Internet Glossary

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					                                    Glossary of Internet Terms
A Directory - Directories such as Yahoo don’t have ―Spiders‖ and Robots‖ to build their database.
Instead, Yahoo use their staff to manually review and categorise your web site for inclusion in the
directory once submitted. Some search engines work by automatically searching the contents of other
systems and creating a database of the results. Other search engines contains only material manually
approved, and some combine the two approaches.

Attachment – a file attached to e-mail i.e. a graphic or text

Favourites (Bookmark) - Allows you to return to a web page in the future (stores the page’s address) by
remembering a webpage link on your computer. In Explorer select, Favourites, Add to Favourites.

Boolean Logic – Advanced Internet search methods using ―and‖, ―or‖, ―not‖ i.e. ―dogs and cats‖

Browser – Programs that display web pages like Explorer, Mozilla Firefox

Cache: Small memory store for regularly accessed or recently used webpages and files

Chat – a service that allows large group conversation over the Internet

Compression – Making a file smaller in size for faster transmissions. Popular compression are *.ZIP and

Cookies - Some Web sites store information in a small text file on your computer. This file is called a
cookie. There are several types of cookies, and you can choose whether to allow some, none, or all of
them to be saved on your computer. If you do not allow cookies at all, you may not be able to view some
Web sites or take advantage of customization features (such as local news and weather, or stock quotes).
Cookies can also store personally identifiable information. Personally identifiable information is
information that can be used to identify or contact you, such as your name, e-mail address, home or work
address, or telephone number. However, a Web site only has access to the personally identifiable
information that you provide. For example, a Web site cannot determine your e-mail name unless you
provide it. Also, a Web site cannot gain access to other information on your computer. Once a cookie is
saved on your computer, only the Web site that created the cookie can read it. Unsatisfactory cookies are
cookies that might allow access to personally identifiable information that could be used for a secondary
purpose without your consent.

    1. In Explorer click Tools, Internet Options, General, Delete Cookies
    2. Click Tools, Internet Options, Privacy tab, move the slider up for a higher level of privacy or
       down for a lower level of privacy.

Copyright – The Copyright Act allows you to use the artistic works (i.e. photos, text) of others in a
limited fashion, but if you plan on using an entire work, or you’re making money from it, then contact the

Dial-up – to connect to a computer by calling it up on the telephone.

DNS (Domain Name System) - The Domain Name System translates Internet domain names (a unique
name given to computer) into IP numbers. A "DNS Server" is a server that performs this kind of
translation. An example of DNS translation would be points to

Download - Files, including graphics and text and programs that you save onto your hard disk from a

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Encryption - A way of encoding data so that it can be read only by the people it is intended for.

FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions

Firewall - A software which acts as a shield between your computer and Internet users, used to restrict
access to data on a network.

Freeware - Free software that you can download to your computer

FTP – File Transfer Protocol, a software or system for moving files across networks i.e. onto a webpage.

GIF - Graphics interchange format. A type of a drawing used on web pages

History – shows the sites you visited recently in Explorer browser

Host - A computer on the Internet which allows users to connect to it that stores webpages

HTML - Hypertext Markup Language, a programming code for creating documents to be read via the
World Wide Web.

HTTP – Hypertext transfer protocol. Transfers data on the World Wide Web. An example:

Hypermedia – text, graphics, videos, sounds used on webpages.

Hypertext – Code which creates point and click hyperlinks between documents or within the same

iPodder - an Open Source cross platform podcast receiver. iTunes and potcasting (regularly downloads
and saving of any music/radio broadcasts/news as opposed to streaming – playing on the web). Audio
downloading (also known as MP3 downloading or subscribing to a podcast) enables you to download the
latest version of a selected radio program or segment to your own computer. This high quality audio can
then be played directly from that computer at your leisure, or downloaded aga in to a portable MP player
such as (but not only) an iPod. For example if you choose to subscribe to the Radio National podcast
service, you can also automatically receive your audio via special free software. That way, you no longer
have to seek out the most recent audio from your favourite radio programs on the Radio National website
– it comes to you (see ). If you want to listen to podcasts, Juice
program is for you. Juice is the premier podcast receiver, allowing users to capture and listen to podcasts
anytime, anywhere, click to download it.

            1. To download audio on a PC: Right click the 'Download MP3' link, and 'Save Target As'

Indexes – organised by categories and subcategories located on the Search Engine’s page.

IP Address - A unique number consisting of 4 parts separated by dots, e.g:

ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network – is a fast delivery of video, voice and data via phone lines
and networks.

ISP - (Internet Service Provider) provides connections for a fee.

ISP – Internet Service Providers (provide web hosting for a fee – store your webpages)

JAVA – is a programming language for creating special effects called applets on the webpage.

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JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group – an image, mainly photographs of high quality ie. Photo.JPG

MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface – music files

Netiquette – is the accepted rules of etiquette when using the Internet

Newsgroup: A discussion group on a specific topic on Internet.

Pop-up - Is a window that sometimes pops up when you use Internet that displays advertising. One can
disable them by going to:

    1. In Explorer click Tools, Internet Options, Privacy tab, move the slider up for a higher level of
       privacy or down for a lower level of privacy. You can click Block Pop Ups.

Privacy – It’s a basic rule: respect others on the net. There are different laws protecting privacy around
the world.

Protocol – (a set of rules and standards) is a definition of how computers will act when talking to each
other. PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol allows a computer to use TCP/IP protocols with a standard telephone
line and a high-speed modem.

Search Engines - Search engines such as Google comprise of a database that is constructed by ―Spiders‖
or ―Robots‖ that travel the Internet then return and store web site addresses in its database. Crawler
Search Engines commonly use programs called a "crawler" to read web pages and create entries in the
search engine. Crawlers are sometimes also known as a "spider" or a "bot". Usually a website owner
needs to submit their site to the search engine, before the crawler will visit the site.

Shareware - Software that you can download for free, try and evaluation and after an evaluation period
ends have to either buy it or it will stop working.

Signature – a file that people insert at the end of electronic mail messages containing a name, address,

Spam (or Spamming) - Sending the same message to a large number of people who didn't ask for it. The
term probably comes from a famous Monty Python skit which featured the word spam repeated over and

Spyware and Adware - Basically, Spyware and Adware are two catchall names for a wide variety of
Internet ―parasites‖. These parasites go around looking for unsuspecting host computers—just like
yours—to call home. Once they’ve found a cozy spot to hide, they set about doing all kinds of nasty
things to your system—from bombarding you with pop-ups, to installing more parasites, or finding and
distributing your personal information. Use Ad-Aware SE Personal edition to comprehensively scan
your memory, registry, hard, removable and optical

TCP/IP – transmission control protocol/Internet Protocol

URL: Uniform Resource Locator – the address system used on the Web i.e.

World Wide Web – WWW – is widely used for entertainment, shopping, researching and other things.

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