Galileo Science Fair Project Timeline
Task : Due Date: Done?
1. Put entries into Science Fair Notebook Ongoing
2. Choose a problem to investigate. Write introduction. Oct. 6
3. Write background research paper Oct. 14
4. Develop a hypothesis based on your question. Oct. 20
5. Write procedural steps and material list. Oct. 20
6. Conduct your investigation and collect data. Nov. 10
7. Organize and graph your data and results. Nov. 10
8. Write your conclusion based on the results and data. Nov. 10
9. Peer edit, proofread and revise your Science Fair
10. Complete Science Fair Backboard Nov. 17
11. Turn in your Science Fair Project Nov. 17
12. Present your project in class Nov. 17 and 18
13. Galileo’s Science Fair Nov. 19
It is extremely important to keep up with these dates. Late assignments will affect the
final project grade.
SCIENCE FAIR INTRODUCTION
You will be required to have an introduction of 100-200 words, written in paragraph
1. You will state the question or problem at the top of the page.
2. Your introduction should be written in paragraph form and include the following
a. A description of your project. What are you going to do, where are you going to do
the experiment, how are you going to do the experiment, and what you expect the
outcome to be.
b. A description of the research topics you will be investigating. Include the topics and
resources you will be using.
c. A description of why this experiment or topic appeals to you and what you hope to
learn from this experiment.
Science Fair Project Research Paper
The research section of your Science Fair Notebook is very important! Your research will
help you understand your topic and analyze your data. It also happens to be
approximately 30% of your overall project grade! The requirements for your paper are
explained below. Read ALL information carefully.
1.You must write a minimum of 400 words and not more than 800 words. Use font sizes
12 or 14 and set the spacing for 1.5. Typing bold sub-headings for different topics is
advised. Illustrations and a glossary of key terms are extra credit.
2. You must word process your paper on a computer using Microsoft Word. Make sure
you spell check and correct grammar. Have your parents proofread your paper before you
type your final draft. You must do all the typing yourself.
3. It is extremely important to do all the writing in your own words. It is fine to use the
Internet or CD-Rom encyclopedias, however, you may not download text and insert it
into a word document to use as your own paper. Plagiarism will not be tolerated and
you will earn 0 points if you copy word for word instead of writing in your own words.
You need to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding.
4. You must write down all your sources of information in a bibliography in the back of
your paper. You must use at least three references. You will be graded on the accuracy of
information and on having the correct format.
Be sure to come in for help if you are having trouble thinking up research topics, or if
you don't understand any of the information you find.
Science Fair Hypothesis Construction
1. Write your investigative question (the title of the experiment).
2. Write a statement that explains what variables will be manipulated (tested) and what
results will be tested (responding variables). Remember, you are making a prediction
on the outcome of your experiment.
Science Fair Materials
Your materials for your Science Fair Project need to be written in a "recipe" style list. All
materials being used, no matter how minor, need to be included. Amounts and/or
measurements are required.
Example: Which Household Solutions Are Acids and Bases?
• 1 Head of red cabbage
• 1 gallon of distilled water
• stainless steel cooking pot with lid
• metric measuring cup
• 20 clear plastic cups, 9 oz. size
• household cleaners: 10 ml. each
o dish soap
o window cleaner
• fruit juices: 100 ml. each
• miscellaneous liquids: 100 ml. each
o tap water
o mineral water
o cooking oil
o rubbing alcohol
o baking soda and water solution
Science Fair Procedure
Your procedure needs to be written in a numbered text format that indicates each "step"
in the experiment. Each step should be only one activity or measurement, etc. you should
not combine several actions together under one number, as it could be confusing. Include
even minor activities in your steps to ensure that nothing will be missed in the
experiment. Write the steps as if you were explaining how to do the experiment to
another person. It is important to be detailed, but clear in your directions.
Example: "Which Household Solutions Are Acids and Bases?"
1. Place 5 ounces of cabbage in pan to be cooked.
2. Add enough distilled water to completely cover the cabbage leaves.
3. Cook over medium heat for 30 minutes. Let cool.
4. Pour the juice through a strainer into a pitcher. Discard leaves.
5. Measure 100 ml. of each of the liquids to be tested. Pour each into a clean 9 oz.cup. (
Be sure to wash out the measuring cup each time so the samples are not contaminated).
6. Set up the cups in order. Have the notebook and pencil ready to take down the data.
7. Using the eyedropper, add cabbage juice to one of the samples until there is clearly a
color change (two or three droppers full). Record the color change.
8. Add cabbage juice to each of the samples to be tested. record color change.
9. Check over each sample to be sure that the color recorded is the same as the sample.
10. Clean up the cups and the liquids. Wash utensils in soapy water. Discard extra
cabbage juice (or drink over ice!!).
11. Set up a data chart to organize information.
Analysis of Data and Writing the Conclusion
1. Record your information from your experiment onto a data table. Be sure to put
all variables and trials into the data table and graph(s). You will all be using Excel
in class to produce your graphs. If you want them to be in color you will need to
do the graphs at home. All parts of the graph need to be labeled. Using the
appropriate graph for your particular data is very important.
2. After you have produced your data, tables and graphs, you will write a 100-500
word essay-type analysis of the data. Your results section should describe WHAT
happened when you tested each of your variables. You need to write down all of
your experimental observations in detail. You need to describe which variable did
the "best" and which did the "worst". You should refer to your hypothesis and
describe how your ending results differed from your hypothesized predictions.
3. In your results essay, you should describe any problems or changes you made in
your experimental procedures. Did everything work the way you thought it
should? Did you have to start over or use different materials?
4. Describe your various trials; how were they the same? How were they different?
Did any unplanned variables affect your results?
5. Have your parents proofread your Results Essay.
1. In addition to your Results Essay, you will write a separate 100-500 word essay
describing WHY you got the results you did. You will need to discuss why the
results were similar or different from your expectations. If your hypothesis was
correct, you need to explain your thinking that enabled you to hypothesize
correctly. You may need to refer to your background research for information that
will help you explain your results. If your results were different from your
hypothesis, you need to describe why your original prediction was in error.*
Remember, it is not bad if your results are different as long as you are able to
explain why you think they are different, or are able to explain what went wrong.
2. Describe what you learned after having done the experiment. How have your
ideas changed? Was the experiment harder or easier than you expected? Could
you find all the materials you needed?
3. Consider your experimental design (the way you set up and performed the
experiment- the procedure), what would you change to make it better or more
successful? Would any changes make your hypothesis test out as correct or be
more accurate? How did your procedure ensure that you got the correct results?
How did you control all the non-tested variables, so that your tested variable(s)
were the only ones that affected the results?
4. Lastly, describe your variables and your basic question. If you were to do this
over, what would you change and why?
Science Fair Notebook
1. Title Page: Include the title of your project or the question. In the bottom right hand
corner include: Name, date, classroom teacher/science teacher, grade and school.
2. Table of Contents: List all sections of your notebook with page numbers. Include any
rough drafts of your report in the back of the notebook. (The rough draft pages do not
have to be numbered.)
3. Investigative Question: State the scientific question you are investigating.
4. Introduction: Write a paragraph about your project. Explain how you became
interested in your topic.
5.Background research: Include background information, definitions, and research you
did during the course of your project.
6. Hypothesis: State your hypothesis about the proposed relationship between the
manipulated and responding variables. State your reasons for choosing your hypothesis.
7. Materials: List all your materials and the amount used of each.
8. Procedures: Write a complete step-by-step description of how you conducted your
9. Data, Results: include a complete record of all measurements and observations you
have made during your experiment. Organize the data into table(s) and graph(s). If you
have re -copied any data, place your original laboratory data in the back of the project
10. Conclusion: Write your conclusion to your investigation. List any problems or
unexpected results you might have encountered. Be sure to compare your conclusion to
11. Future Research: describe how you would change your investigation or extend your
experiment in the future.
12. Bibliography: List all the sources of information: encyclopedias, books, people
interviewed, magazines, etc.
13. Acknowledgements: Give credit to anyone who gave you any special advice or help,
such as helping you find the information. assisting with building, setting up, or
conducting your experiment.
Galileo Science Fair Project Assessment
1. Title Page and Table of Contents (5)
2. Investigative Question and Introduction (5)
3. Background research (15)
4. Hypothesis (5)
5. Materials and Procedure (10)
6. Results: Data Table, Graph, Essay (15)
7. Conclusion (15)
8. Bibliography (5)
9. Acknowledgements, Future Research (5)
10. Rough Drafts/Lab Notes/Research (5)
11. Correct Spelling, Grammar, Computations, etc. (5)
12. Backboard: organization and completeness (10)
13. Extra Credit?
Total Points (out of 100) ______%