# A SPECIFIC GRAVITY CHART FOR URGE-SIZED THIN PLYWOOD PANELS by bradbutler

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```									 A SPECIFIC GRAVITY CHART FOR
URGE-SIZED THIN PLYWOOD PANELS
June 1944

This Report is One of a Series
Issued In Cooperation with the
ARMY-NAVY-CIVIL COMMITTEE
on
AIRCRAFT DESIGN CRITERIA
Under the Supervision of the
AERONAUTICAL BOARD

T;:( )No. 1590

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
LFOREST SERVICE
FORE ST_RODUCTS LABORATORY
In Cooperation with the University of Wisconsin
A SPECIFIC GRAVITY CHART FOR LARGE-SIZED THIN PLYWOOD PANELSL

By

B. H. PAUL, Senior Silviculturist
and
J. P. LIMBACH, Assistant Forest Products Technologist

The accompanying chart provides a simple means of determining directly
the specific gravity of large-sized thin plywood panels by the elimination of
most of the mathematics concerned therewith, particularly when panels of uni-
form surface area are involved. The plywood should be in an oven-dry condi-
tion or at 10 percent moisture content in order to use this ohart directly,
although the specific gravity of plywood at other values of moisture content
can be determined by interpolation or extrapolation.

Before referring to the chart, obtain the weight of the plywood in
pounds and ounces and its average thickness in inches to the thousandth of an
inch; then compute the surface area in square inches. With these data, refer
to the chart as follows:

1.   On the vertical scale to the left of the chart, locate the line
representing the weight of the plywood and follow this line horizontally to
its point of intersection with a vertical line representing the thickness of
the plywood panel as read on tho horizontal scale above the left-hand portion
of the chart.

2.  Note the position of this point with reference to the oblique
lines and follow this relative position along the oblique lines to its inter-
section with a vertical line representing the area of the plywood in square
inches (length X width) as read on the horizontal scale above the right-hand
portion of the chart.

3.  From this point of intersection follow horizontally to the right-
hand margin of the chart and read the specific gravity of the plywood on the
proper vertical specific gravity scale.

Tao specific gravity scales have been provided. The first .scale is to
be used when the plywood has been weighed and measured in the ornAdry condi-
tion, and reads in specific gravity values based on weight . and,yoDame when
oven dry. It has been found that plywood that ha• been pressed in A hot	       .
press at approximately 300° F. is practically oven-dry about 30 seconds after

1
-This report is one of a series of progress reports prepared by the Forest
Products Laboratory to further the Nation's war effort. Results here
reported are preliminary and may be revised as additional data become
available.
Mimeo. No. 1590 	                     -1-
removal from the press if a normal pressing schedule has been used and if
the plywood is 0.200 inch in thickness or less. Under these circumstances
the oven-dry scale may be used to determine specific gravity values of ply-
wood directly as it comes from the press. The second scale, to be used when
the plywood has been weighed and measured at 10 percent moisture content,
also reads directly in specific gravity values based on weight and volume
when oven dry.

For moisture contents between the oven-dry condition and 10 percent
moisture content, interpolate between the oven-dry and the 10 percent mois-
ture content scales shown. For moisture contents between 10 percent and 15
percent extrapolate beyond these two scales.

Report No, 1590	                     -2-

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