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					A

Unique Book

On

E

OF

VEMULA VENKATESWARLU,
J.

B.Com.,

A, O.

(A.P.S.E.B.),

H. No. 24.33, P. Subba Reddy Nagar,

CHIRAEA-523 155.
Editor
:

MUNGARA KOTESWARA RAO,
Janapriya Publications,

M.A.,

TENALI-522 201.

Phone No.

:

08644^23037.

A UNIQUE BOOK ON USAGE OF

ADJECTIVES
x

-'

-.

***

"

'
'

.

B

Vfmulg Venkaieswarlu,

8.

Com,,

ForCopies

Agnlkula Ksliatriyiilavari
V
;'

StreetIl,
'

Ganganamma

Pet,

TBNALI-522 201,

A

IJniq[tte

book on

3

Usage of ADJECTIVES

CONTENTS

A

Unique book on

Usage of ADJECTIVES

o
(adjectives)

*pgSeo

5^(3

world series tf*a.. 1) Usage of ADVERBS, of VERBS, 4) Usage of 2) Usage of ADJECTIVES, 3) Usage PREPOSITIONS" <>&> SPG'ta 3) c3r<s<5*.... aB

&p Word

w

as

A

tinique

book

oft

5

tlsage of

ADJECTIVES

A UNIQUE BOOK ON USAGE OF

ADJECTIVE'S
SET-1.
Stable
:

...... ......
.

table
i

aog^;|S3;>o$;
stable

firm and steady; firmly established

Ex 1) India has a

government(3O&cia atfSsjS

Indira needs a stable job (szoStf

notable

iS&gSjbS; ^&tfg^;-te^o^tfAJ$; deserving to be noticed; remarkable.
:

Ex. 1) Mother Therissa ^55r> ts*p Lo3&5 So<2>cS

is

a very
1

notable

woman

(oSoafS"

2) Sinhagave a notable ), reason for what he did ^8 o^AcS (>SP SP& 3a2S SS s#83b 3"S)^&). 3) There were several notable guests on
the dias

oSbSptf

(oSag^J
:

^^^

LS&tf&S.84&ec3:i8b).
able

portable
Ex.

$&$;

^o^^orp. ^^g^a^^ft^; Sci^SS; ~
transister

to be carried; not fixed.
:

Seshu always keeps a portable

radio

with

him

reputable: l38bS3A^^^D^^A^;respectable; well thought Ex. Tatas and Biilas are reputable businessmen
:

of.

respectable ^{ja&J8&aa!$;5gpajSicS&3 !S; deserving of good character and fair social position.
: -

respect;

Ex.: 1) Abhilash earned crores
fltfS$>dfcgb!$

by respectable
tf<So3&).

means^Oe^S
is

Sg&e6*S*to

2) Vavilala
JS

a

respectable leader (oTfiero

rr'ti)

S^a^gS

oPdtScsSboD).

acceptable: SJ^^SD
'Ex.
:

This rain

is

S^^gpo^;worth accepting; welcome. ve :y acceptable to the crops

A

tjntque book on
:

(J

Usage of

ADlECf !Vfe
willing

adaptaple
Ex.
:

&&$ 53&&>3o
fit

$$&S3E>oorr &r<s33*tfe;

or able to change to

in with different circumstances-

The

children are usually very

adaptable

adjustable:
Ex.
:

s

able to be adjusted.

This car has

adjustable seats

creditable
or respect.

:

&S$a$; Q_
Park

rtraaatf; /F,5S|Stfa>$; bringing *^ ** <y c v_ a_
f

honour

Ex.

:

Jurassic

is

a creditable film ( 33u*fe!"

marketable: p&^ft{S;&^;
Ex.
:

fit

to be sold; that can bo sold.

These goods are marketable
:

(^s SS&^so
(titfe

excitable
Ex.

a<S^S*

sS^oflofia;

easily becoming excited or upset
:

Baby Shamili
:

is

easily excitable

equitable
Ex.
:

spgcSfiajS; tftf^ogaS; fair and just. Justice Reddy gives eqvitable judgements

k

indisputable
Ex.
:

:

^asSp*asS; a!S^oSa*aS;

not able to be

denied; that cannot be disputed.

Ahalya has indisputable character

profitable
Ex.
:

:

e^tfz^cSfiga^; sSge-aS;

giving profit,

Now

a days scares

busim

ss is

quite

profitable

inevitable
Ex.
:

:

^aspS^S; &3^5o3:>;
the death
is

quite necessary.

1) Oneday

inevitable to

anybody
is

S&

(^SSS^
to

&,$ 5^33- SSD^sa^o

^S^a^O),

2) Failure

inevitable

&zy people

A

Unique book on
:

7

Usage of ADJECTIVES
able to be foretell

predictable
Ex.
:

ao&rr3 33^ftc$;

His anger can be predictable

(>)

*3oSS

SET-2
durable
Ex:

............
:

rable

,

&Shgtfe; tf^SiS; able to ec a
is)

last; lasting. "^

This cloth
:

is

not durable

(s a&
now

Curable
Ex.
:

J$cfc&> 5"rto;
is

ptfa;

tf^tfS3c$asd&) able^to becured.
a days

Leprosy

a curable disease

(&&

bearable

:

tfSo^&fttf

;

Ltf^tffttf;

able to be endured.

Ex.ils your

head ache bearable?(o^>
:

^oS

13

^ ^5o^^f\^'

admirable
Ex.
:

LSjyo^u)cS)SDj$;

-^^0^3^^; extremely good;

causing admiration.

Suman's behaviour

is

admirable towards ladies

deplorable
very bad.
Ex.
:

:

<S)g^gS3SS; f^gSsrS^SD^; that

is

deplored;

Slums in twin

cities are in

a diplorable

state

repairable
Ex.:That

:

Fft3c&&fttf;
6

TV

can be repairable(3 <.&
:

g^to^ftg; able to be put right. ET^Sda^ftcSarp&^a).
can be

comparable
Ex.
:

gl

*^^^^;

S$S$j>33c$; that

compared.

Kamalhasan and Rajanikanth are not comparable. Their

actions are quite different

($&&*&
^

&eSc$&>

endurable
Ex:

:

^oPO^^o; sftfo;

able to be borne or tolerated.
is

The pain due to heart attack
:

not

endurable

incurable
Ex.
:

^g^sS;
disease
;

SSrc^a; SbStfS; not curable.

Aids

Is

incurable
ptfftpAtf;

sufferable
Bft,
;

^Spo^<Sft^;

bearable.

I

A

Unique book on
:

8

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

separable
Ex.
:

&<&6c35&A&; SsoiScifidJAc^; that can be separable.
is

Water

not separable from the milk
/

(&&

more desirable preferable AjtebSkS; <aotfA; Ex. 1) Gold is preferable for making ornaments
:
:

&3;
2)

oSxio

eo&&
:

aorptfcfo

oo3e$<3\

Telugu

is

preferable

among languages (sr&esS* Beote oi&yfiA&a).

memorable
Ex.
:

epSiSjSxiJSDSS; oS^scoSo^S;

te&oxSoS^dJAJS; worthy

of being remembered. Dr. Rajasekhar's marriage

with Jeevitha
i

is

one of the

memorable events

in his life (csiia 23"isp5b

Ex.

:

1) Sita

is

w ^_ S; tolerable for

that can be tolered; fairlygood.

any provocation

(^
is

atfcforr*

*SoSDD S)<3og)J$c&

&

cSSpotfMo<Sa).

2) Ongole

a tolerable

considerable: SSSSotSSAc^jSS^^^Ac^'.aoP^Soe^igreatjmuch.
Ex:

1) Maharastia suffered considerable loss due to earthhis daughter's

2)Manohar celebrated
ble expense

marriage at a considera-

(&S*S*5 &$ Sop_3
w

"i^j

can be discovered.

Ex.: There

is
(\

no discoverable differences of openion between

P.M.&C.M.
irreparable

:

^S^totfa;

&dftf;

that cannot

to be put

right or restored.

Ex. :The motor cycle that met with an accident

is

irreparable.

cannot bemeasured
Ex.
:

Sonia*s love towards Rajiv

is

immeasurable

A

Unique book on
:

9

Usage of ADJECTIVES
not to be compared;

incomparable
without equal.
Ex.
:

03p3;>; & J&3Dtf;
is

Susmita's beauty

mcomparable(&S^<
23<SrtFS;

'unbearable
Ex.

:

tfao53*>;
is

^Spo^SS;

that cannot

be borne or tolerated.
:

Pakeeja

unbearable with Brahman indam's

comedy

perdurable
Ex:

:

^V^SaX;
'|

atfo&tfSbS; permanent lasting.

In 'Prathighatana* Vijayashamhi has

given

perdurable

performance

miserable
:

:

very unhappy; very poor in quantity or quatily, Ex. Some of the Indians are leading miserable lives

in

Gulf Countries

favourable
Ex.
:

:

^)^&^SD^; showing
is

approval; helpfull

This climate

not favourable to

my

health.

(#6

SP 635*^g5oSJ& &$rvxr?>&&).2) favourable persons in the secretariat (
StfesSix)

Gangadhar has

"

"
.........

SET-3
sensible
senses;
:

sible
perceived

by the having or showing good judgement; wise; aware of.

Ffti3z; SS^to;

that can be

Ex.

:

Soundarya sensible of selecting her roles

i&^&fce* fjo$l
between T. V, and

BSae)Aa).
Radio
is

sensible to

(& SP^O& The difference 2) anybody (<3.S>.
unconscious as the

insensible
Ex.

:

&ft*t5'j*$i

^>^^:
of;

result of Injury, illness;
:

unaware

without feelings.

1) Raghu

is

insensible after taking liquor

A

Unique book on

10

Usage of ADJECTIVES
2) He seemed
to

S&o

^SS*&^to&&).
(^&3
[S

be

insensible of his danger

invisible
Ex.
:

:

SSfco^S; wtf^gSiS; that cannot be seen.
is

Rekha

facing invisible difficulties

can be done;managed,believad.
Ex.
:

I

don't think ths
:

is

feasible(a<3S*#&a 3&*o&S' &).

6

responsible

sr#&rte;

&*>Spo&;
being

legally

or

morally

liable for carrying out a duty;

cause

of

something;

able to be trusted.

1) The people of Singapore are responsible citizens (&oX&5 S230D Ptf j#rt aP&eo). 2) We need a responsible
Ex.
:

L

person for

this

job

(-&S

3)

Ex. Sridhar's ostensible aim was to help

those under him

Q SPSS JS^dSSSDD Sc^SSS S^fia vS/^5 LS5^,lS3ci 2) There is no ostensible reason for dismissing
,

Viswam
defensible
Ex.
:
:

SoX^:
defensible
:

India

is

?S&^sS&Di2?; able from any aggression

to be defended.
(oi

Z3&

comprehensible
Ex:

BS
is

1) Computer technology
is

not

comprehensible

to

everybody (go^r 2) Oxford English

comprehensible to anybody

SET

:

4
:

............ ssible

possible
fx.
:

SptfgSptf;

tfgSD$;Jb3_o&;

that can be done; that

can be reasonable
1) SumalatUa always Attempts possible dQda

A

Unique Book

oii

11

Usage of ADJECTIVES
2) Lend me money as

Sr#g3ocS

S&o^

3c&3&).

much
is

^Sb^oS ^^-SSoo^b oP&siSSx^). 3) the only possible person for the position, (

as possible(t)3_o

He

impossible
Ex.
(a,"l
:

:

&>#gS3&;

>rggb; cSosa;

not possible; that

can't be endured.

1)

It is

impossible to sing and drink at the same time.

tf&c&o&SS

&&&>

&>e3d&> \&>fo& es>ptfg&a).

2) Don't

do the impossible.(SSo^as3^a 3cxfc& &^ ^dabK Kamalhasan has acted some roles which are imposcSb). 3)
asfc

me

to

sible for

admissible
sidered.

:

^oAs"^

oSptf g3o; that can be allowed or con-

Ex.

:

This

is

an admissible evidence,
&&tfx>r?> 3^;

ga &

e$>oA5tf

accessible
to reach;

:

^^^^^^SD^;
is

cSbo^SoJS; eas

open

to the influence of.

Ex.

:

1)

Sakunthala's brain

more

accessible to mathe*
j

matics.

(3fSboo 3ti& ^sS^^SSSb p$S
is

2) Rahim's house
ao<3S

not accessible by car.

so^Sn
:

atf^oSw).
............

SET-5
advisable
Ex.
:

c&^ _*Q ^3^S;

^S4

^

sable
":5dK)d5flc5;

to be advised; wise.

1)

It is

advisable to send the progress

reports

of the

students to their parents

(&ntbo
*

It is

e^SS^a S^<SoJ&) srQ ^S an advisable matter

excusable
Ex.
:

bo excused aSja^otfcSea^^StootftfflcS; that n?ay Kalpaaa used to c'o excusable mistakes (Sev^JS
:

disposable

:

*Ja&,
may
be disposed of afier use; avilable

A

tTnipue

Book oa

l

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

:

1) Dr. Prathima always uses disposable needles

"
&>oa).
control

2)
(so.

I.

M.

F. has lot of disposable

funds under

its

c&o. i>.

$

supposable
Ex.
:

:

tfcSpo^&ft

?

<io^&a;

that can be supposed.

no supposable difference between Latha <ao^*flS ^5^)^&). Lalitha (o&, eD<go &
There
is
s

and

indispensable
Ex.
:

w^^SS; w^gaS;

necessary; that

cannot

be done without.

1) This payment towards (tfSSae& os>Q$oS ^s tfa^
all

salaries

Sgo^)

was indispensable vSj.SSa). 2) The
fib

computers are indispensable

over the world today. (-653

SET-6
applicable
ii
:

............

icable
that can be applied; that

SS_6oS; S_5o^^ft^;

suitable
:

and proper.
is

Ex.

This rule

applicable to handicaped

persons

in-applicable : S_8o^a; ^S; ^OSSa; not applicable. This method is in-applicable to acids Ex. (-& StfS
:

practicable
Ex>

:

gptf^SDtf;

yg^SD^:

that can be done or used

or put into practice.
:

Subhadra gives practicable methods to her students

communicable
Ex.
:

:

SD^Sc^eJA^;

gjSgdSftjSuhat can be

comm-

unicated or imparted.

1) We may send any news which are to News-agencies communicable tothe Public (|J523Ci& B>c& 3cS5<5fte$

&

S3jgo&

).

2) There are special

&]

A

Unique book on

IS

Usage of ADJECTIVES
diseases

hospitals in the cities for

communicable

SET-7
compatible *
Ex.
:
:

............

tible
jSotfSSiS; suited to able to

0&3->ea>; &fl;
o

exist together with.

1) Computers are compatible with accuracy and speed

(SoSgp'g&S^ 3cfo)Sb,

S6&&

<^&&po3oa).
safety

2) Roja
(5*22

drives her car at a speed compatible with

incompatible
exist in

:

o>&cr>oS5<sa;

&tfS;

wsSo*asS; unable

to

harmony; opposed
is

in character.

Ex.

:

Excessive drinking

incompatible with good health

percepible
Ex.
:

:

^^3^;

SSlj; ^tStfSj^; that can be perceived.

Bhanu never do perceptible mistakes
:

$?& 3S"&
b<

imperceptible
Ex.
:

<a>^S^S; ^fl^^tf S:5J; S^^S; that can not
sky have aa

perceived; very slight.

The

stars in the

imperceptible

movement

susceptible
Ex*
:

:

impressionable; easily influenced by feelings*

Generally teenaged

girls are susceptible

of teenaged

incorruptible

;

eo-tfScpcSfia;

ootf^&&^Sa;

that cannot be

corrupted; that cannol be destroyed. Ex. The police should be Incorruptible
:

SET

:

8
:

............

nable
that can

definable

SSBotf^A^;

BSd&^S; atfox>o&A; S3

be defined.

A

Unique book on
:

14

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

1) This tree has difinable shape (s 3 go 2) This disease is not definable
.

seasonable
right time.

:

s^&ftraSoS;

sS&apS^aS; coming

at

the

Ex.

:

Elections are seasonable affairs

reasonable

(^|& ^&^ ^niS pardonable: ^S^o^flS;
ble fees

Sfltf; *&otfo; having commonjjSktf; make reason. Ex. 1) Meena purchased a car at a reasonable price c&o JSoS 3o& a,g sCb ^SJii). 2) Dr. Komala takes resona:

cBa

sense; able to
:

fcf

^&^^&).

Ex.

:

Murder

is

^5X)OxS^Ag; that can be pardoned. not a pardonable crime (*<

inclinable
Ex.
:

:

Smitha

that inclines. a-atyto; is inclinable to do some particular dances (8
f

&&Ko;

imaginable
Ex.
:

:

^coa^A;>J; SP^otS^a^;

S*^SSb ^AcSS; can

be imagined.

Madhuri has imaginable brain
&o<5SAoS; SMgtfo;

obtainable
Ex.

:

^o^ao^&pS^;
Venkatagiri

that can

be obtained.
:

Silk sarries are obtainable

m
;

(Sdw

fashionable
keeping with
Ex.
:

:

&Xte3&;
is

gr^

following the fashion; In

way

of living.

1) Rajesh

2) Nagma

a fashionable person (u*^5 dresses in a fashionable manner

TtfljSs*<).
ft

(&rs

"gPrtT&

^

c$

A

Unique book on

15

Usage of

ADJECTIVES
3S>; not

unfashionable: sptf&S&D ^S;
fashionable.

a3"tfo;

&u*g#

Ex.: 1) Bhanupriya rejects unfashionable
>or>gtf

sa

&&o&

Stftf^ 80 ^^)-

costumes^ &|&cCS 2) Madan always keeps

unfashionable

company
can be maintained

Ex.: 1)

Mohanlal keeps with him maintainable vehicles only

proportionable
Ex.
:

fl; ^6gi!S; proportional. Srikanth received proportional share from his
:

father's

exceptionable
Ex.
:

:

^^asScaacS; s^; &p<SS;
Is

objectionable.

Chanchala's character

very exceptionable

can be defined
Ex.
:

The shape of"cloud

is

indefinable.

(&c

SET-9
pliable
Ex.
:

............
:

iable
2)

33^S;

oxft&

easily bent; easily shaped.

SSotfefnSSS cBto^a). 1) Rubber is pliable (tfs^S of children are pliable (*>&& The minds

&

pitiable
Ex.
:

:

g&3ot$&fl;
is

aJcSfi^dSSoJS; exciting pity.

Raju
:

in pitiable

circumstances^u*^

leviable
Ex.
the
:

SS^co

Sdfi^ftoJ;

3<5o^ &ft;

that can be levied.

Indian government should reduce the leviable

taxes to

minimum
:

sociable

fond of the sSSSts^S'cap^g&S; goD^f^eorr &o"S;
3

company^of

others*

A

Unique Book on
Ex.
:

16
is

Usage of ADJECTIVES

1) The parrot
E<D) 2)

a sociable creature
is

Geetha

very sociable to her neighbours

deniable:

B-CJSfiftSS^tfSfiftJS-.SiptfdJgdJftjSuhat

can be denied,

Ex

:

It is

not deniable that he

is

her father

(pcl

variable <^S3o; P^; that may be varied; " Q Q_ Ex. The shapes of the clouds are variable.
: :

invariable, unvariable

:

oSpeeK);

fc6a>^;
Q_

S&^SS;
Sbtf

never

changing; constant. Ex. : 1) Swetha has an invariable mind /
).

o ("I OJ V.

o

>

2) Newton's

Law

is

an unvariable

SET

:

10
:

...........

ible
)

legible

^&S
:

rgg3jS$; SS^|,a>S;
is

that can be read easily.

Ex.: Sirisha's writing

not

legible(6si<S^e^iiSSyg5O^ <!i)),
percei-

tangible
Ex.
:

ss-JSaS; S^gaiS; ^^cpfljS;"that can be
definite.

ved by touch; clear and

1) Salim got a tangible proposal from
a,

Dubai

LSSSp(Sf!S& no tangible benefit in this business
(

&yc5 &o5

c5^Sp^

a90(&*3&).

2)

(c$!)> I see

(&

5Pggptfo$x><

forcible
Ex.
t,
:

aoSog; dJ^asS; powerful or strong. Lawyer Parvathi convinced the Judge with her forcible
:

arguments

flexible
f

Ex.

:

SSoS; SSaj^S^S; easily bent without breaking. D Gayathri has a flexible
:

mind(n c^|8

credible
-

:

Sss> *ftsJ; that A

can be believed.
is

Ex,

:

SaT]kar's

back ground

a credible

one(yog5

A

Unique book on

17

Usage of ADJECTIVES
was not credible.

story he told

indelible

:

<a>asFtfgo; SssS^ptfS: Spc&a; that

cannot be

removed
Ex.: Rajiv Gandhi's murder have left

an

indelible Impression

on Congress

leaders

'

horrible
Ex.
:

:

"3xpS2bS

f

causing horror; dreadful.
got horrible experiences in

1) Some Indians

Gulf Co-

untries

*otf& 5?tfScKoeD >&#SSa rfc^c^ee* IxpSgD^ are horrible in Ramagundam ). 2) Summer days
*
"

SET:
able
Ex.
: :

11

.

ft*&tfg<Sfi; y_JKo; having enough strength. 1) Chiranjeevi is able to do any type of dance (5>tfo S tfgSo^ 8^$ga>8&& ScJfi^o g^JSatfjjSSa XofibV 2) Lflvanya is not able to cook non-

equable
Ex.
:

:

M&S;

SS&S^SSioKo; steady; regular,
equable
climate in

not chang-

ing much,

We
:

can see an

Bangalore

capable
Ex.
:

5jaS&

^S^^goioiSo; clever enough to; gpsSbgoS 1) Patel is capable of committing any crime (SSSeS" } 3d&> Mos^Sb). 2) Kiran Bedi is quite

X;

SP^^&O

capable of reforming prisoners

incapable
Ex.
:

apSSatfg5SSa; 3^sa; not capable. Seema is incapable of cooking (>&
:

probable

:

{SoSPcSgSbtf;

S^^; ^^^^;

likely to happen.

A

Unique boob on
:

18

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

Rain

is

possible but not probable before

evening(SSo

improbable Ex. Ramesh
:

:

to be happen. wSJospSSgSjS; S<$rt;not likely will not interfere in improbable matters

payable
Ex.
:

:

aSjSSe&eS;

3>OtcSeS)
is

Rupees one Lakh

payable to

which may be paid. Krishna by Madhava.

noticeable: S^&cSrr Sa^o3;^aa^tf There are noticeable blood Exi

B

aS;

easily noticed,

seen.
shirt

:

stains

on

Kumar's

revocable
Ex.
:

:

*<3Sd&#A;
is

that can be revoked

This

not a revocable order

breakable S^o Ko; SftS; easily broken; likely to break Ex. Manorama won*t buy breakable toys for her children
: :

remarkable
ordinary

:

<aj(2Sb\^SDcS;

y

Q_=,

ataSa^; worth mentioning; ^ O
,

extra-

Ex.

nation 1) Nehru family did remarkable service to the Nelson Sa a"! &as "SiSS o<3o3&). 2) (3[Sv &&ooaS5co
:

Mandela has done remarkable
of South Africa

sacrifice for the

Independence

(JL

observable tiptf ftJ; &^>S^; that can be seen or noticed. Ex. The stars are not observable in day time (cSj^otooo
: :

srta

S* ^^a^s)
:

B-JJ).

improvable
Ex.
:

5S^a ^Mo; sr^S^;
is

that

can be

improved.-

Knowledge of English
:

improvable by doing exercises

soluble
Ex,
:

S67^&; that can be dissolved; that Salt is easily soluble in water

can be

solved.

A

tfnique book
.

ofl

if)

tlsage of

ADJECTIVE^

2) Sugar

is

soluble in milk or water

agreeable: &&^;^^#63j<tfg3D;pleasant;ready to agree Ex. Amitab Bachan is most agreeable hero for all
:

indescribable
Ex.
:

:

as
indescribable

Salman Rusbdie has suffered

agony

by

writing 'Satanic Verses' ('grjcOi"

SET

gant (....gent) elegant Sro^JS; Sr^^c5; having or showing stylishness. Ex- : Mohini looks elegant today
:

12
:

...........

;

extremely proud; showing too
little

much
Ex.
:

pride in oneself

and too

consideration for others.

Gowthaml
:

is

a clever girl but an arrogant

deli gent
working;
Ex.
:

(JT^^o;
is

^5;

showing

care

and

effort;

hard

1) Kaveri

a deligent student

(sS6 \&fo

2) Ranganna is a deligent farmer (tfotfcS^ g&aS negligent ^23e ^^^?^ \yg&&l taking too little care;guilty
: :

of neglect
Ex.
:

Raju

is

negligent of his duties

(u*35-

intelligent SS)S)^e; &jtfrp at under standing
:

p^Sx>

"S^^^;

clever

and quick
8

Padmaja is so intelligent (oStf^a 3er ^<D5J ^oa) exigent ^S^Q^cS, <a?^g3Dci; urgent; pressing;
Ex.
:
:

Ex.

:

In exigent circumstances, he always plays his part well.

A

Unique Book on

20

Usage of ADJtiCTiVbti
process
of

emergent
Ex.
:

in the : wSjpjSjS; 9<&o$;oS33&; being or developing. emerging

The emergent requirements for the flood airdropped by the Government (o$tf# %*$&&

victims

are

SPSS

|Sa^aspab
:

~zr>&-z>z6<5*

&o&

L oa>&

SET

13
:

:

............

stant
never stopping; un-

constant
changing.

E>tfo&tf3D5>;

|tfgkc$; StfgojbcS;

Ex.

:

1) Mechines should be on

constant
It

Stf o&SSbS 5S*<&g<5*

3)0&cS3&).2)

use (dfio^oSDaca be kept at a conmust

stant temperature. (a,g

&5S

instant
Ex.
:

:

&&e9Sfc;

SP

*|?irt &os>gS^; immediate.

s

^^ &t$S53&).
r

1) Any one disobeying these rules will be on instant dismissal "3 &> ^^e93DcS Sao#cSe>& ^-oo|x>o)J$ srCb ^^ P^ " C*)
.

&

^cScS

SpofxiS)8b),2)

He must make
away; not close.

instant

payment(*&<&

distant
Ex.
:

:

(SptfcS^;
is

far

1) Swapna
is

always at a distant place to her

parents

2) Padmini

a distant relation to parvathi

(Sfl^Sl

inconstant

:

aoSS^S: ^SoSo^;

changeable

in

feelings,

purpose, intentions, not steady, Ex. ; Haritha has inconstant behaviour

SET:
potent
Ex.
:

14
:

............

tent
(sn

y_|rte; ^2^0^; powerfil; strong; 1) Dr. Babu prescribed some potent medicines

r>8Xrp&

*&^ y

Jo Sao<S)e3&

i^'&ocoa^d) 2) Sadhana has

sliovn potent reasons for her fallcro

(Sp^

$

4]

A

Unique t>3ok on
$

21

Usage of

ADJECTIVE^

impotent:
Ex.
:

j2be$;3rtSoS$5s; lacking

sufficient strength;

unable to act.

He

is

an impotent man
:

(&\

omnipotent
Ex.
:

c$S<^f_Srte>;
is

having infinite power.

God

alone

omnipotent

competent
Ex.
race
:

:

&>

tfSp;<A;having
is

ability, power, authority etc;

1) Sheeba

not competent to

participate in running
fixST

(S&to

SSo^SaS*

r=6'*&k&
in

e^

2) Sairam has competent knowledge

French

incompetent
Ex.
:

:

(a>c$^S3^;
is

<^MS; not qualified; not able;
to do

1) Sudhakar

incompetant

timber

business

is

(geS5 SPggptfaio incompetent for mother role (&<D 5>(jSb&>b&0JS i5^J^(3).
:

3cfo<b&&3g5 ^^s^&S ^). 2) Mamatha
Sroa^rv ^o^; conforming
is

consistent
Ex-

^SSSr^ &o3:

to a

regular pattern or style; regular.
:

1) The bank balance
Se>

not consistent with the account

(E^of

SS^S* gToagrr ^o^S(iSb).
(Si

2) The

minister's
c3^c

speeches are consistent at any meeting

#5*

existent
Ex.
:

:

2go^; a__gSSpSJ; in the existing.
existent rules
(o&"lro!x

Mahesh followed the

pre-existent
Ex.
:

:

o&>o<2b,T

>

3

d&ioac5;

cgpS^sSMoflcS;

existing in

a former life or previously.

This rule

is

pre -existent but not new.(-&6 Ssaotftf

inadvertent

:

ws^i^ v.

c^SiJ$; "
.._,.-.-

^&<sSr>S $; S3CP1 Q Q
done

or showing proper attoution;

not paying thoughtlessly or not on
J$;

purpose.

A

Unique book on
Ex.
:

22

Usage of ADJECTIVE^
mistake

Pankajam has done an inadvertent

15
frequent
Ex.
:

............

quent
often

:

5c

Sc5; &&L$D?T>

o#o3&;

happening;

numerous;

&&

1) Madhavi makes frequent trips to Singapore (&F#O> &~& &ort^r5 jScSfrE^so 3&o<3). 2) Santhosb is one of

the frequent visitors of central jail ("&o Ldoe5"

eloquent
quence.

:

^Jocbtf;

sFS^&SgaSs to; having
is

or showing elo-

Ex.

:

Mr. Sohanlal

an eloquent person

$s&5

^^^e^eJ

oFS^&tfgoSa Mo
:

^_)

consequent: So^^o3;S35e9^)o3; following as a consequence; Ex 1) Love marriages are good, but consequent problems
should be solved cleverly (Lo3oSoSe3SS*eo &O&3 5"> ^o^5)o3 ?3^a^e& 'S&Srr S55Si^5ot5D*2S^& ^ofi^ofi). 2) There is
the

me

in prises consequent

upon

the failure of crops

subsequent
Ex.
:

:

fio3&a^a; ^65^ep; next, later; following,

1) Narendra's misbehaviour towards Neeraja subsequent dismissal are most unfortunate

and

his

2) Sudheer married Sneha againt his parents not care about subsequent problems

will but

he did

SET
Ex.

16
:

...........
sioiftcSfi

nent
self-controlled;

contnent

S^S^^
and

rto;

having
continent

control of one's feelings
:

desires.

Radha

talks too

much with men

but she

is

A

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:

23

Usage of
wanting
in

ADJECTIVES
or

incontinent
Ex.

S'&r'&tfois tfo;

self-control

self restraint.
:

Rakesh
$

is

an in-continent person

(

to
Ex.

J)
:

eminent
:

^r^&3_c^; &)&3o&;
Jethmalani
is

distinguished; famous;

Ram

an eminent lawyer

component
Ex.
:

:

49oS^Sa^;
a

to forte. spKfkcS: helping
in

Coal

is

component part

gun powder

prominent
Ex.
:

:

AcS^tfSbcS;

<d<_; standing out;
prominent
place in

easily seen; dist-

inguished; important;
India occupies a
.

world

politics

predominent
influence.

;

iSooSD^;

j5^^?^'

having

more

power

or influence than others; conspicuous; superior as in strenth-

Ex.

:

1) The predominant colour was blue in this sarry (& tfott> Is a predominent demand feooS^)) 2)It

SET:17
benevolent
to do good.
:

......... lent

tftJ^ea&a^c; -A-S^O^S;
a benevolent

having a disposition

Ex.

:

Rekha has

mind

(jft

epuivalent
meaning;
Ex:

:

s5sirj6Si^;

&oSo^;

epual in valne,
to

amount,

Matriculation

is

equivalent

S.S C.

s.s.c. af

fraudulent;

A

Unique Book on
:

24

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

He

did this with fraudulent intention

prevalent
Ex.
:

:

|Sae?abc$;
is

S3o& common; wide
African countries
(

spread.
>

Aids

prevalent in

somnolent
Ex.
:

:

&\t$

&>!;

sleepy; drowsy; inclined to sleep.

Sudha

always seems to

have a

somnolent expression

insolent
Ex.
:

on her face(&#o$x>sp3$3D^ <5ejXry<p S|j5& ^S^o^tf $75<ob; in suiting or offensive
:

G.utham

hurt his wife with insolent remarks

SET-18
prudent
Ex
:
:

............

dent
aSoSx>
e>;

&*&>
Siooab
9

SjpK^gasJ;

careful:

acting

only after careful thought or planning.
It is

not prudent to do so
:

(^w

3dfc)&>

provident

S

L

^J

fo: aoo"(5*J!S
careful

o

rfcre>& ^ftcSkDrT
f>

;

prudent;

in providing for future

needs or events.

1) The money deposited for provident fund (#ag!T *pS$u*o
Ex.
:

future needs

is

called

*&> CT&)*^ $$$&
^o; feeling
or showing

^0)30^
sswo^gs confident
Ex,

S

^o&p&).2)who
rte

is

called the provident fellow?

^^
:

Sg

j

^a

coses

^o&p^?

SoSb^SS
certain.
is

Tie; af^cXfi^o

confidence;
:

Archana

confident of getting an award

precedent
Ex.
:

:

oSx)ofib

s8A^;

past action; earlier

happening;

decision etc.
Is

there any precedent for

what you want me to do?
not relying

$;

not dependent on;

on

otters. .

A

Unique book on

25

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex

:

Radhika
:

is

independent
going
before;
prior;

antecedent
preceding
Ex.
:

&rob<3^; &xo&> s5A;

1)

It

was an event antecedent
sefllSa

t) his

cda^&>

xod

&

o$o&c6)
fall?

election. (es&S what was the ante2)

cedent cause of hid

down

SET-19
apparent
Ex.
:
:

............

rent

It is

evident SS^oSSaS; easy to see; to all of us that you have not done quite apparent

a3;

your work properly

(>c$ &

S&S

sSLoSo3$n
c

Unapparent
:

g^ao^S; ^g.SSx>^S; not easy t^sVe Ex. There is an unapparent difference between Mamatha and Kavitha (&&*, &a*o SSDiJ gc&33 ^dSStoStoS^a).
:
:

F^

deterrent
Ex.

S)6^<^^;

that deters.
:

aab8^S S&oS; SsrJJgSDS; some ^ ^T ^-^^
S5#o&>
a

thing

lack of funds was the deterrent for the slow

progress

of this project

(&

inherent
Ex.

as >Soryg3DSJ, SSSS-^S^; existing permanent part or quality of.
: :

natural

and

1) Inspite of reverses Charlie Chaplin retained his inhee5fibSS^3 c^&> 36tyob^ jSSps rant sense of humor (S56&<beo
JSS^ ttK>o$sj&
of inherent and attribu^SaD"^|)^^). 2) Lot properties are with him (^3& ^^23 fbe3&o<2x>
:

tive

current
Ex.

S^; Se^^d S5^>;
is

in

common

or

general

use;

generally accepted; of the current time.
:

This
is

the true

meaning of the word but the

current

meaning

different

A

Unique book on
:

26

Usage of ADJECTIVES

conurrent

Ex

3o3; concurrening; co-operating; existing together I.G and Commissioner of police have given ConThe
:

D

current testimonies in this case

-gs

"I5*

&.

3. &>Qo&)

different:

SsB^saS; ^#a>; SS#; * Q_ &M>
2)

aStfatf; not the same; Q

separate; distinct

Ex,

1) Zeenath has visited different countries in Asia(e&d" *S &3 5#&:e>& E<!" tfBjoedfr33&) 2) Indraja is different in behaviour With her sister Sindhuja (go(dJs (j3S
:
'

indifferent
Ex-

:

rest in; neither for
:

no sSD^g^Sp^; SSD^oSoS^rr &ocl; having nor against.
is

inte-

Manorama

indifferent in failures

and successes

SET-20
recent
Ex.
:

............

cent
long before; happening

L*3J$;

S&^SDc$

sj<*55SS;jnot

not long ago.

1) Ours Is a recent acquaintence(&a j* j S 2) Things have changed in recent weeks. (si<$5o$<)
:

decent
Ex.
:

:

dSo

g3:; SP^ ^1^

";

S&SSasS; right; sultable;modest; ^ o

1) Renuka is a decent girl (ora: d&J=S:>S s^^g). 2) Chandrika is famous with her decent looks %

indecent
improper;
Ex.
:

:

&^2rS;S; A
is

^&SS^^; &&? a

*

gtf3D^; Q

obscene;

Kowshik
:

an indecent fellow (5fci" a^Sp^^o^dsb).

innocent
Ex.

Sg^Sxg)^;
is

SSy^S;

epSpjarSgoS;

SP<^S^^;

not

guilty; harmless;
:

1)

Meena

aa innocent

girl

A

Unique book on

27
is

Usage of
innocent

ADJECTIVE^

2) They accused him, but he

(SP&
going
out

obsolescent

:

tfao&^oxtf;

sr&^cSa;

of

use;

becoming out of date.

Ex

:

Gangabai used to wear obsolescent dresses

SET

:

21
:

............

lent

ancient
Ex-

^o^S2o^;
is

ijJp&^SoS; relating to times; long ago;
for accient

very old.
:

Amaravathi

famous

sculpture

deficient
Ex.
:

:

^Sb^^r^^joS; ^SgDjS; not having enough
is

of;

Ravi

a mentally deficient person.

salient
Ex.

:

SSxi^g^^; (jSaeg^; outstanding;
is

prominent; easily

noticed;
:

There

salient

beauty in

Jayaprada's

eyes

(

patient
Ex.
:

:

k&yto; 25^^&Do:

SPiT^a;

?Spo3;

having

or

showing patience. Subhadra is a patient house wife (&#(jbjLfib^tfe tf^SpeS) <33SbtfS^; s^^SS; jSS^^^Sa; not patient impatient
:

Ex.

:

1) Due to impatient

behaviour

Suresh

lost

his

job

2) After waiting so many hours for her lover Indira became
impatient (tfo&o

convenient
Ex.:

:

^&3
"

^;

0&&p^3^;
n
.

oSsSSrr^o^z

suitable;

handy; easy to get to or at.

To goto Delhi, the

train

is

more convenient than

the bus

A

Unique Book on
:

28

Usage of ADJECTIVE^

inconvenient
Ex.

J3^; causing discomfort or annoyance. : 1) Nagu has come at an inconvenient

time

S5> S&C&&D& 3SS^$&).
her inconvinent looks

2)

Nagma

stunned Nagarjun with

expedient
Ex.
:

:

syggSfcS;

d&JgpS;

likely

to

helpful

for a

purpose; Advisable;advantageous though contrary to principle 1) The Indian Government is searching for an expedient
solution to the Kashmir problem

s

.

2)

Do
:

what you think expedient

inexpedient
Ex.
:

5d&)_SSD^; #tfS; not suitable; not expedient;
is

I

thought this

inexpedient

(afi

magnificent
Ex.
:

:

a5Sa^; $^S3o^;

great; splendid

Sobhana gave a magnificent dance performance

proficient
Ex.
:

:

^oa^gSS^^e; LSStf&atfe;
is

skilled; expert.

Manjula

proficient

in

Tamil

(00^0
infinite

omniscient
ledge;

:

SStf^3_cS;
sll

8)^3fi8iS; having

know-

knowing

things.

Ex.

:

Some

students respect their

teachers as omniscient be-

ings (i^otfeb

zy>ebeo <&> rti&S2:&
...........

gS^eon

rre^oSb&).

SET-22
Ex.
:

tty

Witty^o&s^tf^^^&tfgS^full
Brahmanandam
is

^fhumor;clever and amuring so popular with his witty dailouges

petty

:

-)^;

>&&>&',

S^c^ajJjJ; staaU; unimporant:

A Unique book on
Ex.
:

29

Usage of ADJECTIVES
in

1) Petty thefts are so

common

buses

(aS
looks afer

[>J
pretty
Ex.
6*c2*

<sr>ort<S&D03 tftfjgptFtfes&a) 2) Sagar petty cash register in this office (rtf5 -Ss

:

Sro^S; ^S^S;
is

pleasing and attractive; fine or good;

considerable in amount.
:

1) Roja
6

so pretty in this hair-style(-g6 "f^oogtfegS*

io^ tSSj.saT cfctf^a). 2) Ramyakrishna wears pretty costumes in song and dance sequences
:

chatty

oSwt$^ttj*3&;

^tf^Sorr (&p6j^; fond of chatting;
3

having a friendly style. Ex. : Vani Is chatty enough to make her friends happy

SET-23
mandatory
or
:
:

............

tory
an
order

s^yg3D^;

joSoSjggSbjS; pertaining to

command. It was mandatory Ex.
epidemic (SPO&O
o

that

schools

be closed

during

the

obligatory
Ex.
:

:

5)$rj^o3; SjSSgSD^; that
theatre

is

required by

law,

rule or custom.
It is

obligatory on

owners to

provide exhaust

fans in the theatre

sn>

atffi&Sb S5D"i>

indicatory

:

aSd^Sta; &rS)oSj3tD;

tipto; stating

a fact or

asking of facts. Ex. : Is a broad forehead indicatory of great mental power?

preparatory

:

atfcSeoS;

^cKpdbSta;

introductory;

needed

for preparing.

A

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:

30

Usage of ADJECTIVE^

Ex,

These are preparatory measures to save money of Govt.

satisfactory
ent;

:

tfjjjSjgtfSfcSJS;

&ft; a,a^aS;
and
conduct

proper; suffici-

good enough
:

for a purpose; giving satisfaction.

Ex.

1) Amanfs

character
&>ocfo>

are

satisfactory

(o&a
$o5

s
<fl

J*ss
>o^
:

^j&gtfasan
in

Anand made
transitory
Ex.

satisfactory progress

reading

(tftf

&s^a). 2) S$<>D*
vanishing;

a
S;
t

Sp$oS^&).
w^S^^aSsaoga^aispeedily
is
>

w&a

only for a short
:

me; not enduring.

T&^

transitory (<$<> &&&ab32r Every thing on earth is transitory and C9S)C5&G$Q). 2)

1) Man's stay on earth

imperfect

(a^&otfb ^28 6
:

^^a5Sw
pgoS^ci)

SSseScfSo

^)^oS5r^5S).

explanatory
explain

S$3&D ^&"l3;

BDcSfiSt^; intended to

Ex-

1) These are explanatory notes in this book (& QjS g^oS^ a> S)^tf^ ^Sts ^tpgoy^oo). 2) The Chief Minl^
:

ster

has received an explantory letter from the

Home

Minister

compulsatory
required.

:

^asp^gS^^: a^o<sajj$;
is

that must be done;

Ex
2)

:

1) This order

compulsatory(s?3

>as*tf

-

goktf

Is

military service compulsatory in

your country ?

contradictory : &&>&]&$: ^.^o^^asJ; contradicting, The finance Minister and the opposition leader made Ex.
:

contradictory statements regarding rising prices

c onsolatory
console.

:

Lo;

^^SoS;

Comforting;

intended

to

A

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:

31

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

Sonia Gandhi received so

many

consolatory letters on

the occasion of her husband's sudden demise

SET
Ex
:

:

24
:
**

............

tary

solitary

so&a>;
CUs,

2uO&5o3^; alone; without C__
put in

1) Top

criminals will be

(Is^tf&so &0&8 S^otfSSaaS*
lived in a solitary place for

companions. confinement solitary ^orfo&Sb&V 2) Dr. Taslima
in
5

sometime

Bangladesh due to
cru

murder threat

S^e5*

3tf8o& Sxr^cforT

salutary
Ex.
:

:

ep&gp^a^; SP^SD^; having

a

good

effect.

1) Dr. Kiran Bedi's reforms brought salutary

effect in

prisoners (aii SKe^Sa ^o^o^Seseo g_o<5* <si)&Sae> \o*>$* 5S^& 33^^ ). 2) The salutary instruction I got from my &Q&$ ST^SSG^SX)....) friend,... (a* "fcjSr&& &o<5 t&

Complimentary
given free.

:

*Siyl5ajS;AS*aS;

flattering or praising;

Ex. :-l)
(Sbtfe)

He made complimentary
show.
:

^y^o^

&>ok [$>< 5)t3y9 3"8>&]. 2]These are complimentary
enquiries

tickets for the

supplementary
Ex.
:

additional; extra.

1) Supplementary budget was prepared for additional

expenditure
SdQbsDAcSa).

(p<5^
xi)

oScBoo$s> g^soSb -^-^5?^

>*<"

^d^p&

Ten supplementary bills were passed by the assembly members unanimously. (~&o!) ^j>got3 SS
......

SET-25
Ordinary
;

....

nary

S^SSi-ci'gSaS;

normal; usual; average.

A

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32

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.
^

Malathi

is

an ordinary house-wife

(SroS

a,

1

imaginary
Ex.
:

:

*3sS&3D:$;
is

existing only in the mind; unreal.

1) Mallika

suffering

from

(&

dsssgsa&as

^oSk^og* SoSo&AeS^S).
[t$5

imaginary difficulties. 2) Sekaso^eo
in

bar's illnesses are usually imaginary.

visionary

:

&$^$;

SaJFS;

ijFofcSgfcS;

existing

only

vision or the imagination; imaginative; not practical. Ex. : Visionary thoughts are always not fruitful

preliminary
Ex.
:

:

S^5(S; &aotf<s3;

^2r>(^a^)g;

coming

first

and

preparing for what follows.
Prelimicary
investigation

has been completed

in this

murder case

(&
:

discretionary
:

"S

having discretion; He used his discretionary power to decide Ex.

this.

extra-ordinary
beyond what
Ex,
:

:

is

usual or ordinary; remarkable.

6 Tagore was an extra- ordinary poe^&pfi" ^

as

ga).

mercenary
only for

i^s^g^S fe^^tfg^eoSdao sJ&^SoSdfc; working money or other reward.
:

Ex.

:

Niranjan sent a mercenary to

kill

his

divorced

wife

SET 26
:

............

some

cumber-some:5T^3:5S;SpcfioSS;heavy and awkward to carry A soldier to day would find old-fashioned armour very Ex.
:

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33

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

cumber-some

t&
S2)<3o3; &>o;o&>

tire-some
Ex.

:

&&fo

$ao3'
job

tedious; annoying;

trouble- some.
:

Proof reading
sss).
:

is

a tire-some

a&fc s^goS burden-some
:

ectfpsSgea>!$; srtfSDS; hard to bear; a o_

making w

some body tired. Ex, Sarma vexed with

his

burden-some

responsibilities

(%&&

3oS^). srtfg&o Sr'S^S* atf trouble-some saSoS; ^^IbSD^; causing S3 1
:
<*

J

trouble;

causing

worry or difficulty.
Ex.
:

Kumar

is

always doing trouble-some tasks

hand-Some
Ex.
:

;

QPO^SD^;

t5g7r 5>;

"SDdJ'S^;

e?^^^;

of fine

appearance; good-looking.

1) Vasantha

is

(SStfc

#tWe^3 g&ea

very hand-some with glittering eyes o S ^S^S 2) Seth

^t).
to

Chamanlal has given
victims

hand-some

donation

earth quake

Whole-some
Ex.
:

:

^ff^^g^tfSD^; ^|gtfasf; healthy;causing good
is

health; suggesting

1) Rice

good health. a whole-some food

for South Indians (tf JLea

S*tfc&DOb

^S WcS^SSa gave a whole-some advice
SSQ

S*^gScasS

^3^55S).

2) He
cS)

[&&
)

35*^ggtfS3^

(SboSS

win-some; ^ejo^g6SD^;^<^rr ^o^;attractive; pleasing;bright. Q O
(*>

Ex,

:

1) Baby Asha welcomes

her

father

with a

win-some

smile

(go
.

$3&>

^^rv^oS

-aewSJj^S*
in a

#S *0(4

2) Ramya cooks

win-some manner

A

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34

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

SET.: 27
Highly
Ex.
:

ghty
y^Stfe;

:

aafcart;&c$a;

powerful; great; massive.

1) Tarzan had a mighty body f&PO^cS" ?f SMo "Ss^oSxiSSi SOftcS&oScfc). 2) So many mighty films are produced by Sri

Weighty
Ex.
:

:

&3;>;

$&&$;

influential; important.

Fathima

showed

weighty

reasons

for her

failure

in

EMCET
naughty: S^S;<3b&atf; causing
Ex.
:

trouble; wicked; disobedient.
(cSesog

1) Renuka

is

a naughty girl

&S

S'o

EP

2) Ganesh spoiled

his life with

naughty deeds

(tf^F

SET
magic
Ex.
:

28
:

............

gic
by
art

ao^s^o aoeDOSg^;
a days

produced

of magic;

fascinating.

Now

money
*gptfg

has a magic power to do impossible

things

(3 SVg*
:

5"crgo&

2>S 3d6
"~

^

ao^so

iTJ tfoa^S Bbi^a).

tragic
Ex.

ifig)SeaS;

l^sa^; *"

L

p3

^yg^; tragic

of tragedy; tin
of

fortunate.
:

1) Every body wept for the
life

death

Raji\

Gandhi

Mohan's

came

to a

tragic end

lethargic
Ex.
:

:

&&$?

sgo^;

&o^^n

^o^;

morbidly

drowsy

dull; heavy.

Speed and haste were unknown to rament

his lethargic

tempe

A

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35
...........

Usage of ADJECTIVE^

SET
needy
Ex.
:

29
:

eedy
of
life.

&~!>^; very poor; lacking the necessities You must always help needy people (^o
filled

greedy: ^&>tf.&to; SoS^cp>^;
desirous.

with greed; intensely

Ex.

:

Chaya

is

always greedy

(?d&
& to;

^Sjjy&p

_

speedy
Ex.
:

:

tfto; Sri&o to;
is

quick,

1) Bhama

leading a speedy life

).

2)

I

&& ($*&> wish you a speedy recovery

to
from

illness

SET-30
like
:

............

like
having the same qua-

So<3;

S&^S;
me

^SS^Sx)??

5

;

Similar;

lities;

Ex

:

1) Get

A man
alike
:

a pen like this! (gtoSSoa 1 like you ought not to say so(<&r>oSo<355&
z*~i

Ex

:

^Sirr; ^SSpjS^^; stoo$o<S3;similar;like one another. Twins are often very alike. (SoSoe i) All are alike in front of law 2)
.

unlike
Ex-

:

357T3 ^-D^S; S^SgQS; diaimillar; having no resembnever saw twins

lance; different form.
:

I

who were

so unlike

(S5*>S5a

God-like
some
Ex.
:

:

8$)S^; SS^ScabS;
God-like to forgive.
:

like

God
S$6*

or a

God

In

for a quality; like or suitable
It is

God.

(&>ok<b

Child-like

sfoofoS;

SP#3

S; simple; innocent.

A

Ucique book on
:

6

Usage of

ADJECTIVE
^>
S

Ex.

Sridevi acts child-like roles so well

v&cSoS

woman-like
woman.
Ex.
:

:

<aaft

^53;
10

like

a

woman;

suitable

for a

Pooja

is

only

years old but very woman-like.
<iafl

(3rs& 3^&>

&(&

5S

&
ly
<i__ a

SET:
lovely *
Ex.
'

31
:

.... .......

3j*&>&D& $3o3; SSSSaS; a
i

(A

Q

beautiful; attractive; pleasant; amusing.

1) Nethra has lovely eyes
.

(^^ Sr ^Six)
is

2) Vandana

a lovely

girl

lively *

Ex

:

&)SD*o__ J5; -S-e^gtf SD^; full of life and spirit; cheerful. o, fo 1) Rajanikanth is famous for lively styles (tix&wJjS
:
.

2) Kalpana

lives in lively

imag-

inations

o^
^er^cS; a&o^s; ^S^OD; probable; that

likely

:

seems

right

for a purpose.

Ex.

:

1) Hari

is

likely to die with

cancer
to

c&oS&), 2)

It is likely

(S*Q happen

timely
Ex,
:

SoSi^pfi^SD^; occuring just at the right time 1) Urmila has taken timely action (*8^<f 2) Tinely assistance saved her
:
.

life

onely
Ex.
:

:

!i5

o<afc;

^obQ^^;
is

without companions; sad.

1)

Sri

Lanka

a lonel) island

(vjQo

a,o&>5

&^SJ

2) Subhashinl travelled lonely from Madras to Delhi
jolly -&vfi SBSatf; Joyful; Merry.

:

]

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Unique book on
:

37

Usage of
as
it is

Ex.

Mohini

is

in

a jolly

mood to-day

her wedding

day

silly Ex.

:

*ptfS:>; S^oSc&tf;

$)3g;>;
like silly

foolish;

weak-minded;
(^otfsso

:

Some people do not

behaviour

SET-32
busy
Ex.
:

............

sy
gr>&

:

&5

go&

3SS* &JS^;
is

or?>; working; having

a lot to do.

1) Savithri

always busy with domestic works
6

(piS
is

cicjSrep K^Sp
at his

g^g^o^
&23^gg;

^5^ Sgbo^^>).

2) Hari

busy

work

(*3 &$

fi^S*

^1

^c^o^rr3

easy
Ex.
:

:

?3^^SD^;

not difficult;

free

(oSaaSA)cS3^aa], from pain or
s?3ss ^
all

anxiety.

^&
books

1) Devika had an easy delivery (cSfig &o#aj$ language in oS*o3c&). 2) KarunaSri used easy

his

fussy

:

eoS6

^ So2; as&S5d6; ^S3^a&;showing
is
<^

exitement;

very particular; difficult to satisfy.
Ex.: 1) Ranjith
tf

SCPa^

always fussy about his food^tfosSlf ^SS-ytgyo ^beSoS ^O(S*^^ Sod5bi)o&&). 2) Sheeba is

very fussy about her beauty (Sxs

dressy
Ex.
:

:

sooo^ ^

|J!)difiaacS;

fond of fine clothes;

mad

of sty-

lish clothes,

Smitha
:

is

a drtssy

woman (&<& ^>ostf [^dSSo^a).
expression;

glassy
Ex.
:

rvas'^oia; SxvDib; not

glass in appearance;

showing any smooth and shiny.

like

1) Samantha has glassy eyes (p&oe5 2) Msena has glassy body

A

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38

Usage of ADJECTIVE^

clumsy
for
its
:

3p&D<T>&o>; a^S^tf;

t&^&;

not well

designed

Ex.

purpose; unskilful, wears clumsy dresses (Sfcort& 1) Mangamma

as'BSDcS
is

e>o&&). 2) David

dislikes his wife as she

clumsy

SET: 33
scabby
Ex.
:
:

.........

bby
all

K&&$;

SSb^gg^;

covered with scabs.
over his body(s&>tf?

Murali has a scabby skin

shabby
).

dressed; fo^^S, astfob$; in bad condition; poorly Ex.: 1) Seema wears shabby dresses()&> ^^CSSD^^& deeds (tf&o fe 2) Raghu is famous for shabby
:

flabby
Ex.
:

:

cSD^e&S^eS,

3aJS; not
is

firm; soft;

1) Roja has flabby cheeks

(5V
rate

vyS>3_

e^^

2) Radha

flabby towards children (S^oo 23^

SET
Ex.
:

:

34
:

............

separate

^S^gSSD^; S^cS; The guest house is separate from the 1)

different, not joined.

main

house

occasions. (3*& 2) They met on two separate

moderate
Ex.
:

:

Sfcae$;ffc&PLoS;
moderate

limited; not extremejhaving

reasonable limits.

1) Mary has a
.

appetite

(&&

dinner (625 2) Ravi took a moderate to ladies 3) Be moderate while talking

immoderate
Ex.
:

wspgd^SbcS; extreme; too much; unreasonable;

:

>ak&a;

^65^^^S)s

excessive;

Bheemu

is

immoderate

in

food habits(<9Stf3)

A

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Usage of

ADJECTIVES

accurate
Ex.
:

&oS<3o;8c3:);
.)

exactly right;making no mistake.
(j5

1) Rekha has accurate memory

SoQobjS

2 S3g'
T>

>

2) This

is

an accurate translation.

(sjS

deliberate
Ex.

:

oS*^

sp5ga>S; s*c$3a
insult.

3!bc$;

done

on
<S*

purpose; intentional;
:

1) Mandakini faced a deliberate

(&osrSS

^K? Sjp^S&S escaped from a

3o*#'S&&

deliberate attempt

&tf<S>&). 2) Lakshmi luckily on her life (ejL< &&2i

desperate
Ex.
:

:

^JT^S;

tP^^asS:

filled with despair

and ready

to do anything; extremely serious; giving little

hope of success.
Is

1) The people of Kashmir are
(jSaoj

in a desperate situation.

(sJ^5

*^$ &36* &c3^&). 2)

gunitha's health

in

a desperate condition

(&M

^tfs&D ^y^S |S*
with much

&cS^S).
care-

elaborate
fully

:

PS

^^^rr*; worked out

care;

planned and finished;
:

Ex.

The

state Police

made elaborate arrangements

for

the

P.M.'s- visit ((oStFS SStfg&tf

*#& crS^

2f*l)Sex> 6PS

s-^

^rs So^to 3&Q).

commensurate:
:

)jSb^bE33Dci; c5SSpSS3?^;in"the right

proportion

Ex 1) The pay he received is not commensurate with the && 3d S5sSj work he did (v&& 3&3 S3SS g& fe&ST^ to her c$x 2) Rajani's duties are not commensurate
^<Sb).

job (tfasS E*<5<g&eo

SD

t^fi^grtSio^Sc)
............

e0&fc3c3o3nD Sc).
personified;

SET 35
:

nate
im-

incarnate
Ex.

:

^SS^OoS^;

SSptfSS

y6tf'a_^;

personated.
:

1) Many people

feel

Mother Therisa

is

Goddess incar-

nate (-ere&oa
),

&tf5 ^Qgp^) &SSS y&tfa>J^ ^S^n 5rS)o demon iuia a 2) Americans think Saddam Hussain

A Unique Book
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40

Usage of ADJECTIVES

passionate se#5Ss>rr> *5&o 33^&; ^|tf3*o moved by passion; filled with; showing passion.
:

^

easil y

Ex.
*

:

1) Durga
|j,).

is

a passionate

woman

(&tf

2) David has passionate manners

compassionate
compassion.
Ex.
:

:

s^SSS; a^sSsSa Mo;

showing or feeling

The

soldier

was granted compassionate leave (

dispassionate
Ex.
:

:

^o^iio ^o; sSS)a ^o;

free

from

passion;

not showing favour.

On

a dispassionate consideration of his letter-.

inordinate
Ex.
:

LSoSbS&a^B^LSoSbasJ; unregulated; lacking order. Ramlal's heavy weight is the result of his inordinate
:

eating habits

(Lg5SboSSs

^S &o&
SS&;
%&&i
junior
in

subordinate

:

38|Soa; SP&D

rank

or position; less important.

Ex.

:

Swathi

is

not willing to work

as a subordinate

insubordinate
rabellious.

:

s>ratf>; S5p<b

a^a;

^2S>;

disobedient:

Ex.

:

The

officer dislikes

an insubordinate employee

fortunate
Ex.
:

:

9fi^aoS
is

^o; having good fortune; lucky.

1) Roja

so fortunate
killed
in the

2)

It

was fortunate that no one was
pj
-^fi

accident

[SS

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Usage of ADJECTIVES

unfortunate
Ex.
:

&tf<^&gtf^;

unlucky.

Vinay was unfortunate, he got fever on his examination day(aSd5(Sb(Ss aLao&ab,a6S, S 29-Sw*OSas^o*ft3&). alternate a,ga a^a g^ga; coming or happening in turns. Ex. 1) Shakeela and Komala have alternate duties in the hospital (&eja &$3d&> *<&> a,g& 3 *&&> "5*
:

:

&&

<&*5 3d>&&).
alternate days

2)

My

sister

and
5*2s

I

(3 SSso,
:

S&

&&

prepare the 6*2^

dishes

on

affectionate

Lfcs rto;

&&

tfo;

sr^og&o

iSo;

having or

showing affection. Ex. Geetha is so affectionate towards her
:

sisters

(A

$

^(SS&e^o
proportion.

5363
:

o)o<*

proportionate
Ex.
:

o^^og&o ^oar? s&^s). ^A^; ^Qg>^; proportional; being
5

in correct

Nagma
:

has proportionate body

Obstinate
Ex.
:

&j*Sc^;3ao<&ca>; refusing to yield or obey etc, As Jaya is very obstinate, she won't change her 1) mind (adft &PX>O*OO g&g $$ &S&& SSpdbnj^Sfi). 2) Some diseases are obstinate, they won't be cured,
............
:

SET-36
intimate
Ex.
:

mate
(&&r>5 o$D<s3c>&> so intimate to Nagarjun

(ap^g^gSD^; sSS^Sp^SaSS; close and familiar.
are intimate friends

Kumar and Kesav
.

2) Amala

is

legitimate
Ex.
:

LS&asS: c^oaba^; ^^SD^S;)^; lawful; regular. His place, at the top, was won by legitimate means 1)
:

ii)

The money was put

to

it's

legitimate purpose

A

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Usage of

ADJECTIVES
(before
6

proximate

aj*S53>; tfKeS: sSSj^Satf; ~
is

nearest

or after). Ex. : 1) Sobhana

a proximate relation to Padmini
).

(f

^

2) The proximate cause of fever
&&pfib?7;

is ...

approximate
nearly correct.

:

tfptfo
Cband
is

sfog&SS;

tfQs^rr

5

;

very

Ex.

:

Seth Tara

ablfl

to

tell

the approximate

value

of any daimond (ts

SET-37
erotic
Ex.
:
:

.

...........

tic
lustful;

^or7K3bS; ^SDasio^S'SDSS;
told

amorous.

Raghav

Ramya

an erotic story

(o$oS &&%&>

politic
Ex.

:

o^S5oSiD tfe; dSo_

Mo; prudent; cunningful.
(gfi.

1) This is not politic a politic brain cto

(S^

Jo

aSo5<'<Sb). 2) Padma has SD<^<&^ gCAdSag^a).
or using

emphatic
emphasis. Ex.
:

:

Sn^CSSD^; df^SoS; having or showing
regarding

1) Srikanth has emphatic thoughts

divorce

2)

Sasi

was most emphatic about the importance of punctu-

ality

apologetic
regret.

:

&p#ggg3:>S;

making an apology; expressing
letter

Ex.

:

Sagarika gave an

apologetic

to

their

college

principal

romantic

:

having ideas, feelings remote from experience ,and

real life

given to romance;suggesting romanceicausing or feeling love,

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4JJ

Usage of ADJECTIVE^
every
night

Ex-

SriLakshml

is

enjoying romantic dreams

authentic: (Jo^e3&#a3;c&^tfc&;knowntobe true;genuine. Ex. 1) We must believe authentic news only (&$& c&^tf
:

SfocS

opj5oc& oSr^ol) cS&p^S)). 2} His signature

is

authentic

to pass the bill (<&

)"&

r>5

SET-38
pathetic
Ex.
:

............
:

pathetic

^S^&
:

^eaftoS; pitiful; of the emotions.

Sita has a pathetic

apathetic

a^o

^^S^D

o;

*a*S>S5*

o;

showing or
not excusable

having apathy.
Ex,:His apathetic attitude towards his duties
is

Ex.

:

Mohan

is

or feeling sympathy. towards Mohini as she is a very sympathetic

widow.

SET-39
pragmatic
Ex.
:
:

....

......

matic
jJjJooA^^;
concerned with

63xSi5d^iSD^; <&$

practical results

and values.

1) Parljatham is pragmatic (p6s#o Anything must be in pragmatic way ()

P$S

|J3S)OA).

2)

dogmatic
Ex.
:

:

force one's Sb&sPdSgocS; tending to

own
()

opinions

on other people.

Damayanthi

is

dogmatic in any matter

automatic
by
itself;

:

^e6oS<So

p&

336??;

S*cJcS

SSbo^

asO^; working

done without thinking.

A

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:

44

Usage of

ADJECTIVE^

Ex.
o
is

3o&&
: :

1) This vehicle has an automatic gear system

^^
(*&6

(s

55

3"

7^5"

ag>
B

geftd&aSS^a).

automatic

&ec^S &&) &*x5c$

^&os

2) Breathing as&ft&cxS).

systematic
Ex.

based on system. ^SS:So^;S5<^ag)^; methodical; Rajiv Gandhi has been killed in a systematic way

SET
rustic
Ex.

:

40
:

............

stic

^oijasJ; S^S

;

of the country side;roughly

made;

unrefined.
:

Kali talks rustic language
:

(s? 3rQ_

5

si

&&*&!&)

drastic
Ex.

SrtSo^; (jj^^SocS; fejcS^cS; having a strong or violent effect; extreme; radical in effect.
:

Drastic measures were adopted to collect taxes.

plastic

:

^^

b*o5c&x>e}c&

Sootf3

co;

c6^s3o3; oSo^dSoS !;

easily

made
Ex.
\
cJ
:

into different shapes; soft.

1) The plastic

hand of God

formed

these creatures/

J

*

plastic substance

f joogoSbcSb^

&>

oSo'xdSbS c5 o3nCSoS3D').

fantastic

wild &oB_c$; cS^^S; e$b;\<S;)&; marvellous; unbelievable and like a fantasy. Ex. : Bhavani used to tell fantastic lies
:

and

strange;

oj&> SsooSip

^o&Doa, 2) Bhanu

:s

(#"SPc5 SJoS^SSs P&ZS< fantastic in her fancifu^

sarcastic
Ex.
:

:

He

is
:

dSpSxo3; containing or using sarcasm. a sarcastic person (^&<Sb cipSxoS SSg
5foe$3oJ$;

),

majestic
Ex.
:

aSg3Dc$; Sarada has naagestic looks^tftf
:

^oOSSojS; having great dignity*
rto|)tf3Dj$

tSj^o^eo^fDS")

enthusiastic
of enthusiasm.
Ex.
:

saS

g253ocS; d5b^ CioS^^SoJ^;

Sjcp^yoS^^fo; full

1) Chiranjeevi fans are enthusiastic to see his

new film

7]

A Unique book on

45

Usage of Al3JECrT?EJ

,on the releasing day
).
,

in learning

Hindi^oS

5&^&&&
............

2) Rekha is enthusiastic 3 $ JStf ^rp&c$^a).

SET-41
panic
Ex.
: :

ic
to earth

^gS^g&an
villagers

<s>S

#d$

SB; quickly spreading fear.

The

run away from their houses due

quake

public
people.

:

(Joaso

cSo>o#3b;

soSptfo^SD^;

for or

concerning

Ex.

:

&o^3

1) The Prime Minister addressed a public meeting(|j5iZ5*c$ z> 2ptfo^s54fS* L s ^ft^ s ^)- 2) The tournament has
out side the town

been conducted at a Public place

heroic

:

So^^&Sw^o, SP^^ iSo^a^; "very bravo;

of

Ex.: Chiranjeevi thrilled his fans with his heroic deeds (

hectic
Ex-

:

atfo^eSDSS; 5)&5a; o

SS

a,

SS^
o

aoajS"; yery ^ (*

bus
r
*
t

;

rushed.
:

_
g.

Vljaya Santhi returned back after completi

he Jxectic

out door shooting shedule

electric
Bx.
:

:

e*^Sgg&!S;

The atmosphere
:

in the theatre *

*s^!frScsasS; full pf_ excitement. was so electric (<S3 $o&

Specific
:

s>'1&3o; ^6^3*^; detailed and precise;nbt general. Ex. 1) Prabhu Deva signed the agreeme&t with a specific * 0<^" e cSo^SSD SSP kg condition

(|5b

o[j

a&S^

^^

a 3^c^). 2) Bharani borrowed one lakh rupees for

specfflc

purpose

A

ijnique book eb
:

4t>

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

atanic
Ex,
:

SpiSxofotf; iSj*tf33c$; of satan; wicked. ^ 630

(S*a made

1) Nalini vexed with her husband's satanic behaviour. &$ $J$ pfc|x LS3SjgS* au 3o3&). 2) Suresh

J

so

many

satanic

attemps

to kill her wife

(&c5S.

harmonic
Ex
:

:

^SSjSJcS;

&$b3ob;

containing harmony.

Chitra's harmonic voice enchanted

super sonic
sound.

:

^g

^^^c& ^oS^

faster than

the speed of

Ex.

:

There are super

sonic planes in

Great Britain

sD ,tfarr' ^-oS; having only one monosyllabic made up of words of one syllable.
:

syllable;

Ex.

:

Malathi used to give

monosyllabic answers to her hus-

band

SET:

42
"itf;

........

ssive
r

massive: e^sp<3;a*ej
heavy looking.

p$g LSofresS&^S; hu S e

heavy;
attack

Ex
'

:

1) General Joshi

expired due to massive heart

2) Turn Turn has

a massive

body (toD&&)

epss*(3

passive
Ex.

:

&&i

^o3; a1^|i&2_^; showing no
and
I

interest,

emotion; not offering active resistance.
:

They did

as they pleased

remained passive

excessive
Ex:

w^g&sS; Socr; beyond what is proper and Jayaprabha is suffering from excessive heat
:

right.

adfi^S*'

A

Unique book on
:

47
t

Usage of ADJECTIVES

impressive
Ext

&SS&& 5*&&l
itie

a^asS^S; making

a de^p

impression on
:

mind and

feelings.

Roja has impressive

looks (5*83*

successive

:

Sfib^^

o3,

3tfo3tf<T

&o3,

following

one

affer the other,

Ex

:

1) Azhar

won

three successive oneday matches

&&$rp

&&& a,4 3| &*j5o&
^o;
is

(WB?

ft>3&). 2) Ghiranjeevi

got film fare awards for three successive years

submissive
Ex.
:

:

&i&

Vca&aS^o;
submissive

humble and obedient,
her husband
is

1) As Shakila

happy
<^e>

2) Ramani always talks with

a submissive tone

(&&3

SET 43
:

.......sive

pensive
Ex.
:

:

^S^^cSS4 ^od^;

Oo^^ &oc;

deep in thought,

seriously thoughtful.

Mangala always looks pensive (&otfif
^5^_^; high priced; costing a great deal. Sowdamini brought very expensive clothes to het daug:

expensive
Ex.
:

hter.

(^n^S &&*&6
:

*rf&a t^e^

^63_S

dSb&Oi

*S^a),

expansive

5i_^OoS5 5"&; s^gSioS; able to expand. Ex.' Appolo Hospital authority has taken up many expansive programmes (o5** *&^&e5" o&*a5p'c5gS$M oSJoOoS ^t3 S"tf "^

LS&sswo sa^oas* 3ss&). extensive SJ^^SD^; oD^ptf^-S;
:

large

in area

or amount.

Ex.

:

The

fire

accident caused extensive

building In

Madras (s wf\^

damage to the L.T.C. &o eft^Sfl* S L.I C. (J5$&rtf

A

Unique book on
:

48

Usage of ADJECTIVES
very great; showing

intensive
Ex.

S^SSatf;

&*$&

$r#a3&;

great care*
:

The police began an
:

intensive search for the

murderer

offensive
Ex.

isSS-g offense to the m'^
:

$;
JOT

3<a3!3&; *3&o
offensive
1

^3o3&

f

causing

senses; disagreeable; disgusting,

1) The fish with

smell might have already

spoiled.

(a>33rj3D, ifcp^sSJSS *J^ 3 Sea g tfelsa^os) Some leaders will be unpopular with their offepjo&&}. 2)
nsive language

,

d fensive
.

:

^o^^gS^^;

protective or resisting attack,

:

Guards must have defensive attitude

respons ve
incline

:

\&$jSiSSbib$&;

(SS^oao^^S;

ready

or

to respond.

Ex.

The fans are very responsive to Chiranjeevi's steps in a song (&g &>&>* Q8o& J)S^& wOSr&oD STTS ^oaoQQj.
:

evasive":
Ex.
:

#S>^o&*&;

tcndfag or trying to evade.

Rajesh gave evasive explanation for his late coming to
^

elusive

:

baffling; escaping or vanishiog,
fex':

1) Manisha

is

in

an elusive situation
.

2) Veerappan

is

an elusive criminal

;

sarcastic.

Ex.

:

Manjula's question evoked an

incisive answer

from her

"lusbafld

decisive

:

sV^daaS; 6B^S;
come

a 'SSOfip^gaJS; having

decided

or definite out

or result.

A Unique book
-

on

49

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex,

:

1) The case in the sub-court has

come to

a decisive-

stage

(sssg^S^a ^5 aesp^s

tf^sb
in her

kumari gave decisive answers

oS^dfiasS^a). interview

2)

conclusive: as\osj*3^; A -<0 <&,
-

StfSfi,

&or^aa^; ending no Q
with

doubt;

convincing. Ex. : Nirosha proved her innocense

conclusive

proofs

inconclusive
Ex.
:

"tpa^cfl&ajJS; bringing a definite result.

:

f^S^^cO;

not

decisive;

not

1) Chandrika has given an inconclusive evidence(to^aS 5r<t>3-eS 2) Sridevi stopped her dance

p&a

a3^&).

training at an inconclusive stage

(^cSa

$$

cS&>

exclusive
Ex.
:

:

to exclude; not willing or tending to

mix with others.
rico

*

1) Parvathl has exclusive right on that Exclusive of ^JjS LS ^8 S S^Soi-^ SeAd&S^S). 2)
eat nothing ("ioSoSSw
:

tey

)dfigSSaD

^5^ 5T&

Si<S^

compulsive

afi^otfaS; compel; compulsory. *Iix,: Pramila used compulsive methods in feeding her children
agptfSaS; o a
is

oeSo^aS;

having a

S5S&). tendency to

COmprehensiYe *
,

:

_

&33;
<x_

including

many

things.

*

Ex.
"

:

Parijatham

proud of her husband for his comprehen-

sive thoughts

(>5^^o

$

^^

$>JS3aS

^^^SSoSi

J^S*
with
so

&oSbS)). 2) Rambhas's looks are

comprehensive

many emotions(tfo#

SET: 44
Active
:

......

-ctive

to; energetic; able to work. Ex.: 1) Though Sophia Laren is above 60, she is still active
tSDSOD"? J5;

tSoiSoio

A

Unique book on
is

50

Usage of ADJECTIVES
service

2) Sujatba

so active in social

inactive
Ex.
:

:

aseS cKoo^; not
is

active;

Sankar

inactive in studies but active in sports

(To

6"

attractive
Ex.

-

SS^eSbS; ^QoS; &gtfs$j&&; 4 0^ & B^

pleasant

and

good looking:

I) Bhanupriya has attractive eyes ($*&|o>dfc
.

^SSeSdfi

2) Suman has an attractive body

Defective
fect.

:

*&2rcS; 5*2 s^aag^SAavlng a
iron-box

defect; Imper-

Ex.

:

Srilekha bought a defective

prospective:
hoped
Ex.
:

for;

looked forward

to.

1) Padma &)<$&& ^OAco^&). 2)

has a prospective brain

Prospective thinking

is

not so easy

thing

respective
Ex.
:

:

5P5 srO; Q&O&;

for,

belonging to each of those

in question.

1)

(CP&D,
abilities

Ramu and Gopi went to their respective class roams i5a ^<&oSb 35jc3&). 2)The employees fi*S> 5T55P6
were given

in the factory

work according to

their respective

(rr>6

retrospective : 3&S& tSp^&iKtfa^ CTSS ^eSoSlS; looking back on past events; applying to the past.
Ex.
:

Venkatesh used to think any thing

with

retrospective

effect

(3o5S

A

Unique took on

31

Usage of
:

distinctive: 3tfSSx& 30cOba"&;a^e5S3 5;(05ggaeS; serving
to

make
:

distinct; pecuar. peculiar.

snc;

Ex.

S)o^3&c5 1) Amala has a distinctive face (>& k o$tfc$o&> Soft). 2} Sathrughnu Sinha has a distinctive mark on

his face

rSa* #$
"
:

&D*SSx>

^5

>1&5S ;>&&

S>rt

seductive

tempting; captivating. Ex. : Silk Smitha has a seductive beauty

productive
uce; fertile.

:

gcort31i; ^0*^dJgSDc6; cr^SS3Dc$;able to prod-

Ex.

:

This land

is

very productive

(s

&& <^o<*

&&>^&gt$

SbSJfl).

2)

Raviraja sees everything

with a

productive view

SET: 45
Operative
ing effect.
:

......rative

srg&oS; as3t);

tf

tfes^SSjcS; in action; havin India

Many old laws are still operative cjS* ^S 1^ frg ^&>SSMe siog^Sp e^^eaS*
:

Ex.

1)

(aoA
(.*.

The i&iS^a). 2)
so small

G.O.
SagcS

is

big but the

operative

part

in

it

ia

SS.... tPOd&S* S3S
:

imperative
^ss

SS^g
needing immediate attention.
Imperative.
is

^^^^;

essential;
is

Ex.*: 1) This law

(^

3cSc$S
victims

rjg^Sja). 2) Aid
:

imperative to the flood

comparative BS"^^; judged by comparing
Ex.
:

with something else.
is

Comparative study

of Dravidian languages
(
d

must for

any south Indian language pandit

JLesa

A

Unique book on

52

Usage of ADJECTIVES

preparative: s$c3^SS*S3; SbtfSeaS; &cp&3tD; preparatoryExPreparative talks are important for any crucial meeting
:

figurative
Ex.
:

:

ifc3p&D
call

rto;

of or using figures of speech.
is

They

him a

fox, this

a figurative

expression.

remunerative
good
Ex.
:

:

<&A

L.

SS S^&a

rio; ft<&>sr&a rte; bringing a

profit.

The farmers are not

getting remunerative

price

for

their cotton bales

3&eo

& ]&&

&0*&>e& ft&os*&o
of the management

administrative
of
Ex.
affairs.
:

:

SO^PCSP ^OEDO^SD^;

Our

Prime Minister

has good administrative

ability

SET
Ex.
:

:

46
:

......

.Jative

relative

^oo<^oio

Sastri is

compared with something else. a scholor in Astrology and its relative subjects
/io;

cumulative

2J*B.^; ^$SS^g 3o3fl; increasing in amount one addition after another; becoming greater by stages. by
:

Ex.: Post Off ice Cumulative
lar

Time Depo,it Scheme
w>cS\fl

is

so popu-

among

villagers

(cFS

e&So^S

correlative
Ex.
:

:

5StfS^SSooo4J5S
are

^o; ha\ ing a mutual relation^
correlative fine arts-

Dance and Music

(c^&g,

SJOAS&DOD Stfg^tf tfOSDOtf&Dtf

S^

^^OD).

SET

:

47
:

...... ......

tive
second

alternative
possibility.

^apjSa^cttajS; offering a cholca of a

6]

A

Unique book on
:

53

Usage of AJDJECTIVfiS

Ex.

Matriculation

is

an alternative to S.S.C,
"

S.S.C. 6

^^S^t^S^)'
v^s

"

',"'$
*

imaginative: jjtf&rp&ocl;

y_J/te; having imagination;

-

-

-

using imagination. Ex. : This essay is interesting and
_

imaginative

_
:

imitative
Ex.
:

$>&0o3;

following. the model or example of.

Kids are always in imitative curiosity (

tentative

:

ss.fig; |j3c&S^o3&; LSoSjrv^S;

experimental;

made
Ex.
:

or done as a trial.

The

Officials submitted a tentative plan to the Minister

to control wasteful expenditure

attentive
Ex.
:

:

The

attention. L(S^^o; (jftf$jc&); giving children were very attentive when teachers

^

.

,-

were

inattentive
ention.
*

:

|/

LS^SgS6 ^; e'^^asgj*^; not paying
is

att-

Ex.

:

This pupil

inattentive in class.

inventive (j'jf ^oic^S^ SS^^te; able to invent^ Ex. Government must show inventive feciljties to the
:

P

:

scien-

tists

lucrative
Ex.
:

:

w^gtf^^;

^cpcassoa^o; ^profitable.
is %

Film production

lucrative business for wise people

perceptive
Ex.

(jT'S^saS; 35>8>*3; connected with perception
:

able to

perceive;

having

:

1) Teja

is

popular with his perceptive

nature

A

Unique book on

S4

Usage of ADJECTIVES
2) Sobhana

has so much perceptive power
repetitive: ^eatkn a,S25 33^tfo the same thing too often.

5 Sc&te;

doing or saying

Ex

:

1) Family welfare Minister's speeches

are

used

to

be

repetitive (Sb&ooa aefl tSorv*

;So^L& ^^p

oSDO^irO

job

is

3"f^ars 38ry$<5 a bit lepetitive

cg)oto

d-Sc3^5Seo &sa ogo^ca>. ^ Vimala's

SO^

^Oft ScfloSSio

Sensitive:

^S^a^iS^jrSpaS; quickly or easily
is

receiving

impressions; easily hurt in the spirit; easily offended.

Ex.

very sensitive (cSofla -s^er* SkS^ SS^<S oo^a). 2) As Satish is sensitive,he could not tolerate criticism
:

1) Nandini

positive : a*^dfcSM$; Ba$^JS; S5_SSaS; no room for doubt; quite certain.
Ex.
tScS
:

definite;

leaving

S)OD $<D^oio

1) Positive thinking gives better iejults(at^cffib &&* S&^^i). 2) They tested the water for the

bacteria and the result was positive

(r|8ci&>
of a feast or festi-

festive

:

*a^aasJ;

So*&SaS;

Sab^sS;

val; Joyness.

Ex.

:

Yijaya Santhi celebrated her birth

day function

in

a

festive atmosphere

sportive
Ex:

:

wfeepa^;
Lakshmi

-Aer.ooS^^e); playful; merry.
is

1)

Sri

so sportive at shooting shedules

2) Ta^y Shamili has

sportive

natureD

s*Sb&

A

Unique book on
:

55
3osD(3 a,gSrp

Usage of ADJECTIVES
one after the oS3^&; coming
Delhi on three consecu-

Consecutive

a,3

other in regular order.

Ex.
tive

:

The C.M. paid three
days

visits to

(&o33g&0|j5

SS&SSn*

&TBab5*2Si ao

provocative

:

apSSJ&S; *3&D &ao3;

Btf^fi*|5;

causing

anger, interest, argument etc.

Ex

1) Pooja Bedi has provocative looks($ps*S4 cStfyPfS tSp^j^c^ SAc&o^a). 2) Mrs. Bhutto made provocative
:

remarks on Kashmir problem
*3oio

(<$,&8 #>g*

S"l^5

J$&cSg2j

&ao3

53*^ge5e4) S^cfc).

3) Alfs

facial

expressions

were provocative of laughter

communicative
Ex.
:

;

f*

not reserved; open; talkative; sociable.

1) Haripriya
4

is

very

communicative
is

(S5r*0[S)d&

t3-er>

tfe&aS)fi

O9

&&&). 2) Meena
*{$

very communicative with her

fans (Src3

wOSSp&^

Seo^R*ex>n
........

48 ageless So&^ &D^^&;
:
:

SET

&o<&&). less
never growing old

$ctt&

^Sd&;

or never looking older.
Ex.: Sarada has an

aimless
Ex.
:

:

e>jgo$x> Ss>; 4r"SygoSx>
is

^a; without purpose.
an aimless
life
(

Dwarakanath

leading

restless

:

^D'^SDD^S;

3&^a ^0;

always moving;
"

showing

signs of worry.

Ex.: 1) Rajani passed a rest-less night (tfasS tfA^Sb). 2) Sanjeevi is^doing a restless

A

Unique book on
:

56

Usage of ADJECTIVES
needing the

help-less

tfs5a;*9o<*Sa;

ao-^S&an &o<&;

help of others; unable to do anything for oneself. Ex,: 1) In the slums some people are helpless

*o#&
_

one hundred helprta3s>3F&). 2) There are nearly

less children in that

town

<s

2)5>$>D<5*

&&*& &*&

share-less
Ex..:

i

5^5),
is

e>o&D 6$, &>S^S;
to

end-less.

There

shore-less

the

sufferings

of Kashmiri

6 ei&oS&>). people (s*^& [Sao 3*tfo& fruit-less : aa^o&S; without fruit or results; profitless
.

Ex.

1) Pakistan made fruit-less efforts problem an international one (s^5
:
1

to

make Kashmir
^>o^o*cJfioS3)

&g&
4l!)c&).

v

^d&6&
,

a-SftjS asi^e
S-5S(SJS
:

iSdtfi^SS

2) Madhavi
officer

-

made

fruit- less efforts to

become an

LA

S.

LA.B. ^5>S35

sa^o (Sd&^SSMeo 3^3&).

(

number- less Sg^S^S^, pSSO&^33cS; numerous. Manorama acted in number-less films (&*#& Ex,
:
-

.SET
light

49

........
?S;

light
*epSS^tfa5$; not heavy; CL f*>

s

AegS
ft.

e^&SSSiSS; "

^"S S; Q^

delicate; not very strong.
*

;Ex.

:

X) Rajeswari

is

a light hearted
is

woman
a light

(cplSJfjB

SS*^ficC&cSo 4)- 2) Raju

fingered

^g'S man

D;
Ex.
:

burning; very bright.

1) The burning corpse is still alight (5eo&cS^ ^oSoio aoS& &o<&& S$^<3). 2) Roja's eyes were alight with joy
:

twilight
Ex.

sSo'S

Sgarp ^o3;

SgaT
is

>ocl; light

that existl

before sunrise and after sunset.
;

In the twilight time the climate

clean and delightful

A

Unique book on

57

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

SET
ri

:'50
:

.......

right

ht
x.
'

most suitable. c&> a*l^c$, JoQo&tf; J=3:>: correct; of rupees in right 1) Sudhakar earned crores
a

A Soundarya did not

5

SfoofcS &*tfS$x>6*

*&ra &">cS:>e?& 3orao3&). 2) know whether it is right or wrong to partiPTi

cipate in beauty contests

upright
Ex.
:

:

^oD^rr' O^D^; perpendicular.

1) Alexander hold the sword upright
Sexj^rr S^D^Sc^). 2) The librarian placed the books

&*&

upright in the

book

shelf

3
g ivJn g out

bright
Ex.

:

jS^?T^; ae5t; SS^SbSS: *|JQ^^;
quick-witted.

light; cheerful;
:

1) Tendulker has a bright future (3o<262ty.5 2) That is a bright idea
S). "

^|S

(a

a*S

ocular
:

....... lar Sro* e$r*a; |S3*g&a^; of or for the eyes; seeing. This is an ocular proof (aS &g Ex. |^5g&3o fib^). al^Sa^; oSa)$>g^; L5 ^S^?^ s P ecia1 relating particular
:
:

SET

5

:

;

'

to one as distinct

from

others.
is

Ex.: 1) Sri K. Vis wanath cal films (& ".

very particular in directing classi-

&y%&5

]3^e!r

&5"^
5)1

S_"3|

3dSo^5* spd

2Sx)^g<^>).

2) Pallavi has particular taste towirds Kuchipudi

SSL $&0a SSftcBco^a). (SejS Sp3^& Sj*g5ScoSfo SSKbJorr&j^; evenly arranged; usual; systeregular: LSSSbasS;

dance

matic; frequent.

Ex.

:

1) Geetha

Is

a regular student of oar school
.

(f\

&*

2) Kaveri

i&

receiving regular

A

Unique book on

58

Usage of ADJECTIVES

training in Karate (5*58

singular wajftcS&ajaS; }5o>g& ISaDS&tfa; remarkable. Ex, With her singular beauty Iswarya Roy is selected as Miss World
:
:

sex angular.
Ex*
:

ao>&3e>eo tfo; ass^ea&atfo; having six angles Subhashini has seen a sexangular star (&5P&S9

similar
Ex.
a.1
:

:

oSodS;

&1

2>^2o^; like; of the same sort; Q
""

1) Rekha and Rani have

similar jobs

(o$
Sri

atfdbS

^S*g5^oJ&>

gSAcZfiaofiS).

2) The faces of

devi and Divyabharathi

are similar

popular
Ex.
:

of or for people, Sp^Sea^ci; g^ascS c$SSa^*^S; 1) Smt. Indira Gandhi was a popular leader (i^&d
:

is

aoau*n*o$ StJ^aS cSSS^SSbcS 5PoSStfa*e). 2) Chiranjeevi 4 so popular among children(&eoS )tfoS& c#8&c$&&&). issimilar : s^^&Dn 4otf&; c5&*&&>3&; not th same;
not similar.

Ex

:

These two flowers are quite dissimilar- (^6 "3o<&

SET

:

52
:

........

ternal
too frequent,

eternal
Ex.: 1)
ints of

S^SD^;
his cabinet

^Jf^^Sp^;
is

lasting forever;

The Chief Minister

members

vexed with the eternal compla&>o S 5 c5>gg> &g

(3

t

3>o*&e><* ctoqpn&oiS
leading her
life

3^7^^ S*a&).

2) Usha Rani

Is

with eternal happiness

external
Ex.
:

:

odSfl;

oSgaci;
is

situated

on the

outside,
SSaoSfc

This medicine

for external use only

(&

A

Unique book on
*>;

59

tlsage of

internal

*3$; of the

inside; in the inside.
in

Ex

:

Priya suffered internal injuries

an accident

maternal
mother.

:

SSrtfj o$03DO$3;>S; relating

to mother

or

like a

Ex.: 1) The Maternal love

is

great in the world.

(s

[3>S>o$

SxxS*

has

SP*J L&& fi^a). died. (&6 SaS^
:

2) Mary's maternal grand- father
s*

^^ tfoaotfgDS
.......

^aS*c&*&).
not

SET
:

53
:

tional

notional

wsrjssa^; ^aS*S;

var^dBaS; *"

based

on

experiment; speculative. Ex. One notional increment was

granted to Krishnakanth
<a>

on account of higher
'

qualifications (SP

rational
Ex.
:

:

^SS^Sx)

o; able to think; sensible; reasonable.
is

Rational

thinking

better for

any body

optional
choice.

:

agiLa^tfa^; oS^SSDSS; not compulsory; matter of
as

Ex.

:

Suv&rna has takerik Sanskrit

on

optional subject

additional
Ex.
:

:

oegSDS;
is

^Sb^S;

PcS^^); extra; added.

Anasuya

doing additional duty every

day

exceptional
Ex.
:

S^rtfeaa!S; ^SsrS^So^; uausual; remarkable. 1) Kapildev has exceptional ability (SSieJSS ss^TTFtfea flc&>o3&). 2) Suman is a person of excepd'oSD^g&o&
:

tional talents

(&&^
^S3J$a

^22* ^(bsreo rto
3S)SJ; &<$s

;^tf^ *>__!)

intentional

:

Jgp^gSjg; intended;
it is

done

on purpose.
Ex.
:

Fathima

killed her

husband but

not

intentional

A

Unique took on

#0

Usage of
;

ADJECTIVES

fl; Sft aa^JS* &^i proportional Ex Nagma's body is proportional
:

in proper proportion.

SET
Ex.
:

:

54
:

.......

ormal

formal

Spo LSo B cSfisaS;
rules,

ordance with

&paa;erotf:$L^cXfiSbS;in acccustoms and conventions.

Leela's marriage 1) The formal talks are over regarding &p<beo 4rJBaos5a) SPOS> 2) (l)o Ttfji Sooofto-atf manner (3s in a formal This bond is not executed

informal
Ex.
:

:

not formal; irregular.

The Prime Ministers of India and

Pakistan will

meet

for informal discussions to day

normal
Ex.
:

:

any special

SSpSDTao; gp^tfeaSD^; c^tp^^Ss'tfgDS; usual; without characteristics or circumstances.
is

Yamuna's behaviour

normal to-day

abnormal
is

:

wSP^agasS; ^p&jesS;
is

different

from what
her age.

normal; not normal.
:

Ex.

Padma's behaviour

abnormal for a child of

SET
penal
Ex.
".

:

55
:

........

nal

eJo^^C

3?^; connected with punishment
offi

Veerappan made many penal

original:
Ex.

3&&i

Q>&; SS*<SS;

Swo4SifSjS;

first

and

earliest;

fresh or not thought of before.
i

:

to her original shape after 1) Renu returned

sickness

"

Sanskrit

is

an original language

(8$o5fy.jtf

&a &*&

5

Si)

9]

A

Unique took on
;

61
in

ttsage of
only; not
in

ADJECTIVES
reality;

nominal
small.

sp&Sp^gbtf;

name

very

Ex.

:

1) while he was Chief Minister N.T.R. has taken only

nominal pay

(N.T.R.

&DSp3&o Le?7

&&&x&

3)^)<& ZP&&P[$3)

O*L&^> &S>*3&). 2) The difference between matriculation and S.S.C, is nominal Sai", S.S.C.

signal
Ex.
:

:

rt>fiooxfc*ft; (SSxSSbS;

Sridhar used to

t.

tell signal

2g.ac$;noticeable;striking. events (^tf

personal

:

d&3D3; S$gJri#3D$; individual;

private;

of a

particular person.

Ex.: 1) Pavani has gone to Paris with

some personal problems

(SPSS

*^
56
5*<fiD

S5g

lalitha used to

?S^^go^ gpdS 3?jd&^a). 2) JayaJrt keep personal guards with her
............

SET
3ral
;

:

ral ^3;
of the

S&^;

^<S5;

\&&

;Swe>o&>

mouth;

spoken; not written.
Ex.
'

:

Radha and Raman made an
1

oral agreement between
*

them

^

noral
:

&ato; &S 5)51 dSi 3^^; oiioS); ethical; concerning prinof right or wrong; good and virtuous. ciples Ex Lai Bahadur Sastri resigned as Railway Minister by taki:
"

ng moral responsibility
5)5

to an accident

immoral:
Ex.
:

fib6^8?1o; o5*50c"3:)S; tftf^&a&S)^; to morality; wicked; sinful; depraved.

vicious; contrary

Giri

Is

dismissed from his job for immoral conduct. (A6
various; different;

several:

^S; *&& S*Q &&1 3^ew; So: some but not many.

A

Unique book on

62

Usage of

ADJBCTIVBi
get

Ex.: 1) Suphala attended several interviews but could not

a job (&$e>
.

t% 30&>&* S o& SSac3j$a 3a *<5*g to marry 2) Madan tried several ways
e>;

liberal

;

ZTo-tfjfiSa

tFo*r2M$; a-*j*^5S

to;

generous;

giving freely; bountiful; noble.

Ex

:

Ramakanth
55j6ob

is

liberal in giving

donations

literal

:

&P& SSB^&S^;

following the letter or exact

word.
Ex:

Ramoji Rao always talks with

lateral

sense

natural

:

o*S^; jjSSjaaS;
Ex.
:

^f2?^

;

accor<Jin g

to

natal; normal; characteristic.

used natural methods in a delivery 1) Dr. Bharathi
are 2) Those who got natural death
so

.

fortunate

integral
Ex.

:

entire; S5rC5^^; wftS^asS; whole;

necessary

for

completeness.
:

Kashmir

is

an integral part of India

general ^SSp^gSo^; Sp^^eaS^^; common; covering a large number of cases.
:

Ex.

:

In India general elections will be

held

for

every five

years

SET
fatal
Ex.
:

:

57

........

tal

;

iSpE5o^S3Dc^; SspyStfao^; deadly; destructive; mortal. a tL~ Malasree met a fatal car accident (r>eP L
*

A Unique
:

book on
SOSaoS;

63

Usage of ADJECTIVES
savage,
cruel,

brutal LScp5^lS; inhuman.
Ex.
:

&^ L pd&^S;
-

Generally lock-up deaths will occur due to brutal beating

by policemen (r^tfe3&o7T

marital
Ex.
:

:

"&o<S tfoaotfSDtf; CU ffy

#

tf
.wdf

cSoaoaoScS; matrimonial;

pertaining to husband.
Prince Charles and Princess Diana have marital differ"

ences

accidental

:

ogfygS^; tpS^&rr
<S-

esOftiS;

-^r-

(;>.

a1&

wo^i.

happening by chance or accident; unexpected. Ex. : Radhika has an accidental meeting with her
husband.

divorced

incidental
casual.

:

Ex.

:

If

we

travel with children, there will be

more incidental

expenses

ornamental
Ex.
:

:

2oS^<^>: decorative; beautifying; adorning.

Sudhakar

likes

ornamental

articles

SET
c&;
Ex.
:

:

58
:

social

companionable; friendly; sociable.

1) Gayatri

is

social with her guests (rsc&|jS Man is a social animal 2)
.

Special

:

ilar; extraordinary;

not general; n<H

A

Unique book on
:

64

Usage of
In

ADJECTIVES

music (aj*c3JL ^ft <DAc&>o3&), 2) Madhuri is taking care regarding her children's education special
Ex.

1) Meenakshi has special taste

&&&'& lS3gS

>&>&

especial
Ex.
:

:

SD&; O
C

&D3><3o; QM.
Cl

L.

iSzySSSriS; exceptional; n ._
*

promi*

nent, particular.

lottery tickets

Prabhakar gives especial importance to (LS$pg5 SofteS" $oz>5
:

single

number

judicial
Ex. out
:

^goS5 SoaotfaS;

sa^a**a;

impartial;

dis^.

criminating.
Justice

Shaw used
p

to see every thing

through

judicial

\&8& SFgcB&Soootf look(s|5 S^Sg^ag; aab^S)^; prejudicial
:

dfySxS* tS^tSotSDO^^).

jSeSo-oaS;

hurtful;

causing prejudice; injurious. Ex. : Smoking is prejudicial for health

SET 59
:

........

ficial

Official

:

i;

done or confirmed by people
office;

in authority; pertaining to

an

proceeding*

from the

proper authority. Ex. 1) Jayalalitha has gone to Delhi on official work (ascflo oSs-tf Soaotf 3a $& Anand is
:

o&

S^J

3fycSwoa&). 2)

waiting for an official order regarding his

transfer

B(
artificial
:

g^ LS^S>;

Sfi^aS; a&Sig^*aS; made by ""
is artificial

man; not natural.
Ex.
:

Anuradha's hospitality
:

beneficial
;

having good

effects;

profitabe; advantageous;

doing

or producing good.

A

Unique book on
:

65
is

Usage of ADJECTIVES
to
health.

Ex.

Bathing twice a day

beneficial

superficial
Ss-S;

:

^^ZT
i

<5*d); shallow; not deep or profound;

on

the

surface only.

Ex.

Kumar

has superficial knowledge (SbSj5lb1b

SET 60
:

........ tial

initial

:

^;

Sa#<3; (sb5otf $: ^S^^Sj^;

commencing; at

the begining.

Ex.

:

Hemamalini

suffered a lot to get chances at the initial

stage of her acting

(1r&&*>

Sks?

&&%>

S'StifS*

wS^^sioo Tes^ P^^ Q^O^OD S&SJS). SoS5ra^; S^^^^^; ?o $$ XSrf; incomplete; partial imperfect; forming only a part; showing too much favour to
:

one person or
Ex.
:

side.

1) Tiger Balm gives only partial
examiner
is

relief

to

head-acho
students.

2) The

partial

towards

pretty

girl

impartial
fair;

:

aa^apSSaS;

or>daS35S: S^sSsaacS; equitable;

not favouring one more than another.
:

Ex.

The teachers should be impartial towards
:

their students

essential

^^yg^^;

&B3>

!5;

^^gSa^;

indispensable;

substantial; fundamental; card nal,

Ex

I) Governor's report rule in a state (a,
:

is

essential to declare

President's

85*5 ^S^ggSD^a). 2) Many people think
essential for happiness

O^SB* ^^^.Sro^ S3oS3&)o Stfj5 wealth
that

is

(Sooa3

A

Unique book on
:

66

Usage of ADJECTIVES
possible; powerful;

potential
Ex*

^otfaoSSftS; ^JrtetfgggbS;
is

not in actuality; latent.
:

Felling trees

a potential danger to environment

(3

2) Kambli

is

a potential cricket playar

(5oD

^_f
real?

Substantial
Ex.

:

SasSD^; se>33$$; t G

actually existing; large; solid
:

tf; wSfovSaS; S*tfS C3; OJft O and strong; true; veritable.

1) Congress condidates had substantial reasons for their k&DDS SDOSD^ 5tfe35Se?c^ defeat 9$fgfcex>
(s"0|JlS

&

SA

ci&nS5). 2) Rajiv Gandhi Foundation has
for their social welfare activities

substantial funds

[u

ts

^no<&

SET

:

61
:

.... ......

ctual
real;existing; v

actual
Ex.

aaSj-S; i__

sr>

^SSDS; oQa^^ao^; ^5fs3oSJ; y o__ o i_ <a*

not imaginary; true.
:

Jayaram

is

the actual

owner of

this

car

(asofccrD

^6

[actual
Ex.
:

SP ^aSSo^; s^S^SSD^; containing facts. Venkatesh maintains factual accounts of his Income
:

punctual
So$oto<

:

^er?;

^S^^o^oS
3 Q

SS;

SSiidSfiSSxi

^o3^^; done exactly
are

at the appointed time

neither early nor late; at the time fixed.

Ex.

:

1) State transport buses
is

punctual
office

in

Tamilnadu

2] Subha

very punctual in

attending

intellectual

^a Sooo^a^; ^asSo^SS; ea SD5io; ewa&yeD^te; L?POX&) tfjrfc^of the
:

S5S

or showing good tsasoiung

A

Unique Isook
:

oft

$7

Usage of

ADJECTIVE

Ex.

1) Aravinda is an intellectual student (9tfS>o soS aa). 2 JGenerally parents like intellectual children

SET

-.

62
:

.....

tual
.

mutual

s.So"S8b StfsSyjaS; a*^*tf3>S; a oJ o__ a.gBcB6oS*s6S to; reciprocal; interchanged; shared; S^deb;

v5*393)3; 9 tJo

Ex*

exchanged equally. : 1) There is mutual co-operation between Manjula and Rajini (&o2s-e, tfsSo &tf StfcS^tf ^S'^tf ^a aa^a)o 2)Ravi
:

and Raghava are mutual friends eventual SbtfSb

sSotfaoS^sSg
happening as a final result or consequence;
final; consequential; resulting.

S&; ^c^SioASSa^;
Ex.:

happening in the end; ultimate;

The Government

paid the

eventual

loss to

the
SStftfo

flood

affected people

(3*$&S_3 |j5s&5'S
10

iZ&gj&x

habitual
Ex.

:

ss'iSbS^cSj^eoS

J$;&SDJ 3cS;customary;common;
y habit-

accustomed; usual; acting

1) Gangaram S*ori). 2) Kesav took
:

is

a habitual thief

wosrS (tforpo^o bed. (ih his habitual walk before

a

Spiritual
rial;

:

^^; SCPS^^SO; of
pertaining
to

one's spirit or soul; incorporeal;
the soul; not

immate

worldly or temporal;

Ex.: 1) Swetha used to do spiritual oxercrses("l^^cSosK>oCJ SbSS 2) Saibaba is a spiritual

5*gS&>o SC&D^)O(&&).

teacher (gpoco^ST* WFgS^S ^Sb^i). stood the spiritual form of God

3) Vivefcananda under-

SET
Usual

:

63
:

..... .......

sual
r>&tf3
Si;

Sp^^eaSi^; Q

5S*^)"S c$;

OM

33*32333; Q

customary;

habitual; ordinary;

A

Unique book on
:

68

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

Ex.
>&.

1) As usual Pavani visited Mahalakshmi temple

[>*
2]
usual

S300&&B&

pSS3

g$ &F&XPZQ \&&8&> dJOjo3&],
latter

Abhinay came
time

to his office one hour

than his

casual

:

3 5r&3D; 9fio8aS;

&S^gob5S; accidental; unforeseen; fortuitous; contingent. Ex. 1) Devika took casual leave for 3 days
:

cSfrtiyQ^S lto$& casual glance at the book and

6*23*er>&3

6&

D

S&).
it

2)

Rajesh

had a
&j

found

superb

[cr^S.

Sensual
?S&^
Ex.
cS;

:

go^cja SoooCSaS; 30^000 ^^S^SLODD^^^;
pertaining to the senses; carnal;
fleshly;

libidinous;

voluptuous.
:

1} Champaka

is

not so interested in sensual

pleasures

2) As Raj kumar
the purpose

is

sensual,

he spent

his entire

_ property for

(CP

&^p"
............

SET: 64
squal
:

ual

SSpSSaS; &g3Dc$;
__,
Cl
rt
.,

^3
"

sJ
-

^o; c3go&as$; rfOgy^; SSSSD^S: same in magnitude; adequate; the same in size, amount, number etc.; suitable; competent;
impartial, just; uniform.

Ex.

:

1) Bindu and Anusha got equal marks

in English

r> spSia> eog&^S* and Raghuram are equal

^p&^o^
partners in

^ToftO). the business

(&Q fib, Rajendra 2)

annual
yearly;

:

^2

Ex.

:

coming or happening every yenr. 1) Annual examinations will be held yearly once

<i^eS

8S&&W ^oa
income
is

8-SgpQ
Rs.

35fibas:&^).

2)

My

father's

annual

36,000/-

10]

A

Unique book on

69

Usage of ADJECTIVES

3S5"tffc&D &-II

36,000/-).
is

residual
Ex.

&>flc$; <B>oS?&3p; remaining after a part of a residue. remaining
:

taken;

:

Prasad paid the residual balance and got
Si

his

account

settled

individual

:

one only; single; one; distinctive; characS^So&SbS; pert, to cteristic of a single person; specially for one person or thing.
Ex.
:

1) N.T.R.'s style

of administration

is

very individual

(N.T.R.
individual

0&*oc3> asFSSoia

-&&

S^IcSfiaSS),
his

2) Nagaraju's

expenditure

ia

more than

family's expenditure

SET:
illicit
:

65
9

........
c

icit

LSSS)aS;

;

prohibited; unlawful; forbidden,
illicit

Ex*

:

1) Sekhar has an

connection with

p

their

servant

maid (1$>5
2) An
illicit

&

3S

SbSSiS*

W LSS) ^s>otf&o

ftdSo^&).
court of law

marriage cannot stand before the

explicit: sS^SiajS; SSgja^;

*ba^: ^Sorr^^fljS;

not

merely implied; plain; open; stated fully and clearly; definite.
Ex.
:

8$ goto^gfl* cS^aaS 23*^> aB^&).

1) Sailaja gave exploit answers in her interview (2_<aa3 2) Satya Salbaba's

discourses are mingled witi explicit examples

(5

implicit
:

&peo$3og>; SB^pgasS; aab^Sa; C^aS; unquestioning; implied though cot plainly expressed; complete; Ex. Anjana follows ler husband with Implicit belief 1)
:

A

Unique

feoofc

on

70

Usage of

ADJECTIVES
with
implicit

krishna ta-kes the suggetions
dedication

of the director

(3 3|5
.....

SET:

66
dJ^fx

tical
tfoaoOoStf;
pertaining

optical:
through.

aadSajS; d^fx

S>5&

to sight or vision; visual;

of the sense of

sight; for looking

Ex.

:

A

mirage
:

is

an optical illusion
sSp

critical

tf>3<S*& a3tfga>?J;
<o$S>; SooSkSotf; a

A

gtf&&o&

^0(So&^<S; 3

e^&oSA;

exact:

captious; censorious; fastidious; dangerous;
lysing; fault-finding; very serious.

judging and ana-

Ex.

:

L)

Our
n*e

grand- father's
6*rt$

health

condition

is

critical.

(&>&>

S35|a

SoSk&orr'

^S^a).

2) Nethra

looks on every thing with a critical eye. (

identical
These
Ex.
:

:

w'S;

wSsSjSag; wCSS^JS;
identical,

a,"!

6an&e$^; exactly

alike; the same in every detail;

very same;

two are very
1)

(& Bo&

prints of no

wa^ofc two persons are

s.gan*

-A^).

2) The finger
oi

identical ((o5e>

oS|dJo^S

practical
jJi^jSSaS;

:

p^)^oSoSwMo; es^Sesp^gSa^; concerned with practice; derived from practice; experienced.

man (s*cr>I;i> <a>&#oSS$ faced so many practical difficulties tfo2P<&). 2) Karunya in bringing up her children (^Cbesg <&&
Ex.
:

1) Janakiram

is

a practical

hypocritical

:

^aaSi^;

Sefi'fi,

SStoSfctf;

SSpc&S:)^;

of

hypocrisy; insincere; false,

A

Unique book on
:

71

Usage of ADJECTIVES
grief towards

Ex.

Kalyani exibited hypocritical band's death ({$ $ tf \
-P
........

her

hus-

S T:67
ra ical
:

dical
from the root or base;

**^

as

tfoaoaoa&^e33

o5ea3a S^oSbd^;

of or cS^STSJoSooS* 35S>;

thorough; complete; reaching to the foundation; the source of the principles; fundamental; thorough going. Ex.
:

Seshaa made radical changes

in the

election

process

medical
Ex.
:

:

S^tfg

Soao#SD;

2?&#

sSoaotfSbcS;

pertaining

to the science of medicine; the art of medicine;

medicinal.

Medical Test confirmed Nalini as a patient

of cancer.

methodical
Ex
:

:

^^a^S;

a.g

S a $$&5o3<;
cting
in

systematic;

regular; carried out with order;

an orderly way.
for
the
thief

The police began the methodical search

periodical:
happening or returning regularly
regular intervals; periodic.
at certain periods;

done

at

Ex.
to.

1) All the nationalised banks will send periodical reports the Reserve Bank regarding foreign exchange transactions
:

2)

Some

schools give

much prominence
&>

in

tests to their students

S)i7&o&
........

conducting periodical ad&^S 5e>

SET:

68
:

sical

classical

gpo^rydtfiga^; &Sa;S;

^&

c3o^c$o); having the traditional; jjvcfig^cS; esa^TSloSo established from; considered to bfc of the highest class; pure;
refined; of the first class or rank; chaste;

A

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72

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.:

Ramu

prefers classical music to popular music

(^3

ofi

physical

:

perceived by the senses; bodily; of the body; of can be seen or felt; of the laws of nature.

things that

Ex.

for wrestlers(&ec&>& 1) Physical strength is necessary &8boSb 3*&tf ptfS&>). 2) Playing foot ball is
:

^&&D

one form of physical

exercise.

(^5"T5"

$*&& &S

Whimsical:

Po^

*

a

#&S
fanciful.

S;

^c$^too& ^^L&dfioio

oSpJSb^i'S; breakish; capri-

cious; odd; fantastic; quaint; full of

whims; fancy notions;

Ex.

:

likes whimsical 1) Brahmanandam

characters
is

(-ipS^
suffering

Sodfo'^So &jf &*L*e?& Q&Sabc6). 2) Suiekha
with her whimsical husband (cSx5$p

non-sensical

:

wg^3^; P^O<^^^; ^)^^S;
making
taught to

unmeaning;
sense.

absurd; foolish; senseless; irrational; not

Ex.

:

1) Non-sensical songs will be

children

in

nursery schools

(^^& S^^ee^a o^&
is

pg&oe5cD
his

p<bs

3tf^g>ab&).

2) Nandagopal

vexed with

wife's

non-

sensical behaviour (&o#fi*<xpe5" Sc

^^ J 3o3&). SET : 69
typical
:

........

cal
or

&pj5& &e3d&

Sn>35S)

o&<sSd& zs^Sa 3Sl)ieb; representative; emblematic; having

showing the usual characteristics.

Ex

:

Swapna wears

typical

dresses(^S^ [pS*]

A

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:

73

Usage of ADJECTIVES

logical

^S^

r^

tfoaotfab^;^gcto&>tfefc^;hi accordance
Sudhakar
succeeded in
all

with the rules of logic; reasonable.

Ex.

:

By

logical thinking

fields

magical
g>; p
Ex.
:

:

r

o<Juced by th

art of

magic; fascinating;

worked

by

sorcery,

P.C. Sircar

is

famous

in magical art

P,C. SJCP&.S

& LSS>&<3b).
&e$S>;

(SJD^S^O

Siftf*

chronical
Ex.
:

:

6 sapS;

lasting a long time; chronic.

illness will

Veena committed suicide by thinking that her chronical $ & #5*0 not be cured

numerical
Ex.
:

cSo^pg t3oDO#Qk; belonging number; using or consisting of numbers*
:

to or

denoting

T.D.P.has numerical strength in the

T.D.P. Sosp

reciprocal

:

w
and received
In return; mutual;

3a;
Ex:

given

done by each to
India
>).

the other.

There

is

reciprocal understanding
3btf$

between

and

Russia
:

(gp4 jfr-tfapjo
:

S^

wSjrJS^jS

SET 70
awful
Ex.
:

...... -.fid
fe
<-

335^333; #dSogtf SD^; l^pSSo^; 0-. Q_ Q^
is

33^;
Q

terrible;

fearful, frightful; dreadful; horrible.

1) Haripriya

suffering
6

IJb^j

&^a^6 ^o

sS*^

from an awful head-ache^O 2) There will be SPtfoSSatfacS^a).
mornings

awful rush in the market in the

woeful [woful]

:

<

oS&

BSliiSb; sorrowful; afflicted; miserable; unhappy;doleful;

dismal.

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:

74

Usage of ADJECTIVES
fire victi

Ex

Woeful looks are seen on the faces of

manful
Ex:

:

1J

Sgarte;

6&S

&: brave;

determined.

The

soldiers

mast be manful (l&S&eo

a-*-

|3 tfg&atfe?

joyful
Ex,
:

:

$QS*xX&;

ttSSotftfO&a^; glad; exulting;
Award*,

happy;

gleeful; joyous;

delighted;
'Best Actress

As she got

Archana

is

joyful

('as <sfrj95 *sp5' Sroflo&s* tpj^ss sJotf#aib cpjssa). Wilful J5ajtf$ Skstfo; *tf&otf<s>; S^o&^SJ; ^o 0&Tbfc
:

obstinate; stubborn; inflexible;self willed;hcadstrong;perverse.

Ex.

:

1) Ranganayaki

Is

a wilful

woman

8

v^V 2) Saddam Hussaln damaged
deeds

(tfotes his country

c&S tfo OBb
with his

heed-ful

:

g-^^^o; e^glaSA;
is

w^^so ^^<&;
she

attentive;

vigilant; cautious.

Ex

:

Jyothi

heedful that

is

why

earned a

lot

leedful
Ex.

:

vftg^Stfi ^SS^ggasJ; HoSo&^; necessary;requisite;

required.

1) Komala eats as much as needful(*oi>(2> UcSrftfobSoef &fii eftofi>&). 2) Chakradhar does the needful for his ^ L&o ^eo^b *>&g3DS t3ffla 3d&)&). friends (^#5 cheerful &g*3orr' ^S^; ^o^^oSaDrT' *S^; gay; joyful;
:

^

:

jolly; lively; vivacious.

Ex.
.

:

Manoj and Neeraja
:

are very
5*33*^

cheerful on their wedding
9

day fS&S*!", fctf^eo 5J8

Careful
Ex.

s^&g^

^o;

t3^ ^^cSoS^n ^X^r^&S^; >5S^5SDS;
"Stfj

&>oaQ.)
cautious;

beeful; watchful; circumspect; vigilant; attentive; solicitous.
:

1) Be careful while

bringing

eggs or

glass materials

*

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Unique book on
be careful

75
while

Usage of
traveling

ADJECTIVE^
alone

2) Ladies must
\X>afr>&&x><

graceful
fitness;

:

Ex.

:

marked by propriety and and easy; gracious. becoming; elegant Kumari Yaminl is a graceful dancer (boSj6
S:
beautiful; elegant;
_
:

grateful
S<&,
Ex.

o<*&a&tfo;go2itf; pleasing; being thankful; agreeable;
:

delightful.

1) Indians are grateful to Bapujl (gJ"^pJ 5P5d&s S^Peopp &55^&). 2) Nelson Mandela is grateful to all
in getting independence (SP^^f

who have helped him

hopeful

:

&
full
)

of hope; expectant; promising; giving a reason for hope; likely to be successful. Ex. : 1) Shabnam is hopeful of getting a job (e^S>
-&<5*g

S"to; 0*te53&;oS> acp#A;

&o U'tfetfc^

&V&

SCftcBto^S). 2)

Indians

future

looks

quite hopeful (go<SdS

painful

:

^Tafib; causing pain; full

of or attended with pain; afflictive;
hej

distressing.

Ex.

1) Nirmala husband
:
:

spent

so

many

painful nights with

playful "

sportive; fralicsome; gambling; merry;

humorous; jocose;

full

of desire to play; not serious;
Ex.
:

full of fun.

Sandeep

is

very

happy with his playful wife

A

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:

76
6 StfSaS; c _ D

Usage of ADJECTIVES
eotf t5"?3<>;

shameful
3oS; /^S

>3

eoft5* &te n
life

S:^; scandalovs; bringing shame or
is

disgrace.

Ex.

:

1) Mohini

leading a shameful

(SpSpc
wife's
5)0

Eao&>&

his rtdaS)fo&y3). 2) Maheswar vexed wilh ^^ [3oS 6ci^ shameful behaviour (o&"!r>3\S 17*^^

5

truthful
Ex.

:

Xg^ScfoXi Sas^ ^S^a; tf$tfo<&3
is

&varacious;

in the habit of telling truth,
:

Madhavi's husband
:

truthful(Srtfa
{

4

wakeful

a^&sSn^&cS^; a LdJ^3|)^;

&> &v*S>;
alert;

remaining awake; watchful; vigilant;
able to sleep.

not sleeping;

not

Ex.

1) Usha Rani spent wakeful nights with her drunkard B husband SjdJS&a CTL&O& \<s*foS 2) Vasantha is wakeful through out the night a"&&).
:

($
:

&

$*

T^U^

watchful
Ex.

Saiogd&S^;
:

careful; vigilent; alert

and cautious;

attentive.

1) Detective Chanakya has watchful eyes

(<S|

srea

gg& ^Sl^g g&e

SJJ). 2)

If

you

are

watchful,Syour be-

longings will not be robbed,

wishful

:

desirous; longing; yearning; wishful;

stowing

desire;

Ex.

;

Viswanath's wishful thoughts arc materialised

fruitful

:

producing fruit; productiv ?; fertile; &)^aa barren; successful; producing good results.
Ex.
:

3<;

prolific; not

Jubeda's love affair was fruitful

llj A Unique book on
pitiful
efeSS^;
:

77
"e>fte;

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

SaStf5Srfo; tfdfctfe;

o$g&a ^)goS&;
Somalian people

full of pity;

SaSOoJ35ft5S; <&|&<5* kind; compassionate;

pitiable.

Ex,

:

are leading

pitiful lives

^Sseo tfdS&dfi

&&&&&

rt&S&^fcsy^Bb),

merciful
mercy.

S&estfe; S^Srto; kind; humane; gracious; benignant; clement; tender;
:

tfcfttfe; tf dSN&S^;

having

Ex.

:

Kiran Bedi

is

merciful

towards

prisoners

(|_<&s *"

Sk

plentiful

5)^5SD^; sJsSbjgaS; copious; ample; full; abundant; existing in large Ex : There are plentiful natural resources in

:

amounts

rightful
Ex.
:

:

c^^dffiSajS;

|g&asS; gp^&giSDa

^^

SS*&2rto; just;

lawful; proper; equitable; fair,

Harish

is

the rightful

owner of

this

garden

beautiful
some;

:

wodJSaS; ?o^?S3oS; a o_
delightful.

3$^; w

&$Q&&tS3zl$i Q

hand-

elegant; fair; graceful; good-looking; pretty; charming;

lovely; attractive;

Ex.: 1) Sridevi

is

a beautiful actress(t|;<5a&

2) Those
eventful
Ex.
:
:

roses are beautiful (sa
8

S*g ^S

vt ^tfg^x^ ao5^g;
eventful year

^

full of or rich in events or

occurrances.

1994 was an
:

(1991
sound;
health;

healthful
giving,

5*rfggtfS3SS;

wholesome; salubrious;

sauitive;

^5*rtgo^; well; good for

healthy;

health-

Ex.

:

Vegetables and fruits are necessary for

healthful meal

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:

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Usage of ADJECTIVES

thoughtful
_

<9
;

s

refleJfjjffte; contemplative; meditative;

ctive; attentive;

discreet.

Ex,

:

1) Ravindra
ssfi^-sSs 9

2f 27*

always a thoughtful person (fifeo^ o^g &&). 2) Acabica shares her tastes with her
is

thoughtful husband

wonderful
Ex

:

*ese^aa>5$:

^y^SjS^sa^;

surprising;

amazing;

marvellous; strange;
:

wonderous.

1) Gayathri secured wonderful

books for

her library

(& S_(5& reoSb rvcSS^a efib^ L o^^^^ t>gQ;>3&). 2) Gokul visited wonderful places with his wife 5Ttfg^ wd&%^

disgraceful
Ex.

:

w
occured in
that guest

shameful; dishonorable; bringing or causing disgrace.
:

Some

disgraceful events

house

farciful
Ex,
:

:

o55

S^a^So^;
all

^

^|o3(&;

playful.

Pakeeja impressed

with her farciful acting(p

mindful: &Ktip$$fo;
in

SeftcSoa^; o^gSS^to; bearing miad; heedful; regardful; observant;attentive; giving thou-

s^^^

ght and attention to.

Ex.

:

i) Hiniaja

is

mindful
f\o&).

in every thing

c^saio^^
his

*&*#

(oP&s

^253 aiSi

2) Hemanth

is

not mindful

of

marriage (1jo&Q<i" SoPS*
:

SET

71
:

........

^|oS ^So^^). cious
propitious;

auspicious
prosperous.

55^^;
ladies

^^>^s?33^;
think
as frlday

favourablej

Ex.

:

Several

is

an

auspicious day

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;

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Usage of ADJECTIVES

inauspicious
unfortunate;

<50&#|b; Sa^&SSbS;
not

&?%]&$;
are

unlucky;

iil-omened;

auspicious;

unfavourable.
Inauspicious.

Ex.

:

Some

people think

friday credits

capacious
S^rv

:

|rt&*o&($|5 [ax>a];

capable;

containing
to

much;

J&rge;

roomy; spacious; comprehensive; able
Ex.
:

hold much.
capacious

Valluvarkottam in Madras'

Is

very

delicious:
;

exquisitely pleasing; delightful; tasteful; dainty; charming;

highly pleasing to the taste.

Ex.

:

to her 1) Padmlni used to serve delicious meal

guests

2) Pure ghee

gives a delicious smell

(sJ^^SjSS Soag

ferocious
Ex.: Lion

:

^tfSjg;

4-^^;

^oQSogeJS:)^;

1)^6^^;

fierce;

grim; cruel; savage.
is

one of the ferocious animals (&oS*&D

gracous
Ex.
:

:

SD^; merciful; benigo; kind; beautiful; kind or polite.

Kanchana has gracious looks (^OxS^^Sp^&^eo
:

suspicious

j)S6^pSo
suspectable;

cSo'3ss5^fiaboJ; c$^^S>; doubtful; questionable; having or showing suspicion.

Ex.

:

1) Gowri

is

a very suspicious

woman

SS^a^

SaSpf ).

2)

Raj

is

suspicious

(fl6 about

&>

{So'SS6
wife*a

his

character (0*1"

A

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:

80
18

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Officious
DS;

&

ofcoOoxa Sc&oS |jS^?oS&;

$

(jSSoft

meddlesome; meddling; impertinent; minding other peoples business; volunteering one's services where they are
neither asked nor needed.

Ex,

:

Hemanth

disliked the officious

manner of

his assistant.

judicious

3>a?fo; a^g&orte; prudent; sagacious; discreet; discerning; well-advised; wise; sensible; showing good sense. Ex.: Justice Varma's remarks were judicious and right to the
:

olot.

(83&Stf^SF^geQ&o!g&&tf<>

rious urious ao^obtf; P&&*S5aS; a1&SjS g^SD^: BScb*!Sa^^o; 2g|&3^; singular;
:

nT

72
:

........

strange;

rare;

unusual; desirous to learn; eager to know; inquisitive.

Ex.

:

Rekha was curious

to

know cooking

("6$)

serous

:

5 grave; solemn; sober; deS*c3g&3 5S; ws^dSg^^r? mure; not light; gay or volatile thoughtful; earnest; real; not

*^;

Jesting or trifling; important; weighty; dangerous.

Ex.

:

Bharani

is

in serious condition
is

2) Ranga

serious

in contesting

elections

furious
Ex.

:

*&>
On

Sfi^SJ;

^L

^X)

tfe;

ScSo&cS^;
:

angry; raging; violent; impetuous; vehement; fierce.
seeing her husband,

1)

Sowdamini

is

very

furious

(S
is

$j>&&*tSrp1& tP^^S^-^^SoSx)

CTfih>Sa\

2) Usha

furious at her sister's love affair

(&
illustrious;

glorious: aS3o?$;

^a^rgao; $D^SD^; &5p^ ^o;

noble; excellent; praise- worthy; splendid; rekn-wned; deserving
great
praise.

A

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81
sunshine
glorious?

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

1)

Isn't the

K.R Vijaya
notorious
!&>; unfavorably

has a glorious face

(K.R.SsoS

a

known

to the public;

widely known.

Veerappan laborious : fi& gtfSbS; go$,S3&; <p*
:

Ex.

is

a notorious criminal

g&o
:

getf^!b&;

industrious; diligent;

assiduous;

toilsome;

requiring great effort;

Ex.

Shifting the residence

is

a laborious

process

injurious

:

SSgaoS: 3sg)f "B&; S& SDfto3&;

harmful;

hurtful; damaging; pernicious; detrimental; baneful; delerious;

causing injury.

Ex.

:

Smoking

is

injurious to health

luxurious

:

Si^; ci>&SSpB33cS; u,

db>^^; a

*^52b; given w
c

to or

indulging

in luxury; supplied with luxuries; ministering to luxury; dainty;
delicate; very comfortable.

Ex.

:

1) Radha

is

leading a luxurious
5

life
is

(o*# ^e^w^SS^S
luxurious toward

^o)^5S^^ rttfiSsaS^a). 2) Ranjith ladies (^o^^" ^,0 ^ftrr &o^S>). S36j

mysterious
difficult

:

p$3a^; w^dba^'.aS-cSgaSsSs^a^;
unintelligible; full of

secret;

occult; dark; incomprehensible;

mystery;

to understand.
is

Ex,

:

Mandakini's conduct

very mysterious.

(&oo5a
noxious;

deleterious
harmful.

:

SSaStfa^; ^so^j

3lb&;
(

hurtful;

Ex

:

That seams to be deleterious food

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:

82

Usage of ADJECTIVES

meritorious

am^fo;

tfo; possessing inerit;deservlng

j&^fccsfiaS; Lsr^aS; $eaj&> reward or praisejpraiseworthy;
success

having spiritual merit;
Ex.
:

N.T.R.

got a meritorious

(N.T.R.

3

multifarious :aa#a>S; a&o-s2bS;
Sx>3>Sb;
diversified.

53*3*

many and various; having great variety;
multifarious
dresses in that

manifold;

Ex-

:

There are

showroom (

SET 73
:

...........

tious
wary;

cautious
Ex.

:

2&&3
is

JS;

^o<Sb

as

1

"^^^;

prudent;

having or showing camion; careful.
:

Seema

more cautious when driving a car
fib-Sif8a;

(s&

cS&^fa

incautious

:

o^ L ^ai^;

uawary; imprudent;

acting or done without thinking; not

cautious.
his

Ex.

:

Suresh was dismissed from

service for

incautious

actions

imbitious

:

^y^o;

*^*

dS

*3&:

vs-jlT^;

excessi-

vely or greatly desirous of power, honour etc.; Ex. Fathima is very ambitious that she win In
:

the contest

(e fr^S* S00&fi$a ^PS^CP ^05* ^^iT *tfja).
nutritious
:

ysigaS;
^
.

^jSx^SSD^; i 20
"

,

&iS(Sa^;
Va

eD<s3ga>^; "
-Mr

nutrlmental; nourishing; having high value as food. Ex, Manjula is feeding nutritious food to her children.
:

propitious

:

iSS^SaSS: tP&Spo&JS;

p^ L S'^

e>;

g^Ste;

kind; gracious; merciful; auspicious; convenient:
well- disposed*

favourable;

A

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:

88
is

Usage of ADJECTIVES!

Ex.

The weather

propitious for the journey

SOlicitious

:

wS^eotfo;

SO^L^ O& ?L^ wta&^o:

*drt>;anxious;concerned; uneasy;

full of anxiety or concern; eager; desirous. Ex. : 1) -Why should you be solicltious about her?(e*3*rf&a to fci$ SadHJ?). 2) They are not solicitious <S3^

o&&

him (a>&SS S5o^& ^&S$3S3 fi)o& sr>Q Sfib). superstitious^ ^#tf_S/te>; ^<a^Stf<2r,blindly; credulous; showing or resulting from superstition.
please

Ex.

Chandrika has always been very her husband (
:

superstitious towards

contentious

:

pugnatlous; litigious; quarrelquarrelsome; disputatious; some; characterised by heated argument or statement. Ex. : 1) This will be contentious issue if brought before the
people (LSase

&ao&&>

s

^&ciS)^

^^&S*^

a5PCT!S^SSa

S'tfoSb). 2) Raju's contentious spirit

made him an unwelcome

guest whenever he appeared

(CPSS*

Circuitous

:

ri>S; eJ&Dr^S; ScSS^a;

round

about;

not

direct; Indirect.

Ex.

:

Jayadev took a circuitous route to

New

Delhi

expeditious
:

:

&g$K', &&K&;
in

3&)rp S*S&;

speedy; quick;

acting quickly; prompt and That work was done Ex.

efficient.

an expeditious manner (

SS

disputatious JJooofiaS; 3<3b; 3*#
:

inclined

tc

dispute;

controversial;

dlsputative.

A

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:

84

Usage of ADJECTIVES
that even his
.

Ex,

Sathish

is

so disputatious

brothers

are

disinclined to converse with

him

fictitious

:

gfih^Sbtf;

&>#|o3^;

^ S&ofcS;
book are
It

fabulous; false;

not real; imaginary; pretended; not based on fact.
Ex.
:

1) All the characters
8
?)

in this

fictitious

(&

S^jSg^xiff L 0S^ a fictitious story (*p<3

gp

sQ
&,

SET
3:SS;

:

74
:

g)^$&). 2) g^"" ......... -rous

turned out to be

decorous
Ex.

s&cpgtftfe; agJdficS
befitting; seemly; acceptable.

^

becoming proper;
:

1) Bhaau

is

behaving in a decorous manner with her

mother-in-law
fiSa^a). 2)

($& \
is

&

^ ^?v5
D

Hari

not decorous

desirous

:

*6&o; ^taS.Xo;
to see

&^;
'Ex.
:

wishing; selicitous; feeling disire.

They were desirous
^65)

an uncensored film

geuerous

;

o

noble-minded; magnanimous; ^munificent; handed; free to give.
Ex.
3*c5_
:

bountiful;

open-

1) Try to be generous and forgive him (S^tfg&o tfo 0&g)S aa^o^^So LSd^a^otSD^b). 2) N.T.R. is gene&)oe:3goS

rous in giving rice at K.G. J^S^ S&PIIO& Rs.2/-per N.T.R. -^ea tfSA d&)0^&). a&^&)C*

humorous
Ex.
:

:

S^&
t

$<So3<;

^?3S3; S^^SD^;

witty;

facetious; pleasant; jocose;

1) There are somaay humorous scenes In thefilm'Yama
i

Lee' Leela' ('

<s
is

6

*

2)Mullapudi

a

humorous

%]

A

Unique book on
:

85
s>Sro;

Usage of ADJECTIVE^
of great number;

numerous
Ex.
:

eplSgSfcS;

S^^^S;

many

Menaka made numerous

mistakes(>c$Sf

slanderous

:

_

columnious; defomatory; uttering slander.
Ex.: Sridhar has slanderous past

($5

waij

dexterous
Ex.
:

:

tfo; 3*jS ep&S&otfo; tf&s^tfSba

ea&tfo; Skilful in using the hands; adroit;expert; cleverjready.

Bhasker

is

a dexterous pick-pocketer (

cumbrous
Ex.
:

:

Q_

clogging; Impeding; burden-some.

Prabhu has taken up cumbrous projects

prosperous
.

:

S^^; ascOSSD^; SS$2?3i5; thriving; flourishing; fortunatc;auspia a a
-

clous; successful.

Ex.

:

Ambani

is

a very prosperous business-man(sposp!b

rigorous

:

SS^SD^;

g<tfSk;

^^^5
efforts to

SD^ajS;

severe;

stern; harsh; stiff; strict; inflexible: unyielding;rigid;accurate;

exact; strong: energetic.

Ex

:

Mekhala made rigorous

become a film

actress

SET

:

75
:

...... nious

(neous)

harmonious

;

concordant;

agreeable to the ear; sweut; sweet-sounding; tuneful.

symphonious; pleasing agreeing; peaceful; unanimous;

A

IJaltfW fed&i oa
:

88
a

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex.

1) There

is

harmonious

melody

in Chitra's voice

(3

c%5&3<5* i**3$ 5Srfibtfj5ScS^S). Vored a harmonious speech
L

2)

Jayalalitha

deli-

extraneous

:

ao&3; $3;>c$; OS^SjS; &ospgS$s>nS;

foreign;

not essential or intrinsic; not related; coming | [from outside. Ex. : There was no extraneous matter in this lctter(-fi

ingenious
Ex.
:

:

^S&s

^^^;

cSp^eaaKo;
and

possessed of genius;
skillful.

adroit; shrewd;

keen; witty; clever

Rajendra was ingenious at making the children (D*^OL& 8>ge> ^esSb \S*jS

up new games for

erroneous
Ex.

:

S'tfar'^jS;

^^SS; L^SrSSS^jS;

incorrect; mist-

aken; false; untrue; wrong; faulty.
:

There
a,S

is

an erroneous statement in that report. (&

SSa

SS

4

grtfSTS
:

S

iSStocS

6^5).
in time.

simultaneous
ting at the

or exiscS&TS'DSBjcS^Ss'esao^cS; occurring

same time; coincident

Ex*

:

Ramadevi and Sridevi got

simultaneous

appointment

orders

instantaneous
pening, done

:

^^"^.esSD^; 3od3"^238^&;

immediate; hap-

in

an

instant.
is

Ex.

:

&o

1) The effect of poison ^ff^Sa gaS)Ot&i&).
(-&B

instantaneous

(&&

jjSsr

2) This

medicine gave

him

instantaneous relief

miscellaneous
:

:

c^^^^S^^; a<a#3D& QoJj; mixed; a CO o_
of

mingled; ^

several kinds, promiscuous; heterogeneous; composed Basha made a miscellaneous collection of pictures. Ex.

A

Unique book on
:

87
........

Usage of ADJECTIVES

SET

76
:

dious
aotf3;>tf;

Odious

^Sga;

SoS^C

3ok:

vfic&StiS;

cSjoi&a<&flQ3#;>; hateful; detestable; abominable; unpopular;
offensive; disagreeable.

Ex.

:

1) Ambica has some odious habits (SPO)

*a^

w3
is

gtfokcS

*>osr>&&

S>flcS:D:>3&).

2) Mohan's situation

becoming odius

tedious

:

a&/fc
irksome.

causing tedium; wearisome; fatiguing; monotonous;
Ex.: Madhuri vexed with her tedious domestic works

(p#bG
musical;

*$eS&>

SSAoa
:

KISS'S}* jSbaeS*

atf

J 3oZ&&).
3So^;

melodious
Ex.
;

^r5Sa^; L^s^^odJ^tfSaoS;

sweet; tuneful; pleasing to the ear.

S P. Balasubrahmanyam thrilled Indian people with his

melodious voice (S.P. Be>

compendious

:

sSo

L

oSa

;

$Q&.&&$I gpS&*^aS;

brief;

abridged; concise;

condensed;

summarised; giving much in-

formation briefly.
Ex.
:

Rajaji wrote a compendious

Ramayanam

SET
Ex.

:

77
:

............

nous

luminous
:

LSSs9o3<&; ^^^cQbSD^; -5oao;shlnlng;emmiting
out light; bright; easily understood. tube light is more luminous than a bulb (&&>i%

light; brilliant; giving

1)

A

The hands in that ^Sb^oS &Q& S&v^&i). 2) <^<" luminous because they are coated with radium paint clock are

o^SoS

monotonous

:

Cw

V_

Q__

unvarying; unvarled;of dull uniformity;wearisome;unchanging; lacking in variety; dulL

A

Unique book on
:

88
is

Usage of ADJECTIVES
life

Ex.

1) Surabhi

leading a monotonous

^jSoS

&&*&>

rfabSfctfatfja).

2) Malgudi

Sabha

has a

monotonous voice
not foreign.
Australia

indigenous
Ex.

1) 250&2&OD

:

"StdteobcS; sSjcS*'^; native; Kangaroos are indigenous to
:

"|3

fidSp

3tc&a>&3).

2) The rose

plant

is

not

indigenous

(6** S^g^r ^dfrgkSa 5>&)- 3)

Fighter planes

are manufactured by India with indigenous technology (e$<St

SET

:

78
:

............

mous

famous
fame.

tsfibrroSS; celebrated; renowned; noted; well-known; having

Ex.

s

1) Kamal Hasan

Is

famous for

his acting
is

(&

cSdoSS^

S&eJ^^^ &|j3&&&).
Hyderabed

2) Salarjung Musium

so famous In

enormous

:

^SQ^^ajS; LoS^oaaaS; ipS^SiaS;
outrageous;

huge; vast;

immense; prodigious; wicked;
cious; great; very large.

monstrous; atro-

Ex.

:

heirs

Nizam gave enormous wealth (aso SSapoo^S srtf&o&wSBofcSSbS tfo5#&
1) The
of
in

Nawab

to his

2) Rastrapathi Bhavan

Delhi has enormous

gardens

unanmous
wft^SpcttoSa

:

SD

^e; being

of one mind;

agreeing in

opinion;

consentient; harmonious; having or showing

complete agree-

ment*
Ex.
:

1) Gopi^waa elected by a unanimous vote. (Si[Ao$3:>c$
3;>).

2) Indians

are

unanimous

A

Unique boote on

89

Usage of ADJECTIVES
policy
(\

with the Government's Kashmir

SET

:

79
:

........

lous
fictitious;

fabulous

gjijBJSaaS;

gfi^faS:

g#e><5

S&^SrttfoSdfcwaoSsaS:

^S^a;

tfotfawStf^cr'a;

feigned; related in fable; exceedingly; greatjnot real invented;

passing belief; Incredible; marvellous.

Ex

:

anchathanthra stories are fabulous
cS5))
6

2)

We

(S5o^&0| must admire any fabulous idea (>

jealous

:

distrustful; suspicious;

apprehensive of rivalry; feeling or showing envy;having feelings of dislike for any possible rivals.
:

Ex.

1) Sowmya

is

jealous of her sister

(^F&g

&

&*# 6S

&p&
eye on

PSS3cB5Sd6&o&). 2) Raghav always keeps
his colleague.

his jealous

populous
Ex.
:

scSsSxS* aoadSoSJ^; as^igSDcS; of Inhabitants; thickly populated.
:

o&0|Sa?<eD;

full

China

is

the most populous country in the world ( v

sedulous

:

3 s 1^^^ r^33eSb; 5>&5g Q
L.

S&S^ft'.dlligent;

assl-

duous; persevering; done with perseverance. Anand is very sedulous to please his wife Ex.
:

miraculous
Ex.

:

^^^asS; WoSp&aSa^;

*^8gSSa!S; super-

natural; wonderful; like
:

a miracle; surprising.

Mohini wants to do miraculous things

meticulous
too careful-

:

v&&fijfrp Qi'&i cSp^siorr o35So3; almost

A

Unique boob on
:

90

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex,

Mohanlal

Is

a meticulous person

j$w S$o3 ridiculous

aSg J).
:

sos^sr^atf;

excite redicule; absurd

&

fitted to SS^tfftS; TtoSdfitfAS; laughable; preposterous; very silly;

deserving to be laughed at. Ex. 1) Naveen had a ridiculous experience
:
"

last

Sunday(tf&

^asptfo

a,g

ssos^^tfSMS

&tfss&D& S*o3&). 2)
husband

Manorama used
Scrupulous
tfo;
:

to give ridiculous suggestions to her

?S3^^oSx)oJSi ?^."SiS&;conscientIous; nlce;exact; paying great attention to small points.

Ex.
&<S*

:

g&o

1) Kamala cioS*

is

very scrupulous in

cleanliness

(S8S5(j4f

o^gSSgrr*
is'

&o&&).

2) In maintaining

accounts Haribabu

so scrupulous

SET
fc

:

80
:

........

vious

envious

itf

s 6s;

PSxpdaa3

&OD^>
Ex.

Srtf 3S;wSSjcSfiS*j8; maliciously grudging; full of envy;

feeling envy.
:

Ma.dhavl

Is

envious of her sister's husband

obvious

:

cS^a.a>S;

iS*gS.ajS;

sr^aiS;

plain;

manifest;

evident; apparent; clear; easily aeon or understood,

Ex.: 1) Divya Bharthi committed suicide with obvious reasons.

(^aaa

tpgassoff*

aa x cB8

Nathuram Godse

killed

*A ss**g& a-c^asa). 2) Mahatma Gandhi with obvious motive
preceding; antecedent; prior;

prevous ^oifeS; S^4;^ptfj^);
foregoing.

Ex,

:

1) Previous experience

is

necessary to get a good

job

(Saog)

*S 8 jrfS& a-odStoSbJ&oa-^tfiS&j

pSS^S^i). 2) Rita

book on
met her previous husband
oblivious:

9l
in the

Usage of ADJECTIVES
market

(&&*

&e0S;

&e>3)tfe; &e>&&!5S>f\Q3; causing forget-

fulness; not paying attention to.

Ex.

1) Slndhurl is always oblivious of what is happening -ekto es6S s^iSS fcOofi) around her, (& Siotf^d cdry<&
:

).

2)Sagar was oblivious to our warnings

SET

81 anxious :
:

.......

ous

fioftotfa&SS^; srg&e?oS

restless; uneasy; 3o^^*cS>cS^; sollcitious; concerned; worried about what may happen or have happened,

&5oSn &S^;
:

Ex.

1) The rat was anxious to

escape from the cat

(>

&OS
is

S^oxi>*3

5*<33S

o^ojg

^SbSS3&Sa).

2) Mallika

anxious about her father's health

overanxious
Ex.
is

:

s&SoS^^o; ^Sto^^rr

1

>oS&c6^;

anxious

to a needless degree.
:

Swathi

is

over-anxious about catching the train

which

ready to departure

(ao&oo *&&>&

fe#o$s>r>

Q

ambiguous
Ex.
:

:

Me>; uncertain

meaning; of doubtful.
in

Jacob died

an ambiguous manner

litigious:
Ex.

SP#
is

|fccX&3_^;

SM^

Sc^eSaS; fond of

litigation

contentious; quarrelsome.
:

Jambu
:

a litigious fellow (aooaaiiFdSi&di&a

Contiguous

SSdSb^; ^S^Sr^^;

^S ^J) <Se>n saS^: s^ScBaS^;

$

SSoipaa_G<acS;

in contact; adjacent; adjoining; near; touching;

neighbouring.

A

Oniqne book on
:

92
Hyderabad and

Usage of ADJEC11VMS
Secuderabsd are conti-

Ex.

The two

cities

guous-

advantageous
gpejobS;

:

&2o3_;
is

forming an advantage;

favourable; con-

venient; beneficial.

Ex.

:

Sripathl

in

an

advantageous position for promotion.

righteous pS62p&)S S;55o&^
:

SS;

virtuous; godly; holy; just; upright;
justfiable;

incorrupt; guiltless;

lameless;

morally

right.

Ex.

:

Prasad

is

a righteous owner of this

house

Virtuous

:

c

^_
SiTjSSa^; very impor*

moral; pure; chaste: having or showing virtue. Ex. : Aamani is a virtuous young woman (<sd&

momentous:
ant;

pQ oSx^gSoSJ; jSSooSoS; weighty; of consequence.

Ex.: August

15

is

momentous for any Indian

continuous

:

s'e)f\d&o^; unbroken continual; unceasing; constant; connected; prolonged; joined together; without

interruption.

Ex.

:

The

citizens of

Madras

suffered

from

the continuous

rain of ten days

(S& SVoSr&o

<3tf 3ft$

infectious
oSoS

:

gSS&; communicable;
Small-pox
is

caused fr infection; pestilential;

epidemic; likely to spread to others.

Ex.

:

an

infectious

dist-ase

j

A

Dnique book on
:
f

93

tJsage of

nervous

ooSS?ie tf^asJ; c3*&&c&&a?T>

&S
f oo3 S; Q

aelpSaS;^
Q
CL

tfstpJSSDtf: Z) a

_

SoSS

;

strong; vigorous; containing to nerves;

excitable;

sensitive; timid;

of the nerves; rather afraid;
is

Ex.

nervous to travel by plane(ft>e^5 SSSpJS lSdtfpes&ac$& g_ tfga^><3). 2) Kadambari is nervous than her husband,
: :

1) Gulnar

mischievous
Lid^a^cS;
Ex.

3&D052) ^Tbefc;

^o>oSiD

go3&;

hurtful; injurious;

exciting quarrels; harmful; causing mischief*
:

Usha
:

is

a mischievous girl (^-oi

&o&Q

SPSS).

rebellious

a^D^&; ^os;

pc^rtpS; o*^
insurgent;

SflOo3&;
disobedient;

resisting lawful authority; mutinous;

Insubordinate; contumacious; refractory;

Intractable.
in the

Ex.

:

Rambha

is

rebellious to her

husband

nights(u*(&
not

unconscious

:

SK>K&I BDd&S);

S^^S *S3^S;
one

SDSaeaS)^;

knowing; Ignorant; unaware; Ex. : While Devi was unconscious some

senseless; insensible.
stole

her

bag

circuitous

:

iS^;

JS^S^S; tfea5a;round about;
route

indirect.

Bx

:

1) Mukherjee has taken a circuitous

to go

to

New York S&$&
.)

&Pd^5

8*46380

2) Kumar's explanation
:

was so

circuitous

marvellous
Ex.
:

w^^a-S^ f^ggtfabS;
tolc

Manjubhargavi

me

so

astonishing;wonderfuL many marvellous stories

Superfluous
iSbc$;

:

excessive; redundant; needless;

unnecessary.

Bx.

:

1) Hussain has

glvei, & superfluous

explanation for his

A

tJnlqtie-

book
2)

oil

94
room
flat is

Usage of ADJECTIVES
superfluous
to

A

three

Samalatha

SET

:

2

...........

ring
adventurous.

daring

Sp^oooSxtfe; <fttfe; bold; fearless;
is

a daring director (K. cr> Ex. : D. Rama Naiduis a daring dJKj&dfc). 2) 5o|tfa*i$ z*S d&><& producer (D. O^&PSF ^tfgcforto Scr^S).

1) K. Raghavendra Rao

P"

glaring
Ex.
:

: cSSSgcbtf; &c5^aa>c$; barefaced; too bright. open;

|j5&sgk;

dazzling; clear;

Bhanupriya has glaring eyes

(sr&Jioab <565SgS!b$ *"

staring
:

:

too bright or conspicious. Ex. Taj Mahal has staring beauty

cheering
Ex.
:

:

sSoS^aseasJ;

A^StfaS;

pleasant.
to Jalaja

The post-man brought cheering news

admiring:
Bx,
:

a^*3;
:

^5oS;

showing or feeling admiration.

Jeevitha received Rajasekhar with admiring looks

wavering
:

moving uncertainly; swing; reel; totter. Bharathi had wavering thoughts about Ex.

her

marriage

withering
Ex.
:

:

_

__

becoming dry; faded;
Pushpa
*

shrivel; decay;
sell

waste.

is

unable to

the wittering
c^jcj)cob
^j)oyL"\
1

flowers

in

her

basket fc^wzx&^'^cO 5Jw^j OODW

3Po$Dj3S!xr c$bw\ ^5)
0ioSS<i^c^
L

forturinS "
o;

*)<

L,

^oJ^Ocooj "^oS<Sb; S3

P3

T

*t3 2B5o3Dc^*
o

^i)

causing severe suffering to; torment; agony.
police officers used torturing methods to
extract

Some

A

tini<tde

.book on

$5

Usage o

facts

from the criminals ^tf&o&ofi

as*^u*a4&>&
glisten; shine;

*otf SOD

glittering : 3iWep3&>; aea>&; Ex. Disco Santhi has a glittering
:

brilliant.

body
e3;

neighbouring
Ex.
:

:

3&rS

s&o&SJ^:

Sr&teS *S^;
(Jftf^

*adja-

cent; adjoining; near; next in place.

1) Sarma went to a neighbouring village

SP&te

&S^

&S

*

3 |,^)FT

2)

Cflina and India are neighbouring
tf KeB

countries

^3

S<sSci&)

^KS^f &o

SrsSxew).
incite;

stirring
Ex.

:

g^SoS^; ^Bg)c$;
agitate;

$68*3^ S^fTS&;

move; noise;
:

moving; exciting.
stirring capacity

Smhha

has

much

SET
Ex.
:

:

83
:

missing
L)

not ^KSSaiS; gS^oxS&odSS*o3D&); tfa^aafc;
It

to

be found; not in the place where

ought to be.

Subhadra

is

tfa^owS *S

J^D 3S&SD!S^a). from Padma^ purse (StfA SS^tf* missing
:

&p

searching for her missing daughter(&#|ff 2) Rs. 100/- are

^o4

!frn

lOO/-

pressing

pasSeaa!$;

w*gasS;ooSSo3p!S;

exacting; impor-

tunate; requiring immediate attention. Ex. : Aravind borrowed to solve a pnssin:',

problem

(<&

harassing S5)Ao3&;
Ex.
:

:

troubling; teasing.

Sucharitha repoited to the police about her mother-in

law's harassing mentality

opposing

:

iaeo3<; aS

fto3d&;

9.SftoBifi>;

$; hostile;

adverse; being against.

A

dnique book on
:

96
his wife's

tfsage of

Ex.

Nath disgusted with

opposing attitude on the

bed (StfSl) SPSg^SSSp pleasing 3o*&gc>a>;5; * G
:

<S*tfS

3f

SPgOtfc*3&).
agreeable; mf

tfo$3oS; <L

&5*fr>sa>; O^
Stf^SbcS

grateful to the mind; giving pleasure; attractive.

Ex

:

Priya has pleasing looks (^dto
:

tiroes

e><3).

amusing
Ex/

5*tfgtfbS; J$3j^^ao3<56; pleasing; causing lau-

ghter or smiles.

Jokers in circus wear amusing dresses (sStf^S

comprising
Ex.
:

:

^DAo&)^;

c; containing;

include; embrace*

Rani has a jewel box comprising of dalmond necklaces.

SET: 84
wanting
Ex.
:

............

ting
absent;

-eSbS^; ^Sb^rvJ^^; lacking; missing; deficient; that is wanted.
:

SScfoS^
is

^S;

One

helper

wanting in the office (o&SdS*

z*

lasting
Ex.

-.

2o5; enduring; durable; permanent; perpetual; unending.
:

1) India

is

searching

for a

lasting

solution to

the

unemployment problem (stoAd-a&S*2K Stfr

S&

T*^tf

SSO&?^^S^5^ci) 9^8xo&S)JS^a). 2) Good ed cation gives "" lasting benefits (oSooS 5>dJg fcSS^S ej#oSne S &). S^a^a^; "S^&jrous ing; that can be excited. exciting &(&$
:

Ex.

:

Star T.V.

is

telecasting

exiting

programmes

^o^oftoiDS; 36S; concernirg. relating Ex. Sobhana gave important clues to her
:
:

sister

relating to

family planning

(&&ooa

c&0(jra& & Dg>o$o)c

existing

:

a *JS^; S^abpSsj); L ^*i;|*gS; present; current;
is

actual; that

existed.

14] A Unique book on
Ex.
:

^

Usage of

ADJECTIVES

Existing rules are enough to eliminate

malpractices in

the administration

tempting
Ex.
:

:

attractive; alluring; seductive.

1) Roja has tempting beauty(5
.

6

sD
from
Kalyan

2) Kavhha got

tempting

gifts

enchanting
Ex.
:

:

v& ^^S^SSbtf;
is

charmiog; fascinating.
smile.

Indraja

coming with her enchanting

fascinating strong charm or
:

attraction.

Ex.

:

Mohini has fascinating looks

fluctuating
Ex.
:

:

wavering; rise&fall; that can be fluctuated.
Ravi*s health
is

in a fluctuating state.

(tf

exhilarating
Ex:

:

cheering; gladdening that can be exhilarated.

Jamuna spent

exhilarating nights in

Ooty

SET 85
:

........

ding
gJ^^cSg;
principal;

leading
Ex.
:

:

Sn$>gaS; lat^.JaaS:
is

aSooo^rr5

foremost; guiding; chief.

1) Eenaadu

the leading news

paper in Telugu
is

fa&*

^6^&
votes

(Sen

|j3t7jS

s^u^

2(88).
rival

10,000

against Jbus

2) Rahim Rasool

leading by

e&o?S" lag 10,000

Standing

:

aaQ^^n
a; listing; not flowing; stagnant.

A tMque
Ex.
;

book on

98

Usage of ADJECTIVES

V.I.P.'s security 1) There ate standing orders regarding o 3oc>3 fte3o> |Sg:>S ^j&3)x> ^S^a). 2) (V.I.P. Chicken fry is a standing dish in Deepa's preparations (&3

out-standing

:

S&o^aSo&cS; 25cS3*eo5S;
still

3g.3:>; remaining;

uncollected; overdue;

to be attended to; excellent.

Ex.

:

1) There

is still

an

outstanding

balance in

Karim's

payment (g&&3eo$t?S*aog&3otf3o&SS 2) Deepikais an out-standing student(<>&

preceding
Ex.: This

:

&oo#e3;

so&

sQA^;

cSaaofib

foregoing; antecedent; existing or

coming before.

was discussed

in the preceding chapter

succeeding
in order.

:

3&S;

&&&>&; &Sa^;

following; coming next

Ex.

:

Telugu Ganga Project will be completed in
tfotf

succeeding

years (Seofb

|pl|
hanging;

impending
fall

:

sSS^SpSjktf

over SjoScScoSS^; ^^c3^cJ5;o6^; imminent;
or happen.
:

about to

Ex.

These dark clouds are suggesting that a storm

is

impe-

nding

(&P^

SSoSfao-tS
:

corresponding
Ex.

^6^p$;

^aS;
salarj

answering; agreeing; suiting; that correspond.
:

Suman

got the manager postwi.h corresponding

surrounding
?553SD3<s:6*

:

c6oo3Sb; encircling; lying cr being alround.

Ex.

:

Bangalore with its^surroundink areas

looks
jfo

beautifd

A

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99
,..., .......

Usaga of ADJECTIVES

SET:

86
:

king"

sucking

&5^fc; that sucks. Ex.: Mothers must be more affectionate towards their sucking
children (ex>eo

gpoD

&43<;

dpca^ &

racking
Ex:

:

aTg^S SP4

a l^"" & 0&& )' grto3&; S L Spo$ 3lb; torturing:
head- ache
last

^

Harlsh suffered with a racking

night

soaking
Ex.
:

:

c3*c$5lb&; ar/fcrp
Is

&&$;

that soaks.
rains

Kerala

famous for soaking

shocking
l*S3:>c$;

Ex.

a'ig aaS;Jdl8gustlng; -extremely Shocking news*should be told s
L

offensive.

lurking
Ex.
:

:

SS^SJ;

crASrS<&;

Foac&To3&;

lying in

hidden-

place to attack.

Sudhakar and Sudheer caught a lurking thief

striking s?(&; Impressive; ^ery noticeable;
:

forcible;

remarkable.

Ex.

:

1) There

is

a striking difference between Jayaprada and

Jayasudha (xc&[3>X, asc^&^e&^g 2) Nagma wears striking dresses (c5rp

^

good-looking:
Ex.
:

Rambha

is
:

down-looking
down-wards.
Ex.
:

good-looking SoSSo-eSD^S t&r"3&;j5oa 6r*^)'roK^; looking

Pavani

is

pretty but a

down-looking
........

girl

with shyness

SET 87
:

ling
Is

Willing

:

disposed;

siaL&aKo^&^abaKo; SSSajSo inclined; desiIo^s; ready to do what

needed.

A

Unique boofc on
:

100

Usage of ADJECTIVES

Ex

&&

1) Are you willing to go to p&> ga&B rtezs )? 2)Vandana

is

willing to act in sexy
tfefl).

-scenes

(Sotfk S^orrtf tf^lfg&aeS*
:

<*3o&)dDb sSsS^*oS

trifling

cSje^gbcS;

e^3a;
life

*o3g>;

&^fb
Vasantha

|bs$; trivial; paltry;

unimportant.
for trifling things

Ex.

:

Vasanth wasted Ms

a&cfr>ol^ SJ5
has trifling joy

>&2>&

sSgtfSa

3&*SSi)-

2)

Sterling
Ex.
<&

:

a). (So& ^ ^So^Si&o ^1S3^; w^g^; s^^^^^S: ^Ji)Ke);

genuine;

valuable; excellent; of a certain standard of purity.
:

1) Priyaraman has a sterling

S&*o&&

body ((jbd^CPiSbS' ^$2) Vijayasanthi gave a sterling gSAcifoc^a).
(^38$>&cS

performance In the film Prathlghatana aascte^os a* jfcs sJ^& iStfe^osa).

S^otf*

resembling
Ex.
:

j

&
is

grrj

&o3&; ^So&cS^;

similarity; likeness.

Twinkle

resembling to her mother Dimple

prevailing
Ex.
:

:

33<2fc; prevalent; CO

most general; predominant ;powetful.
f

Cholora

is

a prevailing desease
......

('eo

^SacSDc6

SET: 88
stunning
Ex.
:

ning

&X$&

^eo

^"5D&;

\r$^>$tx3>"Z>&i sJ^s
beauty

c^to 3"&<&; fioS*^
:

^eo^^dSo; splendid; deafen.
introduced a stunning >|#3$S* S V.

1) S.V. Krishna Reddy
eP<s

in his latest film (

S^SpBA

S^SS)

SSfloS

9ocpo u^^S

o36t5oS)oSx>

no)o3Si)).

2) Cleopatra
o&*ie5

conquered Ceaser with her stunning body

(^ob?

shining

:

^SSs'^oSdab;

tfg&*h&)~?it&si bright; lustrous; radiant;

very bright and clear; polished.

Ex

:

Tbese clothes are de$n and shining

(s

<3bc&a>

35^

A

Unique bobk

oil

10 1

Usage of ADJECTIVES

^
:

8 )-

2) Soundarya has shining cheekg

leaning |5rScS; SSoAcS; jaoflcS; Inclined; slanting. Ex. Lavanya put the leaning branches of a tree at a steady position (F>3esg \3P&sS Sto *oSD^Oo& ^2.^ 8>&6* &Q3&).
:

damning ^
Ex.
:

gert'&ab; grSiSxcfo'S; 9 o horrible; abominable; showing faults; sin.
:

StfSsSa

tfotfspSSaJS; (ab\ o^i-.
$tf

Thieves and jcrimiaals are damning people (5*o#eo,

threatening
Ex.
:

:

utter or use threats

against; indicating a menace.

Feroz shot

threatening glances at Kasim (5>5*l*

entertaining ^ 7 S&S ^eo^d&i; SaJS;
:

^

^^

pleasing; diverting; amusing.
(

Ex.

:

Entertaining fecilities are must for five star hotels

SET
Ex.
:

:

89
:

seeming odffias SaoS^S; STgsSD^;
Mahesh
:

min s Msaab 3g s*3& SS&&; appearing;
........

false; unreal,

is

a seeming saint (SSatpS
Bssalcsfias

charming
Ex.

po*&5*a*eai!S;

active. fascinating; captivating; beautiful; lovely; very

1) Shilpa has a charming body(?e^SSS:fiid33& Shamili is a charming cMld(ap3a S^^S)|). gfiftcfio^a). 2) the next; incoming cp^4 o&cS^; Joo^aotSS^<^;
:

:

3g;

ensuing; future; advancing; approaching.

Ex.

:

There

is

no A.C.

in sleeper coatch in the

coming Circar

A.C. (o&S>a o- t 5 ig^L&SC* forth-coming cr^^&; u&JS^: happening
Express
:

soon.

Ex.

:

are may 1) Forth-coming days

not be good

A

Unique book on

102
&o*S8X SSv i &).

Usage of ADJECTIVES

2) Raju will not contest
uwSl'dSfScB&ab)

the forthcoming elections

(o**<& ^S^oS*
.........

SET

:

90
:

...shing
i

flourishing
Ex.

*$Ss |gtf3aS$; J5g&Si ;sS&jan &Si
in a

;

prospe-

rous; thriving; growing well; successful.
:

Hakim

is

flourishing

stage at

present

((

languishing
Ex,
:

:

ooo3&, !e9o3ab;
loosing health or strength.
In

pine; droop; fade;

Leela

is

a languishing state (&e> JLea 5>SS*

nourishing
Ex.
:

:

lioSSb, a*2xQ"3Sb; gptfS
is

moting growth; giving the body what
Bindu
is

necessary for~health.

always taking nourishing food

(&o#i <dSr

astonishing
Ex,: 1)
It is

:

a^cttSffgaS; wonderful; very surprising, astonishing that Amala got First Rank'in EMCBT
received
profits in
his

Ramachandra

astonishing

business

SET
Ex.
:

:

91
:

........

ish

lavish

s>a>s$gc8b&D S^3&; prodigal; extravagent; excessive, The habit of lavish spending is not good.

rakish
Ex.
:

:

aa^BSi;

^8>^;

dissolute; lewd; debauched.

Rakesh behaves

in a rakish

manner

o*iS

fr^SQ

3

modish
Ex.
:

:

grJi^; speS*e3;
is

fashionable and smart.

Srlpriya
:

modish

(^dS Sr^a)
for a slave.
slavish mentality

Slavish
Ex.
:

nasS*s KoQo; fe^aS; mean; fit Still there are some people who have

(305

A

Unique book on
:

it) 3

Usage of ADJECTIVE^
easily

ticklish
Ex.
:

rfS^D

ftoo>o;

gea 3c3<; sba^fbSS;
to laugh

tickled or affected; easily

made

when

tickled.

1) Tanuja's words are ticklish(&&ps
cgo<3b&).

c&&a

2) Anupama has

ticklish nature

foolish:
ci_c$;

.."
silly;

Q
lost her

...

u
with foolish

.

^
no
sense,

unwise;

thoughtless; stupid; having

Ex.

:

Lavaagi

job

behaviour

(c

Soft

Churlish
Ex.
:

:

Sp^si; p^u^eS^o^^; w5tfg&sS;
ill-bred.

exgo3cS;

rude;

niggardly; bad tempered;

Saritha has churlish behaviour with her husband

\YOmanish

:

woman. Ex. : 1) Rajesh has a womanish voice^o^S. etfoft Uma disgusted with her husband's S)Ad^o3c&). <J)
feminine; effeminate; like a
nish mentality

woma-

(*&

c$#jJ **

SET
most
Ex.
:

:
:

92
p$Sc(oSD^c$;

SaSJ^aS ............ most
greatest

tf oft

Ot5

J

3o3&).

20^; P^;

number or quantity.
&Gtftf
farthest

Latha

is

most beautiful (v
:

&$
3ea3>;
is

o).
from
the

out-most/otiter-most
Inside or centre

^^*3;

Ex.

:

The

outer -most

appearance

not a fact

in-most/ inner-most oXiS^D 6* <>; ^o^c^S;deepest
most-inward; farthest from the surface.
Ex.
:

within;

It is

of

i

woman
:

too difficult to understand the inner-most feelings ^s^oS^Oc^b ^oST*^*^ (\Sj; oooC^ofts 3cb^ojSoo)
;

mid*most/middle-niost
Ex.

&&&&&;

in the very middle.

The hands of a watch are fixed
dial.

in tho middle-most part

of the

Unique book on

104

Usage of

ADJECTIVE^

end-most
Ex.
:

&>$&&&; in the very end. Death is the end-most item for every borned
:

person.

SET
last
-

:

93

.....

ast
at the

:

5S33; &2; dSS&S^;
:

*s>o&:>tfa;

hindmost; closing; lowest; utmost;
Ex.

coming

tffib^jS; end.

final;

1) The

last three

persons in the queue did not

get the

tickets

(&$*

<*3<3

*>$>&

ffl?<fiV>&

fr*otfS&).

2) For
rusults

the last three years the school has been getting
In

100%

X
:

class

past
Ex.

oa^;

^(S2)S;

^S5o^; gone by;previous to the present;
past*
is

existing
:

no more;

just finished; indicating action in the

Now

the time

half past to

10

a<& &o&&o

10

fast

:

S>r^^5a?!o; quick; rapid; fast Ex. 1) It Is a very
:
5

swift; firm; strong; lasting; durable.

horse

3SS)S*a 2) This is a fast colour (aS vast a&jtfaS; /T ^; Se3^ o; "a);
:

^O^SD^;

immense;

t

enormous; huge; large; of a very great size or amount. Ex. : 1) Sakunthala Devi has vast knowledge in mathematics

(*&oe*> 5a ^eS^c^S*

$g

&Q&&&X&

SCnctfiaS^a).

2)

Tatas and Birlas have vast properties

Upcast
:

cast up; thrown upward; that is lifted. "^)^_^ soA^; can see char-min r with onlj up cast head (o&e$o&> Ex. 3s tfcptfrto 55ji GPajc^ScSb ^e?
;

We

"il^S

5x>).

Sfl over-cast Ssasa^&; so^eo As the sky was over-cast; po Ex.
:
:

;

darkend

by

clouds.

le

stayed in their

homes

rro
12-,.

12-00

10-00

18-00

+ RRB
I

7\5 ~b+>

12-00
t

13-00 13-00 12-00

>&f5,MA.,MPhil

BL,PGDPR
12-00

12-00
10-00

17-00

4

AP

SC
12-00

15-00

4 BS

B

25-00
18-00
,

DHMS.MHS

(London)

r?0
12-00

4

B.SRB
z?0

14-00

4

si;5j3ji35

a
"

10-00

8-00
15-00

4 AP

^6

8-00

8-00
18-00

16-00
18-00

12-00
Learner's

1

15-00
-

GK

8-00
10-00

2

10-00
12-00 10-00

6-00

8-00

8-00
10-00

MA
12-00
18-00

10-00

10-00
'

B-00

6-00
12-00

5-00
,

15-00

B.Sc

,

B Ed rro
12-00

4

&S
rt

16-00
3*691

4

12-00 10-00

9-00
12-00

20-00
15-00

10-00

12-00

10-00 10-00

8-00
12-50

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9-00
10-00 12-00
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12-00

9-00 6-00
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4

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COMT...


				
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