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					Unit 1

Telephone
CONTENTS A Preparation B Taking a message C Leaving a message D Acknowledgement E Requesting Information F Ending a call

A

Preparation 1 A Warm up
These are phrases and idioms used when telephoning. Make another sentence for each example. 1. 2. 3. 4. How can I help you? Can I have extension 4? I’m afraid she’s/he’s out at the moment. I’ll make sure she/he gets this ASAP.

2 1

Pronunciation
Telephone Numbers Say numbers separately. Pause between groups. Note that “0” is oh in the U.K. and zero in the USA. 0 3 2
two

8

9

5

3

1

0

4
four

oh/zero three

eight nine five

three one oh/zero

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:

Good morning, Ms. Samson’s office. This is Sharon Lee. Could I speak to Ms. Samson? Well, I’m sorry, I’m afraid she’s out at the moment. Oh well then, what time will she be back in the office? I expect her to be back after lunch. Could you tell her to phone me back later this afternoon? What’s your name again please? It’s Sharon Lee. OK. And what’s your number please? It’s 014-6558-2219. OK. Let me check that again. Your name is Sharon Lee and your number is 014-6558-2219. Is that right? B: Yes, that’s correct. A: I’ll make sure she gets the message.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) ASAP a) internal numbers at a company 2) Suppose b) sequences of words having specific meanings 3) Extensions c) a brief expression 4) Idioms d) estimate 5) Phrase e) as soon as possible

5

Language Review
Future Tense: Simple Future tense talks about the future, but the decision is made at the time of speaking. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb. The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998. The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to. Expressing an intention to do something before the time we speak.

Activity The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota. 1
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with is going to/ are going to/ am going to to complete the sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ___________ join the rugby team in a month. My daughters Mary and Liz _______ have a piano recital tomorrow at 2 p.m. She _____________ marry the Prince in December. Kindly let her know that I ____ be back in a while. Tina _________ do the report on Wednesday.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello, it’s Maria of KYZ. Is this the Giefan Research Company? B: ____ . A: Well, I’m just phoning to confirm my appointment with Mr. Jeff Somozo tomorrow. B: ___________________________________. A: Okay. That’s right. Thanks. B: ______________________________. A: Bye.

Student B
A: . B: Yes, it is. How may I help you ma’am? A: ____________________________. B: Hold on ma’am, I’ll check his schedule for tomorrow. It says here that you have a meeting with him at 3 p.m. A: ____________________________. B: No problem. A: ____________________________. B: Bye.

Student A
A: ______________________________ B: Yes. How may we help you? A: _______________________________. B: This is she. A: . B: Of course. Four sounds fine with me. A: B: Goodbye. .

Student B
A: Hello. Is this KYZ Pharmaceuticals? B: __________________________ A: Hi, It’s Anne of Giefan. I’d like to speak with Maria. B: A: I’m phoning to inform you that Mr. Somozo would like to have the meeting at 4 p.m. instead of 3 p.m. tomorrow. Is the time okay with you? B: _____________________________ A: Thanks! I’ll let him know right away. B: _____________________________

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Unit 1

Telephone

B

Taking a message 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions.
1. What type of technical problems can you have when calling overseas? 2. Share a funny experience you have had while on the phone. 3. How often do you speak on the phone? How long are your phone conversations?

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen to these phrases and underline the stressed words.
1) Could I have your name? 2) Could you spell that again, please? 3) May I ask the purpose of your inquiry?

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hello. Hi. It’s Rob. Is Bob Kelly in? Sorry, I’m afraid he’s not. Could you tell me when he’ll be back? Later this afternoon. Can I take a message? Yes, please. Could you ask him to call me back as soon as he gets in? I need to know the status of our order. Could I have your name again and your number please? It’s Rob and the number is 014-2898-4203 So that’s Rob and your number is 014-2898-4203? Exactly. I’ll make sure he gets the message as soon as he arrives. Thanks for the help. Bye. Bye.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Annoy a) new; a time not long past 2) Receptionist b) irritate 3) Status c) a condition with respect to circumstances 4) Recent d) a person employed to greet telephone callers, visitors, patients, or clients

5

Language Review
Past Simple and Present Perfect We use the present perfect to connect the present to the past. One of its main uses is to show the relevance of a past event in the present. Our fax number has changed. We’ve just lowered our prices. We use the past simple to talk about a finished action at a definite time in the past. I had a job interview yesterday. An ambulance took David to the hospital.

Activity 1
Write one sentence for each rule. 1. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write PS if the sentence is in past simple and PP if the sentence is in present perfect. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Andre Kim has been a leading fashion designer since the 1970s. In the past, Andre Kim took a passive approach to the problem. He has inspired lots of designers in the country. He made a lot of changes in the fashion industry. The fashion business has been a wonderful success in Korea because of him.
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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Good morning, JSG. How may I help you? B: ______________________________ A: One moment, please. I’m afraid she’s away from her desk right now. Can I take a message? B: _______________________________ A: Certainly, Miss Oh. I’ll ask her to send you the new price quotes right away. B: ________________________ A: You’re welcome. Goodbye.

Student B
A: _____________________________ B: Good morning. Could I speak to Keira in sales? This is Miss Oh of Mother and Sons Supermarkets. A: _______________________________ B: Could you ask her to send me the new price quotes via fax? A: ______________________________ B: Thank you. Goodbye.

Student A

Student B
A: Good morning. Mother and Sons. How may I help you? B: __________________________ A: She’s out right now but will be back in a while. B: __________________________ A: Sure. I will tell her to give you a ring when she comes in. B: ___________________________

A: _____________________________ B: Hello, this is Keira. I’d like to speak to Miss Oh. A: ________________________________ B: Okay then, kindly tell her to confirm the price quotes I’ve sent via fax. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks. Bye.

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Unit 1

Telephone

C A

Leaving a message 1 A Warm up
Assume you are leaving a message and discuss these questions.
1) What kind of information should you give to the person taking the message? 2) Practice giving your personal information and contact address in English as detailed as possible.

2 1

Pronunciation
Activity 1: Listen to these phrases and repeat.
1) I’ll make sure he gets the message. 2) What did you say your name was?

Activity 2: P and F sounds
1) Pan – Fan 2) Pull – Full 3) Cheap – Chief 4) Clip – Cliff 5) Beep - Beef

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. B: Giefan Research Company, how may we help you? A: Hello, this is Yenny and I work for Roche Pharmaceuticals. Could you put me on line 3 please. I would like to speak with Miss Samson. B: I’m sorry ma’am, I’m afraid Miss Samson is not available at the moment. She’s in a meeting right now. A: Oh…okay. Could I leave a message then? B: Sure. I can take your message. A: I’m calling to confirm our luncheon meeting tomorrow. And I just want to let her know that my boss is coming to learn more about the services your company offers. B: Okay. I will surely give her your message once she’s done with the meeting. A: Thanks a lot! B: You’re welcome. A: Bye. B: Bye.

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Available a) double checked or noted for future events 2) Luncheon meeting b) drugs or medicine used in medical treatment 3) Confirmation c) accessible, ready to find or obtain 4) Pharmaceuticals d) asked to obtain some information 5) Inquiry e) a formal business lunch or power lunch

5

Language Review
Modal verbs: Willingness, Refusal, Promises 1. Asking people if they don’t mind Use will or would to make a polite request or to ask someone if they are willing to assist. Will you come this way? Will you sigh here, please? Would you do me a favor? Would you tell her that Mr. Harvey phoned? 2. Refusing If you want to say that you’re unwilling to do something, you can use will not or won’t. I will not tolerate her behavior any longer. The car won’t start. He won’t ever do what his mother tells him to do.

Activity 1

3. Promising If you make a firm commitment to do something in the future you use will. We will do everything to satisfy your needs. We will refund you the money. My philosophy professor would always begin the lecture with a ridiculous joke.

Activity
Rewrite the sentences using will, won’t or would. 1. I promise to do my homework. 2. She refuses to accept my proposal. 3. He used to smoke a large cigar before making a major decision. 4. If you insist on being rude how can you expect people to be nice to you? 5. She refuses to accept his authority. 6. The product with the better-known brand name, inevitably sells better than other products.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Mr. Oh’s office. How may I help you? B: ________________________________. A: Ah, yes. But I’m afraid Mr.Oh is out for an urgent meeting at head office. B: _____________________________________. A: Oh, Mr. Oh has been expecting your email. Why don’t you leave me your number and I’ll have him call you back.

A: _____________________________. B: Hi, may I talk to Mr. Oh, please? I just talked to him a few minutes ago. A: ______________________________. B: Really? Well, this is kind of urgent too, I’ve just sent him an email with the price range of our products. A: _______________________________.

Student A

Student B
A: .

A: Mr. Oh’s office, may I help you? B: . A: Well, I just spoke to him and unfortunately, he can’t make it to the office today. B: . A: Of course. I’m sorry for the inconvenience but I’ll check with him tomorrow morning again. B: .

. B: Hi, this is I was expecting Mr. Oh’s call, but haven’t got a call from him yet. A: ____________________________. B: That’s too bad. Well then, could you have him call me first thing in the morning? A: ____________________________. B: Thank you.

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Unit 1

Telephone

D

Acknowledgement 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. How do you confirm and clarify decisions made over the phone? What type of information should be reconfirmed to prevent misunderstandings? Talk about a bad experience you had because of a misunderstanding over the phone.

2 1

Pronunciation
Voicing The sound a snake makes: hiss (unvoiced) The sound a bee makes: buzz (voiced) Practice the dialog A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s the buzzing noise? It sounds like bees. But we’re in the middle of the desert! Yeah. That’s amazing! And what’s that hissing sound? Sounds like a snake. A sand snake. They’re very common here. Well, I guess that’s not so surprising.

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. Hello, Vince. This is Jen of Tough Computer Center. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this morning. Vince: Oh, yes. Was everything in order? Jen: I think so. We feel your proposal is very interesting. Vince: Oh, good. Jen: Well, as you know, we have been thinking about the Asian market for some time now. We certainly feel your range could do very well over there. According to our market study, there’s a growing demand for items of this kind. Vince: That’s good to hear. Jen: Well, I can assure you we’ll be studying your proposal carefully and I’ll be in touch as soon as I’ve made a decision. Vince: I look forward to hearing from you in due time, then. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. Jen: Indeed. Thanks. Jen:

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Vocabulary
Match these words with their definitions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Acknowledge Demand Proposal Receipt Range a. urgent need b. The extent of one’s possibilities c. something received after a transaction is made d. to take notice of; to express gratitude for e. offer; suggestion

5

Language Review

Linking Concessions and Conditions: Rule: If + present simple, will +infinitive (without to) Concession If we order 500 boxes If we get a 100 cases We’ll give you a 10% discount Condition will you give us a 5% discount? will we get a case for free? if you pay within a week.

***

You can use as long as and provided that in the same way as if in the structures above.

Activity
Write and practice: Ex) 1000 bottles 50% off If you order 1000 bottles then we’ll give you a 50% discount. 1. 70% discount/ pay cash _________________________________________________________________. 2. a gallon/ 1 liter free _________________________________________________________________. 3. 200 pieces/ 15% discount _________________________________________________________________.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A Student B
A: Hi, Mr. Snider. This is Bob Kim of Fitness EQ Supply. I’m calling to let you know that we received the project outline this morning. B: ____ A: Yes, I think so. I am sure we can help you with the project. B: A: Well, I can assure you I’ll be studying your project outline and I’ll get back to you in two days. Is it okay with you? B: ___________________________________ A: Thanks. Bye.

A: _. B: Oh, yes. Is everything clear? A: B: Good to hear. __ .

A: ______________________________? B: No problem. Take your time. We’ll just wait for your call then. A: ______________________________. B: Bye.

Student A

Student B
A: Hello, Bob. This is Mr. Snider. I’m calling to let you know that we received your proposal this afternoon. B: ____________________________? A: Yes, I think so. We are interested in your offer. B: . A: I’ll contact you again after I have a meeting with my staff members. B: ____________________________. A: Yes, indeed. Thanks for the help. B: ____________________________.

A: _______________________________ B: Oh, well then. Do you have everything you need? A: _________________________________ B: That’s very good to hear. A: _. B: Sure. I hope we’ll be able to do business together. A: B: My pleasure. .

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Unit 1
E

Telephone

Requesting Information 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. Have you ever requested information over the phone? Some people prefer emails or faxes when requesting information? What is your preferred method?

2 1

Pronunciation
Practice the following sentences and notice the difference between the “D” and “L” sound. Full word did, had, would will ( I will) 1. 2. 3. Who’d they ask? She’ll come back soon. He’d prefer to pay cash. Contraction (I would) ‘d (I’d) ‘ll (I’ll) Who’ll they ask? She’d come back soon. He’ll prefer to pay cash.

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. L: I: L: I: L: I: L: I: Hi. It’s Lance. I wanted to speak to Innis about getting a copy of your yearly financial report. This is Innis speaking. I was wondering if you could send me a copy of your current annual financial report. Sure. I’d be glad to. How do you want me to send it? Just fax the documents. When can you send it to me? I need it urgently. OK, Lance. I’ll send it off now. Thank you very much. You’re welcome.

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Vocabulary
Choose the meaning that best fits the word. 1. Financial Report 2. Polite 3. Current 4. Annual 5. Wondering a. yearly b. occurring or existing at the present time c. to feel curiosity or doubt d. a report about the finances of an establishment e. showing or characterized by correct social usage

5

Language Review
Direct Questions/Indirect Questions: Direct questions are usually made by putting an auxiliary verb before the subject. e.g. When can you come to the office? Indirect questions are oftentimes used to ask for information or to be polite. Oftentimes a question begins with expressions like could I ask you…or Do you mind… e.g. Do you mind if I ask you how old you are?

Activity
Change the sentences below to indirect questions. 1. Who is responsible for your marketing budget? ____________________________________________________________. 2. When can you make the payment for the last order? ____________________________________________________________ . 3. Why are you leaving early today? ____________________________________________________________. 4. Where do you live? ____________________________________________________________. 5. When will he be arriving? ____________________________________________________________.

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi, It’s Candy on the line. I’d like to speak to Mr. Simons please. B: ____________________________ A: Mr. Simons could you send me the 4th quarter sales report for 2006. B: ____________________________ A: I need to have the report tomorrow morning. B: ____________________________ A: Thank you very much.

Student B

A: ___________________________ B: Hi, Candy. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. When do you need it by? A: ___________________________ B: Then I’ll send that off tonight. A: ____________________________ B: You’re welcome.

Student A Student B
A: _____________________________ B: I’ll put you through sir, hold on. C: Hi. It’s Candy. A: _________________________ C: Yes, I have it with me. Thanks! A: _________________________ A: Hi, This is Mr. Simons. Is Candy in? B: __________________________ A: Hi, Candy. I’m calling to check if you have the report by now? C: ___________________________ A: My pleasure.

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Unit 1

Telephone

F

Ending a call

1 A

Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. How do you end a friendly conversation on the phone? How do you end a business conversation on the phone?

2 1

Pronunciation
Linking practice: S and Z Unvoiced 1. How nice of you to come! 2. Would you like a piece of pie? 3. Snakes hiss out of fear. 4. We eat rice every day. 5. Billy left a mess in the sink. Voiced 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

His aunt called. My eyes are tired. Where is Ann? Was all of it eaten? Has everybody left?

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. Hello. This is Ron of J&J Korea. Can you put me through to ext. 45 please? Operator: Hold on one sec, sir. Brian: Hi, Brian speaking. Ron: Hello Brian. I’m calling to inform you that a huge order is coming some time in June. Brian: It’s great to hear that. Ron: Yeah. And we need to keep in touch to monitor the progress of that order. Brian: Sure. Let’s keep in touch through email. * ext - extension * sec - second Ron:

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Huge Monitor Progress Keep in touch Hang up a) to watch or to keep track b) to break a telephone connection c) stay in contact d) great size; enormous e) a forward or onward movement

5

Language Review

Asking for and giving permission: Can is used to ask for and give permission. Can I use your computer? Sure, you can, go ahead. May and could are also used to ask for permission, but not to refuse permission. They are more formal than can. May I use your mobile phone? No, I’m afraid you can’t. Could I come back later? No, you can’t, If you want to talk about permission for a future action we use the verb allow or Activity 1 permit. They won’t allow/permit her to travel alone.

Activity
Answer the questions. Be sure to use can/may/allow and permit. 1. Can I try on your jacket? _______________________________________________________________. 2. May I visit you at your office Friday morning? _______________________________________________________________. 3. Could I borrow your copy of the meeting schedule? _______________________________________________________________. 4. Could you email Sarah when you get a chance? _______________________________________________________________. 5. Would you ask John to come and see me after the meeting? _______________________________________________________________.

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Role-Play Activities

Student A

Student B
A: B: Fine Joe. I went to see a movie with some friends. .

A: How was your day Alice? B: ___ . A: What was the title of the movie? B: __________________________________. A: So how was it? B: ______________________________. A: Was it that good? I can’t wait to see it. B: ______________________________.

A: __________________________ B: The Angel Code. It’s controversial so I decided to watch it. A: ____________________________. B: Good. I really want to recommend it to everyone. A: ____________________________. B: Talk to you later. Ciao!

Student A
B: _____________________________ A: When did you fax it? B: _______________________________ A: I’ll check with our Information Officer and I’ll get back to you in a minute. B: _______________________________

Student B

B: The report has been sent off via fax. A: __________________________ B: Yesterday afternoon, right after the meeting. A: ______________________________ B: OK. I’ll be expecting your call.

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Unit 2

Socializing

CONTENTS

A Greeting B Starting a conversation C Making an appointment D Eating out E Drinking F Thanking and Apologizing

A

Greeting 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. How do people greet each other in your country? How do you greet someone when you are first introduced? What kind of information do you give when you introduce yourself?

2 1

Pronunciation
Number of syllables Listen to the teacher and circle the sentence that is pronounced. 1. a. How do you spell “please”? b. How do you spell “police”? 2. a. What kind of train is it? b. What kind of terrain is it? 3. a. How do you spell “forest”? b. How do you spell “first”?

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: C: A: C: A: C: A: C: Hi. Chris. How’s everything? Not bad. How are you? Pretty good, thanks! This is Ben. He’s from Mozambique. Hello, Ben. Are you on vacation? Yes, I am. Oh, so how do you find the place? Pretty nice. The city is awesome! Is this your first trip here? No, this is my second trip. Hope you’ll enjoy your stay here. I’m sure I will. Thanks!

* Mozambique: is a country in South East Africa. - 19 -

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Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions.
1) 2) 3) 4) Vacation Awesome Greet Great a) b) c) d) wonderful; good; amazing to address with expression of kind wishes upon meeting well a period spent away from home

5

Language Review
Subject Pronouns and Possessive adjectives: Subject pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, you, and they. Possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their.

Activity 1
Fill-in the blanks. Use a subject pronoun or a possessive adjective. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Can you give _____ (she/her) a call? ______ (they/their) are having an argument. Kurt might hurt ________ (you/your) feeling. The report is on _______ (it/its) way to the office. _______ (we/our) are friends and will be forever.

Activity 2
Write 5 sentences with possessive adjectives.
__ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _

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.2 .2 .2 .2 .3 .4 .4 .4 .4 .5

.1

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Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello. I’m Lisa Tailor. B: ____________________________ A: Pleased to meet you Brad. You can call me Liz. B: ____________________________ A: Tailor.

Student B
A: ____________________________ B: Hi. My name’s Brad Cruz. But please call me Brad. A: ____________________________ B: Okay. And what’s your last name again? A: ____________________________

Student A

Student B
B: Say, are you new in this area? A: _______________________

B: ___________________________ A: Yes. I’ll be working at Wendy’s. B: ______________________________ A: Wow. So I will see you there then. B: ______________________________ A: I’ll let you know our pizza specials later. B: ____________________________

B: That sounds great. Wendy’s is my favorite pizza parlor! A: _________________________ B: That’s for sure. A: ________________________ B: Great! See you around.

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Unit 2

Socializing

B A

Starting a Conversation 1 A Warm up
Not every conversation can be started with a direct greeting. We are likely to initiate a conversation with someone we don’t know by an indirect preference. How do you start a conversation? a) At a party where you are one of the guests. b) With a stranger while on a trip. c) With a new colleague.

2 1

Pronunciation
A: Practice the following combined words. These combinations are pronounced as a single noun. Stress the first syllable. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. bookstore baseball bathroom airline dishwasher

B: Write at least 3 combined words that you know. 1.__________________ 2. __________________ 3. _______________

3 1

Conversation
Here’s a conversation between Leila and Andy. Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Andy: Leila: Nice day, isn’t it? How do you like the weather here? Yeah, it’s beautiful. I really miss this kind of weather. Well, how’s the weather in Singapore this time of year? It’s very humid and unpleasant. In Korea, we have all four seasons and spring is by far the most pleasant season of the year. You are lucky for that.

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Vocabulary
Choose the synonym or meaning that best fits each word: 1. Colleague a. to begin, to start 2. Direct b. probable; to be expected 3. Indirect c. first choice; liking 4. Initiate d. straight; nonstop 5. Likely e. unlikable; nasty 6. Preference f. coworker; associate 7. Unpleasant g. not direct; roundabout

5

Language Review
Root, Prefix and Suffix
An English word can be made up of three elements: the root, a prefix and a suffix. *The part of the word that contains the basic meaning is called the Root (e.g. act, form, and test). It is the foundation of the word. *The word part that is placed in front of a root is called a Prefix. (e.g. “re” + act = react < “re” means “back” or “again”). The prefix can change the meaning of the root word and makes a new word. *The part of the word that is placed after the root is called Suffix (e.g. re+ act + <-ion>=reaction < the suffix “-ion” indicates that the word has turned into a noun.

Activity 1 and suffixes are called affixes because they are connected to a root. ***Prefixes

Activity
Look at the words and determine if the affix is a prefix or a suffix e.g.
1. resistance

Manageable

-able

suffix

2. unicycle

3. multicolored

4. wishful

5. brotherhood

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: My name's Cindy Hiller. A: _______________________________ B: And I’m Candy. Candy Miles. I’m in apartment 6 on the 4th floor. A: ________________________________ B: Cool. Would you mind if I pay you a visit tonight? A: B: Thanks Cindy. Okay see you later then. B: _____________________________ A: Really? I’m on the 5th floor in the same building. I’m just a floor away! B: ___________________________ A: Not at all... You can knock on my door anytime. B: _____________________________ A: Okay, see you!

Make up a similar dialog with the teacher.

Student A

Student B
A: ________________________________

A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________

B: _____________________________

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Unit 2

Socializing

C

Making an Appoinment 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. What kind of things do you have to arrange before a meeting? Do you usually come on time, early or late for an appointment?

2 1

Pronunciation
Words expressing strong emotions are often stressed and have a higher pitch. Read and say the statements below. 1. That was wonderful! 2. You really scared me! 3. That was exciting! 4. What? You were disgusted? 5. Goodness, that movie was shocking!

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee: Hi May, it’s Lee. How are you? Oh I’m a little busy, but all is well. How about you? How’s work these days? Is the boss still giving you a hard time? Yes, but I’ve learned to manage my work and my supervisor better. I see you’ve learned the ropes. I’m happy for you. So to what do I owe this pleasure? Actually, the reason I’m calling is to invite you to a reunion dinner we’re having at our company. Many of your former co-workers will be there and they would love to see you again. When is the dinner? It’s this Friday at 7p.m. Will you be able to make it? I might be a little late, but I will definitely be there. Wonderful, everybody will be delighted to hear that you’re coming. Thank you for inviting me. I’ll see you on Friday then. Great. I’ll see you then.

May: Lee: May: Lee: May: Lee:

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Appointment 2) Disgusted 3) Available 4) Weekend 5) Scared a) Saturday/Sunday b) vacant; free c) feeling full of worry or fear d) strong disapproval e) an arranged meeting

5

Language Review
Participles as adjectives: Present participles: The new James Bond movie sounds interesting. Our boss was boring. The show was fascinating Past participles: I’m interested in the new James bond movie. I was bored by our boss. I was 1 Activity fascinated by the show.

Activity 1
Complete these sentences with the correct form of the word. 1. I find the documentaries _______________. (interest) 2. I’m __________________ (bore) with reading English grammar books. 3. I was _________________ (amaze) that you could speak fluent English. 4. Singapore was an __________(excite) opportunity.

Activity 2
Rewrite the followings sentences using the past participles: 1. The music sounds exciting. 2. The party was boring. 3. The novel was fascinating. 4. Your work was amazing. _____________________________. ______________________________. ______________________________. _____________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi Betty! How’s everything? etty B: ____ . A: Well I’m just dropping by to ask if you’re available tomorrow... say around lunch? B: ___________________________________. A: Is that so? Well then, can you call me later this afternoon and let me know when you’ll be available? B: ______________________________. A: Talk to you this afternoon.

Student B
A: _ B: Very good. Thanks! .

A: ____________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry I won’t be in. I’ll be busy. I’ve got important things to do this week. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. I’ll do that. A: ____________________________. B: Okay. Thanks for dropping by.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Oh hi Betty! It’s Maria. B: _________________________________ A: Oh well yes! 7 o’clock is okay with me. Let’s meet at Zoom Café. B: _________________________________ A: Bye. B: I’d like please? to speak to Maria

A: _______________________________ B: I’m calling to let you know that tomorrow at 7 o’clock is okay for me. Does it sound good for you? A: ___________________________ B: Cool. See you then ….Bye. A: ___________________________

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 2

Socializing

D

Eating Out 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When did you last go to a nice restaurant? What did you order? What is you opinion on American food? What is your favorite cuisine? What is your opinion on vegetarianism?

2 1

Pronunciation
Basic Emphasis Pattern Content words nouns main verbs adverbs adjectives (emphasized) (cat) (runs) (quickly) (happy) Question words (who, what, where, when, why and how) Structure words pronouns prepositions articles “to be” verbs (de-emphasized) (he, she) (of, to, at) (a, the) (is, was) conjunctions auxiliary verbs (and, but) (can, have, do, will)

Examples 1. (noun) 2. (main verb) 3. (adverb) 4. (adjective) 5. (question word)

This is my cat. What does it eat? Please come quickly. You did excellent work. Why did you write the letter?

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. T: Say, do you want to do lunch together today? J: Sure. Where would you like to go? T: Well, do you like Italian food? J: I love it, but I think it’s too heavy for lunch. T: How about trying Indian cuisine? J: Good idea. I know an Indian restaurant nearby. It’s just a few blocks away from here. T: Terrific. Meet you at twelve then. J: Okay.
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I’ll call you when I get there.

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Cuisine a) close at hand 2) Blocks b) magnificent 3) Nearby c) feeling 4) Terrific d) manner of preparing food; style of cooking 5) Mood e) spaces enclosed by streets

5

Language Review
The Use of Have to: Have to in the following expressions mean “must.” Have to must be followed by a verb. Here are some examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have to do the laundry tonight. She has to pay the bills tomorrow morning. Claire and Dianne have to visit their parents. You have to study English.

Activity
Below are words and phrases. Write a complete sentence for each line using have to. 1. My daughter/read/ book __________________________________________________________. 2. My boss/give/raise __________________________________________________________. 3. I/work/hard __________________________________________________________. 4. He/make/good business plans __________________________________________________________. 5. They/fix/work schedule __________________________________________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialog below.

Student A
A: Hi Kate. Wanna eat out tonight? B: ______________________________ A: Where would you like to go? It’s my treat! B: _______________________________ A: T and B restaurant is the best place then. B: ________________________ A: How about 6:30? B: __________________________ A: See you at 7:00 then.

Student B
A: _____________________________ B: Sure. A: _______________________________ B: Hmm. I’d like to try Mexican food tonight. A: ______________________________ B: OK. What time are we going? A: ____________________________ B: Hmm… the time isn’t good for me I’ll be off at 6:50. A: ____________________________ B: Okay.

Create your own dialogs and practice them.

Student A

Student B

A: _____________________________ B: _____________________________ A: ________________________________ B: ________________________________ A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________

A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________

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Unit 2

Socializing

E

Drinking 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. How often do you go drinking in a week? How much do you spend on drinking? What is your favorite drink?

2 1

Pronunciation
Say and practice the following words slowly. Notice the differences between the vowel and the consonant sounds. ‘ieh(r)’ as in 'near' Beer deer cheer ‘ehi(r)’ as in 'hair' Bear dare chair

here

jeer

clear

sheer

hair

Jerry

Claire

share

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. Teddy: Where are you taking me to? Greg: Greg: Greg: I heard Jazzy is nice. It’s just next to Pizza Galore. Tonight, a jumbo of rum is only four bucks! And they have two for one vodka shots! Teddy: Cool. Let’s go! Teddy: Where is it at? Teddy: And what are the specials at Jazzy?

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words with their definitions. 1) Galore 2) Vodka 3) Jumbo 4) Wee hours 5) Spend a) very early b) to use out or pay out c) abundant; plentiful d) a colorless liquor of neutral spirits e) unusually large

5

Language Review
Articles a/an/the: A < indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects) with consonants. e.g. Yashie has a cat. An < indefinite article (not a specific object, one of a number of the same objects) with vowels. e.g. Jasper is an engineer. The<definite article (a specific object that both the person speaking and the listener know) e.g. The book is on the table.

Activity 1 Don’ts:
1. 2. 3. Do not use an article when you’re talking things in general. Do not use an article when you’re talking about meals, transport and places. Do not use an article along with countries, provinces, states. BUT use “the” when it is the collection of states e.g. “The USA”

Activity
Fill-the blanks with the correct article (a/an/the). Kristy, ______ old friend of my sister, used to work in downtown Los Angeles. She had ______ good job in one of _____ biggest companies in ______ city. She was ______ honest, hard-working sales representative of ZZZ Company, but she hated her job. So she decided to quit, and become _____ English teacher instead. Now Kristy spends her days teaching in ______ language school. It isn't _____ easy life, but it makes her happy.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Mr. Gaines, what’s your favorite alcoholic beverage? B: ________________________________. A: How do you take your whisky? B: _____________________________________. A: Well, I always take mine straight up. B: __________________________________ A: Yes, but it just tastes better that way.

A: _____________________________. B: Whisky is my favorite. A: ______________________________. B: on the rocks! A: _______________________________. B: Don’t you find it a bit strong?

Student A

Student B
B: Mr. Gaines, glad to see you. I ordered a whisky. Care for the same?

B: ______________________________ A: Uh, no thanks. I’d prefer a gin tonight. B: A: Well, I could go for a martini, but very dry. B: A: Fine. Ask the waiter to bring some more side dishes, too, would you? .

A: ____________________________. B: Sure. How do you like it? With tonic, or on the rocks? You name it. A: _____________________________ B: One very dry martini coming up. A: ____________________________.

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 2

Socializing

F

Thanking and Apologizing 1 A Warm up
Put the words in the correct order and make sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I. sorry am I late am helping. Thanks me for am. sorry I can’t you help I welcome. Are You right. all That’s

2 1

Pronunciation
The word “to”: Notice the accent of “to” when it comes before another word and the stronger accent when it comes at the end of a sentence. 1. I had to bring my books to school. But now I don’t have to. 2. I wanted to walk to work. But now I don’t want to. 3. You can come to the party with me. Only if you really want to.

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Sally: Roger: Excuse me, can you tell me where gate B6 is? Oh, I’m heading that way. Why don’t you join me? My name’s Roger Moore. Mine’s Sally. Sally Dunes. Pleased to meet you. Pleased to meet you too. Have you been to Singapore before? No, this is my first visit. Well, I hope you like it. I’m sure I will. Here we are. gate B6! Oh thanks for the help! You’re welcome.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Heading 2. Visit 3. Accent a) pronunciation; articulation b) going c) a short sojourn at a place

5

Language Review
MODAL VERBS: Can/Be able to: “Can” and “be able to” are use when you want to express an ability or possibility and when you want to ask or give permission. 1. 2. 3. 4. Can I have a cup of tea please? He can play basketball well. Teddy was able to work yesterday. You can take one if you like.

Activity 1

Activity
Mark “A” the sentence that expresses ability. Mark “P” the sentence that expresses possibility.

1. She can solve math problems quickly. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Can Mike come on Friday? I was able to do a hunger strike last week. I think Tessa is able to do it. Just give her enough time. My children can dance and sing. They were able to meet their expectations.

7. I can bake chocolate cookies well. 8. Maria is able to speak Korean. 9. Do you think Harry can come home early? 10. We are able to memorize the speech.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hi. Can I help you? B: ____ . A: It’s at the main door. Let me take you there. Say, are you new here? B: ___________________________________. A: Yeah it is. Hope you find the place has everything you need. B: ______________________________. A: Here we are. Just walk straight and you’ll find the main door. B: _______________________________ A: Don’t mention it.

Student B

A: _____________________________ B: Yes, please. I can’t find the baggage department. A: ____________________________. B: Yes I am. This department store is huge! A: ____________________________. B: I’m sure it does. A: ____________________________. B: Thank you very much!

Student A

Student B

B: ________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________

B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: _________________________________ B: _________________________________ A: ________________________________.

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g ni zil ai c o S 2 ti n U

Unit 3

Culture
CONTENTS A Mother-Tongue B Body Language C Cross-Culture D Stereotypes E Etiquette F Health

A

Mother-Tongue 1 A Warm up
A mother tongue is a person’s native language. Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. What’s special about your mother tongue? What do you think is the importance of learning a second language? Aside from English, what language would you want to learn to speak?

2 1

Pronunciation
Say and Practice Country Korea France China Japan Language Korean French Chinese Japanese Country Thailand UK Canada USA Language Thai English (British) English, French English (American)

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. A: So what are you going to do after graduation, Mara? B: Well, I’ve saved money, and I think I’d really like to study English in the USA. A: Lucky you. That sounds exciting. B: Yeah, then I plan to come back and teach English here in Korea. A: That is even more exciting! B: What about you? Do you have any plans yet? A: I’m going to enroll at a language school. It’s my dream to speak Spanish. B: Great! Good luck to you.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Graduation a) to stir up emotions or feelings 2. Save b) acceptance of a degree 3. Native c) register 4. Exciting d) reserve, to keep safe 5. Enroll e) natural; local

5

Language Review
Present Progressive: Use of Going to Rule 1: Talking about plans e.g. I’m going to finish my thesis. Rule 2: Talking about present intentions e.g. Brenda’s going to leave in a week’s time. Rule 3: Making predictions e.g. I’m sure you’re going to enjoy the city.

Activity
Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense.

1._______________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________________ 5.________________________________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Hello! B: _______________________________ A: What’s hola mean? B: _______________________________ A: So you speak Spanish? B: _______________________________ A: Cool! You must be very good at it now. B: _______________________________ A: What’s the Spanish word for: “let’s eat!” ? B: _______________________________ A: Terrific!

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: Hola! A: _______________________________ B: It means hello in Spanish. A: _______________________________ B: A little. I started learning Spanish in January. A: _______________________________ B: Hmmm, still working on it. A: _______________________________ B: Vamos a comer. A: _______________________________

Student A

Student B

B: _______________________________ A: I don’t think so. I find it quite difficult. B: _________________________________ A: Really? I did all that but still I can’t speak it well. B: _________________________________ A: Good idea. Can you recommend one? B: __________________________ A: Thanks!

B: It’s so easy to learn English. Isn’t it? A: ________________________________ B: Actually it’s not. You just need to watch English news programs and TV shows and read a lot of English books. A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you try a private tutor? A: ________________________________ B: Sure. I’ll let you know later.

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e r utl u C 3 ti n U

Unit 3

Culture

B

Body Language 1 A Warm up
When you use gestures or facial expressions, it’s called body language. Body language plays a vital role in communication. Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. What message do you convey when you wink your eye? What facial expression do you have when you’re disgusted? Share one of your mannerisms when you are conversing with a friend.

2 1

Pronunciation
Read and review saying the sentences below. Stress the underlined word. Notice the differences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. They save a 1000 dollars. They saved a 1000 dollars. They pay us a huge amount. They paid us a huge amount. They warn the passengers. They warned the passengers. Hens lay eggs. Hens laid eggs.

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Pete, why are you winking at Betty? I think she’s pretty and I like her. So winking means you like somebody? Yes. Pete, she’s looking this way. Hold on Brian, I’m going over and asking her on a date. Okay. Good luck!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1) Wink/winking 2) Convey 3) Mannerism 4) Facial expression 5) Disgusted a) unconscious behavior b) to shut one eye briefly c) to be offended, repel d) to communicate or make known e) a gesture expressing an attitude or emotion

5

Language Review

“WH” Questions: WH questions allow the speaker to find out more about the topics of discussions. When? Where? Who? Why? How? What? Time Place Person Reason Manner Object/Idea/Action

Activity 1

Activity
Complete the sentences below. 1. When _______________________________________________________? 2. Where ______________________________________________________? 3. Who ________________________________________________________? 4. Why ________________________________________________________? 5. How ________________________________________________________? 6. What _______________________________________________________?

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the following dialogs.

Student A

Student B

A: Hi, I saw you waving your hand at me. B: ________________________________. A: Oh, OK. B: ________________________________. A: Oh, I’m sorry. B: _________________________________ A: Anyways, have a great day! B: _________________________________

A: _______________________________. B: Oh, I’m sorry but I wasn’t waving at you. I was waving at my dad behind you. A: _______________________________. B: As a matter of fact, he’s still behind you now. A: _______________________________. B: That’s okay. A: _______________________________ B: Likewise.

Create your own dialogs and practice them.

Student A

Student B
A: _________________________________

A: _____________________________

B: _____________________________

B: ________________________________

A: ________________________________

A: ________________________________

B: ________________________________

B: ________________________________

A: ________________________________

A: ________________________________

B: ______________________________

B: ________________________________

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e r utl u C 3 ti n U

Unit 3

Culture

C

Cross-Culture 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. Do you know much about your own customs and traditions? If you could change one thing about your culture, what would it be? What do you think is the most important thing your culture has adopted from another culture? Aside from your culture, what other cultures do you admire?

2 1

Pronunciation
P and F Sounds A: Beginning sound put foot past fast pace face pail fail Pete feet B: Ending Sound beep beef lap laugh clip cliff deep deaf clip cliff

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below.

Buckler: Mario: Buckler:

Have you met Michael Kim, the new student from Korea? No, I haven’t. He seems really nice, but there’s one thing I noticed, he always nods his head whenever he sees any of our professors. Mario: Wow! That’s cool. Nodding one’s head or bowing shows respect. I heard Koreans bow to greet and show respect. Isn’t that great? Buckler: Yeah, I think so. Hmm… let me practice bowing. What do you think? Mario: Get ready Buckler, Professor Brooklyn is here. Buckler and Mario: Good morning professor!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Culture Cross-culture Customs Traditions Respect Bow Nod Greet a) dealing with two or more different cultures b) habit; common practice c) to make a quick downward motion of the head d) to incline the head or the body e) to address with kind wishes f) inherited customary actions or behaviors g) special regard; act of giving special attention h) set of values or social practices

5

Language Review
Using So and Neither: Agreement/Disagreement We use “So” for making positive sentences and “Neither” for making negative sentences.
When we dream, we move our eyes about. Cats and dogs move their eyes when they dream, too. (So do cats and dogs.) He doesn’t know the answer. Peter doesn’t know, either. (Neither does Peter.)

Activity
Rewrite the sentences with “So or Neither”. 1. If you drink alcohol, it will interfere with your dreams. Drinking coffee will interfere with your dreams too.

_____________________________________________________________________. 2. Mr. Heinz didn’t know why only some animals dream. Iverson didn’t know either. _____________________________________________________________________. 3. As far as I know my boss takes a nap in his office. Our company’s treasurer takes a nap in his office too. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Smoking isn’t good for our health. Drinking a lot of alcohol isn’t good for our health either. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. I think reading English books is fun. Watching English TV shows is fun too. _____________________________________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialog below.

Student A

Student B
A: ____________________________. B: Yeah. I just got home last night. A: ____________________________. B: Yeah, I did. I noticed Spanish people take a lot of naps. A: ____________________________. B: Well, maybe because it’s hot there. Stores are closed from 12 o’clock to two p.m. A: ____________________________.

A: Hi Jeff! I heard you just got back from Spain. B: ____ . A: Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation? B: ___________________________________. A: Oh yeah? B: ______________________________. A: Hmm…sounds interesting!

Student A

Student B

B: ______________________________ A: I went to the Philippines. B: _________________________________ A: I went to the Bicol Region; it’s the southern part of the mainland called Luzon. B: _________________________________ A: Pretty nice. There are beautiful beaches everywhere. And I’ve never seen a group of friendlier people. B: ________________________________ A: Oh yeah…definitely.

B: How about you? Where did you go on your vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Where in the Philippines? A: _______________________________ B: And how did you find the place? A: ___________________________ B: It sounds like you really had a great time there.

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e r utl u C 3 ti n U

Unit 3

Culture

D

Stereotypes 1 A Warm up
Stereotyping refers to an instant idea of a person or a group of people. Stereotypes can be both positive and negative. But most of the time they imply a negative idea. Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. What stereotypes do you have? Why do you think you have them? If you heard somebody saying “I love American Food,” what comes into your mind right away?

2 1

Pronunciation
Practice the long U “uh” sound and the short U “uh” sound : Long U: Short U: put pup butcher but churn Chuck

Say the following phrases with short/long U “uh” sounds. 1. 2. 3. Please shut the door. They shook their heads. The mice jumped over the cup.

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. Liz: Asians are short. Joe: I don’t think so. I’ve been to five countries in Asia and I saw a lot of tall people. Liz: Really? Joe: Do you know Yao Ming of China and Ha Sung Jin of Korea? Liz: I’ve heard those names. If I’m not mistaken they are both basketball players. Joe: That’s correct! They’re tall, taller than most basketball players. Liz: Hmm. Joe: See, we cannot really say Asians are short although most of them have short body structures compared to Americans. Short and tall people are seen all over the world anyway. Liz: You’re right Joe!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Instant 2. Imply 3. Mistaken 4. Exist 5. Positive idea 6. Negative idea a) expresses approval b) to have life c) a very quick occurrence d) incorrect e) expresses disapproval f) convey an idea indirectly

5

Language Review
Despite/ Although: Despite: Notwithstanding; in spite of; is not something really controlled. e.g. The Lakers won the game despite of the overwhelming odds. Although: in spite of the fact that; even though; indicates there could be alternatives or a change in subject. e.g. Although the CEO knew it was Mr. Park’s mistake, he still scolded Mr. Kim for it.
* Both have almost the same meaning but they differ in their usage.

Activity
Fill-in each blank with Despite or Although. 1. Christy was promoted _______ all obstacles. 2. __________ he’s the President’s son, he works as a doorman. 3. I’ll be going to the office _______ the hail storm. 4. ___________ my advice, she decided to go away. 5. ___________ my boss knows that I’m busy, she keeps asking me to do her reports. 6. Life is still beautiful _________ difficulties. 7. ________ she knew he was not good looking, she agreed to marry him. 8. ________ of poverty, he’s now a successful medical doctor. 9. The boss fired him ____________ he knew he was doing his job well. 10. She works hard __________ of her backache.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

* VP means vice president

Student A
A: Hi Linda! Have you met our new VP of Operations? B: ______________________________ A: Oh, you must watch out, he’s our boss’ son. And he is very strict like him. B: _______________________________ A: No, I didn’t mean to scare you, you’ll be fine.

Student B

A: __________________________________ B: No, I haven’t. A: __________________________________ B: Is that so? Work will be a nightmare for sure then. A: __________________________________ B: I hope so. You know that it’s hard to work under a lot of pressure. A: ___________________________________

B: _______________________________ A: Yeah, I know.

Student A

Student B
B: Hi Eddie, nice to see you here.

B: _______________________________ A: Just wanted to check if everything’s OK? B: ________________________________ A: So how’s your first week with your new boss? B: ________________________________ A: Good to hear it. B: _______________________________

A: _______________________________ B: It’s good, Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: Great! I never thought I’ll have the nicest boss in this company. A: _______________________________ B: See you Wednesday Eddie; I’m out Monday and Tuesday next week. Bye!

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e r utl u C 3 ti n U

Unit 3

Culture

E

Etiquette 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How do you define etiquette? What is considered rude in your culture? What is professional behavior? What is good telephone etiquette? How does dining etiquette in your country differ from other countries?

2 1

Pronunciation
PL and BL sounds PL beginning sounds: play please pluck plate plum plain plead BL beginning sounds: bleak black blue blade blitz bluff bleach

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: B: How was the food? The food was delicious, but it was too heavy. You could have taken the leftovers home. Really? Yeah, you can ask them to give you a doggie bag. A doggie bag? That sounds funny! And why couldn’t I smoke in that restaurant? A: Smoking is prohibited in public places in America. A: Oh, I guess I won’t be staying here too long.

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4

Vocabulary
Match the definition with the words.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Etiquette Good manners Professional Behavior Italicize a) to print in italics b) the conduct required by good social behavior c) act in a particular way d) appropriate social conduct e) engaged in one’s learned profession

5

Language Review
Uses of How much?/ How many? We use “How much” when we make questions with uncountable nouns. We use “How many” when we make questions with countable nouns. Examples: 1. 2. 3. 4. How much milk do you want in your coffee? How much sugar do you want in your coffee? How many books do I need to read everyday? How many sentences do I need to write everyday?

Activity 1

* Words italicized are countable nouns * Words underlined are uncountable nouns.

Activity
Make a question for each word written below using how much/how many.

1. women 2. tea 3. soda 4. glasses of milk 5. words 6. coffee cream 7. boxes of oranges

________________________________________. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. ________________________________________. ________________________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Where are we going this Sunday? B: ___________________________________ A: So what are we bringing? Have you thought of a gift yet? B: ____________________________________ A: Great idea. Let’s bring a Merlot. B: __________________________________ A: Sure.

A: _____________________________. B: To Kelly’s house. She invited us to her husband’s birthday party. A: ______________________________. B: How about a bottle of wine? A: _______________________________ B: Okay, can you please get one. I’ll pay my share later.

Create your own dialogs and practice them.

Student A
A: ________________________________

Student B

A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________
A: ________________________________ A: ________________________________

B: _____________________________ B: _____________________________

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Student B

Unit 3

Culture

F

Health 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What is quality health care? What do people do in your country to maintain good health? Do you watch your weight? Do you take daily vitamins? Do you usually get enough sleep?

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen carefully and check which word your teacher is reading. A: B: C: D: _luck _lick _fire _ bid _ Luke _leak _leg _fur _for _beat _bet

_lake _ far _bed

_bad

_bait

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: I just signed up for Yoga class. Yoga class? Yup! I’ve never tried yoga. It’s just meditation, isn’t it? Not really. Actually, it’s more than that. Yoga helps your mind and body work together in harmony. Oh, that sounds relaxing. Say, would you like to join me? Well, I would love to, but I’m quite busy these days. The class is only twice a week. Why don’t you give it a try? Okay. So when can I start? As soon as you register. Here’s the form. Thanks!

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4

Vocabulary
Match the words with their definitions. 1. Quality a) synchronization; in agreement 2. Vegetarian diet b) completely, wholly, actually 3. Harmony c) characteristic; feature 4. Quite d) frequently; habitually 5. Register e) no meat diet 6. Usually f) unit to measure mass 7. Weight g) sign up

5

Language Review
Forming adverbs from adjectives Rule 1: Add ‘ly’ to the adjective. Rule 2: To form adverbs from adjectives that ends in ‘y’, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ly’. Rule 3: Adjectives ending in ‘ly’ use a phrase- in a ….way etc. e.g. deep-deeply friendly-Mario greeted me in a friendly way.

Activity 1
Change the following adjectives to adverbs.
1. Quick 2. Lucky _____________ _____________ 4. Honest 5. Kind 6. Wonderful _____________ _____________ _____________

3. Beautiful ____________

Activity 2
From the list of adverbs you’ve formed above, choose and write the best answer for each blank.
1. 2. She _________ got up and walked way. The painting looks real. The flowers are beautiful. They were painted ____________. 3. __________ I don’t know the answer either. 4. 5. __________ give this report to Mr. Samson. He needs it badly. __________ I won the lotto. Now I can afford to travel Europe!

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: What sports do you like Jay? B: A: Does you wife exercise? __ . A: . B: I don’t really like any sports except swimming. A: ____________________________. B: She goes to aerobics class. Usually she goes before work. A: ____________________________. B: Oh, they hate exercising. But my eldest plays soccer every weekend.

B: _________________________________. A: How about your kids? B: ________________________________.

Student A

Student B
B: Have you ever grown vegetables?

B: ______________________________ A: Yes, I have. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve grown cabbages carrots. What about you? and

A: _______________________________ B: Really? What kind of vegetables? A: ___________________________ B: Well, I’m a vegetarian myself so I have lots of green stuff in my garden. A: ___________________________ B: Sure. Why don’t you come to my house this weekend and check out my garden.

B: _________________________________ A: Have you got lettuce? B: _________________________________

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e r utl u C 3 ti n U

Unit 4

People
CONTENTS A Describing People B Family C Children D Dating E Friends F Famous People

A

Describing People 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. Do you enjoy meeting new people? What’s the average height of people in your country? What’s the main ethnicity of your country?

2 1

Pronunciation
Notice the weak pronunciation of and & or 1. He’s of average height and has green eyes. 2. She has long blond hair and blue eyes. 3. They both have short black hair and brown eyes. 4. She’s not tall or slim. 5. I don’t have brown hair or hazel eyes.

3 1

Conversation
Read the dialog below. A: Hi, Liz! B: Hello, Nat. How may I help you? A: Our new CEO from Switzerland is going to arrive on Sunday. Can you meet her at the airport? B: Sure. What does she look like? A: She has long and curly red hair. She’s tall and slim. She’s tan and she has deep blue eyes. B: Wow, she must be very pretty. A: Well, see for yourself.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Average 2. Curly 3. Slim 4. Enjoy 5. Hazel a) a light brown to strong yellowish brown color b) midway between extremes c) to take pleasure or satisfaction in d) slender e) having curls

5

Language Review
Be and have with descriptions Rule 1: We use be or have to talk about person’s age, height, and weight. Rule 2: We use be or have to talk about a person’s hair and eyes. e.g. Christy’s quite slim He and his sister have dark brown eyes.

Activity 1
Complete the paragraph below using the correct forms of be or have. My sisters Dianne and Dinah are identical twins. They look exactly alike. They _______ about 15 years old. They ______ both tall. They _______ blond hair and blue eyes. The only way I can tell them apart is this Dianne ______ a big mole under her nose, and Dinah doesn’t.

Activity 2
Write a description of a family member. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________
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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: I heard you’re on your way to the airport. B: ______________________________ A: Can you do me a favor please? B: _______________________________ A: Can you pick my friend Tom up? He’s arriving at 2p.m. today. B: ________________________ A: He’s average height. He has brown hair and green eyes and a moustache. B: ___________________________ A: Tom Kurt.

Student B

A: _______________________________ B: Yes. Why do you ask? A: _______________________________ B: Sure. What is it? A: _______________________________ B: Okay. So what does he look like? A: ______________________________ B: What’s his name again? A: ______________________________

Student A

Student B
B: I have a blind date tonight.

B: _______________________________ A: Really? Wow you must be very excited. B: ________________________________ A: I wonder what he looks like.

A: _____________________________ B: You bet.

B: ________________________________ A: Wait, I think I know the guy. He’s my boss.

A: _____________________________ B: Well my friend Jeff said that he’s tall and handsome. He’s of average weight and he has brown eyes. He works at Joy Research Agency. A: __________________________ B: What!?

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Unit 4

People

B

Family 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What do you and your family like to do together? Who do you get along with better, your mother or your father? What’s the best thing about your parents? Do you get along with your siblings?

2 1

Pronunciation
Practice the following words below. Notice the correct ‘th’ sound for some words. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. mother father grandmother grandfather brother sister 7. aunt 8. uncle 9. niece 10. nephew 11. cousin 12. in-laws

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Who do you get along with better, your mom or your dad? I get along with my mom better. She buys me nice things all the time. How about your dad? He’s stingy you know. And I need to argue first with him every time I ask for money. Probably he’s just being careful not to spoil you. You are probably right, but he is just the total opposite of my mom. I sometimes wonder how they even got married. You know what they say, opposites attract. I guess that’s why they’ve been married for 40 years now. Who do you take after the most? My mom says that I am just like my father. That’s maybe why we argue all the time. We are just too similar. Then maybe you’ll marry someone like your mother one day. Only if I’m lucky.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Resemble Get along Sibling Pickle Peck a) small bite b) to look alike c) preserved article of food in a brine or vinegar d) one of two or more individuals having one common parent e) to be or remain on good terms

5

Language Review
The Preposition Off: Rule 1: We use off when we express movement of something away from. e.g. A tile has come off the floor.

Rule 2: We use off when we express something is at a distance from. e.g. Our apartment building is off the Main Street.

Activity
Make at least 5 sentences using the preposition off. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: I heard your grandparents are coming. B: ________________________________. A: That will be nice. B: _____________________________________. A: I’m sure they will. How about visiting Buffalo Park? It’s just a few minutes drive away from the lake. B: __________________________________

A: _____________________________. B: Yeah. They’ll spend a week with us. A: ______________________________. B: I think so too. I’ll take them to the lake. I’m sure they’ll like it. A: ______________________________. B: Great idea. Now I know where to bring them.

Student A

Student B
B: My brother Dave and his family are coming with my grandparents. A: ____________________________. B: Yeah it is. Lianne and Sue are now excited to meet their cousins. A: _____________________________ B: They’re doing it now. A: ____________________________.

B: ______________________________ A: That’s really exciting,isn’t it?

B: A: I think we need to ask them to clean their rooms. B: A: They’re really excited huh! So it’ll be their first time to meet Paul and Kathy.

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Unit 4

People

C

Children 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. How many children do you have? How many would you like to have? Do you think that children are different today from the time when you were a kid? What do you think is the most important thing to teach the children of today’s generation?

2 1

Pronunciation
Tongue twisters: Practice each tongue twister below. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A proper copper coffee pot. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. We surely shall see the sun shine soon. The swan swam over the pond. Three gray geese in green fields grazing.

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog then answer the questions below: A: Sandy’s daughter won the English speech contest today at McCartney Elementary School. B: You mean Sandy Long? A: Yeah, Sandy Long. She’s an old friend of mine from Mountain View High School. B: Oh, Sandy the shy lass? A: That was before. Now, she’s a proud mom of an 8-year old. B: Wow, time really flies. It just seems like yesterday, we were all sitting in the school cafeteria talking about what we’d like to be when we grow up. Questions: 1. Who is the proud mom of an 8-year old girl? 2. Who won the English speech contest? 3. What did you want to be when you were young?

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Speech Shy Lass Proud Pal a) a young woman; girl b) a close friend c) feeling or showing pride d) easily frightened; timid e) something that is spoken

5

Language Review
The Preposition In The preposition in is use when we want to express 1. place 2. a point during a longer period of time (week, month and years) 3. a job or a situation 4. within a certain time Examples: Sue’s in the living room. I got married in July 2003. You’re in a big mess! I’ll be back in a minute.

Activity
Answer the questions below using the preposition in. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Where’s Francis? ___________________________________________. When did you get married? __________________________________. When will you be back ? _____________________________________. Where’s Mr. Smith? _________________________________________. When did you come to Hawaii? _______________________________. Where is you car? ___________________________________________. Where is your office? ________________________________________. What year were you born? ___________________________________. Where was the world cup held in 2002? ________________________.

10. Where is your passport? _____________________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B
A: _____________________________. B: Why do you say that? A: _____________________________. B: Really? I’m sorry to hear that. A: ____________________________. B: That’s not nice. Have you had a chance to talk to his parents about it? A: ____________________________. B: You’d better get their number. They have to know what their son’s doing.

A: Kids today are very different. B: ___ . A: Well, A 12 year old boy hit me with his toy and he never said sorry. B: ___________________________________. A: And, yesterday, my neighbor’s son broke my window with a stone. B: ______________________________. A: Sad to say no I haven’t. His parents are always out of town.

Student B Student A
B: I think my older son is more pleasant than my younger one. B: ______________________________ A: Why do you say that? B: _________________________________ A: Brian is still too young to know which behavior is right and which is wrong. B: _________________________________ A: I’m also amazed at how different my two children are. My youngest is more active while my first child is very passive. A: _______________________________ B: Jake always shares his toys but Brian doesn’t. He always ends up hitting his brother. A: ______________________________ B: Could be. But as a parent I can tell that Jake has a sweeter personality than Brian. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah, it looks like we’ll both have our hands full once the boys start getting older.

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Unit 4

People

D

Dating 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. Describe a perfect date? Have you ever been on a blind date? Do you think a man should pay for everything on a date? How long do you think couples should know each other before they tie the knot?

2 1

Pronunciation
Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation but they differ in meaning. hour/our buy/by bear/bare one/won hymn/him knight/night none/nun whole/hole

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: Leo and Candice hit it off on their first date. B: Yeah I heard. Candice loves lobsters and so does Leo. A: You mean they went to Jock’s Kitchenette? B: Exactly. That’s the place where lobster lovers go for dinner. A: There must be magic in that place. I heard lots of couples hit it off on their first dates there. B: You think so? Hmm… shall I reserve a table for two at Jock’s? A: You mean you’re asking me to dine out with you at Jock’s? B: Yeah. A: Sorry Tommy, I have a date with Todd at Jock’s tonight.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Tie the knot 2. Perfect 3. Bare 4. Hymn 5. Hit it off a) get along well b) get married c) a song of praise to God d) open to view e) being entirely without fault or defect

5

Language Review
The use of “shall” We use shall to express a) a suggestion b) the future c) an offer Examples: Shall we go to the park tonight? They shall send the reports soon. Shall I carry you from here? * should is the past form for shall.

Activity
Circle the sentence that expresses an offer or suggestion. Mark an x in front of the sentence that expresses the future. 1. He shall surely come in a week. 2. Sharon shall bring the tea in a while. 3. Shall we dance? 4. The President shall declare March 15th a holiday! 5. Shall I give you my number? 6. Shall I lend him money? 7. Shall I bring her in? 8. They shall see us before office hours. 9. It shall be delivered right away. 10. The guests shall come on time.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Say, Belle, What are you doing tonight? Would you like to go out? B: ______________________________ A: I’m thinking of the theater. B: _______________________________ A: Will you be ready in ten minutes? B: _______________________________ A: Then meet me at the gate at 7:30. B: ________________________________

Student B

A: _______________________________ B: Sure. Where do you want to go? A: _______________________________ B: There’s one on Fifth Street. It’s just a ten minute drive from here. A: _______________________________ B: Yeah, I will. A: ______________________________ B: Okay. I’ll see you soon.

Student A

Student B

B: _________________________________ A: My pleasure. Glad to know you’re enjoying the show. B: _________________________________ A: So, have you heard the song ‘Unforgettable You?” It’s on the top of the chart this week. B: ________________________________ A: That song just touches my heart. I’ve been meaning to buy the CD. B: ________________________________

B: Ted, thanks for bringing me here. A: ______________________________ B: Well, I love music. Listening to pop songs is my favorite past time. A: ______________________________ B: Yeah. DZFM plays that song over and over again. A: ______________________________ B: Why don’t we go to the record store? I want to get one too.

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Unit 4

People

E

Friends 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. When do you need to call a friend? What do you and your friends like to do together? What do you think are important qualities in a friend? How can you be a good friend?

2 1

Pronunciation
More Homophones oar/or I/eye dye/die in/inn no/know poor/pour scent/cent hare/hair here/hear sun/son

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: My old friend Cathy is coming over this weekend. B: Is she the one you told me dated your ex-boyfriend while you were on a business trip? A: You mean the one I’ve mentioned two days ago? B: Yeah. A: Nah, she’s not the one. This Cathy is my old pal from New Jersey and a distant relative of mine. B: So how about the other Cathy? A: Forget about her. She’s no longer a friend of mine.

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4

Vocabulary
A: Match these words to their best definition. 1. 2. 3. Ex Relative Timeless a) having no beginning or end b) former c) a person related with another by blood

B: Fill-in each blank with the words above. 1. 2. 3. Her grandma is my great grandma’s niece. Therefore she’s a distant _________. The _____ CEO started his own company. Love is __________.

5

Language Review
The Use of Some and Any in Statements We use some in positive sentences, both for countable and uncountable. We use any in negative sentences, both for countable and uncountable. Examples: There is some bread on the table. There isn’t any bread on the table.

Activity
Write a sentence for the words given below using “some” or “any.” 1. butter/ a plate _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. books/ the shelves ___________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. computers/ desks ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 4. water/ water dispenser ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 5. coffee/ Coffee pot ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Greg, Mary’s coming over this weekend. B: ________________________________. A: Yeah. I’m pretty excited to see her again after ten long years. B: _____________________________________. A: My dad met her dad at FK Airport. Mr. Rice works there as the information officer. B: __________________________________ A: I’m pretty sure it will.

A: _____________________________. B: You mean Mary Rice? The pretty girl who wore braces back at Corrado High? A: ______________________________. B: How did she get your number? A: _______________________________ B: Well, it will be like the good old days! A: _______________________________

Student A

Student B
B: Long time no see Maurice. A: ________________________________. B: Well, we’re both busy with our careers. I work as a pharmacist and Bob is in his third year in med school. A: ________________________________ B: Of course I do, the R2 Band. They were the most popular band back then. A: ________________________________. B: Wow that really brings back a lot of memories. A: ________________________________. B: Same here, Maurice.

B: ______________________________ A: Yeah. It’s been ten years. I haven’t heard from you or Bob. . B: A: That’s great. By the way, do you remember the record album you gave me in high school? It was our favorite band in those days? B: . A: Well, I still have it with me. I was cleaning my room the other day and found it next to all my high school yearbooks. B: . A: Yeah. I’m glad I bumped into you today. It’s always great to meet an old school buddy from back home.

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Unit 4

People

F

Famous People 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. Which famous person would you like to meet? Why?

2. If you were given a chance to talk to any world leader, who would you like to talk to and what would you say? 3. What do you think are the pros and cons of being famous?

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen to each word and write how many syllables each word has. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. scratch _ textbook _ information _ spring _ badge _ 6. clothes _ 7. clothing _ 8.dictionary _ 9. business _ 10. table _

3 1

Quotations
"Not everything that can be counted counts and not everything that counts can be counted." - Albert Einstein (1879-1955) "I find that the harder I work the more luck I seem to have." - Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) "In the End, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." - Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) "Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake." - Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) "It's kind of fun to do the impossible." - Walt Disney (1901-1966) "The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault." - Henry Kissinger (1923-) "Happiness is good health and a bad memory." - Ingrid Bergman (1917-1982) "Sometimes it is not enough to our best; we must do what is required." - Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965)
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4

Activity
Discuss each quotation and answer the following questions. 1. Which quotation do you agree with the most? 2. Which quotation do you agree with the least? 3. Select two famous people and describe them. 4. Do you know any other famous quotations?

5

Language Review
The Use of be good at and not well: We use be good at to express a positive sentence. We use do not …well to express a negative sentence. Examples: 1. Woods is good at playing golf. 2. She does not play golf well.

Activity
Complete the sentences using the words in parenthesis. 1. My sister ________________________________, so she plays hockey everyday. (really good/skating) 2. Miss Jazz Min __________________________, so she takes lessons at Golfer Center. (play golf/not very well) 3. Martin _________________________________, so he’s works as a driver. (driving/really good) 4. She ____________________________________, so she goes flying every weekend. (really good/ flying a plane). 5. I ____________________________________, so I usually burn the food. (cook/not well)

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Hi, Kurt. How are you doing? B: ___ A: Why? What’s the problem? . A: . B: I am so stressed out! I can’t eat, I can’t sleep. I feel like I’m going crazy! A: ____________________________. B: Mr. Donald is asking me to work with him. A: ____________________________. B: I know, but I don’t want to end up just being an assistant running errands for him.

B: ___________________________________. A: You mean Jack Donald? Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be wonderful to be working with a famous person like him. B: _________________________________ A: Oh, it does sound like a stressful job.

Student A
B: ______________________________ A: Well to be honest it’s horrible. B: ______________________________ A: Lately, I received a lot of death threats. My life has been at stake ever since I won the election. B: _________________________________ A: Yeah, I did. I have 25 well-trained military men with me everyday now. That way I feel safe and secure. B: _________________________________ A: I’ll be serving one term that lasts for 3 years. B: _____________________________ A: Thanks!

Student B

B: How does it feel to be famous? A: _______________________________ B: What do you mean by horrible? A: _______________________________ B: So did you hire more security guards? A: _______________________________ B: How long will you hold office? A: _________________________________ B: Good luck Mr. President!

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Unit 5

School
CONTENTS A University B Registration C Bookstore D Prerequisites E Cramming F Recommendation Letters

A

University 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What university/college did you graduate from? Were you able to take English classes in college? What’s your worst memory from college? How many universities have you attended?

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen and practice the words below. Mathe’matics ‘Algebra Sci’ence En’glish Ge’og’ra’phy Phys’I’cal Ed’u’cation Mu’sic and Art Home Ec’o’nom’ics His’to’ry/ So’cial Sci’ences Lan’guages

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: I’m caught between two medical schools, UC and Loma Linda. I think Loma Linda is better. They’ve got the best trained medical professionals in the US. I’ve never heard of that school. Can you show me where it is? I’d be delighted to. It’s located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los

A: B: A: B:

Angeles. What about the tuition fees and qualifications for admission? As far as I know, it’s more affordable than most other schools. Good! I have to check that out. Thanks. No problem. Ring me up if you have any other questions.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Caught between 2. Medical professionals 3. Affordable 4. Delighted a) specialized medical practitioners b) reasonably priced; within your means c) pleased; happy d) confused

Fill-in the blanks with the words from the list above. 1. David Bloom shirts are on sale. The prices are reasonable and ___________. 2. She’s ____________________ two lovers.

5

Language Review
The Superlatives: For one syllable words: old For two syllable words: pretty tiring For three syllables words: expensive older prettier more tiring more expensive the oldest the prettiest* the most tiring the most expensive

Activity
Write the superlative for each word given below. 1. beautiful 2. crazy 3. great 4. handsome 5. wonderful 6. nice 7. affordable 8. reasonable 9. good 10. bad ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

.t s e d d a d n a i ot y e g n a h C

•

‘ ’

‘’

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B
A: _____________________________ B: I graduated from YD University. A: _______________________________ B: Yes, it is. A: ______________________________ B: I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. A: ____________________________ B: Just last year. Now I’m doing my Master degree at Hesterfield.

A: What university did you graduate from, Min Young? B: ______________________________ A: Really? That’s one of Korea’s best universities. B: _______________________________ A: What was your major? B: ________________________ A: When did you graduate? B:_______________________________

Student A

Student B
B: Chris, where did you get your degree? A: ____________________________ B: My son is interested in applying to a law school in the US. Could you recommend a good school? A: _________________________ B: I think I’ve heard of that school. I heard admission is very tough there. I’ll tell him that when I get home. A: __________________________ B: Thank you.

B: _______________________________ A: At UC. B: _____________________________ A: Well, McCartney’s Law School is a very reputable school. Why don’t you ask him to consider it? A: ________________________________ B: Just ring me if you need more information. My sister works in the register’s office.

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Unit 5

School

B

Registration 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. Have you ever applied to a school or program? What are the needed documents for registration? What are the most common frustrations when registering for a course?

2 1

Pronunciation
Words ending in ‘–ed’:
The pronunciation of words ending in –ed has three rules. They are the following: 1. 2. 3. Pronounced as ‘id’ after the letters ‘d’ and ‘t’ Pronounced as ‘d’ after vowels and consonants b, g, j, l, m, n, r, v, w, z and with the letter combination th. Pronounced as ‘t’ after the consonants f, k, p, x and after with the letter combination sh and ch. tinted bed mad washed chaffed snatched

Practice the words: handed

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: How’s registration going? It’s terrible! The line is long and the crowd isn’t staying in line. That sounds like a mess. Well, I’m going to have to go on-line to register because the line does not seem to be getting any shorter. A: When’s the final registration day? B: Today. A: I see. That explains the line-up.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Register Queue (British English) Crowd Deadline Bulletin a) a lot of people b) apply for entrance; add to a list c) announcement d) line e) a time by which something must be done

5

Language Review
Present Participles: adding “-ing” Rule 1: add “-ing” Rule 2: Drop e and add “-ing” Rule 3: Double the final consonant and add “-ing” Examples : go Live Shop going living shopping

Activity 1

Activity
Add “-ing” to the following verbs below. 1. work 2. lift 3. get 4. take 5. shut 6. 8. 9. have ask write 7. run _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________

10. read

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Are you done filling it out? B: ____________________________________. A: Yes. A: _____________________________. B: What? You mean the registration form? . A: ______________________________. B: Actually I’m almost there.

B: _____________________________________. A: Just hand it to the registrar when you’re done. B: _____________________________________ A: You’re welcome! See you in the lobby. .

A: _______________________________. B: Thanks. I appreciate your help.

A: ______________________________

Student A

Student B
B: I think I’ve left some papers out. A: ____________________________. B: I forgot to hand-in a translated copy of my diploma. A: _____________________________ B: Okay. I’ll go check in my car to see if I’ve left it there. A: ____________________________. B: Thanks. I’ll be back in a minute.

B: ______________________________ A: In that case you’d better consult with administration. . B: A: You also need to send the original together with the translated copy. B: . A: I’ll keep an eye on your bag for you. B: _________________________________

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Unit 5

School

C

Bookstore 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. Which books have you read recently? How often do you visit a bookstore? Recommend a book you’ve read before.

2 1

Pronunciation
A: Say the words fictional books cookbook novels comic book magazines devotional book Bible historical books language books atlas encyclopedia dictionary

B: Guess which book is being described below 1. It’s a book where you can find lots of maps. _________________ 2. To learn comprehensive information of specialized areas and knowledge open this book. ______________ 3. It is categorized alphabetically and helps you learn new languages. _______________

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. A: TE Bookstore is offering a 90% discount on selected books today. B: You mean all the TE Bookstores around the city are offering this discount? A: No, just the one inside the Trade Mall. B: Do you know what kind of books are on sale? A: I heard that books in the foreign language section are on sale. B: How about magazines? Are they on sale too? A: I’m not sure. I’m planning on dropping by this afternoon to buy some books. Would you like to join me? B: Great! I’d love to.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. On sale a) work of fiction 2. Novel b)being sold for a discount price 3. Recently c) something to read; text 4. Literature d) lately 5. Choose and write the best word for the blanks below. 1. The comic books are ______________ at Einstein Bookstore. 2. I’ve just read a good book ________________.

5

Language Review
The use of should and shouldn’t (or should not): Rule: We use should to say what is the right thing to do and shouldn’t or should not for the wrong thing.

Examples: You shouldn’t leave the door open I should keep secrets. We should work hard.

Activity 1

I shouldn’t mind the gossips.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with should or shouldn’t. 1. We __________ prepare the report before the CEO comes back. 2. You _________ drink too many alcoholic beverages. 3. I ___________ finish reading my book soon. 4. Stop it! You _______ hurt yourself. 5. We ___________ turn on the lights when they come. 6. She __________ do a lot of extra reading. 7. We __________ take a nap after lunch.

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6

Role-Play Activities

Student A

Student B
A: . B: Why don’t you try a bigger bookstore? Like the one we have down the road. A: ____________________________. B: Yeah. I’m sure you’ll find one there. I can lend you my discount card. A: ____________________________. B: With this card you’ll get at least a 15% discount. A: ____________________________. B: Don’t mention it.

A: I couldn’t find the book we need for psychology class at Kuk Bookstore. B: ____ . A: Are you talking about the National Bookstore? B: ___________________________________. A: That would be nice. The book is quite expensive. B: ______________________________. A: Thanks!

Student B Student A
B: Excuse me. B: ______________________________ A: Yes, Ma’am? B: ________________________________ A: They’re in aisle five. Turn right and they’re on the left hand set of shelves. B: _________________________________ A: They’re just right there. B: _________________________________ A: You’re welcome. A: _______________________________ B: I’d like to know where the psychology books are. A: _______________________________ B: Great! Also, could you tell me where the computers are with the listings of all the books. A: ___________________________ B: Okay. Thanks a lot! A: ___________________________

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Unit 5

School

D

Prerequisites 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What are the pre-requisites to study at a national university? What do you think are the pre-requisites for medical school? Have you completed a master program? What are the prerequisites? Were you able to meet all those?

2 1

Pronunciation
Pair practice: sentences with TH and T The teacher says sentence (a) or (b). The student says the matching answer. 1. a. What is a bath for? b. What is a bat for? 2. a. How do you spell “both” b. How do you spell “boat” 3. a. What does “faith” mean? b. What does “fate” mean? 4. a. How do you spell “math”? b. How do you spell “mat”? 5. a. Where is the booth? b. Where is the boot? 6. a. How do you spell “Ruth”? b. How do you spell “Root”? 7. a. What does “wrath” mean? b. What does “rat” mean? To get clean. To play ball. BOTH BOAT Belief Destiny MATH MAT At the fair On my foot. RUTH ROOT Anger. Like a mouse.

3 1

Conversation
Read and Study the dialog below.
A: I’m planning to take an MBA program at Birmingham University. B: Go for it! A: But I don’t have any contact information. I searched the net, but unfortunately the school’s server isn’t working. B: Try the telephone directory. I’m sure it has the number. A: I’ll do that. I wonder what the prerequisites are. B: I think you need your diploma and transcripts from your former school. A: Do you think that’s all? B: Also, you must have at least two years work experience at a company.

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Prerequisite MBA Unfortunate Directory Former a) something that is necessary to the carrying out of a function b) unlucky; ill-fated c) Abbr. for Master of Business Administration d) previous e) address list

5

Language Review
The Future “will” in a statement of fact: Here we use will to talk about certainties or make a promise.

Examples: I’ll do that. Some things will never change. I won’t be late.

Activity
Write at least 5 statements of fact using will. 1. ______________________________________________. 2. ______________________________________________. 3. ______________________________________________. 4. ______________________________________________. 5. ______________________________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Hello, Registrar’s Office, how may I help? B: ______________________________ A: Yes, they’re offered in the beginning of the summer and they’re a month-long program. B: _______________________________ A: You should have taken basic math 1 and 2. B: ______________________________ A: Then you can just enroll on our website.

A: ______________________________ B: This is Francis Dean. I’d like to inquire if your school offers algebra classes during summer vacation? A: _______________________________ B: Could you inform me of the prerequisites please? A: ______________________________ B: Great. I took that last semester. A: ______________________________ B: Thank you!

Student A

Student B

B: _______________________________ A: Heathrow University rejected my application. B: ________________________________ A: I’m not sure. I submitted all the required documents they asked for. B: ________________________________ A: It says here, I didn’t have the basic subjects that were required for the program. B: ________________________________

B: What’s wrong Eric? You’ve got a long face today. A: ________________________________ B: And why was it rejected? A: ________________________________ B: Why don’t you recheck the letter they sent you? For sure you’ll find the answer there. A: ________________________________ B: Then you should take those subjects this semester and reapply next year.

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Unit 5

School

E

Cramming 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. Are you a procrastinator? Do you consider yourself an organized person? Why or why not? Have you experienced cramming for an exam? Share your experience with the class.

2 1

Pronunciation
Pair practice with R and D: past or present? Example:: Teacher: They close everything. Student: Present. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. a. They close everything. b. They closed everything a. The dogs scare every cat. b. The dogs scared every cat. a. Some speakers bore us. b. Some speakers bored us. a. They hired new employees on Friday. b. They hire new employees on Friday. a. They pour milk into the glass. b. They poured milk into the glass. a. We admire all you work. b. We admired all you work a. Do you think they care about politics? b. Do you think they cared about politics? a. They fear every animal. b. They feared every animal.

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog below. A: B: A: B: A: B: What’s bothering you Mariel? I got a C on my mid-term exam. You must be kidding! That was a very important exam. Oh boy, I don’t like numbers. So what will you do now? I need to get an A on my final exam. Unfortunately my final exam is on Friday. A: On Friday? You got barely two days to study. B: Yeah, two days to cram everything into my head!

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4

Vocabulary
Match the words in the columns: 1. Bother 2. Midterm 3. Cram 4. Finals 5. Barely a) an exam halfway through an academic term b) intensive study for an exam c)trouble; problem d)hardly; just e)examination in the end of an academic term

5

Language Review
The use of ‘must’ and ‘must’ not: We use “must” to express an obligation to do something. We use “must not” when there’s no obligation to do something. Examples: I must remember her name. I mustn’t smoke in the elevator.

Activity
Write 5 sentences using must and must not. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities

Student A

Student B

A: What’s wrong Jin? Got some trouble? B: ________________________________. A: Aren’t you done yet with that report?

B: _____________________________________. A: If you need some help, I’d be happy to help you. B: __________________________________ .

A: _____________________________. B: Yeah. I have to submit the financial report tomorrow. . A: ______________________________. B: No. I had to make some last minute changes with the figures. A: _______________________________. B: Thanks, but no, I can manage on my own. It looks like I have to cram tonight.

Student A

Student B

B: __________________________________ A: Yes, Mr. Kim announced it last week. B: __ A: What are you talking about Betty? He reminded us again yesterday. B: . A: Well you should, but you’ve only got two hours to do it. Good luck!

B: Is there an exam today in class? A: ____________________________. B: I didn’t hear about it. I was absent that day. A: _____________________________ B: Oh no, I should study now. A: ____________________________.

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Unit 5

School

F

Recommendation Letters 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. Have you ever been recommended by a professor or former employer? If somebody is asked about you, what do you think he/she would say? How would you best describe yourself as a student or an employee?

2 1

Pronunciation
The 9 types of Personalities: Listen and practice saying each word below. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Reformer Helper Motivator Romantic Thinker 6. 7. 8. 9. Enthusiast Skeptic Peacemaker Leader

*Describe and give examples of each personality.

3 1

Reading Comprehension
Here’s a sample recommendation letter. Letter of Recommendation Applicant: Faith Johnson Written by: Professor Victoria Samson I have known Faith Johnson since March 2004. Being a third year student she attended my lectures on counseling therapy. After her schooling, she continued to keep in touch with me. In 2006 she topped the National Board Exam for counselors and joined the FY Counselors Group. This characterizes Faith as a determined person with great ability to do her job well. I regard Faith’s academic and counseling abilities as excellent. I recommend her for graduate study at Mirth University School of Psychological Therapy. Sincerely yours, 24/02/07

V. Samson Corresponding member of National Advisers for Counselors

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Recommend 2. Determined 3. Wealth 4. Fame 5. Regard a) the condition of being very well known b) to suggest someone’s worthy of being accepted c) strong-minded d) an opinion as to the worth of somebody e) large amount of money or possessions

5

Language Review

The Uses of Too, Enough and Very: We use too to mean more than is good. We use enough to say that something is satisfactory or unsatisfactory in some way. We use very in making adjectives/adverbs stronger. Examples: The letter was too long. The food’s not enough for four people. Activity 1 My boss speaks very clearly.

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with too, enough (not enough) or very. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. You are _____ beautiful. I’m sure you will win the crown tonight. Sorry, but that’s _________ for us. He drinks ______ much. It’s not good for his health. The presentation was _____ long. I am ______ happy to meet you. She’s _____ good to be true. My colleague is _____ kind and helpful. The room is good _________ for two. Is the food ________ for you?

10. I am _________ eager to see you.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Congratulations! You got the scholarship! B: ____ . A: I believe so. Hope you’ll enjoy doing masters at UC. It’s an opportunity you’ve earned, so grab it. B: ___________________________________. A: We’re going to miss you so much. B: ______________________________. A: It still wouldn’t be the same.

Student B

A: . B: Thank you. I was surprised to hear the news myself. I never thought I’d get it. My supervisor was my greatest supporter. I believe his recommendation helped the decision. A: ____________________________. B: I’m sure I will miss you too. A: ____________________________. B: I’ll visit during the holidays and I’m sure you’ll be hearing from me everyday. You won’t even notice that I’m not here. A: ____________________________. B: I know. I’ll miss you and everyone here at the office too.

Student A Student B
B: ______________________________ A: Good morning, have a seat please. B: _________________________________ A: I’ve read the recommendation letter from your former employer, and I’m very pleased with your work performance and ethics. B: _________________________________ A: And I have asked you here today to let you know that we would like to offer you the position. B: _________________________________ A: I hope you’ll enjoy working with us. - 90 B: Good morning! A: _______________________________ B: Thanks! A: _______________________________ B: I’m very glad to hear it. A: _______________________________ B: Thank you. I can’t say how pleased I am. I’ll do my best to show you that you have chosen the right person. A: _______________________________ B: I’m sure I will.

l o o h c S 5 ti n U

Unit 6

Work
CONTENTS A Welcoming B Introducing a co-worker C Job descriptions D Tasks E Teamwork F Business Trips

A

Welcoming 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. How can you be hospitable in your office? What would make a visitor feel uncomfortable in your office? Do you think it is important to have a receptionist?

2 1

Pronunciation
A: Listen to the sentences below. Underline the stressed words. 1. It’s a fairly big building, but it’s not too big. 2. She’s not very pretty; she’s really funny, though. 3. Singapore is pretty safe to go, and it’s not very expensive. B: Listen and practice the each word below. Circle the words with different vowel sounds. 1. can pain pan man mane 2. bit but dip date pit 3. phone cone hole hot hit 4. put pot but pin hut 5. dry why die dye day

3 1

Conversation
Complete the conversation with the phrases written below. Good afternoon This way please Welcome to… Do you have an appointment with….. Care for a drink Pleased to meet you

A: ____________________ the Board of Trade Department. How may I help you? B: ____________________. My name’s Mr. Lee of PWBC. B: ____________________ Sir. ______________________________________ Mr. Isaac? A: Yes, I do. Is he in? B: Yes Sir. _________________. His office is just right there! A: Sir, ______________________? B: Yes, a cup of coffee with a little sugar please. A: It’ll be there in a minute. B: Thanks. - 91 -

4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Offer Welcome Guest In a minute Board of trade a) a government agency concerns with commerce b) a visitor c) in a short space of time d) to greet hospitably or courteously e) to present something

5

Language Review
A little/A few: * We use a little and a few in statements that expresses something is on a small scale. A little is used with uncountable and a few is used with countable. Examples: Put a little sugar on my coffee. There are a few apples left in the box.

Activity 1
Fill-in the blanks with a little or a few. 1. _______ butter on my bread, please. 2. There’s ___________ jam in the jar. 3. Only _____________ of the students attended the symposium. 4. There’s _________ sauce left on a dish. 5. Just ____________ errors were made.

Activity 2
Write sentences with a little or a few and the words below. 1. flour 2. oranges 3. make up 4. books 5. hint ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: Welcome to Telemarketing Inc. We’re happy to have you here Mr. Tunney. B: ______________________________ A: Please have a seat. B: _______________________________ A: Mr. Bolton will be here in a minute. Can I get you something to drink? B: _______________________________ A: No, not at all. Let me get you an ashtray. B: _______________________________ A: Make yourself at home, Mr. Tunney.

Student B

A: _____________________________ B: It’s my pleasure to be here as well. A: _______________________________ B: Thanks. A: ______________________________ B: No thanks. I’m fine. Do you mind if I smoke? A: ____________________________ B: Thank you. A: ____________________________ B: Okay, I will.

Student A Student B
B: _____________________________ A: Great. Come on in! B: ________________________________ A: Wonderful. Everything’s well in the market. B: ________________________________ A: Here, let me take that. Would you like a cup of coffee? B: _________________________________ A: Here you go. B: _____________________________ B: Hello Mr. Benjamin. Long time no see. How have you been? A: ________________________________ B: Thanks? So how’s business? A: ________________________________ B: Splendid. Where can I put my coat? A: _________________________________ B: Yes, please. No cream and just sugar please. A: ________________________________ B: Thanks! - 93 -

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Unit 6

Work

B

Introducing a co-worker 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. How old were you when you first had a regular job? Describe some people that you work with. Have you ever been promoted? Was your first day at work fun? Share your experience.

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen and practice the words rice twice thrice ties price prize mice nice entice

Listen and fill-in the blanks 1. The ______run fast. (mice) 2. These ______ are too fancy for me. (ties) 3. She’s a ________ person. (nice) 4. You need to pay the ________. (price) 5. I go to yoga class ________ a week. (thrice)

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Good morning Jay. Welcome to the sales department. B: Thanks Harry. I’m really excited about working with all of you. A: This is your cubicle here. We’re lucky because we have this floor to ourselves. B: Wow! This is great. A: Let me introduce you to your neighbor. This is Teddy Crams. He has worked with us since last year. B: Hi Teddy. Pleased to meet you. Teddy: Pleased to meet you too! A: This is Cindy over here. Cindy: I’m looking forward to working with you. B: Thanks Cindy. Me too! A: And this is Grace. She’s the youngest employee in this office. Grace: How’s it going? B: Great. Thanks.

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4

Vocabulary
Match the words to their definitions. 1. Cubicle a) ground; story 2. Youngest b) a workspace; a booth 3. Employee c) one that is the least old 4. Floor d) worker; member of staff

5

Language Review
The Subjective Personal Pronouns A subjective personal pronoun indicates that a pronoun is acting as the subject in a sentence. The subjective pronouns are: I, you, she, he, it, we, and they. Example: It is on the table.

Activity
Write the correct subjective personal pronoun. 1. ______ is the strangest bird that I’ve seen. ( an owl) 2. ______ will meet at the station tomorrow. (You and Jeff) 3. ______ are going to attend the meeting. (your colleagues) 4. ______ keeps the records. (the secretary) 5. ______ will wash the dishes. ( your daughter) 6. ______ do the presentation in a little while. (you) 7. ______ is the new chairperson of the board. (Mr. Humps) 8. ______ are talkative. ( Sally and Sandra) 9. ______ works hard. ( Adrian) 10. ______ is a principle not a feeling. (love)

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Good morning Linda, welcome to the team. B: ____ . A: We hope you’ll enjoy working with us. Let me introduce you to our staff. B: ___________________________________. A: This is Andy, our custodian. Andy: Nice to meet you too! B: ______________________________. A: This is Rachel, she’s Mr. Edwards secretary. Rachel: Hi Linda. I hope you enjoy working here as much as we do. B: __________________________________ A: And this is Miss Miles over here, she’s our data encoder.

A: . B: Thanks Ralph. It’s my pleasure to be working in your office. A: ____________________________. B: Sure. A: ____________________________. B: Nice to meet you Andy! A: ____________________________. B: Hope so too Rachel. Thanks. A: _____________________________ B: Pleased to meet you Miss Miles.

Student A

Student B

B: ______________________________ A: We’re like family in here. I started working in this company last summer. Robin has been working here for two years and Miss Miles for about 10. B: _________________________________ A: Great. He’s very friendly. B: _________________________________ A: By the way, this is Lisa, she’s an intern. Lisa: How’s it going?

B: It’s really nice to be here. Everybody has given me such a warm welcome. A: _______________________________ B: How’s the boss? A: ________________________________ B: Good to know that. A: ________________________________ B: So far so good. Thanks!

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Unit 6

Work

C

Job Descriptions 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. Describe your current job. Do you like your job? Why or why not? In your company, who makes the final decision? In your department, who has the most responsibilities?

2 1

Pronunciation
Say and practice the following list of words below. auditor plumber architect tour guide secretary engineer employee copywriter tax collector CEO (chief Executive Officer) PRO (Press Relation Officer) politician

Who does what? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Arrange appointments ______________________ Design buildings ______________________ Audits financial accounts ___________________ Repairs and installs pipes and fixtures __________________ Actively engaged in politics ____________________

3 1

Conversation
Read and practice the dialog below. A: Hi Marianne, how’s your job going? B: Not bad. I’m still trying to figure things out. A: Say, which job is more challenging? Being an engineer or being a salesperson? B: I would say being a salesperson. It’s more challenging to meet and deal with different people every minute of the day. A: What kind of things do you do everyday? B: Well, to name a few, I arrange appointments with clients, prepare sales presentations, negotiate the contract terms and report to my supervisors. A: That really sounds interesting. B: The part I like the best is traveling abroad on business trips to visit our overseas clients in Europe.
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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Challenging a) to treat somebody in a specified way 2. Receptionist b) demanding; tough 3. Deal with c) an employee who greets visitors or customers and answers phone calls Fill the blanks with the correct word from above. 1. Doing business presentation is __________________. 2. I _________________ customer complaints. 3. Where’s the _________________? Nobody picks up the phone.

5

Language Review
The Use of Much and More: We use much in a sentence for uncountable with a singular form of verb. We use more in a sentence for countable with a plural form of verb. Examples: There is much food on my plate. There are more female workers than male workers.

Activity 1

Activity
Fill-in the blanks with much or more. 1. There are _______________teachers than students at school today. 2. There’s ____________ fun watching comedy shows on Channel 16. 3. Plan A has ___________ advantages than plan B. 4. I need __________ time to finish my report. 5. Sandy has ______________ As than Mary. 6. Don’t eat too _____________. 7. Have some _______________. 8. There are _____________ cookies. Don’t hesitate to eat _________. 9. There’s ___________ mashed potatoes and I cannot finish it. 10. There are __________ bottles of beer in the ref. Take one if you like.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Read and practice the dialog below.

Student A

Student B

A: Hi, I’m Anne Bowles. I work in the research department. B: ___________________________________. A: Nice to meet you, Jade. B: _____________________________________. A: Say, what does your job involve? B: ____________________________________ A: Great, then you are the person I should talk to. Could you arrange a meeting for Mr. Jefferson with our department head this Thursday? It’s in regards to the new product we are launching this summer. B: __________________________________

A: ________________________________. B: I’m Jade. I’m Mr. Jefferson’s new secretary. . A: ________________________________. B: Nice to meet you too, Anne. A: ________________________________. B: Oh, I arrange meetings for Mr. Jefferson. I receive private calls for him and I book his domestic and international flights. A: ________________________________ B: I’d be happy to. I’ll send you the confirmation by email after I’ve confirmed it with Mr. Jefferson.

B: __________________________________

Student A
B: ______________________________ A: Tough, I have to travel to so many countries in South America. B: A: Tiring, yet exciting. South America is a very beautiful place. Unfortunately, I don’t have much time to go sight-seeing. B: . A: Yeah, it does. I meet with people from about 12 different countries. By doing so, we can keep our share in the world market.

Student B

B: Congratulations Maggie. How’s it going as the export sales manager? A: ________________________________. B: How do you find traveling so far? A:__________________________________ B: Does your job involve meeting representatives from all over the world?

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Unit 6

Work

D

Tasks 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. What are some tasks that are performed at work? What are some difficult tasks you’ve dealt with in the past? What are some of tasks that are performed at home?

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen and practice the unstressed sound of have in the following s sentences. 1. I would have told Mary to leave. 2. Look, what have you done? 3. You should have been thrifty. Practice the following words that sound similar but are different. 1. sheep 4. sleep ship slip 2. eel ill 5. Neat knit 3. Breezy 6. Feet busy fit

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog.

Michael: Hey you look tired. Michelle: I had to take many overseas calls today, because of the delay at our production plant. I’m afraid I’m running out of things to say to them. Hey why don’t you stay here and help me out Michael. Michael: I’m sorry I can’t help. My hands are tied today until I come up with a solution to the quality problems we are having at the factory. Michelle: Okay. So how about lending me a hand later? I need a technical expert to speak to the clients about the delayed orders. Michael: Sure. I’ll be back later this afternoon. Michelle: I’ll be expecting you Mike! Michael: I Promise!

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4

Vocabulary
Match the following words to their best definition. 1. Overseas a) losing out 2. Office supplies b) look forward to 3. Vocabulary c) out of the country; in a foreign country 4. Running out d) things needed to carry out a particular task 5. Expect e) words; expressions Fill-in the blanks from the list of words above. 1. I have to travel _____________ this summer. 2. I have to memorize English ___________ everyday.

5

Language Review
The Use of Because Because introduces a cause or reason. Below are sample sentences with because clauses. I could be a teacher because I’m very patient. I’d make a good writer because I love writing. Sally wouldn’t want to be a lawyer because she hates lying.

Activity 1
Write a sentence with because clauses given below. 1. because she’s pretty ______________________________________________________________ 2. because I’m tired ______________________________________________________________ 3. because I’m not competent

Activity 2
Complete the following sentences with because clauses. 1. I could be a flight attendant __________________________________. 2. I could never be a dentist ____________________________________. 3. I could be a journalist ________________________________________. 4. I could never be a cook _______________________________________. 5. I’d like to be a singer _________________________________________.

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6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A

Student B

A: Can you do me a favor please? B: ____ . A: Can you call Mr. Ford’s office and cancel my appointment with him. B: __________________________________. A: No, Mr. Ford of Office Supplies. B: __________________________________. A: It’s 056-893-0921 B: __________________________________ A: It’s 1 at the end. 0921. A: _______________________________ B: Sure. What is it? A: _____________________________ B: Mr. Ford of the Auto Repair Shop? A: ____________________________. B: Sorry, but I don’t have his number. A: ______________________________ B: So it’s 056-893-0929?
A: ___________________________________ B: OKay, got it!

Student A

Student B

B: ______________________________ A: Me, too. Yesterday I asked my husband to get a dishwasher but he didn’t go for the idea. B: _________________________________ A: All the time. My husband’s busy everyday so he doesn’t eat at home much, but I have to feed my children. What about you, do you cook at home? B: _________________________________ A: Well, why don’t you drop by for dinner some time, I’ll cook you a healthy home-made dinner.

B: I hate doing the dishes at home. A: _______________________________ B: Luckily, we don’t eat too often at home. Say, do you cook? A: ___________________________ B: No. We both have busy careers, so we eat out most of the time. When we are home we order in Chinese food or pizza. A: ___________________________ B: That sounds wonderful. Thank you for the invitation.

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Unit 6

Work

E

Teamwork 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. What is teambuilding? Why is teamwork important in the work place? How is communication important in teambuilding? Do you like working in a team or working alone? Why?

2 1

Pronunciation
Here are words ending in ‘–ty’. Listen and practice. Notice the differences of each word sound. unity diversity university city festivity intellectuality spirituality punctuality creativity nativity possibility feasibility

3 1

Conversation
Read and study the dialog. A: Our Company has a new scheme for teambuilding. B: That’s wonderful. We need to reorganize everything in the office to cope with globalization. A: Linda’s in charge of identifying every member of the team’s behavioral profile. And you will assist her. B: I’d be happy to. A: Remember strength lies in differences, not in similarities. B: Yes, sir. A: That’s my man!

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4

Vocabulary
Match these words to their definitions. 1. Scheme 2. Globalization 3. Reorganize 4. Assist 5. Identify a) recognize somebody or something b) to help somebody to do something c) systematic plan of action d) business/company operates on a global scale e) to change the way that something is organized

5

Language Review
The Uses of Have to and Need to 1. We use have to when we say there is an obligation to do something but that obligation comes from outside or from someone else. 2. We use need to when there is a necessity to do something.

Examples: (1) Students have to get medical insurance.
. n oit o m o r p

(2) I need to finish my report or else I won’t get the

Activity 1
Write at least 3 sentences using have to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Pay taxes ____________________________________________________________ 2. Start work at 9 a.m. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Study English ____________________________________________________________

Activity 2
Write at least 3 sentences using need to. Words and phrases are given below. 1. Feed the dog ____________________________________________________________ 2. Do the laundry ____________________________________________________________ 3. Eat fruits and vegetables ____________________________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities
Practice the dialogs below.

Student A
A: What do you do Ralph? B: ______________________________ A: How’s working in a team? B: __________________________________ A: That’s true. So what role do you play in your team? B: ______________________________ A: It sounds like a tough job, do you work late hours? B: _______________________________ A: It sounds like you really enjoy your job.

Student B
A: _______________________________ B: I’m a lawyer. I work for the Tripod law firm. A: _______________________________ B: Well, it’s amazing. It takes a team to get to the top. A: ______________________________ B: Research. I’m in charge of gathering evidence. A: ______________________________ B: Yes, especially when it’s a difficult case. But if I do my job right I can build a great case to help my clients. Despite the long hours, it’s a very rewarding job.

Student A Student B

B: _____________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: Have a seat. Now tell me about yourself. A: ________________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________ B: _______________________________ A: _______________________________

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Unit 6

Work

F

Business Trips 1 A Warm up
Discuss these questions. 1. Have you been on a business trip? a) b) c) 2. Where did you go? What did you do? Did you enjoy the trip?

What do you think is the best thing about business trips?

2 1

Pronunciation
Listen and circle the correct word. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The boat/coat is by the seashore. The boys clock/clap their hands. My boss loves reading/riding books. The shoes feet/fit my feet. Don’t talk/take too much. It won’t do any good.

3 1

Reading Comprehension
Global small business owners know face-to-face meetings with international customers help cement q uality business relationships. You can start planning your overseas trip from home on the internet - and the sooner the better. This is some information you should look up when planning a trip. 1) Passports, visas and immunization requirements. This process can take up to eight weeks, especially if you are traveling during a peak tourist season. 2) Packing will be much easier if you know the country's usual climate and forecasted weather during your trip. 3) Find out in advance about electrical voltage in the country and the types of plugs and outlets used there.

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4

Vocabulary
Match the words to their definitions.
1. 2. 3. 4. Face to face Immunization) Peak Cement a) to bind or make firm (e.g. friendship). b) confronting each other in person c) the process of injecting medicine to produce artificial immunity to a disease d) to reach a maximum

5

Language Review
The Relative Clauses Rule 1: Use who or that for people. Rule 2: Use which or that for things. Examples: The book is about a woman. She frees the slaves. The book is about a woman who/that frees the slaves.

Activity
Rewrite each sentence using the rules for relative clauses. 1. It’s a drama. It stars Sandra White. _________________________________________________________________ 2. It’s about a girl. She saved her parents marriage. _________________________________________________________________ 3. She was an Asian artist. She did lots of amazing paintings. _________________________________________________________________ 4. I am a woman. I fight for freedom. _________________________________________________________________

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6

Role-Play Activities

Student A
A: Concierge, can I help you? B: ________________________________. A: Yes, of course. It’s in the city center next to the city air terminal. If you get off at the city hall station. It’s only a five minute walk. B: _____________________________________. A: My pleasure. B: __________________________________ A: Sure, what is it? B: __________________________________ A: The nearest shopping mall would be in the city air terminal. They have a big duty free shopping mall. B: __________________________________ A: Have a good day, sir.

Student B

A: ________________________________. B: I’m Mr. Davis of Room #1113. I’m afraid I’m lost. Can you tell me how to get to the YR financial tower? A: ________________________________. B: Thank you. A: _______________________________. B: By the way, one more thing please. A: ________________________________ B: Could you recommend a good place to shop around that area? A: _______________________________ B: Great. Thank you!

Student A

Student B
B: Hello, may I help you? A: ______________________________. B: Sure. Fill-in this form please. A: _______________________________ B: Excuse me sir, is it five million Korean won? A: ______________________________. B: How would you like your money?
A: __________________________________

B: ______________________________ A: Yes, I would like to change my Korean won to American dollars please. B: A: Thanks! B: _________________________________ A: Yes, please. B: _________________________________ A: In 100 dollar bills, please.

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posted:5/18/2009
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Description: This is a beginner's level textbook for ESL learners. There are discussion questions, pronunciations, vocabulary and role play activities. Some topics covered are: the Telephone, Socializing, Travel, Entertainment, Sports & Fitness and Work.