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PISA 2006 subnational results

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					PAPER PRESENTED BY JOSU SIERRA IN TRENTO (ITALY), APRIL 2008
PISA 2006 CONFERENCE HOSTED BY OECD AND TRENTINO PROVINCE

Josu Sierra Director of the ISEI-IVEI

The Basque Education System
Overview

Basque Ministry of Education: http://www.hezkuntza.ejgv.euskadi.net/r43-2722/en

Basque Institute for Reasearch and Evaluation in Education: http://www.isei-ivei.net

Basque Country

Politically divided into three different Administrations (Two in Spain, one in France): •Autonomous Community of the Basque Country •Navarre •French Basque Country

The Autonomous Community of the Basque Country
Euskadi-Basque Country

Surface Inhabitants Density Official Languages Capital

7.234 Km2 2.124.846 hab. 293,7 inhabit/km2 Basque and Spanish Vitoria-Gasteiz

THE BASQUE LANGUAGE
• Two families of languages, the Uralic and the IndoEuropean, are to be found in Europe, but Basque is not genetically linked to either, lacking ties to family or origin. • It is likely that an early form of the Basque language was present in Western Europe before the arrival of the Indo-European languages to the area, including what became the Germanic languages, Celtic languages, and Western Romance languages. • Today, Basque is a lesser-used language in the Basque territories.

The Basque Language
• But the Basque Education System can be a powerful tool to spread the knowledge of the language. • The Basque language in the Education System today (Infant Education): more than the 90% of the students (Infant Education) enrolled in Basque Immersion Programmes
Linguistic Models in Education

9,4 Spanish 30,1 60,5 Basque Middle Immersion Basque Immersion

Education: Main features
• Full responsibility in Education. • 330.000 students (2005) (except university levels) • Multilingual:
– Official languages: Basque and Spanish (mainly Basque immersion) – Main foreign language: English (starting at the age of 4) – Three Linguistic Models to choose.

• Preschool: %100 of the students at school at the age of 3, 90% at 2. • 45% of the curriculum decided in the Basque Country • Compulsory Education: 6 to 16 years old.

•The Basque education System guarantees the provision of compulsory education free of charge from ages 6 to 16.

High School Secondary Compulsory Education (13-16)

Primary Education (6-12)

c o m p u l s o r y

•Education is structured on four levels: •Infant (0-5) •Primary (up to age 12), •Secondary (up to 16) and •Further Education/ Vocational Training, extending subsequently to university, polytechnic and higher vocational training college studies. •In December 2002 a decree was passed regulating early-learning canters for children up to the age of 3.

•There are four universities in the Basque Country, with a total of 28 faculties or colleges, 3 higher technical colleges and 11 university colleges. •The publicly-run University of the Basque Country (EHU-UPV) provides higher education in a range of areas, including Medicine, Science, Fine Arts, Journalism, Economics and Industrial Engineering.

Infant Education (0-5)

THE BASQUE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH AND EVALUATION IN EDUCATION

•Established in 2001 www.isei-ivei.net •Mission: •Assess and evaluate the whole Education System •Carry out Educational Research •Manage the Educational Documentation centre.

PISA 2006 RESULTS
THE BASQUE COUNTRY IS ON THE OECD MEAN IN SCIENCE, MATHS AND READING

THE PISA PICTURE 2003-2006
• PISA shows a similar picture of the Basque Education in 2003 and 2006:
– OECD-average achievement in the 3 Key Competences. – Equity, very similar results for all students. – Less low scores than in the OECD but less excellence.

THE SAMPLE: TO OBTAIN RESULTS BY LINGUISTIC MODELS AND PUBLIC/PRIVATE
STUDENTS 2006 PUBLIC PRIVATE P.F.* TOTAL LINGUISTIC MODELS A 226 849 1075 B 215 636 851 D 1141 862 2003 TOTAL 1582 2347 3929

*WITH PUBLIC FUNDS

STRATA

PUNTUACIÓN 100 200 300 400 500 600 0

SCIENCE: 495, BETTER THAN IN 2003
500 495 488

Finlandia Hong Kong-China Canadá China-Taipei Estonia Nueva Zelanda Japón Australia Holanda Liechtenstein Corea Eslovenia Alemania Reino Unido República Checa Suiza Macao-China Austria Bélgica Irlanda Hungría Suecia Media de la OCDE Polonia Dinamarca Francia Euskadi Croacia Islandia Letonia Estados Unidos Lituania España República Eslovaca Noruega Luxemburgo Federación Rusa Italia Portugal Grecia Israel Chile Serbia Bulgaria Uruguay Turquía Jordaniaia Tailandia Rumania Montenegro Mexico Indonesia Argentina Brasil Colombia Túnez Azerbaiyan Qatar Kirgizistán

OCDE Poland Denmark France BASQUE Croatia Iceland Latvia USA Lituania SPAIN Slovak Rep. Norway

500 498 496 495 495 493 491 489 489 489 488 488 486

COUNTRIES AT THE SAME LAVEL THAN BASQUE IN SCIENCE

SCIENCE LEVELS: LESS “LOW SCORES” THAN OECD BUT LESS EXCELLENCE TOO

WE HAVE IMPROVED RESULTS IN 2006 COMPARING WITH 2003

THE PICTURE OF THE BASQUE EDUCATION SYSTEM
PISA 2006

ESCS AND SCIENCE: SLIGHTLY LOWER THAN EXPECTED

MORE EFFICIENT SCHOOLS WITH LOW ESCS STUDENTS THAN OECD
SCIENCE AND ESCS OF SCHOOLS
600

WORSE THAN OECD IN HIGH LEVELS OF ESCS

BASQUE gradient
A Pública 500 B Pública D Pública

SCORE

A Concertada B Concertada

D Concertada
400 OCDE Centro EUSKADI centro Lineal (OCDE Centro)

BETTER THAN OECD IN THE LOW LEVELS OF ESCS
300 -2 -1,5 -1

OECD gradient
-0,5 0 0,5 1 1,5 ESCS OF SCHOOLS

Lineal (EUSKADI centro)

EQUITY
• Gerard F.M. (2001):”Le concept d’équité est lie a la justice sociale: un système éducatif est d’autant plus équitable qu’il réduit les disparités entre les plus forts et les plus faibles, entre les groupes favorises et défavorises.” • « The concept of Equity is linked with the social justice: an education system is more equitable if it reduces disparities between the strongest and the wekest, between advantaged and disadvantaged groups. »

ABSOLUTE EQUITY: % OF STUDENTS AT >1 AND 1 LEVELS (15,7%), BETTER THAN THE OECD AVERAGE

DIFFERENCE "BEST AND WORSE SCORES“ PISA 2006
UK USA ARGENTINA FRANCE 348 344 337 333

SOURCE: IE

JAPAN
GERMANY NORWAY NEHERLANDS ITALY 313 313 312

328
328

OECD
URUGUAY SWEDEN GREECE CHILE

311
310 308 303 300

KOREA
SPAIN RUSSIA POLAND PORTUGAL

296
295 295 293 288 281 280 273 263 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400

FINLAND
COLOMBIA BASQUE MEXICO

EQUITY: LOW DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE BEST AND THE WORSE SCORES (PERC. 5 AND 95)

EQUITY: PUBLIC-PRIVATE SCHOOLS’ ESCS: THE LOWEST DIFFERENCE AMONG SPANISH COMMUNITIES
0,4
0,207 0,2 0,158 0,122 0,095

ESCS PUBLIC-PRIVATE SCHOOLS
0,211 0,229 0,223 0,257 0,178 0,105

0

-0,2
-0,211 -0,4 -0,415 -0,465 -0,6 -0,568 -0,57 -0,315 -0,364 -0,4 -0,361 -0,367 -0,247 1 Público 2 Privado

-0,8

-0,778

-1 Andalucía Galicia España Castilla y Cantabria León Asturias Cataluña Navarra Aragón La Rioja País Vasco

MATHEMATICS AN READING RESULTS
2006

MATHEMATICS RESULTS 2006
MATHEMATICS: Czec Rep. Iceland Austria Slovenia Germany Sweden Ireland BASQUE OECD France UK Poland 510 506 505 504 504 502 501 501 498 496 495 495

THE SAME RESULT IN 2003

EVOLUTION 2003-2006: SAME RESULT

READING RESULTS 2006
READING:
Japan China Taipei UK Germany Denmark Slovenia Macao China OECD Austria France BASQUE Iceland Czec Rep. Norway Hungary Latvia Luxemburg 498 496 495 495 494 494 492 492 490 488 487 484 483 484 482 479 479

EVOLUTION 2003-2006: LOWER SCORE IN 2006

PISA 2006 SCIENCE RESULTS AND REGIONS, COMMUNITIES AND TERRITORIES
ISEI-IVEI BASQUE COUNTRY

ESCS LEVELS
ESCS “SUBNATIONAL” PISA 2006
0,4 0,3 0,2 0,1 ESCS 0 -0,1 -0,2 -0,3 -0,4 -0,04 -0,04 -0,08 0,26 0,21 0,17 0,17 0,09 0,08 0

-0,12 -0,12 -0,13 -0,14 -0,14 -0,15 -0,15 -0,16 -0,17 -0,18

-0,21 -0,26 -0,32 -0,34

-0,5
-0,6 -0,7 -0,64

SUBNAT

VARIANCE EXPLAINED BY ESCS: SMALL INFLUENCE OF THIS VARIABLE
PERCENTAGE OF THE BETWEEN SCHOOLS VARIANCE EXPLAINED BY ESCS-SCIENCE
45,0 40,0 35,0 30,0 25,0 20,0 15,0 10,0 5,0 0,0 1,3 2,3 3,9 4,5 10,7 10,8 11,7 17,8 18,9 19,3 23,0 25,4 26,5 24,2 24,8 28,3 28,7 29,3 31,2 38,6

9,0 4,6
5,1 5,7

6,4

SCIENCE RESULT AND ESCS: SLIGHTLY LOWER THAN EXPECTED
SCIENCE AND ESCS
560

540

Friuli VG Bolzano Flemish C. Veneto Scotland

520

500 SCORE

Basque
480

Liguria

Andalusia

460

440

Campania Sicilia

420

400 -0,7 -0,6 -0,5 -0,4 -0,3 -0,2 ESCS -0,1 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4

MATHEMATICS RESULT AND ESCS: SLIGHTLY BETTER THAN EXPECTED
MATH AND ESCS
600

Flemish C.
550

La Rioja
C.-León
500

Trento

Véneto Scotland

Galicia Andalusia Basque Liguria

SCORE

450

Sicilia
400

350

300 -0,7 -0,6 -0,5 -0,4 -0,3 -0,2 ESCS -0,1 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4

READING SCORE AND ESCS: EXPECTED RESULT
READING AND ESCS
550

Veneto
500

Friuli VG

Flemish C.

Bolzano Galicia

Trento

Basque
Liguria Andalusia

Scotland

450 SCORE

Sicilia
400

350

300 -0,7 -0,6 -0,5 -0,4 -0,3 -0,2 ESCS -0,1 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4

CHANGES THAT WE ARE IMPLEMENTING NOW
• New Curriculum Decree, introducing Basic Competences. • Our amount of hours in science is the lowest comparing with the Spanish Communities: we will increase teaching hours in Science.

DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT
• We will start in 2009 with census external assessments (all students every year) • The aim is to know the acquisition of the Basic Competences in Primary 4th and L. Secondary 2nd, 2 years before the end of the Primary and Secondary, to solve problems and improve results. • The 8 Competences: Competences in Science and Technology, Learning to learn, Mathematical Competence, Linguistic Communication, Information and Communication Technologies, Social and civic Competences, Personal autonomy and entrepreneurship.

A COMBINATION OF INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ASSESSMENTS
• We will provide, the next year, tests for schools for internal voluntary assessment. • At the same time we will apply external tests to provide reliable and comparable measures to the school, professors and parents. • It is a very challenging project for the ISEI-IVEI: 35.000 students every year with short periods for data analysis an reporting.

EUROPE 2010 INDICATORS AND THE BASQUE COUNTRY
THE LISBON OBJECTIVES

PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS FINISHING POST-COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION 2005 BASQUE COUNTRY: 80.4 EU: 77.3

PARTICIPATION IN LIFELONG LEARNING 2005

BASQUE COUNTRY: 15.1 EU: 10.8

EARLY SCHOOL LEAVERS RATE 2005

BASQUE COUNTRY: 13.9 EU: 14.9

MATEMATICS, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY GRADUATES 2005

BASQUE COUNTRY: 25.3 EU: 12.3

THANK YOU
www.isei-ivei.net


				
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