Lesson Title Time Management 101
Curricular Areas Health/Guidance, Math, P.E.
Grade Level 7-8
Life/Work 2.2 Develop abilities for building positive
Competency relationships in one’s life.
Life/Work Indicator 2.2.13 Demonstrate personal
management skills such as time
management, problem solving, stress
management, life-work balance, etc.
Local Standard Students will create a Pie Chart showing
the use of their time and each student will
create one (or more) SMART Goal(s) that
can be achieved through improved time
Activity This portfolio development activity works
well as a follow-up to the “Effective
Student Skills” lesson found on page 715
in the Career Guidance 7: Activity Guide,
and the “Do I manage My Time Wisely”
lesson found on page 814 in the Career
Guidance 8: Activity Guide or it can work
as a stand-alone lesson.
Begin the lesson by introducing the
concept of time management (for a good
definition, check out: Time Management).
Time management is basically self-
management because we cannot control
time, but we can control ourselves.
Therefore, looking at how we use specific
periods of time can be very enlightening
and help lead us to goal setting and
Discuss with students how they spend
their time and create several categories
(6-9) to identify time use. For example,
categories likely will include school/study
time, sleep time, meals/eating time,
hobbies/sports/leisure time, family
paid/volunteer work time, and unspecified
time. After determining between 6 and 9
categories that sufficiently cover all of the
student’s daily activities, ask each student
to estimate how many hours per week
they engage in each activity. Record these
numbers for future reference.
Next, ask each student to keep accurate
records of their time use for a one-week
period using a Time Use Chart (Word,
PDF, RTF) and the 6-9 time categories
they developed earlier. At the end of the
week, each student will tally up the
number of hours spent participating in
each of the time activity categories. The
number of hours spent in each category
should equal 168 hours.
Using the data from the Time Use Chart
(Word, PDF, RTF), each student will make
a pie chart to represent his/her time
expenditures. Each pie chart should
contain a title, date, and a legend
representing all time categories. An
excellent alternative to having students
draw their own pie charts is to have them
create charts on the computer. An easy to
use site can be found on-line at Create a
Graph. This site makes it easy for
students to produce professional looking
pie charts that are printer friendly.
Once students have completed their pie
charts, they need to analyze their own
time use. Some students may realize that
they spend very little time doing leisure
activities, while others will recognize that
they spend less time on their studies than
they do on television and internet.
Regardless of what one’s pie chart
reveals, each student needs to make one
or more SMART Goals related to his/her
own use of time. SMART Goals are
Specific, Measurable, Achievable,
Realistic, and Timely. (For more
information on SMART Goals, see the
following website: Smart Goals). Students
can record their SMART Goal on the
SMART Goal Worksheet (Word, PDF,
Completed pie charts and SMART Goals
should be placed in plastic page
protectors and entered as an artifact in the
Personal Management section of the
student’s Career and Life Portfolio.
Resources and Time Use Chart (Word, PDF, RTF),
Materials SMART Goal Worksheet (Word, PDF,
RTF), access to the internet, calculator.
Time Required Two periods (scheduled at least a week