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Grants Funding Agriculture Drainage Water Quality Illinois - DOC

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					                                              Hatch Impact Survey Results

Impacts on Grad and Undergrads:
IL     Formula Funds are used to provide graduate research assistantships as part of startup packages for new faculty and as
        bridge funding for assistantships for other faculty. Currently, portions of 78 such assistantships are so funded. Loss of
        funding would require us to shift these commitments onto grants and contracts.
IN     Annually, 12-18 graduate students are supported by Federal formula funds to conduct basic and applied research
        addressing issues important to Indiana and national agriculture, human health, and rural development including:
                   o   Understanding and developing management strategies for diseases impacting crops of economic importance
                       to Indiana, including soybean cyst nematode and watermelon vine decline
                   o   Adding value to forages and grains by altering their composition resulting in improved nutritional properties
                       or suitability for bio-fuels
                   o   Developing economically viable nutritional strategies for reducing adverse environmental impacts of animal
                       agriculture.
                   o   Elucidating the mechanisms involved in animal diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, to develop treatment and
                       control strategies
                   o   Developing tools for predicting impact of future land us e change on water quality and biodiversity, e.g., the
                       Upper Wabash River Basin.
IA     Eliminates 26 graduate assistantships, compromising the invaluable contributions to graduate education and the start-up
        support frequently provided to new faculty.
       Reduces opportunities for undergraduate participation in research, which is a key message in successful student
        recruitment.
KS     Over half of our Hatch funds are used to support graduate students via Graduate Research Assistantships. GRA funding is
        a critical factor in permitting 64 top students to attend graduate school and focus on their research while doing so. Loss of
        this support would severely disrupt graduate student education at KSU.
MI     The 53 faculty positions lost fund graduate student training positions through competitive extramural funding from
          federal and state agencies, and through commodity groups. The loss of faculty will significantly reduce the nation’s
          capacity to train future scientists.
MN       We fund 44.22 FTE graduate and undergraduate students with Federal and State matching funds. The cost to our
          graduate and undergraduate students of eliminating base funding would be far greater than just the loss of these direct
          support dollars. Most of our research faculty members have joint appointments with teaching and/or outreach. The
          proposed changes would harm ongoing research programs and devastate graduate training.
MO       The quality of instruction is based in part on the breadth, depth, and experience of research conducted by faculty. With
          the proposed reductions having a direct effect on the number of research faculty, and their support staff, the capacity of
          advising graduate students will be reduced, and the research experience valuable to undergraduate instruction will be
          diminished.
NE       The loss of 28 faculty members will reduce the graduate education program by a minimum of 84 students since on average
          each of our faculty mentors three graduate students. The loss of 28 faculty members will also impact the undergraduate
          program since most of our faculty teach one or two courses. The diversity of course offerings will be reduced and
          remaining faculty will be assigned heavier teaching loads thereby reducing time for research.
ND       The impacts from the loss of these funds would severely impact our ability to train and educate the next generation of
          biological scientists engaged in agricultural research. Our graduate programs would be reduced substantially and would
          have to focus only on those areas of greatest importance to the state and region – funding from state government, local
          commodity groups, and federal competitive grants would be the basis of such programs. Student numbers would decline
          (what is the future of ag research?), thereby reducing the ability to conduct both basic and applied problem-solving
          research. Undergraduate programs would be affected by loss of formal classroom teaching activities, laboratories (through
          the loss of graduate students), and intern programs during the summer.
OH       Fellowship program established that attracts the brightest will be eliminated
          (9 students/yr)
         Support for 90 graduate students/yr reduced to 45 in F.Y. 2006
SD       Will eliminate graduate student positions by 25 to 50%.
         Will eliminate support for undergraduate involvement in research by 50%.
         Will also eliminate teaching faculty positions in critical areas and will eliminate critical course offerings.
         Will end the land grant university system.
WI       We have about 165 research projects on this funding, most with a graduate student assigned. These students would be cut
          resulting in 15% decrease in our entire graduate program. These formula-funded students are involved in the practical
          studies that research the current problems for the state and their loss would be immediately noticed by our stakeholders.
          No other funding source is available to continue their research or graduate training so most of these students would leave
          the University and their projects would be discontinued.
Impacts on Infrastructure:
IL     Loss of formula funds would create challenges in maintaining facilities for field and environmental research at Illinois
IN     Federal formula funds are used for start-up packages to equip laboratories for new faculty, as well as for laboratory
        equipment repair and maintenance. State-of-the art research facilities are essential to hire innovative, new scientists in
        competitive academic markets.
IA     Eliminates 12 faculty lines in high-priority research for the state of Iowa, exacerbating the decline of 38 unfilled faculty
        positions from a 25% reduction of state support over the past four years.
       Reduces capacity to recruit and retain the best, brightest faculty, I.e., availability of start-up funds for new faculty;
        availability of retention packages.
       Eliminates 33 professional and scientific support staff who run day-by-day research operations (including farm managers,
        lab scientists, field technicians, etc.), further reducing faculty competitiveness and productivity.
       Comprises the ability to carry out multistate collaborative work addressing priorities of regional importance.
       Reduces facilities support, with the likely result of closed research farms across the state, a devastating blow to the
        partnerships with local associations that own the land and depend on research for local needs; closing of on-campus
        central research instrumentation and support facilities that serve scientists from many disciplines and contain highly
        specialized equipment.
KS     Mac-Stennis funds are used to support long-term forestry research, for example, evaluating varietal performance in the
        Great Plains. It will be very difficult to find alternate sources of funding to maintain these tree stands. Hatch funds are
        used by Department Heads and faculty to support a variety of facilities that will be hard pressed to find replacement
        funding.
MI     Loss of these funds will significantly reduce money needed for the 16 research/extension stations maintained across
          Michigan, including the East Lansing Campus. These funds are also essential for maintaining campus research
          infrastructures such as the Genomics Technology Center, Mass Spectrometry, greenhouses, Center for Advanced
          Optics, growth chambers, and animal containment facilities.
MN       These dollars support 95 regional research projects, 126 Hatch projects; 13 McIntire-Stennis projects; and 2 Animal Health
          projects involving 219 principal investigators. The research is conducted on the St. Paul Campus of the University of
          Minnesota as well as six research and outreach centers through the state. The immediate and long-term loss of faculty,
          staff, and grad student positions would exacerbate existing capacity concerns.
MO       The Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station is directly responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of over 14,500 acres
          of field laboratories. Support for this infrastructure is directly dependant upon a proportion of federal and state base
          funds. Further, fewer research faculty and staff will reduce the amount of any indirect costs collected from
          grants/contracts that are used to support infrastructure.
NE       Hatch Act funds provide infrastructure for our total research program. These funds provide partial support for faculty and
          staff salaries, operating funds for long term projects, and help maintain research facilities such as laboratories, research
          feedlots, field plots, research forests, animal facilities, and greenhouses. Competitive grant programs expect that
          infrastructure is available to support research. A reduction in Hatch funding will make agricultural experiment station
          scientists less competitive for federal grants.
ND       Loss of these funds would have significant effects on the infrastructure because of the loss of state support associated with
          matching. Equipment for research programs would be virtually eliminated, thereby hampering scientists’ abilities to garner
          additional competitive grants.
OH       Technical support for plant and animal research will be mostly eliminated.
         Animal facility operations will be reviewed; some closed.
         Space charges for 40 USDA/ARS scientists, technicians and laboratories will be implemented.
         Multi-state projects will be eliminated.
         Federally mandated collaboration between AES and Extension will be significantly reduced.
SD       Will result in closure of at least one SDSU research farm.
         Will result in closure of at least one SDSU public service laboratory.
         Will reduce capability to maintain existing research laboratories and farms.
         Will reduce management capability of all AES research farms and facilities.
WI       None provided.
Impacts on Ability to Leverage Funds:
IL     Formula funds are used extensively to leverage other types of funding at Illinois. Loss of these funds would greatly reduce
        our ability to compete at this level.
IN     Assistantship support for graduate students has helped us leverage competitive federal funding from NIH, NSF, and DOE.
        Others have been leveraged with the Indiana Value-Added Agriculture program. This has also helped us obtain significant
        support from the Sec. 406 competitive grant programs (water quality, food safety, and various pest management
        programs). These programs provide substantial funding for large, multi-investigator projects involving research, education
        and Extension. Current project include safety of fresh fruits and vegetables ($1.2 M), drainage water management ($.58
        M), an E. coli identification network ($.4 M), and methyl bromide alternatives for grain storage ($.45M).
IA     Damages the capacity for faculty to successfully compete for external grants and contracts, which make up 45% of
        Experiment Station’s funding – an estimated loss of $250,000 per year in external funding per faculty FTE (76% of
        agricultural faculty received sponsored funding during the past three years and their success accounts for nearly a third of
        Iowa State’s total sponsored funding).
KS     Sec 1433 funds are allocated on a competitive basis at KSU, providing seed money to early-career faculty focused on
        animal disease research. Recipients use results of their Sec 1433 research to strengthen their grant applications. There
        have been many successes in launching research careers from Sec 1433 projects. Hatch funds are distributed across
        several colleges, with impacts in Agriculture, Arts & Sciences, Human Ecology and elsewhere. Hatch funds provide a small
        but important base of operating funds for many different kinds of projects inside and outside of Agriculture.
MI     The resulting reduction in faculty research positions will profoundly affect the ability of MSU to compete for
          extramural research funds. Currently the state and federal investments in the Michigan Agricultural Experiment
          Station results in the leveraging of an additional $40 million in extramural funding.
MN       In many cases, federally funded research projects have led to collaboration on multi-million dollar grants to further the
          research on a national level. Funding reductions would reduce science capacity and ability to compete for funding/grants to
          match partner contributions. Federal and State matching funds are often used as seed money, and the loss of that seed
          money would greatly impact our competitive position in other programs.
MO       For every federal dollar Missouri receives, it in turn leverages 2.7 state dollars in Experiment Station funding. Collectively,
          the federal and state ‘base’ or ‘hard’ research funding of $18.1 million attract another $45 million (all sources) in research
          funding, or another 2.5 dollars for every federal/state partnership dollar allocated. With grants alone accounting for nearly
          60% of the annual expenditures from the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station, and growing at a sustained rate of 15%
          annually, the reduction in federal base support has a compounding impact on the entire funding portfolio, with each federal
          research dollar matched by 12.6 dollars from other sources.
NE       The federal-state partnership is an inherent part of the Hatch Act passed by Congress in 1887. Federal funding under the
          Hatch Act has been provided to state agricultural experiment stations for 118 years. Retrenchment on this commitment by
          the federal government suggests to state legislatures that funding research in food, agriculture, natural resources and
          people and communities is not longer important and that state funding for agricultural experiment stations can also be
          reduced. In the end, U.S. agriculture will be less competitive since fewer technologies will be developed and the
          profitability of producers will be reduced. In addition, the management of natural resources and the quality of life for rural
          people will be status quo at best since research on these topics will be severely limited.
ND       For a small state, these formula funds are crucial – our best and brightest faculty will seek employment in other, larger
          land-grant institutions where support and infrastructure would allow for success with competitive granting agencies. This
          would further erode our ability to obtain competitive funds that would be needed to offset the loss of formula funds. Our
          young scientists have the knowledge and skills set necessary to compete at the national level. Many of these scientists
          have garnered funds from NRI, NSF, and NIH from $100,000 to $1.8 million annually.
OH       Formula funds have been used to facilitate industry partnerships and funding from competitive programs that leveraged
          over $5 for every dollar invested.
         Formula funds have been used to create faculty coalitions on emerging issues, eg ‘ecological sustainability’ which linked
          agriculture and environmental issues and ‘organic farming’; over $7M in grants through the Fund for Rural America were
          leveraged because these working groups were in place.
         Manure management and composting to create a value added product have been key initiatives to sustain animal
          agriculture in OH; these funds have been used to link us with programs in other states so that efforts are additive to
          synergistic rather than repetitive.
SD       Fewer scientists and students will result in reduced state and non-federal grants.
         Reduced formula funds will trigger a domino-like reduction of state and private support for agricultural research and the
          state’s land grant university.
         Reduction in force will be doubled if the state match for formula funds is lost.
WI       Most of the funded projects are part of much larger studies that include commodity funding and competitive grants. These
          contributing funds would likely be lost since the projects could not continue.
Impacts on Research Projects:
IL     Loss of formula funds would constrain our ability to place sustained research emphasis on agricultural problems in Illinois
        and to collaborate with other Land Grants across state boundaries.
IN     The CRIS system provides a research planning and reporting mechanism that is essential to encourage faculty to develop
        high-priority, peer-reviewed 5-year research plans and position themselves to compete more effectively for extramural
        grants. Also, the multi-state project system facilitates research coordination and planning among land-grant scientists
        across the nation, which avoids research duplication and brings together the critical mass of expertise to tackle national
        and regional high priority research topics and stimulates collaborative efforts to seek additional grant support.
IA     Compromises the ability to rapidly respond to emerging issues of national security of agriculture and the food system and
        of animal and human health.
       Coupled with state budget cuts of 25%, leaves only high-priority areas left to cut, including water and air quality, producer
        competitiveness and profitability, food safety and security, animal genomics and the bioeconomy.
       Reduces capacity for agricultural research to contribute as an engine of economic development, a clear expectation of the
        state of Iowa; agricultural research currently makes up 57% of patent disclosures at Iowa State and 46% of active
        licensing agreements and has led to several start-up firms.
       Support for the regional Plant Introduction Station, part of the national plant germplasm system and a joint venture
        between the federal government and north-central Experiment Stations to conduct and encourage research on crop
        improvement and product development.
       On October 1, 2005, CVM received $161,370 in formula funds (1433 funds) to allocate. The college has earned
        international stature in the area of livestock infectious disease research. Eliminating the formula funds will reduce the
        resources available to address important livestock disease problems. Formula funds provide those in animal health a
        tremendously important tool for combating new and emerging animal health problems / issues because these funds allow
        for flexibility and quick response. These are perhaps the only federal funds that provide this mechanism. That is, the
        ability to quickly refocus our research and respond to a new and emerging problem. Other funding mechanisms, such as
        the NRI, require long and laborious submission processes that often require preliminary data. In times of heightened
        national defense and preparedness the loss of this tool (i.e. formula funds) will seriously compromise our ability to respond
        and investigate new and unusual events.
KS     Two faculty on 100% research appointments are supported on Hatch funds. Losing support would force closing pecan
        research in Southeast Kansas, as well as entomology research in Southwest Kansas. Losing so many GRAs would severely
        harm many different kinds of research. Operating funds from Hatch and Mac-Stennis provide base support for many ag
        production projects, particularly in the in the crop and grain sciences. Many vital projects of this type don't compete well
        for grants and thus depend on formula funding.
MI     There will be a reduction in research equivalent to the loss of 53 faculty positions. This will also have a significant
          impact on our ability to respond effectively to national, regional and state priority research issues. This includes
          emerging and re-emerging plant and animal diseases, and the effects of invasive species on the Great Lakes
          Ecosystem. Current examples include bovine tuberculosis, emerald ash borer and soybean rust. This will also
          impact our ability to respond to emerging social issues such as obesity, nutrition and health, particularly in the area
          of chronic diseases. The proposed funding reduction will result in the disruption/destruction of the land grant
          university system and the regional research network.
MN       State and region-specific research would be curtailed. Formula funds provide the flexibility to more specifically address
          local problems, those that often do not fall under the categories or structure of competitive grants. Loss of this funding
          would force the University of Minnesota to eliminate faculty, staff and research assistant positions, which would eliminate
          or substantially reduce several research programs, especially in the areas of emerging national issues (biotechnology, food
          safety, water quality and natural resources, family and community.)
MO       Several programs of national importance could be impacted, including those in plant genomics and animal reproductive
          biology, as well as the economics/analysis of federal farm policy itself. Perhaps the largest impact, however, would be on
          Missouri’s research addressing local/regional problems in production management and environmental quality. While
          arguably of the greatest immediate need to sustain food production and the rural sector, such research is the least
          attractive to competitive grants programs and has historically relied on the federal/state base for funding.
NE       Formula funds allow the agricultural experiment station directors to allocate resources to projects that address important
          issues in the state and region. Many of these projects are not basic research priorities funded by competitive grants
          administered by federal agencies. In addition, formula funds permit support of long-term projects that are never funded
          by competitive grants. If formula funds are eliminated, LGU faculty will spend increasing amounts of time preparing grant
          proposals that will fund very specific projects that are of three years in duration and will normally not address the
          challenges faced by our clientele. As a result, the public return on investment will likely be low compared to current
          funding mix which has been shown to have a 50 percent annual rate of return.
ND       Agricultural Administration, while continually evaluating productivity, would identify only those research programs most
          necessary in the state – and only those programs that could obtain significant funding to conduct research. Many of our
          applied programs would be eliminated – perhaps entire departments – as we focus on basic research programs that can
          compete successfully for funding from NRI, NSF, etc., and applied programs that have strong local commodity support.
          These programs may not necessarily complement one another – rather, they would be identified because of funding
          potential. Entire research teams may not be a viable option; rather, a program may be handled by one individual, thereby
          reducing the opportunity for synergy of ideas in research.
OH       Supported projects (over 600) will be reviewed and reduced by 50%.
         Many issues span regions or are national in scope (e.g., BSE and Soybean
SD      Curtailed ability to respond to South Dakota citizens.
        Curtailed activities in state-wide economic development and management of natural resources.
        Diminished attraction of industry to South Dakota.
        Reduced global competitiveness of existing agricultural industries.
        Reduced competitiveness by SDSU for federal grants and contracts
WI      The change would result in the loss of 165 research projects since graduate students provide the primary
         labor. Ongoing projects would not be completed and we would lose past years’ efforts as well as future.
         University of Wisconsin would be unable to respond to state and regional priorities and emerging problems

				
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