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List of National Historic Sites of Canada

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

Stone cairns marked NHS’s in the early- to mid-20th century.

The latest style of NHS plaque. many of these are open to the public. Two of the 935 sites are located in France, found at the end of this list. This list uses official names as listed by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, not necessarily the colloquial name. Wherever possible, official names listed here are linked to pages with the colloquial name. The HSMBC also nominates National Historic Persons and National Historic Events. These are not listed here (see External Links for the full list). Most National Historic Sites, Persons, and Events are marked by a federal plaque which is usually installed and maintained by staff at the nearest Parks Canada operated National Historic Site. Since 1919, these plaques have been erected on cairns built for that purpose (in the early years), attached to buildings, or on free-standing posts. These maroon and gold markers are typically in English and French, though some are trilingual, adding another language appropriate to the subject being commemorated. They always include Canada’s coat of arms. More elaborate plaques have been cast for national historic districts which commemorate a collectivity of noteworthy buildings.

The earliest NHS plaques feature elaborate frames. This is a complete list of the National Historic Sites of Canada. All such designations are made by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC). As of August 2008, there are 958 sites, 158 of which are administered by Parks Canada. Parks Canada also administers some 42 National Parks. Nationwide, many of the sites are provincially, municipally or privately owned, and


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Galt Irrigation Canal – First major irrigation project in Canada, 1898–00 • Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump – Aboriginal bison drive; UNESCO World Heritage Site • Heritage Hall - Southern Alberta Institute of Technology – Early technical college in Collegiate Gothic Revival, 1921–1922 • Howse Pass – First crossed by David Thompson in 1807 (in Banff National Park) • Jasper House – Archaeological remains of 1829 fur trade post (in Jasper National Park) • Jasper Park Information Centre – Picturesque fieldstone park building of Rustic design, 1913–14 (in Jasper National Park) • Lac Ste. Anne Pilgrimage – First Roman Catholic mission to be established by the renowned priest, Albert Lacombe • Leduc-Woodbend Oilfield – Most important oil field in history of Alberta • Medalta Potteries – Early 20th century beehive kilns and manufacturing buildings • Medicine Hat Clay Industries – Cultural landscape associated with the growth and diversification of the pottery industry • Mewata Drill Hall / Calgary Drill Hall – Outstanding, large-scale, World War I urban armoury, 1917–18 • Nordegg – Coal mining landscape including numerous extant mining resources • Notre Dame des Victoires / Lac La Biche Mission – Important Roman Catholic mission, established in 1853 by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (see Lac La Biche, Alberta) • Old Women’s Buffalo Jump – Aboriginal bison drive in use for 1500 years • Palace Theatre – Designed by internationally renowned theatre architect C. Howard Crane • Prince of Wales Hotel – Symbol of mountain tourism, chalet style hotel, 1926–27 (in Waterton Lakes National Park) • Rocky Mountain House – Rival Hudson’s Bay Company and North West Company posts • Rundle’s Mission – Site of Methodist mission, agriculture and education • Skoki Ski Lodge – Ski lodge in rustic vernacular, 1930–31 (in Banff National Park) • St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church – Fine example of Gothic Revival design, 1912–14 • Stephen Avenue – Buildings along section of street illustrating prairie urban development • Stirling Agricultural Village – Distinctive Mormon pioneer dryland irrigation farming settlement pattern.[2] • Suffield Tipi Rings – Important example of Niitsitapi cultural heritage on the western Canadian plains

Alberta – 59
• Abbot Pass Refuge Cabin – Early stone alpine cabin used by climbers, 1922 (in Banff National Park) • Áísínai’pi – Contains the largest concentration of rock art images on the Great Plains • Athabasca Pass – Major fur trade transportation route (in Jasper National Park) • Atlas No. 3 Coal Mine – Exceptionally well-preserved coal mine plant • Banff Park Museum – Early natural history museum in Rustic style, 1902–03 (in Banff National Park) [1] • Banff Springs Hotel – Famous railway resort hotel in Château style, 1912 (in Banff National Park) • Bar U Ranch – Historic ranch in Alberta foothills, 1883 • Beaulieu – Sandstone mansion of Sir James A. Lougheed, 1891 • Blackfoot Crossing – Traditional meeting place on Blackfoot reserve • British Block Cairn – One of the best examples of a large boulder cairn • Brooks Aqueduct – Landmark irrigation project built by Canadian Pacific Railway in 1912–14 (see Brooks, Alberta) • Calgary City Hall – Imposing civic building in Romanesque Revival style, 1907–1911 • Cave and Basin – Hot springs, birthplace of national parks (in Banff National Park) • Coleman – Coal mining landscape illustrating important aspects of mining culture • Earthlodge Village – Remains of aboriginal village • First Oil Well in Western Canada – First commercially productive oil well in Western Canada (in Waterton Lakes National Park) • Fort Assiniboine – Site of 1823 Hudson’s Bay Company post • Fort Augustus and Fort Edmonton – Site of rival trading posts, 1795–1801; Hudson’s Bay Company • Fort Calgary – Site of 1875 North-West Mounted Police post • Fort Chipewyan – Site of major trading posts, 1800–present; Hudson’s Bay Company • Fort Dunvegan – Site of 1805 North West Company post • Fort Edmonton III – Site of 1831 Hudson’s Bay Company post • Fort Fork – Starting point of Alexander MacKenzie’s route to Pacific, 1793 • Fort Macleod – Site of North-West Mounted Police headquarters, 1876–78 • Fort Vermilion – Site of North West Company and Hudson’s Bay Company posts • Fort Whoop-Up – Whiskey post, led to formation of North-West Mounted Police • Frog Lake – Site of Cree uprising, 1885


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• Sulphur Mountain Cosmic Ray Station – Remains of high altitude geophysical laboratory (in Banff National Park) • Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints – Monumental modern temple in historic Mormon centre, 1913–1923 (Cardston, Alberta) • Territorial Court House – Oldest court house in Alberta, completed in 1904 • Treaty No. 7 Signing Site – Treaty signed in 1877 with Blackfoot nation (see Treaty 7) • Turner Valley Gas Plant – Early gas plant, central to the history of petroleum extraction technology (see Turner Valley, Alberta) • Turner Valley Oilfield – First major oil field in Alberta, 1914–47 • Victoria Settlement – Cultural landscape illustrating major themes in Prairie settlement • Wetaskiwin Court House – Classic symbol of justice in the developing West, 1907–1909 (Wetaskiwin, Alberta) • Yellowhead Pass – Transportation route through Rocky Mountains (in Jasper National Park) See also: List of provincial historic sites of Alberta

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Abbotsford Sikh Temple – Oldest surviving Sikh temple in Canada • Bay Street Drill Hall (Victoria) – Fortress-like World War I drill hall, 1914–15 • Begbie Hall at Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria – Nurses’ residences were central to the nursing culture • Binning Residence, 2968 Mathers Crescent, West Vancouver – Early and remarkable illustration of architecture in the modern era; 1941, built for artist B.C. Binning • Boat Encampment – Key trans-shipment point for the Hudson’s Bay Company Express, on the Big Bend of the Columbia River • Brilliant Suspension Bridge, West Kootenay (Castlegar area) – Doukhobor-built bridge; symbol of Doukhobor culture • Britannia Mines Concentrator – Important 1920s-30s copper mine concentrator • Britannia Shipyard (Richmond) – Historic ship repair and building facility • Butchart Gardens (Central Saanich) – World renowned floral garden started in 1904 • Chee Kung Tong Building - Rare surviving example of Chee Kung Tong architecture; venue for dealing with the Chinese community • Chilkoot Trail – Transportation route to Klondike gold fields • Chilliwack City Hall – Attractive concrete civic building, 1912 • Chinese Cemetery at Harling Point, Oak Bay, near Gonzales Observatory – Chinese-Canadian cemetery with significant pre-1950 mortuary features, distinctive plan and application of Feng Shui • Christ Church – Fine, early Gothic Revival church in Hope, 1861 • Church of Our Lord (Victoria, British Columbia) – Fine example of Carpenter Gothic Revival on the West Coast • Church of the Holy Cross, Skatin – Fine Carpenter Gothic Revival mission church at Skookuchuck Hot Springs aka Skatin, by In-SHUCK-ch craftsmen, 1905–08 • Congregation Emanu-el Temple, Victoria – Oldest surviving synagogue in Canada, built in 1863 • Craigdarroch Castle, Victoria – Baronial sandstone mansion of Robert Dunsmuir, 1887–90 • Craigflower Manor House, Victoria – Fine example of an agricultural settlement company residence, 1853–56 • Craigflower Schoolhouse, Victoria – Oldest surviving school building in western Canada, built 1854–55 • Emily Carr House, Victoria – Birthplace of Emily Carr, early West Coast Italianate, 1863–64 • Empress Hotel, Victoria – Landmark Château style railway hotel, 1904–08

British Columbia – 90

Ninstints (Nan Sdins, Skungwai Llanagaay) National Historic Site and UNESCO World Heritage Site • 223 Robert Street, Vic West neighbourhood, Victoria – Queen Anne Revival style residence, 1905


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Roundhouse – Early West Coast railway facility, 1913 • Esquimalt Naval Sites – Historic naval district with significant built resources • Estate of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Cultural landscape; served as the residence of the Governors and Lieutenant Governors of the province • Fisgard Lighthouse – First permanent lighthouse on Canada’s West Coast, 1859–60 • Former Vancouver Law Courts – Imposing neoclassical urban court house, 1907–11 • Former Victoria Law Courts – Earliest British Columbia court house, distinctive eclectic design, 1887–88 • Fort Alexandria – Site of North West Company post, 1821-60s • Fort Hope – Site of Hudson’s Bay Company post, 1848–60 • Fort Kamloops – Site of North West Company and Hudson’s Bay Company posts • Fort Langley – Early 19th century Hudson’s Bay Company post • Fort McLeod – Site of North West Company post built in 1805 • Fort Rodd Hill – Late 19th century fort to defend Esquimalt fortifications from American attack during San Juan Islands dispute • Fort St. James – Fur trade post founded by Simon Fraser, 1806 • Fort St. John – Site of North West Company posts, 1806–23 • Fort Steele – Site of 1887 North-West Mounted Police barracks • Fort Victoria – Site of 1843 Hudson’s Bay Company post • Kitwanga Fort and Battle Hill, at Kitwanga, British Columbia (Gitwangak) – Site of an 18th century hilltop fort. Interpretive panels describe the fort and its most famous resident, the fearsome warrior ’Nekt. • Gitwangak Totem Poles – Totem poles record families of Gitwangak • Gulf of Georgia Cannery, Steveston, Richmond – Outstanding West Coast fish processing complex, 1894 • Hatley Park, Colwood, Greater Victoria – Estate of Hatley Castle, built by James Dunsmuir, 1908 • Kaslo Municipal Hall – Oldest municipal hall on British Columbia mainland, 1898 • Kicking Horse Pass – Traversed by Palliser expedition, 1857–60 (in Yoho National Park) • Kiix?in Village and Fortress, Barkley Sound – Archaeological sites of First Nations village and fortress with significant architectural remains

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Kitselas Canyon, Skeena River – Remains of 2 aboriginal villages and petroglyphs • Gitanyow (Kitwancool) – Gitksan village • Kiusta – Former Haida village • Kootenae House – Site of North West Company post, 1807–12 • Lions Gate Bridge – Outstanding engineering achievement; an undeniable and significant influence on the development of Vancouver • Malahat Building – First Victoria custom house; 1873–76; Second Empire style • Marpole Midden aka Great Fraser Midden, Marpole area of South Vancouver – Site of midden, excavated in 1892 • McLean Mill, Port Alberni – Lumber mill complex, buildings and equipment, 1926–27 • Metlakatla Pass – Site of winter villages of Tsimshian peoples • Motor Vessel BCP 45, Campbell River – Example of a wooden seiner, a class of BC Packers vessel intimately associated with the commercial West Coast fishery, and noted for being featured on the reverse of the Canadian five-dollar bill • Myra Canyon Section of the Kettle Valley Railway – Outstanding engineering achievement in routing and constructing a railway in mountainous terrain • Ninstints (Nan Sdins or SGang Gwaay Llanagaay) – Remains of Haïda longhouses and totem poles; UNESCO World Heritage Site (in Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site) • Gold Harbour Area – Site of Haida village • Nikkei Internment Memorial Centre - Associated with WWII internment of Japanese Canadians • North Pacific Cannery, Prince Rupert – Oldest extant West Coast salmon cannery, 1889 • Orpheum (Vancouver) – Ornate 1920s movie palace • Pemberton Memorial Operating Room, Eric Martin Pavilion, Victoria – Rare surviving example of a surgical facility from the period of transition of hospitals from primarily charitable to scientific institutions • Point Atkinson Lighthouse – Strategic light integral to growth of Vancouver harbour, 1912 • Point Ellice House / O’Reilly House – Picturesque early house and gardens, 1861, residence of Peter O’Reilly • Powell River Townsite Historic District – Largely intact early 20th century planned single-industry town • Riverview Hospital (Coquitlam) - Psychiatric hospital with architectural grandeur and Canada’s first true botanical garden.[3] • Rogers’ Building (Vancouver) – Intact retail building in Queen Anne Revival style; home of Rogers’ Chocolates, 1903


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Rogers Pass – Canadian Pacific Railway route through Selkirk Mountains (in Glacier National Park) • Rossland Court House – Early regional expression of a Canadian court house, 1898–1901 • Royal Theatre (Victoria) – Classically inspired vaudeville theatre, 1913 • SS Moyie – Restored riverboat launched in 1898 • Saint Paul’s Roman Catholic Church, Eslha7an, North Vancouver, British Columbia – Impressive 1884 Gothic Revival mission church • Silverdale, in the District of Mission - site of Canada’s first train robbery • Similkameen Spirit Trail - Symbolizes connections between spiritual and physical worlds • Skedans – Former Haida village • St. Andrew’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, Victoria – Excellent example of High Victorian Gothic, 1892 • St Anne’s Academy, Victoria – 19th century private girls’ school • St. Roch, Vancouver Maritime Museum – First vessel to navigate Northwest passage west to east, 1928 • Stanley Park – Outstanding large urban park, 1890s • Stave Falls Hydro-Electric Installation – Excellent representation of the core period of hydro-electric technological development among the approximately 160 extant stations built between 1900–1920 across Canada • Tanu – Former Haida village (in Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve) • Triple Island Lighthouse on Brown Passage, 25 mi from Prince Rupert – Striking concrete station in isolated setting, 1920 • Twin Falls Tea House – Early rustic tea house in Yoho National Park, 1923–24 • Victoria City Hall – Earliest extant western town hall; Second Empire style, 1878–1890 • Chinatown, Victoria – Oldest surviving Chinatown in Canada with cohesive groupings of historic buildings • Vogue Theatre, Theatre Row, Vancouver – Moderne style theatre, 1941 • Weir’s (Taylor’s) Beach Earthworks Site, Metchosin, Greater Victoria – Pre-contact site on Vancouver Island • Whaler’s Shrine Site, Yuquot, Nootka Sound – Aboriginal ritual site, shrine removed • X̲á:ytem / Hatzic Rock, Mission – Habitation site of Stó:lo peoples • Yan Village Indian Site – Former Haida village • Yuquot – Centre of the social, political and economic world of the Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nations, and the first point of contact between Europeans and an indigenous people of the west coast of Canada; location of signing of the Nootka Conventions

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

Manitoba – 52
• Battle of Seven Oaks – Conflict between Métis and Red River settlers, 1816 • BCATP Hangar No. 1 – Excellent, well-preserved example of a British Commonwealth Air Training Plan hangar built during World War II • Brockinton Indian Site – Late prehistoric site, Blackduck phase • Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg) – Classically inspired railway station, gateway to the West, 1904–05 • Churchill Rocket Research Range – Upper atmosphere research centre • Confederation Building – Landmark Winnipeg steelframed skyscraper, 1912 • Dalnavert – Queen Anne Revival home of Hugh John Macdonald, 1895 • Dominion Exhibition Display Building II – Sole survivor of buildings constructed for Dominion Exhibition, held annually from 1879–1912 • Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg – Significant grouping of early high-rise buildings • Exchange District – Centre of the grain and wholesale trade, finance and manufacturing between 1880–1900 and also 1900–13 • First Homestead in Western Canada – Site of 1872 homestead, first under new survey system • Former Union Bank Building / Annex – First skyscraper in western Canada; speaks to key note of finance in expansion of the West, 1903–04 • Fort Churchill – Built by Samuel Hearne 1783, reached by rail in 1929; Hudson’s Bay Company • Fort Dauphin – One of La Vérendrye’s posts, built 1741; North West Company • Fort Douglas – Site of 1812 headquarters of Red River settlement; North West Company • Fort Dufferin – Newly-formed North-West Mounted Police set out for Alberta in 1874 • Fort Garry Hotel – Château style railway hotel built 1911–13 • Fort La Reine – Most important of La Vérendrye’s western posts; North West Company • Grey Nuns’ Convent – Early Red River frame mission house, erected in 1845–51 • Holy Trinity Anglican Church – Fine example of High Victorian Gothic style, 1883–84 • Inglis elevator row – Rare row of standard plan country grain elevators typical of "Golden Age" from 1920s to 1940s • Linear Mounds – Aboriginal burial mounds from 1000–1200 AD • Lower Fort Garry – Major centre in 19th century fur trade • Metropolitan Theatre – First movie "palace" in Canada, 1919


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Miami Railway Station (Canadian Northern) – Early Prairie branch line railway station, 1905 • Miss Davis’ School Residence / Twin Oaks – Girls’ school, mid 1850s Red River architecture • Neepawa Court House / Beautiful Plains County Court Building – Court house, town hall, jail and theatre, 1884 • Neubergthal Street Village – Distinctive Mennonite Prairie settlement pattern and house-barn architecture • Norway House – Major 19th century Hudson’s Bay Company post • Pantages Playhouse Theatre – Lavish vaudeville theatre, 1913–14 • Portage La Prairie Public Building – Limestone building designed under Thomas Fuller, 1895–98 • Prince of Wales Fort – 18th century stone fur trade fort on Hudson Bay • Red River Floodway – Outstanding engineering achievement in flood control • Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex – Three rustic buildings built under depression relief programs (in Riding Mountain National Park) • Riel House – Family home of Métis leader Louis Riel • Roslyn Court Apartments – Fine Queen Anne Revival apartment building, 1909 • Sea Horse Gully Remains – Large Dorset and preDorset site • Souris-Assiniboine Posts – Important fur trade centre, Yellow Quill Trail; North West Company and Hudson’s Bay Company • St. Andrew’s Anglican Church – Oldest stone church in western Canada, 1845–49 • St. Andrew’s Rectory – Example of mid 19th century Red River architecture, 1852–1854 • St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam – Largest of its type in world, 1907–10 • St. Boniface City Hall – Imposing building by Victor Horwood, built in 1905 • St. Boniface Hospital Nurses’ Residence – Nurses’ residences were central to the nursing culture • St. Michael’s Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church – Typical and oldest Ukrainian church, 1899 • The Forks – Historic meeting place, junction of the Red and Assiniboine rivers • Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception – One of the most ambitious and accomplished buildings by Reverend Philip Ruh, 1930–52 • Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Resurrection – Mature and culminating expression of Ukrainian identity of the Dauphin Block Settlement, 1936–39 • Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National) – Beaux-Arts railway station, important in western settlement, 1908–11

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Walker Theatre – Playhouse, 1906; site of labour and Women’s Movement meetings, 1914 • Wasyl Negrych Pioneer Homestead – Believed to be earliest and best preserved example of Ukrainian pioneer farm • Winnipeg Law Courts – Monumental symbol of law and order, 1912–16 • York Factory – Hudson’s Bay Company’s principal fur trade depot from 1684-1870s

New Brunswick – 61

Hartland Covered Bridge National Historic Site • 1 Chipman Hill – Fine residence with interior mural painting • Sir Howard Douglas Hall – Oldest extant university building in Canada, 1826–27 • Augustine Mound – Pre-contact burial mound • Beaubears Island Shipbuilding – Archaeological site associated with nineteenth-century shipbuilding • Belmont House / R. Wilmot Home – Home of politician and Father of Confederation, Robert Duncan Wilmot, circa 1820 • Boishébert – Acadian refugee settlement, 1756–59 • Carleton Martello Tower – Fortification built to defend Saint John during War of 1812 • Chandler House / Rocklyn – Fine Neoclassical residence of politician and Father of Confederation, Edward Barron Chandler • Charlotte County Court House – Fine early example of Maritime court house • Christ Church Anglican – Archetypal Gothic Revival parish church, 1856 • Christ Church Cathedral – Exceptional example of Gothic Revival style, built in 1845 • Connell House – Greek Revival style residence of Charles Connell, lumber merchant and politician; circa 1840 • Denys Fort / Habitation – 17th century French trading post


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Fort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland – Remnants of 1750–51 French fort; captured by British and New England troops in 1755 • Fort Charnisay – Site of French fort, 1645 • Fort Gaspareaux – Military ruins and cemetery of 1751 French fort • Fort Howe – Built 1777 to defend the Saint John River from U.S. attack (the nation’s first National Historic Site, once in the National Park System, then returned to the City of Saint John) • Fort Jemseg – Site of 1659 English post, captured by Dutch in 1674 • Fort La Tour – Site of French fort, 1631 • Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) – Site of French fort, 1692–98 • Fort Nerepis – Site of 1749 French fort on aboriginal site, Fort Boishebert • Fredericton City Hall – Multi-functional municipal hall, 1875–76 • Fredericton Military Compound – Important grouping of British Colonial military buildings • Free Meeting House – Meeting house, symbol of ecumenical spirit, built in 1821 • Greenock Church – Fine Palladian style meeting house, 1821–24 • Hammond House – Fine example of Queen Anne Revival style, 1899 • Hartland Covered Bridge – Longest extant covered bridge in the world • Imperial / Bi-Capitol Theatre – Grand playhouse / vaudeville theatre, 1912–23 • La Coupe Dry Dock – Site may represent 18th century Acadian construction • Landing of United Empire Loyalists in New Brunswick – Three separate fleets of ships carrying Loyalists from New England, 1783 • Loyalist House – New England-influenced architecture; residence built circa 1820 • Marine Hospital – Oldest surviving marine hospital in Canada, 1830–31 • Marysville Cotton Mill – Typical late 19th century textile mill • Marysville Historic District – Important intact 19th century company town • McAdam Railway Station (Canadian Pacific) – Large Château style railway station, 1900 • Meductic Indian Village / Fort Meductic – Principal Maliseet settlement • Minister’s Island – Cultural landscape; seasonal estate begun in the late 19th century by Sir William Van Horne • Minister’s Island Pre-contact Sites – Pre-contact shell midden, 500 BC - 1500 AD • Miscou Island Lighthouse – Strategic Baie des Chaleurs octagonal colonial lighthouse

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Monument Lefebvre – Multi-function building, symbol of Acadian cultural revival • Number 2 Mechanics’ Volunteer Company Engine House – 19th century Neoclassical style fire hall for hand-operated pumper fire engines, 1840s • Old Government House – Georgian-era vice-regal residence, 1826–28 • Oxbow – Well-preserved, 3000-year archaeological record • Partridge Island Quarantine Station – Established 1830 to prevent spread of smallpox • Prince William Streetscape – Important late 19th century architecture, commercial streetscape • Rothesay Railway Station (European and North American) – Example of standard design station, 1858–60 • Saint John City Market – Rare example of 19th century market building still in use; Second Empire style • Saint John County Court House – Early symbol of British colonial justice • Seal Cove Smoked Herring Stands – Herring stands and related structures in environment evocative of late 19th century Atlantic herring fishery • St. Andrews Blockhouse – Restored wooden blockhouse from War of 1812 • St. Andrews Historic District – Distinctive town with surviving 18th century British colonial plan and classically-inspired architecture • St. Anne’s Chapel of Ease – Early and excellent example of Gothic Revival chapel, 1846–47 • St. John’s Anglican Church / Stone Church – One of earliest Gothic Revival churches in Canada, 1824–25 • St. Luke’s Anglican Church – Fine Vernacular WrenGibbsian church, 1831–33 • St. Paul’s United Church – Fine High Victorian Gothic church, 1886 • St. Stephen Post Office – Early symbol of federal government presence • Tilley House – Boyhood home of Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley, Father of Confederation, built 1790s • Tonge’s Island – Capital of Acadia, 1678–84 • Trinity Church and Rectory – Oldest Anglican church and rectory in New Brunswick, 1787–89 • William Brydone Jack Observatory – First astronomical observatory in Canada, 1851 • York County Court House – Early brick court house

Newfoundland and Labrador – 44
• Basilica of St. John the Baptist – Romanesque Revival basilica, symbol of Roman Catholic Church in Newfoundland, 1839–55


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Hawthorne Cottage – Picturesque cottage, home of Captain Robert Bartlett from 1875–1946 • Hebron Mission – Complex of linked Moravian mission buildings, 1837 • Hopedale Mission – Symbol of interaction between Labrador Inuit and Moravian Missionaries; representative of Moravian Mission architecture in Labrador • Indian Point – Well documented Beothuk site • L’Anse Amour – One of the largest and longest used Aboriginal habitation sites in Labrador; earliest known funeral monument in the New World • L’Anse aux Meadows – Only authenticated Viking settlement in North America; UNESCO World Heritage Site • Mallard Cottage – Vernacular building by Irish immigrants, circa 1820–40 • Murray Premises – Mid 19th century commercial waterfront structures • Okak – Archaeological site, several cultures occupied • Port au Choix – Pre-contact burial and habitation sites • Port Union Historic District – Town constructed and run by a union • Red Bay – 16th century Basque whaling industry complex • Rennie’s Mill Road Historic District – Fine example of 19th century residential streetscape • Ryan Premises – East Coast fishing industry complex • Signal Hill – Commemorates defence of St. John’s; includes the Cabot Tower • St. John the Baptist Anglican Cathedral – Outstanding Gothic Revival by G.G. Scott, 1847 • St. John’s Court House – Sandstone Romanesque Revival urban court house, 1900–04 • St. John’s Ecclesiastical District - Denominations’ establishment of spiritual, philanthropic, charitable and educational institutions • St. John’s WWII Coastal Defences – Safe port for World War II convoy assembly; Atlantic Bulwark • St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church – Major Gothic Revival church, 1864–81 • St. Thomas Rectory / Commissariat House and Garden – Military stores and residence, 1818 • Tilting – Possesses a landscape illustrating adaptations of Irish settlement patterns; cultural landscape • Walled Landscape of Grates Cove – Pasturage and gardens defined by stone walls reflecting communal system of land use typical of Newfoundland • Water Street Historic District – Mid 19th century mercantile centre of St. John’s • Winterholme – Queen Anne Revival style mansion, 1905

L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site • Battle Harbour Historic District – District evocative of the 19th- and early 20th century fishing outports of Newfoundland and Labrador • Boyd’s Cove Beothuk – Major archaeological site for Beothuk history • Cable Building - Transatlantic communications building; key in development of Western Union Telegraph Company network • Cape Pine Lighthouse – Early circular cast-iron tower, 1851 • Cape Race Lighthouse – Strategic landfall light on major shipping lane • Cape Spear – Oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland, 1836 • Castle Hill – 17th- and 18th century French and British fortifications • Christ Church / Quidi Vidi Church – Early 19th century outport village church, 1842 • Colony of Avalon – Site of first English settlement in Canada, 1621 • Fleur de Lys Soapstone Quarries – Resource extraction by Dorset culture • Former Bank of British North America – Fine example of Italianate style, 1848–50 • Former Carbonear Railway Station (Newfoundland Railway) – Representative station of Newfoundland railway system, 1917 • Former Newfoundland Railway Headquarters – Headquarters and terminus of Newfoundland railway system, 1903 • Fort Amherst – Site of 1777 fortifications, St. John’s harbour • Fort Townshend – Headquarters of Newfoundland garrison, 1779–1871 • Fort William, Newfoundland – Headquarters of Newfoundland garrison, 1618–1779 • Government House – Vice-regal residence, 1827–31 • Harbour Grace Court House – Oldest court house in Newfoundland, 1830


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Black-Binney House – Palladian urban residence, 1819 • Bloody Creek – Site of two French-English combats, 1711 and 1757 • CSS Acadia – Pioneering research ship, Lead role in charting Hudson Bay, launched 1913 • Canso Islands – Site of fishing centre, 16th- to 19th century • Cast Iron Façade / Coomb’s Old English Shoe Store – Rare and early example of full cast iron façade, 1860 • Chapel Island – Important gathering place, a location for government and a site of spiritual significance to the Mi’kmaq • Chapman House – Prosperous late 18th century farmhouse, 1770s • Covenanters’ Church – Historic Presbyterian meeting house, circa 1804–11 • D’Anville’s Encampment – French expedition to retake Louisbourg, 1746 • Debert Palaeo-Indian Site – Archaeological remains of Aboriginal caribou hunting • Fernwood – Gothic Revival villa, circa 1860 • Fort Anne – 1695–1708 fortifications • Fort Edward – Played a role in the struggle for predominance in North America, 1750–1812; oldest blockhouse in Canada, 1750 • Fort LaHave – First permanent French settlement in Acadia, 1632 • Fort Lawrence – English fort, 1750–55 • Fort McNab – Fort built in 1889 to defend Halifax Harbour • Fort St. Louis – Site of French fort, 1630 • Fortress of Louisbourg – Reconstruction of 18th century French fortress • Fraser Octagon House - Octagon house built in 1857 in Tatamagouche • Georges Island – Harbour fortification; contains Fort Charlotte • Government House – Excellent, early, Palladian style vice-regal residence • Grand-Pré – Commemorates Acadian settlement and expulsion • Grand-Pré Rural Historic District – Acadian / English planter settlement area with surviving land-use patterns • Granville Block - Early influential demonstration that heritage conservation is a viable approach to urban planning and redevelopment • Grassy Island Fort – Centre of English fishery in 18th century • Halifax Armoury – Large, urban, Romanesque Revival drill hall for the active militia, 1895–99 • Halifax Citadel – Restored British masonry fort, 1828–56 • Halifax City Hall – Civic symbol on Grand Parade, 1887; Second Empire style

Northwest Territories – 12
• Church of Our Lady of Good Hope – Early northern Oblate mission church, outstanding interior decoration, 1865–85 • Déline Fishery / Franklin’s Fort – Wintering quarters of Sir John Franklin and his second expedition • Ehdaa – Traditional gathering site for the Dene • Fort McPherson – Hudson’s Bay Company post, 1840 • Fort Reliance – Oldest continuously operating Hudson’s Bay Company post, 1833 • Fort Resolution – Main post on Great Slave Lake, 1821; North West Company • Fort Simpson – North West Company (1804) and Hudson’s Bay Company (1822) posts • Hay River Mission Sites – Mission buildings, significant to Dene community • Kittigazuit Archaeological Sites – Beluga hunting, Kittegaryumiut and Mackenzie Delta • Nagwichoonjik (Mackenzie River) – Flows through Gwichya Gwich’in traditional homeland and continues to be culturally, socially and spiritually significant • Parry’s Rock Wintering Site – Wintering site of William Edward Parry’s expedition of the Northwest Passage, 1819 • Sahoyúé-§ehdacho – Expression of cultural values through the interrelationship between landscape, oral histories, graves and cultural resources

Nova Scotia – 87
• Acacia Grove / Prescott House – Palladian home of horticulturalist C. R. Prescott • Admiralty House – Exceptional 1819 Palladian style naval residence • Africville – Community representative of Black settlement in Nova Scotia; an enduring symbol to Black Canadians • Akins House – Early vernacular building, circa 1815 • Alexander Graham Bell Museum – Commemorates famous inventor • Annapolis County Court House – Archetypical 1837 Palladian style colonial court house • Annapolis Royal Historic District – Strategic colonial capital with evolved townsite plan • Antigonish County Court House – Typical mid 19th century Maritime court house, 1855 • Argyle Township Court House and Jail – Oldest known surviving combined court house and jail • Beaubassin – Major Acadian settlement; pivotal place in the 17th- and 18th century North American geopolitical struggle between the British and French empires • Bedford Petroglyphs – Spiritually significant petroglyph site


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Halifax Court House – Italianate court house, 1858 • Halifax Dockyard – Oldest dockyard in North America still in use, 1758 • Halifax Public Gardens – One of rare surviving Victorian gardens in Canada • Halifax Waterfront Buildings – Commercial grouping reflecting Halifax’s 19th century development • Halifax WWII Coastal Defences – Safe port for World War II convoy assembly; Atlantic Bulwark • Henry House – Common 19th century urban type in local ironstone, 1834; residence of Father of Confederation, William A. Henry • HMCS Sackville – Only surviving Flower-class corvette; Battle of Atlantic, World War II • Hydrostone District, North End, Halifax – Public housing in Garden Suburb style, 1920s • Jonathan McCully House – Italianate urban residence of politician and Father of Confederation, Jonathan McCully • Kejimkujik – Important Mi’kmaq cultural landscape (in Kejimkujik National Park) • King’s College – Site of Anglican college, 1789–1923 • Knaut-Rhuland House – Example of British classicism applied to a residence by virtue of its precise, harmonious design and rich detail • Ladies’ Seminary – Represents the earliest phase of Women’s higher education; 1878 • Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church, Halifax – Oldest known surviving church in Canada associated with the German-Canadian community, 1756–60 • Liverpool Town Hall – Dignified regional reflection of a national building type • Lunenburg Academy – Rare survivor from Nova Scotia’s 19th century academy system; Second Empire style • Marconi National Historic Site – Site of first wireless station in Canada • Marconi Wireless Station – First regular public transatlantic wireless service • Melanson Settlement – Pre-expulsion Acadian farm community, 1664–1755 • Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Sydney) – Surviving clusters of in situ resources associated with the fields and the coal industry • Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Stellarton) – Surviving clusters of in situ resources associated with the fields and the coal industry • Old Barrington Meeting House – Rare 1765 meeting house • Old Burying Ground, Halifax – Unique concentration of gravestone art, from 1749 • Old Town Lunenburg Historic District – Homogeneous architectural ensemble on British model town plan; UNESCO World Heritage Site • Pictou Academy, Pictou, Nova Scotia – Site of first Pictou Academy, 1818–1932

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Pictou Railway Station (Intercolonial) – Eclectic Intercolonial railway station; 1904 • Pier 21 – Highly specialized building type related to early 20th century Canadian immigration and post war immigration • Port-Royal – Reconstruction of 1605 French settlement • Poutrincourt’s Mill – Site of 1607 flour mill • Prince of Wales Tower – Late 18th century stone defence tower, 1796–99 • Province House – Oldest legislative seat in Canada and site of the country’s first responsible government. • Royal Battery – Role in the 1745 and 1758 sieges of Louisbourg • Sainte-Anne / Port Dauphin – Precursor of Louisbourg • Sambro Island Lighthouse - Oldest surviving lighthouse in Canada, 1758 • Scots Fort – Site of Sir William Alexander’s settlement, 1629–31 • Sinclair Inn / Farmer’s Hotel – Inn circa 1781, early construction techniques • Sir Frederick Borden Residence – Shingle style residence of prominent Canadian politician, 1902 • Springhill Coal Mining – One of Canada’s most commercially important coalfields • St. George’s Anglican Church / Round Church – Unique Palladian style round church, 1800–12 • St. John’s Anglican Church (Lunenburg, Nova Scotia) – Lunenburg Historically significant Carpenter’s Gothic Revival church, 1754–63 • St. Mary’s Basilica – Central role in the religious history of Nova Scotia, 1820–29 • St. Paul’s Anglican Church – Early Palladian church, serving official Halifax, 1750 • St. Peter’s – French trading post and fort, 1650–1758 • St. Peters Canal – Operational canal; structures dating from 19th century • Sydney WWII Coastal Defences – Safe port for World War II convoy assembly; Atlantic Bulwark • Thinkers’ Lodge - Site of scientific conference to discuss threat of nuclear weapons • Trinity Anglican Church – Safe port for World War II convoy assembly; Atlantic Bulwark • Truro Post Office – Early symbol of federal government • Wolfe’s Landing – Successful landing led to capture of Louisbourg, 1758 • York Redoubt – Major seaward defences of Halifax Harbour from the American Revolutionary War until World War II

Nunavut – 11

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

Inuksuk National Historic Site • Arvia’juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk National Historic Site – Inuit summer occupation sites with rich history and surviving in situ resources • Beechey Island sites – Sites related to 19th century Arctic exploration, specifically: Franklin Wintering Site; Northumberland House; Cairns; Wreck of H.M.S. Breadalbane; and Devon Island Site at Cape Riley • Blacklead Island Whaling Station – Aboriginal and European bowhead whaling • Bloody Falls —Located in the Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park, pre-contact hunting and fishing sites and the site of the Bloody Falls Massacre • HMS Erebus and HMS Terror – Ships of Franklin’s last expedition, 1845 • Fall Caribou Crossing – Located in the Kazan River & Baker Lake area, site of critical importance to the historical survival of Inuit community • Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites – Archaeological sequence, 2000 BC - 1000 AD • Inuksuk – Inuit complex of 100 stone landmarks • Kekerten Island Whaling Station – Aboriginal and European bowhead whaling • Kodlunarn Island – Martin Frobisher habitation and iron smelting, 1576–1578 • Port Refuge – Located on Devon Island, pre-contact occupations, trade with Norse colonies

Aberdeen Pavilion National Historic Site, near Lansdowne Park’s main entrance

Ontario – 262
• Aberdeen Pavilion – Rare 19th century large scale exhibition building, Ottawa1898 • Adelaide Hunter Hoodless Homestead – Childhood home of activist and organizer Adelaide Hunter Hoodless • Algoma Central Engine House – First in Canada to have internal turntable, 1912 • Algonquin Provincial Park – Canada’s first provincial park, established in 1893 • Amherstburg Navy Yard – Site of British naval yard, 1796–1813; War of 1812

Fort York National Historic Site • Ann Baillie Building – Nurses’ residences were central to the nursing culture, 1903–04 • Annandale House / Tillsonburg Museum – Decorative interior, Aesthetic Movement in Canada; major impact on domestic architecture in Canada, 1881–83 [4] • Annesley Hall – University Building (Women’s Residence) in Queen Anne Revival Style, 1902–03 • Backhouse Grist Mill – One of the oldest and best preserved small water-powered establishments, 1798


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

Martello tower in Fort Frederick

Fort Henry aerial photo, 1920 • Battle of Cook’s Mills – Site of British victory; War of 1812 • Battle of Crysler’s Farm – Site of one of decisive battles of War of 1812 • Battle of Lundy’s Lane – Site of bloodiest battle of War of 1812 • Battle of Stoney Creek – Site of British victory; War of 1812 • Battle of the Windmill - American invasion mission foiled, 1838 • Battlefield of Fort George - War of 1812, capture of Fort George by Americans, 1813 • Bead Hill - Remains of 17th century Seneca village • Beechcroft and Lakehurst Gardens - Olmstead gardens, circa 1870 • Beechwood Cemetery - Exceptional 19th century rural cemetery, characterized by a naturalistic, pastoral and picturesque landscape; the sole National Cemetery, and home of the National Military Cemetery • Bell Homestead - Location of important events in Alexander Graham Bell’s life Ottawa • Belle Vue - Military residence in Palladian style, 1816–19 • Belleville Railway Station (Grand Trunk) - Typical mid 19th century Grand Trunk design, 1855–56 • Bellevue House - Important Italianate villa 1840s; home of Sir John A. Macdonald, Prime Minister of Canada (1867–73, 1878–91) • Bethune Memorial House - Birthplace of Doctor Norman Bethune; of symbolic significance to the Chinese • Bethune-Thompson House / White House - Early Ontario home, begun 1780, historic construction techniques • Billings House - Georgian homestead, 1829; Ottawa’s oldest frame house Ottawa

Plan of Fort Frontenac 1685 • Balmoral Fire Hall – Rare Queen Anne Revival fire hall, 1911 (Station 311) Toronto • Bank of Upper Canada Building – Home of important 19th century bank • Banting House – Documented and recognized as the site of the defining moment of the discovery of insulin • Barnum House – Neoclassic domestic architecture, circa 1820 • Battle of Longwoods— Site of 1814 battle; War of 1812 • Battle of Beaver Dams – Near site of 1813 British victory (Laura Secord) - Battle of Beechwoods; War of 1812 • Battle of Chippawa – Site of 1814 battle; War of 1812


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Billy Bishop Boyhood Home - Only surviving property in Canada strongly associated with the renowned World War I flying ace • Birkbeck Building - Edwardian Baroque financial institution, 1908 • Bois Blanc Island Lighthouse and Blockhouse Wooden blockhouse part of the defences of Fort Malden, 1839; point of attack by Canadian rebels and their American sympathizers; January 1838 • Bridge Island / Chimney Island - War of 1812 naval station • Burlington Heights - War of 1812 battle site • Butler’s Barracks - Complex represents 150 years of military history • Buxton National Historic Site and Museum - Farming community established by Underground Railroad refugees • Canal Lake Concrete Arch Bridge - Early use of concrete in bridge construction (in Trent-Severn Waterway NHS) • Carrying Place of the Bay of Quinte - Site of 1787 treaty between British and Mississauga • Castle Kilbride - Superb interior mural decoration • Central Chambers - Fine Queen Anne Revival commercial block, 1890–91 • Central Experimental Farm - Cultural landscape reflecting the 19th century philosophy of agriculture • Château Laurier - Château style railway hotel, 1908–12 Ottawa • Chiefswood - Italianate style birthplace of poet E. Pauline Johnson, 1853–56 [5] • Christ Church Royal Chapel - Historic royal chapel linked with establishment of Mohawk Peoples in Ontario, 1843 • Claverleigh - Gothic Revival villa in wood, 1871 • Cliff Site - Site of first French claim to region (François Dollier de Casson and René Bréhant de Galinée), 1670 • Cobalt Mining District - Hard rock mining cultural landscape of the early 20th century • Confederation Square - Historic buildings on Ottawa’s memorial square • Connaught Building - Tudor Revival style, 1913–16 • Cox Terrace - Second Empire style brick row housing, 1884 • Cummins Pre-contact Site - Extensive late PalaeoIndian stone quarry • Darlingside - Wood depot on St. Lawrence River, 1840 • Diefenbunker / Central Emergency Government Headquarters - Cold War bunker, symbol of nuclear deterrence strategy • Donaldson Site - Aboriginal site, 500 BC - 300 AD • Dundurn Castle - Picturesque villa of magnate Sir Allan Napier MacNab, 1st Baronet, 1835

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Earnscliffe - Longtime Ottawa home of Sir John A. Macdonald, Prime Minister of Canada (1867–73, 1878–91), built 1855–57 • Eaton’s 7th Floor Auditorium and Round Room - Art Deco style concert hall and restaurant, 1928–31 • Eglinton Theatre - Fine Art Deco suburban cinema • Electrical Development Company Generating Station and Powerhouse - Important early power project in elegant Beaux-Arts building • Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres - Unique doubledecker vaudeville and movie complex, 1911 • Elizabeth Cottage - Gothic Revival villa, 1841–43 • Elora Drill Shed - Early phase of drill hall construction in Canada, 1865 • Erland Lee (Museum) Home - Site of the drafting of the constitution of the first Women’s Institute • Ermatinger House - Early northwest Ontario stone fur trade residence, 1814–23 • Etharita Site - Main village of Wolf Tribe of Petun, 1647–49 • Fairfield on the Thames - Site of Delaware Mission, destroyed in 1813; War of 1812 • First Oil Wells in Canada - Start of one of Canada’s key industries, 1858 • Forbes Textile Mill - Woolen mill industrial complex built in 1863 • Former Almonte Post Office - Early federal architecture in a small community • Former Brockville Post Office - Symbol of federal government in small community • Former Dominion Archives Building / Canadian War Museum - First national archives, Tudor Revival style, 1904–06 • Former Galt Post Office - Early federal government small urban post office • Former Geological Survey of Canada Building - First Ottawa home of Geological Survey of Canada • Former Hamilton Customs House - Elegant Italianate customs building, 1858–60 • Former Hamilton Railway Station (Canadian National) - Rare surviving example of a railway station complex of the interwar years • Former L.J. Shickluna Service Station - Largely intact early gas station • Former Ottawa Teachers’ College - Teacher-training institute in eclectic design, 1875 • Former Port Perry Town Hall - Municipal landmark, 1873 • Fort de Lévis - Site of last stand of France in Canada, 1760 • Fort Drummond - Site of 1814 redoubt and battery; War of 1812 • Fort Erie - War of 1812; rebuilt 1937–39 by Niagara Parks Commission • Fort Frontenac - Site of 1673 French fort, captured by British 1758; Fort Cataraqui


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Fort George - Reconstructed British fort from War of 1812 • Fort Henry - British fort completed 1836 to defend Rideau Canal • Fort Malden - 19th century border fortification; Fort Amherstburg; War of 1812 • Fort Mississauga - 19th century brick tower within star-shaped earthworks; War of 1812 • Fort Norfolk - Site of unfinished British navy yard and fort, 1813; War of 1812 • Fort Sainte Marie II - Jesuit mission to Hurons, 1649–50 • Fort St. Joseph (Ontario) - British military outpost on western frontier, 1796–1812; War of 1812 • Fort St. Pierre - Site of French post on Rainy Lake, 1731–58 • Fort Wellington - Military remains of 1813–38 fortifications; War of 1812 • Fort William - Site of North West Company post, 1803 • Fort York - Military buildings among oldest in Toronto, built 1813–15; War of 1812 • Fourth York Post Office - Rare post office/residence, 1832–35 • François Bâby House - Classically-inspired residence linked to War of 1812, 1811 • Frenchman’s Creek - Site of British victory; War of 1812 • Frontenac County Court House - Monumental Neoclassical court house facing Lake Ontario; opened in 1858 • Fulford Place - Eclectic mansion with original furnishings and grounds, 1899–00 • George Brown House - Home of Canadian statesman George Brown; Second Empire style • Gillies Grove and House - Old-growth white pine forest and country house • Glanmore / Phillips-Faulkner House - Fine Second Empire style mansion; 1882–83 • Glengarry Cairn - Conical stone monument, with stairway, to the Glengarry and Argyle Regiment, erected in 1840 • Glengarry House - Home of Lieutenant-Colonel John Macdonell, gallant officer in the Royal Highland Emigrants • Glengarry Landing - Site of building of flotilla used in 1814 campaign; War of 1812 • Gooderham and Worts Distillery - Significant mid 19th century industrial complex • Gouinlock Buildings / Early Exhibition Buildings Largest extant group of early 20th century exhibition buildings • Griffin House - Associated with Black settlement during in the 19th century; rare surviving example of residential vernacular architecture once typical in Upper Canada

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Guelph City Hall - Formal, classical civic building; 1856–57 • Hamilton and Scourge - American gunships capsized and sunk in 1813; War of 1812 • Hamilton Waterworks - Intact early waterworks in elegant Italianate structure by Thomas C. Keefer, 1857–59 • Heliconian Hall - Carpenter’s gothic revival home of the Heliconian Club, unique for professional women from a variety of artistic disciplines • Her Majesty’s / St. Paul’s Chapel of the Mohawks First Protestant church in Upper Canada, 1785 • Hillary House - Picturesque gothic style, 1861–62 • HMCS Haida - Last of World War II tribal class destroyers • Homer Watson House / Doon School of Fine Arts Murals and home of landscape painter Homer Watson • Homewood - Fine 1800 fieldstone Palladian residence • Huron County Gaol - Distinctive octagonal jail design, 1839–41 • Inverarden House - Important 1816 Regency cottage with fur trade associations • John R. Booth Residence - Outstanding Queen Anne Revival style residence, 1909 • John Street Roundhouse (Canadian Pacific) - Large 1929 roundhouse for trains using Union Station • John Weir Foote Armoury - Major urban drill hall, built 1887–88 and 1908 • Joseph Schneider Haus - Associated with migration of Pennsylvania-German Mennonites from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1816 • Kay-Nah-Chi-Wah-Nung - Religious and ceremonial site for 2,000 years; Rainy River Mounds • Kensington Market - Microcosm of Canada’s ethnic mosaic • Kingston City Hall - Landmark Neoclassical civic building on waterfront • Kingston Customs House - Elegant Italianate customs house, 1856–59 • Kingston Dry Dock - World War II corvettes made here, built in 1890 • Kingston Fortifications - Protection for the Royal Naval Dockyard and the entrance to the Rideau Canal; War of 1812. • Kingston General Hospital - Oldest public hospital in operation in Canada • Kingston Navy Yard - Established in 1789, declined after 1817 Treaty • Kingston Penitentiary - Oldest penitentiary in Canada, opened in 1835 • Langevin Block - Fine Second Empire building for expanding federal government, 1883–89 • Lansdowne Iron Works - First Ontario iron smelting from local ore, 1801–12


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Laurier House - Second Empire home, built in 1878, of two prime ministers of Canada, Sir Wilfrid Laurier and William Lyon Mackenzie King • Leaskdale Manse - Home of Lucy Maud Montgomery from 1911–26, built circa 1886 • Leeds and Grenville County Court House Neoclassical colonial court house, 1840s • Lynnwood / Campbell-Reid House - Mid 19th century Neoclassical residence • Macdonell-Williamson House - Stone Palladian residence of prominent fur trader, 1817–19 • Maple Leaf Gardens - Renowned hockey shrine, home to the Toronto Maple Leafs for 68 years • Maplelawn & Gardens - Neoclassical residence with walled garden, 1831–34, Thomson-Cole-Rochester House • Massey Hall - Cultural institution, outstanding acoustics, 1894 • Matheson House - Classically inspired town house, 1840; Perth Museum • Mazinaw Pictographs - Largest Algonkian pictograph site in Canada; largest rock art site on the southern Canadian Shield • McCrae House - Birthplace of author of "In Flanders Fields" • McMartin House - Loyalist Georgian townhouse design, 1830–39 • McQuesten House / Whitehern - Fine town house with walled garden, 1850 • Merrickville Blockhouse - Part of lock system of Rideau Canal, 1832–33 • Metallic Roofing Company Offices - Beaux-Arts style in pressed metal, 1896 • Middleport Site - Archaeological site, Middle Ontario Iroquois • Middlesex County Court House - Castellated Gothic Revival court house, 1827–31 • Mississauga Point Lighthouse - Site of first lighthouse on Great Lakes, 1804 • Mnjikaning Fish Weirs - Largest and best preserved wooden fish weirs known in eastern North America, in use from about 3300 B.C. • Montgomery’s Tavern - Headquarters of leaders of 1837 Rebellions • Moose Factory Buildings - Second Hudson’s Bay Company post in Canada, 1693 • Mount Pleasant Cemetery - Outstanding example of picturesque designed landscape • Murney Tower - Mid 19th century British imperial masonry fortification • Nanticoke - Site of militia engagement, 1813; War of 1812 • Napanee Town Hall - Town hall and market, 1856 • National Arts Centre - Outstanding example of a performing arts centre in Canada for its overall design

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Navy Island - Archaeological remains related to shipbuilding • Nazrey African Methodist Episcopal Church Vernacular stone chapel associated with the Underground Railroad and Bishop Willis Nazery; 1848 • Niagara Apothecary - Confederation-era pharmacy • Niagara District Court House - Mid 19th century multi-purpose civic structure • Niagara-on-the-Lake - Best collection of buildings in Canada from the period following the War of 1812 • Normandale Furnace - Site of early Ontario iron smelting, 1818–50 • Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Basilica - French inspired Gothic Revival church, 1841–53 • Old Hay Bay Church - Associated with settlement of Methodists and their social and political contributions • Old Kingston Post Office - Elegant Italianate post office, 1856–59 • Old Stone Church - Fine simple rural 19th century Protestant church, 1840–53 • Old Stone Mill - One of oldest surviving mills in Ontario, 1810 • Old Toronto City Hall and York County Court House Monumental Richardsonian Romanesque Revival sandstone city hall, 1889–99 • Old Toronto Post Office / Old Bank of Canada Outstanding Greek Revival post office, 1851–53 • Old Woodstock Town Hall - Classically inspired civic structure, 1853 • Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church - Last built remnant of African Canadian community uniquely rooted in the history of United Empire Loyalists • Osgoode Hall - Elegant seat of courts and law society, begun in 1829 • Ossossane Sites - Principal village of Bear Clan of Hurons • Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church Outstanding example of High Victorian Gothic church, 1876 • Oxford-on-Rideau Township Hall - Fine 1875 headquarters for rural government • Parkhill - Palaeo-Indian habitation site, circa 8000 BC • Parkwood - World War I era grand estate with gardens • Parliament Buildings - Seat of Canadian government, Gothic Revival complex • Penman Textile Mill - Knitting mill complex, 1874 • Perth Town Hall (Ontario) - Stately multi-purpose town hall, 1863–64 • Peterborough Drill Hall / Armoury - Major urban drill hall, 1907–09 • Peterborough Lift Lock - World’s highest hydraulic lift lock, 1896–1904 (in Trent-Severn Waterway NHS)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Peterborough Petroglyphs - Algonkian petroglyph site • Pic River Site - Complex of pre-contact Woodland culture sites • Point Abino Light Tower - Aesthetically enriched reinforced concrete lighthouse, Neoclassical style, 1917–18 • Point Clark Lighthouse - Imperial tower and lightkeeper’s house, 1859 • Point Frederick Buildings - Major British naval base on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812; now Royal Military College of Canada • Pointe au Baril - Last two French warships on Lake Ontario built on site • Port Stanley - Camping place of many explorers, settled 1804 • Port Talbot - Centre of 1803 Talbot settlement • Prescott Railway Station (Grand Trunk) - Monument to early Canadian railway enterprise, 1855 • Queenston Heights - Site of 1812 Battle of Queenston Heights; includes Brock Monument; War of 1812 • Queenston-Chippawa Hydro-electric Plant - First large hydro project in world, 1917–21 • R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church - Illustrates the early Black settlement of the Niagara area, role of the church in assisting newly arrived Underground Railroad refugees, 1836 • Rideau Canal - Operational canal; 202 km route, forty-five locks • Rideau Hall and Landscaped Grounds - Residence of Governor General, with estate in British Natural style, begun in 1838 • Ridgeway Battlefield - Site of battle against Fenian raiders, 1866 • Ridout Street Complex - Important group of early commercial and residential buildings • Rosamond Woollen Mill - One of the largest mills in Canada, begun in 1866 • Roselawn - Neoclassical country villa, 1841 • Royal Alexandra Theatre - Lavish Beaux-Arts playhouse, 1906–07 • Royal Botanical Gardens - Important teaching and research gardens and conservation area • Royal Canadian Mint - Mint designed in Castellated Gothic Revival style, 1905–08 • Royal Conservatory of Music - Far-reaching influence on music education in Canada • Royal Flying Corps Hangars - Rare World War I aviation hangars • Ruin of St. Raphael’s Roman Catholic Church - One of the earliest Roman Catholic monuments in Englishspeaking Canada, 1818 • Ruthven Park - Fine Picturesque country estate laid out by entrepreneur David Thompson

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• St. George’s Hall (Arts and Letters Club) - Venue for artistic activity; catalyst for the organization of artistic communities • Saint-Louis Mission - Site of Huron village destroyed by Iroquois in 1649 • Sainte-Marie Among the Hurons Mission Headquarters of Jesuit mission to Hurons from 1639–49 • Salem Chapel, British Methodist Episcopal Church Focus of abolitionist activity and associated with famous Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman, 1851–55 • Sandwich First Baptist Church - Church built to accommodate the growing Black communities created by Underground Railroad refugees, 1851 • Sandyford Place - Typical mid 19th century middle class row housing, 1856 • Sault Ste. Marie Canal - First electrically-powered lock, 1888–94 • Serpent Mounds - Aboriginal settlement and sacred site, 50 BC - 300 AD • Sharon Temple - Elegant temple of Davidites sect, 1825–32 • Sheguiandah - Site of prehistoric stone quarry • Shoal Tower - Mid 19th century British imperial masonry fortifications • Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite - Burial site of Canada’s first Prime Minister (1867–73, 1878–91), Father of Confederation • Sir John Johnson House - House of famous Loyalist, 1780s • Smiths Falls Bascule Bridge - Oldest surviving structure of its type, 1912–13 • Smiths Falls Railway Station (Canadian Northern) Decorative 1914 Canadian Northern Railway station • Southwold Earthworks - Site of a Attawandaron Indian village, circa 1500 AD • St. Anne’s Anglican Church - Contains paintings executed in 1923 by ten prominent artists, including three of the Group of Seven, built 1907–08 • St. James-the-Less Anglican Church - Significant example of Gothic Revival style, 1860–61 • St. Jude’s Anglican Church - Important arts and crafts, decorative painted interior, 1871 • St. Lawrence Hall - Mid 19th century Renaissance Revival social and cultural centre • St. Marys Junction Railway Station (Grand Trunk) Grand Trunk railway station, 1854–56 • St. Paul’s Presbyterian Church / Former St. Andrew’s Church - Elegant Gothic Revival church, 1854–57 • St. Thomas City Hall - Late Victorian civic building • Stephen Leacock Museum / Old Brewery Bay - Home of famous Canadian humourist, 1928 • Stratford City Hall - Picturesque civic building, 1898–1900


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• The Grange (Toronto) - Early 19th century residence in British classical tradition • The Studio Building - Earliest purpose-built artist studio in Canada representing the visions of a young generation of Canadian artists • Thistle Ha’ Farm - Key role in improving stock breeding in 19th century • Thunder Bay Tourist Pagoda - Whimsical information kiosk, 1909 • Toronto Island Airport Terminal Building - Rare early terminal for civilian air travel, 1938–39 • Trent-Severn Waterway - Operational canal; 386 km route, forty-five locks • Union Station (Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk) Monumental Beaux-Arts railway station, 1915–20 • University College - Impressive Romanesque Revival building, foundation of University of Toronto, 1856–59 • Victoria Hall - Commercial building with rare, handmade sheet metal façade, 1887–88 • Victoria Hall (Cobourg Town Hall) - Ornate mid 19th century multi-purpose town hall • Victoria Hall (Petrolia Town Hall) - Opulent town hall of prosperous oil era, 1887–89 • Victoria Memorial Museum - Early national museum in Castellated Gothic Revival design, 1905–11 • Vrooman’s Battery - Key earthwork in Battle of Queenston Heights; War of 1812 • Walker Site - Large Iroquoian site, historic Attiwandaronk tribe • Waterloo Pioneers Memorial Tower - Built in 1926, it commemorates the arrival of the PennsylvaniaGerman pioneers to Waterloo Region in 1800–1803 • Wellington County House of Industry and Refuge Oldest known state-supported poorhouse, precursor of 20th century state welfare programs • Whitefish Island - Ojibwa historic site • Wilberforce Red Cross Outpost - Exemplifies the key role of nurses in providing health care and health education in isolated areas • Willowbank - Possesses in exterior architecture and landscape the qualities of the Romantic fusion of Classical Revival architecture and the Picturesque • Wintering Site - Early french exploration site (François Dollier de Casson and René Bréhant de Galinée), 1669–70 • Wolfe Island Township Hall - Italianate rural town hall, 1856 • Wolseley Barracks - Important early military training and residential facility • Women’s College Hospital - Major hospital and research centre; significant to the progress of women in medical education and practice • Woodside - Boyhood home of William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (1921–26, 1926–30, 1936–48)

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

Prince Edward Island – 22

Province House National Historic Site • Alberton Court House – Circuit court house, 1877 • All Souls’ Chapel – Outstanding High Victorian Gothic chapel with murals, 1888 • Apothecaries Hall – Site of prominent 19th century pharmacy; one of the longest continually operated pharmacies in Canada • Ardgowan – Residence of Father of Confederation William Henry Pope, circa 1850 • Charlottetown City Hall – Oldest municipal hall in Prince Edward Island, 1888 • Confederation Centre of the Arts – Outstanding example of a national institution dedicated to the performing arts; distinguished example of "Brutalist" architecture in Canada • Dalvay-by-the-Sea – Queen Anne Revival summer home, built 1896–99 (in Prince Edward Island National Park) • Dundas Terrace – Queen Anne Revival apartment building, 1889 • Fairholm – Picturesque villa; 1839 • Farmers’ Bank of Rustico – One of first co-operative banks in Canada, 1864 • Former Summerside Post Office – Early example of federal government presence, 1883–87 • Government House – Neoclassical vice-regal residence • Great George Street Historic District – Fine 19th century streetscape associated with Confederation • Kensington Railway Station – Picturesque cobblestone 1904 railway station • L.M. Montgomery’s Cavendish – Intimately associated with Lucy Maud Montgomery’s formative years and early productive career • Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst – Remains of British and French forts


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Province House – Neoclassical birthplace of Confederation and second oldest legislative seat in Canada. • Roma at Three Rivers – Site of Acadian fishing and trade post, 1732–45 • Shaw’s Hotel – Rare, early illustration of a significant period in the history of tourism in Canada • St. Dunstan’s Roman Catholic Basilica – Fine example of High Victorian Gothic style, 1897–1907 • Strathgartney Homestead – Reminder of land tenure system that dominated political and social life on the island for over a century • Tryon United Church – Fine example of High Victorian Gothic Revival, 1881

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

Quebec – 190

Madonna della Difesa Montreal

Saint Joseph’s Oratory Montreal Main door of the Montreal Masonic Memorial Temple. • 57-63 St. Louis Street – Part of a historic significant streetscape • Acton Vale Railway Station (Grand Trunk) – Picturesque with dormer, turret and bellcast roof • Alert Hangar - Strategic role in Cold War air defence of America • Apitipik – Traditional summering area and sacred place for the Algonquin • Atwater Library of the Mechanics’ Institute of Montreal – Home to the first Mechanics’ Institute in Canada (established 1828); oldest subscription library in Canada • Banc de Pêche de Paspébiac – Fishing complex recalling the cod fishery of Canada’s East Coast

Main gate of the Quebec Citadel.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Battle of September 6, 1775 – British victory over invading Americans, 1775 • Battle of the Cedars – 1776 British victory over invading American army • Battle of the Chateauguay – Site of 1813 battle in defence of Lower Canada; War of 1812 • Battle of the Lake of Two Mountains – Site of defeat of Iroquois by French, 1689 • Battle of the Restigouche – Site of last naval battle in Seven Years’ War • Battle of Trois-Rivières – Site of British victory over American troops, 1776 • Beauharnois Power Development – Economically and technologically important, 1929–32 • Bélanger-Girardin House – Representative of early French regime houses; 1727–35 • Berthier Railway Station (Canadian Pacific) – Functional and domestic in style, early 1890s • Beth Israël Cemetery – 19th century cemetery reflecting Jewish burial traditions • Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada Armoury - Important armoury and civic centre in Montréal • Blanc-Sablon - 60 archaeological sites reflect changes in Aboriginal societies • Bolton-Est Town Hall – Erected in 1867 by community using local wood • Bon-Pasteur Chapel – Important convent chapel with fine interior, 1866–68 • Bonsecours Market – Outstanding mid 19th century civic building on waterfront • Cap-des-Rosiers Lighthouse – Tallest lighthouse in Canada, 112 feet, 1858 • Capitol Theatre / Quebec Auditorium – Dramatic Beaux-Arts playhouse with elaborate interior, 1902–03 • Carillon Barracks – Early 19th century stone military building • Carillon Canal – Operational canal; site of two earlier canals, 1826–33 • Cartier-Brébeuf – Wintering place of Jacques Cartier, 1535–36 • Caughnawaga Mission / Mission of St. Francis Xavier – Jesuit mission to Mohawks established 1647 • Caughnawaga Presbytery – Oldest surviving building at mission, 18th century • Chambly Canal – Operational canal; nine locks, swing bridges • Chapais House – Home of Father of Confederation Jean Charles Chapais, 1832–34 • Château De Ramezay / India House – Built by Claude de Ramezay, Governor of Montreal, 1705 • Château Frontenac – Landmark Château style railway hotel, 1892–93 • Christ Church Cathedral (Montreal) – Gothic Revival cathedral, 1857–60

Mary Queen of the World, interior.

Waiting area, 1890. • Bank of Montreal Head Office, Montreal – Queen Anne Revival style in sandstone, built in 1894 • Battle of Eccles Hill – Foiled Fenian invasion, 1870 • Battle of Lacolle – Defence against American attack, 1814; War of 1812 • Battle of Montmorency – Site of 1759 battle, Montcalm defeated Wolfe • Battle of Rivière des Prairies / Battle of Coulée Grou – Site of 1690 battle between French and Iroquois


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• Church of the Madonna della Difesa – Serves the oldest Italian community in Canada • Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Présentation – Interior decorative program is a masterpiece of an outstanding Quebec painter and pre-eminent liturgical artist, Ozias Leduc • Church of Saint-Léon-de-Westmount – Superior example of traditional wet plaster "Buon" fresco technique, Guido Nincheri, 1901–03 • Church of Sainte-Marie - Distinguished by its impressive interior decoration; a unique interpretation of the Gothic Revival style; 1857–59 • Corossol – 17th century vaisseau du Roi wreck • Coteau-du-Lac canal – 18th century transportation and defence structures • Davie Shipyard – Historic Canadian shipyard established 1829 • de Salaberry House – Palladian style manor of Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, hero of War of 1812 • Droulers-Tsiionhiakwatha - Most important and best-preserved known site of the St. Lawrence Iroquois • Erskine and American United Church – Large Romanesque Revival church with Tiffany stained glass, 1893–94 • Étienne-Paschal Taché House – Eclectic home of Father of Confederation, Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché • First Dairy School in Canada – Founded by Edward André Barnard, 1882 • First Geodetic Survey Station – Systematic program of surveying, 1905 • Forges du Saint-Maurice – Remains of Canada’s first industrial village • Former Montreal Custom House – Remarkably fine example of Palladian architecture, designed by John Ostell, 1836–38 • Former Shawinigan Aluminum Smelting Complex – Oldest known extant aluminum smelting complex in North America • Fort Chambly – Restored and stabilized 1709 stone fort • Fort Charlesbourg Royal – First French colony in Canada, 1541–42 • Fort Crevier – Site of 1687 French wooden fort • Fort Laprairie – Site of French fort, 1687–1713 • Fort Lennox – Outstanding example of early 19th century fortifications • Fort Richelieu – One of the earliest forts in New France, 1642 • Fort Saint-Jean – Built following 1837 uprising • Fort St-Louis – Built in 1725 for protection of Christian Iroquois • Fort Ste. Thérèse – Site of French fort for defence against Iroquois, 1665

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Fort Témiscamingue – Remains of French fur trading post • Fort Trois-Rivières – Wooden fort, 1634–68, foundation of modern city • Fortifications of Quebec – 4.6-km network of walls, gates and squares, including: Quebec Citadel, Magazines of the Esplanade, Moulin Redoubt, Quebec Garrison Club, Lévis Forts, Saint-Louis Forts & Châteaux, and Artillery Park; UNESCO World Heritage Site • George Stephen House / Mount Stephen Club – Renaissance style mansion begun in 1880 • Governors’ Cottage – Summer residence of governors and senior officials, 1781 • Granada Theatre – Magnificent atmospheric theatre, style of cinema popular from the 1920s through the 1930s • Grande Allée Drill Hall – Unique Château style drill hall, 1887 • Grey Nuns’ Hospital – Hospital rebuilt in 1765 by Mère d’Youville • Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial – Quarantine station for immigrants from 1832–1937 • H. Vincent Meredith Residence – Fine Queen Anne Revival mansion, built in 1896 • Haskell Free Library and Opera House – Library / theatre on Canada-United States border, 1901–04 • Havelock Township Hall – Rural town hall, 1868 • Henry-Stuart House – Outstanding illustration of a 19th century Quebec cottage typically associated with the Picturesque movement, 1849 • Hershey Pavilion – Nurses’ residences were central to the nursing culture • Hochelaga – Iroquois village visited in 1535 by Jacques Cartier • Holy Trinity Anglican Cathedral – Important early Palladian church, built 1800–04 • Hôpital-Général de Québec Cemetery – Final resting place of over 1,000 French, British, Canadians and Aboriginal soldiers and officers • Hôtel-Dieu de Québec – First permanent hospital established in North America north of Mexico • Île aux Basques – Represents the westernmost and most important concentration of French Basque occupation in the Gulf of St. Lawrence between 1584 and 1637 • Île d’Orléans Seigneury – Surviving resources associated with the seigneurial system • Île-Verte Lighthouse – Tower built in 1809 , first light on St. Lawrence • Jardins de Métis – Example of an English inspired garden • Joffre Roundhouse (Canadian National) – Only extant full-circle type in Canada, built 1880 • Joliette Court House – Mid 19th century standardplan court house


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• Joly de Lotbinière Estate – Remarkable example of a summer retreat inspired by the Picturesque movement; cultural landscape • L’Isle-Verte Court House – Domestic style court house serving rural area, 1859–60 • La Corne Nursing Station – Best extant example of the network of dispensary-residences established by the "Service medical aux colons" • Lachine Canal – Operational canal; five locks, railway / road bridges • Lachine Canal Manufacturing Complex – Manufacturing/industrial complex, especially from 1880 to 1940; 41 establishments-12 production groups • La Malbaie Historic District - One of the nation’s oldest "villégiature" areas • Last Post Fund National Field of Honour – Cemetery in Pointe-Claire, Quebec associated with 200 years of military history • Le Boutillier Manor – Distinctive Bas-St-Laurent style, circa 1818 • LeBer-LeMoyne House – Oldest known extant buildings associated with Charles Le Moyne and the fur trade during the French Regime • Légaré Mill – Building type erected during the development of seigneuries with the colonial agricultural economy • Lévis Forts – Part of Quebec fortification system; UNESCO World Heritage Site • Lévis Railway Station (Intercolonial) – Terminus of Intercolonial railway from Halifax, 1901 • Longueuil Fort – Site of a stone fort built by French, 1685–90 • Louis Bertrand House – Outstanding example of a "maison québécoise" influenced by the Neoclassical style, 1853 • Louis S. St. Laurent – Childhood home of Louis S. St. Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada, 1948–57 • Louis-Joseph Papineau – Stone house built in 1785, associated with Louis-Joseph Papineau • Loyola House / National School Building – Earliest Gothic Revival public building in Canada, 1824 • Magog Textile Mill – Cotton mill, built in 1883 • Maillou House – Fine example of 18th century Quebec town architecture, 1736 • Maison Cartier – Urban building design of period, 1812–13 • Maison Saint-Gabriel - Rural architecture of the French Regime; home to sisters of the Congrégation de Notre-Dame • Manoir Papineau - 19th century manor, home of Patriot leader, Louis-Joseph Papineau • Marie-Reine-du-Monde Cathedral - Design based on St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome; important symbol of the Ultra Montane Movement in Canada, 1870–94

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Marlborough Apartments - Queen Anne Revival style apartment building, 1900 • Mauvide-Genest Manor - Distinguished mid 18th century seigneurial manor; 1734 • Merchants Textile Mill - Cotton mill, 1882 • Model City of Mount Royal - Synthesis of urban renewal movements of early 20th century: City Beautiful, Garden City and Garden Suburb • Monklands / Villa Maria Convent - Palladian style, vice-regal home, 1794–1803 • Montmorency Park - Site of bishop’s palace; Parliament of Canada 1851–55 • Montreal Botanical Garden - One of the world’s most important botanical gardens • Montreal City Hall - First single-purpose city hall, Second Empire style; 1872–78 • Montreal Forum - Icon for the role of hockey in Canada’s national culture through its association with the Montreal Canadiens • Montreal Masonic Memorial Temple - Exceptionally refined late Beaux-Arts temple; allegorical representation of Freemasonry’s enlightenment ideas • Montreal’s Birthplace - Site of Sieur de Maisonneuve’s Ville-Marie, 1642 • Monument National - Cultural centre of St-JeanBaptiste Society, 1893 • Morrin College / Former Quebec Prison - Early prison notable regional expression of Palladianism • Mount Hermon Cemetery - Small rural cemetery at Quebec City • Mount Royal Cemetery - Rich Italianate building reflecting port’s growth • New Quebec Custom House - Rich Italianate building reflecting port’s growth • Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Cathedral - French inspired Neoclassical cathedral, 1844 • Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Church / Basilica Gothic Revival style, Montreal landmark, 1823–29 • Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Church - Mission church to the Hurons with 17th century art objects, 1865 • Notre-Dame-des-Neiges Cemetery - Rural cemetery design with variety of funerary monuments • Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church - Stone church established 1688 on site of Champlain’s habitation • Old Chicoutimi Pulp Mill - Renowned for quality of wood-pulp for newsprint • Old Chicoutimi Trading Post - Site of 1676 post, abandoned in 1876 • Old Quebec Custom House - Restrained Neoclassical government building in stone, 1831–32 • Old Wendake Historic District - Evolving Huron cultural landscape and community • Outremont Theatre - Deluxe cinema, Art Deco / atmospheric decor, 1920s


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• Pagé - Rinfret House / Beaudry House - French Regime house, historic construction methods • Paspébiac Buildings - 19th century buildings represent inshore East Coast fishing • Pavillon Mailloux - Nurses’ residences were central to the nursing culture • Pointe-au-Père Lighthouse - Early reinforced concrete lighttower at strategic location • Pointe-du-Buisson - One of the rare sites located in eastern Canada that feature such a long occupation sequence and such a wealth of artifacts • Powerscourt Covered Bridge - Mccallum inflexible arched truss, 1861; Percy Bridge • Quebec Bridge - Longest clear-span cantilever bridge in the world; first to make extensive use of nickel steel and the K-truss • Quebec Citadel - City’s defensive works begun during the French régime • Quebec City Hall - Stately civic building on site of old Jesuit college • Quebec Court House - Imposing Second Empire symbol of justice, 1883–87 • Quebec Garrison Club - Only private military club in Canada perpetuating the British colonial tradition of assembling military officers in a social environment, 1879 • Quebec Martello Towers - Sandstone fortifications of British military, 1808–12 • Quebec Seminary - Oldest boys’ school in Canada, founded 1663 • Rialto Theatre - Exceptional Beaux-Arts style traditional theatre • Rivière-du-Loup Town Hall - Civic building reflecting growth of city governments, 1916 • Roberval Town Hall - Civic building reflecting community prosperity, 1928–29; Second Empire style • Round Stone Windmill and House - Rare 18th century industrial / residential grouping • Saint Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal - Distinctive architecture, specifically the dome, which conveys an imposing physical and symbolic presence in a mountainside landscape • Saint-André-de-Kamouraska Church - Récollet plan church with significant interior, 1805–11 • Saint-Hyacinthe Post Office - Early symbol of federal government presence • Saint-Jean-d’Iberville Railway Station (Grand Trunk) - Typical of small stations of the period, 1890 • Saint-Joachim Church - Baroque Vernacular design in its purest form, with interior paintings by Phillippe Liébert, 1774–97 • Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce Institutional Ensemble Eloquent illustration of the desire of clergy and parishioners in Quebec to structure life in small towns and villages around Catholic institutions

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Saint-Joseph-de-la-Rive Shipyard - Between the French regime and the 1960s, the largest builder of "goélettes", wooden schooners • Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux - Integral part of Quebec’s defence system; the seat of colonial executive authority for over 200 years • Saint-Ours Canal - Operational canal; 1933 (and remains of 1849) lock • Saint-Sulpice Seminary and its Gardens - Rare and remarkable example of French Regime classicism; remarkable integrity of the French Regime convent garden, circa 1650 • Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Penitentiary - Important federal prison founded 1873 • Sainte Anne Processional Chapel - Remarkably intact Neoclassical chapel, one of the oldest processional chapels in Quebec • Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal - Operational canal; site of earlier 1843 canal • Second Battle of Laprairie - 1691 battle, New York militia and French soldiers • Senneville Historic District - Illustrates developments in architecture and landscape design from the 19th and 20th centuries • Sewell House - Palladian residence of Chief Justice J. Sewell, 1803–04; part of a historically significant streetscape • Sir George-Étienne Cartier - Double house of prominent 19th century politician, 1830s • Sir Wilfrid Laurier - House interprets life of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada (1896–1911) • St. George Antiochian Orthodox Church - Symbol of historic cultural traditions of the Syrian Orthodox community in Canada, 1939–40 • St. George’s Anglican Church - Fine Gothic Revival style church in stone, 1869–70 • St. James United Church - Church with a large amphitheatre plan, Victorian decoration; Sunday school influenced by the Akron plan, 1887–88 • St. Patrick’s Basilica - French Gothic Revival, 1843–47; remains at heart of Irish population of Montreal • St. Stephen’s Anglican Church - Fine classically inspired 1820s garrison church • Sulpician Towers / Fort de la Montagne - Late 17th century towers once bastions of fort • Symmes Hotel - Inn built in 1831 for Charles Symmes, founder of Aylmer • Têtu House - Elegant Neoclassical town house by Charles Baillargé, 1852 • The Fur Trade at Lachine - Stone warehouse used as depot, 1803; North West Company and Hudson’s Bay Company


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• The Main - Historic district speaks to the development of cultural communities; Immigrants’ Corridor • Trafalgar Lodge - Gothic Revival villa, 1848 • Trestler House - Traditional Quebec architecture, dating from 1798 • Trois-Rivières Historical Complex - Residential and religious district, circa 1700–70 • Ursuline Monastery - Historic religious complex featuring 1730s altar • Van Horne / Shaughnessy House - Urbane Second Empire doublehouse, 1874 • Wilfrid Laurier House - Italianate residence of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada (1896–1911) • Wilson Chambers - Gothic Revival commercial building in stone, 1868 • Windsor Station - Grand Romanesque Revival railway station / office complex, 1888–89 • Wreck of the Elizabeth and Mary - One of four vessels from the fleet of Admiral William Phips lost in 1690

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Biggar Railway Station (Grand Trunk Pacific) – Typical 1910 station, reflects railway impact on the West • Canadian Bank of Commerce – Rare extant example of prefabricated western bank • Claybank Brick Plant – Important early 20th century brick making complex • College Building – Main component of an excellent example of university buildings in the College Gothic Style in Canada • Cumberland House – Hudson’s Bay Company post established by Samuel Hearne, 1774 • Cypress Hills Massacre – 1873 attack on Assiniboines by wolf hunters, North-West Mounted Police restored order • Doukhobor Dugout House - Only known partially surviving example of this shelter type • Doukhobors at Veregin - Administrative, distribution and spiritual centre for the region during the first period of Doukhobor settlement in Canada • Fleming Lake of the Woods Grain Elevator - One of the oldest known Prairie country grain elevators; icon of the rural West • Forestry Farm Park and Zoo – Important federal contribution to prairie forestation • Former Prince Albert City Hall – Rare surviving 19th century town hall on Prairies • Fort à la Corne – Furthest western post of the French Empire in North America. Site of several fur trade posts, 1753–1932; North West Company and Hudson’s Bay Company • Fort Battleford – North-West Mounted Police headquarters, 1876 • Fort Carlton – Site of Hudson’s Bay Company post, 1795–1885 • Fort Espérance – Remains of 2 North West Company fur trade posts • Fort Livingstone – Original headquarters of NorthWest Mounted Police • Fort Pelly – Remains of Hudson’s Bay Company fur trade post • Fort Pitt – Site of Hudson’s Bay Company post, signing of Treaty No. 6 • Fort Walsh – Early North-West Mounted Police post • Frenchman Butte – Site of 1885 battle, Cree and Canadian troops • Government House – Territorial government building, 1891–1905 • Gravelbourg Ecclesiastical Buildings – Notre-Dame de l’Assomption Cathedral, bishop’s residence and Convent of Jesus and Mary from Prairie FrancoCatholic colony, 1918–19 • Gray Burial Site – One of oldest burial sites in Plains, circa 3000 BC

Saskatchewan – 44

Batoche National Historic Site • Addison Sod House – Remarkably well-preserved and rare surviving example of the sod type of construction • Batoche – Métis village; site of 1885 Battle of Batoche • Battle of Cut Knife Hill – Cree repulse Canadian attack, 1885 • Battle of Duck Lake – First battle of 1885 Northwest Rebellion • Battle of Fish Creek – Site of battle between Métis and Canadian forces, 1885 • Battleford Court House – 1909 symbol of justice in new province


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Holy Trinity Church – Early Anglican Gothic Revival mission church in the West, 1852–56; Saskatchewan’s oldest building.[6][7] • Humboldt Post Office – Romanesque Revival Post Office reflects growth of West, 1911 • Île-à-la-Crosse – Fur trade site, Hudson’s Bay Company • Keyhole Castle – Expression of Queen Anne Revival style • Last Mountain Lake Bird Sanctuary – First wildfowl sanctuary in North America, 1887 • Moose Jaw Court House – Beaux-Arts symbol of justice in a new province • Motherwell Homestead – Farm of William Richard Motherwell built in 1882, noted politician and scientific farmer • Next of Kin Memorial Avenue – Road of remembrance commemorating World War I soldiers • Old Government House / Saint-Charles Scholasticate – Seat of territorial government, 1878 • Saskatchewan Legislative Building and Grounds – Well-preserved landscape designed according to Beaux-Arts and City Beautiful principles • Saskatoon Railway Station (Canadian Pacific) – Château style station begun in 1907 • Seager Wheeler’s Maple Grove Farm – Typical grain farm of early 20th century developed by Seager Wheeler • Steele Narrows – Last engagement of Northwest Rebellion, 1885 • Wanuskewin – Complex of Plains Indian cultural sites

List of National Historic Sites of Canada
• Old Territorial Administration Building – Symbolizes the establishment of the linkage between the territories north of sixty and southern Canadian society • S.S. Keno – Wooden steamboat built 1922, 140 by 30 feet (43 by 9 m) three decks • S.S. Klondike – Largest and last Yukon commercial steamboat • St. Paul’s Anglican Church – Fine example of Gothic Revival design, 1902 • Tr’ochëk – Aboriginal cultural landscape • Yukon Hotel – The Binet Block stood at the southern end of a business district extending north to King Street; 1898

France – 2
• Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial – Represents Newfoundland’s accomplishment, contribution and sacrifice in World War I • Vimy Ridge – Represents Canada’s accomplishment, contribution and sacrifice in World War I. The land for the site of the memorial (about 1 km2) was granted in perpetuity to Canada by France in 1922.

See also
Canadian Register of Historic Places

External links
• National Historic Sites official website • Map of National Historic Sites of Canada in Central Ontario • GPS coordinates for National Historic Sites of Canada

Yukon Territory – 12
• Canadian Bank of Commerce – Important banking services were performed here from the gold rush of 1898 until 1989 • Dawson Historical Complex – Important collection of buildings from the Klondike Gold Rush • Discovery Claim (Claim 37903) – Site of discovery of gold in 1896; marks the beginning of the development of the Yukon • Dredge No. 4 – Symbolizes importance of dredging operations (1899–1966) with the evolution of gold mining in the Klondike • Former Territorial Court House – Substantial frame judicial building, 1900–01 • North-West Mounted Police Married Quarters – Served as the North-West Mounted Police married quarters; 1889–1905

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] National Register of Historic Places. Parks Canada Stirling Agricultural Village Tri-City News: Riverview Hospital added to national heritage registry 3 April 2009 National Register of Historic Places. Chiefswood Ontario Plaque Town of La Ronge - Lac La Ronge National Parks and National Historic Sites in Saskatchewan

Retrieved from "" Categories: National Historic Sites of Canada, Heritage sites in Canada, Canada-related lists


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of National Historic Sites of Canada

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