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Lancaster University

Lancaster University
Lancaster University

Motto: Established: Type: Chancellor: Vice-Chancellor: Visitor: Staff: Students: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Location: Colours:

Patet omnibus veritas ("Truth lies open to all") 1964 Public Sir Chris Bonington Prof. Paul Wellings Her Majesty The Queen 2,250 17,410[1] 13,855[1] 3,555[1] Lancaster, England, UK "Quaker Grey" and red


1994 Group N8 Group ACU AMBA NWUA EQUIS Universities UK


Lancaster University, officially The University of Lancaster[2], is a British university in Lancaster, Lancashire, England. The University has an annual income of £149 million,[3] 2,250 staff and 17,415 students. In the last Research Assessment Exercise Lancaster was named the 7th best research institution in the United Kingdom[4]. Along with the universities of Durham, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Sheffield and York, Lancaster forms the N8 Group of research universities. Lancaster was ranked 10th of 113 British universities in the 2008 Good University Guide.[5] Lancaster is a collegiate university, with its main functions divided between three central faculties and nine colleges. In general, the faculties perform research and provide centralised lectures to students, while the colleges are responsible for the domestic arrangements and welfare of undergraduate students, graduate students, postdoctoral researchers and some University staff.

Following the Second World War the future of higher education became an important concern of the government as it tried to cope


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with the demands of an expanding population and the advent of a new technological age. Between 1958 and 1961, this balance was readdressed as 7 new plate glass universities were announced; one of these was the University of Lancaster.

Lancaster University
old workshops of Shrigley and Hunt on Castle Hill.

List of Chancellors
• HRH Princess Alexandra LG GCVO DMus (1964–2004) • Sir Chris Bonington CBE (since 2005)


List of Vice-Chancellors
• Professor Sir Charles Carter (1964–1980) • Professor Philip Reynolds CBE (1980–1985) • Professor Harry Hanham (1985–1995) • Professor William Ritchie OBE (1995–2002) • Professor Paul Wellings PhD (since 2002)

University chaplaincy centre. The University was established by Royal Charter in 1964. The Charter stipulated that HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent be the first Chancellor. She was inaugurated in 1964. The ceremony also saw the granting of various honorary degrees to dignitaries including Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Princess Alexandra served the University as Chancellor until retiring in 2004: she was the longest serving Chancellor of any British university. The University accepted its first students in October 1964 and there were initially 13 professors, 32 additional members of teaching and research staff, 8 library staff and 14 administrators on academic grades. The motto, "patet omnibus veritas", which means "truth lies open to all", was adopted by the new university. The first Science students were admitted in 1965. The University was temporarily based in the city after its establishment. A lecture theatre and the University’s first JCR were based in Centenary Church, a former congregational church, opposite the old factory premises of Waring & Gillow, which were used to accommodate the new students. Many new students were housed in Morecambe. The Grand Theatre was leased as a main lecture room and 112 and 114 within the St Leonard’s area became teaching and recreational rooms. The library occupied the

Pendle College forecourt with Infolab21 in the background

Lonsdale College quadrangle (Looking towards the back of Lonsdale House) All members of the University are members of a college.[6] Most colleges have about


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eight or nine hundred members and all oncampus accommodation is linked to a college.[6] The colleges are governed by a "syndicate". The syndicate structures vary, but all include a Principal, a Dean and assistant deans. The University has eight undergraduate colleges,[6] which are all named after regions of the traditional county of Lancashire. The University also has one post-graduate college:[6] established in 1992 it is simply named Graduate College. The original colleges are Bowland and Lonsdale. • Bowland (established 1964), named after the Forest of Bowland • Cartmel (established 1969), named after the Cartmel peninsula • The County (established 1969), named after Lancashire County Council • Furness (established 1966), named after the Furness region • Fylde (established 1968), named after the Fylde peninsula • Grizedale (established 1975), named after Grizedale Forest • Lonsdale (established 1964), named after the Lune Valley (Lonsdale) • Pendle (established 1974), named after the Pendle area of Lancashire The college buildings accommodate a number of academic departments, but are primarily social and accommodation facilities, each with its own bar and Junior Common Room. A selling-point of the University is that the colleges are more than mere halls of residence, offering a sense of community[6]. Lancaster’s organisation differs from that of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham: while Lancaster’s students are allocated a college after stating a preference, the latter three universities employ an application system by which a prospective undergraduate must apply directly to a specific college.

Lancaster University

Chancellors Wharf (Looking towards Lune House) Chancellors Wharf itself being only a hall of residence.[7]

The University is divided into three faculties: • The consisting of the school of Law and the departments of Applied Social Science; Educational research; English and Creative Writing; European Languages and Cultures; History; Linguistics and English Language; Philosophy; Politics and International Relations; Religious Studies and Sociology, the Institutes for Cultural Research; for Health Research; for the Contemporary Arts (Art, Design, Music & Theatre Studies) and the Ruskin centre. • The consisting of the departments of Biological Sciences; Communications Systems; Computing; Engineering; Environmental Sciences; Geography; Mathematics and Statistics; Natural Sciences; Physics; Psychology and the School of Health and Medicine. • The is a single school faculty (Lancaster University Management School) consisting of the departments of Accounting and Finance; Economics; Management Learning and Leadership; Management Science; Marketing and Organisation, Work and Technology; the Institute for Entrepreneurship & Enterprise Development and the centres for eScience; for Excellence in Leadership (CEL); for the Study of Technology & Organisation (CSTO); International Centre for Research in Accounting (ICRA); Lancaster Centre for Forecasting (LCF);

Chancellors Wharf
Chancellors Wharf is the name of Lancaster University’s off-campus accommodation for students. It consists of three buildings by the Lancaster canal on Aldcliffe Road. The location is near "The Water Witch" pub, B&Q, central bus routes, Lancaster Royal infirmary and the city centre. It is open to members of all of the University’s colleges. Residents remain members of their various colleges, with


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Lancaster Centre for Strategic Management; Lancaster China Management Centre (LCMC); Lancaster Leadership Centre (LLC), Health Leadership Centre (HLC) and Centre for Performance-Led HR (CPHR).

Lancaster University
the design was that there would not be a large central Students’ Union building, but that the individual colleges would be the centre of social and recreational facilities.[10] Vehicular and pedestrian traffic is separated: this is achieved by restricting motor vehicles to a peripheral road with a linking underpass running east-west beneath Alexandra Square. The underpass accommodates the Bailrigg bus station. Car parking is arranged in culde-sacs running off the peripheral road. Construction of the Bailrigg campus began in November 1965, with the first building being completed a year later. The first on-campus student residences opened in 1968.[8] Alexandra Square is the University’s main plaza. Named after the first chancellor, HRH Princess Alexandra, it is situated at the centre of the original campus and contains the library in the southwest corner, designed in 1964 by Tom Mellor and Partners, the first phase opening in September 1966, the second in July 1968 and the third in January 1971.[11] The library was extended in 1997 and in 1998 the Ruskin Library designed by Sir Richard MacCormac was opened. On the west side of the square is University House as well as various banks and shops. To the southeast of the square is the tallest building on campus: the fourteen storey Bowland Tower, which contains accommodation and disguises the boiler room chimney. One of the most distinctive of the Bailrigg buildings is the free-standing University Chaplaincy Centre. Opened on 2 May 1969, the architects were the Preston-based firm Cassidy & Ashton. The building has a trefoil plan with a central spire where the three circles meet. The University’s logo is based on the spire. A plan existed to have a twin campus with another eight colleges to the east of the M6 motorway at Hazelrigg. this would have been linked to Bailrigg by a flyover. The plan was abandoned during the 1970s and the land sold during a period of financial difficulties.


Bowland Tower The purpose-built campus occupies Bailrigg, a 200-acre (0.312 sq mi; 0.809 km2) site donated by Lancaster City Council in 1963.[8] The campus buildings are located on a hilltop, the lower slopes of which are landscaped parkland which includes the "Carter Lake" duckpond and the university playing fields. The site is located three miles (5 km) south of the city centre. The campus buildings are arranged around a central walkway known as "The Spine".[9] The walkway runs from north to south and is covered for most of its length. The main architect was Gabriel Epstein of Shepeard and Epstein.[8] In contrast to some of the other campus universities, Bailrigg was designed to integrate social, residential and teaching areas. Another major feature of

Major projects
New accommodation blocks for Furness and Fylde colleges, on the east side of campus, were completed in September 2006, while the near complete rebuilding of Grizedale College and construction of further accommodation for The County College at the northern edge of campus was completed in Summer 2008. Phase 5 of the residence plan


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began with the refurbishment of the County Main building in early 2008. The aim of Phase 5 is to regenerate older accommodation in the University and will continue into 2009 with the refurbishment of much of Bowland College. The Lancaster University Masterplan 2007–2017 envisions improved access across the University with enhanced greenery and the construction of 27 new buildings, which will be largely for academic use. It will cost an estimated £450 million and construction has already started on the Information System Services building. In the academic year 2008–2009 work will begin on a new Management School building, new social space for Grizedale College and a £21 million sports centre.

Lancaster University
Bank, UNI TRAVEL (a travel agent which sells rail and bus tickets), a health centre, a pharmacy and a dental practice. Shops on campus include a SPAR supermarket, LUSU Shop, LUSU Central (a small supermarket), a charity shop, the proceeds of which go to Cancer Care and St. Johns Hospice, Waterstone’s bookshop, a newsagent, and a florist.

Cultural venues

Southwest Campus
The University began expansion onto the lower slopes of Bailrigg with the development of new buildings for Graduate College in 1998. The is now part of "Southwest Campus". Development continued with the construction of "InfoLab 21" and "Alexandra Park" which now houses Lonsdale College, Cartmel College and the en-suite rooms of Pendle College. The decision to expand onto what is now known as Southwest Campus was met with some protest for various reasons. Some of the complaints against the expansion were that it would drive up accommodation prices, both on and off campus. The site was a greenfield site, with residents of nearby Galgate being worried about "the impact of the new buildings", flooding of the local area due to increased run-off from the site and increased traffic flow on the A6 and other local roads. The development of InfoLab 21 also met objections with the proposed building being described as a "Dalek factory".[12] Another concern related to the limited amount of new social space. The older accommodation sometimes consisted of approximately 15 students sharing communal bathrooms and kitchens. The communal kitchens were often a source of social interaction, while the new en-suite areas have fewer students per kitchen, and private bathrooms.

Outside the Jack Hylton music rooms. The Peter Scott Gallery is open to the public free of charge. The Gallery is located on the Bailrigg campus and houses the University’s international art collection, which includes Japanese and Chinese art, antiquities, works by twentieth century British artists including works by artists from the St Ives School, Sir Terry Frost, Wilhelmina Barns-Graham, Barbara Hepworth and William Scott. Among other British artists whose work is represented are Norman Adams, Patrick Caulfield, Elizabeth Frink, Kenneth Martin and Winifred Nicholson. Within the last fifteen years works by Andy Goldsworthy, Peter Howson and Albert Irvin have been acquired. The university collection also includes prints by significant European artists such as Dürer, Miró, Ernst and Vasarely. The Nuffield Theatre is a black-box theatre located at the north end of the campus. The Ruskin Library houses archive material related to the poet, author and artist John Ruskin. It is open to the public, although only a small part of the collection is on public display at once. The building was constructed in 1997 by architect Richard MacCormac. The Whitehouse Collection housed in the Ruskin Library is the largest holding of books,

The Bailrigg campus hosts a range of shops and services. Services on campus include Bailrigg post office, Barclays Bank, NatWest


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Lancaster University
leagues. The colleges compete for the Carter Shield and the George Wyatt Cup. In 2004 the Founder’s Trophy was played for the first time between the University’s two founding colleges, Bowland and Lonsdale. The University also has a representitve club , Furness Rovers, in division 2 of the North Lancashire and District Football League.

Religious Groups
There are also a range of religious based societies within the University. Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre is located at the north end of campus and the mosque and Islamic Prayer Room, also open to nonmuslims, is located near InfoLab21. There are Christian, Muslim, Jewish, Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Bahá’í and Pagan societies which hold regular events and meetings.

Lancaster University Students’ Union
The Ruskin Library manuscripts, photographs, drawings and watercolours by and related to John Ruskin in the world. The University’s Great Hall is situated at the far north end of the campus. Lancaster University Students’ Union ("LUSU") is the representative body of students at the University of Lancaster. Unusually, there is no main Union building - instead the Union is organised through the eight college JCRs, each of which has its own social venues and meeting spaces. The Union is, however, allocated an administration building by the University. Scan is the Students’ Union newspaper. LUSU owns a nightclub in Lancaster called The Sugarhouse, operates two shops on the campus on LUSU Shop and LUSU Central and also an off campus housing agency LUSU Housing

Clubs and societies
There are many different clubs and societies operating within the University of Lancaster. Common areas include sports, hobbies, politics and religion. There are several fairs during the freshers period in which various clubs and societies promote themselves. Bailrigg FM is the student radio station and Lancaster University Cinema is the student union’s on-campus cinema, based in Bowland College Lecture Theatre.

School of Health and Medicine
The Centre for Medical Education was established as the co-ordinating unit for all medical and health-related activity across the University. It has since been developed into the School of Health and Medicine and is home to a collaborative venture with The University of Liverpool, the University of Central Lancashire and the University of Cumbria to establish undergraduate medical education in North Lancashire and Cumbria. The University admits approximately fifty undergraduate medical students per academic year, on study for a MBChB degree which is accredited by the University of Liverpool,

Every summer term the students take part in the Roses Tournament against the University of York. The venue of the event alternates annually between Lancaster and York. As of 2007, both Lancaster and York have won the tournament 21 times, with one tie. Other sporting activities are focused on inter-college competition rather than on national


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though students receive all of their education in Cumbria and North Lancashire. [13] •

Lancaster University
the recipient of the Royal Society Wolfson Merit Research Award in 2006. Gordon Manley - English climatologist and author of Climate and the British Scene in the Collins New Naturalist series. George Pickett - Professor of LowTemperature Physics, for which the university is world-renowned. He was one of the main designers of the adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator, which allowed the university’s physics department to reach milli-kelvin temperatures and lower. Jeffrey Richards - Professor of Cultural History and expert on British popular culture. Norman Sherry - Professor of English, 1970-1983. Expert on Graham Greene. Prof David Allsop Professor of Biomedicine and active supporter of the international "sleeves up" campaign. Ninian Smart - Foundation Professor of Religious Studies, 1967-1982. Lucy Suchman - Professor of Sociology, key contributor to research into humancomputer interaction (HCI). Awarded the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science in 2002. Stephen Taylor - Professor of Finance. World leader in Financial Econometrics. John Urry FRSA is a Professor of Sociology, noted for his work on tourism, mobility and complexity. Sylvia Walby OBE - Professor of Sociology, and one of the world’s leading authorities on gender. Brian Wynne - Professor of Science Studies and Research Director of the Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC) at Lancaster.

Notable academics
See also: Category:Academics of Lancaster University • Peter Checkland - Emeritus Professor, the developer of soft systems methodology (SSM) in the field of systems thinking. • Michael Dillon - Professor of Politics, author of Politics of Security • Alan Dix is a Professor in the Computing department • Terry Eagleton - literary critic. He has written more than forty books, including Literary Theory: An Introduction (1983), The Ideology of the Aesthetic (1990), Ideology: An Introduction (1991) and The Illusions of Postmodernism (1996). • Martin Edmonds, formerly Director for Defence and International Security Studies at Henley. Advisor to the postPinochet democratic government in Chile and expert in civil-military relations. • Norman Fairclough, a proponent of critical discourse analysis, is Emeritus Professor, and formerly Professor of Language in Social Life in the Department of Linguistics and English Language.[1] • Paul Farley, Lecturer in Creative Writing winner of the Whitbread Prize for poetry (2002) and other awards. • Gwilym Jenkins (until 1974) - Professor of Systems Engineering. • Bob Jessop - Professor of Sociology • John Law - Professor of Sociology, key proponent of actor-network theory. • John Leach lecturer in AI with Computing and Psychology who has presented television programmes on survival psychology [2]. • Geoffrey Leech is Emeritus Professor and was Professor of Linguistics and Modern English Language.[3] He was part of the team which, with a team based at Oxford University, compiled the British National Corpus, a 100 million word collection of a range of spoken and written texts, in the 1990s. This is an important contribution to corpus linguistics. • Barbara Maher is Professor of Physical Geography and head of the Geography Department. Specialising in environmental magnetism and palaeomagnetism, she was •


• •

• •

• •



Notable alumni
See also: Category:Alumni of Lancaster University College is shown in parentheses, where known. • Richard Allinson (Fylde), DJ BBC Radio 2 • Antony Burgmans (Bowland), Chairman Unilever • Mohd. Haflah Piei, Malaysian economist • Alan Campbell (Furness), Labour MP • Martin Close (Fylde), writer Coronation Street • Paul Cornell, writer • Hilton Dawson, Labour politician


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Lancaster University
UK University Rankings

2009 Times Good 19th University Guide Guardian University Guide Sunday Times University Guide







2002 23rd[23]

2001 19th

2000 19th


27th[19] 21st[20] 30th

24th[21] 21st[22] 21st


12th[24] 23rd[25] 34th

34th[26] 58th


18th[28] 19th[22][29]


18th[30] 18th[30] 21st[31] 28th[31] 24th

27th[32] 15th[32]

17th[32] 14th[32] 1

10th[33] 19th[33] The Independent / Complete The Daily Telegraph FT • Robert Fisk (Lonsdale), journalist • Tina Gaudoin, journalist[14] • Martin J. Goodman (The Graduate College), journalist and novelist[15] • Irving Hexham, Professor of Religious Studies • Justin Hill (The Graduate College), novelist[15] • Joan Humble, Labour MP • John Hull, Professor of Finance • Ralph Ineson (Furness), actor • D. F. Lewis, fiction writer • James May (Pendle), journalist, presenter Top Gear • Gillian Merron, Labour MP • Alan Milburn (Pendle), Labour MP, former cabinet minister • Andrew Miller (The Graduate College), novelist[15] • Warren Nettleford Producer & Reporter BBC London • Jacob Polley (The Graduate College), poet[15] • Jason Queally (Bowland), Olympic cyclist • Vic Seddon (Bowland) - Educator and now consultant. • Andy Serkis (County), actor e.g. Gollum[16] • Ranvir Singh, journalist, presenter BBC Northwest Tonight • Ahdaf Soueif, novelist • Nahed Taher, CEO Gulf One Investment Bank • Gary Waller, Conservative politician 19th 10th[34] 12th=[29] 25th

26th[35] 27th[36] 2

• Sarah Waters (The Graduate College), Novelist • Peter Whalley (Lonsdale), writer Coronation Street • Russ Wheeler (Pendle College), Lead singer of Lando Calrissian’s Power Tash • Kevin Wignall (County), crime novelist

Reputation and rankings
In April 2008, Lancaster was ranked 10th in the UK in The Independent Good University Guide 2009.[17] In 2007, The Sunday Times named Lancaster the top university in the north-west of England.[18] Lancaster is also currently top in the North-West of England in The Independent, The Guardian and The Times university guides. Lancaster University Management School is, along with London Business School one of only two 6* Management Schools in the UK.


The Visitor of the University of Lancaster is Her Majesty The Queen. The Visitor is the final arbiter of any dispute within the University, except in those areas where legislation has removed this to the law courts or other ombudsmen. Student complaints and


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appeals were heard by the Visitor until the Higher Education Act 2004 came into force.[38] All student complaints are now heard by the Office of the Independent Adjudicator for Higher Education.

Lancaster University
the events of the book were based in part on activities at the University of Lancaster, although the University of Sussex has also been cited as a possible basis.

The Council is the governing body of the University, constituting of mainly lay members along with representatives of staff and students. It is responsible for the proper management and financial solvency of the University, with major policy decisions and corporate strategy being subject to its approval.

[1] ^ "Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2006/07" (Microsoft Excel spreadsheet). Higher Education Statistics Agency. dox/dataTables/studentsAndQualifiers/ download/institution0607.xls. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. [2] "Charter, Statutes and Ordinances of the University of Lancaster" (Microsoft Word document). gap/GAP2007/GAP-2007-0760-CharterStatutes-Ordinances.doc. Retrieved on 2007-12-27. [3] Anon. "University of Lancaster Annual Report" (PDF). University of Lancaster. Finstat%2048-89.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. [4] single.htm?ipg=6605 [5] "League table of UK universities - The Complete University Guide". The Complete University Guide. 2008. single.htm?ipg=6524. Retrieved on 2008-06-14. [6] ^ Anon. "University of Lancaster Colleges". University of Lancaster. colleges.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. [7] Chancellors Wharf [8] ^ page 115, Building the New Universities, Tony Birks 1972 [9] "The Spine". History of Lancaster University. Lancaster University. May 2002. growth/thespinelink.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-14. [10] page 120, Building the New Universities, Tony Birks 1972 [11] The Library Building: University of Lancaster 1972 [12] Booth, Steve (2002-09-27). "Greenfield Development Planned From Lancaster to the University". Virtual Lancaster. features/development/archive/

The Senate is the principal academic authority of the University. It oversees academic management and sets strategy and priorities, including the curriculum and maintenance of standards.

George Fox Six controversy
The "George Fox Six" were six members of the local community, including University students, who were prosecuted for aggravated trespass during a corporate venturing meeting at the University in September 2004. Speakers at the conference were drawn from one of the largest companies in the North West. The protesters criticised these companies for involvement in the arms trade and the abuse of human rights and the environment. The six protesters entered a lecture theatre in the University’s George Fox building and their supporters say this was to hand out leaflets and engage delegates of the conference. The University says their aim was to aggressively disrupt the conference. On 30 September 2005, the six were found guilty of Aggravated Trespass: specifically of intending to disrupt the conference and were ordered to each pay £300 costs and were given a 2 year conditional discharge.

In The Media
The History Man
In 1980, the BBC’s four part mini-series adaption of Malcolm Bradbury’s novel, The History Man, was filmed at the university, masquerading as the fictional University of Watermouth. It had long been rumoured that


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Lancaster University

university_2002_dev.htm. Retrieved on education/ 2008-06-14. 2006?SearchBySubject=true&Subject=Institution+w [13] [27] "University ranking by institution". The [14] "Coolhunter: Kendal Mint Cake". Guardian. Timesonline. universityguide2004/table/ life_and_style/women/fashion/ 0,,1222167,00.html?start=50&index=2&index=2. article2809953.ece. Retrieved on [28] "University ranking by institution". The 2007-11-11. Guardian 2003 (University Guide 2004). [15] ^ "Some recent publications by past and present students of Creative Writing at unitable/0,,-4668575,00.html. Lancaster University". Dept of English [29] ^ "The 2002 ranking - From Warwick". and Creative Writing, Lancaster Warwick Uni 2002. University. english/crew/work/student_work/ academicoffice/ourservices/planning/ index.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. businessinformation/academicstatistics/ [16] University page of notable alumni 2002/table_81.xls. [17] "". [30] ^ "The Sunday Times Good University Guide League Tables". The Sunday Times. single.htm?ipg=6524. stug/universityguide.php. [18] Anon. "University Rankings". The Sunday [31] ^ "The Sunday Times University League Times. Table" (PDF). The Sunday Times. gug/gooduniversityguide.php. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. stug2006.pdf. [19] "The Times Good University Guide [32] ^ "University ranking based on 2008". The Times. performance over 10 years" (PDF). Times Online. 2007. gooduniversityguide.php. [20] "The Times Good University Guide 2007 univ07ten.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. Top Universities 2007 League Table". [33] ^ "The Independent University League The Times. Table". The Independent. displayPopup/0,,102571,00.html. education/higher/the-main-league[21] "The Times Top Universities". The Times. table-2009-813839.html. [34] "The FT 2003 University ranking". displayPopup/0,,32607,00.html. Financial Times 2003. [22] ^ "University league table". The Daily Telegraph. 448.0.html?cHash=5015838e9d&tx_ttnews%5Btt_ne education/graphics/2003/06/27/ [35] "FT league table 2001". FT league tables unibigpic.jpg. 2001. [23] ^ "Lancaster 8th in Guardian league universities2001/FT3HLLAN6LC.html. table". Lancaster University Press Office. [36] "FT league table 1999-2000". FT league 2001-05-31. tables 1999-2000. INFO/lunews.nsf/I/ ln/ftsurveys/industry/pdf/ CAC0E881528B6B8080256A5D00567B87. top100table.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-06-14. [37] "FT league table 2000". FT league tables [24] "University ranking by institution". The 2000. Guardian. industry/scbbbe.htm. education?SearchBySubject=&FirstRow=&SortOrderDirection=&SortOrderColumn=&Subject=Univ [38] Section 20 of the Higher Education Act [25] "University ranking by institution". The 2004 Guardian. • [4] - Masterplan 2007-2017 Part 1 education/2008. • [5] - Masterplan 2007-2017 Part 2 [26] "University ranking by institution". The Guardian.


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Lancaster University
Coordinates: 54°00′37″N 2°47′08″W / 54.01028°N 2.78556°W / 54.01028; -2.78556

External links
• Lancaster University – Official website

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