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CNN

CNN
Cable News Network Available on most cable systems Verizon FiOs (U.S.) Check local listings 100 (SD) 600 (HD)

Satellite Radio Sirius Launched Owned by June 1, 1980 Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (a Time Warner company) 480i (SDTV) 1080i (HDTV) "The Most Trusted Name in News" "CNN = Politics" "The Best Political Team on Television" "CNN = Money" United States English United States Canada Worldwide CNN Center Atlanta, Georgia CNN Airport Network CNN en Español CNN International HLN CNN Chile CNN+ CNN-IBN XM 132 122

Picture format Slogan

Country Language Broadcast area

Headquarters Sister channel(s)

Availability Satellite DirecTV (U.S.) Dish Network (U.S.) Bell TV (Canada) Shaw Direct (Canada) 202 (SD/HD) 1202 (VOD) 200 (SD/HD) 9436 (HD) 500 500 Cable

Cable News Network, almost always referred to by its initialism CNN, is a major U.S. cable news network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner.[1][2] Upon its launch, CNN was the first station to provide 24-hour television news coverage,[3] and the first all-news television network in the United States.[4] While the news network has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta, the Time Warner Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles. CNN is owned by parent company Time Warner, and the U.S. news network is a division of the Turner Broadcasting System.[5] CNN is sometimes referred to as CNN/ U.S. to distinguish the North American channel from its international counterpart, CNN International. As of June 2008, CNN is available in over 93 million U.S. households.[6] Broadcast coverage extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms,[6] and the U.S broadcast is also shown in Canada. Globally, CNN programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories.[7] In terms of unique viewers (Nielsen Cume Ratings), CNN rates as the United State’s number two cable news network,[8]. The first CNN broadcast went live on June 1, 1980.[4] By providing around-the-clock news reports and updates, the network became an alternative to the traditional morning and evening news cycle that had dominated television news since its inception.[4] CNN gained further prominence with its exclusive live coverage of the Gulf War in 1991, which brought global attention to the network.[4][6] A sister channel, Headline News (originally called CNN2), launched in 1982,

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and CNN International debuted in 1985. Since CNN’s debut, more than 70 television networks have launched with 24-hour news coverage.[3] CNN was the first of the Big 3 United States cable news channels to launch in HD, doing so in September 2007.[9] CNN was also the first channel to use hologram technology on television, it did so during the 2008 United States Presidential Election on November 4, 2008. CNN’s Jessica Yellin became the first person ever to be transmitted via hologram, followed by Will.i.am of the Black Eyed Peas. [10] CNN’s main slogan is "The Most Trusted Name in News."[11]

CNN
Turner and set the stage for the Time Warner conglomerate’s eventual acquisition of Turner Broadcasting. A companion network, Headline News (originally called CNN2) was launched on January 1, 1982 and featured a continuous 24-hour cycle of 30-minute news broadcasts. Headline News broke from its original format in 2005 with the addition of Headline Prime. The added Headline Prime programs featured confrontational personalities like radio talk-show host Glenn Beck and former Fulton County, Georgia prosecutor Nancy Grace.

Recent Years
Main Article: History of CNN: 2004-Present In 2004, Jonathan Klein took over CNN as president and has maintained the position ever since. CNN HD was launched September 1, 2007, and was first nationally distributed by DirecTV on September 26, 2007.

History
Early History
Main Article: History of CNN: 1980-2003

Major Events
The Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster
On January 28, 1986, CNN was the only network to have live coverage of the launch and explosion of Space Shuttle Challenger. The shuttle exploded after lift-off killing seven crew members including Christa McAuliffe, a high-school teacher from Concord, New Hampshire to be the first Teacher In Space. Then President Ronald Reagan postponed his State of the Union Address that day and evening. He addressed to the nation from the Oval Office.

CNN’s first broadcast with David Walker and Lois Hart on June 1, 1980. ‎ The Cable News Network was launched at 5:00 p.m. EST on Sunday June 1, 1980. After an introduction by Ted Turner, the husband and wife team of David Walker and Lois Hart anchored the first newscast.[12] Since its debut, CNN has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite television networks, several web sites, specialized closed-circuit networks (such as CNN Airport Network), and a radio network. The network has 36 bureaus (10 domestic, 26 international), more than 900 affiliated local stations, and several regional and foreign-language networks around the world. The network’s success made a bona-fide mogul of founder Ted

The Baby Jessica rescue
On October 14, 1987, an eighteen-month-old toddler named Jessica McClure fell down a well in Midland, Texas. CNN was quickly on the spot, and the event helped make their name. The New York Times ran a retrospective article in 1995 on the impact of live video news. "If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a moving picture is worth many times that, and a live moving picture makes an emotional connection that goes deeper than logic and lasts well beyond the actual event. This was before correspondents reported live from the enemy capital while American bombs were falling. Before Saddam Hussein held a surreal press conference with a

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few of the hundreds of Americans he was holding hostage. Before the nation watched, riveted but powerless, as Los Angeles was looted and burned. Before O. J. Simpson took a slow ride in a white Bronco, and before everyone close to his case had an agent and a book contract. This was uncharted territory just a short time ago."[13]

CNN
anchor until his retirement in 2001. Others include then-Pentagon correspondent Wolf Blitzer (now host of The Situation Room) and international correspondent Christiane Amanpour. Amanpour’s presence in Iraq was caricatured by actress Nora Dunn as the ruthless reporter "Adriana Cruz" in the film Three Kings (1999). Time Warner later produced a television movie, Live from Baghdad, about the network’s coverage of the first Gulf War, which aired on HBO. The CNN effect Coverage of the first Gulf War and other crises of the early 1990s (particularly the infamous Battle of Mogadishu) led officials at the Pentagon to coin the term "the CNN effect" to describe the perceived impact of real time, 24-hour news coverage on the decisionmaking processes of the American government.

The Gulf War
The first Persian Gulf War in 1991 was a watershed event for CNN that catapulted the network past the "big three" American networks for the first time in its history, largely due to an unprecedented, historical scoop: CNN was the only news outlet with the ability to communicate from inside Iraq during the initial hours of the Coalition bombing campaign, with live reports from the alRashid Hotel in Baghdad by reporters Bernard Shaw, John Holliman, and Peter Arnett.

September 11

Operation Desert Storm as captured live on a CNN night vision camera with reporters narrating. ‎ The moment when bombing began was announced on CNN by Bernard Shaw on January 16, 1991 as follows:[14] “ This is Bernie Shaw. Something is ” happening outside...Peter Arnett, join me here. Let’s describe to our viewers what we’re seeing...The skies over Baghdad have been illuminated...We’re seeing bright flashes going off all over the sky.

CNN breaking the news about the September 11, 2001 attacks. CNN was the first network to break the news of the September 11 attacks. Anchor Carol Lin was on the air to deliver the first public report of the event. She broke into a commercial at 8:49 a.m. ET and said: “ This just in. You are looking at obvi” ously a very disturbing live shot there. That is the World Trade Center, and we have unconfirmed reports this morning that a plane has crashed into one of the towers of the World Trade Center. CNN Center right now is just beginning to work on this story, obviously calling our sources and trying to figure out exactly what happened, but clearly

The Gulf War experience brought CNN some much sought-after legitimacy and made household names of previously obscure (and infamously low-paid) reporters. Many of these reporters now comprise CNN’s "old guard." Bernard Shaw became CNN’s chief

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something relatively devastating happening this morning there on the south end of the island of Manhattan. That is once again, a picture of one of the towers of the World Trade Center. Daryn Kagan and Leon Harris were live on the air just after 9 a.m. ET as the second plane hit the World Trade Center and through an interview with CNN correspondent David Ensor, reported the news that U.S. officials determined "that this is a terrorist act."[15] Later, Aaron Brown anchored through the day and night as the attacks unfolded. Brown had just come to CNN from ABC to be the Breaking News anchor. Sean Murtagh, CNN vice-president for finance & administration, was the first network employee on the air in New York.[16] Coincidentally, September 11, 2001 was Paula Zahn’s first day as a CNN reporter. She mentioned this as a guest clue presenter on a 2005 episode of Jeopardy!.

CNN
averaging 1.1 million viewers, a 41% increase over the previous year.[18]

Programming
Current shows On-air presentation

American Morning on CNN HD with the 2004-2008 graphics package. In December 2008, CNN introduced its new graphics package, a comprehensive redesign replacing the existing style that had been used since 2004.[19] The design replaced the scrolling ticker that had been in use since 2001. Also, since March 1, 2009, the redundant CNN HD logo has been missing from the bottom left corner of the screen.

2008 U.S. election

Former programs

CNN HD
The stage for the second CNN-YouTube presidential debate. Leading up to the 2008 U.S. presidential election, CNN devoted large amounts of coverage to politics, including hosting candidate debates during the Democratic and Republican primary seasons. In 2007, the network hosted the first CNN-YouTube presidential debates, a non-traditional format where viewers were invited to pre-submit questions over the internet via the YouTube video-sharing service.[17] In 2008, CNN partnered with The Los Angeles Times to host two primary debates leading up to its coverage of Super Tuesday.[18] CNN’s debate and election night coverage led to its highest ratings of the year, with January 2008 viewership CNN HD is a 1080i high definition simulcast of CNN that launched in September 2007. [9] Only regular shows based out of CNN’s New York City studios at Time Warner Center such as American Morning, Lou Dobbs Tonight, Campbell Brown: No Bias, No Bull, Anderson Cooper 360, D.L. Hughley Breaks the News and Your Money are in HD (as well as special events, see section below). Stylized pillarboxes (outlines of the letters "HD" in a large font, configured sideways, and usually in red with a red background, but sometimes in blue with a blue background) are used for normal programs that are not available in HD, as well as remotely shot video that’s only available in SD, even during shows that are in HD. During American Morning, CNN HD viewers see weather forecasts in graphic form on the sides of the screen (American cities on the right, and cities outside of the U.S.

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CNN

Weekdays
ET 6a-9a Program American Morning CNN Newsroom Host(s) Location Description The network’s morning news program. John Roberts New York and Kiran Chetry Heidi Collins Atlanta Tony Harris Kyra Phillips Rick Sanchez The SituWolf Blitzer ation Room Lou Dobbs Tonight Lou Dobbs Washington D.C. New York New York Sanchez is built around viewer interaction using social networking websites like Twitter and Facebook. A fast-paced look at the day’s top stories, focusing on politics, homeland security, and human interest stories. A nightly news and discussion program. Discussion of the day’s top political news and issues that matter to voters. A nightly talk / call in program, often featuring live celebrity interviews. A fast-paced, nightly news program. The second hour is typically a repeat of the first, unless special events or breaking news warrant it to be live.

9a-11a 11a-1p 1p-3p 3p-4p

A daily look at what’s making news.

4p-7p

7p-8p 8p-9p

Campbell Campbell Brown: No Brown Bias, No Bull Larry King Live Larry King

9p-10p 10p-12a

Los Angeles New York

Anderson Anderson Cooper 360 Cooper

Saturday
ET 6a-730a Program CNN Saturday Morning House Call CNN Saturday Morning Hosts Betty Nguyen and T. J. Holmes Dr. Sanjay Gupta Betty Nguyen and T. J. Holmes Location Atlanta Description Weekend morning news program.

730a-8a 8a-930a

New York Atlanta

Medical news program. The network’s weekend morning news program. A personal finance show with a focus on the viewer’s bottom line. A daily look at what’s making news.

930a-10a Your Bottom Gerri Willis Line 10a-12p CNN Newsroom Betty Nguyen and T. J. Holmes Fredricka Whitfield Your $$$$$ Ali Velshi and

New York Atlanta

12p-1p 1p-2p

New York

A weekend business news program.

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Christine Romans 2p-5p 5p-6p 6p-7p 7p-8p 8p-9p CNN Newsroom Fredricka Whitfield Don Lemon The SituWolf Blitzer ation Room CNN Newsroom Don Lemon Washington D.C. Atlanta Weekly look at political news. A daily look at what’s making news. Atlanta A daily look at what’s making news.

CNN

Campbell Brown: No Bias, No Bull / Various special programming CNN Special Investigations Unit / CNN Presents / Other specials Larry King Live CNN Newsroom Larry King Don Lemon Los Angeles Atlanta A nightly talk program. A daily look at what’s making news.

9p-10p 10p-11p

Sunday
ET Program Host(s) Location Atlanta Description Weekend morning news program. 6a-730a CNN Sunday Betty NguyMorning en and T. J. Holmes 730a-8a 8a-9a House Call Dr. Sanjay Gupta

New York Atlanta

Medical news program. The network’s weekend morning news program. CNN’s political talk show. Kurtz hosts Reliable Sources segment, critical look at the media. CNN’s political talk show. A weekly talk show focused on international issues. A daily look at what’s making news. A weekend business news program.

CNN Sunday Betty NguyMorning en and T. J. Holmes State of the John King Union with Howard John King Kurtz John King Fareed Fareed Zakaria GPS Zakaria CNN Newsroom Fredricka Whitfield

9a-10a 10a-11a 11a-1p 1p-2p 2p-3p 3p-4p

Washington D.C.

Various Atlanta New York

Your $$$$$ Ali Velshi (repeat) and Christine Romans CNN Newsroom Fredricka Whitfield

4p-6p 6p-7p

Atlanta Various

A daily look at what’s making news. A weekly talk show focused on international issues. A daily look at what’s making news.

Fareed Fareed Zakaria GPS Zakaria (repeat) CNN Newsroom Don Lemon

7p-8p

Atlanta

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8p-9p 9p-10p 10p-11p State of the Union with John King CNN SIU / CNN Presents Larry King Live CNN Newsroom Larry King Don Lemon Los Angeles Atlanta A nightly talk program. A daily look at what’s making news.

CNN

on the left). The documentary Planet in Peril was CNN’s first documentary program produced in HD, followed by Black in America. CNN HD also used to display a CNN HD logo (the normal CNN logo with the letters HD in a different, gray colored font next to it) on the bottom left corner of the screen. It was last used on February 28, 2009.

Special events
All special events are aired in full HD. During primary and caucus nights, America Votes 2008 was produced in complete HD with Wolf Blitzer anchoring from CNN’s main New York studio which was renamed the CNN Election Center. During this time, CNN HD viewers got additional information on the side of their TV screens such as poll numbers, charts and graphs. This also happened for the 2008 Democratic National Convention, the 2008 Republican National Convention, the 2008 United States Presidential Debates, the 2008 United States Vice Presidential Debate and the 2008 Election Day coverage on November 4, all of which were also shot in HD. The 2009 United States Presidential Inauguration Day coverage on January 20 was also shot in full HD. President Barack Obama’s first prime-time press conference on February 9, 2009 was also aired in full HD, as well as his address to a joint session of Congress on February 24, and his second prime-time press conference on March 24. CNN’s political coverage in HD was given mobility by the introduction of the CNN Election Express bus in October 2007. The Election Express vehicle, capable of five simultaneous HD feeds, was used for the network’s CNN-YouTube presidential debates and for presidential candidate interviews.[22]

The CNN Election Express bus, used for HD broadcasts. AT&T U-verse, Rogers Cable, Midcontinent Communications, Bright House Networks, and Dish Network launched carriage of CNN HD. Verizon is currently in the process of adding CNN HD to its FiOS service on a market by market basis.

Online
CNN debuted its news website CNN.com (initially an experiment known as CNN Interactive) on August 30, 1995. The site attracted growing interest over its first decade and is now one of the most popular news websites in the world. The widespread growth of blogs, social media and user-generated content have influenced the site, and blogs in particular have focused CNN’s previously scattershot online offerings, most noticeably in the development and launch of CNN Pipeline in late 2005. CNN Pipeline was the name of a paid subscription service, its corresponding website, and a content delivery client that provided streams of live video from up to four sources (or "pipes"), on-demand access to CNN stories and reports, and optional pop-up "news alerts" to computer users. The installable client was available to users of PCs running Microsoft Windows. There was also a browserbased "web client" that did not require

Coverage
Initial carriage of CNN HD on cable and satellite systems was limited. DirecTV was the first provider to carry it, adding it midSepatember 2007. [9] By June 2008, Comcast, Time Warner Cable, Cox Communications,

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Program Both Sides with Jesse Jackson Terms 1992-2000 Description

CNN

A political talk show, hosted by civil rights leader and twotime presidential candidate Jesse Jackson, that aired Sundays. Each program began with a short taped report on the topic by CNN Correspondent John Bisney. The show ran from 1992 to 2000.[20] One of cable news’ longest running programs, focusing on discussion of the political news of the week. The original panelists were Pat Buchanan, Al Hunt, Mark Shields, and Robert Novak. When Buchanan left the network to run for president, Margaret Warner, Mona Charen, and later Margaret Carlson and Kate O’Beirne became regular panelists. The Capital Gang aired Saturday nights at 7 p.m. ET from 1988 to 2005. A political "debate" program, anchored by hosts from leftwing and right-wing ideologies, that aired during prime time and daytime until mid-2005. Originally hosted by Tom Braden and Pat Buchanan, other hosts included Robert Novak, Michael Kinsley, John H. Sununu, Bill Press, Geraldine Ferraro, Mary Matalin, Tucker Carlson, James Carville, and Paul Begala. Crossfire was discontinued in 2005. Saturday night political interview program with Rowland Evans and Robert Novak. The name changed to Evans, Novak, Hunt and Shields in 1998 when Al Hunt and Mark Shields became permanent panelists. When Evans died in 2001, the name changed to Novak, Hunt, and Shields for its final year on CNN.

The Capital Gang

1988-2005

Crossfire

1980-2005

Evans and Novak

Next@CNN

2002-2005

A scientific and technology oriented program hosted by Daniel Sieberg. Aired on weekends. Despite its cancellation on CNN in the U.S., the show continues to air new episodes on CNN International. A political program that aired from 3:30–5 p.m. ET weekdays. Replaced by The Situation Room in 2005.

Inside Politics Wolf Blitzer Reports 2001-2005

A daily look at the day’s stories that aired live from Washington at 5 p.m. ET. Replaced by The Situation Room in 2005. A hard-news program anchored by Aaron Brown which took an in-depth look at the main U.S. and international stories of the day. Was axed from CNN’s schedule on November 5, 2005, leading to Brown’s immediate resignation from the network. A first look at the day’s stories that aired live from New York City at 5 a.m. ET. Co-anchored by Bob Kurtz and Nick Charles.

NewsNight With 2001-2005 Aaron Brown

CNN Daybreak CNN Sports Sunday Connie Chung Tonight Freeman Reports 2002-2003

Hosted by Connie Chung. Cancelled in March 2003. one of the original programs from 1980. Host Sonja Freeman interviewed guests and took live telephone call-ins regarding current news events and other topics of interest.

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CNN

For a brief period the program featured a live audience in Atlanta. Freeman’s former time slot is now occupied by Larry King. People Now another original program. Host Lee Leonard interviewed celebrities and discussed entertainment news in a one hour program live from the CNN Los Angeles bureau. Leonard was replaced by Mike Douglas, who himself was replaced by Bill Tush in December 1982. unknown-2004 Business news and leaders Technological issues Technological issues Health news Weekly half hour on Saturday mornings featuring news on style and fashion. 1994-2003 A call-in talk show with a live audience hosted most recently by Arthel Neville.

Pinnacle with Tom Cassidy Computer Connection Future Watch Your Health Style with Elsa Klensch Talk Back Live On the Story

unknown-2006 CNN’s interactive "week-in-review" series featuring an indepth look at the story behind some of the week’s biggest stories. Anchored by Ali Velshi. However, the show was suspended in June 2006, later cancelled in July. 1995-2001 1999-2001 A show that discussed legal issues of the day, hosted by Greta Van Susteren and Roger Cossack. Newsmagazine Daily news A weekday call-in show airing at 1PM Eastern in the late 80’s & Early 90s hosted by Dr. Sonya Friedman. Daily look at what’s making news, airing live from Atlanta at 10 a.m. ET on weekdays. Anchored by Daryn Kagan. A lively look at the day’s stories airing live from Atlanta at 1 p.m. ET. Anchored by Kyra Phillips. A look at what’s making news on the weekends, airing live from Atlanta. Anchored by Fredricka Whitfield 12:00–6:00pm and Carol Lin 6:00–11:00pm. Replaced in 2006 by CNN Newsroom Weekend. The network’s weekend evening news program, airing at 6 p.m. ET and 10 p.m. ET. Anchored by Carol Lin. Replaced in 2006 by CNN Newsroom Weekend. unknown-2005 CNN’s feature-format program with People Magazine profiling newsmakers from politics, sports, business, medicine, and entertainment. The program aired on the weekend and was first hosted by Daryn Kagan and later by Paula Zahn. 1994-2006 2003 Weekly program on CNNI hosted by Richard Roth, focusing on the United Nations. Was Paula Zahn’s prime-time show after moving from her morning slot,[21] airing from 7-9 PM and later co-hosted by Anderson Cooper; replaced by Paula Zahn Now in 2003.

Burden of Proof Newsstand Newshour Sonya / Sonya Live In LA

CNN Live Today 2001-2006 Live From... CNN Live Saturday / CNN Live Sunday CNN Saturday Night / CNN Sunday Night People in the News

Diplomatic License Live From the Headlines

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Paula Zahn Now 2003-2007

CNN

Was a look at the current issues affecting the world, with former CBS and Fox News anchor Paula Zahn. Last broadcast was on August 2, 2007. Anchored by Bill Hemmer (10pm ET) and Catherine Callaway (1am ET/10pm PT) Bill Hemmer anchors half-hour news show at 6pm(in June) or 7pm(in July to Sept 10) Tucker Carlson and Bill Press host political talk show (aired at 10.30pm ET) Anchored by Jeff Greenfield in New York (aired at 10.30pm ET weeknights) Anchored by Joie Chen from Atlanta (aired at 4pm ET weekdays: integrated the news and internet) Primetime news and interviews

CNN Tonight First Evening News The Spin Room Greenfield at Large CNN NewsSite The Point with Greta Van Susteren Ballot Bowl

2001 2001 2001 2001-2002 2001 2001-2002

2008

Election 2008 news gained more prominence when observers of the Virginia Tech Shootings sent-in first hand photos of what was going during the shootings.[24] As of early 2008, CNN maintains a free live broadcast.[25] CNN International is broadcasted live, as part of the RealNetworks SuperPass subscription outside US. CNN also offers several RSS feeds and podcasts. On April 18, 2008 CNN.com was targeted by Chinese hackers in retaliation for the network’s coverage on the 2008 Tibetan unrest. CNN reported that they took preventative measures after news broke of the impending attack.[26] [27] The company was honored at the 2008 Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards for development and implementation of an integrated and portable IP-based live, edit and store-and-forward digital newsgathering system.

Citizen journalist video submitted to CNN’s iReport.com. installation. In July 2007 the service was discontinued and replaced with a free streaming service. The now-defunct topical news-program Judy Woodruff’s Inside Politics was the first CNN program to feature a round-up of blogs in 2005.[23] Blog coverage was expanded when Inside Politics was folded into The Situation Room. In 2006 CNN launched CNN Exchange and CNN iReport, initiatives designed to further introduce and centralize the impact of everything from blogging to citizen journalism within the CNN brand. CNN iReport which features user-submitted photos and video, has achieved considerable traction, with increasingly professional-looking reports filed by amateur journalists, many still in high school or college. The iReport

Specialized Channels
• • • • • • • CNN.com Live CNN Airport Network CNN Checkout Channel CNN en Español HLN CNN International CNN+ (a partner network in Spain, launched in 1999 with Sogecable) • CNN TÜRK A Turkish media outlet. • CNN-IBN An Indian news channel. • CNNj A Japanese news outlet.

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CNN
down in 2002, and CNNfn shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004. CNN and Sports Illustrated’s partnership continues today online at CNNSI.com. CNNfn’s former website now redirects to money.cnn.com, a product of CNN’s strategic partnership with Money magazine. Money and SI are both properties of Time Warner, along with CNN.

Bureaus
CNN en Español televised debate for the 2005 Chilean elections.

CNN bureau locations

Post Production editing offices in Atlanta. • CNN Chile A Chilean news channel launched on December 4, 2008.

Former channels
• CNN Pipeline (24-hour multi-channel broadband online news service, replaced with CNN.com Live) • CNN Italia [2] (an Italian news website launched in partnership with the publishing company Gruppo Editoriale L’Espresso, and after with the financial newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore, launched in November 15, 1999 [28][29] and closed in September 12, 2003.) • CNNfn (financial network, closed in December 2004) • CNN Sports Illustrated (also known as CNNSI), the network’s all-sports channel, closed in 2002.

The CNN Center in Atlanta.

CNN Center studios. Note: Boldface indicates that they are CNN’s original bureaus, meaning they have been in operation since the network’s founding.

Experiments
CNN launched two specialty news channels for the American market which would later close amid competitive pressure: CNNSI shut

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CNN

United States
• • Boston • • • • Miami • New Orleans • • • • • • • • • • • • • Columbus Denver Houston Las Vegas Minneapolis Orlando Philadelphia Phoenix Raleigh-Durham Seattle

Worldwide
• • • • • • • • • • Baghdad, Iraq Bangkok, Thailand Beijing, China Beirut, Lebanon Berlin, Germany Bogotá, Colombia Cairo, Egypt Dubai, United Arab Emirates Havana, Cuba (Asia/Pacific regional headquarters) Islamabad, Pakistan Istanbul, Turkey Jakarta, Indonesia Jerusalem, Israel • Johannesburg, South Africa • Lagos, Nigeria • (European regional headquarters) • Madrid, Spain • Mexico City, Mexico • Moscow, Russia • Nairobi, Kenya • New Delhi, India • Paris, France • Rome, Italy • Rio de Janeiro, Brazil • São Paulo, Brazil • Seoul, South Korea • Sydney, Australia • Tokyo, Japan

Richard Quest, London-based correspondent

Political contributors
Liberals: • Paul Begala • Hilary Rosen • James Carville • Roland S. Martin Conservatives: • Ed Rollins • William Bennett • Amy Holmes • Tara Wall • Alex Castellanos

Political analysts
• Jack Cafferty, Commentator • Gloria Borger, Senior Political Analyst • Candy Crowley, Senior Political Correspondent • Ali Velshi, Chief Business Correspondent • Jeff Toobin, Senior Legal Analyst • Bill Schneider, Senior Political Analyst • David Gergen, Senior Political Analyst • John King, Chief National Correspondent

• • • •

Staff

Controversy
CNN has been accused of perpetrating media bias for allegedly promoting both a conservative and a liberal agenda based on previous incidents. Media Matters for America has documented several hundred separate instances of what it sees as conservative editorializing during CNN broadcasts.[30] Accuracy in Media and the Media Research Center have claimed that CNN’s reporting contains liberal editorializing within news stories.[31][32] Their conclusions concerning a liberal bias at CNN find support in the academic literature. For instance, in a joint study by the Joan Shorenstein Center on Press, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard University and the Project for Excellence in Journalism, the authors found disparate treatment by the

Anderson Cooper, anchor of AC 360

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network of Republican and Democratic candidates in the most recent presidential election: whereas CNN “tended to cast a negative light on Republican candidates – by a margin of three-to-one … with McCain fairing the worst,” the network gave “extremely favorable coverage for Obama.”[33] The study’s findings of a liberal bias at CNN are echoed in other academic studies.[34] Despite its domestic standing, CNN remains a distant second in international news coverage, reaching just over half of the audience of the older BBC World News. Unlike the BBC’s network of reporters and bureaus, CNN International makes extensive use of affiliated reporters that are local to, and often directly affected by, the events they are reporting. The effect is a more immediate, less detached style of on-the-ground coverage. This has done little to stem criticism, largely from Middle Eastern nations, that CNN International reports news from a pro-American perspective. This is a marked contrast to domestic criticisms that often portray CNN as having a "liberal" or "anti-American" bias. In 2002, Honest Reporting spearheaded a campaign to expose CNN for pro-Palestinian bias, citing public remarks in which Ted Turner equated Palestinian suicide bombing with Israeli military strikes.[35] Several prominent former CNN personalities have come to criticize certain aspects of the news network. Aaron Brown has said that CNN has committed "huge mistakes" and frames CNN as an "organization that is trying to figure out if it can be all things to all people." However, he also praised CNN’s journalistic superiority, saying, "[...] CNN’s a better journalism organization." [36] Bernard Shaw has expressed that he is "very very disappointed with the way the news management" has handled his favorite network. He criticised the effects of Fox News’ "commentary [and] personal analysis" on the news reporting of CNN, saying that "CNN continues to ape many of the on-air mannerisms of the Fox News Network, and I don’t like that."[37] As said by Ted Turner, founder of CNN, “There really isn’t much of a point getting some Tom, Dick or Harry off the streets to report on when we can snag a big name whom everyone identifies with. After all, it’s all part of the business.” However, in April 2008, Turner criticized the direction CNN has taken. [38]

CNN
A Chinese website, anti-cnn.com,[39] has accused CNN and western media in general of biased reporting against China, with the catch-phrase "Don’t be so CNN" catching on in the Chinese mainstream as jokingly meaning "Don’t be so biased". Pictures used by CNN are allegedly edited to have completely different meanings from the original ones. In addition, the network was accused of largely ignoring pro-China voices during the Olympic Torch Relay in San Francisco. On April 24, 2008 beautician Liang Shubing and teacher Li Lilan sued commentator Jack Cafferty and CNN $1.3 billion damages ($1 per person in China), in New York, for "violating the dignity and reputation of the Chinese people". This was in response to an incident during CNN’s "The Situation Room" on April 9, where Cafferty stated his opinion that "[the USA] continue to import their junk with the lead paint on them and the poisoned pet food" despite his view that "[the Chinese leaders were] basically the same bunch of goons and thugs they’ve been for the last 50 years". Further, amid China’s Foreign Ministry demand for an apology, 14 lawyers filed a similar suit in Beijing.[40][41] CNN has also been accused of pro-Georgian coverage of the 2008 South Ossetia war. Allegedly, it stole Rusiya Al-Yaum records from Tskhinvali and represented them as shots from Gori.[42][43]

CNN in popular culture
See also: Groland and CNNNN • CNN has been parodied many times. Many movies outside of the Turner Broadcasting Network also mention CNN in their storylines. Several television shows (i.e. Seven Days, JAG, and NCIS) use a parody of CNN known as ZNN. During the run of the series Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, LNN was used to stand for the Luthor News Network. In the movie Mr Bones appears a news network with the name "CCN", its logo being in the same font as CNN’s. In the video game Desert Strike, the in-game news station is called EANN, with the EA standing for the video game company’s name, Electronic Arts. The movie Batman Forever shows a newscast on "GNN" (presumably standing for Gotham News Network). The logo is very similar to the "CNN" logo. GNN also appears on the

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Nolan series of Batman films. Other parodies or references include Command & Conquer: Generals – Zero Hour’s American campaign, featuring updates on missions with a correspondent from BNN, the rapper Eminem included a similar alteration in his song "Without Me", where, dressed up as Osama Bin Laden he was reported on by ENN, due to his name being Eminem. Finally, the movie The Dark Knight had its own version of CNN called GCN. In the DVD, episiods of Gotham Tonight of the GCN network are founded explain events before the movie. • CNN’s most famous station ID is a fivesecond musical jingle with James Earl Jones’ simple but classic line, "This is CNN." Jones’ voice can still be heard today in updated station IDs. The line has also been referenced in other programming, including The Simpsons, and Will & Grace, where Jones himself says that it was his last good piece of work. The line was also referred as a subparody in the 2002 film Kung Pow! Enter the Fist, during the ending of another subparody based on a scene from Disney’s The Lion King, where Jones himself is noted have voiced one of the main characters. • Australian satirist group The Chaser produced 12 half-hour episodes of CNNNN, a show that parodied the logo and slogan, with taglines such as "We report, You believe". The Chaser was shown on CNN in July 2007 after their APEC 2007 stunt on their show The Chaser’s War on Everything created considerable controversy.

CNN
[3] ^ "CNN changed news - for better and worse". Taipei Times. May 31, 2005. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ editorials/archives/2005/05/31/ 2003257358. Retrieved on 2009-01-24. [4] ^ Kiesewetter, John (May 28, 2000). "In 20 years, CNN has changed the way we view the news". Cincinnati Enquirer. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2000/ 05/28/loc_kiesewetter.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-24. [5] Time Warner: Turner Broadcasting [6] ^ "This date in deal history: CNN begins broadcasting". Deal Magazine. May 31, 2006. http://www.thedeal.com/dealscape/ 2006/05/ this_date_in_deal_history_cnn.php. Retrieved on 2009-01-24. [7] http://www.timewarner.com/corp/ newsroom/pr/0,20812,667801,00.html [8] Ibarra, Sergio (March 31, 2009). "CNN Ratings Down; Fox, MSNBC Grow". TVWeek. http://www.tvweek.com/news/ 2009/03/ cnn_ratings_down_fox_msnbc_gro.php. Retrieved on 2009-04-08. [9] ^ TV Week September 6, 2007 CNN HD Debuts [10] Multichannel News November 5, 2008 CNN goes holographic [11] Winslow, George (6/20/2005). "CNN News Group: Trust, with a sense of humor". Broadcasting & Cable. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/ article/157503-CNN_News_Group.php. Retrieved on 2009-01-25. [12] American Television News: The Media Marketplace and the Public Interest by Steve Michael Barkin, M.E. Sharpe, 2003 [13] "DEATH ON THE CNN CURVE" By Lisa Belkin. New York Times Magazine, Sunday, July 23, 1995. [14] The Gulf War and its Consequences [15] CNN BREAKING NEWS Transcript Terrorist Attack on United States [16] CNN.com (September 11, 2001) Available at archive.org. Accessed 2007-06-18. [17] http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/07/22/ news/youtube23.php YouTube and CNN invite ordinary Americans into presidential debates] [18] ^ Super Tuesday gets presidential treatment [19] Dickson, Glen (12/15/2008). "CNN Gets New Graphic Look". Broadcasting &

See also
• • • • Breaking news CNN effect News channel United States journalism scandals

References
[1] Reese Schonfeld Bio. (January 29, 2001) MeAndTed.com. Accessed 2007-06-18. [2] Charles Bierbauer, CNN senior Washington correspondent, discusses his 19-year career at CNN. (May 8, 2000). CNN.com. Accessed 2007-06-18.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

CNN

Cable. tecnologie_internet/cnn/cnn/cnn.html. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/ Retrieved on 2009-04-22. article/ [30] Media Matters for America Results: 160701-CNN_Gets_New_Graphic_Look.php. Tagged with CNN, Media Matters for Retrieved on 2009-01-24. America [20] Rev. Jesse Jackson. (October 2001). [31] CNN and the Liberal Propaganda RainbowPush.org. Accessed 2007-06-18. Machine [21] Grossman, Andrew (2003-06-24). "Zahn [32] Media Research Center CyberAlert - 02/ trimmed, Cooper set as CNN shuffles". 17/1999 - slant of CNN’s Tuesday night The Hollywood Reporter. town meeting http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/ [33] [1] search/ [34] Jeffrey N. Weatherly, et al, “Perceptions article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1920364. of Political Bias in the Headlines of Two Retrieved on 2009-02-27. Major News Organizations,” The [22] CNN Rolls Out Election Express Harvard International Journal of Press/ [23] Johnson, Peter (3/20/2005). "It’s prime Politics (2007) (12), 91 at p. 97 time for blogs on CNN’s ’Inside [35] CNN chief accuses Israel of terror Politics’". USA Today. [36] Aaron Brown Talks About... "CNN’s http://www.usatoday.com/life/columnist/ Struggle" & The Competition From Fox. mediamix/2005-03-20-media-mix_x.htm. TVNEWSER. 6 July 2007. Retrieved on 2009-01-24. [37] Retired anchor Shaw laments effects of [24] Cobb, Chris (April 12, 2008). "’Citizen Fox on his beloved CNN. Chicago Sunjournalist’ often there first to snap Times. 5 June 2007. photos". Regina Leader-Post. [38] Ted Turner: Global warming could lead http://www.canada.com/ to cannibalism | ajc.com reginaleaderpost/news/ [39] We Just Want the Truth! CNN:The story.html?id=250570b8-2555-4ac0-8fb7-a0431a321e0d&k=80562. world’s leader of liars ?????????????AntiRetrieved on 2009-01-24. CNN.com,Anti-BBC.com,Anti-VOA.com [25] "CNN live streaming website". [40] www.ibtimes.com, CNN Faces $1.3 Bln http://www.cnn.com/video/live/live.html. Lawsuit - $1 per person in China [26] "CNN website targeted", April 18, 2008 [41] reuters.com, CNN now sued for $1.3 [27] Claburn, Thomas: "CNN Faces billion - $1 per person in China Cyberattack Over Tibet Coverage" [42] CNN blamed for using misleading war InformationWeek, 2008 video [28] "Nasce "Cnn Italia" 24 ore di notizie [43] YouTube: CNN use footage of Tskhinvali web" (in Italian). la Repubblica. ruins to cover Georgian report 1999-09-15. http://www.repubblica.it/ online/internet/annuncio/annuncio/ annuncio.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-22. • CNN.com [29] "Roma-Atlanta via web Parte CNN Italia" • CNN International (in Italian). la Repubblica. 1999-09-15. http://www.repubblica.it/online/

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CNN" Categories: 24-hour television news channels in the United States, American television networks, CNN, Companies based in Atlanta, Georgia, Time Warner, HD channels, Digital only radio stations, DuPont-Columbia Award recipients, Peabody Award winners, Sirius Satellite Radio channels, Television channels and stations established in 1980, XM Satellite Radio channels, Multilingual news services This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 05:25 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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