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List_of_capitals_in_the_United_States

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of capitals in the United States

List of capitals in the United States
Washington, D.C. has been the capital of the United States since 1800. Eight other cities have served as the meeting place for Congress and are therefore considered to have once been the capital of the United States. In addition, each of the 50 U.S. states and several territories of the United States maintain their own capitals. Articles of Confederation • Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: March 1, 1781 to June 21, 1783[a] • Nassau Hall, Princeton, New Jersey: June 30, 1783 to November 4, 1783 • Maryland State House, Annapolis, Maryland: November 26, 1783 to August 19, 1784 • French Arms Tavern, Trenton, New Jersey: November 1, 1784 to December 24, 1784 • City Hall (Federal Hall), New York City, New York: January 11, 1785 to Autumn 1788 United States Constitution • Federal Hall, New York City, New York: March 4, 1789 to December 5, 1790 • Congress Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: December 6, 1790 to May 14, 1800 • United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.: November 17, 1800 to present[b]

State capitals
In 33 of the 50 U.S. states, the state capital is currently not the state’s most populous city. Only two of the state capitals, Trenton, New Jersey and Carson City, Nevada border another state, while Juneau, Alaska shares a border with the Canadian province of British Columbia.[1] The dates listed in the following table indicate the year since which the current capital has continuously served as the sole capital.

Insular area capitals
An insular area is a United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nation’s federal district. Those insular areas with territorial capitals are listed below.

Vermont Republic
Before joining the United States as the fourteenth state, Vermont was an independent republic known as the Vermont Republic. Two cities served as the capital of the Republic: • Westminster, 1777 • Windsor, 1777-1791 The current capital of the State of Vermont is Montpelier.

Former national capitals
United States of America
From 1774 to 1800, Congress met in numerous locations; therefore, the following cities can be said to have once been the United States capital:[2] First Continental Congress • Carpenter’s Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: September 5, 1774 to October 24, 1774 Second Continental Congress • Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: May 10, 1775 to December 12, 1776 • Henry Fite House, Baltimore, Maryland: December 20, 1776 to February 27, 1777 • Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: March 4, 1777 to September 18, 1777 • Court House, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: September 27, 1777 (one day) • Court House, York, Pennsylvania: September 30, 1777 to June 27, 1778 • Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: July 2, 1778 to March 1, 1781

Kingdom and Republic of Hawaii
Prior to becoming a territory of the United States in 1898, Hawaii was an independent nation. Three cities served as its capital: • Kailua-Kona. Served as the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii, 1795-1820. • Lahaina. Served as the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii, 1820–1845. • Honolulu • Served as the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii, 1845–January 17, 1893. • Served as the seat of the Provisional Government of Hawaii after the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom, January 17, 1893–July 4, 1894. • Served as the capital of the Republic of Hawaii when it was established on July 4, 1894 until the Republic was annexed by the United States on July 7, 1898 under the Newlands Resolution to become the Territory of Hawaii. On becoming a

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
State Capitals of the United States of America State Date of Capital statehood 1819 1959 Montgomery Juneau

List of capitals in the United States

Capital Most Municipal Metropolitan Notes since populous population population city? 1846 1906 No No 200,127 30,987 469,268 Birmingham is the state’s largest city. Anchorage is the state’s largest city. Only state capital to border another country. 4,039,182 652,834 2,136,604 The Supreme Court of California sits in San Francisco. Los Angeles is the state’s largest city. Bridgeport is the state’s largest city, but Greater Hartford is the largest metro area. Wilmington is the state’s largest city. 336,501 Jacksonville is the largest city, and Miami has the largest metro area. Atlanta is the most populous state capital by metropolitan area. Phoenix is the most populous U.S. state capital.

Alabama Alaska

Arizona Arkansas California

1912 1836 1850

Phoenix Little Rock Sacramento

1889 1821 1854

Yes Yes No

1,512,986 204,370 467,343

Colorado Connecticut

1876 1788

Denver Hartford

1867 1875

Yes No

566,974 124,397

2,408,750 1,188,241

Delaware Florida

1787 1845

Dover Tallahassee

1777 1824

No No

32,135 168,979

Georgia

1788

Atlanta

1868

Yes

486,411

5,138,223

Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana

1959 1890 1818 1816 1846 1861 1792 1812

Honolulu Boise Springfield Indianapolis Des Moines Topeka Frankfort Baton Rouge

1845 1865 1837 1825 1857 1856 1792 1880

Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No

377,357 201,287 116,482 791,926 209,124 122,327 27,741 224,097

909,863 635,450 188,951 1,984,664 625,384 228,894 69,670 751,965 Wichita is the state’s largest city. Louisville is the state’s largest city. New Orleans is the state’s largest city and home to the Louisiana Supreme Court. Augusta was officially made the capital 1827, but the legislature did not sit there until 1832. Portland is the state’s largest city. Chicago is the state’s largest city.

Maine

1820

Augusta

1832

No

18,560

117,114

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maryland 1788 Annapolis 1694 No 36,217

List of capitals in the United States
Annapolis is the thirdlongest serving capital in the United States after Santa Fe and Boston. Its capitol building is the oldest still in use. Baltimore is the state’s largest city. 4,455,217 Boston is the longest continuously serving capital in the United States. The Boston-WorcesterManchester Combined Statistical Area encompasses the state capitals of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Lansing is the only state capital that is not also the county seat of the county in which it is situated. Detroit is the state’s largest city. Minneapolis is the state’s largest city, but is included within Saint Paul’s metropolitan area. Kansas City is the state’s largest city, and Greater St. Louis is the state’s largest metropolitan area. 67,636 283,970 Billings is the state’s largest city. Omaha is the state’s largest city. Las Vegas is the state’s largest city. Manchester is the state’s largest city. 367,605 142,407 Newark is the state’s largest city. Santa Fe is the longest serving capital in the United States. El Paso del Norte served as the capital of the Santa Fé de Nuevo Méjico colony-in-exile during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692. Albuquerque is the state’s largest city.

Massachusetts 1788

Boston

1630

Yes

590,763

Michigan

1837

Lansing

1847

No

119,128

454,044

Minnesota

1858

Saint Paul

1849

No

287,151

3,502,891

Mississippi Missouri

1817 1821

Jackson

1821

Yes No

184,256 39,636

529,456

Jefferson City 1826

Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico

1889 1867 1864 1788 1787 1912

Helena Lincoln Carson City Concord Trenton Santa Fe

1875 1867 1861 1808 1784 1610

No No No No No No

25,780 225,581 57,701 42,221 84,639 70,631

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
New York North Carolina 1788 1789 Albany Raleigh Bismarck Columbus 1797 1794 1883 1816 No No No Yes 95,993 380,173 55,533 733,203 1,147,850 1,635,974 101,138 1,725,570

List of capitals in the United States
New York City is the state’s largest city. Charlotte is the state’s largest city. Fargo is the state’s largest city. The Cleveland and Cincinnati metropolitan areas are both larger. Oklahoma City is the shortest serving current state capital in the United States. Portland is the state’s largest city. Philadelphia is the state’s largest city. Providence also served as the capital 1636-1686 and 1689-1776. It was one of five co-capitals 1776-1853, and one of two co-capitals 1853-1900.

North Dakota 1889 Ohio 1803

Oklahoma

1907

Oklahoma City 1910

Yes

541,500

1,266,445

Oregon

1859

Salem Harrisburg Providence

1855 1812 1900

No No Yes

149,305 48,950 176,862

539,203 384,600 1,612,989

Pennsylvania 1787 Rhode Island 1790

South Carolina

1788

Columbia Pierre Nashville

1786 1889 1826

Yes No No

122,819 13,876 607,413

703,771 Sioux Falls is the state’s largest city. 1,455,097 Memphis is the state’s largest city, and Nashville is the largest metro area. Houston is the state’s largest city, and Dallas/Ft Worth is the largest metro area. Montpelier is the least populous U.S. state capital. Burlington is the state’s largest city. 1,194,008 Virginia Beach is the state’s largest city, and Northern Virginia is the state’s largest metro area. Seattle is the state’s largest city. Milwaukee is the state’s largest city.

South Dakota 1889 Tennessee 1796

Texas

1845

Austin

1839

No

709,893

1,513,565

Utah Vermont

1896 1791

Salt Lake City 1858 Montpelier 1805

Yes No

181,743 8,035

1,067,722

Virginia

1788

Richmond

1780

No

195,251

Washington

1889

Olympia Charleston Madison Cheyenne

1853 1885 1838 1869

No Yes No Yes

42,514 52,700 221,551 55,362

234,670 305,526 543,022 85,384

West Virginia 1863 Wisconsin Wyoming 1848 1890

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Capitals of United States Insular Areas Insular area American Samoa Guam Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands Date Capital 1899 Pago Pago 1967 Fagatogo 1898 Hagåtña 1898 San Juan 1917 Charlotte Amalie Northern Mariana Islands 1947 Saipan Notes

List of capitals in the United States

De facto capital of the Territory of American Samoa. Official seat of government stated in the territory’s constitution.

Capital was formerly called Puerto Rico.

state, Honolulu became the capital of the State of Hawaii.

Republic of Texas
Before joining the United States under the Texas Annexation in 1845, Texas was an independent nation known as the Republic of Texas. Seven cities served as its capital: • Washington (now Washington-on-the-Brazos), 1836 • Harrisburg, 1836 • Galveston, 1836 • Velasco, 1836 • West Columbia, 1836 • Houston, 1837–1839 • Austin, 1839–1845

Confederate States of America
The Confederate States of America had three capitals during its existence. • Montgomery, Alabama, February 4, 1861 - May 29, 1861 • Richmond, Virginia, May 6, 1861 (declared) – April 3, 1865 • Danville, Virginia, April 3, 1865 - April 10, 1865 The Confederate constitutional convention was held in Montgomery, Alabama in December 1860 because it was the largest and most influential city in the geographic center of the original seven Confederate states (South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas) that planned to secede from the Union. The first Confederate capital was established on February 4, 1861 in Montgomery and remained there until it was moved to Richmond after Virginia joined the Confederacy on May 23, 1861. As the Army of Northern Virginia was pushed farther south and Richmond fell under the Federal guns in early 1865, the Confederate government fled using the only viable railroad line available on April 2, 1865 to Danville, Virginia. The CSA state capitals remained the same as when each state seceded from the Union. Some of the capitals were moved temporarily in an effort to stay ahead of the advancing Federals. As Confederate areas were occupied,

the U.S. Army established military districts to govern each area. Following the surrender of General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia in Appomattox Court House, Virginia, which ended the American Civil War on April 9, 1865, the eleven southern states that seceded from the United States of America to create the Confederate States of America, gradually had their Senators and Representatives recognized and seated by Congress starting with Tennessee on July 24, 1866, then Arkansas on June 22, 1868, Louisiana, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina on June 25, 1868, then Alabama on July 14, 1868, then Virginia on January 26, 1870, then Mississippi on February 23, 1870, then Texas on March 30, 1870 and finally Georgia on July 15, 1870. There is some disagreement over whether this recognition by Congress is what determines the status of "statehood". The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Texas v. White raises questions on this point where the court ruled that Texas never left the Union, and essentially that once a territory is admitted and recognized as a state, it is in perpetuity a state in the Union. The court did allow some possibility of divisibility of the union "through revolution, or through consent of the States."[3][4]

Unrecognized national capitals
There have been a handful of nations within the current borders of the United States which were never officially recognized as legally independent sovereign entities; however these nations did have de facto control over their respective regions during their existence.

State of Franklin
The State of Franklin was an autonomous, secessionist United States territory created, not long after the end of the American Revolution, from territory that later was ceded by North Carolina to the federal government. Franklin’s territory later became part of the state of Tennessee. Franklin was never officially admitted into the Union of the United States and existed for only four years. • Jonesborough, Tennessee, 1784-?

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Greeneville, Tennessee, 1785?-?

List of capitals in the United States
Twenty-two state capitals have been a capital longer than their state has been a state, since they served as the capital of a predecessor territory, colony, or republic. Boston, Massachusetts, has been a capital city continuously since 1630, making it the longest-running U.S. capital. Santa Fe, New Mexico, has been a capital city the longest having become capital in 1610 and interrupted only by the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692. The table below includes the following information: 1. The state, the year in which statehood was granted, and the state’s current capital are shown in . 2. The year listed for each capital is the starting date; the ending date is the starting date for the successor unless otherwise indicated. 3. In many cases, former capital cities of current states are well outside the current state borders. These cities are indicated with the abbreviated name of the current state in which the city is located.

State of Muskogee
The State of Muskogee was a short-lived Native American state in Florida. It consisted of several tribes of Creeks and Seminoles. It existed from 1799 to 1803. It had one capital: • Mikasuke,[5] 1799-1803

Republic of West Florida
The Republic of West Florida was a short-lived republic consisting of parts of Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida and Alabama. • St. Francisville, Louisiana, 1810

Republic of Indian Stream
The Republic of Indian Stream was an independent nation within the present state of New Hampshire. • Pittsburg, New Hampshire, 1832-1835

Republic of the Rio Grande
The Republic of the Rio Grande was an independent nation including land now in Texas and Mexico. • Laredo, Texas, January 7, 1840-January 28, 1840 • Guerrero, Tamaulipas, January 28, 1840-March 1840 • Victoria, Texas, March 1840-November 6, 1840

See also
• • • • • • • • • Historic regions of the United States Historical outline of the United States History of the United States List of countries with multiple capitals List of historical national capitals Political divisions of the United States Territorial evolution of the United States Timeline of country and capital changes U.S. state

California Republic
Before being annexed by the United States in 1848 (following the Mexican-American War), a small portion of north-central California declared itself the California Republic, in an act of independence from Mexico, in 1846 (see Bear Flag Revolt). The republic only existed a month before it disbanded itself, to join the advancing American army and thereafter become part of the United States. The very short-lived California Republic was never recognized by the United States, Mexico or any other nation. There was one de facto capital of the California Republic: • Sonoma, 1846

Notes
^[a] Congress was forced to move from Philadelphia due to a riot of angry soldiers. See: Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783 ^[b] President James Madison fled to the home of Caleb Bentley in Brookeville, Maryland following the burning of Washington on August 24–25, 1814. As such, the town claims to have been the "U.S. Capital for a Day" despite the fact that Congress never met there. See: "A Brief History". Town of Brookeville, Maryland. 2006. http://townofbrookevillemd.org/history.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-07.

Former state capitals
Most of the original Thirteen Colonies had their capitals occupied or attacked by the British during the American Revolution. State governments operated where and as they could. The City of New York was occupied by British troops from 1776 to 1783. A similar situation occurred during the War of 1812, during the American Civil War in many Confederate states, and during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692 in New Mexico.

External links
• • • • • • • • • Capitals of Alabama Florida Facts - The Capitol The Capitalization of Georgia The State Houses of Louisiana Las Vegas: Nevada’s Next State Capital? New Hampshire Senate for Kids - Capitals Handbook of Texas Online – Capitals Colonial Capitals of the Dominion of Virginia Utah History To Go - Utah’s Capitols

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of capitals in the United States

Historical State Capitals of the United States of America State Alabama[6]
Statehood in 1819

Capital Savannah (GA)

Date Notes 1733 Capital of the British proprietary Colony of Georgia. 1755 Capital of the British Province of Georgia. 1776 Capitals of the State of Georgia.

San Agustín (FL) 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida.[7]

Augusta (GA) Heard’s Fort (GA) Augusta (GA) Savannah (GA) Ebenezer (GA) Savannah (GA) Augusta (GA) Louisville (GA) Natchez (MS) Washington (MS) St. Stephens Huntsville Cahawba Tuscaloosa Montgomery Alaska[8]
Statehood in 1959

1778 1780 1781 1782 1782 1784 1786 1796 1798 Capitals of the Territory of Mississippi. 1802 1817 Capital of the Territory of Alabama. 1819 Capitals of the State of Alabama. 1820 1826 1846 Capital of the State of Alabama. (Capital of the Confederate States of America in 1861.) 1808 Capital of the Russian colony of Alaska. 1867 Capital of the Department of Alaska. 1900 Capitals of the District of Alaska. 1906 1912 Capital of the Territory of Alaska. 1959 Capital of the State of Alaska.

NovoArkhangelsk Sitka Juneau

Arizona[9]
Statehood in 1912

Santa Fe (NM) Mesilla (NM) San Antonio (TX) Fort Whipple Prescott Tucson Prescott Phoenix

1848 Capital of the U.S. provisional government of New Mexico 1848-1850. 1850 Capital of the U.S. Territory of New Mexico 1850-1912. 1862 Capital of the Confederate Territory of Arizona (southern New Mexico and Arizona 1862). 1862 Capital of the government-in-exile of the Confederate Territory of Arizona 1862-1865. 1864 Capitals of the U.S. Territory of Arizona. 1864 1867 1877 1889 1912 Capital of the State of Arizona.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Arkansas[10]
Statehood in 1836

List of capitals in the United States

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri.

Arkansas Post Little Rock

1819 Capitals of the Territory of Arkansaw.[11] 1821 1836 Capital of the State of Arkansas.[11] (Washington was the Confederate state capital 1863-1865.)

California[12]
Statehood in 1850

1770 Capitals of the Spanish Virreinato de la Nueva España colonies of las Presidio Reál de 1777 Californias. San Carlos de 1804 Capital of the Spanish Virreinato de la Nueva España province of Alta Monterey California. Monterey 1821 Capital of the Mexican province of Alta California. 1846 Capital of the U.S. military government of California. 1849 Capital of the provisional government of California. Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe San Jose Vallejo Benicia Sacramento 1850 Capitals of the State of California

Loreto (BCS)

1852 1853 1854 1859 Capitals of the extralegal Territory of Jefferson. 1860 1861 Capitals of the Territory of Colorado. 1862 1862 1867 1876 Capital of the State of Colorado.

Colorado[13]
Statehood in 1876

Denver City Golden City Denver City Colorado City Golden City Denver City Denver

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Connecticut
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

Fort Amsterdam 1625 Capital of the Netherlands colony of Nieuw-Nederland. (NY) Hartford New-Haven Boston (MA) Hartford Joint Capitals 1639 Capital of the English Colony of Connecticut 1639-1686. 1640 Capital of the English Colony of New-Haven until its merger into the Connecticut Colony in 1662. 1686 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America. 1689 Capital of the English Colony of Connecticut. 1701 Hartford and New-Haven served as the "co-capitals" of the English Colony of Connecticut, with the Assembly holding its May session in Hartford and its October session in New-Haven. 1707 Hartford and New-Haven joint capitals of the British Colony of Connecticut. 1776 Hartford and New Haven joint capitals of the State of Connecticut. Hartford 1875 Capital of the State of Connecticut. 1638 Capital of the Swedish colony of Nya Sverige. 1655 Capital of the Netherlands province of Nieuw-Nederland. 1664 Capital of the English Colony of New-York. 1673 Capital of the Netherlands military government of Nieuw-Nederland. 1674 Capital of the English Colony of New-York. 1682 Capital of the English Colony of Pennsylvania. 1704 Capital of the English Lower Counties on the Delaware. 1707 Capital of the British Lower Counties on the Delaware. 1776 Capitals of the State of Delaware. Dover 1777 1564 Capital of the French colony of la Caroline 1564-1565. 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida 1565-1763.[7] 1763 Capital of the British Colony of East Florida 1763-1783. 1783 Capital of the Spanish colony of Florida Oriental 1783-1821. Santa María de Ochuse Pensacola Tallahassee 1763 Capital of the British Colony of West Florida 1763-1783. 1783 Capital of the Spanish colony of Florida Occidental 1783-1821. 1824 Capital of the Territory of Florida. 1845 Capital of the State of Florida.

Delaware
Statehood in 1776

Fort Kristina Fort Amsterdam NieuwAmsterdam New-York Nieuw-Oranje New-York (NY) Philadelphia (PA) New-Castle

Florida[14]
Statehood in 1845

Fort de la Caroline San Agustín St. Augustine

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Georgia[15]
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

San Agustín (FL) 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida.[7] Savannah 1733 Capital of the British proprietary Colony of Georgia. 1755 Capital of the British Province of Georgia. 1776 Capitals of the State of Georgia. Augusta Heard’s Fort Augusta Savannah Ebenezer Savannah Augusta Louisville Milledgeville Macon Milledgeville Atlanta 1778 1780 1781 1782 1782 1784 1786 1796 1807 1864 1865 1868 1820 Capitals of the Kingdom of Hawaii. 1845 1894 Capital of the Republic of Hawaii. 1898 Capital of the Territory of Hawaii. 1959 Capital of the State of Hawaii.

Hawaii
Statehood in 1959

Lahaina Honolulu

Idaho[16]
Statehood in 1890

Fort Vancouver (WA)

1825 Capital de facto of the Oregon Country.

Oregon City (OR) 1843 Capital of the Provisional Government of Oregon in the Oregon Country.[17] Salem (OR) Olympia (WA) Lewiston Boise Illinois[18]
Statehood in 1818

1848 Capitals of the Territory of Oregon (all of Idaho 1848-1853, southern Idaho 1851 1853-1859.) 1853 Capital of the Territory of Washington (northern Idaho 1853-1859, all of Idaho 1859-1863.) 1863 Capitals of the Territory of Idaho. 1865 1890 Capital of the State of Idaho. 1788 Capital of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. 1800 Capital of the Territory of Indiana. 1809 Capital of the Territory of Illinois. 1818 Capitals of the State of Illinois. 1820 1839

Marietta (OH) Vincennes (IN) Kaskaskia Vandalia Springfield

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Indiana
Statehood in 1816

List of capitals in the United States

Marietta (OH) Vincennes Corydon Indianapolis

1788 Capital of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. 1800 Capitals of the Territory of Indiana. 1813 1816 Capitals of the State of Indiana. 1825 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (1812-1821).

Iowa[19]
Statehood in 1846

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

Detroit (MI) Belmont (WI) Burlington Iowa City Des Moines Kansas[20]
Statehood in 1861

1834 Capital of the Territory of Michigan. 1836 Capitals of the Territory of Wisconsin. 1837 1838 Capitals of the Territory of Iowa. 1841 1846 Capitals of the State of Iowa. 1857 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (1812-1821).

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

Pawnee Shawnee Mission Lecompton Topeka Kentucky[21]
Statehood in 1792

1855 Capital of the Territory of Kansas (July 2-July 6). 1855 Capital of the Territory of Kansas. 1856 Capital de jure (pro-slavery) of the Territory of Kansas. Capital de facto (anti-slavery) of the Territory of Kansas. 1861 Capital of the State of Kansas. 1699 Capital of the English Colony of Virginia. 1707 Capital of the British Colony of Virginia. 1776 Capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 1780 1792 Capital of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. (Bowling Green was the Confederate state capital 1861-1862.)

Williamsburg (VA)

Richmond (VA) Frankfort

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Louisiana[22]
Statehood in 1812

List of capitals in the United States

San Agustín (FL) 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida.[7] Mobile Bay (AL) 1702 Capitals of the French colony of la Louisiane. Biloxi (MS) la NouvelleOrléans Nueva Orleans New Orleans 1720 1722 1763 Capital of the Spanish district of Baja Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Basse-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the Territory of Orleans. 1812 Capitals of the State of Louisiana. Donaldsonville New Orleans Baton Rouge Opelousas Shreveport New Orleans Baton Rouge 1830 1831 1849 1862 1863 1865 1880 1604 Capitals of the French colony of l’Acadie. 1605 1630 Capital of the English Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 1686 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America. 1689 Capital of the dissident Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 1691 Capital of the English Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1707 Capital of the British Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1774 Capital of the dissident Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1776 Capital of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 1780 Capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Portland Augusta 1820 Capital of the State of Maine. 1827 Capital de facto of the State of Maine. Capital de jure of the State of Maine. 1832 Capital of the State of Maine. 1634 Capital of the English proprietary Colony of Maryland. 1694 Capital of the English Province of Maryland. 1707 Capital of the British Province of Maryland. 1776 Capital of the State of Maryland. (Capital of the United States of America 1783-1784.)

Maine[23]
Statehood in 1820

Île Sainte-Croix Port-Royal (NS) Boston (MA)

Maryland[24]
Statehood in 1776

St. Mary’s City Anne Arundel’s Towne Annapolis

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Massachusetts
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

Plimouth Boston Plimouth Boston

1620 Capital of the English Colony of New-Plimouth 1620-1686. 1630 Capital of the English Colony of Massachusetts Bay 1630-1686. 1686 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America 1686-1689. 1688 Capital of the dissident Colony of New-Plimouth 1688-1692. 1689 Capital of the dissident Colony of Massachusetts Bay 1689-1692. 1692 Capital of the English Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1707 Capital of the British Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1774 Capital of the dissident Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1776 Capital of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 1780 Capital of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Michigan[25]
Statehood in 1837

1788 Capitals of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio (all of Michigan Chillicothe (OH) 1800 1788-1800, eastern Michigan 1800-1803.) Vincennes (IN) Corydon (IN) Detroit Capitals of the Territory of Indiana (western Michigan 1800-1803; all of 1813 Michigan 1803-1805, a portion of the Upper Peninsula 1805-1816.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Michigan (Lower Peninsula 1805-1818, all of Michigan 1818-1837.) (Detroit was occupied by British Armed Forces 1812-1813.) 1837 Capitals of the State of Michigan. Lansing 1847 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana 1765-1800. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane (west of Mississippi River 1800-1804.) 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (west of Mississippi River under the authority of the Indiana Territory 1804-1805.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana (west of Mississippi River 1805-1812.) 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (west of Mississippi River 1812-1821.) Marietta (OH) Vincennes (IN) Kaskaskia (IL) Detroit (MI) Belmont (WI) Burlington (IA) Madison (WI) Iowa City (IA) Saint Paul 1788 Capital of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio (east of Mississippi River 1788-1800.) 1800 Capital of the Territory of Indiana (east of Mississippi River 1800-1809.) 1809 Capital of the Territory of Illinois (east of Mississippi River 1809-1818.) 1818 Capital of the Territory of Michigan (east of Mississippi River 1818-1834, all of Minnesota 1834-1836.) 1836 Capitals of the Territory of Wisconsin. 1837 1838 Capital of the Territory of Iowa (west of Mississippi River 1838-1841.) Capital of the Territory of Wisconsin (east of Mississippi River 1838-1848.) 1841 Capital of the Territory of Iowa (west of Mississippi River 1841-1846.) 1849 Capital of the Territory of Minnesota. 1858 Capital of the State of Minnesota.

Marietta (OH)

Minnesota[26]
Statehood in 1858

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

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Mississippi[27]
Statehood in 1817

List of capitals in the United States

San Agustín (FL) 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida.[7] Savannah (GA) 1733 Capital of the British proprietary Colony of Georgia. 1755 Capital of the British Province of Georgia. 1776 Capitals of the State of Georgia. Augusta (GA) Heard’s Fort (GA) Augusta (GA) Savannah (GA) Ebenezer (GA) Savannah (GA) Augusta (GA) Louisville (GA) Natchez Washington Natchez Jackson 1778 1780 1781 1782 1782 1784 1786 1796 1798 Capitals of the Territory of Mississippi. 1802 1817 Capitals of the State of Mississippi. 1821 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri. Saint Charles Jefferson City 1821 Capitals of the State of Missouri. 1826 (A Confederate state government in exile operated from Neosho 1861-1863, and from Marshall, Texas, 1863-1865.)

Missouri
Statehood in 1821

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis

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Montana[28]
Statehood in 1889

List of capitals in the United States

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana (east of Continental Divide 1763-1800.) 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane (east of Continental Divide 1800-1804.) 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (east of Continental Divide under the authority of the Indiana Territory 1804-1805.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana (east of Continental Divide 1805-1812.) 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (east of Continental Divide 1812-1821.)

Fort Vancouver (WA)

1825 Capital de facto of the Oregon Country (west of Continental Divide 1818-1843.)

Oregon City (OR) 1843 Capital of the Provisional Government of Oregon (west of Continental Divide 1843-1848.) 1848 Capitals of the Territory of Oregon (west of Continental Divide 1848-1853.) Salem (OR) Olympia (WA) Omaha (NE) Yankton (SD) Lewiston (ID) Bannack Virginia City Helena Nebraska
Statehood in 1867

1851 1853 Capital of the Territory of Washington (west of Continental Divide 1853-1863.) 1854 Capital of the Territory of Nebraska (east of Continental Divide 1854-1861.) 1861 Capital of the Territory of Dakota (east of Continental Divide 1861-1863.) 1863 Capital of the Territory of Idaho. 1864 Capitals of the Territory of Montana. 1865 1875 1889 Capital of the State of Montana. 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (1812-1821).

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

Omaha Lancaster Lincoln Nevada[29]
Statehood in 1864

1854 Capitals of the Territory of Nebraska. 1867 1867 Capital of the State of Nebraska. 1850 Capitals of the Territory of Utah. 1858 1861 Capital of the Territory of Nevada. 1864 Capital of the State of Nevada.

Fillmore (UT) Salt Lake City (UT) Carson City

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New Hampshire[30]
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

Boston (MA) Portsmouth Boston (MA) Portsmouth

1630 Capital of the English Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 1680 Capital of the English Province of New-Hampshire. 1686 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America. 1689 Capital of the dissident Province of New-Hampshire. 1691 Capital of the English Province of New-Hampshire. 1698 Capital of the English Province of New-Hampshire under jurisdiction of the Royal Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1707 Capital of the British Province of New-Hampshire under jurisdiction of the Royal Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 1741 Capital of the British Province of New-Hampshire.

Exeter Concord New Jersey
Statehood in 1776

1775 Capital of the Revolutionary War government of New Hampshire. 1776 Capitals of the State of New Hampshire. 1808

Fort Amsterdam 1625 Capital of the Netherlands colony of Nieuw-Nederland. (NY) 1652 Capital of the Netherlands province of Nieuw-Nederland. Elizabethtown (now Elizabeth) Perth Amboy Burlington Boston (MA) Perth Amboy Burlington Joint Capitals 1665 Capital of the English Province of New-Jersey. 1673 Capital of the English Province of East Jersey 1673-1688. Capital of the English Province of West Jersey 1673-1688. 1688 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America 1688-1689. 1689 Capital of the English Province of East Jersey 1689-1702. Capital of the English Province of West Jersey 1689-1702. 1702 East Jersey and West Jersey were re-united as the English Province of NewJersey in 1702. Perth Amboy and Burlington served jointly as the capital until 1784. 1707 Joint capitals of the British Province of New-Jersey. 1776 Joint capitals of the State of New Jersey. Trenton 1784 Capital of the State of New Jersey. (Capital of the United States of America in 1784.)

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New Mexico
Statehood in 1912

List of capitals in the United States

San Juan de los Caballeros

1598 Capitals of the Spanish Virreinato de la Nueva España colony of Santa Fé de Nuevo Méjico.

La Villa Real de 1610 la Santa Fé de San Francisco de Asís El Paso del Norte 1680 Capital of the Spanish Virreinato de la Nueva España colony-in-exile of (now Ciudad Santa Fé de Nuevo Méjico (Pueblo Revolt 1680-1692). Juárez CHH) La Villa Real de 1692 Capital of the Spanish Virreinato de la Nueva España colony of Santa Fé de la Santa Fé de Nuevo Méjico. San Francisco de 1821 Capital of the Mexican province of Santa Fé de Nuevo México. Asís 1824 Capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fé de Nuevo México. Santa Fe 1846 Capital of the U.S. military province of New Mexico 1846. 1846 Capital of the U.S. provisional government of New Mexico 1846-1850. 1850 Capital of the U.S. Territory of New Mexico 1850-1912. Mesilla San Antonio (TX) Santa Fe New York
Statehood in 1776

1862 Capital of the Confederate Territory of Arizona (southern New Mexico and Arizona 1862). 1862 Capital of the government-in-exile of the Confederate Territory of Arizona 1862-1865. 1912 Capital of the State of New Mexico. 1625 Capital of the Netherlands colony of Nieuw-Nederland (Novum Belgium). 1652 Capital of the Netherlands province of Nieuw-Nederland. 1664 Capital of the English Province of New-York. 1673 Capital of the Netherlands military government of Nieuw-Nederland. 1674 Capital of the English Province of New-York. 1688 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America. 1689 Capital of the dissident government of New-York. 1691 Capital of the English Province of New-York. 1707 Capital of the British Province of New-York. 1776 Capitals of the State of New York.

Fort Amsterdam NieuwAmsterdam New-York Nieuw-Oranje New-York Boston (MA) New-York

Kingston Hurley Poughkeepsie New York Albany

1777 1777 1777 1788 Capital of the State of New York. (Capital of the United States of America 1785–1788 and 1789–1790.) 1797 Capital of the State of New York.

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North Carolina
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

San Agustín (FL) 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida.[7] Charlestown (SC) New Bern Fayetteville Raleigh 1670 Capital of the English Province of Carolina. 1707 Capital of the British Province of Carolina. 1712 Capital of the British Province of North Carolina. 1776 Capitals of the State of North Carolina. 1789 1794 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (1812-1821). Detroit (MI) Belmont (WI) Burlington (IA) Iowa City (IA) Saint Paul (MN) Omaha (NE) Yankton (SD) Bismarck 1834 Capital of the Territory of Michigan (east of Missouri River and White Earth River 1834-1836.) 1836 Capitals of the Territory of Wisconsin (east of Missouri River and White 1837 Earth River 1836-1838.) 1838 Capitals of the Territory of Iowa (east of Missouri River and White Earth 1841 River 1838-1846.) 1849 Capital of the Territory of Minnesota (east of Missouri River and White Earth River 1849-1858.) 1854 Capital of the Territory of Nebraska (west of Missouri River or White Earth River 1854-1861.) 1861 Capitals of the Territory of Dakota. 1883 1889 Capital of the State of North Dakota. 1788 Capitals of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. 1800 1803 Capitals of the State of Ohio. Zanesville Chillicothe Columbus 1810 1812 1816

North Dakota
Statehood in 1889

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

Ohio
Statehood in 1803

Marietta Chillicothe

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Oklahoma
Statehood in 1907

List of capitals in the United States

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri.

Arkansas Post (AR) Little Rock (AR) Tahlequah Tuskahoma Tishomingo Wewoka Okmulgee Guthrie Oklahoma City Oregon[31]
Statehood in 1859

1819 Capitals of the Territory of Arkansaw[11] (south of the parallel 36°30’ north 1819-1824, southeastern Oklahoma 1824-1828.) 1821 1838 Capital of the Cherokee Nation. 1838 Capital of the Choctaw Nation. 1855 Capital of the Chickasaw Nation. 1866 Capital of the Seminole Nation. 1867 Capital of the Creek Nation. 1889 Capital of the Territory of Oklahoma. 1907 Capitals of the State of Oklahoma. 1910 1841 De Facto Capital of the Oregon Country 1843 Capital of the Provisional Government of Oregon in the Oregon Country.[17] 1848 Capitals of the Territory of Oregon. 1851 1855 1855 1859 Capital of the State of Oregon. 1682 Capital of the English proprietary Colony of Pennsylvania. 1707 Capital of the British proprietary Colony of Pennsylvania. 1776 Capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. (Capital of the United States of America 1776, 1777, 1778-1783, and 1790-1800.)

Champoeg Oregon City

Salem Corvallis Salem Pennsylvania[32] Philadelphia
Statehood in 1776

Lancaster Harrisburg

1799 Capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. (Capital of the United States of America 1777.) 1812 Capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

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Rhode Island
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

Providence Portsmouth Providence Boston (MA) Providence Five Capitals

1636 Capital of the English Colony of Providence 1636-1663. 1639 Capital of the English Colony of Aquidneck Island 1639-1644. 1644 Capital of the English Colony of Rhode Island 1644-1663. 1663 Capital of the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 1686 Capital of the English Dominion of New-England in America. 1689 Capital of the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 1707 Capital of the British Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 1776 From 1776 to 1853, the legislature of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations rotated among the county seats of the state’s five counties: Providence, Newport, East Greenwich, South Kingstown, and Bristol. 1854 From 1854 to 1899, the legislature of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations alternated sessions between Providence and Newport. 1900 Capital of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. 1670 Capital of the English Province of Carolina. 1707 Capital of the British Province of Carolina. 1712 Capital of the British Province of South Carolina. 1776 Capitals of the State of South Carolina.

Joint Capitals Providence South Carolina
Statehood in 1776

San Agustín (FL) 1565 Capital of the Spanish colony of la Florida.[7] Charlestown

Columbia South Dakota
Statehood in 1889

1786 1765 Capital of the Spanish (though predominantly Francophone) district of Alta Louisiana. 1800 Capital of the French district of la Haute-Louisiane. 1804 Capital of the District of Louisiana (under the authority of the Indiana Territory.) 1805 Capital of the Territory of Louisiana. 1812 Capital of the Territory of Missouri (1812-1821).

Saint-Louis San Luis St. Louis (MO)

Detroit (MI) Belmont (WI) Burlington (IA) Iowa City (IA) Saint Paul (MN) Omaha (NE) Yankton Bismarck (ND) Pierre

1834 Capital of the Territory of Michigan (east of Missouri River 1834-1836.) 1836 Capitals of the Territory of Wisconsin (east of Missouri River 1836-1838.) 1837 1838 Capitals of the Territory of Iowa (east of Missouri River 1838-1846.) 1841 1849 Capital of the Territory of Minnesota (east of Missouri River 1849-1858.) 1854 Capital of the Territory of Nebraska (west of Missouri River 1854-1861.) 1861 Capitals of the Territory of Dakota. 1883 1889 Capital of the State of South Dakota.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tennessee[33]
Statehood in 1796

List of capitals in the United States

New Bern (NC) Rocky Mount White’s Fort Knoxville Kingston Knoxville Nashville Knoxville Murfreesboro Nashville

1712 Capital of the British Province of North Carolina. 1776 Capital of the State of North Carolina. 1790 Capitals of the Territory South of the River Ohio. 1791 1796 Capital of the State of Tennessee. 1807 Capital of the State of Tennessee for one day in 1807 to fulfill treaty obligations with the Cherokee Nation. 1807 Capitals of the State of Tennessee. 1812 1817 1818 1826 1729 Capitals of the Spanish colony of Tejas. 1772

Texas
Statehood in 1845

Los Adaes (LA) San Antonio de Béxar (now San Antonio) Saltillo (COA)

1824 Capitals of the Mexican province of Coahuila y Tejas.

Monclova (COA) 1833 Washington 1836 Capitals of the Republic of Texas. (now Washington-onthe-Brazos) Galveston Harrisburgh Velasco Columbia Houston Austin Utah
Statehood in 1896

1836 1836 1836 1836 1837 1839 1845 Capital of the State of Texas. 1849 Capital of the extralegal Territory of Deseret. 1850 Capitals of the Territory of Utah. 1858 1896 Capital of the State of Utah. 1777 Capitals of the Republic of New Connecticut. 1777 1777 Capital of the Vermont Republic. 1791 Capitals of the State of Vermont.

Salt Lake City Fillmore Salt Lake City

Vermont[34]
Statehood in 1791

Westminster Windsor

Montpelier

1805

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Virginia[35]
Statehood in 1776

List of capitals in the United States

Jamestown Middle Plantation Williamsburg Richmond

1619 Capitals of the English Colony of Virginia. 1698 1707 Capital of the British Colony of Virginia. 1776 Capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 1780 Capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. (Capital of the Confederate States of America 1861-1865.) (A rival pro-Union state government operated from Wheeling 1861-1863 and from Alexandria 1863-1865.)

Washington[36] Oregon City (OR) 1843 Capital of the Provisional Government of Oregon in the Oregon CounStatehood in 1889 try.[17] 1848 Capitals of the Territory of Oregon. Salem (OR) Olympia West Virginia
Statehood in 1863

1851 1853 Capital of the Territory of Washington. 1889 Capital of the State of Washington.

Jamestown (VA) 1619 Capitals of the English Colony of Virginia. Middle Plantation (VA) Williamsburg (VA) Richmond (VA) Wheeling 1698 1707 Capital of the British Colony of Virginia. 1776 Capitals of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 1780 1861 Capital of the rival pro-Union government of the Commonwealth of Virginia. 1863 Capitals of the State of West Virginia. Charleston Wheeling Charleston 1870 1875 1885 1788 Capital of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. 1800 Capital of the Territory of Indiana. 1809 Capital of the Territory of Illinois. 1818 Capital of the Territory of Michigan. 1836 Capitals of the Territory of Wisconsin. 1837 1838 1848 Capital of the State of Wisconsin. 1863 Capital of the Territory of Idaho. 1864 Capital of the Territory of Dakota. 1869 Capital of the Territory of Wyoming. 1890 Capital of the State of Wyoming.

Wisconsin[37]
Statehood in 1848

Marietta (OH) Vincennes (IN) Kaskaskia (IL) Detroit (MI) Belmont Burlington (IA) Madison

Wyoming[38]
Statehood in 1890

Lewiston (ID) Yankton (SD) Cheyenne

• Satellite and Aerial Photography of All US Capitol Buildings from SightseeBySpace.com

References
[1] [2] http://www.britishcolumbia.com/regions/towns/ ?townID=4124 The Nine Capitals of the United States. United States Senate Historical Office. Accessed June 9,

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2005. Based on Fortenbaugh, Robert, The Nine Capitals of the United States, York, PA: Maple Press, 1948. [3] Aleksandar Pavković, Peter Radan, Creating New States: Theory and Practice of Secession, p. 222, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007. [4] Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700 (1868) at Cornell University Law School Supreme Court collection. [5] The State of Muskogee, State Flags of Florida, Cultural, Historical and Information Programs, Office of Cultural and Historical Programs website, Florida Department of State, Government of Florida, retrieved October 31, 2007. [6] Capitals of Alabama. Alabama Department of Archives and History. Updated October 29, 2001. Accessed June 9, 2005. [7] ^ The Spanish name la Florida originally referred to all of the American continent north of Mexico. As other European nations colonized North America, the extent of la Florida shrank to encompass only the Spanish territorial claims in the southeastern portion of the present United States. [8] Frequently Asked Questions About Alaska. Statewide Library Electronic Doorway. Updated September 21, 2004. Accessed June 9, 2005; based on Alaska Blue Book 1993-94, 11th ed., Juneau, Department of Education, Division of State Libraries, Archives & Museums. ExploreNorth: The History of Sitka. Department of Community and Economic Development, Alaska Community Database Online. Accessed June 9, 2005. [9] Capitals before the Capitol. Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records. Accessed June 9, 2005. [10] Educational Materials: Facts. Arkansas Secretary of State. Accessed June 9, 2005. Washington State Park 19th century village in SW Arkansas. Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism, Confederate Capital Old Division of State Parks. 2003. Accessed June 9, 2005. [11] ^ The name Arkansas has been pronounced and spelled in a variety of fashions. The region was organized as the Territory of Arkansaw on July 4, 1819, but the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Arkansas on June 15, 1836. The name was historically pronounced /ˈɑrkənsɔː/, /ærˈkænzəs/, and several other variants. In 1881, the Arkansas General Assembly passed the following concurrent resolution (Arkansas Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 4, Section 105): Whereas, confusion of practice has arisen in the pronunciation of the name of our state and it is deemed important that the true pronunciation should be determined for use in oral official proceedings.

List of capitals in the United States
And, whereas, the matter has been thoroughly investigated by the State Historical Society and the Eclectic Society of Little Rock, which have agreed upon the correct pronunciation as derived from history, and the early usage of the American immigrants. Be it therefore resolved by both houses of the General Assembly, that the only true pronunciation of the name of the state, in the opinion of this body, is that received by the French from the native Indians and committed to writing in the French word representing the sound. It should be pronounced in three (3) syllables, with the final "s" silent, the "a" in each syllable with the Italian sound, and the accent on the first and last syllables. The pronunciation with the accent on the second syllable with the sound of "a" in "man" and the sounding of the terminal "s" is an innovation to be discouraged. Citizens of the State of Kansas often pronounce the Arkansas River as IPA: /ærˈkænzəs/ in a manner similar to the common pronunciation of the name of their state. Ebbert (Chief Editor), Brian S.; E. Dotson Wilson, Chief Clerk of the Assembly (2006). California’s Legislature. Sacramento, California: State of California. pp. 157–165. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pdf/caleg11.pdf. Retrieved on 2006-10-03. Early Capitol and Legislative Assembly Locations Colorado State Archives, Colorado State Capitol Virtual Tour. Updated June 20, 2003. Accessed June 9, 2005. Florida State History. Florida Division of Historical Resources. Jackson, Edwin L. Story of Georgia’s Capitols and Capital Cities. Carl Vinson Institute of Government. University of Georgia. 1988 Chronological History of Idaho. Idaho Office of the Governor. Created 2000. Accessed June 9, 2005. ^ Clarke, S.A. (1905). Pioneer Days of Oregon History. J.K. Gill Company. Past Capitols; based on Illinois Bluebook, 1975-1976. Created March 5, 2005. Accessed June 10, 2005. Sabin, Henry. Making of Iowa, chapter 24: Locating a Capital. Originally published 1900 by A. Flanagan Co. of Chicago and New York; published online by Iowa History Project, posted August 25, 2004. Accessed June 10, 2005. Harding, Eldon. Stories from the Kansas State Capital: Choosing a Capital City--Why Topeka?.

[12]

[13]

[14] [15]

[16] [17] [18]

[19]

[20]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kansas State Historical Society. April 2001. Accessed June 10, 2005. Kentucky’s State Capitols. Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Accessed July 24, 2006. Note: The Louisiana Capitals information may be incorrect or incomplete. See http://www.state.la.us/about_history2.htm and elsewhere. Students Questions Frequently Ask. Maine State Senate. Accessed June 10, 2005. Historical Chronology. Maryland State Archives. Accessed July 24, 2006. Michigan in Brief State of Michigan. Updated March 7, 2005. Accessed June 10, 2005. Saint Paul’s 150th birthday. City of Saint Paul, Minnesota. Accessed June 9, 2005. Bunn, Mike and Clay Williams, Capitals and Capitols: The Places and Spaces of Mississippi’s Seat of Government. Mississippi History Now. Mississippi Historical Society Online. Posted September 2003. Accessed June 10, 2005. Lambert, Kirby. Montana’s crown jewel of architecture: The Montana state capitol Montana: The Magazine of Western History, Montana Historical Society. Summer 2002. Accessed June 10, 2005. Rocha, Guy Nevada State Archives Historical Myth a Month: Myth #28, Las Vegas: Nevada’s Next State Capital. Updated July 14, 2003. Accessed June 9,

List of capitals in the United States
2005; originally published as Sierra Sage, Carson City/Carson Valley, Nevada. May 1998 edition. New Hampshire Senate Page For Kids. New Hampshire General Court. Accessed June 9, 2005. New Hampshire History in Brief. New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources. Created 1989. Accessed June 9, 2005. Oregon Legislative Assembly History. Oregon State Archives. Accessed July 24, 2006. The History of Pennsylvania’s Capital. Pennsylvania Department of Education. Accessed July 24, 2006. Capital Cities. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. 2002. Accessed March 12, 2006. Early History of Montpelier, Vermont. Vermont Historical Society. Accessed June 9, 2005; adapted from Esther Munroe Swift, Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History, 1977, 1996, and Montpelier Heritage Group, Three Walking Tours of Montpelier, Vt., 1991. About Our Capital. Virginia General Assembly. Accessed July 20, 2006. The History of Olympia. City of Olympia. Accessed June 9, 2005. Cravens, Stanley H."Capitals and Capitols in Early Wisconsin". Wisconsin Blue Book, 1983-1984 edition. Saban, Mary Thompson, Wyoming Sage: Brief History of Wyoming. Updated January 17, 2004. Accessed June 10, 2005.

[21] [22]

[30]

[31] [32]

[23] [24] [25] [26] [27]

[33] [34]

[35] [36] [37]

[28]

[29]

[38]

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_capitals_in_the_United_States" Categories: Former United States state capitals, State capitals in the United States, Lists of cities in the United States, States of the United States related lists This page was last modified on 17 May 2009, at 23:15 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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