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Paper - Codex Alimentarius and i

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Paper - Codex Alimentarius and i Powered By Docstoc
					                    Codex Activities and its
                   implication to Food Sector
                                                    By
                                          Metanee Sukontarug
                                    Director, Office of National Codex
                                        Alimentarius Committee
                                           TISI, THAILAND
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   0
            Purposes of Codex establishment
                                                  (1961/62)
    Protect consumers health
    Ensure fair practices in food trade
    Promote coordination of food standards
     work
    Determine priorities, initiate and guide
     the preparation of standards
    Finalize standards and publish
    Amend published standards

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   1
                         Codex Alimentarius Commission
           EXECUTIVE                      CODEX ALLIMENTARIUS                                    FAO/WHO
           COMMITTEE                          COMMISSION                                       SECRETARIAT

                                    SUBSIDIARY BODIES OF THE COMMISSION

        WORLD WIDE                             WORLD WIDE                                                   REGIONAL
                                                                                  ad hoc International
      GENERAL SUBJECT                        COMMODITY CODEX                                              CO-ORDINATING
                                                                                      Task Forces
     CODEX COMMITTEES                          COMMITTEES                                                  COMMITTES
  RESIDUES OF     IMPORT/EXPORT        COCOA PRODUCTS      NATURAL MINERAL         Foods derived from
  VETERINARY      INSPECTION AND       AND CHOCOLATE                                 Biotechnology           AFRICA
                                         (Switzerland)     WATERS (Switzerland)
 DRUGS IN FOOD     CERTIFICATION                                                         (Japan)
     (U.S.A)          (Australia)                          FISH AND FISHERY
                                          SUGARS               PRODUCS              Animal Feeding            ASIA
FOOD ADDITIVES       GENERAL            (United Kingdom)        (Norway)               (Denmark)
      AND           PRINCIPLES
CONTAMINANTS                          PROCESSED FRUITS        VEGETABLE               Fruit and
  (Netherlands)
                      (France)
                                      AND VEGETABLES           PROTEINS                                      EUROPE
                                           (U.S.A.)             (Canada)              Vegetable
   PESTICIDE                                                                             Juices
   RESIDUES       FOOD LABELLING
                      (Canada)         FATS AND OILS        MEAT HYGIENE                (Brazil)         LATIN AMERICA
  (Netherlands)                                                                                             AND THE
                                        (United Kingdom)     (New Zealand)
                                                                                                           CARIBBEAN
ANALYSIS AND      FOOD HYGIENE                             FRESH FRUITS AND
                                      SOUPS AND BROTHS
 SAMPLING            (U.S.A.)                                VEGETABLES
                                         (Switzerland)                                               NORTH AMERICA
                                                                (Mexico)
  (Hungary)                                                                                        AND THE SOUTH-WEST
                   NUTRITION AND                           CEREALS, PULSES                               PACIFIC
                                                            AND LEGUMES
                     FOODS FOR                                 (U.S.A.)
                  SPECIAL DIETARY
                                                          MILK AND MILK                                     Near East
                    USES (Germany)
                                                             PRODUCTS
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia
                                                            (New Zealand)                                            2
                  Codex Standard : Consensus


         many                                                                           THE
         opinions                                                                    CODEX
                                                                                  CONSENSUS
           governments
           consumers
           producers
           manufacturers
           experts
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia          3
                      Risk Analysis
   Risk Assessment                   Risk Management
• Hazard Identification              • Risk Evaluation
• Hazard Characterization            • Option Assessment
• Exposure Assessment                • Option Implementation
• Risk Characterization              • Monitoring & Review



                          Risk Communication

                                                               4
                          Codex Strategic Framework :
                                Vision Statement
        The Codex Alimentarius Commission envisages
    a world afforded the highest attainable levels of
    consumer protection, including food safety and
    quality. To this end, the Commission will develop
    internationally agreed standards and related texts
    for use in domestic regulation and international
    trade in food that are based on scientific principles
    and fulfil the objectives of consumer health
    protection and fair practices in food trade.

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   5
                       WTO                      (1 January 1995)

   •    Agreement on the Application of
        Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
        (SPS)
   •    Agreement on Technical Barriers to
        Trade (TBT)

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   6
                             SPS and Codex
     • measures conform to Codex presume to
       meet requirement of SPS in protect
       human life or health
     • stricter measures than Codex need
       scientific justification
     • Codex are references for resolving
       trade disputes
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   7
                   SPS and Codex                                                  (cont.)

     SPS encourage member
     • to participate in development of
       Codex Standards
     • to use Codex Standards for
       establishing national food standards


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                                TBT and Codex
    TBT covers other food standards except
     SPS matters
    TBT measures
         •   based on international standard
         •   aimed to prevent of deceptive and
             dishonest
         •   concerning labelling, quality, nutrition,
             packaging, testing requirement etc.
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   9
                                     Codex Standards


       Commodity Standards                                                 General Subject
                                                                             Standards


     Quality                          Food                                         Food
                                     Safety                                       Safety


          TBT                                                                     SPS


ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia              10
                              Codex safety standards
                                 referred by SPS
    • additives
    • veterinary drug
    • pesticide residues
    • contaminants
    • methods of analysis and sampling
    • codes and guidelines of hygienic practice

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   11
              Additives, Contaminants & Residues

    • General Standards on the Use of Food
      Additives
    • General Standards on Contaminants
    • Maximum Residue Limits
          •    Pesticides
          •    Veterinary Drugs

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   12
                                        Food Hygiene

    • General Principles of Food Hygiene
    • Hazard Anlaysis and Critical Control
      Point (HACCP)
    • Microbiological Criteria
    • Code of Hygienic Practice for Specific
      Commodities
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   13
                                       Food Labelling
    • General Standards
    • Nutrition Labelling & Claims
    • Special Labelling
               Halal
               Organic
               Special dietary foods
               Infant foods
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   14
                 Codex Commodity Standards

    • product description
    • essential composition and quality
      factor
    • safety and hygiene
    • labelling
                      etc.
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   15
                       Codex General Principles
    • Code of Ethics
    • Principles for the Application of Risk
      Analysis
    • General Principles
    • Rules of Procedure
    • Elaboration Procedure
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   16
                          Import/Export Inspection
                          and Certification System
    • Principles
    • Design, Operation, Assessment & Accreditation
    • Development of Equivalence Agreement
    • Exchange of Information in Food Control
      Emergency Situation
    • Exchange of Information between Countries on
      Rejections of Imported Food

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   17
                    Import/Export Inspection
                  and Certification System (cont.)
    • Generic official certificate formats and the
      production and issuance of certificates
    • Judgement of equivalence of sanitary measures
    • Food import control systems
    • Utilization and promotion of quality assurance
      system
    • Judgement of equivalence of technical regulation


ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   18
                                     Recommendations
        Conference on International Food Trade Beyond 2000

         Countries should accept the challenge
   of strengthening the capacities and capabilities
   of their national food regulatory system by devoting
   increased resources, improving information
   technology system and participation more actively in
   meeting of relevant technical committees and
   commissions dealing with food regulatory matters.


ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   19
                                    Recommendations
       Conference on International Food Trade Beyond 2000

               Countries should take all necessary
    steps to apply Codex standards to all
    imported, exported and domestically
    produced and
    traded foods.

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   20
                         Recommendations
        Conference on International Food Trade Beyond 2000
           Governments should in close contact with
    industry and consumer associations, develop
    education and training programme to explain
    the importance of safe application of new
    technologies. Emphasis should be placed on
    the infrastructure required for an effective food
    safety programme including trained inspectors,
    technically competent analysts, skilled public
    information officer and competent administrative
    staff.
ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   21
                          Recommendations
         Conference on International Food Trade Beyond 2000


         Government, industry, farmers,
    consumers should be associated with
    developing appropriate training packages
    for the safe production and handling of
    food, particularly for the application of
    HACCP.

ACCSQ Seminar on Standards and Conformity Assessment, 20-22 Nov, 2001. Cambodia   22
                                       Recommendations
        Conference on International Food Trade Beyond 2000


         National food regulatory framework
    should acknowledge the prime responsibilities
    of the whole food chain for the production of
    safe food by setting objectives. Operators
    have a major responsibilities in developing
    appropriate means to achieve those objectives.


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