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American Airlines

American Airlines
American Airlines

IATA AA

ICAO AAL

Callsign AMERICAN 1930 (as American Airways) • Chicago-O’Hare International Airport[1] • Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport[1] • Lambert-St. Louis International Airport[1] • Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport[1] • Miami International Airport[1] • John F. Kennedy International Airport • LaGuardia Airport • Logan International Airport • Los Angeles International Airport[2] AAdvantage Admirals Club Oneworld 613 (+132 Orders)[3] 157 excl.code-shares AMR Corporation` We know why you fly. Fort Worth, Texas, U.S. Gerard Arpey (CEO) Tom Horton (CFO)

Founded Hubs

largest, behind FedEx Express, in aircraft operated; and second behind Air France-KLM in operating revenues.[6] A subsidiary of the AMR Corporation, the airline is headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, adjacent to the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. American operates scheduled flights throughout the United States, and flights to Canada, Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, Japan, China, and India. The Chairman, President, and CEO of AA is Gerard Arpey. In 2005, the airline flew more than 138 billion revenue passenger miles (RPM).

Overview
In May 2008, American served 260 cities (excluding codeshares with partner airlines) with 655 aircraft.[3] American carries more passengers between the US and Latin America (12.1 million in 2004) than any other airline, and is also strong in the trans/inter/intracontinental market. American has five hubs: Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW), Chicago (ORD), Miami (MIA), Lambert St Louis International Airport (STL), and Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in San Juan, PR (SJU)[1]. Dallas/Fort Worth is the airline’s largest hub, with AA operating 85 percent of flights at the airport and traveling to more destinations than from its other hubs. Los Angeles (LAX), New York-Kennedy (JFK), and Boston (BOS) serve as focus cities and international gateways. American operates maintenance bases at Tulsa (TUL), Kansas City (MCI), and Fort Worth Alliance (AFW). American Airlines has one regional affiliate: • American Eagle Airlines, with hubs in Chicago O’Hare, Dallas Ft Worth, New York Kennedy, Los Angeles, Miami, Raleigh and San Juan. American Eagle Airlines provides regional feed to American throughout the United States, the Caribbean, Canada, and Mexico. American Airlines is a founding member of the Oneworld airline alliance.

Focus cities

Frequent flyer program Member lounge Alliance Fleet size Destinations Parent company Company slogan Headquarters Key people Website: aa.com

American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major airline of the United States.[4] It is the world’s largest airline in passenger miles transported[5] and passenger fleet size; second

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American Airlines
the aircraft was parked, one of the most wellknown images of the airline at the time. American Airlines was first to cooperate with Fiorello LaGuardia to build an airport in New York City, and partly as a result became owner of the world’s first airline lounge at the new LaGuardia Airport (LGA), which became known as the Admirals Club. Membership was initially by invitation but a discrimination suit decades later changed the club into a paid club, creating the model for other airline lounges.

History
Formation
American Airlines was developed from a conglomeration of 82 small airlines through acquisitions and reorganizations: initially, American Airways was a common brand by a number of independent carriers. These included Southern Air Transport in Texas, Southern Air Fast Express (SAFE) in the western US, Universal Aviation in the Midwest (which operated a transcontinental air/ rail route in 1929), Thompson Aeronautical Services (which operated a Detroit-Cleveland route beginning in 1929) and Colonial Air Transport in the Northeast.

Postwar developments

Airbus A300 On January 25, 1930, American Airways was incorporated as a single company, based in New York, with routes from Boston, New York and Chicago to Dallas, and from Dallas to Los Angeles. The airline operated wood and fabric-covered Fokker Trimotors and allmetal Ford Trimotors. In 1934 American began flying Curtiss Condor biplanes with sleeping berths.

Boeing 707 freighter at EuroAirport BaselMulhouse-Freiburg in France (near Basel) in 1976 After World War II, American launched an international subsidiary, American Overseas Airlines, to serve Europe; AOA was sold to Pan Am in 1950. AA launched another subsidiary, Líneas Aéreas Americanas de Mexico S.A., to fly to Mexico and built several airports there. American Airlines provided advertising and free usage of its aircraft in the 1951 film Three Guys Named Mike.[7] American Airlines introduced the first transcontinental jet service using Boeing 707s on January 25, 1959. With its Astrojets, as it dubbed the jet fleet, American shifted to nonstop coast-to-coast flights, although it maintained feeder connections to cities along its old route using smaller Convair 990s and Lockheed Electras. American invested $440 million in jet aircraft up to 1962, launched the first electronic booking system (Sabre) with IBM, and built an upgraded terminal at Idlewild (now JFK) Airport in New York City which became the airline’s largest base.[8] From 1971-1978 Beverly Lynn Burns worked as a stewardess for AA. She went on to become the first woman Boeing 747 airline captain.

American Airlines before World War II
In 1934 American Airways Company was acquired by E.L. Cord, who renamed it "American Air Lines". Cord hired Texas businessman C.R. (Cyrus Rowlett) Smith to run the company. Smith worked with Donald Douglas to develop the DC-3, which American Airlines started flying in 1936. With the DC-3, American began calling its aircraft "Flagships" and establishing the Admirals Club for valued passengers. The DC-3s had a four-star "admiral’s pennant" outside the cockpit window while

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American Airlines
discontinued most of Reno Air’s routes, and sold most of the Reno Air aircraft, as they had with Air California 12 years earlier. The only remaining route from the Air California and Reno Air purchases is San Francisco to Los Angeles.

Expansion in the 1980s and 1990s
After moving headquarters to Fort Worth in 1979, American changed its routing to a huband-spoke system in 1981, opening its first hubs at DFW and Chicago O’Hare. Led by its new chairman and CEO, Robert Crandall, American began flights from these hubs to Europe and Japan in the mid-1980s.

Boeing 767-300ER taking off Boeing 727-223 at O’Hare International Airport in May 1989 In the late 1980s, American opened three hubs for north-south traffic. San Jose International Airport was added after American purchased AirCal. American also built a terminal and runway at Raleigh-Durham International Airport for the growing Research Triangle Park nearby and compete with USAir’s hub in Charlotte. Nashville was also a hub. In 1990, American Airlines bought the assets of TWA’s operations at London Heathrow for $445 million, giving American a hub there. The US/UK Bermuda II treaty, in effect until open skies came into effect in April 2008, barred U.S. airlines from Heathrow with the sole exceptions of American and United Airlines. Lower fuel prices and a favorable business climate led to higher than average profits in the 1990s. The industry’s expansion was not lost on pilots who on February 17, 1997 went on strike for higher wages. President Bill Clinton invoked the Railway Labor Act citing economic impact to the United States, quashing the strike.[9] Pilots settled for wages lower than their demands. The three new hubs were abandoned in the 1990s: some San Jose facilities were sold to Reno Air, and at Raleigh/Durham to Midway Airlines. Midway went out of business in 2001. American purchased Reno Air in February 1999 and integrated its operations on August 31, 1999, but did not resume hub operations in San Jose. American During this time, concern over airline bankruptcies and falling stock prices brought a warning from American’s CEO Robert Crandall. "I’ve never invested in any airline," Crandall said. "I’m an airline manager. I don’t invest in airlines. And I always said to the employees of American, ’This is not an appropriate investment. It’s a great place to work and it’s a great company that does important work. But airlines are not an investment.’" Crandall noted that since airline deregulation of the 1970s, 150 airlines had gone out of business. "A lot of people came into the airline business. Most of them promptly exited, minus their money," he said. Miami became a hub after American bought Central and South American routes from Eastern Air Lines in 1990 (inherited from Braniff International Airways but originated by Panagra). Through the 1990s, American expanded its network in Latin America to become the dominant U.S. carrier in the region. On October 15, 1998 American Airlines became the first airline to offer electronic ticketing in the 44 countries it serves.

TWA merger, 9/11, to the present
Robert Crandall left in 1998 and was replaced by Donald J. Carty, who negotiated the purchase of Trans World Airlines and its hub in St Louis in April 2001. The merger of seniority lists remains contentious for pilots; the groups were

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represented by different unions. In the merger, 60 percent of former TWA pilots moved to the bottom of the seniority list at AA. All were furloughed, and most remain on furlough. The most senior TWA captain, hired in 1963, was integrated at the same seniority level as an AA captain hired in 1985. All TWA captains and first officers hired in March 1989 and later were appended to the seniority list junior to American Airlines first officers hired in June 2001. However, TWA pilots were given super-seniority and a ratio of positions as captain if they stayed in St Louis. The result was that most former TWA pilots stayed in St Louis and roughly maintained their relative seniority; though, some left St Louis and flew in the co-pilot seat next to AA pilots who may have been hired at a later date, but are more senior outside the protections afforded to that base. The extensive furloughs of former TWA pilots in the wake of the 9/11 attacks disproportionately affected St. Louis and resulted in a significant influx of American Airlines pilots. For cabin crews, all former TWA flight attendants (approximately 4,200) were furloughed by mid-2003 due to the AA flight attendants’ union putting TWA flight attendants at the bottom of their seniority list. American Airlines began losing money in the wake of the TWA merger and the September 11, 2001 attacks (in which some of its planes were involved). Carty negotiated wage and benefit agreements with the unions but resigned after union leaders discovered he was planning to award executive compensation packages at the same time. The St Louis hub was also downsized. American has undergone additional costcutting, including rolling back its "More Room Throughout Coach" program (which eliminated several rows of seats on certain aircraft), ending three-class service on many international flights, and standardizing its fleet at each hub (see below). However, the airline also expanded into new markets, including Ireland, India and mainland China. On July 20, 2005, American announced a quarterly profit for the first time in 17 quarters; the airline earned $58 million in the second quarter of 2005. AA was a strong backer of the Wright Amendment, which regulated commercial airline operations at Love Field in Dallas. On June 15, 2006, American agreed with Southwest Airlines and the cities of Dallas and Fort

American Airlines

Boeing 777-223ER landing at London Heathrow Airport Worth to seek repeal of the Wright Amendment on condition that Love Field remained a domestic airport and its gate capacity be limited.[10] American Airlines canceled 1,000 flights to inspect wire bundles over three days in April 2008 to make sure they complied with government safety regulations.[11] This caused significant inconvenience to passengers and financial problems for the airline. American has begun the process of replacing all its MD-80 jets with Boeing 737s, though it has MD-80 aircraft on lease through 2024. In May 2008, a month after mass grounding of aircraft, American announced capacity cuts and fees to increase revenue and help cover high fuel prices. The airline increased fees such as a $15 charge for the first checked bag and $25 for the second, as well as a $150 change fee for domestic reservations. American Airlines announced in May that it expected to retire 40 to 45 mainline aircraft in fall 2008, the majority fuel-inefficient MD-80s but also some Airbus A300s. American’s regional airline, American Eagle Airlines, will retire 35 to 40 regional jets as well as its Saab turboprop fleet. On July 2, 2008, American announced furloughs of up to 950 flight attendants, via Texas’ Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act system.[12] This furlough is in addition to the furlough of 20 MD-80 aircraft[13]. American’s hub at San Juan will be truncated from 38 to 18 daily inbound flights, but the carrier will retain service in a diminished capacity.[14] On August 13, 2008, the Kansas City Star reported that American would move some overhaul work from its Kansas City, Missouri base. Repairs on Boeing 757s will be made in

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Tulsa, Oklahoma, and some 767 maintenance will move there as well; one, possibly two, Boeing 767 repair lines will be retained at Kansas City International Airport. The narrow-body repair hangar will be shut. The city’s aviation department offered to upgrade repair facilities on condition that the airline maintain at least 700 jobs.[15]

American Airlines

AA aircraft at Concourse D, Miami International Airport

Slogans

AA Boeing 777 at Galeão International Airport, Rio de Janeiro as gateways to the Americas, while American’s Chicago hub has become the airline’s primary gateway to Europe and Asia. New York Kennedy (JFK) is a primary gateway for both the Americas and Europe, while New York La Guardia (LGA) and St. Louis are regional hubs. It serves the second largest number of international destinations, second to Continental Airlines American is the only U.S. airline with scheduled flights to Anguilla, Bolivia, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Uruguay. American has begun to expand in Asia, with mixed success. In 2005, American re-introduced a non-stop flight from Dallas/Fort Worth to Osaka-Kansai, which has since been discontinued. American also launched nonstop service from Chicago to Nagoya-Centrair, but that too ended within a year. Also in 2005, American launched service from Chicago to Delhi.[16] This service has been profitable. In April 2006, American began service from Chicago to Shanghai, also profitably. However, in October 2006, American ceased its San Jose, California to Tokyo-Narita service, leaving LAX as American’s sole international gateway on the West Coast. American planned flights between Dallas/Fort Worth and Beijing via Chicago-O’Hare (on Westbound only) in 2007 but lost its bid to United Airlines’ Dulles to Beijing route. AA was

McDonnell Douglas MD-82 at RaleighDurham International Airport • Current - "We know why you fly, we’re American Airlines." • AA/TWA merger - "Two great airlines, one great future." • 2001 (post-9/11) - "We are an airline that is proud to bear the name American." • Mid 1990s - "Based Here. Best Here." • Late 1980s - "No other Airline gives you more of America, than American." • Mid 1980s-mid 1990s - "Something special in the air." (Variant used for website: "Something special online.") • 1980s-1988- "The On-Time Machine." • 1970s-1980s - "We’re American Airlines, doing what we do best." • Early 1970s - "It’s good to know you’re on American Airlines." • 1967-1969 - "Fly the American Way." • 1964-1967 - "American built an airline for professional travelers." • 1950s-early 1960s - "America’s Leading (domestic) Airline."

Destinations
Further information: American Airlines destinations American Airlines serves four continents. Hubs at Dallas/Fort Worth and Miami serve

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granted permission in September 2007 to start a Chicago-Beijing route in a new set of China routes in 2009. American has begun non-stop service from Miami to the Brazilian cities of Belo Horizonte, Recife, and Salvador. It has also added nonstop flights from Dallas/Fort Worth to San Salvador (Spring 2008) and Panama City, Panama (December 2007). Since then, service ended in September 2008 to San Salvador. In 2008, American also began nonstop service from Chicago to Moscow. In May 2009, American began daily Dallas-Fort Worth to Madrid, Spain service.

American Airlines

Business/ Economy)

Airbus 17 A300-600R

0

0

267 (16/ 251)

Boeing 737-800

81

83

0

Fleet
Boeing 757-200 124 0 0

148 (16/ 132) 160 (16/ 144) Ships N979AN and subsequent deliveries 188 (22/ 166) 182 (16/ 166)

An American Boeing 757 landing at Vancouver International Airport As of February 2009, the American Airlines fleet consists of 616 aircraft.[3]. In August 2007 the airline announced it would offer Wi-fi internet services on Boeing 767-200ER flights across the United States.[17] On August 20, 2008, American Airlines became the first to offer full inflight internet service.[18] In October 2008, American announced plans to order the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner.[19] American is the largest operator of the McDonnell Douglas MD-80, with some 300 of the type. All of them will be replaced with Boeing 737-800’s over the course of several years.

Boeing 15 767-200ER

0

0

163 (9/30/ 124) 164 (10/30 124)

Current
American Airlines had an average fleet age of Boeing 58 15.4 years in February 2009.[20] 767-300ER American Airlines Fleet Aircraft In Orders Service Purchase Passengers Routes Rights (First/ 0 IFE 0 Notes 225 (30/ 195)

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hub to hub domestic

American Airlines
Business winglets[24] Class, Fitted with Overhead New Busimonitors ness Class. in Economy, Total 613 132 58 audio in *Aircell Internet Broadband access is being installed both on all Boeing 767-200 aircraft.[27] classes

Boeing 47 777-200ER

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0

247 (16/37/ fleet Fitted with Retired Transatlantic, AVOD, 194) transpacific, Audio Flagship American Airlines retired fleet South AmerSuites Aircraft ica, hub to Year retired Fitted with New BusiBAC 1-11 hub domestic 1972 ness Class BAe 146 1993 To be fitted with AVOD Boeing 707 1981 in First/ Boeing 717 2002 Business Boeing 727-100 1993 Class To be fitted Boeing 727-200 2002 with NVOD Boeing 737-100 1993 in Economy Boeing 737-200 1993 class Entry into service was Boeing 747-100 1984 originally Boeing 747SP 1994 planed for 2012[25], Fokker 100 2004 however this McDonnell Douglas DC-10 2000 is now unMcDonnell Douglas MD-11 2002 likely as Boeing has McDonnell Douglas MD-90 2001 confirmed American Airlines has flown all of Boeing’s that the "7-Series" jet airliners. 787-9 will not enter 1970 service beThe fleet in 1970 shows the airline on the fore 2013. [26] brink of the wide-bodied era, orders for the Boeing 747 and Douglas DC-10 are in place 136 (16/ Short, MediLargest opand the first-generation jets are at their peak 120) um Haul Doerator of the of use. Options for the two rival supersonic 140 (16/ mestic, MexMD-82 To airlines have been made but it was not to be. 124) ico, Canada be replaced American Airlines fleet in 1970 [28] and Caribby 737-800; Aircraft bean Total fly Most Orders Notes Phase-out out of ORD, 0 beginning BAC/Sud 0 Six on 2008 Concorde STL, and option DFW Boeing SST 0 0 Six on 136 (16/ Short, mediLargest opoption 120) um haul doerator of the Boeing 53 0 140 (16/ mestic, MexMD-83 To 707-120 124) ico, Canada be replaced Boeing 737-300 haul Long 1993

Boeing 787-9

0

42
(Purchase agreement, may become a firm order)

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McDonnell Douglas MD-82

190

0

0

McDonnell Douglas MD-83

81

0

0

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Boeing 707-320 Boeing 720 Boeing 727-100 Boeing 727-200 Boeing 747-100 BAC OneEleven 400 Douglas DC-10 Total 47 22 57 41 0 27 0 247 0 0 0 0 16 0 25 41 320B and 320C

American Airlines
130,000 most frequent flyers, plus an additional 60,000 members of AA’s Admirals Club were pre-enrolled and sent letters with their new account numbers. The name was selected by AA’s advertising agency, and is consistent with other American Airlines programs featuring "AA" in the name and logo. The logo was designed by Massimo Vignelli. The impact of the AA logo is strengthened by the fact that American Airlines was able in 1997 to buy the matching two letter internet domain aa.com. The amount of the transaction remains confidential. Only few corporations worldwide, among them 4 airlines own a two letter domain name.[29] .AA is also the companies IATA airline code. Less than a week later, rival United Airlines launched its Mileage Plus program; other airlines followed in the ensuing months and years. The rapid appearance of competition changed the nature of the program, and as airlines began to compete on the features of their frequent flyer programs, AAdvantage liberalized its rules, established partnerships with hotel and rental car agencies, and offered promotions such as extra free beverages. In 1982 AAdvantage also became the first program to cooperate with an international carrier; members could accrue and redeem miles on British Airways flights to Europe. In 2005 American Airlines joined other major US carriers in introducing an online shopping portal allowing shoppers to earn AAdvantage miles when shopping online.

AAdvantage

AAdvantage is the frequent flyer program of American Airlines. Launched May 1, 1981, it was the first such loyalty program in the world, and remains the largest with more than 50 million members as of 2005. Miles accumulated in the program allow members to redeem tickets, upgrade service class, or obtain free or discounted car rentals, hotel stays, merchandise, or other products and services through partners. The most active members, based on the amount and price of travel booked, are designated AAdvantage Gold, AAdvantage Platinum, and AAdvantage Executive Platinum elite members, with privileges such as separate checkin, priority upgrade and standby processing, or free upgrades. They also receive similar privileges from AA’s partner airlines, particularly those in Oneworld.

Partnerships
In addition to its Oneworld, American Connection, and American Eagle partnerships, American Airlines offers frequent flier partnerships with the following airlines and railways:

History
Increased competition following the 1978 Airline Deregulation Act prompted airline marketing professionals to develop ways to reward repeat customers and build brand loyalty. The first idea at American, a special "loyalty fare", was modified and expanded to offer free first class tickets and upgrades to first class for companions, or discounted coach tickets. Membership was seeded by searching AA’s SABRE computer reservations system for recurring phone numbers. The

Airlines
• • • • • • • • • • • Alaska Airlines Air Pacific Air Tahiti Nui Brussels Airlines China Eastern Airlines El Al Israel Airlines EVA Air Gulf Air Hawaiian Airlines Jet Airways Mexicana

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• Vietnam Airlines

American Airlines

Railways
• Deutsche Bahn (AiRail Service) • SNCF

a passenger sued for discrimination[32], the Club (and m lounges) switched to a paid membership program. Membership now costs $300 to $450 a year, depend frequent flyer program level (and annual renewal memb $250–$400); membership can also be purchased with A

Environmental record

Locations
[33]

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality has awarded American • Atlanta • Honolulu (shared with Airlines its 2005 Governor’s Award for its outstanding efforts in environ• Austin Qantas) mental protection and pollution prevention. American Airline’s wastewa• Bogotá • Kansas City ter treatment plant recycles water used at the base of the wash aircraft, • Boston • Lima process rinse water tanks, and irrigates landscape. That alone has saved • Buenos • London Heathrow almost 1 million dollars since 2002. In addition to that, American Airlines Aires • Los Angeles (shared has also won the award for the reduction of hazardous waste that saved • Caracas with Qantas in Terminal them 229,000 dollars after a 2,000 dollar investment. A bar code system • Chicago 4) used is to track hazardous waste. It has led to reduction of waste by 50 O’Hare • Mexico City percent since 2000.[30] (3) • Miami (3) Violations occurring over a 4½ year period — from October 1993 to • Dallas• Nashville July 1998 — targeted American Airlines for using high-sulfur fuel in motor Fort • Newark vehicles at 10 major airports around the country. Under the federal Clean Worth (4) • New York JFK Air Act high sulfur fuel can not be used in motor vehicles. American Air• Denver lines promptly identified and corrected these violations of the Clean Air • Frankfurt Act.[31]

Admirals Club

• New York LaGuardia • Orange County • Panama City • Paris CDG • Philadelph • RaleighDurham • Rio de Janeiro • San Diego • San Francisco • San Jose (CA)

Flagship Lounge

Though affiliated with the Admirals Club and staffed by employees, the AA Flagship Lounge is a separate loung signed for premium customers flying on premium flight ally within the United States and internationally. This m First Class passengers on 3-Class Aircraft, both Interna The Admirals Club was conceived by AA president C.R. Smith as a marketTranscontinentally, are granted entrance to these clubs ing gimmick shortly after he was made an honorary Texas Ranger. Inoperating a non-transcon flight and not sold as 3-Class spired by the Kentucky colonels and other honorary organizations, Smithis not granted to passengers on Premium, and entrance decided to make particularly valued passengers "admirals" of the "Flag-granted to passengers on non-AA vice. Lounge access is ship fleet" (AA called its aircraft "Flagships" at the time). The list of Ad-partners as well, again, as long a flown by select airline mirals included many celebrities, politicians and true International First Class cabin and the passenger i other VIPs, as well as more "ordinary" customers who had been particularly as a paying airline. class loyal to the customer or on a premium cabin frequ There was no physical Admirals Club until shortly after the an upgrade). The only exception to this ru ticket (not as opening of LaGuardia Airport. During the airport’s construction, New York Mayor Emerald elite FF members (including AA Executive Plat Fiorello LaGuardia had an upper-level lounge settional flights, who are granted access to the lounges tra aside for press conferences and business meetings. At one such press conference, he noted that class.[34] the entire terminal was being offered for lease to airlineadded amenities of the Flagship Lounges compa The tenants; after a reporter asked whether the lounge would be leased as well, LaGuardia free alcoholic beverages includin Admirals Club include replied that it would, and a vice president of AA immediately offered to not found in the Admirals Club, free premium buffet sna lease the premises. The airline then procured a liquor license andsalads, sandwiches, fruits, chocolates, breakfast items, began operating the lounge as the "Admirals Club" in 1939. fare (options change based on time of day), as wel light The second Admirals Club opened at Washington National Airport. Becrowded, more comfortable lounge space. Additionally, cause it was illegal to sell alcohol in Virginia at the time, computer conLenovo the Club terminals with free internet access, c tained refrigerators for the use of its members, so they could store their and complimentary printing is a Mobile hotspot access, own liquor at the airport. For many years, membership in the are shower facilities. The AA Flagship Lou locations, as Admirals Club (and most other airline lounges) was by the ilar to First Class lounges offered by other airlines arou airline’s invitation. After

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American Airlines

though many international carriers offer full meal services, massages and other amenities in First lounges that AA does not. The first Flagship Lounge was opened at Dallas Fort Worth International Airport as a courtesy to First Class customers preparing for long flights to London and Tokyo. While the Dallas lounge is no longer open, Flagship Lounges are now available at: - Los Angeles International Airport, Terminal 4 - New York’s JFK International Airport, Terminal 8 - London Heathrow International Airport, Terminal 3 - Chicago O’Hare International Airport, Terminal 3 - Miami International Airport, Concourse E.

Codeshare agreements
American has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: • Air Pacific • Alaska Airlines • British Airways • Brussels Airlines • Cathay Pacific • China Eastern Airlines • Deutsche Bahn (AiRail Service) • El Al • EVA Air • Finnair • Gulf Air • Hawaiian 737 inMalév • the Astrojet livery A Boeing Airlines • Mexicana • Horizon Air • Qantas • Iberia Airways Airlines • SNCF • Japan • Royal Airlines Jordanian • Jet Airways • Vietnam [35] Airlines • LAN Airlines

AmericanConnection, which feeds American’s hub at Lambert Saint Louis International Airport, is also a codesharing operation with three regional carriers. It also has reciprocal agreements for earning frequent flyer miles with several airlines, including all other members of the Oneworld A Boeing 767-300 in current colours takes off alliance. from Manchester International Airport, England, bound for Chicago, USA

Livery

American’s early liveries varied widely, but a common livery was adopted in the 1930s, featuring an eagle painted on the fuselage. The eagle became a symbol of the company and inspired the name of American Eagle Airlines. Propeller aircraft featured an international orange lightning bolt running down the length of the fuselage, which was replaced by a simpler orange stripe with the introduction of jets. In the late 1960s, American commissioned an industrial designer to develop a new livery. The original design called for a red, white, and blue stripe on the fuselage, and a simple "AA" logo, without an eagle, on the tail. However, American’s employees revolted when the livery was made public, and launched a "Save the Eagle" campaign similar to the "Save the Flying Red Horse" campaign at Mobil. Eventually, the designer caved in and created a highly stylized eagle, which remains the company’s logo to this day. In 1999, American painted a new Boeing 757 in its 1959 international orange livery. There is a Boeing 737-800 SCA N905NA in 1978, with American painted in the retro AstroJet livery. pinstriping American is the only major U.S. airline that leaves the majority of its aircraft surfaces unpainted. This was because C. R. Smith hated painted NASA’s Boeing 747 aircraft, and refused to use any liveries that involved painting the entireShuttle Carrier Aircraft, with the originally natural metal plane. Robert "Bob" Crandall later justified the distinctive belonged to American Airlines, and in its earl the weight, thus saving finish by noting that less paint reduced the aircraft’sdistinct American pinstriping. By the early 1980s, h on fuel costs. Eastern Air Lines, US Airways, andcided to discontinue have the American livery and repl Northwest Airlines using own livery, consisting of a white fuselage and blue pins also maintained unpainted airplanes in the past.

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American Airlines

An American Airlines ( Airways) DC2 was the setting fo sing, "On the Good Ship Lollipop" while James Dunn too to popular belief, the good ship lollipop was always an a On domestic flights and flights to Canada, Central America, andSee the film "Curly Top" for some fine ae seagoing ship. areas in the Caribbean (including the Dominican Republic), the DC2 and the even earlier Curtis Condor airliner ( of American Airlines offers a buy on board program offering sandwiches and snacks for purchase. Flights two hours or longer have snacks, and flights three hours or longer have sandwiches. Transcontinental flights and Hawaii flights have the "Premium Sandwich and Chip Combo" for purchase. Beginning on Spirit of Greatness (JMC, 2001), • John M. Capozzi, A March 1, 2009 began buy on board service to Central America and the 0-9656410-3-1 Dominican Republic. American will continue to offer free coach meals on • Don Bedwell, Silverbird: The American Airlines Story flights to Europe, Haiti, Japan, and other destinations.[36][37] ISBN 0-9653993-6-2 In First and Business classes, on all domestic flights of twoCasey’s Law (Arcade, 1997), ISBN 1-55970 • Al Casey, hours or more that operate within a traditional meal time, • Simon Forty, ABC American Airlines (Ian Allan, 1997 full meal service is included. Flights with a duration longer than two and 1-882663-21-7 that do one half hours not fall within a meal time have snack service for• Danclasses. [36] American Eagle: The Ascent of Bob C those Reed, The First class and business class passengers receive alcoholic beverages for free. Martin’s, 1993), ISBN 0-312-0 American Airlines (St. Non-alcoholic beverages are free for all classes.[38] Robert J. Serling, Eagle (St. Martin’s, 1985), ISBN 0 • Blankets are provided free of charge. Headsets are two dollarsDirectory of Company Histories, St. Jam • International on domestic flights and free on flights to/from Europe, • http://www.airfleets.net/flottecie/American%20Airlin Asia, India and South America. Headsets are also free to passengers in First and Business Classes.[39]

On-board service

Sources

References

Accidents and incidents Miscellaneous
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[1] ^ AMR Corp. 10-K, Dec. 31, 2008 [2] AMR Corp. Fact Sheet from AA.com retrieved 7/17/ [3] ^ "Fleet Statistics". AA.com. http://www.aa.com/co corporateInformation/facts/fleet.jhtml. [4] Federal Aviation Administration - Airline Certificate In the 1960s, Mattel released a series of AmericanDetail View Airlines stewardess Barbie dolls. [5] Aviation Week and Space Technology: p. 349. Janua A fictitious "American Airlines Space Freighter", the Valley Forge, was [6] American airlines information pictures and facts the setting for the 1971 science fiction movie [7] "Aviation in starring Silent Running, Film:Three Guys Named Mike". Turner Bruce Dern and directed by Douglas Trumbull. The freighter featured http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/ the then-new "AA" logo on the hull, along with the article.jsp?cid=90488&mainArticleId=160793. Ret crew uniforms and several set pieces. December 22, 2008. On 30 March 1973 AA became the first major [8] "Jets Across the U.S.". TIME. November 17, 1958. airline to employ a female pilot when Bonnie Tiburzi was hired to fly Boeing 727s. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171, AA lobbied heavily to be assigned the IATA airline Knowlton, Brian (February 17, 1997). "American Ai [9] code upon the US military releasing it for non-military use. However, USAir ultimately Service After Clinton Stops Strike". International H won the bid for the US airliner code. http://www.iht.com/articles/1997/02/17/fly.t_1.php. The airline received a 100% rating on the first[10] "American Airlines Joins Southwest Airlines in Defe Corporate Equality Index released by the Human Rights Campaign in Amendment". USA Today Today In The Sky. Novem 2002 and has maintained their rating in respect to policies on employees. http://blogs.usatoday.com/sky/wright_amendment/i AA is the only legacy carrier in the United States which has not filed [11] Associated Press (April 14, 2008). "American’s MDfor Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. again". http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24029455/. Vignelli Associates designed the AA eagle logo in 1967. Vignelli [12] "American Airlines’ parent AMR to cut 6,500 or mo attributes the introduction of his firm to AmericanDallas Morning News. July 3, 2008. http://www.dall Airlines to Henry Dreyfuss, the legendary AA design consultant. Thesharedcontent/dws/bus/stories/ logo is still in use today. 070308dnbusaaflightattendants.172cf18b.html. AA has its name on two major U.S. venues, American Airlines Center in 24, 2008). "Aerospace Notebo [13] Wallace, James (June Dallas, home to the Mavericks and Stars, and American Airlines Arena costs rise". Seattle Post-Intell winding down as fuel in Miami, home to the Heat. When the Heat and Mavericks played each http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/368286_air2 other in the 2006 NBA Finals, it was referred [14] Coto,"American to as the Danica (June 16, 2008). "Flight cuts may hurt Airlines series." tourism". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/tra 2008-06-16-flight-cuts-caribbean_N.htm.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

American Airlines

[15] "Up to 600 jobs in jeopardy at overhaul base". Kansas City Star. 2006. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CWU/ August 13, 2008. http://www.tradingmarkets.com/.site/news/ ai_n16359869. Stock%20News/1825603/. [31] Environmental Protection Agency "American Airine [16] "American Airlines Introduces Non-Stop Service Air Delhi". July 2005. Logan Airport Reports to EPA To Improvements at http://www.aa.com/content/amrcorp/pressReleases/2005_07/ Fuel in Motor Vehicles". United States High Sulfur 12_delhi.jhtml. Protection Agency. 1999-07-19. http://epa.gov/NE/p [17] [1], 07/08/07 072099b.html Environmental Protection Agency. R [18] "AA First to Feature GoGo Inflight Internet". August 2008. 2009-01-25. http://www.aa.com/content/amrcorp/pressReleases/2008_08/ [32] "Toward Equality for VIPs". TIME. 1966-07-15. http 20_gogo.jhtml. time/magazine/article/0,9171,836046,00.html?iid= [19] "American Airlines Takes Major Fleet Renewal Step By Announcing Retrieved on 2009-01-26. Plans To Acquire Boeing 787-9 Dreamline". October 2008. Club Locations & Pass Information". AA. [33] "Admirals http://www.aa.com/content/amrcorp/pressReleases/2008_10/ http://www.aa.com/aa/i18nForward.do?p=/travelIn 15_787.jhtml. airportAmenities/AdmiralsLocations.jsp. [20] Some of American Airlines MD-82 and-MD 83 fleet are former TWA [34] https://www.aa.com/aa/i18nForward.do?p=/travelIn aircraft. Fleet age American Airlines - Airfleets airportAmenities/AdmiralsLoungeAccess.jsp [21] http://www.aa.com/content/amrcorp/pressReleases/2008_08/to partner American Airlines : India Bu [35] Jet Airways 13_fleet.jhtml [36] ^ "North America And Caribbean Meal Service." Am [22] http://news.moneycentral.msn.com/ticker/ Accessed February 18, 2009. article.aspx?Feed=PR&Date=20090331&ID=9744076&Symbol=AMR Entrees." American Airlines [37] "International Flagship [23] American 767-300 with winglets at Heathrow! February 18, 2009 [24] American Airlines And Aviation Partners Boeing Team Up To Certify [38] "Onboard Beverages." American Airlines. Accessed And Install 767-300ER Blended Winglets [39] https://www.aa.com/aa/pubcontent/en_US/travelInf [25] American Airlines Purchases 42 Boeing 787 Dreamliners duringFlight/entertainment/main.jsp [26] Ionides, Nicholas (January 10, 2009). "ANZ’s first 787-9 delayed by 12 more months". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/ articles/2009/01/10/320801/anzs-first-787-9-delayed-by-12-more• American Airlines travel guide from Wikitravel months.html. • [27] American Airline’s First Installation of Aircell American Airlines official website • American Airlines Video and Audio on MarketWatch [28] Flight International 26 March 1970 • Domain [29] List of Large Companies that own a Two Letter American Way inflight magazine [30] "American Airlines Receives Texas Commission on Environmental Quality’s Governor’s Award". Airline Industry Information. May 11,

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Airlines" Categories: Oneworld, American Airlines, Airlines of the United States, IATA members, Air Transport Association members, Companies based in Fort Worth, Texas, Open Travel Alliance, Airlines established in 1934 This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 03:17 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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