AIAA-Houston Section Congressional Visits Day 20-21 April 2004 by sarahmccarthy


									                    AIAA-Houston Section
                    Congressional Visits Day

                                  20-21 April 2004
Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                   AIAA Vision & Mission Statement

   AIAA is the world’s leading professional society in the broad areas of
   aeronautics and astronautics, and the preeminent worldwide aerospace
   information source

   •   The Purpose of the Institute is:
        – to advance the arts, sciences, and
           technology of aeronautics and
           astronautics and
        – to nurture and promote the
           professionalism of those engaged in
           these pursuits

   •   Houston Section
        – Approximately 800 members
        – Primary focus on space systems and

                                                        Photo courtesy of NASA/Hubble Space Telescope

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                   NATION’S EXPLORATION VISION
                                           (EXISTING PROGRAMS)
Space Shuttle
    – Safe return to flight is paramount for NASA
    – The Space Shuttle is critical for station construction and resupply - especially for water
      resources. Water requirements have forced a two man contingency crew and dependence on
      Russian vehicles. There are no other viable near-term alternatives.
Recommendations: Use all necessary resources to enable Shuttle return to flight
    – Safety investments must be made both before and after return to flight of the Space Shuttle
      to ensure a healthy fleet until an alternative vehicle is available
    – Fully fund shuttle replacement undertaking, and do NOT underestimate magnitude and cost
      of buying down the technology risk. Seek innovative concepts from non-government
    – Ending use of Shuttle at 2010 is not a reasonable goal with no replacement launch vehicle.
      Consider Shuttle life-extension until a replacement is in existence, then consider possible
      privatization of Shuttle after discontinuation of NASA use.
    – Consider whole manned enterprise, and use this energy to refocus on potential new options
    – “The successful repair and servicing of the Hubble Space Telescope demonstrates the
      potential for the productive participation of the human space flight program in advancing the
      goals of scientific exploration.” (H.R. 3057)
Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                   NATION’S EXPLORATION VISION
                                           (EXISTING PROGRAMS)
International Space Station
    – Most complex engineering project and largest international collaboration undertaken
    – The Space Station is meant to be a scientific research facility and a 3-person crew is needed
      simply for upkeep, so little or no research can currently be accomplished
         • A habitation arrangement and other crew adaptations MUST be made to support this research
           before assembly complete of the Space Station
         • Assured crew return method for a 7-person crew MUST be available to support research goals
Recommendations: Continue our commitments to our International Partners to
   complete the Space Station project
    – With the recent events the U.S. is keenly aware of the International community’s perception
      of our policies and our leadership role in space
    – To date we have maintained a smooth working relationship with our International Partners,
      and we want to continue this progress
    – Continue to use the research capabilities of ISS to prepare for future manned missions to the
      Moon and Mars

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                   NATION’S EXPLORATION VISION
                                             (FUTURE PROGRAMS)
Human Spaceflight is undergoing massive review to determine its role in the future of
  space exploration
    – Be open to consider all new exploration concepts` while realizing there will be setbacks, both
      budgetary and technical. We must develop the patience to work through inevitable
      difficulties that will arise while undertaking a task of this magnitude.
    – Let NASA take risks and suffer setbacks on the way to ultimate success in opening the space
      frontier. Resist aiming for safe, low expectations.
Recommendations: Seize upon NASA’s new vision and consider bold new mission
   mandates for visionary manned objectives
    – A rededication to manned discovery and utilization of Moon and Mars will promote new
      technology development and inspire generations of engineers, scientists, and future engineers
      and scientists
    – Be innovative and expand our reach into nearby solar system areas, such as Libration Point
      (L1 Gateway) and Manned Mission to Outer Planets (MOP)
    – Look for any opportunity to expand the commercial space tourism endeavor. The excitement
      is building and helps the public realize their potential role in space!
    – Remove the ban on advertising for space launch products to help offset launch costs
    – AIAA endorses the Space Exploration Act of 2003

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                  SPACE COMMERCIALIZATION

  Future expansion of government and commercial activity in space depends upon
     major cost reductions and operational improvements
       – If shuttle is ended, we must NOT allow follow-on vehicle to fail, for there will be no
         other alternatives
       – Accept trade-offs between reasonably meeting expectations and pursuing expensive,
         time-consuming perfection
       – Consider all options to get payload/crews into space in the most reliable, cost effective
  Recommendation: Continue the government role as a sponsor of reduced-cost and
     improved access to space
       – Pursue clear development milestones that lead to major operational improvements and
         cost reductions in space access technology
       – AIAA expresses its appreciation of the House’s support of the Commercial Space
         Launch Amendment Act of 2004!
       –   AIAA endorses the following legislation:
             •   Commercial Space Transportation Act of 2003
             •   Commercial Space Act of 2003
             •   Invest In Space Now 2003
             •   National Space Commission Act of 2003

Houston Section     P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                                        WORKFORCE ISSUES

 The future security and economic growth of the U.S. depends on an increasing
    number of qualified scientists, engineers, and information technology experts
      – The average age of engineers and scientists in professional aerospace engineering is now
        approaching 57 years, and twice as many workers are over 60 than under 30 years of age
      – 60% of future jobs will require skill sets that only 20% of population possesses
      – If not counteracted, this will have wide-ranging national, economic, and homeland
        security effects
 Recommendation: Provide federal incentives for more students to pursue careers in
    math, science, and engineering
      – We applaud your efforts with the NASA Workforce Flexibility Act!
      – Increase recruitment and retention of key personnel through the funding of cutting edge
        projects, like Moon/Mars outposts, HEDS, and bold new projects to open space frontier
      – AIAA proposes legislation to establish a National Science and Technology Corps, where
        part or all of tuition in fields of science and engineering are government-sponsored in
        return for civil service or teaching science and math in underserved areas
      – To maintain dominance in aerospace, we need to support initiatives that promote
        advanced degrees in science and engineering to counteract loss of expertise to other
        nations. AIAA endorses the Aeronautics R&D Development Revitalization Act 2003.

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                       NATIONAL AEROSPACE
                               RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY PLAN
Declining federal investment in civil aviation research and technology directly and
   adversely affects national security, balance of trade, national leadership, market
   share, jobs, and engineering competence
    – U.S. Aerospace exports are the largest single item on positive export list (~$30B, with net
      positive ~$24B)
    – U.S. aviation and space industry challenges must be met with new technology and new
      concepts that evolve from high-risk, long-term research
    – Return-on-investment time spans are longer than the commercial sector can generally accept
    – The European Union’s strategy report “European Aeronautics: A Vision for 2020” outlines a
      strategy to “win two great prizes: global leadership in the development and sale of airframes,
      engines and avionics equipment, and a world-class air transportation system”
Recommendation: Reverse decline in funding and enhance U.S. leadership. Support a
   comprehensive plan to address these issues.
    – Must address both critical milestones and essential funding
    – Continue the government role as a sponsor of civil aviation research and programs that
      reduce cost / improve access to space
    – Significantly enhance university research funding to support the creation and development of
      the engineering talent needed to maintain and extend the U.S. lead in aerospace

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
We welcome your continued support for
Thank you, for the opportunity to share our
thoughts with you.
Let us in the Houston section be a resource
for you on any and all Aerospace issues!

                                                             Houston Section Contacts

                                                        Chairperson (2004-2005)
                                                        Sophia Bright       281-244-4135
                                                        Public Policy Chair
                                                        Nicole Smith        281-244-7145

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598
                                                        HOMELAND SECURITY

  The creation and implementation of the Department of Homeland Security is a
     monumental undertaking
       – The aerospace industry possesses unique capabilities, talents, and systems which can be
         used for the technical challenges facing the new department
       – University R&D can be used extensively to develop Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle
         and anti-terrorism technology
  Recommendation: Initiate a comprehensive review of requirements established by
     the Department to-date and conduct a mapping of aerospace-related
     technologies for further review and vetting
       – The space industry has a forty-year track record in enabling technologies, particularly in
         autonomous systems, which can be used to address these security needs
       – These enabling technologies are generally 10 to 15 years ahead of the market and would
         be of great benefit to the Department of Homeland Security

Houston Section   P.O. Box 57524 Webster, Texas 77598

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