TWG 2004 -1 Agenda

                            ON THE PROTECTION OF THE WADDEN SEA
                                       3 NOVEMBER 2005

                                         SCHIERMONNIKOOG DECLARATION

WE, The Ministers of Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands responsible for the protection of the Wadden
Sea, met on the island of Schiermonnikoog to reinforce and further extend our cooperation on the protection
and sustainable use of the Wadden Sea Area as a shared nature area unique to the world. [Our Guiding
Principle is to achieve, as far as possible, a natural and sustainable ecosystem in which natural processes
proceed in an undisturbed way. We do this in the recognition that the goal of protecting this magnificent area
and providing benefit for coming and future generations can only be attained in collaboration with those who
have a stake in the area and are willing to endow its protection.] The Wadden Sea is still exposed to many
external impacts, in particular, to the impacts from pollution via the rivers, the North Sea and the atmosphere,
the impact of shipping on the adjacent North Sea and the impact of climate change. We recognize that these
impacts can only be solved in a wider international context, and we are determined to continue and, where
necessary, extend our successful common cooperation in this field.

2.        Since the Esbjerg Conference in 2001, many people and organizations along the Wadden Sea and
outside have invested considerable time, efforts and money in contributing to the protection and sustainable
development of the Wadden Sea and the adjacent region. The Wadden Sea Forum has taken an important
role in this process [and we are grateful that the Forum has facilitated this Conference with an important
contribution to how the commercial enterprises can continue and expand together with a high protection level
of the Wadden Sea Area – and taking into account the trilateral principles, guidelines and targets] . Also
scientists and experts have contributed to writing the Quality Status Report (QSR) that enables us to act in a
sound way. Though there may be differences in how our people see the future for the Wadden Sea, we sense
a huge interest in and commitment to preserve this area and the well being of the people who live, work and
recreate here. We need this support of the people to maintain what we have and to meet the challenges of the

3.       We celebrated 25 years of successful cooperation in 2003. After a generation of protection efforts, the
Wadden Sea now enjoys a level of environmental protection and wise management that is unprecedented
throughout Europe and other parts of the World in terms of harmonized international and national policies,
management arrangements, and integrated environmental monitoring and assessment processes. [We have
evaluated the QSR and the Joint Progress Report and presented our assessment in the Policy Assessment
Report] . In order to achieve a sustainable development, more emphasis must be placed on the social and
economic developments of the wider Wadden Sea region. [In comparison with other similar regions, as the
Wadden Sea Forum has convincingly demonstrated, it needs to better use and mobilize its resources for the
benefit of the development of the Wadden Sea Region and its inhabitants, particularly in an enlarged
European Union.]

4.      [Also since the Esbjerg Conference in 2001, the influence of EU environmental and nature protection
on the Wadden Sea cooperation has grown significantly, especially the finalization of the Natura 2000
designations, the Water Framework Directive, Natura 2000 and water management as well as common EU
monitoring reporting systems. A common coordinated implementation of EU directives is needed and should
be one of the core elements of the Wadden Sea Cooperation not least to ensure common standards for
stakeholders and inhabitants.]

5.      For the next 4 years we have therefore set out the following program based on the Wadden Sea Plan
and previous declarations to maintain and reinforce our efforts with regard to the protection and management
of the Wadden Sea as a coherent system in cooperation with the stakeholders, with a view to also improve the
sustainable development of the region.

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Scope of the Cooperation / Focusing Our Cooperation

6.       The relevant European Directives, in particular, the Habitats and the Birds Directives have been and
are becoming more central to our cooperation. The Water Framework Directive has now been added as
further key directive. The Joint Declaration of 1982, on which we base our cooperation, directs us to
coordinate our activities and measures to implement the relevant Directives for a comprehensive protection of
the Wadden Sea. Over the past period, we have now basically finalized the designation of Sites of Community
Importance (SCI) according to the Habitats Directive, and further Special Protection Areas (SPA) according to
the Birds Directive, which constitute in essence a coherent Natura 2000 within the Wadden Sea Area, as we
have set out to do at consecutive conferences since Leeuwarden 1994. [Together with the Water Framework
Directive a new nature and water management system will be established, which will also apply to the
Wadden Sea.]

7.       In order to continue and further intensify our cooperation for the protection of the Wadden Sea as an
ecological entity, a coordinated and consistent implementation of the European legislation in a transparent
way must be ensured. We will therefore, in the coming period until the next Conference, update the Wadden
Sea Plan (WSP) [into a management plan for the Wadden Sea Area in accordance with the stipulations
entailed in the] (with the) Habitats, Birds and the Water Framework Directives and other European Union
directives and regulations, in particular Article 6 (1) of the Habitats Directive. This will also include reviewing
the information and recommendations of the Wadden Sea Forum report, the Quality Status Report, the Policy
Assessment Report, and other relevant information.

8.      [The work will be initiated and supervised by our Senior Officials[, who will ensure that the
management level in the countries will be directly involved and set up an appropriate frame for communication
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and consultation] . We will, at the next Conference, adopt a common Wadden Sea [Management] Plan
[securing a sustainable development of the Wadden Sea Region] which will entail measures, projects and
actions, which we wish to implement in the coming four-year period.]

9.      [We will continue to coordinate the implementation of the Water Framework Directive during the
various implementation phases with a view to synchronize management of the Wadden Sea Area also in this
context across the various River Basin Districts. This will be included in the Wadden Sea Plan process
referred to in §3.]

World Heritage Site Nomination

10.      [Recalling our decision at the Esbjerg Conference 2001 to continue the consultations with the local
people in the Wadden Sea Region, as requested by the UNESCO Guidelines, on the nomination of the
Wadden Sea Area, or parts thereof, as a World Heritage Site, with a view to finalize them in the Wadden Sea
Region as a whole within one or two years. We acknowledge the progress and the different results of this
consultation process in the three member states. We endorse the view that it is not mandatory to strive for the
nomination of the Wadden Sea Area as a whole, it is also possible to start with nominating just parts thereof
as a World Heritage Site. We request the secretariat to elaborate the formal application documents on this
basis in close collaboration with those counties, states and nations, which have positively decided on the

Wadden Sea Forum

11.      [At the last conference, we established the Wadden Sea Forum with the task to develop a
sustainability perspective for the Wadden Sea region in accordance with § 99 of the Esbjerg Declaration in
order to provide us with new perspectives for the region, enhance the quality of life, reconcile the often
conflicting perspectives and thereby support our conservation initiatives. We congratulate the WSF for having

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produced a proposal for a sustainable development strategy for the Wadden Sea Region until 2020. We
acknowledge with contentment that the WSF embraces the trilateral principles, guidelines and targets.

12.      We share the view of the Forum that the proposed strategy is the start of a process, in which the
proposal is being further discussed, reviewed and implemented, as appropriate, by all parties involved. On the
national level, the strategy involves practically all levels of our governments. We therefore carefully need to
review the recommendations with the WSF partners through a concrete implementation program, in order to
establish a common basis. We endorse the WSF report as a work basis for the forthcoming work and declare
our willingness to participate in the process in the forthcoming period.

13.        We firmly invite the WSF to continue its work as a non-statutory body with a view to promote the
sustainable development of the Wadden Sea Region. We support the follow-up of the WSF in the period until
the next Wadden Sea Conference with the Terms of Reference, as set out in chapter 6 of the WSF report.
The WSF must develop into a genuine champion of sustainable development in the Wadden Sea Region to
fulfill our aspirations for a region that is prepared to meet the challenges in a sustainable way. We call upon
the partners in the WSF to implement in concert the recommendations and projects entailed in the report. On
the provision that the follow-up work is a common responsibility, for which all members are accountable, we
will support …(to be detailed later) . At the next Conference, we will jointly review our efforts and decide on the
future course.

14.       We will, as a first step, review the recommendations which are relevant for our cooperation in the
framework of the amendment of the Wadden Sea Plan, as set out in § #. Furthermore in the next period we
will, with all authorities involved, establish [work towards] a framework Integrated Costal Zone Management
(ICZM) Strategy for the Wadden Sea Region in consultation with the WSF to meet its main recommendation
of implementing the proposed strategy into a coordinated ICZM scheme. The framework scheme will be
implemented at the regional level tailored to the needs at that level.

15.       The central element of the work is sustainability. A prerequisite for our participation in the further work
is that the sustainability objectives with priority are being made operational into scientifically based and
societal relevant indicators, to ensure a common benchmark for our work in the coming period. The (set of)
indicators must be accepted by all parties, and we are willing to support the elaboration of the indicators with a
view to fulfill the conditions set out.]

16.        (Action Plan)

11A.    [We highly appreciate and accept the Wadden Sea Forum (WSF) as a valuable partner with regard to
the sustainable development of the wider Wadden Sea Region and in the sense of Integrated Coastal Zone
Management (ICZM) and thank the WSF for its effective work.

12A.    We support a follow-up of the WSF as non-statutory and self-supporting body in the period until the
2009 Wadden Sea Conference. We look forward to a close cooperation among the communities,
stakeholders and non-governmental organizations to work in support of the trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation
by means of the WSF platform. For our future work, particularly with regard to the amendment of the Wadden
Sea Plan, we will consider the recommendations of the WSF which affect the Wadden Sea Area and we will
forward the recommendations, which go beyond the competence of the trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation
and the scope of the Wadden Sea Area, to the appropriate competent authorities. We also call upon the
partners in the WSF to implement in concert the recommendations and projects entailed in the report.]


(It is referred to the separate document)

Climate Change, Sea Level Rise and Coastal Protection

17.     [Climate change resulting from global warming and the enhanced sea level rise in the coming century
are global developments with local effects which may have a profound impact on the Wadden Sea coastal
region and people living in the area as well as on the Wadden Sea ecosystem including its habitats and

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species. We are not yet fully capable of comprehending the local impacts of global climate change and
enhanced sea level rise on the ecosystem. Considering the potentially severe impacts, we will continue, also
in the interest of the Wadden Sea Region, to work for an increased reduction of green house gasses in the
appropriate international frameworks [under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto
Protocol, with the objective of avoiding the increase of global mean temperature by more than 2 degrees C
above pre-industrial levels, as reiterated by the European Council in its conclusions of March 2005] . We will
continue to observe the changes in the Wadden Sea and discuss these at the next conference.]

18.      Coastal protection, which is adequate to safeguard humans and their properties in the Wadden Sea
Region, will be continued in a manner in which the natural properties of the Wadden Sea are impacted as little
as possible. We welcome the report of the Coastal Protection and Sea Level Rise (CPSL) work group which
has looked at, in particular, Best Environmental Practices for coastal protection. We welcome its
recommendations and agree to [implement [consider] them within the revision of our Wadden Sea Plan in
the forthcoming period. Our competent authorities will jointly] initiate
     a. a study on the feasibility of coastal spatial plans that consider climate change,
     b. a study on the feasibility and effects of sand nourishment to balance the sediment deficit of the
         Wadden Sea tidal basins under increased sea level rise, and
     c. an evaluation of present safety standards for situations where the Wadden Sea will not be able to
         balance sea level rise.
For this purpose, we will continue the work of the CPSL in the coming period.

Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Program

19.      [The Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Program (TMAP) plays a central role in our cooperation
enabling us to evaluate, through regular Quality Status Reports, the progress made regarding our common
targets and policy implementation, as formulated in our Wadden Sea Plan (1997). We will continue the TMAP
to the present extent as a basis for a common assessment of the Wadden Sea ecosystem

20.     We have, in accordance with the Esbjerg Declaration (2001), agreed on a process to revise the TMAP
and have reviewed the TMAP Common Package of parameters in relation to the monitoring requirements of
the relevant EU Directives. The major part of the assessment parameters necessary to serve these Directive
requirements is already encompassed by the TMAP Common Package. A further elaboration of the TMAP
(“TMAP revision”) will be executed in the next period of our cooperation with the aim of meeting the
requirements of the EU Directives to the largest extent possible.

21.       Also in accordance with the Esbjerg Declaration (2001), we had the TMAP data handling system
evaluated, which proved to be well developed. In the next period of our cooperation, the data handling system
will be further optimized. In order to streamline the TMAP cooperation future reporting templates, developed at
the EU level, will be integrated in the TMAP data handling.]

Construction Wind Turbines

22.       [We reconfirm the agreement of the Wadden Sea Plan on the construction of wind turbines and the
agreement of the Esbjerg Declaration to support a coordinated approach in a North-Sea-wide framework on
the installation of offshore energy wind parks. We acknowledge that offshore wind energy is a necessary
option in the framework of the policies regarding climate change and sustainability. In order to balance the
landscape and natural values of the offshore zone and to retain a high safety standard for shipping we agree
to prohibit the construction of new offshore wind energy installations within the territorial sea adjacent to the
Wadden Sea Area. The routing of cables through the Wadden Sea Area from offshore wind energy
installations in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) will be subject to a common approach in the framework of
the integrated coastal zone management strategy. We will exchange information and initiate common
research, as appropriate, on effects of such installations on our Conservation Area and on shipping safety.]

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[We appreciate the initiative taken by the EU-Commission on the issue of offshore wind energy and will of
course make use of this in the follow-up work on the Wadden Sea Plan in the years 2006-10.]

Harbor Porpoise

23.        (Harbor Porpoise, proposal by Germany to follow)

Cooperation West Africa

Continue Our Cooperation

24.      [We are confident that the initiatives we have taken at this Governmental Conference will contribute to
the [protection and] sustainable development of our Wadden Sea [Area and the wider Wadden Sea
Region] . Working towards and securing a sustainable development, however, cannot only be done by acts
and actions of governments, whether they are national, regional or local ones. This is only possible if all of us
who have a stake in the area are committed and contribute to it. We are, as representatives of governments,
prepared to make our contribution and to facilitate and support this development over the years ahead.]

25.     [We will continue to stimulate the active involvement of the inhabitants with the trilateral Wadden Sea
Cooperation and we will therefore communicate the results of our conference to the inhabitants in the area
and the relevant authorities. It should be realized that there are still opportunities for small-scale traditional
uses in accordance with the protection regime.

26.      We recognize that in particular children play a vital role for the continuation of our joint Wadden Sea
protection. We appreciate therefore the work of the International Wadden Sea School (IWSS) project and will
contribute to a future IWSS.]
27.     Next year, Germany will take over the chair of our cooperation. In 2008[/09] , the next Scientific
Wadden Sea Symposium will be held in Germany. In 2009[/10] , we will meet again at the Governmental
Level in Germany [to take stock of the initiatives we have taken, [for which we have used the Policy
Assessment Report as the guidance document] the QSR, the input from the scientific symposium and other
relevant developments, which will be timely made available to us in reports, to allow for an appropriate
assessment and review the need for further initiatives] .

28.      [We acknowledge the report of the Dutch Wadden Sea Advisory Council, which gives a review on the
issue of the possibilities of other, more closer forms of cooperation. In line with the conclusions of this Board,
we will focus on a closer form of cooperation directed to the process of implementing the EU-directives as
indicated. Over the next period, we will evaluate this process to consider the desirability of a further-reaching
and more obligatory cooperation.]

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