"SUMMER READING FOR AP EUROPEAN HISTORY, 2003-2004"
SUMMER READING FOR AP EUROPEAN HISTORY, 2006-2007 Based on Learning Team recommendations, your name has been placed on the class list for AP European History for 2006/7. Welcome! I'm really looking forward to getting to know each of you well and working together on a common goal. The following assignments have been made for summer reading/review to prepare you for the beginning of your first challenging course in Advanced Placement studies. If you have any questions at all about any of the assignments, PLEASE don't hesitate to call me at 546-8549. I'll be there through much of the break and happy to help you out. If you prefer, you may email me at email@example.com . It is important that we all accomplish the four major tasks listed below by the beginning of school in August since there is much to cover in this course. 1. Map Exercise: Many maps will be studied throughout the year to demonstrate the relationships between European events and the distribution of territory. In order to get oriented, we will begin the year by looking at contemporary Europe. Please place the attached (listed below) states, cities, seas, rivers, islands and mountains on the maps provided for you when you picked up your books. For ease of learning you might want to separate them into political and physical maps. I've included a couple of extras for practise purposes. You will find a map of contemporary Europe on the inside cover of your textbook. There will be a map quiz early on in the first week of classes so you will want to learn these well before school begins. 2. Read Niccolo Machiavelli's The Prince: please use the translation issued by the school and distributed with your textbook. Prepare written responses to the following questions. You may be asked to turn them in for evaluation. While there will be some opportunity to discuss this material during the first week, the major responsibility for mastering this first political treatise is yours. There will be an evaluation of your understanding of this work soon after school begins. (i) Why was Machiavelli prompted to write The Prince ? (ii) How does Machiavelli view mankind? (iii) Describe the significance for the would-be statesman that Machiavelli gives to the study of the past and of contemporary events. (iv) What do you consider to be the basic messages/themes of The Prince ? List the page numbers on which these themes are found. (v) Describe the significance Machiavelli attributes to military might. (vi) Describe Machiavelli's views on the common people in contrast to his views on the nobility. How much importance does he attribute to popular support? (vii) Write biographical notes (about a page) on Machiavelli. 3. Read Chapters 2 & 3 in The History of the Modern World by Palmer, Colton, & Kramer, respond to text assignment questions (given below), and study the identification terms provided. All TAQs need to be done as Word documents and kept in an AP TAQ folder in My Documents on your laptop. TAQs will constitute the major part of your homework assignments next year. You will also need to study the identification terms for this unit. I will be emailing you sets of ID terms for the Renaissance, the Reformation, Discovery & Exploration, and the Wars of Religion. It is a good practice to have these in front of you as you read the text. The terms are given in the order in which they appear in the text. There will be an ID quiz over the Renaissance terms at the end of the first week of school. You will note part way through the ID pack on the Renaissance that you are asked to provide ID information on four artists of the Northern Renaissance. I have provided a website for you to use. The format for ID quizzes throughout the year involves definitions provided by me and applicable terms provided by you. On rare occasions, such as in our study of Eastern Europe and Russia, I will provide you with a word bank. CONTINUED BELOW – SCROLL DOWN… AP TEXT ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONS - 2006-2007 (aka TAQs) Text: R.R. Palmer, Joel Colton & Lloyd Kramer, A History of the Modern World (9th edition). Read each assignment carefully. Then, without consulting other sources (including fellow students), answer the assigned questions (TAQs). PLEASE ANSWER THESE TAQs ON YOUR LAPTOP. TYPE THE QUESTION AND THE TEXT REFERENCE AT THE TOP OF THE PAGE/COPY AND PASTE FROM THIS DOCUMENT. PLEASE DO EACH NUMBERED TAQ AS A SEPARATE DOCUMENT AND THEN FILE IT IN THE UNIT FOLDER. CONSIDER THIS TO BE PLEDGED WORK AND PRINT AND SIGN THE HONOR CODE AFTER EACH TAQ. On a random basis you will be asked to email a TAQ to me at the beginning of the class on the day after it has been assigned for homework. All of them for each unit of study must be emailed to me on the test day for that unit. They would be due before the test period starts. I will be checking them as you take the test. We will have discussed most of them before test day. These TAQs will constitute the major part of your homework grade. When "TAN" appears with a text assignment, respond to the following questions. 1) What are the main ideas or themes of the reading? 2) What am I still confused about? In addition to these assignments from your text there will be some from Sherman or Golden and from other sources that will be distributed in class. They may be inserted at any point in the unit so it is IMPORTANT to be following the weekly schedule given on Ms.H's web page for homework assignments rather than just progressing through the list of TAQs from Palmer, Colton & Kramer. RENAISSANCE REMINDER: AS YOU DO THESE READINGS AND RESPONSES, KEEP YOUR ID TERMS FOR THE UNIT BESIDE THE BOOK AND HIGHLIGHT THEM AS YOU PROCEED (THEY ARE IN THE ORDER GIVEN). THIS WILL HELP YOU WHEN IT COMES TIME TO PREPARE FOR AN ID QUIZ. 1. Text, pp. 47 - 54, TAQ: List the most important problems Europe experienced in the 14th century. Choose the one you consider most pernicious* and explain your choice. *Look up any words the meaning of which you don't understand . Keep a dictionary close at hand. 2. Text, pp. 54 - 68, TAQ: Why did the Renaissance begin in "Italy"? What were the main characteristics of the Italian Renaissance? 3. Text, pp. 68 - 71, TAQ: In what specific ways did the so-called Northern Renaissance differ from the Italian Renaissance? 4. Text, pp. 71 - 77, TAQ: Answer the following three questions: i) Compare and contrast the unification processes in England, France, and Spain. ii) Why were "Italy" and "Germany" (the Holy Roman Empire) merely geographical expressions and not political realities at this time? iii) European monarchs of the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries are often referred to as the "new monarchs." What was "new" about them? Do their actions warrant this label? REFORMATION 1. Text, pp. 77-82, TAQ: Why did the Protestant Reformation start in Germany? What were Luther's basic beliefs and practices, and how did they differ from perceived Catholic doctrine and ritual at the time? 2. Text, pp. 82-84, TAQ: Compare and contrast Lutheranism and Calvinism. 3. Text, pp. 84-90, TAQ: List the most important steps in the evolution of Protestantism in 16th century England. Examine carefully the map on page 86. List at least three reasons why Protestantism became established in some areas of Europe but not elsewhere. 4. Text, pp. 90-96, TAQ: First, list the main Catholic activities of the 16th century. Then outline an answer to the following essay question: Were the Catholic activities of the 16th century a pure reformation or a counter-reformation? Justify your reponse giving examples. For this essay outline DO include a COMPLETE introductory paragraph and UNDERLINE your thesis statement. The rest of the essay should then be in outline form. DISCOVERY & EXPLORATION & THE COMMERCIAL REVOLUTION 1. Text, pp. 97-104, TAQ: (i) How would you assess the nature of the Spanish empire in America? What negative and positive aspects would you mention? (ii) Compare and contrast the empires created by Portugal in the East and by Spain in America. 2. Text, pp. 97-113 visuals ONLY + visual handout: What conclusions may be drawn about the significance of the European discoveries for Europe, and for the relationships of Europeans with non-European peoples? 3. Text, pp. 104-118, TAQ: (i) What important economic changes in the early modern centuries does the term "Commercial Revolution" signify? (ii) List the origins, nature and effects of the "putting out" or "domestic system". (iii) Of what importance were the needs of the military in the rise of capitalism and what change in attitude could be noted toward the lending of money for interest? 4. Explain the general nature and purpose of mercantilism, citing examples of mercantilist policies and regulations. What connections may be made between mercantilism and the New Monarchies. 5. Describe the economic classes emerging in Europe in the early modern centuries. How did the economic changes affect each? 4. Current Events: in the 2007 AP European History exam we will be required to cover events up to "the modern day". Until fairly recently the AP European History syllabus ended in 1970. This change in course description would indicate that the College Board expects some familiarity with issues of the contemporary world. Your best opportunity to acquire this is through daily attention to current events. Certainly, knowledge and understanding of the world around you will deepen your insight into history and vice versa. If you do not already have a good grasp of the major issues in today's world then I highly recommend that you develop the habit of building an awareness over the summer break. I would give first priority to the reading of newspapers. This can be in the traditional form or on-line. Research has repeatedly demonstrated that regular newspaper readership has the greatest positive influence on global knowledge and understanding. Regional and national newspapers will have more in-depth coverage of international events than local papers. My first suggestion would be the New York Times. NYT is available in Athens at Normaltown News, Barnett's Newstand, Harris Teeters, Earthfare, Big City Bread and Krogers (Sunday's only). We will be using the NYT in class during the year. The Atlanta Journal and Constitution also covers international events but does not have the highly esteemed international correspondents that the NYT can claim. Links to the NYT and Washington Post have been set up through the Academy's web page under "research". The Economist is a weekly publication to which you can also find a link under the Academy's research page. In terms of other electronic media, some sources are more valuable than others. CNN certainly has developed an amazing network. For more in-depth analysis however, The Lehrer Newshour on PBS is outstanding. Morning Edition and All Things Considered as well as Weekend Edition are excellent radio news programs on National Public Radio (91.7 and 97.9 in the Athens area). Tune in and find out! SERIOUSLY, if you'll start cultivating this habit now, you'll never regret it. Not only will it help in your history studies and make classes more interesting, it will also prepare you well for those college interviews that are just around the corner! MAP KEYS FOLLOW BELOW & ID TERM PACKETS WILL BE EMAILED SEPARATELY… OUTLINE MAP OF MODERN EUROPE - 2006/2007 (Subject to Change!) Label the following countries (states), cities, seas, islands, rivers and mountains on the maps provided. For ease of learning you might construct one physical and one political map. However, be sure that you understand the relationship between physical and political - e.g. that Paris, France is located on the River Seine. Albania Algeria Austria Belgium Belarus Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Germany Finland France Great Britain (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland & Wales) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxemburg Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) Moldova Morocco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia & Montenegro Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tunisia Turkey Ukraine BODIES OF WATER Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Barents Sea Black Sea Caspian Sea (use an arrow)* Dardanelles (straits) Straits of Gibraltar Mediterranean Sea North Sea White Sea ISLANDS Corsica Crete Elb a Gibraltar Malta Sardinia Sicily RIVERS Danube Elb e Loire Marne Neisse Niemen Oder Rhine Rhone Seine Thames Vistula Weser MOUNTAINS Alps Appenines Carpathian Caucasus (use an arrow) Pennine Hills Pyrenees Urals (use an arrow) Vosges CITIES Algiers Amsterdam Avignon Belfast Belgrade Berlin Bonn Brussels Bucharest Budapest Casablanca Dublin Florence Frankfurt Geneva Genoa The Hague Helsinki Istanbul Lisbon Liverpool London Madrid Manchester Paris Prague Reykjavik Rome Sarajevo Skopje Sofia St. Petersburg Stettin/Szczecin Tallinn Tangier Tirana Trieste Tunis Venice Vienna Warsaw Zagreb *(The items which are followed by "use an arrow" in parentheses are to the east of the map projection with which you have been provided. Locate them in your atlas and determine their approximate latitude. Then indicate with an arrow on your map outline approximately where they would be found on a wider projection.)