.2 37.8 18.6 21.1 37.6 60.5 63.3 33.0 35.9 51.2 59.6 82.1 63.1 69.9 48.8 77.2 61.7 71.0 71.3 74.7 77.3 69.1
p

33.5 50.4 44.3 63.1 49.8 33.5 32.2 51.4 46.2 38.1 36.3 0.0 19.2 16.3 30.3 12.7 26.1 13.5 18.7 20.6 10.0 17.2
p

0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.2 .. 3.7 1.9 2.2 4.2 0.6 0.2 1.2 2.6
p

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

p

Table D.4.4 Expenditures on research and development (R&D) by performing sector, Canada and provinces, current dollars, 1991, 2000, and 2002 to 2006 1991 Jurisdiction and R&D by performing sector Canada, total Government Federal government Provincial governments Business enterprise University Private non-profit Newfoundland and Labrador, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit Prince Edward Island, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit Nova Scotia, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit New Brunswick, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit Quebec, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit Ontario, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit Manitoba, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit 10,767 2,013 1,685 328 5,355 3,289 110 106 39 35 4 10 57 0 16 10 10 0 2 4 0 240 86 81 5 26 127 1 121 40 37 3 30 50 1 2,863 295 217 78 1,520 1,031 17 4,616 376 251 125 2,952 1,211 77 284 98 95 3 64 114 8 20,580 2,310 2,080 230 12,395 5,793 57 138 35 30 5 20 83 0 36 16 16 0 5 15 0 363 94 88 6 67 200 2 158 30 27 3 40 89 2 5,680 408 350 58 3,642 1,628 2 9,534 360 314 46 6,856 2,317 6 393 72 69 3 133 189 18
r r r r r r r

2000

2002 23,532 2,472 2,190 282 13,541 7,455 63 153 37 32 5 22 94 .. 31 8 8 0 4 19 .. 400 82 76 6 93 225 .. 211 50 46 4 62 99 .. 6,682 452 370 82 4,155 2,074 .. 10,426 368 324 44 7,064 2,996 .. 454 75 72 3 155 225 ..

2003 millions of dollars 24,719 2,361 2,083 278 14,123 8,143 92 173 28 23 5 31 114 .. 43 12 12 0 7 25 .. 409 72 66 6 79 259 .. 216 34 30 4 64 118 .. 6,943 397 314 83 4,202 2,345 .. 11,054 399 351 48 7,384 3,187 .. 456 67 63 4 150 239 ..
r r r

2004 26,833 2,373 2,083 290 15,299 9,058 103 173 28 23 5 29 116 .. 41 10 10 0 7 24 .. 448 87 81 6 94 266 .. 227 30 26 4 82 114 .. 7,209 402 320 82 4,340 2,467 .. 12,080 375 329 46 7,871 3,835 .. 519 77 73 4 183 260 ..
r r r r r r r r r r r r

2005 28,142 2,717 2,414 300 15,791 9,518 117 267 33 28 5 86 148 .. 66 28 28 0 11 27 .. 471 72 66 6 102 298 .. 256 30 26 4 96 130 .. 7,208 453 368 85 4,199 2,556 .. 12,670 437 395 42 8,250 3,980 .. 581 87 83 4 199 294 ..
r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r

Saskatchewan, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit Alberta, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit British Columbia, total Government Federal government Provincial government Business enterprise University Private non-profit .. not available for a specific reference period
p

216 61 51 10 54 101 0 789 149 78 71 349 291 0 782 125 96 29 348 303 6

376 72 62 10 76 228 0 1,319 190 116 74 583 547 17 1,606 136 111 25 973 497 10
r r

435 64 53 11 112 259 .. 1,709 200 92 108 782 727 .. 1,949 119 99 20 1,093 736 ..

398 65 54 11 88 245 .. 1,877 190 87 103 861 827 .. 2,052 95 80 15 1,173 785 ..

423 67 54 13 112 245 .. 2,254 224 110 114 1,030 899 .. 2,373 107 91 16 1,434 832 ..
r r r

453 83 68 15 150 217 .. 2,406 252 130 122 1,193 962 .. 2,505 108 91 17 1,493 904 ..

r

r

r

r

r

preliminary Notes: Provincial data include provincial research organizations. Expenditures on R&D by the private non-profit sector are no longer distributed provincially as of 2002. The Canada total, however, does include the private non-profit sector. To convert this current dollar data to constant dollar amounts for comparison over time, it is recommended that the Gross domestic product (GDP) implicit price index be used for national and provincial-level conversions. For the index and further details on converting see Table F.1.2. Data sources: Statistics Canada. 2008. Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada and the Provinces: National Estimates 1997 to 2008 and Provincial Estimates 2002 to 2006. Catalogue No. 88-221-X, vol. 1 no.2. table 4. Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 358-0001 Gross domestic expenditures on research and development, by science type and by funder and performer sector, annual (dollars). Last updated January 19, 2009. (1991, 2000 expenditures). Table source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

1, 2000, and 2002 to 2006 2006 28,715 2,829 2,496 333 16,137 9,624 125 262 31 27 4 99 132 .. 70 26 26 0 13 31 .. 502 79 73 6 106 317 .. 271 34 30 4 102 135 .. 7,595 456 371 85 4,598 2,541 .. 12,685 564 494 70 8,033 4,088 .. 558 87 81 6 184 287 ..
p

465 83 67 16 167 215 .. 2,412 258 133 125 1236 919 .. 2,644 109 91 18 1,576 959 ..

longer distributed provincially

estic product (GDP) implicit .2.

vinces: National Estimates 1997

by funder and performer sector,

rt of the Pan-Canadian

Table D.4.5 Sources of funds for university research and development (R&D) expenditures in millions of current dollars and as a percentage of total funding, Canada and provinces, 1991, 1995, 2000, and 2002 to 2006 1991 1995 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 millions of percentage millions of percentage millions of percentage millions of percentage millions of percentage millions of percentage millions of percentage millions of dollars of total dollars of total dollars of total dollars of total dollars of total dollars of total dollars of total dollars 3,289.2 229.2 813.3 288.9 215.2 11.0 1,731.6 457.1 1,274.1 57.5 1.8 16.5 1.0 4.9 0.0 33.4 5.1 0.1 1.6 0.0 0.3 0.0 3.0 127.4 4.9 45.4 7.0 4.1 0.0 65.9 49.7 4.2 12.3 3.3 2.0 0.0 27.9 1,030.7 125.2 210.6 83.6 61.7 3.9 545.6 1,211.2 59.1 297.9 119.9 86.3 100.0 7.0 24.7 8.8 6.5 0.3 52.6 13.9 38.7 100.0 3.1 28.7 1.7 8.5 0.0 58.1 100.0 2.0 31.4 0.2 5.9 0.0 58.8 100.0 3.8 35.6 5.5 3.2 0.0 51.7 100.0 8.5 24.7 6.6 4.0 0.0 56.1 100.0 12.1 20.4 8.1 6.0 0.4 52.9 100.0 4.9 24.6 9.9 7.1 3,691.2 296.7 854.8 323.2 265.8 24.3 1,926.6 635.1 1,291.4 58.4 3.8 14.9 3.4 1.0 0.3 35.0 3.7 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.0 1.9 117.0 7.8 31.0 3.0 4.5 1.3 69.5 56.2 4.4 13.9 3.7 3.1 0.3 30.8 1,111.5 93.5 228.0 117.8 62.6 8.6 601.0 1,432.7 119.7 323.7 124.2 120.0 100.0 8.0 23.2 8.8 7.2 0.7 52.2 17.2 35.0 100.0 6.5 25.5 5.8 1.7 0.5 59.9 100.0 10.8 21.6 8.1 8.1 0.0 51.4 100.0 6.7 26.5 2.6 3.8 1.1 59.4 100.0 7.8 24.7 6.6 5.5 0.5 54.8 100.0 8.4 20.5 10.6 5.6 0.8 54.1 100.0 8.4 22.6 8.7 8.4 5793.3 553.4 1292.8 587.2 418.2 49.6 2892.1 1284.8 1607.4 83.4 6.9 23.3 1.5 1.3 0.0 50.4 15.7 0.6 2.7 0.7 1.0 0.0 10.7 199.9 19.8 39.9 7.8 10.5 1.7 120.2 88.2 4.2 15.2 2.3 4.8 0.6 61.2 1628.6 144.8 372.8 166.6 97.3 11.9 835.4 2316.2 250.6 504.8 235.3 203.5 100.0 9.6 22.3 10.1 7.2 0.9 49.9 22.2 27.7 100.0 8.3 27.9 1.8 1.6 0.0 60.4 100.0 3.8 17.2 4.5 6.4 0.0 68.2 100.0 9.9 20.0 3.9 5.3 0.9 60.1 100.0 4.8 17.2 2.6 5.4 0.7 69.4 100.0 8.9 22.9 10.2 6.0 0.7 51.3 100.0 10.8 21.8 10.2 8.8 7,455.3 643.2 1,816.7 828.6 604.5 100.5 3,461.8 1,430.9 2,030.9 94.4 9.9 28.8 1.3 1.8 0.0 52.6 18.7 0.5 4.3 0.4 0.9 0.0 12.6 225.5 21.0 52.0 6.9 17.5 1.4 126.7 98.9 2.7 20.2 2.3 6.0 0.7 67.0 2,074.3 175.3 528.7 261.7 170.9 26.2 911.5 2,995.5 295.2 685.0 307.7 239.4 100.0 8.6 24.4 11.1 8.1 1.3 46.4 19.2 27.2 100.0 10.5 30.5 1.4 1.9 0.0 55.7 100.0 2.7 23.0 2.1 4.8 0.0 67.4 100.0 9.3 23.1 3.1 7.8 0.6 56.2 100.0 2.7 20.4 2.3 6.1 0.7 67.7 100.0 8.5 25.5 12.6 8.2 1.3 43.9 100.0 9.9 22.9 10.3 8.0 8,143.0 679.0 2,182.0 1,018.0 599.0 76.0 3,589.3 1,706.6 1,882.7 114.0 10.0 36.0 1.0 4.0 0.0 63.0 25.0 0.0 7.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 17.0 259.0 21.0 60.0 7.0 24.0 1.0 146.0 118.0 4.0 30.0 4.0 7.0 0.0 72.0 2,345.0 187.0 646.0 333.0 165.0 16.0 998.0 3,187.0 294.0 826.0 357.0 243.0 100.0 8.3 26.8 12.5 7.4 0.9 44.1 21.0 23.1 100.0 8.8 31.6 0.9 3.5 0.0 55.3 100.0 0.0 28.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 68.0 100.0 8.1 23.2 2.7 9.3 0.4 56.4 100.0 3.4 25.4 3.4 5.9 0.0 61.0 100.0 8.0 27.5 14.2 7.0 0.7 42.6 100.0 9.2 25.9 11.2 7.6 9,058.0 755.0 2,337.0 1,039.0 685.0 96.0 4,146.7 1,888.0 2,258.7 116.0 16.0 35.0 1.0 2.0 0.0 61.0 24.0 1.0 8.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 15.0 266.0 23.0 73.0 8.0 22.0 0.0 141.0 114.0 4.0 30.0 3.0 5.0 0.0 70.0 2,467.0 192.0 650.0 318.0 160.0 19.0 1,129.0 3,835.0 394.0 914.0 391.0 283.0 100.0 8.3 25.8 11.5 7.6 1.1 45.8 20.8 24.9 100.0 13.8 30.2 0.9 1.7 0.0 52.4 100.0 4.2 33.3 1.6 4.2 0.0 62.5 100.0 8.6 27.4 3.0 8.3 0.0 53.0 100.0 3.5 26.3 2.6 4.4 0.1 61.4 100.0 7.3 26.3 12.9 6.5 0.8 45.8 100.0 10.3 23.8 10.2 7.4 9518.2 803.3 2542.4 973.3 742.0 116.3 4340.9 1976.1 2364.1 148.0 23.0 45.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 76.0 27.0 1.0 9.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 16.0 298.0 31.0 80.0 6.0 22.0 0.0 158.0 130.0 5.0 35.0 4.0 7.0 0.0 80.0 2556.0 227.0 703.0 260.0 158.0 28.0 1180.0 3980.0 378.0 997.0 402.0 342.0 100.0 8.4 26.7 10.2 7.8 1.2 45.6 20.8 24.8 100.0 15.5 30.4 0.7 1.4 1.4 51.4 100.0 3.7 33.3 0.0 3.7 0.0 59.3 100.0 10.4 26.8 2.0 7.4 0.0 53.0 100.0 3.8 26.9 3.1 5.4 0.0 61.5 100.0 8.9 27.5 10.2 6.2 1.1 46.2 100.0 9.5 25.1 10.1 8.6 9,624.1 808.2 2,487.5 992.7 775.7 125.7 4,434.2 2,083.9 2,350.3 132.2 14.8 40.3 2.5 2.8 3.9 67.9 31.2 0.7 8.9 1.6 1.9 0.0 18.1 316.6 35.3 82.3 5.3 22.0 0.7 171.0 135.0 5.0 34.1 5.1 7.0 0.0 83.7 2,540.7 226.6 678.0 229.5 178.6 27.6 1,200.3 4,088.2 373.3 1,003.4 421.5 356.9

Jurisdiction and source of R&D funds Canada, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial governments Private non-profit Foreign sources University From own revenue sources From general university funds Newfoundland and Labrador, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University Prince Edward Island, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University Nova Scotia, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University New Brunswick, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University Quebec, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University Ontario, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit

Foreign sources University Manitoba, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University Saskatchewan, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University Alberta, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University British Columbia, total Business enterprise Federal government Provincial government Private non-profit Foreign sources University

1.6 646.4 113.8 3.2 28.6 5.0 13.3 2.3 61.5 100.7 3.5 26.1 11.5 3.8 0.2 55.6 290.4 13.2 69.7 36.4 21.7 1.0 148.5 302.6 14.1 104.6 20.9 17.2 2.0 143.7

0.1 53.4 100.0 2.8 25.1 4.4 11.7 2.0 54.0 100.0 3.5 25.9 11.4 3.8 0.2 55.2 100.0 4.5 24.0 12.5 7.5 0.3 51.1 100.0 4.7 34.6 6.9 5.7 0.7 47.5

6.0 739.2 113.5 4.2 26.6 5.1 13.5 1.9 62.2 113.9 7.1 22.6 12.2 5.7 0.5 65.7 327.9 24.6 91.6 36.6 27.2 1.0 146.9 356.5 31.2 101.9 16.9 27.8 4.2 174.4

0.4 51.6 100.0 3.7 23.4 4.5 11.9 1.7 54.8 100.0 6.2 19.8 10.7 5.0 0.4 57.7 100.0 7.5 27.9 11.2 8.3 0.3 44.8 100.0 8.8 28.6 4.7 7.8 1.2 48.9

22.6 1099.5 189.6 15.0 42.0 14.3 16.6 2.3 99.3 228.2 10.2 54.0 39.8 8.3 0.4 115.5 546.0 49.7 113.1 91.6 34.2 3.3 254.2 497.5 51.7 125.1 27.2 40.8 6.9 245.7

1.0 47.5 100.0 7.9 22.2 7.5 8.8 1.2 52.4 100.0 4.5 23.7 17.4 3.6 0.2 50.6 100.0 9.1 20.7 16.8 6.3 0.6 46.6 100.0 10.4 25.1 5.5 8.2 1.4 49.4

52.1 1,416.1 224.5 18.0 55.7 15.8 24.5 2.3 108.2 258.8 15.9 56.6 35.6 21.4 0.1 129.2 727.5 44.5 180.7 121.8 52.1 6.8 321.6 737.2 60.2 204.7 75.1 70.0 10.9 316.3

1.7 47.3 100.0 8.0 24.8 7.0 10.9 1.0 48.2 100.0 6.1 21.9 13.8 8.3 0.0 49.9 100.0 6.1 24.8 16.7 7.2 0.9 44.2 100.0 8.2 27.8 10.2 9.5 1.5 42.9

43.0 1,423.0 239.0 19.0 62.0 16.0 25.0 2.0 114.0 245.0 18.0 64.0 30.0 12.0 1.0 121.0 827.0 60.0 221.0 182.0 44.0 6.0 314.0 785.0 65.0 231.0 88.0 72.0 7.0 320.0

1.3 44.7 100.0 7.9 25.9 6.7 10.5 0.8 47.7 100.0 7.3 26.1 12.2 4.9 0.4 49.4 100.0 7.3 26.7 22.0 5.3 0.7 38.0 100.0 8.3 29.4 11.2 9.2 0.9 40.8

62.0 1,791.0 260.0 16.0 72.0 19.0 29.0 2.0 123.0 245.0 18.0 65.0 27.0 12.0 0.0 122.0 899.0 60.0 206.0 232.0 49.0 5.0 347.0 832.0 32.0 284.0 39.0 121.0 8.0 348.0

1.6 46.7 100.0 6.2 27.7 7.2 11.2 0.8 47.3 100.0 7.3 26.5 11.0 4.9 0.0 49.8 100.0 6.7 22.9 25.8 5.5 0.6 38.6 100.0 3.8 34.1 4.7 14.5 1.0 41.8

67.0 1793.0 294.0 19.0 72.0 15.0 38.0 2.0 149.0 217.0 13.0 54.0 20.0 15.0 0.0 115.0 962.0 63.0 252.0 182.0 61.0 7.0 396.0 904.0 44.0 294.0 81.0 98.0 10.0 377.0

1.7 45.1 100.0 6.5 24.5 5.1 12.9 0.7 50.7 100.0 6.0 24.9 9.2 6.9 0.0 53.0 100.0 6.5 26.2 18.9 6.3 0.7 41.2 100.0 4.9 32.5 9.0 10.8 1.1 41.7

69.3 1,863.8 287.2 20.8 69.5 18.8 38.2 4.1 135.7 215.4 8.2 52.7 28.9 11.8 0.6 113.3 918.5 76.8 222.6 173.0 57.0 6.3 382.9 959.1 46.8 295.7 106.6 99.4 13.1 397.5

Notes: Data on general university funds are not available at the provincial level. See Education Indicators in Canada: Handbook for the Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program 2007 for more information. To convert this current dollar data to constant dollar amounts for comparison over time, it is recommended that the Gross domestic product (GDP) implicit price index be used for national and provincial-level conversions. For the index and further details on converting see Table F.1.2. Data sources: Statistics Canada. Science Statistics : Estimates of Research and Development Expenditures in the Higher Education Sector, 2006/2007 , August 2008, Catalogue no.: 88-001-XWE2008004, vol. 32 no. 4; and Statistics Canada, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division, special tabulation, February 2009. Table source: Statistics Canada and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2007. Education indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Catalogue no. 81-582-XIE. Ottawa. Updated May 1, 2009.

2006 percentage of total 100.0 8.4 25.8 10.3 8.1 1.3 46.1 21.7 24.4 100.0 11.2 30.5 1.9 2.1 3.0 51.4 100.0 2.2 28.5 5.1 6.1 0.0 58.0 100.0 11.1 26.0 1.7 6.9 0.2 54.0 100.0 3.7 25.3 3.8 5.2 0.0 62.0 100.0 8.9 26.7 9.0 7.0 1.1 47.2 100.0 9.1 24.5 10.3 8.7

1.7 45.6 100.0 7.2 24.2 6.5 13.3 1.4 47.2 100.0 3.8 24.5 13.4 5.5 0.3 52.6 100.0 8.4 24.2 18.8 6.2 0.7 41.7 100.0 4.9 30.8 11.1 10.4 1.4 41.4

ndex and further

istics Canada,


								
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