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BANK - 瑾炴枃涓績

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					                                 the part of the body that contains the stomach, bowels, and other organs in a
abdomen               腹; 腹部
                                 person or animal
abiogenesis           自然發生(論)    the hypothesis that life can come into being from nonliving materials
                                 1: the cessation of lactation 2: the act of substituting other food for the
ablactation           斷奶
                                 mother's milk in the diet of a child or young mammal [syn: weaning]
                                  the act of destroying a fetus within the uterus; : an agent that destroys the
aborticide            墮胎藥
                                 fetus and causes abortion
                                 operation to end pregnancy: an operation or other intervention to end a
abortion              流產;小產;墮胎
                                 pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus from the wo
                                 One of the most common neurotransmitters, functions by binding to
acetylcholine         乙醯膽鹼
                                 receptors of the postsynaptic membrane.
                                 without color and therefore white, gray, or black in appearance; describes
achromatic            消色差的; 色盲的
                                 cells of organisms that cannot easily be stained with standard dyes
                                 an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin;
acne                  痤瘡;粉刺
                                 characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
                                 overproduction of growth hormones, resulting in enlarged bones in the
acromegaly            肢端肥大症
                                 hands, feet, jaw, nose, and ribs of adults
acrophobia            懼高症        an irrational fear of being in high places
                                 The science which treats of rays of light, especially of the actinic or
actinology            放射線學
                                 chemical rays.
                                 an originally Chinese practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at
acupuncture           針灸
                                 specific points especially to cure disease or relieve pain (as in surgery)
acute                 急性的         describes a disease that is brief, severe, and quickly comes to a crisis
                                 Also called the anterior pituitary, it consist of endocrine cells that synthesize
adenohypophysis       腺性垂體前葉
                                 and secretes several hormones directly into the blood
                                 a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands and by some nerve endings, that
adrenaline            腎上腺素; 副腎素
                                 increases the speed and force of heart contraction
agonist               興奮劑或協同劑 Agents responsible for triggering a response in cell.
agony                 極度痚苦;苦惱    intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain
                      陌生環境恐怖症,
agoraphobia                      a condition characterized by an irrational fear of public or open spaces
                      恐曠症
                                  congenital lack of pigmentation in the skin and hair of a person or animal or
albinism              白化症
                                 in the coloration of a plant
                                 abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood
alkalosis             鹼毒症
                                 and other body tissues
                                 A antigenic substance capable of producing immediate-type hypersensitivity
allergen              過敏原
                                 (allergy).
                                 a condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing
allergy               過敏         problems because they have eaten certain foods or come in contact with
                                 certain substances:
alopecia              禿髮;禿;脫髮    loss of hair; baldness
                                 a degenerative disorder that affects the brain and causes dementia, especially
                                 late in life; a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile
Alzheimer's disease   阿茲海默氏失智症 dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s; first symptoms are
                                 impaired memory which is followed by impaired thought and speech and
                                 finally complete helplessness
ambulance             救護車        a special vehicle used to take ill or injured people to hospital
                      癡愚,智能不足,(先 1. mental retardation. 2. lack of development of intellectual capacity as a
amentia
                      天),精神錯亂    result of inadequate brain tissue.
                                 loss of memory as a result of shock, injury, psychological disturbance, or
amnesia               記憶缺失,健忘.
                                 medical disorder
                                 (pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman
amniocentesis         羊膜穿刺術      (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of fetal
                                 abnormalities
                                 a drug formerly used to treat depression and as an appetite suppressant, or
amphetamine           安非他命
                                 any of its derivatives.
amputation            截肢.        cutting off (a projecting body part), especially by surgery.
                                 an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe
                                 of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the
amygdala              杏仁核
                                 hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an
                                 important role in motivation and emotional behavior
analgesia          痚覺缺失;止痚.  the lack of sensibility to pain while somebody is conscious
                   細胞回復較原始形 the reversion of cells, usually within a tumor, to a simpler or less
anaplasia
                   態的現象      differentiated form
                             the art of separating the parts of an organism in order to ascertain their
anatomy            解剖學
                             position, relations, structure, and function
                   男性素;雄激素;男 male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical
androgen
                   性內分泌素.    male sexual characteristics
                             a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin,
anemia             貧血
                             or in total volume
                              induced loss of sensitivity to pain in all or a part of the body for medical
anesthesia         麻醉
                             reasons.
                             the branch of medicine that deals with the study and use of anesthetic
anesthesiology     麻醉學
                             substances.
                             a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen
angina pectoris    心絞痚
                             to the heart
angiogenesis       血管新生      Development of new blood vessels by sprouting from pre-existing vessels.
angioma            血管瘤                tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
anorexia           厭食,食慾缺乏            persistent loss of appetite
antacid            抗胃酸劑               an agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity
antagonism         拮抗作用               The effect of a hormone, etc., that counteracts the effects of another.
                                      a disease which causes fever, swelling and often death in animals, especially
anthrax            炭疽病
                                      sheep and cattle, and can be passed on to humans
antibacterial      抗菌劑                an agent to destroying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria
                                      a protein produced by B cells in the body in response to the presence of an
                                      antigen, e.g. a bacterium or virus. Antibodies are a primary form of immune
antibody           抗體
                                      response in resistance to disease and act by attaching themselves to a foreign
                                      antigen and weakening or destroying it.
antidepressant     抗憂鬱劑               a drug used to prevent or reduce depression
antidote           解毒劑,解毒藥            a substance that counteracts the effects of a toxin
                                      a substance, usually a protein, on the surface of a cell or bacterium that
antigen            抗原
                                      stimulates the production of an antibody
antihemophilic     抗血友病藥              1. counteracting hemophilia. 2. an agent that acts to counteract hemophilia.
                   抗高血壓的;             controlling high blood pressure, a drug that reduces high blood pressure
antihypertensive
                   降壓的
antioxidant        抗氧化物               Substace or other agent that block oxidation of organic molecules.
antiphlogistic     消炎退熱劑              an agent to act against inflammation or fever
                                       the opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal through which feces
anus               肛門
                                      are released
                                      In mammals, the great trunk artery that carries blood from the heart to the
aorta              主動脈
                                      arterial system of the body.
                                      a medical condition in which a person is not able to speak or write or
aphasia            失語症
                                      understand speech or writing because of damage to the brain
apnea              呼吸暫停;窒息            transient cessation of respiration
apoplexy           中風                 a cerebral stroke, usually caused by a hemorrhage in the brain
apoptosis          細胞凋亡               The changes that occur within a cell as it undergoes programmed cell death.
apothecary         藥劑師                same as pharmacist; a person who in the past made and sold medicines
appendectomy       闌尾切除      a surgical operation to remove the appendix
                   闌尾炎;蚓突炎,盲
appendicitis                  inflammation of the appendix, causing severe pain
                   腸炎
                   心律失常,心律不
arrhythmia                   an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
                   整
                             a common arterial disease in which raised areas of degeneration and
arteriosclerosis   動脈硬化      cholesterol deposits plaques form on the inner surfaces of the arteries
                             obstructing blood flow
arteriovenous      動靜脈的      involving both a vein and an artery
                             a medical condition affecting a joint or joints, causing pain, swelling, and
arthritis          關節炎
                             stiffness
                                     the condition of being deprived of oxygen (as by having breathing stopped
asphyxiation      窒息
                                     2: killing by depriving of oxygen
                                     a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an
asthenopia        眼力疨勞
                                     uncorrected vision problem
                                     a chest disease in which breathing can become difficult, often caused by an
asthma            哮喘; 氣喘
                                     allergic reaction
                                     A cardiovascular disease in which growths called plaques develop (lipid
atherosclerosis   動脈粥狀硬化             accumulates) in the inner walls of the arteries, narrowing their inner
                                     diameters.
Athlete's foot    香港腳                a contagious fungal infection affecting the feet
auscultation      聽診                  listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
                                     an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders
autism            自閉症
                                     and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
avian flu         禽流感                Any strain of influenza carried by and primarily affecting birds.
                                     describes microorganisms that are not likely to cause disease in another
avirulent         無毒性的
                                     organism
bacillus          桿菌                 For any rod- shaped bacterium.
                                     the scientific study of bacteria, especially in relation to medicine and
bacteriology      細菌學
                                     agriculture
                                      a virus that infects bacteria and may integrate into the genetic material of its
bacteriophage     噬菌體                host cell and used as vectors in gene cloning and have other
                                     biotechnological uses.
                                     a single-celled, often parasitic microorganism without distinct nuclei or
bacterium         細菌                 organized cell structures. Various species are responsible for decay,
                                     fermentation, nitrogen fixation, and many plant and animal diseases.
                  巴比妥(鎮定,催眠
barbital                    a barbiturate with a long-lasting sedative or hypnotic effect
                  劑)
benignant         良性的       kind and gracious in behavior or appearance
                  藏書癖;珍本書收
bibliomania                 an extreme fondness for books, especially the collecting of them
                  藏狂
bibliotherapy               the use of reading materials for help in solving personal problems or for
                  讀書治療法
                            psychiatric therapy; also : the reading materials so used
                            a yellowish green fluid produced in the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and
bile              膽汁        passed through ducts to the small intestine, where it plays an essential role in
                            emulsifying fats
                            a greenish bile pigment that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of
biliverdin        膽綠素
                            hemoglobin in the liver and in turn breaks down to produce bilirubin
                            the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to
bioengineering    生物工程學
                            study the relation between workers and their environments
bioinformatics    生物信息學              The science of the analysis, handling and storage of biological information.
biotechnology     生物科技               the use of biological processes in industrial production
                                     a mammalian embryo at the stage when it is implanted in the wall of the
blastocyst        胚囊,胚胞; 囊胚
                                     womb
                  胚葉細胞;裂殖細
blastomere        胞,(受孕卵分裂成 any cell resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg
                  多個細胞中之任一
                  個)
bronchitis        支氣管炎      inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
cadaver           大體        a dead body, especially one that is to be dissected
                            vigorous physical exercises for improving fitness and muscle tone, including
calisthenics      柔軟體操
                            pushups, sit-ups, and jumping jacks
                            a white volatile crystalline substance with an aromatic smell and bitter taste,
camphor           樟腦,莰酮
                            occurring in certain essential oils
cancerphobia      癌症恐懼症     irrational fear of cancer
cancroid          癌狀的                Of or resembling a cancer
                  口部潰瘍;(動、           a disease of animals, e.g. a disease of horses that makes their hooves spongy,
canker            植物的)潰瘍病            a disease that can cause ulcers in the outer ears of some animals, or a throat
                                     infection of some birds
canthus           眼角                 the corner or angle at each side of the eye
                                    a phenomenon in which a liquid's surface rises, falls, or becomes distorted in
                                    shape where it is in contact with a solid. It is caused by the difference
capillarity      毛細管作用
                                    between the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid for each other
                                    and for those of the solid.
capillary        微血管                any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
carbuncle        癰;紅斑               a multiple-headed boil
                                    a substance or agent that can cause cancer. Radiation and some chemicals
carcinogen       致癌物質
                                    and viruses are carcinogens.
carcinoma        癌;癌瘤               a malignant tumor of epithelial origin
cardiac          心口        of the heart or heart disease
                 心動波描記器;心  an instrument for recording heart activity, used in the diagnosis of heart
cardiograph
                 電圖器.      disorders
                           a branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of heart
cardiology       心臟病學;心臟科
                           disorders and related conditions
cardiovascular   心臟血管的     of or pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
carditis         心臟炎       inflammation of the heart
                           the tough elastic tissue that is found in the nose, throat, and ear and in other
cartilage        軟骨        parts of the body and forms most of the skeleton in infancy, changing to
                           bone during growth
                 導尿管;尿液管;導 a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or
catheter
                 管         withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
                           An evolutionary trend toward the concentration of sensory equipment on the
cephalization    頭化現象
                           anterior end of the body.
                           The integrating center for memory, learning, emotions and other highly
cerebrum         大腦
                           complex functions of the central nervous system.
                           a sample of secretions and superficial cells of the uterine cervix and uterus;
cervical smear   子宮頸抹片
                           examined with a microscope to detect any abnormal cells
                           a specialist in the system of therapy which holds that disease results from a
                 脊椎治療師;骨椎
chiropractor               lack of normal nerve function and which employs manipulation and specific
                 治療師
                           adjustment of body structures
                           an acute and often fatal intestinal disease that produces severe
cholera          霍亂        gastrointestinal symptoms and is usually caused by the bacterium Vibrio
                           cholerae
                           an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant
cholesterol      膽固醇
                           steroid in animal tissues
                           describes an illness or medical condition that lasts over a long period and
chronic          慢性的
                           sometimes causes a long-term change in the body
                           a chronic progressive disease of the liver characterized by the replacement
cirrhosis        肝硬化
                           of healthy cells with scar tissue
claustrophobia   幽閉恐怖症     an irrational fear of being in a confined or enclosed space
                           a building, often part of a hospital, to which people can go for medical care
clinic           診所;臨床     or advice; a group meeting devoted to the analysis and solution of concrete
                           problems or to the acquiring of specific skills or knowledge
clonus           抽筋        convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
                           the lower and larger part of the bowels through which food travels while it is
colon            結腸
                           being digested
congenital       先天的       describes an unusual condition present at birth
conjunctivitis   結膜炎,紅眼症            inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by infection, injury, or allergy
                                    irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a
constipation     便秘
                                    symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis
                                    affected by or carrying a disease that can be transmitted by direct or indirect
contagious       傳染性的
                                    contact
                                    an injury to the body in which skin and bone are not broken but damage is
contusion        挫傷
                                    done to tissues under the skin, causing a bruise
                                    a line of police officers or soldiers, or their vehicles, surrounding an area to
cordon           防疦線; 封鎖線
                                    control access to it
                 冠狀的,冠狀環繞           describes the arteries that supply blood to the muscle tissue of the heart, or
coronary
                 的                  the veins that take blood away from it
cough            咳嗽                 to release air through the windpipe and mouth sharply and noisily
coxa             髖;髖關節              the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum
                                          spasmodic contractions of the uterus, such as those occurring during
cramps                  痙攣性痚;抽痚           menstruation or labor, usually causing pain in the abdomen that may radiate
                                          to the lower back and thighs
cytology                細胞學               the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
cytoplasm               細胞質                the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus
                                          color blindness, especially an inability to distinguish between red and green;
daltonism               先天性色盲
                                          An inherited defect in perception of red and green; red-green colorblindness.
dandruff                頭皮屑               loose scales shed from the scalp
debility                衰弱                general lack of strength or energy
decolorant              漂白劑               a chemical that removes the color from a fabric or other substance
decrepitude             衰老;老朽             the condition of being old, worn out, or in poor working order
                                          describes a duct, nerve, or vessel in the body that is capable of carrying
deferent                輸送的
                                          impulses or fluid away, down, or outward
                        神智昏迷,             a state marked by extreme restlessness, confusion, and sometimes
delirium
                        精神錯亂              hallucinations, caused by fever, poisoning, or brain injury
delivery room           產房                a specially equipped room in a hospital where women give birth
                                          the usually progressive deterioration of intellectual functions such as
dementia                痴呆                memory that can occur while other brain functions such as those controlling
                                          movement and the senses are retained
demulcent               潤腸藥               a substance that soothes irritated or inflamed skin or mucous membranes.
                                          a tropical disease caused by a virus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and
dengue                  登革熱
                                          marked by high fever and severe muscle and joint pains
                        全副天然牙;全口          a partial or complete set of artificial teeth for the upper or lower jaw, usually
denture
                        假牙                attached to a plate
deodorize               除臭                 to disguise or eliminate unpleasant odors in a place
                                          DNA; Any enzyme (phosphodiesterase) hydrolyzing phosphodiester bonds
deoxyribonucleic acid   去氧核糖核酸
                                          in DNA
                                  a spectrum of affective disorders, ranging from passing sad moods to
                                  serious, crippling disease requiring medical treatment. major depression is a
                                  "whole body" disorder, impacting the patient's emotions (feelings of guilt
                        抑鬱,精神沮喪;憂 and hopelessness or loss of pleasure in once enjoyed activities), thinking
depression
                        鬱症        (persistent thoughts of death or suicide; difficulty concentrating,
                                  remembering, or making decisions), behavior (changes in sleep patterns,
                                  appetite, or weight),and even their physical well-being (persistent symptoms,
                                  such as headaches or digestive disorders, that do not respond to treatment).
dermatitis              皮膚炎               inflammation of the skin.
dermatologist           皮膚科醫生             a specialist expert in the treatment of disorders of the skin.
dermatology             皮膚科               the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
                                          a general term referring to disorders characterized by excessive urine
diabetes                糖尿病
                                          excretion
                                          separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion
dialysis                透析;滲析;洗腎
                                          through semipermeable membranes
                                          frequent and excessive discharging of the bowels producing thin watery
diarrhea                腹瀉
                                          feces, usually as a symptom of gastrointestinal upset or infection
digestant               消化劑               an agent for aiding or stimulating digestion.
                                          an acute febrile contagious disease marked by the formation of a false
                                          membrane especially in the throat and caused by a bacterium
diphtheria              白喉
                                          (corynebacterium diphtheriae) that produces a toxin causing inflammation of
                                          the heart and nervous system
diuretics               利尿劑               a substance or drug that tends to increase the discharge of urine.
                                          a congenital disorder, caused by the presence of an extra 21st chromosome,
down syndrome           唐氏症候群             in which the affected person has mild to moderate mental retardation, short
                                          stature, and a flattened facial profile
                                          a disease of the lower intestine caused by infection with bacteria, protozoans
dysentery               痢疾                or parasites and marked by severe diarrhea, inflammation, and the passage
                                          of blood and mucus
                                       a learning disorder marked by a severe difficulty in recognizing and
dyslexia             閱讀困難症             understanding written language, leading to spelling and writing problems. it
                                       is not caused by low intelligence or brain damage.
dysmenorrhea         月經困難              severe pain or cramps in the lower abdomen during menstruation
dyspepsia            消化不良              acid indigestion
                     發音困難的;發音
dysphonic                              difficult in speaking, usually evidenced by hoarseness
                     障礙的
earache              耳痚                 pain in the middle or inner ear.
earlobe              耳垂                the soft fleshy lower part of the outer ear
                                       a synthetic amphetamine analog C11H15NO2 used illicitly for its mood-
                     狂喜; 搖頭丸;
ecstasy                                enhancing and hallucinogenic properties called also MDMA ,
                     快樂丸
                                       methylenedioxymethamphetamine , XTC
ectopic              異位的               an organ or body part occurring in an unusual position or form
                                       an inflammation of the skin characterized by reddening and itching and the
eczema               濕疹
                                       formation of scaly or crusty patches that may leak fluid
                                       an abnormal infiltration and excess accumulation of serous fluid in
edema                浮腫
                                       connective tissue or in a serous cavity
                                        the act or process of discharging undigested or waste material from a cell or
egestion             排泄
                                       organism
                                       a device that records the electrical activity of the heart muscle via electrodes
electrocardiograph   心電圖機
                                       placed on the chest, and displays it as a visual record
                                        any form of medical treatment that uses electricity as a cure or relief, e.g. to
electrotherapy       電療法
                                       stimulate nerves and the muscles they are connected to
                                       a mass, most commonly a blood clot, that becomes lodged in a blood vessel
embolus              血栓
                                       and obstructs it
                     擦劑; 塗擦患處
embrocation                            a lotion or liniment that relieves muscle or joint pain
                                       a human offspring in the early stages following conception up to the end of
embryo               胚胎
                                       the eighth week, after which it is classified as a fetus
                                       the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of
embryology           胚胎學
                                       living organisms
                                       the section of a health care facility for providing rapid treatment to victims
emergency room       急診室
                                       of sudden illness or trauma
                                       a condition characterized by air-filled expansions of body tissues;
                                       specifically, a condition of the lung marked by abnormal dilation of its air
emphysema            肺氣腫,氣腫.
                                       spaces and distension of its walls and frequently by impairment of heart
                                       action
encephalalgia        頭痚                Pain in the head; headache
encephalitis         腦炎                 inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a viral infection
endocrinology        內分泌學              a branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the endocrine glands
                                       the mucous membrane that lines the womb and increases in thickness in the
endometrium          子宮內膜
                                       later part of the menstrual cycle
                                       injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes
enema                灌腸;灌腸劑(器)
                                       used for diagnostic purposes
enteric              腸內的               of or relating to or inside the intestines
                                        inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually
enteritis            腸炎
                                       characterized by diarrhea
                                       A large and diverse group of viruses (family Picornaviridae) that includes
                                       poliovirus types 1 to 3, Coxsackievirus A and B, echoviruses, and the
enterovirus          腸道病毒
                                       enteroviruses identified since 1969 and assigned type numbers. They are
                                       transient inhabitants of the alimentary canal and are stable at low pH.
entomology           昆蟲學               The scientific study of insects
enzyme               酵素                any complex chemical produced by living cells that is a biochemical catalyst
                                       a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and
epidemiology         流行病學
                                       control of disease in a population
                                       the thin outermost layer of the skin, itself made up of several layers, that
epidermis            表皮
                                       covers and protects the underlying dermis
epiglottis           喉頭蓋,會厭(軟骨) a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
                                a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of
epilepsy             癲癇;羊癇
                                consciousness and convulsions
epistaxis            鼻出血        a flow of blood from the nose.
esophagus            食管;食道      the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
                                 a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the
estrogen             雌激素
                                ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
etiology             病源(學)      the set of factors that contributes to the occurrence of a disease
eupeptic             消化良好的       relating to or producing good digestion
                                 the act of killing someone painlessly (especially someone suffering from an
euthanasia           安樂死
                                incurable illness)
                                flour or meal made from wheat, nuts, or vegetables, often used in pastries
farina               澱粉;花粉
                                and soups
fatality             死亡率        the proportion of deaths to the population of an area or group
fauces               咽喉         the passage between the back of the mouth and the pharynx
fauna                動物區系       the animal life of a particular region or period, considered as a whole.
febrifuge            退熱藥         a drug that reduces fever
                                the involuntary voiding of feces into clothing or bedclothes, usually due to
fecal incontinence   大便失禁
                                pathology affecting sphincter control or loss of cognitive functions
                                the union of male and female reproductive cells gametes to produce a
fertilization        受精(作用)     fertilized reproductive cell zygote. Fertilization can take place inside the
                                female's body, as in humans, or outside the body, as in fish.
                                thickening and scarring of connective tissue most often following injury,
fibrosis             纖維變性;纖維化
                                infection, lack of oxygen, or surgery
                                any of the infectious agents that pass through a filter of diatomite or
                                unglazed porcelain with the filtrate and remain virulent and that include the
filterable virus     濾過性病毒      viruses as presently understood and various other groups (as the
                                mycoplasmas and rickettsias) which were originally considered viruses
                                before their cellular nature was established
                                plant life, especially all the plants found in a particular country, region, or
flora                植物群
                                time regarded as a group
follicle             小囊;卵泡;濾泡   any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity
folliculitis         毛囊炎        inflammation of a hair follicle
                                the branch of medical science that uses medical knowledge for legal
Forensic Medicine    法醫學
                                purposes
                                a small muscular sac on the right underside of the liver, in which bile
gallbladder          膽囊         secreted by the liver is stored and concentrated until needed for the digestive
                                process
                                 a small hard mass that forms in the gallbladder, sometimes as a result of
gallstone            膽石         infection or blockage. Gallstones consist mainly of cholesterol, bile
                                pigments, and calcium salts.
gamogenesis          兩性生殖       The act or process of sexual reproduction
                                 local death and decay of soft tissues of the body as a result of lack of blood
gangrene             壞疽
                                to the area
                                to rinse or disinfect the mouth and throat by holding liquid in the back of the
gargle               漱口
                                mouth and stirring it up with air breathed out from the lungs
gastric              胃的         relating to, involving, or near the stomach
gastroenteritis      腸胃炎        inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the stomach and intestines
                                the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of diseases
gastroenterology     腸胃科
                                of the stomach and intestines and their associated organs
gastrointestinal     胃腸的        of or relating to the stomach and intestines
gastrorrhagia        胃出血        hemorrhage from the stomach
                                an instrument passed through the mouth and used to examine the stomach,
gastroscope          胃鏡檢查       consisting of a flexible tube that contains optical fibers coupled to an
                                eyepiece and light source
genetics             遺傳學        the branch of biology that deals with heredity and genetic variations
genital              生殖的;生殖器的   relating to the external sexual organs or to reproduction
                                the genetic makeup of an organism, as opposed to its physical characteristics
genotype             基因型;遺傳型
                                phenotype
                                a physician who specializes in a branch of medicine that deals with the
geriatrician         老人科醫生
                                problems and diseases of old age and aging people
germinal                幼芽的;胚種的  of, relating to, or having the characteristics of a germ cell or early embryo
                        老人科學;老人病
gerontology                       the scientific study of aging and its effects.
                        學
                                 the period of development of the young in viviparous animals, from the time
gestation               妊娠
                                 of fertilization of the ovum until birth.
                                 a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid
gout                    痚風       metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and
                                 joints
                                 a medical doctor who specializes in gynecology and diseases affecting the
gynecologist            婦科醫生
                                 female reproductive system.
haemodialysis (kidney            dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from
                        血液透析(洗腎)
dialysis)                        the bloodstream; used in the case of kidney failure
halitosis               口臭       unpleasant-smelling breath; a condition of having fetid breath
hallucinogen            迷幻藥               a substance, especially a drug such as LSD, that causes hallucinations
                                          a single contraction of the lower chambers of the heart that drives blood
heartbeat               心跳
                                          through the body
                                          benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels; some appear as
hemangioma              血管瘤
                                          birthmarks
                                          the branch of medicine devoted to the study of blood, blood-producing
hematology              血液學
                                          tissues, and diseases of the blood
                                          a mass of usually clotted blood that forms in a tissue, organ, or body space
hematoma                血塊
                                          as a result of a broken blood vessel
                                          the presence of blood in the urine, as a result of injury to or disease of the
hematuria               血尿(症)
                                          kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.
                                           total or partial inability to move experienced on one side of the body,
hemiplegia              半身不遂; 偏癱
                                          caused by brain disease or injury.
                                          an iron-containing protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen around
hemoglobin              血紅蛋白
                                          the body
                                          a sex-linked hereditary blood defect that occurs almost exclusively in males
hemophilia              血友病               and is characterized by delayed clotting of the blood and consequent
                                          difficulty in controlling hemorrhage even after minor injuries
                                          the expectoration of blood or of blood stained sputum; expectoration of
hemoptysis              咳血
                                          blood from some part of the respiratory tract
hemorrhage              溢血,出血             a copious discharge of blood from the blood vessels
hemorrhoids             痔瘡                painful varicose veins in the canal of the anus
                                          1. surgical clamp: a surgical instrument that stops bleeding by clamping a
hemostat                止血鉗子;止血劑          blood vessel 2. chemical antibleeding agent: a chemical agent that stops
                                          bleeding
                                          inflammation of the liver, causing fever, jaundice, abdominal pain, and
hepatitis               肝炎
                                          weakness
                                          passed genetically, or capable of being passed genetically, from one
hereditary              遺傳的
                                          generation to the next
hernia                  疝氣;脫腸             rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
                                          a viral infection causing small painful blisters and inflammation, most
herpes                  疧疹                commonly at the junction of skin and mucous membrane in the mouth or
                                          nose or in the genitals
                                          a spasmodic inhalation with closure of the glottis accompanied by a peculiar
hiccough                呃逆; 打膈
                                          sound
                                          Greek physician who laid the foundations of scientific medicine by freeing
                                          medical study from the constraints of philosophical speculation and
Hippocrates             希波克拉底
                                          superstition. He is traditionally but inaccurately considered the author of the
                                          Hippocratic oath.
                                           a branch of anatomy concerned with the study of the microscopic structures
histology               組織學
                                          of animal and plant tissue
                                          distention of the kidney with urine due to obstruction of urine outflow (for
hydronephrosis          腎積水               example, by a stone blocking the ureter, the tube going from the kidney to
                                          the bladder).
                                          the treatment of disease by the external use of water, e.g. by exercising
hydrotherapy            水療
                                          weakened limbs in a pool
                                          an excess of serous fluid in the pleural cavity; especially : an effusion
hydrothorax             胸積水
                                          resulting from failing circulation
hygiene               衛生學      the science dealing with the preservation of health
                               farsightedness or hyperopia occurs when a refractive error in which light
hypermetropia         遠視       rays entering the eye are focused behind the retina. this condition is easily
                               corrected with corrective lenses or contact lenses.
hypertension          高血壓      high blood pressure
                               the abnormal condition resulting from hyperthyroidism marked by increased
hyperthyroidism       甲狀腺機能亢進症 metabolic rate, enlargement of the thyroid gland, rapid heart rate, high blood
                               pressure and various secondary symptoms.
                               an excessive, usually long-term preoccupation with health and bodily
hypochondria          疑病症      sensations, accompanied by a deluded conviction of having a serious disease
                               without objective evidence
                      臆想病;
hypochondria                   chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
                      憂鬱症;臆想病
hypodermic            皮下的      relating to or involving the area of tissue lying beneath the skin
                                         a somatoform (psychoneurotic or psychosomatic) disorder in which there is
                                         an alteration or loss of physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder
                                         such as paralysis of an arm or disturbance of vision, but that is instead
hysteria              歇斯底里
                                         apparently an expression of a psychological conflict or need; a diagnostic
                                         term, referable to a wide variety of psychogenic symptoms involving
                                         disorder of function, which may be mental, sensory, motor, or visceral
                                visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope
hysteroscopy          子宮鏡檢查
                                inserted through the vagina
immunity              免疦力;免疦性   the condition in which an organism can resist disease
                                the study of the genetic basis of the immune system. This study is especially
immunogenetics        免疦遺傳學     important in organ transplantation, where a close genetic match of tissue
                                lowers the likelihood of organ rejection.
                                the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part
incision              切口
                                of an operation)
                                a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or
indigestion           不消化;消化不良
                                nausea
                                invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, which may
                                be clinically unapparent or result in local cellular injury due to competitive
                                metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication or antigen antibody response.
infection             發炎(細菌引起)  the infection may remain localized, subclinical and temporary if the body’s
                                defensive mechanisms are effective. a local infection may persist and spread
                                by extension to become an acute, subacute or chronic clinical infection or
                                disease state. a local infection may also become systemic when the
                                microorganisms gain access to the lymphatic or vascular system.
                                the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability
infertility           不育;不孕.
                                to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
infirmity             健康不良,衰弱   any medical condition that causes a lack of strength or vitality
                                swelling, redness, heat, and pain produced in an area of the body as a
inflammation          發炎;炎症
                                reaction to injury or infection
                                the introduction of a pathogen or antigen into a living organism to stimulate
inoculation           防疦注射
                                the production of antibodies
inquest               驗屍        an inquiry into the cause of an unexpected death
insectology           昆蟲學       entomology
                                1: the act of sowing (of seeds in the ground or, figuratively, of germs in the
insemination          懷孕;授精     body or ideas in the mind, etc.) 2: the introduction of semen into the genital
                                tract of a female
                                inability to fall asleep or to remain asleep long enough to feel rested,
insomnia              失眠症;失眠.
                                especially when this is a problem that continues over time
                                an outer protective covering such as the skin of an animal or a cuticle or
integument            外皮
                                seed coat or rind or shell
                      智力;理解力;思維
intellect                       somebody's ability to think, reason, and understand
                      能力
                                the department of a hospital that is designed and equipped for the
intensive care unit   加護病房
                                monitoring, care, and treatment of seriously ill or injured patients
                      干擾素(一種抗癌 a protein produced by cells in response to virus infection that inhibits viral
interferon
                      物質)       replication
                                 a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and nonsurgical
internist             內科醫師
                                 treatment of diseases affecting the internal organs
intoxication          中毒         an abnormal state that is essentially a poisoning
intravenous           靜脈內的       within or by means of a vein
                                  In vitro (Latin: (with)in the glass) refers to the technique of performing a
                                 given experiment in a test tube, or, generally, in a controlled environment
                                 outside a living organism. In vitro fertilization is a well-known example of
                                 this. Many experiments in cellular biology are conducted outside organisms
in-vitro              試管(受精)     or cells, thus, the conditions and, therefore, results may not correspond to
                                 those inside. Consequently, experimental results are often annotated with in
                                 vitro or its opposite in vivo as it applies.


involuntary           不由自主的       spontaneous or automatic, and not controlled or controllable by the mind
                                 a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in
iodine                碘          medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination
                                 in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
irritant              刺激物; 刺激劑   causing irritation, especially physical irritation
                                 a medical condition in which there is yellowing of the whites of the eyes,
                                 skin, and mucous membranes, caused by bile pigments in the blood. It is a
jaundice              黃疸;黃疸病     symptom of liver diseases such as hepatitis and cirrhosis, or of a blocked
                                 bile duct, and sometimes occurs temporarily in new-born babies whose
                                 livers are slightly immature.
keloid                瘢瘤,疤腫      a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
                                 either of a pair of organs in the abdomen of vertebrates that filter waste
kidney                腎          liquid resulting from metabolism of the blood, which is subsequently
                                 excreted as urine
                                 the perception or sensing of the motion, weight, or position of the body as
kinesthesia           運動感覺;肌覺
                                 muscles, tendons, and joints move
                                 A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are
                                 done on clinical specimens in order to get information about the health of a
Laboratory Medicine   檢驗醫學
                                 patient. Laboratory tests are an integral part of the workup of any patient,
                                 and constitute up to 80% of a physician's diagnosis and treatment choice.
lachrymose            催淚的;悲哀的    crying or tending to cry easily and often
                                 a hygroscopic organic acid C3H6O3 present normally especially in muscle
                                 tissue as a product of anaerobic glycolysis, produced in carbohydrate matter
lactic acid           乳酸
                                 usually by bacterial fermentation, and used especially in food and medicine
                                 and in industry
                                 a slender endoscope inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall in
                      腹腔鏡檢查,內視
laparoscopy                      order to examine the abdominal organs or to perform minor surgery
                      鏡檢查
                                 inflammation of the larynx, usually accompanied by hoarseness and
laryngitis            喉炎
                                 coughing
                                 voice box: the cartilaginous box-shaped part of the respiratory tract between
                                 the level of the root of the tongue and the top of the trachea. In humans and
larynx                喉, 喉頭
                                 some other air-breathing vertebrates it is the organ of voice production,
                                 containing the vocal cords.
                                 a phospholipid found in cell membranes that also plays a role in fat
lecithin              卵磷脂
                                 metabolism
                                 a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of the family
                                 Legionellaceae, made up of motile, pleomorphic organisms that require
                      軍團病杆菌感染,   cysteine and iron for growth. Their normal habitat is lakes, streams, and
legionellosis
                      退伍軍人病      moist soil, but they have also been found as contaminants in human
                                 habitations. Human infection causes legionellosis, a pneumonialike disease;
                                 the mode of spread is the airborne route.
                                 a tropical disease mainly affecting the skin and nerves that can cause tissue
leprosy               痲瘋
                                 change and, in severe cases, loss of sensation and disfigurement.
                                 a state of physical slowness and mental dullness resulting from tiredness,
lethargy              倦怠,昏睡病
                                 disease, or drugs
                                 an acute or chronic disease in humans and other warm-blooded animals
leukemia              白血病        characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in
                                 the tissues and often in the blood
leukocyte            白血球                  a white blood cell
                                         a complex organism consisting of fungi and algae growing together in
lichen               苔蘚病                 symbiosis that often appears as gray, green, or yellow patches on rocks,
                                         trees, and other surfaces
                                         a tough fibrous band of tissue connecting the articular extremities of bones
ligament             韌帶
                                         or supporting an organ in place
ligation             結紮                  the tying of something with a surgical ligature
                                         a large very vascular glandular organ of vertebrates that secretes bile and
liver                肝
                                         causes important changes in many of the substances contained in the blood
                               backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back; can be caused by
lumbago              腰痚        muscle strain or arthritis or vascular insufficiency or a ruptured
                               intervertebral disc
lutein               葉黃體素; 黃體素 yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
                               an oval body in the lymphatic system that produces and houses lymphocytes
lymph gland          淋巴腺       and filters microorganisms and other particles from lymph, thus reducing the
                               risk of infection
                               a human disease that is caused by sporozoan parasites (genus Plasmodium)
malaria              瘧疾        in the red blood cells, is transmitted by the bite of anopheline mosquitoes,
                               and is characterized by periodic attacks of chills and fever
                               variation from the usual structure or form of something, or an instance of
malformation         畸形;殘廢
                               this
                               tending to become progressively worse and to result in death. having the
malignant            惡性/惡性的
                               properties of anaplasia, invasion and metastasis, said of tumors.
                               the undesirable position of something, especially a part of the body or a
malposition          錯位; 異位
                               fetus in the womb
                               illegal, unethical, negligent, or immoral behavior by somebody in a
malpractice          醫療失當      professional or official position, resulting in a failure to fulfill the duties or
                               responsibilities associated with that position
                               any of a class (Mammalia) of warm-blooded higher vertebrates (as
                               placentals, marsupials, or monotremes) that nourish their young with milk
mammalian            哺乳動物
                               secreted by mammary glands, have the skin usually more or less covered
                               with hair, and include humans
mammalogy            哺乳動物學     the branch of zoology that deals with the study of mammals
                               a psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive physical activity, rapidly
mania                狂熱;狂躁症
                               changing ideas, and impulsive behavior
manometer            血壓計       an instrument used to measure the pressure of a gas
                               soft red or yellow fatty tissue that fills the central cavities of bones. Red
marrow               髓; 骨髓
                               marrow is the site of blood cell production.
                               a contagious acute viral disease with symptoms that include a bright red rash
                               of small spots that spread to cover the whole body. Small white spots,
measles              麻疹
                               known as Koplik's spots, appear in the mouth on the inside of the cheeks a
                               few days before the rash appears and can be used in diagnosis.
                               a word used through the years to refer to what is now called depression. in
                               the humoral theory of the ancient Greeks it was the temperament caused by
melancholia          憂鬱症
                               an excess of black bile. in modern psychiatric terminology melancholia is
                               used to refer to especially severe forms of major depressive disorder.
                                a thin flexible sheet of tissue connecting, covering, lining, or separating
membrane             膜         various parts or organs in animal and plant bodies, or forming the external
                               wall of a cell
                               the three membranes that surround and protect the brain and the spinal cord,
meninges             腦膜
                               called the dura mater, the arachnoid mater, and the pia mater
menopause            更年期;絕經期   the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
                               subaverage intellectual ability that is equivalent to or less than an IQ of 70,
mental retardation   智力障礙      is present from birth or infancy, and is manifested especially by abnormal
                               development, by learning difficulties, and by problems in social adjustment
                               the series of processes by which food is converted into the energy and
metabolism           新陳代謝
                               products needed to sustain life
                               the spread of a cancer from the original tumor to other parts of the body by
metastasis           轉移
                               means of tiny clumps of cells transported by the blood or lymph
                               the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on
microbiology         微生物學
                               humans
                                        a recurrent, throbbing, very painful headache, often affecting one side of the
migraine             偏頭痚                head and sometimes accompanied by vomiting or by distinct warning signs,
                                        including visual disturbances
mortality            死亡率                the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area
muscae volitantes    飛蚊症       specks that appear to float before the eyes
                               any of a group of hereditary diseases characterized by progressive wasting
muscular dystrophy   肌肉增新不良症
                               of muscles
                               a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular
                     肌無力,(肌肉衰弱
myasthenia                     weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of
                     無力)
                               acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
                               that optical condition in which only rays from a finite distance from the eye
myopia               近視
                               focus on the retina.
narcissism           自我陶醉;自戀   excessive self-admiration and self-centeredness
                               a condition characterized by frequent, brief, and uncontrollable bouts of
narcolepsy           嗜眠病       deep sleep, sometimes accompanied by hallucinations and an inability to
                               move
                               an addictive drug, such as opium, that reduces pain, alters mood and
narcotic             麻醉        behavior, and usually induces sleep or stupor. natural and synthetic narcotics
                               are used in medicine to control pain.
nasal                鼻的        forming part of or relating to the nose
nasopharyngitis      鼻咽炎       Inflammation of the nasal passages and of the upper part of the pharynx
nasosinusitis        鼻竇炎                Inflammation of the nasal cavities and of the accessory sinuses.
nausea               嘔心                 the unsettling feeling in the stomach that accompanies the urge to vomit
                                        a small rounded hollow on the surface of the human stomach, where the end
navel                肚臍
                                        of the umbilical cord was tied after being cut.
necrosis             壞死                 the death of cells in a tissue or organ caused by disease or injury.
                                        of, relating to, or affecting the newborn and especially the human infant
neonatal             新生兒的
                                        during the first month after birth
                                        severe inflammation of the kidney, caused by infection, degenerative
nephritis            腎炎
                                        disease, or disease of the blood vessels
                                        a bundle of fibers forming a network that transmits messages in the form of
                                        impulses between the brain or spinal cord and the body's organs. Motor
nerve                神經                 nerves carry impulses outward to the muscles and glands, while sensory
                                        nerves carry inbound information about the body's movements and
                                        sensations. Mixed nerves perform both functions.
                                         an intermittent and often severe pain in a part of the body along the path of
neuralgia            神經痚
                                        a nerve, especially when there is no physical change in the nerve itself
                                        inflammation of a nerve, accompanied by pain, loss of reflexes, and muscle
neuritis             神經炎
                                        shrinkage
                     神經學家;神經科           one specializing in neurology; especially : a physician skilled in the
neurologist
                     醫師                 diagnosis and treatment of disease of the nervous system
                                        the branch of medicine that deals with the structure and function of the
neurology            神經學
                                        nervous system and the treatment of the diseases and disorders that affect it
neuropath            神經病患者              somebody affected by a disorder of the nervous system
neurophysiology      神經生理學               the branch of physiology that studies how the nervous system functions
                                        a mental and emotional disorder that affects only part of the personality, is
                                        accompanied by a less distorted perception of reality than in a psychosis,
neurosis             神經官能病              does not result in disturbance of the use of language, and is accompanied by
                                        various physical, physiological, and mental disturbances (as visceral
                                        symptoms, anxieties, or phobias)
                     疾病分類學;疾病
nosology                                the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
                     分類
notalgia             背痚                 pain in the back
                                        the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a
Nuclear Medicine     核醫學
                                        patient's body or to destroy diseased cells
nursery              嬰兒室                a place where children are temporarily cared for in their parents' absence
obesity              肥胖病                a condition characterized by excessive bodily fat
                                        a doctor who specializes in pregnancy, delivering babies, and the care of
obstetrician         產科醫師
                                        women after childbirth
                                          the use of regular periods of suitable productive activity as part of the
occupational therapy   職業治療(法)
                                          treatment of illness or medical condition
                                          the branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of malignant
oncology               腫瘤學
                                          tumors
ophthalmic             眼的                 relating to the eyes, or located in the region of the eye
                                          the branch of medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of
ophthalmology          眼科學
                                          eye diseases and conditions
                                          a medical instrument used for examining the inside of the eye to detect
                                          changes to the retina such as those associated with diabetes and
ophthalmoscope         檢眼鏡;眼底鏡            hypertension. a direct ophthalmoscope shines a fine beam of light into the
                                          eye and allows the examiner to see a magnified image of the spot where the
                                          beam falls.
                                          somebody who is qualified to carry out eye examinations and to prescribe
optometrist            驗光專家
                                          and supply glasses and contact lenses
                       矯形齒科學;齒科           a branch of dentistry dealing with irregularities of the teeth and their
orthodontia
                       整形術                correction
                                          the branch of medicine dealing with the skeletal system and its associated
orthopedics            整形外科,骨科
                                          muscles and joints, esp. with the treatment of skeletal disorders in children.
                                          a device that uses a cathode ray tube to produce a visual record of an
oscilloscope           示波器                electrical current on a fluorescent screen. use: testing of electronic
                                          equipment, measurement of electrical impulses of the heart or the brain.
otolaryngology         耳鼻喉科               the branch of medicine concerned with the ear
outpatient             門診病人               a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated
                                          one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and
ovary                  卵巢
                                          progesterone
overfatigue            過勞                 tire excessively
palpitation            心悸                 a rapid and irregular heart beat
palsy                  癱瘓                 a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor of the body or a part
                                          a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes
pancreas               胰腺
                                          pancreatic juice and insulin
                                          a psychological disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks and usually
panic disorder         恐慌症
                                          resulting in the development of one or more phobias, such as agoraphobia.
                                          complete or partial loss of function especially when involving the motion or
paralysis              癱瘓、麻痺
                                          sensation in a part of the body
                                          a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or
paranoia               偏執狂;妄想狂
                                          grandeur
paraplegia             下身麻痺               paralysis of the lower half of the body with involvement of both legs
parasite               寄生蟲                an organism living in, with, or on another organism in parasitism
parasitology           寄生物學               the scientific study of plants and animals that live as parasites
                                          a chronic progressive nervous disease chiefly of later life that is linked to
Parkinson's disease    柏金遜病               decreased dopamine production in the substantia nigra and is marked by
                                          tremor and weakness of resting muscles and by a shuffling gait
pathogenic             引起疾病的,病原           causing disease, or able to cause disease
                                          the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects
pathology              病理學
                                          of diseases
                                          a disease marked by dermatitis, gastrointestinal disorders, and nervous
pellagra               癩皮病; 糙皮病
                                          symptoms and associated with a diet deficient in niacin
                                          an acute and often fatal intestinal disease that produces severe
periodontosis          牙周病                gastrointestinal symptoms and is usually caused by the bacterium Vibrio
                                          cholerae
perspiration           汗,汗水; 出汗,流汗 the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
pharmaceutical         藥學的; 藥物            of or relating to pharmacists or medicinal drugs
                                          the science or study of drugs, especially of the ways in which they react
pharmacology           藥物學
                                          biologically at receptor sites in the body
                                          an official compendium of quality standards for pharmacologically active
pharmacopoeia          藥典
                                          substances and drug products
pharmacy               藥房                 a store in which drugs are prepared and sold; drugstore
                                          a region between the mouth and the digestive system in sea anemones,
pharynx                咽頭
                                          worms, insects, and other invertebrate animals
                     抽取血液樣本,刺
                                a surgical incision made in a vein, or a puncture made by a needle to draw
phlebotomy           絡法;放血法     blood for testing.
                                an instrument for detecting and measuring imbalance in the extrinsic
phorometer           斜視檢查器
                                muscles of the eyes
                                synthesis of chemical compounds with the aid of radiant energy and
                                especially light; especially, formation of carbohydrates from carbon dioxide
photosynthesis       光合作用
                                and a source of hydrogen (as water) in the chlorophyll-containing tissues of
                                plants exposed to light
phototropism         向光性        the tendency of an organism to grow toward or away from a source of light
                                a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of
phrenology           骨相學;骨理學
                                different faculties
                                the treatment of physical dysfunction or injury by the use of therapeutic
physical therapy     物理治療       exercise and the application of modalities, intended to restore or facilitate
                                normal function or development
                                a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries using methods other
physician            內科醫生
                                than surgery
                                the branch of biology that deals with the internal workings of living things,
physiology           生理學        including functions such as metabolism, respiration, and reproduction,
                                rather than with their shape or structure
                                a medication prescribed more for the mental relief of the patient than for its
placebo              安慰劑
                                actual effect on a disorder
                                a virulent contagious febrile disease that is caused by a bacterium (yersinia
plague               瘟疦
                                pestis) and that occurs in bubonic, pneumonic, and septicemic forms
                                 the clear yellowish fluid component of blood, lymph, or milk, excluding the
plasma               血漿
                                suspended corpuscles and cells
plastic surgery      整形外科       surgery concerned with therapeutic or cosmetic reformation of tissue
pneumogastric        肺胃的        of, relating to, or involving the lungs and the stomach
                                a disease of the lungs characterized by inflammation and consolidation
pneumonia            肺炎
                                followed by resolution and caused by infection or irritants
                                abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the
pneumothorax         氣胸;胸腔積氣.   lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a
                                treatment for tuberculosis)
podiatry             足醫術        the medical care and treatment of the human foot
                                a severe infectious viral disease, usually affecting children or young adults,
poliomyelitis        小兒麻痺症      that inflames the brainstem and spinal cord, sometimes leading to loss of
                                voluntary movement and muscular wasting
                     開業者(尤指醫生
practitioner                    one who practices a profession
                     、律師)
                                an "O"-shaped gland in males that surrounds the urethra below the bladder,
prostate gland       前列腺; 攝護腺   secreting a fluid into the semen that acts to improve the movement and
                                viability of sperm
prostatitis          攝護腺炎       inflammation of the prostate gland
                                a complex natural substance that has a globular or fibrous structure
protein              蛋白質        composed of linked amino acids. Proteins are essential to the structure and
                                function of all living cells and viruses.
                     假同色性(色盲之
                                being apparently of the same color, as of certain charts used in testing
pseudoisochromatic   測驗,不能區別顏   colorblindness
                     色)
                                a branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral
psychiatrist         精神病學家
                                disorders
                                fundamental mental derangement (as schizophrenia) characterized by
psychosis            精神病
                                defective or lost contact with reality
                                describes a physical illness that is caused by mental factors such as stress, or
psychosomatic        身心相關的
                                the effects related to such illnesses
                                the dark circular opening at the center of the iris in the eye, where light
pupil                瞳孔
                                enters the eye
purulent             化膿的;膿的      having undergone infection
                                inflammation of the part of the kidney pelvis from which urine drains into
pyelitis             腎盂炎        the tube leading to the bladder, sometimes caused by a bacterial infection
                                that may occur during pregnancy
                                          enforced isolation of people or animals that may have been exposed to a
quarantine             檢疦; 隔離
                                          contagious or infectious disease, e.g. when entering a country
                       膿性扁桃腺炎;            a severe inflammation of the throat near a tonsil that sometimes leads to the
quinsy
                       咽門炎                formation of an abscess that may require surgery
                                          an often fatal viral disease that affects the central nervous systems of most
rabies                 狂犬病                warm-blooded animals and is transmitted in the saliva of an infected
                                          animal. It causes convulsions, inability to move, and untypical behavior.
                                          bone-softening disease: a disease, especially of children, caused by a
rachitis               佝僂病                deficiency in vitamin D that makes the bones become soft and prone to
                                          bending and structural change.
                                          the branch of medicine that deals with the use of X-rays and radioactive
radiology              放射線醫學
                                          substances such as radium in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
                                          the treatment of disease using radiation X-rays or beta rays directed at the
radiotherapy           放射治療               body from an external source or emitted by radioactive materials placed
                                          within the body
recovery room          甦醒室                a hospital room equipped for meeting postoperative emergencies
recrudescence          復發        a new outbreak after a period of abatement or inactivity
                                 the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the
rectum                 直腸
                                 anus
                                 a prescribed or recommended program of medication, diet, exercise, or other
regimen                養生之道; 攝生法 measures intended to improve health or fitness, or stabilize a medical
                                 condition
regurgitate            倒流        bring (swallowed food) up again to the mouth.
                                 the action or process of rehabilitating or of being rehabilitated as the
                                 physical restoration of a sick or disabled person by therapeutic measures and
rehabilitation         復健
                                 reeducation to participation in the activities of a normal life within the
                                 limitations of the person's physical disability
renal                  腎臟的       of or relating to the kidneys
                       消腫藥,驅蟲劑   a substance that is applied to a surface of something to resist water, mold, or
repellent
                                 mildew
respiratory            呼吸的       pertaining to respiration
                                 one that resuscitates, as an apparatus that forces oxygen or a mixture of
                       甦醒器(人工呼吸
resuscitator                     oxygen and carbon dioxide into the lungs of a person who has undergone
                       器)
                                 partial asphyxiation
                                 a light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye containing rods and cones
retina                 視網膜       that receive an image from the lens and send it to the brain through the optic
                                 nerve
                                 any of various conditions characterized by inflammation or pain in muscles,
rheumatism             風濕病
                                 joints, or fibrous tissue
                                  a chronic systemic disease primarily of the joints, usually polyarticular,
                                 marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular
rheumatoid arthritis   風濕性關節炎    structures and by muscle atrophy and rarefaction of the bones. In late stages
                                 deformity and ankylosis develop. The cause is unknown, but autoimmune
                                 mechanisms and virus infection have been postulated.
                                 inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, usually accompanied
rhinitis               鼻炎
                                 by a discharge of mucus
                                 a nucleic acid containing ribose found in all living cells, essential for protein
ribonucleic acid       核醣核酸      synthesis. RNA also acts instead of DNA as the genetic material in some
                                 viruses.
                                  a disease, especially of children, caused by a deficiency in vitamin D that
rickets                佝僂病, 骨軟病
                                 makes the bones become soft and prone to bending and structural change
                                 solution of common salt sodium chloride and distilled water, especially one
saline                 鹽水        having the same concentration as body fluids. It is used as a diluent for
                                 drugs and as a plasma substitute.
                                 the clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands, consisting of
saliva                 唾液        water, mucin, protein, and enzymes. It moistens food and starts the
                                 breakdown of starches.
salivary               涎的,唾液的    of or relating to saliva
                                 a medical facility where people affected by long-term illnesses can receive
sanatorium             療養院
                                 treatment and those recovering from severe illnesses can recuperate
                       公共衛生的;衛生 relating to public health, especially general hygiene and the removal of
sanitary
                       上的        human waste through the sewage system
                                      an organism, especially a fungus or bacterium, that obtains food from dead
saprophyte         腐生植物
                                      or decaying organic matter
                                      a malignant tumor that begins growing in connective tissue such as muscle,
sarcoma            肉瘤                 bone, fat, or cartilage. Sarcomas may occur in any part of the body, and are
                                      typically fast-growing and quick to spread.
                                      a contagious skin disease marked by intense itching, inflammation, and red
scabies            疥癬
                                      papules
                                      a contagious bacterial infection marked by fever, a sore throat, and a red
scarlatina         猩紅熱
                                      rash, mainly affecting children.
                                      one of several brain diseases whose symptoms that may include loss of
                   精神分裂症;早發
schizophrenia                         personality (flat affect), agitation, catatonia, confusion, psychosis, unusual
                   性痴呆
                                      behavior, and withdrawal. the illness usually begins in early adulthood.
                                      pathological hardening of tissue especially from overgrowth of fibrous
sclerosis          硬化
                                      tissue or increase in interstitial tissue
                                      a disease marked by spongy gums, loosening of the teeth, and a bleeding
scurvy             壞血病
                                      into the skin and mucous membranes and caused by a lack of vitamin C
serum              血清                 watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
                                      A state characterized by inadequacy of blood flow throughout the body to
                                      the extent that damage occurs to the cells of the tissues; if the shock is
shock              休克
                                      prolonged, the cardiovascular system itself becomes damaged and begins to
                                      deteriorate, resulting in a vicious cycle that leads to death
                                      a highly contagious disease caused by a poxvirus and marked by high fever
                                      and the formation of scar-producing pustules. a worldwide inoculation
smallpox           天花;痘瘡
                                      program has almost eradicated the smallpox virus from the human
                                      population.
                                      an instrument for forming and examining spectra especially in the visible
spectroscope       分光鏡
                                      region of the electromagnetic spectrum
                                      an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a
spermatid          精細胞;精子細胞
                                      spermatozoon
                                      an instrument used to measure blood pressure in an artery that consists of a
sphygmomanometer   血壓計                pressure gauge, an inflatable cuff placed around the upper arm, and an
                                      inflator bulb or pressure pump
                                      a congenital condition in which part of the spinal cord or meninges
spina bifida       脊柱裂;裂脊柱            protrudes through a cleft in the spinal column, resulting in loss of voluntary
                                      movement in the lower body
                                      Any of various slender, spiral, motile bacteria of the order Spirochaetales,
spirochetes        螺旋體                many of which are pathogenic, causing syphilis, relapsing fever, yaws, and
                                      other diseases.
                                       a substance coughed up from the respiratory tract and usually ejected by
sputum             痰
                                      mouth, e.g. saliva, phlegm, or mucus
squint             斜眼                 abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
                                      an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell
stem cell          幹細胞
                                      types (such as blood cells)
                                       a device resembling a pair of binoculars in which two-dimensional pictures
stereoscope        視力箱                of a scene taken at slightly different angles are viewed concurrently, one
                                      with each eye, creating the illusion of three dimensions
sterilizer         消毒器(滅菌器)           an apparatus for rendering objects aseptic
stethoscope        聽診器                an instrument used to detect and study sounds produced in the body
stomachache        胃痚        pain in or in the region of the stomach
                             a device consisting of a sheet of material such as canvas stretched over a
stretcher          擔架        frame, used to carry somebody in a lying position who is sick, injured, or
                             dead
                             sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion
                   中風,忽然發作,猝
stroke                       caused by rupture or obstruction (as by a clot) of an artery of the brain--
                   發
                             called also apoplexy
                             the act or an instance of taking one's own life voluntarily and intentionally
suicide            自殺
                             especially by a person of years of discretion and of sound mind
                              a doctor specializing in operations that involve gaining access to the
surgeon            外科醫生      patient's body, e.g. by making incisions into it, in order to correct faults,
                             repair injuries, or treat diseases
                             a close association of animals or plants of different species that is often, but
symbiosis          共生
                             not always, of mutual benefit
                           a combination of medical problems that commonly go together, which might
syndrome       徵候群; 綜合症狀
                           show the existence of a particular disease or mental condition
                           an instrument consisting of a piston in a small tube, used in conjunction with
syringe        注射器         a hollow needle or tube for the withdrawal and injection of fluids and for
                           cleaning wounds.
                           inflammation of a tendon usually occurring after excessive use, as in a sports
tendinitis     肌腱炎
                           injury
                           an inelastic cord or band of tough white fibrous connective tissue that
tendon         腱
                           attaches a muscle to a bone or other part
                           an acute infectious disease, usually contracted through a penetrating wound,
                           that causes severe muscular spasms and contractions, especially around the
tetanus        破傷風
                           neck and jaw. The spasms are caused by a toxin released by the bacterium
                           Clostridium tetani.
                           large egg-shaped structures of gray matter that form the dorsal subdivision
thalamus       視神經床;丘腦
                           of the diencephalon
                           an inherited form of anemia occurring chiefly among people of
Thalassemia    地中海貧血       Mediterranean descent, caused by faulty synthesis of part of the hemoglobin
                           molecule
                            a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear
tinnitus       耳鳴
                           infection or Meniere's disease
                           the technique of using ultrasound, gamma rays, or X-rays to produce a
tomography     斷層攝影術       focused image of the structures across a specific depth within the body,
                           while blurring details at other depths
                           hole cut in the trachea, e.g. to ensure the airway is unblocked or to suck out
tracheostomy   氣管切開
                           secretions
                           eye disease: a contagious bacterial eye disease in which scar tissue forms
trachoma       沙眼;砂眼       inside the eyelid, eventually causing it to curve inward and the eyelashes to
                           scrape the eye and cause infection
                           the branch of medicine that deals with the surgical repair of injuries and
traumatology   創傷醫學部
                           wounds arising from accidents
                           glyceride occurring naturally in animal and vegetable tissues; it consists of
triglyceride   三酸甘油酯       three individual fatty acids bound together in a single large molecule; an
                           important energy source forming much of the fat stored by the body
                           an infectious disease that causes small rounded swellings tubercles to form
tuberculosis   肺結核         on mucous membranes, especially a disease pulmonary tuberculosis that
                           affects the lungs
                           an uncontrolled growth or mass of body cells, which may be malignant or
tumor          瘤
                           benign and has no physiological function
tympanitis     中耳炎          inflammation of the eardrum
tympanum       耳膜          the eardrum or the cavity of the middle ear
                           An infectious febrile illness usually spread by contamination of food, milk
typhoid        傷寒          or water supplies with Salmonella typhi, either directly by sewage, indirectly
                           by flies or by faulty personal hygiene.
                           a slow-healing sore on the surface of a mucous membrane, especially the
ulcer          潰瘍
                           membrane lining the stomach or other part of the digestive tract
                           the analysis of the physical, chemical, and microbiological properties of
urinalysis     尿液檢查        urine, carried out to help diagnose disease, monitor treatment, or detect the
                           presence of a specific substance
urology        泌尿科         a physician who specializes in the urinary or urogenital tract
                           an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-
urticaria      蕁麻疹,風疹塊     defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites
                           or food or drugs
                           a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of female mammals, in which
uterus         子宮
                           the embryo is nourished and develops before birth
                           the act or practice of inoculating persons or animals with modified, killed, or
vaccination    種痘
                           avirulent viruses or bacteria in order to protect against specific diseases
vasoligation   輸精管結紮術      Surgical ligation of the vas deferens as a means of sterilization
                           medical puncturing of vein: the puncturing of a vein for any medical
venipuncture   靜脈穿刺        purpose, e.g. to take blood, to feed somebody intravenously, or to administer
                           a drug
                           an animal with a segmented spinal column and a well-developed brain, e.g. a
vertebrate     脊椎動物
                           mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, or fish
vesicle         小泡; 泡囊     a small sac or hollow organ in the body, especially one containing fluid
                           minute protuberance: a vascular protuberance growing out from some
villus          絨毛         mucous membranes, e.g. from that of the small intestine of some vertebrates
                           or from the chorion that surrounds an embryo
virology        病毒學        a branch of science that deals with viruses
                           internal organs: the internal organs of the body, especially those of the
viscera         內臟
                           abdomen such as the intestines
                            of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating
vitriolic       硫酸的
                           away by chemical action
                           Forceful attempts at vomiting without bringing up the contents of the
vomiturition    乾嘔
                           stomach; retching
                           a division in a hospital; especially, a large room in a hospital where a
ward            病房
                           number of patients often requiring similar treatment are accommodated
                           a small benign rough lump that grows, usually, on the hands, feet, or
wart            疣          genitals, caused by a virus; a growth on a plant that looks like a wart

wean            斷奶         to start feeding a baby or young animal food other than its mother's milk
word-blind      患字盲症的      having alexia. Loss of the ability to read, usually caused by brain lesions.
wrick           扭傷         to wrench or sprain a joint of the body slightly
                           an eye disease caused by vitamin A deficiency, marked by dryness and
                結膜幹燥症,乾眼
xerophthalmia              ulceration of the conjunctiva and cornea. If untreated, it may cause
                病
                           blindness.
                            the scientific study of the areas where different animals live and the causes
zoogeography    動物地理學      and effects of such distribution, especially distributions on a large or global
                           scale
                動物解剖;比較解
zootomy                    the study of the anatomy of animals, especially comparative anatomy
                剖(學)
zygote          接合子;受精卵    an ovum that has been fertilized by a spermatozoon
agony             極度痚苦;苦惱
alkalosis         鹼毒症


amniocentesis     羊膜穿刺術



amygdala          扁桃腺 杏仁核


Anesthesiology    麻醉學

angina pectoris   心絞痚

anus              肛門
apnea             呼吸暫停;窒息
                  心律失常,心律不
arrhythmia
                  整
asthenopia        眼力疨勞


autism            自閉症

avian flu         禽流感
bronchitis        支氣管炎
cancerphobia      癌症恐懼症
carditis          心臟炎
                  導尿管;尿液管;導
catheter
                  管
cholesterol       膽固醇
clonus            抽筋
constipation      便秘

cordon            防疦線; 封鎖線

coxa              髖;髖關節
cytology          細胞學
cytoplasm         細胞質
dandruff          頭皮屑
digestant         消化劑
dysmenorrhea      月經困難
egestion          排泄

Embryology        胚胎學
encephalalgia     頭痚
enteric           腸內的
enteritis         腸炎
esophagus         食管;食道
etiology              病源(學)
eupeptic              消化良好的
euthanasia            安樂死

Forensic Medicine     法醫學
gastrointestinal      胃腸的

gout                  痚風


hernia                疝氣;脫腸
                      臆想病;
hypochondria
                      憂鬱症;臆想病
immunity              免疦力;免疦性
incision              切口
intravenous           靜脈內的

iodine                碘



Laboratory Medicine   檢驗醫學



lumbago               腰痚


lutein                葉黃體素; 葉黃素
menopause             更年期;絕經期
mortality             死亡率
                      肌無力,(肌肉衰弱
myasthenia
                      無力)
nasosinusitis         鼻竇炎
                      疾病分類學;疾病
nosology
                      分類
notalgia              背痚
Nuclear Medicine      核醫學
outpatient            門診病人
overfatigue           過勞
palpitation           心悸
pancreas              胰腺

paranoia              偏執狂;妄想狂
                      汗,汗水;
perspiration
                      出汗,流汗
phrenology            骨相學;骨理學
pneumothorax   氣胸;胸腔積氣.

               開業者(尤指醫生
practitioner
               、律師)
purulent       化膿的;膿的
rectum         直腸
renal          腎臟的
salivary       涎的,唾液的
serum          血清

stem cell      幹細胞

thalamus       視神經床;丘腦

tinnitus       耳鳴


triglyceride   三酸甘油酯



urticaria      蕁麻疹,風疹塊


vitriolic      硫酸的
intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain
abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the
blood and other body tissues
(pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant
woman (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of
fetal abnormalities
an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal
lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and
the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it
plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
the branch of medicine that deals with the study and use of anesthetic
substances.
a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced
oxygen to the heart
 the opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal through which
feces are released
transient cessation of respiration
an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with
an uncorrected vision problem
an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication
disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
Any strain of influenza carried by and primarily affecting birds.
inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
irrational fear of cancer
inflammation of the heart
a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or
withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most
abundant steroid in animal tissues
convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a
symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis
a line of police officers or soldiers, or their vehicles, surrounding an
area to control access to it
the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the
acetabulum
the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus
loose scales shed from the scalp
an agent for aiding or stimulating digestion.
severe pain or cramps in the lower abdomen during menstruation
 the act or process of discharging undigested or waste material from a
cell or organism
the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development
of living organisms
Pain in the head; headache
of or relating to or inside the intestines
 inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually
characterized by diarrhea
the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
the set of factors that contributes to the occurrence of a disease
 relating to or producing good digestion
 the act of killing someone painlessly (especially someone suffering
from an incurable illness)
the branch of medical science that uses medical knowledge for legal
purposes
of or relating to the stomach and intestines
a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric
acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the
blood and joints
rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure
protrudes
chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
the condition in which an organism can resist disease
the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as
part of an operation)
within or by means of a vein
a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in
medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in
combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where
tests are done on clinical specimens in order to get information about
the health of a patient. Laboratory tests are an integral part of the
workup of any patient, and constitute up to 80% of a physician's
diagnosis and treatment choice.
backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back; can be caused by
muscle strain or arthritis or vascular insufficiency or a ruptured
intervertebral disc
yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area
a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and
muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a
deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
Inflammation of the nasal cavities and of the accessory sinuses.
the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
pain in the back
the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a
patient's body or to destroy diseased cells
a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated
tire excessively
a rapid and irregular heart beat
a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes
pancreatic juice and insulin
a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or
grandeur
the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the
strengths of different faculties
abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse
of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced
(as a treatment for tuberculosis)
one who practices a profession
 having undergone infection
the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to
the anus
of or relating to the kidneys
of or relating to saliva
watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into
other cell types (such as blood cells)
large egg-shaped structures of gray matter that form the dorsal
subdivision of the diencephalon
 a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear
infection or Meniere's disease
glyceride occurring naturally in animal and vegetable tissues; it consists
of three individual fatty acids bound together in a single large molecule;
an important energy source forming much of the fat stored by the body
an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and
well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to
insect bites or food or drugs
 of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating
away by chemical action
acne              痤瘡;粉刺
                  男性素;雄激素;男性內
androgen
                  分泌素.
auscultation      聽診
blastocyst        胚囊,胚胞; 囊胚
                  胚葉細胞;裂殖細胞,(受
blastomere        孕卵分裂成多個細胞中
                  之任一個)
dialysis          透析;滲析;洗腎
ectopic           異位的
endometrium       子宮內膜

enema             灌腸;灌腸劑(器)
epiglottis        喉頭蓋,會厭(軟骨)
estrogen          雌激素
follicle          小囊;卵泡;濾泡
folliculitis      毛囊炎
hysteroscopy      子宮鏡檢查

infertility       不育;不孕.
Inquest           驗屍
                  腹腔鏡檢查,內視鏡檢
laparoscopy
                  查

ovary             卵巢
plastic surgery   整形外科
spermatid         精細胞;精子細胞
squint            斜眼
an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin;
characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical
male sexual characteristics
 listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
a mammalian embryo at the stage when it is implanted in the wall of the
womb

any cell resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg

separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion
through semipermeable membranes
an organ or body part occurring in an unusual position or form
the mucous membrane that lines the womb and increases in thickness in the
later part of the menstrual cycle
injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes
used for diagnostic purposes
a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
 a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the
ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity
inflammation of a hair follicle
visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope
inserted through the vagina
the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability
to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
an inquiry into the cause of an unexpected death
a slender endoscope inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall in
order to examine the abdominal organs or to perform minor surgery

one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and
progesterone
surgery concerned with therapeutic or cosmetic reformation of tissue
an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a
spermatozoon
abnormal alignment of one or both eyes

				
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