An Analysis of the Olympic Show Jumping Bloodlines Those

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					An Analysis of the 2004 Olympic Show Jumping Bloodlines

Those Who Came

77 horses participated in the 2004 Olympic showjumping competition.
Of these, 35 were geldings, 26 stallions, and 16 mares. The oldest, at 16,
was the Selle Français Albin III, and the youngest, at 8, were the
Oldenburger Countdown, the Dutch warmblood Oliver Q, and the
Holsteiner Olympic.


In the qualifying rounds, the studbooks were represented as follows:

Studbook Number Percentage
KWPN (Dutch warmblood) 17 22%
Holstein 16 21%
Selle Français 14 18%
Irish Sport Horse 6 8%
BWP (Belgian warmblood) 5 6%
Hanover 4 5%
Oldenburg 4 5%
Westphalia 2 3%
Zangersheide 2 3%
AngloArabe 1 1%
Brandenburg 1 1%
SBS (Belgium) 1 1%
Swedish Warmblood 1 1%
None or unknown 3 4%

In addition to the 16 Holstein-bred horses who participated, a
further 13 were sired by Holsteiner stallions, so that the
studbook's immediate influence extended to 38% of the participants -
which is not at all bad for a regional studbook with only about
7,200 registered broodmares. The outside influence of Selle Français
stallions was less marked, with only 4 having sired offspring
outside their own studbook. On the other hand, 7 horses were by
Zangersheide stallions (excluding outsiders such as Ramiro, who
carried the 'Z' suffix while at Zangersheide), which is remarkable
for an operation which is only 30 years old.
Those who succeeded

The preeminence of purpose-bred showjumpers became even more
apparent after the three qualifying rounds for the individual
competition were completed. At this stage, horses like the
Clydesdale/Thoroughbred cross NZ Madison and the
Quarterhorse/Thoroughbred cross Mr. Innocent had been eliminated
with scores of 58 and 86 faults respectively. Throughout the
competition, the courses designed by Olaf Peterson asked very
serious questions, causing no less than 17 horses to be eliminated
or retired in various rounds.

Of the 29 horses who made it to the final round, 8 (38%) were Dutch
warmbloods, 7 (24%) Holsteiners, 6 Selle Français (21%), 2 each
Belgian warmbloods, Irish Sport Horses and Oldenburger, and 1 each
Hanoverian and Westphalian. A further eight were by Holsteiner
sires, so that the immediate influence of the studbook extended to
55% of the finalists.

The Gold medal was won for Ireland by the Holsteiner Waterford
Crystal, and the Silver medal was won for Brazil by the Selle
Français Baloubet du Rouet. However, the most consistently reliable
horses in the competition were the Bronze medallist Royal Kaliber,
the fourth-placed Montender, and the joint fifth Mac Kinley, who
each had only four fences down in five rounds, not counting
jump-offs. All three are Dutch warmbloods by Holsteiner sires.
As far as jumping progenitors are concerned, Furioso TB and Cottage
Son TB each are in 15 (52%) of the six-generation pedigrees of the
final 29. Furioso and Cottage Son were reasonably close relatives,
since both descended from Son-in-Law and Marco in a 2 x 4 pattern,
as did Bright Cherry, the dam of the legendary steeplechaser Arkle.
Taking into account that 9 of the pedigrees under discussion contain
combinations of Furioso and Cottage Son, the Son-in-Law/Marco
pattern appears in 21 out of 29 pedigrees (72%), more often than not
in multiplications. Rantzau TB and Ramzes each appear in 14 (48%) of
the pedigrees, and Ladykiller TB in 13 (45%). Among the more recent
progenitors, the Holstein-based Selle Français stallion Cor de la
Bryère (1968-2000) can be found in 10 (34%) of the pedigrees,
putting him well ahead of his contemporaries in this sample group.

7 of the 29 horses were sired by stallions who themselves succeeded
at top level in international showjumping competitions, namely the
1994 World Cup winner Libero H (with two offspring), Darco
(individual 7th at the 1992 Olympics, also represented by two
offspring), Galoubet A (World Championship team Gold 1982), Quidam
de Revel (Olympic team Bronze 1992) and Carthago (European
Championship team Bronze 1999). The use of entires in major
showjumping competitions did not begin on any scale until the 1980s,
and the success of sires who have proven their worth at this level
is only now making an impact to this extent.
Turning from the general to the specific, the key details of the ten
best horses in the individual finals are as follows:

Ladykiller
Rantzau
Orange Peel
Furioso
Lucky Boy
Cottage Son
Marlon
Water Serpent
Tamerlane
Anblick
Der Löwe

Fra Diavolo
Magic Red
Cardinal
Ultimate
Hurricane
Light o' Love
Waterford Crystal, Holstein, Gelding, 1991, by Landgraf I out of
Ulme by Corvado, out of Akazie by Duellant, out of Linde by Figaro:
Gold Medal. The Ladykiller son Landgraf I is one of the giants of
showjumper breeding, and Waterford Crystal also counts Cor de la
Bryère and Ramiro (cf. Royal Kaliber) among his near ancestors.
Unusually for a Holsteiner, Waterford Crystal's grandam Akazie is a
daughter of the Hanoverian jumping progenitor Duellant, due to her
female line, the Holsteiner broodmare family No. 162, having
branches both in Holstein and in Hanover. Waterford Crystal is a
full brother of the Holsteiner stallion L'Ami.

Baloubet du Rouet, Selle Français, Stallion, 1989, by Galoubet A out
of Mesange du Rouet by Starter, out of Badine by Bel Avenir, out of
Perle de Norval by Rantzau TB: Silver Medal. Having won the World
Cup a record three times, an individual championship medal is just
the icing on the cake to confirm Baloubet among the all time greats
of the sport. As mentioned already, his sire Galoubet A won a team
Gold medal at the 1982 World Championship. Galoubet is a son of the
great jumping progenitor Almé, out of the French Trotter mare Viti.
Baloubet's dam Mesange is inbred 2 x 3 to Rantzau TB, the sire of
Cor de la Bryère. Baloubet is linebred to Orange Peel TB and to
Vas-Y-Donc, two names that are almost omnipresent in modern Selle
Français showjumper pedigrees.

Royal Kaliber, KWPN, Stallion, 1993, by Ramiro out of Fiedonja by
Voltaire, out of Adonja by Stuyvesant TB, out of Sonja by Frappant:
Bronze Medal and team Silver. Throughout the 1990s, the Holsteiner
stallion Ramiro (aka Ramiro Z) was the world's leading showjumping
sire, with his daughter Ratina Z winning practically every honour
available. The first Olympic medal won by Ramiro's offspring was a
team Bronze as long ago as 1984. Royal Kaliber's maternal grandsire
Voltaire is a Hanoverian grandson of Furioso TB and of Gotthard, who
is arguably the greatest jumping progenitor Hanover has produced.
Voltaire's sire Furioso II is well known, particularly as the sire
of the evergreen Hanoverian For Pleasure. Fiedonja's dam Adonja is a
daughter of the relatively unimportant German thoroughbred
Stuyvesant.

Montender, KWPN, Stallion, 1994, by Contender out of Jesprit by
Burggraaf, out of Esprit by Le Mexico, out of Vanessa (by Rutbeek?):
fourth place and team Gold. Although a Dutch warmblood, Montender's
sire and maternal grandsire are Holsteiner stallions, while his
grandam Esprit is a daughter of the Selle Français Le Mexico, whose
sire Mexico was a full brother of Furioso II (cf. Royal Kaliber).
Montender is inbred 3 x 4 to Cor de la Bryère, and 4 x 4 to
Ladykiller TB. In addition, Montender is linebred 6 x 7 x 5
toFurioso. Another noteworthy ancestor is Contender's grandsire
Ramiro, the sire of the Bronze Medal winner Royal Kaliber.

Mac Kinley, KWPN, Gelding, 1994, by Goodwill out of Irisinaa by
Nimmerdor, out of Daisinaa by Purioso, out of Zarina by Lucky Boy
TB: joint fifth and team Bronze. Goodwill (nee Lanciano) is a
Holsteiner son of Landgraf I, the sire of the Gold Medal winner
Waterford Crystal. Irisinaa's sire Nimmerdor is one of the most
successful showjumping sires ever bred in the Netherlands.
Nimmerdor's Holsteiner sire Farn can also be found in Goodwill's
pedigree, so that Mac Kinley is inbred 4 x 3 to this ancestor. Like
Royal Kaliber, Mac Kinley also descends from Furioso II. Lastly, Mac
Kinley's great-grandam Zarina is by the well known thoroughbred
Lucky Boy out of the famous mare Morgenster, who featured
prominently in the pedigree of Milton.

Magic Bengtsson, Holstein, Gelding, 1994, by Landos out of Alana by
Lagretto, out of Schneeflocke by Marsala, out of Lana by Wildfeuer:
joint fifth and team Bronze. Landos descends from Ladykiller TB and
from Cor de la Bryère, and he is linebred to Cottage Son TB. Alana
also descends from Ladykiller TB, so that Magic Bengtsson is inbred
3 x 4 to this progenitor. Schneeflocke's sire Marsala was a son of
Marlon TB, an Irish thoroughbred who has had significant influence
on Holsteiner female lines, with the World Champion Lianos among his
descendants. Also of particular interest is Lana's sire Wildfeuer,
being a grandson of Water Serpent TB, who was one of the most
prolific jumping sires in Ireland in 1940s and 1950s.

Parco, BWP, Stallion, 1992, by Darco out of Iliona v/h Carelshof by
Attack Z, out of Eleonore by Donnersberg, out of Fara by Frühling:
joint fifth. Darco, well-known to those who followed showjumping in
the early 1990s, is a son of the Hanoverian Lugano van la Roche out
of a granddaughter of Cottage Son TB. Attack Z is a son of Almé.
Altogether, Parco's pedigree is a mixture of quality Hanoverian,
Westphalian, Holsteiner and Selle Français bloodlines.

Carling King, Irish Sport Horse, Gelding, 1991, by Clover Hill out
of Gortnageer Star by Chairlift TB, out of Diamond Knight by King of
Diamonds, out of Ballinvullen Nun by Carnival Night TB: joint fifth.
Carling King already won a team Gold medal at the 2001 European
Championship, and he was among the finalists at the 2002 World
Championship. With Clover Hill, Chairlift TB, King of Diamonds and
Carnival Night TB among his ancestors, his pedigree reads like a
who's who of Irish Sport Horse breeding in the 1990s.
Mr. Springfield, Irish Sport Horse, Gelding, 1993, by Western
Promise out of Glebe Bess by Ballinahow Boy, rest unknown: joint
fifth. Western Promise is an Irish Sport Horse, descending from
Tamerlane TB, who can be found in many good jumping pedigrees. For
example, his son Marlon TB made some impact on the Holsteiner
studbook, while his grandson Strong Gale was the unchallenged
leading National Hunt sire in Ireland and Britain throughout most of
the 1990s. Glebe Bess is an Irish Draught mare, but the Irish
Draught Mare Book contains no details of her female ancestry.

Clinton, Holstein, Stallion, 1993, by Corrado I out of Urte by
Masetto, out of Ohra by Landgraf I, out of Brikscha by Raimond:
joint fifth. Corrado I is a son of Cor de la Bryère, and a grandson
of Capitol I (cf. Cento). Urte's sire Masetto descends from Maximus,
a son of the German thoroughbred Manometer. Maximus is also the
maternal grandsire of Capitol I, so that Clinton is linebred to this
ancestor. Other duplications in Clinton's pedigree are linebreeding
to Cottage Son TB and Ramzes. Lastly, Urte's dam Ohra is a daughter
of Landgraf I.

In addition to the above, the remaining medal winners were:

Goldfever, Hanover, Stallion, 1991, by Grosso Z out of Gundula by
Galvano, out of Dana by Damhirsch, out of Wunschgabe by Wrede: team
Gold. This was the third championship team Gold medal for Goldfever.
Having also won the European Championship Silver, two Aachen Grand
Prix and the Calgary Grand Prix, he is one of the most successful
showjumpers in the World today. Grosso Z descends from Gotthard and
Furioso II, and the Holsteiner mare Heureka, the grandam of Ratina
Z. Gundula is a granddaughter of the great Hanoverian sire Grande,
and she is inbred 4 x 4 to Duellant. Goldfever is linebred to the
Hanoverian mainstays Goldfisch II, Der Löwe TB and Abglanz.

Cento, Holstein, Stallion, 1989, by Capitol I out of Viola by
Caletto II, out of Lady Legende by Liguster, out of Legende by
Löwenjäger: team Gold. Having won the World Cup and the same number
of championship team Gold medals as Goldfever, as well as Aachen and
Calgary, Cento another one of today's showjumping greats. Although
"only" four of the 24 finalists descend from Capitol I, he is in the
pedigrees of 10 of the 77 horses who participated in the
competition, and he has sired three of them, including two
medalists. The Cor de la Bryère son Caletto II is one of the
all-time great Holstein sires, with the 1992 Olympic Gold medalist
Classic Touch among his many successful offspring. Cento is linebred
to Cottage Son and Ramzes.

Cöster, Holstein, Gelding, 1993, by Calato Z out of Dispache by
Constant, out of Trinidad by Flamingo, out of Fivitas Dei by Sable
Skinflint TB: team Gold. Cöster is the reigning European champion.
Calato Z is a son of Capitol I and a grandson of Landgraf I.
Constant is a son of Cor de la Bryère. Cöster is linebred to Cor de
la Bryère, Cottage Son, Anblick TB and the old-style Holsteiner sire
Lopshorn.

Authentic (nee Nimrod), KWPN, Gelding, 1995, by Guidam out of
Gerlinda by Katell TB, out of Zinda by Lucky Boy TB, out of Linda by
Artilleur: team Silver. With zero faults in the first three rounds
and in the subsequent medal jump-off against Sweden, Authentic was
the star of the team competition. The Selle Français Guidam (nee
Adagio) is a son of the Olympic medalist Quidam de Revel, and thus
descends from Ibrahim, Ultimate TB and Fra Diavolo TB. Guidam's dam
Fougere descends from Kalabaka TB or Rantzau TB, the convention
being that the second covering is assumed to be the effective one.
She has further close thoroughbred ancestors on her dam's side,
including Magic Red, the maternal grandsire of the triple Grand
National winner Red Rum. Fougere is inbred 4 x 4 to Foxhunter TB,
and Guidam is linebred 6 x 6 x 6 to Son-in-Law. Authentic's dam
Gerlinda is 81.25% thoroughbred, and she is linebred 5 x 5 x 4 to
Nearco. Authentic is linebred to Furioso TB. All this may well
explain the speed and assuredness with which Authentic mastered the
difficult courses in the team competition.

Sapphire (nee Safari v/h Merelsnest), BWP, Mare, 1995, by Darco out
Jugendnixe by Julius Cäsar TB: team Silver. Sapphire is by the same
sire as Parco. Idjaz-c is registered in the SBS studbook (Le Cheval
de Sport Belge), the smaller of the two Belgian sport horse
studbooks. The Selle Français Hedjaz is a son of Ibrahim and a
grandson of Ultimate TB. Chiquita is 3/4 thoroughbred and 1/4
Hanoverian.

Fein Cera, Holstein, Mare, 1991, by Landadel out of Cera by Cor de
la Bryère, out of Mandalayn by Capitano, out of Gera by Galvini I:
team Silver. The star of the 2002 World Championship performed less
impressive at the 2004 Olympics, but this does not distract from her
being one of the best showjumpers in the world today. Landadel is a
son of Landgraf I and inbred 3 x 4 to Ladykiller TB. Cor de la
Bryère's daughter Cera won the German showjumping championship under
Otto Becker.

Butterfly Flip, SWB, Mare, 1991, by Robin I Z out of Baderna TB by
Moderne TB, out of Babette TB by Hurricane TB, out of Bandra TB by
Light o' Love TB: team Bronze. Another star of the 2002 World
Championship, who has performed impressively throughout the last
three years. Robin I Z is a son of Ramiro out of a daughter of Almé,
from a Hanoverian female line. Hurricane was an unbeaten racehorse
in Sweden and Denmark at ages two and three. Light o' Love was by
Pharos, a leading sire of racehorses in England and France.

Cardento, Holstein, Stallion, 1992, by Capitol I out of B-Estelle by
Lord, out of Restelle by Sacramento Song TB, out of Estelle by
Marconi: team Bronze. On paper, Cardento is inbred 4 x 4 to Cottage
Son TB, although it is known in Holsteiner breeding circles that
there is a little doubt as to who actually sired Capitol's sire
Capitano (the alternative being a grandson, as opposed to a son of
Cottage Son TB). Either way, Cardento certainly is linebred to
Cottage Son and to Manometer TB. Other notable ancestors include
Ladykiller's son Lord, next to Landgraf I the most prominent
representative of this line.
With every successive international championship, the concentration
of specialist jumping bloodlines at the top level of the sport
increases. This influence cuts right across the studbooks, as
exemplified by a good number of the pedigrees discussed here. The
use of sires who have proven their own ability as showjumpers is
also on the increase. All this is nothing original, of course, since
it only copies a pattern which thoroughbred breeders have followed
over the last three centuries.

				
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