NIGMS MINORITY PROGRAMS
INSTITUTE OF GENERAL MEDICAL SCIENCES • WINTER 2003
INSIDE THIS ISSUE A B R C M S C O M M E M O R AT E S
NIGMS Celebrates 40 Years
of Discovery, Progress 4
BY JILLIENE MITCHELL, NIGMS
From the MORE Director: Undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and faculty members came
Taking the Risk Out from all over the country to attend the second Annual Biomedical Research Conference
of Taking Risks 6
for Minority Students (ABRCMS), held November 13–16 in New Orleans, LA.
Zlotnik Appointed The conference brought together MORE program participants, academic
MBRS Director 7 administrators, grant ofﬁcials, and other members of the scientiﬁc community
to hear research presentations; attend professional development workshops,
Proﬁle: Nancy Urizar 8
poster sessions, and exhibits; and network with each other. The meeting also
Research Highlight: marked the special occasion of the 40th anniversary of NIGMS and the 30th
Study May Explain Fear
anniversary of the Institute’s Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC)
Response in PTSD 10
and Minority Biomedical Research Support (MBRS) programs.
NIGMS Brochure Available 11 The anniversary events began with a panel discussion by two Nobel laureates
and a scientist who has been described as a potential laureate in the future.
News and Notes 12
Dr. Thomas R. Cech of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Dr. Alfred
Selected Publications 16 G. Gilman of The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
discussed their Nobel-winning research and encouraged students to pursue
Upcoming Meetings 17
research opportunities. Dr. Erich Jarvis of Duke University, an up-and-coming
Recent Awards scientist who participated in the MARC and MBRS programs as an under-
and Fellowships 18
graduate student at the City University of New York, Hunter College,
described his research on vocal learning in birds. Jarvis’ honors include the
prestigious Waterman Award from the National Science Foundation in 2002.
Jarvis also participated in a panel discussion on the scientiﬁc accomplish-
ments and career pathways of MARC and MBRS alumni. The other speakers
were Dr. Juliette Bell of Fayetteville State University, Dr. Luis Haro of the
University of Texas at San Antonio, Dr. Yolanda Sanchez of the University
of Cincinnati, Dr. Michael Anderson of The Johns Hopkins University, and
Dr. Scottie Henderson of the University of Arizona.
The panelists shared their experiences and offered their advice to students.
Phyllis Wilson, a senior Haro discussed the path that led him to a science career. Born into a family
biology and pre-med major at
Virginia State University, performs of migrant farm workers, he explained that he was the ﬁrst in his family to
research in the university’s
Bridges to the Baccalaureate lab. attend college. He realized that he wanted to become a scientist while he was
For more on Wilson’s recent activi-
ties, as well as those of other
an undergraduate student participating in the MBRS program at the University
NIGMS minority program partici- of California, San Diego (UCSD).
pants, see the News and Notes
section on page 12. continued on page 2
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
National Institutes of Health
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
2 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
continued from page 1
Anderson stressed the importance of having a
mentor and emphasized that this was the most
critical factor in helping him achieve his career
goals. He urged students to ﬁnd mentors who have
their best interests at heart and told the students
that mentors “don’t necessarily have to look like
you” to do this.
The anniversary activities concluded with a
banquet marking the 30th anniversary of the
MARC and MBRS programs. In the keynote
address, the Honorable Louis Stokes, a strong
supporter of the programs during his tenure as
a Congressman from Ohio, noted the importance
of honoring the efforts of the individuals who
helped create these programs. Stokes particularly
commended the hard work of the late Dr. Geraldine
Pittman Woods, who played a pivotal role in the
development of several NIH minority programs,
particularly MARC and MBRS.
Stokes also urged students to help others in
need. He encouraged the students to remember
ABRCMS meeting participants had the opportunity to meet one that, as far back as 30 years ago when the MARC
another and share their experiences. Nearly 1,000 students made
oral and poster presentations at the meeting, representing nine and MBRS programs were developed, people were
disciplines in the biomedical sciences.
working to help underrepresented minority stu-
dents pursue biomedical research careers.
Geraldine Woods Award Established
This year’s ABRCMS meeting marked the establishment of the Geraldine Woods Award, which
recognizes individuals who have had a signiﬁcant impact in promoting the advancement of under-
represented minorities in biomedical science. The ﬁrst recipients were three early advocates for
The NIGMS Minority Programs NIGMS’ minority programs: the Honorable Louis Stokes, Dr. Ruth L. Kirschstein, and Dr. Charles
Update is produced by the
Ofﬁce of Communications and A. Miller.
Public Liaison of the National
Institute of General Medical Stokes was recognized for his support and ongoing commitment to the research training of
Sciences. The material is not
copyrighted and we encourage
underrepresented minorities. Stokes’ efforts resulted in the creation of a number of NIGMS and
its use or reprinting. NIH programs to support minority students and minority-serving institutions.
Editor: Susan Athey Kirschstein, currently a senior advisor to the NIH director, previously served as the deputy direc-
tor of NIH. She was the director of NIGMS from 1974–1993, and she served as acting director of
Jilliene Mitchell NIH from 1999–2002. Kirschstein was cited for her leadership, dedication, and commitment to the
research training of underrepresented minorities while at the helms of NIGMS and NIH.
Ofﬁce of Communications
and Public Liaison, NIGMS Miller, a former director of what at the time was the NIGMS Cellular and Molecular Basis of
45 Center Drive MSC 6200
Disease Program Branch, was recognized for his work to encourage the research training of under-
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200 represented minorities in the biomedical sciences. Miller served as a champion at NIH for such
Fax: 301-402-0224 programs and led efforts to establish the MARC program at NIGMS.
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 3
“You have the same obligation…to not only
achieve your career and do it with excellence, but
Profiles of Excellence Available
also at the proper point to reach back and help
pull someone else up.”
Dr. Marian Johnson-Thompson, director of
education and biomedical research development ABRCMS attendees received a 16-page
at the National Institute of Environmental Health booklet highlighting six successful MARC
Sciences, paid further tribute to Woods, who was and MBRS programs and the accomplishments
her mentor. of many current and former program partici-
Dr. Clifton Poodry, director of the MORE pants. For free copies of the booklet, Proﬁles
Division, said “The recognition of the contribu- of Excellence: MARC and MBRS Programs,
tions of Geraldine Woods, with her family as contact:
guests in the audience, was very moving for me.”
Ofﬁce of Communications
“If it weren’t for the efforts of Dr. Woods and
and Public Liaison, NIGMS
her colleagues, NIGMS’ minority programs
wouldn’t be the success that they are today. I am
45 Center Drive MSC 6200
proud we could honor such important individuals
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
as we marked the 30th anniversary of MARC and
MBRS,” he added. h 301-496-7301
More information on the 2003 ABRCMS meeting, which will be held
October 15–18 in San Diego, CA, can be found on the ABRCMS meeting
Web site at http://www.abrcms.org .
Recipients of the Geraldine Woods Award (from left) the Honorable Louis Stokes, Dr. Charles Miller, and
Dr. Ruth Kirschstein.
4 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
NIGMS Celebrates 40 Years of Discovery, Progress
BY ALISA ZAPP MACHALEK, NIGMS
The year is 1962. John and MBRS—commemorated their 30th anniver-
Glenn, Jr., becomes the saries in 2002.
ﬁrst American to orbit the
Training Tomorrow’s Scientists
Earth, Sam Walton opens
Since its inception, NIGMS has been dedicated
the ﬁrst Wal-Mart, a ﬁrst-
to teaching students how to become independent
class stamp costs 4 cents,
researchers. Nearly half of all NIH predoctoral
and —most relevant
trainees, and a large portion of postdoctoral
here — NIGMS is created.
trainees, receive their support from NIGMS.
Recognizing that the most signiﬁcant biomed-
Congress to support
ical investigations often involve and affect several
research and training in
different ﬁelds, the Institute designed its training
the “general or basic med-
programs to cut across disciplinary and depart-
ical sciences,” NIGMS has
mental lines. In addition, NIGMS has several
a strong record of sup-
programs that address areas of critical scientiﬁc
porting scientists at the
need. One of these, the Medical Scientist Training
forefront of their ﬁelds. In
Program, leads to a combined M.D.-Ph.D. degree
its 40-year history, more
and prepares scientists to bridge the gap between
than 50 of its grantees
basic and clinical research. Other programs train
have won Nobel Prizes for
scientists to conduct research in the rapidly growing
field of biotechnology and at the interface between
chemistry and biology. The Institute also sponsors
a Pharmacology Research Associate Program—its
Today, NIGMS has one
Renee Hosang, a graduate student at Florida International only intramural activity—that trains postdoctoral
University, beneﬁted from a MORE program.
of the largest budgets at
scientists in pharmacology in NIH and Food and
NIH, coming in at more
Drug Administration laboratories and clinics.
than $1.7 billion. The Institute—which is almost
entirely extramural— funds more than 4,000 Forging Paths into New Areas
research grants to universities, medical schools, hos- In the late 1990s, NIGMS held meetings with
pitals, and other research institutions. Its broad leaders of the scientiﬁc community to get
interests lie in areas such as cell, molecular, develop- their advice and vision on new directions in
mental and computational biology; genetics; science and the needs of researchers. A common
chemistry; and pharmacology. Basic studies in these theme emerged: Solving many of the most
and other areas covered by NIGMS increase our complex—and interesting—questions in biology
understanding of life processes and lay the founda- requires interdisciplinary cooperation and
tion for advances in disease diagnosis, treatment, multifaceted approaches. In response, NIGMS
and prevention. established collaborative and integrative grants
The Institute has a longstanding commitment (better known as “glue” grants) to bring together
to increasing the number and competitiveness large groups of scientists from diverse ﬁelds to
of minority biomedical and behavioral scientists. help tackle these complicated research problems.
Through the MORE Division, NIGMS has helped Another area that beneﬁts from NIGMS’
thousands of minority students pursue degrees emphasis on collaboration is pharmacogenetics,
in science and has enhanced research and training the study of how genes affect the way people
at minority-serving institutions throughout respond to medicines. Already, more than a dozen
the country. Adding to the air of celebration at NIGMS-sponsored research teams have begun
NIGMS, both of MORE’s branches —MARC unraveling why the same dose of a drug can help
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 5
some people, have no effect on others, and NIGMS has also capitalized on
harm a few. This knowledge can allow advances in genome sequencing through
physicians to tailor the doses of certain its Protein Structure Initiative. Launched
medications and save lives. in 2000, this project builds on the As part of its 40th anniversary
The Institute recognizes that vast sci- Institute’s significant investment in
celebration, NIGMS selected 40
entiﬁc treasures are hidden within the structural biology. The goal is to solve
burgeoning masses of genome sequence the structures of 10,000 genetically topics that reflect its interests and
and other biological data. To mine these unique proteins in 10 years, enabling
accomplishments. Brief descriptions
will require quantitative tools and scientists to produce an inventory of all
approaches. Beginning in 1998, NIGMS the shapes that proteins can take in nature. and illustrations of these topics
created a set of initiatives to encourage This, in turn, will help make it possible
are at http://www.nigms.nih.gov/
mathematicians, physicists, computer to predict the structure of any protein
scientists, and engineers to apply their based on its sequence. anniversary/discovery/.
expertise to biomedical research. In 2001, To further advance the field of
to serve as the focal point for such activi- molecular structure determination,
ties, NIGMS created its newest component, NIGMS funds the cutting-edge equip-
the Center for Bioinformatics and ment and facilities necessary for these
Computational Biology. studies. In recent years, the Institute
continued on page 11
Banking on Cells
In 2002, NIGMS also celebrated the 30th anniversary of
the Human Genetic Cell Repository, which plays a vital
role in genetics research. Maintained by the Coriell
Institute for Medical Research in Camden, NJ, the
repository houses the world’s largest collection of
human cell cultures. It contains nearly 8,000 high-
quality cell lines and DNA samples from people
with various genetic disorders, their family mem-
bers and unaffected people whose cells can be used
as controls. (Strict policies ensure informed consent
and conﬁdentiality.) Every week, the repository
ships about 100 cell lines and 1,000 DNA samples
to scientists from any of 60 countries.
Cell cultures from the repository have already
aided discovery of the genes associated with hun-
dreds of diseases, including cystic ﬁbrosis,
Huntington’s disease and retinitis pigmentosa.
Repository materials are used extensively in studies
of gene expression and mutagenesis, as well as in
studies such as the HapMap project, which seeks to
identify patterns of human gene variation. Inform-
ation on the repository is available at
At the Coriell Repository tank room, cells are stored in liquid nitrogen and are preserved
http://locus.umdnj.edu/nigms. h virtually indeﬁnitely.
6 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
FROM THE MORE DIRECTOR
Taking the Risk Out of Taking Risks
BY CLIFTON POODRY, PH.D.
Directors of training grants or other student development likely to succeed. In such a case, the value of giving
programs want to have superior outcomes to show for someone a chance is outweighed by the value of
their efforts, especially when the time comes to submit avoiding failure.
a grant renewal application. The obvious, “risk- Assuming that we want to reap the potential
averse” approach is to select students who appear beneﬁts of accepting into our programs students
to be the most likely to succeed. However, by doing who have unorthodox credentials, are there ways
so, we reduce the size and diversity of the pool by to minimize the risk of taking risks? I believe so,
not accepting students with different credentials provided that three elements are in place:
who may be capable of making major contribu- • a plan to provide assistance;
tions to science. What strategy would minimize • a clear measure of accomplishments; and
the risk and optimize the success of a program • a set of alternatives if satisfactory progress
that is willing to accept the latter type of student? is not being made.
As a scientist whose career started when a In order to provide the most effective assis-
professor was willing to take a risk on me as a grad- tance, it is necessary to determine the initial skill
uate student, I have a bias in favor of thinking levels of the applicant and develop a plan for
broadly and boldly when considering students for guiding needed improvements. Is the applicant
admission to graduate programs. My a self-learner and a self-starter? Does he or she
undergraduate grade point average was possess good critical-thinking skills? Is the appli-
just that—average. I am fortunate that cant’s background knowledge well-rounded?
a program took a risk in admitting me Does he or she have good communication skills?
(and supporting me on an NIH training These and similar questions will help identify a
grant). Years later, I asked my graduate student’s relevant strengths and weaknesses and
advisor why he had taken a chance on me. guide the development of an individually tailored
His response was that I had earned 98th course of study.
and 99th percentiles on the GRE and In order to ensure that progress is being made,
As in organic chemistry and genetics. take periodic measures of the student’s skills to
He ﬁgured that my being a football provide individualized, constructive feedback and
player as an undergraduate might have impacted reinforcement.
my grades. He also saw that I was successfully If a program takes risks, there will be a certain
completing a master’s degree with no scholarship amount of fallout. Conscientious career guidance
support (I took out loans). can help mitigate the trauma of failure and the
The notion of risk is very subjective. It involves distress this causes to the entire program. When
an interplay between the probability that an adverse students have multiple options before them, they
event will occur and the severity of its perceived will see that many paths can lead to success as
consequences. There are high ﬁnancial stakes long as they utilize their energy and talents. I knew
when funds are committed to supporting a student that with my master’s degree I could become a
for multiple years, which must be weighed against high school science teacher, which was a whole lot
the risk of accepting a student who might not better than some other jobs I could imagine. One of
complete the course of study. Perhaps more impor- the great skills of my advisor/mentor was his
tant, the failure of a student is often traumatic and enthusiastic support that instilled self-conﬁdence.
demoralizing, not only to the student and his or her He helped people see where they could make the
advisor, but to the whole department. The risk of best match between their dreams and realities. He
that trauma is reason enough for some to err on did this for everyone—from students to techni-
the side of selecting only those students who are cians to postdocs—without passing judgment,
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 7
guiding individuals to their own decisions. He was credentials of the graduating class? I invite your
taking risks, but calculated ones—he was admitting comments and suggestions on how the “value-added”
students of varying background levels and variable aspects of a program could be evaluated and how
career trajectories, then helping them to become risk-taking could be addressed in review and award
successful. criteria. h
How can programs look beyond the “risk-free”
student pool and take calculated risks with some Dr. Clifton Poodry, email@example.com,
students who have unconventional, but potentially Director, MORE Division, NIGMS, Room 2AS.37,
valuable backgrounds? Should the quality of our 45 Center Drive MSC 6200, Bethesda, MD 20892-6200,
training programs be judged on more than the 301-594-3900
high credentials of the incoming class and the high
Zlotnik Appointed MBRS Director
BY SUSAN ATHEY, NIGMS
Dr. Hinda Zlotnik, a microbiologist with extensive Universidad Nacional Autónoma de
experience in grant and program administration, has México in Mexico City, and her Ph.D.
been appointed chief of the MBRS Branch at NIGMS. in microbiology and immunology from
Zlotnik had been working as a program director Temple University in Philadelphia.
in the MORE Division since 1999. She came to She did postdoctoral work at Temple
NIGMS from the University of Puerto Rico School University’s Skin and Cancer Hospital,
of Medicine in San Juan, where she was director of as well as at the National Institute of
the Ofﬁce of Sponsored Research and a professor in Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney
the department of microbiology and medical zoology. Diseases’ (NIDDK) Laboratory of
During her academic tenure, Zlotnik’s research Enzymes and Biochemistry. In 1995,
focused on pathogenic actinomycetes (bacteria she spent 6 months as an NIH extramu-
related to those that cause strep infections). In addi- ral associate, performing assignments
tion, she was active in training underrepresented with the MARC Branch and with the
minority students for careers in science, a major National Institute on Deafness and
aim of the MORE Division. Other Communication Disorders.
“Dr. Zlotnik brings a solid science background Zlotnik is a member of several scien- Dr. Hinda Zlotnik
and a sensitivity to the needs and concerns of the tiﬁc societies, including the American
grantee community,” said Dr. Clifton Poodry. “She Association for the Advancement of Science,
has earned the respect of colleagues here at NIH as the American Society for Microbiology, the
well as from the directors of MORE programs International Society for Human and Animal
across the country.” Mycology, and the Medical Mycological Society of
Zlotnik succeeds Dr. Ernest Márquez, who the Americas. She served as president of the Puerto
directed the MBRS Branch from 1996–2002 and Rico Society of Microbiologists from 1991–1992
who is now associate director for special popula- and editor of the Medical Mycological Society of the
tions at the National Institute of Mental Health. Americas newsletter from 1994–1997. h
Zlotnik earned her undergraduate degree
in biochemistry and microbiology from the
8 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Proﬁle NANCY URIZAR
This section proﬁles former MORE other schools, Urizar did not get into
participants who have excelled in their Baylor, which was her top choice.
ﬁelds. We hope that the proﬁles will give Determined to go there, she continued
students an idea of the types of careers working as a lab assistant at Baylor and
available with science degrees and the paths then reapplied for admission. She was
others have taken to achieve those careers. accepted the following year.
In addition to her strong will and
A Bright Future for an Aspiring determination, Urizar attributes much of
Scientist her success to the MBRS program, which
BY JILLIENE MITCHELL, NIGMS provided her with ﬁnancial assistance and
“ I became interested in science after taking offered her the chance to go to meetings
a high school biology class,” said Nancy such as the Gordon Research Conference
Urizar, a graduate student at Baylor on Hormone Action, which she attended
College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. during her ﬁrst year of graduate school.
“The instructor’s enthusiasm for sci- “The Gordon Conference gave me the
ence led me to value both scientists and opportunity to meet many well-known
scientiﬁc discovery,” she added. scientists,” Urizar said. “Seeing their excel-
Urizar recalls seeing the inside of a lab lent research motivated me to work even
for the ﬁrst time on a high school ﬁeld harder,” she added.
“If you reach a point where something is not trip to Baylor. This experi- Urizar also attributes her success to
working after more than three or four tries, go ence helped inspire her to having a good mentor, Dr. David D.
and get help from an expert in that technique.” pursue a scientiﬁc career Moore. She currently works in his lab in
and later prompted her to the department of molecular and cellular
choose Baylor for graduate school. biology, studying the role that FXR, a type
Encouraged by her parents to stay in of protein called a nuclear hormone
the Houston area, Urizar received her receptor, plays in maintaining the balance
undergraduate education at the University of lipids in the body, especially cholesterol
of Houston on a full scholarship. She got levels. Urizar was the ﬁrst author on a
hands-on laboratory experience working paper in Science identifying a natural
part-time as a laboratory assistant at product that lowers cholesterol levels in an
Baylor. animal model (see the full citation in the
Urizar earned a bachelor’s degree in Selected Publications section). This work
biochemistry, but she knew that she received international attention.
wanted to further her education. After Urizar credits Moore with helping her
taking a year off from school, she applied to become an independent researcher.
to several graduate schools, including “When I go to Dr. Moore for help, he
Baylor. Although she was accepted into doesn’t simply tell me what to do. Instead
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 9
he and I discuss ways to solve the prob- “I just have to ﬁnd the career that’s
lem,” she explained. perfect for me,” she said. h
Urizar advises students entering
graduate school to seek assistance from If you know an outstanding former
advisors, instructors, postdocs, and other MARC, MBRS, or Bridges participant who
students. has excelled professionally and you would
“If you reach a point where something like to nominate that person as a future
is not working after more than three or Update proﬁle subject, please let us know.
four tries, go and get help from an expert Your suggestions are always welcome.
in that technique,” Urizar said.
Although uncertain of the direction
she wants to take in the future, Urizar
knows she wants a career in science.
Nancy Urizar (right) performs research with postdoctoral fellow Wendong Huang (left)
and graduate student Jun Zhang in her lab at Baylor College of Medicine.
10 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Study May Explain Fear Response in PTSD
Nearly all of us have had a traumatic experi- instead generates a new safety memory to lated the prefrontal cortex in rats that had
ence at some point in our lives, but most of us block the fear response. According to this never exhibited extinction and paired the
can move on and go about our daily business. theory, some part of the brain must create stimulation with the sound, the stimulated
People with post-traumatic stress disorder the safety memory by increasing its activ- rats displayed little fear, acting as if their
(PTSD), however, experience recurrent ity after extinction. In the November 7, fear response had been erased. Later, these
fear and anxiety that never seems to go 2002, issue of the journal Nature, Milad rats continued to be unafraid of the sound
away, even long after the traumatic event and Quirk showed for the ﬁrst time that even without stimulation.
is over. An MBRS-supported researcher in nerve cells in the prefrontal cortex What could be going on?
Puerto Rico was part of a team that iden- increased their activity in response to the The researchers speculate that since
tiﬁed one area of the brain that may be sound only after extinction, creating what the prefrontal cortex sends signals to the
essential for learning how not to be afraid. the researchers called a “safety signal.” amygdala, which is a cluster of nerve cells
The researchers suggest that people with The team found that the more active this in the brain that stores memories, includ-
PTSD may have impaired function in the brain region was, the less afraid the rats ing those of fear, stimulating the
front part of the brain, called the pre- were when they heard the sound. The rats prefrontal cortex may directly impact
frontal cortex. with the most prefrontal cortex the ability to remember a fear response.
MBRS researcher Dr. Gregory Quirk activity acted as if they had never been The ﬁndings also suggest the exciting
and graduate student Mohammed Milad conditioned to fear at all. The scientists’ possibility that stimulating the prefrontal
at the Ponce School of Medicine have findings lend support to the idea that cortex could someday be used to strengthen
studied this area of the brain by recording fear reduction is an active process. the extinction response in people with
electrical activity in the prefrontal cortex Milad and Quirk, who both receive anxiety disorders. h
of laboratory rats. The team conditioned funding from the National Institute of
the rats to fear a sound the scientists Mental Health, did more experiments Reference: Milad MR, Quirk GJ. Neurons
played while delivering a foot shock to with the rats and learned that stimulating in medial prefrontal cortex signal memory
the rats. They measured fear by the degree one particular region of the prefrontal for fear extinction. Nature 2002;420:70-4.
to which the rats became immobilized, cortex diminished the rats’ fear response.
known as the freezing response. Repeated When the researchers electrically stimu- Research Highlights features the research
presentations of the sound without the being done by current and former students
shock caused fear responses to slowly and faculty in the MARC, MBRS, and
disappear, a process researchers call other NIGMS minority programs. We
extinction of the response. welcome your story ideas and suggestions
Classic behavioral experiments for future Research Highlights items.
dating back to Pavlov’s dogs have
suggested that extinction does not
erase a fear association
from memory, but
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 11
continued from page 5
has supported construction of the most For 40 years, NIGMS has been at the
powerful NMR magnets available (900 leading edge of supporting this progress. As
MHz) and, together with the National it continues to champion basic research,
Cancer Institute, it is funding the design to train future scientists, and to forge
and construction of three beamlines at paths into new areas, its future promises
Argonne National Laboratory’s Advanced to hold even more exciting and signiﬁcant
Photon Source, the newest and most advances. h
advanced synchrotron in the country.
A Bright Future “NIGMS is a very special organization, dedicated to the
“ The most important biomedical
expansion of knowledge that will lead to the prevention,
questions today—how genes are regu-
lated, how cells and organisms develop diagnosis, treatment and hopefully, cure, of diseases that
and function, and what causes cellular
still plague humankind. The institute is not only support-
processes to go awry—have not changed
much in the last four decades,” says ing research at the forefront of the biological sciences,
Dr. Judith H. Greenberg, acting director
it is also drawing in valuable perspectives of the chemical,
of NIGMS. “But the level of detail at
which we can answer these questions has physical, and mathematical sciences.”
changed dramatically. This progress not
—Dr. Ruth Kirschstein, Senior Advisor to the NIH Director,
only helps us understand the biological
basis of life, it has also been translated who directed NIGMS for 19 years (1974–1993)
into new approaches to treating and
NIGMS Brochure Available
NIGMS recently published a new brochure titled From Molecules to Medicines:
Research and Training Programs of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.
The booklet provides a brief overview of the Institute’s mission, including a list of
key research areas supported by NIGMS and a sampling of research advances.
The booklet is available online at http://www.nigms.nih.gov/moleculestomeds/.
Free copies of the booklet can be requested by contacting:
Ofﬁce of Communications
and Public Liaison, NIGMS
45 Center Drive MSC 6200
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
12 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
• Dr. N. Kent Peters and Dr. Brian Pike recently • Dr. Thomas Landefeld, the MARC and Bridges to
joined NIGMS as scientiﬁc review administrators in the Baccalaureate program director at California State
the Ofﬁce of Scientiﬁc Review, where they manage University, Dominguez Hills (CSUDH), received the
the review of applications to the MORE Division as 2002 Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native
well as other selected grant applications. Americans in Science (SACNAS) Undergraduate
Peters was formerly a program director for meta- Institution Mentor Award at the society’s annual meeting
bolic biochemistry at the National Science Foundation. in September. The award recognizes individuals who
Before that, he was a professor in the department of have dedicated themselves to science, education, and
chemistry and biotechnology at the Agricultural mentoring and who serve as role models for the next
University of Norway. He earned a bachelor’s degree generation of minority scientists. Landefeld is associate
in biological sciences from Indiana University and dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and is a
a Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the professor of biology at CSUDH.
University of Michigan. He conducted postdoctoral
• Dr. Victoria Luine and Dr. Carol Woods Moore
research at Stanford University.
were honored as Outstanding Women Scientists in
Pike was formerly a research assistant professor in
November by the New York Metropolitan Chapter of
the department of neuroscience at the University of
the Association for Women in Science. Luine is a pro-
Florida College of Medicine in Gainesville. He earned
fessor of psychology and an MBRS program director
a bachelor’s degree in psychology and a Ph.D. in bio-
at the City University of New York (CUNY), Hunter
logical psychology from Virginia Commonwealth
College. Moore, a medical professor, is a principal
University in Richmond. He conducted postdoctoral
investigator on an MBRS grant at the Sophie Davis
research in the department of neurosurgery at the
School of Biomedical Education of the CUNY Medical
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.
School. Both were recognized for the exceptional qual-
• Dr. Barry R. Komisaruk, a program director ity of their scientiﬁc research and for their outstanding
in the NIGMS MORE Division, received a 2002 mentoring of women.
National Role Model Mentoring Award. The award
• Barry University in Miami Shores, FL, marked the
was presented by Minority Access, Inc., a nonproﬁt
20th year of its MARC program with a research sym-
educational organization that assists Federal agencies,
posium at the university in February. The symposium
universities, and corporations to improve their recruit-
included research presentations by some of the 100-
ment, retention, and training of minority researchers.
plus current and past MARC students. For more on
Komisaruk was cited for his 17 years of service on
the symposium, see http://www.barry.edu/
NIGMS’ MBRS grant at Rutgers, The State University
of New Jersey. During his afﬁliation with the MBRS
program at Rutgers, including 14 years as the grant’s • Participants in the American Indian/Alaska Native
principal investigator, Komisaruk mentored more than Bridges to the Doctorate program at the University of
100 minority students. Minnesota-Twin Cities met in October for their
Komisaruk was among 10 individuals selected for second annual project retreat. The retreat featured
a mentoring role model award. He received the award student and faculty research focused on Indian health.
during a ceremony at the National Role Models This Bridges program provides both cultural and
Conference in Washington, DC, in September. academic support to students pursuing a Ph.D.
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 13
• Sederick C. Rice, a former MBRS program partici- Three MBRS program participants at the
pant at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff University of California, San Francisco (UCSF),
(UAPB), was selected as one of Ebony magazine’s received doctoral degrees during spring and summer
“Young Leaders of the Future.” Rice was featured in the commencement ceremonies. Abraham Anderson
magazine’s February issue among the top 30 individu- received a Ph.D. in bioengineering and is now a bio-
als aged 30 and younger who have “excelled in sports, informatics scientist at Torrey Mesa Research Institute
the arts, religion, medicine, business, and education.” in San Diego; Keith Reiling received a Ph.D. in
Rice earned his bachelor’s degree in biology from biophysics and is performing postdoctoral research
UAPB in 1994. He went on to earn a master’s degree in at the University of California, Berkeley; and
biology from Delaware State University in 1996, and is Christopher Reyes received a Ph.D. in biophysics
currently pursuing his Ph.D. in the department of pedi- and is performing postdoctoral research at UCSD.
atrics at UVM’s College of Medicine. Rice’s research Two former MBRS program participants at
focuses on the genetic effects of chemotherapy in chil- Chicago State University who received Ph.D.s are
dren with acute lymphocytic leukemia. Reginald Teverbaugh, whose Ph.D. in chemistry
is from Northwestern University, and Chris
• Among the student participants in NIGMS’ minor-
Withers, whose Ph.D. in physics is from the
ity programs who earned degrees recently are:
University of Miami.
Seven MARC undergraduate students at Delaware
Angela Erazo and Kester K. Haye, both MARC
State University received their bachelor’s degrees in
undergraduate students at CUNY, Brooklyn College,
May and entered Ph.D. programs with scholarships
received bachelor’s degrees in biology this past June.
this fall. Denise Davis received a degree in biology and
is attending Yale University; Patrice Green received a • Many participants in NIGMS’ minority programs
degree in physics with an engineering emphasis and is spent the summer of 2002 performing research away
attending the University of Delaware; Yvette Green from their home institutions. The participants and
received a degree in biology and is attending Rutgers, their summer institutions are listed below, grouped by
The State University of New Jersey/The University of home institution:
Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Shari Lee Barry University: Maria Abreu, Baylor College
received a degree in biology and is attending the of Medicine; Constanza Berger, Western Kentucky
University of Pennsylvania; Darius Sanders received University; Eauly Brautigam, University of Maryland,
a degree in physics with an engineering emphasis and Baltimore County (UMBC); Melanie Camacho,
is attending Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Emporia University; Nikeisha Chin, Colorado State
University; Melissa Tamburo received a degree in University; Paola Colmenares, University of the West
psychology and is attending Rutgers, The State Indies, Jamaica; Dominique Florville, University of
University of New Jersey; and Aaron Williams California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Empress Hughes
received a degree in physics and is attending North and Nahshan St. Bernard, The Hormone Research
Carolina State University. Center, Korea; Ivette Lopez, University of Miami;
Two MBRS program participants at CUNY Raquel Peralta, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine;
received doctoral degrees in biology. They are Angel Kevin Peterson and Amber Siler-Knogl, Columbia
Pimentel, who attended City College, and Melania University; Roody Pierre-Charles, Stazione Zoologica,
Mercado Pimentel, who attended City College and Italy; Erica Ramos, Northern Arizona University;
Lehman College. Both began postdoctoral fellowships continued on page 14
at the University of Arizona in September.
14 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
continued from page 13
Dick Salihah, Cornell University; Christina Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta; Shylise Grifﬁths and
Stujenske, California Institute of Technology; Franki Faulkner, University of North Carolina at
Florence Taylor, University of California, Berkeley; Chapel Hill; and LaKisha Partman, University of
and Gesulla Toussaint, University of Florida. South Carolina.
Chicago State University: Keyona Fletcher, University of Arizona, Tucson: Irene Alvarez,
University of Michigan; Jeremy Harrison, Purdue National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH; Alex
University; Kara Scott, University of Alabama; Corpia Barela, NIDDK, NIH; Nanibaa Garrison, Pasteur
Smith, Chicago State University; Stephen Smith, Institute, Paris, France; Linda Mobula, The Johns
University of California, Berkeley; and Tiffany White, Hopkins University; Humberto Sirvent, University
Northwestern University. of Notre Dame; and Jennifer Thompson, UCSD.
CUNY, Brooklyn College: Allyson Bunbury, UCLA: Charisse Crenshaw, University of
National Institute on Aging, NIH; Tamara Edwards, Florence, Italy.
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey; Ismaele Virginia State University: Phyllis Wilson,
Jacques, Weill Medical College of Cornell University; Strategic Petroleum Reserve, New Orleans.
Ufeta Om’Iniabohs, UCSD; and Shella Saint Fleur,
• The following participants in NIGMS’ minority
Harvard Medical School.
programs made presentations about their research at
CUNY, Hunter College: Ten MARC and MBRS
recent scientiﬁc meetings:
students participated in the Hunter College/Columbia
Benedict College: MBRS program participants
University Health Sciences summer research program.
Nafeesa Ahamed, Shannel MacKall-Moore, and
They are Lauriaselle Afanador, Jeanne Amuta, Jayson
Ndiya Ogba presented at the 2002 Annual Meeting
Bastien, Alain Berthold, Candice Etson, Lavonne
of the South Carolina Alliance for Minority People
Hunter, Randy Jackson, Sidonie Jones, Tracy
in Columbia, SC, in August.
Robinson, and Julane Thompson.
CSUDH: MARC undergraduate students Bernice
Delaware State University: Diana Ackah, Yale
Aguilar, Ibette Lemus, Jerome Nwachukwu, and
University; Joyce Addo, Joel Copper, Michele LaMarr,
Susana Rodriguez presented at the SACNAS annual
and Jenel Nixon, University of Pennsylvania; Anthea
meeting in September. Jerome Nwachukwu presented
Aikins, Carrie Belﬁeld, Jeniter Hughes, and Rozie
at the XIII Undergraduate Research Symposium in
Townsend, University of Virginia; David Charlot,
Puerto Rico in October. Dr. Thomas Landefeld, the
College of William and Mary; Mastingor Desir,
MARC program director at CSUDH, served as the
University of Miami; Tiffany Hawkins, UCSF; Dorcey
meeting’s keynote speaker.
Jones, Harvard Medical School; Donté Jones and
Medgar Evers College-Kingsborough Community
Victoria Williams, Rutgers, The State University of
College: Bridges to the Baccalaureate program partici-
New Jersey; Emeka Omereh, University of Delaware;
pants Sherise Warner, Shawlorna Morris, Kawasi
Meron Solomon, Cornell University; Alicia Sherrell,
Lett, Turkesha Huggins, Candice King, and Ayodeji
UMBC; Dara Waiters, Brown University; KaTonna
Nicholson presented at the 35th annual Metropolitan
Williams, The Johns Hopkins University; and Jessica
Association of College and University Biologists
Witherspoon, Stanford University.
Conference in October.
Jefferson State Community College: Bridgett
North Carolina A&T State University: MARC
Hill, University of Alabama at Birmingham.
students Shylise Grifﬁths, Manza Atkinson, Jennifer
North Carolina A&T State University: Manza
Davis, LaKisha Partman, and Franki Faulkner
Atkinson, University of Iowa; Jennifer Davis, The
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 15
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 15
presented at the First Annual North Carolina Alliance participant at the University of Texas at San Antonio, is
to Create Opportunity Through Education Conference, now an assistant professor of ophthalmology at UCLA
held in September on the campus of North Carolina • Liz Reynoso Paz, a former MARC trainee at SJSU,
State University. received her Ph.D. in immunology from the University
of California, Davis. She plans to start her own biotech
• In recent months, we have received word about the
company after completing postdoctoral work at the
following current and former student participants in
university • Elizabeth B. Torres, a former MARC
NIGMS minority programs • Sherrice Allen, Sue
trainee at SJSU, received her Ph.D. in cognitive science
Carson, and Roberto Frontera-Suau, former partici-
from UCSD and is now completing a postdoctoral
pants in the Institutional Research and Academic
fellowship at the California Institute of Technology. h
Career Development Award program at the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, have gone on to fac-
We are always interested in hearing about NIGMS
ulty positions. Allen is a botany instructor at North
minority program faculty, alumni, and students.
Carolina State University, Carson is an assistant profes-
Photographs of your students, research labs, and
sor of biology at Fayetteville State University, and
activities are also welcomed and encouraged.
Frontera-Suau is an assistant professor of biology at
Please send information to:
Elizabeth City State University • Cheryl Anderson,
a former MBRS program participant at the University
NIGMS Minority Programs Update
of Washington in Seattle, is an assistant professor of
epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania School
45 Center Drive MSC 6200
of Medicine • Diana M. Avila, a former MARC
Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
trainee at St. Mary’s University and MARC predoctoral
fellow at the University of Texas Health Science Center Tel: 301-496-7301
at Dallas, has joined the faculty of St. Mary’s University Fax: 301-402-0224
as an assistant professor in the department of bio- firstname.lastname@example.org
logical sciences • Carol Bristol, a former MARC
participant at CUNY, Brooklyn College, graduated
with a bachelor’s degree in psychology in June 2000
and is in her second year of studies for an M.P.H.
degree at George Washington University • Alexis
Epps, an MBRS program participant at the University
of Missouri-Columbia, has received a fellowship from
the National Science Foundation/Missouri Alliance
for Graduate Education and the Professoriate. The
award will provide Epps with 5 years of support to
pursue a doctoral degree in parasitology at the univer-
sity • Julio C. Gonzalez, a former MARC trainee at
San Jose State University (SJSU), earned an M.D.-
Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and is now a
fellow in the department of infectious diseases at the
University of Washington Medical Center-Roosevelt
• Nathan Mata, a former MBRS and MARC program
16 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
S E L E C T E D P U B L I C AT I O N S
by MORE Faculty and Students (listed by institution)
UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA Yaspelkis BB III, Singh MK, Trevino B, NORTH CAROLINA A&T STATE UNIVERSITY
Kavarana MJ, Trivedi D, Cai M, Ying J, Krisan AD, Collins DE. Resistance Sappington PL, Yang R, Yang H, Tracey
Hammer M, Cabello C, Grieco P, Han G, training increases glucose uptake and KJ, Delude RL, Fink MP. HMGB1 B box
Hruby VJ. Novel cyclic templates of transport in rat skeletal muscle. Acta increases the permeability of caco-2 ente-
alpha-MSH give highly selective and Physiol Scand 2002;175:315–23. rocytic monolayers and impairs intestinal
potent antagonists/agonists for human barrier function in mice. Gastroenterol
CHICAGO STATE UNIVERSITY
melanocortin-3/4 receptors. J Med Chem 2002;123:790–802.
Erhart MA, Lekgothoane S, Grenier J,
Nadeau JH. Pattern of segmental UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL
Quinones HI, List AF, Gerner EW. Selective recombination in the distal inversion Canman JC, Sharma N, Straight A,
exclusion by the polyamine transporter as of mouse t haplotypes. Mamm Genome Shannon KB, Fang G, Salmon ED.
a mechanism for differential radioprotec- 2002;13:438–44. Anaphase onset does not require the
tion of amifostine derivatives. Clin Cancer microtubule-dependent depletion of
CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, YORK COLLEGE
Res 2002;8:1295–300. kinetochore and centromere-binding
Rockhill RL, Daly FJ, MacNeil MA, Brown
proteins. J Cell Sci 2002;115:3787–95.
Reed C, Sturbaum GD, Hoover PJ, Sterling SP, Masland RH. The diversity of ganglion
CR. Cryptosporidium parvum mixed cells in a mammalian retina. J Neurosci Hammond L, Castanotto D, Rice SR,
genotypes detected by PCR-restriction 2002;22:3831–43. Nimgaonkar VL, Wirshing DA, Rossi JJ,
fragment length polymorphism analysis. Heston LL, Sobell JL. Alteration of branch
Rosenthal BS, Wilson WC. Relations of
Appl Environ Microbiol 2002;68:427–9. site consensus sequence and enhanced
psychological distress with objective
pre-mRNA splicing of an NMDAR1
Saengsirisuwan V, Perez FR, Kinnick TR, individual, family, and neighborhood
intron not associated with schizophrenia.
Henriksen EJ. Effects of exercise training characteristics of urban adolescents.
Am J Med Genet 2002;114:631–6.
and antioxidant R-ALA on glucose trans- Psychol Rep 2002;90:371–86.
port in insulin-sensitive rat skeletal Shannon KB, Canman JC, Salmon ED.
UNIVERSITY OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
muscle. J Appl Physiol 2002;92:50–8. Mad2 and BubR1 function in a single
Choudhary MA, Mazhar M, Ali S, Song X,
checkpoint pathway that responds to a loss
BARRY UNIVERSITY Eng G. Synthesis, characterization, and
of tension. Mol Biol Cell 2002;13:3706–19.
Lee JM, Petrucelli L, Fisher G, Ramdath S, biological activity of dimethyltin dicar-
Castillo J, Di Fiore MM, D’Aniello A. boxylates containing geranium. Metal Shannon KB, Salmon ED. Chromosome
Evidence for D-aspartyl-beta-amyloid Based Drugs 2002;8:275–81. dynamics: new light on aurora B kinase
secretase activity in human brain. J function. Curr Biol 2002;12:R458–60.
Eng G, Desta D, Biba E, Song X, May L.
Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2002;61:125–31.
Speciﬁcation of some triorganotin com- Thompson JT, Kier WM. Ontogeny of
BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MEDICINE pounds in sediments from the Anacostia squid mantle function: changes in the
Urizar NL, Liverman AB, Dodds DT, Silva and Potomac Rivers, Washington, DC, mechanics of escape-jet locomotion in the
FV, Ordentlich P, Yan Y, Gonzalez FJ, using Mössbauer spectroscopy. Appl oval squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana lesson.
Heyman RA, Mangelsdorf DJ, Moore DD. Organomet Chem 2002;16:67–71. Biol Bull 2002;203:14–26.
A natural product that lowers cholesterol
Song X, Cahill C, Eng G. Crystal structure Wilkins HR, Ohneda K, Keku TO, D’Ercole
as an antagonist ligand for FXR. Science
of triphenyltin 4-methoxybenzoate. Main AJ, Fuller CR, Williams KL, Lund PK.
Group Metal Chem 2002;25:177–8. Reduction of spontaneous and irradiation-
CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, NORTHRIDGE induced apoptosis in small intestine of IGF-I
Song X, Cahill C, Eng G. The crystal
Yaspelkis BB III, Saberi M, Singh MK, transgenic mice. Am J Physiol Gastrointest
structure of tricyclohexyltin N-n-butyl
Trevino B, Smith TL. Chronic leptin treat- Liver Physiol 2002;283:G457–64.
dithiocarbamate. Main Group Metal
ment normalizes basal glucose transport in
a ﬁber type-speciﬁc manner in high-fat-fed
rats. Metabolism 2002;51:859–63.
NIGMS Minority Programs Update WINTER 2003 17
Williams KL, Fuller CR, Fagin J, Lund PK. of terpenylnaphthoquinones. Toxicol pathway for visual-pigment regeneration
Mesenchymal IGF-I overexpression: 2002;175:167–75. in daylight. Neuron 2002;36:69-80.
paracrine effects in the intestine, distinct
Montanez-Clemente I, Alvira E, Macias YALE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
from endocrine actions. Am J Physiol
M, Ferrer A, Fonceca M, Rodriguez J, Dragon F, Gallagher JE, Compagnone-
Gastrointest Liver Physiol
Gonzalez A, Barletta G. Enzyme activa- Post PA, Mitchell BM, Porwancher KA,
tion in organic solvents: co-lyophilization Wehner KA, Wormsley S, Settlage RE,
PONTIFICAL CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY of subtilisin Carlsberg with methyl-β- Shabanowitz J, Osheim Y, Beyer AL, Hunt
OF PUERTO RICO cyclodextrin renders an enzyme catalyst DF, Baserga SJ. A large nucleolar U3
Hales NW, Yamauchi K, Alicea A, more active than the cross-linked enzyme ribonucleoprotein required for 18S ribo-
Sundaresan A, Pellis NR, Kulkarni AD. crystals. Biotechnol Bioeng somal RNA biogenesis. Nature
A countermeasure to ameliorate immune 2002;78:53–9. 2002;417:967–70.
dysfunction in in vitro simulated
STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, Wehner KA, Gallagher JE, Baserga SJ.
microgravity environment: role of
COLLEGE AT OLD WESTBURY Components of an interdependent unit
cellularnucleotide nutrition. In Vitro Cell
Hoyte RM, Zhang JX, Lerum R, Oluyemi within the SSU processome regulate and
Dev Biol Anim 2002;38:213–7.
A, Persaud P, O’Connor C, Labaree DC, mediate its activity. Mol Cell Biol
PRAIRIE VIEW A&M UNIVERSITY Hochberg RB. Synthesis of halogen- 2002;22:7258–67.
Harris G, Doctor VM. The effect of 6- substituted pyridyl and pyrimidyl deriva-
aminohexanoic acid and fucoidan on the tives of [3,2-c]pyrazolo corticosteroids: Send in your references for inclusion
activation of glutamic plasminogen by strategies for the development of gluco- in Selected Publications. We would
streptokinase. Blood Coagulation & corticoid receptor mediated imaging appreciate your contribution to this
Fibrinolysis 2002;13:355–9. agents. J Med Chem 2002;45:5397–405. section in order to represent as many
MARC and MBRS programs as possible.
UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO, HUMACAO UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT SAN ANTONIO
Complete bibliographical citations can be
Alegria AE, Cordones E, Santiago G, Mata NL, Radu RA, Clemmons RS, Travis
phoned, faxed, mailed, or e-mailed to the
Marcano Y, Sanchez S, Gordaliza M, GH. Isomerization and oxidation of vita-
Editor (see page 2).
Martin-Martin ML. Reductive activation min A in cone-dominant retinas: a novel
APRIL MAY JUNE
11–15, 2003 18– 22, 2003 12–18,2003
FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SOCIETIES AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MICROBIOLOGY MORE PROGRAM DIRECTORS’ MEETINGS
FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY 103RD GENERAL MEETING June 12–14 BRIDGES MEETING
EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY 2003 Washington Convention Center June 15–18 MARC/MBRS MEETING
San Diego Convention Center Washington, DC Granlibakken Conference Center
San Diego, CA CONTACT: ASM Lake Tahoe, CA
CONTACT: Ofﬁce of Scientiﬁc Meetings 1752 N Street, NW CONTACT: MORE Division, NIGMS
and Conferences Washington, DC 20036 45 Center Drive MSC 6200
9650 Rockville Pike Tel: 202-942-9356 Bethesda, MD 20892-6200
Bethesda, MD 20814-3998 email@example.com Tel: 301-594-3900
Tel: 301-530-7010 http://www.asmusa.org http://www.nigms.nih.gov/minority
18 National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Awards and Fellowships
PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS Nicholas J. Heredia Kara A. Porwancher Jason Watts North Carolina Central
FOR MINORITY STUDENTS University of California, Yale University, University of Pennsylvania, University, Durham
(listed by fellow and Los Angeles New Haven, CT Philadelphia Allyn Howlett
Judith Jimenez Herson I. Quinones BRIDGES TO THE FUTURE University of Georgia,
Ana R. Adham University of California, University of Texas AWARDS Athens
Rice University, Houston, TX Irvine Southwestern Medical (listed by institution and Anthony C. Capomacchia
Center at Dallas principal investigator)
Brittnaie J. Bell Francis S. Kinderman MBRS RISE AWARDS
University of South Carolina, University of California, Amy C. Raymond Bridges to the Baccalaureate (listed by institution and
Columbia San Diego San Diego State University, principal investigator)
California State University,
Ma Margie Borra Kelly M. Kitchens San Marcos California State University,
Oregon Health and Science University of Maryland, Carmencita Rojas-Cartagena Victor Rocha Hayward
University, Portland Baltimore County Ponce School of Medicine, Maria C. Nieto
Francis Marion University,
Mark Del Campo Vanessa A. Koelling Florence, SC Dull Knife Memorial College,
University of Miami, FL University of Georgia, Jan Antoinette Romero Julia E. Krebs Lame Deer, MT
Athens University of Pennsylvania, Robert R. Madsen
Nikki A. Delk Harold Washington College,
Rice University, Houston, TX .
Bradford P Mallory Chicago, IL Turtle Mountain Community
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Celeste A. Roney Uthman O. Erogbogbo College, Belcourt, ND
Emily Derouen Medical Center, OH University of Texas Charmane F. Disrud
Yeshiva University, New James Madison University,
York, NY Jason A. Miranda Harrisonburg, VA Xavier University of
Center at Dallas
University of Texas at Austin Daniel A. Wubah Louisiana, New Orleans
Kenneth J. Dery Julie L. Tubbs Cheryl L. Stevens
Beckman Research Institute Opeyemi Olabisi Kingsborough Community
Scripps Research Institute,
City of Hope National Yeshiva University, New College, City University of
La Jolla, CA MBRS SCORE AWARD
Medical Center, Duarte, CA York, NY New York
(listed by institution and
Wanda H. Vila-Carriles Arthur Zeitlin
Luis A. Estrella-Perez Miguel A. Padilla Baylor College of Medicine,
University of Medicine and University of Florida, University of Delaware,
Houston, TX Hampton University, VA
Dentistry of New Jersey Gainesville Newark
Hugh M. McLean
Robert Wood Johnson Igor Vivanco David C. Usher
Medical School, Piscataway Ainsley A. Parkison University of California,
Bridges to the Doctorate MARC ANCILLARY TRAINING
Herbert H. Lehman College, Los Angeles
City University of New York Montclair State University, ACTIVITIES AWARD
Jessica H. Fong
Upper Montclair, NJ (listed by institution and
Princeton University, NJ
Bonnie K. Lustigman principal investigator)
American Association for the
Advancement of Science,
ACRONYMS USED IN THIS ISSUE Shirley M. Malcom
University of North Carolina
ABRCMS Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students at Chapel Hill
CSUDH California State University, Dominguez Hills Walter E. Bollenbacher
CUNY City University of New York MARC U*STAR AWARDS
GRE Graduate Record Examinations (listed by institution and
MARC Minority Access to Research Careers
Northern Arizona University,
MBRS Minority Biomedical Research Support Flagstaff
MORE Minority Opportunities in Research .
Fernando P Monroy
NIDDK National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Savannah State University,
NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences Harpal Singh
NIH National Institutes of Health
University of Minnesota,
PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Duluth
Benjamin L. Clarke
SACNAS Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science
SJSU San Jose State University INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH
AND ACADEMIC CAREER
UAPB University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
UCLA University of California, Los Angeles (listed by institution and
UCSD University of California, San Diego
UCSF University of California, San Francisco University of Kansas,
UMBC University of Maryland, Baltimore County C.R. Middaugh
UVM University of Vermont
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
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