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					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2003 Atlantic hurricane season

2003 Atlantic hurricane season
2003 Atlantic hurricane season

Season summary map

First storm formed: Last storm dissipated: Strongest storm:

April 20, 2003 December 11, 2003 Isabel – 915 mbar (hPa) (27.03 inHg), 165 mph (270 km/h) 21 16 7 3 92 total $4.4 billion (2003 USD) $5.2 billion (2009 USD)

Total depressions: Total storms: Hurricanes: Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+): Total fatalities: Total damage:

season was tied for the sixth most active Atlantic hurricane season on record. The strongest hurricane of the season was Hurricane Isabel, which reached Category 5 status on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale northeast of the Lesser Antilles; Isabel later struck North Carolina as a Category 2 hurricane, causing $3.6 billion in damage (2003 USD, $4.04 billion 2007 USD) and a total of 51 deaths across the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. The season began with Subtropical Storm Ana on April 20, prior to the official start of the season; the bounds of the season are from June 1 to November 30, which conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. In early September, Hurricane Fabian struck Bermuda as a Category 3 hurricane, where it was the worst hurricane since 1926; on the island it caused four deaths and $300 million in damage (2003 USD, $336 million 2007 USD). Hurricane Juan caused considerable destruction to Nova Scotia, particularly Halifax, as a Category 2 hurricane, the first hurricane of significant strength to hit the province since 1893. Additionally, Hurricanes Claudette and Erika struck Texas and Mexico, respectively, as minimal hurricanes.

Seasonal forecasts

Atlantic hurricane seasons 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Related articles: • List of storms in the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season • Timeline of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season

The 2003 Atlantic hurricane season was an active Atlantic hurricane season with tropical activity before and after the official bounds of the season – the first such occurrence in 50 years. The season produced 21 tropical cyclones, of which 16 developed into named storms; seven cyclones attained hurricane status, of which three reached major hurricane status. With sixteen storms, the

Predictions of tropical activity in the 2003 season Source Date Tropical Hurricanes Major storms hurricane CSU Average 9.6 5.9 2.3 (1950–2000) NOAA Average[1] 11 6 2 NOAA May 19, 11–15 6–9 2–4 2003 CSU April 4, 12 8 3 2003 CSU May 30, 14 8 3 2003 CSU August 6, 2003 14 16 8 7 3 3

Actual activity

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2003 Atlantic hurricane season

Pre-season outlook
On May 19, prior to the start of the season, NOAA forecasters issued a 55% probability of above normal activity. The forecasters predicted 11–15 tropical storms, 6–9 of those becoming hurricanes, and 2–4 of those hurricanes reaching at least Category 3 strength on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The above normal activity predicted was due to the likelihood of La Niña developing in the season.[2] Noted hurricane expert Dr. William M. Gray on April 4 predicted twelve named storms, with eight reaching hurricane strength and three of the eight reaching Category 3 strength.[3] The prediction issued on May 30 was similar, increasing the named storms to fourteen. The synoptic pattern of the season prior to June 1 resembled other previous seasons, with the 1952, 1954, 1964, 1966, and 1998 seasons considered the best analogs for the season. The prediction also included a 68% probability for a hurricane landfall along the United States.[4]

Pre-season Tropical Storm Ana on April 22 Starting at the official start of the season, the National Hurricane Center began issuing five-day forecasts, extending from the threeday forecasts issued since 1964. Officials conducted tests during the previous two seasons, indicating the new five-day forecasts would be as accurate as the three-day forecasts were 15 years earlier.[10] The tropics were active and well ahead of climatology in the early portion of the season, with the seventh tropical depression forming by the end of July.[11] Within the first week of the official start of the season, a tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa, and on June 11 developed into Tropical Depression Two; unfavorable conditions prevailed, and it dissipated within 24 hours of developing.[12] By the end of June, the third tropical depression of the season developed near the Yucatán Peninsula; it tracked northward, strengthening into Tropical Storm Bill before striking the southern Louisiana coast on June 30. The storm caused moderate rainfall and a tornado outbreak across the southern United States, resulting in four deaths and $30 million in damage (2003 USD, $35 million 2007 USD).[13] On July 8, a well organized tropical wave in the Caribbean Sea organized into Tropical Storm Claudette. Its intensity fluctuated while crossing the basin, attaining hurricane status before weakening and striking the Yucatán Peninsula as a tropical storm. Claudette re-intensified to hurricane status

Mid-season outlook
On August 6, Dr. Gray announced he had maintained his previous prediction; with an active start of the season, the rest of the season was forecast to have been only slightly above average, due to an anticipated overall less favorable environment across the Atlantic Ocean.[5] A day later, NOAA released an updated prediction as well, with a 60% probability of above normal activity, with 12–15 named storms, 7–9 hurricanes, and 3–4 major hurricanes expected.[6] A normal season, as defined by NOAA, has 6–14 tropical storms, 4–8 of which reach hurricane strength, and 1–3 of those reaching Category 3 strength.[7]

Storms
April through July
The official beginning of the season was on June 1, 2003,[8] though Subtropical Storm Ana formed on April 20, well before the start to the season. When Ana transitioned into a tropical cyclone the next day, it became the first Atlantic tropical storm on record in the month of April. The storm caused two deaths in Florida from increased waves and rip currents.[9]

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2003 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Fabian near Bermuda drowning in Mexico, as well as minor damage in southern Texas.[19] Tropical Depression Nine formed on August 21 in the eastern Caribbean Sea from a tropical wave.[20] Despite predictions of it intensifying to a strong tropical storm,[21] it failed to strengthen due to strong wind shear, and on August 22 the depression dissipated.[20] Hurricane Fabian developed from a tropical wave on August 27 in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Tracking west-northwestward around the subtropical ridge, it encountered favorable conditions, and steadily intensified to reach peak winds of 145 mph (230 km/h) on September 1. Fabian turned to the north and gradually weakened, passing just west of Bermuda on September 5 as a major hurricane. On September 8, it became an extratropical cyclone after causing four deaths and $300 million (2003 USD, $336 million 2007 USD) in damage on Bermuda; there, it was considered the worst hurricane in nearly 80 years. Elsewhere, rough waves from the hurricane killed a surfer in North Carolina and three fishermen off Newfoundland.[22] A tropical disturbance organized into Tropical Storm Grace in the Gulf of Mexico on August 30; with a nearby upper-level low causing unfavorable wind shear, the storm failed to organize significantly, and it moved ashore along Texas. The storm dropped moderate rainfall across much of the southern United States.[23]

Claudette at Texas landfall and struck southeastern Texas on July 15, causing a total of three deaths, one of which directly, and $180 million in damage (2003 USD, $200 million 2007 USD).[14] Hurricane Danny formed on July 16 from a tropical wave well to the east of Bermuda. It strengthened while tracking around an anticyclone, and attained hurricane status further north than any other Atlantic tropical cyclone in July. It turned to the east and dissipated without affecting land.[15] Tropical Depression Six developed on July 19 in the tropical Atlantic Ocean,[16] and was initially forecast to attain hurricane status.[17] However, it tracked quickly westward, and degenerated into an open tropical wave on July 21 near the Lesser Antilles.[16] The tropical wave that spawned the previous tropical depression developed an area of convection further to the north, which organized into Tropical Depression Seven on July 25 off the coast of Florida. It failed to develop, and made landfall on Georgia as a tropical depression before dissipating on July 27.[18]

August
After a short respite in activity, a westwardmoving tropical disturbance organized near Florida and developed into Tropical Storm Erika in the Gulf of Mexico on August 14. It continued quickly across the body of water, and made landfall in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas as a hurricane on August 17. The hurricane caused two deaths from floodwater

September
Tropical Storm Henri formed in the Gulf of Mexico on September 3, and it crossed central Florida without causing significant damage or flooding. On September 8 it

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2003 Atlantic hurricane season
A tropical wave spawned a tropical depression on September 25, which tracked northwestward before turning to the northeast and becoming Hurricane Kate. The hurricane then turned sharply westward, reaching major hurricane status before turning northward and becoming extratropical on October 7. It did not have a significant effect on land.[31]

October through December
Henri, Fabian, and Isabel on September 7 degenerated into a remnant low pressure area,[24] which dropped heavy rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic States. Flooding from the storm’s remnants caused about $19.6 million in damage (2003 USD, $22 million 2007 USD), which was compounded by the effects of Hurricane Isabel a week [25][26] later. A tropical wave spawned Hurricane Isabel on September 6 in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Encountering favorable conditions, it gradually intensified while tracking generally west-northwestward, and on September 11 Isabel attained peak winds of 165 mph (270 km/h), the strongest storm of the season. After fluctuating in intensity for the subsequent four days, it weakened and struck North Carolina as a Category 2 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale. Across the East Coast of the United States, Isabel caused a total of 51 fatalities and $3.6 billion in damage (2003 USD, $4.04 billion 2007 USD).[27] Brief Tropical Depression Fourteen formed on September 8 just off the coast of Africa. An upper-level low hindered its development and changed its motion to the northnorthwest, and on September 10 the depression dissipated after passing near the Cape Verde islands.[28] On September 24 a tropical depression developed southeast of Bermuda, and while tracking northward it quickly intensified to become Hurricane Juan. Juan maintained its strength as it accelerated northward, and on September 29 it struck Halifax, Nova Scotia with winds of 100 mph (160 km/h). The hurricane caused a total of 8 fatalities,[29] as well as $150 million in damage (2003 USD, $170 million 2007 USD).[30] It was considered one of the worst hurricanes on modern record in Halifax.[29]

Tropical Storm Peter near peak intensity An extratropical storm formed in the Bay of Campeche on September 30, and remaining nearly stationary it transitioned into Tropical Storm Larry by October 1. The storm drifted southward, reaching peak winds of 65 mph (100 mph) before moving ashore along the Mexican state of Tabasco. Larry caused five deaths in Mexico, as well as heavy rainfall and mudslides.[32] On October 10, a tropical disturbance organized into Tropical Storm Mindy just off the northeast coast of the Dominican Republic. After moving northwestward, it turned sharply eastward and dissipated on October 14, after earlier dropping light to moderate rainfall across the Greater Antilles.[33] Tropical Storm Nicholas developed from a tropical wave on October 13 in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. The storm strengthened to near-hurricane intensity before weakening while turning northward and later to the northwest. On October 24, Nicholas transitioned into an extratropical low, which, after executing an anticyclonic loop,

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meandered erratically before being absorbed by a non-tropical low to the southwest of Bermuda on November 1.[34] Early in November, the system that absorbed Nicholas tracked westward across the Atlantic Ocean, nearly developing into a subtropical cyclone before crossing Florida and dissipating on November 5.[35][34] The season officially ended on November 30, 2003,[8] although Tropical Storm Odette formed on December 4 to the northwest of Colombia from a tropical disturbance; it became the second December tropical storm on record to form in the Caribbean Sea, after a hurricane in 1822.[36][37] The final storm of the season, Tropical Storm Peter, formed on December 7 in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. It strengthened to near hurricane status, but rapidly weakened due to increased wind shear and dissipated on December 11.[38]

2003 Atlantic hurricane season
Claudette, caused locally heavy damage in southeastern Texas in July; two deaths were reported in the state, while earlier in its duration it caused an indirect death from rough waves in Florida.[14] In September, Hurricane Isabel caused deaths and damage from North Carolina through southern Canada.[27] The worst damage from the hurricane occurred in Virginia, where it was the costliest disaster in the history of the state;[40] there, damage totaled $1.85 billion (2003 USD, $2.08 billion 2007 USD), and there were 32 fatalities, ten of which were caused directly by the hurricane.[27] Hurricane Isabel caused deaths in seven states and one Canadian province, and about 6 million people were left without power as a result of the storm.[41]

Impact and records

Damage from Hurricane Fabian Several cyclones impacted Bermuda during the season, most significantly Hurricane Fabian. On the island, its passage proved to be the costliest and resulted in the first death since a hurricane in 1926.[42] The hurricane killed four on the island when its strong waves and storm surge washed two cars off the causeway between St. George’s Parish and St. David’s Island.[43] Damage from the hurricane totaled $300 million (2003 USD, $336 million 2007 USD).[22] Elsewhere, Hurricane Juan was considered among the most damaging in the history of Halifax, Nova Scotia, where strong winds downed thousands of trees and left low-lying areas flooded from a record storm surge to the city. The hurricane caused a total of eight deaths and damage estimated at $200 million (2003 CAD, $150 million 2003 USD, $170 million 2007 USD).[30] The season is one of only four with a storm before and after the official bounds of the season; the others are 1887, 1953, and

Flooding from Hurricane Isabel No cyclones in the season had a significant impact on South America or Central America. However, a total of eight tropical cyclones made landfall on Mexico from either the Atlantic or the Pacific Ocean, which was the greatest total since the record of nine in 1971. A total of seven deaths occurred in Mexico from Atlantic hurricanes. Much of the Caribbean failed to receive significant impact from tropical cyclones during the season.[39] However, Tropical Storm Odette caused eight direct deaths, as well as two indirect deaths, when it crossed the Dominican Republic in December.[36] The storm damaged or destroyed over 1,000 homes, and heavy damage was reported to the banana crop.[39] Six tropical cyclones made landfall along the coast of the United States during the season, including two hurricanes. The first,

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2007. When Tropical Storm Peter formed on December 7, the season became the second on record with two December storms. The season was tied for the sixth most active on record, behind the 2005, 1933, 1995, 1887, and 1969 seasons, and tied with the 1936 season.[44]

2003 Atlantic hurricane season

References

[1] NOAA (2006-04-13). "NOAA Reviews Record-Setting 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/ stories2005/s2540.htm. Retrieved on 2006-04-26. [2] NOAA (2003-05-19). "NOAA Forecasters Say Six to Nine Hurricanes Could Threaten in 2003". NOAA. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ The following names were used for named NOAA_pr_05-19-03.shtml. Retrieved on storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 2007-12-15. 2003. The names not retired from this list [3] William M. Gray, Philip J. Klotzbach, and will be used again in the 2009 season. This is Christopher W. Landsea (2003-04-04). the same list used for the 1997 season. "Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Storms were named Larry, Mindy, Nicholas, Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Odette, and Peter for the first time in 2003. Landfall Strike Probability for 2003". Names that were not assigned are marked in Colorado State University. gray. Ana became the first name in the six http://typhoon.atmos.colostate.edu/ list rotation to be used five times. Both Ana forecasts/2003/april2003/. Retrieved on and Claudette were used in 1979, 1985, 2007-12-15. 1991, 1997, and 2003. [4] William M. Gray, Philip J. Klotzbach, and • Ana • Henri • Odette Christopher W. Landsea (2003-05-30). • Bill • Isabel • Peter "Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic • Claudette • Juan • Rose (unused) Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. • Danny • Kate • Sam (unused) Landfall Strike Probability for 2003". • Erika • Larry • Teresa (unused) Colorado State University. • Fabian • Mindy • Victor (unused) http://typhoon.atmos.colostate.edu/ • Grace • Nicholas • Wanda (unused) forecasts/2003/june2003/. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. Retirement [5] William M. Gray, Philip J. Klotzbach, and Christopher W. Landsea (2003-08-06). See also: List of retired Atlantic hurricane "Updated Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal names Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall The World Meteorological Organization reStrike Probability for 2003". Colorado tired three names in the spring of 2004: FabiState University. an, Isabel, and Juan. They will be replaced in http://typhoon.atmos.colostate.edu/ the 2009 season by Fred, Ida, and Joaquin reforecasts/2003/aug2003/. Retrieved on [39] spectively. 2007-12-15. [6] NOAA (2003-08-07). "2003 Atlantic Hurricane Outlook Update". NOAA. http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/ • List of Atlantic hurricanes outlooks/hurricane2003/August/ • List of Atlantic hurricane seasons hurricane.html. Retrieved on • 2003 Pacific hurricane season 2007-12-15. • 2003 Pacific typhoon season [7] Climate Prediction Center, NOAA (2002). • 2003 North Indian Ocean cyclone season "Background Information: The North • South-West Indian Ocean cyclone seasons: Atlantic Hurricane Season". NOAA. 2002–03, 2003–04 http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/ • Australian region cyclone seasons: outlooks/hurricane2002/ 2002–03, 2003–04 hurricane2002_background.html. • South Pacific cyclone seasons: 2002–03, Retrieved on 2006-06-02. 2003–04

Season impact Storm names

See also

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2003 Atlantic hurricane season
2003 Atlantic hurricane statistics

Storm Name

Active Dates Storm category at peak intensity April 20–April Tropical 24 Storm June 11–June 12

Max Min. ACE Wind Press. (mph) (mbar) 60 994 1008 997 2.63 0.000 1.39

Landfall(s) Where When

Da Wind (m (mph) 0 0

Ana Two Bill

none none Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo June 30 60

Tropical 35 Depression 60

June 28–July 2 Tropical Storm

50

Claudette July 8–July 17 Category 1 90 Hurricane

979

9.24

July 11

50

18

Matagorda July 15 Island, Texas Danny Six Seven July 16–July 21 July 19–July 21 July 25–July 27 Category 1 75 Hurricane Tropical 35 Depression Tropical 35 Depression 1000 1010 1016 4.56 0.000 0.000 none none St. Catherines Island, Georgia July 26

90 0 0 30 0

Erika Nine Fabian

August Category 1 75 14–August 17 Hurricane August Tropical 35 21–August 22 Depression August Category 4 145 27–September Hurricane 8 August Tropical 30–September Storm 2 September 3–September 8 September 6–September 19 Tropical Storm 40

986 1007 939

2.10 0.000 43.16

Northeastern August 16 75 Tamaulipas none Bermuda (direct hit, no landfall) September 115 5

.01

0.0

30

Grace

1007

0.49

Galveston Is- August 31 40 land, Texas Clearwater, Florida Drum Inlet, North Carolina none September 35 6 September 105 18

.1

Henri

60

997

0.53

20

Isabel

Category 5 165 Hurricane Tropical 35 Depression

915

63.28

36

Fourteen September 8–September 10 Juan

1007

0.000

0

September Category 2 105 24–September Hurricane 29

969

9.40

Prospect, Nova Scotia

September 100 29

15

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kate Larry Mindy September Category 3 125 25–October 7 Hurricane October 1–October 6 October 10–October 14 October 13–October 23 Tropical Storm Tropical Storm Tropical Storm 65 45 952 993 1002

2003 Atlantic hurricane season
21.89 4.15 0.85 none near Paraíso, October 5 60 Tabasco none 0

53

.05

Nicholas

70

990

7.25

none

0

Odette

December Tropical 4–December 7 Storm December 7–December 11 April 21–December 11 Tropical Storm

65

993

2.76

Southern Dominican Republic none

December 60 6

8

Peter

70

990

1.10

0

Season Aggregates 21 cyclones 165 915 174.68 12 landfalls

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[8] ^ Jack Beven (2003). "June 1 Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/ weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Jun/ 2003060108.ABNT20. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [9] Jack Beven (2003). "Tropical Storm Ana Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003ana.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-14. [10] Frank Lepore (2003). "NOAA Extends Hurricane Forecasts From Three To Five Days". NOAA. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ NOAA_pr_3-10-03.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [11] National Hurricane Center (2003). "Tropical Weather Summary for July 2003". http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/ 2003/tws/MIATWSAT_jul.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [12] James Franklin (2003). "Tropical Depression Two Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003two.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [13] Avila (2003). "Tropical Storm Bill Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

2003bill.shtml?. Retrieved on 2006-10-18. [14] ^ Jack Beven (2003). "Hurricane Claudette Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003claudette.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [15] National Hurricane Center. "Hurricane Danny Tropical Cyclone Report". NOAA. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003danny.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [16] ^ Miles B. Lawrence (2003). "Tropical Depression Six Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2003six.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-16. [17] Lixion Avila (2003). "Tropical Depression Six Discussion One". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ archive/2003/dis/ al062003.discus.001.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-16. [18] Richard Pasch (2003). "Tropical Depression Seven Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003seven.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-17. [19] James Franklin (2003). "Hurricane Erika Tropical Cyclone Report". National

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Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003erika.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-17. [20] ^ Lixion Avila (2003). "Tropical Depression Nine Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003nine.shtml?. Retrieved on 2006-10-24. [21] Avila (2003). "Tropical Depression Nine Discussion One". NHC. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2003/ dis/al092003.discus.001.shtml?. Retrieved on 2006-10-24. [22] ^ Pasch, Blake, & Brown (2003). "Hurricane Fabian Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003fabian.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-17. [23] Stacy R. Stewart (2003). "Tropical Storm Grace Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003grace.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-22. [24] Daniel P. Brown and Miles Lawrence (2003). "Tropical Storm Henri Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003henri.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-02-19. [25] National Climatic Data Center (2003). "Event Report for Delaware". http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/ wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~489038. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. [26] National Climatic Data Center (2003). "Event Report for Pennsylvania". http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/ wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~513663. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. [27] ^ Jack Beven & Hugh Cobb (2003). "Hurricane Isabel Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003isabel.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. [28] James L. Franklin (2003). "Tropical Depression Fourteen Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003fourteen.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.

2003 Atlantic hurricane season
[29] ^ Lixion Avila (2003). "Hurricane Juan Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center (NHC). http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003juan.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-21. [30] ^ Chris Fogarty (2003). "Hurricane Juan Storm Summary" (PDF). Canadian Hurricane Centre/Environment Canada. http://www.novaweather.net/ Hurricane_Juan_files/Juan_Summary.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-12-21. [31] Pasch & Molleda (2003). "Hurricane Kate Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003kate.shtml?. Retrieved on 2006-10-04. [32] Stacy Stuart (2003). "Tropical Storm Larry Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003larry.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-06-03. [33] Miles B. Lawrence (2003). "Tropical Storm Mindy Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003mindy.shtml?. Retrieved on 2006-10-09. [34] ^ Jack Beven (2003). "Tropical Storm Nicholas Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003nicholas.shtml?. Retrieved on 2006-10-13. [35] Avila (2003). "November 1 Tropical Weather Outlook". NHC. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/ tropical/Outlook-A/2003/Nov/ 2003110122.ABNT20. Retrieved on 2006-10-14. [36] ^ James Franklin (2003). "Tropical Storm Odette Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003odette.shtml?. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [37] Chenoweth (2006). "A Reassessment of Historical Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclone Activity, 1700-1855". NOAA. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/ Chenoweth/Poey4.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [38] Lixion Avila (2003). "Tropical Storm Peter Tropical Cyclone Report". National

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ 2003peter.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-22. [39] ^ World Meteorological Organization (2004). "Final Report of the Twenty-Sixth Session" (DOC). http://www.wmo.ch/ pages/prog/www/TCP_vO/Meetings/ HC-26/doc14.doc. Retrieved on 2006-06-03. [40] Church World Service (2003). "The CWS Response" (PDF). http://www.cwserp.org/uploads/ factsheets/ 20Hurricane%20Isabel%20back%2003.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-02-21. [41] United States Department of Commerce (2004). "Service Assessment of Hurricane Isabel" (PDF). NOAA. http://www.weather.gov/os/assessments/ pdfs/isabel.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-02-10. [42] PartnerRE Ltd. (2003). "PartnerRe Weathers Hurricane Fabian". http://www.insurancejournal.com/news/ international/2003/09/15/32288.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-17.

2003 Atlantic hurricane season
[43] Karen Smith and Dan Rutstein (2003). "Search for the missing a difficult job". The Royal Gazette. http://www.theroyalgazette.com/apps/ pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20030906/NEWS/ 109060093&SearchID=73260153229021. Retrieved on 2006-10-17. [44] Hurricane Research Division (2007). "Atlantic Hurricane Best Track (1851-2006)". NOAA. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/ easyhurdat_5106.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-15.

External links
• Monthly Weather Review • National Hurricane Center 2003 Atlantic hurricane season summary • U.S. Rainfall from Tropical Cyclones in 2003 Tropical cyclones of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season A 2 B C D 6 7 E 9 F G H I 14 J K L M N O P TD TS 1 2 3 4

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Sc

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