Original Text : French
It has recently come to light that, during the first meeting of the Mixed Commission relative
to Cambodia-Vietnam border issues held in Ho Chi Minh City, March 22-27, 1999, the two
parties represented agreed on the general principles to regulate the negotiation and resolution
of certain border issues between the two countries, citing as basis of such negotiations certain
agreements and treaties entered into between the People's Republic of Cambodia ("PRK")
and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam ("SRV") in 1982, 83 and 85.
In particular, these treaties and agreements are:
1) That treaty relative to maritime waters signed on July 7, 1982 which ceded to Vietnam
a) Koh Tral, even though the Cambodian Royal Government maintains its historic rights, over
b) Island group of Poulo Panjan, occupied illegally by Vietnam in 1957, even though the
Royal Government took measures to reinforce protection of these islands, and
c) Accept the totally made-up creation of the pretended "historic sea" of some 10,000 square
kilometers off Koh Tral, neutralizing therefore our rights over our own patrimony.
2) That agreement of 20 July 1983 relative to border status and that treaty of 27 December
1985 relative to the delimitation of borders, pursuant to which agreement and treaty,
demarcation of the border and emplacement of border markers was carried out during 1986-
Adoption as negotiation basis of these agreements and treaties of 1982-83-85 is violative of
a) The declarations of
i) 20 August 1962 made by Mr. Pham Van Dong Prime Minister of the Democratic Socialist
ii) 8 June 1967, by witch the People Republic of Vietnam, predecessor state to the SRV,
bound itself to respect those borders of Cambodia set out on official Government of
Cambodia maps in use in 1954, and specifically those borders delineated by the "Brevié Line"
cited in the Geneva Peace Agreements of 1954;
b) That Resolution of the United Nations Security Council dated 6 June 1964 calling upon all
states and Authorities to respect the neutrality and integrity of Cambodia; and
c) The Paris Agreement of October 23, 1991, Article 1, which requires,
i) Of Cambodia to maintain its territorial integrity and inviolability, and to terminate all
agreements or treaties incompatible with its territorial integrity and inviolability - - a specific
reference to those treaties and agreements of 1982-83-85;
ii) Of all other parties to the Agreement, to uphold in all respects Cambodia's territorial
integrity and inviolability; and
iii) Of all other parties to the Agreement, to uphold consultations preparatory to the taking of
all appropriate measures in case of threat of violation of Cambodia's territorial integrity and
The adoption by the Mixed Commission of the treaties and agreements of 1982-83-85 as a
basis for future border negotiation is violate of all of these above international agreements,
(a) through (c)
Moreover, the recognition-by-citation of those 1982-83-85 agreements and treaties imports
ipso facto the acceptance of the Vietnam/Thailand treaty signed on August 11, 1997, relative
to the respective limits of their maritime waters to the prejudice of Cambodia, treaty that Mr.
Hun Sen himself had denounced in Bangkok on May 7, 1998, he must do the same for all
treaties with Vietnam.
The Vietnamese representatives rejected the Brevié line, which has long been considered the
proper border under international law and which was recognized as such by Vietnam in the
agreements of 1962 & 1967 referred to above. The
1991 Paris Agreement is not taken into account. Nevertheless, these (1991 Paris) Agreements
nullify all treaties and agreements that are incompatible with Cambodia's sovereignty,
independence and the territorial inviolability.
This is the preliminary condition to all negotiations. If not, Cambodia will lose 60,000 square
kilometers of its total maritime space that spread over 95,000 square kilometers according to
the 1969 and 1972 decrees.
Moreover, the Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982 is not explicitly quoted though it
provides recourse to the arbitrage by the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea, by the
International Court of Justice, by the court of arbitration etc.
Contrary to all expectations, the Cambodian representatives to the Mixed Committee are
signing the death sentence for Cambodia.
The Comité de Frontière du Cambodge, headquartered in France considers as null and void
all negotiations concerning this topic and wishes to alert the concerned institutions in
Cambodia, the presidents of the 1991 Peace Conference on Cambodia and international
Paris, August 15, 1999
The President of CFC