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					An Introduction to Universal Design                                                                                     March 6, 2009




                                                                       A Visual…




                             UNIVERSAL DESIGN
                                          Don Finn, Ph.D.




          Different Learning Styles                                   Considerations for UD

                                                                                                          Background
                                                                                                          Knowledge
                                                                    The Professors Challenge


                                                                    Reacting responsively
                                                                      to the needs of          Language    Student       Readiness

                                                                      each participant


                                                                                                          Preferences
                                                                                                          & Interests

                                               Donald Finn, Ph.D.




          Universal Design: Origins                                    Practically Applied, UD means
         Architectural/Product Design Movement                         1. Structures/products to accommodate the
           As described by the Center for Universal                       widest spectrum of users possible
           Design at North Carolina State University…
              "the design of products and
               the                                                             p      y                  g
                                                                       2. Adaptability is subtle and integrated
              environments to be usable by all                            into the design
              people, to the greatest extent possible,                 3. Designed for the divergent needs of
              without the need for adaptation or
                                                                          special populations increasing usability
              specialized design"
                                                                          for everyone




Dr. Don Finn
Regent University                                                                                                                    Page 1
An Introduction to Universal Design                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              March 6, 2009




                 What Universal Design Looks Like…                                                                                                                                                                                     Definition of Universal Instructional Design


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           “The basic premise of universal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           instructional design is that curriculum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           should include alternatives to make it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           accessible and applicable to students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           with different backgrounds, learning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           styles, abilities and disabilities.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology)




                                                                                                       Universal
                                                                                                        Design                                                                                                                          Unique Aspects of UD
        Principle             Principle                 Principle                   Principle                  Principle                   Principle                   Principle                 Principle          Principle
          One                   Two                      Three                        Four                       Five                         Six                       Seven                      Eight              Nine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Emphasizes the integration of digital technologies into
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          instruction
                                   Flexibility in          Simple and                 Perceptible                Tolerance for               Low Physical                Appropriate              Community           Instructional
         Equitable Use                                                                                              Error                      Effort                    size, space,             of Learners           Climate
                                       Use                  Intuitive                 Information
                                                                                                                                                                          and reach



         Instruction is
         useful to and
                                   Users can
                                  choose from
                                    multiple
                                                           The design
                                                           allows for
                                                             ease of
                                                                                     Instruction is
                                                                                     designed and
                                                                                       delivered
                                                                                                                  Instructional
                                                                                                                    activities
                                                                                                                   anticipates               Nonessential
                                                                                                                                                                         Participation
                                                                                                                                                                         in classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                       The
                                                                                                                                                                                                   environment
                                                                                                                                                                                                    promotes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Instruction is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    welcoming and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               For instructional delivery (teacher)
         accessible to             means of                navigation                regardless of                   variable               physical effort               activities is            interaction,     inclusive; high


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               To build and demonstrate competence (student)
         learners with              access                   using a                    ambient                      student                  is minimized                  possible             communication       expectations
        diverse abilities.                                 predictable               conditions or               learning pace              *This principle
                                                                                                                                                   p     p               regardless of
                                                                                                                                                                           g                      and exchange      for all students
          Identical or                                       format                     student                        and                  does not apply                 body size,            among students
           equivalent                                                                   sensory                    prerequisite            where physical                 posture, or              and faculty
           whenever                                                                                                                        effort is integral               mobility

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Concerned with the learning environment
                                                                                        abilities                     skills
            possible.                  Vary                                                                                                  to the course
                                   instructional
                                    methods to          Documents and                                                                                                                                                 Statement on
                                  include lecture         websites are                                                                                                                               Use study       syllabus asking
                                                        well organized,                                                                                                   Classroom                groups, email       students to

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Size, space, and physical arrangement to ensure
                                  (with visuals),                                     Instructional             Assign projects
                                                          assignment                                                                                                     arrangement             lists, classroom    discuss special
                                      group                                           materials are             well in advance
                                                         requirements/                                                                                                      to allow              chat sessions;        needs and
            Provide               activities, and/                                     provided in                and offer to
                                                          rubrics are                                                                       Allow learners                students to             acknowledging     accommodations
        electronic notes             or online                                          electronic              evaluate parts

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               movement and a conducive environment
                                                         provided and                                                                        to use word                   face each             student identity    and to respect
        and outlines that           interaction                                      format or can               in advance of
                                                              are                                                                           processors for                 other; lab              and excellent         diversity
         can be read or                                                               be converted                the due date;
                                                        understandable                                                                          writing                  settings with             contributions
         accessed using                                                              electronically             Provide online               assignments                   adjustable
            assistive                                                               to use assistive                practice               and essay tests/                  tables

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Multiple means of expression in teaching and learning
          technology.                                                                 technologies               opportunities                  exams




                                                     Adapted from Scott, McGuire, & Shaw (2003)
                                                                                             Universal Design for Instruction: A New Paradigm for Adult Instruction in Postsecondary Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Delivery options for teachers and students




                                             Academically Challenging?                                                                                                                                                                  Key UD Principle…

                             Universal Design does not reduce or                                                                                                                                                                        Retrofitting, while often effective, can be ugly…
                             remove academic challenges rather, it
                             removes barriers to access for:
                             1
                             1.          International students/limited English speakers

                             2.          Students with disabilities (visible and invisible)

                             3.          Students who learn best in a style different than the
                                         preferred teaching style of the instructor

                             4.          Older students




Dr. Don Finn
Regent University                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 2
An Introduction to Universal Design                                                                                                                              March 6, 2009




                                                                                                                    Comparison Grid/Concept Map
                                                                                                                     Benefits include:
                       Tools that Support Success                                                                       Alternate means for understanding
                                                                                                                        Helps to make concepts more concrete
                       Integrating Visuals                                                                              Useful for visual and tactile learners
                       Tips for Handouts
                       Ti f H d




               Comparison Grid/Concept Map                                                                         Cluster/Word Web
                             Compare and Contrast                                                                                                       Excellent tool
                                                                                                                                                        for showing a
                                                                                                                                                        flow of
                                                                                                                                                        information
                                                                                                                                                        and/or how
                                                                                                                                                        concepts and
                                                                                                                                                        ideas link to a
                                                                                                                                                        main idea or
                                                                                                                                                        topic.
                                              Source: Health Sciences Faculty Education Project
                                              http://www.healthsciencefaculty.org/profess_sucess/ConceptMap.html




            5 W’s Chart                                                                                                 To Demonstrate a Process
        What
        happened?
                                                                    What
        Who was there?


                                             Where                                             Who
        Why did it
        happen?
                                                                   Topic/
                                                                    Idea
        When did it
        happen

                                                    When                             Why
        Where did it
        happen?




Dr. Don Finn
Regent University                                                                                                                                                         Page 3
An Introduction to Universal Design                                                                                                    March 6, 2009




                                                                  Tips for Including Visuals
       Decision
       Trees                                                      Ensure that:
                                                                       They add value
       Show                                                            They are appropriate size
       What                                                            and format for different
                                                                       connection speeds
       Actions                                                         Web-based pictures
       to                                                              include alt tags
                                                                       Embedded hyperlinks are
       Take                                                            not broken




                    Printable Handouts
                                     UD techniques
                                                                  Tips for Effective Handouts…
         Non-UD Example
                                       make better use of space
             crowded and confusing

                                                                  1.    Use bold headings
                                                                  2.    Avoid unnecessary or complex words
                                                                  3.    Do not use all capital letters
                                                                  4.    Avoid        f it li     d
                                                                        A id use of italics and symbolsb l
                                                                  5.    Avoid the âáx Éy non-standard fonts; they can confuse!
                                                                  6.    Integrate “white space”
                                                                  7.    Use strong font colors that print clearly, especially
                                                                        in black and white




                                                                  Web-based Resources

                                                                                www.DonFinn.com
                                                                                   Handouts and materials from this workshop
                                                                                www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/
                                                                                  Online book: Teaching Every Student in the Digital Age
                                                                                www.greatschools.net/cgi-bin/showarticle/2490
                                                                                  Article: Universal Design for Learning--Improved Access for All
                                                                                www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer
                                                                                  Dozens of printable graphic organizers for classroom use
                                                                                www.cast.org/system/galleries/download/ncac/DI_UDL.pdf
                                                                                  Report: Differentiated Instruction and Implications for UDL
                                                                                  Implementation




Dr. Don Finn
Regent University                                                                                                                                   Page 4

				
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